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W. W. Andrews

W. W. Andrews’ wife’s name was Maria A. Andrews. There were children named Cora and Hattie.
The February 10, 1870, special census of Cowley County lists W. W. Andrews, Cora E., Hattie E., M. A., and W. N.
The Winfield census of 1873 shows W. W. Andrews, age 43, and his wife, Mary A. Andrews, age 40.
The Kansas State census of March 1, 1875, lists: W. W. Andrews, age 42, his wife Merea, age 42, children Cora, age 15, Hattie E., age 6, and Minnie E., age 3.
Winfield Township 1873:
J. W. Andrews, 41; spouse, M. L., 28.
W. W. Andrews, 43; spouse, Mary A., 40.
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name                           age sex color          Place/birth Where from
W. W. Andrews           44    m    w       Ohio                 Louisiana
Merea Andrews           42     f     w            New York?      Louisiana
Cora E. Andrews         15     f     w            Indiana?           Louisiana
Hattie E. Andrews    6     f     w            Kansas
Minnie E. Andrews   3     f     w            Kansas
City of Winfield 1880:
John Andrews, age not given. No spouse listed.
W. W. Andrews, 48; spouse, M. A., 43.
The following is from page 63 of E. C. Manning’s autobiography. “By the time December (1869) had arrived there were quite a number of squatters located in the vicinity; W. W. Andrews (age 40), Dr. Graham, James and Abraham Land, Prettyman Knowles and A. A. Jackson.”
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Emporia News, November 19, 1869.
COWLEY COUNTY. Organization of a Citizens’ Protective Union.
On Wednesday we had a call from Mr. W. W. Andrews, of Cowley County, from whom we have late intelligence from that new county.
There is beginning to be some anxiety about threatened troubles with the Indians, and Mr. Andrews was on his way to Topeka to lay before the Governor a petition signed by almost every legal voter in that county, asking him to take measures for their safety. He also brought us the proceedings of a meeting lately held there, at which a “Citizens Protective Union” was organized, the constitution, by-laws, and resolutions of which we publish below.
Mr. Andrews informs us that immigrants are pouring into that county at a rapid rate. Nine families arrived the morning he left, and dozens more are now on their way thither. It is becoming well known that Cowley is one of the best timbered, watered, and agricultural counties in the State, and between this and next summer the rush will be great.

Mr. Andrews says there has been no outbreak with the Indians yet, but they are saucy, and are committing petty thefts among the settlers. Where the men are about home in considerable numbers, the Indians do not disturb anyone, but they watch, and when they find the men absent they visit the houses and compel the women to cook meals for them, after which they load their ponies with provisions and leave. When they can find two or three settlers out from other settlements, they make a regular business of robbing them. The Indians assert that they will not hurt anybody, but that settlers shall not open claims below the mouth of Dutch Creek. They have robbed and driven back all who have ventured below that point, and the settlers, knowing their treachery, fear trouble will break out.
It must be recollected that these settlers are not on land where the Indians object to their going, further than that they want to save their hunting ground. We hope the Governor will make speedy and decided action in the matter, and do all in his power to relieve the demands of these enterprising people. They have gone on to these lands with the assurance from Superintendent Hoag that they should have peaceable possession of them. Notwithstanding the promises the store of C. M. Wood was burned by the Indians.
COWLEY COUNTY, KANSAS, November 7, 1869.
The citizens of Cowley County assembled at the  house of Dr. Graham for the purpose of organizing a Citizens’ Protective Union.
N. J. Trusty was elected Chairman, and Dr. Graham, Secretary, after which the following constitution, by-laws, and resolutions were presented and adopted.
ARTICLE 1. This Association shall be called the Cowley County Citizens’ Protective Union.
ARTICLE 2. The object of the Association shall be the mutual protection of citizens, both in claims and property.
ARTICLE 3. The Association shall be composed of those citizens residing within Cowley County who subscribe to this Constitution.
ARTICLE 4. The officers of the Association shall be a President and Secretary.
ARTICLE 5. This Constitution may be altered or amended by a vote of two thirds of all the members present.
ARTICLE 1. This Association shall hold at least one session in each year, at such time and place as may be determined upon from time to time.
ARTICLE 2. The officers shall be elected at each annual session, by ballot, and shall remain in office until others are chosen.
ARTICLE 3. The President shall preside at the meetings of the Association, preserve order therein, put all questions, announce decisions, appoint committees, and call meetings at his discretion, or at the request of three members.
ARTICLE 4. The Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of meetings, answer all letters addressed to the Association, give proper notice of the meetings, and attend to such other business as generally pertains to this office.
Resolved, That the members of this Association use their influence to encourage immigration to the bounds of this county.

Resolved, That owing to the outrages having been perpetrated upon the property of citizens of this county by the Osage Indians, that we petition the Governor for protection.
Resolved, That each citizen be entitled to hold a claim of one hundred and sixty acres of land, provided he improves and resides upon the same within thirty days after making his claim, and that we recognize as improvements sufficient to entitle a man to protection that there be a house upon the claim, and at least five acres cultivated within twelve months from making his claim.
Resolved, That we recognize no man’s right to hold a claim of more than one hundred and sixty acres of land.
Resolved, That in the transaction of business this Association be governed by parliamentary rules.
Election of officers being next in order, Dr. W. G. Graham was elected President for the ensuing year, and C. M. Wood Secretary. Adjourned.
N. J. TRUSTY, President. W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary.
Walnut Valley Times, March 18, 1870.     
W. W. Andrews, of Winfield, Cowley County, called on us this week. He represents everything at the county seat in a flour­ishing condition.
The Commonwealth [Date Unknown: Latter part of August or early September 1870.]
Proceedings of the Mass Meeting of Republicans, Held at Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, August 25th, 1870, for the purpose of organizing the Republican Party in the county.
In compliance with a call for a republican mass meeting, issued and signed by one hundred republican voters, a large number of the republican voters of Cowley County met at the court room, in Winfield, on the 25th day of August, 1870, at one o’clock P. M.; and organized the meeting by choosing W. W. Andrews chairman, and Wm. Orr secretary.
The object of the meeting being stated, on motion, a committee was appointed to report the names of persons to the convention to be selected as a republican central committee for Cowley County. The committee retired a few minutes, and reported the following named persons, who were then unanimously elected the republican central committee of Cowley County, for the ensuing year, to wit: E. C. Manning, G. H. Norton, Wm. Hubbell, Wm. Orr, Thos. Blanchard.
The following resolutions were offered and adopted as an expression of the voice of the republicans of Cowley County.
Resolved, That the republican party of Cowley County, in mass convention assembled, cordially endorse the administration of Gen. Grant, and congratulate him and the country upon the successful manner in which the reconstruction of the country and the rapid restoration of its finances to a healthy and permanent condition, has been conducted.
Resolved, That we gratefully acknowledge our obligations to congress for having passed the bill purchasing the Osage diminished reservation, upon the wise, equitable, and favorable terms provided, and that we are especially pleased with the members of our congressional delegation who contributed their efforts to the consummation of the purchase.

Resolved, That the authorities whose duty it is to remove the Indians from this reservation and cause the same to be surveyed, are respectfully requested to cause the same to be done at the earliest practical moment, to the end that the settlement and development of the same may be facilitated.
Resolved, That the Kansas COMMONWEALTH, The Cowley County Censor, and the Arkansas Traveller [Arkansas City Traveler] be requested to publish the proceedings of this convention. W. W. ANDREWS, chairman. WM. ORR, secretary.
Cowley County Censor, Saturday, March 18, 1871.
THE WINFIELD INSTITUTE. Discussion of the Herd Law.
According to appointment the Winfield Institute met at the schoolhouse last Wednesday night for the purpose of hearing the merits and demerits, advantages and disadvantages of the proposed Herd Law discussed. By a vote of the previous meeting this subject had been selected for the evening and Messrs. J. B. Fairbank and E. C. Manning had been chosen leading disputants. Mr. Manning having given Mr. Fairbank the choice of sides in the discussion, the latter gentleman chose the affirmative of the question, and when the time appointed arrived, Mr. Fairbank opened the debate and made a close, good argument in favor of the adoption of the law. The house was crowded and the fullest attention was paid to the remarks of the speaker. Several citizens had come in from the country to hear the debate. Mr. Manning then followed, first prefacing his remarks with the announcement that whatever might be his private opinion on the subject, the negative had fallen to his lot and he should without previous thought or experience in the matter attempt to sustain his side of the question. His arguments demonstrated that herd law was in conflict with the welfare of the county, and especial­ly with the interests of the settlers of small means and owning but few cattle and cultivating but small fields.
Rev. Johnson made a few remarks. He said that he was pleased to have been present at the meeting. That he came there in favor of the herd law. That after hearing what had been said, his conclusion was that a herd law was not desirable; that it seemed like an impracticable delusion.
Messrs. James Renfro, W. W. Andrews, and others spoke against the herd law. Mr. Tousey balanced on the fence awhile: could not make up his mind in the case. 
Mr. Fairbank then closed the debate with some excellent arguments in favor of the law, provided his premises were cor­rect; they being erroneous, his arguments did not have the desired effect. 
The following question was then put to the meeting:
“Resolved, That it is desirable to adopt the herd law in Cowley County,” which resolve did not obtain a single vote in its favor; but when the negative vote was taken, nearly the entire audience rose to their feet and voted against the resolution.
[Note: The “herd law” was soon given in another part of the newspaper. Counties involved: Marshal, Republic, Dickinson, Butler, Cowley, Sedgwick, Neosho, Wilson, Allen, Mitchell, and Rock Creek Township in Coffey County; and so much of Marion County that was not included in Doyle township. The idea behind herd law in the counties that were named was to keep cattle, horses, mules, sheep, or stock of any kind from running at large. It called for fences for five years from the time of approval of the act.]

Cowley County Censor, October 21, 1871.
COWLEY COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. Owing to the unfavor­able state of the weather during the late fair which prevented a proper exhibition of the articles entered for display, there will be an Exposition of all articles relating to the following classes: farm and domestic products, fruits, flowers, fine arts, textile fabrics, natural history, etc., on Saturday afternoon and evening, October 28th, 1871, in Rodocker’s Hall, Winfield. . . .
Farm Products: A. T. Stewart.
Domestic Products: Mr. Clingman.
Fruits and Flowers: H. Hawkins.
Fine Arts: Prof. Palmer.
Textile Fabrics: W. W. Andrews.
Natural History: Prof. Hickok.
D. N. EGBERT, Secretary.
Winfield Messenger, March 15, 1872.
                                      COWLEY COUNTY AGRICULTURAL.
The Cowley County Agricultural Society was fully organized by representatives from all parts of the county August 17th, 1871, with the following offices.
President, M. M. Jewett; Vice Presidents, A. T. Stewart and B. C. Swarts, Secretary, D. N. Egbert, Jr.; Assistant Secretary, A. B. Lemmon; Corresponding Secretary, J. B. Fairbank; Treasur­er, J. D. Cochran; General Superintendent, C. M. Wood; Assistant General Superintendent, A. D. Speed; and with a Board of thirteen Directors.
Its first annual fair commenced October 12th, 1871, though late in the season and attended with very inclement weather, was a very creditable affair, and attested the fact that the Society was a success.
The land consisting of twenty acres, the gift of Messrs. W. W. Andrews and A. D. Speed, situated three-fourths of a mile from Winfield, is admirably adapted for the purposes of the society. The society has been in correspondence with farmers in all parts of the county, and the report has invariably been that all crops were a success the past season, and that the present grain crops promise well.
Winfield Messenger, August 16, 1872.
Road petition of John Mentch was granted with the following viewers: A. S. Williams, W. W. Andrews, and T. B. Goss; survey Sept. 2, 1872. 
Winfield Messenger, October 4, 1872.
Class O—Domestic Manufactures—Thirty-seven Entries.
Premiums awarded to Mrs. W. T. Tucker, Miss E. Tusker, Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Miss E. A. Graham, Mrs. J. H. Curfman, Mrs. W. H. H. Maris, Mrs. C. M. Wood, Mrs. W. J. Walton, Mrs. A. Bullen, Mrs. L. Lowry, Mrs. W. W. Andrews, Mrs. H. Y. Churchill.
Winfield Messenger, Friday, October 18, 1872.
WANTED. To trade brick for a few cords of good dry wood.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 11, 1873.
W. W. Andrews, a citizen of Winfield, manifested his confi­dence in the success of the COURIER enterprise by paying for it two years in advance, and before the appearance of this number.
Cora Andrews...
Winfield Courier, Saturday, February 1, 1873.
Teacher’s Report. To the Clerk of Public School Board of Winfield, Kansas, for the month ending Jan. 25th, 1873. Whole number enrolled, 104.
UPPER ROOM. Average daily attendance, 31.
Present every day. Ella Freeland, Lydia A. Kenworthy, Mary L. Koehler, Jessie Millington, Annie Newman, R. W. Dever, I. E. Johnson, H. E. Likowski, Walter A. Lewis, Harold H. Mansfield, O. Orlando Menor, W. D. Menor, Richard S. Whitaker, Charles E. Weathers.
Roll of Honor. Cora E. Andrews, Luella Blandin, M. Callie Blandin, Adida V. Boucher, P. Nellie Covert, C. Louis Crapster, F. Ella Freeland, Lydia A. Kenworthy, Mary L. Koehler, Jessie Millington, Anna Newman, Nettie C. Quarles, Ida B. Weir, R. Nellie Wiggan, Fred C. Hunt, Frank E. Howard, Frank A. Howland, I. Ernest Johnson, H. Eddie Likowski, Wm. Dean Menor, Holiday H. Menor, O. Orlando Menor, Harold H. Mansfield, Addison F. Powers, Charles E. Weathers.
Future reports will be shaped by the following schedule: No half days absent. No times tardy. Attendance. Deport­ment. Scholarship. Geography, Grammar, Arithmetic, Spelling, Reading, and Punctuation, History, and Penmanship. Average scholarship. Standing Perfect, 100. J. B. PARMELEE, Miss E. A. TUCKER, Teachers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 20, 1873.
We are indebted to W. W. Andrews for files of a Minnesota paper containing an account of the heavy storms which prevailed in the north this winter.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1873.
Mr. W. W. Andrews tells us he intends burning 500,000 brick this season. We hope he will have good luck for there will be a demand for all of them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 1, 1873.
Come and see the Brick yards north of town. I am prepared to make half a million bricks this season, or more if ordered early. I will use a heavier and better Clay than used last season, will temper and mold, on an improved plan. The brick will in every way be larger, and make a stronger, handsomer, and better wall than any brick that has ever been manufactured in the county. W. W. ANDREWS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 28, 1873.
At a meeting held by the children of Winfield on Wednesday of last week in the Methodist Church it was decided to have a picnic in Mr. Andrews’s grove on Friday Sept. 5th. The following committees were appointed.
To obtain the grove: E. Freeland and Cora Andrews.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 4, 1873. Editorial.

On Saturday morning we went to Winfield expecting to meet our brother farmers and spend the day socially with them, compar­ing notes of crops, profits, losses, experiments, etc. We hoped to take by the hand our friend, Renfro, and inquire after his horses and colts; to ask Mr. Cochran as to his corn crops in the valley and on the uplands; to congratulate Mr. Stewart and Capt. Lowry on their fine improvements and wish them much happiness in their new residences; to obtain from Mr. Clingman some valuable information in regard to growing hedge; to inquire of Mr. Andrews of his brick making enterprise, and learn whether brick can be furnished so as to take the place of wood as a building material thus saving money in the county rather than sending it to the lumber men of Wisconsin and Michigan; to ask Mr. Davis and Mr. Holcomb of their fine Swine; to obtain some valuable information from Mr. Foos in regard to the management of the dairy, etc.
We reached the place of meeting through clouds of dust, and found about three hundred people present, but not our friends: Cochran, Renfro, Stewart, Lowry, Clingman, Andrews, Foos, Holcomb, etc. A few farmers were present, but they wore either a dissatisfied look, as though they had been sold, or a hungry look as though they would give their farms for a county office.
The farmers were called to order by J. F. Paul, CIVIL ENGINEER and OFFICE-HOLDER, who was then chosen president of the day, by previous arrangement, as would seem from the set speech he delivered upon assuming the chair. Mr. Allison, EDITOR, was chosen Secretary at the meeting. . . .
The next thing on the programme was the reading by the ENGINEER from the distinguished HOTEL KEEPER, I. S. Kalloch, explaining why neither himself nor his friend, Sidney Clarke, the LIGHTNING ROD PEDDLER, could be present. . . .
We have learned from our neighbors that after dinner the train ran off the track. The public generally blame the engineer and fireman for this catastrophe. They endeavor to lay the blame upon the switchman and brakeman from Arkansas City, who certain­ly, if report be true, used the switch most mercilessly, and neglected to apply the brake in time to save the concern from total wreck.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 16, 1873.
CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY. Thos. Tool vs. Wm. W. and Maria A. Andrews.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 6, 1873.
The foundation of Mr. Andrews’s new brick house is rapidly being laid. He has some of the finest building stone on the ground that we have ever seen in this vicinity.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.
SECOND DAY: Thos Toole vs. W. W. and Maria A. Andrews, Dismissed.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
Forty acres of land from the farm of W. W. Andrews and adjoining the town site on the north is being laid off into town lots preparatory to being made a part of the City of Winfield. The addition embraces the residences of M. L. Read, T. A. Wilkinson, E. B. Kager, Dr. Graham, N. C. McCulloch, and J. J. Ellis, and will be one of the prettiest portions of the City.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1874.
W. W. Andrews is putting up a brick residence in the north part of town.

Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
T. H. Johnson, H. S. Silver, and W. W. Andrews were appoint­ed committee on fireworks.
Hattie and Cora Andrews...
CIVIL DOCKET: SIXTH DAY. M. A. Andrews vs. Fred Cropp.
Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.
A report was given relative to pupils attending grammar and intermediate departments of Winfield schools by W. C. Robinson. “The efficiency of our schools is much hindered by tardiness and irregular attendance. Parents will oblige us by aiding in overcoming this difficulty.” Students in different departments were listed.
Intermediate Department. Georgie Black, Grant Bodwell, Oscar Cochran, Charley Dever, Willie Ferguson, Frank Freeland, Robert Hudson, Joseph Hudson, Willie Leffingwell, John Likowski, Richie Mansfield, Bennie Manning, Georgia McDonald, Willie Prescott, Frank Robinson, Willie Tarrant, Alfred Tarrant, Willie Walker, Charlie Weathers, Robert Hubbard, Hattie Andrews, Mary Bodwell, Cora Bullene, Ida Black, Anna Bishop, Winnie Barnard, Luella Cowen, Sylvia Darrah, Ida Dressel, Julia Deming, Katy Davis, Lela Doty, Annie Hunt, Emma Howland, Alice Hill, Sarah Hudson, Ida Johnson, Edith Kennedy, Josie McMasters, Nannie McGee, Amy McQuiston, Lutie Newman, Minnie Stewart, Jennie Weathers, Effie White, Lillie Lappin, Mary Knowles, Emma Knowles, Leona Corkins, Iola Corkins, Martha Copple.
Grammar Department. Delhe Kennedy, Eddie Whitehead, Frank Howard, Holiday Menor, Addison Powers, Thos. Cochran, Robert Dever, Rolly Millspaugh, Frank Howland, Harry McMillen, Robert Deming, Isaac Johnson, Fred Hunt, Thos. Lowry, Wm. Hudson, Harvey Thomas, Willie McLellan, Harold Mansfield, Eddie Likowski, Ora Lowery, Ella Freeland, Nettie Quarles, Belle Galbraith, Inez Griswold, Ella Manly, Kate Johnson, Jennie Hane, Jennie Lowry, Mary Cochran, Ida McMillen, Mary Hudson, Nellie Powers, Nellie Barnard, Cora Andrews, Bertha Lamb, Eugenie Holmes, Laura McMillen, Pella Bradish, Jessie Millington, Hortense Holmes, Mattie Minnihan, Maggie Dever, Lillie Ford.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.
The Public Schools give an exhibition at the Courthouse Friday evening, the 12th of March. Cora Andrews was one of the participants.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
CIVIL DOCKET. FIFTH DAY. W. S. Paul vs. Maria & W. W. Andrews; S. H. Myton vs. Wm. W. and M. A. Andrews; and  T. M. Graham vs. M. A. & W. W. Andrews.

In the month of November, 1869, several families crept down along the valley and settled on claims in the vicinity of where Winfield now stands. These settlers each paid the Osage chief $5 for the privilege of remaining in peace. These early pioneers were W. G. Graham and family, who came the last of October, and whose wife was the first white woman that settled on Timber (then known as Dutch) Creek. During the next week P. Knowles, J. H. Land, J. C. Monforte, and C. M. Wood came with their families. 
A. Howland, W. W. Andrews, Joel Mack, H. C. Loomis, A. Menor, and others took claims during the winter in this vicinity, and the families of those who were married soon followed. They all settled on the claims where they now reside.
About January 10th, 1870, the preliminary steps were taken for organizing a town company and starting a town upon the claim of E. C. Manning. A. A. Jackson owned the claim adjoining Manning’s on the east, W. W. Andrews, H. C. Loomis, A. Menor, and P. Knowles held claims adjoining and upon which they still reside. The farm owned by John Lowrey [Lowry] to the west was held by one G. Green.
Cowley County was organized Feb. 28, 1870, by the order of Gov. Harvey on petition, and Winfield was designated as the temporary county seat. W. W. Andrews, of Winfield, G. H. Norton, of Creswell, S. F. Graham, of Dexter, were appointed County Commissioners, Feb. 28, 1870, and E. P. Hickok was appointed County Clerk at the same time by the same authority.
The first meeting of the County Board was held March 23, 1870, at the house of W. W. Andrews, at which time W. W. Andrews was chosen chairman.
The following is the first action taken at that meeting, and is the first official record in Cowley County.
“County Commissioners, pursuant to a previous call, met at Winfield on the 23rd day of March, A. D. 1870, at Mr. Andrews’.
Present—Andrews and Norton. County Clerk proceeded to divide the county into three townships, numbered 1, 2, and 3.
No. 1 to include all that part of Cowley County laying north of a line running through the county east and west, touching the mouth of Little Dutch Creek, all north of Little Dutch to be included in said township.
No. 2 to include all south of the mouth of Little Dutch, extending south to include E. P. Hickok’s claim, and to within ten miles of the mouth of Grouse Creek.
No. 3 to include all south of E. P. Hickok’s claim on Walnut and the lower ten miles of the Grouse and the Arkansas to the State line.
Mr. W. W. Andrews was the first trustee for Winfield township, organized on May 23, 1870. Winfield township: 63 square miles. Township population in 1876: 1,421.
The Winfield Town Company was organized Jan. 13th, 1872, with E. C. Manning, president; W. W. Andrews, vice president; C. M. Wood, treasurer; W. G. Graham, secretary; E. C. Manning, J. H. Land, A. A. Jackson, W. G. Graham, and J. C. Monforte, directors, and the foregoing named persons with T. H. Baker, S. S. Prouty, Thos. Moonlight, and H. C. Loomis, corporators; and that the object of this corporation was “to lay out a town site on the rolling prairie east of the Walnut River and south of Dutch Creek, the same being in Cowley County and embracing the particular forty acres of land on which the residence of E. C. Manning is situated, with the privilege of increasing the area of the town site as soon as practicable.”

The present population of the city of Winfield is about 800 on an area of 200 acres. It has 221 buildings among which the most prominent are the Courthouse, built in 1873 at a cost of $12,000, of brick with a showy belfry and cupola, probably the best courthouse in Kansas, costing no more than it did. The residence of J. E. Platter ranks next in value but first in beauty, built in 1874 of brick, ornamented cut stone, costing $8,000. The banking house of M. L. Read is a fine brick struc­ture costing $6,000, and the hardware store of S. H. Myton is larger and equally imposing of brick, costing $6,000. The schoolhouse is a substantial stone structure costing $6,000. The residence of Dr. Mansfield, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, D. A. Millington, J. P. McMillen, W. G. Graham, W. W. Andrews, S. H. Myton, and many others are good substantial structures and ornaments to the city.
Winfield Courier, March 9, 1876.
We are permitted to publish the following letter, received by Mr. T. A. Blanchard, from his brother, Seth, who is in the new Eldorado. As so many are seeking information that is trustwor­thy, we give considerable space to the subject. The writer is well and favorably known here.
DEAD WOOD GULCH, BLACK HILLS, January 16th, 1876. BRO. TOM: Your interesting letter, of December 5th, found its way to me, after many delays, a few days ago. Since I wrote last I have abandoned Castle Creek, and moved about fifty miles further north. We are now about eighty miles north of Custer City. I think this creek, and others in this vicinity, contain far richer diggings than have before been discovered in the Hills. Prospecting has not been very extensive here as yet, but enough has been done to convince miners that money can be made here, probably $10 or $15 per day, and some say as high as $50, with sluices, from two cents to fifty and seventy-five cents to the pan. Two parties are fixed for sluicing on a small scale on this creek, but owing to the cold weather can do but little. I am now engaged in putting up another cabin. Think I shall go into quarters here for the winter. Don’t expect to take out much gold this winter, but will saw out lumber, dig ditches, etc., and be in readiness to go to work when spring opens. I think I might now venture to advise you to try the Hills in the spring, that is, if you are so situated that you can do so without any very great sacrifice, financially or otherwise. I am strongly of the opinion that you will stand a good chance to make two or three thousand here during the summer, and return in the fall if you wish. I wish you were here now, as men are pouring in by hun­dreds, but I guess if you leave home by the 1st of April, you will be in time. We are not posted as to what is being done at Washington in regard to the Hills, but are strong in the faith that we will not again be molested by the Government, but antici­pate some troubles with the Indians in the spring. If you should decide to come, you had better come by railroad to Sidney, and from there you can easily get transportation to Custer City, or any point in the Hills. Supplies are already beginning to come in, and the probabilities are that by the 1st of May anything we need can be procured here at reasonable rates. Flour is worth $10 and $12 per hundred now, and other things in proportion.
I have had the pleasure of meeting J. J. Williams and W. W. Andrews, of Winfield. They are located in this Gulch. A. S. BLANCHARD.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.
The Winfield Public Schools closed a nine month’s term last Friday.

The following named students of the Intermediate Department received prizes for good standing in their classes: 1st Fourth Reader, Minnie Stewart; 2nd Fourth Reader, Alfred Tarrant; Third Reader, Eddie Bullene; 1st Spelling class, Hattie Andrews; 2nd Spelling class, Ada Hudson; 3rd Spelling class, May Manning.
Winfield Courier, July 13, 1876.
Thanks to W. W. ANDREWS for a copy of the Dead Wood (Black Hills) Reporter.
Winfield Courier, January 18, 1877.
From the Black Hills. We are permitted to make the following extracts from a private letter (W. W. Andrews to Dr. Mansfield).
Deadwood, Jan. 4, 1877. Dr. W. Q. Mansfield: . . . . I hope to realize something the coming season in the shape of lucre. I have ground which prospects fully equal to any in the Hills. I judge from the papers that the outside world is wonderfully insane on the Black Hills question. My observations and chances to know are perhaps fully equal to those of any man in the Hills, and I sum them up as follows.
About one thousand claims have been taken and worked from one to five months by from one to six hands without paying one farthing. In all the Hills about three hundred claims have paid from one to four dollars per day for all work done on them. About one hundred claims have paid from four to six dollars per day to the hand. About twenty-five claims have paid from six to twelve dollars per day to the hand. Five claims have paid from twenty to thirty-five dollars per day to the hand. No claim ever reached the highest figure for a whole week’s run except claim No. 2, which took out on the summer’s work $170,000. It is the general opinion, in which I concur, that there will be about three times as much money taken out next season as there was last, as the deep diggings are only fairly opened, and there will be from six to ten quartz leads worked, that will pay handsomely, and four or five silver leads bid fair to become the pride of the Hills. . . .
I read with deep interest everything from Cowley. After seeing much of the world, it is the land of my choice—the land of flowers, fruits, and grains.
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1877.
Mrs. McRaw hands us the Sidney, Nebraska, Telegraph, of Feb. 3rd, sent by her husband who is at work there. We clip the following therefrom.
“One hundred carpenters can secure steady employment in this city at good wages. Come out, gentlemen, and give us a helping hand.
“Messrs. Swain and Andrews arrived in Sidney yesterday from Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas. They come well recommended, and for the purpose of making a personal examination of the Sidney Short Cut, and satisfying themselves as to whether this is the shortest route to the Hills. This done, they assure us that there will be a large emigration to the Hills from Kansas via Sidney.”
Minnie Andrews...
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1877.

The Closing Exercises of the Winfield public schools came off Friday afternoon of last week under the direction of Geo. W. Robinson, principal. The four schools united in giving an entertainment in the Courthouse hall. These exercises consisted of songs, declamations, essays, dialogues, and a paper. Jay Bryan, in a well delivered declamation, told us why a dog’s nose is always cold, and Samuel Aldrich rendered the “Wedding of Whitinsville” quite well. Three little girls, Ada Rushbridge, Minnie Andrews, and Nellie Plank gave a dialogue teaching the true source of pleasure, and Minnie Quarles and Anna Hunt illustrated the difference between the “good old times” and the present degenerate age. Frank Robinson came to the rescue of the much-abused grandmothers, while George Black advised us to “smile” whenever we can. Berkey Bartlett gave a good rendition of “The Sculptor Boy,” and Johnny Howland told us how well we look “sitting around.”
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1877.
W. W. Andrews is reputed at Deadwood to have made $100,000.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1877.
Mr. W. W. Andrews called on us and says that when he left Deadwood, only a few days ago, Mr. McCulloch was in apparent robust health. Mr. O. E. Boyle, who left there more recently, remarks that his health appeared excellent when he left. Mr. McCulloch was about to start for home. His bereaved wife is in St. Joseph, Missouri, suffering severely from illness.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
W. W. Andrews, Esq., started about ten days ago for the Black Hills. On the way up to Wichita his large trunk valise containing his spare clothing was lost out of the boot of the stage. While he was at supper a crazy woman got off with his $40 overcoat. Hearing that snow was three feet deep at the Black Hills, he concluded to return and re-equip. Monday he succeeded in recovering his trunk, but that overcoat, where, oh, where?
“Ask of the winds that far around.”
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
Maria E. Andrews to John E. Allen, 2 acres of  s. e. qr. sec. 21, tp. 32, r. 4.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1878.
W. W. Andrews, of this place, is again on his way to the Black Hills mines. We have a card from him, dated Sidney, Nebraska, February 15.
Winfield Courier, March 14, 1878.

FROM THE BLACK HILLS. DEADWOOD, MARCH 4, 1878. JOHN SWAIN: Dear Sir: After looking all over the different mining camps, I will give you some information in regard to them. First, the new diggings in the southern and southeastern part of the Hills, and on Elk Creek are all pronounced a fraud. All of the early locators in that region of the Hills have returned. Deadwood City is growing slowly, Gayville and Golden Gate are at a standstill. Central City is building rapidly. Lead City on Gold Run is the liveliest place in the Hills. Carpenters wages have been four dollars per day all winter. Some of the foremen on the new mills have been getting five dollars per day, but the principal rush seems to be about over. There are a good many idle mechanics, yet those at work are getting four dollars per day. At present any good mechanic can get all the work he wants. I think good mechanics can get steady work all summer after they become known. Miners and mill men’s wages run from three to four dollars per day. Inexperienced hands are working as low as two dollars. The prospects are that all wages will be cut down this spring except for a few of the best workmen. There will be a great immigration of laborers to the Hills this spring. Let none come from Cowley County. Not more than six of the mines are paying well, while 25 or 30 are being worked that do not pay expenses. Three that last summer were thought to be very extensive mines have been worked out. I will now speak of the silver mines, which bid fair to become the most valuable and permanent mines in the Hills. The ore in Bare Buttes district, as the mines are being developed is leading on to milling ore of a high grade which can be worked much cheaper than smelting ore. The weather is very fine; snow and ice fast disappearing. The camps are well supplied with everything needful. Price of board from eight to twelve dollars per week. No man who works for a living can afford to come to the Hills and take the chances. W. W. ANDREWS.
Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.
CIVIL DOCKET. J. M. Alexander, et al, v. W. W. Andrews; Hackney & McDonald v. W. W. Andrews.
Winfield Courier, May 9, 1878.
Judgment for plaintiff by default was ordered in the following: Hackney & McDonald vs. W. W. Andrews.
Winfield Courier, October 24, 1878.
Mrs. Andrews, rent of ground.
Winfield Courier, October 24, 1878.
Allison and other speakers in the interest of Troup, in their violent efforts to charge some evil against E. C. Manning, are making the statement that Manning stole the townsite of Winfield, and that it is from the money that he got for lots belonging to others, which has erected his magnificent building.
The settlement of this county commenced in 1869, before the treaty for the removal of the Indians was made; before there was any survey of the lands or any steps taken to open these lands up for settlement, by settlers coming in and making claims of 160 acres each and improving them, which claims were afterward secured to these settlers by law. Among these claimants were E. C. Manning and A. A. Jackson, who made claims on what is now the north half of section 28. A. Menor and H. C. Loomis laid claims on the south half of same section, and C. M. Wood and W. W. Andrews claimed the half section next north of this section. Each of these claimants proceeded to occupy and improve his claim, and had as good a right to his claim as any man had on this reserve. Each had the undisputed right to prove up and enter his claim when the land should be ready to be offered.
In 1870 these several parties and others formed the project of making a town site. A town company was formed and Manning was to give the town company a certain 40 acres of his claim when he had entered it, for which the company was to pay one-half of the expense of building the old log store. Jackson, Wood, Andrews, Loomis, and Menor were all to sell portions of their claims to the town company at about seven dollars per acre, so that in the aggregate the town site should be 160 acres.
Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.
W. W. Andrews is home from the Black Hills.
Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

W. W. Andrews started Tuesday for the Black Hills. He will before long go into California on a prospecting tour as agent for a company of Wichita gentlemen.
Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.
The Winfield public school closed last Friday, and commence­ment exercises were held in Manning’s hall Friday evening. The valedictory address by McClellan Klingman was very fine, and the original oration of James Lorton is spoken of in the highest terms. The following was the order of exercises.
Prayer. Music. Original Oration, Jas. Lorton, “Improve­ments of Time.” Recitation, Lou Morris, “All the World.” Declamation, George Black, “Allow for the Crawl.” Recitation, Hattie Andrews, “We Measured the Baby.”
Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.
The Normal Institute for 1880 has opened with a large attendance of teachers. Four instructors have charge of the divisions, and the aim of all is to make this summer’s work especially practical. The morning exercises begin at 7:30, in the courtroom, and the recitations end at 1 p.m. There are at present enrolled 79 teachers as follows.
Hattie Andrews from Winfield was one of those enrolled.
Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.
Longfellow’s Birthday. The pupils of the high school have for a long time been preparing an exhibition to celebrate the anniversary of the birthday of the renowned poet, Henry W. Longfellow, and on Monday evening the 27th a large audience assembled at the Opera House to witness the result of their efforts. A fine entertainment was afforded. Those who were in attendance heard songs and recitations composed by Longfellow and several essays upon his life.
Entertainment began with the song, “The Hemlock Tree,” by Miss Anna Hyde, which was well rendered. The greater part of the evening was given to the rendition of the Courtship of Miles Standish, recited by Miss Hattie Andrews, Mate Lynn, Bertie Stebbins, Anna Hyde, Josie Pixley, Ella Roberts, Minnie Stewart, Lizzie McDonald, and Rosa Rounds. “The Death of Minnehaha,” a duet, was sung by Misses Josie Bard and Lutie Newman and was highly appreciated. The recitation of “Hiawatha’s wooings,” was given by Carrie Cronk and was well rendered. James Cairns, Will Hodges, and Alvah Graham also gave recitations, which were excellent.
Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.
The third annual commencement of the Winfield High School was well attended last evening, the opera house being crowded to its utmost capacity, and a goodly number had to go home, not being able to get inside of the building.
The exercises opened with music, and a prayer by Rev. J. E. Platter, followed by the greeting song by the whole class. The salutatory, “Is our destiny in our own hands?” by Miss Rosina Frederick, was splen­did. “Nobility of Industry,” by W. E. Hodges, was good and was followed with “Tablets of Memory,” by Miss Leni Gary, which was excellent. Charlie Klingman came next and his “Electricity” seemed to take the whole audience. This was followed by “Beyond the Alps lies our Italy,” by Miss Ida G. Trezise and “Watch,” by Miss Hattie E. Andrews, both of which were rendered clearly and distinctly, and were very good. 

The presentation of diplomas by Professor Trimble made each graduate’s heart glad and the Profes­sor proved that his class of 1882 had done so well.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
NORMAL TEACHERS—GRADE C. Winfield: Hattie E. Andrews.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1882.
There were seventy-three entries in this class, all very fine. Mrs. Geo. Van Way took the red ribbon on brown bread, fruit cake, ginger cake, 2nd premium on gold cake, and 1st premium on piccalilli, Mrs. J. A. Maus took 1st premium on grape jelly, and Cora Andrews 2nd premium on brown bread. Mrs. Andrews took 1st premium on peach butter and grape marmalade.
Winfield Courier, October 26, 1882.
The new Christian Church will probably be located on the southeast corner of 8th Avenue and Millington Streets, on what is known as the Andrews property.
Winfield Courier, January 18, 1883.
Miss Minnie Andrews is the guest of Miss Emma Jackson of Seeley.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.

Our Pretty Songsters. The Operetta of “Effie, or the Fairy Queen,” for which Prof. F. C. Cushman had a class in training for two weeks previous, was presented at the Opera House Wednesday and Thursday evenings of last week with marked success—so far as the entertainment itself was concerned. The slushy condition of the streets at that time prevented the entertainment receiving the patronage it merited, and as a pecuniary benefit to the manager was a partial failure. A majority of Winfield’s young misses were engaged in it, and where all performed their parts so well it would seem invidious to particularize; but the most prominent actors deserve more than a passing notice. The splendid singing of Miss Zulu Farringer, the fairy queen, was the subject of much favorable comment by the audience. Her appearance was beautiful, and her solos were executed with such ease and grace as many a professional might envy. Will Ferguson as fairy clown produced much merriment. In this vale of tears the business of fun-making is far from being overdone, and the world is always ready to appreciate those who make it laugh. Misses Bertha Wallis and Minnie Andrews, as “Effie” and “Mary,” also elicited much favorable comment, and demonstrated that they were possessed of much natural talent in the musical and dramatic art. Miss Cora Andrews represented the poverty-stricken mother very nicely. Fritz Sherman carried out the part of the drunken father splendidly, though a little beard to have covered up that smooth face would have given him a more fatherly appearance. The tableaux were pretty, unique, and effective, especially that of the angels, with their beautiful wings and flowing tresses, ascending to heaven with little Fannie, which was composed of Misses Gertrude McMullen, Willie Wallis, and Minnie Fahey, with little Lula McGuire as Fannie. Those comprising the maids of honor, maids’ attendants, and queen’s pages, all did credit to themselves by their beautiful singing and excellent rendition of the parts assigned. There were about seventy performers, all in bright costume, and some of the scenes presented were very brilliant. The instrumental music was made perfect by Ed. Farringer presiding at the piano. These entertainments do much to draw out and improve the musical talents of the young, and we must say that this one plainly shows that the abilities of Winfield’s young ladies in this line is of no ordinary character.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
The fourth annual commencement of the Winfield High School will be held in Manning’s hall on Friday evening, May 11th.
Essay: “Links”: Hattie Andrews, Class ’82.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
The Opera House was crowded on Friday evening last for the annual Commencement exercises of the Winfield High School. The principal part of the program consisted of performances by the Alumni of 1880, 1881, and 1882, which were all excellent, and showed that though their time of school day activity had passed, their intellects had lost no lustre, but improved with time and use. After the opening prayer by Rev. J. Cairns came the greeting song by the class, followed by an essay on “Links” by Miss Hattie Andrews, of the class of 1882. Miss Andrew’s voice was clear and distinct, and her essay exhibited a depth of thought which is very commendable.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
Mrs. W. W. Andrews entertained Col. R. G. Ward of the Sedan Times; Mrs. Ward; I. W. Patrick of the Oswego Republican; and Mrs. Patrick.
Winfield Courier, June 28, 1883.
Grade C. Hattie E. Andrews.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
Last Thursday eve, the young folks of both sexes for miles around gathered at the house of Mr. W. B. Weimer, in honor of Miss Kate Weimer’s birthday, and a more grand and enjoyable affair has never been seen in the Walnut Valley before. The evening was spent in singing and other amusements and at the usual hour supper and ice cream was served. The table fairly groaned under the many good things. Under the kind hospitalities of the worthy hostess and Miss Kate, every person enjoyed themselves hugely and after a late hour they departed, leaving behind them their best wishes and a goodly number of valuable presents.
The following is a list of the presents given, and by whom.
Miss Hattie Andrews, pair of vases.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
Our District Schools. From the records of County Superintendent Limerick, we get the following information regarding the length of the winter terms of our district schools and the teachers who teach them.
Miss Hattie Andrews, of this city, has contracted to teach a term of 16 weeks in district 114, beginning on Nov. 10th.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.

CLASS M. FANCY WORK. Linen or cotton flowers, Miss Minnie Andrews, city, 1st premium; Miss Dora Gentry, city, 2nd.
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1883.
UDALL, November 3rd, 1883. There being a political meeting in the schoolhouse Friday evening, no meeting was held by the teachers, but they met according to appointment on Saturday morning. Those present were Misses Lida Strong, C. L. Cronk, Jennie Knickerbocker, Kate Martin, Hattie Andrews, and Fannie McKinley; Messrs. R. B. Corson, S. L. Herriott, J. W. Campf, J. W. Warren, C. A. Lewis, Chas. Daugherty, and L. McKinley.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.
The Friday evening meeting on November 30th, of the Northern District of the Cowley County Teachers’ Association, at Akron schoolhouse, was well attended by the people of the vicinity. Pleasant exercises filled the evening.
Topics for Saturday were assigned as follows: “Methods of Teaching Primary Reading,” Misses Jennie Knickerbocker, Leota Gary, and Lou Strong; “General Exercises,” Parker Ellis, J. C. Bradshaw, and Miss Fannie McKinley; “Causes and Results of the War of 1812,” J. W. Warren, and Misses Hattie Andrews, C. Cronk, and Gertrude McKinley; “Morals and Manners,” C. A. Lewis, J. Martindale, and Miss Lida Strong; “Graduating System of Country Schools,” Misses Hattie Daniels, Annie Barnes, C. Egan, and L. McKinley; “Methods of Teaching Penmanship,” J. R. Campf, Miss Lou Strong, and Mrs. Fannie Gammon.
Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.
Hattie Andrews, Udall. District No. 114. Salary: $32.00 monthly.
Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.
Mr. W. W. Andrews, one of the makers of Winfield in its earlier days, after an absence of four years among the mining camps of the Black Hills, is now in Winfield again with his family, who are delighted. We are highly gratified to meet him again as are his many warm friends in this city and county.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.
MARRIED. AUSTIN-ANDREWS. Married at the Wentworth House, last evening, by the Rev. Jesse D. Searles, Mr. Fayette Austin, of Lead City, to Miss Cora E. Andrews, of Winfield, Kansas.
The groom is one of Lead City’s best young men, and the bride the eldest daughter of Mr. Andrews (Sphinx), the Galena correspondent of the Times. After the ceremony was performed, the happy couple went to Lead City, where a house neatly furnished awaited their arrival. The Times congratulates. Black Hills Times.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1884. W. W. Andrews has laid off that part of his land lying north of his house to Timber Creek. It is called “The Village of Northfield.” The property is in the hands of Curns & Manser and is going off rapidly.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1884.
Sixty Beautiful Lots for Sale. These lots are laid out on a block of ground six hundred feet north of the S. K. Depot, surrounded on three sides by the city of Winfield, but are not included in the city incorporation. Apply to Curns & Manser or W. W. Andrews. Winfield, April 29, 1884.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.
Mrs. W. W. Andrews is off for a visit to her mother in Syracuse, New York.
Winfield Courier, July 10, 1884.
Mr. W. W. Andrews, of this city, has a splendid showing of fruit of different kinds this year. He has added to our display samples of his Early York peaches and “Miner” plums, which are beautiful.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1884.
Messrs. A. Ray and W. W. Andrews have both favored the writer with liberal donations of choice fruit from their orchards this week. Mr. Ray brought a lot of splendid apples very large, finely formed, and as fine-flavored as a Belle Flower. He is not acquainted with the variety, and it seems to stump even such well-informed horticulturalists as Mr. Hogue. Mr. Andrews brought a collection of peaches which we have never seen surpassed in any country, either in size, beauty, or flavor. The specimens are highly appreciated, not only as indicating the wonderful adaptation of our county for fruit raising, but as a delicacy that is most palatable and refreshing.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1884.
The following is a list of teachers granted certificates at the late examination.
Hattie Andrews was included on list.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1884.
Miss Wood of the Oxford Register, spent a part of last week in the city as the guest of Miss Hattie Andrews.
Winfield Courier, September 11, 1884.
Mrs. W. W. Andrews and daughter returned last week from an extended visit to friends in New York.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
The old case between Tony Boyle and Uncle Billy Rogers is being tried this week by Judge Pyburn as referee. Tom Blanchard, Henry Ireton, Jim Burns, Geo. Brown, W. W. Andrews, and other old Black Hills tourists are witnesses. The suit is over a quartz mill which Boyle & Rogers established in the Black Hills in 1875.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
PRESERVES. Cherries, Mrs. Ira Holmes, 1st; Mrs. W. W. Andrews, 2nd.
Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.
David McKee vs. Hull Bixby. Plaintiff given leave to make new parties affidavit, W. W. Andrews and wife, by filing amended petition.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
The Senior Class of the High School will give an entertainment Friday night, December 12th. A solo was to be given by Minnie Andrews.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 22, 1885.

The committee appointed by the Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., take pleasure in thanking the citizens of Winfield for their liberal patronage of the Tennessee Scout. Considering the inclement weather, you more than surprised us, and through your liberality the Post has added $50.00 to its relief fund. We especially thank Miss Jessie Stretch who, in the character of “Alice Coleman,” would win laurels from professionals; Cora Finch, as “Aunt Jemima,” Hattie Andrews as “Bessie Fox,” Mattie Vanorsdal as “Maria Carey.” The Misses who formed the tableaux did so with credit to themselves and to the entire satisfaction of all citizens, who join with the Post in thanking the whole cast for their unceasing endeavors to make the play a success.
        C. E. Steuven, J. H. Finch, H. L. Wells, A. H. Limerick, and D. L. Kretsinger, Com.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 12, 1885.
Mr. W. W. Andrews left Monday for an extended sojourn in California.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 26, 1885.
David   McKee vs. Hull Bixby, suit for possession of real estate. Plaintiff given leave to file amended petition making M. A. and W. W. Andrews defendants; clerk ordered to issue summons for new defendants; trial pending.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
Miss Hattie Andrews has returned from a winter’s course in the State Normal School.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.
Marie and W. W. Andrews to Sarah Spencer, lot 6 in block 143, village of Northfield: $160.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.
Marie A Andrews and husband to John A Park, lot 8, block 143, village of Northfield: $100.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 2, 1885.

It used to be said that about the driest and most unsocial gatherings one could attend was a church social. It isn’t so, by any means, of church socials now-a-days, at least not those given in Winfield. There is a generous rivalry between our church organizations as to which can give the pleasantest entertainments—preserving that high plane of moral excellence that all exhibitions in the name of a church should have. Of course the double purpose of these meetings is to secure funds for contingent church expenses and to give those in attendance a pleasurable evening. In addition to this they afford an opportunity for the ministers and flocks to meet and converse with members of their churches on other than strictly church topics, and also to extend their acquaintance among those who, while not always “believers,” are often “supporters” of churches. It is at these gatherings that the real genuine minister of the gospel sows the seeds of charity, courtesy, and kindred virtues from which a hopeful harvest may afterward be reached. The world dislikes the pinch-faced, over-particular and ever sanctimonious person about as much as the truly good hate the sniveling hypocrite. And it goes without saying that the most popular minister and the most influential one for good is he who can occasionally lay aside the “robes of priestly office” and mingle among his neighbors much like other men. Not that he should forget his calling, and engage in amusements the nature of which brings him into dispute among his followers, but he may, with perfect propriety, take a hand in any one of the half a hundred pastimes which please the young folks and entertain “children of larger growth.” THE COURIER notes with pleasure that Winfield pastors belong to that school which refuses to crucify the body because it enjoys a hearty laugh, or condemns the soul to everlasting perdition because it finds convivial spirits while on earth. But we have wandered somewhat from our text—the Methodist social. It was one of the most enjoyable. Men and matrons, belles and beaux, girls and boys, were all there in full force, with their winsome smiles and pretty array. Of course, the main attraction, aside from the congeniality of those present, were the ice cream, raspberries, etc. There were six tables presided over by Mrs. C. D. Austin and Mrs. Dr. Pickens; Mrs. W. R. McDonald and Misses Maggie Bedilion and Nina Conrad; Mrs. W. H. Thompson and Mrs. J. W. Prather; Mrs. A. H. Green and Misses Anna Green and Hattie Andrews; Mrs. G. L. Rinker and Mrs. James Cooper; Mrs. S. G. Gary, Mrs. N. R. Wilson, and Miss Hattie Glotfelter, and a very busy and attentive bevy they were. The cream ran out long before the crowd was supplied—though they started in with twenty gallons or more. The Methodist orchestra, Messrs. Crippen, Shaw, Bates, Roberts, and Newton, with Miss Kelly at the organ, furnished beautiful music during the evening. It was a most enjoyable entertainment throughout. The seats having been removed, awaiting the placing of the new ones, the church made an excellent place for such an entertainment.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
Cowley County celebrated the Fourth everywhere.
The pleasantest celebration was had by some of our young folks, entrancing Misses Nellie Cole, Leota Gary, Sarah Gay, Sarah Bass, Hattie Stolp, Gertrude McMullen, Ida Johnston, Lizzie McDonald, and Hattie Andrews; Messrs. H. E. Kibbe, George Schuler, F. F. Leland, B. W. Matlack, Amos Snowhill, Lacey Tomlin, Frank Robinson, Addison Brown, and Charley Dever, who packed their baskets and hammocks, etc., and hied down the river to Prof. Hickok’s farm and spent the day under the branching oaks, on a pretty blue grass lawn, amid the festive chiggers and balmy breezes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.

Storm or cloud, wind or cyclone, heat or cold can’t check the jollity and genuine sociability of our young folks. Facing a very elevated mercury, the presence of the Italian band imbued them, and Monday an impromptu party was given at the rink—not to dance much, you know, but just to enjoy the charming Italian music. But the charm of Terpsichore came with that of the music and round and round whirled the youth and beauty, in the mazy waltz and perspiration. The rink, with its splendid ventilation and smooth roomy floor, has a peculiar fascination for lovers of the dance, which, added to perfect and inspiring music, easily explains the enjoyment that reigned last night. The ladies, arrayed in lovely white costumes and coquettish smiles, always look bewitching on a summer evening. And right here we know the remark will be endorsed, that no city of Winfield’s size can exhibit a social circle of more beauty, intelligence, and genuine accomplishment—no foolish caste, no “codfish aristocracy,” or embarrassing prudishness. Among those present last night, our reporter noted the following, nearly all of whom “tripped the light fantastic.” Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. Ray Oliver, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Hosmer, Misses Bertha Williamson, Nellie Cole, S. Belle Gay, S. Gay Bass, Anna Hunt, Edith Hall, Mamie Shaw, Maggie and Mattie Harper, Gertrude and Nellie McMullen, Bert Morford, Nona Calhoun, Emma Strong, Sadie French, Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Nina Anderson, Jennie Lowry, Hattie Andrews, and Belle Bertram; Messrs. Fred C. Hunt, A. D. Speed, Willis Ritchie, D. H. Sickafoose, Amos Snowhill, S. D. and Dick Harper, Eli Youngheim, Ed J. McMullen, B. W. Matlack, T. J. Eaton, P. H. and E. C. Bertram, Everett and George Schuler, Lacey Tomlin, Byron Rudolf, P. S. Kleeman, Harry Bahntge, and George Jennings.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
After a long and tough wrestle, the city “dads” have fixed railroad matters up. Council met in special session Thursday night. The room was crowded with interested property owners. Everything passed off smoothly. The following is a copy of sec. 1 of the ordinance passed last evening. “There is hereby granted to the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad company the right of way to construct and operate and maintain the main line of their road and all necessary side tracks, across the following streets, avenues, and alleys in said city, to-wit: Loomis street, north of Fourth avenue, and Millington street, north of Fifth avenue; Fourth avenue, west of Loomis street; Main street, north of Fifth avenue; Fifth avenue, west of Main street; Manning and Menor streets, north of Sixth avenue; Sixth avenue, west of Menor street; Eighth and Ninth avenues, west of Walton street and through the alleys in blocks 105, 85, 65, and 8 in said city.” As far as we have heard, this gives a general satisfaction to the public. The following is about the projected line as near as we are able to ascertain: Crossing Timber creek north of Andrews’ addition, through this addition just north of Mrs. Andrews’ house, thence running along the line of the S. K. railroad through R. B. Waite and J. B. Lynn’s six acre tract, northwest of Sam Myton’s residence, through the Water Company’s grounds near the pump house, across the west end of Mrs. Manning’s lots just north of J. C. McMullen, and thence west of south in the direction of the Kickapoo corral. We are glad this matter is settled and we hope, satisfactory to all.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.

Mr. A. H. Jennings spent July and part of August in Ohio. While absent, always having an eye peeled for the advancement of his home, he had an interview with the hosiery manufacturing firm of J. B. Mercer & Co., Zanesville, Ohio, whose desire for a more expansive location had slyly reached his ears. He found this to be one of the busiest manufactories he was ever in, but running on a smaller scale than the firm’s trade demanded and the proprietors were able to carry. They employ about two hundred hands, some sixty-five of them women, and turn out two or three hundred dozen hose daily, woolen and cotton. The articles were of the very best and had big sales, the cotton goods largely in the west and south and the woolen in the north and west. Their orders were then two hundred behind. The firm buys its cotton in St. Louis and its wool all over the country. Wool costs them 29 to 35 cents per pound—here it would cost only 15 to 20 cents, and cotton can be shipped from St. Louis here just as cheaply as to Zanesville, and our railway export facilities will be equal to Zanesville with our two new lines. This firm is composed of three practical workmen. They are desirous of moving their factory where facilities for extending it to the manufacture of all kinds of goods are better. The first point in their eye was Kansas City. Mr. Jennings laid the superior advantages of Winfield before them, situated in a great wool-growing country, a good stream for dyeing purposes, no competition in the section, with a broad, fruitful territory for their wares. To work up this matter among our businessmen, a meeting of the Enterprise Association was held at the Court House last night. Dr. C. Perry presided, and H. G. Norton recorded. Mr. Jennings laid this enterprise before the meeting—its great importance to our industrial welfare and the substantiality of our county, with the certainties of success. The probable subsidy needed is between five and ten thousand dollars. The matter was received favorably by our businessmen, and A. H. Jennings, B. F. Wood, J. P. Baden, Col. Whiting, and J. B. Lynn were appointed a committee of correspondence and further investigation, said committee to confer with Frank Manny regarding the purchase of his brewery building for this manufactory. W. W. Andrews offered to donate grounds for a factory building. The committee will pass one of this woolen mill firm to Winfield that he may look over the ground. We have now struck an enterprise that means big benefits. Let us all brace up. A little of the zeal and public spirit displayed in gaining enterprises in the past few months will secure this one. Make a strong pull, a big pull, and pull altogether. Barring the twenty experts Mercer & Co. must bring with them, this mill insures labor for 200 or more persons and a big enhancement of our wool industry.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.
Cowley’s first extensive examination under the new law formulating the questions in the State Board of Education, shows 105 certificates out of 155 applicants—5 in the first grade, 41 in the second grade, and 50 in the third grade, as follows.
Second Grade. Hattie Andrews.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.
The County Commissioners have condemned and allowed damages on the right of way of the K. C. & S. W. to Winfield. The damages from the north line of Walnut township, the extent of our last publication, were allowed as follows: W. W. Limbocker, $62; Mrs. M. A. Mock, $78; W. W. Limbocker, $461; Joseph Parr, $2; R. Ehret, $542.40; H. G. Buss and C. A. Buss, $196; S. M. Deal, $847; G. W. Yount, $897; Mrs. Cochran, $37; John C. Burkey, $600.25; J. F. Graham, $300; Mrs. M. A. Andrews, $1,125; M. M. Wells, $325; B. B. Vandeventer, $530; D. F. Clark, $250; David C. Beach, $240.
Arkansas City Republican, September 5, 1885.

The K. C. & S. W. Depot Located. The long suspense over the location of the K. C. & S. W. Railroad through the city and the depot location are about at an end. The route is decided upon permanently to the S. K. Railroad. Sixteen lots have been bought of W. W. Andrews, just north of his residence, for the depot. J. P. Steward, of this city, has been awarded the contract for the erection of this depot. It will be similar to the S. K. Depot, 18 x 76 feet in size, with platforms all around 12 feet wide and 200 feet long. The road comes into town through the old fair grounds. Thirty men are now working on the Timber Creek bridge abutments. This bridge will be twenty-seven feet wide, for double track. From the depot the road runs just north of the gas house, crosses the S. K. near the track, and will very probably follow the river to the water works engine house and then straight in the direction of the fair grounds. It runs across the southeast corner of the grounds, through the main gate, whence a small depot and side track for Fair purposes will likely be put in. It cuts diagonally through Riverside Park from the ticket office to the [?ALMOST COMPLETE WHITE-OUT FOR SEVERAL LINES.] Courier.
[Note: Item that appeared in Courier could not be found. MAW]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 17, 1885.
The case of the State against Frank Manny for cutting and hauling off prairie grass from the premises of W. W. Andrews was before Judge Buckman Tuesday afternoon, with a jury of twelve. It is a little case run on big dimensions. County Attorney Asp prosecutes and M. G. Troup defends. Unfinished.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Maria A Andrews and husband to Sarah E Bixby, lot 1, block 163, Northfield: $100.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
Mr. F. Austin and wife, nee Miss Cora Andrews, came in from the Black Hills Monday and will spend a week visiting here before going to California, their future home.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.
Miss Hattie Andrews was in from Darien, where she is conducting a very successful school Sunday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.
Miss Hattie Andrews is down with quinsy. Miss Minnie takes her school for a few days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
Architect Ritchie, who was recently appointed city engineer, has just completed the survey and plat of the W. W. Andrews’ land just north of the city. The plat of 62 acres of land is bounded by thirty-three distinct lines, more than half of the corners of which, being in Timber Creek, made it an extremely difficult piece of work.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.
W. W. Andrews left for California Saturday, to be absent some time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.
CIVIL DOCKET. EIGHTH DAY. Maria A Andrews vs Kansas City & Southwestern R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp and Dalton defense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
Hattie Andrews, District No. 25. Rock.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Judge H. D. Gans and estimable wife were the recipients of a great surprise Thursday eve. Their friends found out that it was the twentieth anniversary of their wedded life and at once began to devise plans to enter their pleasant home and completely take them unawares. Mrs. Gans, by one pretense or another, was kept away from home yesterday afternoon. A business appointment was made for the Judge directly after office hours. Their countenances were studies when they returned home and found it crowded with nearly one hundred friends. It is the only time on record where the Judge was nonplused. After handshakings all around and social pleasantries, Mr. and Mrs. Gans were ushered into the parlor and Mr. J. T. Hackney married the happy couple once again. In a short but very fitting address, Mr. J. F. Miller, as master of ceremonies, invited the guests into the dining room where all did ample justice to the well loaded table. At the same time Mr. Hackney presented to the newly married couple an elegant dinner and tea set of gold band China, as the gift of their many friends. Also a beautiful cup and saucer to each by the Misses Andrews. The Judge replied, thanking their friends for kind wishes, in beautiful and touching remarks. After the repast, Mrs. Olive McGuire rendered an excellent recitation. Everybody enjoyed themselves. The Judge acted just as pleased as a school boy, and made everybody feel right at home. It was not only their own church represented, but friends outside of the church as well, which goes to show the high estimation in which Mr. and Mrs. Gans are held by all. We trust such occasions may occur many times again.
Excerpts taken from “Recollections of C. M. Wood, Early Settler” concerning W. W. Andrews...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Then Mr. Renfro’s boys, John and Firman, put me across the raging Walnut in a boat. I mounted my horse and went directly back to Cottonwood Falls, where I was several days buying goods and arranging to come back. This was about the 22nd to 25th of June, for on the 26th day of June, I was married to Miss Melinda Jones, from Springfield, Ohio, at the residence of Judge W. R. Brown, at Cottonwood Falls.
In two or three days I loaded several teams with goods and started them on ahead for my store, following in a few hours on horseback. When about 20 miles on my road, I met a stranger in a wagon, who stopped me and asked, “Is your name Wood?” Being answered in the affirmative, he continued: “Your store has been burned by the Indians.” I told him I could not think it was true, but he seemed confident, and said he got his information from Douglass. This gave me hopes, as there was some rivalry between Douglass and Lagonda, as this place was then called, a name given it by my wife before we were married, being an Indian name meaning “Clear Waters.”
So I pressed on until I came up with my teams when I told them to go on as far as Douglass and remain there until they heard from me, which I thought would be nearly as soon as they could get there. In haste, I came on to Lagonda, and when I turned around the corner of the timber in sight of my store, I beheld that there was nothing left of that, to me, once grand building but the blackened and charred stockade. Desolation reigned supreme. No Indians to be seen, no white men to be seen; all was gone except an indomitable will. I then and there determined to build again at once, but on my individual claim, the burnt house being built to hold the town site. So I returned to Douglass, stored my goods, paid my teamsters, and commenced to haul the logs, and on about the last of June had raised to the square the log cabin now standing on the banks of the ravine northwest of the north depot.

By this time I was found by W. W. Andrews, from Leavenworth, who camped on the ground with me by the side of my second house. We slept well that night and early in the morning, while getting breakfast, we heard that unearthly noise made by 2,000 Indians crossing the Walnut river at the Kickapoo ford west of the Tunnel mill. The neighing of ponies, yelping of Indian dogs, screaming of squaws, intermingled with rattling of pans and cooking utensils broke out on the air of that still June morning, making music for us not very desirable to listen to. In a few minutes came a lone Indian, much hungry. We fed him and were soon startled by the war whoops of twenty-five Indian braves—stripped to the waist, on bare back ponies, with lances in hand, coming down on us with the speed of the wind, holding aloft their spears, or lances. As they approached I walked toward them with navy pistol in hand, determined to do or die. When they arrived in pistol shot, I called a halt, which was obeyed, when they came filing up in single file with lance lowered, riding around, then raising their lances in the air with a threatening look.
I recognized a one-eyed Indian among them whom I knew could talk English. I said, “You talk English?” He shook his head. I told him that he was a liar, that I knew him. He said, “Talk little.” I said, “What you come here in this shape for?” He said, “To look around.” I said, “You have looked around, now pucachee!” After staying around a few minutes, they filed off and went over the hill toward the rising sun.
Mr. Andrews and I held a council of war and concluded to load up and cross the creek out of the track of the returning Indians, so we proceeded back to James Renfro’s, where we found Chetopa with about twenty-five braves. He had ordered Renfro and all other white men to go north beyond their lands; but when I came up, he at once said I should stay. I told him his men had burned my house, but I had built another, and I wished him to go back with me and protect me from a second fire. He said that he would, whereupon Mr. Patterson volunteered to accompany me on horseback. We marched in front of the Indians, and when about halfway back, discovered an immense cloud of smoke ascending up from the location of my new home. I turned in my saddle and remarked to Chetopa, “They have done it, come on and help put it out.” Then Patterson and myself put our horses under full speed until we reached the fire. Having no vessels for water, we at once stripped off our saddles and took the blankets and let them down into a well I had dug in the side of the bank close by, and then slapped the wet blankets on the logs until we got the fire under control, and about that time the Indians came up. They sat on their ponies a few minutes, when Chetopa ordered an old Indian to dismount and help put out the fire. I at once set a muley fork in the shallow well, sat down on the pins, and dipped up water with my hat, which they carried and threw on the fire until it was out. While leaning over the well, the Indian dropped a stone pipe out of his mouth into the well, the water being about three and a half feet deep. I went clean under the water, got his pipe, and he received it from me with the word, “Logany,” mounted his pony, and went away. Anyone desiring to see the charred logs at the southeast corner of the oldest house this side of Judge Ross, can take a walk to Island Park Place Addition and there he can see it for himself.

And now, after the second house had been fired by the Indians, who had ordered James Renfro to pack up and leave their reserve, and who had shown their hostility in other ways (stealing Judge T. B. Ross’ horses and ordering him to leave), a council was held by the squatters in which it was decided to move north to or near the Reserve line and await developments. Renfro moved up near Muddy creek with cattle, horses, and family. W. W. Andrews, Mr. Patterson, and myself formed a company for putting up prairie hay. I went to Cottonwood Falls, bought a mowing machine and other tools, laid in a quantity of provisions, and returned about the 10th of July to Douglass. Mr. Andrews and Mr. Patterson meanwhile had selected hay grounds about four miles southwest of Douglass, on what is known as Eight Mile creek, and between Eight Mile and the Walnut river, where lay a fine piece of bottom land and upon which grew as fine blue stem prairie grass as anyone could wish to see. The land is now owned by a Mr. Osborne and sons. We at once struck camp, made what the boys called a go-devil for dragging hay to the rick, started the machine, and started stacking as fast as the weather would permit, as 1869 was the wettest year that I have ever experienced since coming to this State. We continued work for about three weeks, getting up a large amount of hay, when I went back to Cottonwood Falls, bought a tent, some cooking utensils, and such articles as were necessary for the comfort of Mrs. Wood, who came back with me.
Upon our return we set up tent keeping. The weather had become more propitious for haying so we went at it again in full force. After getting up 325 tons for ourselves, we contracted and put up hay for one McFadden, also for Martindale and Cady—all of whom were squatters on this land—after which we sold our hay to a Mr. Moss, who wintered a large number of cattle the following winter.
After settling up our hay business, Mr. Andrews and myself hitched our four horses to our wagon, loaded in some goods, and with Mrs. Woods started down the Walnut river again, arriving at Judge Ross’ claim the same day. I forgot to mention that Judge Ross had not vacated or abandoned his claim on account of Indians, even temporarily as many others of us did. The noble old man used to make fun of us and say that we had not the right kind of grit for successful pioneers. He used to tell us how he was born in a fort, cradled in a fort, and knew what Indians and danger were.

After dinner Mr. Andrews, Mrs. Wood, and myself mounted on horseback, came on down the river to reconnoiter and decide our future course. We came back to our cabin, which had been spared by the Indians. It was surrounded by prairie grass standing from six to ten feet high, all headed out and ripe, representing as nearly an unlimited rye field as anyone could imagine. From the cabin we rode up Timber creek to the old Indian camp, where stood the remains of their tepees or wigwams, such as one will see wherever Indians camp for a few days at a time. After looking over the ground for some minutes, I called out to Mr. Andrews to hold my horse as I wanted to get a watermelon. Mr. Andrews at the same moment called out to me, “Hold my gun until I get this watermelon.” Then we both dismounted at once, holding our own horse and gun, picking each our own watermelon. Assisting Mrs. Wood to alight we sat down on the prairie and ate two as good melons as one would wish for. The seed, having been planted in the spring by the Indians during the succession of showers and sunshine, had grown to perfection. After eating our melons we remounted, returned to the cabin, and there held a council. Mrs. Wood said, “This will some day make a very good country; the soil must be good to grow such grass.” I asked her if she wanted to try to settle here, with me. “Yes,” she said. “I can stay wherever you can. Let us try it.” Mr. Andrews said, “I will take the claim due east of you,” and proceeded to do so. Then we went back to our old hay camp and moved our traps down to the cabin, where I set up a tent and went at once to work putting up some hay for my team, which came in very good play not only for my own horses but for many others who came later. However, the green grass was good in the timber during the entire winter, except now and then, but a few hours at a time when covered by light snow. Up to this time my house was only a pen of logs without a roof, floor, doors, or windows, and we were living in our tent. I proceeded to get some clap-boards split out of green timber, some rafters and studding for gables, and with the assistance of Mrs. Wood, erected the rafters and nailed on the boards. I next cut out the poles for the doors, hewed out a puncheon floor, laid it down, and moved in. This done, Mrs. Wood and I concluded to make a trip up the country to Cottonwood Falls for supplies such as a stove, lumber for doors, windows, etc.
Mr. Andrews said he was looking for a Dr. W. G. Graham, wife, and child; and said he was coming prepared to stay. He asked if we would give him shelter until he could provide for himself. We told him certainly, he could move right into our cabin, and the next day I went up the country a few miles to some squatters’ cabins to prepare for our trip, and who should I meet but a man with a fine yoke of oxen drawing a wagon loaded with a woman and child, a little boy. This was about three miles north of my cabin. I asked him at once who he was and where he was going. He said he was Dr. Graham from Leavenworth, and that he was hunting for Wood’s ranch. I told him I was Wood. He asked me if Mr. Andrews had spoken to me about shelter. I told him that he had; that it was all right, and that as he was heavy loaded and his team was tired, he should let his wife and child get in my wagon; also put in part of his load. I would go on to our cabin and prepare to make them comfortable, after which I pointed out the timber where he would find a ford, and told him to follow me. I arrived in good time, when our wives set to work to cook something for the inner man, on a camp fire.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Well, to resume my story. While Mr. W. W. Andrews was off to Leavenworth after his family, he having overstayed his 30 days (the time given a man to be absent, after taking his claim), some party came to me and asked me to go with my team and haul some logs for him, as he was going to jump Mr. Andrews’ claim. I told him I would have nothing to do with jumping Mr. Andrews’ claim as I knew he was coming back, and told him that Mr. Andrews was a well-meaning man and that his time should be extended until we could hear from him. I then turned and went down into my timber to work; but when I returned in the evening, I found that the party had taken my team and had hauled some of Mr. Andrews’ logs a short distance from his proposed building site and had commenced putting up a house. This movement aroused the friends of Mr. Andrews, such as Dr. W. G. Graham, James H. Land, Prettyman Knowles, and many others (whose names I have forgotten or have not space to mention). The claim jumper was informed that such a procedure would not do, whereupon he abandoned his action, apologizing to the settlers, and laying the blame on me, a thing that I must say that I was entirely innocent of, and was able afterwards to convince Mr. Andrews of the fact.
Mr. Andrews returned from Leavenworth about the first of January, 1870, with his family and household goods. He proceeded to erect a little log cabin on his claim about 35 or 40 rods north and a little east of where his fine, commodious brick house now stands, and where Mrs. Andrews and the children now live, Mr. Andrews being now absent in California.
Some strange things occurred here that winter, one of which is that Mr. Andrews killed a snake on the 21stday of January, 1870. He said that his snakeship was as lively as a cricket.

The first child born in the county was, I think, a son born to Mr. and Mrs. Abe Land soon after they arrived here. The child was born in a hut opposite and across the river from where Bliss & Wood’s mill now stands. This was quite a circumstance and elicited much interest among the settlers. I recollect calling one day and taking a look at the little “new comer.”
Miss Minnie Andrews was the first child born on the town site; so short a time since, it seems to me, that she has grown to be a beautiful and accomplished young lady, which fact I suppose our society people well know.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Maria A Andrews & husband to Minnie E Thomas, lot 9, block 163, village of Northfield: $100.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
Miss Minnie Andrews has been teaching for her sister at Darien this week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
The sidewalk petition of Mrs. Andrews and fourteen others was referred to committee on sidewalks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
J. J. Carson will occupy Mrs. Andrews’ house across the railroad in a short time. Mrs. Andrews and family will go to California.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The sidewalk petition of Marie A. Andrews et al was granted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 25, 1886.
J. J. Carson moved into the Andrews’ residence, north end of Millington street, Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 15, 1886.
A Letter From Winfield Scott, D. D.
ANGEL ISLAND, CALIFORNIA, April 2nd, 1886. ED. COURIER: In your journal of March 24th, just received by me, is copied a little private note I wrote the Rev. Mr. Reider. It was written with no idea of publication, or of giving any matter of historical interest of your place. It has led me to wonder whether the pioneers and old settlers of Kansas are as greatly interested in the rise and progress of your State as I have been. I was not a pioneer and do not claim any of the honor and glory that attaches to the grand characters that made history when Kansas fought her way through fire and blood to freedom. Going onto her soil in January, 1865, I was in time to see the development of a great State, in a most wonderful manner. At that date Weston was the western terminus of the H & St. Joe railroad and we rode in a coach from there to Leavenworth. I resided in Kansas until January, 1872, and saw the building of the Kansas Pacific, the L. L. & G., Missouri River, Ft. Scott & Gulf, and Neosho Valley railroad, and have ridden over those lines when towns along them containing from 500 to 1,000 inhabitants each had risen like magic from the prairie sod, and in so short a time that not an old shingle could be seen upon a single roof.

It was during the latter part of December, 1870, that I visited Walnut Valley. A few months before this a Leavenworth man had gone there. Among my friends were the families of Messrs. Andrews, Hickok, and Rev. O. W. Tousey. They sent me an invitation to visit them, telling me of the new country and of the name of the new town after myself, and that they expected it would be the county seat. I had known of many prophetic towns of euphonious and high sounding names that never existed except in imagination, or in a glowing letter of an enthusiastic squatter, or worse than that, only on a highly embellished and carefully platted card board, that I was not especially influenced by the town or the promise to immortalize my name, but I did want to see what was then known as the great “southwest” that was booming from the rushing tide of immigrants all going thither. I knew of the warm welcome, too, I should receive from the large hearted old friends then on the ground. Accompanied by my old college chum, Prof. D. H. Robinson, of the State University, we went to Emporia by car and took a team and drove to Eureka, where we were joined by my brother, S. Scott, now of Clay Center. From there we went west to Butler County, through El Dorado, Augusta, and Douglass, all rival towns, each full of prophecy and prophets, of their own success and the other failures.
Augusta was named after Mrs. Augusta James, the wife of Mr. C. N. James, my parishioner. I spent a day or two at Augusta, preaching evenings. I remember well the afternoon when we forded a stream, passed through a strip of timber, and drove over the gently sloping ridge, when we had the first view of the town of Winfield. The Main street was laid out and enough stores and houses rudely built, with foundations of other buildings laid to define where the intended main street was to be. The record I made in writing to an eastern journal was this: “On the center of a beautiful plateau of land, in the very heart of the valley, is rising a splendid town. Four months ago two or three houses marked the place where it was to be. Today there are twenty-seven buildings, twenty more are rising, and about thirty more lots have been secured.” I met there, besides the friends mentioned, D. A. Millington, an enterprising businessman, whom I had known in Leavenworth, and he believed in the town, and met me with cordiality and championed with liberality and enthusiasm my proposition to raise money for a Baptist church in Winfield. I preached every evening while there and hunted deer in the day time. The first day I killed three, just across the creek west of the town site. I borrowed and used a rickety old shotgun, with stock tied up with strings to hold things together. My luck as a hunter all came the first day, and that, too, in the forenoon.

The record of the Sabbath service is as follows: I preached in a store not completed. The front end of the building being out, we had for the congregation a wide open door. My pulpit was the end of a work bench with my overcoat doubled up for a desk. The seats were 2 x 8 scantling resting on nail kegs and boxes, and yet the entire room 20 x 36 was full morning and evening with an appreciative audience. We had a good choir and an organ. At the close of the morning sermon, a church was organized with twelve members. During the evening and the next day a subscription of $400 was secured, which was increased to about $700, sufficient to enclose a stone building 24 x 40 with 14 ft. walls of your stone quarry. This is the record: “I have never seen in the west as pure white magnitia [magnesia] limestone as these quarries afford. It can be laid in the wall for $2.25 per perch, thus furnishing durable and very cheap building material for the poor as well as the rich. It seems a little unique to think of a very poor man living in a magnificent limestone house roofed, shingled, finished, and furnished throughout with the best quality of grained black walnut, all this because it was so cheap—the difference between the dwellings of the poor and the rich being in the cut of the stone and the carve of the wood.” In returning home I volunteered to drive somebody’s team for them and made the trip alone. From a point north of Chelsea, I struck out across the Flint hills to go to headquarters of the east branch of Fall river, traveling by compass. This is the record. “For the first time in Kansas, I laid out upon the prairie, supperless and alone. With oats and hay for the horses, a robe blanket with God’s moon and stars in the heavens over me, and the precious spirit of Jesus in the heart, a happy night was spent while joy came in the morning. I know now why Abraham in journeying, rejoiced in setting by his altar and I can see how happy spirits can be inspired to make heaven resound with hallelujah.”
Thus was the publication of the little items of history, which seem to interest you, have tempted me to give you a few more items of history on more general matters which may awaken in others old memories and reveal to the younger generation what a luxury it was to live and work when the foundations of enterprises were being laid, which now add so much to the thrift, stability, and peace of a great state. I was always proud of Kansas. I proclaimed it east and west as “the poor man’s paradise, where continuous quarter sections could have more bona fide settlers on them than any western state.” My interest and pride in the state has never waned.
[Notes made by RKW many years ago follow. MAW]
The July 26, 1889, issue of the Arkansas City Traveler shows that Mrs. W. W. Andrews of Winfield, Kansas, moved to Arkansas City, Kansas. Mrs. W. W. Andrews was the mother of the first child born in Winfield: Minnie E. Andrews.
[Note: RKW indicated that Minnie E. Andrews was married to Harry Bryant of Arkansas City. This could be wrong! Either that or Minnie E. Andrews (Bryant) later married another man: A. B. Shipley. See letter below.]
Winfield Courier, August 19, 1903.
The Courier is in receipt of the following letter which will interest all our readers and especially the Old Settlers Association members.
San Marcos, San Diego County, California. August 12, 1903. Mr. Ed P. Greer. Dear Sir,
Will you kindly see that Mr. Ed. F. Green, president of the Old Settlers’ meeting to be held in Dexter August 26, gets the following items.
“Winfield” was named by my mother, Mrs. W. W. Andrews, now living in San Diego, 920 Ash Street, in 1869 for Rev. Winfield Scott, who was then a Baptist preacher in Leavenworth, Kansas. In return for the honor Rev. Scott came to Winfield and preached and ‘begged’ as he called it, until the first church, a small stone Baptist church was built on Millington street. He is now a retired army captain in San Francisco, or was two years ago. 
I was the first white child born in Winfield, August 3, 1870, in a log house then standing on what is now the northeast corner lot at (the) corner of fourth and Loomis streets.
      (Note - This is within the boundaries of W. W. Andrews 160 acre homestead. RKW)
(Note - Abraham Land had a son born December 5, 1869, near where the flour mill was at 8th and the Walnut river. The town company was not organized until January 13, 1870, so technically she is correct. RKW)

I was named for Rev. Scott’s daughter, Minnie Etta. I came to California in 1890 and am the happy wife of A. Shipley, a section foreman in San Marcos. 
Very truly yours, Mrs. A. B. Shipley, nee Minnie E. Andrews.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum