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M. L. Read

      M. L. Read was born near Xenia, Ohio, in 1825, and was at the time of his death 66 years old. At the age of 14 years he moved with his parents to Schuyler County, Illinois, where he learned the trade of a tailor. He was admitted to the bar in 1846, and was married the same year. His only child is a daugh­ter, the wife of S. H. Myton, of this city. In 1872 Mr. Read came to Winfield and in company with M. L. Robinson established M. L. Read’s bank, the oldest banking house in Cowley County. In 1873 he erected the first brick building in this county, for the use of the bank.
He was a member of the Adelphia Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of this city, as well as Winfield Chapter R. A. M. and a consis­tent member of the Methodist church.

M. L. Read was an uncle to the Robinson’s: M. L., A. R., and W. C.
In 1871 the Robinson’s had a clothing and merchant-tailoring establishment in Independence, Kansas. M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson also had the Independence Bank.
Winfield Messenger, Friday, August 30, 1872.
                                             [From the Independence Tribune.]
As will be seen from their notice in this issue, the Inde­pendence Bank has sold out to Hull’s Bank. As we understand Messrs. Reed & Robinson by this sale bind themselves not to engage in the Banking business again in our city; we hope they may conclude to remain among us in some other business. These gentlemen have won hosts of friends during their business career here and should they conclude to go else­where, they can have no better reference than to the citizens of Independence generally, as to their standing and business integ­rity.
The above named gentlemen have located at Winfield, and will commence the Banking business here soon. They have pur­chased the first lot south of the Winfield Bank, and will erect a large stone building with brick and glass front immediately. We are always glad to welcome such men to our town, and most hearti­ly do we welcome Messrs. Reed & Robinson, knowing that with the above recommendation they cannot help but succeed. They have gone for their safe and books and will soon be ready for busi­ness.
Winfield Messenger, September 20, 1872.
Mr. M. L. Read Esq., the new banker, put in an appear­ance the other day with the largest safe ever brought to Southern Kansas. He will open a bank at once, in the building north of the post office. He comes well recommended.
Winfield Messenger, Friday, October 4, 1872.
                                                        M. L. Read, Banker.
Mr. Read has just commenced business here, as we announced some time ago. He has a safe weighing 9,500 pounds with three combination locks, in which our businessmen and others who may possess money can deposit with safety.
Winfield Messenger, October 11, 1872.
Mr. Read has a large desk in his bank, the workmanship of J. H. Saunders.

Winfield Messenger, Friday, October 18, 1872.
We see a large quantity of material on the ground for M. L. Read’s new bank building.
Winfield Messenger, Friday, November 8, 1872.
Mr. Robinson, cashier of Read’s bank, has bought Mr. Webb’s residence.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, February 1, 1873.
The foundation is being laid for A. H. Green’s new law office. It will be built on the second lot south of J. C. Fuller’s Bank, will be a frame 16 x 28, with a handsomely fin­ished front, in connection with the Bank building to be erected by M. L. Read, the coming spring. It will add much to the appearance of that part of Main street.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 15, 1873.
The mason work on the new bank building is finished, and we venture to say that it is one of the finest buildings in this part of the state. We hope more of our businessmen will manifest the confidence in our town shown by Messrs. Read & Robinson.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 22, 1873.
Our genial friend, M. L. Read, told us one of the “fishiest” stories the other day we have heard since the days of Jonah. He drew a bucket of water from the well for his horses, and in the water was discovered a member of the finny family quite two inches in length. It was as bright as a new made dollar, and had a striking resemblance of the sun perch. Mrs. Read gave it a cosy little home in a glass jar filled with water, where it was kept for two days and then set at liberty again in the bottom of the well. Mr. Read indulges the belief that he has just discovered a specimen of the “first run of shad” from a subterra­nean outlet, which if properly attended to during the season, will establish a first-class fishery.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 5, 1873.
The glass for the front of M. L. Read’s Bank have been received and when they are put in, the finishing touches will be about completed. The glass are six feet ten inches high by four feet five inches wide. There are few buildings in this part of the state that presents the general appearance or that have cost more than this.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 3, 1873.
Scull & Michener have removed their law office into one of the rooms in Read’s new Bank Building.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 10, 1873.
Messrs. Requa & Bing, our suburban clothing merchants, have moved into the city, and taken very pleasant quarters in the storeroom formerly occupied by Read’s bank. Bing says he “got tired of country life.”
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 10, 1873.

We take pleasure in noting the completion of M. L. Read’s new bank building. The contractors, Messrs. Stewart & Simpson, deserve every credit as experienced mechanics, as this piece of their work will fully testify. The material used in the con­struction is an extra quality of limestone rock for the founda­tion, and also used in the walls of the basement. The main building is of brick structure, and exhibits as fine an appear­ance exteriorly, as any brick block in the eastern States. The front has iron columns to support it, and the window sills are of white limestone rock and are capped with the same. The folding doors at the entrance are magnificently constructed of fine material, and grained and finished in modern style; while the large windows on each side of the door will be one solid glass, French plate, 4-1/2 feet in width and 9½ feet in height.
The appointments of the building consists of basement full size of building, which is now occupied by Messrs. Miller & Meyers in the restaurant business. The second floor is exclusively occupied by the bank, and has attached every convenience desired in a banking house. The third floor is cut into rooms for office purposes, and is occupied by Messrs. Scull & Michener, attorneys; Messrs. Pryor & Kager, attorneys; J. F. Paul, Esq., County Recorder; John Curns, City Clerk; T. A. Wilkinson, County Superintendent; and E. B. Kager, Esq., County Treasurer. The building is completely occupied, and its interior, in point of finish and adaption to the business for which it is used, is not excelled by a like structure in any city.
The business energy and willing disposition so liberally manifested by Mr. Read to invest money in our town since he became a citizen, endows him with the respect and confidence of the whole public.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 31, 1873.
Continuation of raising land valuations in townships, followed by bills acted upon.
Ordered by the Board that J. F. Paul, Register of deeds, and E. B. Kager, County Treasurer, and Wilkinson, Superintendent of Public Instruction are assigned to the three office rooms over M. L. Read’s bank at rent $27.50 per month.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 31, 1873.
One gray horse, one bay mare and colt, one two year old colt, one wagon, one set chain harness, three plows, three pigs, one rifle gun, one Spencer rifle, one cook stove, one bedstead, eleven hundred shingles. Also, the undivided half of twenty acres corn growing in the field, two acres of sod corn, forty dozen bundles wheat and garden and potatoes growing with other household goods too tedious to mention. Terms: All sums of five dollars and under, cash; all over five dollars, a credit of ninety days. Note payable at Read’s Bank with good and ap­proved security.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 28, 1873.

The closing scene of the political farce enacted by Allison, Paul & Co., on the 23rd inst. occurred in front of M. L. Read’s Bank Building. The hardy tillers of the soil who were in atten­dance upon the mass meeting through the day had departed, and with faces turned toward their personal benefit, were far beyond the sight and hearing of the Editor of the Telegram although still meditating upon the strange and remarkable texts furnished by him in his manifesto for their perusal. Mr. Allison exhausted with the prodigious labors of the day, and filled with chagrin on account of the terrible exposure of the frauds which he and his little political clique in Winfield had attempted to perpetrate upon the good farmers of the county walked to and fro on the shady side of Main Street. When lo! his little heart all swollen, he meets his old friend (?) the sheriff of Cowley County engaged in conversation with others upon the probable results of the day. From the drift of the conversation Mr. Allison gathers the fact that in the Sheriff’s opinion, the whole affair was characterized by a thinness which every farmer was likely to see through. Mr. Allison, a firm advocate of a Free Press, but not of Free Speech to others, resists the seeming imputation of failure in his day’s labors, and gives the Sheriff the lie, prefaced by a series of profane epithets. The Sheriff with appalling presumption returns the lie.
“O, death where is thy sting!” Allison searches for his sting. Forgetting its locality, he thrusts his hand into his bosom, but finds nothing but his fluttering heart. Memory returns, and with fiendish expectation he slaps his hand upon, that is, into his pocket; but there, alas! he finds nothing but his empty pocket book—Judge Adams had the contents. O, Parker, Parker! blessed by thy stars! Allison has left his stinger altogether behind. “Shall this miscreant live? No! I will be a lion in the heart of Parker, if not in the hearts of the people!” And so our little lion pounces upon Parker with claws and teeth. But unpropitious fate, in the shape of the arm of a bystander, stays the murderous work, and in saving a human life cheats the world of a modern hero. “I go, but I return.” Allison retires from the scene of the conflict, but in a few moments returns, whether with stinger or not, we know not. He finds his adversary in quiet conversation with a minister of the Gospel. Suddenly interrupting the conversation, and with stinging emphasis, he denounces a remark of the Sheriff’s as a d____d lie. The remark referred to was to the effect that Allison claimed to be the Farmer’s Friend. The Editor of the Telegram perceiving his mistake, and that he for once had been guilty of a contradiction, instantly withdrew to consider how he could reconcile the contradiction in the next issue of his paper.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 28, 1873.
                                                             Bank Notice.
On and after September 1st, 1873, our Bank will open for business at 9 o’clock A. M., and close at 4 o’clock, P. M.
                                                            J. C. FULLER,
                                                             M. L. READ.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 16, 1873.
The following cases will stand for trial at the October term of the District Court of Cowley County and have been placed upon the trial docket in the following order.
                                             CIVIL DOCKET. THIRD DAY.
Martin L. Read vs. S. E. and John Dudley.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 23, 1873.

As it is the rule for bankers to make statements to the public in vindication of their management of the business during the recent “currency flurry” for the benefit of those who were so fearfully anxious for fear Read’s Bank would not be forced to close its doors (the customers and depositors of the Bank need no statement as they have manifested no anxiety about the matter) and to correct any erroneous impressions that may have been created in the minds of the readers of a small paid local, that appeared in the last issue of the COURIER and Telegram. Read’s Bank “wants it distinctly understood by those parties in the eastern part of this county, who think all the banks in the county have suspended,” and by all parties everywhere, that all the banks in Cowley County have sustained themselves during the recent “money panic,” in a manner that should be a matter of pride to every good citizen of our county, that Read’s Bank has been open for business at all business hours during the “panic,” that we have conducted our business as usual, except as a matter of prudence and a decent respect for the interests of our custom­ers and depositors, we did not loan freely to parties who had never been customers of the bank and had no claim on us for accommodations, but to our customers, we have made the usual amount of loans and renewals. We have taken eastern drafts at all times, and placed them to the credit of our customers as usual, and in many cases have allowed our customers to draw against their drafts in currency when we could not get a dollar in currency from eastern banks, on them. The bank has paid every demand against it in currency as desired, and in many cases have allowed overdrafts to accommodate our customers, when the same was properly secured.
We would say further that we are abun­dantly able to take care of ourselves and our customers despite the assiduous carpings of some of our jealous enemies, that our capital which is ample for our business is unimpaired by any losses during the “panic”—and our judgment perhaps improved—and we hope to serve our many citizens, in the future as we have in the past, and afford them every customary facility. We propose to do a safe Banking business and nothing else—offering a safe place for deposits, a place that shall always [REST OF ARTICLE OBSCURED.]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 30, 1873.
M. L. Read vs. S. E. and J. Dudley, judgment by default.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 13, 1873.
Tuesday morning E. S. Torrance, our County Attorney, started for his home in Pennsylvania to visit his parents, and two sisters, who have returned on a visit from their residence in South America. He was escorted to Wichita by M. L. Read and the Grand Mogul of the COURIER.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1873.
We are under many obligations to M. L. Read of this city for courtesies during our late trip to Wichita. Those who have business with Mr. Read will find him a gentleman in every sense of the word.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
                                                   JAMES KELLY, EDITOR.
Of the contractors, STEWART & SIMPSON, we need say but little: their work speaks for them. The brick bank building of M. L. Read, and now the courthouse, will stand as monuments of the skill, honesty, and integrity of Messrs. Stewart & Simpson, long after they will have passed away. The sub-contractors, Messrs. Rice & Ray, carpenters, also deserve special mention. But our space will not permit us to say further than that they have shown themselves to be master workmen, and have done the county a good, honest job.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.

The Co. Commissioners at their last meeting accepted the Courthouse. And the contractors, Messrs. Stewart & Simpson, take this method to return thanks to their bondsmen, S. C. Smith, Charley Black, R. B. Saffold, Hiram Silver, S. H. Myton, Rice & Ray, J. J. Ellis, J. D. Cochran, M. L. Read, J. C. Blandin, John Lowry, and C. A. Bliss, for the confidence reposed in them when they were entire strangers, and to say that they are honorably discharged from any further obligation on account of the Courthouse.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
                                            GRAND MASONIC FESTIVAL!
To be given for the benefit of Adelphi Lodge, A. F. & A. M. At the Courtroom, Winfield, Kansas, Dec. 25th, 1873.
RECEPTION COMMITTEE. Dr. Graham, M. L. Read, A. Howland, P. Hill, J. P. Short, Mrs. A. A. Jackson, Mrs. P. Hill, Mrs. Robin­son, Miss Ella Quarles, J. L. M. Hill.
TABLE COMMITTEE. A. T. Stewart, J. F. Paul, T. A. Rice, W. M. Boyer, J. E. Saint, J. D. Cochran, J. C. Fuller, John Swain, J. A. Simpson, A. T. Shenneman, A. S. Williams, J. P. Short, Mrs. J. P. Short, Miss Read, Miss Mary Stewart, Mrs. Geo. Oakes, Mrs. J. F. Paul, Mrs. E. Maris, Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mrs. W. M. Boyer, Mrs. L. R. Paul, Mrs. L. J. Webb, Mrs. J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Howland, Mrs. Hickock, Mrs. W. G. Graham, Mrs. J. D. Cochran, Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Miss Parmelee, Miss Lizzie Graham, Miss Yount.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1874.
                                                  A Peep Over the Shoulder.
This number completes Volume 1st of the WINFIELD COURIER. One year ago it was started to supply a want long felt, not only in the Republican party, but among businessmen of all shades of opinion, who desired a good advertising medium. . . .
The buildings erected during the year just closed have been of the most substantial kind, the most prominent of which we call to mind, the splendid brick Bank building of M. L. Read; the neat Drug house of Maris, Carson & Baldwin; the magnificent flowering mills of C. A. Bliss and Blandin & Covert; the jail and Court­house; the residences of Kirk, McMillen, and Dr. Graham. These are but a few of the many built during the last twelve months, and they are such as to do credit to any town in the state. Bridges of magnificent proportions span all main streams on the roads leading to town. . . .
Winfield Courier, January 16, 1874.
Bills taken up: M. L. Read, office rent [claimed $165.00]: $142.08
Winfield Courier, February 20, 1874.      

Read the card of Mr. Waite, money loaner and Real Estate Agent in this city. Mr. Waite is a clever gentleman, and deals on the square.
AD: R. B. WAITE, LOAN & LAND OFFICE. Particular attention paid to making CONTRACTS, MORTGAGES, DEEDS, AND PROOFS. Also to buying and selling REAL ESTATE. Money Loaned on real estate security. Office over Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1874.
                                                CIVIL COURT. TENTH DAY.
                                         84. Martin L. Read vs. S. E. & J. Dudley.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1874.
Below we give the names of our businessmen who advertised in the “COURIER EXTRA” this week. Our readers may rest assured that men who advertise liberally will deal liberally.
Ellis & Black, W. L. Mullen, Darrah & Doty, O. N. Morris & Bro., T. E. Gilleland, George Miller, Maris, Carson & Baldwin, J. C. Weathers and Co., C. A. Bliss & Co., Hitchcock & Boyle, W. M. Boyer, Lagonda House, Banking Houses of M. L. Read and J. C. Fuller, J. B. Lynn, N. Roberson, M. Miller, Frank Williams, Geo. W. Martin, and the Arkansas City Traveler.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1874.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
Jeffries vs. Read, Referee ordered.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
Forty acres of land from the farm of W. W. Andrews and adjoining the town site on the north is being laid off into town lots preparatory to being made a part of the City of Winfield. The addition embraces the residences of M. L. Read, T. A. Wilkinson, E. B. Kager, Dr. Graham, N. C. McCulloch, and J. J. Ellis, and will be one of the prettiest portions of the City.
Winfield Courier, July 3, 1874.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, while driving out to the cemetery the other day, met with rather a serious accident. a pair of mules ran up behind them, frightened their team, which started to run, and before Mr. Read could check them up, upset the buggy, dislocating Mrs. Read’s collar bone and otherwise injuring her. Mr. Read had his arm considerably hurt; the buggy was badly smashed; the horses ran but a short distance, however, when they stopped. It is hoped that neither will sustain any permanent injury.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874.
The Telegram can’t stay a great while in one place. The last move took it clear down—cellar, under Read’s bank.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1874.

We, the undersigned citizens of Winfield, agree to attend a public meeting to be held in this city, to take into consider­ation the desirability of organizing a Literary and Scientific Association, having in view the establishment of a Library and Reading-Room, the employment of public lecturers, the encouragement of literature, and otherwise promoting moral and intellectual improvement. Said meeting to be held at the Court­house, at 7 o’clock p.m., on Tuesday, September 22, 1874.
(Signed) D. A. Millington, W. Q. Mansfield, E. S. Torrance, V. B. Beckett, M. L. Robinson, John E. Allen, James E. Platter, E. C. Manning, T. H. Johnson, A. H. Green, Wm. Bartlow, A. H. Hane, J. B. Fairbank, J. W. Curns, G. S. Manser, and M. L. Read.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1874.
                                             CIVIL COURT. SECOND DAY.
Nathan K. Jeffries vs. Martin L. Read.
Parts of a long newspaper editorial...
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874. [Editorial by James Kelly.]
                                               THE POST OFFICE “RING.”
                                        WHAT IT DID, AND TRIED TO DO!
                                     HOW TO KEEP A RASCAL IN OFFICE.
                                        The Men Who Control the Opposition.
When the creditors of Allison or the Telegram press too hard upon the concern for pay, postmaster Johnston, or M. L. Read, step in with either cash or security and give relief. They can’t afford to have the thing go down. Thus the P. O. “ring,” by management, and the Telegram by blowing, have made and are making perpetual war on:
1st. The Republican party of Cowley County.
2nd. On the financial interests of Cowley County.
3rd. On the material development of Cowley County.
4th. On the business prosperity of Winfield.
An investigating committee of three, two of whom, the Chairman and one other member, opposed the Republican party last fall, has thus far failed to find anything wrong with the affairs of the Republican county officers although they have been in session several months.
The Telegram is for anybody or anything that will keep T. K. Johnston in the Post Office at Winfield, and serve the interests of its masters, Read & Robinson, and Alexander & Saffold.

At the time the County Board let the Courthouse contract, Read & Robinson, bankers, were behind the scenes with the money bags. No one would take the contract unless the scrip could be cashed. Read & Robinson, bankers (known as M. L. Read), took the scrip at 65 cents on the dollar. They got it all. In August of last year, the Telegram “Ring” tried to hold a “farmers” politi­cal meeting at Winfield. They partially failed of their purpose. Rev. William Martin was one of the speakers of the occasion. The “ring” saw that Martin was the kind of stuff to make an available candidate out of, for the Legislature. He was just about stupid enough to be “above suspicion.” So T. K. Johnston went out to the old man’s home shortly after the meeting to interview him. He found the old man “sound,” found him possessed of that quali­fication without which no “reformer” in Cowley County is consid­ered sound, that is, he was opposed to Manning (that he didn’t know why he should be, doesn’t matter), and were he not a Reverend, might be induced to curse him, which would make him the more desirable. Anyway, he would oppose him and that was a good start in the right direction (although Manning was an invalid in the state of New York at that time and had been all summer, but at last accounts he was alive and consequently dangerous); then he would keep T. K. in the Post Office, and favor bonding Read & Robinson’s scrip, and besides was “above suspicion.” But the old man didn’t want to be the representative, or said he didn’t, nor would he consent to run. T. K. came back gloomy. The horizon about the Post office was beginning to get somewhat cloudy. By a little strategy, however, by representing to the old man that the people considered him “above suspicion,” and demanded that he make the sacrifice, the old man yielded. “Reform” delegates were worked up in Martin’s interest, and he was nominated. By Tele­gram falsehoods he was elected, and almost the first thing he did was to try to bond the scrip. The Telegram, backed by Read & Robinson, at home, and Allison at his elbow at Topeka, helped him. But the COURIER and the people opposed the measure and he failed.
Last week the Legislature met in extra session to relieve the destitute. Martin went to Topeka. Just before he went to take his seat, he had an interesting interview with members of the “ring.” We understand they went in a carriage to his resi­dence in the country and what took place at that interview, of course we can’t tell, except by what the Hon. William did when he reached Topeka. The second bill introduced into the House was “House bill No. 2 by William Martin to bond the debt of Cowley County.” It is no measure of relief, no stay of  law, no postpone­ment of taxes, no appropriation for the needy, no act of any kind for the relief of the poverty stricken of Cowley County, but an act to convert the scrip of Read & Robinson, Geo. L. Thompson, J. C. Horton, et al, into Cowley County bonds. This, too, in the face of the well known opposition of the taxpayers of Cowley County to bonds of any kind.
The cabal that backs the Telegram in its baseness has its head and front in Alexander & Saffold, Read & Robinson, and T. K. Johnston. This “ring” is what Alexander calls the “respectable faction in the Republican party.”
We have written what we have written in calmness, after carefully considering the whole subject. We have no desire to make personal assaults on any man. But we have come to the conclusion that longer submission to the assaults of this “ring” upon us, through their mouth-piece, would be cowardly. And in the interests of the people of Cowley County, who have so long been mislead by the misrepresentations of this “ring,” we here­with fire our first shot.
Winfield Courier, October 22, 1874.
                                                 THE “CARPETBAGGER.”
A new paper is soon, if ever, to be started here by Lillie, Smith, Alexander & Co. As we have not been taken into the confidence of the managers, we of course cannot tell just to a “brilliant em,” how many feet wide by yards long the new paper is going to be. We suppose, however, that it will be something near a 19 column paper, and will contain about 700 pages nonpareil. It is to be issued regularly when started, once in two years, or as Alexander gets run out of Leavenworth and carpet bags back to Winfield. It will be perfectly independent in politics, having no interests to serve, save that of the P. O. “Ring,” and other peculiar interests of its managers. As its name indicates it will be ready at all times to pack up its carpet bag and go back to Leavenworth.

Its motto is to be taken from Alexander’s celebrated 4th of July oration:
                                                  “God Bless the Grangers!”
As near as we can find out the editorial staff stands about as follows:
J. C. Lillie, editor in chief.
J. M. Alexander, agricultural editor.
S. C. Smith, financial editor, with occasional contributions from T. K. Johnston, Dr. Dobson, and others.
As a ready writer Mr. Lillie has few superiors, as witness his “My say so,” something over a year ago. On the subject of agriculture, Alexander is well posted, having practiced skinning the farmers for thirty odd years, he knows a thing or two on that subject. On finances S. C. is up with the times, having probably loaned as much or more money than anybody in Cowley County.
As to the honesty of the management, we have nothing to say. What if they did try to steal Allison’s subscription books, and start their paper on his ruins. That was but a clever coup de plume which will better stand excuse than investigation.
True, the new paper will be called a bastard by some igno­rant people; but suppose it has not been blessed with either father or mother, its foster-mother, Alexander, is an experienced wet nurse, who will no doubt raise the bantling to a respectable standing in society. Of course, we write this “prospectus” without our host, as the Carpetbagger may never make any more of an appearance than it now does behind Read’s bank. But as we always hate to be behind in this matter, we give it the benefit of this advertisement.
Winfield Courier, October 29, 1874.
MONEY TO LOAN on Real Estate at Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier, November 12, 1874.
The attention of our readers is called to Dr. Austin’s card in the COURIER this week. The doctor comes to us highly recom­mended as a gentleman and successful practitioner. Those who are so unfortunate as to need a physician will do well to call on Dr. Austin.
                                 Office in Read’s Block. Upstairs. Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Plow and Anvil, November 19, 1874.
                                                 Advertisements in this Issue
The Banking house of M. L. Read, is represented in a half column advertisement, and our citizens and the public generally, who have had business transactions with his bank, know of its worth far better than we can advise. This bank is a most valu­able acquisition to our town and county.
Winfield Plow and Anvil, November 19, 1874.
AD.                                              M. L. READ’S BANK.
Foreign and Domestic Exchange.
Bonds of all kinds bought and sold.
Deposits Received, and Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Money always on hand to loan on good security.

POSSESSING ample means for the successful conduct of our business, we would be pleased to receive accounts from any, believing we can make it to their advantage to do business with us.
                                  Collections solicited and promptly attended to.
First National Bank, Kansas City, Mo.
F. C. Eames, Esq., Kansas City, Mo.
Cass County Bank, Beardstown, Ill.
Allen Stephens & Co., Bankers, New York City.
German Bank, St. Louis, Missouri.
F. W. Tracy, Cashier, First National Bank of Springfield, Ill.
                                                   Your Patronage Solicited.
Winfield Plow and Anvil, November 19, 1874.
AD.                                                        THE
                                                                Job Office
                                                                 OF THE
                                                       PLOW AND ANVIL
                                     IS COMPLETE IN EVERY PARTICULAR.
Bill Heads, Letter Heads, Cards, Blank work, Pamphlet Work, Ball Tickets, Wedding Cards, Posters, etc.
Printed in good style, on the best of paper and at moderate prices.
                                                           Plow and Anvil
Is published every Thursday—contains from FIFTEEN to TWENTY COLUMNS of reading matter every issue, and gives its patrons the Local, Editorial, and Telegraph News of the day. SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 Per Year.
                          Office in Read’s Bank Building, west side Main Street,
                                                     WINFIELD, KANSAS.
Winfield Courier, November 26, 1874.
                                                  Notice to take Deposition.
In Cowley County District Court 13th Judicial District, State of Kansas.
John A. Himebaugh, Plaintiff, vs. Amos E. Mahaney, Martin L. Read, and Lizzie M. Martin, Defendants.
The defendant Amos E. Mahaney, will take notice that on Monday, the 25th day of January, A. D. 1875, the plaintiff above named will take the depositions of sundry witnesses to be used as evidence on the trial of the above cause at the office of Irving Howbert, at Colorado Springs, El Paso county, in the Territory of Colorado, between the hours of eight o’clock a.m. and six o’clock p.m. of said day, and that the taking of the same will be adjourned from day to day between the said hours until said deposi­tions are completed.
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Under the law passed in 1872, authorizing the county board to issue bonds to the amount of $15,000, the board has issued $9,300—$7,000 of which was delivered to  J. C. Horton of Law­rence, in payment of the judgment rendered against the county, and in favor of Geo. L. Thompson. The $5,400 in favor of M. L. Read, and $300 in favor of E. C. Haywood, await the signature of the chairman of the board.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.
There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Cemetery Association on Wednesday, March 31, 1875, at W. H. H. Maris’ store. All persons owning a lot in the Winfield Cemetery are stockholders, and entitled to vote at the meeting. A full attendance is requested. The following is a list of the said stockholders.
                                              JOHN B. FAIRBANK, Secretary.
M. L. Read was listed as one of the stockholders.
Note: Mollie C. Read Myton was the only daughter of M. L. Read...
Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.
MYTON - READ. At the residence of M. L. Read, Esq., Thurs­day evening, the 20th inst., Mr. S. H. Myton, Esq., and Miss Mollie C. Read, all of Winfield.
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.
                                                     Attention, Sir Knights!
There will be a meeting of the “Bazique Club” at the Bache­lor rooms over Read’s bank on Friday evening next, for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing year and transacting such other business as may properly come before them. Sir Knights will govern themselves accordingly. By order of the GRAND KHEDIVE.
Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.
The many friends of M. L. Read, Esq., will be glad to learn that he is recovering from his sickness and will be able to be about soon.
Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.
Several of our farmers are about to introduce sheep into their business of stock raising, and with every prospect of success. Read & Robinson, Bankers, will soon send into Missouri for a large herd. A late article in the Times on the subject of sheep-raising has had its influence, and would be well if the Press, generally, would inform itself on all such subjects, and, in turn, inform the public. J. M. A. Leavenworth Times.
Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.
Kager has the runningest garden we have seen this year. Tomato vines eight feet long and getting longer, beets, and radishes as large as a wagon-wheel, and everything of a “garden sass” nature in proportion. There ain’t room on the ground for the vegetables so the gourds climb the fence and get over onto Read’s lot.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

This is to certify that we, whose names are hereto sub­scribed, do most heartily recommend for our next County Treasurer, FRANK GALLOTTI, who has for the last year and a half faithfully and satisfactorily preformed the duties of said office while acting in the capacity of Deputy; and we do hereby further certify that his character during that time has been such as to fully entitle him to the recommendation. The records of said office kept by him, bears ample testimony of his capability and efficiency. We consider him well qualified to fulfill the duties of said office, and therefore cheerfully recommend him to the voters of Cowley County as well worth of their cordial support, and who, if elected, will most faithfully and systematically perform the duties of said office.
Four who signed the above: M. L. Robinson, M. L. Read, W. C. Robinson, S. H. Myton.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.
                                                    WINFIELD CHAPTER,
                                                 ROYAL ARCH MASONS.
HOLDS its regular meetings on the Second and Fourth Mondays of each month, at the hour of 7-1/2 o’clock, P. M. Comp. M. L. READ, H. P.
Comp. FRANK GALLOTTI, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.
                               A Chicago Criminal Circulating in Cowley County.
                                             A Remarkable Rascal’s Record.
                                                  An Omnipresent Operator.
About two years ago, a smooth spoken, well dressed man, calling himself Amos E. Mahaney, circulated in this locality. He operated in one locality under an alias as the secret agent of President Grant in organizing third term leagues.
The condition of membership was the payment of ten dollars and all enrolled members were to be secretly secret allies in the third term movement, and money in large quantities was to be given to these agents in aid of the plan. Considerable money was disbursed under the arrangement which finally turned out to be counterfeit.
Mahaney once kept school in Labette Co., Kansas, and thereby formed an acquaintance or two of men of good character in this county, who formerly knew him as a respectable man. About this same time he rendezvoused at Douglass in the south part of Butler Co. There he was known as a land buyer and money loaner. His knowledge of human nature enabled him to obtain the confidence of several parties, and he purchased a farm of Mr. Hinebaugh in Butler for which he was to pay $1,000. A deed to the property was made and delivered,  Hinebaugh for some reason agreeing to wait a few days for the money, which he never received.
At this time Mahaney had negotiations pending with Fred Moe, in Cowley, near Douglass. Mahaney closed the purchase of Moe’s place without any money by leaving a Mexican government bond of $1,500 as collateral for a few days. The next day Mahaney borrowed at the Eldorado Bank about $450 on his Hinebaugh farm, and with a letter of introduction from the officers of that institution he appeared in a day or two at the bank of M. L. Read, in Winfield. He had recorded his deed to the Moe tract and had forged a deed to 160 acres in Vernon Township, belonging to John Hinebaugh, which appears to have been duly acknowledged before a notary public in Wichita. This was also recorded.
On this property he secured a loan of five hundred dollars from M. L. Read (since which time the mortgage has been fore­closed and the Moe tract purchased by Read’s bank, which leaves them statute quo.).

This happened about the first of May, 1874, and was the last of Mahaney, the visible. Now we come to the invisible Mahaney. In July next, the Paola, Kansas, bank sent a draft for $700 to M. L. Read’s bank for payment, drawn by Amos E. Mahaney. Of course, the Paola bank was informed that Mahaney had no credit here. Before the information reached its destination, Amos had turned up in Sedalia, Missouri, and drawn at sight upon Winfield for $50 and $80. The Paola authorities here got upon his track and he lit out.
About the 1st of January last, Amos E. Mahaney presented to parties in St. Paul, Minnesota, a forged letter of credit from M. L. Read’s bank, Winfield, for the sum of $300.
A few months later he appeared in Bloomfield, Iowa, with a draft upon the same bank for $1,280, drawn by one Rivers. The Bloomfield bank held it for collection and inquiry by telegraph. Mr. Read telegraphed that A. E. M. was a villain, etc.
But A. E. M. suddenly had business at Lawrence, Kansas, where he appears in a few days as Allen Dare, a large land owner in Cowley County, and draws upon Read for $50, which draft was honored by the Lawrence victim. However, on his way through Iowa, he found a Granger who cashed a $300 draft on Read’s bank, which the old man now mourns. The farmer writes to know if the draft is good. Mr. Read informs him to the contrary and sympathizes with him.
Picking up an old copy of the N. Y. Tribune, Mahaney sees the advice to “go west,” etc., and in a few days turns up at Salina, and there has a check for $25 on Read cashed.
On Oct. 1st he appeared at Syracuse, near Hutchinson, Kansas, in company with one Geo. M. Burdine, and gives E. P. Barber, secretary of the Syracuse colony, a draft of $300 on M. L. Read, of Winfield, in exchange for a team and buggy. They represented themselves as having been in the livery business in Winfield with a $3,000 credit at Read’s bank, and were on their way to Santa Fe. The outfit consisted of a top buggy, four horses, one gray, one black, one cream, one bay, to which was added the Syracuse purchase. Burdine was heavy built, dark complexion, bald, about 45 years old. Upon its arrival here the draft was returned protested.
Under date of Oct. 18th, E. P. Barber writes:
“It may be some satisfaction to you to know that I have caught the rascal that gave me the bogus draft on your bank Oct. 1st.”
It subsequently appears that he had caught them at Pueblo by telegraph.
Before their arrival at Pueblo, however, they met a man coming this way and purchased a horse of him for an $85 check on Read’s bank. A short time since the unfortunate man presented the check in person for payment, only to be informed that it was not good.
Under date of October 23rd, Barber writes from Syracuse:
“SIR: Yours of the 21st inst. at hand. This man Burdine got out of the Pueblo jail by writ of Habeas Corpus before I reached there owing to a delay in the dispatch sent me by sher­iff. He paid the lawyers $50 in money and a beautiful horse for getting him released; also, sold everything he had very low, also paid $50 to get his baggage shipped to Denver. He and his partner are suspected of having counterfeit money, and the U. S. Marshal is after them.”
But the U. S. Marshal has not got them; at least Mahaney is still traveling, for under date of Dec. 17th, 1875, Day & Blakesley, Insurance Agents of Ottumwa, Iowa, write:
“M. L. Read, Esq., Winfield, Kansas: Has Amos E. Mahaney got a credit of upwards of $300 at your bank, same due in Janu­ary, 1876? He offered to draft on you for $100, payable on the 10th of January, 1876. Please reply and oblige, yours, etc.

“P. S. Please describe him closely—general appearance, etc.”
Thus we give to the public so much of the career of one of the most adroit villains at large. The extent of his swindles are probably ten fold what we have related. He may have pur­chased largely, forged successfully, and checked extensively in other localities and upon different banks. More of his paper is daily expected here. Mahaney is a peculiar appearing man of about the following description: Fair complexion, about five feet ten inches in height, an impediment in the movement of one of his legs, light blue or grey eyes, and has a very peculiar and hasty manner of addressing one when he speaks. Weight, about 160 pounds.”
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.    
The following are the recently elected officers of the Winfield Chapter of R. A. M.’s.
M. L. Read, H. P.
J. D. Pryor, K.
B. F. Baldwin, S.
W. C. Robinson, Capt. H.
A. Howland, P. S.
W. G. Graham, R. A. Capt.
J. W. Johnston, G. M. 3 y.
P. Hill, G. M. 2 y.
S. H. Myton, G. M. 1 y.
J. A. Simpson, Sec.
F. Gallotti, Treas.
N. C. McCulloch, M. Cro.
This is one of the thirty Royal Arch Chapters of Masons in this State, and as a citizen of Winfield we are proud that she, only a five year old, supports it.
                                                     CENTENNIAL ISSUE.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 6, 1876.
In June 1870 Max Shoeb appeared and erected an open log structure where Read’s bank now stands, and plied his hammer and anvil therein.
The present population of the city of Winfield is about 800 on an area of 200 acres. It has 221 buildings among which the most prominent are the Courthouse, built in 1873 at a cost of $12,000, of brick with a showy belfry and cupola, probably the best courthouse in Kansas, costing no more than it did. The residence of J. E. Platter ranks next in value but first in beauty, built in 1874 of brick, ornamented cut stone, costing $8,000. The banking house of M. L. Read is a fine brick struc­ture costing $6,000, and the hardware store of S. H. Myton is larger and equally imposing of brick, costing $6,000. The schoolhouse is a substantial stone structure costing $6,000. The residence of Dr. Mansfield, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, D. A. Millington, J. P. McMillen, W. G. Graham, W. W. Andrews, S. H. Myton, and many others are good substantial structures and ornaments to the city.

On the 15th of March, 1875, a dispensation was granted M. L. Read, H. P.; M. C. Baker, K.; John D. Pryor, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, C. H.; A. Howland, P. S.; W. G. Graham, R. A. C.; J. W. Johnston, M. 3rd V.; P. Hill, M. 1st V.; A. A. Newman, member. October 19th, a charter was issued to them under the name Winfield Chapter, R. A. M., No. 31; and on the 26th of the same month the Chapter was instituted by J. C. Bennett, of Emporia. A list of the officers for this year was published last week. This branch of Masonry here is in good working order and in a healthy condition financially.
READ’S BANK is conducted on business principles; does business in the first brick building built in our town, and is owned by M. L. Read, Esq., one of our leading citizens. M. L. Robinson is the urbane cashier and Will C. Robinson his gentle­manly assistant. The bank is in a flourishing condition.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.
The undersigned, residents of Cowley County, cordially unite in inviting the citizens of said county to meet in mass meeting at Winfield, on Saturday at 2 P. M., February 5, 1876.
WINFIELD: M. L. Read, S. D. Pryor, N. M. Powers, N. W. Holmes, N. L. Rigby, Thomas McMillen, L. J. Webb, Charles C. Black, J. S. Hunt, W. M. Boyer, John W. Curns, G. S. Manser, B. F. Baldwin, J. H. Land, A. H. Green, W. Q. Mansfield, E. C. Manning, S. H. Myton, J. C. Fuller, A. B. Lemmon, James Kelly, W. H. H. Maris, T. H. Henderson, A. N. Deming, H. S. Silver, J. M. Alexander, Amos Walton, D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, W. M. Allison, And one hundred others.
Winfield Courier, March 30, 1876.
The heavy wind storm last Monday night blew a flue off the Courthouse, and also blew down the building from over Read’s vault, leaving the deposits interred there at the mercy of burglars and the pelting rain.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1876.
Banker Read is spending lots of money and displaying good taste in the improvements upon his residence property.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.
GONE TO P. Quite a delegation from Winfield started this week for the Centennial. On Wednesday M. L. Read and wife, M. L. Robinson and wife, Frank Williams, Mrs. Maris and grand­daughter, Mrs. Powers, Mrs. Boyer, Mrs. Mullen, and J. C. Frank­lin lit out.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1876.
Will C. Robinson is conducting Read’s bank during the absence of the Cashier, M. L. Robinson.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1876.
                                         FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
The contract for the erection of the First Presbyterian Church has been let, and in order that we may proceed with the work, all persons who are subscribers toward the building of the same, are hereby notified that the first installment is now due, and are requested to pay the same to the treasurer at Read’s Bank, so that we may be able to meet the requirements of our contract with the builders.
                                                             H. S. SILVER,
                                               Chairman of Building Committee.
Winfield Courier, July 6, 1876.
Jennings & Buckman have opened a law office under Read’s bank.

Winfield Courier, July 13, 1876.
WILL ROBINSON, cashier at Read’s bank, showed us a curiosity the other day. It was a twenty dollar Compound Treasury Note of date Aug. 15, 1864. It set forth that after three years from issuance, it would be paid, with compound interest, at the treasury if presented. If not presented in Aug., 1867, interest to cease. It is worth just $23.88 now.
Winfield Courier, July 20, 1876.
MESSRS. JENNINGS & BUCKMAN have their law office nicely fitted up, or down, rather, under Read’s bank. It is cool and pleasant there at all times. Call and see them.
Winfield Courier, July 27, 1876.
                                                                 For Sale.
One dozen Horses and Ponies, by R. B. Waite. Apply at room over Read’s Bank.
                                                                 For Rent.
Several Farms, containing from 50 to 100 acres, for wheat. Apply to R. B. Waite over Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier, August 3, 1876.
READ’s bank is paying out silver as exchange. The new coin, which requires three to make a dollar, is attracting much attention.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876. Last Page.
Banks. Arkansas City Bank, Arkansas City; Cowley County Bank, Arkansas City; banking house of M. L. Read, and Winfield Bank of J. C. Fuller, Winfield. The total amount of capital of these banks is $51,300.
Winfield Courier, August 31, 1876.
The familiar face of our friend, M. L. Read, Esq., is again seen around the town. He has just returned from the Centennial visit. He has been gone several months.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
                                                        THE SITUATION.
EDITOR COURIER, Dear Sir: I wonder if the people of this county fully understand the animus of the opposition in this place, to Col. Manning? Nobody doubts but that he would make an able, energetic, faithful worker for the interests of his con­stituents. But there is a certain bank and broker faction here, which never will consent that any man whom they believe will do anything to ameliorate the condition of the poor shall be placed in a position where he can be of any service to them. Who are they, who are so fearful lest Col. Manning be elected to the State Senate this fall?
Read & Robinson, bankers; R. B. Waite, S. D. Pryor, James Jordon, Curns & Manser, money lenders; with such fellows as A. H. Green and W. P. Hackney, attorneys. It is the same faction that are so violently opposed to the election of Judge Campbell.
Why do they oppose Judge Campbell? Because in every case of the foreclosure of their cut-throat mortgages, Judge Campbell, so far as he can do so legally, throws the strong arm of the law around the poor man. These men want the usury laws abolished; and consequently will not consent that any man go to the legisla­ture who they cannot use for that purpose.

They are afraid that Manning will be able, in some way, to do something to cut down their three percent per month. They will not consent that Manning shall go to the legislature, lest in some way he may obtain such legislation as will make it possible for Cowley County to secure a railroad. This three percent ring do not want railroads. They do not want anything that might by any possibility cut down interest on money below the present ruinous rates.
For these reasons these money changers and extortioners will spare neither time nor money, will stop at no slander or abuse to defeat both Col. Manning and W. P. Campbell. Hundreds of people in Cowley County are already beginning to feel the grip of this soulless money power at their throats. Will they stand still and allow themselves to be choked to death without an effort? CITIZEN.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
The City Hotel has a new register and blotter. The blotter contains the advertising cards of Messrs. Webb & Torrance, Wm. and Geo. Hudson, M. L. Read, J. D. Pryor, John Nichols, W. G. Graham, J. M. Reed, A. G. Wilson, B. F. Baldwin, Joe Likowski, Henry Jochems, J. B. Lynn, W. B. Gibbs, McGuire & Midkiff, and Hill & Christie. It the neatest register in the valley. Mr. Hudson is starting off on the right foot this time.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 27, 1876.
                                                          CIVIL DOCKET.
                                                 N. K. Jeffries vs. M. L. Read.
                                               M. L. Read vs. E. G. Willett et al.
Winfield Courier, November 30, 1876.
                                                             Bank Notice.
The undersigned Bankers of Winfield give notice that on and after Dec. 1st, 1876, their respective banks will open for business at 9 o’clock a.m., and close at promptly 4 o’clock p.m. No business transacted out of banking hours. M. L. READ, J. C. FULLER.
Winfield, Kansas, November 27, 1876.
Winfield Courier, November 30, 1876.
                                                      Notice to Contractors.
Notice is hereby given that sealed proposals for laying the stone of the new M. E. Church will be received by the building committee until Saturday, Dec. 2nd, 1876, at which time the contract will be let to the lowest responsible bidder. The committee reserve the right to reject any and all bids. Plans and specifications can be seen at Read’s Bank, or address S. H. Myton, Winfield, Kansas. By order of the COMMITTEE.
Cowley County Democrat, May 18, 1876.
M. L. Read has the most showy sign in town on his bank.
Cowley County Democrat, Winfield, Kansas, Thursday, July 13, 1876.
                                                         [VOL. 2, NO. 34.]
                                                      COWLEY COUNTY.
                  Read at the Centennial Celebration, July 4th, 1876, at Winfield, Kansas.
                                                    BY WIRT W. WALTON

The question of a name for the new town puzzled its fathers for several days. A minority wanted it called “Lagonda,” but the majority decided to honor Winfield Scott’s christened name. He was at that time the minister in charge of the Baptist church, in Leavenworth. Within the next four months, following the organization, forty acres of Manning’s claim was converted into lots, blocks, streets, and alleys. The old log store was built by Manning, which was occupied, in part, by Dr. Mansfield as a drug store, and by Baker and Manning with their goods. Soon Max Shoeb arrived, built a log cabin where Read’s bank now stands, and opened a blacksmith shop. On August 20th J. C. Fuller and D. A. Millington bought A. A. Jackson’s claim and proceeded, with Manning, to lay out that part of the town lying east of Main street. July 4, 1870, was a glorious day for Winfield. The first celebration in the county was held on that day, under an arbor in the rear of the old log store.
                                                                 R. A. M.
On the 15th of March, 1875, a dispensation was granted M. L. Read, H. P.; M. C. Baker, K.; John D. Pryor, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, C. H.; A. Howland, P. S.; W. G. Graham, R. A. C.; J. W. Johnston, M. 3rd V.; P. Hill, M. 1st V.; A. A. Newman, member. On October 19th a charter was issued to them under the name Winfield Chapter, R. A. M., No. 31; and on the 29th of the same month, the Chapter was instituted by J. C. Bennett, of Emporia. This branch of Masonry here is in good working order and in a healthy condition, financially.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.
                                                            From Winfield.
                                            WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 23, 1876.
Our Christmas tree on Saturday evening, the 23rd, was a success; the most remarkable feature was the very large number of books distributed from it.
At the last regular communication of Adelphi Lodge No. 110, A. F. and A. M., the following officers were chosen for the ensuing year: W. M., Wm. G. Graham; Sen. W., J. E. Saint; Jun. W., M. G. Troup; Sec., James Kelly; Treas., R. F. Baldwin; Sen. D., C. C. Black; Jun. D., J. C. Roberts; Sen. S., Jas. A. Simpson; Jun. S., N. C. McCulloch; Tyler, W. W. Walton.
They were installed at the Courthouse on the eve of the 27th, St. John’s Day, by Past High Priest, M. L. Read; at the close of the installation ceremonies, the retiring Master Hunt was directed to face the “East” when Bro. McDonald requested “permission to address Bro. J. S. Hunt,” which being granted, he advanced, while he held in his hand a beautiful casket, and proceeded to deliver a presentation address and invest Bro. Hunt with one of the most elegant and modest P. M. jewels that it has ever been our fortune to behold, and the speech and response was in such beautiful harmony with the present and the occasion, it was a surprise token of regard from the Lodge. After this all were called from “labor to refresh­ments,” and we turned to the tables where we found that the power and beauty of the culinary art had been exhausted to please the appetite and refresh the inner man.
Winfield Courier, January 11, 1877.
                                                            A Cornerstone.

The cornerstone of the new M. E. Church building was favorably lowered to its resting place yesterday, at 2 o’clock p.m. A derrick had been erected over the northwest corner of the sub-structure of the edifice and a beautiful white magnesia limestone two feet in length, eighteen inches wide, and one foot in thickness, with a cavity chiseled upon its lower side, pre­pared for the occasion. Between the hours of one and two p.m., a procession was formed in front of Masonic Hall, composed principally of members of the Masonic fraternity, including several from the Arkansas City and Douglass lodges. The order of procession was as follows: First, Tyler, with drawn sword, stewards, master masons, members of the order, band of music, city officers, Royal Arch Masons, past master, oldest member of the order, carrying bible, square, and compass, chaplain and orator, wardens of Winfield Lodge deputy G. M., deacons on either side. The procession marched to music to the building grounds. A large concourse of people were already at the appointed place.
The ceremony of settling the consecrated stone in the place where it shall rest for ages, commenced by an invocative prayer, full of eloquence, passion, and pathos, from Rev. Platter. At this point of the proceeding the ancient order of Masons conduct­ed the ceremony. High Priest Read was master of the occa­sion. The stone was squared, leveled, and plumbed, corned, oiled, and wined, surrounded with jewels, badges, weapons, and ceremonial words that were imposing and impressive, but not fully compre­hended by the uninitiated.
The High Priest produced a small tin box containing a copy of the Telegram, Traveler, and COURIER. Also, a history of the county of Cowley, city of Winfield, M. E. Church Society, a list of its officers, name of pastor, names of contributors to the building fund, a specimen of all American coins, a centennial 25 cent piece, and other mementos of interest to “ages yet to be” and in presence of the audience it was sealed and placed in the under side of the stone.
Contractor Welch then, by direction of the High Priest, settled the “cornerstone,” amid benedictions, music by the choir and band. Rev. Rusbridge delivered an oration that came from the heart and went to the hearts of his hearers. The benedictions being pronounced and doxology sung, the assembly dispersed. Taken all together the occasion was the most noted that ever transpired in our little frontier city, and will long be remem­bered by the participants.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1877.
The following were the officers of Winfield Chapter, No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, installed by P. H. P. Bennett, of Emporia, assisted by P. H. Hargis, of Wichita.
John D. Pryor, High Priest; M. L. Read, King; James A. Simpson, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts; A. Howland, Principle Sojourner; W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain; J. W. Johnson, Commander of the 3rd Vail; Perry Hill, Commander of the 2nd Vail; S. H. Myton, Commander of the 1st Vail; Frank Gallotti, Treasurer; N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.
After the installation P. H. P. Read was presented with a fine lambskin apron and collar and a jewel of office, after which the members, with their wives and ladies, repaired to the Central Hotel, and partook of supper and refreshments prepared especially for the occasion. The supper was gotten up in that good and tasteful style as only the cooks of a first-class house can get up. It was undoubtedly the grandest supper ever given in Winfield. The cakes were trimmed and mementoes with the differ­ent designs and emblems of the Masonic order. Quite a number of members of the order from Wichita, Arkansas City, and Lazette were present.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.
                                              WINFIELD, KAS. Jan. 23, 1877.

This is a list of officers of Winfield Chapter No. 51, Royal Arch Masons, installed at their hall on Monday evening, January 22nd, 1877, for the ensuing year.
John D. Pryor, High Priest.
M. L. Read, King.
Jas. A. Simpson, Scribe.
W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts.
A. Howland, Principal Sojourner.
W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain.
J. W. Johnson, Commander of the Second Vail.
S. H. Myton, Commander of the First Vail.
Frank Gallotti, Treasurer.
C. C. Black, Secretary.
N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.
Past High Priest Hargis, of Wichita, Acting Chief Marshal.
Rev. Rushbridge, though not a member, was Acting Chaplain, he being an invited guest.
The rites were witnessed by the wives and sweethearts of the members, also Prof. G. W. Robinson, Principal of the Winfield schools. The ladies saw those that are near and dear to them clothed in the beautiful robes of the Order, and assigned to stations that are alike responsible and honorable. The Chapter then called “off” to the Central Hotel, where we were all made happy by the commodious and comfortable rooms, and the bounteous repast which we found weary in waiting for those that hunger and thirst, and to which we did ample justice, and went away feeling that it was good for us to be there. JUST A LOCAL.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877.
                                              THE PARTIES RESPONSIBLE.
For nearly two years we have labored for the construction of a railroad into our county. Others have labored with us. Considerable time and money have been spent by four or five men in Winfield to that end. If a policy that was marked out in November, 1875, by those who really wanted a railroad had been followed, the cars would now be running to Winfield. We desired the railroad bond law so amended last winter as to secure the building of a road. But it was not amended, and we have no road. We have labored to secure that amendment this winter, but it has not nor will it be amended. Consequently, Cowley County will be without a road for at least two years.
Every step taken towards securing a road has been headed off by a ring in Winfield. The leaders in that ring of wreckers we give below. There are a few less important members in the ring, but they are only small potatoes and do the bidding of the leaders, who own them. These are the men who have damaged the people of Cowley County one half million dollars by their course in the past, and which course is likely to damage them in the future a half million more. Let them be held responsible.
                                                         M. L. ROBINSON.
                                                              M. L. READ.
                                                         T. K. JOHNSTON.
                                                         W. P. HACKNEY.
                                                       CUT THIS LIST OUT

and paste it on the cover of your pocket-books, where you can see it each time you open them to pay from 50 to 75 percent per annum interest on every dollar you borrow at the banks; paste it where it will come in sight every time you sign a cut-throat mortgage; paste it on your wagon boxes to be cursed on the road to Wichita with your wheat and other products for the next two years. And when the sheriff sells your home, and you close the door for the last time to leave what was once your own, nail this list upon that door and tell your wife and children that those are the men who are responsible for the calamity that has made you homeless.
Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.
                                                       LATEST DISPATCH.
                                              TOPEKA, KAN., FEB. 27, 1877.
                                                             4 o’clock p.m.
TO JAMES KELLY, Winfield, Kansas.
Bill has passed the House O. K. Signed: MANNING.
Dear reader: The above isn’t much; but it means a great deal more than we can tell in this short article. It means that the bill to repeal the infamous “two thirds” clause of the railroad law which was passed in the interest of the railroads then operated in Kansas, has passed both branches of the legisla­ture, and that now the interest paying and mortgage bedeviled yeoman of Cowley County can get a railroad by a majority vote.
It means that brain and muscle has at last triumphed over money, wind, and brag. We cannot refrain from congratulating the good people of this county upon their happy deliverance from the thraldom of the money ring of Winfield. Now we can get a rail­road in spite of the opposition of Read and Robinson and their paid strikers, the Hackneys and Rusbridges.
The friends of a railroad have reason to thank Col. Manning, Leland J. Webb, and R. L. Walker for their untiring efforts in their behalf. Over the active opposition of Pyburn in the Senate, Mitchell in the House, the Traveler and Telegram, the brick bank, with a Method­ist preacher and a lawyer as a tail to the kite thrown in. Leland J. Webb, solitary and alone, aided by Col. Manning’s fertile brain and Dick Walker’s splendid tact, wins the fight and the people are again triumphant. Glory enough for one day.
Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.
We understand that a very pleasant party was given at Mr. M. L. Read’s residence last evening.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.
                                            LAYING THE CORNERSTONE.
The ceremony of laying the cornerstone of the M. E. Church building at this place was conducted in due and ancient form by the members of Crescent Lodge No. 132, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, on last Friday afternoon. Deputy Right Worshipful Master, M. L. Read, of Winfield, had charge of ceremonies, assisted by Rev. Rushbridge and Wingar.

The members of Crescent Lodge were well represented, as well as members of the fraternity from adjacent Lodges, and the residents of this vicinity. The procession was headed by the Arkansas City Brass Band, followed by the Stewarts, Entered Apprentices, Fellowcrafts, Master Masons, Senior and Junior Deacons, Senior and Junior Wardens, and Past Masters. At the proper time a sealed tin box, containing a sketch of the Lodge, history of the M. E. Church and Arkansas City from their begin­ning, two copies of the TRAVELER, with statistics of Cowley County, inducements to emigrants, and a number of coins, were placed in the rock, and the stone lowered to its place, after which the assembly dis­persed.
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.
E. S. Torrance and family are keeping house at home in the cottage north of M. L. Read’s stone mansion—or soon will be.
Winfield Courier, April 26, 1877.
Zebulon Foster, charged with the crime of forgery, is in custody awaiting trial at the next term of court. Zeb. sold a note for fifty-five dollars on Monday to M. L. Robinson. The names of John and Sol Smith, and Barney Shriver had been put to the note and he expected to get the money for it from one of the banks. He offered to sell it to Mr. Fuller, of the Winfield Bank, but did not effect a sale for the paper as it did not look just right. He then took it to Mr. Read’s bank and Mr. M. L. Robinson received the paper and was to have paid him for it as soon as the young man could produce a reference. Having obtained possession of the note, Mr. Robinson was looking for the sheriff while the young man was hunting a reference. As a result of all the good management on one side and bad management on the other, Zeb. and Dick. were soon walking the streets arm in arm. Zeb. is now waiting to learn what Judge Campbell and a jury of twelve men will have to say about the matter of writing other people’s names to promises to pay.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877. Front Page.
The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May term of the District Court, of Cowley County, to be begun and held on the first Monday, 7th day of May, A. D. 1877, and have been placed on the Trial docket in the following order.
                                           SECOND DAY—CIVIL DOCKET.
                                           Nathan K. Jeffries vs. Martin L. Read.
                                               M. L. Read vs. Enoch G. Willett.
                                            FOURTH DAY—CIVIL DOCKET.
                                               M. L. Read vs. S. A. Smith et al.
                                          M. L. Read vs. Armstrong Menor et al.
                                          M. L. Read vs. Armstrong Menor et al.
Winfield Courier, June 28, 1877.
Geo. W. Robinson is bookkeeping in Read’s bank.
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877. Editorial Page.
                                                        The Bridge Question.
We, the undersigned, agree to pay the amounts set opposite our names for the purpose of completing an iron bridge across the Walnut, Cowley County, Kansas, and votes aid therefor in the sum of three thousand dollars ($3,000) at an election to be held July 17th, 1877. Said sums of money to be due and payable in consideration of the erection of said bridge, to the order of the party to whom the officers of the said township let the contract for the erection of the said bridge.
                                           WINFIELD, KAN., June 25th, 1877.

                                                  M. L. Read’s Bank $200.00.
Winfield Courier, August 23, 1877.
                                                        UTAH DIVORCES.
Our friend, Robert Hudson, has got his divorce. It will be recollected that he had a suit for divorce pending before the District Court of this county for some time which culminated in the refusal of his honor, Judge Campbell, to grant the divorce, but charging him ten dollars per month to be paid to his wife for her support.
Feeling deeply grieved by this decision of the court, he followed in the footsteps of the illustrious Brick Pomeroy, and like him obtain his decree in a probate court of the land of Brigham.
Like Brick, he too accepted the services of a sharp Chicago lawyer, who, for the sum of one hundred dollars, to be deposited in Read’s bank to await the result, agreed to obtain for his client a decree of divorce without alimony that would be valid in this or any other state, and be so pronounced by our courts, and when it should have been so procured and tested, Read was to pay over the fees.
Now neighbor Hudson really does wish to become a resident of Utah, and it is really true that he and his wife “cannot live in peace and union together,” therefore it was very easy to satisfy and convince a probate judge in Utah of these facts. So having first made the required publication in some Utah newspaper that has a circulation of 150 copies, our Chicago limb of the law presents his evidence and the decree of divorce is granted without alimony. An attested copy of the decree is on deposit at Read’s bank awaiting a judicial test in our courts.
Winfield Courier, August 23, 1877.
House, Sign, and Carriage Painting, Graining and Papering.
Office under Read’s Bank, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.
J. C. Fuller makes an addition to his ad this week. He has one of the best burglar proof safes in the State, which is guarded by the Yale time lock. No city in Kansas has two sounder, safer banking institutions than those of J. C. Fuller and of M. L. Read, of Winfield.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.
Our readers will not fail to notice the new advertisement of M. L. Read, which has appeared in the two last issues. It contains an excellent cut of Mr. Read’s substantial bank
building. Mr. Read is a substantial banker, does business in a substantial way, has a substantial safe that neither fire nor burglars can penetrate, and a time lock that will keep the cashier and his assistant from delivering up the contents of the safe during the night, though strongly persuaded by an exhibition of shooting irons.
AD:                       CENTERED IS A CUT OF THE FRONT OF BANK.
Our Safe is Guarded By The Yale Time Lock.
Collections Solicited and Promptly Attended to.
                                                         M. L. Read’s Bank,
                                                     WINFIELD, KANSAS,
                                                                   Does a
                                           GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS.

M. L. ROBINSON, Cashier.                                 W. C. ROBINSON, Asst. Cashier.
Possessing ample means for the successful conduct of our business we would be pleased to receive accounts from any believing we can make it to their advantage to do business with us.
First National Bank, Kansas City, Mo.
Cass County Bank, Beardstown, Ills.
Rev. O. M. Stewart, Trinity M. E. Church, St. Louis, Mo.
Wichita Savings Bank, Wichita, Kansas.
F. W. Fraey, Cashier 1st. N’l. Bank, Springfield, Ill.
Donnell, Lawson & Co., Bankers, New York City.
Winfield Courier, October 11, 1877.
                            HALL OF ADELPHI LODGE, No. 110, A. F. & A. M.,
                                                WINFIELD, October 7, 1877.
WHEREAS, The grim tyrant death has invaded our fraternal circle and taken from our midst our worthy brother, James D. Cochran, thereby depriving our brotherhood of one of our brightest and most exemplary members, the family of our beloved brother of a loving husband and father, and the community of a useful and energetic citizen; Therefore be it
Resolved, That while we bow in humble submission to the will of our Supreme Grand Master, we do most sincerely deplore the great calamity thus visited upon the fraternity, the family of our departed brother, and the community at large.
Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved family our sincere and heart-felt sympathy, and more especially do we mingle our tears with her, who is thus left a widow—to her and to the children thus bereaved, we pledge our brotherly guardianship in this their life’s greatest affliction.
Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the records of the Lodge, that a copy be furnished to the family of our deceased brother, and also to the city papers for publication, and that the members of the Lodge wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.
                           M. L. READ, M. G. TROUP, A. J. PYBURN, Committee.
Winfield Courier, November 1, 1877.
Read and Robinson have laid out a new addition to Winfield on the southwest.
[EDITORIAL COLUMN.]                         
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1877.
                                          [From the K. C. Journal of Commerce.]
                                                     SOUTHERN KANSAS.

This is one of the few towns in Kansas that manage to keep its streets cumbered with building material the year round. Since I was here in the summer, two dozen houses have been built, and fifty are now under way. The principle ones of the former are Lynn & Gillelen’s two story cut stone, 25 x 100 feet, and a brick hotel at the south end of town. Among the latter, as conspicuous and handsome as any will be, the elegant seven thousand dollar residence of Mr. J. C. Fuller, President of the Winfield Bank. Mr. Fuller has been here since 1870, established the first bank in the county, and has large and valuable tracts of real estate adjoining the town. He has recently laid off a part of his land in an addition, and is selling some very desirable residence plats. The other bank is that of M. L. Read, of which M. L. Robinson is cashier and W. C. Robinson assistant. This bank has been established five years, and occupies the first brick building in Cowley County.
Both banks are doing a good business and have the entire confidence of the community. They are supplied with the celebrated “Yale Time” locks.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 17, 1878.
                                                            District Court.
Mr. E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk, furnishes us with the following list of cases which will probably be for trial at the next term of the District Court, commencing on Monday, May 6, 1878. CIVIL DOCKET: M. L. Read v. Robt. Hudson, et al.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 15, 1878.
M. L. Read vs. Robert Hudson, et al, judgment.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 28, 1878.
The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the August A. D. 1878 term of the District Court of Cowley County, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order. SECOND DAY—CIVIL DOCKET. M. L. Read vs. S. C. Wintin, et al.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 11, 1878.
The following cases were tried before Judge Campbell during the term of court, up to September 5, 1878.
M. L. Read vs. S. C. Winton et al. Judgment for plaintiff $637.57 and foreclosure.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1878.
                                                         Royal Arch Masons.
At the regular convocation of Winfield Chapter No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, held at Masonic Hall, Monday evening, January 14th, the following officers were installed for the ensuing year.
W. G. Graham, H. P.
John D. Pryor, K.
S. C. Smith, S.
M. L. Read, Treasurer.
C. C. Black, Secretary.
W. C. Robinson, C. A. H.
James McDermott, P. S.
S. H. Myton, R. A. C.
J. W. Johnston, M. 3rd V.
Perry Hill, M. 2nd V.
H. Brotherton, M. 1st V.
F. Gallotti, T.

After the installation, an address was delivered by P. H. P. John D. Pryor (which will appear on our outside next week), and the companions repaired to the Central Hotel and sat down to the best spread of the season. The supper was good and the occasion enjoyed by all present.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
John Lamb and wife to M. L. Read, n. w. 17, 33, 6, 160 acres, $500 [?].
M. L. Read et al to James Runton, lot in 28, 32, 4, $150.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
                           [Published in the Winfield Courier, January 24th, 1878.]
                                                          Ordinance No. 70.
An ordinance to increase the limits of the city of Winfield.
Be it ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the city of Winfield.
SECTION 1. That the limits of the city of Winfield be increased by the addition thereto, and the incorporation therein, of the territory adjacent thereto, platted and recorded by E. C. Manning, in the office of the Register of Deeds, of Cowley County, Kansas, and by the addition thereto, and the incorporation therein, of the territory adjacent thereto, platted and recorded by M. L. Read, in said office, and by the addition thereto and the incorporation therein, of the territory adjacent thereto, platted and recorded by J. C. Fuller in said office.
SECTION 2. This ordinance shall take effect and be in force from and after its publication once in the Winfield COURIER and Cowley County Telegram.
Approved January 12, 1878.
                                                     R. L. WALKER, Mayor.
Attest: HENRY E. ASP, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1878.
The city council recently extended the city limits to include Fuller’s, Manning’s, and Read’s additions.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1878.
                                                       CHINA WEDDING.

Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, the twentieth anniversary of the marriage of Dr. and Mrs. Mansfield given at their residence last Thursday evening, was largely attended. Everything that met the eye gave evidence of a desire on the part of the host and hostess to render the affair as cheerful and pleasant as possible to their guests. As the guests were ushered from the dressing room to the parlor, they were at the east end of the room first introduced to a bride and groom manufactured for the occasion, and well done, with masks, wax eyes, and teeth, the wedding veil, hands joined and natural appearance, which caused much merriment. Directly over their heads was suspended a wreath of evergreens with 1858 in the center and above it the legend in large letters, “Looking toward Kansas.” Turning toward the west, the eyes of the guests rested upon a device arched over the opening of the folding doors, in letters of bright green moss and autumn leaves, “Looking toward sunset,” beneath which was another wreath encircling “1878.” On the west wall beyond sparkled a large star of gilt and diamond dust. All comprehended the design which was admirably arranged, at a glance. Prof. Farringer had charge of the music, presiding alternately at organ, piano, and violin, showing his talent and ability at each. He rendered Mendelsohns wedding march while the Dr. and lady were led to the altar by Mr. and Mrs. Read, who acted as groomsman and bridesmaid.
Winfield Courier, March 28, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
Read & Robinson and wives to Edward Banks, lots 11 and 12, block 32, Winfield, $125.
Winfield Courier, April 4, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
Read & Robinson to W. C. Bradfield, lots 1 and 2, block 94, Winfield, $65.
Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.
Mr. E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk, furnishes us with the following list of cases which will probably be for trial at the next term of the District Court commencing on Monday, May 6th, 1878. CIVIL DOCKET. M. L. Read v. Robt. Hudson et al.
Winfield Courier, April 18, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
M. L. Read and wife to Anna A. Harris, lots 11 and 12 in block 87, Winfield, $500.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 25, 1878.
                                 MILLINGTON & LEMMON, PUBLISHERS.
                                                      COWLEY COUNTY.
                           THE BANNER COUNTY OF SOUTHERN KANSAS.
                                 Winfield, the Best Town of Its Size in the State.
                                   [Special Correspondence Kansas City Times.]
There are three banks here, viz: M. L. Read’s, Citizens’ Bank, and J. C. Fuller.
Read’s Bank is located in a fine two story brick. The gentlemen connected with it, including Mr. Read and the Robinsons, are genial gentlemen and successful businessmen.
J. C. Fuller is the oldest banker in the county. He is prudent, safe, and responsible.
The Citizen’s Bank was formerly located in Arkansas City, J. C. McMullen is President and A. Berkey cashier. It has about twenty-five farms for sale on long time and low rates.
Winfield Courier, April 25, 1878.
Gold is coming into circulation. Read’s bank reports to be receiving it in small quantities. That settles it. If Read’s bank will take the stuff, we won’t refuse it any more.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878. Editorial Page.
                                                       DISTRICT COURT.
Mr. E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk, furnishes us with the following list of cases which will probably be for trial at the next term of the District Court commencing on Monday, May 6th, 1878.
                                                CIVIL DOCKET. Second Day.
M. L. Read v. Robt. Hudson et al.
M. L. Read v. S. C. Winton et al.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.

Read & Robinson and wives to E. C. Manning, strip on south side of Manning’s addition to Winfield, $100.
Read & Robinson and wives to public Roadway in north part of their addition.
Winfield Courier, May 9, 1878.
                                                  District Court Proceedings.
Judgment for plaintiff by default was ordered: M. L. Read vs. R. Hudson et al.
The Daily Winfield Courier, Saturday Morning, May 11, 1878.
                                                       DISTRICT COURT.
CIVIL DOCKET. SECOND DAY. M. L. Read v. S. C. Winton et al.
                                                  District Court Proceedings.
Winfield Courier, May 16, 1878.
The Sheriff’s Sales of real estate in the following cases were confirmed by the court and deeds ordered to be made by the sheriff to the purchasers.
M. L. Read vs. A. Menor, et al.
M. L. Read vs. O. Menor et al.
M. L. Read vs. W. H. Hitchcock et al.
M. L. Read vs. A. Menor and R. Menor.
                                                  District Court Proceedings.
Winfield Courier, May 23, 1878.
M. L. Read vs. S. C. Winton et al.
Winfield Courier, May 30, 1878.
                                                REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS.
For the week ending May 27, 1878.
Robt. Allison and wife to M. L. Read et al., nw. 15-33-7; 160 acres, $1,000.
Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
Read & Robinson and wives to T. C. Robinson, lots 3, 4, 5, 6, block 94, Winfield, $125.
Read & Robinson and wives to J. A. Foultz, lot 5, block 96, Winfield, $50.
Winfield Courier, June 27, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
Alva Requa and wife to M. L. Read, et al., lot 9, block 145, Winfield, $75.
Read, Robinson, and wives to Ernest L. Hazard, lot 4, block 93, Winfield, $60.
Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.
                                                      A Threatened Famine.
C. A. Bliss, G. S. Manser, A. B. Lemmon, E. P. Kinne, J. C. Fuller, M. L. Read, T. R. Bryan, W. M. Allison, J. W. Curns, C. C. Black, D. A. Millington, E. S. Bliss, E. S. Torrance, A. E. Baird, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, M. L. Robinson, J. C. McMullen, E. C. Manning, and probably many others, all with their wives, will make a raid upon Arkansas City, the steam boats, and Newman’s dam on the Fourth. They will seize all the provisions they can find in the city, capture both the “Aunt Sally” and the—the—well, Amos’ steamship, will rip out Newman’s dam, and steam up the Walnut to Winfield, driving a large herd of catfish. Bliss and Harter & Harris will load the steamers with flour at their mills. The party will start at about 9 o’clock a.m.

Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
Alva Requa and wife to M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson, se. 29-31-3; 160 acres, $1,500.
Read & Robinson and wives to Judson B. Winie, lots 4, 5, and 6, Winfield; $175.
Winfield Courier, August 22, 1878.
                                                                Trial List.
The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the August A. D. 1878 term of the District Court of Cowley County, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.
                                           SECOND DAY - CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. S. C. Winton et al. [Hackney & McDonald; Pryor & Pryor and A. J. Pyburn.]
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
Read & Robinson and wives to Cynthia J. Cody; lots 8 and 9, block 135, Winfield; $75.
Winfield Courier, September 5, 1878.
                                                            District Court.
M. L. Read vs. S. C. Winton et al. Judgment for plaintiff $337.37 [? HARD TO READ] and foreclosure.
Winfield Courier, September 5, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
C. L. Harter, sheriff, to M. L. Read, s ½ ne 2, 32, 4; 80 acres, $150.
C. L. Harter, sheriff, to M. L. Read, w ½ ne of sw 23, 32, 5; 20 acres, $100.
C. L. Harter, sheriff, to Read & Robinson, se 21, 32, 5; 160 acres, $801.
C. L. Harter, sheriff, to Read & Robinson, part sw 28, 32, 4; 10 acres, $450.
M. L. Read to M. L. Robinson, s ½ ne 2, 33, 4, and w ½ ne of sw 23, 32, 5; 160 acres, $500.
Winfield Courier, September 12, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
C. L. Harter, sheriff, to Read & Robinson, lot 4, block 98 [? 93 ?]; lot 1, block 118; lots 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 134; lots 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 135; lots 4, 5, 6, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 136; all of block 96; lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, block 114; lots 2, 4, 6, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, block 115; lots 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, block 116.
M. L. Read et al. to C. S. Shue, lot 9, block 73, Winfield; $50.
Winfield Courier, October 31, 1878.
                                               WINFIELD, October 30, 1878.
After this date Mexican dollars will be received by us at 90 cents.
                                       M. L. ROBINSON, Cashier Read’s Bank.
                                                 J. C. FULLER, Winfield Bank.
                                        B. F. BALDWIN, Cashier Citizens’ Bank.
                                               WINFIELD, October 18, 1878.
Winfield Courier, November 14, 1878.

Winfield Courier, November 14, 1878.
                                   THOMAS J. JONES, PRACTICAL PAINTER.
House, Sign and Carriage Painting, Graining and Papering.
Office under Read’s Bank, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, November 21, 1878.
Col. C. H. Robinson has moved his office from Manning’s block into A. H. Green’s office, one door south of Read’s Bank. When you want money, give him a call.
Winfield Courier, December 26, 1878.
At the annual election, on the 17th inst., Adelphi Lodge, No. 110, A. F. A. M., selected the following officers for the ensuing year.
C. C. Black, W. M.
W. C. Robinson, S. W.
H. Brotherton, J. W.
B. F. Baldwin, Treas.
R. C. Story, Sec.
J. E. Saint, S. D.
P. Hill, J. D.
M. L. Read, C.
John C. Roberts, S. S.
W. D. Byers, J. S.
S. E. Burger, T.
The installation will take place Friday evening of this week. All members of the Order are invited to be present.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
                                           [This issue listed Courier advertisers.]
READ’S BANK. This is one of the institutions of Winfield. The bank occupies a large and fine brick building, keeps its funds in an enormous fire-proof safe, with burglar proof chest combina­tion, and a time lock, and all modern safeguards. M. L. Read, the president, is a gentleman of character and abundant means. He owns a large amount of valuable real estate in this city and county, and is reputed one of the wealthiest men in the state. M. L. Robinson, the cashier, is one of the ablest financiers in the county, and under his skillful direction, success is sure. W. C. Robinson, his assistant, is an assistant indeed. Wilber Dever writes up the books. Each member of the force is a gentle­man by instinct and habit.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.
                                           CITY COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.
                                           WINFIELD, KANS., Feb. 16, 1879.
Mr. Wood offered a resolution incorporating within the city limits the platted additions of Read and McMullen. Adopted.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879
Municipal election in the City of Winfield resulted in the election of the Citizen’s Ticket:

Mayor elected: J. B. Lynn.
Police Judge: W. M. Boyer.
City Attorney: O. M. Seward.
City Treasurer: J. C. McMullen.
Treas. Board Education: J. D. Pryor.
Council: H. Jochems, C. C. Black, M. L. Read, and S. H. Myton.
Board of Education: Rev. Rigby, F. S. Jennings, Mr. Randall, and M. G. Troup.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 27, 1879.
                                              FACTS FOR HOME-SEEKERS
                                                    COUNTY SUMMARY.
                  From the First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture.
M. L. Read’s.
Winfield Citizens’.
Winfield Courier, April 3, 1879.
The election last Tuesday was very warm and excited, but everything went off pleasantly. The result was:
1st w.         2nd w.
Long Term, H. Jochems                    156             ...
Long Term, J. W. Craine                     93             ...
Short Term, Chas. C. Black 152             ...
Short Term, W. E. Baird                      84
Long Term, M. L. Read                       ...            182
Long Term, Archie Stewart      ...            104
Short Term, J. E. Allen                         ...            100
Short Term, S. H. Myton                      ...            135
Read won by a majority of 28.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.

Some of our exchanges are disposed to criticize us for not exposing what they call “the fraud” in relation to the gold excitement in this county. Now we are ready to expose the fraud when we find it out and have satisfactory evidence of it and not until then. We have stated and reiterated our belief that no native gold has been found in this county and we should think that people at a distance, knowing that the publishers of papers in the immediate vicinity of the object of excitement do not believe any gold has been found, would be very slow to drink in the wild reports that are circulated. Evidently some persons believe there is gold here and as we do not know who circulates the reports nor whether these are honest or dishonest in their expressed opinions, we have no one to charge with fraud.
We suppose that some persons who are as incredulous as ourself have helped to circulate these reports or at least have failed to express the incredulity from a desire to induce people from a distance to visit this county. We highly disapprove of such conduct and motives. We do not wish to induce people by any kind of misrepresentations to come here. If any man thinks of coming to this county to dig for gold, we hope he will not come, for he will only be disappointed and go away cursing the whole county as a fraud.
If any man wants to find productive land at low prices, land that will produce abundant crops of wheat, corn, and fruit, we want him to come here for he will find that all the encomiums of Cowley lands are true and he will give a goodly report of the county.
Let us tell the truth, the whole truth if we can, and if that will not induce a sufficient immigration we can well afford to wait.
Now we will give some reasons for our belief that no native gold has been found.
We have seen a great many specimens of rock from the Goldore diggins, said to be gold bearing quartz, but by all the applianc­es which our chemistry here can command, not one particle of gold has been discovered in them, and what is more, not one particle of quartz has been found connected with any of them. The rock called quartz is limestone more or less crystalized. There have been two or three specimens of gold-bearing quartz shown, but it was certain that they had been imported, for they were entirely unlike any rock found in this county.
Three thousand dollars or more has been brought from the East to this place, by persons connected with this matter, and deposited in Read’s Bank and has been checked out from time to time, but the real estate sales at prices from $1,600 to $16,000 per quarter section appear to have been sales only in name. We cannot find that more than $400 or $500 altogether has been actually paid for land. The $16,000 offers were made in such a way that no prudent man would for a moment think that he could actually get that amount for his land and if any attempted it, they did not succeed.
It is easy to get up an excitement. The same man, whoever he is, wrote under different assumed names to the El Dorado, Topeka, Kansas City, St. Louis and Chicago papers, giving excit­ing accounts of marvelous gold mines, and people from a distance rushed in here and by their curiosity and enthusiasm convinced some of the weaker vessels of our county that there might be gold there.
We do not understand how anyone except the saloonist at Goldore and the hackmen can make anything out of the fraud, if it is a fraud at the bottom, but we do not believe there is a particle of native gold or quartz within ten miles of Goldore.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.
MONEY TO LOAN. I am prepared to loan money on improved farm property, in Cowley and Sumner Counties, in sums of not less than Three Hundred Dollars, on as good or better terms than ever offered heretofore. Persons wanting to borrow money will do well to call on C. H. ROBINSON at office of A. H. Green, next door south of Read’s Bank, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.

Read’s Bank has been receiving a new coat of paint at the hands of Monroe & Higgins’s, which improves the appearance considerably.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.
Under the artistic hand of “Andy,” Read’s Bank is assuming an elegant appearance.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.
The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May, A. D. 1879, term of the District Court of Cowley County, beginning on the first Monday in May, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.
                      CIVIL DOCKET. FIFTH DAY. M. L. Read vs. Phillip Sipe, et al.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.
                                    REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS [CITY ONLY].
Read & Robinson and wives to E. F. Widner, lots 3 and 6, blk. 96, Winfield. $175.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1879.
M. L. Read & wife, and M. L. Robinson and wife, to L. M. Mullen, frac. lots 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, blk. 134. $172.50.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1879.
INSURE -IN THE- ETNA OF HARTFORD! Phenix of Brooklyn. Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance Companies! The Largest, Safest and Best in the World!
                                JOHN D. PRYOR, AGT., WINFIELD, KANSAS.
                                                     Office over Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier August 14, 1879.
We give M. L. Read, M. L. Robinson, and W. P. Hackney the credit of securing the depot where they desired. There had been a desire on the part of some to locate it east of town, but no proposition was made in that direction. The only proposition made to Mr. Strong other than that of Mr. Read was for the location west of town between 9th and 10th streets, but this proposition was not put in form and therefore probably not considered. Mr. Lemmon took no part in these matters. If he holds his office by accident, lightning has struck twice in the same place.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
                                               THIRD DAY. CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read [attorneys Hackney & McDonald] versus Phillip Sipe [attorney L. J. Webb].
                                            SEVENTH DAY. CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read [Hackney & McDonald] versus W. W. Brown [attorney E. S. Torrance].
Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.
Read vs. Brown, judgment for plaintiff.
[CORRESPONDENT “H. P. M” - (Believe this was Mrs. Mansfield of Winfield.)]
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.

                                SNOW HILL, SALT CITY, KS., Sept. 12th, 1879.
We are waiting and watching for Sunday and that Winfield party: Read’s, Robinson’s, and Spotswood’s, besides Mrs. Best and Mrs. Roberts, with their tent and goodies, which we may be able to borrow, as they are freshly cooked.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.
Max Shoeb has got a new piano. Eight years ago, when Max occupied the little log blacksmith shop on the spot where Read’s bank now stands and when the coyotes howled their requiems to the echo of his anvil, and the Kansas zephyrs fanned his cheeks through the chinks in the cabin wall, little did we dream of the prosperity that was to attend our “pioneer blacksmith,” or that in the short space of eight years the infant town, then newly born, would grow to a strong and vigorous manhood. Max has been with us in our adversity and prospered with us in our prosperity, and now as our city is assuming metropolitan airs, he feels in duty bound to do likewise.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.
Two of our well-known citizens indulged in a little pugilis­tic performance in front of Read’s Bank, Tuesday. Nobody hurt. Fined $5.00 and costs.
Winfield Courier, October 23, 1879.
A good joke is told on Charley Harter about the Arkansas City bank robbery. After the news had arrived, Charley met Burt Covert on the crossing of Main street and Ninth Avenue, his face pale and hair disheveled, and grabbing him by the arm, said: “B___; B __Burt; Read’s Bank has been robbed; five hun__hundred dollars reward, get Dick Walker and go after them quick.” Burt and Dick went after them while Charley, after his “excitement” had subsided, learned that it was Arkansas City, instead of Winfield, that had been raided, and immediately took steps to capture them if they came within two blocks of Main street.
Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.
M. L. Read’s bank is having a very large vault built in the rear of the bank. It is 8 x 14, the floor and walls of solid masonry and will be entirely fire proof.
Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.
Mr. George Stivers has obtained a position in Read’s Bank as assistant bookkeeper.
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1879.
Will Allison is bound to have more room. The Telegram is in a crowded condition, and he proposes to move his office into the rooms now occupied by Pryor & Pryor, over Read’s Bank; take out the partitions and vault foundation in the basement, and convert the whole room into a printing shop. This will be an improve­ment. TELEGRAM
Winfield Courier, January 1, 1880.
Read’s Bank is fencing in its bookkeepers with an additional railing.
Winfield Courier, January 8, 1880.
Mr. Chas. Bahntge and lady returned last Saturday evening, and will take up their residence among us. Mr. Bahntge has been engaged as assistant bookkeeper in Read’s bank.
Winfield Courier, January 15, 1880.
Read Robinson, who likes traveling too well to confine his usefulness to any one city, is in Winfield inspecting the banking business of the Read’s and Robinson’s.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1880.
Messrs. Curns & Manser sold the M. L. Read farm to Mr. Lewis Myers, of Ohio, for $3,000 one day last week.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.
Tuesday morning news was brought to town of the suicide of Robert P. Wooley, in Beaver township. Mr. Wooley arrived from Indiana about ten days ago, with his wife, whom he had married three weeks previous, and leaving her at the Olds House in this city, commenced improving his farm, which is located about seven miles southwest of town. During this time he boarded at Lucius Walton’s. Last Friday he came to town, visited his wife, and left with her $250 in cash. On Monday he again came to town and saw her for a few moments, telling her that he would come up for her the next day. He then returned to Lucius Walton’s, ate supper, and went to bed as usual. About two o’clock in the night he got up and went out, but returned in a few minutes and asked a young son of Mr. Walton’s, with whom he was sleeping, for a rope, giving as a reason that he wished to tie his mules away from the horses. This was the last time that he was seen alive.
About 7 o’clock Tuesday morning he was found in the barn of Wm. Shaw, one and one-half miles from Walton’s, hanging by the neck from one of the braces in the roof. It seems that after securing the rope, he walked over to Mr. Shaw’s barn, climbed up to the rafters, and after fastening one end of the rope (which was about eight feet long) to the brace in the roof, tied the other end around his neck and jumped off between the rafters. He had pulled off his hat, coat, vest, and shoes, and first attempt­ed to tie his hands together with his shoe strings; but failing in this, took his pocket-handkerchief, made a running noose in each end, slipped one hand in, and after adjusting the rope around his neck, put his hands behind him, slipped the other noose over his wrist, and drew them up tight.
In his pockets were found two letters, one to his wife and one to his father, who lives in Ripley County, Indiana; $65 in cash and a check on Read’s bank for $250, in favor of Wm. Dobson. The letters were dated March 3rd, but were evidently written on Sunday afternoon.
All his property, amounting to about $3,000, is left to his wife. The only motive to which this rash act can be attributed is a morbid fear of losing his property and being reduced to pauperism. He had recently made a bad investment, about which he was constantly harping, and over which he seemed to brood deeply. He was a man of good moral character, and 31 years old the 18th of March.
Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.
Read’s Bank is being papered and fixed up in fine style.
Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.
Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

Samuel M. Martin and wife, from Jacksonville, Illinois, have been visiting Mrs. M. L. Robinson, in this city. They come from a very fine city and now in making a comparison, he says that Jacksonville has not much to boast of over Winfield. He has property interests in this county, which he has been looking after. Yesterday he joined a party composed of his wife, M. L. Robinson and wife, M. L. Read and wife, S. H. Myton and family, Dr. Black and Dr. Wright for an extended trip through Mexico and Colorado. It will be a splendid trip full of recreation and fun. Wish we could go with them.
Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.
The last we heard of M. L. Robinson, he was at Colorado Springs, and M. L. Read was at Georgetown.
Winfield Courier, August 19, 1880.
Read’s Bank is now guarded by a large black iron fence, the work of the foundry.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 1, 1880. Front Page.
                                               CIVIL DOCKET. THIRD DAY.
M. L. Read vs. W. S. Page et al.
M. L. Read vs. Francis M. Small et al.
M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.
                                             CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY.
M. L. Read vs. J. H. Maggard.
Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.
M. L. Read returned from Colorado last week.
Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.
Frank Barclay has put up a handsome sign, the work of Schrudl & Blomburg. Mr. Barclay has fitted up the basement of Read’s bank building, in which his shop will hereafter be.
Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.
Trial docket for December term, commencing on the first Monday (6th day) of December, A. D. 1880:
                                               THIRD DAY, CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. William S. Page et al.
M. L. Read vs. Francis M. Small et al.
M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.
                                             FOURTH DAY, CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. James H. Maggard.
                                            SEVENTH DAY, CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. H. Tisdale et al.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.
                                               CIVIL DOCKET. THIRD DAY.
M. L. Read vs. Wm. S. Page et al.
M. L. Read vs. Francis Small et al.
M. L. Read vs. J. J. Breene et al.

                                             CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY.
M. L. Read vs. J. H. Maggard.
                                            CIVIL DOCKET. SEVENTH DAY.
M. L. Read vs. H. Tisdale et al.
Winfield Courier, December 9, 1880.
Lovell H. Webb has moved his office from the Bahntge block to the rooms over Read’s Bank, lately occupied by Jennings & Buckman. Lovell is a bright, intelligent young lawyer of excel­lent habits.
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.
Wilber Dever has given up his position in Read’s bank and will go to Colorado the first of January.
Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881. [Monitor Items.]
On Thursday last, Oxford voted to sell her stock in the Kansas, Southern and Western railroad, amounting to eighteen thousand dollars, for twelve thousand seven hundred dollars, which amount was used to cancel an equal amount of the indebted­ness of Oxford township. This leaves only five thousand three hundred dollars of a balance of township indebtedness, and the interest on this sum will be paid by taxes on railroad property. This leaves Oxford in a better condition financially than it has been during the past ten years. Stock and bonds are now in M. L. Read’s bank.
Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.
On Wednesday night there was a meeting held at council rooms, embracing a number of our prominent citizens, to secure, if possible, one of the two roads that Gould proposes building. All the gentlemen present were in favor of doing what was possi­ble to secure this end. W. H. Smith, Col. Alexander, J. L. Horning, T. K. Johnson, Mayor Lynn, and M. L. Robinson were appointed as a committee to confer with the managers, and obtain from them, if possible, a proposition. Messrs. Myres, Read, and Seward were appointed a committee to defray expenses.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
The Ladies’ Library Association met at the library rooms on Tuesday, January 25th, and elected the following members as directors. Mesdames D. A. Millington, T. R. Bryan, T. G. Ticer, W. R. Davis, W. O. Scovill, J. C. Fuller, J. Swain,          Eastman, J. P. Butler,           Raymond, W. P. Hackney,           Wallis, A. E. Baird, M. L. Read, E. S. Bedilion,           Doane, G. Emerson, J. A. Hyden, A. T. Spotswood, C. S. Van Doren, J. W. McDonald, J. S. Mann, J. S. Loose, J. A. Earnest. The six last hold over under the constitution. The three first are re-elected.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.
On Monday morning the county commissioners again called an advisory meeting of the citizens to consider the matter of selling the S. K. & W. stock.
Met at the office of Jennings & Buckman at 11 a.m., about forty citizens being present. Col. J. M. Alexander was chosen chairman and C. C. Black secretary.

It appeared that only two offers were before the commission­ers, that of W. N. Coler & Co., of New York, of 65 cents for the stock, in the county 7 percent, bonds at par, and that of Edwards & Bo., of St. Louis, of 68 cents in cash for the stock.
A long discussion ensued, in which was discussed the rela­tive merits of the two offers, the probability of getting better, and of loss by delay, in which many citizens took part. Finally the meeting passed the following resolution almost unanimously and adjourned.
Resolved, That this meeting advises the county board to sell the $68,000 stock to-day at 68 cents cash or Cowley 7 per cent, bonds at par (unless a better offer is made) to such parties as it shall deem best.
The commissioners then met and agreed to sell the stock to W. N. Coler & Co. for 68 cents cash, amounting to $46,240, the exchange to be made at Read’s Bank in Winfield without expense to the county, the bank becoming security that the purchaser shall consummate the trade immediately. As this arrangement saves the county all expense for exchange, transmission, etc., it is an advance over the St. Louis offer.
The treasurer drew on W. N. Coler & Co. for $46,240, accom­panied with the stock, and Read’s Bank gave a receipt on deposits to the credit of the county of $46,240 in New York exchange. It is known, we believe, that N. Y. exchange is generally at a premium; never sells for less than par.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1881.
The sale of $68,000 of K. C., L. & S. railroad stock held by this county was finally disposed of by the commissioners to Messrs. W. N. Coler & Co., of New York, for 68 cents on the dollar, cash. The sale and transfer of the stock were made through Read’s bank, and a certificate of deposit was given to the county treasurer.
Winfield Courier, March 24, 1881.
The Second Ward Meeting was held at the opera house. G. H. Buckman called the meeting to order. James Kelly was chosen chairman and J. P. Short secretary. J. L. Horning was nominated for member of the school board. M. L. Read was nominated for council. James Kelly, T. H. Soward, and S. H. Myton were chosen a ward committee.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, April 6, 1881.
                                                OUR STOCK AND BONDS.
The sale of our stock in the S. K. & W. R. R., sometime since, has resulted in quite a rumpus between the newspapers at the county seat, consequent upon alleged mistakes, or to say the least, in formalities committed by a certain county official. It is not our funeral, but if we read the signs of the times aright, the funeral knell to the hopes of some aspirants for county office in the future, have boomed loud and deep. In order that the TRAVELER’s readers may know what is transpiring in this matter, we insert the following from the Monitor, of March 26, 1881, which appeared over the signature of “BANSHEE,” and will sufficiently explain itself.
Editor Monitor: There seems to be a premeditated attempt on the part of the Courier, and those most interested in the success of certain county officers, to cover up the real delinquencies which jeopardized the sale of stock held by this county in the Southern Kansas & Western railroad. This attempt on the part of the Courier is two fold.

First, to vent its spleen against Read’s bank in the inter­est of McMullen, Fuller, Millington, and company.
Second, to shield Captain Hunt.
The Courier, blindly and in an unscrupulous spirit of hate toward M. L. Robinson, sought to attract the attention of the public from the real delinquent, Capt. Hunt, by attacking the county commissioners for sending James Harden and M. L. Robinson East to protect the interests of Cowley County.
It is true that in the first article in the Courier, in regard to this subject, they did not abuse the commissioners in express terms; but they published an editorial stating that it was reported on the street, and that great excitement existed among the people in consequence thereof, that the board of county commissioners had sent Messrs. Harden and Robinson East to perfect the sale of the stock held by the county in the Southern, Kansas & Western railroad, and that such statement was false, and that if they had gone East for such purpose, it was at their own expense and volition, and that the commissioners of Cowley County, being honorable men, would never be guilty of doing such a thing.
With a characteristic cheek which serves the senior editor of that paper so well in times of emergencies, he stated to a guileless public, if such order was made, it was with the under­standing that the committee would pay their own expenses as they had the right and were well able to do; when such editor well knew that the order was not only to send such committee East but also to pay their expenses.
Then the Monitor, true to the facts in defense of the action of the county commissioners, published the official order made by the board of county commissioners, attested by Captain Hunt, county clerk, showing that said committee not only went on order of the board, but also at the expense of Cowley County.
After the committee had returned from the successful trip, wherein they saved to the taxpayers of this county fifty-six thousand dollars, then it was the venerable old fossil of the Courier ate his own words, devoured his own offspring, turned tail on his former publication, and published to the world the action of the county commissioners and justified the same.
In this justification, every man in Cowley County, who is familiar with the facts, will heartily join. In order that the public may know the real status of the case, the writer of this article will state the facts. The people of the county by their votes ordered the commissioners to sell the stock, and they, in pursuance of such order, did sell such stock for sixty-eight cents, and Read’s bank gave to the county treasurer a certificate of deposit for the amount, for which they had Coler & Co.’s draft, and here is where the trouble began.
The county clerk in making out the papers showing the vote, and order of sale, failed to show affirmatively that the sale was legal. This may not have been his fault, for he is not a lawyer, neither has he had the necessary business experience to fill the position he holds, which is unfortunate for him and deplorable as regards the best interests of this county; but worse than all, instead of certifying the order of the board selling our stock in said railroad company, as he should have done, and as any ordi­narily careful clerk would have done, he made out the certifi­cate showing that we had sold our stock in the “Southern, Kansas & Fort Smith” railroad company.

These papers went East with the application for the transfer of the stock to Coler & Co., and, of course, were rejected on the ground that there was no such railroad as the “Southern, Kansas & Fort Smith,” and that the sale of the stock of the “Southern, Kansas & Fort Smith” railroad would not transfer the stock of the Southern, Kansas & Western railroad; hence, the rejection of Coler & Co.’s application, and having failed to obtain what they purchased, they threw back the stock upon the hands of Cowley County.
The time was up for the transfer of this stock, the South­ern, Kansas & Western railroad company had ceased to exist, and the stock held by Cowley County was utterly worthless. The contest for the control of the same on the part of Gould on one hand, and the Santa Fe on the other, which gave it its fictitious value, being ended by the success of the Santa Fe company, and the stock was of no further value.
At this juncture, M. L. Read’s bank, the wealthiest and largest tax-paying institution of the county, promptly took a hand to save the county; and M. L. Robinson, being one of the directors of the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith railroad, and being on intimate and friendly terms with the General Manager Strong, of the Santa Fe, went to Topeka and Kansas City, procured an order, delaying the closing of the books of the old Southern, Kansas & Western railroad company—now defunct—until the egre­gious blunder of our county clerk could be rectified.
Robinson came home, a meeting of the county commissioners was convened, and the necessary papers, under the advice of Judge McDonald, of Winfield, and Wallace Pratt, of Kansas City, were made out and the committee sent East, as heretofore stated, to save this county from great financial loss.
Instead of Mr. Robinson being abused in connection with this matter, he is entitled to the heart-felt thanks of all honest men in Cowley County; and but for the insane jealousy of the unfortu­nate occupants on the corner, they would be the first to accord the praise.
In conclusion, I have to state that I have no fight to make on Captain Hunt; I charge him with no criminal negligence, unless it be criminal negligence for a county official to be derelict in duty, either from want of knowledge or criminal carelessness. Certain it is that in this case, but for the prompt action by M. L. Robinson, the county would have absolutely lost fifty-six thousand dollars, as a direct result of Captain Hunt’s gross carelessness.
I have not been a supporter of Mr. Troup of late years; I, in common with many others, fell into the foolish notion that, because a man made a good officer, and held the office a long time, was no reason for his further retention; hence, I voted for Captain Hunt and against Troup, but I am forced to admit that Mr. Troup’s official record is without a blemish, and I, with others who thought as I did, regret the day that saw him step down and out. Certain it is, that the blunders now charged to the county commissioners, and which, if really chargeable at all, are chargeable to the inefficiency of the county clerk; and never would have happened had Mr. Troup retained his old position.
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.

On last Thursday evening was gathered in the magnificent salons of M. L. Robinson one of the largest parties which have assembled in Winfield this past season. The honors of the occasion were conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Robinson and Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood in the most graceful and pleasing manner, making each of the guests feel delighted and happy. A new departure was made in the hour for reception which we cannot too highly commend, that of substituting 7 o’clock for the late hours which usually prevail, but the habits of some were so confirmed that they could not get around until nine o’clock. The banquet was excellent beyond our power of description. Nothing was wanting to render it perfect in all its appointments. At a reasonable hour the guests retired, expressing the warmest thanks to their kind hostesses and hosts for the pleasures of the evening. The following are the names of the guests as we now remember them.
Miss Nettie McCoy, Mrs. Huston, Mrs. S. H. Myton, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Eastman, Mrs. Ticer, Mr. M. G. Hodges, Mr. C. A. Bliss, Mr. W. C. Robinson, Mr. W. A. Smith, Mr. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Loose, Mrs. Herrington, Mr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Platter, Mr. and Mrs. J. Harden, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. Conklin, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. Dever, Mr. and Mrs. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. Barclay, Mrs. W. F. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. F. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, and Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.
The result of the city election of last Tuesday is given in the table below. Names of candidates on the Republican ticket are in Roman, Citizens ticket in small caps, and on both in caps.
            M. L. READ WON: MAJORITY 22.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.
                                               J. S. HUNT VS. “BANSHEE.”
The following explanation was sent to us with a request that we publish, and wishing that our readers should be able to judge advisedly in this matter, it will be found below.
                                             OFFICE OF COUNTY CLERK,
                                          WINFIELD, KAN., MAR. 29, 1881.
Editor Monitor: I have read the article over the signature of “Banshee” in last week’s issue of your paper, and will briefly reply, even though “Banshee’s” article seems to be devoid of honesty or courtesy, and to have been written with anything but a honorableness of purpose. I wish simply to say, without comment or discussion, that the interests of Cowley County have not been jeopardized to the value of a cent by any certificates that I have made. The certificate in question was not a county but a private matter, and did not affect the county in the sale of the stock. That sale had been consummated in all its details before the certificates were made; the contract of sale had been entered into; the stock had been delivered to Read’s bank for W. N. Coler & Co., in accordance with the contract, and the stock had been paid for by a certificate of deposit of that bank to the amount of $46,240, and which certificate the county treasurer held in his possession.

The county treasurer had receipted for the money to W. N. Coler & Co., which receipt was filed in this office according to law. The sale was not, and could not have been, made on my certificate.
The attorney of W. N. Coler & Co. was here; and all the records of the stock election, on the legality and correctness of which the validity of the sale of the stock alone depended, had been carefully examined by that attorney, together with the county attorney, and found to be legal and correct.
The certificate in question, together with three or four others, was made for the use of W. N. Coler & Co., and was made at the request and dictation of their attorney, for which he offered to pay me, and for which I charged him nothing. The certificates were made in the hurry of the departure of Coler’s agent and attorney on the train, and were not even proofread. In one of the certificates was a simple clerical error of one word, and this is the mole-hill out of which “Banshee” has, for obvious and disreputable reasons, made a seeming mountain.
I will not speak of the almost savageness of what can only be an attack, of the evident intention, and the double disgrace of its being under a nom de plume. The article should be its own condemnation. J. S. HUNT, County Clerk.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.
M. L. Read and the banking concern, of which he is the head, has been the recipient of much taffy at the hands of “Banshee,” but feeling assured, upon further inquiry, that in this matter said correspondent was at fault, we give publicity to certain items from the Courier in reference thereto, which, we think, will enable our readers to judge intelligently. We have no feeling in this matter, more than to see that the general inter­ests of our county are well looked to and to give the news; having done which, we leave the case on its merits.
The items referred to above are as follows.
“The ponderous mass of taffy and soft soap with which “Banshee” deluges M. L. about his tremendous power and influence with W. B. Strong, the Santa Fe, and the bears and bulls of Wall street, about his overwhelming patriotism, illustrated by his superhuman efforts to save the county from a loss of fifty six thousand dollars, by first rushing to Topeka and then to New York, is wonderfully translucent. The county was in no danger of being swallowed up by the defaulting shark, Coler & Co. The county had no interest in the matter, and had no occasion to pay M. L.’s expenses to either place. It was Read’s bank that was in danger, and it was for that institution for which he exerted his wonderful powers, which was all right and praiseworthy.

“‘Banshee’ says that M. L. Read’s bank is the ‘wealthiest and largest tax-paying institution in the county.’ Read’s bank is indeed a very wealthy and large tax-paying institution, and ‘Banshee’ is so near the truth in this instance that we will only call it an error, and correct it by stating that the Winfield bank paid, in this county for the year 1880, some $300 more than Read’s bank, and that the former bank and McMullen and Fuller pay $626.25 more taxes than the latter bank with Read and the three Robinsons together. The total taxes of the Winfield bank and the two men is $2,371.08; that of Read’s bank and the four men is $1,744.45. This is a good showing for both and we repeat what we have often said, that Winfield has two of the solidest and soundest banks in Kansas.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.
The city election, in Winfield, last week resulted as follows. Mayor: M. G. Troup. Councilmen: J. Moffitt, M. L. Read. Treasurer: T. R. Bryan. Attorney: O. M. Seward. Police Judge and J. P.: N. E. Tansey.
Winfield Courier, April 21, 1881.
The Winfield Bank was caught in a rather unpleasant predica­ment Tuesday. On Monday they had a workman fixing something about their safe, and it is thought he accidentally turned the dial on the time lock; at any rate, when the cashier came to open the safe at the usual time, he found that it would not open. This left the bank dead broke as far as the availability of their cash was concerned. In the emergency Read’s Bank came to the rescue and furnished Cashier Fuller with a roll of bills about the size of a man’s hat, with which the Winfield Bank did busi­ness until by close watching they caught the changed time of their lock and got the safe open. These time locks are sometimes as annoying to the banks as they are to the burglars.
Winfield Courier, April 28, 1881.
                                                CIVIL DOCKET: 120 CASES.
S. D. Pryor et al vs. M. L. Read et al.
M. L. Read vs. Francis M. Small et al.
M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.
M. L. Read vs. H. Tisdale et al.
M. L. Read vs. John L. Rusbridge. 
M. L. Read vs. Samuel C. Fitzgerald.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 4, 1881. Front Page.
                                                          CIVIL DOCKET.
S. D. Pryor et al vs. M. L. Read et al.
M. L. Read vs. Francis M. Small et al.
M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.
M. L. Read vs. H. Tisdale et al.
M. L. Read vs. John I. Rusbridge.
M. L. Read vs. Samuel C. Fitzgerald.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
Below are statements of businessmen and leading citizens of this city and county.
                                                              M. L. READ,

President of the board of trustees of the M. E. Church. The congregations assembled for services at this church average a considerable larger than a year ago. The seats are generally pretty well filled. The seating capacity of the church is about six hundred. I observe that many persons attend church who did not attend a year ago. This church is a fine, large building, 40 x 80 feet of Cowley County building stone, and the audience room is the whole size with a gallery. The financial condition of the church is excellent and the subscriptions for expenses are better and larger than they were a year ago. Our Sabbath school is in a flourishing condition. The average attendance is 160, which is greater than a year ago.
                                                           READ’S BANK.
Our deposit business is better than it ever was before, which indicates that the general business of the city is larger than it was last year. The business of Winfield is in a healthier condition than it has ever been. The natural effect of the failure of crops last year would have been to reduce the present volume of business more than twenty-five percent, but the prohibitory laws or something else has neutralized this effect. We are anticipating a business boom as soon as the harvest is over.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
Read vs. Tisdale, change of venue to Montgomery County court.
Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881.
The following cases have been disposed of by the court up to date.
Pryor & Pryor vs. Read—A. L. Redden, judge pro tem—report of referee set aside.          Read vs. Breene et al, judgment for defendants.
Read vs. Rusbridge, judgment for plaintiff.
Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.
Messrs. M. L. Read, S. C. Smith, Captain Lowry, and M. L. Robinson have purchased the grove west of town, known as Lowry’s Grove, and will improve and throw it open for the benefit of the public as a park.
Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881 - Front Page
                                                        RIVERSIDE PARK.
Winfield, behind the large cities of the State in nothing, has taken a step ahead of them by the establishment of a pleasure ground for her citizens, to be known as Riverside Park. The park grounds include forty acres, situated but a quarter of a mile from the depot of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, and is easy of access from all parts of the State, from the fact of two lines of railroads running into the town. A splendid flag­staff has been planted in the middle of the park, from which will float the national colors, while a fine fountain of unique design is also to be erected. The river here affords splendid opportu­nities for boating, and a steam pleasure boat is to be put upon the waters soon, in addition to which will be several small boats, which will be let out to parties for a reasonable consider­ation. Rustic seats will be placed all around and through the park, which, with the beautiful, shaded and winding walks, fine lawns, the pleasures of the river, the luxuriant velvet grass upon the finest camping ground in the State, will render it the most favored spot in all the West. The citizens of Winfield have taken hold of the matter in earnest, and what they undertake they never fail to put through. A fine flag pavement is now being put down between the city and the park, while the highway between the two constitutes as fine a drive as can be found in the State.

The ground comprising the park was purchased a short time ago by Captain Lowry, Captain S. C. Smith, Messrs. M. L. Robinson, J. L. Horning, A. Spotswood, and M. L. Read, who give it to the city free, for the purpose of holding public gatherings of all kinds, Sunday and public school picnics, camp-meetings, and other pleasure and business assemblage. These gentlemen have shown a public spirit that is commendable, and deserve, as they have received, the thanks of the people of the city, for whom they have done so much.
This park is, without doubt, the finest place in the State for the holding of camp-meetings, as there are high and dry places for the putting up of tents, and shaded by lordly monarchs of the forest, making it delightfully cool and pleasant in every way. Over three miles of winding drives are now being built, which will add materially to the beauties and pleasures of this place. The spot selected for this park is in every way a de­lightful and superior one, and it will prove a joy forever, to no not only the good people of the enterprising city of Winfield, but to the whole State as well.
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.
During the day the canvass of the city resulted in the following cash subscriptions.
                                                        Read’s Bank $25.00
Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.
At the depot, I met Will. Garvey, formerly of Topeka, who said in the same breath that had inquired how long I was going to stay, “Do you see that park off there? Well, M. L. Robinson will take you over to see it in his buggy.” We went uptown, and, sure enough, in fifteen minutes I was seated in Mr. Robinson’s car­riage, and ten minutes afterward was being shown all over one of the most beautiful parks in the State.
It lies a quarter of a mile west of the A., T. & S. F. depot, on the north bank of the Walnut River, and consists of forty acres of grand old trees, and aspiring younger ones not yet freed from the clinging vines which make shade and add a gro­tesque and charming appearance to them. The place is named Riverside Park, and is the property of M. L. Read, the banker, Mr. M. L. Robin­son, his nephew, Mr. S. C. Smith, and Mr. Lowry. They have had a force of men in it cleaning out the underbrush, and locating and clearing drives all the spring, and have really succeeded admira­bly.
Winfield Courier, July 7, 1881.
The following contributions have been made for the benefit of the cyclone sufferers of Floral.
New Salem $60.45; Burdenville $59.05; Little Dutch and Rock $43.70; Star School House $7.10. Total: $170.30.

This amount has been deposited in M. L. Read’s bank by Rev. C. P. Graham and a check given by the same to the treasurer appointed at the Winfield meeting in the interest of the Floral sufferers. On behalf of Mr. Graham, who received the contribu­tions, we hereby extend our many thanks to the good people of the several localities for their marked liberality toward the needy and suffering.
Winfield Courier, July 14, 1881.
The Board of County Commissioners, at their last session, transacted business as follows.
M. L. Read and J. C. McMullen were appointed a committee to assist the Probate Judge in counting the funds in the hands of the County Treasurer.
Winfield Courier, July 28, 1881.
The undivided one-half (½) lot number eight (8) in block number one hundred and nine (109) in the city of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, August 4, 1881.
A meeting of businessmen of Winfield was held last Friday evening and again Tuesday evening at which a board of trade was formed and will be incorporated under the laws of the state. The objects are stated: For the purpose of promoting and encouraging manufactures and manufacturing interests in Cowley County. The charter will expire August 1, 1890. The board of trustees consists of J. C. Fuller, M. L. Read. W. C. Robinson, A. E. Baird, C. A. Bliss, Robt. E. Wallis, and J. S. Mann.
Winfield Courier, August 11, 1881.
The board of trade of Winfield filed its charter yesterday. The trustees for the first year are J. C. Fuller, M. L. Read, W. C. Robinson, A. E. Baird, C. A. Bliss, Robert E. Wallis, and
J. S. Mann. Topeka Capital.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 17, 1881. Front Page.
                                                         KANSAS NEWS.
A meeting of businessmen of Winfield was held recently, at which a board of trade was formed, and will be incorporated under the last of the state. The objects are stated: For the purpose of promoting and encouraging manufactures and manufacturing interests in Cowley County. The charter will expire August 1, 1890. The board of trustees consists of J. C. Fuller, M. L. Read, W. C. Robinson, A. E. Baird, C. A. Bliss, Robt. E. Wallis, and J. S. Mann.
Winfield Courier, September 8, 1881.
The second ward has had and still has a powerful representa­tion in Read and Hodges, who have absolutely run the City govern­ment just as they pleased. What has ever been good in the city management, they will get credit for; and whatever has been bad, must rest on their shoulders.
Winfield Courier, October 13, 1881.

Read’s Bank has at last succeeded in fencing Will Robinson in. They have recently raised the enclosure by putting a hand­some wire fence around the top of their counters, with bronzed wire gates. A hole about 6 x 8 has been left for Will to pass the funds through.
Winfield Courier, November 3, 1881.
                                           SECOND DAY - CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. Francis Small, et als.
                                             THIRD DAY - CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. Thomas J. Lindley.
                                           FOURTH DAY - CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. Emma B. Fitzgerald et al.
                                             SIXTH DAY - CIVIL DOCKET.
M. L. Read vs. William S. Page et al..
Winfield Courier, November 10, 1881.
Read’s Bank is excavating for a twenty foot addition to the bank building. It will be used for offices and consulting room.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
JENNINGS & BUCKMAN, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. [F. S. JENNINGS/G. H. BUCKMAN]  Office over Read’s bank, Winfield.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
L. H. WEBB, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office over Read’s bank, Winfield.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.
JAMES KELLY, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE and U. S. Pension Attorney, Office over Read’s bank, Winfield.
Cowley County Courant, November 24, 1881.
W. C. ROBINSON, ASSISTANT CASHIER.]  [Address not given.]
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
                                           WINFIELD, DECEMBER 19, 1881.
Council met in regular session. The president of the council, Mr. Read, presiding, in the absence of the mayor. Present: Councilmen Read, Hodges, Platter, and Gary, city attorney and clerk.
Council then adjourned. M. L. READ, Pres. Council, Acting Mayor.
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
We note the arrival of Mr. J. O. Taylor and family, who have rented the Read property on Elm Row, with the view of locating permanently. Mr. Taylor is a cousin of Rev. J. E. Platter.
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.

When Judge Torrance came upon the bench the several cases on the docket in which he was attorney were transferred to the 12th Judicial District Court, which is now in session at Independence. The most important cases were Hitchcock vs. Tarrant, Boyle vs. Rogers, and Pryor vs. M. L. Read, and all the rest of E. B. Kager, County Treasurer’s, bondsmen. The most of these cases come up this week and a great many of our citizens and their attorneys are in attendance.
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
M. L. Read has been adding to his dwelling house some modern conveniences such as are not often found outside of large cities. The home is thoroughly supplied with water from a tank above, and the rooms are furnished with stationery wash bowls.
The improve­ments of most consequence are an automatic steam heating appara­tus and an automatic water supply for the boiler. The heating apparatus is of the newest style and most convenient form. It consists of a boiler which runs a steam radiator in each room of the house, including the bath room. The radiators are small and take up scarcely any room, being of small size and standing close against the wall. The boiler will carry 120 pounds of steam, but only five pounds are necessary to thoroughly heat the house. The boiler can be set to carry any amount below 120 pounds, and the temperature is always kept between certain degrees by the auto­matic arrangement.
When set at five pounds, the pressure can never get above that weight nor below three pounds. When the pressure reaches above five pounds, it closes a draft below the fire and opens a valve above; and when it reaches below three pounds, the opera­tion is reversed, the valve closing and the draft opening. The boiler is furnished with an automatic supply of water from the tank above, a certain quantity shutting off the supply and a certain lesser quantity opening the supply.
The fire magazine is filled only twice in twenty-four hours; there is no danger anywhere; there can be no freezing in the water pipes and the temperature is always between certain com­fortable de­grees. Mr. Read has about as near an automatic regulation of his household affairs as one could wish. All he wants is an automat­ic booster, run by clock work, to bounce him out of bed in the morning, and he has the acme of bliss. Of course, he might have a steam transfer arrangement for carrying hot buck-wheat cakes to his mouth while he reposes in bed; but this would be too soft a thing for Mr. Read, who is known not to be lacking in energy when occasion requires.
Read’s bank involved with the following...
Winfield Courier, December 29, 1881. Front Page.
About the 16th of May, 1881, E. J. Cooper, a young man doing a general merchandise business at Trinidad, Colorado, went to the wholesale Boot and Shoe House of J. A. Cooper & Co., of Kansas City, and purchased over two thousand dollars worth of goods on ten days time, stating that he had inherited some money from his mother’s estate and that he would then pay for the goods.
Some time afterward he wrote to the Kansas City House, saying he had met with some misfortune and would pay soon.
In September Cooper went before a Squire Walker in Trini­dad, and there made a sale to his clerk, W. J. Bolin, had the transfer acknowledged, and Bolin paid the amount over the squire’s table, twenty-three hundred dollars in cash. In less than five hours Cooper took the cars and “shook the dust” of Colorado from his feet.

In the meantime someone telegraphed to the Kansas City House and they attached the goods, locked up the store, and the sheriff of Las Animas County put the key in his pocket. Bolin then came onto the scene, produced his bill of sale and proved the pur­chase; the only witness that could back the contract was Cooper: and he had gone where the “woodbine twineth.” Cooper & Co., began to hunt their faithless namesake.
As time wore away it was discovered that Cooper had an aunt living at Marshalltown, Iowa; there they intercepted one of his letters, dated Winfield, October 16, 1881. In November their agent on this route gave the case to Capt. Siverd with a descrip­tion of the man.
Capt. Siverd watched and waited; time wore on, and at last a letter addressed to Cooper came here from Augusta, Kansas, and last Saturday a man called for that letter. Capt. Siverd soon discovered that he was the man he wanted, and sent a man to talk to him. Approaching him from behind, he said: “Hello, Cooper. I think I met you in Colorado.” “Why, yes, guess you did. I did some business there for three years and think I shall go back.”
The wires were called into use and last Monday night Cooper & Co.’s agent arrived; Hackney was called into service; a five thousand dollar bond was given from Kansas City through Read’s Bank, and by noon Thursday the agent, Jake Boyles, and Capt. Siverd were “lighting out” through Vernon Township for the residence of John McMahan, where Cooper was employed as a farm hand.
His arrest was at once accomplished; his team, wagon, trunk, and clothing were attached, and Cooper invited to take a ride behind Jim Vance’s best greys. The agent gave them a sumptuous supper at the Brettun, and then Cooper was invited to Mr. Hackney’s office, where he showed his first dread of the jail. He soon lost his defiant air and “squealed.” He told the whole story of the fraudulent transfer to Bolin, signed the proper paper, and that night slept in No. 5 at the Brettun, guarded by Boyles and Capt. Siverd.
The wires were again called into use between here and Trinidad. The clerk, Bolin, “threw up the sponge.” J. A. Cooper & Co. will get back their money. E. J. Cooper goes back to his counter; the case will be dismissed; and Siverd will wear a new coat.
The probabilities are that Cooper and his clerk intended to meet somewhere after Bolin could convert the stock into cash, but did not see the difficulties in the way. And after the Trinidad attachment, Cooper drifted aimlessly into Cowley County, a fugitive from Justice, and went to work among strangers to keep from starving. He went back to Trinidad, Colorado, Friday.
Cowley County Courant, January 5, 1882.
In the Probate Court a report has been made of the sale of real estate of Thos. J. Harris for $1,000 to M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson. Sale confirmed and deed made.
Cowley County Courant, January 12, 1882.

Read & Robinson have lately been making some convenient improvements in their bank arrangements. A new addition has been built on the rear of the bank, which has been fitted up in excellent shape for a private office. The old partition has been taken down and the counter run the entire length of the room, affording more room in the working room and much more convenient arrangements. One of the best and most valuable improvements, however, is a new time lock on the second door of their five ton safe. This is to protect the silver coin that cannot be placed in the burglar box. The new time lock has the improvement over old style locks, for its capacity of being put in operation in an instant, at any time, by a touch of the bolt on the door.
A bank robber, if he ever gave the cashier time to reach the door, would have to “turn him bootless home again,” as neither he nor the cashier could gain access to the funds until the time set for the action of the time lock. The bank vault is one of the most commodious in the state, and is well arranged with pigeon hole and book apartments. The bank is now one of the best protected and most conveniently arranged of any in the west.
Cowley County Courant, January 19, 1882.
Judge Buckman has moved into the back rooms over Read’s bank, and Jennings & Troup occupy the front rooms. Excellent loafing quarters up there now.
Cowley County Courant, January 19, 1882.
The old established and well known law firm of Jennings & Buckman has been dissolved. This firm came here a few years ago, and had steadily increased its law practice, and won the highest respect of all who had business transactions with it. Messrs. Jennings and Troup have formed a law partnership, and have fitted up the rooms over Read’s Bank, that were formerly occupied by the old firm. Mr. Buckman occupies the rooms in the rear, over the same building, where he still continues to dispense justice to unfortunate litigants. While we thought Messrs. Jennings and Buckman were wedded in the law practice, we believe the new firm will meet with the success that two such capable men as our worthy Mayor and County Attorney must bring. We wish the new firm and Mr. Buckman success.
Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.
Read’s Bank has sued old Winfield Township for $375, old township scrip. Are there any more suits to be brought?
Cowley County Courant, February 16, 1882.
Suits have lately been commenced in the District Court as follows.
M. L. Read vs. Flora E. Covert et al, foreclosure of mortgage.
Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.
P. H. Albright of the firm of P. H. Albright & Co., Loan Brokers, has deposited $10 in M. L. Read’s bank, which is to be paid the first Cowley County farmer who brings in a stalk of 1882 corn that measures 10 feet.
Winfield Courier, February 23, 1882.
Mrs. M. L. Read received the sad intelligence of the death of her mother at Rushville, Illinois, last Saturday. She was eighty-five years old.
Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.
Mr. M. L. Read has a joke which he has been perpetrating upon the innocent minds about  here. He tells them that he will be seventy-five years old on February 30th. Of course, they decline to believe it, but he insists that when the 30th of February comes around, he will be seventy-five years old. It generally takes them about a week to discover that February is not entitled to 30 days. We got fooled ourself and know how it be.
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.
                                     PROGRESS DUE TO FRANK BARCLAY.

For a long time it was Winfield’s proud boast that it was the best sidewalked town of its size in the West; and for the past year, she has claimed without dispute, to have more miles of flag stone sidewalk than any town in the state, regardless of size or age. And now we come forward with the claim that Winfield has more steam, water, gas pipe, and general plumbing than any town of equal population in the state, and back our claim with the following figures.
On the first of January, 1882, there were in the public and private buildings of the city in round numbers:
13,000 feet of steam pipe;
11,400 feet of water pipe;
 8,000 feet of gas; and
 1,600 feet of sewer pipe.
Of this amount the Brettun House has over 15,000 feet.
The principal business houses on Main Street and several private houses are lighted with gas, by machines with from fifteen to one hundred burners.
In addition to the public buildings, there are ten residences supplied with hot and cold water throughout, with copper or galvanized iron water tanks, stationary washbowls, bath tubs, waste pipes, etc.
Among these fixtures there are all told, nearly one hundred marble slab basins, costing from fifteen to thirty-five dollars each.
The Brettun House, COURANT office, and the residences of M. L. Read and J. L. Horning are heated by steam, the two former by high-pressure boilers and the latter by low-pressure boilers.
For such a large amount of plumbing for a town, without gas or water-works, Winfield is principally indebted to Mr. Frank Barclay, who came here about four years ago, and under whose supervision nine-tenths of all the above work has been done.
Cowley County Courant, March 9, 1882.
Messrs. Horning, Read, McMullen, Robinson, and perhaps others will erect windmills for the purpose of irrigating their grounds the coming season. Frank Barclay has a carload of piping on the road which he will use for that purpose. With plenty of water the question of growing trees, shrubbery, and blue grass is solved.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1882.
                                                   One of Winfield’s Industries.

Our fellow-townsman Frank Barclay, Plumber, steam and gas-fitter, has now on the road a car-load of the celebrated Wyckoff water pipe for distributing water from windmills and pumps to stock, and for irrigating purposes, which is the most durable and cheapest pipe in use. He has the old reliable Halladay Windmill, also the Althoure and Wheeler raneless Windmill, and the low priced Hawkeye Windmill, especially for stock wells, with the complete paraphernalia of tanks, Hydrants, Hose, Lawn-sprinklers, Ornamental Fountains and Jets, of the latest and most beautiful styles. Also a full line of Steam, Gas and Water fittings, Marble, Iron, and Copper goods, Earthenware sinks, Bathtubs, Iron and Lead pipe, at the lowest market rates. He has the agency of the Springfield Gas Machine, and Mitchell & Vance and Archer & Pancoast’s Gas Fittings and Bronzes, many of which are now in use in this city. He also has the agency for the State of Kansas for the low pressure Magazine Boiler Steam Warming apparatus, several of which are in successful operation in our city. Of all the above Mr. Barclay has gained sufficient proof of his ability to please his patrons in Winfield and in other cities in Kansas.
He has also a large stock of iron and wood pumps of the best make and quality at knockdown prices, in connection with which he will sell barbed-wire, iron and nails, hardware, stoves, and tinware at the very lowest cash prices. Call and see him; he warrants all his work and goods. Under Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier, March 23, 1882.
Mr. M. L. Read received on Monday the finest buggy we have yet seen on the streets. The boys gathered around to examine it in such numbers that a stranger took Mr. Read for a patent-right man.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
                                                COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup presiding. Roll call, present: councilmen Read, Gary, and Mater; City Attorney Seward; Clerk Beach. Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
It was moved by Mr. Read that a committee be appointed to confer with County Commissioners relative to cost of constructing a frame with wind mill attached on Court House Square. Carried.
The Mayor appointed Messrs. Gary and Read such committee.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
  3. M. L. Read’s residence.
17. M. L. Read’s bank.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.
Sunday Riverside Park was thrown open for vehicles and during the day probably three hundred buggies and carriages, including baby carriages, passed through the gates, and hundreds of people on foot were going and coming all day. It is safe to say that two-thirds of the city’s population visited this popular resort during the day. The blue grass that was sown last fall has made a splendid stand and with proper care will soon cover the entire surface when the grounds will be simply perfect. If future generations don’t erect a monument to the memory of Messrs. Read and Robinson, S. C. Smith and Capt. Lowery, to whom they are principally indebted for this institution, they will neglect their duty. In the meantime we would like to see this generation chip in and put up some rustic seats and otherwise adorn the grounds which they will use so much the coming summers.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.

OBITUARY. Died, on the 10th inst., Frank Hammer Cole, aged 11 years 3 months and twenty-one days. He was buried this morning with honor, from the residence of M. L. Read, Esq., that gentleman being chief mourner, while Mr. George Darling officiated as sexton and undertaker. While it would seem that eleven years is not much in the life of a human being, there is no doubt he died of old age. Frank’s early life was somewhat checkered. He was born near Beardstown, Cass County, Illinois, on the farm of Hon. D. J. Cole, now a prominent Greenbacker of Great Bend, Kansas. When but a few months old, he was kidnaped by Frank Hammer, a prominent citizen of Beardstown, who had him properly christened, calling him Dan, in honor of Mr. Cole. He came to Kansas with Mr. Read, we believe, sometime in 1872 or 1873. Mr. Read, being a sensible specie paying man and abhorring Greenback heresy, had the name changed to Frank, whether by act of the legislature or not, we can’t say. There is no doubt but that he lived happily in Mr. Read’s family. Certain it is he was well cared for. Those of us who saw him every day will bear cheerful testimony to his well fed body and rubicund countenance. His coat was always of the finest texture and latest pattern. He was not very large, but he strutted around with his silver collar and brass exemption tag with all the pride of the largest Newfoundland.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
Mr. Read’s black-and-tan dog gave up the ghost Monday and was buried with honors on Tuesday.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.
A claim of M. L. Read for $478.81 has been allowed by Judge Gans, against the estate of S. L. Brettun, deceased. Also, one of Horning, Robinson & Co., for $25 has been allowed. Also, one of J. W. Conner for $215.00, and one of J. M. Alexander for $180, and one of A. G. Wilson for $135.42.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.
Some of our citizens, among whom are Sam. Myton, M. L. Read, J. L. Horning, Robinson, and others, are not going to have their yards dried out anymore, nor take chances on being burned out by a fire. They are having windmills put up and making extensive private water works improvements around their premises. Frank Barclay has just received the piping for the completion of these works.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
Selling property to highest bidder for cash in hand: The north half of the northwest quarter of section eight, township 32, south of range No. Six east.
Said property was appraised at five hundred dollars, and is levied upon and will be sold as the property of the above named defendants, Francis M. Small and Minerva J. Small, at not less than two-thirds the appraised value thereof. [Sale May 8, 1882.]
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
Loans closed in thirty minutes from time of making an application.
Keep our money in M. L. Read’s Bank.
No delay and no lies told.
Call on us before borrowing elsewhere. P. H. ALBRIGHT & CO., Winfield, Kansas.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1882.
Messrs. P. H. Albright and Co., Winfield’s enterprising money loaners, are out in a new “ad” this week. All needing funds should read it and give these gentlemen a call.
AD:                                                  P. H. Albright & Co.,

                                               LOAN THEIR OWN MONEY.
                                                       AN APPLICATION.
                                                    KEEP OUR MONEY IN
                                                      M. L. READ’S BANK.
                                            NO DEAL, AND NO LIES TOLD.
                                                    P. H. ALBRIGHT & CO.,
                                                     WINFIELD, KANSAS.
Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.
                                            CIVIL DOCKET, SECOND DAY.
M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene, et al.
M. L. Read vs. Wm. S. Page et al.
                                               CIVIL DOCKET, SIXTH DAY.
M. L. Read vs. Flora E. Covert et al.
Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.
COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS. Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding. Present, Councilmen Read, Gary, Mater, and Hodges, City Attorney Seward, and Clerk Beach.
Ordinance No. 156 being an ordinance providing for the construction of certain sidewalks therein named, was read and on motion of Mr. Read, was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On the motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye, were Messrs. Read, Gary, McMullen, and Wilson; nays, none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.
The City Attorney was, on motion of Mr. Read, instructed to amend the ordinance relating to fire limits, so as to bring it within the provisions of the statute concerning the same.
On motion of Mr. McMullen, Mr. Read was elected President of the Council for the ensuing year.
The Mayor then made the following appointments of standing committees for the ensuing year.
Finance: Gary, McMullen, and Wilson.
Streets and Alleys: Read, Gary, and Wilson.
Public Health: McMullen, Read, and Gary.
Fire Department: Wilson, Gary, and McMullen.
The Mayor appointed David C. Beach, City Clerk, for the coming year.
On motion of Mr. Gary, the appointment was confirmed by the Council.
The appointment of City Engineer was laid over for one meeting.
The Mayor then appointed James Bethel to the office of City Marshal.
Mr. Read moved that the appointment be confirmed; no second. On motion Council adjourned. M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
The new council met Monday night. Mr. Read was re-elected President of the council and Mr. Beach, City Clerk. The Mayor nominated James Bethel for Marshal, but the council failing to confirm, the matter was laid over to the next meeting.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
                                            CIVIL DOCKET, SECOND DAY.
  3. M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.
                                               CIVIL DOCKET, THIRD DAY.
28. M. L. Read vs. Wm. S. Page et al.
                                               CIVIL DOCKET, SIXTH DAY.
78. M. L Read vs. Flora E. Covert et al.
Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.
Mr. M. L. Read is having a windmill put up on his barn to raise water for irrigating purposes, and to run a fountain.
Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
                      COUNCIL CHAMBER, CITY OF WINFIELD, MAY 1, 1882.
Councilmen met in regular sessions, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding. Present, Councilmen Read, Gary, McMullen, and Wilson, City Attorney, and Clerk.
The Mayor appointed James Bethel marshal for the ensuing year. On the motion of Mr. Read to confirm the appointment, the vote resulted in a tie.
Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.
M. L. Read, having one of the most beautiful and convenient homes in the city, has just added a complete system of water works. He has two wells in his barn yard connected by pipes which furnish inexhaustible water supply. The water is pumped by an improved Holloday windmill into a ninety barrel reservoir. There are located at convenient places eight hydrants, from which can be reached with hose the entire ground.
But the “cutest” part of the entire arrangement is the foun­tain. The front is bronze statuary. A little child kneeling on one knee, holding a fish perpendicularly, from its mouth the jet proper, spurts the spray to about the height of fifteen feet, the whole supported by four dolphins from whose mouths the water trickles into the basin.
The pipes are laid two feet in the ground, and are made of yellow cedar banded with iron and covered with asphaltum. Need we say that the whole was planned and executed by Frank Barclay, who, as an engineer and plumber, has few equals in any country. We took a great deal of pleasure in going over Mr. Read’s grounds yesterday in company with that gentleman and Mr. Barclay. Mr. and Mrs. Read can now take the world easy in the happy conscious­ness that they have a full share of all its worldly goods.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Council met in regular session and was called to order by Mayor Troup. The following officers answered to the call of the roll: Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson, and City Clerk.
Petition of J. A. Case and others for the construction of a four foot stone sidewalk on the West side of Block No. 71 was read, and on motion of Mr. Read, the prayer of the petition was granted and the attorney was instructed to prepare an ordinance in accordance therewith.
Winfield Courier, May 25, 1882.
Council met pursuant to adjournment. Mayor Troup in chair.
Roll called. Present, Councilmen Read, Gary, McMullen, and Wilson.
Bond of Benjamin F. Herrod as marshal, with Geo. T. Wilson, J. L. Hodges, and J. A. McGuire as securities, was presented and on motion of Mr. McMullen was approved.
Ordinance No. 157 providing for the construction of certain sidewalks therein specified was read and on motion of Mr. Read was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; nays none, and the Ordinance was declared adopted.
Ordinance No. 158 regulating the storing and keeping of powder was read, and on motion was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, Gary, McMullen, and Wilson; nays none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.
Ordinance No. 159, Protecting life and property by regulating the maintenance and construction of wire fences and the lariating of stock was read and on motion of Mr. Read, was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, and 3 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson, nays none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1882.
The party given on last Thursday evening by Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bahntge was one of the most enjoyable ever given here, and was looked forward to with pleasant anticipation for some time previous, for it is a well known society fact that Mrs. Bahntge’s charming little house with its merry occupants insure a lively time to their fortunate guests, and last Thursday evening was no exception to the rule. The evening was spent in dancing and other amusements, while a refreshing repast was served at a seasonable hour which was fully appreciated, and at a late hour the company dispersed, with hearty thanks to their kind host and hostess for the very pleasant evening spent. We append a list of those present.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood.
Mr. and Mrs. Buckman.
Judge and Mrs. Soward.
Dr. and Mrs. Emerson.
Mr. and Mrs. Thorpe.
Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. M. Whitney, of Wichita.
Mrs. Carson, of Cherryvale.
Mrs. Hackney.
Misses Nettie McCoy, Jennie Hane, Ama Scothorn, Kate and Jessie Millington, Margie and Lizzie Wallis, Belle Roberts, Florence Beeny, Josie Bard, Sadie French, Hila Smith.
Messrs. W. C. and Ivan Robinson, L. D. Zenor, L. H. Webb, Henry Goldsmith, C. C. Harris, W. H. Smith, C. E. Fuller, Jas. Lorton, C. Campbell, C. H. Connell, S. E. Davis, R. M. Bowles, Eugene Wallis, and O. M. Seward.
Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.
We were truly sorry to be unable to attend the party at the residence of our young friend, Chas. Bahntge, Thursday evening, but those who attended enjoyed one of the most pleasant evenings spent in Winfield for some time. Mr. and Mrs. Bahntge have a large number of friends in Winfield, and those who were so royally entertained at their home Thursday evening think more of them now than ever before. The following is a list of those who were present: Misses McCoy, Jennie Hane, Amy Scothorn, Jessie Millington, Kate Millington, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis,         Roberts, Florence Beeny, Josie Bard, Mrs. French, Miss Smith, W. C. Robinson, Ivan Robinson, Lou. Zenor, Lovell Webb, H. Gold­smith, C. C. Harris, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. Buckman, Mr. and Mrs. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Thorpe, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. George Whitney, of Sedgwick, Mrs. Carson, of Cherryvale, Mrs. Geo. Rhodes, W. H. Smith, Chas. Fuller, Jas. Lawton, Mr. Campbell, C. H. Connell, Sam Davis, Richard Bowles, Eugene Wallis, O. M. Seward.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup in chair. Present: Councilmen Read, Gary, Wilson, and McMullen; City Attorney and Clerk.
Ordinance No. 163 amending Sections No. 3 of Ordinance No. 111 and Ordinance No. 141 was read and on motion was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections No. 1, 2, and 3 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, McMullen, Gary and Wilson; nays none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.
Ordinance No. 161, prohibiting the stacking of hay and other combustible material and the covering of stables and other buildings with such materials, within the corporate limits of the City of Winfield, was read and on motion was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; nays none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.
Winfield Courier, June 29, 1882.
Charlie Bahntge is again at his post in Read’s Bank after a severe attack of bilious fever.
Winfield Courier, July 13, 1882.

Council met pursuant to adjournment, Mayor Troup in the chair.
Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, and Wilson, City Clerk and Attorney.
Winfield Courier, July 20, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup in chair.
Roll called: Present, Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson, City Attorney and Clerk.
Winfield Courier, July 27, 1882.
Council met in adjourned session, Mayor Troup presiding. Present: Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson, City Attorney and Clerk.
Ordinance No. 162, providing for the construction of a stone gutter on Main Street between 7th and 10th Avenues, was read, and on motion of Mr. Read was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, and 3 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole, in its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, Gary, and Wilson; nays none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
                                                           IT IS SETTLED.
                        We Are to Have a Creamery, the First and the Best in the State.
           The Stock Made up and the Work to Begin at Once. The Town is “Waking Up.”
Last Saturday the final subscription to the Creamery stock was made and the enterprise became an assured fact. We fully believe that it will prove one of the best investments made in the county and furnish a valuable market for the dairy products of Cowley.
Mr. M. W. Babb, the originator of the enterprise, came here about a year ago and, after visiting various creameries throughout Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri, came home with the necessary papers and information and went to work, aided by a few of our public-spirited citizens; among whom Mr. J. P. Baden was first and foremost, with the success before mentioned. The following is a list of the stockholders.
M. L. Read’s bank, 10 shares, $500.
                                                TOTAL: 116 SHARES, $5,800
The plans and specifications for the creamery engine and ice house are completed. The contracts will be let at once and the work pushed forward with unabated vigor. It is hoped that it may be running in three months. As the manner of operating these creameries is new to most of our readers, we will attempt to give an outline of it. In the first place, creamery butter commands everywhere from seven to ten cents more per pound than common country butter. On this margin the creamery works. They go out through the country and engage cream from every farmer, paying him as much as he can get for the butter after it is churned. The creamery furnishes the cans and sends a wagon to the farmer’s door every day to get the cream. They then, with their superior appliances, can make the cream into butter cheaply and get an excellent article, besides selling and feeding the buttermilk. When Winfield teams are scouring Cowley County from north to south gathering cream, and every farmer has an account at the creamery to draw against for his contingent expenses, we rather think the old days of “corn pone and bacon” will be entirely forgotten.

The stockholders met Tuesday evening, adopted articles of incorporation, and elected seven directors for the first year as follows: J. C. McMullen, M. L. Read, J. E. Platter, M. W. Babb, J. L. Horning, J. P. Baden, G. L. Holt. The Board of Directors are appointed a committee to act with Messrs. Holt and Hall in the selection of a site. Frank Barclay, A. H. Doane, and J. L. Horning were appointed a committee to superintend the erection of the creamery and accept or reject it when completed.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
                                                         Another Enterprise.
Some months ago Messrs. A. F. Morey, M. L. Read, and M. L. Robinson established a brick yard in the south part of town for the purpose of burning brick from the bank of fire clay mentioned before. The first kiln has just been finished and gives entire satisfaction. The company will now open out on a large scale and intend manufacturing three kinds of brick —the common red brick, a mixed fire-clay, and the pure fire-clay brick. The fire-clay brick is as white as paper and as durable as marble, being perfectly fire-proof. The company have contracts for a large amount of brick already. Mr. Morey is an old brick maker and is satisfied that their vein of fire clay is the finest and purest in the county. A first-class pottery will be the next addition to the company’s works.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup in the Chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, and Gary, City Attorney and Clerk.
It was moved that the Marshal be instructed to notify the Police Judge that he must make his reports to date and signify his disposition to try the cases ready to be brought before him as such Police Judge, or resign his office at once, or steps would be taken to oust him therefrom. The motion was carried.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met pursuant to adjournment. Mayor Troup in chair.
Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, and Gary, City Attorney and Clerk.
Resignation of W. E. Tansy as Police Judge was read.
“Having yesterday determined to permanently remove from the city, I hereby tender my resignation as Police Judge of the City of Winfield, so that you may take such action as in your judgment may seem best. . . . (Aug. 9, 1882) W. E. TANSY.
On motion of Mr. Read the resignation was accepted.
Reports of Police Judge for months of April, May, June, and July and to August 9th were presented and referred to Finance Committee.
It was moved that Mr. T. H. Soward be elected as Police Judge for the unexpired term. The motion prevailed.
It was moved that the City Attorney be instructed to prepare an Ordinance providing a penalty for violating section 16 of Chapter 89. Carried. M. G. TROUP, Mayor.
Attest: DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.

The beautiful residences of Messrs. Read and Myton have been improved with a private system of water works. The grounds are completely irrigated, and each have fountains.
Fourth on the list of manufactures is the brick yard in the southwest part of the city, established last June by Messrs. Read and Robinson. The first kiln of red brick is just completed, and a large part of it is already sold to Wellington parties. This will become one of our most important enterprises, as it is intended to make fine brick. Beds of Clay for the same exist in inexhaustible quantities within a short distance of the yard.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
                                               THE CREAMERY LOCATED.
        Work Was Commenced Wednesday Morning and It Will Be Running in Ninety Days.
                                                        Keep the Ball Rolling.
Tuesday morning the Board of Directors of the Creamery Association met for the pur-pose of visiting and personally selecting a site for the Creamery. There were present four of the directors: Messrs. Read, Babb, Horning, and Platter. Two sites were proposed: one on the river just above Bliss’ Mill; and the other near the Santa Fe depot on the ground where the railroad windmill stands. The latter proposition included the refusal for a year of grounds adjacent for hog lots at a stipulated price. After visiting the grounds and thoroughly investigating the matter, the directors decided in favor of the last named location—that near the Santa Fe depot, and work was begun at once. The location is a very good one and is handy to water and railroads.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup presiding.
Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson and City Attorney and Clerk.
Minutes of regular and of adjourned session read and approved.
Ordinance No. 163, being an ordinance in relation to working the road tax in the streets and alleys of Winfield City, was read and on motion of Mr. Read was taken up for consideration by sections.

Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, Gary, and Wilson; nays none, and the Ordinance was declared adopted.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1882.
Council met in adjourned session, Mayor Troup in chair. Roll called: Present, Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson, and City Clerk.
Ordinance 164 levying a tax for general revenue was read and on motion of Mr. McMullen was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, and 3 were adopted on motion to adopt as a whole in its final passage. The vote stood as follows: Those voting aye were Messrs. Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson. Nays one and the ordinance was declared adopted.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1882.
                                   Special Horticultural Meeting. August 19th, 1882.
Met at COURIER office. Minutes of last meeting passed to regular. Messrs. Taylor and Mentch appointed as Committee to report on fruit on table, who reported as follows.
M. L. Read, fine L. B. De Jersey and Duchesse D’Angonieme pears.
Winfield Courier, September 7, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding.
Present: Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson; City attorney and Clerk.
Minutes of last regular and of adjourned, and called sessions read and approved.
Application of A. G. Wilson for appointment as City weigh-master for the six months next ensuing was read and on motion of Mr. Read, Mr. Wilson was appointed.
Petition of Jno. A. McGuire & others presented at last regular meeting was taken up. On motion of Mr. Read, the City Attorney was instructed to report by ordinance or otherwise to the next meeting of the City Council with a view to the appointment of a Deputy Marshal.
Winfield Courier, November 2, 1882.
Walnut Township orders are payable at par at Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
The following is a list of telephones in use in this city: 1. Allen Johnson. 2. Dr. Davis. 3. M. L. Read’s Residence. 4. Whiting Meat Market. 5. M. L. Robinson’s Residence.12. Winfield Bank. 13. J. W. McDonald’s Office. 21. Court House. 22. Transfer Office. 31. Adams Express. 32. Wells, Fargo Express. 33, A. H. Doane & Co. 34. Telegram Office. 36. A. T. Spotswood. 37. City Mills. 38. Read’s Bank. 41. COURIER Office. 42. A., T. & S. F. Depot. 43. K. C., L. & S. K. 44. Manny Residence. 45. Brettun House. 47. Millington Residence. 46. J. P. Baden, 1. 46. J. P. Baden, 2. 48. Curns & Manser. 49. Miller, Dix & Co.
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup in chair. Roll called. Present, Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; City Attorney and Clerk.

Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
Petition of A. B. Graham and 10 others for sidewalk on west side of block 187 and on south side of block 186, was read. On motion of Mr. Gary, that part of the petition relating to sidewalk on west side of block 187 was granted and the Attorney was instructed to prepare an Ordinance in accordance therewith.
Ordinance No. 165 providing for the construction of sidewalks on the west side of block 187; on the north side of blocks 87 and 107; and on the east side of block No. 145, was read and on motion of Mr. Read was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye, were Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; nays none, and the Ordinance was declared adopted.
Communication from S. L. Gilbert declining to remain on the bond of T. H. Soward as Police Judge, and asking to be released therefrom, was read. On motion of Mr. Gary, the communication was placed on file and the clerk was instructed to notify the Police Judge that he must file a new bond by the next meeting of the Council.
David C. Beach again tendered his resignation as City Clerk, which was accepted. The Mayor appointed Lovell H. Webb to the position of City Clerk for the remainder of the term, he to file his bond for approval at the next regular meeting. On motion, the appointment of the Mayor was confirmed by the council.
Winfield Courier, December 7, 1882.
Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding.
Roll called: Present, Councilmen Read, McMullen and Gary; City Attorney and Clerk.
Winfield Courier, December 21, 1882.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup presiding. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson, City Attorney and Clerk. Minutes of last meeting read and approved. Finance committee given until the next regular meeting to report on all matters referred to them.

Winfield Courier, December 28, 1882.
Council met pursuant to adjournment, Mayor Troup in the chair. Present: Councilmen Read, McMullen, Gary, and Wilson, and the City Attorney.
In the absence of the City Clerk, D. C. Beach, Esq., was elected Clerk pro tem.
Petition of W. F. Bowen and others in reference to dray licenses was presented and read.

The City Attorney presented proposed Ordinance No. 166 entitled “An Ordinance amending Sec. No. 1 of Ordinance No. 135, providing for the levy and collection of certain license taxes,” as instructed at the last meeting, which proposed Ordinance was read and considered by sections, with the following result: The proposed Ordinance as a whole was then submitted to a vote on its final passage, with the following result. Those voting aye were Councilmen Read, McMullen, Wilson, and Gary; noes, none; and the Ordinance was declared passed, and was approved by the Mayor.
On motion the Council adjourned. M. G. TROUP, Mayor.
Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1883.
Legal: Jennings & Troup. Attorneys at Law. Winfield, Kansas. Office in first rooms over Read’s Bank.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in the chair. Present: Councilmen McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; absent, Read. Minutes of last regular meeting and of the adjourned and special sessions were read. A motion was carried to amend the minutes of the meeting of Dec. 26 so as to show the votes of the several Councilmen on the tie vote there recorded. Upon the motion to reconsider Sec. 1 of the proposed ordinance, the vote was as follows: Those voting aye were Councilmen McMullen and Gary; those voting no were Councilmen Wilson and Read. Upon the motion to amend Sec. 1 by the addition of the proviso, Councilmen McMullen and Gary voted aye and Councilmen Read and Wilson voted no. Upon the motion to adopt Sec. 1 as originally adopted, Councilmen Read and Wilson voted aye and Councilmen Gary and McMullen voted no. The minutes as amended were then adopted.
A petition from citizens of 1st ward to postpone definite action on the proposed waterworks ordinance was read and ordered filed.
A communication from Councilman Read was read and ordered filed.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
C. S. Dever, who has been employed in Read’s Bank, has accepted a position in the Santa Fe R. R. employ and is stationed at Argentine, Kansas. Everybody is sorry to have Charlie go as he is a great favorite here. His brother, Wilbur, has left the R. R. employ and has gone to work for the Kansas Loan & Trust Co., at Topeka.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met in special session on call of the Mayor.
On motion, it was resolved to consider the proposed ordinance in relation to water works.

The proposed ordinance offered with the petition in relation to water works was then taken up for consideration by sections, with the following result: Sections 1 and 2 were adopted as read. Section three was amended and adopted. Sections 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 were adopted as read. Section 9 was amended and adopted. Section 10 was adopted as read. Sections 11, 12, and 13 were amended and adopted. Sections 14 and 15 were adopted as read.
Adjourned to Tuesday night.
DECEMBER 26, 1882.
Council met pursuant to adjournment, Mayor Troup in the chair. Present, Councilmen Read, Wilson, Gary, and McMullen, City Attorney and Clerk.
The proposed water works ordinance was again taken up for consideration. Sections 16 and 17 were amended and adopted, Sections 18 and 19 were adopted as read.
It was then moved that Section 1 be reconsidered. The vote upon the motion was a tie. The Mayor voted in favor of such reconsideration. It was then moved to amend Section 1 by adding the following:
“Provided, That nothing in this ordinance shall be deemed or held to give to said Barclay or assigns the exclusive privilege to construct, operate, or maintain a system of water works in said city.”
The vote upon such motion was a tie, and the Mayor voted against such motion to amend. It was then moved to adopt Section 1 as originally adopted. The vote upon said motion was a tie, and the Mayor voted in favor of such adoption.
A motion was carried to reconsider Section 19. The following was adopted as Section 19.
“Section 19. That the said Frank Barclay, his associates, successors, or assigns shall be required under the provisions of this ordinance to do the business pertaining to their said water works company within the corporate limits of the said city of Winfield.”
Former Section 19 was then adopted as Section 20.
The Council then adjourned without taking final action in the matter.
                                                      M. G. TROUP, Mayor.
Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, January 11, 1883.
Miss Etta Robinson takes the place of Charlie Dever in Read’s Band.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
                                  THE WATER WORKS QUESTION SETTLED.
                                                    Job Reduced But Still Big.

Last week we went over east with Joe. E. Conklin on business in the interest of Winfield and her citizens, and in our absence the water works question came up before the city council on Monday evening, and as we expected, was not concluded by the passage of an ordinance. We further expected that the matter would go over to the next regular meeting, by which time it could probably be determined whether a better proposition could be obtained than either of the two propositions before the council. Contrary to our expectations the council adjourned to Tuesday and then to Wednesday evening and rushed the matter along, finally passing an ordinance substantially that offered by Ed. Greer with his amendments, but giving the contract to the originators of the Barclay ordinance, contrary to all rules of justice and fair dealing. Instead of giving the contract to the lowest responsible bidder, it was given to the highest bidder on the condition that he should accept the terms proposed by the lowest bidder.
This was an outrage which admits of no excuse, and we believe that no one pretends there was any excuse for it. Ed. had the backing of at least as much Winfield capital and character as had the parties to whom the job was awarded, and in addition he had the indorsement of one of the strongest water works builders in the country who promised to build the works if Greer’s proposition passed; while the parties to whom the award was made, had no outside backing at all, and now boast that their pretended backing, John Worthington, has been dead two years.
Such an outrage could not have been perpetrated by councilmen Read and Mayor Troup alone. One other councilman was necessary to complete the job. Councilmen Wilson and McMullen could never have been inveigled into such a measure. Councilman Gary was their only chance. He had been the most stubborn opponent to the Barclay job and held that the city could not afford to go into any plan of water works which had been presented or was likely to be presented. Wilson and McMullen were in favor of water works on the best terms the city could get. Read and Troup were as certainly in favor of giving as big a job as possible to Barclay’s assigns, viz., Read’s Bank. How they managed to win Gary to their side is a matter on which our citizens will all have an opinion, but we need not state ours. Some circumstances, however, will not be overlooked. In the first place, it seems that only Read’s Bank was in the scheme. It becoming necessary to have a good talker and a lawyer, Hackney was enlisted, either on a fee or with a share in the job. We have too much regard for his shrewdness to suppose he went in without either. The job did not rush through as suddenly as was expected and Hackney had to go to Topeka. Several outsiders tumbled to their racket, probably without pay or shares, but simply because their souls belonged to Read’s Bank. But they did not count for much. Greer had put in an ordinance that would favor the city at least $55,000 over the other ordinance and something had to be done or the original job would be beaten. They must have a lawyer and a shrewd talker. They selected J. Wade McDonald, probably on similar terms to those on which Hackney was engaged, and because it was claimed that Wade had Gary in his vest pocket. But somehow Gary did not tumble at once. He promised Ed. that he would vote for his ordinance unless the other fellows should present something a great deal better, that he would never vote to allow any other to take the job on Ed’s bid. There was still a hitch in the matter and other arguments had to be used on Gary. Other parties were taken into the ring to help out. We did not hear the new argument which was presented to Gary, but whatever it was it brought him down. On the first test vote, Gary went over to the enemy. He even refused to support Wilson’s motion to reduce the rents on additional hydrants from $75 to $65, according to Greer’s offer. This showed that Ed’s ordinance would certainly be passed and given to the other fellows, and Ed. wilted and gave up the fight. Believing that it was necessary to have water works and that the matter was reduced to the best terms the city could get, Ed. urged Wilson to vote for the measure with Read and Gary and thus settle the question. Had we been present we would have continued the fight for two weeks longer if possible, with the expectation of getting, within that time, a much better proposition for the city than that which is now saddled upon us.

We consider that Ed. has succeeded in his main point, that of saving the city a large sum of money by compelling Robinson & Co., to accept a franchise not worth one-half as much as that which they would have got but for his efforts.
Under the original ordinance, which would certainly have passed but for him, the City would have had to pay rents on at least eighty hydrants after two years at most at $75 per hydrant per year to the end of the 99 years, amounting to $6,000 a year, and if the City should require 20 more, or 100 hydrants in all, it would cost the city $7,500 a year.
Under the ordinance as passed, it will cost the city $3,000 a year for the first 40 hydrants, $65 each per year for perhaps 20 more, and the other 40 hydrants to make up 100 may be free of rent to the city, thus possibly costing the city only $4,300 a year rent for 100 hydrants, a possible saving to the city of $3,200 a year. As this sum is simply interest on the franchise, it reduces the value of the franchise by a sum which would produce $3,200 a year at 6 percent interest.
But we hold that this ordinance ought not to have passed, simply because the city cannot afford it, and because the city could have established and maintained the same kind of works with less than half of the expense, and possibly with no expense at all after two or three years; by issuing $50,000 six percent bonds and letting the individual water-rents pay the running expenses, repairs, and interest on the bonds and creating sinking fund to extinguish the bonds. Because too, as we are now informed, a proposition would soon have been made, on the same basis as the one passed, in all respects except that no hydrant should cost the city more than $60 per year, which would be a further saving to the city of about $700 a year.
But we have not got altogether a sure thing on the savings of $3,200 a year on the ordinance as passed, over the first ordinance as presented. It depends upon the structure of our future city governments. If the persons who own this franchise should be allowed to control the city legislation as in the past, they will make their stock pay, “you bet.”
The only way to preserve what we have gained is to always elect mayors and councilmen who are not interested in this stock. Even with the closest care we are liable to elect persons who are secretly stockholders or who may be bought.
The grand objection which was urged against the City building its own water works, was, that it would make a big hubbub and quarrel at every city election in the struggle between parties and individuals to get control of the water works offices. We have got the same troubles or worse ones fastened on us with this ordinance. At every city election there will be a struggle and bad blood to determine whether water works men or other citizens shall fill the city offices.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
                                                            SOME JOKES.

Ed. Greer is the butt of some rather keen jokes since his ordinance was passed and given to M. L. Robinson & Co. Ed. is pictured as Diogenes with a lantern looking for an honest man, and thinking he had found one, rested in security. The result was that he got left. Another is that John Worthington, the backing of the Barclay ordinance, died two years ago, and M. L. beat Ed. with a “stiff.” Ed. retorts on M. L. inquiring if he means to say that he fooled our worthy mayor so completely with a mere “stiff.” Another is that the Council passed Ed.’s ordinance and then beat him out of it by striking out his name and inserting those of Robinson et. al. Ed. consoles himself that his ordinance saves the city two thousand dollars a year for ninety-nine years over the original Barclay ordinance, and that is some glory, though others reap the harvest of profits and fortune which his ordinance still retained for the poor fellows who now get the benefits of it.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, Wilson, McMullen, and Gary; City Attorney and Clerk.
Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
Mr. McMullen moved to consider by sections the so-called Greer water-works ordinance. Those voting aye were Councilmen McMullen and Wilson; those voting no were Councilmen Read and Gary. The Mayor voted no.
Mr. Gary moved that the Council go into committee of the whole on all questions relative to water-works, and the motion was carried and the Council then went into committee of the whole. Upon rising the committee reported back the two water-works propositions with certain proposed amendments submitted to them in relation to the proposition made by Frank Barclay, but without making any recommendation in regard thereto.
On motion the Council adjourned until January 16, 1883, at 7 o’clock p.m.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
Council met pursuant to adjournment. Mayor Troup in the chair. Present: Councilmen Read, Wilson, Gary, and McMullen, and Clerk.
A petition to change the ordinance relating to auction merchants was presented, read, and ordered filed.
A petition to indefinitely postpone the propositions before the Council in reference to water-works was presented, read, and ordered filed.
The Council then listened to propositions in relation to water-works by Frank Barclay and certain others, and by Ed. P. Greer and others.
It was then moved that the Council accept the proposition made by Mr. Barclay and certain others. Those voting aye were Councilmen Read and Gary; those voting no were Councilmen McMullen and Wilson. The Mayor voted aye.
On motion the Council adjourned until January 17th, 1883, at 7 o’clock p.m.
Council met pursuant to adjournment. Mayor Troup in the chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson; absent, McMullen.
A communication from Councilman McMullen was read and ordered filed.
A motion was carried to reconsider the vote by which the proposed ordinance No. 167 was adopted, for the purpose of considering said proposed ordinance with certain amendments thereto. Said proposed ordinance as amended was taken up for consideration by sections, with the following result:
Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 were adopted as read.
Section 8 was amended and adopted.
Sections 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, and 20 were adopted as read.

The ordinance as a whole was then submitted to a vote upon its final passage with the following result. Those voting aye were Councilmen Read, Wilson, and Gary; noes none, and the ordinance was declared adopted and was approved by the Mayor.
A motion was carried to adopt the following as the title and number of such ordinance: “Ordinance No. 169. An ordinance contracting for and providing for a system of water works for the City of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, for domestic, sanitary, and other purposes, and regulating the rates thereof.”
On motion the Council adjourned. M. G. TROUP, Mayor.
Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
The original petition is drawn in the hand writing of M. L. Robinson, the originator and principal member of the water-works scheme. That measure entails a heavy tax on the citizens, of which its projectors will have their portion to pay, besides this tax is likely to create a prejudice against the originators. It is said that there are three men who are willing to pay three thousand dollars a year each for the privilege of opening and running saloons in this city. This three thousand dollars a year, with a probable increase after the first year, would be about enough to pay the water rents saddled on to the city. Besides, Read’s Bank is supposed to hold Frank Manny’s paper to a large amount, which would be largely enhanced in value if Frank could get to making money in selling intoxicating drinks.
So to help out the securities of the bank and to provide a fund for paying the water rents without taxation, these hitherto ultra prohibitionists have become the most ultra advocates of saloons and breweries we have. For the sake of paltry dollars, they are anxious to open up the flood-gates of drunkenness and debauchery upon our city and county. Hackney has an interest in the water-works stock, and judging him by themselves, they concluded that by fortifying him with a tremendous petition, he might be won over to help them in their schemes. It was an insult to him, and he has duly resented it in his answer in this paper.
Instead of 300 names on the petition as stated in the Journal, and other papers, there are just 209 only. These names are the owners and employees of Read’s Bank. Mayor Troup and Councilman Gary, about a dozen fellows whose souls are not their own, all those who wish to run or patronize saloons, all the anti-prohibition element, and besides this, a very considerable number of respectable businessmen or citizens, who evidently signed without thought or consideration, merely to please the person who presented it. Many of these have stated that they signed under the explanation that the petition was to ask that laws be passed that would enforce the prohibitory law in the large cities of the state as effectively as it is enforced here—a construction which the ambiguity of the petition may well bear. Others say they never signed it nor authorized their names to be attached. We do not believe that one half of the signers are in favor of saloon here, or would have signed if they had understood that such was the meaning of it. We consider it a fraud upon its face, starting out as it does with statements which are well known to be false and concealing its object under ambiguous language.

It is well known here that the prohibition law has been better and more effectively enforced than the dram-shop act, which preceded it, ever was; that the sale and use of intoxicating drinks have been very largely decreased, though not entirely suppressed; that drunkenness has become ten times more rare than under license, and that the moral and business interests of the community have been greatly enhanced.
Some of the businessmen whose names are on this petition have told us that their business has been greater and better the past year than ever before, and much better than it could have been but for the prohibition law.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
                                                      A Monumental Fraud,
                              With an Attempt to Make Anti-Prohibition Capital,
                                          And Establish Glickeries in Winfield.
                                                 A PETITION AND REPLY.
The following petition was circulated last week by Frank Manny, taken to Topeka, and presented by him to Senator Hackney.
WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 23, 1883.
HON. W. P. HACKNEY, State Senator, Topeka, Kansas.
Inasmuch as the Prohibition Amendment, as enforced, has always resulted in injury to the material development of our town—it having signally failed to accomplish the object sought, the suppression of the sale and use of intoxicating drinks—we would respectfully urge upon you the necessity of so providing for the enforcement of the law that its application shall be uniform throughout the State. If this is impossible, don’t sacrifice our town on the altar of inordinate devotion to an impracticable principle.
M. L. Read signed the petition.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 7, 1883.
Its Inwardness. The Courier gets after that ill fated petition and ruthlessly exposes its true inwardness to the glare of day thusly.
The original is drawn in the hand writing of M. L. Robinson, the originator and principal owner of the waterworks scheme. That measure entails a heavy tax on the citizens, of which its projectors will have their portion to pay, besides this tax is likely to create a prejudice against the originators. It is said that there are three men who are willing to pay three thousand dollars a year each for the privilege of opening and running saloons in this city. This three thousand dollars a year, with a probable increase after the first year, would be about enough to pay the water rents saddled on to the city. Besides, Read’s Bank is supposed to hold Frank Manny’s paper to a large amount, which would be largely enhanced in value if Frank could get to making money in selling intoxicating drinks.
So to help out the securities of the bank and to provide a fund for paying the water rents without taxation, these hitherto ultra prohibitionists have become the most ultra advocates of saloons and breweries we have. For the sake of paltry dollars, they are anxious to open up the flood gates of drunkenness and debauchery upon our city and county. Hackney has an interest in the waterworks stock, and judging him by themselves, they concluded by fortifying him with a tremendous petition, he might be won over to help them in their schemes. It was an insult to him, and he has duly resented it.
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.

                                                        Council Proceedings.
                       COUNCIL CHAMBER, CITY OF WINFIELD, Feb. 5, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in the chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Wilson, McMullen, and Gary; absent, Councilman Read.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.
In the issue of July 10, 1873, we find a half column description of M. L. Read’s new bank, which concludes by saying: “The business energy and willing disposition manifested by Mr. Read to invest money in our town endows him with the respect and confidence of the whole public.”
October 23, 1873, it is announced that “the jail will be dedicated by a dance tomorrow night,” and “this week the Telegram enters on the second year of its publication—if it gets out.” This issue also contains a lengthy local, “To correct any erroneous impressions that may have been created in the minds of the readers of a small paid local in last week’s COURIER and Telegram, Read’s Bank wants it distinctly understood that it, also, has been open for business at all hours during the panic,” etc.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.
Council met in regular session. In the absence of the Mayor, President Read took the chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Wilson, Gary, and Read. Absent, Councilman McMullen.
Assessor of the city for the ensuing year. On motion the appointment was confirmed by an affirmative vote of the three Councilmen present.
On motion the Council adjourned. M. L. READ, President of Council.
Attest: L. H. WEBB, City Clerk.
The following editorial by Greer hints at the influence that M. L. Read had on Mr. Gary and Mayor Troup in getting them to vote for the Robinson water proposal. MAW
Winfield Courier, March 1, 1883. Editorial by Greer.
                                                                  A Card.
My attention has several times been called to a card in the Telegram of last week from S. G. Gary to the effect that I had offered him ten thousand dollars worth of stock in a water company as a consideration for his vote and influence in support of my proposition. The statement is a Democratic lie, pure and unadulterated, without the usual embellishment given to utterances of like character.
As the gentleman has taken upon himself to draw so largely on his imagination for a question of fact, I may be pardoned for briefly referring to his official action in the water-works matter—a thing I have refrained from doing thus far only through the personal solicitation of his friends.

When the Barclay ordinance was first proposed, I thought it was a steal. When I learned its origin and studied its provisions, suspicion became conviction. Observation had taught me that faith without works accomplished little—especially when combated by wealth and the prestige of success. To defeat the proposition with three of the council pronounced in favor of water-works, was out of the question. A better proposition must be secured, and that speedily. On Tuesday evening the Barclay ordinance had been passed by sections, and adjournment was had until next Monday evening, when the question of final passage would come up. In the four succeeding days I traveled a thousand miles, secured the backing and necessary data for a proposition infinitely better for the city, and broke the Sabbath day getting the papers in shape to lay before the council. I did this at my own volition and at my own expense. When the council met on Monday evening and my banker friend had gathered himself there to carry away the spoils, my proposition was presented. It was received with derision and sneers by Mr. Robinson and his co-laborers—that gentleman going so far as to assert that it was simply a ruse to defeat, and that no man could build the works under such a proposition.
Up to this time Mr. Gary had been the sturdy defender of the city’s interests. Messrs. Wilson and McMullen declared themselves in favor of water-works on the best terms that could be had. Mr. Read’s position was conceded to be for it, regardless of the interests of the city, while Mr. Troup acted but at the beck and call of M. L. Robinson.
During the pendency of the question, I interviewed all of the council except Mr. Read. Councilmen McMullen and Wilson unhesitatingly said that my proposition was much the best and they would support it until a better one was offered. Mr. Gary said he wanted to “investigate,” and when I put the question squarely to him whether he would support my proposition until a better one was offered, he evaded it by saying he would “support the best one.” I had unbounded confidence in his integrity as a man and an officer, believed that he meant what he said, and did not question him farther. In this I erred. Others who had less confidence than I in integrity and official honor, were at work. Sunday evening a caucus was held and plans laid to “fix Gary.” What those plans were I do not know, but they were eminently successful, and the results were clearly apparent at the council meeting on the following evening. Mr. Robinson then appeared with his ordinance modified to cover some of the salient improvements in mine and Gary seemed to be supporting him.
On Tuesday evening Mr. Robinson had further modified his ordinance until it embraced exactly the same material provisions contained in mine. I then reduced my proposition, making the terms of the franchise sixty years instead of ninety-nine, and the price on extension hydrants sixty-five instead of seventy-five dollars, making a better proposition for the city than any that had been presented by possibly five thousand dollars.
In this shape the two propositions were placed before the council in committee of the whole.
Before a vote was taken, Mr. Gary rose up and said that he wished to “explain himself.” That he considered the two propositions about equal, but that the Robinson proposition had a little the best financial backing, and for that reason he should vote for it. I then told him that I would quiet his fears on that score and produced a paper signed by citizens representing probably two hundred thousand dollars of capital, guaranteeing the erection of the works under my ordinance if accepted by the council. In a rather confused manner Mr. Gary replied that “it was too late as he had indicated how he intended to vote.” I told him he was supposed to be acting in the interest of the city, had not yet voted, and would be expected to cast his vote for the best proposition regardless of any previous condition of mind.

The question was called, Messrs. Gary and Read voted for the Robinson ordinance and Messrs. Wilson and McMullen against. Mr. Troup, after a lengthy apology for so doing, cast the tie for Robinson, and the council adjourned.
On the next evening the council again met for the consideration and final passage of the ordinance. Mr. McMullen was absent. When they came to the section relating to extension hydrants, Mr. Wilson moved to amend by making the price sixty-five instead of seventy-five dollars each, and stated that while he did not wish to obtrude his ideas upon the council, he must insist upon this reduction, as Mr. Greer had offered to do it for that and a contract for a higher price would never receive his vote. Mr. Gary would not second the motion. Without Mr. Wilson’s vote, in the absence of Mr. McMullen, the ordinance could not pass, and after an hours’ wrangle, Robinson consented to allow the reduction; and then, and not till then, did Mr. Gary consent to vote in the interests of the people whom he pretended to represent, as against the man whom he evidently was doing his utmost to assist.
Mr. Wilson, by his firm and determined stand, forced Robinson & Co., to consent that Gary should vote for the reduction.
The ordinance as finally passed is exactly the same in every material point as the one I proposed, with the exception of the term of franchise, which in mine was reduced thirty-nine years.
That some subtle influence guided Mr. Gary’s actions in the matter, no sensible man will deny. What that influence was, no one but Mr. Gary and those interested will ever know. The facts will remain, however, and he will be regarded with distrust that it will take years of penance to remove.
The result of the water-works was not a disappointment to me. Mr. Gary’s action was. I had always regarded him in the highest estimation and felt that his spirit of fairness, aside from his duty as an officer, would accord any citizen the common courtesy which a bidder at a street corner auction never fails to receive—namely, the precedence of bid until a better offer is made. When I found that he, too, could be suborned to act in the interests of a Shylock, regardless of every principle of justice, fairness, and his duty, I was painfully surprised and disgusted.
Mr. Gary claims to publish this card in order to refute certain “innuendoes” which have appeared in this paper against him. If any innuendoes appeared, it was at least five weeks ago. Since that time the assassin’s bullet has taken from our midst a true, noble, honest officer—one whose highest aim was to serve the people faithfully and well, and who would have scorned to do a questionable act. While his remains lay yet unburied, surrounded by weeping kindred and embalmed in the heartfelt grief of thousands of sympathizing friends, seventeen persons met at the call of men whom Mr. Gary’s action had most benefitted, and nine of them decided upon him as a fit and proper person to fill the dead sheriff’s place. One of the parties went immediately to Topeka, urged the appointment, and succeeded in having it made. The intelligence was conveyed by telegraph to M. L. Robinson, which telegram he exultingly displayed to me and industriously exhibited upon the streets.

Mr. Gary holds the office of sheriff of this county by virtue of his action in the water-works matter. Under such circumstances it is meet that he continue to do the master’s bidding. He seems to have treasured up his righteous indignation for five long weeks, during which time the changes above referred to have taken place, and during which time the COURIER, aided by the people of this city and county, have been making it exceedingly warm for his benefactor.
It is but consistent that he do all he can, even to the sacrifice of his little remaining character,  to assist in diverting public attention from a much abused subject. In the roll he has been following, this action is much more creditable to him than any he has yet attempted. I must at least accord him the one virtue of gratitude. If this seeming virtue proves but a cloak for avarice, then I know not where to turn for another. ED. P. GREER.
Winfield Courier, March 1, 1883.
The brick yard in the south part of the city is assuming mammoth proportions. The proprietors, Messrs. Read and Robinson, are putting about ten thousand dollars into improvements. Large sheds have been erected, an immense boiler and engine put in, and a force of men are at work building patent kilns. The firm has contracts for a large amount of brick which go to other towns, and also for many miles of tile, which it will also manufac­ture. It will employ a large number of hands and is an important enterprise.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in chair. Roll called. Present: Councilman Gary, Wilson, and Read; absent, Councilman McMullen.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1883.
It now appears that Robinson’s main object in going to St. Louis was to look after this water works business. Mr. Read was also taken along. As we, in common with twenty others, have a monied interest in their trip, having furnished the wherewith to pay their expenses, we hope they will have a good time and do well. This accounts for Robinson’s eagerness to perform this mission after having refused to go everywhere he has been asked to go heretofore.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen McMullen, Gary, and Wilson; absent, Councilman Read.
The City Attorney presented an ordinance in relation to construction of certain sidewalks. The ordinance was read and sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were separately read, considered, and adopted by an affirmative vote of the three Councilmen present. The ordinance as a whole was then submitted to a vote upon its final passage with the following result: Those voting aye were Councilmen Wilson, Gary, and McMullen; naes, none, and the ordinance was declared adopted as Ordinance 168, and was approved by the Mayor.
Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.
Call on us before Borrowing elsewhere. P. H. Albright & Co., WINFIELD, KANSAS.

Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in the chair. Roll call. Present: Councilmen Gary, McMullen, and Wilson; absent, Councilman Read.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1883.
Mrs. M. L. Read returned with her husband from the East Thursday evening, much improved in health.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1883.
Mr. M. L. Read returned from Hot Springs Friday. He is much improved in health. The hot water is death on “rhematicks.”
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1883.
Messrs. J. Larkin, Isaac B. Mahan, and John H. Wood, of Dunkirk, Ohio, have rented a section of land of Read & Robinson on Badger, 4 miles southeast of town, on which they will place a thousand fine sheep and go into the business of improving the grades of sheep.
Winfield Courier, April 26, 1883.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in the chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, Wilson, McMullen, and Gary. Minutes of the last regular meeting and of the meeting held April 6, to canvass the votes of the late city election were read and approved. Mayor Troup, Councilman Gary, of the first ward, and Councilman Read, of the second ward, whose terms of office had expired, then vacated their seats, and Geo. Emerson, Jno. A. McGuire, and D. L. Kretsinger, having filed their oaths of office with the clerk, took the seats thus vacated, as Mayor, Councilman from the first ward, and Councilman from the second ward respectively. Roll called. Present: Mayor Emerson, Councilmen Wilson, McGuire, McMullen, and Kretsinger. The council then proceeded with the regular order of business.
Winfield Courier, April 26, 1883.
                                                CIVIL DOCKET—2ND DAY.
1167. S. D. Pryor et al v M. L. Read et al.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
Those of our citizens mentioned elsewhere, who entertained guests at their houses, earned the high compliments which were lavished upon them by their guests, a great many of whom profusely thanked us for sending them to such good places. Each guest seemed to think that she or he had been specially favored by being sent to the best place. Many of these entertainers spent their time with their visitors, kept their teams ready, met them at the depot, drove them all about town whenever they would ride, and returned them to the depot when they wished to leave.
It is of course unfair to others to specially mention M. L. Read, J. S. Hunt, J. L. Horning, J. C. McMullen, in this connection, for others did the same thing, but these we happened to notice.

Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read entertained C. M. Lucas of the Cherokee Sentinel and Mrs. Lucas.
                                                Where the Money Came From.
The following are the cash contributions to the general editorial entertainment fund. More was raised than was used and those who subscribed first took more than their share, so that others had to be somewhat limited in their contributions to give others a chance.
                                                     M. L. Read’s Bank, $10.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
At Public Auction. I will, on Saturday, May 19th, 1883, sell at public auction to the highest bidder for cash, all that is left of the stock of goods of Ira L. McCommon, at the store south of Read’s Bank, Winfield, Kansas. The property to be sold includes most of the drugs of said stock, bottles, patent medicines, oils, etc. Hours of sale, 10 a.m. to 12 m., 2 to 5 p.m., and 7-1/2 to 9 p.m. FRANK W. FINCH, Assignee.
Winfield Courier, May 24, 1883.
Read’s Bank has been improving by extension of the counter and bringing the teller’s pate to the front.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.
Col. Loomis sold a block of ground to Mr. John Eddy, from Beardstown, Illinois, last Monday. Mr. Eddy is a gentleman of wealth and will probably put heavy improvements on the property. He is an old friend of M. L. Read. The block purchased lies just south of Mr. Hickok’s on Millington Street.
Winfield Courier, June 21, 1883.
Mrs. M. L. Read entertained the young friends of her niece, Miss Nellie Hammer, on last Monday evening, at her pleasant home. A delightful time is reported and delightful refreshments were provided.
Winfield Courier, June 28, 1883.
Bank Notice! On and after the first of July, 1883, no stamps are required on bank checks and drafts as heretofore. All persons, customers of the undersigned, having unused stamped checks or drafts, can have the same redeemed by delivering them to their respective banks.
                                     WINFIELD BANK, M. L. READ’S BANK.
Winfield Courier, July 5, 1883.
                                               How Prohibition Kills Winfield.
As an illustration of how prohibition is ruining the business of Winfield, we call attention to the statement of business of the Winfield Bank as compared with the statement a year ago which will be found in the local columns of this issue. We might remark that the excitement produced last winter by the saloon petition and Hackney’s reply led to a change of banks by a considerable number of depositors, many prohibitionists going to the Winfield Bank and antis going to Read’s Bank. The Winfield Bank increase is:
Cash and exchange on hand: $15,993,92.
Loans and discounts: $10,843.54
Deposits: $79,719.57
Capital and surplus: $10,000.00

Winfield Courier, July 5, 1883.
Mr. Robt. Allison, of Winfield, spent a day or two in our town, this week, on business. He is a very agreeable gentleman, and we hope he will visit our town often. Mr. Allison has purchased a half interest in Grand Summit and will immediately commence the erection of several dwelling houses, a store building, and a blacksmith shop. M. L. Robinson, cashier of M. L. Read’s bank at Winfield, also owns a half interest in the town site. Grenola Chief.
Winfield Courier, July 5, 1883.
The Courier Cornet Band serenaded Miss Nellie Hammer at the residence of M. L. Read, after practice Tuesday evening, and were complimented by the ladies with handsome bouquets.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 19, 1883. Front Page.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
                                              Lot 2. BY M. L. READ’S BANK.
TEN DOLLARS. For the best and largest collection of farm products raised by any farmer in Cowley County in the year 1883. Three or more to enter.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
Service pipe from the water mains was run into Read’s bank Monday.
Winfield Courier, August 16, 1883.
The council met Monday evening and passed sidewalk ordinances for 7th Avenue East and Manning Street east side south of Tenth Avenue, six blocks. The marshall was instructed to abate the nuisance existing in the hide house and back of the Commercial Hotel. There are various other loud-smelling places around the streets and back alleys that ought to be abated even without the authority of that honorable body. The council also changed the frontage of some lots near the Santa Fe depot on petition of M. L. Read, M. L. Robinson, and C. C. Pierce. The cellar digging bill of $331 was allowed and the report of committee on purchase of hose adopted. This embraces the purchase of about $1,400 worth of stuff. The matter of tax levy was laid over.
Winfield Courier, September 6, 1883.
WINFIELD 2ND WARD. H. Brotherton, M. L. Read, D. L. Kretsinger, I. W. Randall, Arthur Bangs, W. T. Madden.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.

As you pass on and step into the Agricultural Hall, you are struck with wonderment at the magnificence of the display. Enormous squashes, corpulent pumpkins, and obese melons, and, arranged in various ways, about one hundred and twenty different varieties of vegetables greet the eye. Stowed in one corner are the fifty bushels of corn entered for P. H. Albright’s special premium, some of the ears as large as sticks of stove wood, and there is a glorious company of potatoes and onions. Prominent in this hall are the collections of grains and grasses exhibited by Jas. F. Martin and          , both of Vernon Township, in competition for the special premium of M. L. Read’s Bank, the former containing forty-two different varieties and both being very nicely arranged. Down at the farther end of this hall is a “layout” of every variety of apple and peach that ever grew on a tree, and such fruit as it is! One is instantly imbued, on seeing this array, with the reality of Cowley’s fruit productive-ness. It is splendid evidence that this county is destined to rank with any county in the State for fruit. In one corner of this building is the Farm and Household display, embracing the bread, butter, cakes, jellies, etc., under the superintendency of Mrs. J. F. Martin. Jacob Nixon and J. W. Millspaugh seem to be the “hosts” in this hall, and after being shown around among the agricultural wonders, you leave with an exalted opinion of Cowley’s mammoth productiveness.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                               THE FAIR.
                                               LIST OF PREMIUMS GIVEN.
The following is a full list of premiums awarded. It is complete and correct and is drawn from the Secretary’s books.
                                              GENERAL PURPOSE HORSES.
Stallion foal of 1883, J. R. Thompson, Walnut, 1st premium; M. L. Read, Winfield, second.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                     [WINFIELD FAIR: SPECIAL PREMIUMS.]
By M. L. Read’s Bank: For the best and largest collection of farm products raised by any one farmer in Cowley County in 1883, $5, awarded to J. D. Hammond, Beaver Township.
Winfield Courier, October 11, 1883.
                            A FEW RAMBLES BY A COWLEY COUNTY LADY.
I would not have the reader suppose that on this trip of 1871 I did not pass the then small towns of El Dorado, Augusta, and Douglass, and thence to Winfield, where we all brushed our hair and donned our nicest attire to peep out at the future seat of government of Cowley County. We found that we had only halted at a common-place log store, with the post office, dry-goods, groceries, etc., as the chief attractions. The upper story of this old building, I remember, was the birthplace of the Winfield COURIER. Near by was the small frame bank of J. C. Fuller. On the corner where now stands a block of buildings containing the Winfield Bank and that of M. L. Read, the COURIER office and numerous offices in the upper story, was the bare prairie, so with the opposite corner where now stands the magnificent brick block containing our Opera House. These wonderful changes stand to the old settler a quiet recognition of the hasty rewards produced, not alone by perfect management, but by the progressive march of railroads and other modern inventions, which have so annihilated distance as to make it possible for us to travel many more miles in a day than in those pioneer times, and which enable us to tell a brother in New York or San Francisco at 6 o’clock that sister died in Arkansas City, on the border of the Indian Territory, at half past three. C. H. G.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 24, 1883.
S. G. Gary. Why is it that the moment the Republican party refuses to vote for a dirty Republican and kicks him out of the party, the Democrats at once take him up and nominate him for an office?

S. G. Gary was defeated in Mahaska County, Iowa, for treasurer, on the Republican ticket, when that party had 1,200 majority, and then he turns Democrat and comes to Kansas. Bill Hackney and his late relict, J. Wade McDonald, have him appointed sheriff upon the death of Shenneman. Then, desirous of propitiating these two worthies, he is forthwith nominated by the Democrats for sheriff. Is he a Democrat, or is Bill running that party through Wade McDonald, as he always has done in this county? Or, mayhap, the office of sheriff is to be given him to pay him for refusing the bribe which Gary says Ed. Greer offered him in the water works row in Winfield, when Gary was councilman. When we remember that Bill and Wade, together with Read’s bank, put up that job, and that Gary voted it through the council, we can see more than one sow with its nose in the political swill trough of this county.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
The moral (?) Candidate for treasurer on the Democratic ticket has of late frequently taken the opportunity to descant upon the evils of gambling. The moral (?) Candidate for treasurer upon the Democratic ticket, however, bet $500 on Hackney’s defeat three years ago and put up the money in Read’s bank in Winfield. Then he whined around and got the other fellow to let him take down his money because he was mayor of Winfield and people were talking of prosecuting him for betting on an election. Oh, Lynn’s nervy!
Winfield Courier, November 1, 1883.
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read have been enjoying a visit from Mrs. Shelly, of Humboldt, Nebraska, and Mrs. Metz, of Rushville, Illinois, both sisters of Mrs. Read. Mrs. Metz is accompanied by her daughter.
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1883.
John H. Nichol, from Beardstown, Illinois, an old acquaintance of M. L. Read, who is here for the health of his son, which has been very much improved since coming, has bought the Charlie Stevens property on Menor Street, there being no rentable house in the city. The family will spend the winter here, and we hope this will be the cause of their locating with us permanently.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.
RECAP: Meeting of the stockholders and directors of the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic Railway Company was held at Topeka November 6, 1883. Elected as a permanent officer (Secretary) was M. L. Read, Winfield, Kansas.
On motion the Secretary was directed to give notice of thirty days for the opening of books at Winfield and Belle Plaine for the subscription of stock.
Communications were read from capitalists, iron manufacturers, and others in the east giving encouraging words to the enterprise.
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1883.
The Banks named below will close their places of business today, “Thanksgiving Day,” as is their custom. Wishing their patrons a pleasant holiday and trusting that all have good and sufficient reason for happy thanksgiving, we are, Very truly,

                     WINFIELD BANK, M. L. READ’S BANK, FARMER’S BANK.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
                                                               OUR FAIR.
                                   The Stockholders Meet and Elect a New Board.
                                                         A Splendid Record.
On Monday afternoon the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met in the Opera House for the purpose of re-organizing the Board of Directors for the year 1884, and receiving reports of the condition and doings of the Association for the year. About seventy-five stockholders, representing nearly all of the subscribed stock, were present. Shares Held by M. L. Read & M. L. Robinson, 10.
Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.
               A Company Formed to Develop the Future Leading Industry of this Section.
                                 A New Quarry Opened and Switches Being Put In.
               The Facilities of the Company Unlimited to Supply Foreign or Local Orders.
It has always been the thought of good businessmen in Winfield, from the time the town started, that one of the most certain and enduring elements in the future wealth of the city, was the seams and layers of pure magnesian limestone that crops out at the surface at such convenient distances from the future great city of the Walnut Valley. Up to the time of the completion of the first railroad, the quarries were worked for local purposes. The stone worked easily and could be put into foundations and good buildings cheaper than any other material. About this time our magnificent system of sidewalks was commenced, which has made the city celebrated. Flagging twenty feet square, and the surface as smooth as if it were dressed, was taken out, and published the fame of the Winfield quarries.
When the railroads were completed, it was naturally anticipated that switches would be put in by the railroads and that capital and energy would at once combine to develop this important industry; but months lengthened into years, and while Wichita, Wellington, and other cities wanted the stone, the demand could not be supplied, and they were obliged to go to Strong City and other places for both cut and dimension stone. Without railroad facilities, it was simply impossible, with the best endeavors on the part of the quarrymen doing business here, to supply the ever-increasing demand.
About two months ago an advertisement was inserted in the Kansas City Journal, offering to sell the brick and tile works located here, and in answer to that Mr. J. E. Parkins, of Kansas City, came here with a view of buying the yard. From the very first, his attention was attracted to the character of our stone. He talked with businessmen and showed that he had upwards of thirty years’ experience in quarrying, and in the erection of government buildings and railroad work, and that our stone was as good as any in the world; and he stated that with the completion of his contract of the Kansas City post office, he would open up these quarries. A company was at once organized and the Land quarry was purchased. The tract embraces ten acres, and is east of the Southern Kansas railroad, and about a half mile north of the cemetery.

A large force of hands are now at work grading for a switch, and room will be provided for twenty cars. The foreign output for this reason will be about ten car loads a day, and the necessary force to supply that demand will be at work during the coming month.
The brick and the works near the Santa Fe depot now form a part of the Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Company’s property, and the large engine now there will do the work of sawing, cutting, and turning the stone, in addition to its former duties. The stone that is to be dressed will be loaded in cars at the quarry and carried to the town yard, where skilled workmen put it into all the various shapes in which cut stone is used. It will be worked into many forms never before attempted here.
Additional machinery for making brick will be put in and a quality of brick, both pressed and common, will be furnished that is second to none in the market.
A storehouse for the sale of lime, cement, and kindred products, will be at once erected.      The quarry and the yard will be connected by telephone.
The officers of the company are as follows: M. L. Read, President; J. E. Conklin, Secretary; M. L. Robinson, Treasurer; and J. E. Parkins, General Superintendent. About fifty men will be employed, and everything will be done that knowledge united with skill, energy with well-directed impulse, and capital without limit can do to make the stone interest the leading manufacturing industry of Cowley County. In this work we are all interested, and the COURIER wishes the Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Company an unlimited amount of success.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, January 30, 1884.
                                                Denver, Memphis, Atlantic, etc.
There is probably very little absolute faith among the mass of Cowley County’s voters in the ultimate construction or operation of the above named railroad. And whatever little faith there may be in this proposition, we are satisfied lies only in those who know nothing of the inside workings of the scheme. It is a road of which you can hear nothing further west than Belle Plaine, Sumner County, and its direct route after leaving Winfield (supposing for a minute that it even gets headed in that direction) is something of which its projectors are lamentably ignorant. The reason for this ignorance on this question is due to the fact that they never for a moment contemplated being questioned too closely on these points of minor importance; but confidently expected that their distinguished names would be a sufficient guaranty for all apparent shortcomings in the proposition.

As an illustration of the dim uncertainty connected with this road and its operations after leaving Belle Plaine and Winfield, we produce a conversation between a resident of Arkansas City, and M. L. Robinson, of Winfield, the head pusher for the road and the man doing all the heavy editorial work for the two papers supporting the proposition. To a question as to the road’s starting point, Mr. Robinson very briskly replied: “It comes in at the northeast corner of the county and runs direct to Winfield.” “Where does it go from Winfield, Mart?” “Oh, we run through Dexter and then sort o’ southeast through the south tier of counties to Joplin, Missouri.” “To Joplin, Mart?” “Yes, we shall run it to Joplin,” says the Winfield railroad magnate, while he complacently figured on his thumb nail the interest on the last overdue note brought up. “Well, where do you go from Joplin, Mart?” “From Joplin?” Yes—well from Joplin we—that is, it is the intention—the company will build to Memphis, you know—down in Tennessee, you see.” Here Mart warmed up to the subject and launched out in the following glowing strain: “We strike the White River, one of the most beautiful streams, my dear friend, in this country. Its limpid waters dance merrily through fertile fields; through valleys yielding abundant harvests to the grateful, sterling yeomanry drawing sustenance therefrom; through ‘boundless contiguity of shade’ and broad meadows. We follow this lovely river down to its mouth, to Memphis, the empire city of the South, whose fame, you know, was taken from the ancient Grecian temple of the Good God. At Mem—”
“To the mouth of White River, did you say, Mart?” “Yes, The advant—”
“But, I say, Mart, it doesn’t make any material difference if the White River happens to empty into the Mississippi at Rosedale, Mississippi, some ninety miles below Memphis, does it? You see, Mart, I used to live there. Then, Mart, you know that the White River, where this road contemplates striking it, makes a regular ox bow curve to the north, running up to Forsythe, Missouri, and to follow this beautiful valley would require the building of about 300 miles of unnecessary track. Then—” But Mart looked a little blank, and said he guessed they wouldn’t build it that way.
Now if Mr. Robinson don’t know any more about this road than we are to infer from the above conversation, he certainly possesses a goodly quantity of what is commonly called cheek when he asks the people of Cowley to vote him $100,000 for it. It is simply a scheme got up by Read’s bank and a few others, utterly devoid of good reasons for support, and should be buried out of sight and sound. Mr. Robinson furnishes the Telegram and Cambridge News with their railroad jubulum, and they swallow it because they are told to do so.
Mr. Millington’s opposition speaks louder than anything else, for it is quite reasonable to suppose that he would favor any honest project having for its aim the advancement of Winfield’s prosperity. Let the honest voters of this county look to it that such a palpable fraud as this receives the rebuke it merits.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 6, 1884.
                                                            Narrow Gauge.
The new railroad proposition held out to Cowley County voters by Major Jo Hansen, Major Mart Robinson, and Major Read’s bank doesn’t take into account any such contingency as a train of cars. These shrewd financiers don’t even pretend to tell the people that cars are to be run on the $100,000 track which they fondly hope our people will aid them in building. All we have to do is to give this ephemeral company $50,000 for laying ten miles of track over an almost level piece of country, and then another $50,000 if these gentlemen are not satisfied with the profit on the first division, and should take it into their noodles to build any further in some direction. We regret exceedingly that so plain a proposition should be in such imminent danger, yet we are, truth to say, somewhat fearful lest it be snowed under by the honest people in northeast, south, and southwest Cowley—not to mention the mighty opposition it will encounter in Winfield. Mart will wake up on the 12th of March to find out that the great majority of Cowley’s voters are not as big fools as are he and his cohorts.
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1884.

Petitions came from H. C. McDorman, J. Wade McDonald. The railroad company named J. J. Burns, 1st Vice President and Acting President. Affidavit attested to by M. L. Read, Secretary of the D. M. & A. R R. Asking for County to subscribe for 200 shares of five hundred dollars each of the capital stock of company...amount $4,000 per mile constructed in said county, interest 6 percent per annum, payable semi-annually. Depots: Freight and passenger depots at Winfield, to be located on the east side of the Walnut River and on the south side of Timber Creek within ½ mile of the crossing of Main Street and Ninth Avenue. Other depots not mentioned.
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1884.
                                                              More Fires.
Again, on Sunday evening, an attempt was made to set fire to property in the city. A lot of hay was stuffed under the rear end of Hendricks & Wilson’s hardware store and ignited. It was done about half past seven o’clock in the evening. Mr. James McLain, who has been acting as night watchman, first discovered and put it out. Shortly before, when walking across Manning Street and Tenth Avenue, he passed a man who was walking hurriedly. As soon as he passed, the man broke into a run, and a moment after McLain discovered the fire. When he turned, the man had disappeared in the darkness. What the object of these incendiaries is cannot be defined. The fire in the Hodges barn could have injured but little business property if successful. The fire started in the Shenneman barn, immediately after, when the hose was handy and hundreds of people standing around to use it, could not have been set with a very villainous intent to destroy, as the destroyer might have known it would be put out in a minute. The setting of the Sunday evening fire early in the evening, when everyone was about, showed a lack of deep intent to do great injury. However, our people have resolved to put a stop to it, and to that end the following paper has been prepared and duly signed, and the total sum of $222.50 goes to the person who runs the fire-bugs in.
We, the undersigned, promise to pay the sum set against our respective names as a reward for the apprehension and conviction of any person or persons engaged in setting any incendiary fire in the city of Winfield, either heretofore or hereafter.
S. C. Smith, T. K. Johnston, Horning & Whitney, Wm. Newton, Hudson Bros., McGuire Bros., J. B. Lynn, Geo. Emerson, COURIER Co., Ella C. Shenneman, W. S. Mendenhall, Winfield Bank, M. L. Read’s Bank, Rinker & Cochran, Miller & Dawson, H. Beard, Whiting Bros., Hendricks & Wilson, A. E. Bard, Johnston & Hill, J. N. Harter, Farmers Bank, Wallis & Wallis, F. V. Rowland, J. S. Mann, Hughes & Cooper, A. B. Arment, Quincy A. Glass, W. L. Morehouse, McDonald & Miner, Curns & Manser, J. D. Pryor, M. Hahn & Co., O’Meara & Randolph, S. H. Myton, J. P. Baden, Telegram, Scofield & Keck, Henry Goldsmith.
R. E. Sydal, S. D. Pryor, E. G. Cole, Kraft & Dix, H. Brown & Son, Brotherton & Silver, F. M. Friend, F. H. Blair, F. H. Bull, T. J. Harris, Albro & Dorley.
                                                   TOTAL RAISED: $222.50
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1884.

“Mayor Emerson made a mistake in his selection of fire marshal. Daddy Millington was the man for that position and Ed. Greer for second position. The only danger from this combination would have been that they would willingly let the town be reduced to ashes in their attempt to crush the water-works. . . .
“If Dad Millington and Me too Greer had been on the roof of Mrs. Shenneman’s stable when the firemen cut loose with their inch and a quarter stream, they would have thought that about four million of nature’s wash basins had been upset on their miserable heads.”
We have always thought that within Rembaugh’s aesthetic frame slumbered the incipient fires of a genius that would some day flash upon the world like the rays of a tallow candle on the summit of Pikes Peak. The above, from his pen, would appear to one who did not know him to be the mutterings of a disordered mind. They are really sparks from his store-house of wit and humor, drawn from the inspiration of a ten dollar fire in a hay-mow. We might quote a column more of the same kind, from the same source, and fruits of the same inspiration, were we sure that the public would bear with us. If the marshal has ever inadvertently collected money of him as poll-tax, it ought to be refunded. There is a statute exempting such persons from municipal burdens. Their existence is a sublime proof of the mercy of God, and should be borne cheerfully.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 20, 1884.
Charley Roseberry says there is only one voter in Beaver Township in favor of the quack railroad got up by M. L. Read’s bank—and that he looks very consumptive. It is enough to give any man consumption to seriously contemplate voting for such a railroad proposition. Thank heaven, nine-tenths of our voters are in robust health.
Winfield Courier, February 28, 1884.
                                                  MORE NARROW GAUGE.
We publish this week a stipulation signed by the president and secretary of the Denver, Memphis and Atlantic Narrow Gauge railway company and filed with the county clerk. We  place it before our readers not because we think it amounts to anything but as a matter of news.
It does not appear that the railway company have in any way authorized their president and secretary to make such a contract or stipulation and it strikes us that it would require the approval of the board of directors at least to make it binding.
It is not a part of the proposition which was signed by two fifths of the resident taxpayers of the county authorizing the commissioners to call an election and had the commissioners called the election on this stipulation, we think it would be void. But they did not and all the questions the people can vote upon are continued in the all heretofore published. In our opinion no subsequent stipulation can be given any binding effect.

It lacks essential elements of a binding contract in not having two parties and a consideration. It is not a binding contract because there is but one party to it, and because there is no consideration. The county is not represented in any way as a party to the stipulation, the county commissioners have not acted upon it or approved it in any way, and there is no consideration expressed therein for the contract to make it binding on the company. Of  course, the object of the stipulation is to induce the voters of Cowley County to vote for the bonds. Of course, it would not have been filed or written were it not evident that the bonds were going to be defeated, and is filed in hopes that it will change enough votes from against to for, to carry the bonds.
But it can never be known whether it had that effect or not should the bonds be carried. If carried, no one can prove that they would not have carried without the stipulation. Therefore, the stipulation should have stated that, whereas the proposition as submitted will be defeated at the polls, the company file this stipulation to induce men to vote for the proposition, and make the stipulation in consideration of the votes that will be polled for the proposition. We do not think the stipulation of any use.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.
M. L. Read has put in pipes, transferred his windmill to the Brick & Tile Works, and is now getting his water supply from the waterworks. M. L. Read and J. L. Horning have also taken down their windmills and are getting water from the same source.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.
Rev. P. F. Jones and M. L. Read were absent last week attending the M. E. Conference at Newton. Mr. Read went as the Lay Delegate from the Winfield church. Messrs. S. S. Holloway, W. R. McDonald, S. H. Jennings, and A. Gridley also attended, as visitors. Rev. B. Kelly, for the past three years in charge of the Wichita M. E. Church, comes to Winfield this year and Rev. Jones goes to Marion Center.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.
The beautiful grounds of Capt. John Lowry, Col. J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, J. C. Fuller, Mrs. Platter, and many others are beginning to show themselves in all the glory which “Gentle Annie” can bring to bear and are still receiving some improvements. A man will walk a long piece out of his way to see such houses and grounds. Most of these grounds are completely irrigated by our system of waterworks. Such homes are as good examples as can be found in the state of what money and energy, when united with good taste, can do. The places are pictures and will grow more beautiful each year as the trees and shrubs increase in size. Such homes educate people and show the possibilities of Kansas soil.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
Noted following on Civil Docket: M. L. Read et al vs. Winfield Creamery.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson have purchased from J. E. Conklin the lot and building now being occupied by Hendricks & Wilson’s hardware store. The consideration was eight thousand dollars.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
                                                         A Business Chance.

On Monday Mr. J. E. Conklin purchased Read & Robinson’s interest in the Winfield Brick, Stone, and Tile Works, and is now the controlling owner of that enterprise. The investments now reach upwards of twelve thousand dollars. Under the efficient management of Mr. Conklin, this institution will prove a most valuable one, not only for the proprietors but the community at large.
[     Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
NOTICE. Joseph E. Conklin has this day purchased all of the stock of The Winfield Stone, Brick and Tile Company owned by M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson, and all their interests in and to all the property both real and personal together with all the credits of the aforesaid company. The said Joseph E. Conklin and his co-owners of the stock of said company assume and agree to pay any and all liabilities of the said The Winfield Stone, Brick and Tile Company. J. E. CONKLIN, M. L. ROBINSON, M. L. READ.
Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.
M. L. Read’s Bank, of this city, have the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury to organize the First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas, with a paid up capital of $50,000.00, with an authorized capital of $250,000.00. The stock has all been subscribed and paid for, and the organization completed, and as soon as the necessary preliminary steps can be completed the First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas, will open for business, and with the addition of a National Bank to our already large and conservative banks, Winfield will be as well supplied with sound and reliable banking facilities as any city in the State. Surely we are putting on metropolitan airs with our gas works, street railway, National Bank, etc.
Winfield Courier, July 10, 1884.
The city government transacted the usual routine of business at their regular meeting last Monday evening. The committee on streets and alleys were ordered by the council to erect two watering fountains, with troughs, on side streets.
The acceptance of the railway franchise by the Winfield Street Railway Company was filed.
Following bills were referred to finance committee:
C. Ferguson, team and carriage for conveying visitors, $3.00.
C. C. Pierce, same, $3.00.
Scofield & Keck, same, $3.00.
Vance & Collins, same, $3.00.
Winfield Water Company, hydrant rent to July 15, 1884, $1,809.06.
Following bills referred to County Commissioners for payment:
M. L. Read’s Bank, house rent for Mrs. Quarrels for 6 months, $24.00.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1884.
In another place appears the official statement of M. L. Read’s Bank prior to opening as the First National. It makes the wonderful showing of over two hundred and ninety thousand dollars in deposits. This is the greatest proof of the prosperous condition of our county.
                                                      Read’s Bank Statement.

Statement of the Condition of M. L. Read’s Bank, of Winfield, Kansas, as the Close of Business, June 24th, 1884, when “The First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas,” was Organized out of Read’s Bank.
Loans and Discounts: $182,451.11
Banking House, Safe, Fixtures, and Furniture: $12,500.00
Real Estate (exclusive of homesteads and all other real estate owned by M. L. Read & M. L. Robinson individually): $77,575.00
Current expenses and taxes paid since March 21st, 1884: $1,913.14
Cash: $86,768.75
Sight Exchange: $64,740.38                       [TOTAL CASH/SIGHT EXCHANGE: $151,508.98]
TOTAL RESOURCES: $425,948.23
Capital: $75,000.00
Deposits: $293,663.25
Surplus: $50,668.78
Undivided Profits since March 21st, 1884: $6,616.28
We, M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson, owners of M. L. Read’s Bank, Winfield, Kansas, do solemnly swear that the above statement is true to the best of our knowledge and belief.
                                              M. L. READ, M. L. ROBINSON.
COUNTY OF COWLEY,   )ss. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 28th day of June, A. D. 1884. J. WADE McDONALD, Notary Public Cowley County, Kansas.
My commission expires March 3rd, 1888.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1884.
Opened for Business July 14th, 1884—The First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas.
Elsewhere will be found the legal publication of the comptrollers certificate authorizing “The First National Bank of Winfield Kansas,” to open and carry on the business of Banking under the National Banking Law.

The stockholders of our First National Bank are the owners and employees of M. L. Read’s Bank and it will succeed to the business of this old and reliable Banking House and will be officered and managed by the same parties who have for the past twelve years so successfully managed the affairs of that remarkably prosperous institution. The Directors of the First National Bank of Winfield at a meeting on the 15th day of June, 1884, elected the following officers: M. L. Read, President; M. L. Robinson, Vice-President; W. C. Robinson, Cashier; George W. Robinson, Assistant Cashier; and Chas. F. Bahntge, Teller. The thorough knowledge obtained by these gentlemen during their large and varied banking experience in our county and their well known conservative management of all  their affairs added to their already immense property interests will go to establish and swell the influence of our First National Bank and place it amongst the first institutions of its kind in the state. With pride and satisfaction we welcome the First National Bank as a further earnest of the substantial character of our financial institutions, and we bespeak for it a prosperous and profitable future.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1884.
                                                           Sealed Proposals.
The Board of Education of the City of Winfield will receive sealed proposals for the erection of a school building according to the plans and specifications to be seen at M. L. Read’s Bank, The Board reserving the right to reject any and all bids. All bids to be in by August 1st, 1884.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, July 30, 1884.
The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will hold its Second Annual Exhibition at Winfield, Kansas, September 23 to 27, 1884. This Association comes before the public with more attractions and better facilities than any like Association in the State. It is a well established fact that our grounds are the largest and best in the State, our buildings, stables, and stalls ample and commodious, thus affording the exhibitor more comfort, pleasure, and money than any Fair Association in the State.
The following is a list of the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association.
                          M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson were listed as stockholders.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
                              M. L. READ, President. CHAS. F. BAHNTGE, Teller.
                     M. L. ROBINSON, Vice President. W. C. ROBINSON, Cashier.
                                        GEO. W. ROBINSON, Assistant Cashier.
                                                      The First National Bank,
                                                                No. 3218,
                                                  OF WINFIELD, KANSAS.
                                                ORGANIZED JUNE 25, 1884.
                                                 Succeeds M. L. Read’s Bank.
Stockholders: M. L. Read, M. L. Robinson, W. C. Robinson, George W. Robinson, and Charles F. Bahntge.
                                                  Paid Up Capital, $50,000.00.
                                        AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $250,000.00.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
The following is a list of the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association: Listed as stockholders: M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.

The following special premiums are offered by the citizens of Cowley County. Parties wishing to compete for them must enter articles same as in other class, and must also comply with the instructions and requests named in the premium.
President J. F. Martin will have charge of this department, make assignment of articles, and appoint the necessary judges.
                                                      M. L. READ’S BANK.
$15.00. For the best display of products from a single farm, by any farmer in Cowley County. $10.00 to 1st; $5.00 to 2nd.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
Mr. M. L. Read has favored us with a branch about eight inches long, bearing fourteen beautiful budded peaches, raised in the grounds of his residence. Mr. Read’s grounds are yielding splendidly this year of different varieties of fruit and his flowers and shrubs are worth walking many blocks to see. These grounds, with their fountains, lovely blue grass, artistically shaped evergreens, etc., form a complete picture and are the result of much personal attention. The air of perfection about Mr. Read’s beautiful home is very noticeable.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1884.
The new bank notes of the “First National Bank of Winfield” are out bearing the signatures of M. L. Read, President, and W. C. Robinson, cashier.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.
                                               THIRD DAY. CIVIL DOCKET.
27. M. L. Read et al vs. Wm. A. Wright.
32. M. L. Read et al vs. Winfield creamery.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
We print below a complete list of premiums awarded from the Secretary’s books.
              Colt, one year old and under two: M. L. Read, first; N. J. Thompson, second.
Winfield Courier, October 9, 1884.
We publish this week the first statement of the First National Bank. It exhibits a most excellent showing. The deposits reach the high figure of $280,000, and the showing of cash on hand is over $115,000. The First National may be congratulated on its prosperity.
Loans and Discounts: $201,137.37
Overdrafts: $282.72
U. S. Bonds to secure circulation: $12,500.00
U. S. Bonds on hand: $1,500.00
Premium on Bonds: $2,609.22
Real Estate, Furniture & Fixtures: $12,500.00
Current Expenses and Taxes Paid: $954.24

Redemption Fund with U. S. Treasurer: $562.00
Due from State Banks and Bankers: $17,209.96
Due from other National Banks: $16,095.38
Legal Tender Notes: $27,000.00
Bills of other Banks: $33,240.00
Gold: $12,250.00
Silver: $6,500.00
Nickels and Pennies: $535.03
Checks and other Cash Items: $2,475.26
Checks and other Cash Items: $2,475.26
TOTAL RESOURCES:           $347,351.18
Capital Stock: $50,000.00
Undivided Profits: $5,513.80
Circulation: $11,240.00
Individual Deposits subject to check: $268,986.05
Time Deposits: $11,611.33
TOTAL DEPOSITS:                $280,597.38
TOTAL LIABILITIES:            $347,351.18
STATE OF KANSAS, Cowley County,) ss.
I. W. C. Robinson, Cashier of the above named Bank, do solemnly swear that the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. W. C. ROBINSON, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th day of October, 1884.
                                             G. H. BUCKMAN, Notary Public.
M. L. READ,             )
M. L. ROBINSON,    )   Directors.
C. F. BAHNTGE,      )
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1884.
The poll books of the city are open for registration. Newcomers, all who didn’t registered in the spring or have changed wards, must register.
The Registration books of the city will be open this week and next with the City Clerk, G. H. Buckman, over Read’s Bank. Register.
Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.
Read & Robinson vs. W. A. Wright. Commissioners report confirmed and cash dividend between plaintiffs and defendant, including Jas. McDermott’s Attorney fee, $25.00; McDonald & Webb’s Attorney fee, $25.00; $5.00 each for Commissioners and summons, $7.00.
Winfield Courier, November 6, 1884.

The Cowley County Water Power and Manufacturing Company has been chartered. Its purpose is the construction of a canal from the Arkansas River in Beaver Township to the same river at Arkansas City. It cuts a bend of fifteen miles and will have a fall of fifty feet. Its officers are: M. L. Read, president; J. C. Long, vice-president; N. A. Haight, treasurer; I. H. Bonsall, secretary. The organization thus far was completed Tuesday. Stock to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars will be issued. The leading men of Winfield and Arkansas City are taking hold of the project and it will undoubtedly be a success.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 12, 1884.
                                                            Our New Canal.
The latest enterprise having for its main object the improvement of the county in general and Arkansas City in particular is the Cowley County Water Power and Manufacturing Company, which was duly chartered the 12th day of September, 1884. Its object is the purchasing and selling of real estate to promote immigration and to erect and maintain dams across the Arkansas River in Beaver Township and from thence to run a canal to the townsite of Arkansas City, which canal will cross the townsite, either entering the Arkansas or Walnut Rivers as the company may elect. It will have an estimated length of fifteen miles and give a fall of fifty feet. The capital stock of the company is one hundred thousand dollars, divided into four thousand shares of twenty-five dollars each. The board of directors, in number, five, elected for the first year are as follows: M. L. Read, president; J. C. Long, vice president; N. A. Haight, treasurer, and I. H. Bonsall, secretary. The organization has only been perfected in the last few days, but from the fact that the leading businessmen of Winfield and Arkansas City look favorably upon the project, we augur its success. It is especially mentioned in the charter that the offices of the company and its entire business shall be transacted in Arkansas City.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.
                                                      Farms for Sale or Rent.
We have many good farms for sale or rent; also, many vacant lots, and improved city property in Winfield, for sale. Will sell on easy terms or will rent farms to good parties for a term of years. Call or address M. L. Read or M. L. Robinson at First National Bank, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.
A very pleasant entertainment was given by Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, at their splendid residence in this city, on Thursday evening, December 10th. About sixty to seventy guests were present, among whom we remember by name the following.

Rev. and Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, Prof. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt, Dr. and Mrs. C. S. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mrs. Frank Williams of Wichita, Mrs. J. H. Bullen, Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. Arthur Bangs, Miss Nettie McCoy, Miss Anna McCoy, Mr. W. H. Smith, Mr. Lew Brown, and Mr. W. C. Robinson.
Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, made up of rain, mud, snow, and cold, the guests enjoyed themselves to the utmost, and after partaking of a magnificent supper, music, and mirth, the guests separated with warm thanks to their host and hostess, who had afforded them so much pleasure, and with the aid of Arthur Bangs, most of them, we presume, found their own domiciles in due time.
Arkansas City Republican, October 24, 1885.
                                                “Two Hearts that Beat as One.”
MARRIED. Once again the REPUBLICAN is called upon to chronicle the oft repeated story that shy Cupid has pierced two hearts with his heavenly dart. A public acknowledgment of this union of hearts, at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Meigs, was made last Wednesday evening, at 8 o’clock, in the presence of invited guests, by Miss Anna Meigs and L. V. Coombs. By the sacred tie of marriage, Rev. J. O. Campbell, in his most approved style, joined this most estimable couple in a new and holy relation.
                                                    [POETRY FOLLOWED.]
At an early hour of this auspicious evening the invited guests began to assemble at the residence. As each one arrived some elegant token of friendship was stored in the present room labeled with the donor’s name. At the appointed hour the joyous couple assumed their positions in front of Rev. Campbell, who soon pronounced them man and wife. Then the congratulations began and lasted until one and all had wished the newly married couple God speed on life’s journey.
After many and many blessings bestowed upon them, the wedding supper was announced. Here our faber fails us. We cannot paint the glorious scene at the festal board. Let it suffice for us to say that the eatables presented to the guests were fit to grace the table of any royal family, and ample justice was done to them by the happy throng. Until a late hour the merry-making was kept up, the bride and groom participating with a hearty good will.
The groom, Lewis V. Coombs, is so well known in this community by all that it would only be an expenditure of labor for us to pass any encomium on him. We wish him well and know he will be happy with his new wife for he made a wise choice.
Miss Anna Meigs, like the groom, has grown up in our midst from childhood. Being the daughter of one of our most respectable families, she is what she should be—a lady. Handsome, honest, frank, and an affectionate disposition are requisites she possesses to make Mr. Coombs a good wife.
The following is a list of the names of the donors and their presents and will show in what high estimation the receivers were held by their many friends.
Gold watch and chain from groom.
Hanging lamp: Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Houghton.
Clock: E. L. McDowell.

Statuary and Salts: Miss Grace Bidwell, Mrs. A. W. Brokaw, and Frank Bidwell, of Wichita.
Silver cake basket: Miss Linda Christian and W. A. Daniels.
Solid silver napkin rings: Archie Coombs.
Silver ice pitcher and goblet: Arthur Coombs.
Silver butter dish: Mr. and Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin.
Silver cut glass jelly dish: Maud Meigs.
Silver cake basket: Mr. and Mrs. Ed Kingsbury.
Silver spoonholder: John G. Cook.
Silver and glass set: sugar bowl, cream pitcher, spoonholder, cruet, and toothpick holder—M. L. Read and L. N. Coburn.
Silver and cut glass breakfast castor: Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Stuart.
Set silver knives and forks: Dr. and Mrs. Chapel.
Silver and glass berry dish: Mollie Christian and Phil Snyder.
Set silver knives, forks, and spoons: Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Stuart.
Chair tidy: Miss Estelle Kellogg.
Silver butter knife: Bert Meigs.
Bible: Mrs. J. West.
Bedspread: Mrs. H. O. Meigs.
Amberina water set: Mary E. Meigs.
Table cloth and napkins: A. A. Newman & Co.
Chair: Dr. and Mrs. Kellogg.
Deed for one-half block in the city of Anthony: H. O. Meigs.
$10.00: J. W. Clandenin, Pratt, Kansas.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, October 2, 1886. From Friday’s Daily.
                                                           Railroad Rumble.
“Col. Henry Wood, general manager of the Kansas and Arkansas Valley Railroad, called at this office today in company with M. L. Read. His corps of engineers has been at work several weeks on the route between Van Buren and Winfield and he has located the road as far as the forks of the Verdigris and Caney. From that point one branch will be located up the Verdigris direct to Coffeyville and another, or rather the main line, will be located either up the Caney or up Bird Creek on the way to Winfield. If it should go up Bird Creek, it would naturally come by way of Maple City or Otto; but might bend to the west at the head of Bird Creek, cross Duck Creek lower down, and come by way of Arkansas City. In that case, trains would run into Winfield over the present Santa Fe track; but Winfield would be the terminal point all the same. The corps of engineers are now examining that route and Col. Wood will meet them tomorrow at Arkansas City, get their report, and then proceed to examine the Caney route through to this city. The whole matter will be settled in three or four weeks.”

The above unusually bright (?) effusion is from Wednesday’s Courier. It is growing weak-kneed. At last it admits that Arkansas City gets the Ft. Smith road direct. It tries to lessen the weight of the blow by telling its readers that it will get the terminal facilities. It knows this to be false. Arkansas City already has the division of the Santa Fe and always will have it. It is a fact that Col. Wood was here and shown over the city. He left this morning for Little Rock. He expressed himself as highly pleased with Arkansas City and was agreeably surprised with the evidence of our growth and general prosperity. Did it never occur to the Courier that if Winfield was to have the Ft. Smith road direct that it would never come to Arkansas City, and that the first town the road strikes upon entering the state will be the town that will get the terminal facilities? All Winfield will have will be the Santa Fe connection with this road.
                                                      Obituary. M. L. Read.
Daily Calamity Howler, Wednesday, September 30, 1891.
Died. M. L. Read passed away this morning shortly before twelve o’clock. He had been very low for some time from a complication of troubles, chief of which was Bright’s disease of the kidneys. Mr. Read was one of the ancient landmarks of Winfield, having been here twenty years. He has a host of warm personal friends who mourn his departure.
M. L. Read was born near Xenia, Ohio, in 1825, and was at the time of his death 66 years old. At the age of 14 years he moved with his parents to Schuyler County, Illinois, where he learned the trade of a tailor. He was admitted to the bar in 1846, and was married the same year. His only child is a daughter, the wife of S. H. Myton, of this city. In 1872 Mr. Read came to Winfield and in company with M. L. Robinson established M. L. Read’s bank, the oldest banking house in Cowley County. In 1873 he erected the first brick building in this county for the use of the bank. He was a member of the Adelphia Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of this city, as well as Winfield Chapter R. A. M., and a consistent member of the Methodist church. Arrangements for the funeral have not been completed as yet, but it is thought that it will take place Friday, at 2 o’clock.
Daily Calamity Howler, Friday, October 2, 1891.
                                  Banks Will Close To-Morrow at 2 O’Clock, p. m.
On account of the funeral of M. L. Read, president of the First National Bank, and one of our oldest and most respected citizens, our places of business will be closed promptly at 2 p.m. to-morrow and remain closed the balance of the day.
Daily Calamity Howler, Saturday, October 3, 1891.
The funeral of M. L. Read was largely attended yesterday. The masons were out in a body. The services were under the auspices of the M. E. church. The funeral was held at 2 o’clock.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum