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J. E. Snow

                                                       Attorney at Winfield.
                                             WINFIELD DIRECTORY 1885.
                                              WINFIELD CITY OFFICERS.
Mayor: W. G. Graham
Police Judge: W. H. Turner
City Treasurer: John D Pryor
Treasurer, Board of Education: G. W. Robinson.
Justices of the Peace: G. H. Buckman; J. E. Snow.
Meets every Friday night, at the A. O. U. W. Hall. J. E. Snow, S. C. T. J. Harris, Recorder.
Meets at the I. O. O. F. Hall every second and fourth Wednesday evenings. Sid Cure, P. C. J. E. Snow, adjutant.
Meets every Tuesday evening at the I. O. O. F. Hall. J. E. Snow, C. C.; L. H. Webb, K of R and S.
Arion Quartette, Messrs. Buckman, Blair, Shaw and Snow
Snow J E, attorney at law and justice of the peace, 215 e 9th, res 1521 Manning
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
                    [Speculation: Could “J. E. Snow” be the son of “M. H. Snow?”]
M. H. Snow...
Winfield Courier, March 28, 1878.
And now Omnia can boast of a good shoemaker, Mr. M. H. Snow, late of Carter Point, Iowa. ALEXANDER.
J. E. Snow, son of M. H. Snow???
Winfield Courier, June 27, 1878.
Mr. J. E. Snow, traveling agent of the Chicago Times and Post, called on us last Monday. He is visiting his father and other relatives who live in Omnia Township in this county. He has traveled all over Kansas and says that Cowley County is the best county in the state. He will buy land here before he leaves. We made the acquaintance with his father and were highly pleased with him.
M. H. Snow...
Winfield Courier, September 12, 1878.
Mr. M. H. Snow has moved to his farm in Rock Township. ALEXANDER.
First mention that I could find of J. E. Snow other than above...
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.

The members and adherents of the Episcopal Church in Winfield held a meeting yesterday morning to organize a parish. Rev. J. T. Colton, of Wichita, presided, and J. E. Snow was elected Secretary of the meeting. A parish was organized under the name of Grace Church, and the following officers were elect­ed: Senior Warden, G. A. Scovill; Junior Warden, T. C. Woodruff; Vestrymen, R. E. Wallis, T. K. Johnston, W. H. Smith, H. P. Vermilye, F. J. Sydal; Parish Clerk, J. E. Snow. The parish hopes to secure the services of a settled clergyman at an early date. Telegram.
Winfield Courier, April 21, 1881.
Mr. J. E. Snow is with the Hoosier grocery.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 25, 1881.
                                                   FROM THE MONITOR.
The new paper to be started at Hunnewell will be called “The Independent.” The material is owned by Mr. J. E. Snow, of Winfield, who has employed E. F. Widener to manage the concern.
Cowley County Courant, December 29, 1881.
Mr. J. E. Snow, the bass singer in the Episcopal Church choir, was presented Saturday evening by the members of the church with a beautiful Elgin watch and a fine chain.
Winfield Courier, December 29, 1881.
J. E. Snow was the recipient of a handsome watch from the members of Grace church Saturday evening, as a testimonial for the services he has rendered as leader of their choir.
Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.
                                                        The Governor’s Visit.

Governor St. John arrived promptly at 11 o’clock Saturday morning on the Santa Fe train and was received with a salute from Capt. Haight’s St. John battery, and a delegation of citizens with about thirty carriages, who escorted him through the principal streets of the City. The sidewalks were lined with dense crowds of enthusiastic people, who manifested their gratification at his arrival by rounds of cheers. The escort left him at the residence of Mr. Millington, who was to entertain him during his stay. In the afternoon the Governor conversed pleasantly with such friends as he happened to meet, and was driven about the city to observe the various improvements which had been made since his last visit. In the evening at 7 o’clock, the St. John battery fired salutes and an informal reception was held at Mr. Millington’s and notwithstanding the sleet and storm which had set in and continued, a large number of ladies and gentlemen called to pay their respects to the governor and the rooms were pleasantly filled with admiring friends to a reasonably late hour. The storm continued throughout the night and increased in violence. All day Sunday and during the evening, the wind was strong from the north and stinging with cold, the sharp hail cut one’s face like shot, the sand-like snow covered the ground to the depth of several inches, and it was almost impossible to walk on the streets and sidewalks. As 2 o’clock approached, the governor thought it impossible that many could get to the ball and desired to have it announced that the exercises would be adjourned until evening. Senator Hackney so announced to a few already assembled at the Hall, but immediately thereafter, Capt. Scott arrived with about sixty energetic ladies and gentlemen of Arkansas City who had come up on a special train chartered for that purpose, and who were determined not to miss the treat. Immediately the citizens came pouring into the hall and the Senator promised them that the governor should come forthwith and speak to them, and then went to the governor and escorted him to the Hall, where they found every seat occupied and many standing, an audience of more than seven hundred.
The exercises opened with Hackney in the chair, by an appropriate song from the quartette composed of Messrs. Buckman, Black, Blair, and Snow. Rev. J. E. Platter offered a prayer, another song by the quartette, and the chairman in a neat little speech introduced the speaker, who then addressed the enthusiastic and appreciative people for an hour with one of his grand, telling, and characteristic speeches. Another song by the quartette, benediction by Rev. F. M. Rains, and the courageous audience reluctantly retired.
It now became evident that more seats would be wanted and the managers procured two hundred and fifty more seats and filled the hall with seats to its full capacity. In the evening nine hundred seats were early filled with people and a great many were obliged to stand in the passages. More than a thousand people were present.
Exercises opened by prayer lead by Rev. H. A. Tucker, and song by the quartette, followed by one of the grandest speeches ever delivered. The governor held this crowded audience in rapt attention for about an hour and a half, and we believe they would have listened to him all night without exhibiting a sign of weariness. Another song by the quartette and Rev. C. H. Canfield dismissed the audience with a benediction. In this connection it is due to the gentlemen of the quartette to say that their music was of the highest order of merit and added greatly to the pleasure of the performances, for which they have the thanks of the entire audience and the compliments of the governor.
The events of this day prove beyond cavil, the affection, the high esteem, and admiration with which the people hold their governor, and are also a pretty strong indication that prohibition is not unpopular in this city. We are now convinced that had the weather been good, thousands of people from the country would have been present and thousands would have had to return disappointed, unless indeed the speaking had been done in the open air, for the country is where we find the real enthusiasm for St. John and the cause of which he is the most prominent exponent.
Winfield Courier, April 6, 1882.
The “Schubert Quartette,” composed of Misses Ida and Lizzie McDonald and Messrs. Snow and Cairns, will give a musical entertainment at Arkansas City, Saturday evening, for the benefit of the Y. M. C. A. of that place.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
                                                        IVANHOE PARTY.
The Ivanhoe Club, which has been holding regular meetings all winter, gave an entertainment on Tuesday evening to which their friends were invited. Over three hundred invitations were given and with but few exceptions were responded to by the presence of those invited. A program consisting of select readings, recitations, and music was rendered, after which the guests were invited to remain and participate in a social dance. Each and every part was well sustained and the entire evening was satisfactorily passed, the audience expressing themselves well pleased. The entertainment opened by a chorus by the club, entitled “Be Happy.”
Mr. Chas. H. Connell then recited in an excellent manner a poem by C. G. Eastman called “A Snow-storm.” It depicted a New England scene in mid winter and Mr. Connell brought out the beauties of the poem in an interesting and spirited manner.

Miss McCoy rendered upon the piano, Mill’s “Tarantolle,” which was beautifully performed and well received, after which a short temperance piece called “A Toast” was given by Miss Jessie Millington.
A duet, “Two Loving Sisters,” by two charming young ladies, Miss Jennie Hane and Miss Josie Bard, was beautifully sung. Miss Bard sings without any apparent effort and has a sweet, well cultivated voice which it is always a pleasure to listen to, while Miss Hane’s alto is superb.
Mr. W. H. Smith read “The Chapel Bell,” an excellent poem by J. G. Saxe. It is needless to say that it was well read.
Misses McCoy, Beeny, and Bard then favored the company by a finely executed piano trio “Fra Diavolo” by Czerny.
“Paul Revere’s Ride,” recited by Miss Florence Beeny, was one of the finest selections on the program and Miss Beeny did it full justice, her rendition showing a full conception of the subject and a perfectly cultivated voice.
A beautiful solo, “When the tide comes in,” by William Harrison, was sung by Miss Josie Bard and was received with enthusiasm. She was loudly encored, which was responded to in their behalf by Mr. Connell, by request of the club, with the charming Irish son of “The Horse shoe Over the Door,” which delighted the audience as well.
That grand old poem, “Oh, Why Should the Spirit of Mortal be Proud?” was read in an expressive manner by Mr. F. C. Hunt, which was followed by a piano recitation by Miss Beeny, which was beautiful.
“An Order for a Picture,” one of Alice Carey’s sweet poems, was read by Mr. W. C. Robinson in a natural and expressive style and received many compliments. Mr. Robinson then made a few remarks relative to the proceedings of the club meetings heretofore and expressed much pleasure in entertaining the friends of the Ivanhoe Club, and announced the next meeting on next Tuesday evening at the residence of Mr. M. L. Robinson.
Messrs. Snow and Buckman and Misses Bard and Hane closed the literary part of the entertainment with a “Good Night” song and the audience was dismissed, a large number of whom remained to participate in the dance, which with the excellent music furnished by the Roberts Brothers, was enjoyed by all.
The club wish to express their thanks to Mrs. Buckman for the use of her piano, and to Messrs. Buckman and Snow for their kindness in lending their voices to perfect the music.
Winfield Courier, June 22, 1882.
The musical entertainment and social given by the members of Grace Church at the Opera House last Thursday evening was a decided success and was very largely attended. The concert, beginning at 8 o’clock and continuing one hour, was indeed very entertaining and elicited much favorable comment from those present. It was a self-evident fact that the singing would be most excellent, for the members of the choir have a reputation for musical ability seldom equaled. Mrs. Shenneman has a lovely soprano voice, while Mrs. Albro’s alto is superb, and with Mr. Blair’s fine tenor and the strong bass voice of Mr. Snow combined to make a first-class quartette. Mrs. Frank Woodruff performed the instrumental part of the program, assisted, at the last, by Misses Bard and McCoy.

After the concert, refreshments consisting of ice cream, cake, and numerous varieties of fruit, were served by the ladies of the church. After refreshments the floor was cleared, and those who wished were given an opportunity to “trip the light fantastic,” to piano and cornet music furnished by Messrs. Ed. Farringer and Abe Steinberger.
Those in attendance seemed highly pleased with the entertainment, and the ladies of the church did everything possible to make the affair a success. The stage was very neatly arranged, the tables presented a tasty appearance, and the floral display was beautiful.
Socials, literary entertainments, etc., have been very numerous this season, but each one has been well attended and the ladies getting them up have been handsomely rewarded for their trouble, as were those of Grace Church, the receipts being about one hundred and fifty dollars.
Cowley County Courant, July 6, 1882.
Notwithstanding the failure of the committee on the 4th of July celebration, and now that the thing is over, we will say they were wholly and utterly inexcusable. A large crowd gathered at Riverside Park, to enjoy themselves in exercises peculiar to the day. The first thing on the program was singing by the Glee club, composed of Messrs. Buckman, Snow, and Blair, and Misses Bard and Tresize, with Miss Nettie McCoy as organist, which of course insured the best of music. After prayer by Rev. J. Cairns, the declamation of Independence was read by W. C. Robinson, in a clear, forcible manner. Then came the oration by Samuel Davis, Esq., this being his first effort, or as it is generally written, “maiden speech.” Sam astonished everybody except those who knew him best. Few young men are born with so much ability, and fewer still put it to so good account. Mr. Davis comes of pure Kentucky stock, and closely related to some of the greatest orators that state ever produced, which is saying a great deal when we remember that Clay, Murhall, Breckinridge, and Crittenden were natives of Kentucky. Sam will yet make his mark.
After more music an eloquent speech was made by Judge J. Wade McDonald, followed by Judge Tipton. We will not stop here to particularize, for it is not only expected, but understood, that these gentlemen always acquit themselves with distinguished credit.
Winfield Courier, July 6, 1882.
                                                       Winfield’s Celebration.

A number of our public spirited citizens concluded that it would not do to let the Fourth pass without the citizens of Winfield and vicinity celebrating in some way, the 100th anniversary of the Nation’s birth, so they got up a picnic at Riverside Park and arranged a program which proved a success, and drew a very large crowd with well-filled baskets from the city and surrounding country. The forenoon was passed in a very agreeable manner with music, singing, and various amusements. At 1 o’clock, after all had feasted sumptuously, the afternoon exercises began with music by a quartette selection from Winfield’s best musical talent, consisting of Messrs. Buckman and Snow and Mrs. Jewell and Swain, with Miss McCoy as instrumentalist, after which was the opening prayer by Rev. Cairns. The Declaration of Independence was read in a very able manner by Mr. Will Robinson. Samuel E. Davis then made his first appearance before the public as a speaker in a very eloquent and poetical oration. Sam astonished the audience by his pleasing manners and the ability with which he handled the subject of our Country’s Greatness, and it was a production that is not only a credit and an honor to himself, but one of which everyone may feel proud, coming as it did from a young man who has grown up with Cowley County, and whom we all feel is one of “our boys.” He was followed by Judges McDonald and Tipton, who delivered very sound and flowery addresses, overflowing with eloquence and true sentiment. These gentlemen are too well known throughout Cowley as able orators to make further comment necessary. After more music came the most interesting feature of the program to the mothers—the “baby show.” Three of our best looking old bachelors had been selected as judges: Messrs. Will Robinson, S. C. Smith, and Henry Goldsmith. They were to award the $3.00 premium to the prettiest cherub, $2.00 to the next, and $1.00 to the third. The boys gave the mothers a “fair and impartial” chance, and did their duty manfully, though their faces at times resembled a full bloom rose. A decision was finally reached and the following happy mothers received the premiums. Mrs. David Wilson, first premium; Mrs. Rev. Lahr, second; and Mrs. Thorpe, third. There were several foot races, boating, and many sources of amusement afforded those present. Taking the affair as a whole, it was a decided success, and the originators are entitled to much credit for the patriotic spirit shown in getting up the picnic.
Winfield Courier, July 20, 1882.
Winfield Lodge A. O. U. W. No. 18 on last Friday evening installed the following officers for the ensuing term.
P. M. W.: J. F. McMullen.
M. W.: J. Wade McDonald.
Foreman: C. C. Greene.
Overseer: Geo. E. Rinker.
Recorder: Geo. Corwin.
Receiver: G. S. Manser.
Financier: Frank T. Berkey.
Guide: Thos. Meyers.
I. W.: W. J. Hepler.
O. W.: J. E. Snow.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1882.
                                                       General Order No. 10.
The following old soldiers are appointed on the regimental staff of Cowley County Veterans: H. W. Marsh, Surgeon; J. E. Snow, Quartermaster Sergeant; J. A. Hurst, Chief Bugler. By order. T. H. SOWARD, Col. Com’d.
H. L. WELLS, Adj’t.
Winfield Courier, September 7, 1882.
                                J. E. Snow, Co. C. 19th Wis., Maj., 38th Wis. C. T.

Winfield Courier, September 14, 1882.
Frank Howland has charge of the freight department at the K. C., L. & S. Depot in place of J. E. Snow, resigned. J. E. now holds forth at Earnest’s grocery.
Winfield Courier, September 21, 1882.
The lecture of Hon. Schuyler Colfax on “Our Martyred Presidents,” at the Baptist Church last Wednesday evening was a highly interesting one, and was attended by a large number of our people. He handled his subject in a manner that elicited much favorable comment from the audience, though some complained of his poor enunciation. Incidents were recited of the life of Abraham Lincoln that would touch the heart of any American citizen. He compared the lives of Lincoln and Garfield very strikingly, and introduced many new illustrations of their sterling worth, purity of character, and executive abilities. Mr. Colfax held his audience spell-bound for an hour and thirty minutes. Those who failed to hear him missed a rare treat. Winfield’s male quartette (Messrs. Buckman, Blair, Snow, and Bowles) furnished some appropriate and beautiful music.
Winfield Courier, October 26, 1882.
T. H. Soward, H. L. Wells, J. E. Snow, J. A. McGuire, and Jacob Nixon went over to Dexter last Monday evening and organized Post No. 133 G. A. R., with J. D. Maurer, Post Commander; H. C. McDorman, S. V. C.; Megredy, S. V. C.; Wells, Treasurer, and O. P. Darst, Chaplain. Number of members: 19.
Note: Nothing has been said thus far about when Snow became an attorney...
Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1882.
                                                      Stockmen’s Meeting.
                                          ARKANSAS CITY, Dec. 18th, 1882.
Pursuant to notice published, calling a stockmen’s meeting at the Central Avenue, on Monday last, about thirty stockmen responded, and the meeting was called to order at 1 o’clock p.m. Mr. Hodges was called to the chair, and O. O. Clendenning was appointed Secretary. The Chairman then read an article from a Cherokee paper, stating what the Cherokee Council had done to prevent Eastern Companies from fencing, and thus depriving the stockmen of the several ranges for which they had paid and held license to in the Indian Territory.
Mr. J. E. Snow, Attorney of Winfield, then read a series of resolutions prepared by himself and W. P. Hackney, the acting attorneys for the stockmen. The resolutions are too lengthy to be inserted here, but the sum and substance was that the stockmen there assembled pledged themselves to abide by and aid each other to the utmost extremity in resisting the action of the fencing monopolies which are attempting to illegally force them from their ranges.
The resolutions were adopted and signed; and the following gentlemen, Messrs. F. M. Stewart, D. Warren, and W. H. Dunn, were appointed a committee to act in the premises and decide as to the action necessary to be taken to enforce the resolutions as adopted.
A motion was put and carried that the minutes of the meeting be published after which the meeting adjourned subject to a call of the committee.
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.
                                                        Attention Comrades.

There will be a meeting of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., Saturday, Nov. 18, 1882, at 3 o’clock p.m., sharp. Don’t fail to come; important business. T. H. SOWARD, Post Com’d.
J. E. SNOW, Act. Adj’t.
Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.
Miss Jennie Hane, Mrs. Jewell, and Messrs. Buckman and Snow, Winfield’s best musical quartette, with Miss McCoy as instrumentalist, have kindly volunteered to add to the attractions of the temperance entertainment Friday evening by a thirty minute concert preceding the drama which is to be presented by the Temperance Dramatic Club. The quartette has been practicing a number of pieces especially for the occasion. Let all turn out and enjoy the best entertainment of the season.
Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.
                                                         The Spy of Atlanta.
The Committee on behalf of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., and St. John’s Battery of this city, wish through your paper to express our high appreciation of the presentation of the Spy of Atlanta given here on the evenings of December 14, 15, and 16 by Col. L. D. Dobbs.
Col. Dobbs gave us a first-class entertainment, surpassing the expectation of everyone who witnessed it; and causing our best judges of theatricals to pronounce the Spy of Atlanta the most interesting entertainment ever given in our city.
To say that the performance under the skillful management of Col. Dobbs was a complete success, and to commend the Spy of Atlanta under the management of the Col. to the Grand Army of the Republic of Kansas is only an act of justice.
S. V. Devendorf as “Jake Schneider,” was immense, a complete show in himself—his every appearance convulsed the audience in roars of laughter. Devendorf as a comedian is an artist and will always be welcomed in Winfield with a crowded house.
Mrs. R. Jillson was as fine a conception and presentation of the character of Maud Dalton as could be wished; natural, graceful, and original. She won the hearts of the audience and gave to the character of “Maud” a sublime pathos that melted and moved our hearts and tears at her bidding.
The Post and Battery most cordially thank her for contributing so much talent for our benefit.
Mrs. Haight as Mrs. “Dalton,” showed all the true motherly feeling of the character she represented. She was a true mother and we know no higher praise.
Miss Josie Bard, as “Carrie Dalton,” was just what you would expect her to be. Her presentation of the flag was perfect, her singing of the “Star Spangled Banner” grand, and when her wonderfully sweet and cultured voice accompanied by her guitar rendered the “Vacant Chair,” we were glad the chair was vacant, that we might hear the song.
R. M. Bowles as “Edwin Dalton the Spy,” was equal to the leading character of the play. Mr. Bowles is a cultured actor, and his rendition of “Edwin Dalton” was grand. As husband, brother, soldier, prisoner, and spy “Richard was himself” a natural artist.
George H. Buckman represented “Farmer Dalton” so naturally that we thought we were in the country, and felt like we wanted to stay there the balance of our life with the grand old gentleman.

Col. Whiting as “General Sherman,” was a fine conception of the character of the general of our army. He looked and acted the soldier and though surrounded by a brilliant staff was the hero.
The children, Harry and Lottie Caton, as “Little Willie and Nannie,” captivated the audience. Brave “Willie!” Gentle “Nannie!” God will surely bless such noble children.
The tableaux were the finest we ever saw and the young ladies who composed them are as beautiful off the stage as they were in the tableaux.
We would like to describe the beautiful angel, but if we speak of one justice would demand the same of all and our communication would be suppressed on account of its length.
We must thank the “Sisters of Charity,” Misses Ida Bard and Mary Berkey, and felt like we would be willing to be wounded ourselves, if we could look up into their sweet faces.
Samuel Davis as “Pete,” was a life-like personation of a true southern darkey. He was one of the best actors in the cast.
To the soldiers commanded by Capt. Finch and others, we tender our thanks for their assistance and military bearing.
In this notice is it impossible to do justice to all, but rest assured that we feel grateful for the kindness shown us by the entire cast.
Committee: SAM. BARD, Chairman; H. L. WELLS, N. A. HAIGHT, J. E. SNOW,
A. B. Snow and J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
Winfield Lodge No. 18, A. O. U. W., held its regular election of officers on Friday, December 29, 1882, with the following result.
M. U., C. C. Green.
F., W. J. Hodges.
O., A. B. Snow.
Rec., E. F. Blair.
Fin., J. F. McMullen.
R., G. S. Manser.
G., S. J. Hepler.
O. W., J. E. Snow.
I. W., B. M. Legg.
Trustee, W. J. Hodges.
Representative, D. M. Legg.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
In the absence of the lady members of the Presbyterian choir, the music was furnished Sunday evening by a male quartette, consisting of Messrs. Buckman, Snow, Blair, and Quay, with Prof. Stimson at the instrument. Their music was really charming.
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.
Post No. 85, G. A. R., meets at Odd Fellow’s hall every 2nd and 4th Wednesday of each month. All comrades in good standing are cordially invited to attend.
J. E. SNOW, Adjutant. H. W. STUBBLEFIELD, Post Commander.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1883.

J. E. Snow will be a candidate for Police Judge at the coming city election. Mr. Snow is a capable man and will make an excellent officer.
Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.
                                                     STRATEGY, MY BOY.
Some of the fellows have got up a ticket for the city election next Tuesday. They call it a kind of compromise ticket, claiming that it is on both sides of party politics, prohibition, water works, and every other question. Most of the candidates named are good fair men, but there is too little prohibition in it to call it a compromise on that question, being one prohibitionist to eight antis. In politics it is five Democrats, three Republicans, and one Greenbacker. The names are: Emerson for mayor; Kretsinger and Keck for council; Snow for police judge; O’Hare for city attorney; Silver and Wallis for school board; and Long and Pratt for constables. It looks to us that the main point of the ticket is to elect councilmen in the interest of Mart Robinson’s water works, for the getters up are willing to trade off any of their candidates except Krets. The water works fellows want Krets bad. They would trade off the balance of the ticket if necessary, but he must be retained at all hazards. The fact is, they know Krets would do anything that Mart would ask and he would ask even worse things than he would do himself. If they had put Frank Finch and Capt. Siverd on their ticket for constables, they would have shown a great deal more sagacity, for they are tried men doing their duty honestly, carefully, and fairly, and will get the votes of the best men of all parties and factions. There is talk of calling a public meeting to nominate a ticket.
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
                                                              The Election.
The city election Tuesday passed off very quietly, but little interest being manifested. On Monday evening a number of citizens met at the Opera House and placed a ticket in the field. Another meeting was held the same evening, which made up a second ticket. Dr. George Emerson was the unanimous candidate for Mayor by both meetings. The two tickets represented no distinctive issue of any character, unless it might have been termed a “waterworks” issue. In the first ward John McGuire was elected to the council over H. Silver by three majority. In the second ward D. L. Kretsinger was elected over S. L. Gilbert by forty majority. Capt. H. H. Siverd and Frank W. Finch were re-elected constables.
                                                              Votes shown.
MAYOR: George Emerson: 4481.
POLICE JUDGE: J. E. Snow, 230; L. L. Beck, 255.
CITY ATTORNEY: Jos. O’Hare: 432.
TREASURER SCHOOL BOARD: George W. Robinson, 270; W. J. Wilson, 225.
CONSTABLES: H. H. Siverd, 299; Frank W. Finch, 251; David Long, 225; Jas. McLain,
COUNCILMEN: 1st Ward, John A. McGuire, 132; H. Silver, 129.
COUNCILMEN: 2nd Ward, D. L. Kretsinger, 132; S. L. Gilbert, 92.
SCHOOL BOARD: 1st Ward, Dr. W. G. Graham, 259; 2nd ward, J. P. Short, 137; 2nd Ward, H. Brotherton, 89.
The new council is made up as follows.

All including the Mayor are Republicans, three councilmen and the Mayor are “anti-water-works”; in other words, in favor of holding the company down to the strict letter of their contract. Three are prohibitionists, and one an anti-prohibitionist.
Winfield Courier, April 12, 1883.
We are in receipt of a circular from the headquarters of the Grand Army of the Republic at Omaha, which announces, among other appointments, the name of J. E. Snow, of Winfield, Kansas, as aid-de-camp to the commander in chief. There are eleven of the aids selected from different states. This is a high compliment to Mr. Snow, and gives him the title of Brigadier-General. He will be one of the high-muck-a-mucks at the Denver National Encampment in July. Present, Arms!!
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
The great hit of the occasion was the song by the Arion Quartette, which we print in another place. This quartette consisted of E. F. Blair, G. I. Buckman, C. C. Black, and J. E. Snow. The song was composed by E. F. Blair. Their performance “brought down the house,” and they were twice so loudly and so long and persistently cheered and encored that they were compelled to come out again with a song. Then there was a great demand among the editors for a copy. It was with great difficulty that we induced Blair to give us a copy to be printed, he saying that “there was nothing to it but a little local trash which would be flat the moment that the occasion was past.” We printed and distributed 100 copies to the editors. A large number of the editorial party did not hear it and others wanted to hear it again, so we got up an informal social in the evening at the hall and there was a large crowd present when the Quartette was called out again, sang the song, and the plaudits and encores were greater than before. After singing two other songs, they retired. Mr. Buckman was the committee on music, and it must be said that he and his associates did themselves proud.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1883.
                                                    WE WILL CELEBRATE.
                                     An Enthusiastic Meeting and Gratifying Results.
By virtue of a previous call, the citizens met to devise ways and means for a 4th of July celebration at Winfield. Capt. J. S. Hunt was elected President, and O. M. Seward, Secretary.
Hon. C. C. Black stated the object of the meeting, and Col. Whiting moved to celebrate. Carried.
On motion Mayor Emerson was elected President of the day, and Col. Whiting, Marshal, with power to select his own aids, and have general charge of programme for the day.
On motion the following committees were appointed.
Finance: J. P. Baden, J. B. Lynn, M. L. Robinson.
Grounds: S. C. Smith, D. L. Kretsinger, E. P. Greer.
Programme: J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, H. D. Gans.
Committee on Indians: W. J. Hodges, N. C. Myers, Col. Whiting.
Special Trains: Kennedy, Branham, H. E. Asp.
Amusements: C. C. Black, T. M. McGuire, John Keck, Jas. Vance, A. T. Spotswood, and J. Wade McDonald.
Fire Works: Henry Goldsmith, J. P. Baden, M. O’Hara.

Music: Crippen, Buckman, Snow.
Military Display: Capt. Haight, Dr. Wells, Col. Whiting.
Speakers: Rembaugh, Millington, Hackney.
On motion the meeting adjourned to meet at call of president, or chairman of committees.
                                                      J. S. HUNT, President.
O. M. SEWARD, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 21, 1883.
                                                        Attention, Comrades!
The next regular meeting of the Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., will occur on Wednesday, June 27th, at 8 o’clock p.m., at Odd Fellows Hall. All members are hereby earnestly requested to be present, as business of importance will come before the meeting. This notice means come. Regular meetings 2nd and 4th Wednesdays of each month.
                                 By order of H. W. STUBBLEFIELD, Commander.
Attest: J. E. SNOW, Adjutant.
Winfield Courier, August 23, 1883.
                                               A Rousing Temperance Meeting.
No better proof is needed of the fact that the people of Winfield have no idea of “going back on Prohibition,” than was given in the immense throng that gathered, and the enthusiasm manifested, at the union temperance meeting in the M. E. Church on last Sunday evening. Services at the other churches were dispensed with to give all an opportunity to attend this meeting. It was conducted by the W. C. T. U. of this city. Beautiful and appropriate music was furnished by a choir composed of Mrs. Shenneman, Mrs. Albro, Mr. Buckman, and Mr. Snow, with Prof. Stimson at the instrument. After scriptural reading, and an opening prayer by Mrs. Lowry, Rev. P. F. Jones took the stand and delivered one of the best short temperance addresses we ever heard from a Winfield pulpit He spoke at first of the immoral and degrading influences of the drink habit, and finally warmed to the subject of the apparent disregard by a certain class in our city of the Prohibitory law, branding such lawlessness as a damning disgrace to an intelligent community. He admonished the people to do their duty regarding this matter, to give no countenance to the liquor traffic in any way whatever, and to see that the officers did their sworn duty in punishing the law-breakers. He was followed by Mrs. Garlick, who read in a pleasing manner extracts from a lecture by Rev. Dr. Noble, of Chicago, proving total abstinence as the only biblical doctrine.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
J. E. Snow, of Winfield, was in the city yesterday. A Democrat for twenty-seven years, he will vote the entire Republican ticket next Tuesday.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1883.
J. E. Snow, of Winfield, says he will match the Mr. Eick, who recently held forth in the opera house in this city, in a go-as-you-please race, for a square heel-and-toe walk for any sum from $50 to $200—the walk to take place either at Arkansas City or Winfield. We believe Mr. Eick is at present a resident of our city, and if disposed to make a match, can address Mr. Snow at Winfield.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1883.

Governor Glick has appointed J. E. Snow as Justice of the Peace in place of T. H. Soward, resigned. His commission was received Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
                                                  Commissioners Proceedings.
Official bonds of G. H. McIntire and J. E. Snow were accepted.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
The following officers were duly installed Wednesday evening of last week by Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R.
C. E. Steuven, P. C.
S. Cure, S. V. P. C.
B. W. Stout, J. V. P. C.
H. L. Wells, Surgeon.
A. H. Limerick, Q. M.
C. Trump, O. of D.
J. E. Snow, Adj’t.
A. B. Arment, Chaplain.
M. M. Scott, O. G.
Sam’l Smedley, Guard.
J. H. Finch, Serg’t Maj.
N. W. Dressie, Q. M. Serg’t.
The post mustered during the year, 1883, 127 recruits, and 70 during the last quarter of 1883, and now numbers 163, with regular attendance of about 60, and is booming.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1884.
                                         Sudden Ending of a Long and Useful Life.

At about eleven o’clock on last Sunday morning, Mr. R. B. Wood, father of Mr. B. F. Wood, of the milling firm of Bliss & Wood, committed suicide by hanging, at his residence. For some time previously his mind had been in an unsound condition, so much so that he was seldom left alone. On this morning he seemed stronger and brighter than usual, and mentioned the fact to his wife and urged her to go to church, that, feeling as he did, it would be perfectly safe to leave him with the little boys. She concluded to go, and when starting off, she noticed that he held in his hand a small stick of pine about a foot long and that he looked after her in an unusual manner. He went from the sitting room shortly after, his absence being unnoticed by the little boys who were with him. One of the boys soon after went to the cellar for some cobs, and on opening the door, which led in from a cellar way going down from the south porch, the dead body of his father fell back on the cellar floor. The little fellow recognized the situation and gave the alarm. The old gentleman had taken the stick before mentioned, tied a piece of cotton line rope in the center of it, gone down cellar and placed the stick on the outside of the door, and then shut it. The rope was small enough to interfere in no way with latching the door. He then, from appearances, placed a three gallon tin coal oil can against the door, got upon it, and after tying the rope around his neck, kicked the can from under himself. He seemed to have made no struggles, probably from the weak condition of his body. He looked as calm and tranquil as though in a peaceful sleep, the only scar appearing on his person being a small cut on the right hand, where he had probably thrown it out against the stone wall. An inquest was held by Justice Snow Sunday evening, the Coroner being inaccessible, and a verdict of self destruction by hanging, found.
About the time of the burning of Bliss and Wood’s Mill, the deceased made Cowley a visit and spent some time with his son in this city. He was delighted with our county and determined to return to his home in Adams County, Ohio, dispose of the old homestead on which he had resided for thirty-five years, and bring his wife and two little sons, who are aged respectively twelve and fourteen, with his effects to Cowley County. On his return to Ohio he suddenly began to decline in mind and body, but his energetic spirit enabled him to prepare for the removal and get as far as Franklin, Indiana, where he stopped to visit two daughters. Here his mind became so enfeebled that, upon medical examination, it was thought that the only alternative left was to place him in the asylum at Indianapolis, where he was taken. He remained there from April to August last, when upon his slight improvement, Mr. B. F. Wood went on, secured his furlough from the asylum, and brought him to Winfield, where he has since resided with his family. The old gentleman seemed to recuperate here in body, and at times his mind was quite rational. Though able to talk with the family occasionally, he several times complained of his condition and wished that he had the nerve to take his life, but said that there was no danger of his doing so for the likelihood of his being strong enough was very impossible. He had been partially deaf for the past five years. During his residence in Winfield, he had been from the house but once or twice, being able, at one time, to attend church.
Mr. R. B. Wood was born in New York State in the year 1816, and was, therefore, in his sixty-eighth year at the time of death. While young he moved with his parents to Ohio. At the age of seventeen he was converted and joined the Baptist Church. Three years after he was elected deacon of the Morefield, Ohio, Baptist Church, and filled the position for over forty years. On March 9, 1838, he was married to Susan Ann Ferguson, who died November 2, 1867. On November 5, 1868, he was married to Mary Wertman, who still survives him, aged fifty. He was the father of twelve children, all now living, ten by his first wife and two by his second, eight of whom are married and with their companions, are Baptists. Including his grandchildren, thirty of his descendants are Baptists. A daughter in Washington Territory, aged twenty-four, has recently been appointed to a missionary field in India, and will go to it in a short time. Two daughters reside in Franklin, Indiana, one of them the wife of Rev. Norman Carr, who is traveling representative of the Franklin Baptist College, and the other the wife of J. W. Montcrief, Prof. of Ancient History and Literature in the same college. A  son, Prof. James Wood, is Supt. of Public Schools of Salem, Indiana. Two sons reside in Kansas, Rev. and B. F. Wood. The oldest son lives at Norwalk, Ohio, and the oldest daughter on a farm joining the Ohio homestead. The oldest child is forty-four years old and the youngest twelve.
The funeral services were held at the Baptist Church on Wednesday at 2 o’clock p.m., Rev. J. Cairns officiating.
J. E. Snow, as “Teddy,” in play...
Winfield Courier, February 28, 1884.

The “German Volunteer,” by Winfield Post G. A. R., was greeted at the Opera House during four nights of last week with crowded houses. About forty persons took part and many of the characters were splendidly represented. Next to the German comedian, Will D. Saphar, who managed the play, Mr. F. F. Leland, as Horace St. Claire, received the highest praises. Frank has natural dramatic talent and a little practice would make him equal to many professional actors. Mr. W. A. McCartney’s appearance as Walter Morton, the Southerner, was appropriate and he rendered the part well. Walter Denning as John Harvey, G. H. Buckman as Col. St. Claire, Mit A. Bates as Charlie White, J. C. Evans as Milton Dare, J. E. Snow as “Teddy,” B. F. Stout as Major Clark, Col. Whiting as General U. S. A., F. J. Friend as Colonel U. S. A., Dave Harter as Uncle Jeff, John Herndon as Sam, A. H. Limerick as General C. S. A., Miss Cora Robins as May St. Claire, Miss Ida Vanlew as Mrs. St. Claire, and Miss Myrtle Page as Lizzie Morton, were the principal participants in the play, and we regret that lack of space prevents individual comment. The general verdict of the public was that the Post furnished a first-class amateur entertainment. The tableaux were very fine. The Post’s share of the proceeds put a neat sum into its treasury for the relief of old soldiers, their wives, and children in Cowley who, through one cause and another, are needy and worthy of assistance. Many such have been found, and Winfield Post is doing a grand work by taking them into its care.
Snow announces for Justice of the Peace. Loses to Buckman...
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.
G. H. Buckman is announced as a candidate for re-election as Justice of the peace for this city. George is a good one, understands the law, and is conscientious in his duties, and it is rare that a candidate so well fitted for such office is presented. Besides he is popular and of course everybody will vote for him.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.
J. E. Snow is also a candidate for Justice of the peace as also appears in this issue. Snow is a man of intelligence, judgment, and ability, who is conscientious and will do his duty promptly and pleasantly. He has the elements of popularity and will make a first class Justice.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1884.
At the coming City Election I shall be a candidate for the office of Justice of the Peace. Believing that I am competent to perform the duties of the same, I respectfully ask that you support me. J. E. SNOW.
Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.
The election for city officers Tuesday passed off quietly, only about 550 votes being polled. The following is the result.
                                                            FIRST WARD.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE: G. H. Buckman, 270; J. E. Snow, 168; L. L. Beck, 137.
                                                         SECOND WARD.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE: G. H. Buckman, 205; J. E. Snow, 131; L. L. Beck, 96.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1884.
Andrew Shaw, a colored laundryman of the city, was brought before Justice Snow Wednesday charged with ravishing a young colored woman.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.

A post of G. A. R. was mustered at New Salem Tuesday evening by Adjutant Snow of twenty members. G. W. Jackson is Post Commander and C. C. Krow adjutant. He also organized last week a Post in Harvey Township of seventeen with R. S. Strother, commander, and W. Rash, adjutant.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
                                                             Memorial Day.
At a meeting of Winfield Post No. 85, the following comrades of the Post at the place were appointed a committee of arrangements: H. H. Siverd, Chairman; A. H. Limerick, James McDermott, J. E. Snow, and C. Trump, with power to appoint sub-committees. A general invitation is extended to all the Posts in the county and to all old soldiers and citizens to participate in the memorial services, May 20th. By order of the committee.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1884.
Quincy A. Glass, H. L. Wells, J. E. Snow, and a number of others whose names we did not get are in attendance upon the Grand Lodge of Knights of Pythias at Wichita.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1884.
There will be memorial services held in the M. E. Church May 25, 1884, at 11 o’clock a.m., in commemoration of our fallen heroes. Sermon by Rev. B. Kelly. Decoration services at the Union Cemetery May 30th at 1 o’clock p.m., under the auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic. The public are invited to attend.
   By order of the Executive Committee, H. H. Siverd, Chairman; J. E. Snow, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1884.
Members of Winfield Post No. 85, Grand Army of the Republic, will meet at their hall Sunday, May 25th, 10 o’clock sharp, to attend services at the M. E. Church in commemoration of our dead comrades. All old soldiers not members of the G. A. R. are requested to join the ranks on the street and march with us to the Church.
   By order of the Executive Committee, H. H. Siverd, Chairman; J. E. Snow, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.
                                         MEMORIAL DAY, MAY 30TH, 1884.
                                   Order of Exercises, Formation of Procession, etc.
                                                      ORDER OF MARCH.
The column will march south on Main Street to 10th Avenue, then countermarch north on Main Street to 7th Avenue, then east on 7th Avenue to Gray Street, north on Gray Street to city limits, and thence to Union Cemetery, where the decorating of the graves of the deceased soldiers will take place, under the auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic.
By Order of the Executive Committee.
H. H. SIVERD, Chairman.
J. E. SNOW, Adjutant and Secretary of Committee.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.
                                               Soldiers Graves in the Cemetery.

The public are requested to report the exact location of the graves of deceased soldiers in any of the Winfield Cemeteries to comrade J. H. Finch, A. D. C., prior to May 30th, 1884, or meet him at Winfield Cemetery after 1 o’clock p.m., May 30th. By order of Executive Committee. H. H. SIVERD, Chairman; J. E. SNOW, Adj’t and Sec’y.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.
A Card. On behalf of the Grand Army of the Republic, we desire to thank Mrs. W. R. McDonald, Mrs. G. L. Rinker, and Mrs. J. A. Cooper for decorating the M. E. Church on Memorial Day—the ladies of the Baptist Church for the kind reception, and the Rev. Comrade B. Kelly and Rev. J. Cairns for their splendid sermons—Col. Wm. Whiting, Chief Marshal—The Fire Department—Courier and Juvenile Bands for their music—The Citizens of Vernon Township for flowers, and the public generally for their manifestation of kind feeling. By order of executive committee. H. H. Siverd, Chairman; J. E. Snow, Adj’t. and Sec’y. of Committee.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
                                          Fourth of July—Attention Old Soldiers.
The Grand Army of the Republic and all old soldiers are expected to assemble at Post No. 85, over Baden’s dry goods store, in Winfield, July 3rd, at 3 p.m. sharp and march to the Fair Grounds, where a bean supper, dress parade, and grand camp fire and torch light drill will take place with other amusing army exercises. The following committees have been appointed by Post No. 85 to carry out the programme for the 3rd and 4th of July.
Executive Committee: T. H. Soward, H. H. Siverd, J. H. Finch, A. E. Davis, and Geo. Crippen.
Invitation Committee: C. E. Steuven, J. E. Snow, and A. B. Arment.
Committee on Program: S. C. Smith, W. E. Tansey, and Capt. Wakefield.
Committee on Quarters: J. C. Long, Sid Cure, and C. Trump.
Reception Committee: H. L. Wells, C. E. Steuven, Capt. Wakefield, A. E. Davis, and J. E. Snow.
Torch Committee: H. L. Wells, C. Trump, and Dr. Stiles.
Committee on Police: J. H. Finch, chief police on fair ground, J. E. Snow, and B. W. Stout.
Committee on Music: Geo. Crippen, H. W. Stubblefield, and J. W. Arrowsmith.
Fuel, quarters, and rations free of charge to all old soldiers and their families. A jolly good time to all old veterans without money and without price. Come.
Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.
Attention Soldiers. All who contemplate attending the National encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic at Minneapolis, Minnesota, which begins on July 21, 1884, are requested to send their names to either of the undersigned, on or before July 10th, 1884, in order that arrangements may be made for transportation.
                                 C. E. Steuven, Post Commander; J. E. Snow, Adjt.
Justice Snow...
Arkansas City Traveler, August 27, 1884.
Mention was made in last week’s issue of an amorous couple arrested in Cambridge. Their trial was had before J. E. Snow, of Winfield, last Thursday, and resulted in the man being fined $200 and costs and sentenced to six months in jail; the woman’s sentence was thirty days in jail and $25 fine.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1884.

Winfield will be represented at the Minneapolis Reunion by the following persons, so far as we have been able to ascertain: C. Ferguson, J. E. Snow, R. Amrine, L. B. Stone, A. R. Wilson, M. G. Troup, J. B. Schofield _____ Smith, T. J. Harris, N. A. Haight, A. G. Wilson, Thos. Thompson, S. C. Smith, and S. Cure. Delegations from other sections of the county will congregate in this city and all take a special train Sunday morning.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1884.
Chas. Steuven, Sid Cure, M. J. Stimson, L. B. Stone, J. E. Snow, and A. G. Wilson, part of our delegation to the National G. A. R. Encampment at Minneapolis, have strayed in, feeling weary and worn, but with glowing stories of handshakes with Gens. Logan, Sherman, and other “Old War Horses,” and of the glorious time enjoyed all around.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1884.
The case of R. H. Black, the tree agent who absconded with another man’s wife, was tried Thursday before Justice Snow. It resulted in the man being fined $200 and sentenced to jail for six months and the woman was fined $25 and sentenced to jail for thirty days.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.
A very interesting feature of the meeting of the Blaine and Logan Club Monday evening was the Winfield Glee Club, composed of Messrs. Buckman, Blair, Snow, and Shaw. The Campaign songs brought down the house. The Glee Club will be an interesting feature of our great political rally of October 13th, when Hons. Ingalls, Martin, and Perkins will address the people of Cowley, at Winfield.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
                                    BURDEN’S REPUBLICAN ENTHUSIASM.
A number of our citizens attended the Blaine and Logan pole raising at Burden on Monday and report the biggest crowd that our sister city, considering all her previous big days, ever saw. And the enthusiasm was equal to the magnificent crowd. The Winfield Glee Club, composed of Messrs. Blair, Snow, Roberts, Shaw, and Crozier, with Prof. Stimson, organist, and Burden’s two splendid brass bands, furnished the best of music for the occasion, while Messrs. Jennings and Asp delivered rousing addresses. The pole was one hundred and twenty-five feet high and was raised without an accident. In striking contrast was this demonstration to the Democratic pole raising at the same place a few weeks ago, when they had to call on Republicans to help boost their poor old stick into the air; where no music, no speaking, and no crowd were the principal attractions—a regular Democratic fizzle. Burden and vicinity are rife with true-blue, energetic, intelligent Republicans, and the fact that enough Democrats can’t be found to raise a Cleveland and Hendricks pole is the greatest index to the prosperity, substantial and general enterprise of that sprightly little city and surrounding territory.
                                       INGALLS, MARTIN, AND PERKINS.
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1884.

Monday was a day which will be long remembered in the political history of Cowley. The morning opened with a drizzling rain, but by ten o’clock Old Sol smiled serenely down, drying things off, and leaving a pure, balmy atmosphere. By noon our streets were alive with people, all with joyous step, beaming eyes, and eager words, exhibiting the greatest enthusiasm for the Republican County, State, and National tickets. All day the crowd was occasionally augmented by a newly arrived delegation from some surrounding city or town and by night all was crowd and jam. Many of our business houses were gaily festooned with red, white, and blue bunting and the National flag appeared in all quarters, in honor of that party which made a glorious record on many a bloody field during the dark days from 1860 to 1864; in honor of that party which needs not to apologize for the past, to blush for its present, or to shrink in dread from its future. The crowd seemed animated, jolly, and patient, yet intensely concerned in the great interests and issues at sake, and all eagerly manifested their loyalty and devotion to the great and grand party of Lincoln, Garfield, Sumner, Grant, Sherman, Blaine, and Logan. Uniformed Blaine and Logan clubs were present from Arkansas City, Burden, New Salem, Wellington, and other surrounding towns while the Wellington Cornet Band joined with our Courier Cornet and Juvenile Bands in furnishing splendid entertainment for the vast crowd. The bands were untiring and received many praises from all. But especially notable were the campaign songs of the Cowley County Glee Club, Frank Blair, leader, and Messrs. Buckman, Roberts, Snow, and Shaw, members, with Prof. Stimson, organist. Their many renditions at the Opera House in the afternoon and evening were received with hilarious applause and won them fame, as was evidenced by the numerous invitations they received to attend rallies at different places. They made a name which would make the famous Topeka Modock Club sick with envy.
The Blaine and Logan clubs, headed by the band, and toned up by a club of uniformed cavalrymen, marched to the Santa Fe train at 11 a.m., and met the lions of the day, Senator J. J. Ingalls, Hon. John A. Martin, Hon. B. W. Perkins, and Dr. Philip Krohn, escorting them to the Brettun House, where they were entertained. At two o’clock the same procession escorted the speakers to the Opera House, where, after some stirring songs from the Glee Club, Senator W. P. Hackney introduced Hon. Jno. A. Martin, the next Governor of Kansas, who came forward amid the wildest cheering and delivered a telling address. Those few who had been in doubt as to Mr. Martin’s standing on any issue were thoroughly convinced by his direct, open, and unmistakable declaration of principles. He arraigned the Democratic party for its many disgraceful acts from its inception, and especially its record of 1856 to 1860 in attempting by force, fraud, fire, and sword to plant slavery upon the fair plains of Kansas; for its attempts to kill liberty and make American slavery National; for its shot-gun and tissue ballot frauds by which it has kept the South solid; and for its general rottenness. Touching state issues he was very outspoken. He frankly accepted the legally rendered decision of the people on the prohibition question and was squarely in favor of the law adopted by the legislature to sustain it; he acknowledged the right of the majority to rule in this as well as in all other legislative questions; that the constitution and laws touching prohibition had been sustained in all points, by the Supreme Court, and that if elected governor of this great State he would not perjure himself by seeking to nullify these or any other parts of the constitution and laws of the state, or by any action seek to bring them into disfavor or contempt. He would deem it an insult to his audience or the voters of Kansas to even think that they desired him to do so.

Senator John J. Ingalls was then introduced, not to make a set speech, for he was on the evening program, but merely to appear on behalf of his old friend, Col. Martin. His endorsement of Mr. Martin was brief and bristling and such as did honor, not only to the candidate for governor, but to himself. This brief introduction was an index to the magnificent treat in waiting for the crowd in the evening.
Judge H. C. Mechem, county attorney of Franklin County, also made a pithy speech, setting forth logically his reasons for not being a Democrat.
The evening program opened with a grand torchlight procession of Plumed Knights and a fine pyrotechnic display. The many torches, the evolutions of the uniformed companies, with the whole air filled with varied and brilliant colored lights, was a magnificent picture. By eight o’clock standing room in the Opera House was at a premium. The first speaker was Hon. B. W. Perkins, our congressman. Without flowery rhetoric, he proceeded to “do up” the Democracy in a straight forward, matter-of-fact manner that immediately won his auditors. He painted a vivid picture of the condition of this country when it first came under Republican rule: empty treasury, divided states, a population of but 30,000,000, a local currency, and a complete condition of uncertain anarchy. Under twenty-three years’ Republican guidance, the treasury now contains a surplus; our debt has been and is being largely paid; a complete sisterhood of states; a growth to 55,000,000 of people; a currency which passes for value received in any civilized country of the globe; bonds at a premium, and a state of prosperity unequaled by any Nation of the world. He wound up by declaring his fealty to the boys in blue and his determination to fight for their rights as long as he had a voice on the floor of congress.
Hon. John J. Ingalls, Kansas’ senior senator, then came forward in an address whose smoothness, keen logic, and withering sarcasm made every Democrat squirm and hunt a convenient exit. The Senator has a flow of language, clear, penetrating voice, and a superior ability that at once captivates an audience. He proved the legality of the electoral commission of 1876 in declaring the election of Hayes and Wheeler and showed the utter falsity of the democratic howl of fraud. He cited the ghostliness of any party that would go trailing along after that old superstition and reminiscence, Sam Tilden, and compared the Democratic party to a garbage ground where all the filth, refuse, and scum of humanity found a reception. He brought out, with that command of English peculiar to the Senator, all the disgrace, meanness, and disloyalty of the Democratic party all along its dark career: from its secession days to its last great miscarriage, the nomination of Sheriff Cleveland, the man with the nine-year-old record. Speaking of the wonderful prosperity of America under Republican rule and mentioning Kansas especially, he said: “If Kansas’ wheat crop for this year was loaded on one freight train, when the engine was in Chicago, the caboose would be in Denver City; and if her corn crop was put on a single train, when the engine was in New York City, the caboose would be among the Rocky mountains; and if all her wheat, corn, hogs, cattle, and other products were put on a continuous train, when the engine was in New York City, the rear car would be on the coast at San Francisco.” He expressed heartfelt thanks for the appreciation shown him by the Republicans of Cowley County and of Kansas and a desire to so labor in their behalf as would merit continued appreciation and honor the great state he represented.

At the conclusion of Senator Ingalls’ address, the crowd called vociferously for Col. Martin, who appeared ’mid loud cheers and manifestations of respect and honor. The Colonel voiced his sincere gratitude for the ovation given him by the people of Cowley and commended them for their loyalty to Republicanism and right, giving this as an index to the county’s wonderful prosperity. In this connection he said: “There used to be a saying abroad in the land indicating that Providence was Democratic, because Providence sends rain, rain makes corn, and corn makes Democrats. The proper version of this saying is, Providence sends rain, rain makes good wheat, big corn and pumpkins, and these obese products make prosperity, and prosperity makes Republicans.”
While the vast Opera House audience was being entertained, a large overflow meeting on Main street was being addressed by Dr. Philip Krohn, of Atchison, Hon. W. P. Hackney, and Henry E. Asp. Dr. Krohn is one of Kansas’ ablest speakers, and threw shot and shell into the Democratic ranks in a way that drove them all into their little “caves of gloom.” He denounced G. Washington Glick in terms so keen, cutting, and sarcastic that the gubernatorial accident must have rubbed his hardened conscience in a remorseful wince even at the distance of Topeka.
This grand Republican demonstration laid every Democrat in his political casket and nothing but melancholy, chagrin, and distrust covers his wrinkled brow, while he shies around for a hole through which to avoid inevitable consequence by crawling into the ranks of the Great and Grand Republican Party.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.
                                                      Attention, Grand Army.
The next regular meeting of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R., will take place Dec. 10, 1884, at which it is expected that all members will be present, as the officers for the coming year are to be elected. Those who are in arrears for dues, will be suspended at the close of this quarter, Dec. 31st. Take notice and govern yourselves accordingly. By order.
C. E. STEUVEN, Post Commander.
Attest, J. E. SNOW, Adjutant.
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.
Adjutant J. E. Snow furnishes us the following list of officers, elected by Winfield Post, No. 85, G. A. R., at its last regular meeting, Dec. 10, 1884: S. Cure, P. C.; J. H. Finch, S. V. P. C.; W. E. Tansey, J. V. P. C.; H. H. Siverd, C. of D.; H. L. Wells, surgeon; A. B. Arment, chaplain; A. H. Limerick, Q. M.; D. L. McRoberts, O. G; Wm. Sanders, J G; T. H. Soward, O G.
Arkansas City Republican, January 17, 1885.
                                                         The Spy of Atlanta.
The committee on behalf of the Winfield Post, No. 85, G. A. R., and St. John’s Battery of this city, wish through your paper to express the high appreciation of the presentation of the Spy of Atlanta, given here on the evening of Dec. 14th, 15th, and 16th, by L. D. Dobbs.
Capt. Dobbs gave us a first class entertainment, surpassing the expectations of everyone who witnessed it, and causes our best judges of theatricals to pronounce the Spy of Atlanta the most interesting entertainment ever given in our city.
To say that the performance under the skillful management of Capt. Dobbs, was a complete success, and to commend the Spy of Atlanta under his management to the Grand Army of the Republic of Kansas, is only an act of justice.

The tableaux were the finest we ever saw. We would like to describe the beautiful angel, but if we speak of one justice would demand the same of all, and our communication would be suppressed on account of its length.
In this notice it is impossible to do justice to all, but rest assured that we feel very grateful for the kindness shown us by the entire cast.
                SAM BARD, H. L. WELLS, J. E. SNOW, T. H. SOWARD, Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 29, 1885.
The vein of revenge in the human frame is pretty vigorous. Last week Lott Basden made complaint against Barrow Brothers for stealing three hundred pounds of millett, and a trial before Justice Snow found them guilty and brought a fine and costs of forty-two dollars. This week John Barrow made complaint against Basden for the obscene and boisterous manner in which he besieged his premises last week in accusing him of the hay peculation. Basden sensibly plead guilty when brought before Justice Snow by Marshal Harrod and got off with ten dollars.
                                    The Supposed Burglars Bound over.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
C. Lewis and Alice Jeffries, in the toils for the burglary of Smith & Zook’s safe, had a preliminary hearing before Justice Buckman last Thursday, and Alice was bound over to the District Court in the sum of $700, and Lewis discharged. Lewis was rearrested and brought before Justice Snow, where he waived examination and was also bound over with bond at $700. Both failed to give bond, and languish in the “jug.” The evidence was purely circumstantial, and substantially as given before in these columns—the detective story told by the woman to the Cherryvale landlord, who was one of the witnesses at the trial; her hasty exit from Winfield; her suspicious, though mum, actions before leaving on the early train; her previous “crooked” character, etc. The evidence against Lewis is principally the fact that he visited this woman’s room at the Brettun, in a very sly way, on the Saturday before the robbery. Other developments will likely be made before their trial. Mr. E. I. Cook, who came here some time ago from Parsons, knows Mrs. Jeffries well, having lived next door to her in Parsons. He says Jeffries is a man of over sixty, and runs a billiard and gambling hall in that place. Mr. Cook and this woman had a battle in their home with plates and beer bottles. A little girl of Mr. Cook recognized Mrs. Jeffries in a store in this city, on the Saturday in question.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
All Select Knights, A. O. U. W., are requested to meet at their hall on Monday evening next for drill and important business. Order J. E. Snow, S. C.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
Constable Siverd brought Milton Johnson from Omnia township before Justice Snow last Friday. He plead guilty to “licking the wadding” out of a school mate and the fine and costs aggregated thirty-two dollars. He was sixteen years old.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 12, 1885.
Constable H. H. Siverd “took in” Jas. Cantrall, charged with conducting a secret liquor and gambling den over Best’s music store, yesterday. He was placed under bond of $500 to appear before Justice Snow for a preliminary hearing on the 20th inst. The bond was given.

Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1885.
Henry Green was brought in from the Territory last week and plead guilty before Justice Snow to disturbing the quiet of John H. Conrad by flourishing a revolver and otherwise making himself conspicuous. He got $5.00 and costs.
Justices Buckman and Snow...
                          DOWN WITH THE NUISANCES AND GAMBLERS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1885.
County Attorney Asp and his assistant, W. P. Hackney, with Constable Siverd and Sheriff McIntire, officials that Cowley certainly feels proud of, have been making things exceedingly sultry for violators of law during the past ten days. The sanctums of Justices Buckman and Snow have been crowded, and these worthy officials have ground out more justice in that time than was ever administered in ten days before in Winfield. Eight violators of the liquor law and about thirty gamblers have been before them: a clean sweep of every crook in the city. Most of them have already plead guilty, and what cases are undisposed pend with a certainty of conviction. The result will be about a thousand dollars in the State treasury—most of which could have gone into the coffers of the city if our marshal had done his duty. However, we are glad that we have county officials who would take this duty out of derelict hands and bring the lawless to the rack. Winfield, along with her beauty and enterprise, is a comparatively moral town; but under this lax enforcement of our municipal laws, one or two “blind tigers,” and a number of gambling holes have been nightly grinding away, roping in the susceptible. The records of Justices Buckman and Snow show that those who have been displaying a weakness for the gaming table are by no means those who could afford it. Were we to publish the list, which we refrain from doing because we believe the fact of their names existing on the criminal registers of the county and the heavy fines imposed sufficient punishment to many of them, the names of a number of boys and young men well connected and of otherwise good character would be revealed—youths who have been inveigled into the game, and having once tasted of the fascinations, were irresistibly drawn into these dens night after night. Many of the victims, too, are hard-working persons whose money should have gone to the support of their families or themselves, but has been finding its way into the pockets of these gentlemen (?) who make gambling a profession. The victims have not only injured themselves and families, but the merchant who has been generous enough to credit them with goods has suffered also. We know several of these victims who mean to be honest—as honest indeed as persons who frequent gambling tables can be—but being despoiled of their substance, they have not wherewithal to pay. But this thorough routing out of these dens is what is needed. Now it would be difficult indeed for a man inclined to hazard his money on a game of chance to find accommodation, and the whiskeyites have been given another forcible warning that Winfield and Cowley County have no room for “blind Tigers” or any other kind of whiskey holes. Our county officials now are tigers in themselves—not blind tigers, but tigers that have the grit and ability to make Rome howl all along the line; and they are doing it.

In this connection is prominent the necessity of electing in April a city government that will keep every hell-hole of vice weeded out and make Winfield a city in harmony with the high moral character of her citizens. We want a government that will stifle every brothel in its incipiency and keep a pure moral atmosphere. We not only want men of nerve, but men of broad and comprehensive views—men who fill foster the enterprises we already have and who have the necessary push and ability to properly encourage others.
                                                     A WOMAN’S PLUCK.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 26, 1885.
A strange marriage took place in Justice Snow’s court last Friday. Over a year ago John H. Burton was guilty of illegal copulation in Illinois with Samantha Heardes. He soon departed for other fields. A son was born last fall to Samantha, and taking the boys in her arms, she set out in search of the father. She traced him to Cowley, and last week had a warrant issued for his arrest. Sheriff McIntire found him in the southern part of the county and brought him before Justice Snow. The plaintiff and defendant there met, and before the trial began, Burton acknowledged his guilt, begged forgiveness, and expressed a desire to settle the matter with a marriage ceremony. A messenger was dispatched for Judge Gans, who arrived on the scene clothed with the majesty of the law and in the twinkling of an eye the “hostile” parties were united. They departed seemingly as happy as two birds just released from a dismal confinement.
                                                    SWORE HIMSELF IN.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 26, 1885.
A peculiar liquor case came up in Justice Snow’s court last Friday, whereby V. W. Aikin was found guilty of illegally selling the ardent, by a jury of twelve, and fined one hundred dollars and costs. The first charge was against Steve Poor, but in attempting to shield Poor, on the witness stand, Aikin got himself into a bad box, making unintentionally a clear case against himself. County Attorney Asp then dismissed the first case and brought one against Aikin. The evidence was to the effect that Ed Watts gave Aikin fifty cents with which to purchase a pint of whiskey from Poor. Aikin got the whiskey, but in the examination swore that Poor only loaned the liquor to him and received no money. But the liquor was transferred to Watts without the return of the money, thereby placing Aikin in the sellers boots. Aikin appealed his case.
                                               [Article had “Poor” and “Poore”.]
      [Note later report by Republican in which “Akin” rather than “Aikin” appears.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 5, 1885.
Constable H. H. Siverd brought Dr. Samuel Thompson in from Maple City, Tuesday, charged with illegally selling the ardent. The Doctor plead guilty in Justice Snow’s court and got off with one hundred and forty-five dollars fine and costs. Verily, the way of the transgressor is thorny.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 5, 1885.

Lindsey Jones, a youth of thirteen, who has been under the care of Sheriff McIntire for some months past, was found guilty of petty larceny before Justice Snow last week and returned to the State Reform School at Topeka. The lad was homeless, and a pretty tough case. Sheriff McIntire worked on him in hopes of improvement, but Lindsey didn’t straighten to any alarming degree and forced the conclusion that the Reform School was the best place for him. So Mr. A. Gilkey, of Maple City, from whom Lindsey had stolen certain articles a year ago, preferred the necessary charge. The Reform School will make a man of him—give him the discipline that every boy needs to fix him for the battles of life. He will remain there till twenty-one.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
T. H. Soward, J. E. Snow, Chas. Steuven, and others are in attendance upon the Grand Encampment of the G. A. R. of Kansas, as representatives and visitors from Winfield Post.
Judge J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
Judge J. E. Snow tied a matrimonial knot Friday, for August Kaesewieter and Anna Schaefer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
It is earnestly requested that the petitioners for a camp of Son of Veterans in Winfield meet at the Odd Fellows hall on Saturday evening next, when J. E. Snow, mustering officer of the G. A. R., will muster the camp.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.
Constable Tom H. Harrod re-arrested Henry Chavis Tuesday and the stolen lumber, nails, etc., having been found in his possession, he plead guilty before Justice Snow and got three months in the county bastille and twenty-five dollars fine, with costs of suit. He is a gentleman of color, and seems to have been following the pilfering business as a vocation. Numerous articles were found in his possession after his arrest, one of which was an overcoat stolen from Ed. Bedilion last year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.
Henry Chavis, a colored gentleman, was before Justice Snow and a jury of six Thursday, on a charge of jayhawking some lumber from a Mr. Moore in the west part of town. He was acquitted.
Justice Snow...
                                                          FIRST BLOOD!
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.
The first case in this county under the new prohibitory law came before Justice Snow yesterday. Thomas Copenhaser procured a pint of whiskey of L. M. Williams last week by filling out the required affidavit, and thereupon proceeded to get “full.” He was raked in for procuring the liquor under false pretenses. He was found guilty and fined $100 and costs and thirty days in the bastille.
Arkansas City Republican, April 11, 1885.
                                                            District Court.
From the Daily Courier we glean the proceedings of the mill of justice.
Court met Tuesday morning and went through a few cases. The term will last six weeks and the docket is quite heavy.

Thursday was a big day. The case of the state vs. V. W. Akin, violation of the old prohibitory law, at Tannehill, was tried by the court, and the defendant acquitted. This is a very peculiar case, appealed from Justice Snow’s court. Last fall J. H. Watts and Akin started to Winfield. When they reached Tom Poor’s, Watts proposed to Akin that the latter go in and procure a pint of whiskey, and gave him a half dollar to pay for it. Somebody got wind of this and had Poor arrested for selling it. Of course, Watts and Akin were the principal witnesses, and the latter swore that Poor refused the money and merely loaned them the liquor. But Akin wasn’t quite cute enough to engineer his story through and left the kink of his having kept the fifty cents given him by Watts, thus getting himself into Poor’s shoes. Poor was then discharged and Akin arrested. Judge Torrance held that as both drank the liquor, there could be no delivery excepting on the part of Poor—the two being the receivers—and therefore no violation of the old law.
    [Note: In the above item, they said Akin. Courier reported “Aikin” was the name.]
Justice Snow’s case against “Akin” tried by Court. Courier got name right this time.
                                                DISTRICT COURT GRIST.
                      What the Mill of Justice Ground Out During the Past Week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 16, 1885.
The case of the State against V. W. Akin, violation of the old prohibitory law, at Tannehill, was tried by the Court, and the defendant acquitted. This is a very peculiar case, appealed from Justice Snow’s Court. Last fall J. H. Watts and Akin started to Winfield. When they reached Tom Poor’s, Watts proposed to Akin that the latter go in and procure a pint of whiskey, and gave him a half dollar to pay for it. Somebody got wind of this and had Poor arrested for selling it. Of course, Watts and Akin were the principal witnesses, and the latter swore that Poor refused the money and merely loaned them the liquor. But Akin wasn’t quite cute enough to engineer his story through and left the kink of his having kept the fifty cents given him by Watts, thus getting himself into Poor’s shoes. Poor was then discharged and Akin arrested. Judge Torrance held that as both drank the liquor, there could be no delivery excepting on the part of Poor—the two being the receivers—and therefore no violation to the old law.
The bond of Alice Jeffries, charged with being an accomplice in the Smith & Zook safe burglary last January, was forfeited and her case continued to the next term. New bonds fixed at $9,000. The case against Lewis for burglarizing this safe will be dismissed, and he will plead guilty to jail-breaking. Having been caught emerging from the three foot tunnel made under the wall of the jail, he couldn’t get out of that charge. The penalty is imprisonment in the “pen” not exceeding two years or more than six months in the County Bastille.
Justice Snow...
                                           A DISGRACEFUL CASE ENDED.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 16, 1885.

The case of the State against Lee Bailes, from Windsor township, which has enveloped the attention of Justice Snow’s court during the past week, came to an end last night, the jury bringing in a verdict of guilty, on the first ballot. Bailes was charged with being the father of Susie Sutton’s six weeks’ old babe. He has a wife and four children and she is a young girl of sixteen. The first trial, last week, after three days’ wrestling, ended in the jury hanging. Further developments were made in the second trial that clinched the crime and showed up the demoniac proclivities of the adulterer. It is a harrowing tale of a girl’s weakness and man’s perfidy. The imprisonment of four months and five hundred dollars costs is only a small legal punishment. The evidence showed that Bailes, with low cunning and criminal determination, set to work to accomplish the ruin of a girl whose sense of right and wrong, whose intelligence and opportunities to test the world and gain self-confidence did not exceed those of a nine-year old girl. She is a weak, unintelligent girl; he a strong, cunning, and designing man. The anathemas and scowls heaped upon such demons by the public are just and right. The girl may have been an easy victim—one whose worldly knowledge was so limited as to leave her speechless and helpless under the influences of a wily man. This makes the crime all the greater. The man who will premeditatedly take advantage of youthful innocence for the gratifying of a brutal passion deserves all the condemnation that can be heaped upon him by an outraged public. But his wife and innocent children are to be pitied. They must carry the stain also. The wife, like a devoted wife and mother, was present with her youngest child in her arms, in defense of her husband. The case has created a big stir in Windsor township and elicited the attendance of nearly the whole populace of that vicinity. The family of the girl, in the trial, was reputed as “loose.” Is this any atonement for the adulterer who would take advantage of such training and disgrace his friends and family? Public sympathy, in that neighborhood, is largely against Bailes.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.
The case of John Easton against Jacob Swarts, a case to hold personal property for debt, was before Justice Snow today. Unfinished.
Justice Snow...
                                              A JUVENILE JAMES GANG.
        Four Winfield Kids Start Out To Follow the Wake of Frank and Jesse James.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 7, 1885.

A nest of youthful would-be desperadoes has just been discovered in this city that is another frightful example of what comes from allowing boys to “just grow up,” without any parental training. This little gang was composed of Frank Kretser, leader, Thomas Gill, second man, and Hansen and Willie Olmstead, anxious followers. Neither of the boys are over twelve years old. Thomas’ friskiness is absolutely unparalleled. He is an ex-boot black of St. Joe, and says he blacked Jesse James’ boots many a time while Jesse was in St. Joe under the name of Chas. Howard, just before his assassination. “If I’d knowed he was Jesse James, my name would uv been Git there Ell, an’ instead of blackin’ his boots I’d a skipped.” Frank Kretser and Thomas were thorough James students—they had poured over the lives of the desperadoes and determined to duplicate them. Thomas was turned over to the hospitality of the Hotel de Finch from Justice Snow’s court for complicity in stealing two dollars a few weeks ago from the money drawer of the Lindell Hotel—holding him as a witness in the District Court against the darkey who put him up to stealing the money. He ran around at will, however. He was caught in further deviltry the other night—in a covered wagon in an alley in South Winfield, surrounded by thirteen undressed chickens. The wagon had been standing there a week, during which time the four boys above named, under their elected leader, Kretser, had used it as a den in which to prepare the festive fowls, brought in on their nocturnal hen roost forages, for the market. The father of Thomas Gill caught them. All got away but Thomas, who was marched off to the Sheriff’s office, the father having more faith in official influence than in his own. Thomas gave the whole thing away. The boys were professional petty thieves. Everything they could get hold of was appropriated, concealed, and when opportunity afforded, were disposed of. He took Marshal McFadden to a place in the north part of town and dug a four-tined pitchfork and other articles out of a manure pile, where they had been awaiting disposal at some second hand or other store. The chicken racket was only a few nights old. A few nights ago they armed themselves with razors and prepared for a bold dash. They took a good horse from a stable near the S. K. depot, the four straddled him, and started to decamp. But before they got to the mounds, one of the kids fell off and broke his wrist. He set up a fearful yell and the boys all caved, took the horse back to the stable, and gave up the job. They are all tough cases—especially Frank and Thomas. The former is the son of a widow. These two will likely go to the State Reform School, where there will be some show of bringing them out. The others seem to have been led into the game and will likely get off. The two leaders are now in the county bastille. All the boys are unusually bright—with native talents most promising. But the experiences of a street gamin are not conducive to anything but deviltry. They want to be put in school, cleaned up, and made to think they are as capable of good things as anybody. This done, they will come out all right yet—make useful and honorable men.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
All sons of veterans are earnestly requested to meet Saturday evening next at the Odd Fellows hall to complete the camp’s organization. By order of J. E. Snow.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
The case of Easton against Swarts, case to replevin certain gunsmith tools, was up before Justice Snow again today. The jury, in a trial a few weeks ago, disagreed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
Hackney & Asp are fixing up the room formerly used by Justice Snow as a law office.
J. E. Snow...
                               MEMORIAL AND DECORATION SERVICES.
                  The Program Entire as Adopted by Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
Post commander and comrades of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R.: Your committee appointed to report to the Post a program for memorial and decoration services submit the following as their report.
                          On music: Geo. H. Crippin, chairman, F. E. Blair, J. E. Snow.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 21, 1885.
J. E. Snow has received his commission as Aid de Camp on the staff of the Commander in Chief of the G. A. R. Mr. Snow is zealous in the cause and is an excellent choice.
Justice Snow...
                                                     A HEAVY CHARGER.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 28, 1885.

Our correspondent from South Otter, in his weekly correspondence, said: “A deputy county surveyor has been among us and has charged three or four prices for his work. Mr. Haight is responsible for his agents. We want this matter made right by him.” This deputy was M. P. McCoy, whom County Surveyor Haight had up before Justice Snow and fined for the misdemeanor and made to reimburse those overcharged. Capt. Haight is not responsible for the charges of deputies, only for the proper performance of the work. But he don’t propose to have any such deputies. McCoy has left for other pastures.
Drum-Major, J. E. Snow...Excerpts from lengthy article.
                                                     DECORATION DAY!!
                                                 HONORS TO THE DEAD!
                                     A BIG DAY IN WINFIELD’S HISTORY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.
Saturday was a grand day for Winfield. A brighter, calmer, or more lovely day was never seen; it was perfect. At an early hour the streets began to show unusual animation and by noon all was crowd and jam. People from everywhere were present to exhibit patriotism in honoring the fallen heroes. By one o’clock the Opera House was jammed full for the address of Rev. B. Kelly. The Grand Army and Woman’s Relief Corps marched in platoons and occupied reserved seats. The Cornet Orchestra and Messrs. Crippen, Roberts, Bates, and Shaw were again present to the delight of the audience. Among several beautiful selections, they again rendered “Lincoln’s Funeral March.” If there is a more sublime piece of music than this, as rendered by these gentlemen, it has never been heard. It arouses enthusiastic praises every time rendered. The vocal music by the quartette composed of Mrs. Fred Blackman, Miss Lizzie McDonald, and Messrs. Charles Slack and Louis Brown, accompanied by Miss Maude Kelly on the organ, was grand and appropriate. Their appearance on the rostrum is always an assurance of music unexcelled. The audience arose in prayer by Post Chaplain, A. B. Arment, when Rev. Kelly delivered his address. It was a magnificent production, and delivered with Mr. Kelly’s great enthusiasm, stirred the soul of every hearer, and brought forth loud and frequent applause.
At two o’clock the procession was formed and the march to the cemetery taken up. The order of march was as follows.
1st. The Courier Band, led by its handsomely caparisoned Drum-Major, J. E. Snow.
2nd. Winfield Post, G. A. R., with visiting Comrades and Co. C., State Guards.
3rd. The Winfield Juvenile Band.
4th. Twelve little girls dressed in white and twelve little boys, followed by flower wagons.
5th. Woman’s Relief Corps.
6th. Citizens.
7th. The Winfield Union Cornet Band.
8th. Winfield Fire Department.
Justice Snow...
                                                         WIFE BEATING.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Justice Snow’s court has been spiced this week by a colored wife beating case, but the husband proved that his wife brutally pokered him and then to further her revenue, swore out a warrant accusing him of cruelty to her. This wife is a bad one and makes everybody around premises dance to the music of the stove poker—even to her mother, whom she gave a round Wednesday. It’s a mighty mean wife that will beat her husband and it ought not to be tolerated. It’s all right as long as the king does the beating, but when the wife assumes such authority, she must be ground up—it’s an innovation and can’t exist.
Justice Snow...
                                                THE UDALL ELOPEMENT.
              The Young Couple’s Pleadings Have No Avail and Joe is Bound Over.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.
Joseph Marvin, the youth of twenty-one, whose elopement with Leona, the thirteen-year-old daughter of S. Moore, of Udall, was chronicled in THE DAILY COURIER Wednesday, was brought into Justice Snow’s court Wednesday, charged by Mr. Moore with “unlawfully, wilfully, and feloniously abducting and defiling” his daughter. The father at first sternly refused to have anything to say to the youth, but upon repeated importuning, finally consented. Both Marvin and Leona begged tearfully to be allowed to marry—said they loved each other and couldn’t bear separation. Mr. Moore argued the silliness of such a child as Leona marrying, and would countenance no such proceedings—said that Marvin had brought disgrace upon his daughter and his family and must suffer the penalty. The lovers were not allowed to see each other—all the pleadings of the girl were of no avail. Marvin, seeing no way to compromise the matter, broke completely down, plead guilty, and was bound over to the District Court on $500 bond, and was returned to the bastille, where he will have three months time for silent repentance before his trial, and much longer afterward. The penalty for the offense is six months in the county jail, with a fine of not over one thousand dollars, or not less than two or more than twenty-one years in the penitentiary. Leona is a bright, pretty girl of remarkable physical development for one of her age—appearing like a girl of sixteen. This infatuation completely possesses her mind, and its result so far can likely never be shaken off—will follow her through life. “To err is human, to forgive divine,” and we find very little of divinity’s reflection on earth for the erring girl or woman. She is ostracized by her own sex, refused employment by the public, and almost driven to continue in her evil course until death claims her for its own. Marvin has committed a grave crime—taken advantage of girlish innocence and confidence. But he claims an equal infatuation with the girl. Both beg to be allowed to marry. Would it not be better for the girl’s parents to consent to marriage, forgive, and assist the erring couple to an upright future? Both are young and no doubt capable, if given an opportunity, to atone for the past and make an honorable, happy couple.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.
Andrew Ada is in a hot box—constitutionally and otherwise. He was up before Judge Turner, Saturday, $12.25 worth for a plain “booze.” Some considerate friend locked him in a room, but in some way he got out and got a quart bottle of “Tippecanoe, for dyspepsia and female complaints,” got off his equilibrium, and ran into the cauldron of Sheriff McIntire. It is a state case, with penalty of $100 and 30 days in jail. The trial comes off before Judge Snow Thursday.
                                                TOO STRONG MEDICINE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

A case pends before Judge Snow wherein an individual was yanked into his court in a very boozy state. The bottle of “Tippecanoe for dyspepsia and female complaints,” was supposed to be empty, and while the officials were getting out the papers, the “boozy” man hauled that bottle from his nether garments and drank the remaining half of the quart bottle. It did the business. With a regular “dull thud” he fell from his chair in a bunch on the floor—as dead (drunk) as a man could be. His eyes rolled open and the Court began to straighten out what seemed to be a very prospective corpse. Three days in jail is bringing the fellow to. He won’t monkey around “Tippecanoe” again very soon. It was a close call. In addition to rack of frame, he’ll likely get $100 and 30 days.
Judge Snow...
                                                  A SMALL DIFFERENCE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.
Judge Snow’s court was entertained yesterday by a case from Silverdale township wherein Laura Alexander, a girl of twenty-two, charged Trower Jacobs, a bachelor of thirty-five, with being the father of her unborn babe. Laura sued him for forty acres of his farm on which he was to break twenty acres aside from the five already broken, and one hundred dollars in cash, as damages. He agreed to compromise the matter as she liked, barring the twenty acres of breaking. He offered in lieu of this to furnish the seed for sowing the five acres to grain. But Laura wouldn’t have it that way and Jacobs appealed his case to the District Court.
Arkansas City Republican, June 27, 1885.
Before Judge Snow, at Winfield, Tuesday, says the Daily Courier, appeared Laura Alexander, a girl of twenty-two, who charged Troyer Jacobs, a bachelor of thirty-five, with being the father of her unborn babe. Laura sued him for forty acres of his farm on which he was to break twenty acres aside from the five already broken, and one hundred dollars in cash, as damages. He agreed to compromising the matter as she liked barring the twenty acres for breaking. He offered in lieu of this to furnish the seed for sowing the five acres to grass. But Laura wouldn’t have it that way and Jacob appealed his case to the District Court.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 2, 1885.
J. R. Scott, the painter, who was so ready to swear that he obtained intoxicants and got drunk in Farnsworth’s lunch room, and then on the witness stand swore that he drank sweet cider and got “sick,” got a good deal sicker yesterday. He was hauled up, as soon as the Farnsworth case was over, before Judge Turner and plead guilty to a “plain drunk” and got $12.25. Then Sheriff McIntire gobbled him and in Justice Snow’s court Scott’s pocket was relieved of $23.50. It costs something now-a-days to go off on a little booze. A double dose, one in municipal court and one in the State.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
Justice Snow united in the holy bonds of matrimony Thursday, Alonzo B. Roberts and Miss Nellie McCormick. Mr. Roberts is of the firm of Roberts & Nelson, painters in this city. Miss McCormick has lived in this city some time. We wish them much joy, a long life, a happy old age.
Justice Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.

The suit of the flying “Dutchman” of the Commercial House against Dan Cisler of the Central and C. C. Callahan, of the Brettun, for disturbing the peace, while rustling for grips at the Santa Fe the other night, caused some interest in Justice Snow’s court Tuesday. The victims were found guilty. Dan paid $1 and costs, $18, and Callahan appealed his case. The rivalry between our hotel drummers is getting mighty warm.
                                                 THE COUNTY FATHERS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
The Board of County Commissioners have been in session since Monday. Most of the time has been occupied examining and allowing claims against the county. Notes to the amount of $900 having been erroneously assessed in Sheridan township, it was expunged. Henry Chavis, a colored man, committed to the county jail from Justice Snow’s court in March, for three months, and latterly five dollars fine for stealing lumber, etc., was released, he not having the “spondulics” to put up. R. C. Smith, a Justice in Silverdale township, was required to file new bond, one of the bondsmen, H. N. Chancey, having withdrawn. Tax sale, in 1879, of lot 2, blk 2, Arkansas City, was declared invalid, A. A. Newman having paid the taxes, as required by law, and the amount of sale was refunded. Tax sales on lots in blocks 29, 133, 135, and 76, Arkansas City, were declared off, being erroneous. The Jersey Cattle Co., of Silver Creek township, were rebated on double assessment of $3,035. Viewers report in E. Kerns county road was adopted, ex ½ mile. A. J. Naramore was awarded contract for keeping Joseph Naramore, an imbecile pauper, in Sheridan township. W. H. Melville and Mashes Scofield county roads laid over to October. Damages awarded in J. Olmstead county road to J. M. Boyle, $75; C. J. Boyle, $62.50; and Miss Hackworth, $25. E. J. Johnson, J. Hurt, and Wm. Reynolds were appointed to appraise s hf se qr and e hf sw qr and nw qr 36-33-6 school land. Tax sale of lot 15, block 143, to C. M. Scott, in 1881 was declared “off” and money ordered refunded. A. G. Ege, sent to the bastille from Judge Snow’s court for two “plain drunks” at once, was released, and told to sin no more.
Judge Snow...
                                            THE WHITE MURDER AGAIN.
                      A Preliminary Examination Fails to Develop Any New Facts.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 16, 1885.
At first R. H. White, in the bastille charged with the brutal murder of his wife, Julia Ann, was undecided as to whether or not he would wave preliminary examination, and had the matter put off. When his brother came on, arrangements were made to get $600 for the defense. Then a preliminary hearing was instituted and began before Judge Snow yesterday, with County Attorney Asp prosecuting, and Jennings & Troup and McDermott & Johnson for the defense. No new facts have been introduced. The evidence is almost verbatim to that published from time to time in THE COURIER and which has become trite to the public. There was a difference in the testimony of Doctors Emerson and Graham, regarding the flat iron. Dr. Emerson thought the wound was undoubtedly produced by the iron, while Dr. Graham thought this very improbable. W. C. Allen, representative of Johnson County, who is visiting in this county, was introduced and testified as to the good character of White and his family when he knew them, a few years ago. The trial is still in progress and will not be decided before tomorrow. White waived the jury in his trial.

                                                           GO IN PEACE!
    Robert H. White, Charged With The Murder of His Wife, Bids the Bastille Adieu.
                                             NO CONVICTING EVIDENCE.
                Judge Snow’s Decision in Full, With Other Facts of the Preliminary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 23, 1885.
What seems to be the last chapter in the deepest and most damnable murder that ever stained the history of any community closed Thursday. Robert H. White, charged with the awful crime of having crushed in the skull of his wife with a flat iron or other instrument, languished in the county jail until ten days ago, undecided as to whether he would waive preliminary examination or not. His brother came out from Illinois and proffered $250 or more to his brother’s defense. Jennings & Troup and McDermott & Johnson were secured as counsel and Tuesday afternoon the preliminary trial began. County Attorney Asp conducted the prosecution and Senator Jennings and A. P. Johnson the defense. The evidence presented was a repetition of that given at the coroner’s inquest, which appeared in full in THE COURIER, and is perfectly known to all. The only new witnesses of importance were W. C. Allen, legislative representative of Johnson County, Illinois, who has been visiting friends in this county. He knew White and his family in Illinois, and testified to their good character. The evidence of J. H. Rendleman, father of Mrs. White, corroborated the statements as to the perfect felicity always existing between White and wife, and that White always had a terror for storms. He said that, on his place in Illinois, White had a cave where he always went in times of storm. His wife seldom went with him. Doctors Graham, Emerson, and Marsh differed as to the flat iron being the instrument of murder. Dr. Graham claimed it very improbable that the iron made the wound, while Doctors Emerson and Marsh were positive that it was used. Witnesses were also introduced to show that the blood on the victim’s shoes was caused by one of the children’s straw hats being picked up from the pool of blood at the head of the bed and thrown back under the table, lodging on the shoes. But Sheriff McIntire, Dr. Marsh, and others who examined the shoes the morning of the murder still maintained that the blood on the heel of each shoe was the print of a hand. The evidence clear through was the same as before, when summed up, and so well known that a resume is unnecessary. County Attorney Asp’s opening and closing arguments occupied an hour and showed a careful study of the case. Every bearing was dwelt upon with ability and zeal. A. P. Johnson’s speech occupied forty minutes and Senator Jennings spoke an hour and ten minutes. He brought out the theory that the simple lunatic who was found in that neighborhood a day or so afterward was the murderer. His own vicious habits had made him an imbecile and the likelihood of an attempt at outrage by him, as he passed by the door coming from the woods, was shown probable. But County Attorney Asp, in his closing argument, showed by the evidence of the shoe tracks around the house and the fact that no clue was found on her person by the physicians that would lead to the belief that any outrage had been attempted, was uncircumstantial. At the conclusion of Mr. Asp’s closing argument, the court proceeded to sum up the case and render his judgment, as follows.
                                               JUDGE SNOW’S DECISION.

“This case, which has taken so long to investigate, has undoubtedly caused more interest than any other ever tried in Cowley County, at least since I have been a resident of Winfield, as is shown by the crowds who have attended this examination. Murder is defined as the unlawful killing of one human being by another and is always more or less revolting in its details, but this particular case is especially so. Indeed, the testimony as given by the witnesses has been of such a character as to cause everyone who has heard it to be horrified. The public have discussed it in all its features, and different opinions have been expressed. But with public opinion I, as an officer of this county under my oath, have nothing to do. I have only my duty to perform. That Julia Ann White, wife of the defendant, was, on or about the 9th day of June, 1885, foully murdered, there can be no doubt. With the question as to who committed this deed I have nothing to do, unless I believe from the evidence the defendant did the deed. The evidence in this case has all been circumstantial; this class of evidence is considered the very strongest from the fact that circumstances are usually unerring and point directly to the guilty party with perhaps more certainty than that which is usually called positive evidence. Circumstances seldom mislead; but in order to make circumstantial evidence conclusive, I believe the correct rule is to the effect that the chain of circumstances should be unbroken—or at least if broken—it should be shown that the missing link cannot be supplied upon any other theory than that the defendant is guilty. The officers of the law, as shown by the evidence, have only done their duty. The county attorney has prosecuted this case with his usual zeal, but I am fully justified that he has only done his duty, as under his oath he is bound to do. The sheriff has only resorted to the usual methods of securing the conviction of the person in his custody charged with committing a crime against the laws of the land, and should not be blamed. As I have before remarked, I believe that no sane man or woman ever committed the crime of murder without a reason or a supposed reason. I only have to find that there are reasonable grounds to believe the defendant guilty as charged in the complaint, and not, as some suppose, to find him guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. I have examined this case with much care and attempted to bring every particle of evidence to bear upon the case in its proper light and it would be useless at this time for me to go through with a rehearsal of the testimony. If then it be true that no sane man would commit murder without some cause, it would devolve upon the state to show in this case some incentive. Has it been done? The previous good character of the defendant may count nothing, for a man may have always borne a good reputation, and fall at last, and that may have been his first wrongful act so far as the world may know. The theory that this deed may have been done by a tramp or a lunatic, I think, amounts to nothing. I cannot go outside of the evidence to find a basis for my judgment, but must be confined strictly to what has been proven in the case. I do not believe the evidence warrants me in holding the defendant to answer this charge. It is therefore the judgment of the court that the defendant, Robt. H. White, be, and is hereby, discharged and permitted to go hence without delay.”
White sat, almost expressionless, until the decision in his favor. His face was then like a sunbeam, and the audience gave slight applause. After some congratulations, White accompanied his brother to the residence of A. White, a distant relative, where they are now boarding. White was around on the streets Thursday, talking to different parties he met, apparently perfectly free and unembarrassed.
                                                       HOW IT IS TAKEN.

Of course, public opinion is yet greatly divided as to the innocence or guilt of White. Many aver that their mind can never be ridded of its belief in his guilt until someone else is proven to be the murderer, while others as strenuously declare his innocence. But all concede the righteousness of Judge Snow’s decision. There were a great many inconsistencies in White’s story. But there was no positive evidence or clue to a cause which could ever have convicted him. The deed was done in the dark, with no human eye but the perpetrator to tell the tale, and it will remain sealed. That such a heinous crime should go unpunished is a terrible thing, but it would be equally terrible to punish an innocent man. Our officials have done all in their power to work this case to a convicting point. No clue, other than the one seeming to be presented in White, has ever presented itself. Many have been sprung, but when run down, dwindled into the thin air. The story that a darkey came home at twelve o’clock on the night of the murder, covered with blood, and told his wife he had combat with a certain white man, is now being worked on. It is said that this darkey left suddenly the day the victim’s eye was photographed. People generally seem to think this story a ruse. The death bed of the murderer will likely give up the secret. The present certainty indicates a blank.
Justice Snow...
Arkansas City Republican, July 18, 1885.
Robt. H. White, the man who was in jail at Winfield for the murder of his wife, was discharged from custody Thursday by Justice Snow. The preliminary examination failed to show up any convicting evidence. White is still in Winfield.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.
Abe Carson’s preliminary hearing in Judge Snow’s court, charged with complicity with Chas. Elenwood in stealing Stout’s horse in Burden, resulted in binding him over with $500 bond.
[Note: I give up on the proper spelling of the horse thief. Newspaper had “Elendon,” “Elenwood,” and in the above article, “Ellendow.” I stuck to “Elenwood.” MAW]
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.
The case of N. G. Bailey against the Farmers’ Bank was before Judge Snow Wednesday, and contains a decision of importance. A had money deposited in the bank and B garnisheed it for debt, but, without knowledge of the garnishee, A gave C a check to the bank, which on presentation was refused, owing to the garnishee. Then Bailey sued the bank for the money, claiming it to be his, after the checks were drawn, and not A’s. One check was dated before and one after the garnishee. The Judge decided in favor of the bank, it having had no knowledge of the checks being out, when the garnishee was made.
                                        WINFIELD TO THE FRONT AGAIN.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.

Lieut. J. E. Snow, drum major of the Courier Cornet Band, informs us that in accordance with an order recently issued by Gov. Martin to the different regimental commanders throughout the state, Col. L. N. Woodcock, of Wichita, has designated this band as the regimental band of the Second Regiment Kansas National Guards, embracing six or eight adjoining counties. Captain C. E. Steuven, of Co. C., Second Regiment, has received a special order to muster the band into the service if they accept the position, which we are very confident they will do. This is a well deserved compliment to the Courier Band, and one which was unsought. It is not only a compliment to the band, but a compliment to our city and county. Col. Woodcock had within his district several good bands from which to make his selection. Our people are becoming educated to the style and quality of music now rendered by this organization, and begin to appreciate it as they should. Strangers have also come to know its merits, as this appointment evidences. Mr. George Crippen, its leader and musical director, has been untiring in giving the band its present prestige, which enterprise on his part is worthy the warm appreciation of our people. The band is now composed as followed, every member being a thorough musician: Geo. H. Crippen, director; Charles Roberts, J. S. R. Bates, A. R. Harvey, Fred Bates, G. H. Buckman, C. A. Shaw, Clarence Roberts, J. W. Holliday, Frank Spiney, F. J. Newton, A. T. Roberts, W. I. Warner, Albert Roberts, D. T. Armstrong,        Fidler, J. E. Snow, drum major.
                                                      COUNTY AUDITOR.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.
The following claims were allowed in July.
Justice fees, W. D. Kramer, $13.40
Justice fees, Harvey Smith, $7.60
Justice fees, J. E. Snow, $37.37
Justice fees, G. H. Buckman, $17.90
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
Oliver McRoberts, aged fifteen years, and Ed Cooper, aged eight years, engaged in a street fight Thursday. Ed’s older brother came on the scene and soon had Oliver down with a club flourishing over his head. Oliver’s father made complaint against Cooper before Judge Snow and after a trial Cooper paid a fine of $5.00 and costs. Cooper then made a complaint against Oliver, and Friday a trial was had before Judge Snow with a jury, who brought in a verdict of guilty. Oliver was fined $5.00 and costs, but could not raise the money and is now in jail. There are several other boys in town that need a small dose of this same medicine, and it is only a question of time when they will get it.
                                 GREEN AND BEST AGAIN. BEST ON TOP.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
Some time ago Best rented from Green a lot on Main street, and for his own convenience moved on to the lot a small building, which he placed on loose stones. Green recently notified him not to remove it. Best consulted his attorney, who advised him to pay no attention to the notice, and at the end of his tenancy, he removed the building. Green at once caused his arrest for severing the building from the freehold and removing it. The evidence was heard on Monday before Justice Snow who, this morning, rendered his decision of “not guilty,” as Best had a right to remove the building. Judge Snow further found that the prosecution was without probable cause, and adjudged that Green pay the cost.
J. E. Snow...

Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
R. H. White is now working at his trade, painting, in Sharron, Barbour County. He writes J. E. Snow to know what the county and State have done toward offering a reward for the capture and conviction of the murderer of his wife. The Commissioners offer $300 and the State $300.
Judge Snow...
                                             BREACH OF PROMISE SUIT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
Judge Snow’s court is threatened with a breach of promise suit. A lady of color appeared before the Judge the other day and opened the artillery with “I’se done been foolished! Dar am a nigga in dis town dat’s done swaded and swaded me fo to marry him. I didn’ wanter git married. He tole me bout new home an all dis an dat, an so I gum it up an tole him ter take me. I had ten dollas in de bank. I spent ebery cent of it fo duds an Saturday we was to git jined, an fo de Lod dat nigga haint married me yit. I ain’t guine ter hab ’im now noway, an I jis want yer ter put him thro fo all he ain worf.” And she hustled around in blushing indignation. The Judge, with his loving dulcet tones, persuaded her to save her wedding clothes for another chance, that the law was a rugged resource, and she departed not so mad.
J. E. Snow, Adutant...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
All members of the G. A. R. and all old soldiers are requested to meet at the G. A. R. hall one hour before the time for holding the funeral ceremony of Gen. U. S. Grant, Saturday, August 8th, 1885. By order of S. Cure, P. C., J. E. Snow, Adjutant.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
Frank Small, charged with unlicensed association with Ellen Robinson, plead guilty before Judge Snow Tuesday, and, in consideration that he “clean out the unclean ranch,” was let off with $5 and costs. Ellen and her little nieces, Mollie Burke’s girls, shook the city’s dust from their boots last evening, going East. Our officers mean to rid Winfield entirely of “soiled doves.”
Judge Snow...
                                                  A BABY COMPROMISE.
                             Trower Jacobs, Laura Alexander, and George Dolby
                                             Settle a Bastardy Case for $316.
                                                            Costs Divided.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.

Judge Snow’s court was entertained Monday and Tuesday by an interesting case from Cedar township, wherein Laura Alexander charged Trower Jacobs, a young man of twenty-five, with being the unlawful father of her month old babe. George Dolby also came in for a share, being charged with assault on Jacobs with intent to kill, and Dolby had a case against Jacobs for disturbing his peace—three cases all in one, a spicy mixture. Dolby is a widower of forty and Laura, a girl of twenty-two, is his sister-in-law and keeps house for him. Jacobs was her “feller,” without ever popping the question. After his arrest for bastardy, he gave bond and returned to his farm, where Laura sent for him. Dolby had told him to keep off the place, and when he went over, let him have it with an ax, cutting Jacobs up considerably. The cases were all thin—seemingly a kind of a normal mix up that meant money, and this morning Laura compromised the matter for $316, and all the cases were withdrawn, each litigant paying their share of the costs. A good share of Cedar township were on hand as witnesses. Senator Jennings was counsel for the defense.
Judge Snow...
                                                     THE WAGES OF SIN.
  George Bethel and Lotta Bennett Are Given Terms In the Bastille for Adultery, etc.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.
George Bethel and Lotta Bennett were before Judge Snow Monday, charged with unlicensed co-habitation. George left his wife and five children, most of whom are grown, a year ago, and went to New Mexico. The wife got letters right along until a few months ago, and was oblivious to the fact that George had picked up a professional “soiled dove” and taken up his abode in Winfield. George is fifty-two years old and his wife forty-five. His assumed mistress is an Englishwoman of thirty-five. George ran against the thorns when he brought Lotta here and introduced her into his brother Jim’s family as his wife, claiming to have been divorced from his former better half. Jim knew that George and Polly had lived twenty-six years in Kansas without any serious trouble, and he couldn’t see why a row should separate them on the steep incline of the down grade. So he investigated: wrote Polly and found she was daily expecting her husband home, from his long silence. At Jim’s request she boarded the train and bearded her unfaithful husband in his den here—a house near the Santa Fe elevator where he had gone to housekeeping with his paramour. Arrests. Jugged, Extreme chilliness by both Polly and George. Frank W. Finch as receiver takes charge of all George’s property. A few hours in Judge Snow’s court. He fifty dollars and six months in the bastille; Lotta twenty-five dollars and sixty days under county hospitality. Remorse, disgrace, and bankruptcy. Polly treed her game with grit. She has entered suit for alimony and swears quits for life.
                                                   A DAUGHTER CLINGS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.
The youngest child of George Bethel, the adulterer, a nice looking girl of thirteen who accompanied her mother here from near Cherryvale, to cage the father and his paramour, was given a conversation with her father at the jail on Tuesday. Bethel’s stolidity, stoutly maintained all through the arrest and trial, was broken and he cried like a child. The daughter was also grief stricken and the scene very affecting. Bethel’s hair is considerably tinged with gray. Lotta Bennett seems to have peculiarly infatuated him, though she is far from winsome. Polly Bethel, the lawful wife, caves not an inch. When the old gentleman was first put in jail, the girl said, “Oh, pa! I hate to see you go in there.” Polly said, “I don’t; I could see his legs sawed off.” She resents her outrage with becoming grit.
Justice Snow...
Arkansas City Republican, August 15, 1885.
D. Bluebaugh was arrested Wednesday by Capt. Rarick on the charge of selling intoxicating liquors. He was taken to Winfield Thursday morning and taken before Justice Snow.

Arkansas City Republican, August 15, 1885.
Some time ago one Jacobs, of Cedar Township, was arrested, and gave bail, on a charge of being the father of a child by a sister-in-law of a G. R. Dolby of the same township. Dolby is a widower, the sister-in-law keeping house for him. Recently the woman sent for Jacobs and upon his arrival was welcomed by Dolby with an axe, and barely escaped with his life. Jacobs was placed in the cooler Wednesday of last week followed by Dolby, who will have to answer to a charge of assault with intent to kill. Jacobs is single. Both men, we understand, are well to do. These parties were all before Justice Snow Tuesday, and peace patched up by the withdrawal of all suits, division of costs, and the sister-in-law, Alexander, getting $316 from Jacobs, the father of the illegitimate child. Winfield Telegram.
                                                   BEFORE THE COURTS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
                                                         JUSTICE SNOW.
State of Kansas vs. T. S. Green; dismissed by County Attorney.
State of Kansas vs. D. Bluebaugh, charged with selling intoxicating liquors without the proper license. Trial set for tomorrow morning.
State of Kansas vs. Eph Sears, charged with gambling. The defendant was arrested on this charge once before and the case was dismissed for want of prosecution.
Fred J. Patterson vs. S. K. R. R. Co., action for labor; amount sued for, $23.40. This case is a little peculiar as it will test the question of whether a railroad company is liable to pay for extra time worked, when the foreman directed it.
State of Kansas vs. M. S. Williams, charged with assault and battery upon his child. Continued to the 24th.
State of Kansas vs. Alfreda Walck and Thomas McMillen, charged with assault and battery. The defendants plead guilty. Fine and costs $45.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
In answer to an order issued by Col. Woodcock, commanding the Second Regiment, K. N. G., Capt. Steuven, Lieutenants F. W. Twitch and J. E. Snow were called to Wichita Tuesday to attend a meeting of the line officers to elect a major of the regiment and do other business. They go up on the morning freight.
Judge Snow...
                                             BLUEBAUGH DISCHARGED.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.

The case of the State against D. Bluebaugh came to a final in Judge Snow’s Court Monday, after two days trial. He was charged with violating the law in keeping on ice and selling extract of malt over the bar of his billiard hall at Arkansas City, at thirty-five cents per bottle. This extract of malt is a cute subterfuge for beer. It is nicely labeled as a medical beverage, good for everything under the sun. One man drank several bottles of it daily for his “kidneys and bad digestion,” and when these were well, he drank it to “cool off.” He drank beer—when he could get it—for the same purposes. The evidence showed that the beverage was drank as a substitute for beer—to fill up the beer vacuum. It is just as near beer as anything possibly could be—without being beer. Frank Manny’s tester was turned loose on it, and showed six percent alcohol; the same tester showed beer to have but five percent of alcohol, while it made simple, gentle champagne cider that isn’t considered strong enough to make a little spider-legged dude “full,” to contain seven percent of alcohol. The court decided that either Frank or his tester was badly off. No evidence that anybody ever got drunk on this stuff could be deduced. This was the point. If it wasn’t intoxicating, it was from under the law’s ban. It is sickening truck. Nothing but a cast-iron stomach could take in three or four glasses of it. Our reporter tried a spoonful, and had to get a twenty-pound weight to hold it in his interior department. It is worse than Arkansas’ river water—regular slop. But they can’t get beer, so the nearest thing to it, this slop, must be gulped. They must have something. It couldn’t be proven intoxicating, however, and was turned loose. Bluebaugh was happy, and will soon be rich, if he sells as much of that truck as the dozen or two witnesses said he had been selling. However, he is liable to get taken in on the beer substitute—if it gets too strong. It will be well for him to “luke a leedle oud,” and keep all boozy fellows from his premises.
[Both Arkansas City papers reveal that his name was “Bluebaugh.” Courier was very consistent in using the name “Blubaugh,” which is incorrect. Have corrected his name when I have caught this error. MAW]
                                                  JUDGE GANS’ BUDGET.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.
J. H. Land was fined in Judge Snow’s court yesterday, one dollar and costs, twenty-six dollars in all, for an assault on F. M. Freeland, some time ago. The onslaught was rather mild, but an assault all the same. It originated over an accusation of throwing the ball game between the Cyclones and Borders. Land was extremely touch on that point just then.
                                                     A BAD UDALL CASE.
                  M. S. Williams Pays $100 for Brutally Beating His Adopted Chid.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.

Judge Snow’s court was novelly entertained Monday. M. S. Williams, a grass widower of Udall, was up on complaint of Hattie M. Williams, his adopted child, charging him with unmercifully beating her. She is eighteen years old and not very bright. She had some big scars on her head, where she said chairs, pokers, sticks, etc., had held high carnival. She also swore that to the best of her knowledge, she was Williams’ legitimate child. She said he exercised himself frequently by playing on her frame with a blacksnake and the weapons aforesaid. Neighbors swore that she came to their homes with her shoulders and back all lashed and black and blue. She is not a bright girl—as wild as a deer, just allowed to grow up with no education whatever. Williams said she was incapable of education. She was terribly hard to manage, but Williams swore that he never struck her cruelly with anything—never whipped her with anything heavier than a switch. The evidence failed to convince the jury of this and he was found guilty and fined $100 and costs. The neighbors conceded her wildness, but have no palliation for his treatment of her, and some accuse him of worse things than the outward abuse of her person. The girl is not bad looking and has a fiery snap in her eyes, with short curly hair. When Williams was testifying that he never abused her she, sitting back in the court room, yelled, “That’s a lie,” making the old gentleman very nervous. This girl was the daughter of Williams’ wife’ sister, who died when the girl was a year old. Williams had just married and at request of his wife, they took this girl to raise. A son, now fourteen, was their only fruit. Seven years ago, Williams and wife separated, since when Hattie has lived with Williams and son. Last spring, after one of their household furniture matinees, Hattie left Williams and went to the neighbors. She fell into bad hands and was soon turned over to the county poor home. Blanchard soon found she was pretty tough, and locked her upstairs. She threw her bed out of the window, jumped out on it, and skipped. Since then she had been drifting on the mercies of the public around Udall. She will now be sent “over the hill to the poor house,” to remain. She is out on the world, a simple, friendless girl, with little natural sense and no experience: a continual public charge. And many blame it largely to a cold-hearted, unrefined guardian, who raised her as he did his horses, only to work.
Judge Snow...
Arkansas City Republican, August 29, 1885.
A brute of a guardian by the name of M. S. Williams, residing at Udall, was arrested Monday and taken before Judge Snow at Winfield on the complaint of his adopted child, Hattie M. Williams. She charges him with beating her unmercifully. The Courier says: “She is eighteen years old and not very bright. She had some big scars on her head, where she said chairs, pokers, sticks, etc., had held high carnival. She also swore that to the best of her knowledge, she was Williams’ legitimate child. She said he exercised himself frequently by plying on her frame with a black snake, and the weapons aforesaid. Neighbors swore that she came to their homes with her back and shoulders all lashed and black and blue. She is not a bright girl—as wild as a deer, just allowed to grow up with no education whatever. Williams said she was incapable of education. She was terribly hard to manage, but Williams swore that he never struck her cruelly with anything—never whipped her with anything heavier than a switch. The evidence failed to convince the jury of this, and he was found guilty and fined $100 and costs.” The girl was sent to the poor house.
Judge Snow...
                                                THE MOWRY HOMICIDE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.
The preliminary examination of Henry Mowry for the murder of J. P. Smith at Arkansas City a few weeks ago, began yesterday before Judge Snow. The court room was filled with spectators, twenty-five or more being from Arkansas City. J. H. Fazel was appointed stenographer in the case. The first witness called was Mrs. Belle Godfrey, the woman in the case, whose testimony was substantially the same as that given in THE COURIER at the time of the tragedy. Senator W. P. Hackney, acting County Attorney, conducts the prosecuting, and Jennings & Troup and Mr. Stanley, of Stanley & Wall, Wichita, are for the defense. The case will likely consume most of tomorrow. Tomorrow’s COURIER will contain a resume of the evidence.
Justice Snow...
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, September 5, 1885.
                                               Henry Mowry Remanded to Jail.

Wednesday afternoon the preliminary trial of Henry Mowry was begun before Justice Snow at Winfield. The examination lasted all afternoon and was concluded Thursday morning. Senator W. P. Hackney appeared for the state and Jennings & Troup and W. E. Stanley for the defense. The testimony brought out was almost verbatim to that gained at the Coroner’s inquest. The REPUBLICAN had intended to give the testimony, but as nothing new was adduced, we omit it. Justice Snow, after hearing the matter through and the argument for and against Mowry, decided that it was not a bailable case. Mowry will have to stay in jail until his trial comes off.
Judge Snow...
Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.
The preliminary examination of Henry Mowry, charged with the killing of J. P. Smith, was held in Winfield last Wednesday, before Judge Snow. The testimony sustained the fact of the homicide as brought out in the coroner’s inquest, and upon this the prisoner was committed to the county jail, to await his trial at the next term of the district court.
Judge Snow...
                                            THE MOWRY EXAMINATION.
                            The State’s Evidence Presented Before Judge Snow.
                                 Nothing New. Mowry Remanded Without Bail.
                             The Judge’s Decision. Other Particular in Evidence.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
The preliminary examination of Henry Mowry for the murder of J. P. Smith at Arkansas City on August 21st, began at 2 o’clock Wednesday before Judge Snow. The court room was crowded with eager spectators, largely from the Terminus. The prosecution was conducted by Senator Hackney, acting County Attorney, and the defense by Jennings & Troup, of this city, and W. E. Stanley, of Wichita. The Judge appointed J. H. Fazel stenographic reporter.
                                         DECISION OF JUSTICE J. E. SNOW.

“The evidence in this case is all that I can be governed by. The fact of other cases and other parties charged with the crime of murder having been admitted to bail in this or any other State, would have no particular bearing in this case. There is no dispute but that on the 21st day of August, 1885, in this county and State, James P. Smith was killed by means of a gunshot wound, by, and in the hands of this defendant, Henry Mowry. The doctrine as laid down in our Constitution and Statutes in regard to what would be determined as premeditated, with malice aforethought, undoubtedly means that there should be a sufficient time elapse in order to show that none of these conditions, laid down in the constitution, should exist. The evidence shows in this case that the defendant went to Godfrey’s house the second time, and took with him a shot-gun. It is not argued that he was not in his right mind, possessed of all his faculties; was a man always intent to do what he ultimately accomplishes. The fact that he took his gun is evidence that he had a purpose in it, whether to frighten someone or for some other end, is not clear. But he had an intention in taking the gun there. On the third visit to the house, the evidence is that he approached from the southeast corner, and was first discovered by Mrs. Godfrey. The evidence is that he came in front of the door. The circumstances of the wife coming between the door of her husband and the defendant does not disclose whether he could see her or not. But the wife was soon placed in the back room; and she testifies that she simply looked around the door and saw the defendant standing north of the gate post. Godfrey testifies that he saw him fire. It is also in the evidence that the location of that window, and the point at which the shot came in contact with the wall of the northeast bedroom, shows that it would pass in a direct line through the room close to the door or within three or four feet of it. It is also testified that when Mowry found them, Mrs. Godfrey was in that room. Before going further, I have this to say in regard to the cause of the shooting. Of course, no reason has been assigned for shooting into the empty room, and as council has remarked, it must be surmised, or to use a common expression, ‘guessed at!’ But that he should shoot there, knowing no one was there, I cannot presume he did it merely for pastime.
“He came up the street and turned west, crossing Summit street, and down to the alley and then going north, the crowd gathering, and then the report of the shooting having been heard. The crowd gather after him. There is no evidence to show that up to the time of the shooting there had been any demonstration of violence to the defendant. The simple gathering of a crowd of men would not of itself be sufficient cause for the defendant or any party to expect that bodily harm would be done unless that party was conscious of having done some crime previously, to justify harsh treatment. There is no evidence to show there were any firearms used with which bodily harm might have been inflicted. The defendant, of course, taking for granted that with his age and experience, he knew what an arrest was, knew that unless some crime had been committed, there certainly would be no cause or occasion for violence to be used. In regard to the time and occasion to premeditate, the courts have given no rule about the time which should elapse in which to premeditate. The fact that Smith had no shot-gun would indicate that he could do him no great bodily harm. The most probable thought that could occur to his mind was that he would not be taken. He simply proposed not to be taken. He called on Smith to stop, and he didn’t stop; there is no evidence to show any indication of surrender before he was shot. There were no shots fired until after the killing of Smith. But the fact of the condition of mind he was in, saying he died game, goes to show there was at least animus in his mind at that time. That he intended to shoot the officers shows he was not innocent of some feeling of vindictiveness. There is no evidence of the time which elapsed, but it was probably not long. It is not the length of time between the intent to kill and the execution of it that makes any defense. If I should absolutely raise a weapon against Mr. Troup there, and then follow it up by shooting him, it is a premeditated act. Of course, it may be aggravated by long premeditation.”
A question was asked by Jennings: “If this is not a bailable case, will the Court please state what is one?”
The Court replied: “I have not yet said that this case was not bailable. I may say it, but haven’t yet.”
Justice Snow continued. “To proceed. If only a few moments elapse, the council cannot say this was an accident or that he did not point the gun at Smith, that there must have been some premeditation some time, and that it was accomplished. Just what that deliberation might have been, it occurred between the time of running and the time of shooting. His acts down at Godfrey’s house have no bearing upon his premeditation. I am of the opinion that the case does not come sufficiently within the rules and provision of the law, to admit the defendant to bail.”

                                                     THE JUSTICE MILL.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
Mary J. Bethel was given a divorce from George Bethel. This is one of the most aggravated cases of adultery. Bethel and his paramour are now serving out a six months jail sentence for adultery, found guilty in Judge Snow’s court, the particulars of which our readers are familiar with. Leaving a faithful wife and loving daughter, he eloped with a professional “soiled dove.” Mrs. Bethel was grit from the word go, followed him up, from Cherryvale, and landed both in jail, getting a divorce and what property he had.
Judge Snow...
                                      HATTIE WILLIAMS TO THE FRONT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
Hattie Williams, whose foster father, M. S. Williams, of Udall, was convicted in Judge Snow’s court a few weeks ago for unmercifully beating her, and fined $100 and costs, again comes to the front. She has filed suit in the District Court for $2,000 damages and $936 for labor. The $2,000 is demanded as remuneration for the stern fact that said Williams did “beat and pound said plaintiff with clubs, with his fists, kicked her with his feet, and produced and inflicted upon her back and head great gashes, wounds, and whelks; that by reason of said beating and pounding, plaintiff’s spinal column is seriously and permanently affected and injured; that said defendant’s treatment of her for fifteen years past, has been the most shameful and outrageous, inflicting indignity after indignity upon her person by forcibly and violently outraging her person.” She is a young girl of sixteen, far from bright. Her headquarters are at the poor farm.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 17, 1885.
Capt. H. H. Siverd brought in Edward Roberts, a druggist of Udall, Saturday, charged with violating the liquor law. Roberts gave bond of $300 for his appearance next Thursday for trial before Judge Snow.
                                                     TOO MUCH LIQUID.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 17, 1885.
Capt. H. H. Siverd was up to Udall on Monday and Tuesday, subpoenaing about twenty-five witnesses in the Edward G. Roberts whiskey case. Edward quit teaching school some time ago to go into the drug business, and has run against the cold arm of the law. Captain Siverd took an invoice of the whiskey found in the drug store, over a hundred gallons. It is a very plain case, and Edward is in a very tight place. Mr. Amon, who was on Roberts’ bond with the latter’s father, withdrew his name yesterday, and Roberts is now in the county bastille. His trial comes off before Judge Snow Thursday.
                                                   A DRUGGIST’S WOES.
           The Trial of E. G. Roberts, Udall’s Druggist, for Violating the Liquor Law.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.

The trial by jury of Ed G. Roberts, a druggist of Udall, for violating the liquor law, was commenced before Judge Snow Thursday. Roberts is a young man of about twenty-one, who quit teaching school to get wealth and fame in the drug business. The case has elicited deep interest, and a big attendance of Udallites, some thirty of whom are witnesses, this number about “’alf and ’alf” for the defense and prosecution. W. G. Webster, of Udall, and Jos. O’Hare, of this city, are attorneys for the defense, and Senator Hackney, acting County Attorney, for the prosecution. One illegal sale has already been proven and others are being crowded. The invoice of Robert’s liquors on hand showed over a hundred gallons. Five witnesses of the prosecution swore they never saw or knew of Roberts selling any liquor illegally. Hackney said they lied. He at once made out warrants and had Noah Douglass, Clarence Boots, Peter Kelly, W. A. Cox, and Peter McCush arrested for plain drunks. The first arrest was knocked by the statutory limit of thirty days in which to file complaint. M. G. Troup, attorney for the plain drunks, brought up this point. This morning Hackney re-arrested the whole five on charges of more recent date.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
The transcript of the Henry Mowry preliminary examination, before Judge Snow, was filed in the District Court Wednesday. It is a lengthy document.
J. E. Snow...
                                    REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION.
      Everything Harmonious, With No Opposition to Speak of. A Ticket Unexcelled.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
The convention met at the Opera House in Winfield at 10 o’clock a.m. today according to the call, and was called to order by W. J. Wilson, chairman of the county committee. E. A. Henthorn, Secretary of the committee, read the call. On motion of G. H. Buckman, Hon. T. A. Blanchard was elected chairman pro tem and took the chair. On motion of Geo. T. Walton, E. A. Henthorn was elected secretary pro tem and took his seat. On motion of S. P. Strong, voted that the chair appoint a committee of five on credentials. The chair appointed S. P. Strong, Ed Pentecost, G. P. Haycraft, Ed Nicholson, and W. B. Weimer. On motion of Geo. T. Walton, voted that the chair appoint a committee of five on permanent organization. The chair appointed Sid Cure, A. H. Jennings, J. S. Rash, John Bartgis, and S. C. Pattison. On motion of P. A. Lorry, voted that the chair appoint a committee of five on order of business. The chair appointed P. A. Lorry, Sampson Johnson, W. E. Tansey, J. R. Sumpter, and Capt. Stuber. On motion of J. C. Long, the chair was instructed to appoint a committee of five on resolutions. The chair appointed John C. Long, E. A. Henthorn, Dr. H. F. Hornady, L. E. Wooden, and J. D. Maurer. On motion, the convention adjourned to 2 o’clock p.m., sharp. Just previous to adjournment the chairman announced that all the delegates would be provided with dinner tickets by calling at the secretary’s desk.
                                            WINFIELD 3RD AND 4TH WARDS.
Delegates: D. L. Kretsinger, G. H. Buckman, John C. Long, H. L. Wells, J. L. Horning, R. Farnsworth, A. McNeal, C. Stamp.
Alternates: Chas. Holmes, J. E. Snow, Capt. Whiting, L. Conrad, W. H. Shearer, Will Whitney, E. C. Seward, W. B. Pixley.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.

The case of the State vs. Clarence Boots, for plain drunk, came up before Judge Snow this morning and was dismissed. The case of the State vs.        Cox, for the same offense, also came up in the same court and was dismissed.

                      E. G. Roberts, the Udall Druggist, Convicted On One Count.
                                                         $100 and 30 Days.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
The case of the State against E. G. Roberts, the Young druggist of Udall, went to the jury at five o’clock Friday, having been grinding a day and a half before Judge Snow. The jury was out an hour and brought in a verdict of guilty on the last count, recommending the defendant, owing to his youth, to the mercy of the court. The sentence was one hundred dollars and costs, about two hundred and fifty dollars in the aggregate, with thirty days in jail. He was tried on two counts, one charging that J. N. Reed got liquor without a statement on August 2nd and the other that one Shelton had done the same on August 27th. Roberts tried to prove an alibi for the latter, bringing witnesses to prove that his girl, Miss Sherrard, who stood by him through the trial, was his hostess that whole blessed Sunday, from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m., with only thirty minutes for refreshments. But this didn’t work. There were about twenty-five witnesses on both sides. Roberts is an innocent appearing fellow of twenty-one years of age, and left the idea shooting business to enter drugs. He hasn’t much wealth and can illy afford this drain. But violations of law, in this country, has its briars every time, and a man don’t want to run against them too promiscuously. The jail sentence is imperative under the late law. A motion for a new trial was overruled. Roberts appealed to the District Court, giving an appearance bond, and was released from jail, awaiting the result of his appeal.
[Note: I do not understand phrase “left the idea shooting business to enter drugs.” It does not make sense to me. Fell that a “typo or two was made on this article.” MAW]
                        The Last Day of The Cowley Co. Fair—A Grand Success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
The Courier Cornet Band, under its brightly arrayed drum major, Judge Snow, had a parade drill in the speed ring park yesterday afternoon, going through numerous and varied evolutions, allowing much proficiency. The boys will attend the Topeka soldiers’ reunion, and will no doubt carry off golden laurels.
There were forty-two instruments playing at once in the band stand Thursday. This is the best band display ever seen at a county fair.
Lt. Snow...
                                                       OFF FOR TOPEKA.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Company C, K. N. G., under Capt. Steuven and Lieuts. Finch and Snow, with the Courier Cornet Band, sixteen pieces, and the First Light Artillery, took a special train for the Topeka Soldier’s Reunion, Sunday, at 3 o’clock. The boys left in high spirits and their bright new uniforms and looked war-like: with a dozen or two watermelons to load up with. There is no doubt that our company is one of the best drilled in the state and will carry off high honors. The artillery, under Capt. Haight, will make the echoes resound and will be a fine adjunct to the Reunion. And the Courier Cornet Band will win golden laurels. The music they selected for the occasion is of the highest order and will be rendered charmingly. It will be a hard job to find a band in the state to excel our boys.
Judge Snow...
                                                DISGRUNTLED OLD AGE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
Tom H. Harrod brought John Kurns in from near New Salem last evening, charged with being a dangerous character. He is eighty-five years old and childish, yet withal pert and arbitrary. Some time ago he deeded his farm to his nearest relative, a niece, Miss Sadie Kurns, about thirty-five years old. The old gentleman, Sadie, and her intimate friend, Eva W. Whittaker, about Sadie’s age, lived on the place together. Recently the old man got it into his head that he wanted his farm deeded back to him. Sadie thought it only a childish freak, and refused. He got furious and swore he’d kill her, and flourished a club around in frenzy. Yesterday he came to Winfield to get a gun to kill her with. He got as far as John Coffey’s, at neighbor, with his gun, when John stopped him, investigated, and Eva Whittaker swore out a warrant for Kurns’ arrest. When Tom Harrod went after the old man, finding him yet at Coffey’s, he said, “I won’t go; you can’t take me!” He had to be taken by force, and appears to be extremely obstreperous for one of his age. His trial comes off before Judge Snow this week.
Judge Snow...
                                               UNDER $500 PEACE BOND.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
John Kurns, the old gentleman of eighty-five years, from near New Salem, who was arrested the other day charged with threatening the life of his granddaughter, Sadie Kurns, had his hearing before Judge Snow yesterday afternoon and was placed under a peace bond of $500. He was unable to give bond and languishes. The trouble grew out of a deed. For various kinship considerations, John Kurns deeded his $4,000 farm to Sadie. The old man, Sadie, and her “chum,” Eva Whitaker, live on the farm together, Sadie taking care of Kurns. He got a freak that he wanted his farm deeded back to him. Sadie thought it only childishness and refused. The old man got furious and came to town and got a gun to kill her with. When in a mile of home, on his return with the gun, on complaint of Eva Whitaker that he was a dangerous character, he was arrested. He has a violent temper. Sadie, according to the neighbors, has given him devoted care. His temper is such that angelic care wouldn’t satisfy him and he kept the house in a continual furor. For one of his age, he is exceedingly lively and bitter in demonstration. He seems to have an awful bitterness against Eva Whitaker, whom he imagines is trying to boss things too much—swaying Sadie too easily. Sadie and Eva are between twenty-five and thirty years old, the former an orphan.
J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Kansas City Journal’s Topeka Reunion correspondent gave our Courier Cornet Band this notice: “The Second regiment band, of Winfield, known as the Courier band, saluted the Journal today, and gave the great daily a fine serenade. The members of the band are: G. H. Crippen, leader; J. E. Snow, C. Roberts, A. R. Harvey, Jesse and Fred Bates, C. H. Page, Judge Buckman, Clarence Roberts, Sidney Carnine, J. E. Holliday, Frank Spring, F. J. Newton, A. T. Roberts, W. I. Warner, J. D. Armstrong, and A. Fiddler. This band is a credit to Winfield, the members being the best young men of that beautiful city. The Journal extends greetings.
Judge Snow...
                                                     A DARK ROMANCE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
John Soloman and Maggie Smith, colored, were taken in by Marshal McFadden Monday and lodged in our bastille, charged with illegal co-habitation. Maggie is too much married. Two weeks ago she left husband number one in Topeka for a visit at Arkansas City. She also visited a day or two here, met John Soloman, and both caught a bad case of struckology. Yesterday they were married. Smith expected his wife home several days ago and when she didn’t come, began to skirmish and finding out about her goneness on Soloman, sent a warrant for her arrest. It didn’t come in time to head off the marriage. Maggie is in a bad box. She is a young girl and good looking. John Soloman has been almost raised in Winfield, and has no superior record as a masher. That this mash is complete and sad is very apparent. He didn’t know he was getting a second hand girl, he says. The case will come up before Judge Snow Thursday.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.
Judge Snow and Chas. E. Steuven are at Leavenworth as U. S. grand jurors, and will be absent about ten days. They expressed a strong likelihood of getting into the “pen” before their return—for a view of its departments and boarders.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 5, 1885.
Elmer Barnes was brought in from Dexter township, Saturday, by deputy sheriff Joe Church, charged with whipping his father. The case was continued to Wednesday at 10 o’clock, and Barnes gave bail. He says the shoe is on the wrong foot. The old man undertook to pacify him with an iron poker, whereupon he undertook to smooth the old man’s ruffled feelings with a chair, a stick of stove wood, and various other articles of household furniture, when the old man pranced off for a warrant. The exact status can only be determined by judicial proceedings, Hizzoner, Judge Snow, adjudicator.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
Elmer Barnes, before Judge Snow, charged with “licking” his father, proved the shoe to be on the wrong foot and threw the costs on the old man. The old man made the first assault and the son warded it off with various furniture, making things lively. The family has been in a feud for years, between father and sons. The county attorney swore out a warrant charging the old man with assaulting the son. He plead guilty and paid $95 in fine and costs. And the end is not yet.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.

John W. Patterson was brought in yesterday by Constable Tom Harrod for making things too warm in his household. His wife swore out the complaint. She has sued for a divorce. They have six children. The trouble is of long and incessant duration. About every piece of furniture in the house could attest the same, they say. He gave bail and the case comes up before Judge Snow next Monday.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
Fred Vaughn was arrested and brought in Monday by Capt. Siverd, from Tisdale, on charge of assaulting and beating one of his pupils, Benj. F. Boon. We saw the weapon: a maple twig, twelve or fifteen inches long, and of wonderfully light weight. His case will be tried before Judge Snow today and tomorrow.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 19, 1885.
Mrs. Hattie Johnson and her sixteen year old daughter, Annie, Germans residing on south Loomis street, were arrested by Marshal McFadden Friday, charged with disturbing the peace of a family named Jones, living in the same house. It is a regular red-hot family row that has been brewing for months. Their trial comes off in Judge Snow’s court next Friday.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 19, 1885.
Rollin Richardson, who broke into McGuire Bros.’ store at Tisdale, last week, plead guilty to larceny before Judge Snow and was sentenced to the State Reform School at Topeka. He is a lad of sixteen and has had a checkered career. His father was a drunkard and when Rollin was but six or seven years old his mother died in an insane asylum. Since then he has made his own way drifting all over the country from Columbia, Ohio. [Next sentence impossible to read.]
J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 19, 1885.
A. H. Limerick, Dr. Green, J. E. Snow, and J. F. McMullen left for Lawrence last evening on the S. K. to attend the Grand Legion of the A. O. U. W.
Excerpt: J. E. Snow...
                                      GRAND LEGION SELECT KNIGHTS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.
J. F. McMullen, Judge Snow, Dr. Green, and Prof. Limerick got home Thursday from the annual session of The Grand Legion of Select Knights, A. O. U. W., held in Lawrence Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The meeting, presided over till the installation of new officers, by Grand Commander McMullen, was one of great interest. The attendance was large, of the best men of the state. The reports showed a splendid growth of the order in the past year, the finances in good condition, and general prospects very flattering. Lawrence tendered the Legion a royal reception.
Judge Snow...
                                                     THE GRAND ARMY.
                 The Winfield Post Gives a Big Reception to Distinguished Visitors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.

Last night was a big occasion for our G. A. R. Post. Col. Stewart, Department Commander; Col. Woodcock, colonel of the 2nd Regiment, K. N. G., and Major Ask, of the same regiment, were here. From 6:30 to 8:30 Col. Stewart exemplified the Grand Army work, after which the Woman’s Relief Corps were admitted, with friends at large, and social chatter began. But the Lodge room was soon a jam, and all repaired to the Rink, where Company C, under its Captain, C. E. Steuven, was having its regular drill. The Rink proved amply commodious, and general commingling among old soldiers and their wives and friends was enjoyed. The Courier Cornet Band came in from the Court House, where it was having its regular practice, and went through the drill with Company C, discoursing splendid music. After the drill and music, the stand was mounted by the distinguished visitors and the commanders of the county, among whom were S. Cure, commander of Winfield Post; Al Mowry, commander of the Arkansas City Post; S. Gould, of the Mulvane Post; H. C. McDorman, of the Dexter Post; John Ledlie, of the Burden Post, and Mr. Roberts, commander of Udall Post. Col. Stewart, happily introduced by Judge Soward, delivered a well prepared address on the origin, object, and fraternity of the Grand Army of the Republic. Col. Woodcock, Major Ask, and others followed. The speeches were sandwiched by “The Old Army Bean,” sung by Major Ask, Judge Snow, Judge Buckman, et al, loudly applauded. The seats were then squared around, the room darkened, and Major Ask exhibited a variety of stereopticon views, embracing army scenes of vividly life-like reality. They were all very fine and made a most pleasant end to a very enjoyable reunion of old soldiers, their wives, and friends generally. Members were present from all the county Posts. After the close at the Rink, the Post had an oyster banquet at Axtel’s, with various toasts and a big time. It was a splendid reception, throughout, to the Posts distinguished guests.
Judge Snow...
                                                        AN ELOPEMENT.
                            A Married Woman Elopes From Oswego to Winfield.
                            Her Hubby Follows and Jugs the Illegal Co-Habitors.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

William Purden and Susan Green are guests of the Hotel De Finch, charged with elopement and criminal co-habitation. Last spring Samuel Green and his wife and little girl resided at Burden. There William Purden, a stock dealer, got acquainted with Susan. The husband suspicioned nothing. Purden was going to Missouri to buy horses and mules, and offered Green a team and wagon and good wages if he’d take his family and go along. He did so. At Eureka the attentions of Purden to his wife got too flagrant for Green, and the caravan split, Green and family going to Oswego, where they lived happily until last Saturday evening, when Green came home from the country to find his wife and child gone. Neighbors told of the occasional visits to Green’s while he was away, of a man bearing Purden’s description, and that he was there Saturday. Mrs. Green had packed up systematically and checked her baggage to Beaumont. Monday Green followed her and found that Purden had joined her on the road and together they had come to Winfield over the K. C. & S. W. Arriving here Green placed warrants in Constable Harrod’s hands and soon found the elopers at Purden’s place north of town, and had them jugged. The woman weakened and tearfully confessed all, and wanted to be taken back to the bosom of her husband; but he wouldn’t take. He was after the child only as well as to make the elopers suffer the penalty of their crime. Realizing Green’s determination, she consented to let him take the child, as she couldn’t support her. Green says he shall apply for a divorce and foreswear her forever. He is less than thirty and she about twenty-five. They have been married six years and their little girl is four years old. Their lives were perfectly congenial, he says, until Purden came on. The trial of Purden and Mrs. Green was set in Judge Snow’s court for two o’clock today, but owing to technicalities was continued to Monday. Green is without competency: dependent on his daily exertions for a living, but appears to have plenty of energy and grit.
                                                     THE WAGES OF SIN.
                  Out on the Cold World is the Sequel to Susan Green’s Elopement.
                                                Purden Gets $100 and Costs.
                                     She Gets $5 and Costs and Left Homeless.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.
The case of the State against William Purden and Susan Green for adultery, was concluded in Judge Snow’s court Monday, he being fined $100 and costs and she $5 and costs and three days in jail. She plead guilty. He stood trial, but made no defense, when he saw the sure character of the State’s evidence. THE COURIER’s account of this case is fresh. Purden and Mrs. Green got acquainted at Burden. She and her husband, Samuel Green, accompanied Purden on his way to Missouri to buy mules. When they reached Burlingame, Green thought Purden and his wife were too “thick,” and pulled his family out of the caravan, going to Oswego and settling. All went well till Saturday week, when Green came home from the country to find his wife and little girl, four years old, gone. The neighbors described Purden as having been there. Green tracked them to Winfield, pleased warrants in Marshal McFadden’s hands, and had them arrested. Purden was found at his place north of town and she at Steve Van Buren’s in this city, where Purden had left her. They were put in the bastille. Green was grit from the word go: determined to get his child and put the eloping adulterers through. He got the little girl and left her with his sister at Burden. Mrs. Green, with tearful penitence, begged her husband to forgive her and take her back to his protection. He refused. Green is about thirty years old and she is not over twenty-four or five. She is of very delicate form and fair looks. Purden has a young wife, who is now visiting in the east and means to make it warm for her unfaithful husband. Purden paid his fine this morning. Mrs. Green is penniless, a stranger in a strange land, with no place to go and no one to protect. She is a woman of high temper and much obstinacy. Otherwise she could probably have made peace with her husband, who Monday morning offered to take her back if she’d plead guilty—the first time he had relented—but the consultation ended in her telling him to “go to the d     l!” Green appears to be an industrious young farmer. He said, “I would rather have laid her in the grave than that this should have happened!” Mrs. Green seems to take the sequel to her crime very hard at times, though she exhibits occasionally a “fool-hardy” grit. She has no idea as to what will become of her now. She has little worldly experience—little knack at coping with the world. And her mistake has killed honorable opportunities. There is always an outstretched hand for the prodigal son, but never for the prodigal daughter. Her virtue questioned, she can turn any way and meet only disdain. And her own sex, in its generality, is the first to ostracize her—with the knowledge that in doing so she is driven to entire destruction. Oh, humanity! where is thy charity—that charity that suffereth much and is of long standing?

Judge Snow...
                                                JAIL BREAKERS FOILED.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.
Sheriff McIntire, on his road to Arizona after A. V. Alexander’s peculator, took Ollie Richardson to the State Reform School at Topeka. Ollie is the orphan lad who broke into McGuire Bro.’s store at Tisdale. He plead guilty and was sentenced by Judge Snow to the Reform School where he will stay till twenty-one. He was in the jail a month or more. On the road to Topeka he gave away to Sheriff McIntire a scheme conducted by the prisoners to make a bold break for freedom one day this week. There are two large slop pails, with lids; one is taken out each evening and the other, after an all day airing, is brought in by two prisoners under guard. An outside pal was to put two loaded revolvers in this outside slop pail, the prisoners expecting, as usual, that the pail would be carried back without examination. They were to watch a time when Jailor Finch took a meal in without an official guard at the door. Two were to grab him, while the others, with the revolvers, paralyzed the guard. Finch and the guard were then to be slapped into the cooler, the iron door clamped, and the birds would fly. McIntire immediately wrote Jailor Finch to be on his guard, and the scheme was nipped in the bud. The bastille contains a dozen or more prisoners, some of them very tough cases, and had their scheme ripened, would have likely been effectual, giving the officers a good tussle at least. However, Jailor Finch is seldom found off his guard. He watches for surprises. But such superior forces would have been hard to control when they had the weapons.
J. E. Snow...
                                               A. O. U. W. RESOLUTIONS.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.
At its regular meeting, Friday evening last, the A. O. U. W. Lodge of Winfield formed the following resolutions.
On Saturday, November 21, 1885, obedient to the summons of the Supreme Master Workman of the universe, Bro. Wm. Moore was taken from his place amongst us. We thus lose a valuable comrade and brother, his family a devoted father, and an affectionate husband.
Resolved, That in paying tribute to his memory, we commend the wisdom which induced him “while in health and strength of body,” to make provision for the time when he would be unable to protect those near and dear to him from the dangers incident to pecuniary want and distress.
Resolved, That we, in extending our fraternal sympathy to those whom by reason of family ties are left desolate, we commend them to the care of our All wise Father, a husband to the widow, a father to the fatherless.
Resolved, That while we cancel the pecuniary obligations into which we entered with our late brother, we will still guard with our “shield of protection” the interests of those whom he confided to our care.
                                C. C. Green, J. E. Snow, Louis Conrad, Committee.
J. E. Snow and A. B. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year at the meeting of Cowley Legion No. 16, S. K. of A. O. U. W., last night. P. S. C., J. E. Snow; S. C., W. G. Seaver; V. C., T. J. Harris; L. C., C. H. Cleaves; R., J. F. McMullen; R. T., A. B. Snow; T., C. A. Bliss; M., C. E. Steuven; S. B., Dr. C. C. Green; J. W., S. H. Crawford; S. W., E. F. Blair; G., David Dix. The installation will occur on the evening of the first meeting in January.
Judge Snow, leading attorney...
                                                     A PATHETIC SCENE.
                              The Court, Jury and Bar in the Arms of Fair Alice.
                             Blushes, Hugs, and Kisses.—How They All Took It.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
The scene in the court room on the announcement of the dismissal of Alice Jeffries’ case, was extremely pathetic. The fair heroine, with a heart o’er flowing with gratitude at her release from the horrible charge of midnight burglary, threw her arms around the neck of Judge Snow, her leading attorney, and affectionately impressed a sweet kiss on his manly brow. This was a signal for Campbell and Sumner, and she found them braced for the awful ordeal. She satisfied them with a hearty hug or two, and made for the jury, which looked desperately for a means of exit—none there. With tears dimming her eyes, she showed hand-shakes and thankful words clear around, even shaking hands with the two against her. The court, the while, was sightless with tears, but some considerate member of the bar, who saw, through tears, the Judge’s impending fate, rushed up with encouraging words, “put him on.” He wiped his weeping eyes and looked up just as the onslaught came. The two foot counter didn’t save him. Reaching her eager arms over all, she took in the Court with a loving embrace, and “may heaven bless you, Judge.” Judge Torrance has been called rather modest; perhaps he is, but the whole bar declare that his nerve on this occasion was heroic—are almost ready to declare that they heard the smack of a kiss. But, next to Snow, Campbell took it the hardest, and absolutely put his hand up to ward off the kiss. Sumner took in the whole circus just as though he had been there before and didn’t care a darn. But Snow was teetotally broke up. He had expected a demonstration among the other folks, but hoped for less publicity in his case. His blushes illuminated the whole court room. She hunted for Ed Pate, but he had hid under the counter. Sheriff McIntire came next, but he had hooked on to Time’s forelock and slid out. She afterward tackled him in his office, with the curtain down. Composing herself for a moment, she bethought herself of the excellent courtesy shown her by Messrs. Hackney & Asp. She saw the awful dejected look o’erspreading Bill’s face and tackled him first. Drawing his wild west locks over his brow, he took her demonstrations as meekly as a lamb—actually seemed rather to rather like it. Henry Asp by this time was under the table. But the attorneys hauled him out, about as nonplused an individual as you ever saw. Lovell Webb and Frank Jennings sympathetically braced him, one on either side, while Henry pleadingly extended his arms. He had to stand it, but swears he can never meet another attack like that. The whole scene knocked the hose clear off Walkup, Baily, or Frankie Morris—absolutely beggared description. We don’t pretend to do it justice. If Alice had given THE COURIER man a little attention, he could have written her up with much better satisfaction. She ran out of kisses before she got to us.

                                                     THE JUSTICE MILL.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
The case of the State vs. Alice Jeffries was called yesterday afternoon, the plaintiff appearing by Hackney & Asp, County Attorneys, and the defendant in person and by her attorneys, Judge Snow and H. T. Sumner. She is charged with complicity in robbing Smith & Zook’s safe, January, 1885. The trial is now progressing before the regular jury.
The jury in the Alice Jeffries case, after wrestling two days and a night, were called in Saturday evening, without a verdict. It stood ten for acquittal and two for conviction. The two hung like death to a deceased coon—their determination would be impossible to empanel a jury to try it again this term, everybody knowing something of the case. The evidence was all circumstantial, with no certainty of a conviction and the expenses being heavy, he deemed it best for all that the proceedings be dismissed. The case was ably conducted on both sides. Messrs. Hackney & Asp extracted all the evidence that could be squeezed out, and the defending attorneys, Judge Snow, seconded by Judge Campbell and Judge Sumner, brought out every point possible in her favor, and are greatly pleased over the result.
The Jeffries case is one in which there is little doubt of guilt, but which is mighty hard to prove. She is a reckless woman of wide experience and wily manner, and was no doubt a regular accomplice of the gang she was accused of assisting. Her detective story was too thin. She worked her cards well—such women always do. The evidence, coupled with her past character, was such as convinced all of her guilt, but was too vague in the law: evidence entirely circumstantial. The prosecution ferreted out all they could, but there were links that couldn’t be found. She was badly scared, however, when the jury continued to hang Saturday, when she showed her first signs of weakening. She had seven hundred dollars in cash on deposit here for her appearance, during the year the case was pending, since last January. This case worried her considerably and cost her considerable cash. She is a large woman, of smooth form and rather even features, and dresses stylishly. She will never need anybody to take care of her—is able to cope with anything that comes in her way. She was mighty happy over her discharge—see “A Pathetic Scene.”
State vs. Abner Carson, dismissed. He and Edward Ellendow were arrested on the same charge—horse stealing. Ellendow pleaded guilty. The papers in Carson’s arrest contained an error, causing dismissal. He was rearrested before Buckman. It was found that before Carson’s trial could come off, Ellendow, the main witness, would be in the “pen,” leaving the prosecution in the lurch. Carson was discharged entirely and at 11 o’clock Saturday night, walked out of the bastille, a free man. Ellendow pays the penalty of a crime that both committed.
Judge Snow...
                                                 $200 AND NINETY DAYS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Another illicit whiskey vendor has come to grief—G. W. Hall, who kept kegs of “rot gut” in his room in the Lindell Hotel bath house, and peddled it in bottles at a dollar a pint. Constables Siverd and McFadden got on to his racket and soon had some of his forty-rod encased for evidence. Friday he was pulled and tried before Judge Snow. The evidence was of the kind that knocks a violator down at first sight. He got $200 fine and ninety days in jail. He hasn’t the wherewith to pay the $200, but is simply able to lay out the bastille sentence, which will be an effective pill. He came here a few weeks ago from Licking, Ohio, and has been receiving letters under another name than Hall, supposedly from his wife.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
Judge Snow did the cementing act for Alfred L. Bradshaw, of Grand Island, Nebraska, and Miss Lida T. Allen, of this city, Thursday evening. They were united at the home of the bride’s mother, in the First Ward, in the presence of a few relatives and friends. They leave Tuesday next, for Nebraska, via Iowa, where they will visit for a while. Mr. Bradshaw is largely interested in the milling business at Grand Island.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
General Green downed the peregrinating artist, G. W. Lichenor, before Judge Snow Wednesday. The prosecution was found to be without cause and his artistship paid the $20 or more costs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
E. W. Lichenor, a traveling artist, enlarged a picture for A. H. Green, who paid him in full and got a receipt in full, when Lichenor demanded five dollars more. The General had fulfilled his agreement, took up the picture, and walked off with it, whereupon the artist arrested him for disturbing his peace in carrying off the picture against said artist’s will. The trial will come off this evening before Judge Snow. The General has the receipt and will prove the disturbance all on the other side. Traveling venders of any kind will seldom do to deal with. They should all be “shook.”
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.
The bus rivalry is warming up—has come to physical persuasion. Ben Mays and Steve Paris, on the side of the Paris bus, and Will Beck on the other side, had a free-for-all tumble at the S. K. depot the other night. Nobody was hurt. But the future looked black and accordingly the boys were brought before Judge Snow last evening. Steve Paris was discharged on the grounds that he was not corpus hors de combatus, or, in other words, didn’t get knocked down. The other two were fined $5.00 apiece and costs. The plea was that each was assailed by the other and that each was slugging in self defense.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The bus racket still waxeth. Al Terrill, one of Bangs’ drivers, backed into Hoyland’s bus the other day, skinning the legs of the latter’s horses and making him exceedingly hot. Hoyland then had Terrill arrested. Harrod also ruffled the quiet and peace of Hoyland and was arrested. Both cases were passed in Snow’s court today, till the attorneys are ready to take them up. McDonald & Webb are attorneys for the defendants.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

H. A. Palmer, the telegraph line constructor who tried to run the rink on Christmas, was brought in from Atlanta Wednesday by Capt. Siverd, and plead guilty before Judge Snow to two counts, one for getting drunk and one for fighting. It costs him $84. He is out on a parole, and unless the money is raised by tomorrow will revel in the bastille. He can probably get the money.
J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace...
                                                        LEGAL NOTICES.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff’s Attorney, Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. Wm. L. Blair, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons and Jonathan Duncan, defendants, garnishment to recover $100 and 12% interest per annum from March 26, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff’s Attorney. Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. John A. Eaton, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons, defendant, garnishment to recover $64.10 and 12% interest per annum from June 7, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff’s Attorney, Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. John A. Eaton, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons, Jonathan Duncan, and A. D. McHague, defendants, garnishment to recover $171 and 12% interest per annum from July 23, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.
J. E. Snow...
                                     G. A. R. AND W. R. C. INSTALLATION.
                    A Big Event For the G. A. R. “Boys” and the W. R. C. “Girls.”
                                                         Feast and Reason.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Monday evening was the occasion of a very enjoyable time at the Post, it being the installation of the new officers elect. The boys have a very roomy and well furnished Post room and well fitted for entertaining a crowd. The Woman’s Relief Corps was out in full strength and quite a number of visitors. Everybody was sociable and jolly and the reporter felt just like a school boy on holiday. We like to mingle in such a crowd. We feel better for days afterward.

After the installation the ladies of the Relief Corps slyly brought out some mysterious looking packages and soon revealed a feast that every old “vet,” including the reporter, began to grin about and never let up until they reached home and had to send for the doctor. Cakes, oranges, candy, apples, and everything good was passed around in abundance. The reporter and John Arrowsmith were on the sick list and looked as blue as indigo because they couldn’t eat anything. Dr. Wells’ friends watched him closely and whenever the bald place on his head began to turn blue, they pounded him on the back, and took away his dish. Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp were cautioned by their friends several times to eat slower, but you might as well have told them, during the war, to fight slower. They are excusable as they confidently told the reporter they had been expecting this and had fasted since the day before. Earnest Reynolds never grunted after the cake began to go around. He looked down at the floor and lost no time. It is estimated that the Post lost $4.67 by his presence. As for Siverd, words will not express his troubles. Three times was he choked on an orange. His friends are very much worried about him, as he has been troubled for years with dyspepsia. After the feast it was noticed that the Captain’s pockets stuck out like an air balloon, and it is thought he is injured internally. Space will not allow us to speak of the other boys. They all did justice to everything. Their gastronomical propensities worked like a charm.
The following were the officers installed: A. B. Limerick, Post Commander; J. E. Snow, S. V. P.; J. J. Carson, J. V. P.; T. H. Soward, Q. M.; H. L. Wells, Surgeon; H. H. Siverd, O. B.; J. H. Snyder, C.; C. L. McRoberts, O. G.; Lewis Conrad, A.; D. C. Beach, S. M.
The following are the officers of the Woman’s Relief Corps: Mrs. Elma Dalton, P.; Mrs. Julia Caton, S. V. P.; Mrs. H. L. Wells, J. V. P.; Mrs. Dr. Pickens, Treasurer; Mrs. D. C. Beach, Secretary; Mrs. Lewis Conrad, C.; Mrs. A. J. Thompson, C.; Mrs. C. Trump, G.
The installation ceremonies were beautiful. We don’t believe there is any city in Kansas that can boast of a better Post than Winfield.
J. E. Snow...
                                                    SONS OF VETERANS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
The following officers were duly installed at the regular meeting Jan. 6th: J. E. Snow, T. O.; W. L. Pridgeon, Capt.; E. Branson, 1st Lieut.; C. W. Naws, 2nd Lieut.; A. M. Swindler, Chap.; C. M. Storms, O. S.; F. S. Elder, G.; S. H. Caton, C. O.’ J. H. Swindler, S. G.; E. S. Spring, C. G. The camp is prospering finely, having a good membership of our best young men, who are keeping up a live interest.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
The officials have again found a secret gambling den and have eight of the victims ready for dissecting before Judge Snow. Most of them are young men, some quite young, who have no doubt laid down a number of good wads on the paste-board altar.
                                                           ROUTED OUT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
“A secret gambling den was discovered and raided by the Winfield police the other night and eight nice young men hauled up before the justice for participating. Wellington is remarkably free from gambling dens. No doubt there is some gambling done as there always is in cities, but it is seldom a city of this size is found without a regularly equipped gambling resort, conducted very quietly, of course, and not acknowledged to be in existence by the authorities, but which every sporting man knows how to find. This state of affairs is due to the vigilance of our city officers.” Press.
The same here. It’s a mighty sly gambling den that can evade the keen eyes and determination of county attorneys Hackney & Asp, Capt. Siverd, and Marshal McFadden. The “dens” are all routed, scarcely before they get firmly founded. That it don’t pay to buck the tiger, the boys can sadly testify, not only by the wads they have laid on the paste-board altar but by the $58 assessments of Judge Snow.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

Grover Coleman plead guilty before Judge Snow Monday to disturbing the peace of the McRoberts family—in other words raising little hades. He laid down $27.75 on the altar of outraged law. Several more hens are on, the Judge says, and will hatch out in a day or two.
J. E. Snow, Lawyer.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
J. E. SNOW, Lawyer. Justice of the Peace and Notary Public. All business entrusted to me will be promptly attended to. Office, 215 East 9th Avenue, Winfield, Kansas.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Castillo, the inmate who raised a row at the poor farm, had a trial Friday before Judge Snow and was remanded to the jail for some weeks yet. He has but one leg and seems to be a little “off” mentally.
Judge Buckman and Judge Snow...
                                           FOR SWEET CHARITY’S SAKE.
                   Winfield’s Home Talent Again in the Front for a Worthy Object.
                                       The Charity Concert a Brilliant Success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
No city in the Union has more generous-hearted, public spirited people than Winfield. Their interest and energy in every good cause is wonderful. And no city can excel us in diversity and superiority of literary and musical talent. Last Thursday evening THE COURIER had an article calling attention to the fact that a number of families, as a result of the long, hard winter, with all avenues of labor closed, were in abject want, and suggesting a charity concert for the raising of a benefit fund, and stating that Judge Albright, with his characteristic public spirit, would furnish the Opera House for one or two nights for such purpose, as his donation. The Ladies Local Relief Society, of which Mrs. J. L. Horning, one of the city’s noblest workers in every good movement, is president, took the matter in hand, and the concert was determined on for Saturday evening, just two days after. Friday, E. F. Blair, on behalf of the ladies, began the arrangement of a program. There was no time for rehearsal. Each one assumed a part of their own selection and responsibility and the result was marvelous—a perfect index to the superiority of our home talent. The willingness and zeal with which the performers and citizens generally responded to this call was fully in harmony with the culture, refinement, and enterprise that have made our city famous. The ladies sold over seven hundred tickets the first day they were out, Friday, and Saturday evening the Opera House was a jam, and yet many who bought tickets were unable to get there.
“Homeward Bound,” with Mrs. Blair at the piano, gave ample volume for the superior voices and culture of Judge Buckman and Judge Snow. Judge Snow’s rich bass voice has become as standard in our musical circles as has Judge Buckman’s. They are both old stand-byes.
The appearance of Mr. and Mrs. Blair, Mrs. W. H. Albro, and Judge Snow brought up the long ago when this quartette sang so steadily as the Episcopal choir, appearing in numerous concerts. They are all excellent musicians and sang beautifully “Love’s Happy, Golden Days.”
J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.

J. E. Snow has returned from Leavenworth, Topeka, and other points, where he has been on legal business.
J. E. Snow...
                                       FIFTH DIVISION SELECT KNIGHTS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The Grand Commander of the Select Knights of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, recently issued an order forming the Kansas Legions into eight Grand Divisions with the further order that each division hold a conclave for organization at the place appointed, on Feb. 9th. The fifth division, the first conclave of which was appointed for Winfield, embraces the following legions: Sumner No. 10, of Wellington; Cresswell No. 15, of Arkansas City; Cowley No. 16, of Winfield; Mystic No. 34, of El Dorado; Blair No. 40, of Dexter; Burden, No. 44, of Burden; Forest City No. 51, of Kingman. Each Legion was entitled to elect one delegate to attend the conclave. At two o’clock this afternoon the conclave was called to order in the A. O. U. W. hall by Walter G. Seaver, Commander of the Winfield Legion, with the following delegates present: Mr. Calhoun, Wichita—with Col. Taylor as a visitor from the same place; J. E. Snow, Winfield; E. W. Woolsey, Burden; M. N. Sinnott, Arkansas City. The Burden Legion were present in force, as visitors: E. A. Henthorn, J. W. Henthorn, W. P. Horan, R. D. Lake, H. W. Young, Geo. Culbertson, E. W. Young, J. H. Hooker, J. S. Crabtree, Len Griffith, W. W. Brafft, and A. J. Henthorn. The Winfield Legion was also out in full force and received and entertained their visitors in good style. The permanent organization of the Fifth division was completed as follows: Commander, J. E. Snow, Winfield; V. C., E. A. Henthorn, Burden; L. C., Mr. Calhoun, Wichita; Recorder, Walter G. Seaver, Winfield. With the commander and recorder at Winfield, this city is made Division Headquarters. This conclave was one of much interest all around.
J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
Chevalier Lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias, installed its officers Tuesday for the ensuing six months, as follows: C. C., P. H. Albright; P. C., J. E. Snow; V. C., Bert Crapster; P. M., G. Troup; K. R. S., Frank H. Greer; M. A., C. C. Green; I. G., Geo. H. Dresser; O. G., S. Kleeman. After the installation, according to the semi-annual custom, the new Chancellor Commander “set ’em up,” in good shape, all raiding Axtell’s for oysters. This Lodge has a very clean membership of about fifty and is one of the most flourishing orders in the city.
Judge Snow...
Arkansas City Republican, February 20, 1886.

Will Beck, Arthur Bangs’ ’bus rustler, went before Judge Snow yesterday and plead guilty to having disturbed the peace of Miss Dora M. Beau, from Arkansas City, and was mulct to the tune of $22.75. The story as told by the young lady to our reporter was that there seemed to be considerable rivalry between Mr. Bangs’ business, that when she got off the train at the Santa Fe depot, she asked Paris what the fare was to the city, when he said 25 cents. She stepped into his ’bus and took a seat, when Beck took her satchel from her hand and started for his own ’bus, telling her to “come on,” but she told him to bring back her satchel as she was going to ride up with the man here [Mr. Paris]. Beck told her that she never would get the satchel back if she did not ride in his ’bus, and took her satchel off with him. She swore out a warrant for his arrest, on charge of disturbing her peace, and also replevined her satchel. The first case has been disposed of by Beck’s pleading guilty. The civil case on replevin will come off Saturday. The ’bus boys should not carry their contest for business to such an extent as this. The public have some rights as well as ’bus conductors. We are satisfied that Mr. Bangs does not uphold his employees in any such proceedings as this. Daily Visitor.
J. E. Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
J. E. Snow and Sid. Cure went to Wichita Monday to attend the G. A. R. encampment of Kansas, which convened there Tuesday.
J. E. Snow...
                                             THE G. A. R. ENCAMPMENT.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Sid Cure, Prof. Limerick, A. B. Arment, G. H. McIntire, P. P. Powell, of Winfield; H. C. McDorman, Joe Church, James Nicholson, Boone Daniels, of Dexter, got home Thursday from the G. A. R. encampment at Wichita. J. E. Snow, the ladies’ man of our delegation, was detained to deliver the inaugural address, tonight, of the Woman’s Relief Corps. Our “boys” are enthusiastic over the success of this annual encampment, pronouncing it the heartiest meeting ever held in the State. There were a thousand or fifteen hundred old soldiers present, and a rousing commingling that renewed the old time warmth. The Grand officers were elected as follows: Department commander, C. J. McDivitt, of Abilene; Senior vice-department commander, T. H. Soward, of Winfield; Junior vice-commander, J. D. Baker, of Girard; Chaplain, Allen G. Buckner. Especially enthusiastic is our delegation over the glory of “our Tom.” Judge Soward, elected to the next highest position in the department of Kansas, captivated the whole encampment by his eloquent speeches. He was frequently called out, making a speech last night, which, though impromptu, our fellows declare the finest effort they had ever known Judge to make. The election of Judge Soward to vice-commander is an honor worthily bestowed, and one which Winfield fully appreciates.
Judge Snow...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Judge Snow made an address to the ladies of the Woman’s Relief Corps at Wichita Thursday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Capt. Nipp, Sen. Long, Judge Snow, John Ledlie and wife, and Mrs. Samuel Dalton came down from Wichita Friday, where they have been attending the encampment and Woman’s Relief Corps of the Kansas district.
Judge Snow...
                                                   SCHOLARLY TRAMPS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

Last Friday week the schoolhouse a few miles north of town was broken into by some tramps, who were not satisfied with free lodging, but smashed the idea shop all to pieces, “laying out” the seats, backs, etcetera. Mr. Ol Pratt got scent of two tramps, followed them to town. On the way they ran into three more, who appeared to belong to the fraternity. The whole pile were “taken in” and then along the road another seedy fellow claimed acquaintance and he, too, was marched to the cooler—a gang of six. They had their trial today before Judge Snow. Only the two first caught, giving their cognomens as James Smith and Charles Jacobs, were convicted. The only thing against the other four was their company. There were in the fix of dog Tray. Smith and Jacobs got twenty-five dollars fine and 30 days in jail. They are tough looking customers and appear to want no better thing than the (to them) luxuries of the bastille. We need a rock pile to work these lazy “boogers” on. If they were put under a sledge hammer and over a rock pile until their fine was worked out, the wire edge would soon wear off of trampdom and the city and county get some benefit. Put them to lying in jail with nothing to do and fair hash is as good a thing as they want. They are constitutionally opposed to work and nothing but a rock pile will cure them.
                                                    SONS OF VETERANS.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
A small audience greeted the Sons of Veterans at Manning’s Opera House Tuesday eve. The Winfield Glee Club, consisting of Messrs. Buckman, Slack, Holliday, Guy, Snow, and Forsythe, captivated the audience with their best songs, accompanied by A. Olmstead on the piano, who added much to the occasion by his excellent instrumental pieces. Little Maud gave several recitations in her cute and pleasing way. Sargent Colling and squad in their silent drill showed they were masters of the art. Mrs. Flo. Williams recited “Flash,” which was highly appreciated by all. The “Little Four” proved a big four, with Prof. Le Page at the piano, Harry Holbrook and Frank Conrad with their horns, and Jack Beck with his bones made novel and pleasing music. The tableau, “Crown Won and Crown in Prospect, participated in by Miss Maud Pickens, Matt Connor, and Jack Beck, was excellent. The Sons of Veterans should have had a larger house. This camp has been built up through the exertions of Capt. Pridgeon and several other zealous workers and needs encouragement by our people.
Judge Snow’s court...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
E. M. Collins, the South Main lunch counter man, was arrested in Judge Snow’s court Tuesday, on complaint of J. G. Wall, charged with dispensing hard cider. The case was set for Thursday at 10 o’clock. Collins says he got his cider from the Kansas Vinegar Company at Lawrence and can produce the proof that it is number two, a medium between sweet and hard cider. He gave a $300 bond for his appearance. J. F. McMullen is his attorney.
Judge Snow...
             The Bastille Encases Two Men for Stealing an Old Hen.—$300 Bonds.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 25, 1886.

Mighty, quick, and painstaking are the laws of this Great and Grand Republic—when they want to be. For years and years the nocturnal and odoriferous cat, the mink, the weasel, the slyer darkey, and occasionally a white man was found “skunk” enough to besiege the hen roost of honorable citizens and fowly carry off the aged matrons of the henery! The shotgun, traps—everything but the cold and rigid grip of the law have been tried, and now it has been made to come down and with one fell swoop land chicken thieves behind the iron bars. This is very tough! Ah, tougher still when you consider the sad, melancholy fact that the poor fellows only got one—an old hen whose recollection traces minutely the ups and downs of our Glorious Republic. The depredation was committed in Rock township and the complaint was made by Joseph Bucher, who mourns the precipitate and forced departure of her henship. Here is the heavy-weight document that avenges this fowl’s death. “And the said C. C. Sullivan and George McCurry did, then and there, unlawfully and feloniously, steal, take, and carry away one chicken of the goods, chattels, and personal property of Jos. Bucher, of the value of TWENTY-FIVE CENTS!” Ye Gods! And straightway O. S. Mahan, one of the jail assistants, armed with that document, went forth yesterday, and in the evening returned with C. C. Sullivan. McCurry was supposed to possess an armory of no small dimensions, and was left for today, when Tom Herrod went out and got him. Last evening Sullivan was brought before Judge Snow, and placed under a $300,000 bonds, which he couldn’t give, and went into the Cowley County dungeon! McCurry ditto today. They are young fellows about twenty-three years old, and fair looking. They have been living in a dugout on a farm in Rock and “working round.” For some time past petty thievery has been going on in their neighborhood. At public gatherings whips, etc., would disappear. These boys were strongly suspicioned, but no very convincing proof was found until Monday night, when Bucher claims to have absolutely caught the boys attacking his hen roost and carrying away a valuable 25 cent hen. This is taken as a basis to punish for other like offenses charged. When these charges were first made, before the hen raid, the boys stuck up shingles in several places saying: “It’s a d     n lie and we are ready to settle, face to face, with any dastard who makes the charge,” signing their names. Of course, the offense, as charged in the warrant, is only petit larceny, and not jailable, subject to a small fine of five or ten dollars.
Judge Snow’s court...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 25, 1886.
The appeal of Coleman Costillo, who raised the racket in the poor house, has been filed with District Clerk Pate, from Judge Snow’s court.
Judge Snow...
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, July 10, 1886. From Tuesday’s Daily.
The Winfield excursion to Geuda was pronounced a failure. Judge Snow delivered a speech which was well received by those present.
[Note: Coverage of E. J. Snow, Judge or Justice, ceased at end of March 1886 in the Winfield Courier. Last item in Arkansas City newspapers through March 1887 ended with the above item printed in July 1886.]
                    From papers printed after 1887 the following item came to light.
                                                 MAJOR J. E. SNOW. 1891.
Daily Calamity Howler, Thursday, October 22, 1891.

J. E. Snow, a former resident of Winfield, came in this morning from Washington, D. C. His associations with the “uppa crusts” while acting as door-keeper at the White House, seems to have given him some advanced ideas of life. He left the impres­sion on his hearers this morning that his nervous system had undergone a severe shock, while listening to a statement of Jerry Simpson, in a speech he made at Washington to the effect that the members of the convention which nominated Jerry all wore colored shirts. Major Snow took it that that was sufficient evidence there were no brains in that convention. It will be observed that Major Snow has made some great strides intellectually since going to Washington, as he now wears a white shirt. He seems to be of the opinion that Mr. Simpson brought a great deal of discredit upon Kansas by such a disgraceful statement. Someone ought to see Mr. Simpson and when he goes back to Washington to make a speech, have him tone down his remarks to suit the elite door-keepers and spittoon-cleaners of Washington society. The Major told some of the boys confidentially that he had been sent down here by the department to carry the election. “Now, in the names of all the gods at once, upon what meat doth this, our Major feed, that he has grown so great?” Since he returned he seems to “bestride this narrow world like a huge Colossus,” in imagination. A committee will probably be appointed to look after this dapper little fellow to prevent his falling by the wayside as did Lewis Hanback when compelled to change drinks for a season.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum