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J. N. Harter

                                                        Druggist, Winfield.

The Winfield census of 1878 listed; Charley, age 30; E., age 54, and his wife, E., age 54; Joe N., age 27; Lewis C., age 31, and his wife, age 26; Virgil, age 27, and his wife Tillie, age 24.
J. N. Harter.
He was a druggist of Winfield for over forty years, and his death occurred in 1927 when he was seventy-eight years of age.
His daughter Nina E. (Nila Emila) Harter, married Martin Jarvis on October 14, 1902, and they had one daughter, Janet E. Jarvis, who was born September 30, 1904.
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Winfield Courier, June 21, 1877. J. N. Harter, brother of our Charley, “lit” down on us the other day, all the way from Ohio. He is now in full charge of Green’s drug store. “Joe” is a druggist of several years experience and will make a popular and efficient salesman.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1877.
IRA McCOMMON and Jos. Harter have bought out the drug store of A. H. Green and will continue the business under the firm name of McCommon & Harter. Both are industrious, enterprising, and careful young men; with good habits and the good will of the whole community. Of course they will succeed.
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1877.
McCommon & Harter, at A. H. Green’s old stand, have a full stock of Drugs, which they offer at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to prescriptions. Give them a call.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1877.
McCommon & Harter have just received a complete stock of paints, oils, and varnishes; also school books and new goods for the holidays. They will be found at the corner drug store, opposite the post office.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1877.
                                                          Winfield Socially.
The coming winter bids fair to be the most pleasant, socially, that Winfieldians have ever experienced. Many changes have taken place in the circle of young folks since the good old frontier days. New and attractive young ladies and gentlemen have settled amongst us, giving to Winfield an air of city life and gaiety when they meet “in convention assembled.” The recent Thanksgiving ball was followed so closely by Miss Kate Millington’s “dancing party,” and both so largely attended, that the indications are that those “who look for pleasure can hope to find it here” this winter. The last mentioned party, to use a stereotyped expression, was a “brilliant success.” Probably of all the gay and charming gatherings that have “tripped the fantastic,” etc., in our city, this was the most pleasant. The music was excellent, the refreshments good, and the polite and attentive demeanor of the fair hostess most agreeable.

The following persons were fortunate enough to be present at this party: Judge W. P. Campbell, of Wichita; W. W. Walton, of Topeka; Herman Kiper, of Atchison; Fred C. Hunt, W. C. Walker, Bert Crapster, Ed. P. Greer, Charley Harter, J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. J. Holloway, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Green, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Harter, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Earnest, Mr. and Mrs. James Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Thompson, Miss Ina Daniels, S. Suss, Josephine E. Mansfield, G. E. Walker, Mary McGaughy, M. B. Wallis, Fannie Wallis, Wilbur Dever, Maggie J. Dever, W. C. Root, Jennie Hahn, W. Gillelen, Mattie Coldwell, J. N. Harter, Carrie Olds, T. C. Copeland, Katie McGaughy, O. M. Seward, Nora Coldwell, Dr. Strong, Amie Bartlett.
Of course, they one and all enjoyed themselves; wished the occasion might be often repeated, and voted (in their minds at least) Miss Kate to be the most “social campaign organizer” in the city.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1877.
Mr. J. T. Weston, late of Creston, Iowa, has been stopping for a few weeks in our city, and has decided to permanently locate among us. He is building a business house on 9th avenue, just east of McCommon & Harter’s drug store, in which he intends engaging in the stove and tinware business. Mr. Weston is a good workman and will give general satisfaction.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1877.
McCommon & Harter have just received a complete stock of paints, oils, and varnishes; also school books and new goods for the holidays. They will be found at the corner drug store, opposite the post office.
Winfield Courier, December 27, 1877.
McCommon & Harter have a new sign.
Winfield Courier, January 3, 1878.
                                                    Notice to Sunday Schools.
McCommon & Harter will supply you with the Sunday School Times, Scholars’ Quarterly, and Weekly lesson leaves; also have on hand a large assortment of bibles, testaments, and psalms. McCOMMON & HARTER, Opposite the post office.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
Notice the new “ad.” of J. T. Wilson & Co. They are the best kind of workmen and will supply tin work and stoves at prices and of quality that will be sure to please.
AD:                                                            LOOK
                                                           To Your Interest!
                                                      J. T. WESTON & CO.
                                                      Have just opened a new
                                                         Stove and Tin Store.
                                               Job Work & Roofing a Specialty.
                                                 Prices Lower than the Lowest.
                                               Ninth Avenue, Winfield, Kansas.
                               Next Door East of McCommon & Harter’s drug store.
Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.
                                                      Dramatic Entertainment.
At the courthouse, Monday evening, April 15th.
First act of “Rip Van Winkle,” with Chas. McGinnis as Rip.
Violin duet by the Roberts Brothers.
To conclude with “The Persecuted Dutchman.”

Reserved seats 35 cents; for sale at McCommon & Harter’s.
Winfield Courier, April 25, 1878.
McCommon & Harter have received two large, elegant show cases, which show off to advantage in their well stocked room.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
McCommon & Harter have some of the finest new show-cases we have seen.
Winfield Courier, July 18, 1878.
D. M. Harter, brother of our sheriff and our druggist, arrived in town last Thursday. He is young, good looking, and if he is like his wholesome brothers, will find friends fast enough.
Winfield Courier, August 15, 1878.
News room with all the late papers at McCommon & Harter’s Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, August 15, 1878.
Jo. Harter, D. Giles, M. B. Wallis, and Ivan Robinson left last Tuesday with tent and frying pan to go to Salt City and beyond on a hunting trip and try the pleasures of camp life.
Winfield Courier, August 22, 1878.
Messrs. Harter, Robinson, Giles, and Wallis returned from a trip to Salt Springs last Saturday and brought over twenty gallons of the “mineral water” with them. The boys are firm in the belief that the Springs are destined to be a great resort for invalids and persons seeking health and pleasure.
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
FIRST FRUIT. J. P. Short is again in the market with peaches, and people who have been waiting on him can now be supplied. See his “ad.” in another column.
I am now prepared to deliver fine canning fruit; large white and yellow clings for preserving and picnicking, and fruit suitable for drying and peach butter. Leave word for me at McCommon & Harter’s drug store and I will call and take your orders. J. P. SHORT.
Winfield Courier, October 3, 1878.
                                                    Concert at the Courthouse.
A grand concert will be held at the courthouse on Friday evening next under the auspices of the I. O. O. F. The best musical talent of the city will perform on that occasion and the proceeds will be applied for the relief of
                                          THE YELLOW FEVER SUFFERERS
of the South. Let everyone turn out and enjoy a rich treat and at the same time relieve suffering humanity. Admission 35 cents; reserved seats 50 cents, to be had at McCommon and Harter’s drug store.
Joseph N. Harter marries Carrie Olds, daughter of J. H. Olds...
Winfield Courier, October 10, 1878.
MARRIED. Married at the residence of the bride’s father, Mr. J. H. Olds, on Monday, October 7th, by Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. Joseph Harter and Miss Carrie Olds, all of Winfield.
The ceremony was performed at half past nine o’clock in the morning and the newly married pair started immediately for St. Louis to attend the Annual Exposition now in progress at that place.

Winfield Courier, October 17, 1878.
Dave Harter is stopping in McCommon & Harter’s drug store while Joe is gone on his wedding trip.
Winfield Courier, October 24, 1878.
                          Office of the Secretary of the Walnut Valley Fair Association.
                                           WINFIELD, KANS., Oct. 18, 1878.
To the officers, stockholders, and patrons of the above named association: I have the honor to submit herewith a detailed statement of the receipts and disbursements of the association from its organization to the present time, as per order of the Executive Board dated Oct. 17th,   Disbursements: McCommon & Harter, books.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 14, 1878. Front page.
Winfield Courier, November 14, 1878.
                                                DRS. BLACK & EMERSON,
will attend to calls promptly in city or country. Particular attention given to Surgery and Diseases of Women and Children.
Microscopy and chemical analysis a specialty. Office in McCommon & Harter’s drug store, upstairs.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1878.
                                                   City Council Proceedings.
                                       Harter & McCommon, merchandise: $3.05
Winfield Courier, December 19, 1878.
                                              The Cantata of the Flower Queen.
This beautiful cantata will be presented to the citizens of Winfield and vicinity at
                                              MANNING’S OPERA HOUSE,
on Thursday and Friday evenings, December 26 and 27.
It will be performed by a full orchestra of the best musical talent in Winfield, under the direction of Prof. C. Farringer. The proceeds will be applied to organize a permanent musical society at this place. Tickets will be on sale at McCommon & Harter’s drug store.
Winfield Courier, December 26, 1878.
If the party that received (by mistake) a five dollar gold piece ($5.00) Saturday at McCommon & Harter’s drug store, will return the same and oblige
                                                  McCOMMON & HARTER.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
Listed as a Courier Advertiser:

McCOMMON & HARTER are young druggists of character, industry, and affability. They were schooled in drug stores and understand their business. They pay careful attention to prescriptions, which they make a specialty. They have a newsstand and various other accessories to their trade.
Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.
Board of County Commissioners met in regular session [Janu­ary 6, 1879]. Present: R. F. Burden, W. M. Sleeth, and G. L. Gale, commissioners, James McDermott, county attorney, and M. G. Troup, county clerk.
Among other proceedings had, bills against the county were presented and passed upon by the board as follows.
                                            McCommon & Harter, merchandise.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.
McCommon & Harter have a miniature aquarium on exhibition in their front window, in which they have confined several specimens of that historic fish known as the “sucker.”
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
The following is a list of the principal business firms of Winfield.
                                                          DRUG STORES.
McCommon & Harter, Brown & Glass, Ed. G. Cole, J. Fleming, Giles Bros., Johnston & Lockwood.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.
McCommon & Harter now proclaim to the world that they will give a thimble full of lemon juice with four ounces of squirt for half a dime.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.
Smoke the “Laurel Wreath,” the best five cent cigar in the market; at McCommon & Harter’s drug store.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.
Mr. Joe Harter has captured a young wild cat.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1879.
McCommon & Harter last week received two large show cases, and also a lot of goods to put in them. They now have the neatest drug store in the city.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.
On last Monday evening, Dec. 1st, Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Hollo­way entertained their many friends at their pleasant residence in South Winfield, the occasion being the birthday of Mrs. Holloway. A most delightful evening was spent in dancing, social converse, and in partaking of the various good things prepared by their kind hostess. Among those present were Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Jo. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Allison, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. Root, Mrs. C. J. Adams; Misses Coldw­ell, Meech, Holmes, McCoy and Millington; Messrs. Harris, Robin­son, Goldsmith, Seward, Bahntge, and Suss. All united in wishing Mrs. Holloway many happy returns of this most pleasant birthday.
Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.
Last Monday Frank Barclay examined the city pumps and found that the reason they would not work was because there was no water in the wells. The greatest depth in the one on the corner near Harter & McCommon’s was 4¼ inches.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.

A refractory steed caused sad havoc with one of McCommon & Harter’s awning posts Saturday. It took a V to settle the bill and convince the owner that it is cheaper and better to tie to the hitching posts.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.
                                                           March 18, 1880.
Notice is hereby given that the co-partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of McCommon & Harter is this day dissolved by mutual consent. The liabilities of the old firm will be paid by Mr. Harter. IRA L. McCOMMON, J. N. HARTER.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.
Persons knowing themselves indebted to the firm of McCommon & Harter are requested to call and settle immediately. It is cheaper to settle at once. McCOMMON & HARTER.
Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.
Joe Harter has a baby at his house.
Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.
Joe Harter is in the girl baby business.
Harter Bros.’ drug store???
Winfield Courier, October 14, 1880.
C. Trump will open his tinshop in the building back of Harter Bros.’ drug store instead of near the bowling alley, as we stated last week.
Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.
C. Trump, formerly with S. H. Myton, has started a tin shop, hardware, and stove store first door east of Harter’s drug store. Mr. Trump is acknowledged to be the best tinsmith in town. Give him a call when you want good honest work at 25 percent less than you have been paying.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
                                                      Prohibition in Kansas.
                                How It Has Killed Winfield and Cowley County!
      Statements of Businessmen of Winfield and Leading Citizens of Cowley County,
                                          Kansas, in Relation to the Situation.
                                          HARTER BROTHERS, DRUGGISTS.
Our trade is good but not so good as a year ago. There are reasons why it should be less. Poor crops and less sickness, are principal. It is too early to tell what the effect of the prohibitory law is or will be. We shall not take a druggist’s license at present, but await a decision of the supreme court to define the meaning of the law, and in the meantime shall not sell liquor for medical or any other purpose.
Winfield Courier, October 6, 1881.
Mr. and Mrs. Harter, parents of Joe, Charlie, and Dave, have been spending the past week in the city.
Winfield Courier, October 6, 1881.
Mr. Joe Harter has been absent for the past few weeks, visiting at Eureka Springs. During his absence J. P. Short did duty as drug clerk.
Winfield Courier, November 3, 1881.

Today the grand hunt of the sportsmen’s club takes place. The boys started out this morning bright and early, armed to the teeth, and were enough to scare a poor little quail or rabbit out of its wits; although if the poor things were sensible, they would know they were in no danger. Jo Harter is the captain of one gang and Amasa Speed of the other. There are ten sportsmen on each side and the losers must pay for a grand banquet at the Brettun tomorrow evening. Each shooter must declare Under oath that he bagged the game he brings in. A bear counts 500. We hope Charley Black will get two bears.
Winfield Courier, November 10, 1881.
The Grand Hunt proved a grand success. Several catastrophes are reported. Jake Nixon burst a barrel of his fine breech-loading gun, Tom Soward lost a “plunger,” and Deacon Harris got soaking wet. The score was a very fair one!
J. N. Harter: 830                                        A. D. Speed: 170
J. M. Keck: 1,000                                      B. F. Cox: 290
G. A. Rhodes: 975                               C. C. Black: 90
T. H. Soward: 335                               G. L. Eastman: 2,375
S. Burkhalter: 480                                Dr. Davis: 450
Jacob Nixon: 80                                         E. Meech, Jr.: 285
Fred Whitney: 765                                Q. A. Glass: 180
____ Chapman: 980                                   Deacon Harris: 500
Total: 5,445                                                Total: 4,360
The defeated party gave a big banquet at the Brettun Friday evening and the tired and hungry sportsmen fed their friends and told of the hair breadth escapes of “mud-hen” and turtle-dove. Skunks counted fifty, but none were brought in.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
GEORGE EMERSON, PRACTICING PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office over McCommon & Harter’s drug store, Winfield, Kansas.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
DR. J. HEADRICK. Office on 9th avenue, second door east of Harter Bros. Drugstore, Winfield, Kansas.
Harter Bros....
Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.
                                                         The Catholic Fair.
“A little fun now and then is relished by the best of men.” The Catholic Fair, which closed Friday evening, Feb. 10, was the source of much amusement to the people of Winfield. Everything in the way of pleasure was there, and the citizens did not fail to patronize the good work. The businessmen when called upon for contributions responded liberally, as did the ladies, in donating the various articles for a supper and refreshment tables. The fancy articles which were donated were duly appreciated, and served to decorate the booths nicely. We do not pretend to name the several articles; however, we will give a few. The china set of one hundred and fifty seven pieces, which was won by Mr. J. B. Lynn, who afterwards presented it to Father Kelly, occupied a prominent position on one of the tables.
                                            Harter Bros. donated a pair of vases.
Ira McCommon purchases drugs formerly owned by E. W. Hovey & Co....

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.
Ira McCommon has purchased the stock of drugs formerly owned by E. W. Hovey & Co., and will be found from this time on at the stand occupied by them. Mr. McCommon was in the drug business with J. N. Harter some years and is an experienced hand at the business and deserves a liberal patronage.
Harter Bros....
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
                                   COAL & WOOD...AT ALLEN JOHNSON’S.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
                                                             Another Fraud.
Joe Harter has the reputation of being benevolent, helpful, and obliging, but the following circumstance will show that he can be wicked too. Last Monday evening after dark it became very cold and the men and boys on the street were shivering in their light spring suits. Jo lighted a lamp and placed in his heater stove in the drug store and the light shone brightly through the isinglass windows of the stove just as though there was a hot fire in the stove. Seeing this, the chilly chaps would come in, stand around the stove, rub their hands, turn their backs to the stove, wonder why they did not get warm, turn around, feel of the stove gingerly, and then shoot out of the door to escape the jokes and laughter of the uninitiated.
Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.
                                                            THE PISTOL!
          Lamentable Accident—How John Wesley Snyder Met His Death Saturday.
          On the Corner of Main Street and Ninth Avenue—Details of the Accident.
One of the saddest accidents ever recorded in the history of Winfield was the sudden and accidental shooting of one of Cowley County’s most respected farmers Saturday, about fifteen minutes before twelve o’clock.
The streets were crowded with people, and a notion wagon man from Topeka, was stationed just south of Harter’s drug store, selling his goods to all who wished to buy.
Mr. Snyder, an old resident of the county, who has lived on a farm about seven miles south of Winfield, on the Walnut, for the past eight or nine years, came to town this morning with a load of millet seed, which he expected to sell. He brought with him his wife and their baby, a little boy about sixteen months old.
Upon arriving in the city he walked down to the corners, as the crossing of Main street and Ninth avenue are termed, and was standing just at the rear of the notion wagon, listening no doubt to the man’s speech to the crowd. The notion man stood in his wagon in his shirt sleeves, his coat lying in the front end of the wagon upon a box, which it is supposed contained articles of some kind for sale. He went to this box, apparently, to take something out, and taking his coat in his hand returned to the rear end of the wagon and laid it down upon another box, when his pistol fell out of one of the coat pockets and to the ground, striking the hind wheel of the wagon as it fell, and was dis­charged.

There were perhaps three hundred people standing within range of the pistol, and all looked surprisedly around to see who, if anyone, was shot, but for a minute or more there seemed to have been no one hurt, when Mr. Snyder clasped his hands upon his breast and started around the wagon, staggering as though he was going to fall. This was the first sign of anyone being hurt, and those standing near, seeing the old gentleman reel, caught him, just as he was in the act of falling. He was lowered to the ground, the blood gushed from his nostrils and mouth, and inside of three minutes he breathed his last. On an examination it was found that the ball had entered his body near the point of his breast bone, and supposed to have passed upward through the heart. For minutes the surging crowd was uncontrollable, and the news flew through the city by telephone and word of mouth, and horror-stricken citizens could be seen coming and going in every direc­tion.
We can scarcely imagine anything which would so thoroughly shock our citizens and wring from one and all such general expressions of sympathy as did this shocking accident. To make the scene all the more effecting, just as the unfortunate man was breathing his last, there came through the crowd a woman—yes, a woman, bearing in her arms a child. The crowd, which had stood firm and dense, anxiously trying to get a glimpse of the dying man, parted as she approached, and she passed through to where he lay. It was his wife, and the child in her arms was his baby, its little tongue, not yet able to speak, lisped the word “papa.” This was a moment to try the strength of one’s nervous system. Brave men bowed in silence, and for a few moments the sight which their eyes fell upon was one long to be remembered.
That horror-stricken wife, with her child on one arm, knelt down in the blood and dust by the side of him to whom she has for years looked to for support and counsel, and gently raising his head, held it and respectfully kissed the mouth from which the blood was gushing. The poor woman was raised by strange hands and born away, and the crying child was taken charge of by a kind lady who was standing by.
The Coroner was there by this time, a jury summoned, and the body born to the office of H. G. Fuller, over the Post Office where an inquest was held. After hearing the evidence of a number of gentlemen who were present, the jury returned a verdict to the effect that Mr. Snyder came to his death from an acciden­tal shot fired from a pistol belonging to W. H. Wood, a traveling salesman. Mr. Wood was placed under arrest, but after the verdict of the jury was rendered, he was discharged.
It is a sad affair and has cast a gloom over the entire city and community.
It is a sad affair and has cast a gloom over the entire city and community.
John Wesley Snyder was born in Franklin County, Indiana, in December, 1835, and was at the time of his death 46 years old. He was the father of eleven children, six of whom are living and five dead. He has been a member of the Christian church for twelve years. He came to Cowley County about eight or nine years ago, and has ever been respected by all who knew him.
Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.
The social party at the residence of Dr. and Mrs. Emerson Thursday evening was one of the most enjoyable affairs within the history of Winfield. The Dr. and his estimable wife seem to thoroughly understand the art of entertaining their guests, and on this particular occasion, they were at their best, as it were.

The guests present were Miss L. Curry, Miss Andrews, Miss I. Bard, Miss I. McDonald, the Misses Wallis, Miss F. Beeney, Miss Jennie Haine, Miss A. Scothorn, Miss I. Meech, Miss Sadie French, Miss Julia Smith, Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Will Robinson, Ivan Robinson, Harry Bahntge, Eugene Wallis, W. H. Smith, W. A. Smith of Wichita, E. C. Seward, O. M. Seward, C. Campbell, C. H. Connell, Sam Davis, Capt. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Speed, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Barclay, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt, W. A. Walton, and Henry Goldsmith.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
On last Friday evening the residence of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller was the scene of one of the merriest as well as the “toniest” parties ever given in Winfield. Mrs. Fuller has entertained her friends several times this winter without any of the young folks being present, but this time she honored them by giving this party, which was duly appreciated. Everyone invited, with but two exceptions, was present and never were guests more hospitably entertained. The evening was spent in dancing and other amusements, while an elegant collation consisting of cakes and ice cream was served at eleven o’clock. At a late hour the guests dispersed, all thanking their kind host and hostess for the pleasant evening so happily spent. The costumes of the guests were elegant and worthy of mention. We give below a list which we hope will be satisfactory to the ladies mentioned.
Mrs. Fred C. Hunt wore a pale steel blue silk and brocaded satin dress with fine Spanish lace trimmings, white flowers.
Mrs. Colgate, white nuns veiling en train, white satin trimmings.
Mrs. George Robinson, pink brocade satin, underskirt of black silk velvet, point lace.
Mrs. Joe Harter, black silk velvet skirt, pink bunting over dress.
Mrs. W. C. Garvey, of Topeka, white Swiss muslin, red sash and natural flowers.
Mrs. Rhodes, silver gray silk, pink ribbons.
Mrs. Thorpe, very handsome costume of heliotrope silk and silk tissue.
Mrs. Steinberger, black brocade and gros grain silk, red flowers.
Mrs. Dr. Emerson, black satin dress, cashmere bead passementerie, diamond jewelry.
Miss Jennie Hane, fine white polka dot mull trimmed in Spanish lace, pink flowers.
Miss Clara Andrews, pink bunting polonaise, black skirt.
Miss Kelly, handsome black silk.
Miss McCoy, blue silk velvet skirt and blue and old gold brocaded polonaise, Honiton lace and flowers.
Miss Jackson, navy blue silk dress, lace sleeves and fichu.
The Misses Wallis were prettily attired in cream colored mull, Miss Lizzie with pale blue sash and Miss Margie in lavender.
Miss Ama Scothorn, cream colored cheese cloth, Spanish lace trimming.
Miss Alice Dunham, dainty dress of cream bunting.
Miss Julia Smith, beautifully flowered white silk polonaise, black silk velvet skirt, diamond jewelry.
Miss Ellis, elegant gray silk.

Miss Klingman, fine white Swiss, and wine colored silk.
Miss Bryant, brown silk dress, pink ribbons.
Miss Beeny, blue and gold changeable silk fine thread lace fichu, natural flowers.
Miss Cora Berkey, black silk skirt, pink satin pointed bodice.
Miss French, black gros grain silk, very elegant.
Miss Josie Mansfield, black silk and velvet, Spanish lace.
Mrs. Bullock, black silk trimmed in Spanish lace.
Miss Belle Roberts, light silk, with red flowers.
Miss Curry, striped silk, beautifully trimmed.
Miss Bee Carruthers, cream nuns veiling, aesthetic style.
Miss Kate Millington, peacock blue silk, Spanish lace sleeves and fichu.
Miss Jessie Millington, black silk velvet and gros grain.
The following gentlemen were in attendance. Their “costumes” were remarkable for subdued elegance and the absence of aesthetic adornment.
Messrs. Steinberger; J. N. Harter; G. A. Rhodes; E. E. Thorpe; George, Will, and Ivan Robinson; Fred and Will Whiting; Mr. Colgate; F. C. Hunt; C. E. Fuller; C. C. Harris; W. H. Smith; Will Smith; W. J. Wilson; Jos. O’Hare; Jas. Lorton; Frank and E. P. Greer; Eugene Wallis; Saml. E. Davis; L. H. Webb; Harry and Chas. F. Bahntge; Chas. Campbell; Ezra Nixon; L. D. Zenor; E. G. Cole; C. H. Connell; Mr. Ed. M. Clark of McPherson; and W. C. Garvey of Topeka.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
                                                           A Pleasant Party.
On last Thursday evening Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson entertained a large company of their young friends at their elegant residence, which they have been fitting up with new paper of a very beautiful and expensive pattern. Having the carpets up in the parlors, it was considered a good time to give a party and take the opportunity to indulge in a dance. The evening was just the one for a dancing party, for although “May was advancing,” it was very cool and pleasant, and several hours were spent in that exercise, after which an excellent repast consisting of ice cream, strawberries, and cakes was served, and although quite late the dancing continued some hours, and two o’clock had struck ere the last guest had lingeringly departed. No entertainments are more enjoyed by our young folks than those given by Mr. Robinson and his estimable wife. We append a list of those persons on this occasion: Misses Jackson, Roberts, Josie Bard, Jessie Meech, Florence Beeny, Jennie Hane, Kate Millington, Jessie Millington, Scothorn, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, Curry, Klingman, McCoy, Berkey; Mr. and Mrs. George Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. Jo Harter, Mrs. and Dr. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. George Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt; Messrs. W. A. Smith, C. C. Harris, Charles Fuller, Lou Zenor, James Lorton, Lovell Webb, Sam E. Davis, Eugene Wallis, C. H. Connell, Dr. Jones, Campbell, Ivan Robinson, W. C. Robinson.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
                                                              A Big Picnic.

The A. O. U. W. Society of Winfield are making arrangements for a grand basket picnic in Riverside Park, May 25th. Twenty-five neighboring lodges have been invited, special trains will be run, and a general good time indulged in. The following committees have been appointed.
Devotional exercises: Revs. Platter and Cairns.
Reception: J. S. Mann, W. R. Davis, J. F. McMullen, C. A. Bliss.
On grounds: Wm. Hodges, A. B. Snow, B. F. McFadden, John Burroughs, S. G. Gary, Wm. Caton, T. J. Harris, D. Dix.
On music: W. C. Carruthers, B. F. Wood, G. S. Manser, Chas. Green.
On Finance: B. M. Legg, A. D. Hendricks, J. N. Harter, H. S. Silver.
On invitations: E. T. Trimble, W. J. Hodges, G. F. Corwin.
On Printing: A. B. Sykes.
The committees are hard at work perfecting arrangements, and intend making this a memorable event in the history of their Society.
Winfield Courier, June 29, 1882.
Joe Harter has been “under the weather” for the past few days.
Harter Bros....
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
The following accounts were presented and referred to the County Commissioners.
                             Included in list: Harter Bros., Medicines for poor: $19.35.
Winfield Courier, October 19, 1882.
The Winfield Sportsman’s club met at the Brettun House parlors the evening of the 16th and elected their annual officers: C. C. Black, President; J. N. Harter, Vice President; Jacob Nixon, Secretary; and J. S. Hunt, Treasurer. Eleven new members enrolled. Second annual hunt to take place November 2nd, followed by a supper at the Brettun, at the expense of the losing side.
Harter Bros. Drug Store...
Winfield Courier, October 19, 1882.
Ten Dollar Reward. Strayed or stolen, on Sept. 18th, one liver colored Bird Dog 6 or 7 years old. 4 in. white spotted with red on left fore foot, 1 in. Same on right; medium size. Ten dollars reward will be paid for his return to J. N. Harter, Harter Bros. Drug Store.
                                                            J. N. HARTER.
Nina Harter and May Harter [Children of J. N. or L. C. Harter]???...    
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
                                                        Little Folks’ Party.

A large number of little folks gathered together at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor Monday afternoon to celebrate with little Mamie her third birthday. The crowd was the jolliest and liveliest we have seen and each of the little folks seemed to take in the full measure of enjoyment. A splendid repast was set for them which they attacked with a relish. Little Mamie received a large number of elegant presents from her young friends. The following is a list of the presents and of those present: 1 silver set knife, fork, and spoon; 2 Majolica plates; 2 gold sash pins; 1 gold ring; 1 child’s decorated china wash stand set; 1 child’s dinner castor; 1 hand painted mug; 1 porte-monnaie; 5 China cups and saucers; 2 China mugs; 1 glass mug; 1 doll’s parlor suite; 1 autograph album; 1 photograph album; 1 wood tea set combination table and cupboard; 1 Brittania tea set; 2 child’s glass sets; sugar bowl; butter dish, etc.; 3 dolls; 2 doll’s canopy top phaetons; 1 doll and carriage; 2 picture books; 1 flat iron and stand; 1 bell cart and span of goats; 1 bouquet; 1 basket of flowers; 1 satin puff box; 1 panorama egg; 6 elegant birthday cards; 1 little brown jug; 1 necklace of pearl beads; 1 shell box; 1 photograph with frame; 2 China match safes; 2 bottles perfumery; 1 card receiver (Kalo Meda); 2 handkerchiefs (embroidered); 1 collar; 1 tooth-pick holder.
Present: Misses Birdie Wright, Edna Glass, Blanche Bliss, Blanche Troup, Stella Buckman, Mamie Black, Frankie Black, Mary Spotswood, Maggie Pryor, Edna Pryor, Muriel Covert, Annie McDonald, Clara Austin, Pearl E. Snyder, Maggie Johnson, Emma Johnson, Bernice Bullen, Beryl Johnston, Nina Nelson, Nona Nelson, Lube Myton, Josie Myton, Ethel Carruthers, Mary Brotherton, Bell Brotherton, Nina Harter, May Harter, Maud Miller, Gertie Lynn, Effie Lynn, Edna Short, Alma Miller, Mollie Trezise, Lillie Trezise, Fannie Bryan, Flossie Bullen, Ollie Newcomb, Edna Fitch, Maud Cooper, Daisy Clark.
Masters Eddie Greer, Eddie Thorp, Ralph Brown, Roy Robinson, Bertie Silliman, Vere Hollenbeck, Charles F. Green, Charlie Sydal, Henrion McDonald, Dolphi Green, Clare Bullen, Bruce Carruthers, Edgar Powers, Charlie Lynn, Paul Bedilion, Codie Waite, Zack Miller, Willie Trezise, Carl Farringer, Walter Baird, and Willis Young.
J. N. Harter, shooter...
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
Sporting News. The Grand Annual hunt of the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club took place last Thursday. The club met at the Brettun House Monday evening and elected J. N. Harter and Fred Whitney captains. Each hunter, with the advice of his captain, selected his route, and most of them went out to the field the evening before. The following is the score.
J. N. Harter, Capt., 2,700; Jas. Vance, 1,400; Frank Clark, 1,140; Frank Manny, 200; Jacob Nixon, 1,780; Ezra Meech, 620; Sol Burkhalter, 610; Dr. Davis, 310; C. Trump, 150; Ed. P. Greer, 160; E. C. Stewart, 120; G. L. Rinker, 360. TOTAL: 9,550.
Fred Whitney, Capt., 110; G. W. Prater, 290; J. S. Hunt, 1,130; C. C. Black, 1,070; Jas. McLain, 1,000; A. S. Davis, 100; H. Saunders, 130; Q. A. Glass, 240; A. D. Speed, 240; Dr. Emerson, 190; J. S. Mann, 100; J. B. Lynn, 000. TOTAL: 4,660.
The gold medal was won by Mr. Harter. The tin medal will be won by J. B. Lynn. On next Wednesday evening the nimrods will banquet at the Brettun, at the expense of the losing side. The score made by Mr. Harter has never been equaled in this county.
J. N. Harter buys the interest of brother, Charles L. Harter, changes name to “J. N. Harter.” Henceforth, I reckon it will be named Harter Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.
The firm of Harter Bros., has been changed to J. N. Harter, Joe having purchased Charles’ interest in the stock. By the way, Winfield is witnessing a good many changes in firms in the last few weeks.
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.
Notice. Parties indebted to Harter Bros., will please call and settle inside of 30 days and oblige J. N. Harter, successor to Harter Bros.
Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

The gold medal awarded to J. N. Harter for the best score, by the Sportsmen’s Club, is now in the possession of that gentleman. It is an excellent trophy and Mr. Harter may well feel proud of it. One is awarded annually. We expect to have one before the next democratic president is elected.
Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.
                                                      About Horse Medicine.
T. H. Jackson, the famous horse-medicine man and proprietor of “Jackson’s Common Sense Liniment,” has been in the city several days—not for his health, as many might suppose, but to push his Liniment and to introduce his new “Common Sense Renovating Powder,” for pink-eye, coughs, colds, and worms in horses. The powders are not put up for chickens, goats, dogs, and to cure the ills of the whole animal kingdom, but are exclusively and emphatically for the purposes set forth above. We have interviewed several of our liverymen on the subject. W. L. Hands says: “Jackson’s Liniment is indispensable in my barn. It saves me hundreds of dollars a year, and never fails of a quick and permanent cure. If the powders do as well as the liniment, they will be of greatest benefit to horsemen.” Jas. H. Vance, of Major & Vance livery stable, says: “There is no use of talking, Jackson’s liniment is the best thing out. It cures sprains and bruises on a horse every time. The renovating powders, if they are equally as effective, will do wonders for horse flesh.” J. N. Harter says that the sale of Jackson’s Liniment is greater and gives better satisfaction than all the other liniments in the market. Druggist Brown also recommends it highly. It is for sale by them and all druggists.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
                                                      A Monumental Fraud,
                              With an Attempt to Make Anti-Prohibition Capital,
                                          And Establish Glickeries in Winfield.
                                                 A PETITION AND REPLY.
The following petition was circulated last week by Frank Manny, taken to Topeka, and presented by him to Senator Hackney.
WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 23, 1883.
HON. W. P. HACKNEY, State Senator, Topeka, Kansas.
Inasmuch as the Prohibition Amendment, as enforced, has always resulted in injury to the material development of our town—it having signally failed to accomplish the object sought, the suppression of the sale and use of intoxicating drinks—we would respectfully urge upon you the necessity of so providing for the enforcement of the law that its application shall be uniform throughout the State. If this is impossible, don’t sacrifice our town on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle.
                                     One of those who signed petition: J. N. Harter.
            Petition also signed by the other Harter brothers: C. L., D. M., and L. C. Harter.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
Bard and Harris have rented the room back of Harter’s drug store, formerly occupied by Trump’s tin shop, and will move their real estate office to that location soon.
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.

Bard & Harris are now cosily fixed up in their new office back of Harter’s drug store. This firm by liberal advertising and obliging treatment of customers are gaining an enviable reputation as land and loan agents, and are gentlemen with whom it is a pleasure to do business.
Harter’s Drug Store...
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1883.
Best assortment of mixed paints, lead, and oil; best mixed paints $1.25 per gal.; common $1. Harter’s Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1883.
                                                           Gun Club Shoot.
The Winfield Gun Club had their weekly glass ball shoot Tuesday. After the shooting a business meeting was held at which Chas. C. Black was elected Captain and Ed. P. Greer Secretary. A communication from the Arkansas City Club was considered and an invitation extended to that club to participate in a match shoot on next Tuesday as the guests of the Winfield Club. The following is Tuesday’s score.
                                        NAMES OF MEMBERS MENTIONED:
                      Manny, Harter, McLain, Whiting, Black, Lockwood, Greer, Clark.
Winfield Courier, May 3, 1883.
Joe Harter spends his evenings daubing paint on his garden fence with an old broom. They always have it during the first few warm days in the spring.
Excerpts from a lengthy article...
Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.
                                        WINFIELD AND COWLEY COUNTY.
We clip the following from the Indianapolis Sentinel, written by J. C. McKee, who recently visited this place.
Winfield and Cowley County, was finally reached in good order, and I have put in some days investigating the town and surrounding country. It is a substantial and thriving city of not more than 4,000 inhabitants, situated at the intersection of the K. C., L. and S. K. Railroad and a branch of the A., T. and S. F. The Walnut River bounds it upon the west and south and Timber Creek upon the north, while a line of bluffs guard the approach from the east. Thus it nestles in a pretty valley, and from the surrounding hills we obtained a complete bird’s-eye view of the town. Many of the business buildings, churches, and residences are made of the fine stone quarried here, and others are built of brick, making the general appearance of the place that of permanence and solidity. The streets are wide, and the main sidewalks are all paved with as fine flagstone as I ever saw. It is claimed that there are over twenty-five miles of stone pavements, and I doubt it not.
For personal favors I am under obligation to Capt. Hunt, County Clerk; Frank Raymond, one of the Indianapolis News Court reporters; Jos. Harter, druggist; Constable Siverd; Mr. Harris, of Bard & Harris; and not a few others, all of whom I found always ready and anxious to accommodate or oblige without stint. MAQUE.
Winfield Courier, July 5, 1883.
The weekly tournament of the Winfield Gun Club came off Thursday afternoon on the old fair grounds. The shooting was not so good as usual. The following is the score:

Jas. McLain 1-14; W. J. McLain, 1-12; J. N. Harter, 0-14; Frank Manny, 1-10; C. C. Black, 1-13; Ed. P. Greer, 1-10; C. E. Steuven, 1-10; Frank Lockwood, 1-9; T. H. Soward, 1-9.
Winfield Courier, August 30, 1883.
Mr. George Arnold’s fine bay team caromed with a dray Friday near Harter’s drugstore and broke off the end of the wagon tongue. They started up Main at a terrific gait with the tongue down and a young boy in the wagon. The result looked dubious for a few moments, but they were soon brought to a halt by running into a hitching rack at Baden’s store.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
Just received. 200 gal. best mixed Paint; every gallon guaranteed. Best $1.25 per gal. Iron Paint $1.00 per gal. At Harter’s Drug Store.
J. P. Short first resident on corner where Harter’s drug store stands, 13 years ago...
Winfield Courier, October 11, 1883.
J. P. Short is now a resident of Walnut Township, and is occupying his farm. He located on the corner where Harter’s drug store now stands, thirteen years ago. The first few months of his residence was made in a tent. The weather was bad, the tent leaked, and many were the hardships he experienced. He can look back to those days now with a good deal of satisfaction.
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1883.
                                                              Annual Hunt.
The grand annual hunt of the Winfield sportsmans club came off last Thursday. The captains were Jas. H. Vance and Jas. McLain. There were twelve hunters on each side, but several could not go, leaving ten on Capt. Vance’s side and only eight on Capt. McLain’s. The count was as follows:
Jas. Vance, Captain: 1,520
Frank Clark: 1,910
J. S. Hunt: 1,835
Kyle McClung: 1,130
J. Cochran: 1,855
W. P. Beaumont: 1,010
Frank Lockwood: 370
A. T. Spotswood: 205
A. S. Davis: 1,125
Jas. McClain, Captain: 1,230
J. N. Harter: 1,120
C. C. Black: 715
G. W. Prater: 970
Fred Whiting: 1,245
Ezra Meech: 3,420
Judge E. S. Torrance: 865
Wilson Foster: 1,380

Capt. Vance’s side having made 25 points the most was declared the victor.
The annual Banquet and presentation of the medals was held at the Brettun Saturday evening. It was an elegant affair and one of the most enjoyable of the season. In a neat and appropriate speech, Mr. C. C. Black presented the gold medal, awarded for the highest score, to Mr. Ezra Meech, who responded to the toast “How did you catch ’em?” with a full description of his days report and the methods he so successfully employed in bagging the festive little “cotton tail.” Next came the presentation of the tin medal, by M. G. Troup, which was done in that gentleman’s happiest vein. The recipient, A. T. Spotswood, responded in a short speech. After other toasts the company adjourned for business at which it was decided to hunt again with the same sides, on November 22nd. This is the third annual hunt of the club, and has been more successful than its predecessors.
Winfield Courier, November 22, 1883.
List of Jurors in attendance at the October Term of the District Court.
                           Talesmen. [Most paid $2.00 or $4.00...Not listing amounts.]
                                          Listed: J. N. Harter. Also: L. C. Harter.
May Harter, 9, daughter of either J. N. Harter or L. C. Harter...
                                               SCHOOL COMPOSITIONS.
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1883.
The pupils in Miss Crippen’s room, West Ward schoolhouse, were shown a picture of a boy and rabbits and requested to each write a composition on the picture. The following are some of the results. The compositions are given verbatim et literatim et “punctuatim.”
                                                       THE, PET, RABBITS.
I see a little boy with his pet rabbits. He is feeding them carrots. He has seven of them. They have long ears and pink eyes. He has curly hair. And red cheeks and blue eyes. I think that his mother has sent him to feed them. He is about three years old. He is in barn yard.
                                                  May Harter, Aged, 9, years.
J. N. Harter, Druggist...
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.
I have a beautiful stock of Holiday Goods. Will sell below cost, as I want the money to buy other goods, as I do not expect to close out.      J. N. HARTER, Druggist.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.
During the water works test on Monday, Jo. Harter and Henry Goldsmith had some of their goods injured by the streams from the hose being turned on their respective places of business. The loss was satisfactorily adjusted by the water company.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.
Lost. On last Saturday evening a ladies’ black fur boa. The finder will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at Harter’s Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1884.
Just received three hundred and fifty gallons mixed paint. Every gallon guaranteed, $1.25 per gallon, and $1.00 for iron paint. J. N. Harter, druggist.
J. N. Harter...

Winfield Courier, February 14, 1884.
                                                              More Fires.
Again, on Sunday evening, an attempt was made to set fire to property in the city. A lot of hay was stuffed under the rear end of Hendricks & Wilson’s hardware store and ignited. It was done about half past seven o’clock in the evening. Mr. James McLain, who has been acting as night watchman, first discovered and put it out. Shortly before, when walking across Manning Street and Tenth Avenue, he passed a man who was walking hurriedly. As soon as he passed, the man broke into a run, and a moment after McLain discovered the fire. When he turned, the man had disappeared in the darkness. What the object of these incendiaries is cannot be defined. The fire in the Hodges barn could have injured but little business property if successful. The fire started in the Shenneman barn, immediately after, when the hose was handy and hundreds of people standing around to use it, could not have been set with a very villainous intent to destroy, as the destroyer might have known it would be put out in a minute. The setting of the Sunday evening fire early in the evening, when everyone was about, showed a lack of deep intent to do great injury. However, our people have resolved to put a stop to it, and to that end the following paper has been prepared and duly signed, and the total sum of $222.50 goes to the person who runs the fire-bugs in.
We, the undersigned, promise to pay the sum set against our respective names as a reward for the apprehension and conviction of any person or persons engaged in setting any incendiary fire in the city of Winfield, either heretofore or hereafter.
S. C. Smith, T. K. Johnston, Horning & Whitney, Wm. Newton, Hudson Bros., McGuire Bros., J. B. Lynn, Geo. Emerson, COURIER Co., Ella C. Shenneman, W. S. Mendenhall, Winfield Bank, M. L. Read’s Bank, Rinker & Cochran, Miller & Dawson, H. Beard, Whiting Bros., Hendricks & Wilson, A. E. Bard, Johnston & Hill, J. N. Harter, Farmers Bank, Wallis & Wallis, F. V. Rowland, J. S. Mann, Hughes & Cooper, A. B. Arment, Quincy A. Glass, W. L. Morehouse, McDonald & Miner, Curns & Manser, J. D. Pryor, M. Hahn & Co., O’Meara & Randolph, S. H. Myton, J. P. Baden, Telegram, Scofield & Keck, Henry Goldsmith.
R. E. Sydal, S. D. Pryor, E. G. Cole, Kraft & Dix, H. Brown & Son, Brotherton & Silver, F. M. Friend, F. H. Blair, F. H. Bull, T. J. Harris, Albro & Dorley.
                                                   TOTAL RAISED: $222.50
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
Joe. Harter has run a branch of the water works system into his drug store.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
Strayed or Stolen. Saturday evening, April 19th, 1 Pointer Dog, liver colored, white spot on breast, one toe off hind foot; will give suitable reward for dog. If stolen, will give $50.00 for arrest and conviction of thief. J. N. HARTER.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.
Pauper bill of J. N. Harter referred to County Commissioners for payment.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Dave and Joe Harter have about completed two neat houses on the corner of Eighth Avenue and Platter Street. Dave will occupy one of them as a residence.
Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.
The election to fill the vacancy in the City Council from the Second Ward came off Tuesday. There was no opposition to speak of and, therefore, little interest manifested. The candidates were Joe Harter and George Crippen. Mr. Crippen received a good majority. He will make an excellent councilman and his election gives universal satisfaction.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
Lost. Pocket book containing $323.00 and papers with H. P. Lacy and S. E. Eslinger’s names. Will pay $50 reward. Leave at Harter’s drug store. S. E. Eslinger.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
PAUPER CLAIMS. Houghton & Kirkpatrick, Jas. Armstrong, Ware & Pickering, H. R. Rude, M. N. Sinnott, Richard Courtright, Samuel Thompson, J. N. Harter, T. W. Wood, Emily Wooden, L. S. Downs, S. B. Gailey, J. H. Sparrow, J. B. Lynn, S. B. Park, J. W. Jenkins, McGuire Bros., C. H. Staten, R. H. Moore.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
                                     Listed as one of the stockholders: J. N. Harter.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
                                            GENERAL NOTES OF THE FAIR.
Single roadster, mare or gelding, 4 years old or over; Arthur Bangs, 1st, Joe Harter, 2nd.
Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.
                                                          Strayed or Stolen.
Friday, December 19th, one liver colored Pointer Dog, one toe off left hind foot. If stolen, will give $50.00 reward for arrest and conviction of thief. J. N. HARTER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 8, 1885.
JUST AS GOOD. Most unscrupulous dealers may tell you they have remedies for Coughs and Cold equal in merit and in every respect just as good as the reliable Dr. Bosanko Cough and Lung Syrup, unless you insist upon this remedy and will take no other, you are liable to be greatly deceived. Price 50 cents and $1.00. Sold by J. N. HARTER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 8, 1885.
J. N. HARTER—the Druggist, who is always looking after the interest of his customers has now secured the sale of Dr. Bosanko’s Cough and Lung Syrup, a remedy that never fails to cure Colds, Pains in the Chest and all Lung affections. For proof, try a free sample bottle. Regular size 50 cents and $1.00.
Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Harter...
                                                   Tin Wedding Celebration.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 8, 1885.

On Wednesday evening of last week, Mayor Emerson and lady threw their pleasant home open for the entertainment of invited guests, it being the tenth anniversary of their wedding. Among those present were: Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams, Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mrs. J. E. Saint, Mrs. Perkins; Misses Sadie French, Margie Wallis, Jessie Millington, Josie Baird, Nettie McCoy, Anna McCoy, Mattie Harrison of Hannibal, Mo.; Messrs. E. H. Nixon, R. B. Rudolf, M. H. Ewert, M. J. O’Meara, and Ezra Meech. Each bore a token of respect and good will. Under the royal entertainment of Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, all passed the evening most enjoyably and departed with the old year, heartily wishing the “bride and groom” many anniversaries of their wedding, down to the one of diamonds, with its silver tresses.
J. N. Harter...
                                                  Doings of the City “Dads.”
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 8, 1885.
The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.
J. N. Harter, supplies for fire department, $4.00.
Following pauper claims were recommended to County Commissioners for payment: Holmes & Son, coal, $18.50; Rinker and Cochran groceries, $20.00; McGuire Bros. ditto, $31.00; J. W. Johnston, coffin, $10.00; J. N. Harter, medicines, $32.00; Mrs. H. H. Horner, Midwife services, $10.00; J. S. Rothrock, board, $2.00; L. L. Beck, R. R. fare, $12.00; Geo. Emerson, Medical attendance, $151.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1885.
FREE DISTRIBUTION. “What causes the great rush at J. N. Harter’s Drug Store?” The free distribution of sample bottles of Dr. Bosanko’s Cough and Lung Syrup, the most popular remedy for Coughs, Colds, Consumption, and Bronchitis, now on the market. Regular size 50 cents and $1.00.
                                               THE CITY GOVERNMENT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 5, 1885.
The following pauper bills were referred to the County Commissioners for payment.
Claims of J. P. Baden, amounting to $76.65; A. H. Doane & Co., coal, $161.40; J. N. Harter, medicines, $8.20; Bryan & Lynn, groceries, etc., $20.25; Rinker & Cochran, groceries, etc., $5; M. M. Finch, rent of house for Hiram Anderson, $8.
                             ABSTRACT OF COUNTY AUDITOR’S REPORT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 19, 1885.
Abstract of the monthly report of the County Auditor of Cowley County, Kansas, of claims certified to the County Clerk, on the First Monday of March, 1885.
                                               J. N. Harter pauper claim: $32.00
                                                    SOUTH BEND. “G. V.”
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.

Scene: Harter’s drug store. Enter Mr. Broadwell, who looks at a machine that is big enough to be a lung tester, but is not a lung tester. Broadwell asks: “What is this?” and Mr. Harter sees that Broadwell wants to use his lungs for once where it will tell, so Mr. Harter says, “That is a lung tester.” “Well, I have always wanted to expand myself on one of them machines,” says Broadwell, as he commenced blowing through a tube or hose. Harter watches him blow, and Broadwell looks for some kind of figures to arise somewhere on the machine so that he would know how many pounds he had blown. Harter laughs and says, “Why, you d     f    , that’s a soda fountain.” Moral—And Broadwell came straight home and he was so rattled that he offered to bet that 300 percent of the wheat crop was frozen. Additional moral—Those Winfield fellows must remember that they are “monkeying” with an arm of the law.
                                                        HOW IT WORKS.
                                  Whiskey and the Druggists From the Records.
                                            What it Takes to Preserve Health.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
On the 31st day of March all the druggists in the county holding permits filed the applications of the persons to whom they had sold liquor with the probate judge, as provided by the new prohibitory law. The sales only covered part of the month, as the law did not go into effect until the 13th. Each druggist filed with his bunch of liquor applications an affidavit setting forth that they covered each, every, and all sales of intoxicating liquors made by him from the date on which his permit was granted to the 31st of March. The application which the party buying the liquor must make is to the following form:
My name is J. Michael O’Rafferty. I reside at Winfield, postoffice at Winfield; I want one pint of whiskey to be used for medical purposes. Said whiskey is not intended for a beverage, nor to sell or to give away, and is necessary and actually needed for the purpose stated. Said whiskey is for myself and is for medical purposes. The above statement is true. J. MICHAEL O’RAFFERTY, Applicant. Attest: JAMIE G. FAY, Druggist.
This, with the number and date attached, is the only document upon which Mr. O’Rafferty can by any legal construction procure “a drop of the crater” with which to wet his whistle these dry and dusty days. If he happens to indulge too freely, in other words, takes of his self-administered medicine an overdose, he is arrested and must dance to the following interesting passage which occurs about the middle of the new law.
“Every person whose statement as made for the purpose of obtaining intoxicating liquors shall be false in any material matter, or who shall sell or furnish any of the liquors  thereon obtained to others as a beverage, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, and by imprisonment in the county jail not less than thirty days nor more than ninety days.
In other words, he must pay and go to jail both. Then the druggist is made a party to the act and if he winks at Mr. J. Michael O’Rafferty in a suspicious manner and gives out liquor on the statement, is bounced. . .
Skipped the rest of this long article.
Druggists mentioned: S. A. Steinberger, Mowry & Sollitt, Theo. Fairclo, Kellogg & Coombs, R.   . Butterfield, Grimes & Son, E. D. Eddy, at Arkansas City; J. N. Harter, L. M. Williams, Brown & Son, Q. A. Glass, at Winfield.
                                                    MUNICIPAL AFFAIR.

                          The Last Meeting of the Old Council, Monday Evening.
                                                    A Big Grist Ground Out.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
The old City Council held its last meeting Monday evening.
The petition of J. N. Harter and ten others for sidewalk on north side of blocks 188, 208, 228, and 248; sidewalk petition of Levi Doty and fourteen others, for walk on west side of blocks 192 and 193; petition of L. H. Webb and fifteen others, for walk on east side of lots 5 and 6 in block 134 and on east side of lots 1, 2, 3, and 4 in block 135; petition of V. E. Bartlett and 18 others for walk on north side of block 202, and on east side of the property on Andrews street between Fifth avenue and Fourth street were referred to the proper committee.
The following pauper claims were referred to the County Commissioners for payment: A. H. Doane & Co., coal, $15.95; J. N. Harter, goods and medicines, $12. O’Meara & Randolph, shoes, $1.25; George Emerson, medical attendance, $22.50; claims of J. C. Long, groceries, etc., amounting to $106.50.
                                                  TUESDAY’S ELECTION.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
Winfield never experienced an election day like Tuesday. But one candidate had opposition—Capt. H. H. Siverd. Every man on the ticket was such as would honor the position for which he was nominated—representative men selected from the tried and trusted of the city by a non-partisan caucus—a caucus the like of which Winfield never had before and will probably never have again. There was nothing to draw out a full vote. Everything was as tranquil as a May morning. The only riffle was caused by the feeble attempt of a certain element to down the irrepressible Capt. H. H. Siverd. But the Captain didn’t down worth a cent. The colored voters of the city made a mistake in allowing the whiskey mugwumps to cajole them into running their candidate after this honest defeat in the people’s convention. Following is the vote of the several wards.
                                                         FOURTH WARD.
W. G. Graham, 93; W. H. Turner, 91; John D. Pryor, 93; Geo. W. Robinson, 94; H. H. Siverd, 74; T. H. Harrod, 84; Archie Brown, 23; J. P. Baden, 91; J. N. Harter, 92; B. F. Wood, 91; W. H. Smith, 90. TOTAL: 92.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
                              PROCEEDINGS OF LAST NIGHT’S COUNCIL.
The new mayor and councilmen were then sworn in, composing the Council as follows:
Mayor, W. G. Graham; Councilmen first ward, W. R. McDonald and James Connor; second ward, A. H. Jennings, T. B. Myers; third ward, W. J. Hodges, G. H. Crippen; fourth ward, J. P. Baden, J. N. Harter. Councilman Crippen was unanimously elected president.
Mayor Graham announced the following standing committees for the year.
Finance—McDonald, Jennings, and Baden.
Street and Alleys—Hodges, Connor, and Myers.
Public Health—Crippen, Harter, and Myers.
Fire Department—Myers, Harter, and Crippen.
                                                  GIVE US PROTECTION.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.
The street fakir who has been distending his vocal organs on Harter’s corner for a day or two selling two-cent hose, handkerchiefs, and “sich” was raked in yesterday evening by Marshal McFadden for using obscene language, and assessed the usual fine and costs. It would have been better if the authorities had shut both his mouth and business. This idea of licensing these itinerant shysters and frauds to sell their shoddy stuff on our streets is the worst kind of false economy. Keep them out entirely. We have merchants who handle all these articles in good quality and at reasonable prices. Why should they be robbed of legitimate trade and the people gulled? These oily-tongued peddlers are on no other than a swindling mission, and the queer thing is that people who know this will allow themselves to be taken in repeatedly. Protect the people if they won’t protect themselves is the only correct official motto. If the City Council would refuse to license any of these itinerants, their action would be heartily endorsed by every citizen—without a squeal at making up in taxation what comes from these licenses. We have good merchants. Let us protect them. Even Democratic merchants kick against a tariff for revenue only. They want protection in the highest degree.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
                                         SOME ONE SHOULD BE NIPPED.
The first full month of business under the new prohibitory law ended on May first. Owing to the enormity of the task in figuring up these returns, THE COURIER is late in presenting them. When and as presented they furnish much food for reflection on the part of persons who care to observe the effects of whiskey on prohibition or prohibition on whiskey. The first bunch of statements tackled was that filled by S. E. Steinberger. It was a very extensive job. He filed five hundred and seventy-five statements, covering 407 pints of whiskey and 159 bottles of beer. Fifty gallons of whiskey in thirty days. This is a rattling good business. Many flourishing saloons would be proud of such a trade. The Chicago market report published in our news columns quotes whiskey as “firm at $1.15.” This is about the kind of whiskey Mr. Steinberger probably sells at never less than seventy-five cents per pint or six dollars a gallon. If it costs him two dollars a gallon, he has cleared at least two hundred dollars on his whiskey and twenty-five on his beer—a nice thing. The most probable thing is that his net profit on his beer and whiskey business was over three hundred dollars for the month. Steinberger this month as last heads the list. The sales at Arkansas City are as follows.
Steinberger, 575 sales, 407 pints whiskey, 150 bottles beer.
Grimes & Son, 438 sales, 172 pints whiskey, 120 bottles beer.
Butterfield, 226 sales, 156 pints whiskey, 8 bottles beer.
Fairclo, 206 sales, 100 pints whiskey, 76 bottles beer.
Mowry & S., 241 sales, 161 pints whiskey, no beer.
Kellogg & Co., 237 sales, 245 pints whiskey, no beer.
Total sales: 2,007. Total pints whiskey: 1,315. Total bottles beer: 581.
Thus it seems to take four barrels of whiskey and nearly six hundred bottles of beer to keep the city of Canals, boomers, and ineligible councilmen in good health for thirty days. The Winfield record for the same period is as follows.

Harter, 175 sales, 175 pints whiskey, no beer.
Williams, 182 sales, 171 pints whiskey, no beer.
Brown & Son, 197 sales, 136 pints whiskey, 215 bottles beer.
Glass, 108 sales, 138 pints whiskey, 24 bottles beer.
Total sales: 662. Total pints whiskey: 618. Total bottles beer: 239.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.
The rulers of the city met in semi-annual conclave last night with Councilmen Myers, Jennings, and Hodges absent.
Pauper claims of Read & Robinson, rent of house to Mrs. Quarles, $14; G. H. Buckman R. R. fare for Wm. Fisher and Geo. Hushman, $11.00, and J. N. Harter, medicines, $4.25, were recommended to the County Commissioners for payment.
                                               THE MEDICINE BUSINESS.
                         What It Takes to Keep Cowley’s Invalids on Their Pegs.
                                      Some Convalescing and More Liable To.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.
Cowley County is recovering her health—or some of her druggists are getting very bad. The batch of statements returned by the druggists of the county for the month of May show a decrease in sales that means something. From the earnest protests from some quarters against THE COURIER publishing this “legitimate” business, it would seem that caution, that better part of valor, had been punching them in the ribs. But it is rumored, as an explanation to the decrease in sales, that certain druggists are dispensing the ardent without requiring statements or prescriptions, or failing to file them when they are obtained. This matter will be thoroughly investigated, and Judge Gans has uttered his determination to chop off the head of every druggist of whom he has evidence of such proceedings, and County Attorney Asp will attend to the remains. S. F. Steinberger, the April lion, came up with a gentler batch. The first of May he filed 575 statements, covering 407 pints of whiskey and 150 bottles of beer. This month he files only 372 statements, covering 209 pints of whiskey, 11 pints of alcohol, and 10 pints of wine. He has sensibly retired from the beer business, as have most of the other druggists. The medicine business of April, as published by THE COURIER stood as follows.
                                                        ARKANSAS CITY.
Names             No. Sales.        Pints Whiskey.        Bottles Beer.
Steinberger             575                        407                        159
Grimes & Son        438                        172                        220
Butterfield               226                        156                        000
Fairclo                    206                        100                          76
Mowry & Son              241                        164                        126
Kellogg & Co.        237                        245                        000
Eddy                              84                          71                        000
Total:                    2006                      1315                        581
Names             No. Sales.        Pints Whiskey.        Bottles Beer.
Harter                          175                        173                        000

Williams                       182                        171                        000
Brown & Sons       197                        136                        215
Glass                            108                        138                          24
Total:                      662                        618                        239
E. W. Woolsey, of Burden, was the only suburban druggist with a permit in April and filed 220 statements for 191 pints of whiskey and 43 bottles of beer. Several permits were granted in May. The May medical record stands.
Thus it will be seen that, while Arkansas City is still very sick, she shows some evidences of improvement—possibly owing to the decampment of the boomers and soldiers, who breed great gobs of miasma. Steinberger must look to his laurels, or his “rep” will be gone. Grimes & Son down him this time in the aggregate, showing a blasted monopoly on the beer business. Nearly two barrels of “rot gut” isn’t so bad for A. C. It ought to either kill or cure her invalids pretty soon. Winfield shows a small decrease from April. Compared to Arkansas City, Winfield is a perfect heaven of healthfulness. Our interior department appears to be about status quo.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.
The “Dads” of the city met in regular session Monday, President Crippen in the chair, and Councilmen McDonald, Connor, Myers, and Harter present.
An occupation tax ordinance was passed, imposing license on most of the vocations of the city, the stipulations of which THE COURIER will present in ordinance form.
A citizens’ petition asking the council to pay the members of the fire companies a salary for monthly drill, was referred.
A water main extension petition was referred back for more signatures.
The petition for extension of gas mains was rejected.
W. L. Moorehouse was granted permit to build brick and stone building, extension of Spotswood’s grocery building.
J. P. Short corner, where Harter’s drug store is located, purchased by the Farmers Bank. Will erect bank. Short will also build three two-story buildings....
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.
The Farmers Bank has purchased, through Messrs. Harris & Clark, the J. P. Short corner, where Harter’s drug store is. They get seventy-five feet of the lot for $7,500. They will immediately begin the erection of a fine two story bank building. J. P. Short will also build three two story buildings, one fronting on Main street and two on Ninth Avenue.
Farmer’s Bank...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
The Farmer’s Bank folks have about determined to make their fine new bank building, on the Harter corner, three stories, with a basement. Our Masonic order is negotiating for the upper story for a lodge room.
John A. Eaton (Farmer’s Bank)...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
The rulers of the city held their regular commune Monday night, with Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, McDonald, Myers, Crippen, Harter, and Baden present.

Citizens’ petition to drain streets in southeast part of the city was referred.
John A. Eaton’s building permit was granted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.
The team of Mr. O’Neil, of Vernon, took a little spin on their own hook Monday, from the Ninth Avenue blacksmith shop, standing the spring wagon on its head as they turned the Harter corner, dislocating its joints. Our reporter nearly broke his neck to get this little item.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
The rulers of the city met Monday in regular semi-monthly commune. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen McDonald, Connor, Myers, Crippen, and Harter. Absent: Councilmen Jennings, Baden, and Hodges.
Building permits were granted J. P. Short and H. B. Schuler.
An indemnity bond was required of John A. Eaton, making the city harmless from any damage that might occur from moving the Harter building into 9th avenue.
J. P. Short landmarks all sold.
To be moved off to make room for Farmer’s Bank...
1) Headrick building; 2) Harris & Clark office; 3) Bliss & Wood grain office; 4) harness shop (purchased by A. H. Doane); 5) tin shed (purchased by H. G. Fuller).
The sixth building, the Harter building, to be moved over in Ninth Avenue...
J. P. Short landmarks all sold. To be moved off to make room for Farmer’s Bank...
Moved: Headrick building, Harris & Clark office, Bliss & Wood grain office, harness shop (bought by A. H. Doane), tin shed (bought by H. G. Fuller)...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.
The J. P. Short landmarks were all sold Monday and will be moved off to make room for an imposing block, an honor to the city. A. P. Johnson bought the Headrick building, $87; the Harris & Clark office, $100; and the Bliss & Wood grain office, $51. A. H. Doane got the harness shop, $101; and H. G. Fuller got the little tin shed, $5. The buildings will likely be moved onto residence lots. Work on the bank and Short lots will commence at once. The Harter building will be moved over in Ninth avenue.
Joe Harter moving drug store into Green building, next to Johnston’s furniture store in Winfield...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
Joe Harter is moving his drug store into the Green building, next to Johnston’s furniture store.
E. C. Seward bought Harter drug store building. Moving it to lot where Stubblefield’s meat market is located...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
E. C. Seward has bought the Harter drug store building and will move it to the lot where Stubblefield’s meat market now is.
Dr. Emerson’s office still over Harter’s drug store: at a new location. It is now in Green’s building, next to Johnston’s furniture store...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
Dr. Emerson’s office is still over Harter’s drug store—but not at the old place. It is now in Green’s building, next to Johnston’s furniture store.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
The rulers of the city met last night in regular semi-monthly session, Mayor Graham presiding and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, and Baden present; absent, Councilmen McDonald, Hodges, and Harter.
The street and alley committee was instructed to purchase dirt for street grading from the Eaton-Short cellar excavators, ten cents per load, delivered.
Postmaster rents old Short building lately occupied by Harter’s drug store (now in the street and on wheels)...
                                                  POSTOFFICE LOCATED.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.
The postoffice change of location is finally settled. As no particular location can possibly be satisfactory to all the unterrified, George has finally hit upon a plan that will be sure to suit. He has rented the old Short building lately occupied by Harter’s drug store, now in the street and on wheels, and has engaged Fred Kropp’s mules to haul the postoffice about town everywhere any Democrat wants it. It will receive and deliver the mails at the depots and then roll off around town. This plan seems to satisfy everybody except Arthur Bangs. He is kicking like a Texas steer, for it will “bust up” his mail carrying business.
J. N. Harter...
                                    Trial Docket Cowley County District Court,
                                  September Term, 1885, Commencing Sept. 1st.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.
                                                          CIVIL DOCKET.
2124. J N Harter vs Board of County Com. Jos. O’Hare for plaintiff; Henry E. Asp for defendant.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
The City Fathers met in regular session Monday night, Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, Harter, and Baden, and city clerk Buckman, present; absent, Councilmen McDonald, Myers, and Hodges.
It was determined that the city buy but eight more loads of dirt from the Eaton cellar.
The city marshal was instructed to take charge of boarding the city prisoners and feed them on bread and water.
Nina Harter...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 17, 1885.
In the Mt. Dora items published in a late number of the Tavares (Fla.) Herald, we clip the following notice of a young gentleman, a grandson of Col. Alexander, who was born in this city under the supervision of Dr. Mendenhall, and who was contemporary of Miss Nina Harter and Masters Clyde Hackney and Baron Bahntge: “Last Wednesday being the fifth birthday of Master Johnnie Rhodes, he gave a party to his young lady friends, to help him celebrate the event.”
Joe Harter...
                     The Last Day of The Cowley County Fair.—A Grand Success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The show of roadsters was very fine. Jim Vance, Joe Harter, Capt. Nipp, Gene Wilbur, Billy Hands, Arthur Bangs, Joe Moore, and Judge McDonald were in the ring with their steeds. The driving was very fine and resulted in Joe Harter capturing the blue ribbon and Gene Wilbur the red. In double roadster teams, Billy Hands, Gene Wilbur, C. C. Pierce, and John Hahn competed. The teams were as fine as any one could wish to see. Billy Hands took first premium and Gene Wilbur second. The teams were very evenly matched and the decision hard to make. In the roadster stallion class, Capt. Lyon captured first premium for 4 year-olds. For 3 year-olds, Judge McDonald’s “Malcomb Spray” took first.

                                           OFFICIAL LIST OF PREMIUMS
                                          Awarded at the Cowley County Fair,
                                                 September 21st to 25th, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
The list given below shows money premiums only. Checks for same will be ready after October 1st, and must be claimed by November 1st, 1885, or forfeit to the association. (See rule 12.) Diplomas for exhibits having no competition may be had by calling at the Secretary’s office.
                                                       Class A.—HORSES.
                                                          Lot 5. Agricultural.
                              Mare, 1 year old and under 2. L. Stout 1st, J. Harter 2nd.
                                                           Lot 6. Roadsters.
                         Mare or gelding over 4 years. J. N. Harter 1st, E. J. Wilbur 2nd.
Emmet North, new employee, J. N. Harter...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
Mr. Emmet North, of Columbia City, Indiana, is now in the employ of Mr. J. N. Harter. Mr. North comes highly recommended.
Dr. Geo. Emerson and Dr. T. B. Tandy in rooms over relocated Harter drug store...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
Dr. Geo. Emerson and Dr. T. B. Tandy have formed a partnership in the practice of medicine. They will have office rooms over Harter’s drug store. These gentlemen are well known as physicians of high standing.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter, purchasing fixtures for new store room...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter left Sunday for St. Louis on the S. K. Mr. Harter will lay in a stock of drugs and purchase the fixtures for his new store room while absent.
Ritchie made city engineer...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 5, 1885.
The rulers of the city met in regular commune Monday night: Mayor Graham in the chair and councilmen McDonald, Jennings, Hodges, Baden, and Harter present; absent councilmen Myers and Crippen.
Willis A. Ritchie was appointed and confirmed as city engineer.
Joe Harter...
                                                    SPORTSMEN’S CLUB.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
The Winfield Sportsmen’s Club held its annual meeting Monday night at A. H. Doane’s office. Officers were elected for the coming year: Joe Harter, president; Q. A. Glass, secretary, and A. H. Doane, treasurer. The day of the annual hunt was fixed on Wednesday, November 18. President Harter, James McLain, and James Vance were made a committee to revise the game score. Thirty new names were handed in for membership. The Club meet next Monday evening to make final arrangements for the hunt. This Club’s annual hunt have occasioned for years more genuine recreation and fun than anything ever inaugurated in the sporting line. But game is not as plentiful as yore, making the boys scramble to run up a big score. They always wind up with a big banquet at the Brettun.
                                              OUR FESTIVE SPORTSMEN.
                                                 A Day Amid Shot and Shell.
                                              Game Scarce and Scores Small.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.
The annual hunt of the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club, yesterday, was all in a conglomerate mass on the floor of the Brettun House office last evening, where President Harter and Secretary Glass conducted the count of the terrible slaughter and gave the individual scores. It was a tired crowd of hunters, many of them looking very sad eyed. The unlucky ones swore on a stack of powder that Cowley County is just about gameless—some of them didn’t see a cotton tail all day; yes, some of them didn’t see anything, which is verified by the nonentity of their score; but hardly by the appearance of their ammunition, which seems to whisper, “wasted on the desert air.” But an honest consultation of hunters was unanimous in the verdict that they never did so much traveling for so little game. The game appeared to have been notified of its impending fate and crawled in its hole. Capt. Huffman’s division laid it over Capt. Hunt’s division by a good majority. The losing side sets up the banquet at the Brettun tonight, when a big time is anticipated. James McLain, as last year, bobbed up serenely with the champion score and raked in the gold medal. Dr. Riley, with a score of 20, raked in the tin medal.
                                                             THE SCORE.
                                                         Huffman’s Division.
P. A. Huffman, 1620; Jas. McLain, 1755; J. N. Harter, 410; Fred Whiting, 665; K. McClung, 765; Chas. Holmes, 730; F. Kessinger, 180; John Eaton, 235; J. R. Handy, 1130; Q. A. Glass, 115; Dr. J. G. Evans, 385; Dr. Emerson, 385; Dr. Riley, 20; J. B. Garvin, 215; T. J. Harris, 65; L. M. Williams, 170. Total: 8,845.
                                                            Hunt’s Division.
J. S. Hunt, 595; Jas. Vance, 705; F. Clark (didn’t hunt); Jap Cochran, 955; H. D. Gans, 910; J. B. Nipp, 805; J. Denning (didn’t hunt); Geo. Jennings, 805; M. L. Devore, 320; Geo. Headrick, 390; A. H. Doane (didn’t hunt); Geo. McIntire, 320; G. L. Rinker, 220; J. Barnthouse, 260; Hop Shivvers, 260; D. McCutcheon (didn’t hunt). Total: 6,445.
                                           THE SPORTSMEN’S BANQUET.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.

Thursday night was the occasion of the annual banquet of the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club. The annual hunt occurred the day before, the victors and defeated had received their scores, and now was another meeting, to eat, drink (water), and be merry; the “greenies,” or unfortunates, telling how they walked and walked, and fired and fired, and came out with only a few cotton-tails; and the victors were to explain how they managed it in getting so much salt on the tails of their game. The banquet, of course, was spread in the large dining hall of the Brettun, “set up” by the losing division, under Captain Hunt. Messrs. Harter & Hill did themselves proud in the preparation of the banquet, a magnificent array of about everything obtainable in the culinary art, with waiters most attentive. At nine o’clock the feast began, partaken of by the following.
Victors: P. A. Huffman, captain; Jas. McLain, J. N. Harter, Fred Whiting, K. McClung, Chas. Holmes, F. Kessinger, John Eaton, J. R. Handy, Q. A. Glass, Dr. J. G. Evans, Dr. Emerson, Dr. Riley, J. B. Garvin, T. J. Harris, L. M. Williams.
Defeated and had to set ’em up: J. S. Hunt, captain; Jas. Vance, F. Clark, Jap Cochran, H. D. Gans, J. B. Nipp, J. Denning, Geo. Jennings, M. L. Devore, Geo. Headrick, A. H. Doane, Geo. McIntire, G. L. Rinker, J. Barnthouse, Hop Shivvers, D. McCutcheon.
Judge Soward, an old member of the club, Ed. G. Gray, the scribe and a few others, were admitted to the feastorial court as guests.
The feast over, Judge Gans, in a happy speech characteristic of the Judge, presented James McLain, whose score of 1755 made him the champion “sport” of the club, with the gold medal, a beautiful solid shield, engraved: “Presented to James McLain by the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club, for the highest game score, in 1885.” Jim was all “broke up,” as he should be, and asked John A. Eaton to the rescue for a response. John is always equal to any occasion and set the crowd in a roar with his unique remarks. Then came the presentation of the tin medal to Dr. Riley, for his lowest score of 20. Judge Soward’s wit bubbled out in a speech very witty and sparkling, full of happy hits. The Doctor’s response was very appropriate. Lively toasts on the “pot-shot,” the “professional shot,” and various subjects were dissected by Huffman, Vance, Emerson, Nipp, and others. It was a very happy occasion throughout, one to be long remembered.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
The Rulers of the city met in regular semi-monthly conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, Hodges, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilman McDonald.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
The city rulers met in regular session Tuesday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, Harter, and Baden. Absent: Councilmen McDonald, Myers, and Hodges.
A number of bids for the construction of the city building were presented, and Councilmen Crippen, Conner, and Harter appointed to examine them, with Architect Ritchie, and report at a special meeting tonight at 7 o’clock, to when the council adjourned.
Joe Harter and wife...
                                                         A BAD WRECK!
             The S. K. Passenger Train Derailed and Demolished by a Jagged Bluff.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The east-bound passenger on the Southern Kansas, Friday evening, struck a broken rail about a mile west of town, throwing the baggage car, smoker, and two day coaches into the ditch, leaving only the sleeper, front trucks of the mail car, and the engine on the track. The engineer saw the broken rail before he struck it and turned on the air brakes, but the baggage car in jumping the track, knocked her air cylinder off, rendering connection with the cars following that impossible. The front trucks of the smoker slipped her sockets and, turning endways, were tumbled end over end under the car, causing them to pitch and toss much like a ship in a heavy sea. Running out almost to the rails of the track, just where the accident occurred, is an abrupt bluff of jagged rock. This bluff completely demoralized the side of the car and windows, filling the car with flying glass and splinters much to the discomfort of the passengers, who were vainly trying to climb up to the other sides. The ladies’ car was also thrown almost on its side, causing a general mixture of scared females and equally as badly scared men, who hadn’t presence of mind enough to grab a seat before they tipped. Fortunately, no one was hurt—that is, badly hurt. A few passengers in the smoker and the train boy received a few cuts about their hands and person by the flying glass. The escape of at least half the passengers with no injuries whatever was most marvelous, for all on the right hand side of the train were exposed to more or less chance of being badly hurt. It was quite ludicrous, after the danger was all over, to see the crowd of passengers, each holding on to his or her seat or window sill, and gazing at each other with blanched cheeks and voiceless tongues, unable to understand the situation and fearful of unknown and expectant dangers. When finally made to understand their true position, everybody shuffled out as well as they could by bracing themselves against the ends of the seats, took an inventory, found everybody safe, and most of the men walked the remainder of the distance to town. Some of our citizens were on the train with their families, whom they had to bring to town in vehicles, among them being Dr. Emerson and wife, Joe Harter and wife, Dr. Chamberlain, Mat Ewart, and Miss Anna Hunt, who Christmassed in Wellington. The loss to the railroad company is very great. At least two of the coaches are totally demolished, and the running gear and air brake apparatus of two or three more are in bad condition. The wrecking train was telegraphed for to Wellington, and was soon on the field of action. In connection with the section men here, they are succeeding in clearing the track and fixing it up, and all trains run on schedule time after Saturday noon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter, Br. Chamberlin, Miss Anna Hunt, and Matt Ewart spent Christmas in Wellington, guests of A. D. Speed at the Arlington. The feast was immense.
               The Marriage of Mr. B. W. Matlack and Miss Gertrude McMullen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
                                              THE TOKENS AND DONORS.
                                       Silver ink stand, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Harter.
J. N. Harter, Councilman...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The City Fathers held their regular conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilmen Jennings, McDonald, and Hodges. A petition to close general merchandise stores on Sunday was tabled. Petition to fix the road to west bridge, ditto.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
The council chamber was a hot scene Tuesday night. A special meeting of the city rulers was held to approve the bond of Uhl and Giel, the Cleveland, Ohio, contractors whose bid to construct the city building was the lowest one filed and the one accepted. There were present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Harter, McDonald, Crippen, Jennings, and Connor.
There has existed considerable dissatisfaction among home contractors ever since the awarding of this contract to foreign parties. The bid of Uhl, $8,500, was $400 lower than the next lowest, and these men were highly recommended, and signified their determination to locate in Winfield, and made this low bid to introduce themselves. The council could do nothing but accept.
Things ran smoothly until last week, when the delay of Uhl and Giel to file their bond caused a little uneasiness, and a petition was circulated, asking the council to revoke their award and give the contract to the next lowest bidder, which was Chas. Schmidt.
In the meantime, Uhl and Giel came on, had their bond of $16,000, to strictly fulfill their contract, well secured and ready to file.
Last night the fact was brought out that Uhl’s initials were wrong in his contract, which made “K. T. Uhl” the bidder instead of Fred Uhl, whom he represented himself to be. Mr. Uhl, being present, then explained that he drew the original bid himself, but had a Cleveland stenographer copy it, and that it was in this way that the mistake must have occurred. Chas. Schmidt said it illegalized the bid, and if the council accepted Uhl’s bid, he would have him enjoined.
Mr. Connor said that he didn’t propose that any foreigner should walk off with that job if he (Connor) had to do it for nothing.
And here the war began, fraud being charged to the contractors all around. Connor moved that Uhl’s bid and others filed be rejected. Harter seconded the motion. Connor and Harter voted in favor, and the rest of the councilmen refused to vote, and the motion was declared carried.
Mr. Connor tendered his resignation as councilman from the First Ward, to go into effect next Monday evening. His resignation is no doubt to enable him to bid on the city building.
The council decided to again advertise for bids, to be opened on the 8th of February. The home contractors are determined, and Uhl is determined, and some very low bids will no doubt result. It was claimed by our home men that Uhl would lose a thousand dollars on his bid of $8,500, and they predicted that he would never file his bond. He stood the racket and thus this hotness.
The council never had a livelier or louder discussion than that last night. Some of them got badly stirred up.
The resignation of Councilman Connor is much to be regretted. He has made a very efficient member of the council, his services in public improvements being specially valuable. His practical knowledge as a contractor and builder peculiarly fit him as councilman. A member of the council, however, cannot take a contract from that body, under the law.
Harter’s drug store, South Main, Winfield, Kansas...

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
EMERSON AND TANDY. (GEO. EMERSON, T. B. TANDY). Physicians and Surgeons. Office over Harter’s drug store, South Main, Winfield, Kansas.
Councilman Harter...
                                                          THE BRIDGES.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The committee appointed to confer as to the character of the new Walnut bridges, which committee is composed of Councilmen Connor, Harter, and Jennings, and Messrs. M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, Marsh Howard, and C. A. Bliss, met Wednesday afternoon and again this afternoon. J. G. Bullene, representing the Leavenworth Bridge Company, Mr. Allen, agent of a Kansas City Company, and Col. McGraw, of a Leavenworth Company, were present with plans. The committee have not yet determined on which company’s bridge or the kind most appropriate within our means. Both bridges, however, will be very fine iron ones, with a foot walk on the Ninth avenue bridge. The council at its adjourned meeting Monday evening next, will determine on the style. The contract for constructing the city building will also be let then.
                                                           CITY RULERS.
      The City Building Contract Let for $300 More Than the Bid Formerly Accepted.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The rulers of the city met in adjourned session Monday night to look into the bridge building question and to let the contract for the city building—Mayor Graham and Councilmen Jennings, Harter, Myers, Baden, Connor, and Crippen, present; with city clerk, Buckman; city attorney, Jos. O’Hare, and city engineer, Willis A. Ritchie. The bridge committee and city engineer had conferred with various bridge builders and determined on prices and plans, but it was determined best to consult with the Vernon officials before taking final action, as that township was equally interested in the Ninth Avenue bridge. The meeting with Vernon was set for Wednesday next, the city clerk to notify the Vernon Board. There were four bids for the complete construction of the City Building.
Chas. Schmidt: $10,765
Joe Reeves: $9,700
John Q. Ashton: $9,330
Uhl & Giel, Cleveland: $8,880

The bid of Fr. Uhl and John F. Giel being the lowest bid, with ample bondsmen and recommendations, the contract was awarded to them. This is the Cleveland, Ohio, firm whose bid, $380 lower than this one, was accepted by the council before. Owing to a slight technicality, which could easily have been lawfully remedied, and the assurance that home contractors would make lower bids if given another opportunity, the bids were all thrown out and bids re-advertised for. This little miscue cost the city $300. But the council is not altogether to blame. They did as their best judgment dictated, backed by a petition of 300 citizens who were dissatisfied with foreigners getting the contract, and with the declarations of home contractors. Messrs. Uhl & Giel will locate here permanently, at once, and begin the erection of the city building as soon as the weather will permit. They are contractors of experience and first-class standing in Cleveland. They enter into a bond of $8,880 to complete the work, strictly according to plans and specifications, by the first of August. The council ordered the Fire company to rent the old foundry building for its departments, until the city building is completed. The fire marshal was instructed to examine the various fire plugs and see that they are in working order. The street and alley committee is to have Dr. Mendenhall’s sidewalk, fronting his residence on Millington Street, raised above the high water mark.
                                                        A WISE FATHER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
A wise father never trifles with his family’s health, nor buys patent medicines that are publishing testimonials of cures he knows nothing of, but deals with reliable druggists who know which medicine has in reality cured. The undersigned druggists of Winfield have sold Primley’s Speedy Cough Cure for two years, and can truthfully say: That it has never failed to give relief in the most obstinate and stubborn cases of coughs and colds. Consumptives will please ask for special instructions, and if it does not help you, it will cost you nothing. Every bottle warranted. Price 50 cents and $1. For sale by the following druggists: J. N. Harter, Quincy A. Glass, and L. M. Williams.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
Our City Fathers met in regular session Monday night. Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, and Harter, and Clerk Buckman were present.
The bill of W. A. Ritchie & Co., services as architects for $150, was referred to finance committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The rulers of the city met in regular bi-weekly session Monday eve, with Mayor Graham presiding, and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter present; McDonald and Hodges absent.
Councilmen Crippen, Connor, and Harter were appointed to ascertain the boundaries of territory necessary to take into the city limits.
It was determined to put on the market simultaneously the city building and bridge bonds, $23,000, soon.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The city council held an adjourned session Thursday, with Mayor Graham in the chair and councilmen Crippen, Myers, Connor, Jennings, Baden, and Harter, present; absent, McDonald and Hodges.
Bills ordered paid: Willis A. Ritchie, past services as city building architect, to be paid from amount received for bonds; Jos. O’Hare, telegraph message, $1, and F. L. Holbrook, work on fire department building, $6.
Bills of Willis A. Ritchie, city engineer, $21.50, and District Clerk Pate, $11.75, were referred.
It was decided to sell the city building bonds at the next regular meeting of the council, the 15th inst.
                                                    THE CITY ELECTION.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.

The city election occurs Tuesday, April 6th. The officers to be elected are: One councilman from each ward, two justices of the peace, and four members of the school board. The out-going councilmen are: W. R. McDonald, 1st ward; T. B. Myers, 2nd ward; W. J. Hodges, 3rd ward; J. N. Harter, 4th ward. The retiring members of the school board are W. D. Johnson, 1st ward; George Ordway, 2nd; W. C. Robinson, 3rd; and W. H. Smith, 4th. The principal skirmish will be over the justices and the 1st and 2nd ward councilmen. But every place to be filled is important to the welfare of a progressive and prosperous city like Winfield, and much care must be exercised in getting men who will fill them acceptably and creditably to themselves and the city.
Joe Harter...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joe Harter came parading up the street Tuesday, with six fine ducks, which he says he took in down on the river.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Joe Harter, James H. Vance, James McLain, Arthur C. Bangs, and Mr. Wood, a newcomer, crawled from their downy couches at four o’clock Tuesday, and girding their loins, lit out for the Kile McClung duck paradise in South Bend, to slay the festive and palatable duck as he awoke from his night’s slumber. Great was the assassination, great the fun, and great the bags of game.
                                                     A HAPPY SURPRISE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 15, 1886.
Tuesday was the 46th milestone in the path of Dr. Geo. Emerson. In the evening he went uptown perfectly innocent of the impending fate his wife and a number of warm friends had decreed. He was telephoned for at 8:30 to rush home at once, which he did to find his home had been entered by Messrs. H. B. Schuler, F. C. Hunt, J. F. Balliet, L. H. Webb, G. W. Robinson, J. N. Harter, R. B. Rudolph, J. C. Fuller, D. A. Millington, W. J. Wilson, and Tom J. Eaton. The surprise was most complete and happy. Enjoyment prevailed throughout the evening, in the indulgence in whist and a choice luncheon. The evening will long remain a pleasant memory to the surprisers and the surprised.
                                                    GLASS BALL SHOOT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 15, 1886.
John A. Eaton, James McLain, Joe Harter, T. H. Soward, Jim Vance, A. H. Doane, and Sol Burkhalter girded their loins and went forth to the old fair grounds Thursday afternoon to knock the wadding out of glass balls—the first shoot of the season. Each shot at twenty balls. McLain broke 17, Vance 15, Burkhalter 14, Harter 13, Soward 13, Eaton 13, Doane 4. This was good shooting for the first practice. The Winfield Gun Club will shortly be reorganized, with the Peoria blackbird, a new invention, instead of the glass balls. ’Tis fine sport and the re-initiation of yesterday afternoon gave these shootists a bad dose of the old-time fever.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum