About Us
Museum Membership
Event Schedule
Museum Newsletters
Museum Displays


C. M. Wood

There are other files on C. M. Wood, the first to settle near the future city of Winfield. This file covers his work with hogs and different partners.
The following item concerns Wood losing a lawsuit and being forced to sell his farm and leave Winfield for some time...
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
It is rumored that Cliff. Wood has sold his farm adjoining the townsite for $4,000.
Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.
Mr. C. M. Wood is with us again, but for a visit only and to settle up his business matters. He leaves in a few days for his new home near Sandusky, Ohio. Mr. Wood is well known here and will leave many friends behind him. He was the first settler south of Timber Creek on the Walnut River. In the early days his roof was the only shelter for the new home seeker, and many an early settler in Cowley County remembers with kindly feelings the hospitable entertainment extended them by Mr. Wood and wife in the days when Mr. Osage was substantially “monarch of all he surveyed.” His shingle hangs out now at Point Marble Head, Ottawa County, Ohio, showing that he is engaged in the stone trade. The firm of which he is senior member deals largely in Government contracts, furnishing heavy block stone for public parks.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.
C. M. Wood, Esq., evidently has not lost faith in this country. He has not disposed of his tasty residence property in the city, but on the contrary purchased two additional lots from the Town Company adjoining his residence, and paid the cash for them.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.
Cliff Wood is coming back. The Democratic Congress has busted those government contracts.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1876.
C. M. WOOD and family have returned to Winfield. They like Cowley better than Ohio.
By August 1876 C. M. Wood and his first partner (W. L. Mullen) began handling hogs and sold a drove to a Kansas City buyer....
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.
MESSRS. MULLEN and WOOD have sold their drove of fat hogs to a Kansas City buyer.
By October 1876 Mullen and Wood began to advertise hogs for sale or trade...
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.
See card of W. L. Mullen and C. M. Wood, who advertise some very fine blooded hogs for sale or trade. They have some of the best stock in the Valley, and this is a good opportunity for farmers who want to improve their breeds.
CARD:                                           MULLEN & WOOD,
                                       Dealers in HOGS, WINFIELD, KANSAS.
Have some thoroughbred Berkshire and Poland China shoats on hand which they will dispose of at reasonable figures, for breeding purposes.

The Courier began to ignore Wood’s activities. He evidently sustained a bad injury, causing him to use a cane, which was never mentioned...
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877.
CLIFF WOOD is again able to walk without a cane.
Mullen & Wood began to take their hogs to Wichita, which had a railroad...
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877.
Messrs. Mullen & Wood have gone to Wichita with their hogs. It will cost them over two hundred dollars to drive them to that point. But for all that Mr. Wood is opposed to changing the law so that we can get a railroad.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877.
FEEDING HOGS. J. H. Saunders, who lives six miles northeast of Winfield, brought us by wagon one Poland China shoat on the 3rd day of January, weighing 27½ pounds. We fed the same on corn and water, until January 30th, at which time it weighed 330 pounds. This we think a pretty good gain, but we have quite a number of hogs in our feed lot which have done as well and some much better. MULLEN & WOOD.
Winfield, February 16, 1877.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.
The war prospect in Europe stiffens the market for pork and breadstuffs. Exchange.
There, that’s just our luck. We have sold our last pig to Cliff Wood and now a foreign war sends pork sky high.
E. C. Manning ceased to be editor of the Winfield Courier on August 23, 1877. The coverage on C. M. Wood and W. L. Mullen was increased.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.
On last Friday we met Mr. C. M. Wood on the way to Wichita with a drove of fat hogs. We also met John B. Holmes with a load of the same kind of fruit.
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
C. M. Wood has bought a Poland-China pig less than five months old that weighs 248 pounds. Sire and dam both imported from Illinois.
Winfield Courier, August 22, 1878.
Mullen & Wood are “rounding up” for another drive of fat hogs. They will have about 300 in this drive and will take them to Wichita. They are buying stock hogs also.
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
Mullen & Wood are paying 2½ cents for hogs in round lots. There has been a break in the market, hogs one-half cent off.
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
Mr. C. M. Wood on last Sunday morning was attacked by a 250 pound boar who seized him by the leg, threw him down, and commenced “chawing him up” in the most ferocious manner. R. B. Waite came to the rescue and saved C. M. from being turned into pork. It seems the hog fortunately was not equipped with tusks and therefore his victim was not torn but only bruised.
The following item reflects some of the activities covered by C. M. Wood besides handling hogs. It also indicates a dislike by some for Wood...
Winfield Courier, September 12, 1878.

Last week, under the head of “District Court,” we announced that the case of the State vs. C. M. Wood was dismissed. This action was brought with the view of ousting the defendant from his office as Councilman of the City of Winfield on the charge of taking too much whiskey. The dismissal of the case for want of evidence is as complete a vindication of Mr. Wood as would have been a trial and acquittal. C. M. Wood has been peculiarly energetic, efficient, and valuable as a member of the city council and has always had the welfare of the city at heart. We can point with pride to our miles of fine stone sidewalks, among the best in the state, and to many other valuable improvements and regulations, most of the credit of which is due to him, and we are not among those who are always ready to “sit down on” every man who has labored earnestly and efficiently for the good of our city and county.
Winfield Courier, September 19, 1878.
We are informed that at the suggestion of Acting Mayor Wood, card tables have been abolished from the saloons of the city. This we believe to be a good move, both on the part of the city and the saloon men, as nearly every difficulty that has occurred has been over a game of cards. This is, we understand, a mutual agreement between the city and the saloon men.
Winfield Courier, September 26, 1878.
We have to call attention to the notice of Mullen, Wood, Lynn, and Waite in regard to trespasses on their feed lots. These gentlemen say that they have had quite a number of hogs shot and killed by some malicious or careless persons. They intend that if there is a law in this country for the protection of stock to enforce it.
NOTICE. All persons are forbidden from entering our feed lots or traversing the Walnut River between them with or without fire-arms of any kind. Any such trespassers will be dealt with according to law. MULLEN & WOOD, J. B. LYNN, R. B. WAITE.
Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.
Cliff Wood returned from Wichita last Sunday night, where he has been selling hogs. He reports the hog market tolerably dull.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.
Mullen and Wood started to Wichita with another drove of hogs last Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.
Mr. C. M. Wood returned from Kansas City on Sunday evening, having disposed of his hogs at that place. Cliff reports the hog market is “down.”
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.
Mullen & Wood are making preparations for another drive of hogs in a few days. It will be the largest drive this season, as they have about eight hundred head of very fine hogs, and are receiving others every day.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.
Owing to the low prices of hogs in the market, Mullen & Wood have put off their drive for awhile. Their stock is doing well, and in case there should be no advance, they will get well paid for their care and attention. They have on hand 700 head and more to come in when called for, all in splendid condition.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mullen & Wood started yesterday morning driving 800 of the finest hogs ever driven out of this county. We think they will strike a good market.
Winfield Courier, June 26, 1879.
W. J. Hodges started to Wichita to-day with another large drove of hogs, some 700 in number. Messrs. Mullen and Wood will also start about July 1st with a drove of 1206. The total of the many droves which have been taken out since Jan. 1st will be over 4,500 and the average price paid has been about $2.50 per hundred pounds. The price is now $2.90, nearly equal to Wichita prices. The gentlemen above named have been dealing largely in hogs and have been content with a small margin, thereby making a good market at home and keeping money here that would otherwise be carried out of the county.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.
Wichita Herald: Twenty-four car loads of hogs left this point by the Tuesday morning’s train consigned to the popular commission house of Jas. Telley & Co., Kansas City. The hogs belong to Messrs. Mullen and Wood of Winfield and M. H. West of this city. This, we believe, is the largest consignment of stock to one house that has left here for some years.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.
It was thought after Mullen & Wood had forwarded their late enormous shipment of 24 car loads of hogs that on account of the decline they would lose $2,000 at least, but before they sold the prices had so far recovered that they cleared about $500.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
Mullen and Wood shipped by wagon 141 fat hogs to Wichita for shipment to Kansas City, on the 17th. This makes 2,600 fat hogs that they have sent to market in the last six months.
Winfield Courier, October 9, 1879.
The thoroughbred Poland China boar, owned by Mr. Wood, carried a whole tail full of blue ribbons, and was a magnificent hog.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
Fourteen wagon loads of hogs came in Monday and were readily disposed of at $4 per hundred. Five or six loads of wheat also came in; 85 cents was the highest bid. Wood is worth $5.00 per cord.
Winfield Courier, September 22, 1881.
The writer was among the hundreds of Cowley County people who spent last week at the Topeka State Fair, and unlike Cliff Wood and R. B. Pratt, he is glad of it. They had their pockets picked. He didn’t. Topeka pickpockets have long ago learned to know newspapermen and respect them. They never try to get a nickel out of one.
Wood going it alone...
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
C. M. WOOD, LIVE STOCK DEALER AND SHIPPER. Office two doors south of the banks, Winfield, Kansas.
                                    PARTNER NO. 2: GEORGE W. MILLER.
George W. Miller and C. M. Wood: partners in handling hogs...

Winfield Courier, December 22, 1881.
Quite a number of fat hogs have been delivered at Winfield during the week. Mr. Miller being a new buyer, bought the most of them at good prices. Miller and Wood made things lively last week.
Winfield Courier, December 29, 1881.
A neat little swindle was perpetrated on Cliff Wood and a hog buyer of Arkansas City last week. A fellow claiming to be J. Parr, of Grouse Creek, went to Arkansas City and sold a lot of hogs at a fixed price to be delivered at a certain time and secured twenty dollars down to bind the bargain. He then came to Winfield and repeated the sale to Cliff Wood, getting sixty dollars down. When the time came for delivery, the hogs were not brought in, and an officer was sent down to Grouse Creek to see about it. He found Mr. Townsend Parr, who was somewhat aston­ished to learn that he sold eighty dollars worth of hogs and got the money for them. He came to Arkansas City; but as soon as the hog buyers saw him, they said he wasn’t the man. It was after­ward learned that the fellow was a slick swindler.
Cowley County Courant, January 12, 1882.
Miller & Wood seem to lead Southern Kansas in the purchase of hogs for shipment. They shipped Wednesday five carloads from Oxford, one from Winfield, one from Cambridge, and one from Burden. They have, during the past thirty days, shipped about forty carloads. While Miller remains in our city looking after the business here, Cliff Wood is out in the country buying all the hogs he can find.
Owner of C. M. Wood farm north of Winfield: B. B. Vandeventer...
Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.
Mr. B. B. Vandeventer of Versailles, Illinois, is visiting this city for two or three weeks. He is the owner of the C. M. Wood farm adjoining the city on the north, including the Island Park, all of which is very valuable property. He is hale and hearty and seems to enjoy life in a rational way.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
Mr. Spruens, of Beaver Township, sold thirteen hogs Saturday to Cliff Wood, averaging 367 pounds, for which he received $6.60 per hundred.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1883.
Gammon Brothers marketed 48 head of hogs at Seeley last Wednesday. They were sold to Miller & Wood of Winfield for $4.12½ per hundred and averaged 340 lbs. a head.
C. M. Wood retires. This forces Geo. W. Miller, stock dealer, to send for his son, Joseph Miller, who was at school in Richmond, Kentucky.
George W. Miller, born February 22, 1841, near Crab Orchard, Lincoln County, Kentucky.
George W. Miller married Mary Anne (Molly) Carson on January 9, 1866, in Louisville, Kentucky.
Joseph Carson Miller, oldest son, born March 12, 1868.
Joe Miller was 15 years of age when he started handling hogs.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Master Joe. Miller, son of Geo. W. Miller, our stock dealer, has returned from school at Richmond, Kentucky, and taken charge of his father’s business in this city, Cliff Wood having retired. Joe. shows more manliness and business than many boys very much older.

The Ponca Indians were settled on their reservation by June-July 1878 on the former “Dean Ranch.” At that time Joe Miller was ten years of age, and was living in Newtonia, Missouri.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 9, 1878.
Ponca Indians Seek New Reservation. The Chetopa Herald says: The Chief of the Ponca Indians and a number of his tribe passed through here Wednesday, going west in search of a new reservation. It seems they do not like their new home near Baxter and President Hayes has promised them a new reservation. They were accompanied by their new agent, Mr. A. G. Boone.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 16, 1878.
COL. BOONE, the agent of the Ponca Indians, was here last week with a dozen or more members of the tribe, who had been looking for a home in the Territory, on the Salt Fork river. There is a prospect of the tribe being located south of this place. Mr. Boone is a grandson of old Daniel Boone, the Kentucky pioneer, and has been with Indians in the West for more than twenty-five years.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 27, 1878.
The Chetopa Herald says that the agent of the Ponca Indians, now located near Baxter Springs, has decided to remove them to a part of the Arapaho and Cheyenne reservations, south of Arkan­sas City. This will cause a still greater demand for dead dogs.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 10, 1878.
C. M. Scott, Arkansas City, Kas.: I had hoped to have located in your neighborhood before this, and had ordered my mail sent to your office, but from some unknown cause in the Indian Department have not received orders for the removal of the Poncas.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 24, 1878.
It is stated that Colonel Boone, who has had charge of the Ponca Indians, has been removed from the office of Indian Agent. The old Colonel has been among Indians for the past thirty years, but we suppose someone with more political friends wanted the place, and he has to go.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 1, 1878.
Eighteen teams crowded the streets last Sunday. Some were loaded with groceries, some with agricultural implements for S. P. Channell, and others were going to and coming from Pawnee Agency. In the afternoon a long file of Ponca Indians with pack ponies passed through town on their way north.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 15, 1878.
About three hundred and fifty Ponca Indians had a grand war dance in the streets of Chetopa, Labette County, last Saturday. They were on their way to their new reservation west of the Arkansas. They are said to be loathsome objects to look at.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 12, 1878.
The Senate confirmed the following nominations.
Indian Agent: William H. Whiteman, of Kansas, Ponca Agency, Indian Territory.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 19, 1878.

COMMISSARY. MESSRS. SCHIFFBAUER BROS. have received the contract for building a commissary for the Ponca Indian supplies, to be located at Dean’s ranch, on Salt Fork. Dimensions, 70 x 24 feet, one story. Frank Schiffbauer started to Wichita with 12 teams, on Monday last, to purchase and bring down the lumber necessary to fill their contract.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 19, 1878.
GENERAL McNEIL is still devoting his time to the hungry Ponca Indians. He will contract for the erection of a commissary building 24 feet wide, 70 feet long, and 12 feet high, to be erected on the Ponca reserve near Dean’s ranch, about thirty miles south of this place, where about three hundred of the tribe are now located on a 35,000 acre reserve. Beef, sugar, and coffee are issued to them in amounts of about $100 per week. The Dean boys furnish the beef, and Schiffbauer Bros., the groceries. They have contracted to furnish them 10,000 pounds of flour, 1,000 pounds of coffee, and 2,000 pounds of sugar.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 26, 1878.
The lumber for the Ponca commissary house went down yester­day. Schiffbauer Bros. have the contract, and Parker & Canfield are building it.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.
MR. A. A. NEWMAN returned from the East last Friday night, where he has been for the past six weeks looking after his flour contracts for the several agencies in the Territory. He reports that times are not much better there than here, and complaints of the stringency of the money market are as loud and frequent there as in the West. Mr. Newman’s contracts call for 1,216,500 pounds of flour, as follows.
Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency: 600,000 lbs.
Wichita Agency: 100,000 lbs.
.     Kiowa and Comanche Agency: 300,000 lbs.
Ponca Agency: 150,000 lbs.
Sac and Fox Agency: 66,500 lbs.
He also has the contract for freighting Indian supplies from Wichita to the Ponca Agency, a distance, probably, of eighty-five or ninety miles.
The awarding of the above contracts to Mr. Newman will create a good home market for a large portion of the wheat raised in Cowley and Sumner counties, and he says he will pay cash for what he buys and for the freighting also. This is business, and we guarantee our farmers a better market here than they can get by hauling their grain sixty or seventy miles to Wichita, or by paying twenty or twenty-five cents per bushel to have it hauled.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum