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Spotswood, A. T.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.
Mr. Spotswood, of St. Louis, will soon open a new grocery in this city.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., received five car loads of goods last Monday, and have had four men working like beavers to get them on the shelves as soon as possible. They have an immense stock, and a person not acquainted with the “ways and means” of stowing away groceries would think it impossible to get them all inside the house. Mr. Spotswood is a pleasant, genial gentle­man, of sound business tact, and will make things lively in the grocery line. Their “ad” will appear next week.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.
A. T. Spotswood & Co. received four wagon loads of goods yesterday, being a part of their stock which has been delayed on the road. The have the finest assortment of staple and fancy groceries in the country and are constantly receiving more. Mr. Spotswood knows how to run a grocery store as one look at his handsome storeroom and the immense stock it contains will testify.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.
The family of Mr. A. T. Spotswood arrived last Saturday evening and consequently our worthy grocer is happy.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.
A. T. Spotswood came out last week with a new delivery wagon with the firm name neatly printed on each side.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.
The grocery firm of A. T. Spotswood & Co. have rented the new Bahntge building and will move their stock in as soon as the building is completed. The room is 26 x 60 and a cellar is to be put under the room. They will be the largest grocery store in the country and it will take an immense stock to fill it up.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.
The Bahntge building is about ready for A. T. Spotswood & Co.’s stock of groceries.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
The editors of the New Enterprise enjoyed a pleasant visit to the beautiful and prosperous city of Winfield, last Monday. Mr. Eagin formerly lived there, but we had never before seen Winfield, and were surprised to find such a live, enterprising, and prosperous city.
While there we made the acquaintance of some of Winfield’s leading citizens: among them Hon. E. C. Manning, Hon. W. P. Hackney, Hon. J. Wade McDonald, Hon. J. M. Alexander, Gen. A. H. Green, Frank S. Jennings, attorneys, and Baird Bros., Lynn & Gillelen, Spotswood & Co., C. A. Bliss & Co., and S. H. Myton, merchants. We also made the acquaintance of the county officers who are all affable gentlemen.
We noticed that the improvements in Winfield were permanent and substantial. Several fine brick blocks adorn the business street, and as many beautiful residences, which would do honor to a city of 10,000 inhabitants.

We noticed that the improvements in Winfield were permanent and substantial. Several fine brick blocks adorn the business street, and as many beautiful residences, which would do honor to a city of 10,000 inhabitants.
To the men who have stood by Winfield and expended time, talent, energy, and money to make it the most beautiful city of southern Kansas, belongs all the praise. Especially does this apply to Col. E. C. Manning, one of her most energetic and substantial citizens. Winfield and Cowley County owe much to this man. The fine Opera House there, and several other brick blocks, were erected by him—buildings that would do credit to the city of Topeka.
Altogether our trip was a pleasant one, and we shall make it a point to go down there often in the future.—Douglas Enterprise.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
A. T. Spotswood has removed his new building across the street.
[CORRESPONDENT “H. P. M” - (Believe this was Mrs. Mansfield of Winfield.)]
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.
                                SNOW HILL, SALT CITY, KS., Sept. 12th, 1879.
ED. COURIER: After a dusty drive of three hours, we arrived at this Saratoga of the “Great American Desert,” without meeting any hair-breadth escapes, or observing anything wonderful on the way. Having pitched our tent and pegged it down strong, we proceeded to unpack our provision-chest, to find “refreshments for the inner (wo-)man.” A sheet-iron stove, which we found in the garden at home, answered our purpose well, and we were soon provided with a splendid cup of coffee; in fact, a good dinner altogether.
Finally our teamster left us for Winfield, and we (two women) turned to and settled—put down our carpet, made our bed, fixed up a shelf for dishes, and lots of little nothings which only a woman knows how to do, for comfort and convenience. Then we began to wonder how we should ever kill the time, as there were so few places of interest, or objects for society.
Alto­gether there were five families on this snowy-eminence, made white by the salt at the north of us, and at first sight looked like frozen water; so I christened it “Snow Hill.” Nothing disturbed our quiet, care-free slumbers, not even the snakes, which the people at home declared would be our nightly visitants.
Next day we spent the morning in watching for our Oxford friends, and just at noon they “hove” in sight, bag and baggage. Now Richie had a companion, and he saw his way through two weeks.
This day we explored the immense salt-works, and found that some shiftless parties had control of it, for more than half of the vats were empty and dried up for want of proper care—the hose rotten and the windmill falling to pieces.
Mrs. Foster, an old resident of Salt City, spent the day with me, and in her true kindness, offered us anything we needed to add to our comfort; afterwards sending us vegetables, jellies, milk, etc., which were acceptable.

The boys borrowed a gun and brought down a fine duck for our dinner Wednesday, and since then we have had all the game we wanted. Varieties of birds, both webbed and non-webbed, are shot here, but the strangest one was a pelican, measuring five feet or more from the tips of its wings, and could swallow a fish weigh­ing four or five pounds. What with wandering about, three meals a day, and all the gossip of three cities—Salt City, Oxford, and Winfield—besides letter writing and knitting, we manage to get through the days in a hurry.
Yesterday Mitchell and Newman came up with shovels, forks, rods, and pipes, to play in the springs, and upon drawing an auger attached to a rod 20 feet long from a spring which had the old pipe, stones were thrown out as large as a goose-egg, which had every appearance of having been melted by extreme heat. What these gentlemen will accomplish they themselves do not know, but it will take a small fortune to employ competent men to put things in order, to make a paying investment. Then look out for a nickle a glass for this medicinal water. Better all come this year, while you can pitch your tent anywhere, wear calico dress­es, dispense with cosmetics, shoot birds, and romp to your heart’s content.
We are waiting and watching for Sunday and that Winfield party: Read’s, Robinson’s, and Spotswood’s, besides Mrs. Best and Mrs. Roberts, with their tent and goodies, which we may be able to borrow, as they are freshly cooked.
Yesterday afternoon a black cloud in the west admonished us to gather up our wetables, as we should probably have an opportu­nity to see whether our tent, which had never been wet, would turn water; and I assure you, I not only shall turn agent for the manufacturer, but shall always speak a good word for the lender.
That, like the rest of the world, you and your readers may be envious, I will say that we are to have green peas, fresh from the field, for dinner today. Respectfully, H. P. M.
Winfield Courier, October 9, 1879.
A. T. Spotswood shipped the first carload of groceries over the new road.
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.
An accident that came very near being fatal happened in the large grocery house of A. T. Spotswood & Co., Monday evening. The firm had on Saturday evening received three car loads of groceries, among which were several hundred cases of canned fruits and many boxes of soap, crackers, etc. These were piled up on a counter running along the north side of the storeroom, the pile reaching nearly to the ceiling and being very heavy.
Monday evening, while the clerks were getting out some cases of fruit, the pile toppled over and fell with a crash that was heard for three blocks, and drew a large crowd to see what was the matter. The scene in the store-room beggars description. Boxes, canned fruit, cheese, and crackers were piled up in a promiscuous heap over six feet high in the center of the floor, windows were broken, chairs and boxes were smashed, and every­thing was in the greatest confusion.
As soon as the crash was over, Mr. Spotswood began gathering up his employees and counting noses to see if any were buried beneath the pile; but was much relieved to find them all safe, which was almost a miracle, as they were all working under the pile when it began to fall.
As soon as the crowd could be cleared away, the doors were closed and the work of “reconstruction” was begun. By Tuesday night the wreck was entirely cleared away and everything now goes on like clock work. Mr. Brown, who was working near the center of the building and close under the pile, was caught by the boxes as he crawled over a pile of coffee sacks, but only came in contact with a cracker box and escaped without serious injury.

Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.
The grocery house of A. T. Spotswood & Co. is doing an immense business. Last Saturday they received three car loads of groceries, one-half car load of coal oil, and three wagon loads of flour from Wichita and Elk City. Among the receipts were fifty barrels of sugar and forty bags of coffee. Their store now looks like a wholesale warehouse.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.
There have been several sneak thieves operating along Main street for the past few weeks, much to the annoyance of the merchants who displayed goods in front of their stores. Monday evening one of these sneak thieves attempted to get away with two sacks of flour from Spotswood & Co., but was detected by Mr. Sheel, who has a furniture store next door, and made to drop the plunder and retreat. Tuesday morning the man was arrested, brought before Justice Buckman, and fined five dollars. This sneak thief business is somewhat monotonous, and parties who have been raiding wood piles, cellars, etc., will in time come to grief.
Winfield Courier, January 1, 1880..
Mrs. W. C. Root, at her residence, corner of Millington and Sixth Sts., assisted by Misses Mattie and Jennie Coldwell.
Mrs. M. L. Robinson, on Mencrest, between Twelfth and Blanden, assisted by Misses Ella Holmes, Sarah Hodges, and Allie Klingman.
Mrs. Brown, on Elm Row, assisted by Mrs. Dr. Black and Mrs. E. P. Hickok.
Miss Maggie Dever, at the residence of J. M. Dever, on the corner of Millington and Tenth sts., assisted by Misses Jennie Hane and Clara Brass.
Mrs. J. C. Fuller, on Fuller and 10th sts., assisted by Mrs. A. T. Spotswood and Misses Jessie Millington and May Roland.
Mrs. Dr. Emerson, corner Eleventh and Fuller sts., assisted by Miss Jessie Meech.
Mrs. J. W. McDonald, corner Sixth and Manning sts., assisted by Miss Emma Thompson.
Mrs. J. E. Platter, on Fuller st., between 9th and 10th sts., assisted by Miss Nettie McCoy.
Mrs. W. P. Hackney, corner Millington and 12th sts., assist­ed by Miss Minnie Capps.
Mrs. B. F. Baldwin, 7th street, between Millington and Loomis sts., assisted by Mrs. Geo. A. Rhodes.
Mrs. C. A. Bliss, at her residence, corner of 10th and Fuller sts., assisted by Miss Allie Bull and Miss Celina Bliss.
Mrs. O. H. Herrington, at her residence, corner of 6th and Manning sts., assisted by Miss Ella Hodges and Miss Allie Herrington.
Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.
A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers.
We have just moved into our New Building, Opposite the Old Stand.
Winfield Courier, March 4, 1880.

Messrs. A. T. Spotswood & Co., our popular grocers, have leased the new room on the corner of Main Street and 10th Avenue, now being erected by Mr. Morehouse, and will move their stock in as soon as the room can be got ready for them. Spotswood & Co. are doing a rushing business and must have more room.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.
The jobbing trade of Winfield is getting to be a matter of no small importance. Situated as we are with competing lines to Kansas City and St. Louis, the smaller towns east and west will naturally become tributary to us, and in fact are already buying most of their goods of our merchants.
Spotswood & Co. and R. M. Snyder are putting forth special efforts toward securing this trade, and have been in a great measure successful. Baird Bros. are also doing considerable in the jobbing line, and are supply­ing several of the largest stores in our neighboring towns with dry goods, notions, etc. Our merchants are live, energetic men, and have the capital; and by buying in large quantities for cash, they get such reductions both in cost and freights as enable them to compete with Kansas City in the jobbing trade of this and adjoining counties.
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.
A. T. Spotswood and Co. received 25,000 pounds of sugar, Monday. This the largest invoice of sugar ever brought into Cowley County at one time.
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.
Quincy Glass has rented the room now being occupied by Mr. Spotswood, and will occupy it as soon as Spotswood & Co. get into the Morehouse building. We have not learned who is to occupy the room that Glass vacates.
Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.
Court convened in the courthouse Monday at 2 o’clock. The court disposed of many cases which had been agreed upon by the litigants during the recess, and adjourned to meet Tuesday morning at 9 o’clock.
A. T. Spotswood vs. S. D. Burt; garnishee ordered to file answer.
Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.
Spotswood has a new brand of cigars, the “Cowley County Belle,” put up expressly for himself.
Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.
This firm moved into their new quarters on Main and 10th Avenue Monday. Their store room is now one of the coolest and neatest in the city. Among other new features which this enter­prising firm have introduced is a mammoth freezing box for their retail butter trade. It is made up of several compartments, one for butter just received, in which it is placed to cool. After cooling it is moulded into pound lumps and placed in another colder compartment where it lies ready for delivery to customers. By leaving orders at his store, customers can get each day a pound of ice cold butter delivered at their homes. This is what we call enterprise.
Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.

REMOVED. I have removed my stock to the building lately occupied by Spotswood & Co. I have added to my stock very largely, and have put in a full line of blank books and statio­nery. I now have the largest and best assorted stock in Winfield and shall be pleased to see all my old friends at my new stand. QUINCY A. GLASS, South End Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.
Snyder & Spotswood are doing a “Land Office” business shipping produce. They send out nearly a car load of chickens, peaches, and “sich” every day. They are shipping mostly to New Mexico and Leadville.
Winfield Courier, October 28, 1880.
EDS. COURIER: My attention was directed soon after locating in Winfield to an ever increasing source of disease within the city limits, especially that part of the city east of Main Street.
I have many times called the attention of individuals to the subject, but being a newcomer (in common parlance), modesty constrained me to defer publicly discussing the subject, hoping that someone more competent and longer identified with the interests of the city would assume the duty, and discuss the subject with the fervency its importance demands.
I take it that in a well regulated city or commonwealth, where the different elements of society sustain a legitimate relation to each other and the proper balance of mutual influenc­es is maintained, the medical man is, or ought to be in some sense the conservator of the public health. His whole duty to society is certainly not performed in his laudable efforts to restore the sick to health, if he can preserve the health after it is restored and prevent the spread of disease.
It is natural enough for society to defer to the superior knowledge of medical men in the science of hygiene and sanitary laws and await their notice and advice, if there be an obscure or concealed enemy preying upon the health of the community. So in the absence of a board of health (which should always have an existence in every city), I will take the liberty of calling the attention of our people to the evil alluded to above.
I believe it is a fact well established by our well-diggers that water is not supplied to our wells by small veins or streams that may have sources running in different directions and at different depths, but at a certain distance from the surface a bed of sand and gravel is reached, below this a solid sheet of rock. This bed of sand and gravel constitutes the reservoir from which our wells are supplied with water; and this reservoir is largely, if not entirely repleted from surface drainage. Debris and impurities of divers kinds accumulate in the streets, alleys, upon the commons, about stables, barn-yards, and especially in privies. Through months these impurities accumulate, and with each rain they sink into the common reservoir. We cannot expect the water to be purified by passing through the ground to the reservoir, for a filter that has done duty so long has itself become contaminated, and would infect pure water were it pumped through it. These impurities are the home of festering poisons, noxious gases, cryptogamic vegetations, and swarms of infusoria, all capable of entering the system and poisoning the blood and generating disease, the result of which is death in many instanc­es. Notably low forms of fever and epidemics riot in such toxic elements.

A report made by the board of health in an eastern town recently contained many points of interest touching this subject. Wells of water, in many instances those least suspected, were found to be seriously contaminated. One specification will answer our purpose as an illustration.
The water from a well was examined; the well and its sur­roundings were unexceptionally neat and clean, yet the water was found to contain excrementitious matter, which had found its way into the well from a privy situated one hundred and fifty feet away, the vault being six feet deep.
Those who have given this subject but little thought may be surprised to learn with what facility noxious elements find their way into wells, and probably not less surpised to learn the sad results to families who have been necessitated to use the water such wells afford.
These unhappy conditions are not peculiar to Winfield. They obtain in most of the cities and towns in the state. With few exceptions they are located in valleys, mostly along the streams, and are subject to some of the conditions that have been de­scribed as existing in this locality.
It is not my purpose to discuss this subject further than is necessary to invite our people to an appreciation of the necessi­ty of sanitary precaution in constructing their residences. It will appear to everyone who will take the pains to investigate this matter, that it is not an imaginary evil, but is a fact, and one the proportions of which increase with the increase of population.
The remedy is obvious and complete. Do away with wells except­ing for the purpose of watering stock and protecting against fire. Build cisterns with good filters instead of digging wells. It will cost but little if any more than our present system, and pure cistern water is infinitely preferable from every standpoint to water freighted so heavily with calcare­ous matter as the water of this place is, were it free from pernicious elements.
The city authorities would do a thing that would commend their wisdom and philanthropy to the intelligence and gratitude of the people would they have a large cistern constructed at each school building, that the children and people in the vicinity who are not owners of property might have the benefit of pure drink­ing water. Others for like purposes might be built at the courthouse, one or more of the churches, and at least two on Main street. Lynn’s new building and Spotswood’s store, would be available places for two large public reservoirs of pure drinking water, from which the stores, shops, offices, restaurants, and boarding houses might be supplied. W. T. W.
Winfield Courier, November 4, 1880.
LOST! A buffalo robe between Spotswood’s store and Posey creek. The finder will be liberally rewarded by leaving the same at Spotswood’s.
Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.
Trial docket for December term, commencing on the first Monday (6th day) of December, A. D. 1880:
Larkin & Young vs. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

Last Monday morning A. T. Spotswood & Co., received 2,000 pounds of candies. This is the largest stock ever brought to the southwest. He has contracts for furnishing the Christmas candies for a large portion of the Sunday schools of the county, and for this purpose the stock was purchased. Those who have not pur­chased their candies would do well to call on him as he will be able to sell them cheaper than ever before offered.
Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.
A meeting was held in the council rooms last Thursday evening to consider means for temporary assistance to those in want in our city.
John B. Lynn was made chairman, and James Kelly, secretary.
By a vote of the meeting the city was divided into four wards by Main street and Ninth avenue, and committees were constituted as follows.
Northeast ward:  Mesdames T. R. Bryan, Dr. Graham, and Rev. J. Cairns.
Northwest ward:  Mesdames McDonald, McMullen, and Miss Service.
Southwest ward:  Mesdames Spotswood and Jillson, and Miss Mary R. Stewart.
Southeast ward:  Mesdames Hickock, Silver, and Swain.
Committees to solicit contributions were appointed as follows.
Northeast:  Mesdames Holloway, Linticum, and Troup.
Northwest:  Mesdames Short and Dr. Davis and Mayor Lynn.
Southwest:  Mesdames Earnest and Landers, and Mr. R. D. Jillson.
Southeast:  Mrs. Rigby, Miss L. Graham, and Mr. W. A. Freeman.
Lynn & Loose tendered their front basement for a storage room for the committees.
The committees were requested to meet in the council rooms on Tuesday, Dec. 14, at 2:30 p.m. to form plans of operation.
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.
A. T. Spotswood sold over seventeen hundred pounds of candy last week. He was obliged to telegraph for a fresh lot.
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.
With the earliest settlers of Winfield, came Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, since which time their hospitable home has been a favorite with our society people.
At their reception last evening an unusually happy and enjoyable time was had. Mr. and Mrs. Millington, assisted by their daughters, Misses Kate and Jessie, were truly at home in the manner and method of receiving their friends, with a smile and a pleasant word for all. No wonder the hours passed so quickly by. All restraint and formality was laid aside for an evening of genuine good feeling and pleasure.
Among those present were Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. N. L. Rigby, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Moffitt, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Dr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. Scovill, Mr. and Mrs. Lundy, Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Short, Mr. and Mrs. Kretsinger, Mr. and Mrs. Shrieves, Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Williams, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Millington, Mrs. Huston, Miss McCommon, Wirt W. Walton, and J. R. Conklin.

Refreshments were served to the satisfaction and praise of all, and not until a late hour came the “good nights” and the departure of friends for their homes, each of whom will not soon forget the pleasant evening with Mr. and Mrs. Millington. Daily Telegram.
Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.
Mr. Spotswood, a brother of A. T., has been in Colorado a number of months seeking to regain his health. Last week he stopped here while on his return home and is now very sick.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
The Ladies’ Library Association met at the library rooms on Tuesday, January 25th, and elected the following members as directors. Mesdames D. A. Millington, T. R. Bryan, T. G. Ticer, W. R. Davis, W. O. Scovill, J. C. Fuller, J. Swain,          Eastman, J. P. Butler,           Raymond, W. P. Hackney,           Wallis, A. E. Baird, M. L. Read, E. S. Bedillion,           Doane, G. Emerson, J. A. Hyden, A. T. Spotswood, C. S. Van Doren, J. W. McDonald, J. S. Mann, J. S. Loose, J. A. Earnest. The six last hold over under the constitution. The three first are re-elected.
The following officers were re-elected: Mrs. W. L. Mullen, president; Mrs. N. L. Rigby, vice president; Mrs. E. T. Trimble, secretary; Mrs. M. L. Robinson, treasurer.
The officers and directors voted upon themselves a tax of three dollars each to raise funds for the purchase of books and other expenditures of the association.
The editor congratulates the people of Winfield on the presence as citizens of such an array of self-sacrificing, intelligent, and enterprising fair ladies, and hope the city council will make a liberal appropriation and men having money will assist them in their noble work.
Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.
Charlie Spotswood left for his home in Lexington, Kentucky, Monday.
Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.
Messrs. Snyder & Spotswood have leased the Robinson farm southeast of the city, now occupied by Mr. J. G. Shrieves. These gentlemen propose to devote a greater part of the ground to garden and field vegetables for the supply of the city trade and their wholesale customers. This is a move in the right direction and will no doubt prove a successful enterprise. Telegram.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

CRYSTAL WEDDING. Mr. and Mrs. Shrieves celebrated the 15th anniversary of their marriage by inviting their friends to attend their crystal wedding on Tuesday evening, February 8th. Accord­ingly a merry party filled the omnibuses and proceeded to their residence, one mile east of town, and spent an evening of unal­loyed pleasure. Mrs. Shrieves, assisted by her sisters, Mrs. Cummings and Mrs. Wm. Shrieves, entertained theirr guests in a graceful and pleasant manner. Although invitation cards announced no presents, a few of the most intimate friends pre­sented some choice little articles in remembrance of the occa­sion. The following were present: Mrs. Hickok, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Butler, Miss Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Kinne, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robin­son, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Dr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. Earnest, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Rev. and Mrs. Hyden, Rev. and Mrs. Platter, Mrs. Houston, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Wilson, Rev. and Mrs. Borchers, Mr. and Mrs. Meech, Mr. and Mrs. Mill-house, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Roberts, Mr. Hendricks, and John Roberts.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.
Last week Spotswood & Snyder shipped upwards of three thousand pounds of butter to Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.
The ladies have moved the library to the Morehouse building, over Spotswood’s store.
They will have very pleasant apartments there and hope to make it much more attractive.
Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.
Snyder & Spotswood have had photographs taken of their patent folding coops, from which they will have cuts made. The coop is intended for shipping, and can be folded up and returned to the owner, thereby saving to shippers the price of the coop. It is an excellent thing.
Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.
NOTICE. Pure bred, dark Bramah eggs for hatching $2.00 per dozen. Inquire at A. T. Spotswood. P. W. WAITE.
Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.
Mr. A. T. Spotswood has gone East and before many days we may expect to see the largest stock of groceries yet purchased by a Winfield firm.
Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.
Notion peddling wagon, nearly new, for sale at a bargain. Apply to Forrest V. Rowland, at A. T. Spotswood & Co.’s.
Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.
Snyder & Spotswood are making preparations to put in a large garden this spring, and raise and sell their own produce. It is difficult to supply the home demand, and with the increased shipping facilities, we can get a market for all that is raised. They propose to sow several hundred dollars worth of seeds.
Winfield Courier, March 31, 1881.
LOST: A dark red milk cow strayed from my yard in Winfield last Monday morning. Anyone leaving information of her where­abouts at my office over Spotswood’s store will be rewarded. JAMES McDERMOTT.
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.

On last Thursday evening was gathered in the magnificent salons of M. L. Robinson one of the largest parties which have assembled in Winfield this past season. The honors of the occasion were conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Robinson and Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood in the most graceful and pleasing manner, making each of the guests feel delighted and happy. A new departure was made in the hour for reception which we cannot too highly commend, that of substituting 7 o’clock for the late hours which usually prevail, but the habits of some were so confirmed that they could not get around until nine o’clock. The banquet was excellent beyond our power of description. Nothing was wanting to render it perfect in all its appointments. At a reasonable hour the guests retired, expressing the warmest thanks to their kind hostesses and hosts for the pleasures of the evening. The following are the names of the guests as we now remember them.
Miss Nettie McCoy, Mrs. Huston, Mrs. S. H. Myton, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Eastman, Mrs. Ticer, Mr. M. G. Hodges, Mr. C. A. Bliss, Mr. W. C. Robinson, Mr. W. A. Smith, Mr. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Loose, Mrs. Herrington, Mr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Platter, Mr. and Mrs. J. Harden, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. Conklin, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. Dever, Mr. and Mrs. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. Barclay, Mrs. W. F. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. F. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, and Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Winfield Courier, April 14, 1881.
Spotswood is fitting up a glass show window for his fancy queensware.
Winfield Courier, April 14, 1881.
Buckingham, the boss grocer, has transferred his headquar­ters from the Hoosier grocery to A. T. Spotswood & Co.’s. “Buck” is a genial, whole-souled fellow, and can accomplish much in the grocery trade. Spotswood shows good judgment in choosing Buck as his lieutenant.
Winfield Courier, April 14, 1881.
A. T. Spotswood contracted with a Colorado man last week to furnish him twelve thousand dozen eggs. This is the largest hen fruit contract ever made in this part of the state. The fulfill­ment of this contract will keep all the hens in the county busy for a week, even if the roosters could be induced to help along with the laying. The hens are doing much for our commerce, and if they but hold out a little while longer, Cowley will be known as the boss egg market of the state.
Winfield Courier, April 21, 1881.
Quite a jolly party left on the A. T. & S. F. Tuesday afternoon on a pleasure trip to Topeka and Kansas City. The party was composed of Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Bahntge, Mrs. Dr. Emerson, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood and children, and Miss Smith. They will be absent several days. M. L. will stop over in Topeka to attend the directors’ meeting of the A. T. & S. F. M. L. Robinson was selected by the commis­sion­ers to vote the Cowley county stock.
Winfield Courier, April 21, 1881.
“Buck” is an accomplished salesman. Spotswood had a lot of bananas which were about to rot, and as it would never do to let anything spoil in a grocery store, Buck made up his mind to sell those banannas. So he grabbed a board and with a few artistic touches manufactured a sign, “Something new: West India soft string beans for seed.” The ruse took, and many an enterprising stranger traveled home with a package of new beans. If any inquisitive tourist sees the end of a banana sticking up out of the ground during his travels through Cowley, let him call on Buck for an explanation.

Excerpt from long article re Frank Manny and prohibition and what various businessmen in Winfield had to say about their business during past year...
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
                                                      Prohibition in Kansas.
                                How It Has Killed Winfield and Cowley County!
      Statements of Businessmen of Winfield and Leading Citizens of Cowley County,
                                          Kansas, in Relation to the Situation.
We have received many letters from Iowa and other states containing a letter written by Frank Manny, of this city, clipped from one newspaper or another, with the inquiry if the statements therein contained are true. We answered one of these briefly last week, but subsequently we learn that the Manny letter is being published widely in other states, not only as an argument against prohibitory liquor laws, but against emigrating to Kansas, and particularly against this city and county. It is known that Winfield and Cowley County are the
                                              BANNER CITY AND COUNTY
for prohibition. The vote on the prohibitory amendment last November was in Winfield 443 for, and 121 against. Majority for: 322. In Cowley County the vote stood, 3,248 for, and 870 against. Majority for, 2,373. No other city or county in the state gave anything like such majorities for, and most cities as large or larger than Winfield gave majorities against. If prohibition is disastrous to a community, it is fit that this city and county be the heaviest sufferers. If it is a good thing, this city and county should come in for a goodly share of the benefits. This city and county are only eleven years old. In that time they have risen from nothing to a population of 21,539 for the county, and 2,850 for the city, according to the U. S. census of 1880, and the population of the city today is not less than 3,300. Of these eleven years, nine of them have been years of magnificent crops of all kinds, and two of them have been years of partial failure. The first year of short crops was 1874, and the following spring showed a decrease of population and a stagnation of business. The other year of short crops was 1880, which was even worse than 1874, and the result on the population and business this spring will appear in the statements which follow. Either in consequence of, or in spite of the fact that intoxicating liquors have always been sold here in any abundance, we have arisen from nothing to one of the best and wealthiest counties in the west in eleven years. Was it whiskey, or was it our wonderfully fertile soil, fine climate, and attrac­tive surroundings?
Here is the famous Manny letter.
                                          “WINFIELD, KANS., April 1st, 1881.

Herewith I send you a car load of barley, which please sell for me and remit proceeds after deducting all expenses. I have tried my best to dispose of it in our neighboring towns, but have not succeeded. I have invested $20,000 in my brewery, and I do not believe I could get $500 for it now on account of the prohi­bition law. I have over $1,000 worth of beer in my vaults and am not allowed to sell a drop. My barley and malt cost me 95 cents a bushel, but I cannot get 50 cents for it now. You have no idea how our people are upset by the new law. A year ago our town was prospering, not a house or store to be had, and now you will find from 100 to 150 houses vacated. Stores that brought $50 a month rent are empty. The state of affairs is such that even our prohibition people are getting scared and regret what they have done. If you should find anything for me there, please let me know.
                                                        FRANK MANNY.”
Below are statements of businessmen and leading citizens of this city and county.
                                                 SNYDER & SPOTSWOOD,
Produce dealers. Our business is much larger than it was a year ago. In the last two months we have shipped to Colorado and New Mexico 32,070 dozens of eggs and 6,761 pounds of butter, besides large quantities of dressed poultry. We are handling a large amount of fresh garden vegetables, and besides what we are able to buy we cultivate 12 acres in garden sauce. We raise a large amount of poultry and keep the best breeds.
                                                 A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.,
Grocers. Our business is nearly double what it was a year ago. We have a magnificent stock, much better than it was a year ago. If prohibition has had any effect on our business, it has been to increase it.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
Spotswood has a sign out: “Beer mugs at cost.”
Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.
Before the Santa Fe railroad was opened up to Colorado and New Mexico, every spring our farmers were compelled to sell eggs at four or five cents a dozen, butter at seven or eight cents a pound, and chickens, lettuce, radishes, rhubarb, peas, potatoes, and other kinds of garden vegetables for almost nothing, and take pay in groceries at much higher prices than are asked now, because they could not get one cent of cash for their produce. Now mark the difference.
All fresh butter that is brought into Winfield finds a ready market at not less than 12-1/2 cents cash, eggs not less than 8-1/2 cents per dozen. Chickens, $2.60 per dozen; peas in pod, $1.75 per bushel, turkeys, dressed poultry, rhubarb, gooseberries, strawberries, onions, potatoes, radishes, lettuce, and other vegetables find ready market at high prices, and a large amount of money is being distributed among the farmers for truck that was formerly comparatively valueless.
A single firm in the city, Snyder & Spotswood, have shipped to Colorado and New Mexico within the last two months, 24,275 dozen eggs. 7,043 pounds of fresh butter, 250 dozen chickens, and quantities of all the other kinds of produce above mentioned.
J. P. Baden & Co., have shipped similar amounts, and others have shipped more or less.
During the summer large quantities of peaches, melons, cherries, grapes, blackberries, etc., will be shipped.
The Santa Fe railroad has created this market for us besides making a new and valuable market for hundreds of carloads of flour, corn, bacon, lard, and hay. This road is the principal factor in making Cowley and other counties rich and independent. It is a nice thing to have money coming in all the year round for all these things for which our county is so peculiarly adapted.

It is in some quarters the style to grumble at this road, to want to “kill the goose that lays these golden eggs,” but when we consider the value of this road to us, the liberality with which it deals with us, the obliging spirit it manifests, the courteous treatment we always receive at the hands of all its officers and employees and the grandeur of its enterprise and its achieve­ments, we feel that we cannot give this corporation with a soul, too much praise.
Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.
Last Tuesday we noticed four drays loaded down with express matter, wending their way toward the depot, and concluded that it would be a good idea to find out how much produce our merchants were sending out. We forthwith proceeded to gather the facts, and learned enough to astonish even a newspaper reporter.
Messrs. Snyder and Spotswood were first visited. They reported the following shipments, with as much more on hand and not shipped, because of lack of express facilities: 600 dozen eggs, 621 pounds of butter, eight dozen chickens, and 100 pounds of vegetables.
J. P. Baden was next interviewed. He reported shipment of 1,750 pounds of butter, 1,200 dozen eggs, 24 dozen chickens, and 40 baskets of vegetables. While talking with Mr. Baden he remarked that he had paid out, on Monday, over eight hundred dollars for butter and eggs alone. We were inclined to scoff at this assertion, until Mr. Baden brought out his books and showed us stubs in his check book for $761.38 cash paid out, and charges for over $100 in goods. We count this a pretty good day’s work. The total amount of eggs shipped Tuesday was 1,800 dozen, for which our farmers received $180. The total number of pounds of butter was 2,371, worth $308; thirty dozen chickens, worth $75, and eighty baskets of vegetables, worth $50. Total cash value of shipments, $613, and this was only an average day for butter and eggs.
Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881 - Front Page
Cowley County is situated on the south line of the state, and near its center east and west. Elk and Chautauqua counties bound it on the east, Butler County on the north, west by Sumner County, and on the south by the Indian Territory. It is one of the largest counties in the state, being thirty-three miles north and south, and thirty-four miles east and west, and contains forty-five hundred quarter sections of land, all suitable for farming purposes.
                                                        RIVERSIDE PARK.

Winfield, behind the large cities of the State in nothing, has taken a step ahead of them by the establishment of a pleasure ground for her citizens, to be known as Riverside Park. The park grounds include forty acres, situated but a quarter of a mile from the depot of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, and is easy of access from all parts of the State, from the fact of two lines of railroads running into the town. A splendid flag­staff has been planted in the middle of the park, from which will float the national colors, while a fine fountain of unique design is also to be erected. The river here affords splendid opportu­nities for boating, and a steam pleasure boat is to be put upon the waters soon, in addition to which will be several small boats, which will be let out to parties for a reasonable consider­ation. Rustic seats will be placed all around and through the park, which, with the beautiful, shaded and winding walks, fine lawns, the pleasures of the river, the luxuriant velvet grass upon the finest camping ground in the State, will render it the most favored spot in all the West. The citizens of Winfield have taken hold of the matter in earnest, and what they undertake they never fail to put through. A fine flag pavement is now being put down between the city and the park, while the highway between the two constitutes as fine a drive as can be found in the State.
The ground comprising the park was purchased a short time ago by Captain Lowry, Captain S. C. Smith, Messrs. M. L. Robinson, J. L. Horning, A. Spotswood, and M. L. Read, who give it to the city free, for the purpose of holding public gatherings of all kinds, Sunday and public school picnics, camp-meetings, and other pleasure and business assemblage. These gentlemen have shown a public spirit that is commendable, and deserve, as they have received, the thanks of the people of the city, for whom they have done so much.
This park is, without doubt, the finest place in the State for the holding of camp-meetings, as there are high and dry places for the putting up of tents, and shaded by lordly monarchs of the forest, making it delightfully cool and pleasant in every way. Over three miles of winding drives are now being built, which will add materially to the beauties and pleasures of this place. The spot selected for this park is in every way a de­lightful and superior one, and it will prove a joy forever, to no not only the good people of the enterprising city of Winfield, but to the whole State as well.
Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881.
A. T. Spotswood shipped by express last Monday, June 6th, to the Board of Trade of Chicago and St. Louis, each, a bundle of wheat harvested that day by John F. Miller from a field of 72 acres of his which will yield 25 bushels to the acre. John F. Miller is ahead and leads the wheat boom for Cowley County.
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.
Rev. J. E. Platter was chosen chairman and made one of his neat and impressive speeches followed by Messrs. Hackney, Troup, Beach, and others.
A committee of ten gentlemen was appointed by the chair to canvass for subscriptions, consisting of Messrs. C. C. Black, J. S. Hunt, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, D. A. Millington, D. L. Kretsinger, J. P. Short, R. E. Wallis, W. H. Smith, and H. D. Gans.
A committee of ladies was appointed to canvass for clothing, bedding, etc., consisting of Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mrs. Earnest, Mrs. Jewell, Mrs. Van Doren, Mrs. Horning, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Spotswood, Miss Nellie Cole, and Miss Mary Steward.
The committee of gentlemen organized with C. C. Beach, chairman, J. P. Short, secretary, and R. E. Wallis, treasurer.
Early on Tuesday morning a wagon load of provisions was sent to Floral under charge of Messrs. Black and Short.
During the day the canvass of the city resulted in the following cash subscriptions.
COURIER Co. $25.00
Winfield Bank $25.00
Read’s Bank $25.00

Lynn & Loose $20.00
W. P. Hackney $15.00
J. E. Platter $15.00
Telegram $15.00
A. T. Shenneman $15.00
J. S. Hunt $15.00
Bliss & Wood $15.00
Spotswood & Co. $12.00
A. P. Johnson $10.00
M. G. Troup $10.00
Jacob Nixon $10.00
D. C. Stevens $10.00
H. D. Gans $10.00
H. J. Sandfort $10.00
Curns & Manser $10.00
S. H. Myton $10.00
Smith Bros. $10.00
Harter & Horning $10.00
W. J. Hodges $10.00
W. C. Root & Co. $10.00
James Hardin $10.00
J. H. Bullen $10.00
N. L. Rigby $10.00
S. C. Smith $10.00
Frank Williams $10.00
Wallis & Wallis $10.00
Baird Bros. $10.00
H. Goldsmith $5.00
J. S. Mann $5.00
Geo. W. Gully $5.00
D. C. Beach $5.00
Bradt & Gibson $5.00
Major & Vance $5.00
Cole Bros. $5.00
W. E. Davis $5.00
T. M. McGuire $5.00
J. P. Short $5.00
T. R. Bryan $5.00
M. Hahn & Co. $5.00
J. A. Earnest $5.00
Horning R. & Co. $5.00
J. D. Pryor $5.00
T. F. Axtel & Co. $5.00

Robt. Hudson $5.00
G. E. Raymond $5.00
Appleby & Ehler $5.00
S. Billings $5.00
J. Fleming $5.00
W. B. Pixley $5.00
Hoosier Grocery $5.00
J. F. Burroughs $5.00
Brown & Son $5.00
H. G. Fuller $5.00
Jennings & Buckman $5.00
J. A. Douglass $5.00
Speed & Schofield $5.00
J. L. M. Hill $5.00
J. E. Conklin $5.00
H. C. Loomis $5.00
Harter Bros. $5.00
N. C. Myers $5.00
Henry E. Asp $5.00
J. M. Alexander $5.00
Silver & True $5.00
W. Newton $5.00
J. W. Johnston $5.00
Quincy A. Glass $5.00
McDonald & Walton $5.00
Lee & McKnight $5.00
Simmons & Ott $5.00
Chicago L Co. $5.00
W. T. Ekel $5.00
Ed. Bedilion $5.00
Eli Youngheim $5.00
I. Levi $3.00
F. Barclay & Son $2.50
S. W. Pugsley $2.50
Ed. Weitzell $2.50
A. J. Frazee $2.50
E. Dever $2.50
S. D. Pryor $2.00
John Lee $2.00
Port Smith $2.00
E. W. Hovey $2.00
W. C. Carruthers $2.00
Mrs. De Falk $2.00

W. O. Johnson $2.00
A. H. Green $2.00
S. I. Gilbert $2.00
M. J. Wilson $2.00
J. O’Hare $2.00
C. C. Harris $2.00
A. W. Davis $2.00
Jas. Lorton $2.00
F. M. Friend $2.00
A. J. Pyburn $2.00
J. M. Keck $2.00
Connor & Beaton $2.00
J. M. Henry $2.00
John Lowry $2.00
D. F. Long $1.50
I. W. Randall $1.50
J. W. McRorey $1.50
C. G. Oliver $1.00
S. G. Gary $1.00
J. B. McGill $1.00
Geo. Mann $1.00
S. A. Cook $1.00
D. Mater $1.00
F. Brown $1.00
D. W. Stevens $1.00
A. Stewart $1.00
J. B. Sipes $1.00
J. P. Stevens $1.00
Chas. Kelly $1.00
C. D. Austin $1.00
B. A. Beard $1.00
D. A. Carr $1.00
M. B. Shields $1.00
J. W. Batchelder $1.00
W. P. Tucker $1.00
H. Jochems $1.00
J. E. Allen $1.00
W. Woding $1.00
E. Soferien $1.00
E. A. Appling $1.00
W. McClellan $1.00
F. P. Silver $1.00
J. S. Beaton $1.00

J. W. Seckles $1.00
W. Woodell $1.00
W. McEwen $1.00
Max Shoeb $1.00
F. V. Rowland $1.00
Roy Millington $1.00
S. Smedley $1.00
G. H. Allen $1.00
E. P. Harlan $1.00
Geo. Klaus $1.00
A. W. Berkey $1.00
G. W. Maxfield $1.00
Geo. Osterhaus $1.00
Nommsen & Stueven $1.00
John Price $1.00
Jas. Connor $1.00
Ed. Mount $1.00
M. West $1.00
T. B. Myers $1.00
P. Sipe $1.00
Jas. Burns $1.00
Dr. Green $1.00
H. Lewis $1.00
W. F. Dorley $1.00
N. Moore $1.00
B. Herbert $1.00
M. Smedley [?Smedler?] $1.00
W. A. Freeman $1.00
W. Dodson $1.00
Dr. Bull $1.00
Mrs. T. K. Johnson $1.00
John Powell $1.00
M. Buckhalter $1.00
John Eaton $1.00
M. Klingman $1.00
E. Cutler $1.00
Wilber Dever $1.00
F. C. Woodruff $1.00
F. M. Woodruff $1.00
John Wilson $1.00
D. F. Best $1.00
Ed. Cochran $1.00
Dr. Wells $1.00

Geo. W. Martin $1.00
R. W. Parks $1.00
F. Barclay, Jr. $1.00
Jos. Likowski $1.00
A. B. Graham $1.00
D. S. Beadell $1.00
H. Pails $1.00
J. Rowland $1.00
_____ Dorley $1.00
Ed. Likowski $1.00
Frank Finch $1.00
A. S. Tucker $1.00
Smaller collections $57.20
Sent from Arkansas City $46.50
The above is not a perfect list, but is as near correct as possible in our hurry in going to press. The committee have raised in cash $801.00.
Besides the cash contributions the committee of ladies secured a large amount of clothing and bedding from families all over the city. A full load of these was sent up to the sufferers on Wednesday morning and more to follow during the day. Some merchants gave groceries and other goods from their stores. The committee are distributing the property and cash as judiciously as possible, so as to do the most good.
Excerpts from Conklin letter...gave entire letter in Baden file. MAW
Winfield Courier, July 14, 1881 - Front Page.
Though but a few months have passed since the Santa Fe railroad has opened up a vast region that was practically three years ago a terra incognita in settlement and the civilization of the nineteenth century, yet, already hundreds of letters have been sent back by the new settler and traveler, and New Mexico letters have become almost as common as country correspondents.
While New Mexico is not by any means “written up,” yet correspon­dents have gone so often over the same ground that the victimized reader looks with a great deal of suspicion upon one of these letters.
Here as everywhere else in New Mexico, I found lots of Winfield men. Some are traveling, others are in business, and many others working at their trades; but wherever I saw them, they were all doing well. The universal report was that when they made their “stake,” they were coming back to Winfield to live.
Our town is widely known through the enterprise of its merchants. As a supply point for butter, eggs, poultry, and vegetables, Winfield today is sending more of these products into New Mexico than any other city. In groceries and commission houses, it appeared to me that at least two-thirds of all the boxes and pails carrying such goods bore the familiar imprint of J. P. Baden or Spotswood & Snyder. I will have more to say about this trade in my closing letter.

I commenced with the intention of making but one letter; but my visit to the Black Range and Old Mexico will require another. Up to this point my companion had been Dr. Mendenhall, but to my sorrow he was obliged to return home from Albuquerque and I completed the trip alone. J. E. CONKLIN.
Winfield Courier, July 14, 1881.
Mr. A. T. Spotswood has purchased the Will Baird residence, on Twelfth avenue. Judge Baird has also purchased lots in this locality, and will erect a residence during the summer.
Winfield Courier, July 28, 1881.
A merry party consisting of the gayest of her gay young people assembled at Miss Roland’s on last Saturday evening and proceeded to the residence of Mrs. A. T. Spotswood for the purpose of a complete surprise party to Miss Nettie McCoy, who leaves this week for a visit to her home in New Jersey. The following were present: Mr. and Mrs. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. George Robinson, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. George Whitney, and Mr. and Mrs. Garvey; Misses Amelia and Clara Garvey of Topeka, Jennie Hane, May Roland, Allie Klingman, Sarah Hodges, Louie Crapster, Ida McDonald, Amanda Scothorn, Margie Wallis, and Jessie Millington; and Messrs. Davis, Dever, Hunt, Baldridge, Harris, W. A. Smith, W. C. Robin­son, Dr. Gunn, and Bahntge.
Winfield Courier, July 28, 1881.
                                          WASHINGTON, D. C. July 18, 1881.
EDS. COURIER: The miserable, cowardly assault made on me through the medium of the Telegram of recent date and copied in your issue of the 14th inst. is the result and outgrowth of jealousy and petty spite of a Mr. Kretsinger, who occupies the position of a subaltern on said paper.
The purport of the article referred to is that I left the city of Winfield, leaving behind numerous creditors with the intention of defrauding them and also that I took with me many valuable papers belonging to my clients. Both of these contempt­ible statements have no foundation in truth, and to exonerate myself from the guilt implied by this libel, I herewith apprehend a list of all those to whom I am indebted, and confidently refer my friends and enemies alike to them for corroboration.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., not exceeding: $ 6.00
The Telegram: 30.00
McDonald & Walton: 10.00
Mr. Burkhalter: 14.00
I called the day before leaving Winfield on Mr. Blair, Manager of the Telegram, and a perfect gentleman, informing him of my prospective removal and stated I would pay balance due Telegram if I could before I left. I also notified each of the other above named gentle-men, requesting as a favor their leniency in extending me time in consequence of expenses entailed in moving.
As to the second charge, my bringing away valuable papers belonging to clients, I answer that the charge shows his pitiable ignorance of the law in reference to an Attorney’s rights in such matters.

My object in locating at the seat of government is that I may be able to better represent the interests of those whose business was entrusted to my care, and the papers in each case were brought to further enable me to do so. Instead of my removal to Washington resulting unfavorably to my clients, it will facilitate action on their claims necessary to settlement, as I will be adjacent to all the departments and can give person­al attention to business.
With these explanations I will rest my case and am willing to abide by the verdict rendered by the people of Cowley County, and your readers generally.
                                                    TAYLOR FITZGERALD.
Winfield Courier, October 27, 1881.
Wednesday at 12 o’clock, Mr. Fred C. Hunt and Miss Sarah Hodges were united in marriage at the residence of the bride’s father, in this city, Rev. Father Kelly officiating. The assem­blage was one of the largest ever gathered to witness a marriage ceremony in this city. The bridal party left on the afternoon train for a short trip in the east. The following is a list of presents from their friends.
Bedroom set, bride’s father, W. J. Hodges.
Silver spoons, Mrs. W. J. Hodges.
Silver fruit knife, May Hodges.
Silver knives and forks, Charley Hodges.
Large parlor lamp, Willie Hodges.
Handsome chair, Capt. and Mrs. Hunt.
Silver and cut glass berry dish, Miss Anna Hunt and Etta Robinson.
Oil paintings, from groom.
Silver cake stand, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson.
Set fruit plates, from Mr. and Mrs. Garvey and Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood.
Handsome clock, Mr. and Mrs. D. Severy.
Individual salt cellars, Allie Klingman.
Pair silver goblets, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller.
Majolica salad dish, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok.
Silver butter dish with plates, W. C. and Ivan Robinson.
Silver jewel case, Miss Ida McDonald, Anna Scothorn, Jennie Hane,
and Jessie Millington.
Silver and glass vase with hand painting, Dr. Wilson and Mrs. Bullock.
Silver and cut glass bouquet holder, Mr. and Mrs. Randall.
Silver napkin rings, W. J. Wilson and W. A. Smith.
Card receiver and bouquet holder, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bahntge.
Silver pickle dish, Mrs. C. A. Bliss.
Silver and cut glass fruit dish, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Robinson.
Silver butter knife and pickle fork, Miss A. and Nellie Aldrich.
Silver butter dish, Miss Bird Godfrey, of Wellington.
Individual castor, R. W. Dever.
Darned net apron, Miss Kate Millington, Las Vegas, N. M.
Handsome book, “Beautiful Ferns,” Henry Goldsmith.
Pair dining room pictures, Mr. and Mrs. Mann.
Panel picture, C. C. Harris.

Silver and cut glass flower vase, Mr. and Mrs. Ed P. Greer.
From the COURIER COMPANY, a life subscription to the Winfield COURIER,
A handsome present from Miss McCoy.
Will Robinson couldn’t be present at the wedding, but sent his regrets; and hoped “if they
must encounter troubles, they be little ones.”
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
Celery, Fresh Oysters, Cranberries, Buckwheat Flour, Pigs Feet, New Figs, Dressed Poultry. AL SPOTSWOOD.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
BECK’S PICTURE GALLERY. Gallery on 10th avenue, south of Spotswood’s grocery, Winfield, Kansas.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
Spotswood has two of the prettiest show windows we have ever seen in any city.
Cowley County Courant, January 19, 1882.
The Merchants’ and Business Men’s Protection Association met Thursday evening at the office of A. H. Doane & Co., president Spotswood presiding. The committee on constitution and by-laws tendered their report, which was received and taken up for action by sections, after which it was adopted as a whole, and the secretary instructed to have the same printed and furnish each member with a copy. The following firms became members of the association.
A. T. Spotswood & Co.
J. P. Baden
B. F. Cox.
Wallis & Wallis.
McGuire Bros.
J. S. Mann.
Hendricks & Wilson.
Hughes & Cooper.
Hudson Bros.
Miller & Dix.
J. L. Hodges.
A. H. Doane & Co.
S. H. Myton.
W. B. Pixley.
E. A. Baird.
Whiting Bros.
Shreves & Powers.
Cole Bros.

The by-laws provide that any firm in the city may become members by complying with the by-laws, rules, and regulations, and that each member will be furnished with a pass book contain­ing a list of doubtful and bad paying customers, professional beats, etc. From the reading of the constitution and by-laws of the organization, it is evident that the business men are in earnest, and that they propose to protect cash and prompt paying customers and to give doubtful and bad paying customers, and especially dead beats, a wide berth. The method adopted by the association for equal and mutual protection is sound and reason­able, and will bring to its membership every business firm in the city. The result will surely prove satisfactory to both buyer and seller.
The Winfield Courier, January 5, 1882.
FOUND. A memorandum book containing two notes was picked up Saturday in front of Spotswood’s. The owner can get it by calling this office and paying for this notice.
The Winfield Courier, January 12, 1882.
                                                   HARD ON THE D. B.’S.
                  The Businessmen Talk, Eat, and Prepare to Harvest Unpaid Bills.
Last Saturday evening a large number of the businessmen of Winfield met at the Brettun House and organized an association that will be of more practical benefit to businessmen and the trading public generally then anything that has yet been proposed. The matter has been talked of for some time, but recent events brought it to a focus, of which the “Merchants” and Business Men’s Protective Association” is the outcome. The following gentlemen were present and assisted in the organization.
A. H. Doane, R. E. Wallis, J. A. McGuire, Will Hudson, A. E. Baird, W. J. Hodges, H. Brotherton, J. M. Dever, J. P. Baden, J. L. Hodges, R. E. Sydall, Lou Harter, Ed. P. Greer, J. B. Lynn, A. B. Steinberger, C. A. Bliss, D. L. Kretsinger, A. T. Spotswood, S. W. Hughes, J. S. Mann, W. B. Pixley, W. R. McDonald, A. D. Hendricks, Col. Wm. Whiting, J. G. Shrieves, J. W. Bacheldor, J. L. Horning, T. R. Timme, J. L. Rinker, J. P. Short, B. F. Wood, J. A. Cooper.
A committee consisting of the officers and a committee of eight or ten members were appointed to draft constitution and by-laws to be presented at the next meeting to be held at A. H. Doane & Co.’s office Thursday evening. The object of the organization is for mutual protection against the class of men who obtain credit at one place as long as possible, then change to another, and so on around, and for heading off dead-beats of every kind. A list of all those who are in arrears at the different stores will be made out by each merchant and filed with the secretary, who will furnish each member with a complete list of all who obtain credit and the amount. Then, when a person desires to buy goods on time, the merchant can go to his list, find out how many other firms in town he owes, and how long the account has been running. If he finds that the person desiring credit owes every other merchant in town, he can safely make up his mind that he is a D. B. On the other hand, if he finds that the person asking for credit has paid his bill and is reckoned good by the other merchants in establishing his credit, he will find no trouble in getting all the advances he desires. It will weed out the dishonest fellows and protect those who pay their debts and show a disposition to deal honestly.

The above, as near as we can state it, is the object of the association. Here alone, good, honest, straightforward men all over the county have failed to get credit because there was no way to establish their standing while others who were no good have run annual bills all over town and never make an effort to pay. This will stop all that business and place them in a very unenviable light until their bills are paid.
After the adjournment of the meeting all repaired to the dining room of the Brettun and ate oysters and celery, drank coffee and cream, told vigorous stories of dead-beats and bill-jumpers, and treated each other to little bits of business experience that furnished points for future action. The supper was nicely served and thirty-nine sat down to the long table and took two or more dishes of “Oysters-loonystyle,” with fruit and lighter refreshments thrown in. One of the most unfortunate features of the supper was that there were no toasts. Nothing is so delightful after a nice supper as to sit back in your chair and note the writhings of the poor mortal who has been selected to tell about “The great American eagle, who laves his bill in the Atlantic and dips his tail in the Pacific,” and to see him squirm when he finds that he has forgotten the piece and got the proud bird’s tail in the wrong pond. We were very anxious to see this duty performed and had about concluded to call out J. L. Horning or A. T. Spotswood, with W. J. Hodges and R. E. Wallis as possible substitutes, when the thought struck us that it might prove a boomerang and our desire for toasts immediately expired.
Among the ladies who graced the occasion were Mrs. W. R. McDonald, Mrs. J. L. Rinker, Mrs. J. B. Lynn, Miss Sadie French, Mrs. W. J. Hodges, Mrs. S. W. Hughes, Mrs. J. A. Cooper, and Mrs. W. B. Pixley.
The Winfield Courier, January 19, 1882.
Abe had a lamp explode at his house the other night and then howled about “poor oil.” No one else has complained about poor oil since Wallis & Wallis advertised their 175 test, and A. T. Spotswood & Co., their “Water Spray,” in the COURIER. Of course, Abe don’t read the COURIER and therefore don’t know where to buy oil. But hold out. Perhaps he read the coal oil ad’s in this paper and wanted some himself. Slick fellow, he is.
Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.
Another startling evidence of the effects of advertising is brought to light. A. T. Spotswood brought in an advertisement of a team for sale Monday. Tuesday morning he sold the team—before the “ad” had been put in print. The moral of this little incident is: Advertise in the COURIER.
Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.
Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood returned from St. Louis on Monday, where they have been making a two week’s visit with friends and relatives. They report a pleasant time.
Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.
In another column will be found the advertisement of A. T. Spotswood & Co., announcing to the people a new departure. They have quit the credit system of doing business and will hereafter sell goods for nothing but cash in hand. [SKIPPED THE REST.]
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.

We call the attention of our citizens to the communication from Mr. Thorpe in this issue, and we are glad to see them investigating the matter. The prospect of such a manufactory is decidedly pleasant to us, and we would like to see the matter given full attention. We don’t think there is any danger of Winfield becoming a “way station,” but we would not lose an opportunity to build up this city or advance her interests. Winfield is flourishing now, and we want it to continue in so doing and we think all our businessmen are with us in that desire.
EDITOR COURANT: I find that there are some people who feel rather dubious as to the success of the enterprise which I suggested in the COURANT the other day. To these people I would kindly offer this explanation of the “modus operandi” of such an enterprise. All of the eastern manufactories of a like nature have to buy their leather, paying four profits for it, namely, the manufacturers, commissioners, wholesalers, and retailers. Now in my suggestion I propose manufacturing my own leather, and thereby combining all of the aforesaid profits with the profits derived from the manufacture of boots and shoes.
In regard to competition, we invite it, for in a country like this, where there is always a plentiful supply of hides at lower rates than can be procured at any point in the east; we candidly say we invite and defy competition.
The town of Winfield has about reached its limits as regards the population, and is allowing other adjacent towns, much smaller than she is, to out-rival her by the intrepidity of their citizens. What will be the consequences? The result will be that she will awake one day to find that during her slumber she has allowed her once inferior neighboring towns to become large manufacturing cities, while she receives the flattering title of a “way station.” Now the question is, are the citizens of Winfield going to allow this opportunity to pass by without the slightest effort on their part to save it from the four winds. I for one, am willing to risk all I have towards the furtherance of such an enterprise. Most every man, woman, and child in Kansas wears boots or shoes at some period of the year, and as Kansas gives great encouragement to home industry, the chances of disposing of goods would be great. I am speaking of Kansas as the home market. Such an enterprise would not alone fill the pockets of the stock holders, but would give employment to many men and women.
The following are some of the well known citizens who fully endorse my proposition and who also agree to take shares in the corporation.
J. C. McMullen.
J. C. Fuller.
Messrs. S. D. Pryor & Bro.
J. P. Baden.
J. S. Mann.
Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson.
W. H. Albro.
M. L. Reed.
C. C. Black.
J. B. Lynn.
J. A. Earnest.
Messrs. Hughes & Cooper.
Quincy A. Glass.
Messrs. Smith & Bro.
A. H. Doane & Co.
C. A. Bliss.

Messrs. Johnston & Hill.
A. T. Spotswood.
James E. Platter.
J. H. Bullen
J. L. Horning.
Trusting that others as well as the above citizens will endorse and subscribe to it, I remain
Respectfully Yours,  EDWARD F. THORPE, Winfield, February 2, 1882.
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.
Attention is directed today to the new advertisement and new departure of A. T. Spotswood & Co. This is one of the largest grocery houses in Southern Kansas, if not in fact the largest, and their trade has been very large, necessitating a considerable loss while doing a partial credit business, hence they have determined to stop this leakage, sell at a still smaller margin, and get cash or its equivalent for everything they sell. This is the only true way of doing business and Mr. Spotswood says he will adhere strictly to the new departure.
There can be no question but this change will insure for this well known house a much larger profit at the end of the year as well as an increased trade, as the reductions they will be able to make in their prices will permit them to have the use of their money instead of having it standing out in small sums all over the country. Consequently, it will add largely to their list of patrons. People who have money always go where they can buy the cheapest, and have a large and complete stock to select from. Mr. Spotswood has just returned from St. Louis, where he purchased the largest, finest, and the best selected stock ever brought to this part of the state, and he extends a cordial invitation to everybody to call and see him. Remember, he is going to give much lower prices than ever before, and he starts in with the first Spring month with business in his eye, goods in his store, and only wants money in his till.
                                         SPOTSWOOD’S NEW DEPARTURE!
An experience of years in retailing goods under the credit system has convinced us beyond a doubt that the method, as practiced, is unprofitable to both buyer and seller, by losses entailed upon the latter, by frequent failures to charge goods, and the making of occasional bad accounts, which is unavoidable, as well as the increased expense of conducting a business upon this plan. It must be patent to everybody in and out of trade that these unnecessary expenses (which must be met by the men who pay) form a very considerable item, amounting in the aggregate to many hundreds of dollars, which amount we shall, in the future, divide impartially with our patrons. To do this we did, on the First day of MARCH, 1882, Change
                                              From a Credit to a Cash Business!
Trusting that we shall lose none of our old customers by this departure, but rather gain many new ones, proving to them by reduced prices and close attention to their wants that the change will be entirely mutual, WE BUY FOR CASH, and personally know, from long study and observation, by selling for cash, WE CAN DISCOUNT ANY PRICES heretofore made in this locality for the same quality of goods. We can prove this if you will give us a trial.

We have had this movement in contemplation for some time, and prepared for it during our recent trip to the Eastern cities, by purchasing a larger and better stock of goods than we have heretofore carried, and at prices lower than ever. We shall have, when these goods arrive, a stock second to none in the large cities for variety and quality of goods; and we can and will sell them cheaper for cash or produce than we could possibly afford to do on credit. All we ask is a trial to convince you that this move is made in your interest as well as our own.
For the accommodation of those for whom it may be inconve­nient to pay cash every time they wish to send to the store, we will sell credit checks in any sum they may wish.
We extend a special invitation to all country merchants to an examination of our goods and prices.    A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
                                                Produce is just as good as cash.
MARCH 1, 1882.                                                                                   MARCH 1, 1882.
Cowley County Courant, March 9, 1882.
Master Geo. Black, Mr. Hovey’s clerk, was the subject of an unfortunate accident last week in which he was severely wounded by the accidental discharge of a pistol. He was going home and taking back a self-cocking revolver which he had taken to the store to show to a gentleman and which he carried in his hip pocket. When in front of Spotswood & Co.’s store, he put his hand in his pocket for something when the weapon was discharged, the ball entering the upper portion of the calf of his leg and running around to the front of the shin bone, where it was found by the physician. George was taken into Spotswood’s store and the wound, which is severe but only a flesh one, was carefully dressed by Dr. C. C. Green. We are sorry for George as the mishap will keep him in for some time, and wish him a speedy recovery.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
A case of the virtues of religious revivals has just been called to our notice. In 1877 Mr. T. C. Woodruff, now with Spotswood of this city, gave a man a check for a lot of eggs he had purchased in Harnellsville, New York, and made a mistake against himself of ten dollars. The man noticed the mistake at the time, but being hard up at the time said nothing about it.
Since the religious revivals have been going on in New York state this winter, the gentleman has become able to pay back the ten dollars, and after writing to Mr. Woodruff and asking how much would settle the bill to date, and being answered that the ten dollars would do, sent a draft for the amount with interest, amounting in the total to thirteen dollars. It was a good act by the gentleman, and Woodruff feels about thirteen dollars better than he did.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
Cowley County Courant, March 23, 1882.

Spotswood has very much improved his storeroom by cutting a stairway in the center of the sales room which connects with the basement where is kept all the staple articles and case goods.
Winfield Courier, March 23, 1882.
Columbia River Salmon.
Lake Superior White Fish.
Large Fat Mackerel.
Georges’ Bank Pure Cod.
Holland Herring.
Smoked Halibut.
Scaled Herring.
And kit and canned Fish in great variety just received at Spotswood’s.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
RECAP: Took Santa Fe train Feb. 8, 1882, with Conductor Miller in charge from Winfield. Stayed all night at Newton, then took the morning train for Las Vegas, New Mexico....first stop, Trinidad, Colorado. From Trinidad south the grade rises very rapidly, and I am told that it is one of the most interesting pieces of a road in the whole country...traveled at night...he could not see anything. Had breakfast at Raton...train then went downhill all the way to the south line of the territory, Las Vegas, being the objective point...took in the famed hot springs six miles from Vegas, at the foot of the Galinas mountains...the Santa Fe was in process of laying a track there. The Cormorants. Here he met several Winfield boys: J. E. Saint, Levi Seabridge, John Capps, Clarke Phelps, Val. Laubner, several others. He visited Santa Fe road headquarters, observed boxes marked “Return to A. T. Spotswood & Co.” and J. P. Baden, Winfield, Kansas.” He was told that these two firms shipped more produce into that territory than any other dozen firms in Kansas. Next trip was made to Socorro, 125 miles south...most structures were dobe, which was sun-dried brick: ground is plowed, then with an ordinary road-scraper it is scraped together in heaps, like hay cocks, and allowed to stand and take the weather for some weeks, the longer the better it is said. Then mixed with water and a stiff mortar is made, when it is moulded into ordinary sized bricks, spread out and dried in the sun. In the wall the brick is laid in mortar of the same stuff. “This dobe is said to last always, and I have no reason to doubt it, for the Catholic church at Socorro is said to be over 200 years old, and it is as sound now as ever, and bids fair to stand 500 years more. The same characteristics obtain here that is found at Las Vegas; only more so. Plenty saloons, gambling, and dance houses, etc. Cowboy, blowhard, no shoot again, unless it be in a drunken brawl. Another curious feature of the place is, that there is no moder­ate dram drinkers. Those who drink at all, do so with all their might, while he who doesn’t want to go to the dogs must let it strictly alone.”

He goes on to say that at Socorro he met several Cowley County friends: Dr. H. C. Holland, A. J. Rex, and G. W. Ballon [? Ballou ?] and son, Frank. “These gentlemen are doing first rate in their respective callings. Dr. Holland is having a good practice, George Ballow [Ballon?Ballou?] is dealing in mining stocks, and A. J. Rex is working at his trade and watching his mining interests. Mr. Rex owns several ‘prospects’ or ‘leads,’ specimens of which he gave me. His claims are said, by experts, to be worth a good many thousand dollars. On the second day after my arrival at Socorro I was taken violently sick with erysipelas in my face and head accompanied with typhus fever, and the next two weeks are blank. To Dr. Holland, at whose house I lay, and to his estimable wife, and A. J. Rex, I am under many and lasting obligations for their great kindness and assiduous care. The morning of the 11th of March I was able to get aboard the train, and right gladly did I turn my face Winfield-ward, arriving home on the 13th inst. But being illy able to stand the journey, it sent me to bed another two weeks. But thanks to the skill of Dr. Emerson and the kindness of other good friends, I am able to finish this desultory letter begun several weeks ago. J. K.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
                                                COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup presiding. Roll call, present: councilmen Read, Gary, and Mater; City Attorney Seward; Clerk Beach. Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
Petition of A. T. Spotswood and 12 others for sidewalk of usual width and construction, along the east side of block 153 and along the west side of blocks 172, 171, and 170 was present­ed. On motion of Mr. Gary the prayer of the petition was granted and the attorney was instructed to prepare an ordinance in accordance therewith. Ninety days from the passage of the ordinance to be allowed property owners to complete the same.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
                                             Winfield Telephone Connections
 3. M. L. Read’s residence.
 4. Fred. Whitney’s residence.
 5. M. L. Robinson’s residence.
 7. Hackney & McDonald’s law office.
 8. Wilson’s transfer office.
 9. The Court House.
10. Adam’s express office.
11. Wells, Fargo express office.
12. A. H. Doane & Co.’s coal office.
13,  THE COURANT office.
14. Carruthers’ residence.
15. A. T. Spotswood & Co., grocery.
16. Bliss & Wood, city mills.
17. M. L. Read’s bank.
18. The Courier office.
19. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe depot.
20. K. C., L. & S. depot.
21. Frank Manny’s residence.
22. The Brettun.
23. Steinberger’s residence.

24. J. P. Baden’s general store.
25. Curns & Manser’s loan office.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882. 
The two names most frequently seen on boxes of produce transferred at this place, enroute for the western trade, are J. P. Baden and A. T. Spotswood of Winfield. These two firms are doing an immense grocery and produce business, and their names appear in the Winfield newspapers about as often as they do on the boxes of produce. We do not say it complainingly, but because we have seen the books and know what we are talking about, and state it is a fact that either of these two firms spends as much money for printer’s ink every year as all the grocery houses in Newton combined. Stick a pin here. Newton Republican.
And having such men doing business in our town, Brother Lemmon, accounts for Winfield’s visible superiority over Newton. It requires businessmen to make a town, and Winfield is filled with them. Come again.
Winfield Courier, April 6, 1882.
                                                           Stick a Pin Here.
The two names most frequently seen on boxes of produce transferred at this place, en route for the western trade, are J. P. Baden and A. T. Spotswood of Winfield. These two firms are doing an immense grocery and produce business, and their names appear in the Winfield newspapers about as often as they do on boxes of produce. We do not say it com-plainingly, but because we have seen the books and know what we are talking about, and state it is a fact that either of these two firms spends as much money for printer’s ink every year as all the grocery stores in Newton combined. Stick a pin here. Newton Republican.
There are dozens of other live businessmen of Winfield who know and appreciate the value of printer’s ink. This keen business discernment is what has made our city far-famed as a market for produce and a depot for supplies for all the country round. Our merchants by their liberal advertising draw trade from forty miles away. Persons who see Baden and Spotswood continually advertising for chickens, butter, and eggs naturally think there is a better market here for what they have to sell than at places nearer home where the merchants are dead, and make no effort to find a market for their produce, and consequently they come here with what they have to sell and buy such supplies as they need.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
Recognizing the conservative habit of very many Cowley County farmers who prefer to take their produce where they can purchase all their supplies, we have hit upon a plan by which we can pay the purchaser the very HIGHEST TRADE PRICE FOR PRODUCE, And serve our patrons from the largest and best Selected stocks in DRY GOODS, MILLINERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, CLOTHING, HARDWARE, BLACKSMITHING, Or any other branch of Merchandise or Labor the Farmers may desire.

And if you do not wish or groceries at cash prices, we will give you orders upon the best and most responsible houses in the town, which will be received as cash in payment for goods. Our arrangement includes the exclusive dry goods houses of A. E. Baird, J. B. Lynn, and the Bee Hive Store, Messrs. Smith Brothers and W. C. Root & Co., the only exclusive boot and shoe houses in the county. In the hardware, Horning, Robinson & Co., Hendricks & Wilson, and S. H. Myton, and in other branches of trade or labor, the very best of their class.
WE GUARANTEE SATISFACTION And believe that a single trial under this plan will prove to you that it WORKS LIKE A CHARM!
We take pleasure in returning our hearty thanks to the people of Cowley County at large for the liberal share of patronage accorded us since our “New Departure,” and are glad to know that they, as well as ourselves, are more than satisfied with the practical workings of OUR CASH SYSTEM.
We are carrying the largest and most complete stock of Groceries, Provisions, and Queensware in the city or county, and our sales are large enough to enable us to keep nothing but perfectly fresh goods. Many novelties are to be found in our store, not carried by other merchants here. This is particularly the case in Queensware and Fancy Groceries. We receive new goods every day, and carry everything that can be called for in our line. Our ambition is to keep a model Grocery Store. Don’t come to town without making us a call. We will always be glad to see you, and take pleasure in showing you through, whether you buy or not. Truly yours friends, A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
J. W. Hall, late postmaster of Seeley, has thrown up his job for Uncle Sam and has moved into town with his family. When you go to Spotswood’s for groceries and a good looking youngerly man waits on you, call him Hall and he will answer to the name.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
 Old Fashioned Lye Hominy at Spotswood’s.
Ohio Top and Bottom onion sets at Spotswood’s.
Early Ohio, Early York, and Northern Early Rose Potatoes at Spotswood’s.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
We are selling goods for cash or produce only, but are honestly in earnest when we say that we can make it to your interest to buy your goods from us on this plan. Give it a trial, say for one month, and our word for it you will never run a store account again.
                                   Truly yours friend, A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
PREMIUM TEA: A. T. Spotswood & Co., have just received and opened up a new deal on family tea. The tea is sold at 60 cents a pound; with each package of one kind is a premium of a handsome decorated tea-cup and saucer. With another kind, a silver teaspoon, and with another a chance on a handsome watch. The tea is far superior to anything ever sold here for the price and carries the extra inducement of a premium with every package. Call and secure a pound before it is all gone. A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.
The Ivanhoe Club will meet with Mrs. A. T. Spotswood on Tuesday evening of next week.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
                                              PERSECUTING DEMOCRATS.
We are told that there is great complaint in some quarters, charging that the prosecutions of several physicians charged with prescribing intoxicating drinks in violation of law is a political move got up only for the persecution of Democrats. It is stated that only Democratic physicians are interfered with, etc. Dr. Wells, they admit, however, is an exception; but they say he is an enemy of Hackney, which is the reason he was classed as a Democrat.
Now we have known Dr. Wells, not only as a Republican, but as a friend of Hackney up to the time the Doctor was arrested, and we have known Dr. Headrick many years and have always understood him to be a Republican. Dr. Cole and Dr. Fleming are all whom we have known as Democrats, who have been proceeded against here. If the object was to persecute Democrats, Dr. Davis would have been the first one to strike at, for he is the most powerful and influential Democrat of the whole lot.
Now, we do not see what anyone in this county wants to persecute Democrats for. They are generally good fellows, some of them are very popular, and none of them are politically dangerous in a county which has eleven hundred Republican majority. We do not observe any ill feeling towards the Democrats. They are patronized in business by Republicans just as well as are Republicans. Who ever refused to employ or trade with Judge McDonald, or John B. Lynn, or A. T. Spotswood, because they are Democrats? Who refuses to eat dinner at the Brettun because the proprietors are Democrats? H. S. Silver sells just as many seeds as though he was a Republican, and the whole community seems just as friendly to Demo-crats as Republicans, and would resent an outrage on one just as strongly as the other. Some of our most valued friends are Democrats, and the thought of discrimination outside of politics never entered our mind.
Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.
Quite a number of our citizens and interested parents assembled at the parlors of Mrs. A. T. Spotswood Monday evening on invitation of Miss Nettie McCoy, who had prepared a concert for her little scholars. The exercises were very interesting to all assembled, and especially so to the parents of the children, who were given this occasion to judge of what musical progress had been made under Miss McCoy’s instruction.
SOME OF THE PARTICIPANTS WERE MENTIONED: Alma Miller, Frank Curns, Mable Silver, Mary Spotswood, Pearl Van Doren and Margaret Spotswood, Mary Orr, Malcolm McDonald, A. S. Higgins, Maggie Bedilion, Anna Doane, Katie Shearer, Mrs. Earnest, and Miss McDonald.
Winfield Courier, May 25, 1882.
Program. Following is the program of the literary and musical entertainment to be given in the Opera House on Thursday evening, June 1st, by the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union of Winfield.
Prayer: Rev. Mr. Cairns.
Operative Medley: Miss McCoy and Mrs. Caton.
“Rescued”—Rec.: Mr. James Cairns.
Song: Little Mary Spotswood.
“The Aged Tramp”: Miss Dunham.

Vocal Duet: Miss McDonald and Mr. Connell.
“A Drunkard’s Deed”—Rec.: Mary Greer.
“Our Homes are What Our Husbands Make Them”: Scene.
“Dombey’s Death”—Reading: Prof. R. C. Story.
“The Sister’s Prayer”—Song: Lottie Caton.
“Scandal”—Sermon, with banjo music:
“Brudder Squash,” “Tramway Gallop”—Duet: Misses Spotswood and Bedilion.
“I Sue For Damages”—Character Rec.: Miss Baldwin.
Vocal Duet: Misses Bard and Newman.
“Garfield and Guiteau”—Rec.: Miss Ida Trezise.
“Mozoun Rosi”—Song: Mrs. R. C. Story.
“A Plea for Intemperance”: Mrs. W. B. Caton.
Grand Etude Gallop: Miss Haides Trezise.
Reading: Mr. Jillson.
“Save the Boy”—Vocal Duet: Misses McDonalds.
Benediction: Rev. P. F. Jones.
Other county papers please copy, as this is to be a temperance entertainment, and we very much desire a full attendance from the country. BY ORDER OF COMMITTEE.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1882.
The party given on last Thursday evening by Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bahntge was one of the most enjoyable ever given here, and was looked forward to with pleasant anticipation for some time previous, for it is a well known society fact that Mrs. Bahntge’s charming little house with its merry occupants insure a lively time to their fortunate guests, and last Thursday evening was no exception to the rule. The evening was spent in dancing and other amusements, while a refreshing repast was served at a seasonable hour which was fully appreciated, and at a late hour the company dispersed, with hearty thanks to their kind host and hostess for the very pleasant evening spent. We append a list of those present.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood.
Mr. and Mrs. Buckman.
Judge and Mrs. Soward.
Dr. and Mrs. Emerson.
Mr. and Mrs. Thorpe.
Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. M. Whitney, of Wichita.
Mrs. Carson, of Cherryvale.
Mrs. Hackney.
Misses Nettie McCoy, Jennie Hane, Ama Scothorn, Kate and Jessie Millington, Margie and Lizzie Wallis, Belle Roberts, Florence Beeny, Josie Bard, Sadie French, Hila Smith.

Messrs. W. C. and Ivan Robinson, L. D. Zenor, L. H. Webb, Henry Goldsmith, C. C. Harris, W. H. Smith, C. E. Fuller, Jas. Lorton, C. Campbell, C. H. Connell, S. E. Davis, R. M. Bowles, Eugene Wallis, and O. M. Seward.
Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.
We were truly sorry to be unable to attend the party at the residence of our young friend, Chas. Bahntge, Thursday evening, but those who attended enjoyed one of the most pleasant evenings spent in Winfield for some time. Mr. and Mrs. Bahntge have a large number of friends in Winfield, and those who were so royally entertained at their home Thursday evening think more of them now than ever before. The following is a list of those who were present: Misses McCoy, Jennie Hane, Amy Scothorn, Jessie Millington, Kate Millington, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis,         Roberts, Florence Beeny, Josie Bard, Mrs. French, Miss Smith, W. C. Robinson, Ivan Robinson, Lou. Zenor, Lovell Webb, H. Gold­smith, C. C. Harris, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. Buckman, Mr. and Mrs. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Thorpe, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. George Whitney, of Sedgwick, Mrs. Carson, of Cherryvale, Mrs. Geo. Rhodes, W. H. Smith, Chas. Fuller, Jas. Lawton, Mr. Campbell, C. H. Connell, Sam Davis, Richard Bowles, Eugene Wallis, O. M. Seward.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.
                                                               W. C. T. U.
We attended the Concert and Recitations entertainment at the Opera House last Friday evening, which was given under the auspices of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. There was a good house and the audience appeared highly delighted with the performances, all of which were very good. The sweet songs by little Miss Spotswood and little Miss Caton, the recitation by Mrs. Ida Tresize, the song by the Misses Bard and Newman, the piano exercises by Misses McCoy and others, and the “Plea for Intemperance” by Mrs. Caton were specially meritorious. As we at this late writing have no program before us and expected another to write it up, we cannot now recall all the good features of the performances.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.
The Presbyterian Church is in need of some interior repairing and the ladies have decided to have it papered as well. To gain the money for such purpose, they held a Paper Festival at the Opera House on Tuesday evening, which was a decided success. The hall was beauti-fully decorated and the tables were temptingly arrayed. A number of young ladies were dressed in becoming costumes of paper. At the paper booth Mrs. Bahntge, a charming Rose-bud in red and green tissue presided, assisted by Miss Amanda Scothorn representing a glowing Poppy, Miss Lizzie Wallis, a blushing sweet Carnation, Miss Jennie Hane, “The Queen of Flowers,” the Rose, and Miss Jessie Millington a gorgeous Sunflower, attracted much attention. They sold all manner of pretty paper trifles, fans, parasols, and baskets.
Miss Ida Johnson, Nina Anderson, and Anna Hyde sold button hole bouquets, and other flowers, and wore also beautiful paper dresses and were a success.
The Tea booth probably attracted more attention than anything else. Each person who purchased a cup of tea was presented with the cup and saucer containing it, but the attraction was the ladies who attended and poured the tea. They were Mrs. Brown, Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Shrieves, and Mrs. Spotswood.

Miss Margie Wallis and Chas. Bahntge made lots of fun selling soap bubbles at five cents a blow.
A bevy of bright young ladies, in fancy caps and aprons, attended at the fancy tables, and sold all manner of pretty things made by the ladies of the Ladies Aid Society. They were: Misses Mary Shivers, Mate and Belle Linn, Mattie and Mary Gibson, Emma Howland, and Ella Johnson.
“Rebecca at the well,” was successfully carried out by Mrs. Buckman, who sold gallons of choice lemonade.
Ice cream and cake were sold by the quantity and, although not a new feature, was none the less a profitable one. Mrs. Doane, Mrs. Kretsinger, Mr. Shearer, Mrs. Allen, and Mrs. VanDoren attended at one table while Mrs. Green, Mrs. Caton, Mrs. Manser, Mrs. Schofield, and Mrs. Cochran attended at the other.
The gross receipts of the evening were $130. The ladies also had a dinner at the Opera House Wednesday noon, but we have not been able to learn what success attended it.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.
                                                     FOURTH OF J. U. L. Y.
On Tuesday evening the citizens met at the Opera House to hear the report of the executive committee on 4th of July celebration. The committee reported as follows.
On Finance: M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, J. P. Baden, S. H. Myton, J. C. McMullen.
On Speakers and Invitation: J. C. Fuller, D. A. Millington, A. B. Steinberger, M. G. Troup, and J. Wade McDonald.
On Grounds and seats: A. T. Spotswood, Jas. H. Bullen, A. Wilson, S. C. Smith, W. O. Johnson, and H. Brotherton.
On Police Regulations and personal comfort: D. L. Kretsinger, R. E. Wallis, H. S. Silver, J. H. Kinney, and A. T. Shenneman.
On Music: J. P. Short, E. H. Blair, G. H. Buckman, H. E. Silliman, and R. C. Bowles.
On Old Soldiers: Col. McMullen, Adjt. Wells, Judge Bard, Capt. Steuven, and Capt. Haight.
On Representation of 13 Original States: Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, Mrs. Caton, Mrs. Carruthers.
On Floral Decoration: Mrs. Kretsinger, Misses Jessie Millington, Amy Scothorn, Jennie Hane, Mrs. J. L. Horning, and Mrs. G. S. Manser.
Speeches were made by Judge J. Wade McDonald, Judge Soward, Mayor Troup, D. A. Millington, Capt. Hunt, and D. L. Kretsinger. The City is enthusiastic on the subject and are bound to make this a big Fourth. The committee on speakers will secure the attendance of some of our State’s best talent. Let everyone prepare to come, bring their lunch baskets, and enjoy themselves in the finest park in the State.
Winfield Courier, August 3, 1882.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., have inaugurated another improvement in their business. This time it is a cashier’s desk, placed in the center of the store, where all payments, charges, and credits are made. This relieves the clerks of all the work of making change and handling money and will save in the way of charges which clerks often neglect to make. Such a desk will be much more convenient, both for the firm and its customers.
Winfield Courier, August 3, 1882.

CLOTHES LOST: Last week, Wednesday, Mr. Robert Timme put two bundles of clothing in the wrong wagon near Spotswood’s store in Winfield. If the owner of the wagon will return the clothes to Timme the tailor, in Winfield, he will be suitably rewarded.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
                                                           IT IS SETTLED.
                        We Are to Have a Creamery, the First and the Best in the State.
           The Stock Made up and the Work to Begin at Once. The Town is “Waking Up.”
Last Saturday the final subscription to the Creamery stock was made and the enterprise became an assured fact. We fully believe that it will prove one of the best investments made in the county and furnish a valuable market for the dairy products of Cowley.
Mr. M. W. Babb, the originator of the enterprise, came here about a year ago and, after visiting various creameries throughout Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri, came home with the necessary papers and information and went to work, aided by a few of our public-spirited citizens; among whom Mr. J. P. Baden was first and foremost, with the success before mentioned. The following is a list of the stockholders.
M. W. Babb, 20 shares, $1,000.
J. P. Baden, 20 shares, $1,000.
Winfield Bank, 20 shares, $1,000.
J. E. Platter, 10 shares, $500.
M. L. Read’s bank, 10 shares, $500.
Samuel Lowe, 4 shares, $200.
J. P. Short, 2 shares, $100.
Wallis & Wallis, 2 shares, $100.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., 2 shares, $100.
W. G. Graham, 1 share, $50.
A. H. Doane, 2 shares, $100.
Frank Barclay, 2 shares, $100.
Horning, Robinson & Co., 5 shares, $250.
H. Harbaugh, 2 shares, $100.
S. C. Smith, 2 shares, $100.
Curns & Manser, 2 shares, $100.
Jas. H. Bullene & Co., 2 shares, $100.
A. E. Baird, 1 share, $50.
J. S. Mann, 1 share, $50.
G. H. Allen, 2 shares, $100.
Geo. Emerson, 2 shares, $100.
Bliss & Wood, 2 shares, $100.
TOTAL: 116 SHARES, $5,800

The plans and specifications for the creamery engine and ice house are completed. The contracts will be let at once and the work pushed forward with unabated vigor. It is hoped that it may be running in three months. As the manner of operating these creameries is new to most of our readers, we will attempt to give an outline of it. In the first place, creamery butter commands everywhere from seven to ten cents more per pound than common country butter. On this margin the creamery works. They go out through the country and engage cream from every farmer, paying him as much as he can get for the butter after it is churned. The creamery furnishes the cans and sends a wagon to the farmer’s door every day to get the cream. They then, with their superior appliances, can make the cream into butter cheaply and get an excellent article, besides selling and feeding the buttermilk. When Winfield teams are scouring Cowley County from north to south gathering cream, and every farmer has an account at the creamery to draw against for his contingent expenses, we rather think the old days of “corn pone and bacon” will be entirely forgotten.
The stockholders met Tuesday evening, adopted articles of incorporation, and elected seven directors for the first year as follows: J. C. McMullen, M. L. Read, J. E. Platter, M. W. Babb, J. L. Horning, J. P. Baden, G. L. Holt. The Board of Directors are appointed a commit-tee to act with Messrs. Holt and Hall in the selection of a site. Frank Barclay, A. H. Doane, and J. L. Horning were appointed a committee to superintend the erection of the creamery and accept or reject it when completed.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Spotswood presents a mammoth “ad” this week. He isn’t afraid of printer’s ink, and consequently does a business that is sometimes equaled but never surpassed.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
                                              Our Prospectus for the Fall Trade.
Our facilities for handling a large trade were never as good as they are at present. We have a large store, the largest assortment of goods kept by any retail Grocery and Queens-ware house in the southwest. Polite and attentive clerks, and having every advantage in buying we can and will sell goods as cheap as the cheapest. We have made every arrange-ment to add to our already large trade, and to that end we invite not only those who have heretofore dealt with us, but ask all who read this to consider themselves especially invited to give us a trial. We offer the advantage of a complete assortment. We carry in stock every-thing pertaining to a Grocery and Queensware business that can be called for. Our aim is not to sell a customer once and make a large profit, but to treat them by fair dealing and close prices as to make permanent customers of them. We have customers who have traded with us ever since we first opened our store here. One such is worth a dozen short lived ones, and we strenuously endeavor to treat our friends so they will “stay with us.” Prices cut down below cost, and the loss made up by sharp practices and short weights will bring trade for a while, but will not make customers who stick. It is such that we seek, and to gain them and hold them is our ambition. To this end we faithfully endeavor to consult our customers’ interests as well as our own in selling them goods. We guarantee both quality and price of every article we put up for you. If you have not dealt with us, give us a trial. If you have, keep on with your orders and we will do our best to please you. We are not greedy, but we do like to do well, and we like to see all Winfield merchants prosper, and we are certainly striving to extend not only our own business, but the influence and trade of Winfield, and flatter ourselves that our efforts redound not only to our own profit, but to the prosperity of our beautiful little city and of its merchants.
                                                  A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.

                                 SPOTSWOOD’S COLUMN OF SPECIALTIES:
Appreciating the fact that cooking in hot weather is very unpleasant, and that many families prefer to use COLD MEATS for Tea, we below present a list of articles especially adapted to such a demand from the fact that no preparation is necessary.
Huckin’s Sandwich Ham, Huckin’s Sandwich Tongue, Deviled Chicken, Deviled Turkey, Huckin’s prepared Soups, Deviled Crabs, Little Neck Clams, Lobsters, Cove Oysters, Sardines, both American and imported, plain and in mustard, Mackerel in Tomato Sauce, Mackerel in Mustard Sauce, Fried Brook Trout, Columbia River Salmon, Canned Red Snapper, the fish whose delicate flavor and nutritious substance makes the rich man ecstatic and the poor man rich. The Red Snapper is a native of the Gulf of Mexico and is probably the cleanliest fish that swims. The meat is white and free from oil, which renders Salmon and Mackerel objectionable to some persons. Cod Fish Balls, Pork and Beans, and Boston Baked Beans, Boneless Ham, Chipped Beef, Sliced Corn Beef, Manwell’s Cheese, Edam Cheese, and Cakes and Crackers of every description fresh from the factory each week.
Plain, Mixed and Chow Chow in one and two gallon buckets, in bulk and in glass, Prepared Mustard, Horse Radish, all kinds of Table Sauces, Catsups, and genuine imported Olive Oil, Preserves, Jams, Jellies, and Canned Fruits of every description. No use in build-ing up a fire. We make a specialty of Levering’s Baltimore Coffee! And guarantee it better and purer than any other Package Coffee. It is not glazed, colored, or adulterated, and we warrant it absolutely pure.
                                                   ROYAL COOKING OIL.
                                        Cheaper than Lard—at about half the cost.
                                                     TOBACCO & CIGARS.
We have a very heavy stock of Plug, Fine Cut and Smoking Tobaccos, embracing all the well known standard brands. We can give good bargains from this stock. We are carrying a big stock of CHOICE TEAS and can show as large an assortment and as low prices as can be found in a regular Tea House. We are willing to sell Teas and Cigars on ordinary Grocers’ profits, and do not pursue the old policy of selling sugar at cost and then committing highway robbery on a man when he wants some tea or a few cigars.
Huckin’s Self-Raising Griddle Cake Flour! Makes a delightful breakfast cake with but little trouble.
BOON’S LYE HOMINY is palatable, healthful, nutritious, and highly beneficial to invalids and persons of weak digestion. Rye Flour, Tapioca, Farina, Pearly Barley, Oat Meal,
CRACKED WHEAT, and Imperial Granum, the great medicinal food.

There are many other specialities we could mention, but have not space to enumerate. As everyone knows we carry a large stock of staples, and it would be a waste of printer’s ink to go into details. It would also be a waste of your time to have you read a long list of Queens-ware and Glassware Department. You all know it is the largest, the handsomest, and cheapest stock in the county. In fact our reputation for this line of goods extends through a half dozen counties. We have a few Words of Special Interest to putters up of Fruit and dealers in Fruit Jars and Jelly Glasses. We have fifty gross of the above goods. We bought them direct from the factory at Pittsburgh and shipped them around by river to Kansas City. We are in shape to sell them as low as the lowest. To country merchants we will say we will duplicate Kansas City prices, freight added.
We buy COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds, and don’t allow anybody to pay more for it than we will. We have ten thousand one-third bushel PEACH CRATES, and must get rid of them this season. We will either sell you the crates and let you ship, or we will buy all your shipping peaches at a shipping price. The whole country has a special invitation to come in and see us. We will make room for you. Give us but half a chance to cultivate you and we are vain enough to believe we will write you down as a regular customer.
                                                  A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
A house and lot to trade for horse ad buggy. Inquire at Spotswood’s.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Jake Nixon has just completed an addition to his dwelling and repainted the whole of it. His trees and blue grass have made a fine growth this year.
Mrs. Randall has added a fine picket fence to her property.
J. H. Olds, on the opposite side of the street, has just finished painting his beautiful residence and is now making a fence, which when completed will be the best and most attractive fence in the city.
Mr. W. R. McDonald, since his purchase of the Jochems dwelling, has largely improved it by paint and an ornamental fence. It is one of the fine homes of the city.
Three years ago John Reed took three bare lots, and today they are covered with choice trees, small fruits, and he is now painting his house and making sidewalks and fences. All the work done thus far has been done by himself.
Henry Goldsmith is engaged in largely improving the dwelling he lately bought from Captain Stevens.
Mr. D. C. Beach has nearly completed a fine residence on east 9th Avenue. The plasterers and painters are now at work.
Mr. R. A. O’Neal has just completed an addition to his already large residence.
Frank Barclay has put in his handsome grounds a fountain and made many other im-provements. This is a model piece of property. Frank, by his own work, has made a model place.
Col. Fuller has made a number of improvements on the half block in which his residence is, among others is a fine picket fence.
Ed. Bedilion has just finished painting his elegant residence.
Dr. Emerson has made a new addition to his residence and largely beautified his grounds.
A. T. Spotswood has made various additions to his house, enclosed his quarter of a block with picket fences, set the land in fruit and ornamental trees, and now has one of the desirable homes of the city.
Charlie Bahntge largely added to the value of his fine residence by ornamental fences and trees. His shrubbery is set out with a great deal of taste.
Mr. Edwin Beeney has completed the fences to his residence, his grounds show great care, and in four years he has made from raw prairie an attractive home.

Prof. Hickok keeps steadily improving his block of ground, and the trees now begin to make a fine show. Around the entire block is a row of Catalpas, which have made a wonder-ful growth this season. The Professor has been very successful in getting a stand of blue grass.
Mr. Washington Allen, who moved here from Iowa last May, is building a fine residence on South Millington Street. He has finished a stable and carriage house and before winter will have the dwelling completed. When done it will be one of the valuable homes of the city.
Mr. J. S. Mann has nearly completed his beautiful residence. Mr. Randall, the architect, is entitled to great credit for the handsome appearance of this dwelling.
The Baptists, on this street, have largely improved their magnificent church property by grading their grounds, setting out trees, and putting down broad stone sidewalks. One unusual feature of this church property is that everything about it is complete.
The Methodists are hard at work on the interior of their large building, under the direction of Mr. Randall. The room will be a surprise to all our church goers. A barn-like structure, under the hands of skilled mechanics, is being converted into one of the finest audience rooms in the state. When the painters and paper-hangers get through, the Metho-dists of Winfield will not only have the largest, but they will have the finest church in the South Kansas conference. It is the intention of this church to have sidewalks, trees, and grounds in as handsome a shape as their brethren, the Baptists.
The Presbyterians are never behind in enterprise. For some weeks Mr. Herrington has been at work decorating the audience room, and the work is sufficiently far advanced to indicate the character, and while entirely different in style from either of the other churches, it is fully as beautiful in its way. The only work the Presbyterians will do outside is a sidewalk on the west side, which will accommodate the northeast part of the city. No city in Kansas can boast of three finer churches than these named, and a not to be forgotten feature is, that they are all paid for.
Dr. Graham is most happy when he is improving—he is now making a further addition to his dwelling. He has much improved the appearance of the dwelling by “pointing and tucking” the brick work. These grounds have a complete system of water works.
The west side of the city has made an unusual number of fine improvements. Mr. J. P. Baden has very much improved the appearance of his grounds by a line fence, and painting.
Judge Torrance, in addition to a new office which is just done, has improved his house and grounds by judicious work.
The beautiful residences of Messrs. Read and Myton have been improved with a private system of water works. The grounds are completely irrigated, and each have fountains.
Mr. B. M. Legg is getting out the material for a fine dwelling, which will be erected on the corner of 9th Avenue and Manning Street.
Mr. A. M. Doane is another man who never stops improving. In addition to largely beau-tifying his grounds, he has just completed an addition to his house.
Mr. Sam Gilbert is now building a two-story addition to the dwelling he lately purchased of Mr. Kinne.
Mr. Fahnestock now has in process a story and a half addition to his dwelling.

Mrs. Whitney has her fine dwelling completed, except the painting.
Mr. Case has rebuilt his dwelling in better style than the one destroyed.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Mr. M. L. Robinson has spent a good many hundred dollars on his grounds this year. His grounds are completely irrigated by their own system of water works. These grounds are so extensive that they should be worked under the direction of a landscape gardener, and M. L. is the man to have it done.
Many a man will walk a block out of his way to see Mr. Horning’s house and grounds. They are as good an example as there is in the state of what money and energy when united with good taste will do. The place is a picture, and it will grow more beautiful each year as the trees and shrubbery increase in size. A home like this educates people and shows the possibilities of Kansas soil.
At the head of Main street Mr. Allen Johnson has his large elevator nearly ready to receive grain.
In the way of manufacturing enterprises, the season presents very favorable results. Mr. Samuel Clarke has started, near the Santa Fe depot, his Winfield Machine Shop, which is doing good work and is making money.
Messrs. Thorpe and Campbell have completed the Kansas Tannery, and it is now engaged in manufacturing.
Work on the Creamery, which will be a large building and employ several hands, has already commenced.
Fourth on the list of manufactures is the brick yard in the southwest part of the city, established last June by Messrs. Read and Robinson. The first kiln of red brick is just completed, and a large part of it is already sold to Wellington parties. This will become one of our most important enterprises, as it is intended to make fine brick. Beds of Clay for the same exist in inexhaustible quantities within a short distance of the yard.
This makes a list of one large elevator and four factories located in Winfield this year. Who says prohibition has killed our city?
In addition to all these private enterprises, the county is improving the courthouse block, the two districts are spending about four thousand dollars in the improvement of the school-house grounds, and the city is putting down sidewalks and crossings to an extent greater than ever before.
On Main Street twelve hundred feet of gutter work has already commenced, and the job will be completed in about sixty days.
As regards business generally, it was never in as prosperous a condition as it is today. Our merchants are all discounting their bills and one house will show an aggregated sale of more than one hundred and fifty thousand dollars for the year 1882. While there is no boom excitement in this city, yet there is no place in the state that is more solidly prosperous than Winfield.
Winfield Courier, August 31, 1882.

A number of the businessmen of the city convened at Doane & Kretsinger’s office Monday evening to consider the proposition of Messrs. Morse, Scott & Harris for building a glucose factory at Winfield.
On motion, Mayor M. G. Troup was called to the chair and J. W. Curns elected secretary.
Mr. M. L. Robinson being called upon stated that the object of the meeting was to consider the matter of building said factory and discussing the propriety of giving aid by subscription to the institution and taking stock in return.
Messrs. Harris and Kirby, representing the company, were present, and were called upon to state to the meeting their proposition and plans for carrying into effect the construction of said factory. Mr. Harris then submitted his proposition, in substance as follows.
That the citizens of Winfield raise the sum of $30,000 and they put in $50,000, and capi-talize the institution so as to have a capital stock of $150,000. The factory to have a capacity of using 2,000 bushels of corn per day, and probable cost of the building and works would be from $60,000 to $75,000; that the institution would employ at least 5 skilled workmen at from $100 to $125 per month, and 45 laborers, and 2 of the officers of the company should be in Winfield. In return for the $30,000 put in by citizens they would get $50,000 in stock, and Messrs. Morse, Scott & Harris were to have $100,000 of stock.
Messrs. Harris and Kirby then retired for a few minutes to give the meeting time to discuss the proposition and arrive at some definite conclusion. After mature deliberation the following conclusion was unanimously adopted.
It is the sense of this meeting that we, the citizens of Winfield, will undertake to raise the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars toward the erection of glucose works at Winfield, Kansas; Messrs Morse, Scott & Harris shall furnish fifty thousand dollars and an expert under contact for five years to manage the manufactories of the institution out of this $75,000. The said Morse, Scott & Harris shall purchase the grounds suitable for said manufactory, and erect same according to specifications, fully equipped for business, with capacity of consuming two thousand bushels of corn per day of twenty-four hours, and converting same into syrup and sugar; said grounds, buildings, and equipments when completed shall ordinarily be considered of the value of $65,000, and furnish out of this amount $10,000 temporary working capital; said property shall be capitalized in the sum of $150,000, non-assessable stock.
The Citizens of Winfield to be entitled to Fifty Thousand Dollars ($50,000) of the said stock and said Harris, Morse & Scott to have One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000) of stock. The Citizens of Winfield to be entitled to 3 directors and the other parties 4 directors and the Citizens of Winfield to have the secretary, treasurer, and vice-president of the organization.
After Messrs. Harris & Kerby returned, the above proposition was read to them and after considerable discussion they accepted the proposition. On motion a committee of five consisting of M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, J. C. McMullen, A. T. Spotswood, and J. P. Short was appointed for the purpose of raising the ($25,000) and putting the matter in shape.
On motion G. S. Manser, M. G. Troup, and D. L. Kretsinger were appointed a committee to draw up articles of incorporation and file with Secretary of State and procure a charter and M. G. Troup, J. P. Short, J. W. McDonald, and J. W. Curns were appointed a committee to make contract for the carrying into effect the proposition.
On motion adjourned. M. G. TROUP, President.

J. W. CURNS, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, August 31, 1882.
                                                       GLUCOSE WORKS.
                 The Largest Glucose Manufactory in the West to be Located at Winfield.
                  Seventy-Five Thousand Dollars to be Expended at Once in its Erection.
                                                   Winfield “Takes the Cake.”
A meeting was held on Monday evening at A. H. Doane & Co.’s office for the purpose of considering a proposition for erecting a glucose factory in this city. About thirty of our leading businessmen were present. M. G. Troup was made chairman and J. W. Curns Secre-tary. M. L. Robinson stated the object of the meeting, setting forth clearly and concisely the advantages to be derived from the establishment.
Mr. Harris, representing eastern capitalists, was present, and made a proposition. Another proposition was made by citizens, to organize a joint stock corporation and erect a building and works to cost $75,000, of which $25,000 should be furnished by citizens and $50,000 by the eastern capitalists; the building to be 175 by 225 feet, four stories high, with a capac-ity for using 2,000 bushels of corn per day; and to be called the Winfield Syrup and Sugar Refinery. The proposition was accepted.
Committees were appointed as follows.
On soliciting subscription to the capital stock: M. L. Robinson, J. C. McMullen, A. T. Spotswood, J. B. Lynn, J. P. Short.
On incorporation: G. S. Manser, M. G. Troup, D. L. Kretsinger.
On contract: M. G. Troup, J. P. Short, J. Wade McDonald, J. W. Curns.
We regard the success of this enterprise as of the most vital importance to the interests of this city and county. We believe in home manufactures, which will make a market for home productions. A factory in this county which would make a market for 2,000 bushels of corn a day, 700,000 bushels a year, would be of immense value to the farming community. Besides it would furnish employment for a large number of workmen and operatives and add very largely to the general prosperity and wealth. At the same time, the stock would doubt-less be a splendid investment for capital, paying large dividends.
We hope our enterprising citizens will come forward with their subscriptions at once, and have the building under process of erection as soon as possible.               
When completed the Glucose Works will furnish a cash market for all the surplus corn raised in the county. Not a bushel of it will have to be shipped out of the county except in the way of syrup. It will, in reality, make a Kansas City market at home for our corn.
The Glucose Works will be one of the largest buildings in the state. It will have a frontage but little less than one of our blocks and will cover just half a square, being a story higher than the Brettun House.
Wichita will feel sore over the loss of her Glucose Works. We would like to sympathize with her if we didn’t have a finger in the pie ourselves. It’s unfortunate for Wichita that it is located so near Winfield.
Winfield Courier, September 7, 1882.
                                               Minutes of Horticultural Meeting.

Minutes of last meeting read and approved. President called attention to the fact that it would be necessary to appoint a committee to collect specimens for exhibition at Topeka.
Moved by Mr. Burger that president appoint a committee of two to collect fruit for State Fair, and that they be paid not more than $2 a day.
Mr. T. A. Blanchard, Secretary of Agricultural Society, stated that Agricultural Society would make no exhibit at State Fair.
Motion prevailed.
President appointed R. I. Hogue, Mr. Maxwell, and Messrs. Hawkins and Jos. Taylor. Mr. T. A. Blanchard appointed committee to raise funds to pay committee to collect specimens. R. I. Hogue, T. A. Blanchard, S. E. Burger, Jos. O. Taylor, committee to take charge of fruit at State exhibit.
Dr. Marsh, H. Hawkins, A. J. Burrell committee to make report on fruit on table.
Committee on fruit reported as follows.
Fine display of apples, consisting of Dominie, Maidens Blush, Wine Sap, Rome Beauty, Ben Davis, and Ortley. Whitney and Hyslop crabs and Bartlett pears from H. H. Martin of Vernon.
Collection from A. J. Burrell of Creswell: Jonathans, Maidens Blush, Mo. Pippin, Dominie, Winter Rambo, Huntsmans Favorite apples, Bartlett and Seedling pears, Late Crawford and Cling peaches, Concord and Catawba grapes, very superior specimens.
From Henry Hawkins of Vernon: Michael Henry, Striped Pippin, Ben Davis, Winter Rambo, and one variety unknown, apples.
Hamilton Hawkins of Vernon: Bartlett pear, extra fine.
Fine display of Catawba grapes from A. De Turk, Pleasant Valley.
James Foster, Vernon: Dominie and two varieties of apples unknown.
Seedling peaches from J. Mentch of Walnut.
Fine display of Apples by Dr. Marsh from J. H. Watt’s orchard, of Beaver: Geniton, Limber Twig, Rambo, Ortley, and Milam.
J. Earnest: Red Yam sweet potato weighing 5 lbs.
E. C. Martin: 2 Brazilian sweet potatoes.
W. C. Hayden: fine display of tomatoes.
A. T. Spotswood & Co.: Early Rose potatoes and extra large Maiden Blush apples.
Mrs. Elizabeth Capper: fine Indian peaches.
S. E. Burger, Walnut: Seedling peaches, Mo. Pippin apples.
J. Nixon, Vernon: 6 Belle Lucrative and 6 Bartlett pears. Sutton Beauty, Wagner, Mo. Pippin, Grimes Golden and Willow Twig apples, George IV and President budded peaches, with two varieties unknown.
Extra good samples of corn from Bryant Fowler of Fairview, also stalks 18 ft. Long.
From G. W. Prater: two varieties of apples, name unknown, and committee was unable to agree upon variety.
T. A. Blanchard reported $15.15 collected to pay expenses of collecting. Adjourned.
Winfield Courier, September 7, 1882.
                                                   This Possibly Refers to You.

To those whom we favored when times were hard, by selling them goods on time, we would say now that you have bountiful crops of everything, we trust you will show your appreciation of the favor by calling at once and “shelling out the spondulix.”
The fact of the matter is we are needing our money, and must have it. We mean what we say, and trust this gentle reminder will be all that will be necessary to induce you to walk up to the Captain’s office and liquidate. Yours in brotherly love, A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1882.
Fresh Oysters and Celery every day, and all other delicacies of the season to be had at Spotswood’s.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1882.
At the regular July meeting of the Library Association the following ladies were elected as directors for the year ending 1883: Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, Mrs. D. C. Beach, Mrs. J. Curns, Mrs. M. L. Jewell, Mrs. A. L. Scheffhausen, Mrs. Fahnestock, Mrs. Albro, and Miss Alice Dunham.
                                              MRS. E. T. TRIMBLE, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1882.
The Winfield Dramatic Club was organized at the Telegram office last Wednesday evening, D. L. Kretsinger, President; Will Robinson, Vice-president; Charlie Bahntge, Secretary; Richard M. Bowles, Stage Manager; and Will Wilson, Treasurer. The membership was limited to twenty and all admissions must be by unanimous vote. The charter members are A. T. Spotswood, W. C. Robinson, D. L. Kretsinger, W. J. Wilson, Sam E. Davis, L. D. Zenor, R. M. Bowles, C. F. Bahntge, L. H. Webb, Henry Goldsmith, E. E. Thorpe, and Ed. P. Greer.
                                                               THE FAIR.
                     A Complete Summary of the Premium Articles and Their Exhibitors.
                                                       A Magnificent Display.
The weather during the fair was most favorable and added much to the pleasures of the visitors. The attendance was not as large as was expected.
The first day, Thursday, was devoted to entries and but little else was done. This left but two days in which to exhibit. Had the time been set two, or even one day earlier, it would have been much better. The exhibit in every department was good. In the department for horses, mules, etc., “Class A,” there were one hundred and fifteen entries and thirty premiums awarded as follows.
Best filley under two years, E. O. Burden 1st; O. P. Pratt, 2nd.
Best Gelding, A. T. Spotswood, 1st.
Best Stallion 4 years and over, D. P. Hurst 1st; Sol Burkhalter 2nd.
Best Stallion Colt, heavy draft, B. W. Sitters, 1st.
Best mule, 1 yr. and under 3. D. A. Byers carried off both 1st and 2nd premiums.
Best Filley, heavy draft, 1st, D. S. Sherrard.
Best Filley under 3, sweepstakes, D. S. Sherrard took both 1st and 2nd premiums with two entries. Mr. Sherrard also took a premium on his brood mare.
Mr. F. A. A. Williams carried off 2nd premium on filley and on heavy draft mare. Mr. F. Childers took sweepstakes premium on his 6 year old mare, and Isaac Wood on best pair of draft mules.

 J. J. Tribbey, of Little Dutch, took 1st premium on heavy draft stallion and 2nd on stallion colt for all work.
R. B. Noble of Dexter took 2nd on his heavy draft stallion, and B. F. Childers 2nd on carriage horses.
W. D. Crawford took four 1st premiums with two entries, one class and sweepstake on his heavy draft mare, and a class and sweepstakes on one year old filley. J. D. Reda two 2nds on best colt. A. D. Crowell took 1st and sweepstakes on his carriage team. Mr. Jackson took 2nd on draft mules and S. W. Chase 2nd on carriage mules. Jas. Fahey took 2nd on his three year old stallion, and Mr. Fuller 1st. D. P. Hurst took another 1st premium on his stallion colt.
                                            “CLASS M”—TEXTILE FABRICS.
This department was magnificent, and both in quantity and quality, and was an honor to the county and the ladies, whose skill with the needle was so well attested by the many beautiful articles, wrought in all conceivable shapes and styles.
The judges had a difficult job to perform, but they did it as well as could be expected, many of the tags being lost and misplaced.
Miss Bertha Wallis took the honors on the best specimen of embroidery; Mrs. R. B. Waite on worsted log cabin quilt; H. B. Esinger on plain sewing; Mrs. E. F. Nelson for the most beautiful article; Minnie Fahey for pin cushion cover; Ida Trezise on crochet Fascinator; Mrs. E. E. Thorpe, tatting; Mrs. Geo. C. Robinson, lace item, stitch and application work; Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, dress, two patch silk quilts and cotton patch quilt; Mrs. Waite, fancy work; Mrs. J. O. Taylor, floss embroidery; Mrs. Olds, wax work; Mrs. Trezise, fancy knitting; Miss Bee Carruthers, bead cushion.
Second premiums were awarded to Amy Chapin on log cabin quilt; Mrs. John A. Maus for crochet tidy; Mamie Fahey for embroidery on canvas; Mrs. J. D. Pryor for patch quilt; Mrs. Olds for dress; Mrs. Trezise for cotton quilt.
A large number of very fine articles were on exhibition which were not entered on the secretary’s books and consequently did not come under the jurisdiction of the committee. Among these were some very fine specimens of needle work by Mrs. Albro, and a beautiful silk patch quilt, elegantly embroidered by Mrs. Houston.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
Queensware Drawing. A. T. Spotswood’s clerks are getting up a grand drawiing for the magnificent set of imported French China which has so long adorned his show window and been the admiration and envy of everry lady who looked at it. The set cost laid down here $125. The boys have made a hundred chances and are selling them at two dollars each, and the drawing will be made as soon as the tickets are all sold. Over fifty are already disposed of.
Winfield Courier, November 2, 1882.
The big drawing for the $125 tea set at Spotswood’s came off last Thursday evening.
 Tom Wright was the lucky man.
Winfield Courier, November 2, 1882.

Last Wednesday evening A. T. Spotswood’s clerks surprised him with an elegant gold headed cane. The presentation was made at the store in the presence of a large number of friends.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
The following is a list of telephones in use in this city: 1. Allen Johnson. 2. Dr. Davis. 3. M. L. Read’s Residence. 4. Whiting Meat Market. 5. M. L. Robinson’s Residence.12. Winfield Bank. 13. J. W. McDonald’s Office. 21. Court House. 22. Transfer Office. 31. Adams Express. 32. Wells, Fargo Express. 33, A. H. Doane & Co. 34. Telegram Office. 36. A. T. Spotswood. 37. City Mills. 38. Read’s Bank. 41. COURIER Office. 42. A., T. & S. F. Depot. 43. K. C., L. & S. K. 44. Manny Residence. 45. Brettun House. 47. Millington Residence. 46. J. P. Baden, 1. 46. J. P. Baden, 2. 48. Curns & Manser. 49. Miller, Dix & Co.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
                                                        Little Folks’ Party.
A large number of little folks gathered together at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor Monday afternoon to celebrate with little Mamie her third birthday. The crowd was the jolliest and liveliest we have seen and each of the little folks seemed to take in the full measure of enjoyment. A splendid repast was set for them which they attacked with a relish. Little Mamie received a large number of elegant presents from her young friends. The following is a list of the presents and of those present: 1 silver set knife, fork, and spoon; 2 Majolica plates; 2 gold sash pins; 1 gold ring; 1 child’s decorated china wash stand set; 1 child’s dinner castor; 1 hand painted mug; 1 porte-monnaie; 5 China cups and saucers; 2 China mugs; 1 glass mug; 1 doll’s parlor suite; 1 autograph album; 1 photograph album; 1 wood tea set combination table and cupboard; 1 Brittania tea set; 2 child’s glass sets; sugar bowl; butter dish, etc.; 3 dolls; 2 doll’s canopy top phaetons; 1 doll and carriage; 2 picture books; 1 flat iron and stand; 1 bell cart and span of goats; 1 bouquet; 1 basket of flowers; 1 satin puff box; 1 panorama egg; 6 elegant birthday cards; 1 little brown jug; 1 necklace of pearl beads; 1 shell box; 1 photograph with frame; 2 China match safes; 2 bottles perfumery; 1 card receiver (Kalo Meda); 2 handkerchiefs (embroidered); 1 collar; 1 tooth-pick holder.
Present: Misses Birdie Wright, Edna Glass, Blanche Bliss, Blanche Troup, Stella Buckman, Mamie Black, Frankie Black, Mary Spotswood, Maggie Pryor, Edna Pryor, Muriel Covert, Annie McDonald, Clara Austin, Pearl E. Snyder, Maggie Johnson, Emma Johnson, Bernice Bullen, Beryl Johnston, Nina Nelson, Nona Nelson, Luhe Myton, Josie Myton, Ethel Carruthers, Mary Brotherton, Bell Brotherton, Nina Harter, May Harter, Maud Miller, Gertie Lynn, Effie Lynn, Edna Short, Alma Miller, Mollie Trezise, Lillie Trezise, Fannie Bryan, Flossie Bullen, Ollie Newcomb, Edna Fitch, Maud Cooper, Daisy Clark.
Masters Eddie Greer, Eddie Thorp, Ralph Brown, Roy Robinson, Bertie Silliman, Vere Hollenbeck, Charles F. Green, Charlie Sydal, Henrion McDonald, Dolphi Green, Clare Bullen, Bruce Carruthers, Edgar Powers, Charlie Lynn, Paul Bedilion, Codie Waite, Zack Miller, Willie Trezise, Carl Farringer, Walter Baird, and Willis Young.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
Mr. Frank Woodruff, formerly with Spotswood & Co., was in the city this week. He is now missionary for a queensware house in Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.

                                                      A Monumental Fraud,
                              With an Attempt to Make Anti-Prohibition Capital,
                                          And Establish Glickeries in Winfield.
                                                 A PETITION AND REPLY.
The following petition was circulated last week by Frank Manny, taken to Topeka, and presented by him to Senator Hackney.
WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 23, 1883.
HON. W. P. HACKNEY, State Senator, Topeka, Kansas.
Inasmuch as the Prohibition Amendment, as enforced, has always resulted in injury to the material development of our town—it having signally failed to accomplish the object sought, the suppression of the sale and use of intoxicating drinks—we would respectfully urge upon you the necessity of so providing for the enforcement of the law that its application shall be uniform throughout the State. If this is impossible, don’t sacrifice our town on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle.
D. L. Kretsinger, John Bobbitt, S. G. Gary, H. S. Silver, J. P. Short, John M. Keck, J. B. Schofield, J. H. Vance, D. R. Gates, N. [?] Myers, W. H. Smith, M. L. Robinson, Vic S. Mays, Geo. Emerson, M. L. Read, L. F. Hess, J. Birdsell, A. A. Jackson, J. B. Richards, G. W. Miller, W. K. Davis, V. B. Bartlett, Chas. Schmidt, Allen Johnson, W. S. Mendenhall, J. N. Harter, Quincy A. Glass, F. J. Sydal, R. E. Wallis, Jr., Geo. C. Rembaugh, J. B. Lynn, M. B. Shields, J. P. Baden, J. F. Burroughs, G. L. Rinker, W. J. Cochran, C. L. Harter, D. V. Cole, J. E. Snider, J. S. Mann, Henry Goldsmith, R. M. Boles, John H. Hude, W. B. Simpson, Hudson Bros., Edwin Bailny [?], Horning & Whitney, James M. Stafford, Alonzo Wharton, W. H. Shearer, R. Allison, J. Headrick, John Forguay, H. F. Miller & Co., R. Carter, August Kadau, Beuler Buck, L. L. Beck, A. F. Kroan, D. H. Long, D. M. Harter, Joseph O’Hare, L. D. Zenor, J. W. C. Springston, J. N. Hall, R. J. Brown, M. C. Adair, E. C. Sengby, H. S. Bixby, O. [?C.?] A. Garlick, Geo. Daily [?], F. C. Nomsen, G. D. Headrick, D. C. [?] Carr, M. W. Tamner, F. L. Weaverling, J. B. Goodrich, J. G. Kraft, O. H. Herrington, C. H. Mayler [?], C. C. Harris, H. L. Snivers [?Shivers?], E. F. Blair, John J. Zant, M. H. Mount, B. F. Harrod, A. G. Wilson, E. C. Goodrich, Dick Silver, S. C. Smith, L. C. Harter, S. S. Major, W. Kenell, S. Burkhalter, A. Herpich, J. Flickinger, H. J. Weaver, W. H. Hudson, G. H. Wheeler, Charles Wm. Keef [?], Geo. H. Ratzer, C. W. Nichols, N. S. Ollie, Wm. W. Fleming.

NEXT COLUMN: J. L. Horning, W. C. Robinson, Chas. F. Bahntge, Wm. J. Hodges, A. T. Spotswood, Sam’l Bard, A. H. Doane, Wm. Whiting, A. E. Baird, L. C. Scott, A. D. Hendricks, R. C. Wilson, N. C. Clark, T. K. Johnston, G. W. Yount, Geo. M. Miller, John Dix, J. W. McRorey, G. H. Allen, G. E. Brach, C. Callins, F. M. Bruge, Geo. Leiman, M. Hahn, A. J. Burgauer, Joseph Finkelling, J. A. Waggoner, C. M. Wood, John Fraser, W. D. Shotwell, J. Fleming, Wallis & Wallis, E. C. Seward, A. C. Taylor, J. L. Hodges, O. M. Seward, W. H. Dawson, L. B. Lattiff, S. H. Crawford, E. A. Cook, George Olive, C. W. Lathrop, Elijah Perigo, A. Bixbee, Devore Parmer, J. Batchelder, John A. Edwards, Isaac Behner, J. E. Miller, C. B. Dalgarn, Wm. Whitford, Ed Lamont, Wm. H. Fox, H. L. Wells, F. R. Hinner, Robert M. Woodson, W. F. Dorley, Brettun Crapster, A. C. Bangs, Berry Scrogin, G. J. Lockwood, E. H. Nixon, W. J. Wilson, G. J. Swind, Geo. F. Cotterall, H. C. Chappell, Edwin G. Fitch, Jas. McClain, J. W. Beard, S. L. Gilbert, W. A. Tilston, R. A. Lett, Jerry Cland, J. G. Myer, S. B. Stills, W. L. Hands, B. F. Cox, John D. Pryor, J. L. Littington, Harry Foults, Philip Sipe, T. E. Cochran, J. Heller, J. S. Mater, C. Seifert, John Fashing, J. S. McIntire, A. N. Emery, W. H. Allen, J. A. Patterson, Morris, T. W. Hambric, B. J. Mays, John Likowski, Ed F. Nelson, F. B. Clark, W. L. Webb, John E. Silany, W. H. Strahan, C. H. Limbocker, Samuel Layman, F. E. Sears, Wm. Kelly, M. G. Troup.
                                                            AN ANSWER.
GENTLEMEN: I am in receipt of the above and foregoing petition, and replying to those of the signers who are the sworn officers of the law, whose duty it is to enforce the same, I have to say: that were I to pay any attention to your petition, I would be as unworthy of the confidence and support of the good people of Cowley County, as you have shown yourselves to be, by signing such a paper as the above.
You do not seem to know what your duty is, and I will try and enlighten you with the information, that it is my duty under my oath to make laws, and it is yours to enforce them. What right have you to criticize laws, and parcel out those to be enforced, and those to be ignored?
Such petitions as you sent me, will do more to give aid and comfort to the band of outlaws now seeking to subvert constitutional obligations and duties in this state, than any one thing you can do. How is it your business, whether this or that law works well or not? You have taken an oath to see that all laws are enforced, and this coupled with your duty as men, should make you swift to throttle all infringements, and to punish all infractions. And I can assure you one and all, that I need none of your counsel or advice, and did I need any, I should look to men who have some regard for their constitutional obligation and oaths.
If you will devote your time to the performance of your duty as assiduously and vigor-ously as I do to mine, the discontent of the people at your pusillanimous duplicity and negligence of constitutional obligations would soon be among the things of the past.
To that portion of the signers who make their living by the sweat of other men’s brows, and who have no particular principles save and except schemes to amass wealth, I will say, that while the question of constitutional prohibition was before the people, you were unani-mous for prohibition; but, when you came to adopt facts instead of theories, and for the first time you realized that under the old system the drunken debauchee paid your municipal taxes, and that under prohibition you pay your own, of course you at once there and then lost all faith in your prohibition laws because such of you would rather the county would go to the diminution bow-wows if your taxes were thereby paid than to live in a heaven on earth and pay your own taxes.
Under the old saloon system, the people who drank liquor paid your taxes for you, be they residents of the city or county. Now you must pay your own, and hence “these tears.” Under the former system families went hungry for bread that you might fatten. Under the new system you enjoy no such franchises. What do you care for betrayed trusts or broken promises, whether made by me or the officers of the law, so long as you escape what you have so often by fraud and perjury, escaped—namely taxation. Hence your discontent, hence this petition.

Winfield is not suffering from the saloon system or of the want of it. What Winfield needs is more men of capital and less Shylock’s; men of large minds and fewer small ones; less money changers and more money makers. She wants manufactories, and business that will employ honest men at honest wages who have families to feed and support. That man who has money and will spend it in these enterprises is a public benefactor. You have none now, and the prospect for getting such is not flattering.
What Winfield wants is less such Christians as you fellows are, and more of the character patterned after Him who died on the cross; less cant, hypocrisy and double dealing; more honesty and earnestness of purpose. With all this change brought about, Winfield will prosper. Without it, all the saloons outside of Hell will not add one iota to the prosperity of your town. Either wake up and rub the mildew from the prosperity of your town, or continue to swap dollars and sit upon your own prosperity.
Others of you signed this because you are devoid of the moral courage to say no. Others for fear thereby you would lose a nickel, while a very few of you favor a change hoping that you might better your condition thereby. There are a large number of you who, I cannot believe, would have signed the petition knowing that it meant saloons in Winfield. I believe that many believed it only meant strict enforcement in the large cities of the state. Its lan-guage would admit of such construction to one who was off his guard.
Now in conclusion, permit me to say that until this Legislature adjourns, I shall continue to do all I can to make prohibition a success, though by so doing I “sacrifice Winfield on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle.” And all petitions asking for a change, will only be that much waste paper. The people who voted for prohibition two years ago and whom I promised to help, will find me steadfast until my stewardship with them ceases—which will close with this session of the Legislature, after which they may select someone else to serve them. Until then you may look for no change in my conduct on this question. I, after reading your senseless twaddle in this petition, know that I am better pre-pared to take care of the interests of Cowley County than are any of you.
Trusting that time will soften the poignancy of your grief, the result of contemplating the possibility of having to pay your taxes yourselves, I remain your Senator,
                                                         W. P. HACKNEY.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
Jim Berry, formerly with A. T. Spotswood & Co., is now sojourning at Cherryvale.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
                                                            Public Meeting.
The citizens of Winfield, irrespective of party or sentiment on the prohibition question, are requested to meet at the Opera House on Monday evening, February 5th, for the purpose of discussing the petition forwarded to Senator Hackney, advising him as to his action with regard to the legislation on the subject of the prohibitory law. F. S. JENNINGS, H. D. GANS, M. L. ROBINSON, J. S. HUNT, A. T. SPOTSWOOD, P. F. JONES, JAS. E. PLATTER, D. A. MILLINGTON, M. G. TROUP, T. R. BRYAN. HENRY E. ASP.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
No more bad bread. We have just received a car of genuine Patent Flour from the new Roller Mill at Topeka. Every sack guaranteed to be as good as any made in the United States. Give it a trial. A. T. Spotswood & Co.

Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.
We have received 2,000 lbs. Choice solid Head Cabbage. A. T. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.
We have received 300 bushels of good Winter Apples for sale. A. T. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.
Another car of Topeka patent flour, every sack guaranteed to be as good as any made. Also a ton of Oil Cake meal just received by A. T. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, March 1, 1883.
Spotswood received a car-load of fine potatoes Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in chair. Roll called. Present: Councilman Gary, Wilson, and Read; absent, Councilman McMullen.
Minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. A petition from H. Goldsmith and others for a sidewalk along the north side of Seventh Avenue, on the south side of blocks 126, 146, and 166 was presented and read. On motion the prayer of the petitioners was granted and the City Attorney was instructed to draw an ordinance accordingly.
A petition from A. G. Wilson asking that he be appointed City Weighmaster for the ensuing six months was read, and on motion the appointment was made.
The proposed ordinance in relation to movers of buildings, reported at last meeting, was taken up as unfinished business, and on motion further consideration thereof was indefinitely postponed.
The Finance Committee reported the bill of the COURIER Co., for $75.95 for printing correct in the amount of $75.25; the bill of M. E. Knox for $20.50 for care city poor correct in amount of $20.00; the report of the Police Judge for December 1882 correct. The report of the committee was adopted and the bill of COURIER was ordered paid and the bill of M. E. Knox was recommended to the County Commissioners for payment.
The following accounts were presented and recommended to the County Commissioners for payment.
Vance & Collins, team to poor house: $2.25.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., goods for city poor: $21.65.
J. H. Land, digging grave for city poor: $4.00.
The following accounts were presented and allowed and ordered paid.
City officers’ salaries, February: $67.90.
Beach & Denning rent Council room: $3.00.
The account of Horning & Whitney for $1.75 for stove grate was referred to Finance Committee.
The reports of Police Judge for January and February were referred to Finance Committee.
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1883.
                                                    Winfield Telephone Office.

 1. Allen Johnson.
 2. Dr. Davis’ residence.
 3. M. L. Read’s.
 4. Whiting’s meat market.
32. Transfer office.
33. A. H. Doane & Co.
34. Telegram office.
35. Dr. C. C. Green’s office.
36. A. T. Spotswood.
37. City mills.
38. Read’s bank.
41. Courier office.
42. A. T. & S. F. Depot.
43. K. C. L. & S. Depot.
44. Manny’s residence.
45. Brettun House.
46. J. P. Baden’s store No. 1.
46. J. P. Baden’s store No. 2.
47. Millington’s residence.
48. Curns & Manser.
49. Miller Dicks & Co.’s meat market.
50. D. Berkey’s residence.
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in the chair. Roll call. Present: Councilmen Gary, McMullen, and Wilson; absent, Councilman Read.
Minutes of last regular meeting and of the special meeting held March 23, ultimo, read and approved.
The finance committee made the following report: Reports of Treasurer and Police Judge referred, correct; bill of Horning & Whitney for $1.75, correct and payment recommended; bill of L. A. Belmont on county for care of poor, $5.00 found and paid and rejection recom-mended. The report was adopted and the bill of Horning & Whitney was ordered paid.
The clerks quarterly report on the quarter ending March 15, 1883, was presented and referred to the finance committee.
The following accounts were presented and allowed and ordered paid.
Geo. Emerson, prof. Ser.: $5.00.
C. H. Wooden, removing nuisances: $3.75.
City officers, salaries March: $67.00.
Beach & Denning, room rent, March: $3.80.

L. H. Webb, services reg., books claim $60.00; allowed $50.00.
The following accounts were presented and approved and recommended to county com-missioners for payment.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., goods city poor: $10.00
C. C. Green, med., services: $6.00.
Geo. Emerson: $46.00.
A. H. Doane & Co., fuel: $80.00.
The City Clerk was directed to purchase a canceling stamp for the use of the City Treasurer.
On motion the Council adjourned. M. G. TROUP, Mayor
Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
Mr. R. J. Brown has resigned his position as chief clerk for A. T. Spotswood and taken a position with J. S. Mann. Mr. Brown is a pleasant gentleman, a good salesman, and a valuable acquisition to any establishment.
Winfield, Courier, April 19, 1883.
                 Program of the Kansas Press Association at Winfield, May 9th and 10th.
1. Wednesday, May 9th, 11:30 a.m. Meeting at Santa Fe depot with band and carriages. Guests carried to the places assigned to them.
2. 2 o’clock p.m. Meeting at the Opera House. Song by the Arion Quartette. Address of welcome by M. G. Troup. Response. Business of the Association.
3. 8 p.m. Ball at the Opera House.
4. Thursday 9 a.m. Excursion in carriages to parks, quarries, factories, and other places of supposed interest in and about Winfield.
5. 2 o’clock. Meeting at Opera House. Song. Business of the Association.
6. 8 o’clock p.m. Meeting at the Opera House. Song. Business of the Association. Addresses, toasts, etc.
Reception: Mayor, Geo. Emerson; Ex-Mayor, M. G. Troup; C. C. Black; Ed. P. Greer; Geo. Rembaugh; D. A. Millington.
Entertainment: J. P. Short, C. E. Fuller, S. L. Gilbert, R. C. Story, W. C. Robinson.
Excursion: H. E. Asp, P. H. Albright, J. B. Lynn, A. T. Spotswood.
Winfield Courier, May 3, 1883.
The scholars of the public schools had a vacation Tuesday and a grand May picnic in the park. The beautiful May queens, represented in the persons of Margaret Spotswood, Mollie Anderson, and Miss Alice Carson, were duly crowned, and mirth and joy reigned supreme.
Winfield Courier, May 3, 1883.
Senator Hackney, J. B. Lynn, J. L. Horning, and A. T. Spotswood, committee on finance for the entertainment of our visitors on the 9th, interviewed our citizens Monday and secured over three hundred dollars.

Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
                                                 COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.
                                   Council Chamber, City of Winfield, May 7, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Emerson in the chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen McGuire, McMullen and Kretsinger; absent, Councilman Wilson. Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
A petition from Jno. D. Pryor and others for a sidewalk along the west side of block 174 and west ends of lots 10, 11, and 12 in block 175, to be connected by cross-walks, was presented. On motion the petition was granted and the attorney instructed to present an ordinance therefor at next meeting.
At this point Councilman Wilson entered and took his seat.
The finance committee made the following report on accounts referred.
W. R. Davis, medical attendance city poor, $95.50, rejected.
Cal Ferguson, hearse for city poor, $3.00, approved and recommended to county commissioners.
T. H. Soward, rent, $24.00, payment recommended.
L. H. Webb, election expenses, 55 cents, same.
Courier, printing, $22.50, same.
The report of the committee was adopted.
The following accounts were referred to finance committee.
Vance & Collins, taking pauper to poor house: $2.25.
E. F. Sears, crossing, Loomis street: $4.00.
The following accounts were approved and recommended to the county commissioners for payment.
A. T. Spotswood & Co., goods, city poor: $5.00.
J. B. Lynn, goods for city poor: $25.00.
J. B. Lynn, goods for city poor: $55.00.
D. C. Beach, house rent: $3.00.
The following accounts were presented and allowed and ordered paid.
E. F. Sears, crossings, etc.: $29.40.
David C. Beach, rent, April: $3.00.
L. H. Webb, canceling stamp for city treasurer: $5.25.
Wm. Warren, crossings, etc.: $46.60.
City officers, April salaries: $67.90.
D. L. Hoblit, election room: $2.00.
The police judge’s report for April was referred to finance committee.
The council accepted the offer of O. M. Seward to provide a council room and police judge’s office at five ($5.00) dollars per month.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
                                                    [At City Council Meeting.]
J. Wade McDonald, attorney for the Winfield Water Company, appeared and filed and presented to the mayor and councilmen a notification and request from said Water Company, in the words and figures following, to-wit:

Office of the Winfield Water Company, Winfield, Kansas, May 7th, 1883.
To the Honorable Mayor and Council of the City of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas:
GENTLEMEN: You are hereby notified and requested to proceed with all practicable dispatch to have condemned in the name of the City of Winfield, the right to perpetually divest from the Walnut River, at a point thereon northwest of the north end of Walton Street, of said city, all such quantity or quantities of water as may be necessary to enable the Win-field Water Company, its successors or assigns, to supply the said City of Winfield and the inhabitants thereof, with water, in pursuance with the provisions of ordinance numbered 167, of said city.
This notification and request is made in pursuance with and under and by virtue of the provisions of section 14 of said ordinance, numbered 167.
                       The Winfield Water Company by M. L. ROBINSON, President.
Attest: CHAS. F. BAHNTGE, Secretary.
And thereupon upon motion of Councilman McMullen it was ordered by the mayor and council that the city do forthwith, by Joseph O’Hare, Esq., city attorney, present, in the name of the city, a petition to the Honorable E. S. Torrance, judge of the district court of the County of Cowley, State of Kansas, requesting the appointment of three commissioners to lay off and condemn to the use of the city the right to forever divest from the Walnut River at a point thereon northwest of the present north end of Walton Street of said city, so much of the water of and from said stream as may or shall be or become necessary to forever supply from day to day and from year to year said city and the inhabitants thereof with an abundance of water for the extinguishment of fires and for domestic, sanitary, and other purposes as specified and provided for in and by ordinance numbered 167, of said city.
On motion, the Mayor, Councilmen Kretsinger, and Mr. J. P. Short were appointed a committee to examine the question of providing the city with fire hose and carts.
G. B. Shaw & Co., were granted the privilege of erecting a windmill in the street near their place of business, subject to removal on order of council.
The Mayor appointed Giles Prater city marshal and street commissioner for the ensuing year, and on motion the council confirmed the appointment; the mayor then appointed E. S. Bedilion city clerk for the ensuing year, and the council refused to confirm, there being two votes for confirmation and two against; the mayor then appointed D. A. Millington city engineer for the ensuing year, and the appointment was confirmed by the council.
The city attorney was instructed to present an ordinance to prevent children from being on the streets at night. On motion the council adjourned.
Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
                                                   Notes of the Arrangements.

The arrangements for receiving and entertaining the editorial fraternity were made in due season and were ample and complete as far as human foresight could make them; notwithstanding the work of preparation fell on a few and largely on us. C. C. Black of the Telegram was absent during the time the matter was worked and did not get back in time to share in the large amount of work of receiving and assigning the guests and providing for their pleasure and amusement. Geo. Rembaugh was left alone with all the work of getting up the Telegram on his shoulders, but he did it up well and got time to do much work on the preparation and entertainment.
Ed. P. Greer did a large amount of running around to help make the arrangements, but we felt that the main burden must rest on us, and spent our time in it under such cares and anxieties that it was a great relief to us when it was over.
We desire to specially notice the splendid day’s work put in by Messrs. W. P. Hackney, J. L. Horning, J. B. Lynn, and A. T. Spotswood in canvassing the city for money to pay the expenses of the affair. They raised the munificent sum of $265, a sum more than ample for all the expenses incurred. Each of them was enthusiastic and ready to help in any other way. Mr. Horning was situated so that he became an almost invaluable help in every way.
The committee on entertainment did not get at their work of canvassing for places of entertainment in season, but we scurried around a considerable in that work and then the Misses Millington got a team and C. C. Harris for driver and canvassed the whole city, securing entertainment with more than thirty of the best families in the city. C. C. Harris was helpful in various other ways.
There were one hundred and seventy-six guests of the citizens of Winfield here at the Editorial Convention, as nearly as we can figure it.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
                                                Where the Money Came From.
The following are the cash contributions to the general editorial entertainment fund. More was raised than was used and those who subscribed first took more than their share, so that others had to be somewhat limited in their contributions to give others a chance.
D. A. Millington, $20; C. C. Black, $20; McDonald & Miner, $5; W. P. Hackney, $5; A. T. Spotswood, $5; J. L. Horning, $5; J. B. Lynn, $5; A. B. Arment, $5; J. H. Bullene & Co., $5; J. S. Mann, $5; S. C. Smith, $5; Hudson Bros., $5; Curns & Manser, $5; Burnett & Clark, $5; J. P. Short, $5; Geo. Rembaugh, $5; J. P. Baden, $5; Robert Hudson, $5; C. L. Harter, $5; Bryan & Lynn, $5; Ed. P. Greer, $5; Pugsley & Zook, $5; Tomlin & Webb, $5; O’Mears & Randolph, $5; S. H. Myton, $5; M. Hahn & Co., $5; Henry Goldsmith, $5; Winfield Bank, $10; A. H. Doane & Co., $5; M. L. Read’s Bank, $10; Geo. W. Miller, $5; Chicago Lumber Co., $5; P. H. Albright & Co., $5; J. Wade McDonald, $5; Wm. Dawson, $2; W. S. Mendenhall, $2; J. L. Hodges, $1; D. Palmer & Co., $1; D. C. Beach, $1; J. D. Pryor, $2; S. D. Pryor, $1; M. G. Troup, $1.90; Geo. M. Miller, $1; John Wilson, $.50; Whiting Bros, $1; Hendrix & Wilson, $2; A. E. Baird, $2; W. H. Strahan, $1; Miller, Dix & Co., $1; Lovell H. Webb, $1; Charlie Fuller, $1; J. E. Conklin, $2; Geo. Emerson, $2; F. S. Jennings, $2; D. Berkey, $1; H. Paris, $1; A. C. Bangs, $1; G. H. Allen, $1; McRorey, $1; Johnson, $1; J. O’Hare, $1; Frazee Bros., $1; W. L. Hands, $2; J. F. McMullen, $1; F. J. Sydall, $1; Dr. Fleming, $1; Dr. McIntire, $1; Atkinson, $1; Capt. Myers, $1; R. B. Pratt, $1; V. R. Bartlett, $2; Nommsen & Steuven, $1; Albro, $2; D. Rodocker, $2; H. E. Silliman, $2;

W. J. Wilson, $2; E. H. Nixon, $1; C. C. Harris, $1; Lou Zenor, $1; W. H. Smith, $1; Brotherton & Silvers, $3.; Rinker & Cochran, $2; H. Brown & Son, $2; Q. A. Glass, $2; Holmes & Son, $2; Dan Mater, $1; E. S. Reynolds, $1; M. J. Stimson, $1; Rabb, $.50; O. W. P. Mann, $1; Jim Connor, $1; Dr. Green, $2; E. J. Brown, $1; J. W. Johnson, $2; Dr. Bull, $1; A. Herpich, $1; McGuire Bros., $3; Harter Bros., $1; H. G. Fuller, $2; H. E. Asp, $1; C. M. Wood, $2.
Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.
                                                  A COMPLETE SURPRISE.
Sixty-five ladies and gentlemen of the best citizens of Winfield joined in a plot last Wednesday, May 16th, to surprise D. A. Millington, editor of the Winfield COURIER, and his wife at their residence, on the thirty-fifth anniversary of their marriage, and were completely successful. It was raining quite briskly all the evening with no prospect of a “let-up.” Between 8 and 9 o’clock we were quietly looking over our late exchanges; our wife was busy in household affairs in a gray dress in which she felt some delicacy about receiving company, when we found our house suddenly taken possession of by J. C. Fuller and lady, J. Wade McDonald, Mrs. J. E. Platter, C. A. Bliss, Dr. C. C. Green and lady, J. P. Short, Geo. Rembaugh and lady, A. T. Spotswood, Miss Jennie Hane, E. S. Torrance, Mrs. John Lowry, Mrs. I. L. Millington, E. P. Hickok and lady, and others. The greater portion of the party lived more distant and were still waiting for the rain to slack up.
Ourself and wife were corralled in one corner while arrangements were made, then J. Wade McDonald, as orator for the party, commenced a neat and flattering speech to us in which he complimented us of having been one of the first settlers, of having been identified with all the movements which have made Winfield and Cowley County rich, prosperous, and happy; our wife and daughters, with having contributed much to the life and pleasure of our social and literary circles, and said that our citizens had seized this thirty-fifty anniversary of our marriage to express to us in this way their warm appreciation of us and ours.
The folding doors were then thrown open, disclosing two very richly upholstered, beautiful, and costly chairs in which ourself and wife were led and seated, which chairs the speaker formally presented to us on behalf of the citizens as a token of their warm feelings toward us. We attempted to express our thanks but utterly failed. We were “all broke up,” with something rising from our heart to our throat which choked utterance.
Then amid a gay and pleasant conversation, the visitors produced a spread of delicacies which they had brought with them, served them in a beautiful set of glass dishes, a present from Mr. A. T. Spotswood, beautified by fresh and charming bouquets of flowers presented by Mrs. Lowry and Mrs. Hickok; and in due time, they bid us good bye.
From the bottom of our heart we thank them for these evidences of their kindness and warm friendship, and assure them and our citizens generally that whatever shortcomings we may exhibit, we shall ever hold in grateful remembrance this and many other evidences of their kind partiality to us and ours.
Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.

An infant was left at Spotswood’s store last Friday by its mother. She laid it in a chair while she was examining some goods and then made an excuse to step out a minute, and did not return to get her child, but skipped out toward Wichita. Spotswood did not like the appearance of things and sent after her up the road and had her arrested and brought back. She gave her name as Lizzie Robinson, told a story of outrage and crime of which she had been the victim; said she had lived in the south part of Harper, had been in Wichita awhile and came down here to give her infant child away. All will readily condemn her as an inhuman mother who should be shut out from the pale of human sympathy, but it would be more generous and humane to help her to bear her troubles and sorrows.
Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.
                                                          More Fair Matter.
We publish in full below the Charter and By-laws of the Fair Association. The organiza-tion is now complete and at work. Every farmer should read this carefully and be ready to suggest any changes necessary at the next regular meeting.
The undersigned do hereby voluntarily associate ourselves together for the purpose of forming a private corporation under the laws of the state of Kansas, and do hereby certify:
That the name of this corporation shall be “The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association.”
That the purposes for which this corporation is formed are to encourage and promote the agricultural, horticultural, mechanical, and live stock interest of Cowley County, Kansas, and the establishment and maintenance of a driving park and speed ring, and to acquire, hold, and control all real and personal property necessary, proper, and convenient for carrying out the purposes aforesaid.
That the place where its business is to be transacted is at Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas.
That the term for which this corporation is to exist is ninety-nine years.
That the number of directors or trustees of this corporation shall be seventeen (17), and the names and residences of those who are appointed for the first year are:
A. H. Doane, Winfield.
A. T. Spotswood, Winfield.
D. L. Kretsinger, Winfield.
J. B. Schofield, Winfield.
C. C. Black, Winfield.
W. J. Hodges, Winfield.
E. P. Greer, Winfield.
W. S. Mendenhall, Winfield.
Sam Phoenix, Richland Township. [EARLIER THEY HAD SAM PHENIX??]
S. S. Lynn, Vernon Township.
G. L. Gale, Rock Township.
Henry Harbaugh, Pleasant Valley Township.
R. F. Burden, Windsor Township.
E. B. Nicholson, Dexter Township.

J. W. Millspaugh, Vernon Township.
J. B. Nipp, Creswell Township.
J. F. Martin, Vernon Township.
That the estimated value of the goods, chattels, lands, rights, and credits owned by the corporation is ten thousand ($10,000) dollars; that the amount of the capital stock of this corporation shall be ten thousand ($10,000) dollars, and shall be divided into two hundred (200) shares, of fifty ($50) dollars each, non-assessable above face value.
In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names, this 3rd day of May,
A. D., 1883.
(Signed) A. T. Spotswood, W. S. Mendenhall, J. B. Schofield, A. H. Doane, Charles C. Black, Ed. B. Greer, D. L. Kretsinger, Wm. J. Hodges, S. C. Smith.
Personally appeared before me, a notary public in and for Cowley County, Kansas, the above named: A. T. Spotswood, W. S. Mendenhall, J. B. Schofield, J. Wade McDonald, Ed. P. Greer, D. L. Kretsinger, A. H. Doane, Wm. J. Hodges, and S. C. Smith, who are person-ally known to me to be the same persons who executed the foregoing instrument of writing, and duly acknowledged the execution of the same.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name, and affixed my notarial seal, this 4th day of May, A. D., 1883. LOVELL H. WEBB, Notary Public. (My commission expires Sept. 8, 1883.)
I, James Smith, Secretary of State of the State of Kansas, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of the original instrument of writing filed in my office May 5th, A. D., 1883.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name, and affixed my official seal.
Done at Topeka, Kansas, this fifth day of May, A. D., 1883.
                                             JAMES SMITH, Secretary of state.
                            [I SKIPPED THE CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS.]
Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.
Minutes of Fair Meeting. May 10th, 1883. The directors of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met at the office of A. H. Doane & Co. Present, Directors Millspaugh, Martin, Gale, Burden, Leslie, Harbaugh, McDonald, Spotswood, Doane, Baden, and Nicholson.
J. W. Millspaugh was called to the chair and D. L. Kretsinger chosen secretary. On motion of Mr. Spotswood, the meeting proceeded to the election of officers as follows.
For president, J. F. Martin; for vice president, A. T. Spotswood; for secretary, E. P. Greer; for treasurer, A. H. Doane; for General Superintendent, D. L. Kretsinger.
On motion of Mr. Kretsinger, Messrs. Harbaugh, Martin, Millspaugh, Lynn, Spotswood, Doane, and Greer were appointed a committee on premium list, to report at the next meeting of the directors. On motion of Mr. Lynn, the superintendent was instructed to commence work on the speed ring and cleaning up the ground. On motion of Mr. Doane, the meeting adjourned until Saturday, May 26, at 1 p.m.          D. L. KRETSINGER, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.
                                              OPERA HOUSE, May 19, 1883.
The stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Millspaugh called S. P. Strong to the chair and D. L. Kretsinger was chosen secretary. Minutes of last meeting read and approved. The committee on subscription of stock reported progress and were on motion continued. On motion of Mr. Martin, the meeting proceeded to a permanent organization, without change of officers. The charter was then read and approved. A form of constitution and by-laws was then submitted by the secretary. Mr. Short moved they be adopted as read. Mr. Lynn amended to read and adopt by sections. Motion prevailed as amended.
Sec. 1 to 13 read and adopted. Sec. 14 amended to read “four-fifth consent or vote,” instead of unanimous.
Section 1 to 10 of the by-laws made and approved. On motion of Mr. Gale, the constitu-tion and bylaws were then adopted as whole. After quite an interesting talk on the part of secretary and stockholders, a sense of the meeting was had instructing the Directors to push the work of improvement of grounds as fast as possible. On motion the meeting adjourned.
                          D. L. KRETSINGER, Secretary, S. P. STRONG, Chairman.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1883.
                                                    WE WILL CELEBRATE.
                                     An Enthusiastic Meeting and Gratifying Results.
By virtue of a previous call, the citizens met to devise ways and means for a 4th of July celebration at Winfield. Capt. J. S. Hunt was elected President, and O. M. Seward, Secretary.
Hon. C. C. Black stated the object of the meeting, and Col. Whiting moved to celebrate. Carried.
On motion Mayor Emerson was elected President of the day, and Col. Whiting, Marshal, with power to select his own aids, and have general charge of programme for the day.
On motion the following committees were appointed.
Finance: J. P. Baden, J. B. Lynn, M. L. Robinson.
Grounds: S. C. Smith, D. L. Kretsinger, E. P. Greer.
Programme: J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, H. D. Gans.
Committee on Indians: J. W. Hodges, N. C. Myers, Col. Whiting.
Special Trains: Kennedy, Branham, H. E. Asp.
Amusements: C. C. Black, T. M. McGuire, John Keck, Jas. Vance, A. T. Spotswood, and J. Wade McDonald.
Fire Works: Henry Goldsmith, J. P. Baden, M. O’Hara.
Music: Crippen, Buckman, Snow.
Military Display: Capt. Haight, Dr. Wells, Col. Whiting.
Speakers: Rembaugh, Millington, Hackney.
On motion the meeting adjourned to meet at call of president, or chairman of committees.
                                                      J. S. HUNT, President.
O. M. SEWARD, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 7, 1883.

BIRTHS. Our worthy county Treasurer, L. B. Stone, was presented with a bran new baby one day last week. Mr. Hall, at Spotswood’s, received a similar present during the same week.
Winfield Courier, June 7, 1883.
A. T. Spotswood’s horse ran away Tuesday afternoon, smashing the buggy all to pieces. He became frightened at the cars and, although two men were holding him by the bits, broke away.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.
                                                     Business Men’s Meeting.
The business men and clerks of the city met at the COURIER office Wednesday evening and organized by electing Col. Whiting chairman and Ed. P. Greer Secretary. Mr. Brooking stated the object of the meeting to be to effect a mutual arrangement to close the stores at eight o’clock in the evening. Mr. Spotswood spoke in favor of the proposition, and was desirous that an arrangement be made by which both clerks and proprietors could get a little time for rest and social enjoyment. Mr. Mann accorded heartily with Mr. Spotswood in the matter, as also did Mr. Cooper. Mr. Webb desired to know how long the arrangement would hold, and after general discussion it was decided to make it between the 11th day of June and first of October. On motion of Mr. Hall a committee consisting of Messrs. Shields, Copeland, Hendricks, and Fleming were appointed to draw up an agreement to be presented all mer-chants in the city for their signatures. They reported the following.
We, the undersigned, hereby agree to close our respective places of business at 8 o’clock p.m., of each evening in the week, except Saturday, commencing June 11th, and continuing until October First, 1883. The time of closing to be indicated by the ringing of the city bell. This agreement made on the express conditions that all persons carrying conflicting lines of goods join in the arrangement.
On motion of Mr. O’Meara, duly carried, the chair appointed the following committee to wait on merchants not present with the agreement: Messrs. O’Meara, Cooper, Hendricks, Baird, and Fleming. On motion of Mr. Goodrich, Col. Whiting was added to the committee in behalf of the clerks. After discussion regarding the formation of a permanent organization, the meeting adjourned. It is to be hoped that the objects sought by the gathering will be accomplished, which can only be done by all uniting. It is understood that about every merchant in town with two exceptions, is in favor of closing. If there is any set of men in town who need rest and out-door exercise during the hot summer months, it is the over-worked clerks and merchants. In no other occupation is a man compelled to put in sixteen to eighteen hours per day—every minute of his time when awake. It is a matter of simple justice and humanity that everyone should recognize.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.
The clerks of the city, to the number of twenty-five or thirty, met at the COURIER office Monday evening after closing hours and unanimously adopted the following resolutions.
WHEREAS, It is the earnest desire of the clerks of this city to shorten the hours of business, and

WHEREAS, We think the interests of employers will be better benefitted by granting employees more time for rest and recreation than heretofore, therefore be it
Resolved, That we will use all honest endeavors to procure the closing of all places of business at 8 p.m., every evening except Saturdays during the months of June, July, August, and September, 1883.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.
Several of the merchants having declined to close up at eight o’clock in the evening, the whole business is “busted,” and the tired and weary clerks will still be compelled to put in eighteen hours a day during the hot summer months. Some of the merchants are exasperated at the failure of the movement, of which J. B. Lynn is one as will be seen by reading his nine o’clock proclamation in another column.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.
To the trade of Winfield and Cowley Co.
ATTENTION: I wish to say to the trade that from this date I will keep my store open until twelve o’clock every night except on Sunday. I will give a ten percent discount on all Cash Bills sold after nine o’clock p.m., and will take it as a favor if my City trade will post-pone buying until after nine o’clock, thereby securing the discount. I mean just what I say.
June 13th, 1883. J. B. LYNN.
Winfield Courier, June 28, 1883.
Mrs. A. T. Spotswood returned home from the east last week.
Winfield Courier, July 19, 1883.
TO OUR CUSTOMERS: We have employed Mr. F. C. Hunt to take charge of our books and collections, who will call on or notify those whose accounts are due. We hope that such accounts will be settled promptly. Very respectfully, A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
Mrs. Gray, sister of Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, left Tuesday for her home in Missouri after spending three weeks in Winfield.
Winfield Courier, August 2, 1883.
Five families in Cowley County have indicated their intention of competing for the COURIER special premium at the fair. It will take two columns of the paper to publish the names of all the families. It will be interesting matter, not only to the families, but to the public generally.
[Notice relative to special premiums appeared in early newspaper issue. MAW]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 19, 1883. Front Page.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
The special premiums offered below will be assigned to special location in the main building, or on the grounds, and will be under the management and control of the General Superintendent. Entries must be made as in other classes, but the Secretary’s card shall indicate for whose special premium the exhibit will enter for, and the exhibitors must be governed by the restrictions named in the special premium. Payment of premiums will be made by the parties offering the same, on the certificate of the awarding committee, said committee to be appointed by the executive board of the association.

For the fastest walking team one half mile, in common farm wagon, $10.00, and the TELEGRAM for one year. Entries free and limited to teams owned in the county.
Lot 2. BY M. L. READ’S BANK.
TEN DOLLARS. For the best and largest collection of farm products raised by any farmer in Cowley County in the year 1883. Three or more to enter.
FIVE DOLLARS. For the best five pounds of butter made by any farmer’s wife in Cowley County. Three or more to enter, and the prize butter to be the property of Wallis & Wallis.
TEN DOLLAR DRESS PATTERN. For the best pair of hand knit men’s all wool socks, by any lady in Cowley County. Three or more to enter. Dress pattern on exhibition at my store thirty days before the Fair. The prize socks to remain on exhibition at my store.
TEN DOLLARS. For the largest hog of any color, sex, or breed, open to the world. Bring out your big hogs.
TEN DOLLAR SILVER CASTOR. For the best and neatest made sun bonnet by any lady in Cowley County. No restrictions as to material, style, or shape. Three or more must enter to take Premium.
TEN DOLLARS. For the best and largest display of vegetables raised in Cowley County this year. Three or more must enter to take money.
THREE DOLLARS. For the best and largest 300 ears of straight, white, or yellow corn grown in Cowley County this year. Three or more must enter to take money.
SEVEN DOLLAR FRUIT CHROMO. For ten of the largest apples grown in Cowley County. No restrictions as to variety. Three or more to enter. Chromo on exhibition at my place of business and at the main building during Fair week.
THREE DOLLARS. For the best trained colt foaled in 1883. Must be trained by boy under 15 years, and exhibited under halter in the speed ring. Two or more must enter to take money.
FIVE DOLLARS. For the best exhibit in the culinary department to be prepared by the exhibitor. Open to all.
FIVE DOLLARS. For the largest yield of wheat per acre, of not less than 10 acres, sample of wheat shown, and affidavit of grower and thresher as to the quantity produced. Restricted to Cowley County growth.

FIVE DOLLARS. For the best five pounds of butter in one pound prints, made by exhibitor. Restricted to Cowley County. Creamery butter barred.
TEN DOLLAR LADIES CLOAK. For the best and neatest hand made calico comfort, by any lady in Cowley County. Three or more to compete for the prize.
Lot 15. BY A. H. DOANE & CO. COAL & WOOD.
FIVE DOLLARS. For five stalks of corn with ears attached. The corn to be husked, shelled, and weighed by the committee, and the largest and heaviest yield to take the money. Three or more to enter.
                          GRAND BABY SHOW, BY O’MEARA & RANDOLPH.
                                      SPECIAL PRIZE—BOOTS AND SHOES.
THIRTY DOLLAR BABY WAGON. Will be awarded to the lucky baby under one year of age, open to the world as follows. Entries open on Friday, Sept. 28th, from 2 to 3 p.m. Each baby as entered will be numbered 1, 2, and 3, and up, until the hour of closing, after which, cards corresponding with the number of babies will be placed in a box, when the awarding committee will conduct the drawing to the satisfaction of all. The prize baby wagon will be on exhibition in the show window of Messrs. O’Meara & Randolph, thirty days before the opening of the Fair, and on the grounds during exhibition week.
                                                        BY S. W. PHENIX.
For best colt, sired by “Lilac,” Ten Dollars. Second best $5.00.
                                                 BY THE WINFIELD BANK.
For the best loaf of bread made by Miss under fifteen years of age, Five Dollars.
                                              BY THE WINFIELD COURIER.
To the parents of the largest family in Cowley County, embracing sons, daughters, son-in-laws, daughter-in-laws, and grandchildren. The WINFIELD COURIER will present a ten dollar gold piece, and a life subscription to the COURIER. All entries in this class must be made at the office of the secretary on or before the third day of the Fair. The result will be published in detail in the COURIER together with the names of all contestants and their families. This premium is offered so that the most material interest of our county may not pass without recognition.
                                     BY THE COWLEY COUNTY TELEGRAM.
For the best letter of not more than one hundred words, to the TELEGRAM, written by a Cowley County boy or girl not over fifteen years old, $3.00 and ten years subscription to the TELEGRAM. For the second best letter on same condition, $2.00 and five years subscription to the TELEGRAM. Letters may be written on any subject concerning Cowley County or Cowley County matters. The letters must be addressed to the TELEGRAM and signed by the writers’ full name accompanied by post office address, and must be written in time for publication previous to September 17th. The letters will all be published in the TELEGRAM. The manuscripts will be carefully preserved and submitted to competent judges on the first day of the Fair. The winners may have their papers sent to themselves or their friends as they may prefer.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
A very pleasant social gathering in honor of Rev. Dr. Kirkwood took place at the residence of A. T. Spotswood on last Friday evening.

Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
Fresh Oysters, fresh White Fish, Trout and Celery ever day at Spotswood’s.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1883.
Fresh Oysters, fresh White Fish, Trout, and Celery every day at Spotswood’s.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1883.
Misses Margaret Spotswood and Maggie Bedilion spent last week in Topeka visiting with Mrs. W. C. Garvey.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.
Beware the Avalanche of Prices!
A Superb and Glistening Stock of China!
Daily arrivals swell the grand accumulation!
Glassware and Queensware in endless profusion!
China, Tea, and Dinner Sets beautifully decorated in artistic designs; homes made pleasant and the esthetic taste satisfied!
                                       ELEGANT DISPLAY OF CHINA SETS.
The beautiful and unique Majolica Ware, glittering Vases and Toy Sets for the children.
Pure White Granite and Decorated Ware of every description.
The finest quality of Silver and Steel Cutlery, Silver Casters, and Butter Dishes. A full and beautiful selection of Rockingham and Yellow Ware.
Lamps of every style and description—library, stand, and hanging.
Glassware Prices Absolutely and Emphatically Slaughtered!
The whole realm of Glass and Queensware invaded, and selections carefully made.
                                                        To See is to Admire!
This is not wind, but steel-cold truth.
Do not doubt it! Come and see!
                                                  A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.
Mr. James Rothrock has sold out his stock of merchandise at Seeley, moved to Winfield, and is at present assisting in the grocery establishment of A. T. Spotswood. The Seeley post office is the graduating school for Spotswood’s clerks.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.
Lost. Between Doane’s coal office and Spotswood’s store, a fountain pen in a tin case. If the finder will leave at this office, a reward will be paid.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                               THE FAIR.
                                             Cowley Covers Herself With Glory.
                 A Grand Exposition of her Agricultural, Horticultural, and Stock Interests.
                                               WE AGAIN TAKE THE LEAD.

To say that the Fair which closed Friday was a success, is putting it mildly. It was simply the grandest exposition of material prosperity any county in Kansas has ever known. Every department was thoroughly represented. Perhaps the largest and best display was that shown in the agricultural hall. Much of this was called out by the lively competition for P. H. Albright’s liberal special premium of $15 for the bushel of corn containing the least number of ears. There were forty-seven competitors and the first premium was finally awarded to Mr. Geo. Woner, of Rock Township, who furnished a bushel of corn weighing seventy-five lbs., containing only forty-seven ears. Aside from this there were oceans of potatoes and cabbage, pumpkins and beets, big and little onions, and sweet potatoes, six of which made a bushel. Mr. W. C. Hayden’s splendid display was one of the most noticeable features of the vege-table department.
The fruit department under Jacob Nixon was the wonder of all beholders. Such mammoth apples, peaches, and pears reminded one of old New England.
In jellies, pickles, preserves, and canned fruits, Cowley’s ladies had done themselves proud. The display was very large, and in quality and attractiveness never surpassed. Mrs. S. S. Linn was in charge of this department, and her energy, enthusiasm, and taste in arrangement added much to the attractiveness of the display. No wonder Cowley’s homes are happy when presided over by ladies who can show so many specimens of nice, crisp, white bread, and rolls of golden butter as were there displayed. This is certainly a poor country for dyspeptics.
The south main exhibition building was devoted to the ladies department supplemented by a grand organ and sewing machine show. The fancy work under Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, was a varied display of taste and industry such as we have never seen before in one collec-tion. There were articles of every imaginable name, and Mrs. Kretsinger hid amid a wilder-ness of lace and embroideries, had her hands more than full. The fine arts under Miss Kate Millington attracted much attention. The beautiful collections of paintings of Mrs. Geo. W. Miller and Mrs. C. C. Black were greatly admired. There were several fine displays in the flower department, in charge of Mrs. J. L. Horning, and it made a very fine appearance. The cloths, counter panes, quilts, carpets, knitting, etc., were in charge of Mr. W. R. McDonald and made a grand showing. There were about forty pairs of knit socks competing for A. E. Baird’s special premiums; twelve or fifteen sunbonnets for Hudson Bros. special; and fifteen or twenty handsome calico quilts for Hahn & Co.’s special. Between the two buildings S. H. Myton had a handsome buggy show and just outside was the Albro & Dorley exhibit of home manufactured work. Both were very fine. The show in agricultural implements was larger than ever before. S. H. Myton, Brotherton & Silver, and W. A. Lee had large exhibits and each carried off a number of blue ribbons.

In livestock the show was especially large and attractive. There were one hundred and ninety entries in the horse department and finer horse stock was never seen. In cattle there was a very extensive show, and in quality unsurpassed. Under the efficient management of Mr. J. O. Taylor, everything worked in perfect order and with satisfaction to both exhibitors and visitors. Mr. Taylor was one of the best superintendents on the grounds and deserves the highest praise. The cattle exhibited in his department were valued at fifty thousand dollars. In hogs the entries were very large, and of such excellent grades that the judges found great difficulty in forming an opinion as to which was the best. The big hog special premium of ten dollars offered by Geo. W. Miller was awarded to Isaac Wood, his hog weighing seven hundred and fifty pounds. The entries in the sheep department were of good grade, and contained some Merino bucks that sheared fleeces almost as heavy as themselves.
The poultry coops contained some splendid fowls—especially those of Mr. Samuel Lowe. He had the largest exhibit in the department.
                                                      GENERAL SUCCESS.
Speaking financially, the fair was as great a success as in exhibits. The total receipts were about $3,800, which will leave a handsome surplus over expenses, for further improvements. On Thursday there were over eight thousand people on the grounds, and on Friday about six thousand. The business throughout was conducted without a jar, and everything passed off smoothly. Notwithstanding the vast throng of people in attendance, there was not an arrest made on the grounds nor a serious misdemeanor committed. This was largely due to the active and efficient efforts of General Superintendent Kretsinger. President Martin was everywhere, superintending exhibits and arrangement, and overlooking and correcting errors. Directors Linn, Harbaugh, Millspaugh, Spotswood, and Phenix also worked faithfully and efficiently throughout the whole fair. Mr. J. L. Horning had perhaps the most difficult part of all—that of superintendent of the race course, but he made a success of it, as of everything else he undertakes. The secretary desires especially to thank Jas. McLain, Will J. Barnes, and W. J. Wilson for valuable assistance in dispatching the immense amount of business con-nected with that office. Mr. McLain stayed by it, working eighteen hours a day until the books were wound up and the balances drawn. In five days eighteen hundred entries were made, passed upon by committees, returned, and checks drawn for their payment. It is a record that few fairs of such magnitude can show. The fair is now a thing of the past, but its benefits to Cowley County will be far reaching and cannot be estimated in dollars and cents. It has stimulated our people to greater efforts, and has given all more of an idea of the vast resources and possibilities of this county. We now have a permanent fair, owned by our farmers, with beautiful grounds, good buildings, and money in the treasury; and each year will make it more of a success and increase the benefits to be derived from a general exposition of her material prosperity.
                                               LIST OF PREMIUMS GIVEN.
The following is a full list of premiums awarded. It is complete and correct and is drawn from the Secretary’s books.
                                                THOROUGHBRED HORSES.
Best stallion 4 years old and over, D. P. Hurst, 1st premium.
Mares 4 years old and over, D. P. Hurst 1st premium; C. F. Main, of Cloverdale, second.
Best thoroughbred colt 2 years old and over, C. F. Main, 1st premium; R. F. Burden, second.
                                                  PERCHERON NORMANS.
Best stallion 4 years old and over, L. B. Fisher, of Wellington, 1st premium; R. B. Noble, of Dexter, second.
Three years and under four, Stalter & Yarbrough, 1st premium.
Two years and under three, R. Tweedle, of Douglass, 1st premium; R. F. Burden, second.

Four years old and over, R. B. Noble, 1st premium.
Mare four years old and over, R. Tweedle, of Douglass, 1st premium.
                                              GENERAL PURPOSE HORSES.
Stallion four years old and over, J. Shenan of Floral, 1st premium; D. R. Green, Winfield, second.
Stallion three years old and under four, J. S. Hubbard, Udall, 1st premium; L. Stout, Ninnescah, second.
Stallion two years old and under three, O. P. Pierce, Winfield, 1st premium; L. Stout, Ninnescah, second.
Stallion colt one year old and under two, J. B. Nichols, Dexter, 1st premium; C. Kimball, Vernon, second.
Stallion foal of 1883, J. R. Thompson, Walnut, 1st premium; M. L. Read, Winfield, second.
Gelding 4 years old and over, G. S. Manser, Winfield, 1st premium; A. B. Mayhew, Wellington, second.
Gelding 3 years, Wm. Stiff, New Salem, 1st premium.
Gelding 2 year, J. J. Libby, Fairview, 1st premium.
Mare 4 years old and over, L. Stout, Ninnescah, 1st premium; D. R. Green, Winfield, second.
Filly 3 years old, J. T. Brooks, Winfield, 1st premium; E. Q. Burden, Burden, second.
Filly 2 years old and under 3, Amos Biddle, Oxford, 1st premium; Jno. Nichols, Dexter, second.
Filly one and under two, Leonard Stout, Ninnescah, 1st premium; Jno. Nichols, Dexter, second.
Foal (mare) of 1883, N. L. Yarbrough, Richland, 1st premium; C. F. Maris, Cloverdale, 2nd.
                                                      DRAUGHT HORSES.
Best team of mares or geldings, D. R. Green, Winfield, 1st premium; S. H. Jennings, Winfield, 2nd.
Single stallion 4 years old and over, Vermilye Bros., Pleasant Valley, 1st premium;
R. P. Noble, Dexter, 2nd.
Single stallion 3 years and under 4, R. Tweedle, Douglass, 1st premium; R. F. Burden, Silver Creek, 2nd.
Span of roadsters 4 years and over, Cal Ferguson, Winfield, 1st premium; W. S. Baird, of Howard City, 2nd.
Stallion roadster, James Fahey, Winfield, 1st premium.
Single roadster mare 4 years or over, E. C. Seward, Winfield, 1st premium; P. T. Walton, Burden, 2nd.
Single roadster mare 3 years and under 4, J. Cunningham, Burden, 1st premium.
Single roadster gelding 4 or over, D. R. Green, Winfield, 1st premium; Cal Ferguson, Winfield, 2nd.
Single roadster gelding 3 and under 4, S. H. Jennings, Winfield, 1st premium.

[S. H. Jennings’ premiums were withheld for disrespect towards the Judges of Class C.]
                                                        SADDLE HORSES.
J. O. Taylor, Walnut, 1st premium; C. C. Black, second.
Stallion any age or blood, R. B. Noble, Dexter, 1st premium. [This horse of Mr. Noble’s weighed 1,600 pounds.]
Best span any age or blood, D. R. Green, Winfield, 1st premium.
Best mare any age or blood, D. R. Green, Winfield, 1st premium.
Best brood mare with colt not over 2 years old, Leonard Stout, Ninnescah, 1st premium.
Gelding any age or blood. A. B. Mayhew, Wellington, 1st premium.
                                                      MULES AND JACKS.
Best pair of mules, C. J. Hess, Winfield, 1st premium; W. W. Limbocker, Walnut, 2nd.
Best single mule, C. J. Hess, Winfield, 1st premium; C. Ralf, Winfield, 2nd premium.
Best single mule, 2 years and under 3, W. W. Painter, Vernon, 1st premium.
Best mule colt, Frank Sloan, Winfield, 1st premium.
Best jack 4 years and over, R. B. Noble, Dexter, 1st premium; C. W. Paris, city, 2nd.
Best jack 3 and under 4, J. W. Wright, Sumner County, 1st premium.
Best bull 3 years old and over, P. Shehan, city, 1st premium; James Gilkey, 2nd.
Best bull 2 years old and under 3, J. O. Taylor, city, 1st premium; John R. Smith, Tisdale, 2nd.
Best bull 1 year old, N. J. Thompson, Silver Creek, 1st premium; Bayne & Cecil, Kentucky, 2nd.
Best cow 3 years old and over, Jno. W. Curns, city, 1st premium; J. O. Taylor, Walnut, 2nd.
Best 2 year old heifer, J. O. Taylor, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best heifer 1 year old and under 2, Bayne & Cecil, Kentucky, 1st premium; also, 2nd.
Best heifer calf, Bayne & Cecil, Kentucky, 1st premium.
Best bull 3 years old and over, Mr. Wilson, Wilmot, 1st premium.
Best bull 2 years old and under 3, Bayne & Cecil, Kentucky, 1st premium. Also, 2nd.
Best bull calf under 1 year, N. J. Thompson, Silver Creek, 1st premium; E. Rodgers, city, 2nd.
Best cow 3 years old and over, Leonard Stout, Ninnescah, 1st premium.
Best heifer 2 years old and under 3, Bayne & Cecil, Kentucky, 1st premium.
Best heifer 1 year old and under 2, N. J. Thompson, Silver Creek, 1st premium; A. Hurst, Bolton, 2nd.
Best heifer calf under 1 year, Jas. Gilkey, Maple City, 1st premium; A. Hurst, Bolton, 2nd.
Best fat cow 2 years or over, J. O. Taylor, Walnut, 1st premium; John W. Curns, city, 2nd.
                                                    HERDS—ALL BREEDS.

Best lot of 5 spring calves shown with sire, John R. Smith, Tisdale, 1st premium; A. Hurst, Bolton, 2nd.
Best herd of thoroughbreds, Bayne & Cecil, Kentucky, 1st premium.
Best bull 2 years old and under 3, N. C. Clark, Vernon, 1st premium.
Best bull 1 year and under 2, E. Meech, Walnut, 1st premium. Also, 2nd.
Best cow 3 years and under 4, J. O. Taylor, Walnut, 1st premium; also, 2nd.
Best heifer calf, E. Meech, Walnut, 1st premium; J. O. Taylor, of same place, 2nd.
Best bull of any age or blood, J. Gilkey, Maple City, 1st premium.
Best cow of any age or blood, J. O. Taylor, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best bull shown with offspring, not less than four in number, John R. Smith, Tisdale, 1st premium.
Best cow shown with offspring, not less than four in number, N. J. Thompson, Silver Creek, 1st premium.
                                             CLASS D. SHEEP. FINE WOOL.
Best ram 2 years old and over, John Stalter, Rock, 1st premium; W. E. Leonard, Ninnescah, second.
Best ram 1 year old and under 2, W. L. Crowell, Maple City, 1st premium; John Stalter, Rock, 2nd.
Best ram lamb, John Stalter, Rock, 1st premium; W. L. Crowell, Maple City, 2nd.
Best 3 ewes two years and over, John Stalter, Rock, 1st premium.
Best 3 ewes one year and under 2, John Stalter, Rock, 1st premium.
Best 3 ewe lambs, Jno. Stalter, Rock, 1st premium; W. L. Crowell, Maple City, 2nd.
                                                            LONG WOOL.
Best 3 ewes two years old and over, R. Tweedle, Douglass, 1st premium; J. A. Hood, Seeley, second.
Best ram any age or blood, R. Tweedle, Douglass, 1st premium; W. E. Leaman, Maple City, 2nd.
Best ram lamb, Jno. Stalter, Rock, 1st premium; W. L. Crowell, Maple City, 2nd.
Best ewe over 1 year, Jno. Stalter, Rock, 1st premium; W. L. Crowell, Maple City, 2nd.
Best ewe lamb, Jno. Stalter, Rock, 1st premium; W. L. Crowell, Maple City, 2nd.
Buck with 5 lambs, Jno. Stalter, Rock, 1st premium.
                                             CLASS E. HOGS. BERKSHIRES.
Best boar 1 year old and over, J. McCloy, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium; M. C. Headrick, Richland, 1st premium; E. R. Morse, Maple City, 2nd.
Boar 4 months and under 5, M. C. Headrick, Richland, 1st premium; E. R. Morse, Maple City, 2nd.
Sow 1 year old and over, J. McCloy, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium; E. R. Morse, Maple City, 2nd.
Sow 6 months old and under 1 year, E. R. Morse, Maple City, 1st premium.
Sow 4 months and under 6, E. R. Morse, Maple City, 1st premium.

                                                         POLAND CHINA.
Boar 1 year old and over, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium; F. W. McClellan, city, 2nd.
Boar 6 months and under 1 year, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium; also, 2nd.
Boar 4 months and under 6, Samuel Axley, Geuda, 1st premium; F. W. McClellan, city, 2nd.
Boar 2 months and under 4, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium; F. W. McClellan, city, 2nd.
Sow 6 months old and over, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium; F. W. McClellan, city, 2nd.
Sow 4 months old and under 6, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium; Samuel Axley, Geuda, 2nd.
                                                            JERSEY REDS.
Boar, 2 months old and under 4, F. Waldemier, Creswell, 2 premium.
Sow 1 year and over, J. B. Evans, Vernon, 1st premium.
Sow 6 months and under 1 year, R. J. Yeoman, Vernon, 1st premium.
Sow 4 months old and over, R. J. Yeoman, Vernon, 1st premium.
Sow and 6 pigs, F. Waldemier, 1st premium.
Best boar of any age or blood, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium.
Best sow of any age or breed, J. McCloy, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium.
Best 6 pigs, E. H. Tyner, Creswell, 1st premium.
                                                      CLASS F. POULTRY.
Best pair partridge cochins, E. R. Morse, Maple City, 1st premium; Henry Phenix, Walnut, 2nd.
Best pair dark Brahmas, C. G. Bradburry, Beaver, 1st premium; P. P. Powell, Walnut, 2nd.
Best pair black-breasted game fowls, J. D. Howland, Walnut, 1st premium; also, 2nd.
Best pair “Plymouth Rocks,” D. Defenbaugh, city, 1st premium; Henry Phenix, Walnut, 2nd.
Best pair white Leghorns, C. Trump, city, 1st premium; G. Osterhout, city, 2nd.
Best pair Brown Leghorns, H. T. Shivvers, city, 1st premium.
Best pair turkeys, Isaac Wood, Vernon, 1st premium.
Best and largest display of fowls by one exhibitor, Samuel Low, city; H. T. Shivvers, city, 2nd.
Best pair Pekin ducks, C. G. Bradburry, Beaver, 1st premium; P. P. Powell, Walnut, 2nd.
                                                 CLASS G. AGRICULTURE.
Half bushel red fall winter wheat, Isaac Wood, 1st premium; A. Copeland, city, 2nd.
Half bushel white oats, R. J. Yoeman, Vernon, 1st premium; S. S. Linn, Vernon, 2nd.
Half bushel red oats, T. D. Giveler, 1st premium.
Half bushel of corn, J. B. Sumpter, Beaver, 1st premium; C. F. Johnson, Vernon, 2nd.
Half bushel sweet corn, E. Blanchard, Walnut, 1st premium; J. H. Curfman, Walnut, 2nd.
Half bushel pop corn, A. Cairns, Tisdale, 1st premium; N. S. Davis, Pleasant Valley, 2nd.

Display of corn on stalk, L. J. Darnell, Spring Creek, 1st premium; R. Wellman, Pleasant Valley, 2nd.
Display wild and tame grass, N. J. Larkin, Richland, 1st premium; J. Wright, Silver Creek, 2nd.
Display millet in bundle, S. Newmar, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium, A. Cairns, Tisdale, 2nd.
Display of products of one farm, J. F. Martin, Vernon, 1st premium; J. D. Hammond, Beaver, 2nd; J. W. Wright, Silver Creek, 3rd.
                                                        CLASS H. FRUITS.
Peck of winter apples, S. Kennedy, Creswell, 1st premium; G. W. Yount, Walnut, 2nd.
Display of winter apples, N. C. Clark, Vernon, 1st premium; G. W. Robertson, Pleasant Valley, 2nd.
Display fall apples, S. S. Linn, Vernon, 1st premium, Andrew Dawson, Rock, 2nd.
Display free-stone peaches, John Jones, 1st premium, S. C. Sumpter, city, 2nd.
Display of cling-stone peaches, S. Kennedy, Creswell, 1st premium; C. Lear, city, 2nd.
Display of apples, S. C. Cunningham, Ninnescah, 1st premium.
Display of fruit, W. C. Hayden, city, 1st premium; H. C. Hawkins, Vernon, 2nd.
                                                   CLASS I. VEGETABLES.
Best peck Early Irish potatoes, Mrs. A. Chapin, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium; G. W. Yount, Walnut, 2nd.
Peck Late Irish potatoes, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; N. S. Perry, Vernon, 2nd.
Peck Turnips, J. D. Hammond, Beaver, 1st premium.
Peck Beets, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium; T. B. Ware, Vernon, 2nd.
Peck French Sugar Beets, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium; W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 2nd.
Peck Parsnips, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 2nd.
Peck Carrots, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium.
Peck Vegetable Oysters, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium.
Peck Red Onions, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium; W. C. Hayden, 2nd.
Peck White Onions, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 2nd.
Peck Tomatoes, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; N. G. Davis, Pleasant Valley, 2nd.
Peck Peanuts, N. G. Davis, Pleasant Valley; 1st premium; A. Cairns, Tisdale, 2nd.
6 heads cabbage, John Peterson, Winfield, 1st premium; N. S. Perry, Vernon, 2nd.
5 sweet Pumpkins, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium.
2 Squashes, John Jones, 1st premium.
2 Watermelons, N. G. Davis, Winfield, 1st premium; D. J. Bright, Beaver, 2nd.
4 Muskmelons, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 2nd.
6 Cucumbers, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium; W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 2nd.
Pie Plant, Wilber Martin, Vernon, 1st premium; T. D. Giveler, Richland, 2nd.
Best display of Irish Potatoes, N. S. Perry, Vernon, 1st premium; S. W. Hughes, Beaver, 2nd.
Best display of Sweet Potatoes, Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 1st premium; W. C. Hayden, 2nd.

Best display of garden vegetables, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; Geo. Van Way, Winfield, 2nd.
Best collection of vegetables, W. C. Hayden, Vernon, 1st premium; Geo. Van Way, city, 2nd.
                                         CLASS J. FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
Best 2 pounds butter, Mrs. S. J. Giveler, Wilmot, 1st premium; Mrs. Mary E. Thompson, Wilmot, 2nd.
Jar June Butter, Mrs. S. W. Phenix, Richland, 1st premium; Mrs. G. T. Stone, 2nd.
Best 5 gallons Sorghum, T. A. Blanchard, Walnut, 1st premium; John Sargeant, Walnut, 2nd.
Loaf home made wheat bread, yeast rising, Mrs. H. D. Gans, city, 1st premium; Miss Nellie Giveler, Wilmot, 2nd.
Loaf home made wheat bread, salt rising, Mrs. J. H. Curfman, Walnut, 1st premium; Mrs. J. D. Hammond, Beaver, 2nd.
Best fruit cake, Mrs. Geo. Van Way, city, 1st premium.
Best sponge cake, Mrs. P. W. Zook, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Geo. Van Way, city, 2nd.
Best display of Jellies, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best display of canned fruits, Mrs. S. J. Lorey, city, 1st premium.
                                         CLASS K. FLOWERS AND SHRUBS.
Best and largest variety of plants, Miss Belle Linn, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. A. T. Roberts, city, 2nd.
Most tastefully arranged floral design, natural flowers, Miss Flora Bradbury, city, 1st premium.
Bouquet of cut flowers, J. D. Hammond, Beaver, 1st premium; Miss Mattie Hughes, Beaver, 2nd.
                                                     CLASS L. FINE ARTS.
Best collection of oil paintings, Mrs. G. W. Miller, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Garlick, city, 2nd.
Best collection of photographs, D. Rodocker, city, 1st premium.
Photographic scenery, H. Beck, city, 1st premium.
Pencil drawings, Miss Mollie Trezise, city, 1st premium.
Fancy painting in oil or water colors, Mrs. C. C. Black, city, first premium; Mrs. G. W. Miller, city, 2nd.
Painting on silk or wool, Mrs. C. C. Black, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Garlick, city, 2nd.
Collection of crayon drawings, D. Rodocker, city, 1st premium.
Best hair work, Mrs. N. M. Schofield, city, 1st premium.
Best specimen wax work, Mrs. Weitzel, city, 1st premium.
Collection of Kindergarten work, Mrs. Garlick, city, 1st premium.
Scrap book, M. A. Johnson, city, 1st premium.
Spatter work picture, Miss Tirzah Hoyland, New Salem, 1st premium.
                                                 CLASS M. FANCY WORK.
Best Specimen silk embroidery, Mrs. C. C. Black, 1st premium; Mrs. A. H. Jennings, Jr., 2nd.

Best silk embroidery on flannel, Mrs. A. E. Wilson, city, 1st premium.
Best specimen worsted embroidery, Katie Clergy, city, 1st premium.
Best hand-embroidered handkerchief, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium.
Hand embroidered Infant’s skirt, Mrs. A. R. Wilson, city, 1st premium.
Hand embroidered chemise, Mrs. Atha S. Lucas, city, 1st premium.
Best hand embroidered sofa cushion, Mrs. P. P. Powell, city, 1st premium.
Hand embroidered pillow shams, Mrs. Lilla Conrad, city, 1st premium; Mrs. A. R. Wilson, city, 2nd.
Hand embroidered slippers, Mrs. J. B. Schofield, city, 1st premium.
Hand embroidered sheet shams, Mrs. A. R. Wilson, city, 1st premium.
Embroidery on Java canvas, Miss E. A. Houseman, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, 2nd.
Best feather work, Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 1st premium.
Chenille work, Miss Lizzie McDonald, city, 1st premium.
Ornamental needle work, Mrs. G. W. Miller, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 2nd.
Lace work, Mrs. C. H. Wilson, city, 1st premium; Miss Jennie Hane, city, 2nd.
Pin cushion, worsted, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st prem.; Mrs. J. S. Mann, city, 2nd.
Lamp mat, Miss Mary Yeoman, Vernon, 1st premium.
Work basket, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium.
Linen or cotton flowers, Miss Minnie Andrews, city, 1st premium; Miss Dora Gentry, city, 2nd.
Specimen hem stitching, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium.
Specimen crochet work, Mrs. Amy Chapin, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium; Miss Tirzah A. Hoyland, New Salem, 2nd.
Specimen braiding, Miss Mattie Hughes, Beaver, 1st premium.
Tucked skirt by machine, Miss Mattie Hughes, Beaver, 1st premium.
Suit of underwear, Mrs. Etha Lucas, city, 1st premium.
Best made infant’s dress, Miss Josie Parsons, city, 1st premium.
Best sun bonnet, Maggie Sample, Bolton, 1st premium.
Best made tidy, woolen, Mrs. E. P. Denning, city, 1st premium.
Best tidy, cotton, Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Clara B. Millington, city, 2nd.
Crocheted shawl, Mrs. J. L. Horning, city, 1st premium.
Best toilet set, Maggie Herpich, city, 1st premium.
Best rug, Maggie Herpich, city, 1st premium; G. M. Gillis, city, 2nd.
Best Afghan, Mrs. P. P. Powell, Walnut, 1st premium; Mrs. M. M. Marshall, city, 2nd.
Best and prettiest thing not enumerated elsewhere, Mrs. Geo. W. Miller, city, 1st premium; Miss Lena Walworth, city, 2nd.
Darnette pillow shams, Miss Matie Linn, Vernon, 1st premium.
Kensington work, Mrs. E. A. Houseman, city, 1st premium; Miss Ida Trezise, city, 2nd.
Outline embroidery, Miss Margaret Spotswood, city, 1st premium.

Best sofa cushion, Miss Alice Hartman, city, 1st premium; Miss Lizzie McDonald, city, 2nd.
Best Bracket Lambrequin, Mrs. A. R. Wilson, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Clara B. Milling-ton, city, 2nd.
Foot rest, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium.
Hand made point lace, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium.
Honiton lace, Miss Margaret Spotswood, city, 1st premium.
Silk knitting, Mrs. C. H. Wilson, city, 1st premium.
Hand painted toilet bottles, Mrs. C. C. Black, city, 1st premium; Mrs. G. W. Miller, city, 2nd.
Hand painted pin cushion, Mrs. G. W. Miller, city, 1st premium.
Hand painting on velvet, Miss Ida Trezise, 1st premium.
Point Applique, Mrs. Geo. Robinson, 1st premium; H. B. Essington, 2nd.
Best counterpane, woven, Mrs. S. W. Hughes, Beaver, 1st premium; Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 2nd.
Best crocheted counterpane, Mrs. Kelly, city, 1st premium.
Best quilt, white muslin, worked, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, city, 1st premium; Miss Caroline Yeoman, Vernon, 2nd.
Best quilt, colored, patch, Mrs. Wilson, Wilmot, 1st premium.
Best worsted quilt, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, city, 1st premium.
Best silk quilt, Mrs. A. H. Jennings, Jr., city, 1st premium; Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, city, 2nd.
Best plain knitting by a lady over 60, Mrs. E. Dollarhide, city, 1st premium.
Scrap bag, Mrs. Amy Chaplin, Pleasant Valley, 1st premium; G. M. Gillis, city, 2nd.
Air castle, Miss Mary Dalgarn, New Salem, 1st premium.
Darnette sacque, Alma Painter, Vernon, 1st premium; Matie Linn, Vernon, 2nd.
Best pair wool blankets, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium; Mrs. I. N. Holmes, city, 2nd.
Best pair men’s socks, Mrs. Robinson, city, 1st premium; Mrs. H. F. Coler, Floral, 2nd.
Best pair of mittens, Mrs. I. N. Holmes, city, 1st premium; Mrs. E. A. Coler, Floral, 2nd.
                                              MIXED WOOL AND COTTON.
Best coverlet, Mrs. Sally Holland, Constant, 1st premium and 2nd premium.
Best jeans, M. M. Barr, city, 1st premium.
Best lindsey, M. M. Barr, city, 1st premium.
Best carpet, Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 1st premium.
Best rag carpet, Mrs. S. Harris, city, 1st and 2nd premium.
                                                        CLASS O. JELLIES.
Best Apricot jelly, Mrs. Van Way, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best apple jelly, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium.
Best blackberry jelly, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 2nd.
Best currant jelly, Mrs. S. J. Sorey, city, 1st premium.
Best cherry jelly, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium.

Best cranberry jelly, Mrs. Trezise, city, 1st premium.
Best grape jelly, Mrs. Henry Phenix, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best gooseberry jelly, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best lemon jelly, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best orange jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium.
Best plum jelly, Mrs. Lilla Conrad, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, 2nd.
Best peach jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, 1st premium.
Best quince jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best raspberry jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best rhubarb jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best Siberian crab jelly, Miss Mattie Hughes, Beaver, 1st premium.
Best strawberry jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium.
Best tomato jelly, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 2nd.
Best display of jellies, Mrs. Kretsinger, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Cal. Ferguson, city, 2nd.
                                                        CANNED GOODS.
Best canned apples, Mrs. Geo. Van Way, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best canned cherries, Miss Jennie Lowry, city, 1st premium.
Best canned gooseberries, Mrs. S. S. Linn, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. Henry Phenix, Walnut, 2nd.
Best canned grapes, Mrs. S. W. Hughes, Beaver, 1st premium; Mrs. Geo. Van Way, Walnut, 2nd.
Best canned peaches, Mrs. S. S. Linn, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. Clara B. Millington, city, 2nd.
Best canned pears, Mrs. Clara B. Millington, city, 1st premium; Mrs. S. S. Linn, Vernon, 2nd.
Best canned plums, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium; Mrs. S. W. Hughes, Beaver, 2nd.
Best canned tomatoes, Mrs. S. S. Linn, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. Trezise, city, 2nd.
Best display of canned goods, Mrs. Van Way, Walnut, 1st premium.
                                                    CLASS P. PRESERVES.
Best preserved apples, Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 1st premium.
Best preserved citron, Mrs. Trezise, city, 1st premium.
Best preserved grapes, Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 1st premium.
Best preserved pears, Mrs. S. D. Gans, city, 1st premium.
Best preserved peaches, Miss Mattie Hughes, Beaver, 1st premium; Mrs. Clara B. Millington, city, 2nd.
Best preserved plums, Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Trezise, city, 2nd.
Best preserved Siberian crabs, Mrs. C. Collins, city, 1st premium; Mrs. D. W. Stevens, Creswell, 2nd.
Best sweet pickled peaches, Mrs. S. D. Gans, city, 1st premium; Mrs. Mary E. Thompson, Wilmot, 2nd.

Best pickled cucumbers, Mrs. S. S. Linn, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. Geo. Van Way, Walnut, 2nd.
Best sour pickled peaches, Mrs. S. S. Linn, Vernon, 1st premium.
Best sour pickled cucumbers, Mrs. N. S. Perry, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. C. C. Black, city, 2nd.
Best pickled tomatoes, Mrs. N. S. Perry, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. N. S. Perry, Vernon, 2nd.
Best pickled piccalilli, Mrs. N. S. Perry, Vernon, 1st premium; Mrs. C. C. Black, city, 2nd.
Best catsup, tomato, Mrs. C. C. Black, city, 1st premium.
Best apple butter, Mrs. Lilla Conrad, city, 1st premium.
Best peach butter, Mrs. Lilla Conrad, city, 1st premium; Mrs. M. E. Thompson, Wilmot, 2nd.
Best plum butter, Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, city, 1st premium; Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 2nd.
Best display in this class, Mrs. O. L. Armstrong, city, 1st premium; Mrs. C. C. Black, city, 2nd.
Best pickled pepper, Mrs. N. S. Perry, Vernon, 1st premium.
Best display in this lot, Mrs. N. S. Perry, Vernon, 1st premium.
                                   CLASS R. AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.
Best sulky plow, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best two horse old ground plow, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best double walking corn plow, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best riding corn plow, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best two horse cultivator, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; Brotherton & Silver, city, 2nd.
Best grain drill, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best sulky hay rake, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best 2 horse corn planter, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; Brotherton & Silver, city, 2nd.
Best check rower, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best revolving rake, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium.
Best mowing machine, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best reaping machine, W. A. Lee, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, 2nd.
Best stirring plow, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best fanning mill, Alva Marvin, city, 1st premium.
Best hand powered corn sheller, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best combined corn sheller and feed mill, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best independent feed mill, Enterprise Co., Sandwich, Illinois, 1st premium.
Largest and best display of agricultural implements, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best potato digger, Brotherton & Silver, city, 1st premium.
Best press attachment for grain drill, S. S. Holloway, city, 1st premium.
                                               CLASS S. MECHANIC ARTS.

Best and cheapest wind mill for farm purposes, Brotherton & Silver, Agents for Enter-prise Wind Mill, 1st premium.
Best pump for well, Enterprise Co., Sandwich, Illinois, 1st premium.
Best pump for cistern, Cairns & Reynolds, city, 1st premium.
Best steam cooking apparatus, Thomas Youle, city, 1st premium.
Best open buggy, home manufacture, Albro & Dorley, city, 1st premium.
Best spring wagon, home manufacture, Albro & Dorley, city, 1st premium.
Best two horse carriage, S. H. Myton, city, 1st premium.
Best top buggy of any manufacture, exhibited by manufacturer or his Agent, Albro & Dorley, city, 1st premium; S. H. Myton, city, 2nd.
Best washing machine, Lewis Conrad, city, 1st premium; J. H. Johns, city, 2nd.
Best display of surgical and dental instruments, Dr. Van Doren, city, 1st premium.
Best printed newspaper Kansas work, Black & Rembaugh, city, 1st premium.
Best sewing machine, F. M. Friend, Agent, Davis sewing machine, 1st premium; Wheeler & Wilson Co., 2nd. [Diploma on Wheeler & Wilson is withheld on account of exhibitor wrongfully attaching a blue ribbon without consent of awarding committee.]
Best display of artificial teeth, Dr. Bull, city, 1st premium.
Best specimen of roofing Kansas manufacture, J. C. Montfort, Walnut, 1st premium.
Best specimen of marble work, W. H. Dawson, city, 1st premium.
Best marble work home manufacture, W. H. Dawson, city, 1st premium.
Best display extracts and perfumery, H. Brown & Son, city, 1st premium.
Best Cabinet organ, Mason & Hamlin Co., F. M. Friend, Agent, Chicago, 1st premium; Cottage Co., 2nd.
Best piano, F. M. Friend, Agent, Story & Camp Piano Co., 1st premium.
Best display of syrups, G. C. Whitson, city, 1st premium.
Best bed spring, G. W. Miller, city, 1st premium.
Best paper flowers, Dora Gentry, city, 1st premium.
Best two sacks of flour, Bliss & Wood, city, 1st premium; Bliss & Wood, city, 2nd; Bliss & Wood, city, 3rd; Bliss & Wood, city, 4th.
Best scrap book, Maggie A. Johnson, city, 1st premium.
Best silk quilting on machine; best opera cloak; best button hole machine; best darnett by machine, H. B. Essington, city, 1st premium.
Best Macrums lace, Mrs. Hickok, city, 1st premium.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
By Hoosier Grocery: Best and largest display of vegetables raised in Cowley County was awarded to W. C. Hayden of Winfield.
By Cowley County Telegram, for fastest walking farm team, $10 was awarded to J. C. Taylor.
By M. Hahn & Co., a $10 lady’s cloak for best and neatest calico comfort, was awarded to Mrs. C. Johnson, of Udall.
By A. E. Baird: A $10 dress pattern, for the best pair of men’s knit wool socks, was awarded to Mrs. G. A. Woodruff, of this city, over twenty-four competitors.

By Wallis & Wallis: $5 for the best 5 pounds of butter, was awarded to Mrs. Mary E. Thomas, of Wilmot.
By O’Meara & Randolph: a $30 baby carriage for the luckiest baby, was drawn by Mrs. Geo. Stalter of Rock.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                     [WINFIELD FAIR: SPECIAL PREMIUMS.]
By Geo. W. Miller: $10 for largest hog of any age or breed was awarded to Issac Wood of Vernon. Hog weighed 700 pounds.
By A. H. Doane & Co.: $5 for the best 5 stalks of corn with ears attached; corn to be husked and shelled by committee and weighed, was awarded to J. R. Sumpter of Beaver.
By the Winfield Bank: $5 for the best loaf of bread made by a miss under eleven years of age, was awarded to Miss Willa Painter, of Vernon.
By Hudson Bros.: $10 silver castor for neatest and best made sun-bonnet by a lady in Cowley County, was awarded to Mrs. M. J. Paraden [?] of Burden.
By A. B. Arment: $10 fruit chromos for ten largest apples grown in Cowley County, was awarded to S. C. Cunningham, of Seeley.
By A. T. Spotswood & Co.: $5 for the largest yield of wheat per acre, of not less than 10 acres, was awarded to Mr. T. B. Ware, of Vernon, the yield being 48-1/2 bushels per acre.
By the Association: $10 to the winning base ball club was won by the Arkansas City Base Ball Club, by a score of 24 to 14.
By the Cowley County Telegram: For the best written letter, of not over 100 words. First premium, Edgar Frazier; second, Frank Venable.
By the Winfield Courier: To the parents of the largest family residing in Cowley County, $10, and life subscription to COURIER. Sarah Lewis Martin, of Vernon Township.
By S. W. Phenix, for the best colt sired by “Lilac,” ten dollars, awarded to N. J. Thompson, Burden.
By A. T. Spotswood, for the best exhibit in the culinary department, $5, awarded to Mrs. S. J. Sorey.
By M. L. Read’s Bank: For the best and largest collection of farm products raised by any one farmer in Cowley County in 1883, $5, awarded to J. D. Hammond, Beaver Township.
Mr. Corbin Treadway returned a hundred and nine members of his family, in competition for the COURIER special premium, but as most of them lived outside of the county, he did not get the award.
The splendid full blood Norman stallion which took off the blue ribbon in the Norman class is the property of Mr. L. B. Fisher, of Wellington. His horse is registered in the National Register of Norman Horses, Vol. 2, as Richelieu, No. 1490, foaled in 1877, imported June, 1882, by J. C. Morrison, of Pontiac, Illinois. It is one of the purest bred Normans in the country. Mr. Fisher is a perfect gentleman, and made many friends during his attendance at the fair.

Mr. R. B. Noble carried off the blue ribbon in the sweepstakes stallion class over seventeen competitors. The total weight of the seventeen stallions was 21,900 pounds and they were valued at $31,450. These horses were all exhibited in competition for a $15 premium, and made one of the grandest sights ever witnessed at any fair. Mr. Noble can well feel proud of his success, and being the owner of horses that can carry off honors over such competition. He also took a premium with his Normans and jack.
The premiums awarded to Mr. D. R. Green, of Winfield, on horses, amounted to $57. He took two sweepstake ribbons on his team of mares and several class ribbons, aside from first on “Tom Vance,” his trotter, in the roadster class. He was also awarded a diploma on “Leander,” as the best bred horse on the grounds.
Among the most successful exhibitors in the horse department was Mr. Leonard Stout, of Ninnescah. He made six entries and carried off six premiums—one in sweepstakes. Mr.  Stout is one of the most successful horse breeders in the county, and deserves every ribbon he has won.
Mr. G. H. Manser captured the first premium on general purpose geldings under 4 years with his splendid buggy horse. Mr. B. B. Mayhew, a Wellington exhibitor, took second.
R. F. Burden captured several ribbons on his blooded horses. He owns some stock that is hard to beat.
Dr. Baird and C. F. Maris of Elk and Chautauqua counties carried off several premiums in the horse department. Our Cowley County folks will have to look out next year.
John R. Smith carried away several ribbons on his herd of shorthorns. They were beauties and deserving.
Mr. Jas. Gilkey took 1st premium on his bull in sweepstakes, over a large list of competi-tors. He had a splendid animal.
The Vermilye Bros. of Pleasant Valley carried off the blue ribbon on their draft stallion. He was one of the finest horses on the ground.
John Stalter’s sheep display was admired by all visitors. John has very fine stock and knows how to handle it. He took off twenty dollars in premiums.
As usual, Isaac Wood’s exhibit of Poland China hogs was superb. Isaac never stops half way, and as a result, gets all the blue ribbons in his class. Mr. E. R. Morse and Col. J. McCloy divided some of the honors with him on sweepstakes, however.
Sam’l Axley, of Creswell, had some fine hogs on exhibition and took several premiums.
Mr. R. Tweedle and his partner, who have lately arrived from Scotland and settled in our county, brought with them two of the finest Clydesdale horses in the country. They carried off blue ribbons on them.
Bolton Township got more than her share of favors on cattle. Mr. D. P. Hurst took four premiums on his herd of shorthorns.
Mr. N. J. Thompson got away with everyone with his short horn calves. They were beauties in “form and finish.”
One of the premiums on horses is marked on the class book: “withheld on account of disrespect to judges in Class C.” Exhibitors must learn to take their medicine and not worry over defeat. So far there has been no evidence of unfair treatment on the part of any judge.

O’Meara & Randolph’s baby show was the biggest thing of the fair. Long before the time for the drawing, the secretary’s office was surrounded ten deep with mothers and babies. There were fifty-nine entries. The mothers and babies were ranged under the trees in a semi-circle and a more promising looking circle we have never seen. When the drawing began, all was expectation. Mr. O’Meara, young and bashful as he was, could hardly stand the pressure. After all had taken an envelope from a box, Director Harbaugh went around and opened. He found the lucky number “200" in the possession of Mrs. Geo. Stalter, of Rock, and to her the handsome carriage was turned over.
We should like to make many more notes on the fair, but must reserve them for next week on account of lack of space.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                        SUMMARY OF THE SPEED EVENTS.
Running race, ½ mile dash. Premiums, $25 and $10.50. An easy victory for White Rose, Pat Johnson second.
Trotting race. Premiums $20 and $10. Nellie captured first money. Long John awarded second money.
Match race. Half mile dash. Harper mare against Jennie S. Won by the first named mare. Time, 52-1/4 seconds.
Mile and repeat running race. Premiums $75 and $30. Nathan Oaks first; Little Mac second. Time 2:5, 2:12.
Pacing race. Three minute class. County horses only. Purses $45, $22.50, and $7.50. An easy victory for Lilac in three straight heats. Time 3:34, 3:26-1/2, 2:53-1/4. The flag dropped in the third heat on Printer Boy and Rose Stephens.
2:40 Class. Trotting race. Won handily by Blackwood, Little Fred second, and Ed. Day third. Premiums $90, $45, and $15. Time 2:59, 2:55-1/4, and 2:52-1/4.
Half mile and Repeat. Running race. $50 to first, $25 to second horse. This was White Rose’s race. Time 53 seconds and 52-1/4 seconds; Nathan Oaks second.
Three minute trotting race, county horses. Premiums $45, $22.50, and $7.50. Nellie H. first money, Mollie B., second money, and Long John third state. Time 2:59, 3:1, 3:5-1/2.
Free for all pacing event. $90, $45, and $15. Won by Lilac, Lady Belle second. Time 2:1-1/2, 2:51-1/2, and 3.8.
Novelty running race. Half mile, 1 mile, and 1-1/2. Jenny Lind led at half mile, White Rose at mile post, and Mollie B. ahead at the finish.
The Ladies’ Riding Race was the last event, and substituted for the unfiled free for all trotting race. Miss Mary A. Foster, Miss Iowa Roberts, and Miss Mamie Doty were contes-tants. Prizes of $10 and $ were awarded for graceful riding rather than for speed. Miss Foster and Miss Roberts took the prizes.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                    THE MARTIN FAMILY.
                                                       Entry for Courier Prize.
William Martin was born in Virginia in 1812. Was married to Sarah Lewis in 1835. The following are the family of these so far as they now live in Cowley County, Kansas.
Sons and daughters of William and Sarah (Lewis) Martin.

 1. Mary A. Wellman.
 2. Elizabeth Painter.
 3. Hartzell H. Martin.
 4. Morgan Martin.
 5. Ellery C. Martin.
 6. Wm. Emerson Martin.
 7. Emma L. Hawkins.
 8, Minerva C. Martin.
 9. Alice J. Martin.
10. Parker W. Martin.
Children of Rudolph Wellman and Mary A. (Martin) Wellman.
1. Lena Hawkins.
2. Edwin Wellman.
3. Frank Wellman.
4. John Wellman.
5. George Wellman.
Children of W. W. Painter and Elizabeth (Martin) Painter.
1. Flora Painter.
2. Willie Painter.
3. Harry Painter.
4. Ferdin Painter.
5. Effie Painter.
6. Mabel Painter.
7. Warren Painter.
Children of Hartzell H. Martin and Jennie Martin [Maiden name not given].
1. Cora Martin.
2. Mary Martin.
3. Eva Martin.
4. Georgie Martin.
Children of Morgan Martin and Annie Martin [Maiden name not given].
1. Pearl Martin.
2. Fred Martin.
3. Archie Martin.
They list...
Maggie Martin, wife of Ellery C.
Flora C. Martin, wife of Wm. Emerson.
Theron H. Martin, son of Wm. Emerson.
Children of Albert Hawkins and Emma L. (Martin) Hawkins.

1. Eugene A. Hawkins.
2. Gertrude Hawkins.
Children of Daniel Hawkins and Lena (Wellman) Hawkins.
1. Jessie Hawkins.
[Appears as though Lena Martin married Wellman; and then Daniel Hawkins.]
There were four entries for the premium, two of them being incomplete in that they did  not state the names of the persons composing the families, only giving figures. These were thrown aside for that reason. Of the two remaining, Mr. Philip Teter’s family numbered thirty-nine, all living within a radius of two and one-half miles. Mrs. Sarah Lewis Martin’s family, listed above, numbers forty-two [THANKS TO THE FUNNY WAY COURIER COUNTED], all living in Cowley County. She is awarded the special premium, consisting of a ten dollar gold piece and a life subscription to the “COURIER.”
Gather No. 1 on their list was SARAH LEWIS MARTIN rather than William Martin due to the fact that she was the one who entered. William Martin was not counted.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                        Largest Wheat Yield.
The following is the affidavit of Mr. T. B. Ware, of Vernon Township, in competition for the $5.00 premium offered by A. T. Spotswood for the largest yield of wheat per acre.
                                              WINFIELD, September 22, 1883.
We hereby certify to the following statement of wheat raised by T. B. Ware and G. F. Ware, in Cowley County, Kansas, in the year 1883, being the actual weight of the wheat and measurement of land. Amount of land, 9-1/2 acres; amount of bushels of wheat, machine measure, 429 bushels; actual weight in bushels, 465 bushels; average yield per acre, 49-82/100 bushels. Measurer, G. T. Stone; thresher, M. A. Clark. T. B. WARE.
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 26th day of September, A. D. 1883.
                                                 C. E. FULLER, Notary Public.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                         PREMIUM CORN.
The Albright special premium had twenty-seven entries. The best was the bushel weigh-ing 75 pounds, which contained the least number of ears. The weighing ran all the way from 59 to 47 ears to 75 pounds. The first premium, of $15, was awarded to Mr. Geo. Woner, of Rock, whose bushel contained 47 ears, and the second, of $10, to J. M. Jarvis, also 47 ears. The third was awarded to Mr. T. W. Foster, of Vernon, with 50 ears to the bushel. When the judges were about through, Mr. T. H. Jackson came in with a bushel which counted out 41-½ ears to 75 pounds, but he was too late for competition.
Winfield Courier, November 1, 1883.
                                                            Some Potatoes.

A. T. Spotswood brought to our office Tuesday a sweet potato which weighs 14-1/2 pounds. It is a handsome, smooth potato, but it is a monster. It was raised by George Heffron on the very highest ground in this part of the county. In the same hill were other potatoes weighing from 6-1/4 to 9-1/4 lbs. Mr. Heffron says if anyone can beat this 14-1/2 pound potato he will open another hill: one which is swelled up to the proportions of a hay rick and cracked open all around. He is tunneling around a potato which he thinks he will exhume in a few days, and by the use of a derrick he hopes to get it loaded on a rock truck and bring it into town.
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1883.
Annual Hunt. The grand annual hunt of the Winfield sportsmans club came off last Thursday. The captains were Jas. H. Vance and Jas. McLain. There were twelve hunters on each side, but several could not go, leaving ten on Capt. Vance’s side and only eight on Capt. McLain’s. The count was as follows:
Jas. Vance, Captain: 1,520
Frank Clark: 1,910
J. S. Hunt: 1,835
Kyle McClung: 1,130
J. Cochran: 1,855
W. P. Beaumont: 1,010
Frank Lockwood: 370
A. T. Spotswood: 205
A. S. Davis: 1,125
Jas. McClain, Captain: 1,230
J. N. Harter: 1,120
C. C. Black: 715
G. W. Prater: 970
Fred Whiting: 1,245
Ezra Meech: 3,420
Judge E. S. Torrance: 865
Wilson Foster: 1,380
Capt. Vance’s side having made 25 points the most was declared the victor.
The annual Banquet and presentation of the medals was held at the Brettun Saturday evening. It was an elegant affair and one of the most enjoyable of the season. In a neat and appropriate speech, Mr. C. C. Black presented the gold medal, awarded for the highest score, to Mr. Ezra Meech, who responded to the toast “How did you catch ’em?” with a full description of his days report and the methods he so successfully employed in bagging the festive little “cotton tail.” Next came the presentation of the tin medal, by M. G. Troup, which was done in that gentleman’s happiest vein. The recipient, A. T. Spotswood, re-sponded in a short speech. After other toasts the company adjourned for business at which it was decided to hunt again with the same sides, on November 22nd. This is the third annual hunt of the club, and has been more successful than its predecessors.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.

A. T. Spotswood now has a beet which will go to St. Louis with his big potato. It weighs 19-1/2 pounds—just a half pound less than a half bushel. It is an immense vegetable, and was grown in Mrs. Dr. Scofield’s garden in this city. We venture the assertion that it is the largest single beet ever grown in the United States.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.
                                                            Bridge Meeting.
For some time the iron bridge west of town has been in a bad condition, and last week the authorities of Vernon Township closed it until the necessary repairs could be made. Many of the people of Vernon objected strongly to the township having to stand all the ex-pense of keeping it in repair, and presented a petition, largely signed, to the trustee asking him to do nothing more with the bridge. Hearing of this, the businessmen of the city had a meeting Friday evening to devise ways and means for assisting Vernon to repair it. The meeting was largely attended and organized by electing A. T. Spotswood, chairman, and D. L. Kretsinger, secretary. Messrs. J. B. Lynn, J. P. Baden, and S. P. Davis were appointed as finance committee and S. H. Myton, A. D. Hendricks, and Ed. P. Greer as a committee to confer with the officers of Vernon Township and see whether an equitable arrangement could not be made whereby both parties could unite in keeping the bridge up. The finance commit-tee secured subscriptions to the amount of           , which amount was placed with the treasurer, W. C. Robinson. The conference committee met H. H. Martin, trustee, and P. B. Lee, clerk, of Vernon Township, on Saturday and made an arrangement with them whereby the citizens of Winfield should pay for the lumber necessary to floor the bridge, and Vernon would put it down, build an abutment under the west end, tighten up the iron work, and fence the approaches. This will put the bridge in first-class shape for a year to come, after which some new arrangement will have to be made for taking care of it. This bridge is used more than any other in the county, and the repair bills are necessarily very heavy. Vernon spent $300 on the west approach last summer and the present work will cost upwards of $600.
At the Friday evening meeting a small fund was raised for temporary repairs, which was placed in the hands of Mr. Kretsinger, and by noon on Saturday he had the bridge in shape for travel.
Winfield Courier, November 22, 1883.
                                                              Catholic Fair.

The Catholic Fair to be held November 27, 28, and 29 promises to be a grand success. Several articles of use, ornament, and value to be disposed of during the three days. Some of the articles are for raffle and some are to be voted to prominent citizens of Winfield. Among the many things to be disposed of is a pair of Piebald ponies which will be raffled off at $2 a chance, or number. A lady’s fine gold watch worth $150, beautifully and richly set with rubies, in fact the finest lady’s watch ever brought to Winfield by Hudson Bros., the part donors thereof. The watch is to be voted for the contestants or candidates, being A. E. Baird’s charming little daughter, and D. R. Green’s charming Lucy. A $40 gold headed cane is to be voted to the gentleman of Winfield receiving the most votes. The candidates as far as ascertained are A. T. Spotswood, D. L. Kretsinger, J. B. Lynn, Jim Hill, Cal. Ferguson, Charlie Harter, and Charlie Black, gentlemen well known to the people of Winfield and county; and also a neat and handsome office chair is to be voted for, the contestants being Fred C. Hunt and Will T. Madden; and a pair of lady’s gold bracelets to Jessie Smedley or Dora McRorey, whichever receives the most votes; also a fine wax doll to be voted to Mr. Hendrick’s little daughter or Mable Siverd. A handsome gold ring donated by our genial jeweler, Mr. Ramsey, will be baked in a handsome cake, and disposed of at 10 cents a piece, one of which pieces will contain the ring. Some of the articles for raffle are a handsome rug donated by J. B. Lynn, a handsome easy chair donated by Frank Berkey, a fine silver castor donated by our young jeweler, Bobby Hudson, and many other articles of ornament and use too numerous to mention, donated by Jim Hill, Mr. Arment, and other parties whose names will be mentioned hereafter. The Thanksgiving dinner spoken of will be the finest ever served in Winfield, and it is to be hoped that all will avail themselves of a delicious meal. The Fair will close by a grand ball on Thanksgiving evening, giving the young folks a chance to enjoy the day wisely set apart by our President for amusement and social recreation.
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1883.
A. T. Spotswood is receiving a visit from his brother, R. J., of Denver, Colorado. He is one of the western “cattle kings,” and owns a large ranch just above Denver. He is thoroughly well pleased with Cowley and Winfield.
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1883.
The most delightful entertainment of the season was given by Dr. & Mrs. Geo. Emerson on Tuesday evening of this week. The guests present were: Mr. & Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. & Mrs. J. Wade McDonald, Mr. & Mrs. E. A. Baird, Mr. & Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. & Mrs.
M. L. Robinson, Mr. & Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. & Mrs. G. H. Allen, Mr. & Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. & Mrs. C. F. Bahntge, Mr. & Mrs. W. J. Wilson, Mr. & Mrs. D. A. Millington; Mrs. F. Mendell of Texas, Mrs. H. P. Mansfield of Burden, Mrs. Perkins, late of Australia, Mrs. Frank Barclay, Mrs. C. L. Harter; Misses Lizzie Wallis, Margie Wallis, Jennie Hane, Florence Beeney, Nettie R. McCoy, Huldah Goldsmith, Cloyd Brass, Sadie French, Julia Smith, Jessie Meech, Caro Meech, Jesse Millington; Messrs. M. J. O’Meara, D. L. Kret-singer, W. H. Smith, W. A. Smith of Wichita, E. H. Nixon, L. D. Zenor, W. C. Robinson, Geo. W. Robinson, E. Wallis, G. Headrick, F. F. Leland, H. Bahntge, E. Meech, Jr. It was an exceedingly lively party and the host and hostess had omitted nothing which could add to the general enjoyment. Mr. and Mrs. Emerson stand at the head of the list of those in Winfield who know how to entertain their friends.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.

Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller entertained a large number of friends at their elegant home Friday evening. It was a pleasant company and the hospitality was highly enjoyed. Among those present were Mayor & Mrs. Emerson, Mr. & Mrs. Bahntge, Mr. & Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. & Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. & Mrs. Hickok, Mr. & Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. & Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. & Mrs. Mann, Mr. & Mrs. W. S. Wilson, Mr. & Mrs. Millington, Mr. & Mrs. Silliman, Mr. & Mrs. Ordway, Mr. & Mrs. Tomlin, Mr. & Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mr. & Mrs. Geo. W. Miller, Mr. & Mrs. Greer, Mr. & Mrs. Allen, Mr. & Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Mr. & Mrs. Dr. Green, Mr. & Mrs. Brown, Mr. & Mrs. H. G. Fuller, Mr. & Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. & Mrs. Branham. Also, Mr. Elbert Bliss, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Doane, Mrs. Foose, Mrs. Perkins, Mrs. Ripley, of Burlington, Iowa, Mrs. Judge Buck of Emporia. These evening gatherings are becoming quite a feature in our social life, and nowhere are they more heartily enjoyed than at Mr. Fuller’s.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.
A social party were entertained at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. H. Buckman on Tuesday evening. The guests present were:
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Rembaugh, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Green, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Henry E. Asp, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup; Mrs. Schofield, Mrs. G. H. Allen; Misses Josie Bard, Jennie B. Hane, Nettie R. McCoy, Margie Wallis, Sadie French, Jessie Millington; Messrs. M. O’Meara, R. B. Rodelph, Louis B. Zenor, E. H. Nixon, W. H. Smith, H. Bahntge, L. H. Webb. The affair was delightful in every way, and the guests were profuse in their thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Buckman for their many and pleasant attentions which secured  them so much enjoyment.
Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.
Misses Willie Wallis, Pearl Van Doren, Maggie Bedilion, Allie McDonald, and Annie Doane will receive their friends with Miss Margaret Spotswood New Year’s day, at the residence of A. T. Spotswood.
Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.
                                                              A New Deal.
The Grocery House of A. T. Spotswood & Co. have adopted another reform in their business which cannot help but prove beneficial, both to themselves and their customers. What this “new deal” is can be fully ascertained by consulting their advertisement in another column. This firm conducts one of the best grocery houses in the city and always fulfill what they advertise. That they are adopting a correct business principle and one that will be of immense benefit to the trading public, none will deny.
On the first day of January, 1884, we shall inaugurate a NEW SYSTEM UPON A PURELY AND STRICTLY CASH BASIS.
From and after that date we will absolutely sell no goods on time. We shall keep no accounts whatever with customers, and every sale must be a cash transaction. From this rule we shall not depart under any circumstances. In order to make this change a success, we will on January first make a general reduction in the price of our goods, and will demonstrate to our customers that                                   CASH PRICES ARE THE LOWEST PRICES!
We will not sell out at cost, nor are we going to quit business, but have resolved ourselves into a live cash house, and want to be known the county over as
                                                        THE CASH STORE!
We will sell goods at cash prices that credit prices cannot reach. We mean what we say, we say what we mean, and shall demonstrate the truth to cash customers. The change is permanent and radical and we will
                                                   MAKE NO EXCEPTION.

We have the largest and best selected stock of
                                           GROCERIES AND QUEENSWARE
in Southwestern Kansas, which we will sell at prices that will speak for themselves, and which we expect will retain all our old customers and make us many new ones. Try the new plan and convince yourselves that it is a business principle of the most goods for the least money. We extend to our customers our cordial thanks for their patronage in the past, and can assure them that a continuance of our business relations, under our new arrangement, will be appreciated, and will prove to them that we will merit their patronage in the future. Country Produce will be taken in exchange for goods as heretofore. Our store will be closed on New Year’s day for the purpose of marking down the prices of goods.
                                                  A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.
Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.
The One Priced Cash Store. A. T. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.
“Carry the news to Hannah,” that Spotswood & Co., under their cash system are giving more goods for less money than was ever given in Winfield before. Come and see and satisfy yourselves.
Winfield Courier, January 10, 1884.
                                                   To Whom It May Concern.
All those knowing themselves indebted to us, are hereby notified that they must settle their accounts. We are needing all the money due us and must have it. We trust any further notice will not become necessary. A. T. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
“Cash vs. credit.” Call in at Spotswood’s and ask them to explain, or buy a bill of goods and the amount saved to you will tell the story.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
                                                               OUR FAIR.
                                   The Stockholders Meet and Elect a New Board.
                                                         A Splendid Record.
On Monday afternoon the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met in the Opera House for the purpose of re-organizing the Board of Directors for the year 1884, and receiving reports of the condition and doings of the Association for the year. About seventy-five stockholders, representing nearly all of the subscribed stock, were present.

The report of the Secretary disclosed the fact that there were 149 shares taken, leaving 51 shares yet to place. It also set forth that the Fair last fall had cleared for the stockholders a net sum of $1,406.57, that there had been received from the rent of the grounds to other parties and from other miscellaneous sources the sum of $329.75, making a total of $1,736.32 profit from which the expenses of officers’ salaries, postage, blanks, books, insurance, etc., $505.04, were deducted, leaving a net profit of $1,231.28, to be divided among 133 shares, being those of the number subscribed, which were paid up: or $9.25 to each share. This is 19-1/4 percent on every dollar invested, and as the first money was paid in only eight months ago, and some of it but a few weeks ago, it is a wonderful showing. The amount, however, was not set aside as dividends, but was converted to the general fund of the Association by the stockholders, to be used in further improvements on the grounds. This item of profit, therefore, those who subscribe for the remaining shares will get the benefit of, which is a rather unusual thing in a business point of view. It is the only place we know of at present where a man can get $59.25 for fifty dollars.
The President of the Association, Mr. Jas. F. Martin, made the following report, which was ordered filed and published in the county papers, by a unanimous vote of the stockholders.
To the Stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association.
“GENTLEMEN. The first eight months of the history of our Association has closed, and it is with pleasure that we refer to the progress which has been made. In the careful reports of the Secretary and Treasurer, herewith presented, are exhibited its past and present financial condition.
“In our brief history, fifty-four acres of land, 17 acres of which are finely timbered, have been purchased and placed under a substantial fence; a speed ring unsurpassed if equaled in the state, is in fine order and finely fenced; the large exhibition buildings and improvements have been made, and with the exceptions hereafter referred to, all is or may be paid for and no debt as an incubus hangs over the Association.
“The first Fair of the Association, held last September, resulted in the most gratifying success, and gave an earnest of the perpetuity and future usefulness of the organization.
“At your first meeting you elected the Board that has had charge of and performed with such signal success the work you assigned them to do. As chairman of that Board and exer-cising, as far as my ability permitted, vigilant and kindly supervision over its management, it is with pleasure that I acknowledge the ever prompt and efficient services of the Secretary, Ed. P. Greer; the skillful and energetic discharge of the duties of Superintendent by D. L. Kretsinger, and the honest and faithfully performed duties of Treasurer by A. H. Doane. Wisdom was exercised in the selection of these gentlemen to act in these important positions, which are of vital importance to the success of the Association, and a happy adaptation, in each case, was ever manifested in the discharge of their various  duties.
“To such members of the Board as devoted their time and labor in aiding and directing the work of the Executive Board, many thanks are due. In view of the success attained and experience acquired by the retiring Board, and especially the executive part of it, I would suggest for your consideration the importance of retaining all, or at least a part of said officers in their present positions for the ensuing year. I have no personal interest or ambition to serve, and therefore I hope you will not in any sense regard this suggestion as applicable to myself, intending it especially to apply to the Secretary, Treasurer, and Superintendent.

“In the work of the Board while devising plans and means for present and future success, many questions arose, on which at first diverse opinions were held, but after due consultation unity was generally reached. In voting, the Board was, with few exceptions, unanimous; so, whatever good or evil we have done, each member will share alike the praise or censure of a criticizing public. Much as has been accomplished, very much remains to be done. Fifty-one shares remain to be taken, which will enable the Board to continue the improvements on the grounds; such as erecting the Central Exhibition Building, enlarging the amphitheater, and increasing the number by erecting better stables and stock pens. May we not also hope, in the near future, to erect a tasteful, two story central office; connect the same with other parts of the ground and with the city by telephone; and arrange to have an abundant supply of water, from the City Waterworks? Early attention should be given to setting lines and groups of deciduous and evergreen trees, which will soon beautify the grounds and greatly enhance their value.
“It may be wise, at this meeting, to add a section to the By Laws, empowering the Board, at the time of holding the annual Fair, or as soon thereafter as practical, to appoint the time for holding the next Annual Fair. The State Board of Agriculture meets annually on the 2nd Wednesday of January. It is important that this body be represented in that body and a report by delegate be made therefrom at our annual meeting. Therefore, a change in the time of holding our annual meeting, seems imperative. Changing the time of holding the annual meeting from the 2nd Monday to the 3rd Monday in January will prevent the occurrence of both meetings happening in the same week.
“While handsome dividends from invested capital are generally desired, I would urge that no dividends be made on the stock of the Association until the grounds are improved in the best possible manner. We should aim to make this the best Fair ground and the best conducted Fair Association in the State. The stock of the Association at present is worth more than its face value, and at no distant time it will command a high premium, and those taking the remaining shares will be fortunate. To insure the continued interest and healthful influence of the agricultural producing class, the remaining shares should be taken and permanently held by them. While the finances of the farmer will be benefitted, his influence and interest will also be secured.
“You, no doubt, will endorse, tacitly at least, the action of the Board in disallowing gambling devices, games of chance, and intoxicating drinks on the ground during the Fair. The good behavior of the thousands of our citizens and strangers attending the Fair was attested by the fact that not a single arrest for violating the rules or disorderly conduct was made. This was, to some degree, referable to the absence of these evils.
“The legitimate object of our Association and kindred institutions, is to encourage better and more successful agricultural management, operations, and productions, and collect and disseminate useful knowledge, and last but not least, encourage sociality and promote virtue among the people. We live in a progressive age and in the midst of an enlightened and Christian community, and however diverse our opinions may be on moral or theological subjects, the management of our associations and exhibitions must, in an eminent degree, in order to have continued cooperation and prosperity, be in accord with the moral intelligence of the people.
“In conclusion, allow me to add, that, while the success attending our short history, calls for congratulations and thanks, may we not hope and work, that the affairs of the Association will continue to be conducted in the manner that will subserve the highest interest of the community at large, and that thus the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association may long be an honor to our county, and the pride to everyone of her citizens.”

After a thorough overhauling of the Constitution and By Laws in the way of amend-ments, the following Board of Directors was elected to transact the business of the Associa-tion for the year 1884.
Jas. F. Martin: Vernon Township.
Harvey Smith: Silver Creek Township.
S. P. Strong: Rock Township.
H. Harbaugh: Pleasant Valley Township.
J. B. Nipp: Creswell Township.
P. B. Lee: Vernon Township.
S. S. Linn: Pleasant Valley Township.
K. J. Wright: Beaver Township.
J. O. Taylor: Walnut Township.
H. C. McDorman: Dexter Township.
J. L. Horning: Winfield.
A. T. Spotswood: Winfield.
C. C. Black: Winfield.
D. L. Kretsinger: Winfield.
Ed. P. Greer: Winfield.
A. H. Doane: Winfield.
Jas. B. Schofield: Winfield.
This directory gives ten to the county and seven to Winfield, which places the full control of the Association in the hands of the live, energetic farmers of Cowley. Let us hope that every member of the Board will be on hand at every meeting of that body and bend their united energies toward making Cowley’s Fair a model institution from which every county in the state may “draw inspiration” for building up a similar one. With twelve members of the board in the city last year, it was sometimes impossible to get nine directors out to a meeting.
After adjournment of the stockholders’ meeting, the new Board of Directors met, were sworn in, and elected the officers of the Association as follows.
Jas. F. Martin: President.
J. L. Horning: Vice President.
Ed. P. Greer: Secretary.
A. H. Doane: Treasurer.
D. L. Kretsinger: General Superintendent.
The finance committee, through whose hands all the accounts of the Association must pass, is composed of Messrs. C. C. Black, P. B. Lee, and A. T. Spotswood. When it is remembered that the Association received and paid out during the eight months past, upwards of fourteen thousand dollars, their duties are not small by any means.
Cowley now has a fair that she may well be proud of. On a sound financial basis, with a wonderfully prosperous past and a bright future, with beautiful grounds, substantial improvements, and a race track unsurpassed in the state, no public institution of the kind could be in better condition. Every citizen in the county should take a commendable pride in it, and lend the Board of Directors their heartiest cooperation.

Below we append a list of those who went down into their pockets for money to put the institution on its feet. We can safely say none of them expected more of a return from their investment than the upbuilding of such an institution would bring to the whole community. That they intended so is shown by their refusal to accept the profits of the investment, prefer-ring to apply it to further improvement on the property. The shares are fifty dollars each.
Following is a list of Shareholders and Number of Shares Held.
R. E. Wallis, Jr., 4.
J. W. Millspaugh, 1.
W. P. Hackney, 2.
A. H. Doane, 2.
D. L. Kretsinger, 1.
Ed. P. Greer, 2.
Jas. F. Martin, 1.
J. S. Mann, 1.
R. E. Wallis, Sr., 1.
A. E. Baird, 1.
H. Brown, 1.
W. J. Wilson, 1.
John Lowry, 4.
M. L. Read & M. L. Robinson, 10.
J. L. Horning, 2.
Sol Burkhalter, 2.
P. H. Albright, 2.
J. B. Lynn, 2.
W. J. Hodges, 2.
Chas. C. Black, 4.
J. B. Schofield & John M. Keck, 2.
G. S. Manser, 2.
S. G. Gary, 2.
A. T. Spotswood, 2.
J. P. Baden, 2.
W. S. Mendenhall, 2.
E. B. Weitzel, 2.
Geo. W. Robinson, 2.
W. C. Robinson, 2.
Jas. H. Bullene & Co., 2.
L. B. Stone, 4.
Jacob Nixon, 2.
John Stalter, 2.
N. J. Thompson, 1.
J. P. Short, 1.
I. W. Randall, 1.
Wm. Overly, 2.
S. P. Strong, 1.
Isaac Wood, 1.

C. H. Cleaves, 1.
Hughs & Cooper, 1.
Hendricks & Wilson, 1.
F. W. Schwantes, 1.
Wm. Carter, 2.
J. B. Corson, 1.
Geo. L. Gale, 1.
G. B. Shaw & Co., 2.
D. B. McCollum, 1.
R. F. Burden, 1.
J. C. Roberts, 1.
Geo. Wilson, 1.
R. J. Yoeman, 1.
P. B. Lee, 1.
L. Barnett, 1.
J. H. Curfman, 1.
E. B. Nicholson, 1.
H. Bahntge, 1.
C. L. Harter, 1.
Tomlin & Webb, 1.
A. C. Bangs, 1.
A. J. Thompson, 1.
E. M. Reynolds, 1.
D. H. Dix, 1.
Harvey Smith, 1.
T. P. Carter, 1.
F. M. Friend, 1.
J. T. Brooks, 1.
J. O. Taylor, 1.
S. H. Myton, 2.
D. S. Sherrard, 1.
A. B. Arment, 1.
S. W. Phenix, 1.
Q. A. Glass, 1.
H. Harbaugh, 1.
T. J. Jones, 1.
J. B. Nipp, 1.
E. D. Taylor, 1.
W. A. Tipton, 1.
W. W. Limbocker, 1.
W. W. Painter, 1.
John Holmes, 1.
S. S. Linn, 1.

G. P. Wagner, 1.
H. C. McDorman, 1.
Geo. W. Miller, 2.
G. L. Rinker, 1.
K. J. Wright, 1.
Hogue & Mentch, 1.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
To Whom It May Concern. All those knowing themselves indebted to us, are hereby notified that they must settle their accounts. We are needing all the money due us, and must have it. We trust any further notice will not become necessary. A. T. Spotswood & Co.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.
A. T. Spotswood has just received a new style lamp that for illuminating purposes far exceeds anything yet brought out. It has a fifty candle power and carries a wick five inches in circumference.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1884.
Mr. Mallman brought an egg to A. T. Spotswood Friday which is a natural curiosity. It is half white and half brown. The line is as distinctly drawn as if it had been painted. The egg had been laid the day before.
Winfield Courier, February 28, 1884.
                                                   Ladies’ Library Association.
The next regular monthly meeting of the Ladies’ Library Association will be held on Tuesday, March 4th, at 3 p.m. At the last semi-annual meeting the following named ladies were elected as officers and directors for the ensuing year.
For president, Mrs. C. S. VanDoren; vice president, Mrs. T. B. Myers; secretary, Mrs. N. J. Lunday; treasurer, Mrs. C. B. Millington; librarian, Mrs. W. L. Mullin.
For directors: Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mrs. M. J. Wood, Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, Mrs. A. E. Dawson, and Mrs. F. W. Finch. Secretary.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.
                                                         HOW WE BOOM!
                           Winfield the Prettiest and Most Substantial City in the West,
                                     And Still the Work of Improvement Goes On!
                      Three Hundred New Homes Going Up and More Contracted For.

We have been listening to the din of the carpenter’s hammer and watching new houses rise in every direction throughout the city until our curiosity to know just who were doing all this work knew no bounds. On Monday afternoon we mounted a mustang and made a tour of the city, ascertaining as far as possible as we went along, the names of those citizens who were building, improving generally, and spreading themselves in harmony with the bright aspect of everything around them. In riding over Winfield, especially at this season, when nature has begun to assume her robe of velvety green, you are struck with wonder at the number of really beautiful homes, and the wonder increases when you consider in what a short time all this has been done.
In turning the corner back of Lynn’s store, the first thing which met our gaze was a lawn sprinkler throwing the silver-sprayed water from our water works system on the beautiful blue grass in the grounds of J. P. Baden’s residence. Mr. Baden’s home and surroundings are being made very attractive—in fact, that whole street north is noted for its neat homes. The grounds of D. Berkey, H. Brotherton, J. Wade McDonald, and others exhibit taste rarely excelled.
Mr. C. Collins, of the livery firm of Vance & Collins, has the foundation up for a handsome residence on his quarter block on the corner of Mansfield Street and Ninth Avenue. This place has many trees, is close to business, and will make a good home.
A. H. Doane has about completed, just opposite his residence on 9th Avenue, a roomy tenant house, for which he had a renter almost as soon as the foundation went up. Several other houses are being built, for rent, in that vicinity.
On the corner of 12th Avenue and Mansfield Street, Fred C. Hunt has almost ready for occupancy a neat frame residence. He has been setting out trees and will soon have one of the pleasant homes of the city.
Mr. A. E. Noble, late of Iowa, has erected a fine residence containing eight rooms, on West 12th Avenue, and John Craine was slashing on the mortar on its interior at a lively rate.
Just south of Mr. Noble, a residence is being built by J. R. Hyden, another newcomer, while a block west, Mr. Henry Forbes and others were found busily engaged in building a house for John Reynolds.
Jerry Evans, in the same neighborhood, has surrounded his house with a good fence and is making other improvements.
Sam Gilbert has recently repainted and otherwise improved his residence property. Sam has one of the most commodious and handsome residences in the city.
Way down on 14th Avenue, near the Tile Works, Mr. N. D. Walaver, who came from Missouri a few weeks ago and purchased the Snider property, is building a cottage tenant house, fencing in his residence, and expending considerable money in improvements.
Mr. Marsh Sidle, on Loomis Street south, has put an addition to his house, set out trees, fenced his property, and is making a very neat home, while just across the street Sol Burkhalter is building a two story addition and showing characteristic enterprise.
At the south end of Loomis Street, Mr. C. H. Kingsberry lately built a house, which he sold to an Illinoisan for $900 before he got it plastered. He has bought lots adjoining and has the foundation in and the lumber on the ground for a very good cottage, for which a dozen renters have already applied. A. C. Hitchcock, late of Iowa, is doing the mason work.
Just south of this a Mr. White has erected a dwelling.
On South Millington Street, Mr. Ely has almost finished a good two story frame dwelling, and in a few blocks north, M. L. Hollingsworth, with a number of mechanics, is at work on a $1,500 house for J. E. Nudaly, from Indianapolis this spring.
Prof. Hickok will erect immediately a fine residence on his South Loomis Street block. The Professor has been steadily improving this place until the trees, shrubs, and blue grass make a fine show. He has a row of catalpas, of several years growth, around the entire block.

Mr. A. Herpich has lately bought a quarter block in this neighborhood and is putting out trees, fencing it, and preparing the place for a fine residence.
Just across the street from Prof. Hickok’s, Mr. H. N. Jarvis, who came from Denver last fall, has about completed a $3,000 residence, is sowing grasses, and is planting many varieties of trees. He will have one of the valuable homes of the city.
The Frazee Bros. are building the third new house for this spring in the Loomis addition, all very good. One has been already sold at a good figure and the other two will be occupied by them for residences.
M. G. Troup’s residence property on South Millington Street has been receiving recent improvements in the way of paint, trees, and grasses.
Mr. Gabriel Robins, of Morgan Co., Ind., who purchased the Shields property on South Main Street, has added additions, new paint, and is making a home, as he expressed it, in which to spend the remainder of his days.
Our colored friends are not behind in improvements. John Matthews is putting up a nice little four room cottage on South Main in which to keep his young bride.
Charley Bahntge is happiest when improving. He is adding a story to his fine residence, has put up a good barn, and will have, when completed, about as pretty a place as the town contains. His shrubs and trees are set with great taste.
A. T. Spotswood is utilizing the waterworks to the great advantage of his handsome lawn. Mr. Spotswood has one of the neatest and most desirable homes in the city. Everything about it exhibits great care.
Mr. George Ordway has nearly completed a large addition to his already pleasant and commodious home.
J. W. Arrowsmith, our city assessor, is erecting a dwelling on his quarter block on East 11th Avenue. He is arranging the grounds in a manner which would indicate a fine home in a few years—as soon as nature has time to spread herself.
Just across the street, Mr. Crowell has recently built a neat house, surrounded it with a picket fence, and is getting things in shape for a pleasant home.
On the quarter block west Frank Raymond has the foundation up and will soon have finished a neat dwelling.
S. H. Rogers is digging a cellar for a residence on his lots on 10th Avenue east, is plowing the ground, and civilizing things generally.
W. B. Hall, another man recently from Democratic Missouri, has bought lots in the Courier Place and has a good house under headway. F. J. Pierce was putting on the paint Monday. Mr. John Wells, recently from Indiana, has also built a $2,500 house in the Courier Place. D. R. Laycock has one nearly finished. This plat was a year ago bare prairie, but it won’t be much longer until everyone of the twelve quarter blocks will have a good house on it and be occupied by a family.
H. H. J. Johnson is another man who is building a good house in this neighborhood.

The beautiful grounds of Capt. John Lowry, Col. J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, J. C. Fuller, Mrs. Platter, and many others are beginning to show themselves in all the glory which “Gentle Annie” can bring to bear and are still receiving some improvements. A man will walk a long piece out of his way to see such houses and grounds. Most of these grounds are completely irrigated by our system of waterworks. Such homes are as good examples as can be found in the state of what money and energy, when united with good taste, can do. The places are pictures and will grow more beautiful each year as the trees and shrubs increase in size. Such homes educate people and show the possibilities of Kansas soil.
Irve Randall is becoming quite a property owner. He is now building two houses on east 9th Avenue, from each of which he will realize about twenty dollars per month as rentals.
In the same block, Jim Fahey has under headway a $2,000 residence, and just across the street another good house, the name of whose owner, like those of dozens of other houses which are going up, could not be found out by the quill driver.
Dan Maher has just repainted and otherwise improved his three fine houses on 8th Avenue, east.
In this vicinity are houses being built by D. R. Laycock, Noble Caldwell, Dan’l Dicks, E. and I. Crane, John Wheeler, and a dozen or two others. Almost every lot has a new house, or a foundation for one, on it.
One of the best houses on east 8th Avenue is that of A. G. Wilson, which is now receiving the plaster and paint. It is two stories high, with six or eight rooms, and is worth upwards of $3,000. He has run water-works pipes into the grounds and will occupy the place for a residence.
Dick Gates is just completing a $1,500 house in this neighborhood, while on east David Dicks has placed on the lots adjoining his home a neat tenant house. Just across the street, Mr. J. Jolly, who landed from Indiana two weeks ago, has purchased lots and has nearly completed a pretty four roomed cottage.
It seems that a majority of these buildings are being built by newcomers. Mr. L. Colburt, late of Carroll County, Missouri, is expending a thousand dollars or more in a new house on 6th Avenue, and across the street Mrs. M. A. Gay is also putting up a dwelling.
We found Henry Noble with spade in hand and perspiration on his brow setting out trees on his quarter block on 8th Avenue. The foundation is up and the lumber on the ground for a good house. On 9th Avenue, nearby, Mr. Ed. Huntley, of Kalamazoo, Michigan, has a residence in course of erection.
On the same avenue, T. C. Copeland, M. Hahn & Co.’s head clerk, is setting out trees of all kinds, smoothing up the grounds around his new house, and making one of the neatest places in the city.
Near the mounds, N. J. Lundy has a fine residence on his five acre tract nearly ready to move into. This will make a pleasant suburban home.
Mr. Mowry has just built on 7th Avenue a good dwelling and has moved into it, and a few yards distant J. M. Rennick has built an addition to his house.
The tract near Manny’s brewery is filling up rapidly with good houses. E. H. Gilbert has just finished four houses for rent in addition to a residence for himself, all of which were rented before a nail was driven, one of them at $20 per month for a boarding house.
In the same neighborhood houses are being built by Jim Nichols, Tom Johnson, and W. J. Andrews, all neat and good.
On 7th Avenue east, Charley Steuven and Harry Morton have new houses recently finished.

Jack Heller [?Hiller?], on the same avenue, has been improving his home until it is hardly recognizable. Additions to the house, repainting, a good fence, and other things, make it a very desirable place.
Geo. Hudson’s three houses on corner of 7th Avenue and Millington Street have been repainted and enclosed with neat picket fences. And, by the way, nothing sets off a place better than a nice fence. It is like a pretty dress on a pretty woman.
Mrs. F. C. Halyard has bought lots in the Howland Addition and is building a good residence.
All this building and improvement is not confined to residences, but Main Street and adjoining avenues are receiving their share.
The cellars for the McDougall buildings are nearly finished and about twenty or thirty men are busy on different parts of the work.
Geo. and Will Hudson have purchased the Miller building on South Main for $3,500 and will finish it up immediately. They have already had applications from renters.
On Ninth Avenue opposite the Courthouse, Senator Hackney is putting up three suits of law offices, one of which will be occupied by himself as soon as completed.
S. H. Myton will commence, as soon as men can be got to do it, the excavation for a large two story brick and stone business house for his own use, on his corner opposite Lynn’s store. The plans indicate that this is to be one of the best buildings in the city.
The neatest real estate office in the city now is that of H. G. Fuller & Co. The building they recently purchased on Ninth Avenue has been fitted up anew, artistically painted, counters put in, the floor covered with matting, and everything arranged very tastefully. They moved in Tuesday.
Mr. Wheeler, who recently started a second carriage factory, on 8th Avenue, has been extending his buildings until they now assume large proportions.
Mr. James Kirk has been putting another story on his grist mill back of Lynn’s and is putting in machinery by which he can grind wheat as well as corn. Heretofore he has been grinding corn exclusively.
The Christian Church is receiving the finishing touches to its interior, the seats have arrived and services will be held in the new building about the first of May. The perseverance of the members of the Christian Church is about to be crowned with as pleasant a place of worship as any one could wish for.
The storerooms of Dr. Mendenhall and Mrs. Blair are being entirely finished up this week, and we understand that they will be occupied immediately.
Curns & Manser have bought of Judge Ide the lot south of the Torrance-Fuller buildings, for thirty-five hundred dollars, and will erect thereon a fine brick office.
The gas pipes are being distributed along the streets. The holder, retort, house, and purifying rooms are also being pushed rapidly forward. The company expect to be able to turn on gas within sixty days.
Sid Majors is having the old Williams House Building fitted up in first-class style for a hotel, to be christened after the one which gave him popularity in days gone by, “The Central.” He will open out in a few days.

The busiest place we have yet seen is the brick and tile yards of the Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Company, on South Menor street. About twenty men are there employed making improvements and brick. The yards have been fenced and carpenters are busily engaged making “dryers.” They are getting in shape to turn out a quarter of a million brick per week. The switches to the Company’s stone quarry are now being put in. An office for the Secre-tary, J. E. Conklin, is being fitted up on the brick and tile yards.
Of course, it was impossible to ascertain the names of all persons who are building and improving, and if we did, our space would not permit their mention in this issue. We have mentioned only the best residences being constructed, and came far from getting all of those; it would take a solid week to hunt up the name of every builder. A careful count of the buildings going up and just finished, revealed fully three hundred; it looks pretty big, but any sceptic can convince himself by taking the pains to count them, as we did. On these buildings are employed a small army of mechanics, and the demand and wages are such as to bring in more on every train. All this expenditure of money shows great confidence and prosperity. Everything indicates that this will be the biggest year, all around, that Cowley has ever seen.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
                                                      A Novel Entertainment.
The gentlemen of the Presbyterian congregation will give a “Leap-year Basket social” in lecture room of the church, on Friday evening, April 25th. a good time is anticipated, and all are invited. The following named gentlemen will compose the various committees.
Chief Cook: H. T. Silver.
2nd Cook: G. S. Manser.
Dish-washers: Messrs. S. S. Linn, A. T. Spotswood, and T. J. Harris.
Baskets: Messrs. S. A. Cook and H. Beck.
Door: John Curns.
Checks: Hop Shivers.
Sundries: Dr. Kirkwood and J. Croco.
Waiters: Messrs. George Buckman, J. H. Bullen, and M. J. Troup.
Reception and General oversight: Messrs. A. E. Baird, Jas. Simpson, and T. B. Myers.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1884.
The firm of A. T. Spotswood & Co., has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. The business will be continued by A. T. Spotswood, who has assumed all liabilities and is alone authorized to collect all debts due the firm. A. T. SPOTSWOOD, R. L. BILLINGSLEY.
April 24th.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1884.
Mr. A. T. Spotswood spent a part of last week in St. Louis, on business connected with his grocery establishment.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
                                                       Winfield’s Importation.

A direct importation of queensware from Liverpool, England, will be received by A. T. Spotswood this month. This is the first direct importation of goods ever made in Cowley County, and shows commendable enterprise on the part of Mr. Spotswood. He don’t ask any odds of “middle men” in conducting his business.
Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.
Mrs. A. T. Spotswood is enjoying a visit from her nieces, Misses Mattie McCoy and Sallie Bass, of Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, July 10, 1884.
                      Fourth of July Celebration: Fully Fifteen Thousand People Present.
RECAP. On the evening of the 3rd the old soldiers gathered in large numbers at the
G. A. R. headquarters and marched to the tune of “Old John Brown” to the beautiful Fair Ground Park. Here they found tents already pitched and everything in readiness for them to chase the festive bean around the camp fire and retell the thrilling stories which will never grow old to the comrades-in-arms. Regular old-fashioned “hard-tack” had been supplied in abundance and a happy reunion was had that night by the boys who wore the blue. After supper, headed by the Burden, Courier, and Juvenile bands, a torchlight procession marched into town. By sunrise Friday morning people from all sections began to pour in. . . . As we watched the old pioneers as they came into town in their handsome turnouts, we noticed on their countenances pictures of gladness and independence which can’t be beaten anywhere in this broad Union. . . . At ten o’clock Col. Wm. Whiting and Capt. H. H. Siverd, with a score of assistants, formed the procession and the march to the Park was taken up. The procession was headed by the Burden Band, led by Frank McClain. . . . Tony Agler, with his clown suit and goat teams, trick ponies, and other things of his own get-up, was attractive in the procession. Tony takes great pains in training his “pets” and shows commendable enterprise in turning out with them on all public occasions. St. John’s battery was prominent in the procession, and awakened the echoes by booming of cannon from Thursday evening until well along in the next day. The members of the Battery worked faithfully and well for the success of the celebration. The Robinson and Telegram Fire Companies made a splendid appearance in the procession. The paraphernalia was all beautifully decorated with red, white, and blue, and the Robinson Fire Company represented the Goddess of Liberty with one of the prettiest little misses of the city, Nina Nelson, gracefully seated on their hose cart amid the drapery. O’Meara & Randolph had a representation of their boot and shoe business, accompanied by plantation music from darkies. A feature which attracted wide attention and showed great enterprise was the stone display of Mr. Schmidt from his quarries near town. A large, wide-framed wagon was loaded with fine specimens of stone and men were at work all day sawing it up and distributing the smooth blocks among the people. Oration was delivered by Hon. J. Wade McDonald, who reviewed the progress of the Union from its birth to the present day. Then came dinner followed by an address by Mrs. Helen M. Gougar, the famous lady orator of Indiana.

Then came the amusements. The trotting race, mile heats, best three in five, purse $90, was won by “Basham,” owned by Mr. Wells of Burden over Billy Hands’ “Nellie H.” The running race, quarter mile heat, between the Blenden mare and a lately arrived horse, was won easily by the former, purse $60. Andy Lindsey of Winfield got $5.00 for climbing to the top of the greased pole. Another ambitious boy preceded him, but on reaching the top slid down without the money, supposing it was in the hands of a committee and all he had to do was to climb the pole. the crowd soon turned his disappointment into gladness by making up the five dollars. The wheelbarrow race, by blindfolded men, some six or seven taking part, furnished much amusement and was won by Allen Brown, a colored man of Winfield. It proved the uncertainty of “going it blind.” The greased pig, after a lively chase, was caught by Phenix Duncan, a colored boy. The festivities of the day closed with a flambeaux procession with Roman candles, etc. The Gas Company turned on a full head both Thursday and Friday evenings and the sixty bright lamp posts, with the stores illuminated with gas lights gave the city a brilliant appearance. the Firemen’s Ball at the Opera House was largely attended.
Credit was extended to Messrs. J. C. Long, Jas. H. Vance, D. L. Kretsinger, J. P. Baden, A. T. Spotswood, R. E. Wallis, Wm. Whiting, C. C. Black and Fred Kropp for the success of the celebration.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1884.
The semi-annual meeting of the Ladies Library Association was held last Tuesday and elected six directors, as follows: Mrs. Whiting, Mrs. Bullene, Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mrs. I. W. Randall, Mrs. Kate Wilson, and Mrs. Geo. Rambaugh [?Rembaugh?]. Those directors holding over are: Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mrs. M. J. Wood, Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, Mrs. H. E. Dawson, and Mrs. F. W. Finch; the president, Mrs. C. S. Van Doren, and the secretary, Mrs. N. J. Lundy. The Association is in a flourishing condition.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1884.
Mr. N. G. Davis, one of A. T. Spotswood’s assistants, left us Tuesday a number of beautiful early Ohio tomatoes raised in his gardens just south of town. Mr. Davis, though his industrious boys, is gardening extensively and has marketed an immense amount of “truck” this season, all of superior quality.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
JAS. F. MARTIN: President.
J. L. HORNING: Vice-President.
ED. P. GREER: Secretary.
A. H. DOANE: Treasurer.
D. L. KRETSINGER: General Superintendent.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Jas. F. Martin, Ed. P. Greer, J. L. Horning, A. H. Doane, D. L. Kretsinger.
FINANCE COMMITTEE. Chas. C. Black, P. B. Lee, A. T. Spotswood.
DIRECTORS. A. H. Doane, A. T. Spotswood, C. C. Black, J. B. Schofield, S. S. Linn, Ed. P. Greer, D. L. Kretsinger, H. Harbaugh, J. F. Martin, J. B. Nipp, J. L. Horning, Harvey Smith, S. P. Strong, P. B. Lee, K. J. Wright, J. O. Taylor, H. C. McDorman.

The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will hold its Second Annual Exhibition at Winfield, Kansas, September 23 to 27, 1884. This Association comes before the public with more attractions and better facilities than any like Association in the State. It is a well established fact that our grounds are the largest and best in the State, our buildings, stables, and stalls ample and commodious, thus affording the exhibitor more comfort, pleasure, and money than any Fair Association in the State.
Our Premium List is very large and so arranged as to suit the agriculturist, the stock raiser, the fruit grower, the mechanic, the machinist, the artist—in fact every man, woman, and child; and the premiums offered are open to the world, except when mentioned in the list.
Horsemen will readily note the fact that the attractions and large premiums offered in our Speed Department will call out the best horses in Kansas and adjoining States; also that our track is second to none, and is the acknowledged best half mile track in the State.
Special rates for the exhibitor and visitor has been obtained from all railroads entering Winfield. The Officers and Directors of our Association have left nothing undone for the accommodation of everybody, be they exhibitor or visitor, and would therefore extend a general invitation to the people of Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa, and Illinois to visit the Cowley County Fair. Aside from the grand attractions and display at the Fair, we will show you Winfield, the Queen City of Southwestern Kansas; we will show you Cowley, the banner agricultural and stock raising county of Kansas, a visit you will never regret, except that it be, you did not locate with us.
                                                            FAIR NOTES.
The Cowley County Fair offers more and larger premiums to the farmer and stock raiser than any other county fair in the State.
Farmers of Cowley, do not forget to attend your County Fair. You cannot spend a few days to more profit or interest to yourself than by so doing.
Ladies, bring your jellies, preserves, fine sewing, and everything in the household line to the Fair. The ladies’ department last year was magnificent. Let us beat it this year.
Any person who desires this premium list in book form, with the constitution and by-laws and rules and regulations, can get it by addressing a postal to Ed. P. Greer, Secretary, Winfield, Kansas.
Visitors to the Cowley County Fair will find plenty of shade and water for their teams, and a nice blue grass lawn on which to spread your dinners. No other fair grounds in the State afford such free accommodations.
Every man, woman, and child should make it a point to visit their Fair. It will do you good to see your neighbors and to see what they are raising—not forgetting, however, to bring along some exhibit of your raising or manufacture.
The success of Cowley’s Fair last year was a matter of wonder all over Kansas. From everywhere came reports of the wonderful productions of our county, carried by those who visited it. It was the best advertisement we have ever had.
Let each and everyone be an exhibitor at the Fair this fall. If you have some good corn, big pumpkins, good hogs, cattle, or horses, bring them to the Fair and help to make it the grandest exposition of material prosperity ever seen in any country.

The Cowley County Fair wants an exhibit from every farm in the county. No matter how small or what the article may be; bring it as a production of Cowley County. Compare it with that of your neighbor. Take items and learn a lesson that will improve your exhibit next year.
The entry books will be open at the COURIER editorial rooms in Winfield, August 25th, and remain open until September 20th, after which the Secretary will be at his office on the grounds. All articles for exhibition must be on the grounds by 6 P. M. Tuesday, September 23rd, at which time the entry books will close.
The prices for admission to the Fair will be as follows:
Single ticket, adults: $.25
Children, 5 to 15 years: $.15
Double team: $.25
Single team or saddle horse: $.15
Season tickets: $1.00
Season tickets, with vehicle: $2.00
The Cowley County Fair Association wants to see farmers of the county attend the Fair with their big pumpkins, big squashes, big potatoes, big cabbage, big corn, big hogs, big colts, big calves, in fact with a sample exhibit of everything raised on a farm. Please don’t forget to bring your good looking wives and big fat babies.
The Association will furnish exhibitors with stalls and pens at the following prices:
Speed stables, 10 x 12: $5.00
Stallion stables, 8 x 12: $4.00
Box stalls, 6 x 10: $3.00
Herd pens: $2.00
Cattle stalls: $1.00
Hog and sheep pens: free.
A part of the beautiful park next to the grounds will be reserved for those who desire to come with their wagons and families and camp during the Fair. Such must provide themselves with season tickets. Persons from a distance will find this a most pleasant way of taking in the Fair. Last year there were upwards of fifty families camped within the grounds.
The Cowley County Fair will have a place for everything and everything will be in its place, thus offering the visitor a satisfactory sight of one of the grandest exhibitions in the way of an agricultural Fair ever witnessed. An army of able and obliging assistants will take pains in answering all questions and giving such information as the visitor may require.
The Cowley County Fair is wholly and truly a county institution. Its stockholders are Farmers and businessmen of Cowley County, whose interests are identified one with the other, and seek through this organization to bring the whole people of Cowley County together at least once a year in a grand exhibit of the resources and wealth of the county.

The above list comprises persons from almost every locality in the county. The forty shares remaining can be subscribed for by anyone who desires. $25 upon each share to be paid within thirty days after subscription and the balance of $25 on each share on the 1st day of October, 1884. Each stockholder receives a ticket which admits his family to the grounds at all times and a “stockholders’ badge” which gives him all the privileges of the grounds. Every farmer interested in the material welfare of our county should report his name to the Secretary of the Association as a subscriber to the capital stock at once. The investment is a good one and the cause worthy the highest encouragement.
The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association is not an individual concern. Its stockholders number over a hundred and fifty of the leading farmers and businessmen of the county. Its capital stock is $10,000, divided into 200 shares of $50 each. One hundred and sixty of these shares are now taken and paid for and the money expended in purchasing the grounds, erecting buildings, stalls, pens, fencing, amphitheatre, and improving the finest race track in Kansas. Everything is paid for. The profits of last year were over $1,800, every cent of which was put on the grounds in additional improvements. There are forty shares yet to place. They will be taken before Fair time and the proceeds used in putting up a main exhibition building between the two wings already erected and in other needed improvements. It is especially desirable that this stock be taken by the farmers of the county, for upon them, most of all, will the future success of Cowley’s Fair depend. The grounds were purchased for $75 per acre. They are worth today, without the improvements, $150 per acre, so in the rise of land alone the stockholder has doubled his money. There is no doubt but that this stock will be most desirable property, aside from the immense public benefit of the Association to the agricultural and stock interests of our county. Had the profits of last year been paid to the persons who were then stockholders as dividends they would have received over 30 percent interest on their investment. But they preferred to strengthen the Association and let the money remain in its treasury.
The following is a list of the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association:
R. E. Wallis, Sr.
R. E. Wallis, Jr.
J. W. Millspaugh.
W. P. Hackney.
A. H. Doane.
D. L. Kretsinger.
James F. Martin.
H. Harbaugh.
J. S. Mann.
Henry E. Asp.
A. E. Baird.
Q. A. Glass.
A. B. Arment.
H. Brown.
W. J. Wilson.
John Lowry.
M. L. Read.
M. L. Robinson.
J. L. Horning.
Sol. Burkhalter.

P. H. Albright.
J. B. Lynn.
W. J. Hodges.
C. C. Black.
J. B. Schofield.
J. M. Keck.
G. S. Manser.
S. G. Gary.
A. T. Spotswood.
J. P. Baden.
W. S. Mendenhall.
E. B. Weitzel.
G. W. Robinson,
W. C. Robinson.
James H. Bullene.
L. B. Stone.
Jacob Nixon.
S. W. Phenix.
John Stalter.
N. J. Thompson.
J. P. Short.
I. W. Randall.
William Overly.
S. P. Strong.
Isaac Wood.
C. H. Cleaves.
Hughes & Cooper.
Hendricks & Wilson.
F. W. Schwantes.
E. D. Taylor.
W. W. Limbocker.
William Carter.
J. B. Corson.
D. F. Moore.
G. B. Shaw & Co.
D. B. McCollum.
R. F. Burden.
J. C. Roberts.
George Wilson.
R. J. Yoeman.
J. B. Nipp.
P. B. Lee.
W. W. Painter.

L. Barnett.
J. H. Curfman.
John Holmes.
S. S. Linn.
E. B. Nicholson.
G. P. Waggoner.
H. C. McDorman.
George W. Miller.
Harry Bahntge.
L. C. Harter.
W. Webb.
A. C. Bangs.
A. J. Thompson.
E. M. Reynolds.
G. L. Rinker.
David H. Dix.
Harvey Smith.
T. P. Carter.
Hogue & Mentch.
F. M. Friend.
J. T. Brooks.
J. O. Taylor.
Z. B. Myers.
S. H. Myton.
D. S. Sherrard.
E. J. Wright.
Vermilye Brothers.
J. T. Nicholson.
J. N. Harter.
Ed. P. Greer.
J. C. McMullen.
R. B. Noble.
R. B. Pratt.
H. G. Fuller.
F. L. Branniger.
L. F. Johnson.
J. W. Browning.
J. H. Watts.
Warren Wood.
Alexander Fuller.
John Bowers.
J. D. Maurer.
J. E. Conklin.

T. H. Soward.
R. E. Sydall.
J. B. Evans.
Nathan S. Perry.
D. R. Laycock.
J. R. Sumpter.
C. G. Bradbury.
J. C. Long.
F. S. Jennings.
                      [THE “PREMIUM LIST” CAME NEXT...DID THIS EARLIER.]
Not sure if previous list had the “Speed Ring” so am copying it.
                                                             SPEED RING.
                                                TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
                                                 TROTTING AND PACING.
All premiums for trotting and pacing, best three in five, in harness, and will be conducted under the rules and regulations of the National Trotting Association, unless otherwise specified.
Purses will be divided, 60 percent to first, 30 percent to second, 10 percent to third horse.
Four entries and three starters required in all trotting and pacing races, and all entries shall close at 12:30 prompt, each day.
In heats where eight or more horses start, the distance will be 150 yards.
Heats in each day’s races may be trotted alternately.
A horse distancing the field, or any part thereof, will receive but one premium.
Horses will be called at 1 o’clock P. M., and started at 1:30 promptly.
If, owing to bad weather, or other unavoidable cause, the Association shall be unable to start one or more of its races on or before 3 o’clock P. M., on the last day of the meeting, such races will be declared “off,” and the entrance money therein refunded.
Entrance fee TEN PERCENT of the purse, and must be remitted when the entry is made.
All running races to be governed by the Racing Rules of the American Running Turf, excepting that an entrance fee of ten percent of purse will be charged, and four entries and three starters required, and no money for walk-over. Purses divided, 70 percent, to first, and 30 percent to second, with the following weights, except specified;
Two-year-olds, 86 pounds.
Three-year-olds, 96 pounds.
Four-year-olds, 110 pounds.
Five-year-olds, 115 pounds.
Six-year-olds and over, 118 pounds.
Three pounds allowed for fillies, mares, and geldings.
Entries in all running races shall close at 12:30, prompt, each day.
                                             Class O—Speed Ring Department.
                                          C. C. BLACK, SUPERINTENDENT.
                                                TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23.

                                             WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24.
No. 1, TROTTING, green horses. Premiums: $35
No. 2, RUNNING, half-mile dash. Premium: $35
Ladies driving: Special.
                                               THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25.
No. 3, PACING, 3 minute class. Premium $100
No. 4, RUNNING, half mile, 2 and 3, catch weights. Premium $100
No. 5, TROTTING, 3 minute class. Premium $100
Boys’ and girls’ riding. Special.
                                                  FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26.
No. 6, RUNNING, 1 mile. Premium $125
No. 7, PACING, 2:40 class. Premium $125
No. 8, TROTTING, free for all, citizens’ purse. Premium $250
Ladies riding. Special.
                                               SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27.
No. 9, RUNNING, novelty race, catch weights. Premium $160 [?]
($25 to 1/4 mile, $35 to ½ mile, $50 to 3/4 mile, $50 to mile post, 5 to enter and 4 to start.)
No. 10, consolation, half-mile heats. Premium $75
(Open to all trotters and pacers, who had started and not won a purse during the meeting.)
No. 11, optional, one mile. Premium $50
(Cowley County buggy horses, owners to drive with their own buggies.
 $30 to first horse out; $15 to second; $5 to third. No entrance.)
                                                         BICICLE RACES.
                                                WEDNESDAY, September 24.
Half mile heats, 3 in 5. Premium $35 to 1st, $25 to 2nd, $10 to 3rd.
                                                  THURSDAY, September 25.
Five mile race: the winner to be presented with a gold badge valued at $25.
                                                  SATURDAY, September 27.
On this day Mr. Page or Mr. Buck, the champion Bicyclists of the State, will ride a ten mile race against a horse for a purse of $200.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
The following special premiums are offered by the citizens of Cowley County. Parties wishing to compete for them must enter articles same as in other class, and must also comply with the instructions and requests named in the premium.
President J. F. Martin will have charge of this department, make assignment of articles, and appoint the necessary judges.
$15.00. For the best display of products from a single farm, by any farmer in Cowley County. $10.00 to 1st; $5.00 to 2nd.

$10.00. For one or more sheaves of wheat taken from within five feet of the top of the stack, five days before the opening of the Fair. Judgment to be on the best condition of the straw and berry.
($5.00) Rocking Chair. For the best display of Preserved Fruits, not less than five varieties, in glass jars—three or more to enter.
$2.50 For the Largest Pumpkin raised in Cowley County.
Boys’ saddle, worth $5.00, for graceful riding by any boy under 12 years of age.
Ladies’ riding whip, worth $5.00 for graceful riding by any girl under 12 years of age.
$5.00. For the largest Ear of Corn, by weight; must be entered on the first day of the Fair and weighed on the last day. Open to the world, and all corn entered to belong to J. L. Horning.
$5.00. For the best hand-made Sunbonnet, any style or material, by a girl under 16 years of age; $3.00 to 1st, $2.00 to 2nd.
$5.00. For the best Five Pounds of Butter, in one pound rolls. Premium butter to be the property of A. T. Spotswood.
$5.00. For the best hand-made Misses’ White Apron, by any girl in Cowley County under 15 years of age; $3.00 to 1st, $2.00 to 2nd.
$5.00. For ten Irish Potatoes entered on the 1st day of the Fair and weighed on the last day. Heaviest weight, $3.00; second weight, $2.00. All potatoes entered for this premium to be the property of A. H. Doane & Co.
$30.00. For the bushel of corn grown in Cowley County weighing 70 pounds and containing the least number of ears. Must be entered on the 1st day of the Fair and judged on the last; $15.00 to first, $10.00 to second, $5.00 to third. All corn entered for this premium to be the property of P. H. Albright.
$15.00. For best Spring Colt sired by “Lilac”: $10.00 to first, $5.00 to second.
$15.00. For best colt sired by his horse; $10 to first, $5.00 to second.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
The executive Board of the Fair Association met Monday and decided to sell three dining-hall privileges at seventy-five dollars each and ten refreshment stand privileges at forty dollars each. One dining hall and several refreshment stand privileges have already been taken. Only the number designated will be sold and those to the first applicants.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1884.

DR. C. C. GREEN. OFFICE in McDougall Building. Residence fourth house west of Spotswood’s store, north side of street.
Winfield Courier, September 4, 1884.
                                                   The Last Share Subscribed.
Last Saturday evening the last share of the two hundred shares of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association was subscribed. The capital as authorized by the charter of incorporation issued by the State, viz: “Ten Thousand Dollars divided into two hundred shares of fifty dollars each” is now all subscribed and by January 1, 1885, will be fully paid up. Its “statement,” therefore, at the present writing, is as follows:
Present value of grounds, 53 ½ acres at $150 per acre—a low estimate: $8,025.00.
Actual cost of improvements put on grounds to date as shown by the
Secretary’s books: $5.249.38.       
Net profits of 1883 fair: $1,489.38.
TOTAL RESOURCES: $14,763.76.
Capital Stock: $10,000.00.
BALANCE: $4,763.76.
So it will be seen that each share of stock is actually worth today forty-eight percent premium. The first subscription to the capital stock was made by Hon. W. P. Hackney, on the 27th day of April, 1883. Messrs. Jas. F. Martin, H. Harbaugh, J. W. Millspaugh, D. L. Kretsinger, A. H. Doane, R. B. Pratt, M. L. Robinson, and Ed. P. Greer also subscribed at the same time. The next day, April 28th, a committee consisting of D. L. Kretsinger, A. T. Spotswood, and Ed. P. Greer waited on the citizens and secured subscriptions for about four thousand dollars of the stock. Half of the amount of each subscription was to be paid within sixty days and the other half on the December following. Upon these assurances M. L. Robinson and W. P. Hackney contracted for the grounds. When the 1883 fair opened the Directory had used all the money they had taken in on the sale of capital stock, and had borrowed upon their own personal security three thousand dollars more, in order to erect the necessary buildings. It was a big risk, but they were determined to see it through, and so cheerfully carried the burden. In addition to this they, with those who were also stockholders at the time, refused to accept the profits of last year’s work but returned it to the treasury, so that the gentleman who subscribed for the last share Saturday evening gets just as much as those who paid in their money over a year ago. There are one hundred and sixty-three shareholders who own the two hundred shares: an average of a little over one and a quarter shares to each person, so the association at the present time is anything but a “monopoly.” One hundred and twenty-six shares are held by persons living outside of Winfield, and one hundred and nineteen by persons now engaged in farming so that the farmers of Cowley County own and have the power to absolutely control their fair as they wish. We hope that every stockholder, especially the farmers, will hold on to their stock, no matter what flattering offers they may receive for it. If it is worth a hundred percent premium to someone else, it is worth it to you and much more, for upon the control and management of the farmers interested in it depends much of its future success and usefulness.

Notes on the Fair were numerous...only giving a few below. MAW
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
                                            GENERAL NOTES OF THE FAIR.
Cowley’s fair this year was, in some departments, especially that of agricultural display, greatly inferior to that of last year. In the agricultural department this was largely due to the fact that crops are not generally so good as last year, and that no one interested themselves sufficiently in making the collection. In the cattle department the premiums were too small and the charges for stalls and pens too high, as was also the case in the horse department. These mistakes will be remedied in another year. The display in hogs and sheep was very fine, although many exhibitors were deterred from bringing hogs through fear of cholera. In fruit and household products the display was magnificent. In stock, while the numbers were not so large as last year, the grades were better, and spoke well for the success of our stock breeders.
Financially and in point of attendance the fair was much ahead of last year. The attendance on Thursday was about ten thousand, on Friday eight thousand, and on Saturday five thousand. The net profits, after paying all premiums and expenses, will be about eighteen hundred dollars.
The fair is now on a firm, sound, and prosperous basis, with all its stock placed and a good surplus in the treasury. It now behooves the stockholders and directors to so adjust the next premium list as to do away with as many of its objectionable features as possible and offer premiums large enough to make it an object for all to bring out their stock and productions.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
One or more best sheaves of wheat, $10.00 by Bliss & Wood, Isaac Wood, 1st.
By Hendricks & Wilson, $2.50 for largest pumpkin in Cowley County, D. P. Hurst.
By Wm. Newton, for graceful riding by boy under 12 years riding saddle worth $5, and Ladies riding whip, worth $5 for graceful riding by girl under 12, Willie Sherrard, 1st; Cora Wood, 2nd.
By J. L. Horning, $5 for largest ear of corn by weight, T. H. Jackson, 1st.
By Horning & Whitney, $5 for best handmade sun bonnet by girl under 14, Dora B. Kimball, 1st.
By A. T. Spotswood $5 for best five pounds of butter in one pound rolls, Mrs. P. B. Lee, 1st.
By McDonald & Miner $5 for best handmade Misses white apron by any girl under 15 years, Mamie Young.
By A. H. Doane, $5 for 10 best and heaviest Irish potatoes; $3. to 1st, $2 to 2nd; Jno. R. Sumpter, 1st; J. D. Guthrie, 2nd.
By P. H. Albright & Co., $30 for the bushel of corn weighing 70 pounds with least number of ears: T. H. Jackson, $15; M. P. Raw, $10; Silas Kennedy, $5.
Winfield Courier, October 30, 1884.

McGuire Bros., A. T. Spotswood, W. F. Wilkinson, Bryan & Lynn, J. C. Long, A. Davis & Co., Rinker & Cochran have just received a lot of the celebrated “Jayhawker, Smoking Tobacco.” It will not bite your tongue nor make your mouth sore. Try it.
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.
A very pleasant entertainment was given by Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, at their splendid residence in this city, on Thursday evening, December 10th. About sixty to seventy guests were present, among whom we remember by name the following.
Rev. and Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, Prof. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt, Dr. and Mrs. C. S. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mrs. Frank Williams of Wichita, Mrs. J. H. Bullen, Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. Arthur Bangs, Miss Nettie McCoy, Miss Anna McCoy, Mr. W. H. Smith, Mr. Lew Brown, and Mr. W. C. Robinson.
Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, made up of rain, mud, snow, and cold, the guests enjoyed themselves to the utmost, and after partaking of a magnificent supper, music, and mirth, the guests separated with warm thanks to their host and hostess, who had afforded them so much pleasure, and with the aid of Arthur Bangs, most of them, we presume, found their own domiciles in due time.



Cowley County Historical Society Museum