Rock Creek Township and Winfield.
Rock Creek Township 1873: Philip Stump, 35; spouse, Joanna, 38.
Rock Creek Township 1874: Philip Stump, 38; spouse, Johanna, 39.
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name age sex color Place/birth Where from
Philip Stump 38 m w Ohio Illinois
Martha A. Stump 17 f w Illinois Illinois
Rosalie C. Stump 11 f w Illinois Illinois
Winfield 1878: Philip Stump, 41; spouse, E. F., 38.
Philip Stump married widow lady, Mrs. E. F. Kennedy [Milliner], in May 1877.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1877.
MARRIED. On Saturday evening, May 19th, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. J. L. Rushbridge, Mr. Philip Stump and Mrs. E. F. Kennedy.
The above was a surprise to many of their friends, all of whom wish the happy pair a long life of happiness, and hope that many chips off the old Stump may brighten their future hearthstone. The printers were not forgotten.
1880 Winfield Directory.
Stump, Alice, milliner, Mrs. E. F. Stump.
Stump, Mrs. E. F., millinery and notions, Main, e. s. between 10th and 11th avenues, r. same.
Stump, Phillip, miller, r. Main, e. s., between 10th and 11th avenues.
FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
[GRANGE: RESOLUTION OF RESPECT—SISTER JOANNA STUMP.]
Winfield Courier, November 26, 1874.
Resolution of Respect.
At a special meeting of Little Dutch Grange, the following resolutions were adopted.
WHEREAS, it has pleased Almighty God to remove from our midst our beloved friend and sister, Joanna Stump, a member of Little Dutch Grange, No. 980. Therefore be it
Resolved, That it is with sorrow inexpressible in words that we have parted with our friend and sister. By her death society has lost a useful member and worthy example, the grange a true friend, the family a kind wife and affectionate mother.
Resolved, That while we deplore the loss of one so dear, her memory will ever be pleasant though mournful to the soul, and though dead, the fruits of her labor and influence will live.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family, and also published in the Winfield COURIER and Telegram.
Committee: C. COON, N. K. JEFFRIES, W. W. BROWN.
[DIED: JOANNA STUMP, WIFE OF PHILIP STUMP.]
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.
DIED. At her residence in Cowley County, Kansas, November the 14th, 1874, of congestion, Joanna, wife of Philip Stump, in the 41st year of her age. The funeral services took place at Little Dutch Schoolhouse, on Sabbath, November 15th. The sermon was preached by the writer from Isaiah 38th, 11th, and Luke 16th and 26th to a large and attentive audience, after which her remains were followed to the cemetery and buried in the honors of the Grange. Sister Stump lived a consistent member of the M. E. Church for about eight years, but coming to Kansas as many do, she neglected to bring her church letter with her, and locating where there was no church organization near, she lost her church relation but it is hoped not her religion. She was much esteemed by all who knew her. Her sickness was of short duration and her death very sudden. She leaves a husband and three daughters to mourn her loss. May the blessing of God rest upon the bereaved, and may this sudden dispensation of His Providence lead them all very near to the friend of sinners.
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.
A brother of Philip Stump, our miller at Bliss’, has come on from Ohio and will help him through the wheat campaign this fall.
[ANNOUNCEMENT: FRANK GALLOTTI FOR COUNTY TREASURER.]
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
TO THE VOTERS OF COWLEY COUNTY.
This is to certify that we, whose names are hereto subscribed, do most heartily recommend for our next County Treasurer, FRANK GALLOTTI, who has for the last year and a half faithfully and satisfactorily performed the duties of said office while acting in the capacity of Deputy; and we do hereby further certify that his character during that time has been such as to fully entitle him to the recommendation. The records of said office kept by him, bears ample testimony of his capability and efficiency. We consider him well qualified to fulfill the duties of said office, and therefore cheerfully recommend him to the voters of Cowley County as well worth of their cordial support, and who, if elected, will most faithfully and systematically perform the duties of said office.
One of those who signed above: Philip Stump.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.
Our Winfield Schools.
Names of students worthy of special mention at the examination at the close of the school year: “C” Class Arithmetic: Lizzie Kinne, Rosalie Stump, and Anna Hunt.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.
The Tunnel Mill is grinding with a good head of water since the dam has been repaired. Philip Stump is the boss miller.
Winfield Courier, December 14, 1876.
The COURIER family has been sampling some of the Tunnel Mills’ new flour. It is excellent. Mr. Stump, the new proprietor, is turning out the very best.
Winfield Courier, December 21, 1876.
THE TUNNEL MILL, located immediately south of town, is now run by P. Stump & Co. Mr. Stump is an experienced miller and proposes to show his patrons how much and how good flour can be made from Cowley County wheat.
[AD: TUNNEL MILLS.]
Winfield Courier, December 28, 1876.
TUNNEL MILLS. P. STUMP & CO., Proprietors. (Successor to I. E. Moore.)
The above named firm are now proprietors of the Tunnel Mills, and will guarantee satisfaction in all their work.
Orders, for the City, left at the Post Office will be promptly filled.
[NEWS FROM DEXTER CORRESPONDENT: “NASBY.”]
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877.
The mill has changed hands, Messrs. Service and Darst having sold out to a Mr. Stump and Co. We hope by the change to see improvements in that line.
Mr. Philip Stump...
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1877.
Mr. P. Stump is building a two story stone business house south of the Tony Boyle corner.
Mrs. Philip Stump...
Winfield Courier, August 2, 1877.
All persons knowing themselves indebted to Mrs. Philip Stump will please call and settle at once.
Mr. Philip Stump putting up building...
Winfield Courier, August 30, 1877.
Mr. P. Stump is erecting a new stone business building on the east side of Main street, between 10th and 11th Avenues. Size: 25 feet front by 30 feet deep and two stories high.
Mr. P. Stump...
Winfield Courier, September 6, 1877.
P. Stump drives the fine bays formerly owned by M. L. Robinson.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
Philip Stump’s new business building is fast progressing toward completion.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.
Notice Mrs. Stump’s new advertisement in another column. Mrs. Stump has had much experience in her business and is gifted with good taste and judgment. Ladies will be sure to be pleased with her stock and prices.
MRS. PHILLIP STUMP has just returned from Chicago with an immense stock of
MILLINERY, LADIES’ FURNISHING GOODS -AND- NOTIONS, which, having bought at bargains, she will sell cheap for CASH.
Ladies will please call and examine her stock of HATS, RIBBONS, LACES, FLOWERS, PLUMES, FICHUS, DRESS AND CLOAK TRIMMINGS, CLOAKS, BRETON, COLLARS, CUFFS, CORSETS, GLOVES, NECK GEAR, REAL LACE, BARBS, TIES.
A full Line of Buttons, SCARF AND CUFF PINS, Latest Novelties in Canvas, MOTTOES, RUG PATTERNS, GERMANTOWNS, ZEPHYRS, PATTERN BOOKS, HOSIERY, TILTERS, COMBS, RUSSES, Etc.
Decalcomania & Cigar lighters, Ladies’ Reform Dress Goods.
Ruches, Two for 5 cts.
CROQUET & TAPESTRY NEEDLES, CARD & GILT BOARD.
Mrs. Stump has spared no pains or expense in visiting the Trimming department, and feels confident she can please the most fastidious.
Mrs. Stump is an agent also for selling the Magic Plaiter, which is far superior to any other.
DRESS MAKING done on short notice and warranted to give satisfaction.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1877.
P. Stump’s new cut stone front business house is getting forward toward completion.
Mrs. Philip Stump moves to stone building on South Main Street...
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1877.
Mrs. P. Stump moved her millinery store to her new stone building on south Main street last Monday. She has a large stock of goods in her line, and expects to do a good business in her new and handsome building.
Mr. Philip Stump, Winfield...
[DEXTER TOWNSHIP CORRESPONDENT: “C. Z.”]
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1877.
I understand that Dexter mill is under contract. Mr. Nicholson and Meagin have contracted for the mill. I hope we will have a good mill. Mr. Stump, of Winfield, has been here working on the mill. Nicholson has it rented, and I predict he will do a good business.
Mrs. Philip Stump...
Winfield Courier, December 6, 1877.
Mrs. P. Stump has settled down in her new stone building on South Main street and is as well satisfied as can be imagined. Her business room is large, in which her large stock of millinery and ladies’ furnishing goods is neatly arranged and stored away upon shelves and in show cases. She tells us that she had a splendid trade last Saturday.
Ral. Stump: Do they mean Philip Stump???...
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1878.
Ral. Stump, miller at the Tunnel Mills, came very near meeting with a serious accident last week. He was working among the machinery, when his coat caught in some of the wheels and he would have been mashed to atoms had it not been for the united efforts of two of the mill boys who happened to be near.
Mrs. Philip Stump, South Main Street, below Williams House, next door to Walker Bros....
Winfield Courier, April 4, 1878. Editorial Page.
“LADIES’ BAZAAR.” If the ladies desire nice MILLINERY GOODS, they should not fail to call at the Ladies’ Bazaar, in the stone building kept by Mrs. Philip Stump, on SOUTH MAIN STREET, below the Williams House, and next business door to Walker Bros.
A full line of Silks, Ties, Hats, Flowers, Ribbons, notions, such as shawl straps, fancy baskets, mottoes, canvas, etc., on the most REASONABLE TERMS.
Quick sales and small profits.
A good dressmaker also employed.
1880 Winfield Directory.
WILLIAMS HOUSE, Frank Williams, proprietor; Main, n. e. corner 10th avenue.
Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.
Mrs. Stump has employed Mrs. Dr. Kessler to attend to her trimming department. Mrs. Kessler has the best taste and fifteen years experience in the business.
Winfield Courier, April 25, 1878.
Mrs. P. Stump is serving her lady friends and customers with “a perfect love of a hat.” She has more left besides many other nice things.
Winfield Courier, May 9, 1878.
Miss Snell, formerly of Boston and later of Emporia, is in Winfield. She will assist Mrs. P. Stump in the dressmaking department of her establishment.
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
Dell Kennedy, son of Mrs. Stump, has returned to Winfield. He has been living the past year in Illinois. A party was given the young folks last Friday evening by Mrs. Stump in honor of his return.
Winfield Courier, November 7, 1878.
Mrs. Stump has a fine assortment of ladies’ cloaks.
Winfield Courier, November 14, 1878.
Mrs. P. Stump has Harper Bazaar Patterns for sale.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1878.
MANNING’S OPERA HOUSE.
COMMITTEE ON TABLE: MRS. A. J. THOMPSON, MRS. P. STUMP, MRS. C. A. BLISS, MRS. J. M. PEED, MRS. J. H. OLDS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 2, 1879.
The following is a list of new buildings erected in the city of Winfield since January 1, 1878, with the name of owner and cost of building.
P. Stump, store, stone: $2,000.
STUMP, MRS. P., is extensively engaged in the millinery and dressmaking business, in which she has but few equals.
Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.
We were pleased to meet, last Tuesday, Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson, from Pleasant Hill, Mo., who will open a hardware store in the building just south of Mrs. Stump’s millinery store. They are very pleasant gentlemen and we are glad to welcome them to Winfield as their future home. Their goods are now on the way, and they expect to open in a few days.
1880 Winfield Directory:
HENDRICKS & WILSON, hardware stoves and tinware, Main e. s. bet 10th and 11th avs.
[WINFIELD BUSINESS FIRMS.]
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
The following is a list of the principal business firms of Winfield.
Mme. Roland; Mrs. Stump; Mrs. Kretsinger; Mrs. Anne Harris; Miss J. E. Mansfield; Mrs. Whitehead.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.
Dr. W. T. Wright, late of Bushnell, Ill., has opened a City Infirmary in the rooms over Mrs. Stump’s millinery store.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.
Mrs. Stump is making the “Ladies’ Bazar” one of the most popular millinery establishments in the city.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.
Mr. Phil. Stump has sold his interest in the Pawnee Rock mill and has returned to Winfield to seek new fields for the investment of his surplus cash.
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.
A fine assortment of spring millinery just received at Mrs. Stump’s Ladies’ Bazar, on South Main street.
Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.
Drs. Wright & Cooper have enlarged their offices and are now occupying the upper story, comprising five rooms, of the Stump building, as operating and waiting rooms. This will add greatly to the comfort of those who are compelled to wait for treatment.
[THIEVES STEAL JOHN HOENSCHEIDT’S HORSE AND BUGGY.]
Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.
Last Sunday evening several suspicious characters, who had been loafing about town, made away with John Hoenscheidt’s horse and buggy, and Phil. Stump’s mule. A reward of fifty dollars has been offered for the return of the property and fifty dollars for the capture of the thief.
Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.
An advertisement of Mrs. DeFaulk, milliner and dressmaker, appears in this issue. Mrs. DeFaulk has taken room adjoining Mrs. Stamp’s and will open out about Sept. 20th.
AD: NEW CITY MILLINERY, MRS. DeFAULK AND SISTER.
Have taken the storeroom two doors north of Mrs. Stump, where they will open about Sept. 20th one of the most Select Stocks of Millinery ever brought to Winfield. They will also conduct Dress and Cloak Making. Cutting and Fitting will be made a specialty. They are agents for the celebrated Butterick Patterns. Being ladies of a number of years experience in this business, they hope to merit the patronage of the public.
Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.
The firm of Drs. Wright & Cooper has been dissolved. Dr. Cooper has opened an office next door to Mrs. Stump’s millinery store.
[THE MONITOR’S LOCALS.]
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.
Drs. Wright and Cooper have dissolved partnership. Dr. Wright continues business in the old stand, and Dr. Cooper has opened an office the second door north of Mrs. Stump’s millinery bazaar.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.
Dr. Cooper has opened an office two doors north of Mrs. Stump’s millinery rooms. It has been rumored that the doctor intends removing to another town, but he informs us that he will remain here. He has an enviable reputation here as a physician, which it would take some time to acquire in a new community. We are glad to know that he will still be one of us.
Winfield Courier, November 10, 1881.
Mrs. Stump wishes to inform her many friends and customers that she has returned and will still continue to dispense millinery to the ladies of Winfield and vicinity from her old stand at the “Ladies Bazar.” Her stock is an excellent one and her prices unusually low. Mrs. Stump has added another novelty to her millinery stock. She has a cheap counter of hats and bonnets running from 75 cents to $3.00. One can suit themselves at this counter at very little cost.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881. Front Page.
Taylor & Taylor’s New Notion Store is one door south of Mrs. Stump’s old stand.
Winfield Courier, January 19, 1882.
We are glad to learn that Mrs. Philip Stump, who has been very sick ever since leaving here, is now convalescing.
Winfield Courier, January 19, 1882.
Auction. I will offer at auction the entire stock of Millinery and Ladies’ Furnishing Goods of Mrs. E. F. Stump, at her old stand on Main street, Saturday, January 21st, 1882. The last chance. Come early and buy often. These goods are not all remnants and culls. A great part of the stock is of late purchase. A. P. JOHNSON, Assignee.
Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.
The Peter Paugh farm, two miles north of Winfield, was sold last week by Mr. Myers for $3,500 cash to a gentleman from Weakley’s old neighborhood, but we did not get his name. Mrs. Myers has turned around and bought the Phil Stump farm for $1,200.
[COMMUNICATION FROM “MUNROE” - BETHEL.]
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
I was wrongly informed in regard to Lew Myers. He has bought the P. Stump farm near Little Dutch, and will at once move his family on the same.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1882.
The “New Bakery” at Mrs. Stump’s old stand favored us with a sample loaf of their splendid bread yesterday. The New Bakery folks are certainly adepts in the art of bread making.
[COWLEY COUNTY DISTRICT COURT.]
Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.
CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY. Assignment of Ellen F. Stump.
CIVIL DOCKET. EIGHTH DAY. Winfield Bank vs. Phillip Stump et al.
Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.
PIANOS AND ORGANS! I would announce to the public of Winfield and vicinity that I have secured the sole agency for the celebrated Hallet, Davis & Co., W. W. Kimball’s, W. P. Emerson’s Pianos, and the B. Shoninger and W. W. Kimball Organs, and would be pleased to show my goods to those wishing to purchase. Please call at my rooms at the New Bakery, at Mrs. Stump’s old millinery stand, where you will find on exhibition a fine selection of the above fine toned and most popular instruments. All instruments fully warranted and prices exceedingly low. Instruments sold for cash, or time payments.
MRS. FANNIE BUCK.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
FARM TO RENT. The S. W. ¼ of Sec. 29, T. 31, south of range 4 East, in the township of Walnut, Cowley County. Will be rented on favorable terms to a good tenant. Possession given immediately. It is known as the Stump farm. Apply at the Winfield Bank.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
Wild Shooting. The usually quiet condition of our city was somewhat disturbed Sunday evening by a couple of shooting scrapes, or attempted shootings. It seems that for some time past the Marshals have imagined that Mrs. Buck, who runs a music store in the old Stump building, was a disturbing element in the society of South Main street, and had resolved to investigate. For this purpose they stationed themselves in the rear of the building Sunday evening. Mrs. Buck learned of this and was not pleased with their action, so she raided the weeds with her little pistol, and wickedly fired it off at them, for which deed she was promptly arrested and required to give bail for her appearance. About an hour after the fracas night-watchman Higgins was walking down the street and when near Baden’s headquarters two fellows standing near the well in the street yelled out, “Want to arrest somebody else, do you?” and began to stone him. Several stones flew uncomfortably near Mr. Higgins’ head and he turned on his assailants, pulled his revolver, and began firing. It was quite dark, but one of them fell and afterward got up and ran away, leaving a stream of blood along the sidewalk. Up to the present writing no dead or wounded men have been found, so the matter is still a mystery. Altogether the evening’s shooting was quite unsatisfactory. Mrs. Buck’s poor marksmanship can be excused, but Mr. Higgins should have brought down his man.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1882.
ASSIGNEE’S NOTICE. ALBERT P. JOHNSON, ASSIGNEE, IN THE MATTER OF THE ASSIGNMENT OF ELLEN F. STUMP.
Creditors and all other persons interested in the above named estate are here by notified that on Tuesday, the 7th day of November, 1882, the undersigned, Assignee of said Ellen F. Stump, will make application to the District Court of Cowley County, Kansas for an order discharging him from said trust. ALBERT P. JOHNSON, Assignee. [Sept. 2, 1882.]
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
Ben Cox has sold his interest in the Tunnel Mill to Philip Stump, and has retired from the milling business. He is once more a gentleman of leisure. Indicative of this fact, we notice that he has just received a fine pointer pup from Lexington, Kentucky, and will devote his spare moments to training it. It is easier to steal a dog than to train one.
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1883.
Mrs. Philip Stump and her daughter, Miss Rosa, of Chanute, are visiting friends in this city.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1883.
Prof. Stimson has rented the Stump building and is fitting it up for a music house. He has several fine instruments, among which is one of the famous Emerson Grand pianos.
Mr. (Philip) Stump, head miller...
[TUNNEL MILLS: TERRIBLE ACCIDENT.]
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
A TERRIBLE ACCIDENT.
James McGuire Caught in a Belt and Killed at the Tunnel Mills.
DIED. Last Thursday morning the Tunnel Mills were the scene of another fatal accident. Mr. James McGuire is a brother of the McGuires’, merchants of this place. He was working at the mill and went upstairs to put on a belt. The machinery was running at the time. He took hold of the belt to put it over a pulley when it threw a loop over his arm and he was drawn around and around, his feet striking the ceiling every revolution. Mr. Stump, the head miller, was in the basement of the mill at the time, and noticing that something was wrong, ran up and shut the water off. He then went upstairs and saw McGuire hanging in the pulley. He immediately went to work cutting the belts and soon, with the help of others, got him down. He was found to be still alive and was put in a wagon and taken to his home on Manning Street. An examination was made by the physicians, who found that almost every bone in his body was broken, especially in his feet, legs, and arms. The pulleys were making one hundred and twenty revolutions a minute when he was caught and he must have been whirled around with terrible force. He was conscious for several hours and until a few moments before he died, and was able to tell how the accident happened. This is the third man that has lost his life at that mill. Two were killed several years ago while digging the tunnel by dirt caving in on them.
Miss Stump, Chanute...
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
Miss Anna Hyde left Saturday for Chanute, where she will visit for several weeks with Miss Stump.
[CRYSTAL WEDDING: DR. & MRS. A. V. POLK.]
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.
CRYSTAL WEDDING. About sixty of the friends and neighbors assembled at the home of Dr. and Mrs. A. V. Polk, November 8, 1883; to unite with them in celebrating their crystal wedding. Dr. A. V. Polk and Miss Elizabeth Welfelt were married in Middle Smith Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania, by Rev. Henry Little, on September 16, 1863. There they lived until December 1, 1868, then coming to Topeka, Kansas, December 4, 1868, and finally to Cowley County, February 12, 1869, and the next day settled on their present claim, where we find them this beautiful day. The wedding should have occurred September 16th, but as the Dr. was building, it was postponed until November 8th, which caused none the less enjoyment. The Dr. had beautiful apples for dinner of his own raising.
The occasion was a very pleasant one. All seemed to enjoy themselves and most heartily congratulated Dr. and Mrs. Polk in view of the prosperity which had attended them during the first fifteen years of wedded life. The dinner, which was abundant in variety and supply, and of the best quality, was served in good style, and was well received, as was evident from the manner in which the guests carried out their part of the programme.
After dinner, Prof. A. H. Limerick, in a beautiful and appropriate speech presented to Mr. and Mrs. Polk the following gifts.
Mrs. Alice Stump, glass pitcher.
Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.
Mrs. P. F. Wright has leased the store formerly occupied by Mrs. Stump, south of the Tower Grocery, and will soon open a fine assortment of Millinery and Ladies’ furnishing goods.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
The place to buy your millinery and hair goods is at Mrs. P. F. Wright’s new store, east side of Main street, Mrs. Stump’s old stand.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
Mrs. P. F. Wright wishes to announce to the Ladies of Winfield and vicinity that she has just opened the largest and finest assortment of Millinery at her new store, ever offered in the city, and extends a general invitation to all to call and examine goods and prices. East Side Main St., Mrs. Stump’s old stand.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1884.
Mrs. Stump and her daughter, Miss Edith, came down from Chanute last week and spent a few days among friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 17, 1885.
The old building was moved off the lot of Wallis & Wallis, where Tyner has been, Saturday, and this firm will begin the excavation for a fine business building, to be erected at once. Curns & Manser also talk seriously of building on the lot adjoining, while Daniel Hunt will extend the Stump building back eighty feet. Verily, the city boometh.
[WINFIELD CITY COUNCIL.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Permit was given to S. E. Hunt to raise the front and back of the old Stump building, in the McDougall block.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 25, 1886.
The old Stump building on South Main is being transformed into a fine looking business building, extending 60 feet back, with new front and mostly new walls. Added to the splendid buildings of Wallis & Wallis, Curns & Manser, and Will Hudson, it makes an attractive solid front of a hundred feet.