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Silver Family

                                                           Hiram S. Silver.
Hiram S. Silver, 36; spouse, Ellen M., 28.
Hiram A. Silver, 36; spouse, E. M., 30.
Note: Hiram S. Silver was the Enumerator for Town of Winfield in 1875...
Note: Hiram S. Silver was listed as Assessor for Winfield Township in 1875...
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name                     age sex color    Place/birth    Where from
H. S. Silver       37  m     w Virginia             Missouri
E. M. Silver            31    f      w      Virginia             Missouri
Mabel C. Silver        3    f      w      Missouri                 Missouri
Ada P. Silver            1    f      w      Kansas
H. Silver, 41; spouse, E. M., 35.
H. S. Silver, 43; spouse, Ellen, 35.
BROTHERTON & SILVER, (H. Brotherton and H. S. Silver), agricultural implements
and seeds, Main w. s. bet 7th and 8th avenues.
Silver, H. S. (Brotherton & Silver), r. Millington, s. e. corner 12th avenue.
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
The city of Winfield was incorporated Feb. 22nd, 1873.  The first city election was held March 7th, 1873, at which W. H. H. Maris was elected Mayor. A. A. Jackson, Probate Judge. O. F. Boyle, J. D. Cochran, H. S. Silver, S. C. Smith, and C. A. Bliss, for Councilmen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 6, 1873.
For Councilmen:  Owen F. Boyle, Samuel C. Smith, Jas. D. Cochran, Hiram S. Silver, Chas. A. Bliss.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1873.
The annual meeting of the stock holders of the Cowley County Agricultural society was held on Saturday last, at the office of the Secretary.
228 shares were represented, and voted upon.
The reports of the former Board of Directors were heard, and accepted.
The following persons were chosen directors for the ensuing year.
J. D. Cochran, W. W. Limbocker, W. K. Davis, H. Silver, E. Davis, J. B. Fairbank, Amos Walton, S. C. Winton, F. M. Schwantes, C. M. Wood, A. S. Williams, and J. R. Smith.
A. T. Stewart was chosen President, C. M. Wood, Vice Presi­dent, J. B. Fairbank, Secretary, and J. D. Cochran, Treasurer.
Two committees were appointed to prepare and submit premium lists to the board of directors.

One, of the ladies; consisting of Mrs. Dr. Mansfield, Mrs. C. M. Wood, Mrs. J. S. Towsey, Mrs. A. A. Jackson, and Mrs. John Lowery, to submit a list for the ladies department.
The other committee, consisting of J. B. Fairbank, C. M. Wood, A. Walton, H. Silver, and W. K. Davis.
It was voted that the members meet May 5th, and plant trees on the fair grounds.
J. B. Fairbank, H. Silver, and S. C. Smith were chosen a committee to superintend the planting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 8, 1873.
The Agricultural Society voted to plant trees on their grounds, and chose H. Silver, S. C. Smith, and J. B. Fairbank to superintend the same. Any person interested in the proposition, who may wish to take part in planting trees will, at any time, find someone of the committee ready to assist.
Stockholders, and others, are requested to meet at the grounds Saturday, the 17th inst., to repair the fence. J. B. FAIRBANK, Sec’y.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 7, 1873.
H. Silver vs. J. Parker, dismissed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 6, 1873.
Mr. Silver undertook to burn around his stacks last week when a few sparks reached them and in a short time they were totally destroyed.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
The Co. Commissioners at their last meeting accepted the Courthouse. And the contractors, Messrs. Stewart & Simpson, take this method to return thanks to their bondsmen, S. C. Smith, Charley Black, R. B. Saffold, Hiram Silver, S. H. Myton, Rice & Ray, J. J. Ellis, J. D. Cochran, M. L. Read, J. C. Blandin, John Lowry, and C. A. Bliss, for the confidence reposed in them when they were entire strangers, and to say that they are honorably discharged from any further obligation on account of the Courthouse.
Winfield Courier, Friday, December 19, 1873.
The following ladies and gentlemen were appointed as commit­tees to make preparation for the Oyster supper to be given by the Ladies Aid Society of the Presbyterian church on New Year’s eve.
COMMITTEE ON MUSIC. Mrs. Roberts, Miss Leffingwell, Mr. John Swain.
COMMITTEE ON OYSTERS, ETC. Mr. F. Williams, Dr. Egbert.
COMMITTEE ON TABLES, STOVE, AND LIGHTS. Mr. O. F. Boyle, H. Silver, Mr. Saint, Mr. Baldwin.
COMMITTEE ON COOKING OYSTERS. Mrs. Dr. Black, Mr. S. Darrah, Mrs. Curns.
COMMITTEE ON COFFEE. Mrs. Hane, Mrs. McMillen, Mrs. F. Williams.
COMMITTEE ON DISHES, ETC. Mrs. Houston, Mrs. Darrah, Mr. Maris, W. Doty.
COMMITTEE ON TICKETS. Dr. Black, Mr. J. F. Paul.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
                                                     Winfield City Officers.
The following are the officers elected in this city last Monday.
Mayor: S. C. Smith.

Police Judge: N. H. Wood.
Councilmen: Samuel Darrah, J. D. Cochran, H. S. Silver, J. P. McMillen, and R. B. Saffold.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
                                                 Winfield Township Officers.
The following are the officers elected in this township last Tuesday.
Trustee: H. S. Silver.
Clerk: E. S. Bedilion.
Treasurer: O. F. Boyle.
Justices of the Peace: N. H. Wood and W. M. Boyer.
Constables: A. T. Shenneman and Burt Covert.
Road Overseers: 1st district, James Renfro; 2nd district, Hiram Silver; 3rd district, Charles Seward; 4th district, C. Cook; 5th district, J. C. Roberts.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
The gentlemen elected last Monday and Tuesday for city and township officers are, we are satisfied, all good men. Capt. Smith in the past has given evidence of ability, honesty, and efficiency, so much needed in the chief officer of a young and growing city. The council as a whole is a good one and we look for wise counsel in the next twelve months.
Hiram Silver as Trustee we believe to be a judicious selec­tion. He is acquainted with our people and their circumstances, a gentleman of good address and plenty of energy, and notwithstanding his “cussed” political proclivities, will make a good officer.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1874.
The City Council met at the Courthouse April 20, 1874, at 7 p.m. Mayor S. C. Smith in the chair. Councilmen present: J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, S. Darrah. Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
On motion, S. Darrah was duly elected as President of the Council for the ensuing year. H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, and R. B. Saffold were appointed a standing committee on finance for the ensuing year. S. Darrah, J. D. Cochran, and J. P. McMillen were appointed a standing committee on streets and sidewalks.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1874.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
Council met in pursuance of adjournment April 22nd, at 9 a.m. Present: Mayor Smith, and councilmen Cochran, Silver, Darrah, and Saffold. The Clerk being absent, R. B. Saffold was chosen as Clerk pro tem.
The bids for the City printing for the ensuing year were then opened and read, and the contract awarded to James Kelly, editor of the Winfield COURIER, he being the lowest bidder.
On motion a committee of three were appointed, consisting of McMillen, Cochran, and Silver, to provide a “pound” for the city and have the same enclosed. On motion, adjourned.
                                              R. B. SAFFOLD, Clerk, pro tem.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.

The Council met at Sheriff Walker’s office May 4th, 1874, at 7½ o’clock p.m. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor, and Councilmen J. P. McMillen, R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, and H. S. Silver. J. W. Curns, Clerk. Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
A petition was presented signed by Joseph Likowski, R. Ehret, and E. R. Parker, asked that the license tax on saloons be reduced from $300 to $200; on motion the petition was rejected, the vote being as follows: ayes—J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver and S. Darrah—3; nays 0.
A petition was presented by Joseph Likowski asking for a dram shop license under and by the laws of 1868, and that he be allowed to retail spirituous and fermented liquors in his frame building on lot 8, in block 109, in Winfield. On motion the petition was granted and ordered that a dram shop license be issued to Joseph Likowski for the period of one year from May 1st, 1874, on the payment of $300 per annum, payable semi-annually, and also that the said Joseph Likowski be required to give a bond in the sum of Two thousand dollars to the City of Winfield as required by law.
A petition was presented by R. Ehret asking for a dram shop license. The petition not having sufficient names was referred back to R. Ehret.
An ordinance was read and passed repealing section 8 of Ordinance No. 10; the vote on the final passage being, ayes: McMillen, Saffold, Darrah, and Silver; nays none.
An ordinance in relation to street crossings on south side on 10th avenue, and on the south side of 9th avenue, was read and passed, the vote on the final passage being as follows: ayes McMillen, Darrah, Silver and Saffold; nays 0.
On motion the clerk was instructed to certify up to the County Clerk the amount which was paid by the City for the construction of sidewalks along lot 3 in block 130, and lot 4 in 129 in Winfield. On motion the clerk was authorized to advertise for bids to build street crossings, and also to build sidewalks along such lots as the committee shall report necessary to be built along Main street and 9th and 10th avenues in Winfield as have been required by ordinance, the bids to be handed in at the next meeting of the council.
The Clerk was authorized to purchase dog tags.
The City Attorney was instructed to revise the City Ordi­nances and present the same at the next meeting of the council for approval.
On motion adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
The Council met at the office of S. C. Smith May 5th, 1874, at 8 a.m., in pursuance of a call. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor, and Councilmen Darrah, McMillen, Saffold, and Silver. The call was read which was as follows:
To the Honorable Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield.
We, the undersigned, members of the City Council of the City of Winfield, would respectfully request that you call a special meeting of said council this 5th day of May, 1874, at 8 o’clock a.m. for the purpose of considering the matter of granting a dram shop license to R. Ehret. (Signed) J. F. McMILLEN, H. S. SILVER, R. B. SAFFOLD.

R. Ehret then presented a petition asking for a license to keep a dram shop; on motion the petition was granted and ordered that a dram shop license be issued to Reinhard Ehret for the period of one year from May 1st, 1874, on the payment of $300 to the City, said tax to be paid semi-annually; And further that the said Reinhard Ehret be required to give a good and sufficient bond in the sum of two thousand dollars to the City of Winfield, as required by law. On motion adjourned, J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874.
Council met at Courthouse May 18, 1874. Mayor S. C. Smith in the chair; Councilmen present, H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, J. P. McMillen, and R. B. Saffold. J. W. Curns, Clerk. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.
The bonds of Joseph Likowski and Reinhart Ehret to the City of Winfield as dram shop keepers were presented to the Council and on motion were approved.
Finance committee asked further time on the bill of Thos. H. Benning. The bill of J. W. Curns for service as Clerk, and stationery $9.23, was allowed.
The application of Z. T. Swigart to have his salary raised from $35 to $50 per month was referred to the finance committee.
The petition of J. C. Weathers to have the grade lowered between 10th and 12th Avenues on Main Street was referred to the committee on sidewalks.
On motion order number 195, on the treasurer of Winfield in favor of J. M. Young, marshal, was canceled.
An ordinance providing for the levying and collecting of license tax was read by sections and duly passed; the vote on passage stood, ayes McMillen, Darrah, Silver, 3; nays 0.
On motion council adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
The council met at the courthouse June first, and there not being a quorum present, council adjourned to meet June 2nd, at 4 o’clock p.m. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
For the year 1874, Winfield Township makes the following showing, for which we are indebted to our efficient Trustee, H. S. Silver. We are proud of the record. What township only four years of age in the State can beat it. Its size is seven miles east and west and nine miles north and south.
Population of Winfield township: 2,399
Males over 21: 395
Females over 21: 365
Males under 21:   355
Females under 21: 344
Acres of improved land: 6,299
Acres timber: 990-1/2
Acres fall wheat: 1,209-1/4
Acres rye: 11
Acres spring wheat: 158
Acres corn on sod: 493
Acres corn on old land: 3,937
Pounds butter made: 12,389
Horses: 446

Mules: 48
Cattle: 2,789
Hogs:  1,686
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
Citizens met Monday evening, June 15th, at Curns & Manser’s office, pursuant to adjournment.
Finance committee reported that the committee had received subscriptions to the amount of $180.50.
Committee on invitations reported that they have extended invitations to the several granges of the county and to the soldier’s society, and that the latter had accepted the invitation.
Committee to procure speakers reported progress.
Same report from committees on grounds and music. Prof. Wilkinson, of the latter, requested to be excused from serving on the committee on account of a previous engagement, and was excused.
L. J. Webb, L. T. Michener, J. B. Fairbank, W. M. Allison, and J. E. Allen were appointed committee on Toasts.
G. S. Manser, C. M. Wood, and J. P. McMillen were appointed committee on programme.
Mayor Smith, Dr. Mansfield, and D. A. Millington were appointed reception committee.
T. K. Johnson, H. S. Silver, and W. W. Andrews were appoint­ed committee on fireworks.
On motion of H. B. Lacy, resolved that the ladies be invited to attend the next meeting.
Adjourned to meet Monday evening, June 22, at 8 o’clock p.m.
                                                   G. S. MANSER, Chairman.
L. J. Webb, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
                                                      City Treasurer’s Report.
The City of Winfield in account with M. L. Robinson, Trea­surer, June 15th, 1874.
March 28   By Z. T. Swigart, show license: $5.00
April 2  By Z. T. Swigart, Fines, E. G. Headrick ($6.50); Jno. Inman (3): $9.50
April 8  By J. M. Hamilton, Dol. store: $3.00
April 8  By J. Herrington, gift store: $3.00
April 8  By T. A. Bancroft, license to sell medicines: $1.00
April 8  By Z. T. Swigart, license from Grady’s circus: $10.00
April 9  By Furgeson & Quarles, license, Livery stable: $2.50
May 5        By Reinhart & Ehret, saloon: $150.00
May 9        By Joe Likowski, saloon license: $150.00
May 12      By T. E. Gilleland, license merchant: $5.00
May 12      By A. H. Green, license druggist: $3.50
May 12      By Fairbank, Torrance, & Green, attnys., license: $2.50
May 26      By W. R. Sheppard, license job wagon: $4.00

May 26      By Jones & Reynolds, license butcher: $3.00
May 29      By S. C. Smith, license real estate agent: $2.50
June 5        By W. M. Boyer, license stationer: $2.50
June 5        By W. M. Boyer, license dog tax: $1.00
June 6        By Darrah & Doty, license livery stable: $5.00
June 8        By Z. T. Swigart, fine of Burns, Impounding: $4.35
June 8        By Z. T. Swigart, Impounding (5.60) pro stock sold (10.00): $15.60
June 8        By N. H. Wood, J. P. fine Wm. Thoughman: $4.35
June 15      By Frank Williams, grocery license: $5.00
June 15      Balance due treasurer: $89.14
                                                 TOTAL RECEIPTS: $481.44
March 15   To balance due treas. as statement published: $168.03
March 20   142 paid: $1.00
May 6        174, 169, 164, 178, 166, 141, paid: $145.02
May 16      196, 143, 153, 31, 152, 139, 145, 140, 165, 172, 186, 168, paid: $155.29
June 9        107, 183, 194, paid: $12.10
                                          TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS: $481.44
                                             M. L. ROBINSON, City Treasurer.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
The Council met at the courthouse June 2nd in pursuance of adjournment. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor, and councilmen McMillen, Silver, and Darrah, J. W. Curns, Clerk.
The committee on Marshal’s salary reported favorably on allowing the Marshal $40.00 per month for his salary, provided he charge nothing for removing nuisances. On motion the report was accepted and approved.
An ordinance in relation to the pay of the City Marshal and Street Commissioner was read and duly passed. The vote on the final passage was ayes McMillen, Darrah, and Silver, all the members present voting in the affirmative.
The committee on the petition of J. C. Weathers and others to have the grade on Main street lowered reported unfavor­ably thereon; on motion the petition was referred back to the petitioner.
A petition was presented signed by Wm. F. Marshal and others asking that a dram shop license be granted to A. G. Vinson. Two remonstrances against granting gram shop license (unless every requirement of the law be strictly complied with) were presented, signed by S. H. Myton and others and one signed by John McQuiston and others. On motion the petitions were all referred to a committee consisting of H. S. Silver, J. P. McMillen, and Samuel Darrah.
A petition was presented asking the council to call an election to determine whether the city should issue scrip to purchase the grounds of the Winfield Cemetery. On motion the petition was referred back to the petitioners.
An ordinance in relation to dog tax was passed; vote on passage was as follows: Ayes McMillen, Silver, and Darrah.

The bill of Z. T. Swigart of $50 for services as marshal and street commissioner.
Bill of Wm. Allison of $6 for printing was presented and referred to finance committee, and severally allowed and ordered paid.
On motion the council adjourned to meet June 15th, 1874, at usual hour.
                                                    J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Council met at courtroom June 15th at usual hour, and there not being a quorum present, adjourned to meet Wednesday at 4 o’clock p.m. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, July 10, 1874.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
City Council met June 17th, at 4 p.m., in pursuance of adjournment. Present: Mayor S. C. Smith and Councilmen S. Darrah, H. S. Silver, R. B. Saffold, and J. P. McMillen. J. W. Curns, Clerk.
The minutes of last meeting were read and approved.
The committee to whom was referred the petition of A. G. Vincent, for dram shop license, reported the petition not sufficient. L. J. Webb asked leave to withdraw the petition, which on motion was granted. L. T. Michener then asked leave to withdraw the remonstrance against issuing dram shop license, which on motion was granted.
The sealed bids to build sidewalks were opened and read. Mr. L. Lippman having the lowest bid, the contract was awarded to him. On motion the committee on sidewalks were empowered to contract with Mr. Lippman to build such sidewalks as are neces­sary to be built.
The bill of J. W. Curns for one month’s services as Clerk, allowed: $8.33.
The bill of J. W. Curns for dog tags, allowed: $9.75.
Mr. R. B. Saffold offered the following resolution, which on motion was adopted.
Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to procure for the city six ladders, to be placed at different business places along Main street, where the use of water buckets can be had, said ladders to be the property of the city and to be under the control of the City Marshal, to be used in case of fire. On motion R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, and H. S. Silver were appointed a committee to procure said ladders.
On motion adjourned to meet at the next regular meeting at Curns & Manser’s office.
                                                       S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. W. Curns, Clerk.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1874.
The best road overseer in the county is Hiram Silver. He is making the roads leading into this town second only to turnpikes.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1874.
                                                       Council Proceedings.
Council met July 6th, 1874, at usual hour. Mayor S. C. Smith in the chair. Present: councilmen S. Darrah, R. B. Saffold, and H. S. Silver. Minutes of last meeting were read and approved.

The committee on sidewalks reported they had contracted with L. Lippman to build the sidewalks required to be built.
Committee on ladders to be used in case of fire, reported they had completed the same. They were instructed to place the ladders at such place or places as will be most convenient in case of fire.
The bill of Calvin Gay, of $40.00, for six ladders was allowed.
A petition was presented asking the council to call an election to take sense of the voters upon the proposition of the city purchasing the ground of the Winfield Cemetery Association, and issuing scrip and bonds to pay for the same.
On motion the petition was referred to a committee consist­ing of R. B. Saffold, H. S. Silver, and S. Darrah, who were instructed to examine and report at their next meeting.
Bill of Z. T. Swigart for $50.00 was allowed.
On motion council adjourned to meet at next regular meeting. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874. Front Page.
Note: Skipped details re exhibition September 1, 2, 3, 1874.
Officers of Cowley County Agricultural Society: A. T. Stewart, President; C. M. Wood, Vice President; J. D. Cochran, Treasurer; J. B. Fairbank, Secretary.
Directors: A. T. Stewart, W. Q. Mansfield, H. S. Silver, J. P. Short, F. W. Schwantes,
W. H. Grow, D. A. Millington, Amos Walton, W. K. Davis, C. M. Wood. J. D. Cochran, J. R. Smith, J. B. Fairbank.
Chief Marshal: H. S. Silver.
Chief of Police: R. L. Walker.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874.
                                                            Bridge Notice.
Sealed proposals will be received at the office of the Township Clerk of Winfield Township, in Cowley County, Kansas (The District Clerk’s office), up to Tuesday, the 1st day of September, 1871, at 1 o’clock, p.m., for the building of a bridge across Timber or Dutch Creek at or near the point where the road, known as the A. S. Williams county road, crosses said creek in the S W ¼ of sec. 21, T P 32, Range 4 east. Beginning at a stake on the left bank of said creek and bearing across said creek N 35 degrees W 3.57 chains passing a blazed walnut tree about six inches in diameter at 2.37 chains. Said bridge to have a roadway as high as the highest point on the left bank of the creek at said point.
Proposal for the building of said bridge must be accompanied with complete plan and specification of the same; the price to be charged therefor in the bonds of said Township at par value, together with a bond with good and sufficient security in double the amount of the proposed costs thereof, conditioned for the faithful execution of the work proposed, and the carrying into effect any contract made in reference thereto. The right to reject any and all proposals reserved. H. S. SILVER, Trustee.
E. S. BEDILION, Tp. Clerk.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.

Council met at council room July 20, at usual hour. Pres­ent: Mayor S. C. Smith and councilmen Silver, Darrah, and Saffold. J. W. Curns Clerk. The minutes of last meeting were read, and after being corrected, were approved.
The committee to whom was referred the petition of the citizens of Winfield, asking the council to call an election, reported unfavorably on said petition, which report was received and the committee discharged.
It was moved and carried that further action on said peti­tion be deferred until the next regular meeting, an ordinance providing for the protection of property was duly passed.
Being no other business, council adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1874.
The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the September term of the District Court, Cowley County, Kansas, to be held on and from the 28th, inst., and have been placed upon the Trial Docket in the following order.
                                              CIVIL DOCKET. FIFTH DAY.
                                                H. S. Silver vs. H. D. Pickering.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874.
                                                       Council Proceedings.
The City Council met at the council room Sept 21st, at usual hour. Present: Mayor S. C. Smith and Councilmen S. Darrah, J. D. Cochran, and H. S. Silver. J. W. Curns, Clerk. The minutes of the last Meeting were read and approved.
The balance of Lippman ’s bill as referred to the finance committee was presented, and reported favorably thereon, and allowed $75.60.
The bill of J. W. Curns for services as Clerk and stationery was duly allowed, $9.33.
Moved and carried that the Clerk certify up to the County Clerk the assessment made against the lots in the city on which sidewalks have been built by the city of Winfield.
Being no other business, on motion adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, October 9, 1874.
                                                    Notice of Issuing Bonds.
NOTICE is hereby given that the bridge bonds voted for on the 26th day of August 1873 will be issued by the undersigned on the 24th day of October 1874.
Attest                H. S. SILVER, Tp. Trustee,
                               E. S. BEDILION, Tp. Clerk.
                               O. F. BOYLE, Tp. Treasurer.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.
The citizens of Winfield and vicinity assembled at the Courthouse on Monday evening, Nov. 30th, 1874, for the purpose of organizing a central relief committee for Cowley County.
On motion A. S. Williams was chosen chairman, and J. W. Curns, secretary, of the meeting.

On motion the following persons were appointed as a central relief committee for Cowley County, to act in conjunction with the state central relief committee: Rev. S. E. Platter, Chairman; Rev. N. L. Rigby; Rev. J. McQuiston; Hon. T. R. Bryan; Hon. H. S. Silver.
On motion the Cowley County Central Relief Committee was instructed to immediately issue an address requesting that local relief committees be organized in each township in the county, and that such committees report their organizations to the Cowley County Central Committee, and the amount of destitution which exists in their several townships, as soon as possible.
Motion carried that a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be forwarded to the state central committee at Topeka.
Moved and carried that the publishers of the various newspa­pers of this county be requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting.
On motion adjourned. A. S. WILLIAMS, Chairman.
J. W. CURNS, Sec.
Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.
                                                           Relief Meeting.
At a meeting held at the office of Curns & Manser on last Saturday, the following action was had. On motion of Col. E. C. Manning, H. S. Silver was chosen chairman, and James Kelly, Secretary. The object of the meeting was stated to be for the purpose of appointing a committee to act in the matter of relief for Winfield Township. On motion the following gentlemen were elected such committee: Robert Weakly, Jas. H. Land, S. D. Klingman. On motion meeting adjourned, sine die. H. S. SILVER, Chairman.
JAS. KELLY, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, December 31, 1874.
Council met November 16th, 1874, at usual hour. A quorum being present, after reading the minutes of the last meeting and approving the same, the following business was transacted.
T. H. Johnson and W. M. Boyer were placed in nomination for the office of Police Judge to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of N. H. Wood. A vote was taken which resulted as follows: For Johnson, R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, H. S. Silver, 3. For Boyer, J. D. Cochran. Mr. Johnson having received the highest number of votes cast, was declared duly elected Police Judge for the balance of the year.
T. H. Suits presented a bill of $30 for services rendered the city, which was allowed and ordered paid.
It was moved and carried that the police judge, elect, be required to give bond to the city of Winfield in the sum of five hundred dollars.
An ordinance in relation to license tax was read and duly passed, the final vote on passage as follows: ayes, Cochran, Silver, Saffold, Darrah, 4; nays 0.
On motion a committee consisting of Saffold, Silver, and Cochran was appointed to revise the city ordinance in relation to the duties and pay of the city Attorney.
T. H. Suits appeared and resigned the office of city attorney.
On motion W. P. Hackney was duly appointed city attorney for the balance of the year.
On motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. W. CURNS, Clerk.

                                                     City Council Proceedings.
The city council met Dec. 7th, 1874, at the usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor; J. C. Cochran, H. S. Silver. R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.
The minutes of the last meeting were read, and after insert­ing the record of vote cast at the meeting Nov. 16th on the election of T. H. Johnson, police judge, were approved.
The following bills were reported and referred to the finance committee, approved and ordered paid.
Bill of Z. T. Swigart for services as marshal for the month ending Nov. 24th, $40.
Bill of J. W. Curns, for services as city clerk for month ending Nov. 24th and Dec. 7th, 1874, $16.33.
On motion the committee on streets and sidewalks was in­structed to contract at once with someone to fill the grade on Main Street.
An ordinance in relation to the time of the meeting of the city council was read by sections and duly passed, the final vote on the passage of the whole was: ayes, Saffold, Cochran, Silver, and Darrah, 4; nays, 0.
An ordinance in relation to saloon license for the sale of intoxicating liquors was read by sections and each section adopted as read. The vote on the final passage was as follows: ayes, Saffold, Cochran, Silver, and Darrah, 4; nays, 0.
On motion the clerk was instructed to procure and file away for the use of the city 25 copies of the Winfield COURIER in which said saloon license is published.
On motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, December 31, 1874.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
Council met November 2nd, 1874, at usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor; J. D. Cochran, H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, R. B. Saffold, and J. P. McMillen, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk. The minutes of the last meeting was read and approved.
A bill in favor of J. H. Land of $3.00, being for to recover the proceeds of the sale of a certain hog, sold by the marshal of the city of Winfield, was presented and referred to the finance committee and duly allowed.
The fee bill of the city of Winfield vs. V. B. Beckett for $16.50 was referred to the finance committee.
An ordinance defining the duties of the city marshal was read by sections and on motion was passed. The vote on the final passage was as follows: ayes, Saffold, Darrah, Silver, McMillen, and Cochran; nays 0.
N. H. Wood appeared and tendered his resignation as police judge of the city of Winfield, to take effect Nov. 7th, 1874.
On motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. F. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

                                                   City Council Proceedings.
Council met December 21st at council room. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor, H. S. Silver, J. D. Cochran, R. B. Saffold, and S. Darrah, councilmen; J. W. Curns, clerk.
The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved after which the following business was transacted.
L. Lippman presented a bill of $20.63 for building side­walks, which was referred to finance committee and reported unfavorably on.
The bill was rejected on account of its not being signed by Mr. Lippmann.
C. A. Bliss presented a bill of $20.62 for building side­walks along lots 4 and 5 in block 150 in Winfield, which was referred to the finance committee and reported favorably thereon. On motion the bill was allowed.
Bill of George Gray for removing dead dogs, was referred to finance committee.
A. Rich presented a bill of $15 for grading Main street, which was rejected on account of the city having no contract with Mr. Rich to do said grading.
A petition asking for a sidewalk from Main Street along the north side of lot 1 in block number 110 and extending across lots 17 and 18 in block 110 in Winfield was presented, signed by Mrs. C. M. Bradish and others, which petition was received and re­ferred to the committee on streets and sidewalks, who reported favorably thereon; the petition was granted and it was ordered that the owner of said lots be notified to build said walks within 30 days from this date.
Messrs. C. A. Bliss and Enoch Maris appeared and asked the council to make provision for the purchasing of a lot in the cemetery grounds for the use of the city, in pursuance of which, it was moved and seconded that a committee of three, consisting of S. Darrah, R. B. Saffold, and H. S. Silver be appointed to confer with the cemetery committee in regard to purchasing a part or the whole of said cemetery. Motion carried.
Motion carried to adjourn to meet Dec. 22, at 4 o’clock p.m. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Council met December 22nd at 4 p.m., in pursuance of ad­journment. Mayor Smith presiding; councilmen present, R. B. Saffold, H. S. Silver, and S. Darrah.
The committee on streets and sidewalks reported that they had contracted with John Austin to fill the grade on Main street at the price of $45, which had been completed according to contract and reported favorably on the work. On motion the report was adopted.
John Austin presented a bill of $45 for grading main street, which was referred to finance committee, who reported favorably thereon and on motion the bill was allowed.
The committee on (dog) pound was instructed to procure a pound at once.
On motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                                           January 4, 1875.

Council met at usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor; J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, S. Darah, councilmen; J. W. Curns, clerk. The minutes of last meeting were read and approved.
G. T. Swigart presented a bill of $40 for services as Marshal for the month ending Dec. 24, 1874, which was referred to finance committee and reported favorably, and allowed.
Finance committee asked further time to report on the fee bill of City of Winfield against Beckett, which was granted.
Committee on pound reported they had procured a pound from Nate Roberson at the rent of $1 per month, which was accepted.
Cemetery committee asked further time to report on purchas­ing a lot in the cemetery.
Being no other business, on motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.
J. W. Curns, City Clerk.
Council met January 18th, 1875, at usual hour; there not being a quorum present, adjourned to meet Jan. 25th. J. W. CURNS, Clerk.
Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.
                                                     JANUARY 25TH, 1875.
Council met at 7 o’clock p.m. in pursuance of adjournment. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor, R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, H. S. Silver, councilmen, and J. W. Curns, clerk. The minutes of last meeting were read and approved, after which the following busi­ness was taken up.
Bill of Z. T. Swigart for services as marshal for month ending January 24, 1875, of $40.
Bill of J. W. Curns for services as clerk, for month ending January 8, $8.33.
Bill of William Bartlow, $18.20 for building sidewalk across Loomis street, was presented and referred to committee on fi­nance, who reported favorably thereon, and they were severally allowed and ordered paid.
The finance committee reported favorably on the ice bill of the City of Winfield against V. B. Beckett, and the following order was made. “That said fee bill be paid as per bill and not in excess of the amount therein charged to the parties entitled to the same, and that the same be paid under protest.”
On motion the city attorney was instructed to draw an ordinance for the construction of sidewalks along the north side of lot 1 in block 110 and along lots 17 and 18 in block 110.
On motion adjourned. S. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875..
[Note: Most of this item was illegible. Got only part of it.]

The cemetery committee made the following report, which on motion was adopted, and the committee disbanded. . . .  leave to submit the following report: During the past week we visited the cemetery north of the city, in company with a commit­tee from the cemetery association, and found two blocks well located and suited for the use of the city, which were offered by the committee from the cemetery association for the sum of $125 in city warrants and your committee was inclined to report favorably for purchasing the same for the use of the city. Since that time, however, the committee have been offered by Mr. Ira F. Moore, having charge of the cemetery grounds south of the city, the same amount of grounds in that cemetery, free of charge, and as a donation to the city; we would, therefore, in making this report as between the location of the two grounds, favor the one north of the city, but as regards the difference in the estimated value of the two grounds, would favor accepting the proposition offered the city from the cemetery south of the city.
                                  H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, R. B. Saffold, Committee.
On motion, a committee consisting of R. B. Saffold, H. S. Silver, and S. Darrah, was appointed to wait on Mr. Ira E. Moore and accept the donation to the city, of the cemetery grounds offered by him, and procure a deed to the city of Winfield, of the same.
Ordinance No. 46, in relation to the construction of side­walks along the north side of lot 1, and along the north end of lots 17 and 18, all in block 110, was read by sections and duly passed. The final vote on the passage of said ordinance was yeas, Saffold, Darrah, Silver, Cochran, and McMillen. Nays, none.
Ordinance No. 45, in relation to the duties of the city marshal and the prevention of fires, was read by sections and duly passed. Said ordinance was passed by the unanimous vote of the council.
C. A. Bliss presented a bill of $37.50 for building side­walks along the south side of lot 12 in block 129, which after being reported favorably on by the finance committee, was allowed and ordered paid.
It was moved and seconded that on and after Feb. 1st, 1875, the city marshal’s wages be reduced to $30 per month. Motion prevailed.
Being no other business before the council, on motion, adjourned.
                                                   S. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.
                                                    A FORLORN CROWD.
County Officials in Council—Their Indignation at the Reduction of their fees and Salaries—Their Opinion of the Legislature—They Adopt a Resolution Expressive of Their Sentiments.
The most wretchedly wretched pack of fellows we ever beheld was together yesterday morning in the office of the County clerk. At first we thought it must be a party of pall-bearers practicing for a funeral, or some starvelings come in for relief who had been denied by the people’s volunteer servant, Mr. Silver, because of a scarcity of red tape. But no, it was a gathering of county officials to condole with each other over the reduction of their fees and salaries.

A call of the house showed every office represented except that of County Superintendent and County Commissioners. A motion was made to d    n the legislature, which gave rise to a spirited debate. An amendment was offered by a “reformer,” to have the motion changed to read “D     Radical Legislature,” which was opposed by the Republicans and voted down. An effort was then made by a radical to amend so as to read “d dash n Reform Legislature,” but out of consideration for the feelings of some of their number, the republicans helped to kill that. Finally a gentleman who had sat all the morning gazing intently at a knothole in the floor offered as a compromise a substitute, to read “damphool Legisla­ture,” which was unanimously adopted. The meeting then dis­persed, each considering himself a special committee of one to carry out the intention of the resolution.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                              WINFIELD, February 15, 1875.
The Council met at the usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor; H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, J. D. Cochran, R. B. Saffold, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.
The minutes of the meeting of February 1st were read and approved.
Ordinance No. 47, in relation to animals running at large, and to repeal sections No. 2, 3, 4, and 5 of ordinance No. 4, was read and duly passed. The vote on the final passage of said ordinance was, yeas, Saffold, Silver, Darrah, and Cochran.
Johnston & Lockwood presented a bill of $3.25 for statio­nery, which was allowed.
The mayor recommended that the fine assessed against W. M. Boyer for violation of Ordinance No. 1 be remitted, on the grounds that the offense charged was not a violation of the spirit of said ordinance. On motion the fine was remitted.
W. M. Boyer appeared and remitted his fees in the case of the city of Winfield vs. A. H. Green, being $6.30.
The acting Police Judge, T. H. Suits, presented a fee bill of $19.95, for fees in case of the city of Winfield [next part of minutes torn out of paper. Only portions remained.]
E. C. Manning presented            the fine assessed against him             Ordinance No. 1, be remitted, which was granted.
Moved and carried that a committee of three be appointed to employ an attorney to attend to the suits pending in the District Court in which the city is a party, and that the committee be authorized to fix the compensation for such services. Messrs. Saffold, Darrah, and Cochran were appointed on said committee.
The committee on Cemetery reported that they had accepted the donation of Mr. L. E.  Moore of a lot in Valley View Cemetery, and presented the deed for the same. On motion the committee was discharged.
It was moved and carried that a committee of three be appointed to wait upon the Winfield Cemetery committee in regard to any proposition they may make with reference to their Cemetery. Saffold, Cochran, and Darrah were appointed on said committee.
Being no other business before the council, on motion adjourned.
                                                   S. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                                            March 1, 1875.
Council met at the usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor; R. B. Saffold, J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.
The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.
M. Miller presented a bill of $6.00 for one padlock.

A. T. Swigart presented a bill of $40.00 for services as Marshal for the month ending February 24, 1875, which were referred to the finance committee, who reported favorably there­on, and said bill was allowed.
On motion the finance committee was instructed to examine the Police Judge’s docket and ascertain whether the fines col­lected have been paid over to the city treasurer.
On motion adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.
                                                       Township Assessors.
                                           WINFIELD, KAN., April 21, 1875.
The township assessors met pursuant to previous notice, to agree upon a basis of valuation of property. The house being called to order, W. A. Freeman was chosen Chairman and W. M. Berkey, Secretary.
The following reported their names.
W. A. Freeman, Beaver Township.
John Layton, Bolton Township.
W. H. Gilliard, Omnia Township.
R. S. Strother, Harvey Township.
A. P. Brooks, Silver Creek Township.
Geo. Melville, Pleasant Valley Township.
J. M. Harcourt, Rock Creek Township.
J. W. Miller, Richland Township.
D. V. Killion, Maple Township.
Leonard Stout, Nenescah Township.
J. R. Smith, Sheridan Township.
Philip Hedges, Tisdale Township.
E. D. Skinner, Vernon Township.
H. C. McDermott, Dexter Township.
H. C. Silver, Winfield Township.
W. M. Berkey, Creswell Township.
Moved that land be valued at $1.25, $2, $2,50, $3, $4, $5, $6, $8, and $10.00 per acre. Motion carried.
Moved that the trustees of Winfield and Creswell townships be allowed to use their discretion in valuing lands within two miles of Winfield and Arkansas City. Carried.
Moved that horses be valued at $10, $20, $30, $40, $50, and $75 each. Carried.
Moved that stallions be valued at one hundred dollars and upwards. Carried.
Moved that work cattle be valued at $30 to $60 per yoke. Carried.
Moved that one year old neat cattle be valued at three to five dollars. Two year olds five to eight dollars. Three years old eight to fifteen dollars. Cows ten to twenty-five dollars. Beef cattle twenty to thirty-five dollars. Carried.
Moved to deduct twenty percent for Texas stock. Carried.
Moved that mules be valued at $15, $25, $35, $45, $60, $70, and $100. each. Carried.
Moved that jacks be valued at $100.00 and upwards. Carried.
Moved that sheep be valued at one, two, and three dollars. Carried.
Moved that hogs be valued at fifty cents to ten dollars. Carried.

Moved that farming implements be left to the discretion of the assessor. Carried.
Moved that wagons be valued at from five to sixty dollars. Carried.
Moved that pleasure carriages be valued at from ten to one hundred and fifty dollars. Carried.
Moved that gold watches be valued at from twenty-five to one hundred and fifty dollars. Carried.
Moved that silver watches be valued at from three to forty dollars. Carried.
Moved that the balance be left to the discretion of the assessors. Carried.
Moved that the Secretary furnish a copy of these proceedings to the papers for publication. Carried.
Moved that we adjourn. Carried. W. M. BERKEY, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.
                                       Bills Allowed by County Commissioners.
                                             OFFICE OF COUNTY CLERK,
                                           WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 16, 1875.
Board met in special session. Present: R. F. Burden, M. S. Roseberry, Commissioners; A. J. Pyburn, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk. Among other proceedings had, claims against the county were passed upon.
C. A. Bliss & Co., pauper bill.
Jacob Binkey.
J. Headrick.
E. S. Bedilion, express charge.
N. C. McCulloch, ex. charges.
E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk.
R. L. Walker, Sheriff.
H. S. Silver, pauper bill.
Winfield Courier, January 6, 1876.
                                                     Our “Courier” Patrons.
In beginning the “Centennial year,” with an enterprise like the one we have engaged in this week, it is but right and proper that we make honorable mention of the men who, by giving us their patronage, have greatly helped us in the “financial” part there­of.
Alphabetically arranged, they appear as follows.
BROTHERTON & SILVER represent the only exclusive grain and feed store in the Valley. Mr. Brotherton has been a merchant in Winfield since it was a city and long before. Mr. Silver, ex-Township Trustee, is a live go-ahead man. The pair go well together. Give them your patronage.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.
The undersigned, residents of Cowley County, cordially unite in inviting the citizens of said county to meet in mass meeting at Winfield, on Saturday at 2 P. M.,
                                                          FEBRUARY 5TH,

to take such action as shall seem advisable upon consultation to secure the construction of a railroad into Cowley County. We desire each paper in said county to publish this call, and we hope that every township will be fully represented at said meeting.
Dated January 25, 1876.
ROCK TOWNSHIP: John M. Harcourt, Robert F. Bailey, Andrew Dawson, John Foster, J. L. Foster, Jess. J. Tribby, H. D. Lee, W. B. Wimer.
BEAVER TOWNSHIP: William D. Lester, B. W. Jenkins, John A. McCulloch, W. A. Freeman.
VERNON TOWNSHIP: Wm. Martin, C. M. Denkin, R. L. Walker.
SPRING CREEK TOWNSHIP: R. P. Goodrich, Cyrus Wilson, F. W. Vance.
TISDALE TOWNSHIP: E. P. Young, D. H. Southworth.
LIBERTY TOWNSHIP: Chas. W. Frith, J. L. H. Darnall.
OTTER TOWNSHIP: H. C. Fisher, R. R. Turner.
OMNIA TOWNSHIP: Elisha Harned.
DEXTER TOWNSHIP: T. W. Coats, J. D. Maurer, Mark Kenton Hull, Levi Quier, J. A. Bryan, George Bryan.
WINFIELD: M. L. Read, S. D. Pryor, N. M. Powers, N. W. Holmes, N. L. Rigby, Thomas McMillen, L. J. Webb, Charles C. Black, J. S. Hunt, W. M. Boyer, John W. Curns, G. S. Manser, B. F. Baldwin, J. H. Land, A. H. Green, W. Q. Mansfield, E. C. Manning, S. H. Myton, J. C. Fuller, A. B. Lemmon, James Kelly, W. H. H. Maris, T. H. Henderson, A. N. Deming, H. S. Silver, J. M. Alexander, Amos Walton, D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, W. M. Allison, And one hundred others.
Winfield Courier, April 6, 1876.
The following is the result of the vote cast at the city election held in Winfield last Monday.
                                                    REPUBLICAN TICKET.
For Mayor, D. A. Millington: 81 votes.
For Police Judge, Linus S. Webb: 75 votes.
For Councilman, A. B. Lemmon: 86 votes.
For Councilman, C. A. Bliss: 81 votes.
For Councilman, T. B. Myers: 84 votes.
For Councilman, H. Brotherton: 88 votes.
For Councilman, M. G. Troup: 91 votes.
                                                     DEMOCRAT TICKET.
For Mayor, H. S. Silver: 80 votes.
For Police Judge, J. W. Curns: 81 votes.
For Councilman, N. Roberson: 71 votes.
For Councilman, A. G. Wilson: 76 votes.
For Councilman, N. M. Powers: 70 votes.
For Councilman, W. L. Mullen: 57 votes.
For Councilman, Frank Williams: 76 votes.

SCATTERING: J. P. McMillen received 20 votes, C. C. Black 1; and J. P. Short 3, for Councilmen; and J. D. Pryor 5 votes for Police Judge.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1876.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                             WINFIELD, KAN., April 5, 1876.
City Council met in adjourned session, March 21st, A. D. 1876.
Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; N. M. Powers, C. C. Black, and M. G. Troup, Councilmen; B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.
The City Council proceeded to canvass the vote of Winfield city election, held on April 3rd, A. D., 1876, which resulted as follows:
Whole number of votes cast: 182.
For Mayor: D. A. Millington, 81; H. S. Silver, 80, E. S. Bedilion, 1.
For Police Judge: Linus S. Webb, 75; J. W. Curns, 81; J. D. Pryor, 5.
For Councilmen: A. B. Lemmon, 86; M. G. Troup, 91; C. A. Bliss, 81; T. B. Myers, 84; H. Brotherton, 88; N. Roberson, 71; Frank Williams, 76; N. M. Powers, 70; A. G. Wilson, 76; W. L. Mullen, 57; J. P. McMillen, 20; C. C. Black, 3; J. P. Short, 1.
D. A. Millington, having received the highest number of votes for Mayor, was declared elected. J. W. Curns, receiving the highest number of votes for Police Judge, was declared elected. A. B. Lemmon, M. G. Troup, T. B. Myers, C. A. Bliss, and H. Brotherton, receiving the highest number of votes for Councilmen, were declared elected.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.
Last Saturday, pursuant to call, the citizens of Winfield met at the Courthouse and organized a meeting by calling D. A. Millington to the chair and electing C. M. McIntire secretary.
After deliberation as to what steps should be taken to appropriately celebrate the 4th of July of the Centennial year, the following committee was appointed to draft a plan of proce­dure and report to a meeting of citizens last night: James Kelly, J. P. Short, C. M. McIntire, W. B. Gibbs, and W. C. Robinson.
At the appointed hour, Wednesday evening, the meeting assembled at the Courthouse and organized by selecting C. A. Bliss, chairman, and J. E. Allen as secretary. The committee made a report which, after some amendments made by the meeting, was finally adopted.
Gen’l Supt.: Prof. A. B. Lemmon.
County Historian: W. W. Walton.
Committee of Arrangements: C. M. Wood, M. L. Bangs, W. B. Vandeventer, John Lowry, J. D. Cochran.
Committee on Programme: H. D. Gans, E. P. Kinne, James Kelly, B. F. Baldwin, W. M. Allison.
Committee on Speakers: E. C. Manning, L. J. Webb, Chas. McIntire.
Committee on Finance: W. C. Robinson, W. P. Hackney, O. F. Boyle, M. G. Troup, J. C. Fuller.
Committee on Music: J. D. Pryor, Mrs. W. D. Roberts, Miss Mollie Bryant.
Committee on Toasts: A. J. Pyburn, J. E. Allen, J. P. Short, Dr. J. Hedrick.

Committee on Stand: W. E. Tansey, T. B. Myers, W. B. Gibbs.
Committee on Decoration: Frank Gallotti, John Swain, I. Randall, Mary Stewart, Jennie Greenlee, Ada Millington, Mrs. Rigby, Mrs. Mansfield.
Committee on Invitation: D. A. Millington, L. C. Harter, J. B. Lynn, C. A. Bliss, J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, A. H. Green, S. S. Majors, C. M. Scott, T. B. McIntire, R. C. Haywood, J. L. Abbott, John Blevins, T. R. Bryan, H. C. McDorman, Mc. D. Stapleton, S. M. Fall, J. Stalter, Wm. White, S. S. Moore, Jno. McGuire, H. P. Heath, J. O. Van Orsdol, G. B. Green, W. B. Skinner, J. W. Millspaugh.
Committee on Fireworks: G. S. Manser, T. K. Johnson, C. C. Haskins.
Meeting adjourned to meet at the call of the General Superintendent.
 committee: James O. Vanorsdal, Daniel Maher, and H. H. Hocker.
The newly organized committee of Beaver Township consists of F. Brown, chairman, C. W. Roseberry, secretary, and T. W. Morris.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1876.
                                         FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
The contract for the erection of the First Presbyterian Church has been let, and in order that we may proceed with the work, all persons who are subscribers toward the building of the same, are hereby notified that the first installment is now due, and are requested to pay the same to the treasurer at Read’s Bank, so that we may be able to meet the requirements of our contract with the builders.
                                                             H. S. SILVER,
                                               Chairman of Building Committee.
Winfield Courier, June 22, 1876.
On Monday evening last Mr. Manning presented to the City Council a petition signed by over sixty citizens, including the heaviest tax-payers of Winfield, asking that an appropriation of some amount, not exceeding three hundred dollars, be made by the city to defray the expense of making a view of the several railroad routes from here to the east and northeast and to secure a report showing which would be the most feasible enterprise for the people of our county to enter into. On the presentation of the petition, Mr. T. K. Johnston presented a remonstrance signed by twenty-five persons opposing the appropriation. On examina­tion it was found that the law gave no direct authority for such an appropriation, and so long as anyone objected, the council did not feel at liberty to make the appropriation. The opposition to the appropriation was gotten up by W. M. Allison, T. K. Johnston, and H. S. Silver. They pretended that they opposed it because the law did not authorize it, but the real cause was evidently through spite towards those who favored it. There is over six hundred dollars lying idle in the city treasury subject to the order of the council. It might far better be used for this purpose than as one of these remonstrators suggested in a recent speech, be appropriated to buy fire-crackers with. “Consistency (?) thou art a jewel.”
Winfield Courier, June 29, 1876.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                           WINFIELD, KAN., June 19, 1876.
City Council met in regular session at the Clerk’s office, June 19th, 1876.

Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; M. G. Troup, H. Brotherton, T. B. Myers, and C. A. Bliss, Councilmen; J. E. Allen, City Attorney, B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.
Minutes of previous meeting were read and approved.
The Marshal reported the proposition made by the Council at its last meeting to M. S. Bangs for the use of the pound as accepted by him, and that the repairs had been made.
Committee on streets and alleys reported the matter of  O. F. Boyle, referred to at last meeting, as settled without cost to the city.
In pursuance to the request made by the City Council to Mr. E. C. Manning at its last meeting, he presented to the Council a petition containing sixty-six names of the citizens and taxpayers of the city, praying for the appropriation as mentioned in the minutes of last regular meeting.
Mr. T. K. Johnston presented a remonstrance containing the names of twenty-five remonstrating against the appropriation mentioned.
Mr. H. S. Silver handed a letter to the Council in regard to the same, and all being read, on motion of Councilman Lemmon, the petition, remonstrance, and letter were received by the council and ordered filed with the City Clerk.
On motion of councilman Lemmon, the matter of the above appropriation was laid on the table.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1876. Editorial Page.
                                            DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION.
The convention met at the courthouse last Saturday and temporarily organized by electing E. P. Young chairman and J. W. Curns secretary. Committees were appointed and the conven­tion adjourned till 1 o’clock.
Campaign Committee: J. Wade McDonald, H. S. Silver, C. C. Black, Jas. Benedict and J. G. Young. On motion the convention adjourned.
Winfield Courier, December 21, 1876.
It is CAPTAIN SILVER now: Captain of the Fire Department.
Winfield Courier, December 21, 1876.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                         WINFIELD, KANSAS, Dec. 4, 1876.
City Council met at Clerk’s office, Dec. 4, 1876.
Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; A. B. Lemmon, C. A. Bliss, H. Brotherton, Councilmen; J. E. Allen, City Attorney; and B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.
Bill of James Kirk, $37.00, for ladder trucks for the City, and repairing ladder, 50 cents, total $37.50, was read, approved, and ordered paid.
On motion the council adjourned to meet Dec. 6th at 6 o’clock, p.m.
                                                 B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.
The City Council met in adjourned session.
Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; Lemmon, Bliss, Brotherton, and Myers, Councilmen; J. E. Allen, City Attorney; and B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.

The committee appointed to report on place of organization of fire department made their report, which was read by the clerk, and on motion the report was received, placed on file, and the committee discharged.
The Mayor, with the consent of the Council, appointed T. B. Myers to procure names preparatory to organizing a fire company and H. S. Silver to procure names for the organization of a Hook and Ladder Company to report at the next adjourned meeting of the Council.
On motion the Council adjourned to meet on Dec. 8th, 1876.
                                                 B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.
City Council met in adjourned session Dec. 8th, 1876.
Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; Myers, Brotherton, Lemmon, Troup, and C. A. Bliss, Councilmen; J. E. Allen, City Attorney; and B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.
Bill of W. Denning, $25, for services as City Marshal, Nov. 8th to Dec. 8th, 1876 was read, approved, and ordered paid.
Bill of E. C. Manning, $11, for City printing, was read, approved, and ordered paid.
Ordinance No. 61 was read and passed by sections. Vote on final passage was, ayes: Lemmon, Troup, Bliss, Brotherton, and Myers. Nays: none.
Ordinance No. 61 was duly approved by the Mayor. In accor­dance with ordinance No. 61, the Mayor with the consent and recommendation of the Council, appointed R. L. Walker as Chief of the fire department of the city of Winfield, T. B. Myers, Engi­neer, and H. S. Silver as Captain, of said fire department.
On motion the Council adjourned. B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.
The following is a list of jurors drawn for the May term of District Court in Cowley County. Court convenes May 7th.
H. S. Silver, Winfield.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1877.
                                            County Commissioners’ Proceedings.
                                              OFFICE OF COUNTY CLERK,
                                             Winfield, Kansas, May 25th, 1877.
Board of County Commissioners met in special session. All the board present, with James McDermott, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk. Among other proceedings had the following jury and election fees were presented and allowed.
LIST OF JURORS: L. B. Goodrich, $20.30; Daniel Grant, $21.50; A. D. Lee, $20.70; J. W. Meador, $20.50; H. S. Silver, $18.00; C. B. Pack, $4.60; Henry Baily, $20.30; E. A. Henthorn, $21.10; A. S. Williams, $19.10; N. E. Haight, $24.50; S. Maxwell, $21.20; Reuben Booth, $19.20; Dennis Harkins, $21.50; C. C. Pierce, $16.10; John Mentch, $16.30; P. F. Endicott, $19.00; Fred Brown, $17.50; J. M. Felton, $21.30; A. M. Whipple, $4.00; Adam Walck, $4.00; S. W. Greer, $6.00; Solomon Smith, $6.00; R. B. Pratt, $6.00; Hiram Fisk, $6.00; John C. Evans, $6.00; M. B. Hennan, $6.00; Isaac Tousley, $6.00; J. F. Williams, $6.00; W. J. Funk, $2.00; Drury Warren, $2.00; Solomon Nauman, $2.00; J. R. Armstrong, $2.00; S. F. Gould, $2.00; J. V. Evans, $2.00; Barney Shriver, $2.00; C. W. Hogue, $1.00; C. C. Harris, $2.00; and William Brown, $2.00.
Winfield Courier, August 16, 1877.

A shotgun, laying in a teamster’s wagon, in front of Brotherton & Silvers, was accidentally discharged last Friday. ‘Twas a wonder no candidates were hit.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
H. S. Silver has gone into the country after a big snake.
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1877.
Thos. G. Bronson, late of Independence, is about to locate in the building now occupied by Brotherton & Silver. He will open a stock of groceries and queensware, and is a first-class businessman in every respect. It is such men as he who are making Winfield the “Queen City,” and it is indeed a compliment to our city that he should select it as his future home.
Winfield Courier, November 22, 1877.
Brotherton & Silver are building a business house on Ninth Avenue, east of Main Street. That avenue has become an important business street.
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1877.
Mr. Earnest is now to be found in the new grocery store in the Brotherton & Silver building.
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1877.
Two new buildings, just east of McGuire & Crippen’s store, are rapidly nearing completion. One is being erected for Messrs. Brotherton & Silvers, grain and feed merchants, and the other for C. Coldwell & Son, lawyers.
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1877.
Mr. M. A. Brunson, formerly of Independence, this State, has opened up a large and well selected stock of groceries, at the sign of “Headquarters,” in the building formerly occupied by Brotherton & Silver. Mr. Brunson is a pleasant and agreeable gentleman, and those patronizing him will receive the best of treatment.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1877.
New Grocery and Queensware house at Brotherton & Silver’s old stand.
Winfield Courier, February 28, 1878.
In a city like this, it is a great convenience to farmers and others, when they can know just where they can find live fresh seeds of all kinds, in the hands of men who are strictly reliable. It is also convenient to know just where, in such hands, can be found the best varieties of plows and all other kinds of agricultural implements at living prices. Brotherton & Silver are such men and their agricultural implement and seed store is such a place. See their new advertisement.
AD:                                   AGRICULTURE AND SEED STORE,
                                                     Keep on hand all kinds of
Davenport Sulky Plow, Skinner Sulky Plow, Peoria Sulky Plow, Boss Cultivator, Skinner Old Ground Plow, Iron and wood beams, Prairie King Sod Breaker, etc.
                              CELEBRATED O’BRIEN VIBRATING HARROWS.
                                                  BROTHERTON & SILVER.

Winfield Courier, March 14, 1878.
                                                           SOW BARLEY.
Mr. Frank Manny will want more than 5,000 bushels of barley the coming year and will have to buy in other counties and ship it here unless the farmers of this county produce it. He expects to pay St. Louis prices for it delivered at Winfield. The prices at St. Louis have been ranging from 50 to 75 cents for spring barley. Fall barley is usually some higher. A good crop of spring barley, such as may be expected on our soil if properly put in and cared for, is from 50 to 60 bushels per acre. Forty bushels would be a poor crop. To make barley raising most profitable, clean seed only should be sown. Oats are the worst enemy of barley and if sown with it will run the barley out. Place your seed in a tub of water and the barley will sink while the oats will swim. Skim or pour off the oats and use them for horse feed and then you have clean barley for seed.
Do not soak your barley more than can be helped, but sow at once on new plowed ground broadcast and harrow in. Harvest early, before fully ripe. If allowed to stand until dead ripe, the heads will break off and waste. Stack at once, before rain, and it will sweat and properly cure in the stack. Do not thresh until fully cured; if you do, it will heat and spoil in the granary.
Now this industry is the most promising of all the spring crops, and farmers should see that the required amount is produced at home. If an excess of this demand should be raised, it will pay for shipment better than wheat and is much more profitable for feed than oats. In Mexico and California barley is fed altogether and the horses are kept in first class condition at moderate expense. The Mennonites in Harvey and adjoining counties are making much more money on the barley raised and hauled 20 to 50 miles to the railroad, than is being made in their vicinity on any other crop.
If you do not know where to get the seed, call on Brotherton & Silver, Winfield. They have it which is clean and lively.  
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 25, 1878.
H. S. Silver, with Brotherton, is doing a splendid business in agricultural implements.
Winfield Courier, May 9, 1878.
DIED. A little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Silver died on Sunday evening. The funeral took place last evening at 4 o’clock, from the Presbyterian Church, which was attended by a large concourse of sympathizing friends.
Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.
Brotherton and Silver have been filling our back yard with Studebaker wagons, but on inquiring their prices we conclude they will not be long in our way.
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
Mr. Hiram Silver is building a residence on Loomis’ addition.
Winfield Courier, October 3, 1878.
BIRTH. Born, on Wednesday, the 29th ult., to Mrs. and Mr. Hiram Silver, a son.
Winfield Courier, October 3, 1878.

Hiram Silver was taken down on Sunday evening with an attack of something like sunstroke. He had been very active during the day in attending the funeral of Reuben Rogers, Sunday school, and other matters; the day was very warm and he was suffering with malarial fever. He was partly insensible for some time, but recovered his mind about midnight and has been improving since.
Winfield Courier, October 10, 1878.
Mr. Hiram Silver is about again after his severe illness.
Winfield Courier, December 5, 1878.
Brotherton & Silver are putting in a new platform for their big scales.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1878.
Buy the Kansas Queen Breaker of Brotherton & Silver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 2, 1879.
The following is a list of new buildings erected in the city of Winfield since January 1, 1878, with the name of owner and cost of building.
H. S. Silver, residence, frame: $1,300.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
The Courier feels proud of its list of advertisers. No county newspaper in the state can boast a larger list or one made up of better, more honorable or more enterprising men. Here they are in alphabetical order.
BROTHERTON & SILVER are dealing largely in all kinds of seeds, feed, agricultural implements, and machinery. The amount of business they do is very large. By their energy, industry, and obliging way of treating their customers, they may almost be said to have created their branch of business in this city.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
The following is a list of the principal business firms of Winfield.
                                                    FARM IMPLEMENTS.
W. A. Lee.
Brotherton & Silver.
J. L. Berkey.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.
TOBACCO! Having traded for a large lot of Plug and Smoking Tobacco, I wish to get clear of it as quick as possible and am offering it at very low prices. One door east of Brotherton & Silver’s seed store. J. J. DODD.
Winfield Courier, April 17, 1879.
The city council on last Monday evening resolved to tax pedlars and merchandise auctioneers $20 per day for selling on the streets of the city. Correct.
Ed. Nickerson was confirmed as assistant marshal and H. S. Silver as street commissioner.
The city marshal’s salary was fixed at $430 per year; the city assessor, $2 per day, not exceeding thirty days; street commissioner, $1.50 per day, not exceeding thirty days; city engineer, $3 per day, not exceeding thirty days.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.

                                                     THE COURT HOUSE.
Under this head the Semi-Weekly dishes up a column and a half editorial to prove that the county ought at once to go to a large expense in building additions to, and in remodeling the courthouse.
It says that “whoever is responsible for building the courthouse where it is, with a swamp between it and the business portion of the town, demonstrates his unfitness to be entrusted with public interests, and has a small soul; that “Winfield has in days gone by been cursed by incapacity and cupidity;” that the courthouse, the school house, and the lost bridge “are the ear marks that indicate jobbery and rascality, “the indubitable evidences of “gigantic fraud” in those responsible for their construction.
About three months ago the editors of the Semi-Weekly came to this place utter strangers to the people of this city and county and found the city so prosperous and promising, the result of the labor and exertions of its earlier citizens, that they concluded to establish them-selves here and reap a part of the harvest these earlier citizens had sown. Finding that in their gleanings they did not at first accumulate sheaves very rapidly, they concluded that the fault must be in the rascality and incapacity of those whose labor sowed the seed, and hence, we have this wholesale attack upon our best and most valued citizens.
The persons who projected and carried out the building of the courthouse and jail were W. H. H. Maris, then Mayor; S. C. Smith, R. B. Saffold, C. A. Bliss, H. S. Silver, J. D. Cochran, S. Darrah, then councilmen; J. M. Alexander, city attorney; Frank Cox, of Richland, John D. Maurer of Dexter, and O. C. Smith, of Cresswell, county commissioners.
Fifty-eight leading men of Winfield were most active in this matter and guaranteed the title to the courthouse ground and many prominent men of the county approved the measure.
The persons who projected and carried out the building of the school house were John B. Fairbank, District Clerk, J. D. Cochran, Director, S. H. Myton, Treasurer, and some others.
J. P. Short was the trustee and O. F. Boyle the treasurer by whom the contract to build the bridge was let, and during most of its construction, and H. S. Silver, E. S. Bedilion, and B. F. Baldwin were the township officers who made the final settlement with the contractors.
Here we have an array of names honored in this community, names of men never before charged with rascality and incapacity, men in whom we older settlers believe and trust and yet the sages of Mt. Pulaski in three short months have seen through all these men and found them guilty of incapacity, unfitness, jobbery, rascality, and gigantic fraud.
It may be that these gushing freshmen meant to attach these pet words to other than those mentioned above, to the members of the “Old Town Company, or rather Town Association,” for instance. If that is the case, the records are open to inspection and we state distinctly that no member of the Winfield Town Association had any connection whatever with the build-ing of the courthouse except to give a deed of the half block of land on which it stands to the county, and two lots on which the jail stands to the city, (all they ever agreed or were ever expected to give) in compliance with the bargain between the city council and county commissioners, that the county should build a courthouse and the city a jail in which the county should have a right to keep prisoners. One of them protested against the building of the courthouse.

One member of that Association, Fuller, was district trea­surer when the contract for building the school house was let, but Myton succeeded him before the work commenced.
The original plan of the school house was made by John B. Fairbank, District Clerk, who requested Millington to help him in drafting and making specifications and estimates, which he did, but that plan was finally widely departed from in the construc­tion, and therefore Millington is not entitled to a particle of the credit of that structure.
Millington only, of that Association, had anything to do with the letting of the contract and building of the bridge. He was temporarily the township clerk at that time and claims his share of the credit with his colleagues, Short and Boyle, and with other leading men of the town.
We challenge Mr. Conklin or anyone else to show that any member of the Town Association had any connection whatever with the building of either of these three structures except as above specified.
Now as relates to these three structures, built at that early day when there were no civil engineers or architects within reach and to procure such would cost such large sums, when everything was high and hard to get and when our citizens were beset by every kind of hardship and discouragement, we think these structures, though not beautiful nor even sufficiently substantial, were very creditable monuments to their enterprise and energy, the terrible denunciations of our neighbors notwithstanding.
Now, Mr. Semi-Weekly man, we expect you, we challenge you to state precisely what were the “gigantic frauds,” the jobberies and rascalities, which you charge in such sweeping and general terms, as to stigmatize the whole community at that time. Be specific and give the names of those who perpetrated them. If either of the gentlemen we have named, or any other citizen is guilty, give us the name and make specific charges against him that he may have a chance to defend himself. Then no longer make assassin and cowardly attacks in the dark, calculated to bring odium upon almost every man of note in the city without giving anyone an excuse for defending himself.
It is a very poor way to secure the desired additions to the courthouse to endeavor by misrepresentations and charges of fraud against the entire business population of Winfield and thereby making Winfield odious to the people of the county.
If you really desire the improvement you advocate, we would suggest that you examine the records of the past and give the facts.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.
The County Convention of Democrats met on Saturday, the 13th, at 11 o’clock a.m., at Manning’s Opera House, in this city.
It was called to order by Hon. A. J. Pyburn, Chairman of the Central Committee. Dr. D. V. Cole was elected temporary chair­man, and J. C. Keenan, secretary. Judge T. McIntire, H. S. Silver, I. D. Hon, E. P. Young, and Wm. Moore were appointed a committee on permanent organization. R. D. Jillson, Robert Hanlon, and L. Weimer were appointed a committee on credentials.


Winfield Courier, October 9, 1879.
Brotherton & Silver shipped the first car-load of wheat ever taken out of Cowley County by rail.
Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.
Messrs. True & Morris have their coal office with Brotherton & Silver, on Ninth avenue.
Winfield Courier, December 25, 1879.
Last Tuesday W. J. Hodges purchased the Curns store room, being the north room in the union building on North Main street, paying $1900 cash for the same. We understand that Mr. Hodges has rented the building for two years to Brotherton & Silver for fifty dollars per month.
Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.
The “old reliable” seed and agricultural implement house of Brotherton & Silver has been removed to the north room in Union Row, North Main street. With their new quarters comes a new stock, which for variety and quality has never been equaled in Cowley County. Their new storeroom is large, and will afford them space to accommodate their increasing trade.
Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.
                              Coal delivered to any part of the City. Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.
Messrs. Brotherton & Silver presented us with a handsome map of Kansas last week. It is beautifully ornamented with a border of ads. setting forth the merits of the Adams and French Harvesters, and corn-planters and “sich.” We are proud of it though.
Winfield Courier, April 1, 1880.
The temperance convention met in Manning’s Hall last Friday. R. C. Story was elected president; A. Limerick and J. E. Platter, vice presidents; J. S. Allen, secretary. A committee on Plan of Operations was appointed, and reported in favor of a Campaign Committee of seven members, who should superintend the canvass of the county for the prohibition amendment. The following gentle­men were appointed as such committee: James McDermott, chairman; R. C. Story, secretary; H. S. Silver, treasurer; J. W. Millspaugh, W. D. Mowry, S. S. Holloway, and J. S. Allen.
Saturday afternoon and evening the Opera House was crowded to its utmost capacity to listen to speeches from Gov. St. John. In the evening it was almost impossible to get standing room and the enthusiasm was immense. The Governor’s speech was a sound, logical, and eloquent appeal for sobriety, and law and order.
The results of this convention have been highly satisfactory to the temperance workers, and the interest manifested shows that Cowley is awake to the importance of the amendment, and will roll up a large majority for it in November.
Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.
NINTH AVENUE GROCERY. We have purchased the Ninth Avenue Grocery, and propose to make it hereafter a first-class family grocery. Our stock is new and clean, and will be kept up to the highest notch. Give us a call and see for yourselves.

                                              TRUE & SILVER. Ninth Avenue.
Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.
A meeting was held in the council rooms last Thursday evening to consider means for temporary assistance to those in want in our city.
John B. Lynn was made chairman, and James Kelly, secretary.
By a vote of the meeting the city was divided into four wards by Main street and Ninth avenue, and committees were constituted as follows.
Northeast ward:  Mesdames T. R. Bryan, Dr. Graham, and Rev. J. Cairns.
Northwest ward:  Mesdames McDonald, McMullen, and Miss Service.
Southwest ward:  Mesdames Spotswood and Jillson, and Miss Mary R. Stewart.
Southeast ward:  Mesdames Hickock, Silver, and Swain.
Committees to solicit contributions were appointed as follows.
Northeast:  Mesdames Holloway, Lintecum, and Troup.
Northwest:  Mesdames Short and Dr. Davis and Mayor Lynn.
Southwest:  Mesdames Earnest and Landers, and Mr. R. D. Jillson.
Southeast:  Mrs. Rigby, Miss L. Graham, and Mr. W. A. Freeman.
Lynn & Loose tendered their front basement for a storage room for the committees.
The committees were requested to meet in the council rooms on Tuesday, Dec. 14, at 2:30 p.m. to form plans of operation.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
On Thursday evening the congregation of the Presbyterian church will celebrate the completion of their improvements in the basement of the church building. It has been divided into three rooms, viz: lecture-room, parlor, and kitchen, and it is admira­bly arranged for prayer meetings and social gatherings of the church.
The exercises will consist of music, addresses, and brief religious services. The special feature of the exercises will be addresses by various persons on topics of interest connected with the past history of this church. The following are the subjects.
How this church came to be organized: S. W. Greer.
The first service: John Swain.
The building of the church: J. W. Curns.
The debt; how it has been paid: John Service.
The Ladies’ Missionary Society: Miss Shields.
The Ladies’ Aid Society: Mrs. Platter.
The Revival of 1875: H. S. Silver.
The Revival of 1877: T. B. Myers.
The present improvement: Frank Williams.
These addresses are not to exceed five or ten minutes.
In order to aid in paying for this improvement of the basement, the Ladies’ Society will give an Oyster Supper at the conclusion of the services. All are cordially invited to be present.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

The council has appointed Brotherton & Silver as the city weighmasters. Their weight is official.
Winfield Courier, April 28, 1881.
                                                CIVIL DOCKET: 120 CASES.
                                       Brotherton and Silver vs. Elmer V. Stevens.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
                                                      Prohibition in Kansas.
                                How It Has Killed Winfield and Cowley County!
      Statements of Businessmen of Winfield and Leading Citizens of Cowley County,
                                          Kansas, in Relation to the Situation.
                                                  BROTHERTON & SILVER,
Seed store and agricultural implements. The seed trade is one-third better than it was a year ago. We have been paying less attention to the implement business than last year, and our trade is less. We are satisfied that prohibition is helping our trade considerably. Many are planting seeds who used to be loafing around, drinking more or less.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
Civil cases were then taken up, and the following ones disposed of.
Brotherton & Silver vs. Stevens, dismissed.
Winfield Courier, May 19, 1881.
Mr. E. F. Blair is in receipt of a letter from a southern gentleman stating that if he could get assurances from the farmers that 200 acres of cane would be planted and sold to him at $2 per ton, he would erect a sugar manufactory here. The proposal has been put into the hands of Messrs. Brotherton & Silver and they will try to have that amount of cane pledged. Farmers residing in the vicinity of Winfield should call on Messrs. Brotherton & Silver and confer with them as to the amount of cane that could be raised. A sugar manufactory would be a better business for the county than a railroad.
Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881.
The following are the arrangements for the celebration of the 4th of July in Winfield.
1. We appoint the ministers of Winfield to secure speakers.
2. We invite the Mayor and city council of Winfield, the militia of the city, and the soldiers of the late war to join with us to make a big day for Winfield and the county.
3. We appoint Jo. O. Johnson, T. B. Myers, and A. P. Johnson to secure the services of the city band.
4. We appoint J. L. Horning, G. T. Manser, H. S. Silver, E. P. Hickok, D. L. Kretsinger, N. T. Snyder, and Albert Doane to obtain funds to defray the expenses of the celebration and have control of the fire works.
5. W. O. Johnson and the vice president of the Sunday school association of Winfield will act as marshals for the city Sunday schools.

6. We appoint Mrs. J. E. Platter, Mrs. Holloway, and Mrs. Trimble as a committee to select 38 ladies to ride in the proces­sion and to represent the different states of the Union, and to select the same number of young men as their assistants, the whole number to ride in double file, two ladies in front, and then two gentlemen, and so on in this order.
7. We appoint Mrs. Caton and Miss Melville to select and drill a company of boys to march in uniform with appropriate banners as the Cold water army.
8. We appoint Mrs. E. P. Hickok to select five little girls from each Sunday school in the city, to march in procession as a representation of Kansas Past and Present.
9. We appoint G. H. Buckman as chairman to select and drill singers for the occasion.
10. We appoint Mr. Blair chorister to drill the Sunday school children and to select such assistants as he may desire.
11. We appoint Samuel Davis to read the declaration of Independence.
12. We appoint A. H. Green marshal of the day with power to select his own assistants.
13. We request the Vice Presidents of Sunday school dis­tricts, and of each township, and the several Superintendents of the schools to get out their entire forces and all others who will take part with them.
14. We request the District Vice President to march at the head of the district organization and the Vice President of each township at the head of his township organization.
15. We request all the delegations to be in the city by 10 a.m. sharp, and the Vice Presidents to report their arrival to County Superintendent S. S. Holloway, and form into line under his direc­tion.
16. The order and line of march will in due time be reported.
                                        S. S. HOLLOWAY, Chairman Committee
A. C. JOHNSON, Secretary
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.
                                                         Silver & True $5.00
Winfield Courier, September 1, 1881.
Mr. W. J. Hodges brought over samples of coal two feet thick from a new discovery in Chautauqua County. He, with S. H. Myton, and H. S. Silver, have formed a company, bought the land, and are going to put their money in to win. When such men invest, it is a sure thing, you may depend. The coal has been tested by Mr. Legg in his forge and he says, “It gets away with the Rock Hill coal badly.”
Winfield Courier, October 13, 1881.
                                                             September 4th.

Bound for Southwestern Missouri, the land of the free and home of the brave, brave James boys, and free whiskey. The Hon. W. P. Hackney was on board the train, Messrs. Myton, Hodges, and Silver boarded the train and got off at Grenola. I am informed that they have a bonanza coal mine near there, a two foot vein. Mr. H. E. Asp, of Winfield, has become so elated that he intends quitting the law practice and manage the mine at Elk Falls.
We saw three barrels of empty beer bottles marked E. M. Trimble. What are the initials of our worthy Professor Trimble?
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
                                           WINFIELD, DECEMBER 19, 1881.
Council met in regular session. The president of the council, Mr. Read, presiding, in the absence of the mayor. Present: Councilmen Read, Hodges, Platter, and Gary, city attorney and clerk.
It was moved that Brotherton & Silver be appointed city weighmasters for the six months next ensuing, on compliance with the ordinances and laws of the city. Carried.
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
S. H. Myton, W. J. Hodges, and H. Silver visited their coal mine in Chautauqua County last Wednesday. They found Superinten­dent Johnson reposing on an oriental divan and smoking Havana cigars, and the coal tumbling out of the mine and loading itself into the wagons; Superintendent Johnson knows how to run a coal mine. W. J. Hodges, the president of the company, came back highly indignant. They made him crawl on his hands and knees about five hundred feet into the mine, and told him it was quite likely the whole thing would tumble in any minute. Those who saw the knees of his pants when he came out thought he had been through a long and earnest season of prayer. . . .
Cowley County Courant, December 29, 1881.
Brotherton & Silver have been appointed City weighmasters; their scales have been tested, and everything is now in good working trim.
Winfield Courier, December 15, 1881.
Here in Maple Township the subscribers to the Winfield COURIER are pleased at the efforts being made by yourself in favor of city scales and just weights. You, Mr. Editor, have some knowledge of the amount of complaint, and yet even you can scarcely realize the wide-spread dissatisfaction that exists among farmers on that subject. Some persons, I am sorry to say citizens of Winfield, are ready to pooh pooh the matter and treat it as of light consequence, averring that you could not give satisfaction even by city scales; that farmers as a class were ever grumbling, suspicious, and many of them downright dishonest; hence, their readiness to charge others with like practice, and that their grievance was more imaginary than real, etc.

Now, Mr. Editor, that there is substance to the complaints was verified by three of my neighbors last Friday, December 9, in this way. Two of them had each a load of wheat, the other a load of hogs; before offering to sell, each had their loads weighed on Brotherton & Silver’s scales, taking tickets, then sold their loads, all weighing on the same scales. When these men had delivered their loads, each weighed their wagons on the B. & S. scales, taking tickets, then weighed on the scales they sold by. Result: one bushel of wheat short to each load and one dollar short on the load of hogs. When attention was called to the fact and B. & S.’s weigh bills shown, in justice be it said, the deficiency was paid over without demur.        N.
Winfield Courier, December 22, 1881.
We are glad that Brotherton and Silver have been appointed and qualified as city weighers. This will fill the bill com­pletely. Their scales have been the favorite with the farmers and under the stringent ordinance there can be no chance for complaint.
Winfield Courier, December 22, 1881.
At the council meeting Monday night an order was passed appointing Brotherton & Silver city weigh-masters for six months, “on complying with the ordinance and laws of the city.” The council, in the present condition of the city finances, did not think it advisable to purchase scales or go to any expense that could be avoided. Although we think it would have been much more satisfactory for the city to have taken the scale matter into its own hands, so far as we know Messrs. Brotherton & Silver are honorable men, and being sworn officers of the city cannot do other than their duty. The ordinance relating to the duties of weigh-master requires him to give a good and sufficient bond in the sum of $580 to be approved by the council for the faithful performance of his duties. He is required to have his scales tested once each quarter by the county clerk and as often there­after as may be deemed necessary by the council. Any false weights made by said weighmaster subjects them to a fine of $100 and costs and a forfeiture of the license. The charges are fixed at 10 cents for each load. The ordinance further provides that in cases of all disputes on weights, the city scales shall govern.
Winfield Courier, December 29, 1881.
Our farmers are feeling good over the appointment of city weigh masters. All are satisfied with Brotherton & Silver. All that is needed now is to compel every farmer offering produce or stock on the street for sale, to weigh on the City scales. Such an ordinance would meet the approbation of the majority of sellers and buyers and would make the city scales a profit. They (the scales) should be under cover and should belong to the city. I think this is but one step in the right direction and trust soon more will be taken and your city well rid of the swindlers that have so long cursed your markets. All unite in praising the COURIER for the stand taken in regard to weights. Continue in the good work. Verily you shall have your reward. X.
Winfield Courier, December 29, 1881.

We learn of a very amusing circumstance in connection with the weight question in which the seller tried to get away with the buyer but made a wrong calculation. A man brought in eight loads of hogs and sold them with the understanding that they were to be weighed on Brotherton & Silver’s scales. These scales weigh both the team and wagon. The hogs were weighed on the B. & S. scales, then driven to the stockyards, unloaded, and weighed again. After unloading the eight teams drove down to the river to eat dinner, and while there the boys conceived the idea that it would be a good plan to water all the horses and weigh the water back at $5.25 a hundred. After watering they drove back, weighed the teams and wagons, and compared the results with the stockyard weights when their chuck-ling was turned into lamentations by the discovery that they were watered at the wrong time, and had lost three hundred pounds by the operation, or in dollars and cents $16.05. A bucket of water weighs about twenty pounds, so it seems that the sixteen horses drank an average of one bucket each. If the boys had watered just before they drove onto the scales, it might have been a slick thing. As it was, we are sorry the horses didn’t drink three buckets apiece. It’s only another endorsement of that old maxim “honesty is the best policy.”
The Winfield Courier, January 5, 1882.
City Scales. Brotherton & Silver.
The Winfield Courier, January 5, 1882.
                                                               City Scales.
We have been appointed by the city council as the official weighmaster in the city. Our scales have been tested by the county clerk and our bond is filed. Our weights are now official and farmers will have no further cause for complaint by weighing off our scales.
                                                  BROTHERTON & SILVER.
Cowley County Courant, January 5, 1882.
A COURANT item snatcher went to the train Tuesday at eleven o’clock to meet the other end of his household, and failing to find her there, jumped aboard and went to Arkansas City just for the fun of the thing. Not having been there for about eight years, we felt a lurking desire to once more get a little sand in our off ear, and see a number of the old-time Cowley County boys who were still swinging to the ragged edge. Some people sneer and snarl at Arkansas City, but usually it is someone like Ed. Greer, who don’t know any better.
On the train coming back, all the experiences of the day were made to appear small and insignificant, by the appearance on the train of a happy young couple coming up to Winfield after a Christmas present in the shape of a marriage license. When they stood up on the platform at the City about fifteen feet apart, their faces turned in opposite directions, and a far off expres­sion in their mild eyes, we knew at once there was something going to happen before the blue bird season could arrive, but not until H. S. Silver, who we also met there, nudged us under the short rib, did we think the affliction so near at hand. Conduc­tor Miller, who by the way is especially adapted to the task of caring for wedding excursion parties, seemed to take in the situation as soon as the young couple walked aboard the train, and beckoned them to a seat in the rear end of the car. We couldn’t imagine what he did this for, unless he thought the other passen­gers would have to turn around in their seats in order to see the performances of the happy, restless pair.
The train had only started when the young groom began to edge up, that is slide over a little, as it were, toward the window, between him and which was seated the blushing bride. Now, that girl was just as pretty as a peach, and her lips looked as though they had been bathed in a bottle of red ink.
It may not have been noticeable to everyone, but the amount of time Miller squandered in taking up the tickets from about half a dozen passengers, would lead any close observer to swear that he was looking at any moment for a cow to run into the train from the rear.

The groom had either bribed Miller, or else they were old friends, as the young couple had the most terrible time imagin­able keeping a light shawl over the bride’s shoulders, and when, finally the young man found the thing would slip down every minute, he actually fixed it close about the pearly neck and proceeded to hold it there with his arm.
It was really heart “rendering” to see the blush on Conduc­tor Miller’s face, and having been a widower for many days, yours truly slid down into a seat and slept until the fiendish brakeman yelled loud enough to be heard a mile, “Winfield.” The next time we go to Arkansas City, we intend to take second-class passage on the canal.
The Winfield Courier, January 12, 1882.
We have been appointed by the city council as the official weighmasters of the city. Our scales have been tested by the county clerk and our bond is filed. Our weights are now official and farmers will have no further cause for complaint by weighing on our scales.
                                                  BROTHERTON & SILVER.
Cowley County Courant, February 2, 1882.
In our issue of yesterday we noticed the arrival of the first car of Cana Valley coal. Our limited space at the time forbid a more extended notice of the coal or a more liberal mention of the parties who are interested in the company. The COURANT is ever ready to advance the interest of Winfield and Winfield men. It will be remembered that this company, consist­ing of Messrs. Hodges, Myton, Silver, Jennings, Asp, and others, was organized in October last, since which time the company have expended over $5,000 in the purchase of land leases, mining tools, and the development of the mines which are located eight miles south of Grenola in the Cana Valley. Like all new organi­zations they have had everything to contend against, and at times failure seemed to stare them in the face, and but for the indomi­table pluck of Messrs. Hodges and Myton, the Cana Valley Coal Company would long since have been numbered with the dead. Today the company is on a solid basis with a bright and glorious prospect ahead.
From a scant vein of 14 inches, the show is now 20 inches, and a much better grade of coal. From a wagon load a day, their capacity has increased to 500 bushels. They are now able to supply the retail demand at the mines and ship from five to ten cars per week. Since the arrival of the Cana Valley coal to this market, our people have had time and opportunity to test its quality. It is pronounced by many that the Cana coal is far superior to any other grade of soft coal mined in the southwest. The coal is free from rock and slate, burns clean, and leaves only a white ash. There is no offensive gas which escapes from the stove; and no accumulation of soot in the pipe or flue. The company have very wisely made the reliable coal firm of A. H. Doane & Company their agents in Winfield, and will keep them supplied at all times with Cana coal, putting it in the market at the price of other soft coal.
Cowley County Courant, February 9, 1882.
Brotherton & Silver have removed their stock of goods two doors south of their old stand.
Cowley County Courant, February 9, 1882.
The Hoosier Grocery has secured the room formerly occupied by Brotherton & Silver, and is putting in a large stock of feed, flour, seeds, and goods of that description. As the room adjoins their present store room, they cut an archway between the two rooms and will run the feed and seed store in connection with their grocery.
Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.

Messrs. Brotherton and Silver have removed their seed store several doors south of their old stand, an announcement of which they make in another column.
BROTHERTON & SILVER HAVE REMOVED TWO DOORS NORTH OF J. B. LYNN’S, and invite all of their old customers as well as new ones to call on them when in need of anything in their line of goods.
Clover, Timothy, Orchard and English Blue Grass Seeds, Common and German Millet, and a full line of new and fresh Garden Seeds on hand.
Caldwell Wagon.
New Departure Tongueless Cultivator.
Riding and Walking Cultivators.
Davenport and Skinner old Grand Plows.
Potter, Marsh & Davenport Sulky Plow.
                                                   CITY WEIGHMASTERS.
                                                  BROTHERTON & SILVER.
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.
                                                  BROTHERTON & SILVER
                                               Have Removed, and are Located
                                      TWO DOORS NORTH OF J. B. LYNN’S.
                                                     WINFIELD, KANSAS.
Cowley County Courant, March 9, 1882.
A. G. Wilson has been appointed city weigh master, in place of Brotherton & Silver, resigned.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
BROTHERTON & SILVER...Have removed, and are located Two Doors North of J. B. Lynn’s, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1882.
Brotherton & Silver resigned the position of City weigh-masters and Mr. A. G. Wilson was appointed at the last meeting of the Council. Mr. Wilson is one of our most trustworthy citizens and will fill this position honestly and faithfully. Farmers will bear this change in mind.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
FIVE DOLLARS PREMIUM. We hereby offer five dollars premium for the finest and largest “Cuban Queen Water Melon,” grown in Cowley County, between July 1st, and August 10th, 1882. BROTHERTON & SILVER, Seedmen.
Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.
T. T. Morgan, of Eureka, has been in Winfield several days visiting with his niece, Mrs. S. Silver, whom he has not seen before for fifteen years. Mr. Morgan, like all others who visit our city, pronounces Winfield the boss town, and Cowley the finest county he has seen in the west.
Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

FENNO & MANNING, Wool commission merchants, Boston, Mass., liberal cash advances made on consignments. Sacks furnished free. Apply to Brotherton and Silver, Winfield, Kansas.
Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.
Quite a number of our citizens and interested parents assembled at the parlors of Mrs. A. T. Spotswood Monday evening on invitation of Miss Nettie McCoy, who had prepared a concert for her little scholars. The exercises were very interesting to all assembled, and especially so to the parents of the children, who were given this occasion to judge of what musical progress had been made under Miss McCoy’s instruction.
SOME OF THE PARTICIPANTS WERE MENTIONED: Alma Miller, Frank Curns, Mable Silver, Mary Spotswood, Pearl Van Doren and Margaret Spotswood, Mary Orr, Malcolm McDonald, A. S. Higgins, Maggie Bedilion, Anna Doane, Katie Shearer, Mrs. Earnest, and Miss McDonald.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
                                              PERSECUTING DEMOCRATS.
We are told that there is great complaint in some quarters, charging that the prosecutions of several physicians charged with prescribing intoxicating drinks in violation of law is a political move got up only for the persecution of Democrats. It is stated that only Democratic physicians are interfered with, etc. Dr. Wells, they admit, however, is an exception; but they say he is an enemy of Hackney, which is the reason he was classed as a Democrat.
Now we have known Dr. Wells, not only as a Republican, but as a friend of Hackney up to the time the Doctor was arrested, and we have known Dr. Headrick many years and have always understood him to be a Republican. Dr. Cole and Dr. Fleming are all whom we have known as Democrats, who have been proceeded against here. If the object was to persecute Democrats, Dr. Davis would have been the first one to strike at, for he is the most powerful and influential Democrat of the whole lot.
Now, we do not see what anyone in this county wants to persecute Democrats for. They are generally good fellows, some of them are very popular, and none of them are politically dangerous in a county which has eleven hundred Republican majority. We do not observe any ill feeling towards the Democrats. They are patronized in business by Republicans just as well as are Republicans. Who ever refused to employ or trade with Judge McDonald, or John B. Lynn, or A. T. Spotswood, because they are Democrats? Who refuses to eat dinner at the Brettun because the proprietors are Democrats? H. S. Silver sells just as many seeds as though he was a Republican, and the whole community seems just as friendly to Democrats as Republicans, and would resent an outrage on one just as strongly as the other. Some of our most valued friends are Democrats, and the thought of discrimination outside of politics never entered our mind.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
                                                              A Big Picnic.
The A. O. U. W. Society of Winfield are making arrangements for a grand basket picnic in Riverside Park, May 25th. Twenty-five neighboring lodges have been invited, special trains will be run, and a general good time indulged in. The following committees have been appointed.
Devotional exercises: Revs. Platter and Cairns.

Reception: J. S. Mann, W. R. Davis, J. F. McMullen, C. A. Bliss.
On grounds: Wm. Hodges, A. B. Snow, B. F. McFadden, John Burroughs, S. G. Gary, Wm. Caton, T. J. Harris, D. Dix.
On music: W. C. Carruthers, B. F. Wood, G. S. Manser, Chas. Green.
On Finance: B. M. Legg, A. D. Hendricks, J. N. Harter, H. S. Silver.
On invitations: E. T. Trimble, W. J. Hodges, G. F. Corwin.
On Printing: A. B. Sykes.
The committees are hard at work perfecting arrangements, and intend making this a memorable event in the history of their Society.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.
                                                Winfield Cemetery Association.
The Annual meeting of the Winfield Cemetery Association was held in Winfield on Saturday evening, June 3rd. From the report read it appears that the Association is now for the first time out of debt and in a flourishing condition, so that all receipts hereafter will be employed in beautifying the grounds. There are about $200.00 due the association for lots sold, some of them four or five years ago, and not yet paid for. A resolution was passed to the effect that such of these lots as are not paid for in the next ninety days will be forfeited, and the bodies buried therein will be moved to the paupers’ grounds.
The following named persons were elected a Board of Directors for the ensuing year.
R. E. Wallis, W. G. Graham, H. S. Silver, H. Brotherton, C. A. Bliss, A. P. Johnson,
J. H. Land, T. R. Bryan, and H. D. Gans. T. R. Bryan was elected President, H. Brotherton, Treasurer, and W. G. Graham, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.
                                                     FOURTH OF J. U. L. Y.
On Tuesday evening the citizens met at the Opera House to hear the report of the executive committee on 4th of July celebration. The committee reported as follows.
On Finance: M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, J. P. Baden, S. H. Myton, J. C. McMullen.
On Speakers and Invitation: J. C. Fuller, D. A. Millington, A. B. Steinberger, M. G. Troup, and J. Wade McDonald.
On Grounds and seats: A. T. Spotswood, Jas. H. Bullen, A. Wilson, S. C. Smith, W. O. Johnson, and H. Brotherton.
On Police Regulations and personal comfort: D. L. Kretsinger, R. E. Wallis, H. S. Silver, J. H. Kinney, and A. T. Shenneman.
On Music: J. P. Short, E. H. Blair, G. H. Buckman, H. E. Silliman, and R. C. Bowles.
On Old Soldiers: Col. McMullen, Adjt. Wells, Judge Bard, Capt. Steuven, and Capt. Haight.
On Representation of 13 Original States: Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, Mrs. Caton, Mrs. Carruthers.
On Floral Decoration: Mrs. Kretsinger, Misses Jessie Millington, Amy Scothorn, Jennie Hane, Mrs. J. L. Horning, and Mrs. G. S. Manser.

Speeches were made by Judge J. Wade McDonald, Judge Soward, Mayor Troup, D. A. Millington, Capt. Hunt, and D. L. Kretsinger. The City is enthusiastic on the subject and are bound to make this a big Fourth. The committee on speakers will secure the attendance of some of our State’s best talent. Let everyone prepare to come, bring their lunch baskets, and enjoy themselves in the finest park in the State.
Winfield Courier, June 29, 1882.
                                                   No Celebration at Winfield.
The Executive Committee on 4th of July Celebration, after due consideration, has resolved not to celebrate at Winfield this year, and all preparations are declared off. . . .
By order of the committee. J. P. SHORT, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 29, 1882.
R. B. Pratt’s steam thresher, bought of Brotherton & Silver, arrived Saturday on the Santa Fe and was taken out by him Monday evening. He passed through the streets with the traction engine in full blast, and it drew much attention. The machine was put to work on Tuesday threshing out of the shock, and R. B. has already engaged all he can possibly thresh this year. This makes three or four steam threshers that have been turned loose in the county this season.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1882.
                                                               THE FAIR.
                     A Complete Summary of the Premium Articles and Their Exhibitors.
                                            “CLASS G”—MECHANIC ARTS.
This class was the most closely contested on the grounds. The competition in churns, sewing machines, washing machines, and such like is always lively. J. E. Mitchell carried over the first honors for best washing machine, and T. A. Miller the second. The 1st premium for best churn was awarded to Brotherton & Silver, and the 2nd to Geo. Bull and John D. Pryor. The high honors on sewing machines were easily won by D. F. Best with his “Silent No. 8.” Fitch & Barron, of Arkansas City, got the second prize. For the best twelve brooms C. E. Smith got 1st and J. A. Grop 2nd premium. The display of buggies by Albro & Co., of the Winfield Carriage Works, and the Columbus Buggy Co. of Ohio, was very fine and resulted in a complete victory for the home institution, Messrs. Albro & Co., taking 1st premium for best top buggy and best display of buggies.
                                            “CLASS H”—FARM PRODUCTS.
This class was full and overflowing and the most magnificent display we have ever seen. If the products exhibited there last week had been taken to Topeka and Bismarck, Cowley would surely have carried off the prize. There were one hundred and sixteen entries.
Jas. Kenzie took 1st premium on best sorghum and 1st on best peck of white beans.
J. A. Venable also got a diploma on his sorghum.
S. Mullen took 1st on best sample of Early Irish potatoes and 2nd on best sample Late Irish potatoes.
Wm. Moore got the prize for best yellow corn and Wm. Sanborn for best onions. D. J. Bright took 2nd on sweet potatoes.
L. J. Darnell exhibited some magnificent specimens of white corn and carried off two premiums over all competitors.
Isaac Wood exhibited a new variety of corn (Improved prolific bread) on which he was awarded the red ribbon.

Brotherton & Silver had a very fine display of seeds and produce, entering some thirty or forty varieties. They carried off twelve premiums, as follows: On Red wheat, rye, oats, timothy seed, blue grass, early potatoes, big pumpkins, and white wheat.
J. R. Sumpter took second prize on yellow corn and corn on stalk. J. H. Curfman took second on Timothy seed and Irish potatoes. J. J. Johnson took the 1st premium for best butter and a diploma for best dried corn. J. W. Douglass took 1st on onions.
                                              “CLASS I”—HORTICULTURE.
This class was very fine and showed the advantages of our county to the satisfaction and surprise of all. There were thirty-eight entries in all, and each and every specimen was very fine.
The first premiums were awarded to A. Dawson for fall pippens; W. C. Hayden for beets, greatest display of vegetables, and best head of cabbage; John Kenzie for best display of pippins; Cowley County Horticultural Society for best display of apples and best four fall varieties of apples; Hogue & Mentch for best general display of Nursery stock, best display Nursery grown trees, and best display of evergreens. S. E. Maxwell second best display of ornamental trees, second best display of Nursery grown evergreens, and second for best display of Nursery stock. D. J. Bright for cucumbers, sun flowers, and 2nd for water melons. Geo. Van Way, 2nd for table corn. John Mentch for Wine Sap and Ben Davis apples. Brotherton & Silver for water melons and musk melons. A. R. Gillett for tomatoes and table corn. The Horticultural Society also took second on best collection of winter apples and best peck of Wine Sap apples. Mr. Maxwell took 2nd on best display Nursery grown fruit trees.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
                                                        Cowley County Fair.
The exhibition by the Cowley County Agricultural and Horticultural Society, which began on Thursday of this week, at Winfield, is a very decided success. The phenomenally large yield of leading staples in the wonderful valleys of the Walnut and Arkansas has so excited the average granger that a collection of the products of these famous localities insured a large attendance of the best class of people. The grounds of the society are near the very beautiful and rapidly growing city of Winfield, and next to Bismarck are, naturally, the prettiest fair grounds in the state. The exhibition is in the highest sense an agricultural fair—distinctively a reunion, not of men who went forth to battle for flag and country, but of men, women, and bright eyed merry girls, who have faith in God, Kansas, and hard work. Of course, such exhibitions as Topeka and Bismarck dwarf fairs like this into insignificance as to numbers and qualities, but in quality of live stock and horticultural and agricultural products, I sincerely believe the difference is in favor of the stone capped city of the Walnut.
Of the 5,000 in attendance at this home gathering of intelligent farmers and their handsome wives and daughters, each seemed to have an especial interest in the products exhibited; and in each other—to believe in themselves, and in the capacity of their wonder-fully beautiful valleys. And in this, I take it, may be found the secret of the surprising success of this exhibition.

Snide shows, cheap johns, and yelling devils were not allowed on the grounds of the association, and nowhere did you see or hear of pickpockets. The ladies of the association had charge of all the booths, and the quiet, domestic air with which they served their well behaved patrons gave a grace and pleasure to the occasion which was appreciable by one fresh from the jostling beer guzzlers of the classic Kaw.
Blushingly elbowing my way through a bevy of splendid girls in the fine art hall, I found a display of textile fabrics and home adornments, quilts, mats, rugs, dresses, drawings, paintings, and various devices, fresh from the nimble fingers and practically educated brains of the beauties around me—an earnest of the practical sense that will predominate around the hearthstones of their homes as the wives of Kansas farmers.
Nearby on a long table was the exhibit of the Cowley County Horticultural Society, which included forty-six varieties of apples, one represented by an apple measuring sixteen and a half inches in circumference, and weighing nineteen ounces, said to be the heaviest apple ever grown in Kansas. The apple display, including the entries of Hogue & Mentch, leading nurserymen of the Arkansas valley, was exceptionally fine. S. E. Maxwell, who has a very fine nursery at Arkansas City, showed a very elegant collection of nursery stock, demonstrating the feasibility of growing forest trees rapidly and certainly from seed. Among other of his exhibits of shade trees, were ash, sycamore, and catalpa trees one year from seed and measuring five and one-half feet high. The contributions of Messrs. Hogue & Mentch included some evergreens grown from seed that were quite beautiful.
The vegetable men did themselves proud; Brotherton & Silver, seed men, of Winfield, exhibited a Cuban queen watermelon, perfect in form and weighing fifty-five pounds. Messrs. Sanburn, Hall, and others of the leading gardeners of Winfield, displayed remarkable collections.
Kansas City Journal, September 28, 1882.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
                                                      A Monumental Fraud,
                              With an Attempt to Make Anti-Prohibition Capital,
                                          And Establish Glickeries in Winfield.
                                                 A PETITION AND REPLY.
The following petition was circulated last week by Frank Manny, taken to Topeka, and presented by him to Senator Hackney.
WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 23, 1883.
HON. W. P. HACKNEY, State Senator, Topeka, Kansas.
Inasmuch as the Prohibition Amendment, as enforced, has always resulted in injury to the material development of our town—it having signally failed to accomplish the object sought, the suppression of the sale and use of intoxicating drinks—we would respectfully urge upon you the necessity of so providing for the enforcement of the law that its application shall be uniform throughout the State. If this is impossible, don’t sacrifice our town on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle.
H. S. Silver was one of those who signed this petition.
Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.
                                                     STRATEGY, MY BOY.

Some of the fellows have got up a ticket for the city election next Tuesday. They call it a kind of compromise ticket, claiming that it is on both sides of party politics, prohibition, water works, and every other question. Most of the candidates named are good fair men, but there is too little prohibition in it to call it a compromise on that question, being one prohibitionist to eight antis. In politics it is five Democrats, three Republicans, and one Greenbacker. The names are: Emerson for mayor; Kretsinger and Keck for council; Snow for police judge; O’Hare for city attorney; Silver and Wallis for school board; and Long and Pratt for constables. It looks to us that the main point of the ticket is to elect councilmen in the interest of Mart Robinson’s water works, for the getters up are willing to trade off any of their candidates except Krets. The water works fellows want Krets bad. They would trade off the balance of the ticket if necessary, but he must be retained at all hazards. The fact is, they know Krets would do anything that Mart would ask and he would ask even worse things than he would do himself. If they had put Frank Finch and Capt. Siverd on their ticket for constables, they would have shown a great deal more sagacity, for they are tried men doing their duty honestly, carefully, and fairly, and will get the votes of the best men of all parties and factions. There is talk of calling a public meeting to nominate a ticket.
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
                                                              The Election.
The city election Tuesday passed off very quietly, but little interest being manifested. On Monday evening a number of citizens met at the Opera House and placed a ticket in the field. Another meeting was held the same evening, which made up a second ticket. Dr. George Emerson was the unanimous candidate for Mayor by both meetings. The two tickets represented no distinctive issue of any character, unless it might have been termed a “water-works” issue. In the first ward John McGuire was elected to the council over H. Silver by three majority. In the second ward D. L. Kretsinger was elected over S. L. Gilbert by forty majority. Capt. H. H. Siverd and Frank W. Finch were re-elected constables.
Votes shown.
MAYOR: George Emerson: 4481.
POLICE JUDGE: J. E. Snow, 230; L. L. Beck, 255.
CITY ATTORNEY: Jos. O’Hare: 432.
TREASURER SCHOOL BOARD: George W. Robinson, 270; W. J. Wilson, 225.
CONSTABLES: H. H. Siverd, 299; Frank W. Finch, 251; David Long, 225; Jas. McLain, 222.
COUNCILMEN: 1st Ward, John A. McGuire, 132; H. Silver, 129.
COUNCILMEN: 2nd Ward, D. L. Kretsinger, 132; S. L. Gilbert, 92.
SCHOOL BOARD: 1st Ward, Dr. W. G. Graham, 259; 2nd ward, J. P. Short, 137; 2nd Ward, H. Brotherton, 89.
The new council is made up as follows.
All including the Mayor are Republicans, three councilmen and the Mayor are “anti-water-works”; in other words, in favor of holding the company down to the strict letter of their contract. Three are prohibitionists, and one an anti-prohibitionist.
Winfield Courier, April 26, 1883.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
                    COUNCIL CHAMBER, CITY OF WINFIELD, APRIL 16, 1883.

The bond of L. L. Beck as Police Judge with C. L. Harter, J. M. Keck, H. S. Silver, and J. B Lynn as sureties, was presented and approved.
There were one hundred and seventy-six guests of the citizens of Winfield here at the Editorial Convention, as nearly as we can figure it.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
                                                Where the Money Came From.
The following are the cash contributions to the general editorial entertainment fund. More was raised than was used and those who subscribed first took more than their share, so that others had to be somewhat limited in their contributions to give others a chance.
Brotherton & Silver: $3.00
Winfield Courier, June 7, 1883.
New Firm. Cairns & Reynolds. Carry a full stock of All Kinds of Pumps. They also run a pump wagon in the country and will put in new pumps or repair old ones on short notice.
Office with Brotherton & Silver, Main St., Winfield, Kansas.
Also handle the Enterprise Wind Mills.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
SULKY HAY-RAKES, Hand and Self-Dumpers, New Model Sulky Plow, Enterprise Wind-Mills, Baker Grain Drill, McCormick’s Iron Mower, New Model Sulky Plow, lightest runner made. BROTHERTON & SILVER, NORTH OF J. B. LYNN’S.
J. F. Miller is agent for Gundlack’s Force Feed Grain Drill, the lightest running drill on wheels. Parties wanting drills will please call and see the Gundlack Drill before buying, corner of Main and 9th Avenue, Winfield, Kansas, or BROTHERTON & SILVER, Town-ship Agents.
Winfield Courier, August 9, 1883.
Mr. H. Silver is out again after a very severe spell of sickness.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.
Mr. H. S. Silver is again able to be at his place of business, after an illness of nearly two months, though still looking badly.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.
                                                         COWLEY’S FAIR.
              Magnificent Displays in Every Department and all Expectations Fully Realized.

There is an immense array of hog pens, filled with Poland Chinas, Berkshires, Chester Whites, and other breeds. The hog show is magnificent, some of them being as fine as can be produced, and is evidence that Cowley can hold her own on hogs against all comers. The sheep exhibit is also good, showing many different kinds. There being no one who seemed capable of giving the information, we did not learn the names of any of the exhibitors. Next comes the poultry, and of the feathered friends of man there is a fine show, the most attrac-tive being the three coops of Plymouth Rock’s, exhibited by Mr. Samuel Lowe, of this city. There are many different kinds, but the “boss” of this department being absent, we hurriedly passed it by. There is an elegant exhibit of nursery stock by Hogue and Mentch, a good array of tombstones by Wm. Dawson, and agricultural implements by Brotherton and Silver and S. H. Myton. The ground was hurriedly gone over and there may be some important omissions of special departments, but we will make all amends next week.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                               THE FAIR.
                                             Cowley Covers Herself With Glory.
                 A Grand Exposition of her Agricultural, Horticultural, and Stock Interests.
The south main exhibition building was devoted to the ladies department supplemented by a grand organ and sewing machine show. The fancy work under Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, was a varied display of taste and industry such as we have never seen before in one collection. There were articles of every imaginable name, and Mrs. Kretsinger hid amid a wilderness of lace and embroideries, had her hands more than full. The fine arts under Miss Kate Millington attracted much attention. The beautiful collections of paintings of Mrs. Geo. W. Miller and Mrs. C. C. Black were greatly admired. There were several fine displays in the flower department, in charge of Mrs. J. L. Horning, and it made a very fine appearance. The cloths, counter panes, quilts, carpets, knitting, etc., were in charge of Mr. W. R. McDonald and made a grand showing. There were about forty pairs of knit socks competing for A. E. Baird’s special premiums; twelve or fifteen sunbonnets for Hudson Bros. special; and fifteen or twenty handsome calico quilts for Hahn & Co.’s special. Between the two buildings S. H. Myton had a handsome buggy show and just outside was the Albro & Dorley exhibit of home manufactured work. Both were very fine. The show in agricultural implements was larger than ever before. S. H. Myton, Brotherton & Silver, and W. A. Lee had large exhibits and each carried off a number of blue ribbons.
                                   CLASS R. AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.
Best sulky plow, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best two horse old ground plow, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best double walking corn plow, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best riding corn plow, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best two horse cultivator, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; Brotherton & Silver, city, 2nd.
Best grain drill, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best sulky hay rake, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best 2 horse corn planter, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; Brotherton & Silver, city, 2nd.
Best check rower, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best revolving rake, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium.
Best mowing machine, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best reaping machine, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, 2nd.
Best stirring plow, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best fanning mill, Alva Marvin, city, 1st premium.
Best hand powered corn sheller, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best combined corn sheller and feed mill, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best independent feed mill, Enterprise Co., Sandwich, Illinois, 1st premium.

Largest and best display of agricultural implements, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best potato digger, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best press attachment for grain drill, S. S. Holloway, city, 1st premium.
                                               CLASS S. MECHANIC ARTS.
Best and cheapest wind mill for farm purposes, Brotherton & Silver, Agents for Enterprise Wind Mill, 1st premium.
Best pump for well, Enterprise Co., Sandwich, Illinois, 1st premium.
Best pump for cistern, Cairns & Reynolds, city, 1st premium.
Best steam cooking apparatus, Thomas Youle, city, 1st premium.
Best open buggy, home manufacture, Albro & Dorley, city, 1st premium.
Best spring wagon, home manufacture, Albro & Dorley, city, 1st premium.
Best two horse carriage, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best top buggy of any manufacture, exhibited by manufacturer or his Agent, Albro & Dorley, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best washing machine, Lewis Conrad, city, 1st premium; J. H. Johns, city, 2nd.
Best display of surgical and dental instruments, Dr. Van Doren, city, 1st premium.
Best printed newspaper Kansas work, Black & Rembaugh, city, 1st premium.
Best sewing machine, F. M. Friend, Agent, Davis sewing machine, 1st premium; Wheeler & Wilson Co., 2nd. [Diploma on Wheeler & Wilson is withheld on account of exhibitor wrongfully attaching a blue ribbon without consent of awarding committee.]
Best display of artificial teeth, Dr. Bull, city, 1st premium.
Best specimen of roofing Kansas manufacture, J. C. Montfort, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best specimen of marble work, W. H. Dawson, city, 1st premium.
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.
Messrs. J. P. Short, J. W. Curns, and H. Silver have been appointed to appraise the Brettun estate and are now at work. The task is a big one as the estate owns a large amount of land scattered all over the county.
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1884.
                                                               More Fires.

Again, on Sunday evening, an attempt was made to set fire to property in the city. A lot of hay was stuffed under the rear end of Hendricks & Wilson’s hardware store and ignited. It was done about half past seven o’clock in the evening. Mr. James McLain, who has been acting as night watchman, first discovered and put it out. Shortly before, when walking across Manning Street and Tenth Avenue, he passed a man who was walking hurriedly. As soon as he passed, the man broke into a run, and a moment after McLain discovered the fire. When he turned, the man had disappeared in the darkness. What the object of these incendiaries is cannot be defined. The fire in the Hodges barn could have injured but little business property if successful. The fire started in the Shenneman barn, immediately after, when the hose was handy and hundreds of people standing around to use it, could not have been set with a very villainous intent to destroy, as the destroyer might have known it would be put out in a minute. The setting of the Sunday evening fire early in the evening, when everyone was about, showed a lack of deep intent to do great injury. However, our people have resolved to put a stop to it, and to that end the following paper has been prepared and duly signed, and the total sum of $222.50 goes to the person who runs the fire-bugs in.
We, the undersigned, promise to pay the sum set against our respective names as a reward for the apprehension and conviction of any person or persons engaged in setting any incendiary fire in the city of Winfield, either heretofore or hereafter.
S. C. Smith, T. K. Johnston, Horning & Whitney, Wm. Newton, Hudson Bros., McGuire Bros., J. B. Lynn, Geo. Emerson, COURIER Co., Ella C. Shenneman, W. S. Mendenhall, Winfield Bank, M. L. Read’s Bank, Rinker & Cochran, Miller & Dawson, H. Beard, Whiting Bros., Hendricks & Wilson, A. E. Bard, Johnston & Hill, J. N. Harter, Farmers Bank, Wallis & Wallis, F. V. Rowland, J. S. Mann, Hughes & Cooper, A. B. Arment, Quincy A. Glass, W. L. Morehouse, McDonald & Miner, Curns & Manser, J. D. Pryor, M. Hahn & Co., O’Meara & Randolph, S. H. Myton, J. P. Baden, Telegram, Scofield & Keck, Henry Goldsmith.
R. E. Sydal, S. D. Pryor, E. G. Cole, Kraft & Dix, H. Brown & Son, Brotherton & Silver, F. M. Friend, F. H. Blair, F. H. Bull, T. J. Harris, Albro & Dorley.
                                                   TOTAL RAISED: $222.50
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
                                                      A Novel Entertainment.
The gentlemen of the Presbyterian congregation will give a “Leap-year Basket social” in lecture room of the church, on Friday evening, April 25th. a good time is anticipated, and all are invited. The following named gentlemen will compose the various committees.
Chief Cook: H. T. Silver.
2nd Cook: G. S. Manser.
Dish-washers: Messrs. S. S. Linn, A. T. Spotswood, and T. J. Harris.
Baskets: Messrs. S. A. Cook and H. Beck.
Door: John Curns.
Checks: Hop Shivers.
Sundries: Dr. Kirkwood and J. Croco.
Waiters: Messrs. George Buckman, J. H. Bullen, and M. J. Troup.
Reception and General oversight: Messrs. A. E. Baird, Jas. Simpson, and T. B. Myers.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.
                                                             Our Cemetery.
The annual meeting of the lot owners of the cemetery was held at Dr. Graham’s office Friday evening. The secretary’s report shows a balance of about five hundred dollars in the treasury. This state of the finances is very gratifying to all. For years the balance has always been the other way, and the public spirited citizens who formed the directory were forced to carry it.
The following persons were elected as directors for the coming year: Messrs. R. E. Wallis, Dr. Perry, W. G. Graham, H. Brotherton, H. S. Silver, H. D. Gans, Mrs. J. E. Platter, Mrs. Robert Beeney, and Mrs. Ed. P. Greer.

The directory has gone actively to work formulating plans for the improvement and beautifying of the grounds. In this work they hope to receive the hearty cooperation of everyone interested. Our cemetery should be made an attractive place and no matter how hard the directory may work to this end, they cannot succeed unless each individual will take hold and assist by improving their lots.
The revenues of the cemetery arise from the sale of lots. These are twelve dollars each. There are 228 sold and 475 yet remaining. A regular sexton is employed and the charge for digging graves is fixed at two, three, and four dollars. The great need of the cemetery at present is water for irrigating purposes. They hope to get this in time.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1884.
Mr. Sam Kleeman, late of Shelbyville, Illinois, is making arrangements to open a new dry goods store in the room next to Brotherton & Silver seed store. Mr. Kleeman is a bright, energetic young man, and will make things go in his line. He comes among us with the highest recommendations.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.
                                                          TRIAL DOCKET.
                       Cowley County District Court, First Tuesday, October 7th, 1884.
                                             FOURTH DAY. CIVIL DOCKET.
                                    39. J. A. Field & Co. vs. Brotherton and Silver.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 21, 1885.
Notice is hereby given that during decoration services on May 30th, 1885, no teams will be allowed on the grounds of the Winfield Cemetery Association except the ambulance wagon, and the public are respectfully requested to keep off the mound in the center of the grounds and the lots of private individuals.
                         H. S. Silver, Pres. of Board. Attest: W. G. Graham, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 28, 1885.
Brotherton & Silver and W. A. Lee complain of wicked little vandals carrying off rods to machinery, corn plow shovels, and various things. If these little rascals are caught, things will be warm for them. No use can be made by the kids of the things they appropriate. Pure cussedness is the only prompter.
                                                  COWLEY DEMOCRACY.
        The Democratic Convention Very Tame Indeed.—No Competition Whatever.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
The Democrats of Cowley County met at the Courthouse Saturday to go through the same old farce of nominating a county ticket to be easily defeated by the Republicans: a sequel inevitable in grand old Republican Cowley. About fifty delegates were present, with a small audience of visitors. J. L. Andrews, of Maple City, was chosen chairman and Ed Gage secretary. Everything was as tranquil as a May morning. The office went round hunting its man, as usual in Democratic conventions in Cowley. Nobody could smell meat, and didn’t care to sacrifice themselves on the party altar. The convention was exceedingly tame—no opposition whatever. The following nominations were unanimously made.
For sheriff, Capt. C. G. Thompson, of Arkansas City.
Treasurer, Rudolph Hite, of Dexter.
Register of Deeds, John Ledlie, of Burden.
County Clerk, Fred C. Hunt, of Winfield.

Coroner, Dr. T. B. Tandy, of Winfield.
Surveyor, J. W. Weeks, of Udall.
The Democratic County Central Committee for the coming year stands as follows.
Arkansas City: Geo. R. Westfall, T. E. Braggins, Peter Wycoff, and C. M. McIntire.
Winfield: Capt. Gary, H. S. Silvers, Geo. Crippen, and J. B. Lynn.
Creswell: W. J. Abbott.
East Bolton: Amos Walton.
Cedar: Martin Dale.
Dexter: W. J. Hardwick.
Richland: R. W. Stevens.
Harvey: J. A. Primrose.
Maple: A. J. Walck.
Omnia: E. Harned.
Windsor: G. W. Gardenhire.
Silverdale: O. S. Gibson.
Silver Creek: John Ledlie.
Tisdale:         Bacon.
Sheridan: W. M. Smith.
Spring Creek: J. L. Andrews.
Walnut: J. R. Smith.
Vernon: J. Scott Baker.
Ninnescah: L. M. Buffington.
Pleasant Valley: [No one listed.]
Rock: Jeff Williams.
Fairview: H. C. Shock.
Beaver: Garnett Burke.
Liberty: M. Calkins.
Otter: Wm. Gammon.
The committee met, after the convention adjourned, and elected Capt. S. G. Gary, of this city, chairman, and C. M. McIntire, of A. C., secretary.
The delegates of the 2nd Commissioners district also met and unanimously selected Amos Walton for commissioner.
The Democratic convention last Saturday, adopted the following declarations.
First. The Democracy of Cowley County, Kansas, in convention assembled, do endorse and heartily approve The National platform of 1884, and also the platform of the Democracy of the State of Kansas and the policy of President Cleveland in the adoption of civil service reform and the removal from office of offensive partisans.
Second. We are opposed to class and individual legislation at the expense of the laboring, wealth-producing people of the country.
Third. We are in favor of more rigid economy in the administration of county offices and a reduction of salaries of county officers to a point not in excess of ordinary profits of legitimate business and we demand that the office of County Auditor be abolished.

Fourth. We approve of the careful, economical, and prudent course of Amos Walton as just, fair, and commendable in his efforts to reduce county expenditures, while a member of the Board of County Commissioners.
Fifth. We are opposed to prohibition and in favor of high license and local option.
Sixth. That in President Cleveland the country has found a man of solid judgment, conscientious integrity, unswerving fidelity, patriotism, and courage and equal to that of Andrew Jackson, and in his efforts for economy, for the exposure of the criminal acts of the Republican party and its officers; for his unflinching firmness in dealing with the cattle kings; for his zeal in behalf of reform; for his efforts to save the public lands for settlers; for his effort to enforce the law against polygamy, and for his constant watchfulness of the public welfare, in such a way as to receive the hearty thanks of the Democracy of Cowley County and its unswerving support. And with these principles we come before the people of Cowley County calling upon all to unite with us in bringing about these results, to which we are hereby pledged.
Who are they anyhow?
No speeches, no enthusiasm—no nothing.
Not who will we take—who can we get? Nominate anybody who’ll have it. There’s no show anyhow.
But one of the nominees of the convention was present. The rest will be notified in time to accept before the election.
“Too good a thing to let go out of the family. If I can’t get it, may be Fred, Democratic for revenue only, can.” County Clerk Hunt.
The delegates didn’t appear to care a continental who was nominated, and took whoever turned up without a murmur. They knew it all a huge farce anyhow.
“Pa was there and smiled as nicely as you please when Dr. Cole nominated me. But how in the nation can Pa support me after that card he published in THE COURIER?”—Fred Hunt.
Walter Seaver, of the Telegram, was the only fellow in the convention who could write, and his chicken scratches would make Horace Greeley faint, could he see them.
Ye Gods! Compare the two tickets!! The kid against the staunch old soldier; corpulency against the big hearted, eloquent, and public spirited Tom Soward; a man almost unknown against the popular and enterprising Capt. Nipp, an old soldier and a patriot—and so on clear through.
It was as tame and timid as a little lamb, but when the election is over the candidates will think it too darned easy to be “lamed.” “I didn’t know he was a Democrat” is the expression regarding several of the nominees. ’Twas ever thus. When did a Democratic convention find timber enough in their own ranks.
Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Silver...
                                                          PEARL PARTY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

One of the pleasantest parties of the season assembled at the hospitable home of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt last Saturday evening to celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of their wedding. The spacious rooms were well filled and the host and hostess were everywhere present with their careful attentions which, seconded by Miss Anna, made the enjoyment complete. During the evening the Rev. Mr. Reider was brought forward and in a neat and appropriate speech presented to the host and hostess a beautiful set of silverware as a testimonial of the high appreciation of the contributors for the recipients, accompanied by a card with the compliments of the following: Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Keck, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. McClellan, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Dr. and Mrs. T. H. Elder, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mr. and Mrs. N. J. Young, Rev. and Mrs. Reider, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. G. L. Rinker, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Dalton, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Crane, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Silver, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks, Mr. and Mrs. Jas. McDermott, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Manser, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Handy, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. McGraw, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Friend, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Crippen, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Austin. This silver tea set embraced cake basket, berry dish, six teaspoons, and sugar spoon. Dr. and Mrs. Geo Emerson, pearl card case. Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, silver fruit dish.
Capt. Hunt responded as happily as the emotions of this surprise would permit.
A magnificent collation was placed before the guests, which was highly enjoyed, and after music and other entertainments, the party dispersed with many thanks to their entertainers for the pleasures of the evening. Those present were: Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Silver, Mr. and Mrs. John Keck, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Handy, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Austin, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mrs. McClellan, Mrs. Whitney, Sr., and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Manser, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. James McDermott, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Crane, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Dr. and Mrs. T. H. Elder, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. McRaw, Mr. and Mrs. Elbert Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Bliss, Mrs. J. A. Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt.
H. S. Silver...
                                                    MERRY CHRISTMAS.
                                            Its Grand Celebration in Winfield.
                               Christmas Tree, Amusements, and Glorious Life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

At THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH an entirely new plan was adopted, one whose noble intent is worthy of emulation. Instead of arraying on a tree presents for each other, the members of the school brought presents to be distributed among the poor of the city. Everything conceivable in substantials was brought in, making three or four wagon loads of flour, meal, potatoes, clothing—everything. Nobody seemed imbued with the idea of how much can I get off with, but how much can I give. Christmas morning H. S. Silver got a rig and began the distribution. The light and good cheer sent into many an humble, unfortunate home was the greatest satisfaction the donors could possibly wish for. This is the true christian spirit exercised practically in a way that betters the world and draws all nearer to Him whose birth the day celebrates. If followed up strictly with the eloquent command, “As ye would that others should do unto you, do ye even so unto them,” next year will show in Winfield no want, no suffering. Indolence is responsible for only a small share of the world’s poverty. It is man’s inhumanity to man.
Mrs. H. S. Silver...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
The Presbyterian Christmas donation has not all been distributed yet, and is in the hands of a committee composed of Mrs. J. W. Curns, Mrs. W. C. Root, Mrs. G. S. Manser, Mrs. H. S. Silver, and Mrs. C. H. Greer, who will distribute the remainder as fast as needy families can be found. Leave names at THE COURIER office or at Curns & Manser’s.
Silver, H. S. (Brotherton & Silver), r. Millington, s. e. corner 12th avenue.
BROTHERTON & SILVER, Main, w. s. between 7th and 8th avenues.
Silver H S, seeds and agricultural implements, res 1202 Millington

                                                        OBITUARY. 1919.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1919.
Another one of Winfield’s early pioneers and merchants, Hiram S. Silver, died at the family home, 712 East Twelfth Avenue, Friday morning, at a quarter past five o’clock. His death was not unexpected for he had been critically ill for weeks.
Although nearing the eighty-second mile post in life, Mr. Silver had always been stalwart and hearty until the past year when his health began to fade, and he was compelled to retire from active work. Mr. and Mrs. Silver came to Winfield in 1872 and have resided here continuously ever since. He entered the mercantile business and was one of the early merchants of the city, of which very few remain. For years he owned and conducted the Silver Seed Store and was widely known throughout the city and surrounding community. He endured the vicissitudes of the pioneer and was instrumental in organizing the First Presbyterian Church in Winfield in January 1873. Early in life he united with that church and continued faithful unto the end of life.
Mr. Silver was a typical southerner and real sociability and hospitality were dominant characteristics of his life. He delighted in growing flowers and vegetables and sharing them with his friends.

Hiram F. Silver was born near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, July 2, 1837, and was 81 years, seven months, and nineteen days old. During the Civil War he volunteered and was in the Confederate army a short time. He was one of the few Confederate soldiers residing in Winfield. On November 10, 1864, he was married to Ellen M. McKown at Hagerstown, Maryland, and to this union were born five children, four daughters and one son. Three daughters and the son preceded Mr. Silver in death. Surviving are the wife and daughter, Mabel, wife of John Fuller of Winfield, and a sister, Mrs. Ella R. O’Rear of Frederick County, Virginia. Mrs. O’Rear is the only living member of the Silver family of nine children.
Soon after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Silver decided to go West and moved to Illinois where they resided two years and later moved to Missouri where they made their home for three years, settling in Kansas in 1872.
Interment will be made in the Union Cemetery.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum