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Dr. C. Perry

                                    Evans [?], Illinois, Geuda Springs, Winfield.
Winfield Directory 1885.
Dr. C. Perry, residence 803 East 10th, Winfield.
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 31, 1881.
The Salt City Hotel scheme has busted, but Dr. Perry, of Illinois, has in contemplation the erection of five cottages for rent near the Bath House.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 19, 1881.
Dr. C. Perry started for this city last Monday to superintend the erection of the cottages at Geuda Springs. Five of these residences were shipped from Chicago on the 13th inst.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 26, 1881.
Dr. Perry, of Evans, Illinois, is at Salt Springs making necessary arrangements for the erection of the ten cottages he has on the way from Chicago.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 30, 1881.
The air of business that this locality is assuming daily increases with the growing population and erection of buildings of every description. The following will give some idea of the rate with which improvements on the new town site are being prosecuted.
Mr. Geo. A. Cutler has nearly completed a large and commodi­ous building to be occupied as a drug store.
Mr. James Steiner has in course of erection a building for a restaurant, boarding house, and billiard hall.
Dr. Perry has completed two of the ten cottages he proposes to erect for rent and is pushing the work forward on the balance.
Mr. J. E. Conklin, of Winfield, is erecting a neat summer residence.
Mr. G. B. Green has completed a very neat and commodious residence.
Dr. Standiford has a force of hands busily at work excavat­ing for the foundations of his Sanitarium.
Mr. Banister has in course of erection a residence building.
The Messrs. Axley are putting up a structure 50 x 60 feet to be used for a livery and feed stable.
Hon. C. R. Mitchell has over fifty cords of stone on the ground with which he proposes to erect a business house and residence in the near future.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 11, 1882.
Geuda Gossip.
Esquire Butterfield’s residence is completed.
Dr. Perry’s five houses are almost completed.
The Springs are beginning to boom in good shape.
James Stiner has his two story hotel nearly completed.
Hon. I. J. Buck is building a summer residence in Geuda.
Joe Conklin has finished the foundation for his residence.

Dr. George A. Cutler has his drug store about completed.
Mr. Bixler will soon commence his building for a grocery store.
George B. Green had the first building on Geuda Springs town site.
Dr. Perry will improve the Salt Lake for boating, and will put on several new boats.
Several parties from Leavenworth, Kansas, are prepared to build at the Springs.
There has been at least twenty-five parties here this week selecting lots to build on. Boom! we should remark.
J. P. Marshall intends to build a business house and put in a hardware store, and our friend, Johnnie Houston, will run it.
Near & Axley have completed their Livery Stable, which, with the additions soon to be put on, will be about 45 x 60 feet.
Perry has his foundations, for five more houses, completed, and talks of putting up still another five houses in the spring.
Mr. Mitchell has about 50 cords of stone on the ground to fix the springs and build an addition to the bath house, so as to be able to give salt water baths.
A new two story building is about finished by parties hailing from Oxford, the first story of which is to be used for a billiard hall and the upper story as a general hall. This building is 25 x 60 feet, and put up in good style.
Mr. Foss has built an ice house that will hold 200 tons of ice, but has no ice yet to put in it. He will commence his elegant two story residence in about two weeks hence. It is to be 36 x 40 with wings, and two stories high.
The new feature of salt water baths will be an additional attraction at Geuda. The waters are found to contain salt 22 percent, soda, iron, and sulphur, and are pronounced much better than sea water for bathing purposes, so you need not go to the sea coast any more.
The Geuda Springs Company are shipping the Mineral Water in all directions, and are receiving many complimentary statements from its effects. They have made arrangements with the express companies to return cans free of charge, and the shipment of water is rapidly increasing.
Quite a number of parties are still at the Springs for their health, and all are improving.
Cowley County Courant, January 19, 1882.
A claim of Dr. C. Perry, for $395.30, has been allowed by Judge Gans against the estate of Joshua Jones.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 22, 1882. Editorial Page.
What Pluck and Enterprise Will Do. The Medical Qualities of the Springs.
The Salt Works.
[Correspondence of K. C. Journal.]
HUNNEWELL, KAS., FEB. 9. As your valuable paper, although published in Missouri, is eminently a Kansas paper, I take it for granted that any items of interest from our State will be acceptable to your numerous readers.
We have a new town springing up here in Sumner and Cowley coun­ties, for the county line runs through the town, that bids fair to make quite a sensation in the next twelve months.

I mean the new town of Geuda Springs, formerly Salt City. The new town is springing up like magic. Already some twenty-five new houses have been built within the past few months, and some fifty others contracted to be finished by the 1st of April. A $10,000 stock company has been formed to erect a large and commodious hotel. The foundation for the new sanatarium, a large, three story stone building, which is de­signed as a hotel, bath house, etc., for invalids has been laid, and a number of other large buildings will be commenced soon. The medical qualities of the water have been thoroughly tested, and is pronounced the best in the country. A number of patients who have tested these waters and those of Eureka Springs, Ark., pronounce those of Geuda Springs far superior to the former.
One of the most singular features of these springs is the fact that there are several distinct springs; all large and affording an abundance of water, not four feet distant one from the other, and all of different mineral qualities.
The famous Sumner County salt works are here, and in a few years the manufacture of salt at this place will be an important industry.
About 160 yards from the springs is a large salt spring. The proprietors have put a large iron tube in this, which throws the water up some six feet. It is the intention to fix here for a regular plunge bath, where the visitor can take a genuine ocean swim.
Just in front of the springs, and some fifty yards distant, commences a beautiful lake, which extends for a mile and a half, where the pleasure of boat riding can be indulged in to the fullest extent. A beautiful carriage drive extends along the lake; trees are being set out on both sides of the drive. In fact, no place in the country offers so many inducements for either the invalid or the pleasure seeker as this.
Heretofore there have been no accommodations of any kind, but now numerous cottages are being built. Dr. Perry has just finished ten handsome cottage houses, which are all spoken for. He will build ten more at once. These, with the new hotels and other accommodations, it is thought, will be ample to accommodate the vast number of visitors who are expected at the springs the coming season. Hon. C. R. Mitchell, who has had the direct management of the improvement, has been indefatigable in his labors, and his work now begins to show.
Of course we, of Sumner County, are proud of anything that adds to the wealth and prosperity of our county, and it is with no little pride that we hail the new town that is now springing up like magic in our midst. VERITAS.
Note: The next item has some inaccuracies, I believe. It talks about the salt lake producing “salt.” This is the first time that I have read that the area that produced table salt was a “salt lake.” The bath rooms put in by Newman and Mitchell are referred to as a hotel with bathrooms. It could be that Mitchell began to refer to it as a HOTEL. Very puzzling! MAW...
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882. Front Page.
Southern Border of Sunny Kansas.
We give below, says the Wichita Leader, a well written communication from a citizen of Wichita, who has lately taken in Geuda Springs.

ED. LEADER: The G-e-u-d-a Mineral Springs, located near the line of Cowley and Sumner counties at Salt City, are fast devel­oping into a noted health resort and famous watering place. Located as they are in the finest agricultural and stock country in the State, they will eventually be surrounded by an abundance of every product indigenous to a prolific farm, fruit, and stock district. Nature having provided all of the ground-work for this abundance, it only remains for the husbandman, the artist, and the mechanic, to develop it into a paradise of health, beauty, and grandeur. The springs, within themselves, are a curiosity which is claiming the attention of scientific and chemical experts to develop what the early settler might well have sought as the “Fountain of Youth,” and the fact of its being surrounded by so many other natural advantages would probably poetically refer to it the following couplet:
Of all wise gifts of “good things,”
The best of all is G-e-u-d-a Springs.
But your readers will probably prefer a description of the Springs. They are seven in number, located in a radius of twenty feet, and—as singular as the assertion may appear—all contain­ing a distinguishing difference of taste. They are composed of eleven constituent parts, or remedial agents, strongly charged with carbolic acid gas. Around these springs is an artificial stone wall three or four feet high, with an opening at one side where the water all flows through a single pipe, forming what is known as the “combination.” This flows beneath the hotel and bathrooms, where it is pumped up and heated for bathing purposes. Near this is the salt lake from which considerable salt has been manufactured. These springs have but recently come into the hands of a company by whom it is being developed into one of the “booming little cities” in this “booming State.” New business houses and residences are going up as if by magic, but still the demand cannot be supplied fast enough to satisfy those who eagerly seek the benefits of its waters as remedial agents. Dozens of houses are under way, and dozens more are under con­tract, while dozens of workmen are pushing the work, and dozens of teamsters are provid­ing the material for new buildings.
James Stiner has just completed, and is now occupying, a neat and cosy little hotel building. Dr. C. Perry has ten houses completed for residents, and has contract for ten more, while a number of other parties are securing locations, putting in foundations, and bringing the lumber to the grounds. The hotel proper is under the efficient control of A. H. Bookwalter, and Hon. C. R. Mitchell is President of the Town Company. Either of the above gentlemen will be glad to furnish other desired information.
It is only seven miles from here to the Nation, where there is plenty of game, timber, etc., and where stock men have herded their entire winter without additional feed.
Excellent opportunities are offered to parties with capi­tal—who desire to build—lots being furnished free to those who agree to put up good buildings. But all of the free lots will soon be taken at the rate at which they are going off, and from this on, the town will be built up with a rush. If desired, I may write again soon. Yours, OCCASIONAL.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
A Geuda correspondent of the Arkansas City Democrat ventilates himself to no small extent, and winds up his letter with the information
That Mr. Mitchell has sold his property in Arkansas City, and is going to move to Geuda Springs.

That Foss is building a large store to be rented to F. L. Davis, who intends to fill it with groceries.
That Mart Bixler is about ready to move into his new store at Geuda.
That Wm. Berkey has a new awning in front of his store. Take notice ye loafers.
That Foss has gone to east St. Louis after thoroughbred cattle; also is going to bring a fine Percheron Norman stallion.
That Hall, Axley, Neer, and Walker have taken a trip to the Cherokee Nation, for the purpose of buying ponies.
That there is soon to be an I. O. O. F. Lodge instituted at Geuda Springs.
That the hotel is going up for a certainty.
That there is more building at Geuda Springs than any town in Southern Kansas.
That winter wheat is looking better than ever before at this time of the year.
That Miss Una Royal and Lina Snyder are going to attend the Manhattan College another three months.
That Dr. Vawter is looking toward Geuda Springs with a view of locating permanently.
That Mr. Marshall, of Leavenworth, and one of the Geuda Springs Town Company members, proposes to build a summer resi­dence at Geuda Springs.
That Dr. Perry’s houses are almost completed and ready for occupancy.
BIRTH. That they have a new boarder at the bath house. It’s a girl and Buckwalter is the happy man. He sets up the cigars.
That ’tis an awfully bad year for candidates, and a good one for snakes, on account of the scarcity of “St. John’s amendment.”
That it is a good joke to buy one of those double strength lamp chimneys to take home and throw into the house for your wife. She thinks it will break, “you know,” and gives a scream, and, the chimney hits the stove leg, well, she calls you an old soap keg, and you go and put the team away, get kicked in the abdomen by a mule, trying to figure out where that joke came in. The next time you buy, the cheap ones are good enough, and then you ain’t liable to play jokes on your wife with that kind.
That Jake Musgrove is set up ready for business. Groceries as cheap as anywhere in Kansas.
That Patterson, the butcher, is going to tear down the old Salt City saloon building, move it to the springs, and construct a two-story house out of it.
That T. C. Mills is about to sell his three-year-old colt to Wm. Thompson, for $300; pretty good price for a colt.
That a party of young folks got badly fooled; went into the country to attend a supper by invitation, went early, stayed late, no supper, went home down in the mouth, and also in the region of the digestive organ.
Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.
Typo sends us the following items from Geuda Springs, which will no doubt be of interest to most of our readers.

“The springs have taken a new boom within the past ten days, houses are springing up in every direction. Two new, two-story, boarding houses, and a number of residences have been commenced this week. The Chicago Lumber Co. have opened a yard here, and have built a neat office. Messrs. Hubbell and Riley of Caldwell have just identified themselves with the new town. Mr. Riley bought the Ward place (ten acres) between the old and new town, on Tuesday, for $1,000. They let the contract for a business house opposite the springs, and have obligated themselves to build a two-story stone or brick house this summer. We have now five boarding houses, all two-story but one, but the need of a larger hotel is felt more and more every day. Why is it that some man with money does not see this chance for a splendid investment? Some two or three hundred visitors were at the springs Sunday, and the number will increase every week from this time. We have now three groceries, two dry-goods, and two drug houses, and nearly fifty dwellings built and contracted for. Dr. Perry is just finishing the last of his ten cottages, he will furnish them all. Mr. McCarty of Wellington is building a small hotel, and quite a number of strangers are here looking out for a chance to invest.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1882.
Dr. C. Perry, who is largely interested in the property of Geuda Springs, was in the city Monday last.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1882.
Geuda Springs.
Cutler has a very neat drug store.
Geuda Springs are simply booming.
Mr. Foss has put up a new business house.
F. L. Davis has had his residence completed sometime.
McIntire & Ferguson are building a large addition to their livery stable.
Buildings are being completed, almost every day, and are occupied as soon as completed.
Visitors are here from most of the states in the Union, and all claim to be highly pleased with the waters.
Rev. Post, P. E., from Wichita, has just commenced building a residence, and will soon be down with his family.
Mrs. Howard is building a summer residence here, and D. A. McIntire has also just commenced building his residence.
J. A. Notestine has about completed his boarding house, and A. W. McCarty is building his as rapidly as men and money can do it.
Dr. Perry will have his ten cottages completed and furnished in about ten days, and they will be rented only to invalids desiring to visit the Springs for their health.
Geo. W. Riley, of Caldwell, is building a good business house, which will be occupied as a store by Mr. Hubbell, formerly of Caldwell. Riley has also bought the O. J. Ward ten acres at $80 per acre.
We need a large hotel badly. Someone with capital can here find an investment that will pay more interest than any we know of. It is only a question of a short time when capitalists will take hold of a large hotel here, as a house with 200 rooms would be filled to overflowing in thirty days, and would remain full the year round.
A. W. Patterson’s house is about completed, as well as many others too numerous to mention. G. W.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.

Messrs. Curns & Manser sold on last Tuesday the residence of Jerry O’Neil, in the east part of the city, to Dr. Perry, of Illinois. The Doctor will remove here with his family and is a most valuable acquisition to our community. He has purchased considerable property near Geuda Springs.
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1882.
Dr. C. Perry came in with his family last week and will move into his residence on 10th Avenue at once. We are heartily glad to welcome the Doctor and his estimable family to our city. After his departure, the Doctor received the following nice little compliment from his old home, which we clip from the Wenona (Illinois) Index.
“Dr. C. Perry and family went west on Monday’s C. & A. train to make their home at Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas. The Doctor has become largely interested in real estate and stock in Southwestern Kansas, and has gone there to give it his personal attention. He is fitting up a fine stock ranch and fencing about 1,000 acres. It is with no little regret that we announce the departure of such an excellent gentleman as Dr. Perry for other fields of labor, but such is the fate of every locality. Southwestern Kansas, however, will gain a most estimable gentleman and good citizen, and the Index commends him to the good people of that locality as one in every way worthy their highest esteem.”
Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.
Mr. Perry is making many valuable improvements to his residence property on east Tenth Avenue. His house is now one of the neatest and most comfortable in the city.
Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.
DIED. Died March 22, of malarial fever following an attack of the measles, Florence, only child of Mrs. Evelyn Judd, and granddaughter of Dr. C. and Mrs. L. M. Perry. The mother and grandparents return their sincere thanks for kind attentions.
Death has cast its shadow over another happy home and the hearts of friends are borne down with grief at the loss of their brightest household gem. These visitations of the angel of death are especially sad when the little ones are taken. The bereaved parent and grand-parents have the sympathies of the community.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
To Dr. and Mrs. Perry were assigned A. B. Wilder of the Scandia Journal, and H. A. Heath of the Kansas Farmer, Topeka.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1883.
Steers for Sale. We have for sale 142 steers. Said steers are held on Chilocco Creek, Indian Territory, near the Indian college, and are in care of G. F. Pettit. Address us at Winfield or Geuda Springs or H. P. Farrar, Arkansas City. Perry & Melick.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1883.
DIED. Mrs. Wenona Swazey, mother of Mrs. Dr. C. Perry of this city, died in Geuda Springs on the 11th inst., aged eighty-three years and six months. The remains were incased in one of Johnston & Hill’s celebrated metallic caskets and shipped to Marshall County, Illinois, for interment.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1883.

DIED. At the residence of her granddaughter, Mrs. B. Melick, Geuda Springs, Mrs. Charlotte W. Swayze, aged 84 years, mother of Mrs. Dr. Perry of this city. Her remains were taken to Illinois to rest beside her husband.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.
Our Cemetery. The annual meeting of the lot owners of the cemetery was held at Dr. Graham’s office Friday evening. The secretary’s report shows a balance of about five hundred dollars in the treasury. This state of the finances is very gratifying to all. For years the balance has always been the other way, and the public spirited citizens who formed the directory were forced to carry it.
The following persons were elected as directors for the coming year: Messrs. R. E. Wallis, Dr. Perry, W. G. Graham, H. Brotherton, H. S. Silver, H. D. Gans, Mrs. J. E. Platter, Mrs. Robert Beeny, and Mrs. Ed. P. Greer.
The directory has gone actively to work formulating plans for the improvement and beautifying of the grounds. In this work they hope to receive the hearty cooperation of everyone interested. Our cemetery should be made an attractive place and no matter how hard the directory may work to this end, they cannot succeed unless each individual will take hold and assist by improving their lots.
The revenues of the cemetery arise from the sale of lots. These are twelve dollars each. There are 228 sold and 475 yet remaining. A regular sexton is employed and the charge for digging graves is fixed at two, three, and four dollars. The great need of the cemetery at present is water for irrigating purposes. They hope to get this in time.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.
For Sale. About 275 Arkansas cattle, two years old and upwards—nearly half of them steers, have been wintered in the State and will be sold at a moderate price. Apply to Dr. C. Perry, Winfield; or B. K. Melick, Geuda Springs.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
Our Cemetery. The directors of the Winfield Cemetery Association, desirous of taking active measures for the improvement of its grounds, find it a primal necessity that there should be a supply of water for irrigating and sprinkling purposes. To provide this, they wish to raise by subscription at least $300, with which they can procure an ample supply. In the absence of the Secretary, I would request you to give notice, that at a meeting of the directors, Mrs. Platter, Mrs. Beeny, and Dr. Perry were appointed a committee to solicit subscriptions payable on or before the first of August next. By the terms of our charter, the receipts of the association are to be expended in the care and improvement of the ground and none of its officers are to receive compensation for their services. We hope that there will be a hearty response to our call for aid to make our Cemetery an attractive place and a credit to our city. A DIRECTOR.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
The descendants residing in Cowley County and vicinity of Elder John Strong, who settled in Massachusetts in 1630, are requested to hold a picnic in Riverside Park at Winfield on Wednesday afternoon, July 30. Mrs. Dr. Perry, Mrs. C. A. Strong, Mrs. E. M. Albright.
Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Our Democratic cotemporary copied an item last week from a Geuda Springs paper uncomplimentary to Dr. C. Perry of this city, regarding the location of a new school building at that place. Far from doing anything detrimental to Geuda, as charged, the Doctor has done all in his power, as a heavy property owner there, for its advancement. He has donated lots to different public improvements and offered a donation of six desirable lots for the new school building site, but a vindictive board refused unless public spirit be extended through lots the Doctor was reserving for a private residence. Appreciation as well as liberality is essential to the upbuilding of a town.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 15, 1885.
A number of prominent farmers met at the COURIER office Saturday last, and determined to hold a Farmers’ Institute at the Opera House in Winfield, on Thursday and Friday, Jan. 29th and 30th, to be conducted by Professors of the State Agricultural College. J. S. Baker, of Tisdale, was chairman of the meeting and Jas. F. Martin, of Vernon, secretary. An executive committee of nine was appointed by the meeting, to have charge of the entire matter, composed of the following gentlemen: M. H. Markcum, Pleasant Valley, chairman; Dr. C. Perry, Winfield; T. A. Blanchard, Walnut; J. R. Sumpter, Beaver; J. S. Baker, Tisdale; J. F. Martin, Vernon; F. W. McClelland, Walnut; Henry Harbaugh, Pleasant Valley; and S. P. Strong, Rock. This committee is arranging an interesting program of music, essays, lectures, and discussions, which will appear next week. Four Professors of the Agricultural College will be on hand with addresses and the occasion promises to be of much pleasure and benefit to the farmers of the county. Let every man constitute a committee of one to work up a large attendance from his neighborhood. In addition to splendid addresses and essays, everything of interest to farmers will be throughly discussed. This is a grand opportunity for Cowley farmers to interchange ideas and broaden knowledge, and everyone of them should be present with their ladies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
A few wide awake farmers were found at the opera house about 10 o’clock, and after some discussion effected an organization as follows.
J. F. Martin was elected chairman; F. A. A. Williams, secretary; Dr. Perry, treasurer, and J. S. Baker and Mr. Foster, vice-presidents.
At the afternoon session there was a very good attendance. We were glad to notice a number of ladies, and some farmers from distant parts of the county. Profs. Shelton and Fallyer and Supt. Thompson of the agricultural college were on hand—also Mr. Heath of the Kansas Farmer. The exercises were opened by President Martin in a paper on forestry, which excited a good deal of interest and discussion. In the discussion Mr. Adams favored the improvement of school grounds by the planting of trees—suggesting that each child plant a tree.
What kinds of grass to grow? Writing for the state of Kansas, and more especially the central and western parts thereof, Prof. Shelton, of the state University (one of our best authorities on this subject) gave names of the grasses as follows in the order of their importance: For pasture, orchard grass, Alfalfa, red clover, English blue grass, and Kentucky blue grass. For mowing, Alfalfa, red clover, English blue grass, perhaps meadow oat grass and timothy.

Mr. Baker had failed with alfalfa. Mr. Jarvis, from Colorado, spoke highly of alfalfa and thought Kansas well adapted to it; advocated heavy seeding, twenty-five or thirty pounds to the acre, had seen no crop which equaled it for feed. Prof. Shelton thought that Mr. Baker’s failure resulted from having sowed eastern seed or else to some peculiarity of soil.
Dr. Perry asked the question, “Prof. Shelton, is there any other grass you can recommend for hay?” Prof. Shelton responded: “Yes, there are other kinds such as English blue grass and meadow oat grass which have done well with us generally, but they will not stand drouth and are not so reliable as the varieties before mentioned.”
The subject of blue grass was discussed at some length, the impression seeming to prevail that it was a success in this country. After announcements for the evening, the institute adjourned.
FRIDAY MORNING. The morning session was opened according to programme by Mr. McClellan’s paper on stock-breeding. This contained many valuable points.
Mr. Adams: “I would like to ask whether animals for beef should be well fed with grain through the whole period of growth, or fed mainly on roughness, grass, etc.?”
Dr. Perry: “The plumpness of the young animal should be kept up by feeding grain whenever it is necessary.”
The chair named the following gentlemen on organization—Dr. Perry and F. A. A. Williams; and on plan of work—M. A. Markham and F. W. McClellan.
The full township committee was made up as follows.
Bolton                                Amos Walton.
Beaver                         F. H. Burton.
Vernon                         R. J. Yeoman.
Ninnescah                          L. Stout.
Rock                                  S. P. Strong.
Fairview                             T. S. Green.
Walnut                         F. W. McClellan.
Pleasant Valley             A. H. Broadwell.
Silverdale                           George Green.
Tisdale                         J. S. Baker.
Winfield                              Dr. Perry.
Liberty                         J. C. McCloy.
Richland                             D. C. Stevens.
Omnia                                W. R. Stolp.
Silver Creek                       John Stout.
Harvey                         R. S. Strother.
Windsor                             Samuel Fall.
Dexter                                W. E. Merydith.
Cedar                                 J. H. Service.
Otter                                  Mr. Mills.
Sheridan                             J. R. Smith.
Maple                                Mr. Fitzsimmons.
Creswell                             Ed. Green.
Spring Creek                      H. S. Libby.

This committee with the sub-committees and officers were requested to meet at the Courier office on Saturday, February 14th, at one o’clock P. M.
A short discussion on stock raising followed, introduced by a question as to the profit of feeding yearling steers. The general opinion seemed to be that with a good grade of cattle, it might be done profitably.
Prof. Shelton stated that an acquaintance of his fed young steers (high grade short horn) which he marked at one and a half years old, and found them more profitable than any others he handled; he also stated that fine stock must be well kept or they would rapidly deteriorate. You may take two pure bred short-horn heifers and breed them to the same or equally good males, but starve and expose the one and well treat the other, and in two or three generations the progeny of the one which was starved will be miserable scrubs, while the descendants of the other will hold their own or improve. If a man is going to starve and expose his stock, he had better not handle anything but Texans; they are the only kind that will prove profitable under such treatment.
At this point the chairman rose and stated that the college professors would have to leave at 3 o’clock and if the institute wished to get any more light from them, they must do it before that time and carry on any desired discussion afterwards.
Dr. Perry: “I would like to ask Prof. Fallyer whether any analysis of soils has been made at the college and what are the results?”
Prof. Fallyer: “We have done something at soil analysis but we do not place much dependence upon it in determining the fertility of the soils or the proper fertilizers to apply; this is the point where theory and practice do not agree.”
Several questions were asked the Professor as to land being injured by being plowed and left exposed to the sun or benefitted by shade of crops or buildings. He did not think these things would affect it except when land was plowed too wet and exposed to the sun, when it would bake.
Mr. Markham offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted.
RESOLVED, That it is the sentiment of the Cowley County Farmers’ Institute, held at the Winfield Opera House Jan. 29 and 30, 1885, that the services of Profs. Shelton, Fallyer, and Supt. Thompson of the Kansas State Agricultural College have been highly appreciated and for which they have the hearty and sincere thanks of the members of the Institute.
Prof. Shelton, on behalf of the faculty, very gracefully thanked the meeting for this expression of their appreciation of their services and expressed his belief from what he had seen of the farmers of Cowley County that they had the material to form a permanent and successful farmers’ institute which would be of lasting benefit to the people of the county.
The Professors then took their leave and the discussion was carried on by home talent.
Dr. Perry: “A gentleman from Barbour County raises hogs mainly on sorghum with great success.”
Mr. McClellan and Dr. Perry recommended sorghum highly as feed for cattle.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
Mrs. Dr. Perry and daughter left yesterday morning for New Orleans, to be absent three weeks, and the Doctor is left to the vicissitudes of a lone “widdy.”
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1885.

Cowley’s Farmer’s Institute is now a permanency. A good number of our wide-awake farmers met at the COURIER office Saturday last with Mr. J. S. Baker, of Tisdale, in the chair and Mr. F. A. A. Williams, of Winfield, Secretary.
Dr. C. Perry, chairman of the committee on organization, submitted a plan of organization, which was discussed and adopted as follows.
WHEREAS, Everyone engaged in the business of agriculture can be benefitted by having at command the combined experiences of practical men engaged in said business, and more particularly so where the peculiarities of climate and soil have to be learned before successful results can be obtained; and
WHEREAS, That if a proper spirit of emulation can be excited among us the result will be that the standing of the agricultural profession will be raised in the estimation of the whole community in this region and that values of agricultural property will be greatly enhanced.
Therefore, we, the undersigned farmers in Cowley County, do hereby organize ourselves into an association to be called The Farmers Institute of Cowley County, Kansas.
The objects of this association will be to hold regular meetings for the discussion of agricultural topics and the dissemination of facts, which shall tend to produce the results before stated.
Anyone interested in the cultivation of the soil or the raising of livestock can become a member of this association by the annual payment of the sum of fifty cents.
The officers of this Association shall be a President, Vice President, Secretary, and Treasurer, who shall be elected annually and who shall perform the duties usually required of such officers.
There shall be a Board of Directors, which shall be composed of the aforesaid officers, ex-officio and one member in each township, who shall take in charge the interests of the Association, each in his respective township, and to have for a part of his duty the organization of a local Farmers Club auxiliary to this Association. The before named Board of Directors to have the complete management of the affairs of this Association.
The officers of the Association shall be the officers of the Board who, with two directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
There shall be an annual meeting of this society continuing two or more days for the election of officers and for the discussion of agricultural topics in accordance with a program arranged by said Board of Directors, and there shall also be such other meetings as the Board of Directors shall call.
Any other rules and regulations can be added to these articles of association by a majority vote of members present at the annual meeting.
After the adoption of the plan of organization, the following members were enrolled, and paid their admission fee.
G. L. Gale, M. H. Markcum, R. J. Yeoman, J. S. Baker, J. F. Martin, F. W. McClellan, W. E. Merydith, F. H. Burton, Dr. C. Perry, R. T. Thirsk, A. H. Broadwell, D. C. Stevens, H. McKibben, S. P. Strong, and F. A. A. Williams.
The officers of the Institute were selected as follows.

Mr. S. P. Strong, of Rock township, President; Mr. F. W. McClellan, of Walnut, Vice President; Mr. F. A. A. Williams, of Winfield, Secretary; Mr. M. H. Markcum, of Pleasant Valley, Treasurer.
The following board of township directors was elected, conditioned on their becoming members of the organization.
Bolton, Amos Walton; Beaver, F. H. Burton; Vernon, R. J. Yeoman; Ninnescah, L. Stout; Rock, E. J. Wilber; Fairview, T. S. Green; Walnut, R. T. Thirsk; Pleasant Valley, A. H. Broadwell; Silverdale, George Green; Tisdale, J. S. Baker; Winfield, Dr. Perry; Liberty, J. C. McCloy; Richland, D. C. Stevens; Omnia, W. R. Stolp; Silver Creek, John Stout; Harvey, R. S. Strother; Windsor, Samuel Fall; Dexter, W. E. Merydith; Cedar, J. H. Service; Otter, Mr. Mills; Sheridan, J. R. Smith; Maple, Mr. Fitzsimmons, Creswell, Ed. Green; Spring Creek, H. S. Libby.
On motion, M. H. Markcum, F. W. McClellan, and Dr. C. Perry were appointed a committee on plan of work.
Jas. F. Martin was elected honorary vice president of the Institute by a unanimous rising vote.
The meeting adjourned to Saturday, Feb. 18th, at 1 o’clock p.m.
The committee on grass seed will correspond with leading firms east and west, and find where the best seed can be obtained cheapest, and be prepared to select at the next meeting of the Institute. Persons desiring to order through the Institute should be present at that meeting.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 5, 1885.
An adjourned meeting of the Cowley Co. Farmers’ Institute was held at the COURIER office Saturday last, with President S. P. Strong, of Rock, in the chair. Secretary F. A. A. Williams read minutes of last meeting, as previously published, and they were adopted.
Dr. C. Perry, from the committee on plan of work, made his report. The following is the plan of work adopted.
1st. The President shall appoint standing committees from the board of directors consisting of one member each, who shall have in charge particular branches of agriculture; said committees shall collect all the facts and experiences practicable, in relation to their respective branches, and shall report the same to this Association when called upon by the President. Said committees shall be arranged as follows.
1st. Committee on Horticulture.
2nd. Soils and cultivated crops.
3rd. Grasses.
4th. Breeding and marketing of stock.
5th. Dairying.
6th. Farm buildings.
7th. Forestry.
2nd. The secretary or other person appointed by the President shall collate from the report such facts and information as shall be beneficial to the members of this Association and shall publish the same in any county paper that will do the same free of expense.
3rd. The program for the winter meeting to be carefully arranged and the subjects selected for consideration fully discussed, and reliance must largely be placed upon local talent.
The following are the standing committees as appointed by the President.

On Horticulture, R. T. Thirsk.
Soils and cultivated crops, Dr. Perry.
Grasses, F. A. A. Williams.
Breeding and marketing stock, F. W. McClellan.
Farm buildings, G. L. Gale.
Forestry, J. F. Martin.
The next thing taken up was the report of the Committee on grass seed. The Secretary reported the rates received from several eastern and western firms, and the chairman of the Committee (Mr. Martin) reported confidential rates given to members of the Institute by our Winfield seed firm, Brotherton & Silver. He also showed a sample of English blue grass seed, and stated that on the farm of Mr. Hanna, north of Winfield, it had succeeded well, sown on rocky knolls and tramped in by stock; would keep green all summer and was much preferred in Kentucky and in parts of this State where it had been tried, to Kentucky blue grass.
The action taken on the report of the Committee on grass seed was about as follows.
That the Society desired to patronize home institutions and will order grass seed of them if it can do so at reasonable rates. Any parties desiring to order through the Institute can correspond with the Secretary, who, with the other officers of the Association, have power to transact such business.
The Secretary was requested to notify the directors of the different townships of their election, and request them to form township organizations as provided in the constitution.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
At the regular business meeting of the Ladies Library Association on Tuesday of last week, the following named ladies were elected as officers and directors for the ensuing year: President, Mr. D. A. Millington; Vice-President, Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood; Secretary, Mrs. N. J. Lundy; Treasurer, Mrs. C. M. Wood; Librarian, Mrs. W. L. Mullen. Directors: Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. F. W. Finch, Mrs. C. Taylor, Mrs. Dr. Graham, Mrs. Dr. Perry, Mrs. Dr. Tandy, Mrs. J. S. Myers, Mrs. C. Strong, and Miss E. Strong.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
Farmers should note carefully the article of Dr. C. Perry in another column, and assist in the elevation and advancement of their vocation by aiding him in collecting the facts desired.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
The undersigned having been appointed by the Farmers’ Institute a committee on soils and cultivated crops, is desirous of obtaining a full description of the various soils in this County, differing as they do very materially, and therefore he earnestly requests that all who feel interested in the success of the Institute will send him facts and descriptions relating to the soils and crops in their respective localities, as follows.
1st. Surface soil, general characteristics: color, depth, preponderance of clay or sand.
2nd. Subsoils: color, general character; whether porous or hard-pan; underlaid by lime-stone, slate, or sand-stone.
3rd. Gumbo soils: their peculiarities; what your experience as to the best method of making them friable or mellow.

4th. Alkali soils: their peculiarities; what experiments have you made in their cultivation and what (in your opinion) is the best method of treating them.
5th. Any other suggestions in relation to soils.
6th. Crops: Wheat—the best and most productive variety; thick or thin sowing the best; has continuous cropping of wheat materially reduced the yield.
7th. Corn—Deep or shallow plowing and cultivation the best; listing or check-rowing best.
8th. Oats—the most productive variety; best plan of cultivation.
9th. Experiences and opinions relating to other cultivated crops.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 16, 1885.
The Cowley County Farmers’ Institute held its regular monthly meeting at the COURIER office, Saturday last with President S. P. Strong in the chair. Secretary F. A. A. Williams reported having received the Kansas City Price Current as ordered, and read letters from wholesale implement firms relative to furnishing members of the Institute with machinery. The Secretary was instructed to subscribe for the Winfield DAILY COURIER, containing market reports, draw an order for amount of three months subscription, and keep on file, in the COURIER office, with the Daily Price Current. On motion of J. F. Martin, Ed P. Greer was elected honorary member of the association. The secretary was instructed to procure a safe receptacle for the papers, records, and other property of the association. Ed P. Greer was elected assistant secretary. M. H. Markcum, J. W. Millspaugh, and G. L. Gale were appointed a committee to interview our implement firms and lay before them a proposition from a Kansas City firm to give reduced rates on implements to members of the Institute and see if they will do the same. The committee was instructed to file their report with the assistant secretary for members desiring information. Messrs. Strong, Perry, Gale, and others gave experience as to clover and wheat. Some clover and alfalfa had winter killed, but a good deal of it was coming up thick with young plants from last year’s seed. All agreed that clover seeds much more heavily in this country than in the east. Dr. Perry thought the raising of clover seed would be a very profitable industry in this country. Mr. Millspaugh advocated deep plowing for all crops, especially for corn. [Cannot read next sentence.] Other members thought grass would do well in most places if the ground was properly prepared, and the wild [?] nature subdued. Mr. Martin had great faith in grass growing in Cowley County. Had shown his faith by investing nearly a hundred dollars in grass seed. Reported fruit buds generally in fine condition, raspberries somewhat injured. It was voted that the Institute meet at 2 p.m., and adjourn at 4:30 p.m. Mr. Markcum and Dr. Perry were appointed a committee to see about a larger room for meeting.
[Note: Paper had white-out spots in above article and items below it.]
[Had to skip items headed as “Lost.”]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.
Dr. C. Perry informs us that a very destructive worm, resembling the cut worm, is destroying the clover in his yard. It eats the leaves off, leaving the stalk perfectly bare. The Doctor has searched in vain for a name or remedy for the destroyer. This is a chance for some entomologist to vent himself.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Cowley County Horticultural Society held its regular monthly meeting last Saturday in the real estate office of Curns & Manser. It was “strawberry day,” and the array of specimens was grand, and the discussion on the qualities of the various varieties very profitable. President Martin considered the Crescent seedling strawberry the best. Mr. Mentch thought the Charles Downing the best to plant with the Crescent. It was an excellent berry of itself. President Martin planted the Ironclad, profuse bloomers, but failed to fruit. The Glendale makes an excellent show, and Kentucky blooms late and bears late. Communication from Secretary of State Society in regard to semi-annual meeting at Oswego, June 10th and 11th, read and filed. Letter read from Secretary Brackett, expresses the opinion that the English Walnut may succeed in Southern Kansas—would try the Japan Persimmon. President called attention of members present that G. S. Manser, city, has the Japan Persimmon in baring on his grounds in the city. Mr. Grober stated that the English Walnut withstood severe cold weather in Germany. Dr. Perry thought that a dry winter was most injurious to tree growth. President Martin thought the dry sub-soil and severe cold is the cause of trees winter-killing. Mr. Mentch thought the curled leaf of the peach was caused by the late frost. The Wager peach reported exempt from this curl leaf. Mr.          said that the budded and seedling bloom before and after the freeze with no perceptible difference. Mr. Manser sold $16 worth of fruit from two trees of Wild Goose plums. Dr. Perry had seen good results from the use of coal ashes as a mulch for fruit trees. The Doctor exhibited a caterpillar that infested his clover plants, also the peach and rose trees. Dr. Perry was requested to act as a committee to procure “Saunders on Insects,” as the most desirable works for the use of the society, and also to correspond with Prof. Snow, of Lawrence, as to other works suited to Kansas horticulturists. At the suggestion of Pres. Martin, Mr. F. A. A. Williams was elected delegate to the semi-annual meeting of the State Horticultural Society at Oswego, June 10th and 11th. Mr. F. A. A. Williams thought that the society should take some steps toward finding markets for our surplus peaches and other fruit, and if possible, make some arrangements for shipping. The President appointed Mr. Williams. Mr. Thirsk, and Mr. DeTurk, as committee on marketing fruits.
Excerpt from a lengthy article...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Monday night between one and two o’clock, a tragedy was enacted almost the simile of the one in which Mrs. Anna Quarles was the victim, a few months ago. But its results are even more mysterious and horrible! In company with Dr. Emerson, a COURIER reporter visited the scene at eight o’clock this morning. On the bank of Timber creek, just north of Tom Johnson’s residence and near Frank Manny’s Brewery, is a little box house, 10 x 12, with pasteboard roof, papered cracks, and no windows. On entering this crude house a sickening sight met our gaze. Lying on a hay bed, and surrounded by circumstances indicating almost poverty, was the victim of this tragedy. The face, neck, hair, and bed clothing were covered, and the throat and lungs filled, with blood. The whole skull over her right eye was crushed in, exposing the brain and presenting a terrible sight. Mrs. R. H. White was only mechanically breathing, expected to pass unconsciously away at any moment. Just back of her lay the baby, a nice looking little girl of two years, calmly sleeping. The other child, a little girl of five, had been taken to Mrs. Tom Johnson’s. At the foot of the bed stood the husband, and around the house was a crowd, anxious to learn the particulars. Starting at the fountain head,
MR. WHITE SAID: “My wife and I were married in 1880, in Johnson County, Illinois, where most of our relatives live. Last fall we came west, to take a claim. When we reached Winfield, I thought it would be better to stop here, work at my trade, painting, until spring and then go out west. But I was unable to obtain much work, rents were high, and we had a hard time to get along. Last April I got permission of T. J. Johnson to build this shanty, to save rent, and here we have since lived. We rented a garden patch, my wife tended it while I painted, and we were getting along well. In Illinois I was once in the edge of a fearful cyclone, one that tore up everything in its track, and I have since been deathly afraid of storms. My wife wasn’t afraid, and so since living here I have been in the habit of going down into the lime kiln (on the creek’s bank, in the edge of the timber about a hundred feet from the house), and staying there till the storm was over. Last night, about 12 o’clock, it looked like a cyclone, and leaving the babies asleep and my wife lying on the side of the bed with only her shoes off, went down to the kiln, thinking to prepare it for the wife and babies; but on reaching there, I covered my head with an oil cloth and stayed probably an hour and a half, not considering it worthwhile to get the folks. It quit raining and calmed down and I went to the house. Before I got there a flash of lightning showed the door to be ajar and it looked like the light was out. On getting there I found the door partly open, but the light burning all right. My wife was lying as I had left her excepting her head was hanging over the edge of the bed and her face was covered with blood. I thought she had fallen, hurt herself, and fainted; and I ran for Mr. Mann and Mrs. J. R. Scott (both living only a little way) and got some camphor. She was unconscious and her hair had fallen down over the awful gash covering it so that I didn’t know how bad she was hurt until somebody brought Doctors Emerson and Graham. Then it dawned upon me that some devil had come into the house while I was out and dealt the awful blow. My wife or I hadn’t an enemy in the world that we knew of; have always got along well and were as happy as our poor circumstances would admit. I don’t have the least idea who could have done the deed. I heard no screams and had suspicioned no one or any such harm. She is my first wife and we only have these two children. She is twenty-four years old and I am thirty-six. She weighed about one hundred and fifty pounds, was unusually healthy and always light-hearted. Her folks are well off in Illinois, and we have both seen better days. I have been painting for twelve years. I took much pride in landscape and sketch painting, and hope to make a fine artist.” Several sketches of Winfield residences and scenery were lying around the house, among them sketches of the homes of W. J. Wilson and Dr. C. Perry, painted for practice.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.
Dr. Perry brings us a bunch of timothy from his yard. It contains a hundred stalks and is four feet high. The stool is from a single seed planted three years ago, and never before allowed to go to seed. Tame grasses are not only a success in Cowley, but grow luxuriantly.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

THE WINFIELD NATIONAL BANK. We are in receipt of a handsome circular announcing the change of the Winfield Bank to the Winfield National Bank, with a paid in capital of one hundred thousand dollars, and an authorized capital of five hundred thousand dollars. H. B. Schuler is president and E. T. Schuler, cashier. The directors are H. B. Schuler, J. B. Lynn, C. Perry, Dr. Geo. Emerson, Arthur H. Greene, of Pleasant Valley; H. R. Branson, of Dexter; and George H. Williams, of Rock. The new National opens up under the most favorable auspices. Mr. Schuler is a banker of long experience and is conservative and careful as a manager. The directors are among our best businessmen and capitalists. The old Winfield Bank has long enjoyed the confidence and a large share of the business of our people and THE COURIER predicts for the Winfield National, into which it has merged, long continued success and prosperity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.
MESSRS. EDITORS: As a citizen I have actively opposed the occupation of any of the streets through the residence portion of our city by either of the railroads now approaching us. But after looking over the ground carefully, I can see, and everyone who is interested will see, that there is a line of passage which could be given them with little detriment to public and private convenience, and with advantages more than commensurate with the injuries sustained. I refer to the occupation of Loomis street, from the Kansas R. R. southward to between 11th and 12th avenues, and then following the course of the ravine by the Walnut river. By so doing, we could secure, First—the proper filling and grading of that “valley of dry bones” and catch all of the debris of the city—between 9th and 12th avenues. Second—the opening of a complete drainage for the low grounds on the east and south sides of our city. There is no denying the fact, that if we would avoid the future devastation of our homes by disease and pestilence, we will soon have to inaugurate a complete system of drainage, and the expense attending it will amount to more than the appropriations already made by the city to the roads. If the railroad companies will provide and keep up a sufficient drainage outlet, the city could well afford to contribute to pay for some of the consequential damages for occupation of the street. In footing the interest of the roads, we can demand reciprocal benefits in this and other matters. I will not enlarge upon this subject; I wish only to call the attention of the City Council and citizens to this matter and to advise a candid and thorough examination of the subject before action is taken in deciding the course to be pursued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.
An Enterprise Sprung of Vast Import to Winfield and Cowley County.
The Safest of All.

Mr. A. H. Jennings spent July and part of August in Ohio. While absent, always having an eye peeled for the advancement of his home, he had an interview with the hosiery manufacturing firm of J. B. Mercer & Co., Zanesville, Ohio, whose desire for a more expansive location had slyly reached his ears. He found this to be one of the busiest manufactories he was ever in, but running on a smaller scale than the firm’s trade demanded and the proprietors were able to carry. They employ about two hundred hands, some sixty-five of them women, and turn out two or three hundred dozen hose daily, woolen and cotton. The articles were of the very best and had big sales, the cotton goods largely in the west and south and the woolen in the north and west. Their orders were then two hundred behind. The firm buys its cotton in St. Louis and its wool all over the country. Wool costs them 29 to 35 cents per pound—here it would cost only 15 to 20 cents, and cotton can be shipped from St. Louis here just as cheaply as to Zanesville, and our railway export facilities will be equal to Zanesville with our two new lines. This firm is composed of three practical workmen. They are desirous of moving their factory where facilities for extending it to the manufacture of all kinds of goods are better. The first point in their eye was Kansas City. Mr. Jennings laid the superior advantages of Winfield before them, situated in a great wool-growing country, a good stream for dyeing purposes, no competition in the section, with a broad, fruitful territory for their wares. To work up this matter among our businessmen, a meeting of the Enterprise Association was held at the Court House last night. Dr. C. Perry presided, and H. G. Norton recorded. Mr. Jennings laid this enterprise before the meeting—its great importance to our industrial welfare and the substantiality of our county, with the certainties of success. The probable subsidy needed is between five and ten thousand dollars. The matter was received favorably by our businessmen, and A. H. Jennings, B. F. Wood, J. P. Baden, Col. Whiting, and J. B. Lynn were appointed a committee of correspondence and further investigation, said committee to confer with Frank Manny regarding the purchase of his brewery building for this manufactory. W. W. Andrews offered to donate grounds for a factory building. The committee will pass one of this woolen mill firm to Winfield that he may look over the ground. We have now struck an enterprise that means big benefits. Let us all brace up. A little of the zeal and public spirit displayed in gaining enterprises in the past few months will secure this one. Make a strong pull, a big pull, and pull altogether. Barring the twenty experts Mercer & Co. must bring with them, this mill insures labor for 200 or more persons and a big enhancement of our wool industry.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
Winfield National Bank. NO. 3351. CAPITAL, $100,000.
President: H. B. Schuler. Cashier: E. T. Schuler.
DIRECTORS: C. Perry, H. B. Schuler, Geo. H. Williams, J. B. Lynn, A. H. Greene, Geo. Emerson, H. R. Branson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
Fred Kropp returned Monday from Geuda Springs, where he moved four houses for Dr. Perry. Fred and his mules could move the state of Kansas in a reasonable time. He gets there all the time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, 917 Mansfield street, was the scene of a most happy gathering Monday evening. The occasion was the celebration of the 20th wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Shearer. Though the rain interfered with the attendance of a number, by nine o’clock over eighty were present, in their happiest mood. Soon after nine o’clock the “bride and groom” were presented and re-united in the bonds whose sweet and bitter they had thoroughly experienced. Rev. J. H. Reider re-tied the knot in a novel and jolly ceremony, the groom consenting to all the compulsory vicissitudes of a “hen-pecked” husband, and she to clothe, feed, protect, scold (in foreign language) until death. After the ceremony and hearty congratulations, a collation of choicest delicacies was served in profusion and most thoroughly enjoyed. The presents were handsome and valuable, the most prominent being an exquisitely painted china dinner set. It embraced a hundred and twenty-five pieces—the handsomest thing obtainable in china ware. It was a token from the following persons: Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Rev. and Mrs. B. Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Dr. and Mrs. F. M. Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Dalton, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, Mrs. R. B. Waite and Mrs. Hartwell, Mrs. E. M. Albright and family, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Col. and Mrs. Wm. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Nelson, Prof. and Mrs. I. N. Inskeep, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Dr. and Mrs. H. L. Wells, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Finch, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. D. Taylor and Miss Minnie, Mr. and Mrs. A. Herpich, Mr. and Mrs. L. Conrad, Mrs. A. Silliman and Miss Lola, Mrs. C. Strong and Miss Emma, Mrs. Dr. Bailey, Misses Fannie, Jessie, and Louie Stretch, Miss March, Misses Mattie and Mary Gibson, Nettie and Anna McCoy, Lydia Tyner, Maggie Herpich, Maude Kelly, Ida Johnston, and Maude Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, and Miss Lena Walrath. Among the other presents were: Fruit holder and saucer, by Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Burgauer; individual pepper and salt holders, Miss Burgauer; cup and saucer, Wm. Statton; fruit dish, Dr. and Mrs. C. Perry and Mrs. Judd; China Plaque, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Balliet; soup bowl, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Newton; pickle dish, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Harrod; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Lynn; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. R. Bates; fruit plate, Geo. D. Headrick; fruit plate, John Roberts and Mrs. Reed; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Randall; cut glass fruit and pickle dish, tooth-pick holder and finger bowl, Mesdames G. H. Allen, D. L. Kretsinger, A. H. Doane, C. S. Van Doren, and John Tomlin; plate, bowl and pitcher, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bullene; water pitcher, Mr. M. Hahn; cake stand, Kate Shearer; $20 gold piece, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Shearer of Geneseo, Illinois. A good majority of the donors were present, and under the agreeable hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Shearer, nicely assisted by their daughter, all passed the evening most enjoyably, departing at a late hour, wishing that the bride and groom might have many more such happy anniversaries, clear down to the one of gold, with its silvery locks and ripened years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.
The Marriage of Mr. Ezra H. Nixon and Miss Jessie Millington Thursday Night.
Thursday night was the occasion of one of the most brilliant weddings in the history of the city, that of Mr. Ezra H. Nixon and Miss Jessie Millington, which took place at the pleasant, commodious home of the bride’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington. The wide acquaintance and popularity of the contracting parties, with the fact that the bride was the last child of a happy home, made the marriage anticipated with warm interest. The parents had planned a celebration fitting to the departure in marriage of the last and youngest member of their household—the one who was the greatest pride and joy to their ripened years.

Thirteen children and grandchildren were present, including Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Lemmon, of Newton, with their children, Masters Bertie Flint, Allen B., Jr., and Fred and little Miss Mary; Mr. and Mrs. J. Ex Saint, of Acoma Grant, New Mexico, with their little daughters, Irene and Louise; Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, of this city, and Master Roy. Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Millington, of McCune, Kansas, were also among the relatives present.
At an early hour the large double parlors, sitting room, and hall were filled almost to overflowing by the following friends.
Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Kennedy, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Capt. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, Rev. and Mrs. H. D. Gans, Col. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Senator and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Ed P. Greer, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Short, Judge and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Root, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Senator and Mrs. J. C. Long, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Balliet, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Senator and Mrs. F. S. Jennings, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. R. Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Richards; Mesdames J. C. Fuller, A. T. Spotswood, E. P. Hickok, Ed Beeny, T. B. Myers, A. C. Bangs,         Judd, H. H. Albright; Misses Emma Strong, Sallie McCommon, Nettie R. McCoy, Annie McCoy, Anna Hunt, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, Ida Johnston, Leota Gary, Sadie French, Hattie Stolp, Lena Walrath, Minnie Taylor, Huldah Goldsmith, and Lillie Wilson; Messrs. R. E. Wallis, C. Perry, Geo. C. Rembaugh, C. F. Bahntge, W. C. Robinson, E. Wallis, Ad Brown, Lewis Brown, Ed J. McMullen, Frank H. Greer, P. H. Albright, I. L. Millington, T. J. Eaton, M. J. O’Meara, M. H. Ewart, R. B. Rudolph, M. Hahn, James Lorton, C. D. Dever, E. Schuler, F. F. Leland, Lacey Tomlin, Jos. O’Hare, Eli Youngheim, H. Sickafoose, H. Goldsmith, Moses Nixon, L. D. Zenor, and George Schuler.
Dr. Perry and family and Mrs. J. M. Albright and family, celluloid toilet set.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
The committees, appointed at the citizens’ meeting, to work up the submitting of propositions for the extension of the Florence El Dorado & Walnut railroad from Douglass to Winfield, met yesterday afternoon in McDougall’s hall to determine on the apportionment of the amount of aid asked. Judge T. H. Soward called the meeting to order. S. P. Strong was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary. M. L. Robinson then explained the object of the meeting, to get everything in readiness for aggressive work in submitting the propositions and securing this road.
Every movement must have money back of it to insure its success. This and other enterprises needing agitation take money. Contributions were called for to be placed in the hands of the Winfield Enterprise Association for use in submitting these railroad propositions and any other progressive enterprise for which the Association sees necessity. Over $500 was subscribed.
Dr. C. Perry gave $5.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
Dr. Perry has shown us a miniature photographed copy of the Wenona, Illinois, Index. On paper a foot square is represented a nine column sheet, that can be read as plainly as an impression from the press. It is done by means of a regular photographer’s negative and may some day come into general use. This is the best one we have yet seen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
A meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield National Bank was held Tuesday, Jan. 12th, 1886. C. Perry, Arthur H. Greene, Geo. Emerson, J. B. Lynn, Geo. H. Williams, Henry R. Branson, and H. B. Schuler were elected directors. The officers elected are H. B. Schuler, President; Everett Schuler, cashier; and Geo. H. Schuler, assistant cashier.
Excerpts from a lengthy article...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Cowley County Horticultural Society held its first meeting for this year, with President Jas. F. Martin presiding and Secretary Jacob Nixon at the recorder’s desk, and a good membership present.
Communication read from State Secretary Brackett by President Martin—that serious apprehension was entertained in regard to the condition of fruit trees the past winter. President Martin expected little fruit from budded, but expected some from seedling trees. Dr. Perry said that snow was heaped up around the old peach trees. Mr. Morgan Martin exhibited his seedling pears in good condition, also two samples of the Kansas Keeper apple. Mr. C. J. Brane exhibited a seedling apple, size and color of Maiden Blush, from seed of common crab—seed planted 1874, has borne for five years—seedling will keep in good condition up to April, excellent flavor. Pear cut, excellent, will undoubtedly keep until April and May.
Dr. Perry: What shall I plant among my apple trees?
C. J. Brane: Mr. Ware would plant apple only.
Mr. Thirsk: What shall we plant for windbreaks? Dr. Perry said the gray willow was the best for windbreaks in the east. Mr. Thirsk used Lombardy poplar. Mr. Brane would not plant pear near poplar. Mr. Thirsk found small fruits did well among his poplar.
Treasurer Robertson, Society Treasurer, reported $38.30 gross receipts for 1885, expenses paid, $7; balance $31.30.
On motion of Mr. Thirsk, the Society voted to pay half of the delegates’ expenses to the State meeting, viz: $8.50 each: order drawn on treasurer for said amounts.
Dr. Perry, in behalf of Winfield National Bank, tendered to the Society the free use of the room in the new addition for their use at any time. Thanks of the Society were voted for their offer.
The election of officers for 1886 resulted as follows: President, J. F. Martin; Vice-President, Dr. C. Perry; Secretary, Jacob Nixon; Treasurer, G. W. Robertson; Trustees, Messrs. Millspaugh, Thirsk, and F. A. A. Williams.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
HORTICULTURAL EXPERIENCE.   In THE COURIER’s report of the Horticultural meeting in Tuesday’s issue, I am very incorrectly quoted, as recommending the placing of “stone heaps” around peach trees, to prevent injury to the fruit buds. Whew! To save my credit and at the same time give an experience that possibly might be of benefit to someone, allow me to say what I did say.

Reports having been made by members of the society that the fruit buds of the peach were generally killed, the question was stated as to the cause, which was generally conceded to be the extreme cold weather. I suggested that it was more likely to have been owing to sudden changes of temperature, citing the experience of my father, who, living in a region of plentiful snows and severe cold, was in the practice of keeping huge banks of snow around his peach trees during winter and as late as practicable in the spring. The result of this practice was the preservation of the life of his orchard and an annual fruitage for several years after the peach trees in his locality were “a thing of the past.” After his death the practice was discontinued and the trees also “discontinued.” The philosophy of the remedy is that the trees were exposed throughout the winter to a cool and even temperature and consequently remained dormant until late in the spring. C. PERRY.
Excerpts from a lengthy article...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Many Points of Great Interest to People of All Classes and Conditions.
Dr. Perry read subject of discussion in February meeting of Sumner County Horticultural Society, on “What is the cause of the premature decay of our apple orchards?” some of whose members ascribed it to the propagation from root grafts. Mr. Mentch did not consider the propagation from root grafts the cause or in any way detrimental to the longevity of the apple tree.
Mr. Robertson had seen apple trees propagated by layering at 1 to 2 years old, which were planted alongside seedling apple orchards in Illinois, in early days of its settlement. Seedlings had lived no longer than the layered trees.
Mr. Thirsk: “The condition of soil and sub-soil alone makes success or failure in planting all kinds of fruits.”
President Martin read “What apples shall I plant,” also list of forest trees and successful evergreens with him, in answer to the many questions he is asked for information by our new settlers. Essay ordered printed and made a part of the minutes of Society.
Mr. Robertson—had failed in transplanting Red Elm from bottom lands. Coffee tree and Mulberry had done well.
Dr. Perry and Mr. Pierson had heard that the Coffee tree seed was poisonous.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum