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Captain J. B. Nipp

[Note: Nipp held many hats (politician, horseman, cattleman, lawman). It appears that he started out as an honest individual but soon figured out ways to acquire wealth that brought his character into question. MAW]
Capt. J. B. Nipp came to Cowley County in 1870.
The Silverdale township census of 1878 lists J. B. Nipp, 40, and Mrs. Nipp, age unlisted, and living in Winfield.
Winfield Messenger, July 19, 1872.
Committees of the different townships, met pursuant to call. On motion L. J. Webb was chosen chairman, and John Irwin, secre­tary. On motion, Messrs. Kelly and Kinne chosen committee on candidates. The committee on credentials, reported the following persons as members of the County Central Committee. James R. Bryan, Dexter; L. J. Webb, Winfield; C. R. Mitchell, Creswell; J. B. Nipp, Pleasant Valley; L. B. Wamsley, Nenescah; James Kelly, Richland; John Irwin, Rock; E. P. Kinne, Bolton. The remaining townships were not represented. On motion, L. J. Webb was elected chairman of the County Central Committee. L. J. Webb resigned, and James Kelly, on motion, was duly elected chairman. On motion, Messrs. Irwin and Kinne were elected as commit­tee to ascertain the number of persons on the tax roll in each township.
The committee to ascertain the number upon the tax rolls of the several townships reported as follows: Vernon, 125; Silver Dale, 66; Creswell, 177; Richland, 97; Ninnescah, 87; Pleasant Valley, 92; Winfield, 560; Cedar, 88; Beaver, 83; Bolton, 146; Tisdale, 185; Windsor, 170; Rock, 230. Report received, and committee discharged.
On motion, a Republican Convention was called, to meet on the 29th day of August, 1872, at Winfield, at 1 o’clock P.M., to elect delegates and alternates to the Republican State Convention at Topeka and Lawrence, on Wednesday, September 4th A. D. 1872. . . .
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 13, 1873.
                                                       MARCH 9TH, 1873.
Board met in county clerk’s office. Present: Frank Cox, O. C. Smith, and J. D. Maurer.
Board proceeded to canvass the vote on the bond election held March 1st, which resulted in the defeat of the Railroad proposition by 157 votes, and the County Building proposition by 531 votes. Poll books of Pattens, Omnia, and Spring Creek precincts were thrown out on account of informality.
                                         J. B. Nipp and others, road view: $18.50.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 2, 1873.
We, the undersigned, late Soldiers of the Union Army, take this method of calling a meeting of the Soldiers of Cowley and adjoining counties to meet at Winfield, October 18th, 1873, for the purpose of getting acquainted and having a good social time.
                                             J. B. Nipp, Co. C, 49 Ky. Infantry.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 23, 1873.

At half past 2 o’clock the soldiers, to the number of about 150, fell into line at the tap of the drum, and preceded by the Winfield Martial band, marched to the Methodist Church, which had been kindly tendered for their use. The meeting was called to order by T. A. Blanchard. L. J. Webb was chosen Chairman, and James Kelly, Secretary. The chairman stated the object of the meeting to be to organize a permanent Soldiers’ Union.
On motion a committee consisting of A. A. Jackson, A. D. Keith, Capt. Wm. H. H. McArthur, Capt. Henry Barker, and Col. E. C. Manning were appointed on permanent organization. During the absence of the committee, D. C. Scull entertained the meeting with a few appropriate remarks. The committee on permanent organization reported as follows.
Mr. Chairman: Your committee on permanent organization, recommend the following as a permanent organization for Cowley County, of the Union Soldiers of the late war.
1st. The association of all soldiers into an organization to be known as the Cowley County Soldiers’ Association.
2nd. That said association elect a president, 3 vice presidents, secretary, and assistant secretary, and treasurer, and adopt a constitution.
3rd. That said association request its members to subscribe the constitution as an evidence of membership, giving the re­quired company or battalion to which each belonged, and to attend the meetings of the association.
4th. That said association meet semi-annually for celebra­tions, and as much oftener as business requires. A. A. JACKSON, Chairman.
The above was unanimously adopted. The roll being called; the following “Boys in Blue,” answered to their names.
                      UNITED STATES. KENTUCKY. J. B. Nipp, Co. C, 40 Ky. Inf.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874.
A company of Militia was organized at South Bend last week, by Capt. J. B. Nipp. This makes the ninth one in this county.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1874.
Capt. J. B. Nipp has been in town recruiting for his compa­ny. Capt. Nipp is just the kind of man to lead against the Indians, or anybody else, having had considerable experience during the late unpleasantness. His battle scarred body attests his bravery on several hard fought battle fields.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1874.
Pursuant to a call, the citizens of Winfield and vicinity met at the courthouse on Monday evening, the 24th, electing J. J. Williams as chairman, and W. W. Walton Secretary; E. B. Kager stated the object of the meeting to be the organization of a company of State Militia.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, being called upon, made some very good suggestions besides giving the latest news from the frontier. He thought that there was more danger of an invasion by the Indians now than there had ever been. The Osages demanded the return of the ponies and one thousand dollars each for the Indians killed in the recent engagement with the Militia. These terms will not be conceded by the Governor, and an open war on the extreme border this fall and winter is threatened.

A sufficient number having signed the necessary oath, they were sworn in by Capt. Nipp. They then proceeded to the election of officers, resulting as follows. Capt., E. B. Kager; 1st Lieut., A. T. Shenneman; 2nd Lieut., L. J. Webb; Orderly Sergeant, W. W. Walton.
Recruiting has begun in earnest, and a large company will be formed here, the necessary arms and accouterments will be sent on immediately. Yesterday Capt. Kager received the following from Col. Norton which explains itself.
ARKANSAS CITY, August 26, 1874. CAPTAIN KAGER: Please report to me the number of effective men in your company that you can count on to go, both mounted and unmounted. This is by order of the Adjutant General. He says: “Have all the companies carefully inspected and accept none but first-class men for service.”
                                 Yours, G. H. NORTON, Lieut. Col. Kansas Militia.
Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.
The following is the list of petit jurors drawn for the March term of the District Court: J. B. Nipp, S. W. Chatterson, S. P. Berryman, P. F. Endicott, J. E. Dunn, G. W. Melville,
J. W. Melville, J. W. Weimer, A. T. Gay, Sanford Day, Isaac Howe, B. C. French, S. M. Fall, Thos. Hart.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.
Traveler Item. Capt. Nipp’s child, a boy two years old, died of pneumonia last Saturday.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.
                                       Bills Allowed by County Commissioners.
Board met in special session. Present: R. F. Burden, M. S. Roseberry, Commissioners; A. J. Pyburn, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk. Among other proceedings had, claims against the county were passed upon. [Witness Fee: J. B. Nipp.]
Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.
Capt. Nipp has moved from his farm on the Walnut to Creswell Township, thereby depriving our township of one of her best citizens. He thinks some of going to the Black Hills.
Both papers [Courier and Traveler] printed the following item...
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1876.
Last Thursday evening Mrs. Amos Smith, of Pleasant Valley Township, lost one thousand bushels of corn, a cheap stable, and a lot of rails by fire. The fire originated by a lighted match that a young child put in the hay nearby. It is a serious loss and comes at a trying time with her. The next day we met Capt. Nipp on his way to her place with a wagon load of corn as a present.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 24, 1876.
On last Thursday evening Mrs. Amos Smith, of Pleasant Valley Township, lost one thousand bushels of corn, a cheap stable, and a lot of rails by fire. The fire originated by a lighted match that a young child put in the hay nearby. It is a serious loss and comes at a trying time with her. The next day we met Capt. Nipp on his way to her house with a load of corn as a present.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 7, 1876.
MR. MARICLE is prospecting for coal on Capt. Nipp’s farm.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1876.
CAPT. NIPP lost a very valuable horse yesterday. This is the second one since the election. “Misfortunes never come singly.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.
An immersion was made last Sunday at Nipp’s ford, by the resident minister at Pleasant Valley Township.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.
We are sorry to learn of the death of Capt. J. B. Nipp’s wife.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.
We take pleasure in announcing that Capt. Nipp’s wife is not dead, as reported. A neighbor of Mr. Nipp’s died (Mrs. Olds); and the report was circulated that it was Mrs. Nipp. The Captain says his wife never was in better health, and was wonderfully surprised when she read her own death notice.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.
                                                SOUTH BEND, Nov. 8, 1877.
Things are quite lively in the “Bend” this fall, and we expect to have a fine time this winter. Wheat is about all threshed, and the fall wheat is all put in and looking very nicely Mr. Nipp has over 100 acres of fine fall wheat. Mr. Campbell has 80 acres of fine wheat—
the finest in the “Bend,” I may say with safety. Mr. Sitters has 100 acres of fine wheat. All the wheat in the Bend looks fine, and promises an abundant crop for next year.
There is plenty of corn in the neighborhood, and the people are commencing to gather and crib it.
Mr. Nipp has about 200 hogs, 35 of which are ready for market, besides a large lot of cattle in his pasture. Mr. Keffer has about 80 fine hogs, 50 percent of which are ready for market. He has about 100 head of cattle in his pasture. Mr. Sitters has about 20 fine hogs, and 35 head of cattle. Mr. Campbell has a very fine lot of hogs.
There are quite a number of farmers of which I failed to ascertain facts. There are quite a number of newcomers from Illinois and Iowa looking for land.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.
The South Bend literary society met on Wednesday, Nov. 14, and elected Mr. J. B. Nipp, President, and Miss Era Birdzell, Secretary, and J. Frank Hess, corresponding secretary, for the ensuing three months. They had a very interesting time. They have nearly thirty members on the roll.

“People who have never been in South Bend cannot think what a fine place it is.  Most of it is bottom land, surrounded on the north, southeast, and southwest by large bluffs and canyons.  The Walnut River runs along the foot of the bluffs, the river and bluffs form in shape an almost perfect horse shoe. Truly has it been called Pleasant Valley as no more appropriate name could have been chosen. Here is a grand sight; one need only climb one of the many bluffs. Before him he will see a beautiful valley, houses, and peach orchards dotting it all around, and in the southern part of the bend he can see a beautiful lake: they are too aristocratic to call it anything else.  It is near one or two miles in length and from fifteen to twenty rods wide.  It is the glory of the ‘b’hoys,’ for besides shooting lots of ducks on it, they can take their ‘ducks’ boat riding.  It affords excellent boat riding.  A lot of noble elm trees on the south bank and steep banks on the north side give plenty of shade and act as a wind break.  Deer are not scarce in the winter, and occasionally a coyote can be heard, the canyons offering a good retreat for them.  The ‘Bend’ is 12 miles in circumference and 4 miles through.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 16, 1878.
Capt. Nipp and Mr. Keffer have taken 80 hogs to Wichita. Capt. Nipp expects to start with some more in a few weeks.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 6, 1878.
CAPT. NIPP has enrolled one more member to his interesting family.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 10, 1878.
The long promised and looked for meeting between J. F. Hess and Joseph Campbell, of South Bend, came off at Capt. Nipp’s farm on the 4th inst. Blood flowed freely, and eyes changed color rapidly, but all is quiet at present. SUBSCRIBER.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 26, 1878.
One of the grandest landscapes to be seen in the West, is from a point near Capt. Nipp’s house, looking north over the Walnut Valley, appropriately named South Bend. Thousands of acres of grain wave with the wind, while the golden grain now in the stack, looms up like young hills on the level.
South Bend is one of the finest farming regions we ever gazed upon. But grain growing is not the only avocation of its thriv­ing population. On the point spoken of one hundred head of horses can be counted grazing in the fields, while near the river, lying in the shade, a thousand hogs are growing to supply meat for other States.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
A delegate Convention of the Republicans was held at the courthouse in Winfield on Saturday, Aug. 10th, at 10 o’clock a.m. The meeting was called to order by Hon. C. R. Mitchell, Chairman of the Republican Central Committee, who read the call and stated the object of the meeting.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
District 42 wants a female school teacher. Apply to W. J. Keffer, Capt. Nipp, or A. H. Broadwell, in South Bend.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
There is a hole on the prairie near Capt. Nipp’s farm, with trails beaten to it, as though it was the abode of numerous wild beasts.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 20, 1878.
Capt. Nipp came back from a hunt in the Territory, and reports the killing of seventeen turkeys before breakfast.
Winfield Courier, June 20, 1878.

Captain Nipp, of South Bend, was in town Saturday. He reported the Walnut as full of floating wheat on Friday.
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
                                                     Real Estate Transfers.
S. N. Waldroupe to J. B. Nipp, w. ½ of nw. ¼, 8-34-5, and that part of w. ½ of sw. ¼ lying n. of the ledge of rocks at the top of hill; $208.
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
                                               SOUTH BEND, August 1, 1878.
EDITOR COURIER: While traveling in this part of the county (Pleasant Valley and Silverdale), I stopped at the hospitable home of Captain Nipp, an old soldier in the U. S. A. The Captain has a large farm of about 1,000 acres, most of which is used for grazing purposes. He has about one hundred head of stock (cattle, mules, and horses) and 200 head of hogs; has 160 acres of corn to feed them on. He says it will take it all, but will last until corn comes again.
The Captain came here well “heeled” eight years ago and well “toed” yet; and heeled, too, for that matter. He is a red-hot, black Republican, and believed all the time, during the war, that the Union must be saved. He can show today the place where a rebel ball went through his breast while standing up like a man battling for principle. Captain Nipp is a good farmer and a genial fellow.
While at Captain Nipp’s, I was shown a stalk of corn on which was an ear ten feet from the ground. The same day I was at Mr. Jake Keffer’s, where I got another stalk of corn, which measured 14 feet and 4 inches in length. It can be seen lying at T. A. Wilkinson’s stable, in Winfield, by anyone doubting the truth of this statement. It is the largest stalk of corn I ever saw. Who can beat  it? Bring them along. NITRO GLYCERINE.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
District 42 wants a female school teacher.  Apply to W. J. Keffer, Capt. Nipp, or A. H. Broadwell, in South Bend.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
There is a hole on the prairie near Capt. Nipp’s farm, with trails beaten to it, as though it was the abode of numerous wild beasts.
Winfield Courier, August 15, 1878.
Skipped Republican County Convention Activities.
Ended up with the following State Convention Delegates: B. F. Baldwin, E. C. Manning, I. H. Bonsall, C. H. Eagan, J. D. Maurer, J. B. Nipp.
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
The State Republican Convention met at Topeka yesterday. Delegate J. B. Nipp started last Friday, and delegates C. H. Eagan, B. F. Baldwin, E. C. Manning, and I. H. Bonsall started Monday. J. D. Maurer probably went by way of Eureka. James Kelly, R. L. Walker, and Ed. Clisbee go along for company. We have an inveterate habit of guessing, so will guess that John A. Martin, L. U. Humphrey, T. H. Cavanaugh, P. I. Bonebrake, John Francis, A. B. Lemmon, Willard Davis, and A. H. Horton will be the nominees. If we hit right on five out of the eight, it will be a good guess. We still think Martin will be the nominee for governor on the first formal ballot.

Winfield Courier, September 5, 1878. Editorial Columns.
Recap only of Republican State Convention.
This body met at Topeka on August 28th.
Nominated for Governor: Martin, Anthony, St. John. St. John declared winner.
On the first 14 ballots Manning, Baldwin, Maurer, Eagin, and Nipp of Cowley delegation voted for Anthony, Bonsall voting constantly for Martin. On the 15th ballot Manning made a short speech and the five Cowley County delegates left Anthony and voted for Martin. This caused some excitement and after the 16th ballot in which they voted the same way the convention adjourned until morning after which caucuses were held and an attempt made to combine the forces of Anthony and St. John.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
Capt. Nipp sold the J. C. Fisher farm of 200 acres for $3,000, last Saturday. This is a very fine farm, located in South Bend, and was purchased by Mr. Jas. Rutter, from Ohio.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
                                       THE FARMS OF COWLEY COUNTY.
On the Walnut twelve miles southeast of town lies the stock farm of Capt. J. B. Nipp. The plowed land is a deep rich soil, while the upland is excellent grazing land. Here nature seems to have cut out a stock ranch, for, with but little work and ex­pense, a large pasture has been enclosed, the fence being the stone walls thrown up by nature, and so laid out that an immense tract of land was enclosed ready for stock when Captain Nipp entered the land.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.
An epidemic has broken out among the horses. It is an aggravated form of distemper. Capt. Nipp has lost six and Jacob Keffer four.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.
Capt. Nipp arrived in town last Saturday with a herd of 200 ponies, which he is offering for sale. He will keep the herd near here for some time.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.
                                                 SALT CITY, MAY 27, 1879.
Capt. J. B. Nipp and Wm. Berkey have a herd of 250 ponies here, just up from Texas, and are meeting with good success in sales.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.
Capt. Nipp’s herd of Texas ponies attract crowds of strang­ers, as the process of lassoing and riding wild horses is rather new to a “foreigner.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 18, 1879.
We wish to correct the statement that appeared in the TRAVELER in a late number, during our absence, to the effect that Capt. Nipp’s herd of horses were in a diseased condition. We are informed that they are sound and healthy, and are for sale cheap for cash.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 2, 1879.
From the farm of Capt. Nipp in the South Bend of the Walnut, June 12th, one dark brown Stallion branded on the left hip A S bar brand. Said horse is two years old, three white feet, and long mane. Whoever returns said horse will be suitably rewarded. J. B. NIPP.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

A very destructive fire has been raging in the Territory near the Salt Fork, south of this city, by which seven horses belonging to Capt. Nipp, and several for the Dean boys, were burned to death. No further damage has yet been heard of.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880. Editorial Page.
To Cap. Nipp for filling approach on the east to the Walnut River bridge, $50.
To Cap. Nipp, filling approach to Walnut River bridge, $25.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 17, 1880
Cap Nipp has moved into the Page house in the northwest part of town. Cap has a large acquaintance in this county and is known as a social man and a good citizen.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 14, 1880.
We are glad to see Cap Nipp on the street again, after his long spell of sickness.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880.
The Caldwell Post states that there are 40,000 head of cattle west of the Chisholm trail in the Indian Territory. The following herds, held east of the trail, south and west of Arkansas City, will swell the number to 60,000. [Capt. Nipp, on Shawascaspa: 150.]
Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.
Capt. Nipp graced the TRAVELER print shop with his presence yesterday morning, and states that he has purchased the best herd of Texas horses ever brought to Kansas, and intends to dispose of them within the next thirty days at prices that will make it an inducement to purchase. See his notice. Notice: Those wanting to buy or trade for good Texas horses can be suited by calling on Cap Nipp, either at Arkansas City or at Winfield.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.
Al. Newman holds the money for a nobby hat for either Cap. Nipp or W. Wentworth, to be decided when the ides of November tell us which man got the most electoral votes for President. Nipp is safe for a new hat.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.
Capt. Nipp says there is no need for anyone to want for a good pony when his herd is so handy. Go to Stanton’s corral and take a peep at them. They are good ones.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.
Capt. Nipp yesterday purchased the brick house built by Mr. Collins, in the northeastern part of town, and will fit it up for a residence.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.
BIRTH. Capt. Nipp says it’s a bouncer—worth $10,000, though he wouldn’t take ten thousand times that for it. “It” came last Friday morning, weighed ten pounds, and is one of the finest looking baby boys in the land.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.
We saw a fine specimen of coal last week brought from Captain Nipp’s place, eight miles from town, on the Walnut. The presence of coal in this vicinity has been a mooted question for some time, but from what we now learn the coal millennium for Cowley is not far distant. Should the present expectations be realized, this discovery will form a memorable epoch in the history of the county and totally revolutionize the fuel ques­tion, which has been increasing in importance every season.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.
It is said that Capt. Nipp has discovered coal on his farm in South Bend.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.
Capt. J. B. Nipp has consummated the sale of his stock farm to Mr. George L. Eastman for five thousand dollars cash. The farm contains six hundred acres, and is one of the finest places for stock in Cowley County. Mr. Eastman has a thousand head of fine sheep with which to stock it.
Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, of Arkansas City, made us a pleasant call Monday. He has recently built a handsome brick residence in the city and has, since the sale of his farm, transferred his stock to the territory.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.
One of the most notable additions in the northwestern part of the townsite is the handsome brick residence lately erected by Capt. J. B. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 6, 1881.
At the city election held on last Monday, the following gentlemen were elected to hold the reins of municipal government for the coming year.
COUNCILMEN: James Benedict, J. B. Nipp, H. Godehard, O. S. Rarick, Wm. Speers.
POLICE JUDGE: I. H. Bonsall.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 20, 1881.
If you want to see a “boss” fence, you will find it on Capt. Nipp’s residence lots.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 20, 1881.
At the meeting of the City Council, held in the Council room, on Monday, April 11th, the following gentlemen—Mayor and council-elect—were sworn in and a called meeting was immediately held, and committees appointed.
FINANCE COMMITTEE: James Benedict, J. B. Nipp, and W. H. Speers.
WAYS AND MEANS: J. B. Nipp, James Benedict, and W. H. Speers.
WATER WORKS: W. H. Speers, O. S. Rarick, and J. B. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 27, 1881.
Cap Nipp left for Colorado yesterday, to be absent several weeks.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
Cowley County stock men are largely represented on Red Rock and Black Bear creeks in the Territory. Among the number are: Wiley, Eaton, Potter, Estus, Tribby, and Warren; while in other parts of the Territory are Houghton, Henderson, Nipp, Walker Bros., Berry Bros., Dean Bros., Shriver, and others.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.
The keeping of stock in the Indian Territory has, of late years, assumed quite considerable importance as a business, many of our best citizens being engaged therein. Among the Cowley County men now holding stock in the Territory, we may mention the following: On Red Rock and Black Bear creeks are Messrs. Eaton, Potter, Estus, Libby, Wiley, and Warren; while in other parts of the Territory are Houghton, Henderson, Nipp, Walker Bros., Berry Bros., Dean Bros., Shriver, and others.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 29, 1881. Editorial Page.
                               GUNNISON CITY, COLORADO, JUNE 19, 1881.
Editor Traveler:
I arrived at this place a few days ago in company with my old friend, J. I. Mitchell, who is one of the best traveling companions I ever came across, and a perfect gentleman into the bargain.
Gunnison City is a small town, of about 2,500 inhabit­ants, located on the Gunnison river, near the Ute Indian reserva­tion and, I believe, is destined to make one of the best towns in the West. It is surrounded by a vast amount of mineral country, has two railroads centering in it, and is a natural location for a good town site. Business of all kinds is well represented, and a booming trade seems to be done. Colorado, as a country, is rough and rugged—mountains covered with snow; rocky gorges and canyons that baffle description, but with its vast mineral resources, it is bound to make a very wealthy State. A large number of mines are being worked at large profit, and others are constantly being opened. The work of prospecting is prosecuted with ever increas­ing energy.
Many different farmers are rife in regard to the Ute Reser­va­tion; and large crowds are gathering along the line, ready to make a break into that country as soon as the present occu­pants are removed by the government to their new reservation. Several parties who have ventured over the line have been driven out by the Indians, and their lives threatened in case of return. Cases have occurred in which prospecting ranchmen and miners have been murdered by the Indians, but only in a few instances have they gone to this extreme. I meet a great many Cowley County men here, who are all engaged in some business or other—prospecting, teaming, and doing various kinds of work; but all seem to be doing well.
                                                          Yours, J. B. NIPP.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 27, 1881.
Our townsmen, Cap. Nipp and J. I. Mitchell, are now pros­pecting in the vicinity of Oplin, Colorado, and in close proximi­ty to the Ute reservation. Read Cap. Nipp’s letter elsewhere in this issue.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 27, 1881.
                                                      FROM COLORADO.
                              OPLIN, OURAY CO., COLO., JULY 14TH, 1881.
On June 23rd, in company with J. I. Mitchell and D. M. Farnsworth, I left Gunnison City, bound for the San Juan country, viz., Lake City and Ouray. After several days of hard travel we reached the latter place, where we struck camp, and remained in the vicinity about tend days, prospecting. At this place we met our old friend and townsman, E. D. LeClare, who with his large stock of jewelry goods, is doing a smashing business, and is bound to make a success of it. We celebrated the Fourth at Ouray by attending an old-fashioned picnic, held in a beautiful grove about eight miles from the city, where the usual accompaniment of speeches, the Declaration of Independence, and a number one good dinner was enjoyed by all. This latter item was, indeed, much enjoyed by us, after so long a spell of roughing it in the mountains.

On the 7th of July we left Ouray for this place, where we expect to make somewhat of a stay, as this is a good place to prospect, and is also close to the line of the Ute reservation, towards which many watchful eyes are turned, as it is expected that the removal of the Indians, by the Government, will take place shortly; in fact, may take place any day. There are some very fine lands on this reservation, which will be rapidly settled as soon as vacated by the Indians.
The Utes are considerably on the war path at present, and have killed several parties lately, whom they found on their reservation.
Oplin is quite a small place yet, but is, nevertheless, a live and wide-awake town. Its inhabitants are principally miners, and as the surrounding country is estimated to be one of the best mineral belts in the State, its future is assured. Several assays from mines in this section have been made, result­ing, in some cases, as high as $3,000 in gold to the ton. If anything special takes place in the future, will have pleasure in letting the TRAVELER know. J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, July 28, 1881.
A large number of the Soldiers met in the Hall Saturday afternoon to consider the ways and means of organization. Mr. C. M. Wood was chosen President and Jacob Nixon, secretary.
The following motion was offered, and prevailed: “That townships and wards hold local meetings the 13th of August, and a committee meeting at the opera house August 10th at 10 o’clock a.m., to perfect arrangements for the ‘Old Soldier Reunion to be held October 7th and 8th.’” It was then moved and carried that a committee of one from each township be appointed to make all necessary arrangements in the townships and wards. The following persons were appointed as said committee. [Creswell: Capt. Nipp.]
Arkansas City Traveler, August 3, 1881.
Capt. Nipp, who drove a herd of Texas horses and mules to Colorado last spring, returned this week. He did well on his stock, and will make another drive next spring.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 3, 1881.
Capt. Nipp called our attention to some fine specimens of ore obtained by him during his recent trip through the San Juan and Gunnison country. One specimen assayed $587 to the ton, and several others yielded but a trifle less. The Captain does not think much of Colorado for anything but mining, but for that it is simply immense.
Winfield Courier, August 25, 1881.
The meeting at Manning’s hall on Saturday, August 20th, was well attended by the old soldiers. Capt. Haight with a section of his battery, put in a number of shots that sounded like old times to the boys. Messrs. Pixley, Requa, Woodruff, Roseberry, and others furnished old time martial music. At 11 a.m., the meeting was called to order with C. M. Wood in the chair, and Jake Nixon, secretary.
Your committee on permanent organization beg to submit the following.
Invitation and speakers: Hon. W. P. Hackney, Gen. A. H. Green, D. L. Kretsinger, M. G. Troup, Capt. Cheneworth, Capt. Nipp, Major D. P. Marshall, N. W. Dressie, and C. H. Bing.

On motion comrades present from the various townships were requested to name their vice presidents. [Cresswell Township named Capt. Nipp.]
Arkansas City Traveler, August 31, 1881. Editorial Page.
Delegates meeting—a permanent organization elected, committees appointed, and the time fixed for the reunion of the old soldiers of Cowley.
Invitation and speakers—Hon. W. P. Hackney, Gen. Green, D. L. Kretsinger, M. G. Troup, Capt. Chenoweth, Capt. Nipp, Major Marshall, N. W. Dressie, and C. H. Bing.
On motion comrades present from the various townships were requested to name their vice presidents. [Creswell Township named Capt. J. B. Nipp.]
[Early papers could not decide between “Cresswell” and “Creswell” Township.]
Arkansas City Traveler, August 31, 1881. Editorial Page.
The following is a list of the Old Soldiers of Creswell Township.
NAME                                     COMPANY             REGIMENT         RANK
J. B. NIPP                                             C                   40th Kentucky       Captain
Arkansas City Traveler, September 7, 1881.
All old soldiers of the Union army that served during the late Rebellion, in any capacity, now residents of Creswell Township, are requested to meet at I. H. Bonsall’s office on September 9th at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of organizing and making arrangements to take part in the reunion at Winfield on the 21st and 22nd of October, 1881.
By request of J. B. NIPP, Vice President of Executive Committee “Old Soldiers’ Reunion.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 14, 1881.
At the primary meeting held last Thursday, the following gentlemen were elected as Delegates and Alternates to attend the Republican Nominating Convention at Winfield, on September 19th, 1881.
Capt. Nipp, G. H. McIntire, Cal. Swarts, C. M. Scott, Jerry Tucker, W. D. Mowry.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 28, 1881.
The State Fair held at Topeka was a complete success, and the crowds of people that gathered there was wonderful—the number on the grounds being estimated at near sixty thousand. They had the finest showing of horses, cattle, swine, etc., ever exhibited in the State. Horses valued at $10,000 and more were frequently to be seen, and cattle, brought in from Illinois and other States, were such as were never before seen in Kansas. Sheep, hogs, and all kinds of poultry filled the stalls made for them, making the sight a rare one. It seemed as though the whole State turned out, every section being represented. Shortly after our arrival we were introduced to Capt. Nipp, passed in the gates as a reporter of the TRAVELER, walking arm in arm with Marshal Sinnott, representing the Democrat. As neither of the two publishers of the two papers knew they were represented, we were led to remark: “How’s this?” Capt. Ed. Haight, with the Winfield Battery and two large cannons, made themselves heard, and shook the glass of the Capi­tol, while Capt. Steuven of the Infantry Company, from the same place, made an excellent display in the parade. Among the crowd we met Rev. Fleming, always on hand when there is anything going on, and Capt. Bird, A. A. Davis, Chas. Sipes, and many others.

Twenty-six Cheyenne and Arapahos represented the Indian Territory, under charge of Mr. O. J. Woodard, of Cheyenne Agency, and Capt. C. M. Scott, of this place. It was a treat for the wild tribes, if their actions indicated anything, for they made the night air ring with their war hoops and “Ki-yes,” much to the amusement of the many spectators who flocked every day to see them. Were we to attempt a detailed account of the exhibition, it would prove tedious, as it had to be seen to be appreciated. Every available sleeping place was taken before half the crowd got there, and many had to camp on the grounds. The sham battle, Old Soldiers’ Reunion, and the twenty mile race, by Miss Curtis and Miss Pinneo, were probably the main attractions.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 12, 1881.
By reading Capt. Nipp’s letter, from Kentucky, you will see that Kansas is a right good place to live in after all.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 12, 1881.
                              ASHLAND, Boyd Co., Ky., September 30th, 1881.
Ed. Traveler:
A trip to my old Kentucky home is one of pleasure and surprise.
Many changes have taken place since I left here eleven years ago. Little boys and girls have grown up to be men and women, and many other events have taken place, entirely changing the aspect of the town from what I remember it in the days gone by. Ashland, which was my old home, has grown and improved very much. Many large furnaces, rolling mills, smelters, and nail works have gone up since I left, making everything look strange to me. In fact, it is a live manufacturing town, and a railroad center. I have met with many friends and old acquaintances since I arrived here, who greet me with much kindness and make many enquiries regarding my western home, all of which I take pleasure in answering, at the same time giving them Horace Greeley’s advice—“go west and grow up with the country.” On my way here I saw many desolate looking corn crops. The southern portion of Illinois and Indiana are almost entirely a failure in corn, and their pastures are so badly dried up that their stock is all very poor, and look as though they had just went through a hard winter. Many miles of fence have been destroyed by fire through that country, owing to the terrible dry weather, and its catching from the sparks from the locomotives as they pass along. Kentucky also has very light crops, and stock of all kinds are very low in price.
                                                 Yours respectfully, J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, November 3, 1881.
Capt. J. B. Nipp returned from a visit to his old Kentucky home, after an absence of six weeks. The Captain found his Republicanism a little lonely in Democratic Kentucky, but hun­dreds of friends to welcome him back. He has almost persuaded one of his brothers to move to Kansas. We hope he will decide to come, for Cowley County needs more such men as Mr. Nipp.
Winfield Courier, November 10, 1881.
Creswell takes the cake. 116 majority for Stone. We see the ear-marks of Capt. Nipp and the young Republicans in all this.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 7, 1881.
Cap Nipp starts to the Territory tomorrow with a lot of fine young mules he recently purchased in the East.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 7, 1881.
We received a pleasant call from Cap Nipp yesterday. The Cap is one of our most wide awake stock men having always on hand a good supply of salable horses and mules; and is ever ready to buy or sell anything in the stock line.
Winfield Courier, December 29, 1881.
Captain Nipp lives in Arkansas City. Under prohibition he lives all over the State.    Junction City Union.
And the Captain with a Nipp, is a better prohibition than the Presbyterian deacon of the Union, without. He practices what he preaches, and the Union man does not.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.
Cap. Nipp is devoting special attention to the purchase and sale of mules lately and has several fine animals on hand. We had the pleasure of riding behind one of the Captain’s teams last week and must admit that we were taken around in good style. One thing is certain, Cap can tell a good mule as quick as anyone.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.
Our friend, Cap. Nipp, has just returned from a trip to the Indian Territory, and while at Pawnee Agency he had the pleasure of visiting the schools at that agency, which are under the engagement of A. C. Williams, Superintendent; James Wilson, teacher; and D. P. Marshall, assistant teacher. His impression of the school are best given in his own language.
“There was as perfect order and quiet in the schoolroom as could be found anywhere, and at the tinkle of a small bell, so silent were the pupils that the fall of a pin would have been distinctly heard. The children sang several songs very pleasantly, keeping perfect time. I must say that the teachers are doing a grand work for the Pawnee children, many of whom are as bright and intelligent as could be found anywhere. May this work ever prosper under their skillful management.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 8, 1882.
Capt. Nipp has just returned from an extended trip to his new ranch on the Cimarron River, Indian Territory, about 160 miles south of Arkansas City.
Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.
Capt. Nipp called on us Monday morning. He says the stock business is all right.
Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.
Capt. J. B. Nipp came up to the metropolis Saturday.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 3, 1882.
Capt. Nipp started for his ranche in the Territory last Thursday.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1882.
We learn from Capt. Nipp that Mr. James I. Mitchell has been offered $8,000 cash for a half interest in the Marvel lead owned by him.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
Credentials: G. H. Buckman, P. M. Waite, Harvey Smith, John Wallace, and Frank Akers. We, your committee on credentials, report the following delegates and alternates from the various townships as entitled to seats in this convention.

Creswell Township, Delegates: G. S. Rarick, W. M. Sleeth, Theo. Fairclo, R. H. Reed, Uriah Spray, W. H. Speers, S. Matlack. Alternates: A. Dunn, O. J. Pickering, J. Barnett, R. J. Maxwell, Chas. France, J. L. Huey, John Williams.
We further recommend that J. B. Nipp cast the vote for R. H. Reed, that C. M. Scott cast the vote for U. Spray, and Calvin Swarts cast the vote for W. M. Speer for Creswell Township in this convention, those delegates and their alternates being absent.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 24, 1882.
                                     CRESWELL TOWNSHIP, May 20th, 1882.
Ed. Traveler: Permit me space in your paper to reply to an article which appeared in last week’s Democrat. It is so evidently the work of spleen, and comes so near to downright intentional lying that I do not feel it right to let it pass. The article referred to is headed “A Pretty Kettle of Fish,” but it is too wordy for repro­duction here. In the first place the issue was not Hackney, or anti-Hackney, but Whiskey, or anti-Whiskey—such issue being made secretly by a few persons; and some good temperance men put on the ticket to give it tone, and the Democrat know such to be the case. Secondly—Creswell Township was represented in the Conven­tion by the ticket elected with the exceptions shown below, the reason of which exceptions will be seen by the following extracts from the report of the Committee on Credentials.
Creswell Township: Delegates—G. S. Rarick, W. M. Sleeth, T. Fairclo, R. H. Reed, U. Spray, W. H. Speers, S. Matlack. Alternates—A. Dunn, A. J. Pickering, I. Barnett, R. J. Maxwell, Chas. France, J. L. Huey, John Williams. We further recommend that J. B. Nipp cast the vote for R. H. Reed, that C. M. Scott cast the vote for U. Spray, and Calvin Swarts cast the vote for W. H. Speers for Creswell Township in this convention, those delegates and their alternates being absent.
Why the Democrat is so worked up on a Republican issue, and goes for Mr. Bonsall by name, is more than we can tell, unless it is on account of its editor being so badly scooped by the people when he ran against Bonsall for Police Judge a few weeks since.
                                                     ONE OF THE PEOPLE.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1882.
Capt. Nipp is to the front again with a lot of first-class ponies, which we understand he will hold for sale at this place.
Winfield Courier, June 22, 1882.
Capt. J. B. Nipp brought up a picked lot of horses from his ranche in the Territory last week. He sold eight in this city. We understand that he will make regular trips to this place with stock during the summer.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1882.
Capt. Nipp drove a fine herd of horses up from the Territory last Friday, which he had purchased from J. H. Sherburne, at Ponca Agency. They were an exceptionally fine lot.
Winfield Courier, July 6, 1882.
Capt. Nipp will be at Winfield Saturday with a lot of saddle, buggy, and driving horses for sale. The Captain has a fine lot of horses and is selling them very cheap.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 12, 1882.

Attention Veterans. A meeting of the old soldiers of Creswell Township will be held at I. H. Bonsall’s office, in this city, on Thursday, July 13th, 1882, for the purpose of organizing with a view to holding a reunion of veterans at this place and attending the State reunion at Topeka. By order. J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, July 13, 1882.
The Republican Committee of Cowley County met at the COURIER office in Winfield, on Saturday, July 8th, at 1 o’clock p.m. Present: Capt. J. B. Nipp, Creswell Township.
67th DISTRICT COMMITTEE...JUSTUS FISHER, Chairman; J. D. GUTHRIE, Secretary. Present: Louis P. King of Beaver Township; J. D. Guthrie of Bolton; J. B. Nipp of Creswell; Justus Fisher of Liberty; S. Johnson of Pleasant Valley. Cedar, Silverdale, and Spring Creek not represented. Voted to hold convention at the office of I. H. Bonsall in Arkansas City. . . .
Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1882.
A meeting of Old Soldiers was called for July 18, 1882, at the office of I. H. Bonsall to talk up a Soldiers Re-union.
J. B. Nipp was elected chairman and I. H. Bonsall, secre­tary, of said meeting.
Motion made by J. C. Pickering, “that we have a re-union of all old soldiers if the late war, residing in Cowley County and vicinity.” Motion received a second and was carried by the unanimous vote of all present. Motion made that the chair appoint a committee to raise funds to cover the expense of said re-union. Motion carried. The following committee was appointed to collect provisions, fodder, and funds for said re-union: A. A. Newman, chairman, and James Ridenour of Arkansas City; F. M. Vaughan, N. W. Kimmel, and John A. Smalley, of Creswell; August Lorry, J. H. Penton, and M. J. Rice, of Bolton; with instructions to report progress to the executive committee or Secretary as soon as possible.
The following executive committee was appointed by the committee: J. B. Nipp, chairman, M. N. Sinnott, J. W. Gamel, and O. S. Rarick. Motion made “requesting the papers of Cowley County to publish the proceedings of this meeting, and invite all the townships of Cowley County by their committees or secretaries to open up correspondence in regard to time and manner of holding said re-union.” On motion J. B. Nipp was elected permanent chairman and I. H. Bonsall permanent secretary of the “Old Soldiers Re-union organization of Creswell Township.” All township organizations of Cowley County are requested to correspond with said chairman or secretary of Arkansas City. On motion all soldiers of the late war of Cowley County and adjunct counties are most cordially invited to attend the re-union. On motion meeting adjourned subject to the call of chairman. J. B. NIPP, Chairman.
I. H. BONSALL, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1882.
Captain J. B. Nipp sold over forty horses last week and said it wasn’t a good week with him either.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1882.
Dan Maher and a brother of his, just from Kentucky, were in town last Saturday, upon a visit to Capt. Nipp, whom they had known in the “auld lang syne.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1882.

The Republicans of Creswell Township will meet at their usual place of voting, on Thursday, August 3rd, at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of electing three delegates to attend the County Convention and three delegates to attend the Legislative Convention, the former to be held in Winfield, August 5th; the latter at Arkansas City, Aug. 12th. A full attendance is desired. J. B. NIPP, Chairman Tp. Gen. Com.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1882.
The following is an extract from a letter received from one of Winfield’s old soldiers to Capt. Nipp, of this city, and expresses the views of the old soldiers, not only of Winfield, but all over Cowley: “Quite a number of the old soldiers of the county have been asking what would be the chance of having a Re-union of the Cowley County Veterans this fall, at Arkansas City, after our return from Topeka. I am sure a large number of the old soldiers would be glad to have a rally at your city. Please let me know how your city feels on the subject.”
Winfield Courier, July 27, 1882.
A meeting of the citizens of Arkansas City was held at I. H. Bonsall’s office on the evening of the 13th inst., to arrange for a Soldiers’ Reunion to be held at that place at an early day. Committees were appointed to raise funds and complete arrangements. Capt. J. B. Nipp is chairman of the organization, which insures active, hearty, and successful work. There is no reason why all the old soldiers in the county should not cooperate with the folks at Arkansas City and make their reunion a grand assembling of all the survivors of the late war in Cowley County. Such a gathering should be held this year, and, while we would like to see it held at the county seat, our people do not seem inclined to take hold and pull while the Arkansas City people want it, and are going to work earnestly to boost it along. They may count on the COURIER for such assistance as it can lend toward making their reunion a grand success.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 2, 1882.
A letter received by Capt. Nipp, from our old townsman, J. I. Mitchell, who is now located at Sedgwick City, Colorado, contains the cheering news of his prosperity, which will be gladly learned of by his many friends.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 2, 1882.
The Republicans of Creswell Township will meet at their usual place of voting, on Thursday, August 3rd, at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of electing seven delegates to attend the County Convention and seven delegates to attend the Legislative Convention, the former to be held in Winfield, August 5th; the latter at Arkansas City, Aug. 12th. A full attendance is desired. J. B. NIPP, Chairman Tp. Cen. Com.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 2, 1882.
Want to contract from 50 to 100 acres of early corn. Cap. J. B. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 9, 1882.
The delegates from the several townships in the 3rd Commis­sioner District, after the County Convention adjourned, met in the Courier office for the purpose of nominating a candidate for County Commissioner of said Dis­trict.
Capt. J. B. Nipp and I. H. Bonsall were elected respectively Chairman and secretary. Henry Harbaugh was then nominated for Commissioner of the 3rd District; Messrs. S. J. Taft, of Bolton, and A. H. Mounts, of Liberty, each receiving complimentary votes.

Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
S. P. Strong, Rock, elected temporary chairman; W. D. Mowry, Creswell, secretary.
Rules and order of business: H. E. Asp, D. P. Marshall, J. B. Nipp, James Utt, W. J. Wilson, P. T. Walton, Barney Shriver.
Delegates entitled to seats.
Creswell: J. Tucker, J. B. Nipp, I. H. Bonsall, C. L. Swarts, G. D. Lewis, R. L. Marshall,
W. D. Mowry.
Following elected a County Central Committee.
                                                    From Creswell: J. B. Nipp.
SECOND DISTRICT CONVENTION: Capt. J. B. Nipp, chairman; I. H. Bonsall, secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 16, 1882. Editorial Page.
                                                 Representative Convention.
Pursuant to call therefore the delegates to the 67th Repre­sentative District Convention met in McLaughlin’s Hall in Arkan­sas City, Kans. Convention was called to order by J. B. Nipp. On motion, J. R. Sumpter, of Beaver, and R. J. Maxwell, of Creswell, were elected respectively Chairman and Secretary.
On motion the following committees were appointed, to-wit.
ON CREDENTIALS: L. Darnell, J. B. Nipp, N. W. Dressie, and H. W. Marsh.
The committee on credentials reported that the following named delegates were entitled to seats in convention, viz.:
Creswell Township: G. H. McIntire, R. J. Maxwell, O. S. Rarick, J. A. Smalley, S. J. Mantor, J. B. Nipp, and Jas. Ridenour.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 16, 1882.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, with his family, starts today for the Captain’s ranche in the Territory.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 16, 1882.
The following are the names of the County Central Committee from the several townships for the ensuing year: Creswell Township: J. B. Nipp.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
                                                        General Order No. 8.
FELLOW SOLDIERS: I have been honored by being made the Colonel of the Cowley County Veterans on account of the resignation of your late Colonel, Chas. E. Steuven, and upon assuming command would urge upon all the old soldiers of Cowley County the importance and pleasure of at once enrolling your names in some one of the company organizations of the county to go to our grand reunion at Topeka.
The following companies are organized.
Capt. H. C. McDorman, Co. A, Dexter, Kansas.
Capt. R. Fitzgerald, Co. B, Burden, Kansas.
Capt. Wm. White, Co. C, Akron, Kansas.

Capt. J. W. Weimer, Co. D, Polo, Kansas.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, Co. E., Arkansas City, Kansas.
Capt. Thomas Cooley, Co. F, Red Bud, Kansas.
Capt. J. A. McGuire, Co. H, Winfield, Kansas.
Capt. A. A. Jackson, Co. I, Seeley, Kansas.
Report your names at once to someone of these company commanders if you wish to secure transportation at rates for old soldiers to Topeka. The cost of the round trip, with rations, will amount to about five dollars. To secure these rates, you must report at once, as your names cannot be put on the rolls after the first day of September.
All soldiers enrolled and all company commanders, with their companies, are ordered to report in Winfield early on the morning of September 11, 1882, to fill up the companies not full and organize two new companies, if there are enough soldiers.
We leave Winfield Monday evening, September 11th at 3 o’clock for Topeka. Each soldier will supply his own blankets and cooking utensils and one days rations. Each company commander will be expected to preserve such discipline in his company as will reflect additional honor upon our record as soldiers and upon the county of which we are citizens. By order of T. H. SOWARD, Commanding regiment. H. L. WELLS, Adjutant.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 23, 1882.
A meeting for the purpose of organizing a Gun Club in Arkansas City was held last Wednesday with the following result: J. B. Nipp, Chairman; J. G. Shelden, Secretary; O. F. Houghton, Treasurer; Frank Hess, Trap Puller; J. J. Breene, Trap Setter. Motion that the committee on programme be instructed to state that the membership fee be $2.50; carried.
Moved that the club be governed by Bogardus Rules for trap shooting; carried.
Moved that the chair appoint committee on by-laws; carried. Committee: John Shelden, M. N. Sinnott, and J. F. Stedman.
Moved that each member pay his fees one week from this meeting; carried.
Moved that Stedman be appointed a committee of one to purchase trap; carried.
Moved that we adjourn to meet next Wednesday night.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1882.
DIED. We were pained to hear of the death of a little 4-year-old daughter of Capt. Nipp, at his ranch in the Indian Territory, on the 3rd inst. Capt. Nipp, with his family, have been staying in the Territory for some weeks past, and intended to return to his home in a few days when the illness of his child rendered his departure imperative. The little sufferer first complained of feeling poorly on Sunday morning; was taken with convul­sions at noon, and expired the same day. Captain Nipp reached our city with the remains on Monday, the funeral services were held at 10 a.m., yesterday, and the remains deposited in the Riverview cemetery. The sorrowing parents have the heartfelt sympathy of the community, and in this, the hour of darkness, we commend them to the care of Him who said, “Suffer little children to come unto me **** for of such is the Kingdom of Heaven.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 20, 1882.
Capt. J. B. Nipp has been having a tussle with the fever, and has come out ahead.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 20, 1882.
                                    A Card of Thanks From Mr. and Mrs. Nipp.

We take this opportunity to tender our sincere thanks to the friends at Otoe Agency for their kindness in ministering to our comfort while on our recent mournful journey to the State and assure them the services rendered will ever be gratefully remem­bered by Mr. and Mrs. J. B. NIPP.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 18, 1882.
Capt. Nipp returned from Missouri without buying young mules. They were held at $65 and $75. Since his return the Captain has been, and is at this writing, quite low with malarial fever.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1882.
We are pleased to learn that Capt. Nipp, who has been seriously ill for the past few weeks, is again seen traversing the streets.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 6, 1882.
The following named pupils of the High School Department were perfect during the third month: Mollie Conrad, Geo. P. Endicott, Jacob Endicott, Lizzie Wilson, Eddie Garris, Hannah Gilbert, Laura Holloway, Frank Gamel, Alice Lane, Minnie Kirtley, Minnie McIntire, Jessie Norton, Fannie Peterson, Willie Reynolds, Alvan Sankey, Horace Vaughn, Effie [?] Gilstrap, Frank Wright, Robert Nipp, Eddie Marshall, Lulu Walton, Sarah Randall, Etta Barnett, Dora Pearson, Walter Pickering, Charles T. Randall.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1883.
Capt. J. B. Nipp left the city for his ranch on the Cimarron last Friday and will return the latter part of this week.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1883.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, on Thursday last, purchased of Mr. S. J. Rice, of Bolton township, two farms, one in Cowley and one in Sumner County, for which he paid $3,000. Capt. Nipp now owns one of the best improved farms in West Bolton and we congratulate him thereon.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1883.
Mr. S. J. Rice, erstwhile one of Bolton’s most energetic farmers, has sold out his farm and purchased Capt. J. B. Nipp’s residence in town, for a consideration of $2,000, and will shortly occupy it himself as a home. We understand Mr. Rice intends to engage in market gardening in this vicinity and make his home in Arkansas City. We heartily wish him success in this undertaking.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1883.
Our friend, Cap. Nipp, this week, advertises a lot of fine horse and mule teams for sale. Farmers take notice.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1883.
Republican Caucus. The Republicans of Creswell Township will meet at C. L. Swarts’ law office, over Newman’s store, in Arkansas City, at 2 p.m., on Saturday, Feb. 3rd, 1883, for the nomination of a township ticket. J. B. NIPP, Chairman, Township Committee.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 31, 1883.
We had the pleasure of an introduction to Mr. Edrington, of Kentucky, who has just arrived in this section. The gentleman is an old friend of Capt. Nipp, and informs us he will most likely stay with us.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 31, 1883.

It is with pleasure we note the fact that Capt. J. B. Nipp has now in course of erection on South Summit Street a large two-story frame building, 26 x 102, which, when completed, will be used by the Captain as a Livery and Feed Stable. Other buildings will be erected as needed for carriage houses, etc., and the whole fitted out with a stock of horses and vehicles second to none in the West. We congratulate Captain Nipp on this new departure; and if any man knows how to run a good stable, it is our friend J. B.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 31, 1883.
Teams for Sale. Parties desiring to purchase good horse or mule teams should call upon Capt. J. B. Nipp, Arkansas City, Kansas.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 7, 1883.
RANCH IN THE INDIAN TERRITORY. Raiser and dealer in Fine Horses & Mules. Brands [shows a half moon ( over the letter N] or N on left shoulder. Parties finding strays of these brands will be liberally rewarded by giving information of the same to J. B. NIPP.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 7, 1883.
A couple of parties by the name of Coe and Moore, who have been living in this vicinity for two years past, attempted to play it smart on their creditors by jumping the country last Monday night. Moore and his family left on the cars, leaving Coe to drive the team of mules and wagon and five head of horses out of the country. They had previously borrowed money on the property at the Creswell Bank, but their movements being known, Capt. Nipp and J. J. Breene went after Coe, overtaking him near Winfield and bringing both him and the stock back. Coe says that before leaving on the cars, Moore said he had paid all claims on the stock. If such is the case, Coe must be held blameless of evil intent.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 7, 1883.
Grand Army of the Republic. On Thursday evening, February 1, 1883, Arkansas City Post No. 158 G. A. R. was organized by Com. T. H. Soward, with the following officers for term: J. B. Nipp, Post Com.; O. S. Rarick, Sr. Vice Com.; Jas. Ridenour, Jr. Vice Com.; M. N. Sinnott, Adjutant; J. C. Topliff, Quartermaster; H. D. Kellogg, Office of Day; E. Y. Baker, Surgeon; W. S. Voris, Chaplain; J. W. Hackleman, O. of Guard.; D. R. Cooper, I. G.; P. A. Lorry, O. G.; J. E. Miller, Q. M. Sergt.; Al. Mowry, Sergt. Major. Post meets second and fourth Saturday in each month.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 7, 1883.
At the Republican caucus held in this city last Saturday, the following gentlemen were put in nomination for township officers. [For Trustee: J. B. Nipp.]
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.
Arkansas City has organized a Post of G. A. R., with Capt. Nipp as commander.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 14, 1883.
We call attention to the new advertisement of J. B. Nipp’s Mammoth Livery and Feed Stable on South Summit Street, which is now open for business. Captain Nipp is one of Cowley’s oldest citizens, and is well and favorably known, which will ensure him a liberal patronage in his new business. His stables are stocked with good teams and a complete outfit of new buggies, and we know for certain that Cap. will do the right thing by his patrons every time.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 14, 1883.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 14, 1883.
Capt. Nipp’s new livery stable on Summit St. is now in good running order, all the improvements are not quite completed, but will be so shortly.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 14, 1883.
The following are the Creswell Township Officers for the current year: J. B. Nipp, Trustee; W. M. Sleeth, Treasurer; W. D. Mowry, Clerk; G. H. McIntire and J. J. Breene, Constables.
Winfield Courier, February 15, 1883.
The following township officers were declared elected by the Board of Commissioners at their canvass of the vote on Tuesday.
CRESWELL: J. B. Nipp, trustee; W. D. Morey, clerk; W. M. Sleeth, treasurer; G. H. McIntire and J. J. Breene, constables.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1883.
Capt. Nipp has our thanks for toting us around behind his boss grey team last Monday.
Do it some more, Cap.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1883.
And Capt. Nipp comes to the front again this week with a new 30 foot addition to the rear of his livery stable. This now makes the building 132 feet deep, and Cap. will have to bridge the alley and run on to the next block or else put on some wings to get more accommodations.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1883.
                                             [From the Geuda Springs Herald.]
Capt. J. B. Nipp was over from Arkansas City the first of the week on business connected with his new livery stable. He is a very pleasant and sociable gentleman, and we wish him success. At the present writing it is almost impossible to give any definite information in regard to the new livery stable here. The carpenters received orders from Mr. Patterson to cease work for a few days, as he had sold out to Capt. Thompson. A day or two later Capt. Nipp bought a half interest in the stable, and now we are informed that he has sold out to Thompson.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1883.
Capt. Nipp has just purchased and brought to the city a fine stock horse. It is of the Normandy breed.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1883.
We had the pleasure of meeting Mr. Morton, late of Kentucky, an old friend of Capt. Nipp’s, who has arrived in the city, and will make his future home with us, having purchased the eighty acres of land north of town lately owned by Mr. L. Finley.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1883.
We had the pleasure of driving one of Capt. Nipp’s fancy teams, and can say we enjoyed it muchly.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
Twenty-two of the trustees of the different townships, together with the County Commissioners, Clerk, and Attorney, met at the Courthouse Monday to decide upon the basis of assessment. The meeting was organized by electing Capt. J. B. Nipp Chairman and Gus. Lorry, Secretary. A lengthy and animated discussion was indulged in and comparisons with former assessment made. Every trustee seemed interested in getting a fair, impartial, and equal assessment, and a united effort will be made to that end. Many of the abuses of former years were discussed and means to remedy them decided upon.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
On Monday, March 5th, 1883, the Assessors of Cowley County, Kansas, met at Winfield.
Present: J. B. Nipp: Creswell Township.
J. B. Nipp was chosen Chairman and P. A. Lorry, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1883.
MARRIED in this city on Thursday, March 8th, 1883, at the residence of the bride’s parents, by Rev. W. H. Harris, Mr. Isaac K. Berry, of Shawneetown, Indian Territory, to Miss Laura B. Nipp. The ceremony was consummated at about noon and the happy pair left on the 3 o’clock train for the East to spend the honeymoon. The wedding was witnessed by a few invited friends who partook of an elegant collation spread in honor of the occasion. The groom, a former merchant of this city, but now engaged in the cattle trade in the Indian Territory, was one of the most popular of our boys, and in taking to himself Miss Laura Nipp, has robbed our city of its chiefest ornament but we trust only to share with her a life of happiness and wedded felicity. Under the circumstances we’ll forgive you, King, and join heartily in the congratulations of the many friends of yourself and fair young bride for your future happiness and prosperity.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1883.
On Monday, March 6th, 1883, the Assessors of Cowley County, Kansas, met at Winfield. Present: J. B. Nipp, Creswell Township, I. D. Harkleroad, Silverdale; L. Holcomb, Pleasant Valley; Elisha Haynes, Harvey; R. B. Corson, Fairview; H. McKibben, Tisdale; W. Senseney, Ninnescah; Joseph Gorham, Maple; S. D. Jones, Beaver; J. A. Cochran, Liberty; J. A. Irwin, Windsor; D. Beard, Cedar; L. S. Cogswell, Omnia; E. D. Skinner, Vernon; B. Shriver, Sheridan; S. H. Wells, Dexter; H. J. Sandfort, Richland; J. P. Short, Winfield City; P. A. Lorry, Bolton; T. A. Blanchard, Walnut.
J. B. Nipp was chosen Chairman and P. A. Lorry Secretary.
Caldwell Commercial, Thursday, March 22, 1883.
Captain Nipp, the “hoss” man, whose range is in the eastern part of the Strip, was in the city last Monday.
Caldwell Commercial, Thursday, March 22, 1883.

Last Sunday, Capt. Nipp and Mr. McIntire came over from Arkansas City, and during the remainder of the day were engaged in very close conversation with Mayor Colson and others. On Monday the party suddenly disappeared, and early the next morning returned to town with Deputy U. S. Marshall Cash Hollister, who had in charge a young fellow going by the name of Frank Hostetter. The circumstances which led to Hostetter’s arrest are about as follows. For some time stockmen on the range have been missing their horses, but all efforts to trace the stock were unavailing until one day last week, when Hostetter appeared in Arkansas City and sold a horse which he claimed he had bought from an Indian. After which he left town, and on his way, stole a horse from Mr. Warren and put out. Capt. Nipp and Mr. McIntire immediately started for Caldwell, and securing the services of Mr. Hollister, started to find the thief. They came upon him near Johnson’s ranch, finding him in company with Jay Wilkinson, another party who has for some time been suspected of being engaged in stealing stock. The latter, however, getting away, taking one of Johnson’s horses to aid him in his escape. Hostetter was taken to Arkansas City, where he will be examined before the U. S. Commissioner. As for Mr. Wilkinson, he will yet be taken in. The stock owners on the Strip are determined to break up the system of cattle and horse stealing which has been carried on for some time, and if the thieves don’t have a care, some of them may find themselves at the end of a rope one of these fine spring mornings.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1883.
We hear it rumored that Capt. J. B. Nipp, of Arkansas City, will be a candidate for County Treasurer this fall. The southern portion of the county is undoubtedly entitled to a place on the county ticket, and no better man could be selected to fill it then Capt. Nipp. He is a sound Republican and has done more work for the party than any man we know of in that section of the county. He has a host of friends in this locality who will rally to his support if he decides to be a candidate. Burden Enterprise.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1883.

For some time past a gang of horse thieves have been plying their vocation in the Territory, but up to within a few weeks past succeeded in eluding all efforts made to discover their mode of operation or whereabouts. The circumstance which has led to the demoralization of the outfit was the purchase of a pony by Capt. Nipp of a cowboy named Jay Wilkinson some three weeks since, which pony Capt. Nipp afterwards discovered, had been stolen from the Territory. With this information Deputy McIntire and a Mr. Phipps started out in search of Wilkinson, whom they learned was in the vicinity of the Cimarron River. Hearing that Wilkinson and several of his companions had fled to a dug-out, and were fixing for a fight, Mr. McIntire deemed it advisable to return to Caldwell for reinforcements, and being joined by Deputy U. S. Marshal Hollister and another officer, the four returned, and after considerable reconnoitering and a lively chase, succeeded in missing their men, but captured one Hostetter, another member of the gang, with whom they started to the State, where Hostetter was committed to the Winfield jail to await the next term of U. S. Court at Wichita, not being able to give the $500 bail required. Wilkinson, who had been dodging around trying to swap for a fresh horse, was gathered in by the boys at Johnson Ranch, who carried him to Caldwell and turned him over to Deputy Hollister, who straightway telegraphed to Messrs. McIntire and Nipp the fact of his possession and declared the intention of leaving for this place, requesting these gentlemen to meet him, which they did, bringing Wilkinson to town where he had an examination, and was committed to jail with Hostetter. Another of the gang, known as Mulvane George, was also arrested, but gave $500 bail and is now at large. Deputy McIntire informs us he expects shortly to have more of the gang in his clutches, in which we hope he may not be mistaken.
Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.
We clip the following account of the capture of two horse thieves by Deputy U. S. Marshal McIntire, mentioned in another column, from the Arkansas City Democrat.
About three weeks ago a young man by the name of Jay Wilkinson, a well known cowboy of the Indian Territory, sold a pony to Capt. J. B. Nipp of this city, and a few days afterward the Captain found out that the pony had been stolen from a ranchman in the Territory, and informed Deputy U. S. Marshal McIntire of the fact, who, in company with a gentleman by the name of Phipps, started out to capture Wilkinson, whom they learned was at Smithey’s ranch on the Cimarron River in the Indian Territory. Upon arriving at the ranch, they found out that Wilkinson had been informed by some of his confederates in this city in regard to the movements of Deputy McIntire, and with two of his companions had proceeded to an old dug-out some ten miles from the ranch, armed and equipped with provision and ammunition, with the intention of standing the officers off. George and Mr. Phipps made a careful survey of the situation, and found that the boys were too well fortified to attempt an attack by themselves, so they quietly pulled out for Caldwell, where they secured the services of Deputy U. S. Marshal Hollister and another gentleman and returned for their game. When they arrived at the dug-out, they found it deserted, but the indications were that the boys had made a hasty exit, as they left behind a shot-gun, revolver, and a number of other articles, and upon looking around they discovered Wilkinson and his two companions just disappearing over a hill some two miles distant. They immediately mounted their horses and started in pursuit, and had a lively chase for twenty miles, when they arrived at Johnson’s ranch, where they found Jack Martin sick in bed and the only one at the camp, who informed them that Wilkinson and one of his gang had been there about half an hour before them, and had left their ponies and taken two of the best horses at the ranche and struck out in a northerly direction. Just as the officers and posse were getting ready to leave, a young man by the name of Frank Hostetter, whom they had spotted as one of the gang, rode up and they placed him under arrest, and left one man to guard him, while the remainder of the party struck out after Wilkinson, whom they followed for about forty miles in the direction of the State, but finally lost track of him, and returned to the ranch after Hostetter. Hostetter was brought up to the city and taken before Commissioner Bonsall for preliminary examination, and bound over in the sum of $500 to appear at the next term of the U. S. Court at Wichita; being unable to give the required bond, he was taken to Winfield and placed in the county jail to await trial.

Wednesday, the same day the officers arrived in this city with Hostetter, Wilkinson rode into Johnson’s ranch with the intention of again swapping horses, but as Smithey and Johnson happened to be at the camp at the time they persuaded him, with a couple of double-barreled shot-guns to give himself up, and the next day took him to Caldwell and turned him over to Deputy U. S. Marshal Hollister, who telegraphed to George McIntire that he had started for this place with the prisoner, and to meet him in the Territory so there would be no trouble; and George, in company with Marshal Sinnott, Patterson, Nipp, and Rarick, started out and met Hollister about twelve miles from the City and escorted him in. Wilkinson had his preliminary examination on Saturday and was sent up to the county jail to await his trial at the next term of the U. S. Court. There are four or five others connected with the gang whom the officers are laying in wait for, and the indications are that they will bring them to tow before many days.
LATER. Since writing the above the officers arrested another young man known as Mulvane George, whom they have good reasons to believe is connected with the gang. His  bond was fixed at $500 and his father, who resides at Mulvane, was telegraphed to and came down and fixed it up.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 4, 1883.
Capt. Nipp purchased a fine Hambletonian stock horse last week, for which he paid $500.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1883.
THE LELAND. The City Hotel, of this city, is a thing of the past, its name having been changed as above. Messrs. Nipp & Patterson last week purchased Mr. McIntire’s interest in the house and have placed Mr. R. E. Grubbs in charge of the same as manager, and as he is chuck full of energy, an old hand at the business, and solid with “the boys on the road,” we confidently look for the Leland to take its place among the first-class hotels of the Southwest.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1883.
Our assessor, Captain J. B. Nipp, started on his rounds yesterday, and is, consequently, at this time making a note of every man’s possessions for all they are worth.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1883.
Hostetter and Wilkinson, arrested for horse stealing, had a preliminary examination before Judge Bonsall last week; and in default of $1,000 bail each, were committed to jail in Wichita till the fall term of the U. S. Court.
Caldwell Commercial, Thursday, April 12, 1883.
Hostetter and Hatfield, the two horse thieves taken by Deputy Marshals Hollister and McIntire, had an examination at Wellington last week, and were committed to the Wichita jail for trial at the September term of the U. S. District Court. Loper, who appears to be the worst pill in the box, will not have his examination for a week or two. Three of the horses stolen from the Carnegie & Frazier ranch were recovered.
Winfield Courier, April 12, 1883.
Capt. J. B. Nipp was in the city Monday. He has taken control of the old City Hotel in Arkansas City, changed the name to “The Leland,” and will build up a big hotel in our sister city.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1883.
Capt. Nipp received a car load of eastern made buggies and carriages for use at the Mammoth livery stable, in this city, last week.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1883.
Capt. J. B. Nipp was in the city Monday. He has taken control of the old City Hotel at Arkansas City, changed the name to “The Leland,” and will build up a big hotel in our sister city. Courier.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1883.

The following pupils of the High School were perfect during the 8th month: Etta Barnett, Mollie Coonrod, Hannah Gilbert, Frank Gamel, Effie Gilstrap, Laura Holloway, Jessie Norton, Charley Randall, Alvan Sankey, Eliza Taylor, Lizzie Wilson, Dora Pearson, Carrie Rice, Ida Groves, Walter Pickering, Sarah Randall, Harry Shaw.
The following were imperfect: Mollie Christian, Harry Finley, Fred McLaughlin, John Kirkpatrick, Minnie McIntire, Eddie Marshall, Frank Wright, Arthur Parker, Peter Hollenbeck, Alice Lane, Robert Nipp, Fannie Peterson.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
A mass meeting of farmers was held in the Opera House Saturday afternoon to consider the Fair question. A goodly number of farmers from every part of the county were present. W. J. Millspaugh, of Vernon, was elected chairman and S. P. Strong, of Rock, secretary. The report of the committee on soliciting subscriptions to the stock reported four thousand eight hundred dollars taken. The committee was then increased by the following additions, one in each township. [Creswell: Capt. Nipp.]
CHARTER. The undersigned do hereby voluntarily associate ourselves together for the purpose of forming a private corporation under the laws of the state of Kansas, and do hereby certify: FIRST, That the name of this corporation shall be “The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association.” SECOND, That the purposes for which this corporation is formed are to encourage and promote the agricultural, horticultural, mechanical, and live stock interest of Cowley County, Kansas, and the establishment and maintenance of a driving park and speed ring, and to acquire, hold, and control all real and personal property necessary, proper, and convenient for carrying out the purposes aforesaid. THIRD, That the place where its business is to be transacted is at Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas. FOURTH, That the term for which this corporation is to exist is ninety-nine years. FIFTH, That the number of directors or trustees of this corporation shall be seventeen (17).
                           One of the directors named: J. B. Nipp, Creswell Township.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1883.
Capt. Nipp, our township assessor, has just completed his report and on Monday last took the same to Winfield.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1883.
The following figures showing the wealth, population, valuation, etc., of Creswell Township, are from the books of our assessor, Captain J. B. Nipp. No. Acres in wheat: 3,258; No. Acres in corn: 5,970; No. Cattle: 1,263; No. Horses: 583; No. Mules: 88; No. Hogs: 2,274; Value of animals—slaughtered or sold for slaughter: $42,044; Value of milk sold in city: $1,484; Taxable personal property in Arkansas City: $64,992; Taxable personal property in Creswell Township: $32,620; Total Arkansas City and Creswell Township: $97,612; No. Inhabitants in Arkansas City: 1,875; No. Inhabitants in Creswell Township: 763; TOTAL CITY/TOWNSHIP: 2,638 Inhabitants.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1883.
Notice is hereby given that the undersigned have this day dissolved partnership in the Mammoth Livery Stable and Leland Hotel business by mutual consent. All accounts against the Leland Hotel are assumed and will be settled by A. W. Patterson and all accounts against the Mammoth Livery Stable are assumed and will be settled by J. B. Nipp.
Signed: JAS. B. NIPP, A. W. PATTERSON. Arkansas City, Kansas, May 11th, 1883.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1883. We are glad to see Capt. Nipp once more around with his boots on and trust he won’t try to tramp on a horse any more.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1883.
Capt. Nipp did us a good turn last week in this way. As we were wearily plodding our homeward way after the toils of the day, a mighty rushing sound was heard and we were set down at our own gate safe and sound. It was that dainty little miss match team with buggy attached than which no better outfit can be found in the city. If you do not believe it, call and see him at his livery stable.
Winfield Courier, June 7, 1883.
                      Assessors’ Returns of Personal Property and Population for 1883.
Total valuation of personal property in Cowley County on March 1st, 1883, as shown by the assessment rolls: $1,087,751.
                                 Gain in valuation since March 1st, 1882: $252,408.
Valuation of K. C., L. & S. K. R. R., March 1st, 1883: $244,996.05.
Valuation of Wichita & Southwestern R. R., March 1st, 1883: $225,967.43.
[They gave gain of Personal Property and Population since March 1, 1882, by Townships, leaving Gains/Losses out for Cedar, Arkansas City, Omnia.
                                        Total gain of Personal Property: $252,408.
Beaver 780, Bolton 1,184, Cedar 677, Arkansas City 1,882, Creswell 763, Dexter 924, Fairview 512, Harvey 788, Liberty 716, Maple 636, Ninnescah 700, Omnia 347, Otter 463, Pleasant Valley 800, Richland 923, Rock 706, Sheridan 622, Silver Creek 928, Spring Creek 449, Silverdale 744, Tisdale 870, Vernon 930, Walnut 896, Windsor 900, Winfield City 3,284. TOTAL POPULATION: 22,516.
                                      TOWNSHIPS—GAIN IN POPULATION.
Beaver 51, Bolton 221, Arkansas City 526, Creswell 92, Dexter 27, Harvey 171, Liberty 121, Maple 88, Ninnescah 53, Pleasant Valley 29, Rock 33, Sheridan 6, Silver Creek 131, Spring Creek 65, Silverdale 104, Tisdale 54, Windsor 14, Winfield City 624 [?].
                                 Total Gain in Population of above townships: 2,410.
                                TOWNSHIPS WHICH LOST IN POPULATION:
Cedar 51, Fairview 9, Omnia 77, Richland 86, Vernon 79, Walnut 143.
                                  Total Loss in Population of above townships: 445.
While the increase of personal property and population in the county is very satisfactory, the improvement in the assessors’ returns for 1883 seem to have kept pace with the general improvement of the county. Not a bad return this year; some with slight mistakes, thirteen correct, and altogether, without doubt, much the most correct returns that have been made since the organization of the county. Below I give the names of the trustees whose returns needed and received no corrections in this office.
S. D. Jones, Beaver; P. A. Lorry, Bolton; J. B. Nipp, Creswell; E. Haynes, Harvey; Jos. Gorham, Maple; T. H. Aley, Otter; Ludolphus Holcomb, Pleasant Valley; H. J. Sandfort, Richland, S. D. Williams, Rock, Geo. Eaton, Spring Creek; Hugh McKibben, Tisdale; J. H. Irwin, Windsor, J. P. Short, Winfield City. J. S. HUNT, County Clerk.
Caldwell Journal, June 14, 1883.

The following stockmen are here in attendance upon the Arbitration committee: T. H. Stevens, O. F. Casteen, C. C. Clark, O. S. Northrup, of Anthony; Fin. Ewing, F. H. Shelly, M. Strong, of Medicine Lodge; Charles W. Moore, M. J. Lane, Sam T. Ishmael, J. W. Carter, of Eagle Chief; N. B. Roberts, J. H. Windsor, A. D. Windsor, of Titusville, Pennsylvania (the two former are accompanied by their wives); John W. Blair, of Pond Creek; Ben Garland, city; John Tucker, Wichita; W. J. Hodge and J. H. Tornberien, Winfield; Capt. Nipp, C. M. Crocker, D. F. Fagins, Tipton Brothers, Arkansas City; W. Wicks, Hunnewell; Pink Fouts, Willow Springs; and a number of others whose names our reporter failed to obtain.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1883.
A list of the telephones in our city with their respective numbers and location will be found in this issue.
                                                12. Capt. Nipp’s Livery Stable.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1883.
Our enterprising liveryman, J. B. Nipp, has purchased a half interest in Cal Ferguson’s stable at Geuda Springs, and has put on a daily hack to the Springs.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1883.
A team and covered hack belonging to J. B. Nipp ran away from the depot one day last week, coming up Fifth Avenue at 2:40 gait, dashing into the trees near J. E. Miller’s residence, tearing the top from the hack, and otherwise slightly demoralizing it. The team escaped injury.
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1883.
Capt. Nipp visited Udall recently in his own interest as candidate for the office of County Treasurer, and left many friends who would like to see him get there. N.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1883.
Cicero Beeson, who has been in the employ of Capt. Nipp as hack driver, came over from Geuda on Monday last at the usual time; but when he should have been ready to return in the afternoon, could not be found. By telephone to Geuda it was found that he had in his possession moneys amounting to $114.50 entrusted to him to deliver, which he had failed to give up and it was at once surmised he had taken leg bail. Inquiries developed the fact of his being seen going towards the Walnut on foot, and Capt. Nipp and Johnny Breene are at this writing in pursuit.
Winfield Courier, July 19, 1883.
The Republican Central Committee of Cowley County met at the COURIER office in the city of Winfield Saturday, July 14th, 1883, at half past one o’clock p.m., and was called to order by the chairman, D. A. Millington. The secretary was ordered to call the roll of townships and the following members of the Central Committee were present.
Beaver, M. S. Teter; Bolton, P. A. Lorry; Cedar, N. W. Dressie; Creswell, J. B. Nipp; Dexter, J. V. Hines; Fairview, Wm. White; Harvey, R. S. Strother; Liberty, J. A. Cochrane; Maple (Not represented); Ninnescah, W. B. Norman; Omnia, J. L. Parsons; Otter (Not represented); Pleasant Valley, Z. B. Meyer; Richland, N. J. Larkin; Rock Creek, S. P. Strong; Sheridan, J. E. Jarvis; Silver Creek, E. C. Pate; Spring Creek (Not represented); Silver Dale, L. J. Darnall; Tisdale, S. W. Chase; Vernon, Oscar Wooley; Walnut, J. Mentch; Windsor (Not represented); Winfield, 1st ward, D. A. Millington; Winfield, 2nd ward, T. H. Soward.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1883.

Cicero Beeson, who, it will be remembered, absconded last week with moneys belonging to his employer, Capt. J. B. Nipp, was captured about five miles from Osage Agency, Indian Territory, by Messrs. Nipp and Breene, and brought back to town. His preliminary examination was waived before Judge Bonsall on Friday, and he was bound over to the next term of court. Bail was fixed at $500, which we understand was furnished.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
A young man driving Capt. Nipp’s hack from Arkansas City to Geuda Springs skipped out last Wednesday, taking with him a hundred and twenty-five dollars in money and a gold watch that had been entrusted to him by parties at the Springs for delivery in Arkansas City. Capt. Nipp gave chase and captured his man in the Territory. The preliminary examination was held Friday and he was bound over. Most of the property was recovered.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, August 1, 1883.
We announce the name of Capt. J. B. Nipp as a candidate for the office of County Treasurer of Cowley County, subject to the action of the Republican nominating convention.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 1, 1883.
In this week’s issue we announce J. B. Nipp as a candidate for the office of Treasurer of Cowley County. Capt. Nipp is an old soldier and one of Cowley’s pioneer settlers, having pitched his tent within her border in 1870; and since that time has taken a lively interest in the prosperity of his adopted home. As a businessman, Capt. Nipp has proved himself a success, thus demonstrating his ability to discharge the duties of the office he seeks. We refrain from further comment, Capt. Nipp being too well known all over the county to need any recommendation or puffing at our hands.
Winfield Courier, August 2, 1883.
In this issue Capt. J. B. Nipp, of Creswell, announces himself as a candidate before the Republican convention for the office of county treasurer. Capt. Nipp is a live, energetic man, always doing something to keep the world alive and moving ahead. He is one of the wheel horses of the Republican party in this county and much of its success in the past is due to his efficient work. Whatever he does is well done, and he has the education, energy, and character to make a first-class officer in the place he seeks. He was a brave soldier in the cavalry service in the late war and went through some of its most fiercely fought battles, among which was that of Shiloh. He was seriously wounded at Bardstown and carries his certificate in a crippled hand. Should he be elected he will be a gentlemanly, energetic, and efficient officer.
Winfield Courier, August 2, 1883.
In the Republican camp the activity and friction smelled like brimstone. That little man walking along so peacefully is none other than our present county treasurer, and while he seems so contented and peaceful, is really putting the stakes and riders on his nine rail fence, while way off in the country his genial competitor, Capt. Nipp, is building a barbed wire enclosure for himself.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1883.

Speaking of our townsman, J. B. Nipp, the Burden Enterprise says: “Mr. Nipp is an energetic businessman, an ex-soldier, a true blue Republican, and when he asks the votes of the people, he does so conscious of his own competency. Should the convention see fit to nominate Mr. Nipp, we believe it will add strength to the ticket.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1883.
The Republicans of Creswell Township are requested to take notice that a caucus of the voters of the above township will be held at I. H. Bonsall’s office, in this city, on Thursday, August 30, at 2 o’clock p.m., to elect ten delegates and ten alternates to the Republican nominating convention, to be held at Winfield September 1, 1883.
                                      J. B. NIPP, Chairman, Township Committee.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1883.
The attention of our readers is called to the announcement of Capt. J. B. Nipp, of Arkansas City, Creswell Township, as a candidate before the Republican convention for the office of County Treasurer. Capt. Nipp is very pleasant and energetic, a man of great vigor, a good worker, and a true Republican. He is well qualified in every way for the office he seeks. The captain made a good soldier in the late war, and went through some of the fiercest battles fought. Should he be the choice of the convention, we shall second its action with our most hearty support. Cambridge News.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1883.
P. A. Lorry, of Bolton, with J. B. Nipp and Dr. Alexander, of this city, have been drawn as petit jurors to serve at the next term of the U. S. Court at Wichita, which meets the first Monday in September.
Winfield Courier, August 23, 1883.
It seems as if most of the Republicans of these parts are in favor of J. B. Nipp for treasurer and Mr. McIntire for sheriff.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1883.
Quite a large number of our citizens, among whom were J. B. Nipp, O. S. Rarick, G. H. McIntire, and A. W. Patterson, were subpoenaed to attend the term of the United States court now in session at Wichita.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1883.
Winfield Courier, September 6, 1883.
                                                    CONVENTION NOTES.
Capt. J. B. Nipp is a thorough, reliable businessman and will make a first class Treasurer. He is popular and agreeable and his nomination is eminently fit to be made.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 12, 1883.
Our townsman, J. B. Nipp, who received the nomination for treasurer, is a genial, energetic, and withal a first-class businessman, and will make one of the best treasurers that ever served in that capacity. The captain is a pioneer in the county and has lots of friends wherever known.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 19, 1883.

Cowley County Ticket. The Republicans of Cowley County have put a ticket in the field for county officers, which will poll all the Republican vote of Cowley County. They have selected their candidates from all parts of the county and kept the cliques and rings in the background. Geo. H. McIntire, the candidate for sheriff, is a straightforward, honest, unpretentious young man. He has been deputy United States marshal at Arkansas City for some time and is a terror to evil doers. George will have a walk away and will make an efficient, capable officer. J. S. Hunt, for county clerk; J. B. Nipp, for treasurer; T. H. Soward, for register, makes a strong ticket and will be sure to win. This is the way to go about it. Put up true and tried Republicans on a Republican platform and make a square issue on party principles. Wichita Times.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1883.
                                                       HIGHLAND HALL.
                                      Grand Opening of the New Opera House.
For many years the need of a public hall large enough to accommodate the rapidly growing population of our city, and to serve as an inducement to the best class of opera and theatrical entertainments traveling through this state, has constantly presented itself to our citizens, and many have been the suggestions pointing toward securing such an institution. It was not until the latter part of May, 1882, however, that the movements began to assume tangible shape, when a stock company of nearly all our businessmen was organized with an authorized capital of $10,000, for the purpose of erecting and furnishing a first-class opera house. H. P. Farrar, to whom probably more than any other one man, is due especial credit for the admirable manner in which the work has been carried on, was chosen as secretary and treasurer, the multitudinous cares of which office he has conducted with signal ability. The contract for building the hall was let to Sargent & Smith, of Topeka, for the sum of $12,400, which figures included but the building and stage. To this expense has been added that of such necessaries as chairs, scenery, gas machinery, piping, fixtures, etc., for the hall upstairs, and the expense of fitting out the three large store rooms underneath, with their excavations, basements, counters, sidewalks, awnings, plate glass, and the countless items contingent upon such a structure, until now the entire cost of our beautiful hall foots up the neat little sum of $19,700. For this amount our citizens have the finest opera house outside of Emporia or Topeka, with a stage large enough to accommodate the largest troupes traveling, the finest and most elaborate scenery, acoustic properties second to none in the country, and an auditorium capable of comfortably seating 700 people.
The stock in the Highland Hall company, which was at first held by nearly all our businessmen, is now owned by some twelve or fifteen parties; the heavier owners being Messrs. J. L. Huey, H. P. Farrar, T. H. McLaughlin, W. M. Sleeth, Stacy Matlack, O. P. Houghton, J. B. Nipp, Schiffbauer Bros., and J. T. Shepard. The other stockholders, and the citizens in general, have never let their interest flag in this enterprise from the first up to last Saturday night, when the opera house was thrown open for its initial entertainment, and the pride and joy in this valuable acquisition to our city is universal.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1883.
                                                           He is Competent.

The Democrat, in a lengthy article headed “Competency,” this week attempts by a train of illogical reasoning to prove that Captain Nipp is incompetent for the office he seeks. We quote: “Capt. J. B. Nipp, the Republican candidate for county treasurer, is charged with an entire inability to do the duties of the office. It is said that the captain does not read well, nor write well, and is exceeding poor in figures, that he is ignorant in regard to the simplest, plainest form of bookkeeping, and that the complicated system of our county treasury would be Greek to him. Taking this to be the case, as it takes some years to learn Greek, it is not likely that the Captain would have passed his A B C’s in the treasury department until his time would be out.”
As to whether the Captain can read or write well, we can say that he does read, write, and spell as well, or better, than the editor of the Democrat, and no sane man would say but that the Captain, in his long residence in the county as a farmer, stockman, and businessman, had proved himself in no ways lacking in knowledge of business figures and books. The best treasurers the county ever had were farmers. The present incumbent is a farmer, but we doubt if he has a knowledge of Greek. Because the editor of the Democrat looks upon the treasurer’s books as being “Greek,” it is no reason that they should appear so abstruse or complicated to a sharp, shrewd businessman like Capt. Nipp. Captain Nipp is trustee of Creswell Township and our contemporary hints that his books are not well kept; in reply thereto, we will say they are the best of any set of trustee’s records in the past five years, and an investigation will prove that to be a fact.
The Democrat says inquire as to Mr. Lynn’s qualifications of the Republicans and Democrats of Winfield. This is well put, for the one trait we admire in our sister city is the unqualified support she always accords to any of her citizens when a question of office holding is on the tapis. Capt. Nipp has proved himself an honest, hardworking businessman both on the farm, on the stock ranch, and latterly in business in this city, and we consider him in every way the peer of his opponent, Mr. J. B. Lynn of Winfield.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 17, 1883.
Ed. Traveler: Business recently called me to Arkansas City, which is pleasantly situated between the Arkansas and Walnut Rivers. The inhabitants are justly proud of their thrifty and growing town, and well may they be, for few towns in the west show a more solid and prosperous growth. It is evident to all newcomers that it is not of the mushroom variety. Solid and substantial blocks are being built, and a great deal of taste is displayed in the architecture. It cannot help being prosperous, lying in one of the richest valleys in the world and with a climate unsurpassed. Stopping at the Perry house, I found mine host, H. H. Perry, every inch a landlord; genial and obliging, looking carefully to the comfort of his guests.
What the city needs just now is the extension of her present railroad to Fort Smith. This would bring the cheap lumber of Arkansas, adding greatly to the city’s prosperity.
Another thing of importance to her would be a connection with Coffeyville and the Ft. Scott & Gulf road by way of Maple City.

One of my first adventures was to drop into the den of Capt. Nipp, the Republican candidate for county treasurer, who greeted me with a grip of his shattered right hand—made so in defense of his country. Although a stranger, the greeting was none the less cordial, one of the old fashioned kind, with a “feller feeling” in it. A smile spread over his features, equal to almost any emergency, and yet I could discover traces of care and anxiety, which told plainly that a man who enters the political arena, no odds how pure his character or previous record for honesty, does not even suspect how mean he is, until after being drawn, quartered, and broiled on a political gridiron. As political matters are now managed, this is to be expected from the opposite party. This will all be changed when the captain is elected and installed into office. Then, “I told you so, he is one of the best fellows in the world.”
This is not, my friends, a case of fiction,
Written for the Siftings or for Puck,
But a case of square-toed action;
A genuine race of Nipp and Tuck.
And, I tell you, on the homestretch
There’ll be neither break or skip,
But a “three times three, and Tiger”
For the winning Captain Nipp.
And when the race is over, and the Bourbons find they’re sold,
That the ides of bleak November has left them in the cold.
They can paddle up Salt River, and curse their ill-starred luck;
Bemoaning, while they shiver, the distanced Mr. Puck.
But the Republicans must rally, as in the long ago,
And fight the battles over, with the hydra-headed foe.
Don’t let it slip your memory, they’ll use their choicest thunder.”
And if you wait to take a nap, you’ll surely get snowed under.
“Up boys and at ‘em” was the war cry long ago,
When General Stork gave orders to charge a foreign foe.
Now if you skulk or sell yourself to the highest Bourbon bidder.
Then Captain Nipp’s a goner, and Molly Nipp a widder.
But if you rally round him, the way you used to do,
You can bet your bottom dollar that he will see you through.
Keep close in marching order, ready for double quick,
This year help out the captain, the next you’ll throttle Glick.
Will you up and do your duty? Do I hear the rallying cheer?
Or will you wait for booty, a straggler in the rear?
Yes! No! I hear your answer, and now I close this ditty:
Three cheers for the old party. Score one for Maple City. F. A.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1883.
Capt. Nipp, the candidate for Treasurer, is a large hearted, generous, energetic businessman, farmer, and stock grower. He is capable and well fitted for the office in every way. His nomination is a compliment to the farmers of this county and he should have the solid support of the bone and sinew of our county.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 24, 1883.

Says the Burden Enterprise: “The Telegram started the dirt throwing last week by claiming that Capt. J. B. Nipp was incompetent to fill the treasurer’s office. That is the same argument that it used against the election of Capt. Hunt the first time he ran for county clerk. It now admits that Capt. Hunt is a good and competent officer, as it will be compelled to admit Capt. Nipp’s ability and competency after he has held the office, as he will during the next two years. As a liar, the Telegram is always up to the Democratic standard.”
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 24, 1883.
                                                  Capt. Nipp versus J. B. Lynn.
The odor of filth, which the north winds these days waft to us from Winfield, are noxious in the extreme. The hirelings of the Democratic nominee for treasurer are raking among the cess pools of that town in the vain hope of finding some of the slum and dirt with which they are so familiar that can be made to stick to the reputation of Capt. Nipp.
We have witnessed many unscrupulous political fights, but never before have such disreputable methods been pursued to blast a good name as these Democratic hyenas are using daily against their opponent. The sewers of that town during the past few days have been vomiting forth the dirty mouthings of as villainous a set of Democratic and Greenback muck-worms and character assassins as ever disgraced a respectable people or cursed a town. Their vile assaults upon Republicans, their infamous slanders upon good and true men, their venomous denunciation of men whose only desire is to be decent and vote the Republican ticket, are enough to drive intelligent and respectable Democrats in disgust from the ranks. Wallowing in filth and social excrescence, they stretch out their begrimed hands and seek to draw within their contaminating embrace all they can see, even as infernal spirits seek to drag down the souls of the pure and gloat over the fallen. Chief among the coteries of male harlots and traducers of virtue who curse the Democratic party in Cowley County, is their nominee for treasurer, whose unsavory and disreputable conduct drove him from the position of mayor of Winfield.
Capt. Nipp has been a resident of Cowley County for thirteen years, has been a hard-working, conscientious farmer and stockman nearly all that time; is now engaged in business in this city, and by shrewdness and executive ability, has built up a trade second to none in the county; has always worked earnestly and self-denyingly for the interests of this county and the Republican party; and has never before in his life been a candidate for favors at the hands of the people. His character has never been questioned, and he is today a plain, honest, energetic, home-loving man, surrounded by a happy and trusting family.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 24, 1883.
The muddle-pated ignoramus upstairs seems to be worried this week because someone has told him that Capt. Nipp’s signature is not exactly Spencerian in symmetry. Capt. Nipp’s right hand was unfortunately selected as a lodging place for a rebel bullet during the war, which forces him in many instances to use that useful member, not as he would, but as he can. This misfortune will redound largely to his credit among the loyal and sensible men of this county; however much it may rankle in the bosom of an antiquated fossil who as assessor of this township had not even sense enough to know what ought to be done, but was only selected for that office to advance certain bridge and other interests of some of our citizens. The Democrat may wildly chatter and claw its digits through the air, but the fact still remains that the people will recognize in Capt. Nipp a clear headed businessman of integrity who will see to it that the best interests of Cowley County are secured.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1883.

Capt. Nipp is gaining ground in this section since the Telegram attacked him. The citizens of this county know as much of Nipp’s qualifications as does the editor of the Telegram. If they will publish a few more lies about him, he will have a walk over.
Burden Enterprise.
Winfield Courier, October 25, 1883.
                                                  ABOUT CAPT. J. B. NIPP.
                                       WICHITA, KANSAS, October 15, 1883.
ED. COURIER: I have learned that our old friend, Capt. J. B. Nipp of Arkansas City, has been nominated for the office of Treasurer of Cowley County. Allow me to say that for once the people of Cowley County have honored a man to whom honor is due. I know Capt. Nipp. I know him to be a man in every sense of the term. He has done more for the Republican part of Cowley than any man in it. He has been a “wheel horse” in every campaign ever held in the county. He wore the blue during the war, and no braver or truer man ever buckled on a sword than he. He never learned what fear was, and never did nor never will “go back” on a friend. Capt. Nipp is a man of principle, who never swerves from his duty. He is a man of great firmness. When he knows anything to be right, no power on earth can change him or pervert his judgment. He will make one of the best officers the county ever had. Republicans, when you go to the polls on November 6th, vote for Capt. Nipp, first, last, and always. Remember that you are voting for a man, and a true one, too, who will do his duty though the Heavens fail. I have known Capt. Nipp for years, and know whereof I speak.
Winfield Courier, October 25, 1883.
The Dexter band serenaded Capt. Nipp on the streets Friday evening. The Captain acknowledged the honor with cigars and thanks. And the boys gave him three cheers and a tiger.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
Every Kentuckian will vote for Nipp, who gave up everything and fought for his right.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
The two lots north of Nipp’s stable sold last Monday for $1,825. Real estate is on the boom.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
Lynn, the bushwhacker, vs. Nipp, who fought and suffered for the Union’s cause. Take your choice.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
Amos Walton says Nipp is defeated. Amos always was such a cheerful liar that we really enjoy hearing him croak.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
J. B. Nipp was elected trustee of his township. He employed Mr. Sinnott to do the work. Mr. Sinnott also made out his assessment rolls. Just why Mr. Nipp employed someone to do this work our readers are probably all aware. Telegram.
Probably for the same reason that Mr. Lynn has always been forced to have a bookkeeper to keep his business straight or to take a partner—vide Tom Bryan.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.

A vote for J. B. Nipp will be a vote for a competent businessman, and a vote to refute the time-worn charge the Democratic leaders make against all Republican candidates. It will be a vote for a Republican whose moral character is white in comparison to that of his opponent. It will be a vote to sustain the Republican party in this county, under the administration of which the business of the county has been and will be ably conducted.       Burden Enterprise.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
It is a well known fact, frequently spoken of by Winfield businessmen, that J. B. Lynn depends solely upon Mr. Shields for the management of his business, and is utterly unable to look after it himself. Shields has been the head and front of Lynn’s business for ten years, and J. B. could no more get along without him than he could without eating; still he is heralded as the perfection of business. Now J. B. Nipp has a clearer idea of business than Lynn ever had, is 100 percent more agreeable and courteous, and can win friends where Lynn would make enemies. With Nipp in the office, all parties can feel sure of prompt attention, and the best of treatment. If Lynn’s dry goods and grocery business is so awfully large, let him stay at home and attend to it. He has a hard enough time to look after it now and God only knows how he would manage with another iron in the fire. There is no danger but the people of this county clearly recognize the fitness of our candidate over that of the Democrats, as the returns will amply show.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1883.
                                               To the Voters of Cowley County.
[The following explains itself, and completely refutes the slanders started by Lynn and his cohorts. ED.]
Certain unprincipled parties having circulated the report that I am a gambling man, I wish to state that, in common with thousands of those who were in the army, I played cards frequently with my comrades, but that for a period of six years I have neither gambled in any manner nor handled cards even for pastime. This statement will be cheerfully corroborated by those who have known me best during that time, and to them I unhesitatingly refer.
                                                               J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, November 1, 1883.
A CARD. To the Public: It has been charged by my opponents that I am a gambler, This is absolutely false. While in the army, I played cards with the boys in common with other soldiers. But I have not gambled for years. And the man who charges the contrary either circulates what he knows to be false, or is repeating what he knows nothing about.
                                                               J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, November 1, 1883.
Dexter has once more taken up the line of march. It makes the citizens of Dexter and vicinity feel good to see the way the busy workmen are rearing up the many substantial buildings that add so much to the appearance of our little village. We welcome the strangers to stay with us and help us to improve and build here in the Grouse Valley, a flourishing town.

Now that the election is drawing near, candidates are becoming numerous. Last Friday and Saturday we were honored with about all the lofty politicians of the day. First came J. B. Lynn, Democratic candidate for Treasurer, who did his electioneering in a quiet way among his friends. Then on Saturday came the squad of Republican candidates, arriving early, to hold a Republican rally as per advertisement. Though the weather was very unfavorable, they were not without a splendid audience; for at half past seven o’clock when the ring of the bell and music of our excellent band told the citizens that there was something rich for them at the schoolhouse that night, the masses poured into the house in a short time, would have told a stranger that there was a wide awake set of Republicans there and that some good speeches were anticipated. The meeting being called to order by H. C. McDorman, Chairman T. H. Soward was introduced and spoke for an hour and a half, making an able and eloquent speech, which was alike interesting to all classes and parties.
Our old friend, Booth, from Rock Township, then attempted a reply and in his comical way, gave the boys plenty of fun, and during his remarks gave the audience some instructions as to the way the knowing ones in Winfield get their drinks, since prohibition closed the saloons.
The band then struck up one of their favorite national tunes, and everyone seemed to enjoy themselves and to leave well satisfied with their entertainment. J. B. Nipp and George McIntire each in a short speech asked the votes of the people, and Capt. Siverd followed in a humorous speech making some good points and plenty of fun. In short, everything done seemed the right thing for the occasion, and all the Republicans went home feeling that on the 6th of November next, Dexter Township would roll up a good round majority for every candidate on the Republican ticket. A. REPUBLICAN.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, November 7, 1883.
The election is over and Cowley County once more presents an unbroken Republican front. The Republicans of southern Cowley deserve especial credit for their effective work, and to them belongs the honor. In fact, the outside districts have done the heavy work this time, and taught our county seat a plain lesson of duty. Thanks to such earnest work, the entire Republican ticket is elected by majorities ranging from 450 to 800. Capt. Nipp, the man against whom the Democrats centered their strength, goes up from this section with the largest majority ever given by Bolton and Creswell before, and throughout the county at large the people have rallied around his standard with a unanimity that forever silences the slanders of his Democratic opponents. He justly feels proud of his friends, and will prove to them that their confidence has not been misplaced.
Geo. McIntire, another of Creswell’s favorites, yesterday reaped his reward for the many years of service he has given the people as deputy sheriff, and goes in on a rousing majority. All the Cobbs in the state couldn’t kindle anything of a fire against George, and the Democrats are beginning to realize that they have wasted a great deal of their stock in trade—gas.
So this is glory enough for us. The entire ticket is triumphant, and if our friend Soward has run behind some, on account of his honest prohibition views, he has a good round majority, and this section is glad to say they made it for him. In Bolton he ran ahead of the St. John vote of last year.

Cowley is Republican henceforth, and the southern end is the power behind the throne. This is right, for the southern end is the largest, best, healthiest, wealthiest, has the nicest set of people, and is in every way entitled to carry the banner.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1883.
Mr. D. A. McIntire, for some time the partner of Capt. Nipp in the livery business, has been forced to dispose of his interest in the livery stable; rheumatism necessitating a trip to Hot Springs. Wishing Mr. McIntire a speedy recovery, we congratulate Mr. Nipp’s new partner upon securing an interest in such a thriving business.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.
                                                          FROM DEXTER.
The election is over, and as usual the Democratic “Will o’ the Wisp victory” has perched upon the Republican banner. Someone hold our coats while we holler—’Rah! As the smoke of battle cleared away, the discomfited Democracy was revealed far up toward the hopelessly barren grazing grounds of upper Salt River. From the reports at hand they seemed to have started early Tuesday morning, not taking time in their fight to send up their customary cry of “Fraud.” For several weeks prior to the election, they seemed to be imbued with a spirit of prophecy. Casting their eye about the political horizon, and diving down into the depths of their intellects, they brought forth the prediction, “The election will be close.” Well, yes, it was close—Ahem—Hah! They Haight to own it, but their fond hopes have again been Nipped, their annual defeat for more than twenty years, has without doubt Soward their temper, and the last Marsh they attempted to cross ought to be sufficient to sink them in oblivion. Hunt ’em down—so say we all of us. More anon, perhaps.
                                                      REPUBLICAN THE 2.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.
Recap: Official vote of Cowley County, Kansas, November 6, 1883.
For Treasurer:  J. B. Nipp, R, 2275. Plurality 516.
J. B. Lynn, D, 1759.
A. Walck, G, 193.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1883.
Nipp’s majority in Arkansas City was 288. It might have been larger, but the Poncas did not get in until after the polls closed.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1883.
McIntire and Soward take up their official duties on the 10th of January next. Capt. Nipp, however, has nearly a year to wait, the second Tuesday in October being the eventful day with him.
Winfield Courier, November 22, 1883.
We publish below the roll of old soldiers in this county drawing pensions from the government for injuries sustained on account of service, with monthly rate of allowance. It shows that there are one hundred and forty-six soldiers in the county drawing pensions, and that the government pays to them monthly the aggregate sum of $1,509.66-3/4. This is a record that no county but ours can show. It is certainly one that “Cares for him who has born the brunt of battle and for his widows and orphans.”
                                 LIST OF PENSIONERS, COWLEY COUNTY.

LISTING “Number of Certificate.” MAW]
             Nipp, James B., Arkansas City, g s w rt shoulder and paralysis of arm, $18.00.
Caldwell Journal, November 29, 1883.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, of Arkansas City, and S. H. Rogers, of Emporia, arrived last night to look after some range matters.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 5, 1883.
Our future county treasurer, Capt. J. B. Nipp, came up from the Territory last Saturday. While down in the Pottawatomie country, he saw the notorious Dick Glass, who has so far evaded the officers of the law. Dick is a full blooded Negro, a hard character of the worst type, and one whom no officer cares to arrest without plenty of backing. He is at all times armed to the teeth, and is ever on the alert.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 12, 1883. Supplement.
NOTICE. WANTED. I want to buy 8 or 10 good saddle horses weighing about 800 pounds each. Any parties having such stock for sale, please bring it to J. B. Nipp’s livery stable on Saturday, December 15, 1883. J. H. SHERBURNE.
Arkansas City Traveler, Supplement, December 12, 1883.
The following named pupils were perfect in deportment during the third month: Mahlon Arnett, Mollie Duncan, Effie Gilstrap, Laura Gould, Laura Holloway, Minnie Kirtley, Fred McLaughlin, Howard Maxwell, Dora Pearson, Carry Rice, Mountferd Scott, Emma Theaker, Horace Vaughn, Alice Warren, Sarah Crocker, J. C. Endicott, Lizzie Gilbert, Flora Gould, Ida Hackleman, John Kirkpatrick, Minnie McIntire, Jessie Norton, Lillie Purdy, Alvan Sankey, Eva Splawn, Clarence Thompson, Martin Warren, Stella Wilson.
The following were imperfect and received 65 percent: Sarepta Abrams, Sammie Beall, Alice Lane, Robert A. Nipp, Frank Wright, Lida Whitney, Frank Barnett, Ella Crocker, Edith Marshall, W. S. Pickering, Edna Worthley, Mary Dakan. C. T. ATKINSON, Teacher.
Caldwell Journal, December 13, 1883.
Capt. Nipp, of Arkansas City, was in town on Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.
The new officers with the exception of Co. Treasurer take their positions on the 14th of January. Treasurer Nipp does not get his office until next October.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 2, 1884.
                                              County Clerk’s Annual Statement.
            To the Honorable Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas:
GENTLEMEN: The following is a statement of receipts and expenditures of said county from Oct. 10th, 1882, to Oct. 30th, 1883, which I submit to your Honors for publication under Sec. 34, Chap. 25, General Statistics.

I skipped this! Very hard to read!
FROM THE COUNTY BOND FUND:  TOTAL $ 4,085.17. [1882]
FROM THE COUNTY BOND FUND:  TOTAL $ 4,085.17. [1883]
Skipped County Expenditures: figured garbled!
J. B. Nipp, Creswell Township       $195.00
P. A. Lorry, Bolton Township   $138.00
J. P. Short, Winfield City          $168.00
Total Expenses Oct. 10, 1882, to Oct. 30, 1883: $27,841.75
Arkansas City Traveler, January 16, 1884.
The following pupils of the High School department were perfect in deportment and received 100 percent. Mahlon Arnett, Frank Barnett, Ella Crocker, Mary Dakin, Jacob Endicott, Lizzie Gilbert, Flora Gould, John Kirkpatrick, Rose Morse, Fred McLaughlin, Jessie Norton, Dora Pearson, Carrie Rice, Mountferd Scott, Horace Vaughn, Martin Warren, Clarence Thompson, Sarepta Abrams, Sammy Beall, Sarah Crocker, Mollie Duncan, Effie Gilstrap, Laura Gould, Laura Holloway, Eddie Marshall, Minnie McIntire, Howard Maxwell, Robert Nipp, Walter Pickering, Alvan Sankey, Emma Theaker, Edna Worthley, Lida Whitney, Lillie Purdy, Eva Splawn.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
On Monday afternoon the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met in the Opera House for the purpose of re-organizing the Board of Directors for the year 1884, and receiving reports of the condition and doings of the Association for the year. About seventy-five stockholders, representing nearly all of the subscribed stock, were present. After a thorough overhauling of the Constitution and By Laws in the way of amendments, the following Board of Directors was elected to transact the business of the Association for the year 1884.
        Listed as one of the stockholders: J. B. Nipp: Creswell Township. He had one share.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 30, 1884.
Capt. Nipp will fence his range in the Territory this spring, and Mr. Love thinks of doing the same. Both these ranges have been contested by Windsor & Roberts, yet Messrs. Nipp and Love have assurance from Washington which prompts them to go ahead, regardless of the stock association or the Cherokee Nation.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 20, 1884.
JENKINS’ PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY, One door south of Nipp’s Livery Stable. Every description of PHOTOGRAPHY and ENLARGING done on short notice. Prices reasonable.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1884.
                     Office of the County Clerk, Winfield, Kansas, February 12th, 1884.

BOARD met in regular session agreeable to adjournment of January 16, 1884. Present: S. C. Smith (Chairman), Amos Walton, Commissioner, County Attorney, and J. S. Hunt, County Clerk.
Among other proceedings the following claims were allowed the Judges and Clerks of the February 5th 1884 election...paid from $2.00 to $6.00.
Judges J. B. Nipp, J. P. Eckles, T. McIntire.
Clerks: Wm. Blakeney, B. W. Matlack.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 5, 1884.
A railroad meeting was called on last Monday, March 3, at I. H. Bonsall’s office, for the purpose of considering the narrow gauge proposition now before the people and taking steps to insure its defeat. Mr. T. McIntire was made chairman and I. H. Bonsall secretary. A resolution to the effect that the interests of Cowley County demanded the defeat of this proposition was read and unanimously endorsed, and the following committee was appointed to raise funds to defray the expenses of canvassing the county: A. A. Newman, W. M. Sleeth, James Benedict, T. H. McLaughlin, and J. L. Huey. Messrs. A. A. Wiley, J. B. Nipp, A. J. Chapel, O. S. Rarick, T. H. McLaughlin, and N. T. Snyder were appointed as committee on arrangements with power to select sub-committees, to take whatever steps may be deemed necessary to accomplish the object of the meeting. The meeting then adjourned to next Saturday at 2 p.m. at Highland Hall, when we hope to see a general turn out of businessmen and farmers.
Arkansas City Republican, March 8, 1884.
A railroad meeting was called last Monday, March 3, to take measures for defeating the proposition to vote county bonds for the narrow gauge railroad next Tuesday. A motion was made that the voters of Creswell Township vote against said proposition, and was carried unanimously. On motion, the following committees were appointed by the chair:
A. A. Newman, Wm. M. Sleeth, Jas. Benedict, T. H. McLaughlin, and Jas. L. Huey were appointed as a committee to raise funds to pay the expenses of canvassing the county.
A. A. Wiley, J. B. Nipp, A. J. Chapel, O. S. Rarick, T. H. McLaughlin, and N. T. Snyder were appointed a committee on arrangements, with power to select sub-committees to canvass and make any arrangements necessary to accomplish the object of the meeting.
The meeting then adjourned to convene today, at 2 p.m., at Highland Hall, when we hope to see a good crowd assembled.
Arkansas City Republican, March 15, 1884.
J. B. Nipp and A. A. Wiley have been absent this week, at the Stockmen’s Meeting at Caldwell.
Arkansas City Republican, March 15, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, this week, purchased the interest of his partner, Mr. Lutes, in the Mammoth Livery, and hereafter will conduct the business himself. Mr. Lutes is thinking of engaging in business elsewhere.
Arkansas City Republican, March 15, 1884.
The following pupil was imperfect and received 36 percent: Robert A. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 19, 1884.

We had the pleasure of meeting Mr. J. L. Glotfelter, who has recently removed to our city, and is now engaged in putting up a residence. His advertisement announcing himself as a dealer in all kinds of agricultural implements will be found in this issue. Mr. Glotfelter was formerly from Iowa and comes to our city well recommended as a businessman, and we gladly welcome him as a fellow townsman.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 19, 1884.
Dissolution Notice. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned that the partnership heretofore existing between them under the firm name of Nipp & Lutes, doing business as liverymen, was on this day dissolved by mutual consent, Mr. Lutes retiring.
                                                    J. B. NIPP, R. O. LUTES.
Arkansas City, Kansas, March 10, 1884.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, this week, purchased the interest of his partner, Mr. Lutes, the Mammoth Livery, and hereafter will conduct the business himself. Mr. Lutes thinks of engaging in business elsewhere.
Arkansas City Republican, March 22, 1884.
                                               Junior Department - High School.
No more cayenne cases up this writing.
Robert Nipp is unable to study very hard. The reason is unknown, unless his eyes are getting dim. Be careful, don’t get any red pepper in them, Bob.
Arkansas City Republican, March 22, 1884.
Capt. Nipp removed this week to the house south of his livery stable.
Arkansas City Republican, March 22, 1884.
Mr. John Glotfelter recently sold his property in Burden, and is now a resident of this city. He will engage in the agricultural implement trade. His place of business is north of Capt. Nipp’s livery.
Arkansas City Republican, March 22, 1884.
Capt. Nipp is now sole proprietor of the Mammoth Livery.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 26, 1884.

We are informed on reliable authority that Capt. J. B. Nipp went to the polls at Arkansas City and electioneered against the D. M. & A. Proposition. This is a serious proceeding for a man holding an office by the vote of the people. Perhaps he forgot the promises he made to the people of Dexter Township before his election—politicians usually do. A man holding an office in the gift of the people should be very careful how he sets in regard to any scheme calculated to benefit all or part of the county. Be this as it may, Capt. Nipp has placed himself upon record as opposed to anything that does not directly benefit Arkansas City, opposed to anything that will benefit other parts of the county, and the people of Dexter Township have learned that he is not as friendly to them as he was before the election. The Eye and the people of Dexter will remember this in case he should ever decide to again run for office. By his work against the issuance of the bonds he has antagonized many of the voters of this part of the county. It would have been far better for him had he remained at home on the election day and taken no action, either for or against the proposition.
Dexter Eye.
It so happens that Capt. Nipp was in Caldwell all day Tuesday, attending to his contest case before the Live Stock association, and did not vote at all. Mr. Nipp is grateful to the people of Dexter for their services, and will ever hold them in remembrance; but we would suggest to Mr. Seaver, the would-be journalist, that with the exception of Dexter Township, Mr. Nipp’s majority was drawn from the parts of Cowley County opposing this narrow gauge. Dexter gave him 52 majority; Winfield gave 54 majority for Lynn; Arkansas City gave 257 majority for Nipp; Silver Creek opposed the railroad and gave Nipp 66 majority. Can you please everybody? Mr. Nipp would not oppose any good railroad going to Dexter, but no man other than a fool or a knave looks at this D. M. & A. except as a gigantic steal. It was a question of conscience with the honest voters here. We wish Dexter all the prosperity in the world, but do not like to see the county robbed by sharks. Put that in your Eye.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 26, 1884.
Notice is hereby given that the firm known as Nipp & Lutes has by mutual consent been dissolved, J. B. Nipp assuming all the liabilities of the said firm, and to whom all indebtedness should be paid. Feeling that our old customers will receive the same courteous treatment as before, I remain, yours, respectfully. R. O. LUTES.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, March 29, 1884.
A terrible conflagration swept over a portion of the Indian Territory, situated southwest of Arkansas City, last Thursday. As far as we can learn at present, Capt. Nipp’s and Mr. Love’s ranches located about 18 miles southwest from our city, were partially or wholly destroyed. The rapidity of the wind drove the flames with lightning speed.
Arkansas City Republican, March 29, 1884.
“We would simply say in reply, that Capt. J. B. Nipp was at the stockmen’s convention, at Caldwell, on the day of the election, and consequently did not even vote on the proposition. We trust the editor of the Eye will correct his mistake.”
Arkansas City Republican, March 29, 1884.
F. E. Pentecost, who has had charge of W. A. Lee’s agricultural implements here, was taken sick about two weeks ago of congestion of the lungs and pneumonia fever, and was confined to his bed for ten days at his home in Rock Township. During his illness his position with W. A. Lee was given to Robert Lee, brother to W. A. He returned to the city a few days ago, and is now employed as foreman of Capt. J. B. Nipp’s livery stable.
Arkansas City Republican, March 29, 1884.
                                                      A Trip to Willow Ranch.

Last Wednesday evening it was our good fortune to receive an invitation from Dr. Jamison Vawter to accompany him on a professional visit to Willow Ranch, 17 miles south of the city in Indian Territory. Of course we accepted, and in a short time the doctor was at our boarding house for us with one of Capt. J. B. Nipp’s best double rigs. We started from the city about seven o’clock, and in two and a half hours were at our destination. We found Mr. Fouts, the proprietor of the ranch, suffering greatly with neuralgia and malarial fever, but the doctor administered a remedy that soon relieved his pain, and leaving more medicine to be taken during the night, we retired. The next morning we found Mr. Fouts’ health much improved, and after the doctor had given full direction as to the further treatment of the case, and assured Mr. Fouts that he would soon be able to attend to business again, and we had partaken heartily of an excellent breakfast, we started on our return, and were soon home. The trip was a pleasant one! The Doctor knows just how to entertain a fellow bachelor, and we shall always remember Mr. and Mrs. Fouts and the boys employed on the ranch for the kind and hospitable treatment received from them while at the “Willows.” Mr. Fouts is the proprietor of two ranches; the Willow Ranch, containing 35,000 acres, and another containing 12,000 acres, and both are well-stocked with cattle, horses, and sheep. He has been in the stock business several years, and has prospered, and everything now about him shows prosperity. As to the Territory, we can say the same as everybody else that it is a fine country to remain idle as it now is. On our way home we saw hundreds of prairie chickens and snipes, and could have easily killed a great many of them from our buggy if we had taken a gun.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 2, 1884. Editorial Page. H. P. Standley, Editor.
                                                             Territorial Jots.
On Friday of last week, in company with Capt. J. B. Nipp, we started for Osage Agency to attend the gathering of stock men set for the 29th. The weather was exceptionally fine, and as the captain’s gallant team rapidly left the city in the distance the exhilarating influence of pure air and sunshine had a decidedly charming effect. Reaching Grouse about noon, we (true to our printer’s code, “never to miss a meal,”) could not help stopping to see our friend, Drury Warren, who kindly cared for us and sent us on our way rejoicing. All the afternoon we drove through a splendid country, over which the gentle hint of coming spring could be seen in the fresh green grass and flowers on every hand. As the shades of evening drew upon us we neared the ranch of Mrs. Benvenue, whose roof sheltered us from the night and at whose table we partook of such goodly cheer as will ever make us kindly remember “Aunt Jane.”
At the agency we were the guests of Major and Mrs. Miles, whose genial hospitality was duly appreciated. At this place also we were pleased to meet our friends, Ed. Finney, Dr. Bird, Mr. Wismeyer, and others, and also to make the acquaintance of Messrs. Davidson and Hamilton, each of whom is running a trader’s store. Quite a busy time is being had at the agency buildings just now, repairing and painting, which will materially help the appearance as well as the comfort thereof. Everything around the agency is in a prosperous condition, much of which is due to the untiring work of Maj. Miles, who spares no effort to provide for the welfare of his charges.

Leaving Osage at 3 p.m., we started for Kaw Agency, and after a very pleasant ride through a glorious country already covered with quite a growth of grass, arrived at 7 p.m., and were at once taken in hand by our friend, Tom Finney, who was for us “a good Samaritan,” and we spent a really pleasant evening in his home circle. Next morning being Sunday, we made a short call upon Supt. Keeler, who we found genial as ever, but looking a little out of sorts, which was explained when he stated that everything was upside down owing to repairs and painting being in progress. This agency is one of the most pleasantly located agencies that we know of, and it would appear to us anything but a hardship to reside thereat.
Bidding adieu to our friends, we once more took the road, reaching Arkansas City about 1 p.m., having experienced a most enjoyable time and accomplishing the round trip in about fifty hours.
Arkansas City Republican, April 5, 1884.
The following named pupils of the High School were perfect in deportment during the seventh month, and received 100 percent.
Mahlon Arnett, Frank Burnett, Sarah Crocker, D. C. Duncan, J. C. Endicott, Eddie Garris, Flora Gould, Laura Hollaway, ____ Kirkpatrick, Ed. Maxwell, __ __ McLaughlin, _____ Martin, Robert Nipp, Lillie Purdy, M. J. Scott, Clarence Thompson, Edna Worthley, Sarepta Abrams, Corda Armstead, Mary Dakan, Mollie Duncan, Lizzie Gilbert, Laura Gould, Ida Hackleman, Richard Hutchins, John Kirkpatrick, Rosa Morse, Howard Maxwell, Berdie [?] Martin, Walter Pickering, Lloyd Ruby, Emma Theaker, H. G. Vaughn, Lida Whitney, Constance Woodin.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1884.
Capt. Nipp left for Fort Scott last Monday, where he goes as a delegate to the Grand Lodge of the Knights of Honor, whose meeting takes place today.
Arkansas City Republican, April 12, 1884.
Capt. Nipp has been absent the greater part of the week at Fort Scott. He went as a delegate from our lodge of the Knights of Honor.
Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.
                          Interesting Items Gathered from Our Neighboring Exchanges.
                                           ARKANSAS CITY REPUBLICAN.
Capt. Nipp has been absent the greater part of the week at Fort Scott. He went as a delegate from our lodge of Knights of Honor.
Arkansas City Republican, April 19, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp returned last Saturday from Ft. Scott.
Arkansas City Republican, April 19, 1884.
F. E. Pentecost went up to Winfield Tuesday and brought home with him two fine new buggies for Capt. J. B. Nipp’s livery stable.
Arkansas City Republican, April 19, 1884.
J. W. Punshon has opened a new furniture store on west Summit street, opposite Capt. Nipp’s livery stable.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
The Republican convention of Cowley County met according to call at the Opera House in Winfield on Saturday, April 19, 1884, at 11 o’clock a.m.
The delegates to the State Convention were elected as follows.
H. McKibben, Z. Carlisle, O. Wooley, O. Shriver, J. B. Nipp, T. H. Soward.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1884.
Captain J. B. Nipp and Dr. Z. Carlisle left for Topeka last Monday, where they go as delegates to the state convention.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1884.
Parties desirous of visiting the Oklahoma country have now the benefit of Captain Nipp’s stage line to that much talked about section of the footstool.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1884.
Capt. Nipp last Monday sold out his entire livery stock and barn, only reserving his private team, to Mr. L. H. Braden of Illinois. The latter gentleman assumed control the same day.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1884.
Captain Nipp has already completed arrangements and purchased the stock, etc., for the equipment of a stage line from Arkansas City to Oklahoma, the initial trip on which will be run this week. From the city to Otoe Agency, the line will be run in conjunction with the Southwestern Stage Co., but from that point to Oklahoma, it will be an independent line. Elegant stages for this line have been purchased, in one of which we took a ride last Sunday, and therefore know whereof we speak.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1884.
                                                            14. J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1884.
Messrs. T. H. Soward, Oscar Wooley, Owen Shriver, Hugh McKibben, Dr. Carlisle and Capt. Nipp, our delegates to the State convention went up to Topeka on the afternoon train Monday. Senator Long was also one of the party. There will be lots of politics to the square inch in Topeka this week.
Arkansas City Republican, May 3, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp sold his mammoth Livery Stable last Monday to Mr. L. H. Braden, a newcomer from near Danville, Illinois, and Mr. Braden took full possession the same day. He has employed Mr. F. E. Pentecost as manager, and Ed will continue to run the stable in the same first-class style, as when owned by Capt. Nipp. Some new buggies and horses will be added soon. Mr. Braden bears the appearance of an upright gentleman, and we wish him much success. Capt. Nipp, we are glad to say, will not leave the city, but will remain and engage in other business.
Arkansas City Republican, May 3, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp and Dr. L. Carlisle went as delegates to the State Republican convention at Topeka last Tuesday. Dr. Carlisle returned Wednesday and Capt. Nipp Thursday. They report a pleasant trip.
Arkansas City Republican, May 10, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp returned Wednesday from a prospecting trip of a week through Harper, Kingman, and other counties. While in Kingman he was offered a bargain in real estate and invested $1,000 as a speculation, and was offered to $200 advance before he left the place, but did not sell, believing he could make more.

Arkansas City Republican, May 17, 1884.
A comet struck the east side of our schoolhouse last Sunday night, but did little damage.
Have you seen the “comet?” Ask Rob Nipp about that.
Rob. Nipp changed seats Monday morning; he likes to be near the recitation seat, so he will not have so far to go to his classes.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1884.
Our delegation to Chicago leaves Saturday. Cowley will be represented by Hon. W. P. Hackney, T. H. Soward, Judge Gans, D. A. Millington, J. W. Wilson, M. G. Troup, Capt. J. B. Nipp, J. D. Maurer, E. A. Henthorn, and Spence Miner.
Arkansas City Republican, May 31, 1884.
Cowley County’s delegation to the Chicago Republican Convention will be composed of Hon. W. P. Hackney, T. H. Soward, Judge Gans, D. A. Millington, J. W. Wilson, M. G. Troup, Capt. J. B. Nipp, J. D. Maurer, E. A. Henthorn, and Spence Miner.
Arkansas City Republican, May 31, 1884.
J. B. Nipp and son Robert started yesterday for Chicago. They will attend the National Republican Convention, and will be absent about two weeks.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1884.
Capt. Nipp, our future county treasurer, left for the national convention at Chicago last Friday, to which he is a delegate from this state, taking his son Bob along to see the sights.
Arkansas City Republican, June 14, 1884.
Capt. Nipp and son, Rob, returned home from Chicago, where the Captain has been attending the Republican convention.
Arkansas City Republican, July 5, 1884.
If you wish good stock cheap, go to Capt. Nipp’s sale of fine horses and mules, Monday, July 14, 1884.
Arkansas City Republican, July 5, 1884.
Mrs. T. E. Berry, of Osmit, Indiana, is in the city visiting her parents, Capt. and Mrs. Nipp.
Arkansas City Republican, July 5, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp returned Wednesday from an extended trip to Winfield and the Territory.
Arkansas City Republican, July 19, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp has purchased a fine residence in Winfield at a cost of $2,250.
Arkansas City Republican, July 19, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp had some superior stock among his herd of horses and mules. On Monday a fine two year old horse sold for $193.50.
Arkansas City Republican, July 19, 1884.
An immense crowd of people were in town Monday, in attendance upon Capt. Nipp’s sale of fine horses and mules. Stock sold well. It was of superior class.
Arkansas City Republican, July 19, 1884.

At a meeting called for Monday evening, July 14, 1884, to be held in Judge Bonsall’s office, by the chairman, C. T. Atkinson, who was appointed by the county convention at Winfield last Saturday, I. H. Bonsall was chosen secretary. The following pledge was signed by the persons whose names appear below:
We, the undersigned, agree to support James G. Blaine and John A. Logan for president and vice-president, and we further agree to work and vote for their election, and we pledge ourselves to do all we can in an honorable way to favor their interests.
I. H. Bonsall, C. T. Atkinson, J. B. Nipp, C. W. Barnes, O. Ingersoll, J. H. Punshon, L. H. Braden, W. R. Wolf, F. E. Pentecost, J. E. Pentecost, W. R. Owen, Jacob Twilliger, Chas. Bryant, C. W. Coombs, L. V. Coombs, R. C. Howard, Byron Wagner, W. D. Mowry, F. M. Vaughn, D. C. Duncan, John M. Roberts, J. H. Martin, W. B. Higgins, A. E. Kirkpatrick, J. C. Topliff, Mahlon Arnett, H. C. Deets, C. M. Scott, John S. Daniels, John J. Clark, R. B. Morton, N. P. Laughton, Dell Plank, A. Leonard, S. A. Daniels, F. H. Gage, M. J. Capron, N. N. Abernathy, Ira Wilbur, J. P. Musselman, A. H. Dodd, David Shields, John J. Breene, David McPherson, G. W. Martin, Joe Sheff, H. G. Vaughn, J. C. Harnley, Frank Landes, R. R. Ottman [?], J. A. McIntyre, F. C. McLaughlin, F. E. Burnett, W. C. Thompson, Ed Horn,
J. H. Hackleman, Alvan Sankey.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1884.
An old friend, A. H. Broadwell, of Pleasant Valley, was in the city Monday, attending Capt. Nipp’s mule sale.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1884.
Capt. Nipp’s horse and mule sale this week is drawing large crowds to town. The prices paid are high, ranging from $50 to $200.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 23, 1884.
Capt. Nipp, the treasurer elect, moved to Winfield this week and will at once begin to familiarize himself with his new field of work.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, County Treasurer elect, disposed of his stock at Arkansas City last week, has bought property in Winfield, and is preparing to take up his permanent residence here at once.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, July 30, 1884.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, July 30, 1884.
The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association will hold its Second Annual Exhibition at Winfield, Kansas, September 23 to 27, 1884. This Association comes before the public with more attractions and better facilities than any like Association in the State. It is a well established fact that our grounds are the largest and best in the State, our buildings, stables, and stalls ample and commodious, thus affording the exhibitor more comfort, pleasure, and money than any Fair Association in the State.

The following is a list of the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association.
                                            One of the Stockholders: J. B. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 30, 1884.
Strayed or Stolen From Capt. Nipp’s pasture about the latter part of June, a bay Texas horse, 15 hands high; saddle marks; sore back; lame; branded on left shoulder [S over H over Bar]; five or six years old. Liberal reward for information leading to his recovery.
                                                           W. J. HODGES.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 6, 1884.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met in regular session last Monday, August 4. Present: F. P. Schiffbauer, mayor; C. G. Thompson, T. Fairclo, and A. A. Davis.
                                                      C. R. SIPES, Treasurer.
                                          COLLECTION OF WATER RENTS.
I herewith submit my report of the amount of water tax collected up to August 2, 1884.
                                                           J. B. Nipp $5.00
Arkansas City Traveler, August 6, 1884.
Lost. On the road between Arkansas City and Winfield, on Friday, August 1, 1884, an account book containing notes, a chattel mortgage, and other papers of no value to any but the owner. A liberal reward will be paid for the return of same to JAS. B. NIPP, Winfield, Kansas.
Arkansas City Republican, August 9, 1884.
A circumstance peculiar to election times took place one day this week. Commissioner Moore and Capt. Nipp were conversing concerning the number of votes St. John would poll in Arkansas City. The Captain offered Mr. Moore five dollars for the presentation of a St. John man. Mr. Moore readily accepted and offered five dollars in return if he failed to secure his specimen. Capt. Nipp refused, saying that cigars for the crowd would be sufficient. In good spirits, Mr. Moore started and having secured our fragile little townsman, John Lewis, asked him to go down the street and see a gentleman. John good naturedly consented and after the crowd had been reached, someone said, “Mr. Lewis, for whom will you vote for president?” “For Blaine and Logan, of course,” came the quick response. His hat was snatched from his head and torn in shreds, and in its place a $3.50 new one, purchased by Capt. Nipp, adorns his cranium. Mr. Moore furnished the cigars for the crowd with excellent grace.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1884.
The Messrs. Kitchen, three brothers from Capt. Nipp’s old county in Kentucky, are visiting with him with a view of locating here. They are prohibition Democrats, a rarity in old Kaintuck.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 20, 1884.
Capt. Nipp is a whole team when it comes to election work.
Arkansas City Republican, August 30, 1884.
Capt. Nipp came down from the “Hub” Tuesday.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, September 6, 1884.

Wednesday word was received here that the soldiers were playing sad havoc with the Oklahoma cattlemen. On Capt. Nipp’s ranch, they destroyed his wire fence entirely, consuming two days in the operations. Dr. Love was arrested by the militia and taken to Rock Falls, there they gave him his freedom.
Arkansas City Republican, September 6, 1884.
Capt. Nipp and Henry Asp were in the city yesterday.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 10, 1884.
Considerable cutting of fences and other destruction of improvements erected by the cattlemen was done by the troops in the Territory last week. Sixteen miles of Capt. Nipp’s wire fence was destroyed. Other parties were arrested and escorted to the state line, but this seemed the extent of orders, and the parties immediately returned to their cattle, to which the troops did not object, saying they had no orders covering such action. The boys in blue are now on their way to the Oklahoma country, where all intruders are to be bounced. Some of these movements look very much like child’s play.
Winfield Courier, September 11, 1884.
Wednesday, word was received here that the soldiers were playing sad havoc with the Oklahoma cattlemen. On Capt. Nipp’s ranch they destroyed his wire fence entirely, consuming two days in the operations. Dr. Love was arrested by the militia and taken to Rock Falls. There they gave him his freedom
Arkansas City Republican, September 13, 1884.
Capt. Nipp and Dr. Love’s stock ranches are the only ones the soldiers have molested so far, we understand.
Arkansas City Republican, September 13, 1884.
Henry Noble, Wm. Morse, and Capt. Nipp were down from Winfield.
Arkansas City Republican, September 20, 1884.
Capt. Nipp spent several days in Arkansas City this week, preparatory to his initiatory in the treasurer office. Capt. will commence duty October 14.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.

A meeting of the Blaine and Logan Club of Winfield was held at the Courthouse Monday evening. The meeting came to order by electing Mr. A. H. Limerick, Chairman, and W. A. McCartney, Secretary. The object of the meeting was stated by W. J. Wilson. Speeches were made by T. H. Soward and W. P. Hackney in favor of the complete organization and equipment of a Blaine and Logan club. It was decided to organize the club into three companies of torch-bearers and one Flambeau club. The following officers were elected: Colonel Whiting, Commander of battalion and D. L. Kretsinger, Adjutant; Spencer Miner, Captain “Co. A”; Frank Finch, 1st Lieutenant; M. B. Shields, 2nd Lieutenant; T. J. Harris, 3rd Lieutenant; Capt. J. B. Nipp, Captain of “Co. B”: W. P. Hackney 1st Lieutenant; John McGuire, 2nd Lieutenant; H. H. Siverd, 3rd Lieutenant; Cap Steuven, Captain of the Flambeau club; H. G. Norton, 1st Lieutenant; W. A. McCartney, 2nd Lieutenant; Frank H. Greer, 3rd Lieutenant. The election of officers for “Co. C” was deferred until Tuesday evening. A meeting of the officers of the different companies was called for Wednesday morning for the purpose of appointing various committees, and deciding on the kind and number of suits and torches to be ordered. After the completion of business of the meeting, Henry E. Asp was called on, and responded in one of his characteristic speeches, after which the meeting adjourned.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1884.
Following is a complete list of stockholders in the Arkansas City Woolen Manufacturing Company, mention of which was made last week.
                                                   Included in List: J. B. Nipp.
Winfield Courier, October 9, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp filed his bond of a hundred thousand dollars, Tuesday, and it was accepted by the Board of Commissioners. He will take possession of the treasurer’s office next Tuesday. The bond is signed by sixty-seven of the leading capitalists, bankers, stockmen, and farmers of the county and represents over half a million of dollars. It is one of the strongest bonds ever filed in the county.
Arkansas City Republican, October 11, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp filed his bond of a hundred thousand dollars Tuesday, and it was accepted by the board of commissioners. He will take possession of the treasurer’s office next Tuesday. The bond is signed by sixty-seven of the leading capitalists, bankers, stockmen, and farmers of the county and represents over half of a million of dollars. It is one of the strongest bonds ever filed in the county. Winfield Courier.
   [Note difference in spellings item below as compared to Oct. 15th item by Traveler.]
Arkansas City Republican, October 11, 1884.
B. W. Burchet, Isom Ison, Daniel Adams, Com Boggs, Richard Womack, and J. J. Kennedy, all of Carter County, Kentucky, are in our city this week. They are all old school mates and comrades of Capt. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1884.
Our new county treasurer, Capt. Nipp, entered upon his official duties yesterday. His bond ($100,000) was filed on Tuesday of last week, and is counted the strongest ever made in Cowley County. It is signed by sixty-seven of Cowley’s citizens, consisting of bankers, stockmen, and farmers, representing a combined capital of over $500,000, and is a handsome testimonial of the esteem and confidence felt in our old townsman by the voters who put him in this office. A hundred thousand dollars is a large sum, but the people have cheerfully signified their willingness to become his sureties for that amount, and we guarantee not one of them feels any fear that he will ever be called upon to make up a dollar of loss to the county.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1884.
Capt. Nipp drove down from Winfield last Friday, bringing with him six stalwart Kentucky Republicans, who came to view this land of peace and plenty. The visitors were B. W. Burchett, Isom Ison, Daniel Adams, Com. Boggs, Richard Womach, and J. J. Kennedy, all from Grayson, Carter County, Kentucky, and all here with a view to locating. They are a jolly, whole-souled set of fellows, just the kind of farmers we would like to welcome from the land of blue grass, and we hope soon to see all of them residents of prosperous Cowley.
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1884.

The Board of County Commissioners was in session last week and a part of this. Most of the time was consumed in adjusting the numerous county road cases that came before it. It appearing that Robt. Thirsk, of Walnut Township, had been erroneously assessed $147 on personal property, the same was remitted. The resignation of L. Holcomb, trustee of Pleasant Valley Township, was accepted, and Geo. W. Robertson appointed to fill the vacancy. The official bond of J. B. Nipp, incoming County Treasurer, was approved. The First National Bank of Winfield was designated as the place of deposit for the county funds, conditioned that a good and constitutional bond be given and that said bank pay 2 percent annual interest upon the average daily deposits, such interest to be credited monthly.
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp has appointed J. W. Arrowsmith Deputy County Treasurer. He is a good penman and experienced accountant and will fill the position acceptably.
Arkansas City Republican, October 18, 1884.
Capt. Nipp went on duty as county treasurer Tuesday. John Arrowsmith is his deputy.
Arkansas City Republican, October 18, 1884.
First speaker was Hon. B. W. Perkins, our congressman. He was received at the depot by Rev. J. O. Campbell and Committeeman Maj. L. E. Woodin. Also received by over 100 men, headed by John Daniels, who welcomed the Plumed Knights of Winfield who came in on a special train plus the Courier band. “They played several strains of music at the depot and on the opera house balcony.” Arkansas City people who furnished martial music: L. J. Wagner, J. S. Daniels, and N. U. Hinkley. Rally held in Highland Hall. At rally music rendered by Winfield Glee Club and the Courier band. Perkins was followed by Messrs. Soward and Jennings of Winfield. Winfield visitors: Henry Asp; Capt. Nipp, a Plumed Knight; Capt. James Finch, who commanded the Plumed Knights.
Arkansas City Republican, October 18, 1884.
                                                    Clipping from the Courier.
J. B. Stone turned over, Tuesday, the office of County Treasurer to his successor, J. B. Nipp. Mr. Stone’s administration of that office has been highly creditable to himself and the county. Always quiet and unassuming, yet accommodating and watchful, he retires amid a satisfied constituency and with a gratifying friendship, leaving the office in a condition unexcelled. He certainly leaves a record of work nobly done.
Winfield Courier, October 23, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp entertained last week several old friends from Carter County, Kentucky, all staunch Republicans, and visiting Cowley with a view to location.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 29, 1884.

GENTLEMEN: As is usual at the close of our campaigns in this county, you are insulted and outraged by a characterless sheet published in Winfield and misnamed “The Telegram,” and known all over Cowley County as a dirty, filthy sewer through which vile slanders are annually heaped upon the unoffending candidates of the Republican party. This sheet does not advocate Democratic principles, unless to peddle lies and slanders, and to paint men in false colors, to their shame and that of their families and friends, in Democracy. I cannot call to mind now a single editorial in that paper intended or calculated to increase the Democratic votes of this county by legitimate argument or the enunciation of a single principle. Its whole stock in trade consists in the peddling of lies, vilification of men, and the repeating of slanders.
In this community where it is best known, it is recognized as the mouthpiece of the vile, vicious, and venal. If it has a character for honesty or decency, it has covertly and designedly hid the light under a bushel. In its issue of the 16th, it contained a base and infamous charge against Henry E. Asp, who has lived in this community from his boyhood up, and who is respected by every decent man in Cowley County who knows him. This charge was made by that paper at the instance and in the interests of Joseph O’Hare, his political opponent, and is in  keeping with the character of O’Hare and in accord with the past record of that paper. Six years ago in this county, when the man who today honors the bench and is the respected judge of this district, was a candidate for county attorney, that paper made the same kind and character of charges against him. And yet today that paper, knowing that the upright and honorable conduct of Judge Torrance upon the bench has placed him beyond the power of that infamous sheet to encompass his defeat with a Democrat, now endorses his candidacy. Again, five years ago, this same outfit vilified and blackened the character of A. T. Shenneman, who gave his life in the discharge of his duty. Again, four years ago, this vile and dirty sewer of all filth made the same kind of a fight on myself, and with what result we all know. Again, two years ago, this sheet made the same kind of a fight on James McDermott, whose honesty and integrity cannot be questioned, and succeeded in defeating him with a man whose whole career in the legislature was opposed to the interests of the people of Cowley County. And last year this same paper vomited forth its vile and infamous lies about George McIntire, Tom Soward, and Capt. Nipp, and sent its satraps and parasites forth to repeat its charges for the purpose of deluding Republicans and thereby obtaining votes under false pretenses for its candidate.
Why is it that you never hear their candidates upon the stump advocating their election because of the principles of their party and in the interest of their party? Why is it that they go out into the campaign and sneak up to your homes and peddle the libels of that paper to the disgust of decent men, instead of magnifying their own fitness for that position? Because their candidates, as a rule, are not able to do so, and for the further reason that as a rule their countenances of themselves are a breach of the peace.
How long must the Republicans stand such treatment, and are we to retaliate? I answer, we must submit to it so long as that paper is controlled by the moral leper who now directs its course and mouths the excrement vomited by that sheet each week of its filthy issue. We cannot retaliate because no decent Republican can get low enough in the purlieus of filth to compete with them.
Are their candidates better men than ours? Not at all; they never claim that. They engage in that conduct because they hope to steal into office thereby, and because without the employment of such means to deceive the thoughtless and unwary and thereby procure their votes, they could not hope to succeed.

The paper and its siders and abetters in this city, are to decent politics what a peat house is to a healthy community, or a pig stye in summer to a near neighbor.
The abuse of this paper is and should be treated by men who are familiar with the facts as an honest man’s endorsement.
Our candidates are all men who have lived in our midst; they were unanimously nominated by the largest and best convention of men ever assembled in Cowley County, and all fresh from the people of each township; and that convention by its nominations certified to the good character of each, and nothing that this infamous sheet can do or say in this campaign ought to win any Republican from his allegiance. Let us remember that the enemy is virulent, that he is exasperated by defeat, and poisoned with malice, and let us this year, as last, down this dirty outfit again.
Hoping that we may win a grand victory on Tuesday next, I am, W. P. HACKNEY.
P.S. Business in court is my excuse for not visiting you in person. H.
Arkansas City Republican, November 8, 1884.
Chas. Leavitt and Capt. Nipp were down from Winfield Sunday airing their political complexion.
Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.
Notwithstanding the intense excitement caused by the Presidential uncertainty, Winfield was free from dangerous passions and fatal results until Saturday night, when the deadly revolver, in the reckless hand, took the life of Charlie Fletcher (colored) and gave Sandy Burge (white) a death wound. Excitement had been at a fever heat during the evening, but had vented itself up to eleven o’clock only in civil hilarity, playing of bands, and other harmless modes of jollification. But at that hour the celebrating portion of the crowd had mostly exhausted all enthusiasm and departed to their homes, leaving the ground in charge of the more boisterous. The Democrats had been celebrating during the evening the supposed elevation of Cleveland; and though loud denunciation of disciples of both parties had been indulged in, this sad ending is thought by all to have no political significance, but merely the result of whiskey and undue recklessness. However, we present the evidence at the Coroner’s inquest, from which all can draw their conclusions. The affair is very much deplored by members of both parties, as anything but an honor to our civilization and the good name of our city. Fletcher died within an hour after the bullet had passed through his abdomen, and was buried Monday afternoon from the colored M. E. Church, of this city, a large concourse of white and colored citizens following the remains to South Cemetery. Burge walked, after being shot, in company with the marshal, to Smith’s lunch-room, sat down, and soon fainted away. He was taken to the Ninth Avenue Hotel, where doctors were summoned and where he remained till Sunday morning, when he was removed to his home and family in the east part of the city. He was shot with a thirty-two bullet, which entered just below the fifth rib on the right side and passed through the right lung and came very nearly out at the back. As we go to press he still lies in a critical condition, though the physicians give him the possibility of recovering. But little change has been noted in his condition since Sunday.
Coroner H. W. Marsh was summoned, impaneled a jury Sunday afternoon, and held an inquest on the body of young Fletcher. The jury was composed of Messrs. John McGuire, J. B. Lynn, George Emerson, T. H. Soward, W. J. Hodges, and James Bethel, who brought in a verdict that Fletcher came to his death by a pistol shot from the hand of Sandy Burge.

A synopsis of the evidence is given herewith, which fully explains the whole affair.
The first witness called up was Andrew Shaw, colored. He said: “I saw Charlie Fletcher on the corner of Ninth and Main on Saturday night, at what hour I don’t know. I saw no one shoot, nor did I see anyone with a pistol or other weapon in hand. I saw Fletcher fall. Before this I told him to have no row. When I heard the first shot, Charlie whirled around and fired. I saw the flash of a gun from the direction where Sandy Burge was standing. I also saw Mr. Lacy there with a star on.”
Dan’l D. Miller was next called. He said: “I saw a difficulty last evening at the corner of Ninth Avenue and Main Street about 11 o’clock. I was standing on the curb-stone near the hydrant when Henry Franklin, colored, came and spoke to me. He told me he understood the white boys were making up a mob to drive the darkies out of town and if they were, they would have a good time doing it. I told him I had heard nothing of the kind and thought everything would be all right if they behaved themselves. While we were talking, Lewis Bell was also talking. A. A. Thomas, standing near, said: ‘Democrat, Republican, or any G__d d___m man that jumps on me during this campaign will carry his guts off in his hand.’ Bell said: ‘I am a Democrat and if you jump on me, I’ll see that you jump off.’ Thomas replied, ‘the hell you say.’ Thomas then left and Bell was talking about the G__d d____m niggers or coons. Franklin, colored, went to Bell and Bell knocked him down. Just at that time Sandy Burge drew his revolver. I was about two feet from him. I advanced, grabbed him by the right shoulder, and whirled him around facing south and told him to put up his gun. He replied: ‘I won’t fight a G__d d___m nigger a fist fight.’ Some man then hollowed to turn his G__d d__m gun loose or put it up. He tore loose from me and whirled round facing northeast; his pistol in hand, and immediately there was a flash of a pistol about 10 or 12 feet east of where Burge stood. At this time Burge threw his hand up, made a slight noise, and as his hand came down, his pistol fired. I saw the colored man fall and he fired his pistol as he fell. The colored man was standing 10 or 12 feet nearly north of Burge—12 feet from where the first shot was fired. The next moment Burge fired his pistol again in the same direction. I don’t know who fired the first shot. I think the first shot struck Burge. I also think the shot fired by Burge struck Fletcher and I don’t think it was Fletcher’s shot that struck Burge. There were two shots fired from down the street east of us, after Burge and Fletcher shot. The first shot of the last two burned my face and made me dodge. The second one struck the lamp post. Don’t know who fired them. Then I shot around the corner.”
Henry Franklin, colored, was then called, who testified: “I saw Charlie Fletcher at McGuire’s corner about 11 o’clock. I was standing near the lamp-post, and after Bell struck me, Fletcher passed by me. Burge was standing east of me 5 or 6 feet, on the sidewalk. I can’t tell who fired the first shot. It came from about where Burge stood. I think Burge shot twice. My opinion is that Burge shot Fletcher and Fletcher shot Burge.”

James H. Finch then took the stand: “As I stood on McGuire’s corner last night about 11 o’clock, I saw a colored man come along. He stopped just off the curb-stone and some man spoke to him. The colored man said, ‘I don’t want any trouble,’ and laughed. Somebody at this time pitched in for a squabble and then the colored man fell to the sidewalk. Someone said, ‘Give it to the son of a b____.’ Just at that time Burge put his hand to his hip pocket to draw a revolver and began backing off from where he stood, in rather a stooping position. I watched him because I had a conversation with him about an hour before and he was drinking and I thought there might be some trouble. I thought in his condition if there was trouble, he would be in it. I was some 20 feet from him when he started to draw his revolver and made toward him, thinking I could knock his revolver out of his hand or his arm up so he would not shoot into the crowd. Before I got to him he fired two shots and snapped the revolver once. He shot a little northwest. Saw the man who was shot as he commenced falling. He was 12 or 15 feet northwest of Burge. He was a colored man. Burge shot the first shot and the darky shot about the same time. I should say four or five shots were fired. The colored man was falling when he shot, and I can’t tell where the other shots came from. I thought Burge’s second shot went some other way than toward the colored man. The darky said, when I went to him, that Sandy Burge shot him.”
The next witness was Alex. Franklin, colored: “I knew Charlie Fletcher and was on McGuire’s corner about 11 o’clock last night. The first thing I saw, old man Franklin was pulling Henry Franklin off the ground. I then saw Sandy Burge’s revolver; then the reports and the blaze of it; the reports were about together, and then Charlie Fletcher fell. Charlie fired one shot and Sandy the other. I heard four shots. A stone Mason, unknown to me, shot two shots! Sandy then snapped his revolver again and walked off. Don’t know whether he shot twice or not. Charlie told me when we took him home that Sandy shot him and he shot Sandy.”
Frank A. Smith was then introduced: “I came up the sidewalk from Jim Smith’s lunch room last night about 11 o’clock. There was a crowd on McGuire’s corner. I heard a blow struck and soon after saw Sandy Burge walking backward and pulling a revolver. I told him to put up his gun. He then shot. I believe he shot down within five feet of his own feet. The next shot he fired so as to range about a person’s breast. As he shot the second shot, the colored man said, ‘I am shot!’ and fell. Fletcher told me after he was down that Sandy Burge shot him. There were from five to eight shots fired.”
Capt. J. B. Nipp testified: “I heard a fuss on McGuire’s corner last night, about 11 o’clock, and went over there. I saw Sandy Burge draw his revolver and back up. Heard several say ‘Put up your gun!’ and heard five shots fired. Saw the blaze of the pistol from where Sandy stood; think Burge did a part of the shooting and don’t know who did the rest. The time was very short between the knock-down and the shooting; the time between the first three shots was not long enough for a man to draw his revolver; about time for pulling a trigger.”
John W. Dix said: “I saw a crowd on McGuire’s corner last night a little after 11 o’clock and ran over there. I heard a blow when nearly there and on getting to the crowd saw Sandy Burger with his revolver drawn down by his side. Someone told him to put it up or turn it loose. Then they began to rush toward him and he backed up, telling them to stand back; but they kept telling him to put it up. The words were repeated a number of times, when he backed off the crossing east a few paces and told them not to crowd him or he would shoot and started to raise his pistol; before he got it up, the colored man shot him. The flash of the colored man’s pistol was not gone before Sandy’s flashed. Sandy and the colored man shot at each other.”

A. A. Thomas next testified: “I heard there was going to be a fight and went over to McGuire’s corner. There I saw Henry Franklin, colored, staggering through the crowd. They said he had been hit. Saw Sandy Burge with his revolver out and Charlie Fletcher had his in his coat pocket with his hand on it. Sandy started off the gutter-stone and said, ‘That won’t do.’ I told Fletcher to keep his pistol in his pocket, that Sandy was bluffing. Fletcher and I walked 10 or 12 feet toward the crossing. Then Sandy shot downward into the ground. I  then moved southward and heard two shots. The smoke came from both the colored fellow and Sandy and I don’t know which shot first. It seemed that Fletcher shot as he was falling.”
The testimony of Marshal Herrod was introduced, as follows. “I took a pistol away from Sandy Burge last night just after the shooting and took one from the hands of the colored man while he yet lay in the street. (Here the balls from the wounds and the pistols of Fletcher and Burge were produced in evidence, the balls fitting exactly their respective pistols.) There was two shots out of Burge’s pistol and one out of Fletcher’s when I got them.”
Said John Easton: “I met Sandy Burge yesterday morning between 7 and 8 o’clock and in a conversation with him he said, ‘I will kill the first d___n nigger that steps in my way.’”
James McLain testified: “I heard Fletcher say that Bell couldn’t get to him; he could reach him first. I searched him about fifteen minutes after and found no pistol. Bell was cursing and swearing and had two or three rackets.”
Dr. C. C. Green testified to having found Fletcher lying in the street in a dying condition and gave location of wound, which passed through the abdomen. The bullet was a forty-five caliber.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.
The new town of Ashland, in Clark County, is getting to be one of the “Infant Wonders” of western growth. It was laid out by a party of Winfield gentlemen some four weeks ago. There are now thirty houses up and foundations being laid for others as rapidly as the lumber can be got on the ground. The town is on Bear Creek, at the intersection of the two great western trails. Already a newspaper is running in full blast. It has two hotels, restaurants, and almost every modern convenience. Every deed given by the Town Company provides that should intoxicating liquors be sold on the premises, the deed becomes null and void. It is to be emphatically a temperance town. Mr. W. R. McDonald, of this city, is President and Messrs. Nipp, Hughes, Cooper, Taylor, Averill, Gibson, Bullene, Kinnear, Hall, Berry, Gridley, Hudson Bros., Greer, and several others constitute the town company. It is located near the center of Clark County, and will be the county seat when the county is organized. Messrs. Hughes & Cooper are putting in a stock of hardware; also Mr. Kinnear, McDonald, and Miner are putting in a large stock of dry goods. The settlers are pouring into the county and claims are being taken rapidly. The land is good and the general lay of the country smooth. A very large number of Cowley County people have taken claims around the new town. Many other persons from this vicinity are going out to take claims or engage in business.
Arkansas City Republican, November 22, 1884.
Capts. Nipp and Sinnott were down from Winfield last night. They came down to smoke to the REPUBLICAN’s health.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 26, 1884.

When in Winfield the other day we called upon one of our old townsmen, J. B. Nipp, in his office at the courthouse, where we found him up to his ears in business.
The Captain is receiving compliments from all sides upon the manner in which the business of the county treasurer’s office is conducted under his supervision. By his uniform conduct to all and efficient discharge of the onerous duties of his office, the Captain is making hosts of friends who vote him one of the best officials Cowley County has ever had.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1884.
Capt. Nipp spent Thanksgiving in Arkansas City.
              [Note: Some papers call it Clarke County; Some call it Clark County.]
Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1884.
As was mentioned in our columns some weeks ago, a new town by the name of Ashland was started in Clarke County by a stock company composed principally of Winfield men. Capt. Nipp was one of the incorporators. The principle of prohibition underlaid the whole foundation. No liquor could be sold or drank in the townsite on pain of forfeiture of property in which offense was committed. Ashland was just 2½ miles from Clay City, a new town started some months before Ashland. As soon as Ashland was incorporated, on account of its superior location, the majority of Clarke City’s inhabitants moved down. This created excessively hard feeling toward the leaders in the new town. Especially did the cowboys feel aggrieved as they could get no “bitters” there. This state of things has been growing for some time. It culminated last Saturday night in the cowboys taking the town; riding up and down the street, firing revolvers, shooting at everyone in sight, breaking windows, and raising Hades generally. During the melee one man had his ear shot off and a servant girl was seriously, if not fatally, wounded. The cowboys finally withdrew to Clarke City to load up with bad whiskey and hell’s fire. All was comparatively quiet next day. Just after dusk on Monday, Mr. Adams, a nephew of J. B. Nipp, and Mr. Boggs, a relative of Adams, were walking down the main street when suddenly two cowboys sprang from a ditch facing them and fired. Adams fell at the first shot, and before Boggs could move, he also was shot down in cold blood. The citizens turned out en masse in pursuit and after an exciting chase one man, or fiend, whose name is unknown, was captured and preparations were made to string him up. Just before he was strung up he asked permission to confess. His confession amounted to this. He and Andrews were hired by Clarke City men to “clean out” Ashland and especially to kill Adams, Boggs, Bullene, and Hall. After his confession he died game, with a curse on his lips against the “damned Prohibitionists.” By some means or other Major Bullene heard of the attempt to be made on their lives, and accompanied by Spencer Miner, he fled on foot east along the state road, never stopping until he had covered eighteen miles of prairie. The other man, Andrews, succeeded in escaping, and a large reward is offered for his capture.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

The young city of Ashland out west had a little excitement last week. Just above the town two miles a saloon was running. A couple of hard characters got drunk there, came down to Ashland each day and rode furiously through the streets firing their revolvers. Finally the citizens got together a few shot guns and made preparations to lay them out at the next foray. The roughs heard of this, so sneaked down and laid outside of town until two young men who were boarding at a dugout nearby came down to supper, when they crawled up and killed them. They then went up to the saloon for a fresh supply of whiskey. Soon a deputy sheriff came along and captured one of them, the other getting away. The captured murderer was taken to Ashland, and placed under strong guard while pursuit was made for the other one. During the night a party of armed men took him away from the officers and hung him. They then went up to hang the saloon keeper, but he had fled. A resolution was passed by the body of vigilantes that the first man who set up a saloon in Bear Creek Valley should be hung without further warning. In that country, where every man carries a big six-shooter, whiskey is the bane of civilization. Sober, they are pleasant, social gentlemen; but drunk, they shoot and tear up the earth. The settlers along those valleys are mostly from Cowley and Sumner counties, have gone there lawfully to make themselves homes, and they do not propose to be disturbed in the pursuits of peace by the illegal presence of a death-dealing whiskey shop. One of the young men killed was a cousin of Treasurer Nipp. They had both recently married in Kentucky, and leaving their wives behind, had come west to build up homes, when they would have brought them on. It was a cold-blooded whiskey murder. A reward of eight hundred dollars has been offered for the body of the escaped murderer, dead or alive, by the town company and citizens of Ashland. The people in the town have armed themselves with Winchesters and shot guns, and the next man who rides into the place and shows blood-thirsty symptoms, will die very quickly.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.
The writer took a trip out to the new town of Ashland, in old Clark County, last week. It was by rail to Dodge City, thence south by team to Ashland. The road was over the famous trail from the Panhandle of Texas to Dodge. It is as hard as a turnpike and the finest natural road we have ever traveled over. It is skirted by a government telegraph line running from Fort Dodge to Fort Supply, in the Indian Territory. The trip from Dodge south is over a high rolling prairie covered with a mat of buffalo grass, as soft as velvet. However, the writer was disgusted with the country and felt like turning back until the head of Bluff Creek was reached. The valley stretching out below presented a most beautiful view. The city of Ashland could be seen down the valley, a distance of ten miles. As we got further into the valley, it widened out until we were forced to the conclusion that it was as pretty a piece of country as we had ever seen. At the point where Ashland is located, the valley is many miles in width, rising up on either side to low ranges of mounds, and beyond these on the west was Sand Creek Valley and on the east Day Creek Valley, equally as fine as the valley of Bear Creek. The whole country seems to be a succession of valleys broken only by low ranges of hills, all of which are fit for cultivation. The town site of Ashland is as smooth as if it had been made with a garden rake. It is laid out on the same plan as Winfield except the streets are a little wider. Upwards of thirty houses, many of them fine large store buildings, were up and persons were scattered over the town site laying foundations for others. Most of the claims in the immediate vicinity of the town are taken, but there is much desirable land in the neighborhood yet.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.

When in Winfield the other day we called upon our old townsman, J. B. Nipp, in his office at the Courthouse, where we found him up to his ears in business. The Captain is receiving compliments from all sides upon the manner in which the business of the county treasurer’s office is conducted under his supervision. By his uniform courtesy to all and efficient discharge of the onerous duties of his office, the Captain is making hosts of friends who vote him one of the best officials Cowley County has ever had. A. C. Traveler.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 10, 1884.
Capt. Nipp called on us again last Saturday. He says the receipts at the treasurer’s office now reaches $1,500 per day, and that from now on to January 1, they will receive not less than $2,000 per day.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 10, 1884.
We had the pleasure of a call last week from Mr. A. Nipp, of Grayson County, Kentucky, who was on a visit to his brother, Capt. Nipp, our county treasurer. Mr. Nipp was extremely well pleased with our thriving town and beautiful country, and fully satisfied that a glorious future is in store for the city on a hill.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
Capt. J. B. Nipp is enjoying a visit from his brother, a native of Kentucky. This is his first visit to Kansas and he is loud in praise of it. He will remain as the Captain’s guest for some weeks, during which time a trip to Clark County will be made.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
Treasurer Nipp has his arrangements for the tax-paying rush about as complete as they can be and dispatches business in a most rapid manner. This is a very great convenience to the public as it is about the most tiresome thing in the world to stand up to the “rack” in the treasurer’s office waiting for your “turn.” Cowley has never had a more efficient or popular officer than Capt. Nipp.
Arkansas City Republican, December 13, 1884.
Rev. A. R. Nipp, of Grayson, Kentucky, a brother of Capt. Nipp, is visiting beautiful Cowley. Captain brought him down from Winfield Saturday evening. They called on the REPUBLICAN. Rev. Nipp is pretty well acquainted with this county, having been a constant reader of the REPUBLICAN the last nine months.
Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.
The rush at the County Treasurer’s office ceased Saturday night. Last week’s receipts were $31,357.41. Treasurer Nipp had three delivery windows and dispensed receipts and took in money with an alacrity that greatly pleased those who came a long distance and expected to stand up to the “rack” and await their turn. The half payments will compare very favorably with last year, notwithstanding the tough times. But the number who paid their whole tax to get the benefit of the rebate of five percent on the last half was very small. The penalty of five percent on all unpaid taxes is now being attached. If still unpaid, another five percent will attach March 21st, and still another June 21st.
Arkansas City Republican, December 27, 1884.
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Arkansas City Republican, December 27, 1884.
Hunters on the Pawnee Reservation sometimes find game they are not seeking. Four residents of Winfield were recently arrested there by Indian police for trespass. We wonder if Capt. Nipp was not one of that quartette.
Arkansas City Republican, December 27, 1884.
Capt. Nipp, in his management of the treasurer’s office, is deserving of much praise. Although the volume of taxes paid has been fully up to that of other years, the business of the office has moved along smoothly and with a celerity that has been surprising. The Captain laid his plans well to meet the December rush of taxpayers and with his able assistants, Messrs. Arrowsmith and Weaverling, transacted business with very little, if any delay. Among the farmers especially do we hear word of recommendation of Capt. Nipp’s management of the treasurer’s office. Winfield Telegram.
Arkansas City Republican, December 27, 1884.
Capt. Nipp and son, Bob, came down to take Christmas dinner with friends in Arkansas City. By the way Capt. is receiving many compliments, both from Republicans and Democrats, as to his manner of transacting business in the treasurer’s office. During the tax-paying season he employed extra assistance. With an assistant on each side of him making out receipts. Capt. Nipp stood attaching his signature and raking in the money. Thus confusion was avoided. Farmers coming in to pay their taxes did not have to wait all day for their turn. Taxpayers were greatly surprised and much pleased with this expeditious manner of paying their taxes. All complimented Capt. Nipp.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 31, 1884.
                                                   Klippings from our Naburs.
The rush of the County Treasurer’s office ceased Saturday night. Last week’s receipts were $31,357.43. Treasurer Nipp has three delivery windows and dispensed receipts and took in money with an alacrity that greatly pleased those who came a long distance and expected to stand up to the “crack,” and await their turn. The half payments will compare very favorably with last year, notwithstanding the tough times. But the number who paid their whole tax to get the benefit of the rebate of five percent on the last half was very small. The penalty of five percent on all unpaid taxes is now being attached. If still unpaid, another five percent will attach March 21st, and still another June 21st.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 31, 1884.
Captain Nipp in his management of the treasurer’s office is deserving of much praise. Although the volume of taxes paid has been fully up to that of other years, the business of the office has moved along smoothly and with a celerity that has been surprising. The captain laid his plans well to meet the December rush of taxpayers, and with his able assistants, Messrs. Arrowsmith and Weaverling, transacted business with very little, if any, delay. Among the farmers especially do we hear words of commendation of Capt. Nipp’s management of the treasurer’s office.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 1, 1885.
The following is an abstract of the report of the claims allowed by the County Auditor for the month of November, A. D., 1884.

                                                      J. B. Nipp et al. Fee bill.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 14, 1885.
J. B. Nipp was down last Thursday.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 14, 1885.
J. B. Nipp, our county treasurer, started last Saturday for Topeka, whither he went to settle with the state treasurer. The amount of our county’s contribution to the State funds will be in the neighborhood of $15,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 15, 1885.
Capt. Nipp returned from Topeka yesterday morning, where he had been investigating the inaugural ceremonies and ball and the organization of the legislature. He reports that all was done in a satisfactory manner and that our Cowley boys at the Capital are all sober and lively.
Arkansas City Republican, January 31, 1885.
Capt. Nipp placed in the hands of the sheriff the names of delinquents in personal taxes and the first one George had to notify was the sheriff himself.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
Cowley’s quarterly school fund apportionment is now being disbursed by County Treasurer Nipp, and the teachers of the county, some of whom haven’t had a nickel yet for their winter’s labor, excepting on discounted script, are rejoicing. The apportionment for Winfield City is $4,619.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1885.
J. B. Nipp circulated among friends here Friday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 12, 1885.
Yours, truly, Mr. Burden Enterprise: “Capt. Nipp was in town Tuesday night. It is the first time that we have met him, although we have lived so near each other so long. We do not blame the Cowley County folks for almost unanimously electing him treasurer.”
Arkansas City Republican, February 21, 1885.
Capt. Nipp, the big-hearted treasurer of Cowley County, came down from the muddy county seat Wednesday to enjoy the rare treat of going without his overshoes. Arkansas City is without mud.
Arkansas City Republican, February 21, 1885.
Capt. Nipp and other gentlemen composing the Ashland Town Company will start on a visit to that thriving county seat of Clark County Monday. Capt. is highly elated over the booming town of Ashland.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 26, 1885.
Wanted. A girl to do general house work in the family of Capt. J. B. Nipp, corner of 10th Avenue and Andrews Street.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 4, 1885.
J. B. Nipp finds it impossible to stay away from the city of his first love, as evidenced by his frequent visits. He was down again.
Arkansas City Republican, March 7, 1885.
S. C. Lindsay, Al. Mowry, Capts. Nipp and Thompson, will leave for Fort Scott to attend the State Encampment of the G. A. R.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 11, 1885.
Capt. C. G. Thompson, S. C. Lindsay, Al. Mowry, and J. B. Nipp, started Monday afternoon to attend the Grand Encampment of the G. A. R. at Ft. Scott.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp is among Winfield’s delegation who are attending the G. A. R. encampment at Fort Scott this week.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 8, 1885.
Capt. Nipp, our popular County Treasurer, and W. P. Hackney were in from Winfield a few days ago, and favored the TRAVELER with a call.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
                                               Notice to Delinquent Tax Payers.
                                Office of County Treasurer, Winfield, Kansas, 1885.
Notice is hereby given to all persons interested that the following tracts of land and town lots, situated in the County of Cowley, State of Kansas, sold on the 5th day of September, 1882, for the tax of 1881, will be subject to deed to purchaser on or after the 5th day of September, 1885, unless redeemed prior to that time.
The sum set opposite each tract of land and town lot is the total tax, interest, and costs, computed to the 5th day of September, 1885.
                                                 J. B. NIPP, County Treasurer.
                             [Note: Impossible to read the remainder of this long item.]
Arkansas City Republican, April 18, 1885.
Capt. Nipp came down to see the city last week. He had the REPUBLICAN print some horse bills for his stallion, “Denmark.”
Arkansas City Republican, April 18, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp will go to Ashland next week. A meeting of the board of directors of the Ashland Town Company requires his attendance there on the 22nd.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 22, 1885.
County Treasurer Nipp and County Attorney Asp were on our streets last week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
County Treasurer Nipp is adorning the grounds of his residence with a handsome picket fence—a regular daisy.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
Treasurer Nipp and Mr. J. A. Cooper left this afternoon for Ashland, to attend a meeting of the directors and stockholders of the Ashland Town Company, which meets there Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 7, 1885.
James Cooper and Capt. J. B. Nipp got in today from two weeks at Ashland, and report things westward in a most prosperous condition. They are members of the Ashland Town Company.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 7, 1885.
Mrs. J. B. Nipp, wife of our County Treasurer, is quite ill—seriously so, it is feared.
                               MEMORIAL AND DECORATION SERVICES.

                  The Program Entire as Adopted by Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
Post commander and comrades of Winfield Post No. 85, G. A. R.: Your committee appointed to report to the Post a program for memorial and decoration services submit the following as their report.
                    Committee on Invitation: J. S. Hunt, chairman, J. B. Nipp, J. C. Long.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 20, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, our genial county treasurer, was in town last week, and favored us with a call.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 21, 1885.
County Treasurer Nipp is so continually bombarded with questions regarding tax paying and tax collecting that patience has ceased to be a virtue, and has taken the bovine by the horns in posting on the walls of his office in large letters full answers to all questions relating to this subject.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.
A correspondent of the Wichita Eagle, writing on Wednesday last from Arkansas City, says: “Capt. Nipp is down from Winfield and is working like a beaver for the interest of the D. M. & A. railroad, as today will decide whether the people want the new road or not. One day’s drive through West Bolton and southeastern part of Sumner County has convinced us why it is that the farmers in that section of the county are so happy. It is the grand prospects for wheat, oats, and corn. Several farmers are expecting at least thirty bushels of wheat per acre and oats never looked better and a great quantity have been sown. Corn is generally clean and a good stand.”
Excerpt from lengthy article re Winfield getting Methodist College...
      The Citizens of Winfield Gather En Masse to Welcome the College Committee.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.
Among the more potent factors in obtaining this great enterprise for Winfield were the soliciting committees who circulated the sub-papers with wonderful energy and success. They raised nearly twenty thousand dollars in this way—almost every man, young and old, in the city made good subscriptions, with many donations from the ladies. Nothing could more plainly demonstrate the great liberality and public spirit of our citizens. There is no doubt that without such assiduous labor on the part of these soliciting committees, Winfield would never have got the college. The committee for Winfield city were: Capt. J. B. Nipp, Judge T. H. Soward, Judge H. D. Gans, Capt. T. B. Myers, Prof. A. Gridley, J. E. Conklin, Frank Bowen, and J. E. Farnsworth. Those soliciting in adjacent territory, as near as we can ascertain, were: Rev. B. Kelly, Col. Wm. Whiting, Rev. S. S. Holloway, Rev. J. H. Snyder, A. H. Limerick, J. A. Rinker, T. J. Johnson, Dr. S. R. Marsh, J. W. Browning, J. A. McGuire, George Gale, D. W. P. Rothrock, D. A. Sherrard, D. Gramme [?Graham],W. E. Martin, A. Staggers, W. D. Roberts, E. M. Reynolds, J. C. Roberts, and C. Hewitt.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

This is the last week before the penalty attaches to delinquent taxes and County Treasurer Nipp and his efficient assistants, Mr. J. W. Arrowsmith and Master Robert Nipp, are raking in the shekels at a lively rate. If you want to save five percent, “whack up” before Saturday night.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.
THE COURIER has numerously called attention to the dangerous approach of the west bridge. It is only twelve or fifteen feet wide, skirted by rugged banks about twenty feet down. Substantial railings on either side, whose cost would not exceed fifty dollars, would arrest all danger. But the Vernon authorities have neglected this matter—probably to their everlasting sorrow. The latest victims were Mr. A. H. First, residing with Mr. Jameson, and Miss Flora Zimmerman, of J. S. Mann’s household. They were out driving Sunday evening with Rev. Reider’s horse and buggy. Approaching the bridge, the horse scared, whirled half around, and, with a fearful lunge backward, the outfit and occupants went backward over the embankment with a terrible crash. The weeds and brush covered the view, giving it anything but the wicked place it is, and not until the horse fell over backward and loomed up in mid air did Mr. First realize his awful danger. Death, sure and certain, flashed through his mind, and there couldn’t have been a more astonished or happier man than he, when he got through the combat with those fearful boulders in his precipitate descent of twenty feet, came to, and found most of his teeth were knocked out, his jaw broken, and he able to walk. The young lady fell out of the buggy and caught on the first ledge, receiving only a few bruises. The horse recovered from his stun and started to run, having been badly shaken up and bruised, but no limbs were broken. The animal is evidently a hard shell Baptist. The buggy is almost a total wreck—knocked into numberless pieces. In viewing the fall, it seems a mystery how the horse or occupants escaped with their lives. Judge Soward and Capt. Nipp happened along in their buggies and picked up the victims of the wreck. It was a frightful experience, mingled with mysterious luck. It will probably cost Vernon something as damages. This ought to be warning enough. This place must be railed. It is Vernon’s legal duty and must be enforced.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 2, 1885.
H. P. Standley and J. L. Huey were up from Arkansas City Thursday, H. P. remaining to attend the special conclave of Knights Templar last night, when the Temple degree was conferred on Capt. Nipp.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, July 11, 1885.
                                                            THE FOURTH.
                                 In Arkansas City, The Crowd Estimated at 10,000.
      July 3rd on the evening train visitors from Winfield and other towns up the Santa Fe road came pouring into Arkansas City. Bright and early Saturday morning, the firing of cannons roused the sleeping portion of the inhabitants of our city. N. A. Haight, with the First Light Artillery, of Winfield, had come down during the night and it was they who furnished the cannon’s roar.
By 7 a.m. the streets were a living, surging sea of human beings. Everybody for miles around came to Arkansas City to celebrate. At 9:30 the ragamuffin gang paraded on Summit street, headed by their captain, R. E. Grubbs.

At 10 a.m. the procession was formed. It was undoubtedly the largest procession ever formed in Cowley County. It was headed by the Juvenile Band of Winfield. Here we wish to say that the Juvenile Band is simply immense. The band was followed by a carriage containing the speaker, Col. H. T. Sumner, Rev. S. B. Fleming, Rev. J. P. Witt, Mayor Schiffbauer, and Capt. J. B. Nipp. The Knights of Pythias came next. This order received numerous compliments on the neat appearance they made on the street. The Winfield Hook and Ladder company, of Winfield, was next, followed by the renowned Buckskin Border Band. As the name indicates, this band has been organized with regard to the frontier. Each member of the band was dressed in buckskin suits, and they were fully up to the standard of a typical ranger, in appearance, of the earlier day. The boys had just received their suits and it was their first appearance in their unique uniforms. The B. B. B.’s rendered good music. Following the Buckskin Border Band came the 38 uniformed little girls, representing the states, and the ladies’ Relief Corps, gents on horseback, citizens in vehicles, etc. The procession was fully three miles long.
On arriving at the celebration grounds, the speaker’s stand was just being erected. When it was completed, Rev. Witt invoked the blessings of the Deity. Rev. Fleming then read that grand old Declaration of Independence. At the conclusion Col. H. T. Sumner was introduced, and as a representative of Bob Lincoln, delivered the oration of the day. The Colonel made a very neat speech. Hardly any seats had been provided for the audience, and the majority of those who heard the speech had to stand around the speaker’s stand. This was courtesy with a vengeance.
After wandering around the picnic grounds about half an hour searching for a place where we could dust our pants and sit upon Mother earth and rest our weary bones, we came to the conclusion that there was no place like home. Getting aboard of one of the thousand and one hacks to and from the 4th of July grounds, we tried to extricate ourselves from the crowd. The grove was literally full of hacks, wagons, buggies, and people; and in the course of two hours, we were able to get out upon the main road heading to the city. Our thirst for 4th of July celebration at the grounds was satisfied on our first trip. We did not return. The entire crowd was unable to get into the picnic grounds on account of the jam.
In the afternoon the game of base ball came off. It commenced at 3:30 p.m., and was ended in two hours and twenty minutes. Fully 2,500 people witnessed the game. The Cyclones of Winfield and the Border nine of our city were the contestants. Both clubs are strong ones and about equally matched. It is almost needless to say that the game was the only entertainment we had during the day that satisfied the visitors.

We advertised that Bob Lincoln would be here to orate, and we thought the committee would get him if money would do it. We advertised the Indian war dance. Well, we had the Indian war dance. The Indians skipped the light fantastic down at Cheyenne Agency and the spectators were in Arkansas City. We advertised that our new steamer would arrive. It could not get here on account of drift-wood. We advertised that Arkansas City would make preparations to entertain 20,000 people. We advertised the game of ball. In fact, we advertised everything the committee wanted us to. We allowed them the free use of our columns. The judicious use of the printer’s ink brought the crowd, but not the entertainment for them. The entertainment was all on paper. As we stated above, the ball game was the principal feature. That was not the work of the committee. A purse of $25 was raised by private subscription for the Border nine. The Cyclones twisted it out of the Border nine’s grasp by, as we believe, two unfair decisions of the umpire. After the close of the sixth inning, he made partial decisions. Gray, of the Cyclones, knocked a fly over first base. The ball was fully 30 feet outside of the fowl lines. The umpire called it a fair hit. This decision let in three men who were on base. Again, O Godfrey, of the Border nine, was called out on home plate when the catcher touched him with one hand and held the ball in the other. These decisions lost the Border nine the game. We realize that the position of umpire is very difficult to fill and very few men are capable of umpiring. The game was harmonious, each club abiding quietly by the decision of the umpire. The following is the score.
CYCLONES: Beam, Tidd, Land, McMullen, Holbrook, Jones, Russell, Smith, Gray.
BORDER CLUB: Godfrey, Henderson, Miller, F. Wright, C. Wright, Hilliard, G. Wilson, J. Wilson, Perryman.
The Border nine exhibited superior fielding, base-running, and catching; but a few wild throws were made. Joe Wilson, as catcher, is as proficient behind the bat as any catcher in the state. The Cyclones’ pitcher is their stronghold. He throws a hard ball to hit. When the Cyclones were announced the victors, the Winfield folks went wild. T. S. Soward threw his coat, jumped into the diamond, and hugged everyone of the players, including colored Smith. He was followed by Democratic Joe O’Hare, who went one better, delivering kisses with his hugs. Our boys are not satisfied yet, and neither are we. We believe the Border nine can play a better game than the Cyclones. Therefore, another game will be played soon for a purse of $100 a side.
Winfield would have been here en masse, but the excursion train was not run. It had been neglected. When the noon train came in, it had 11 cars full of Winfield folks. Five of them were box cars, chartered at Winfield. The game of ball closed up the day exercises.
In the evening the fire works were given a display. Nearly everyone was dissatisfied with the amusements which were furnished by our city. The REPUBLICAN did all in its power to advertise what would be done here. Nothing which was advertised was seen. Henceforth, we advertise no more fourth of July business unless we are satisfied everything will be carried out as stated. We are willing to do our utmost to get a crowd to come to our city to celebrate, but we will state nothing but facts. We supposed the program adopted would be fully carried out, but it was not.
Drunks were quite frequent all day and by night were very numerous. The drug stores which sold whiskey that day so plentifully should receive attention. Their permits should be taken away from them. It is a disgrace to the town. The REPUBLICAN has watched the course pursued by some of our drug men under the law. We have closed our eyes to some extent at their indiscretion. It has gone so far now, we can’t stand by as a champion of prohibition and not say anything. This wholesale way of having 5,000 to 6,000 people sick every month is outrageous. We give all a warning and if you don’t want the REPUBLICAN to fall on you a la Stafford style, stand from under.
A little son of T. J. Mills was run over by a carriage and hurt quite severely. His eye was cut, head bruised, and lips lacerated. He is able to be out now.
Several fights occurred. One Armstrong got shot in the leg by an unknown party.

Frank Greer, the boy who makes the Courier sparkle with local items, came in Friday evening and remained until the 3 o’clock train on the fourth.
M. N. Sinnott was down. Also Capt. Nipp.
Several parties from Winfield brought bushel baskets of beer, and distributed the medicine among their friends.
No water was on the ground although $20 was expended for that purpose.
Our 4th of July celebration was as near like a Winfield celebration as could be.
Chas. Bryant’s little boy was thrown down while playing and his shoulder bone broken.
The 4th of July committee gave Winfield’s Hose Company $50 to come down here and parade July 4. Such work as that makes us tired. It was a grand sight to see a few uniformed boys pulling an old hose reel, wasn’t it?
Joe Hoyt offered to walk the rope suspended from the tops of buildings and fire off fire works from his aerial perch in the evening for $50. This would have satisfied our visitors to some extent besides keeping our money at home. The committee exercised poor taste in the selection of amusement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 16, 1885.
County Treasurer Nipp left Wednesday afternoon to settle with the State Treasurer for Cowley County for six months since January last. Over $15,000 preceded him via express.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 16, 1885.
Captain Nipp is out west looking after the red men and his Ashland interests.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 23, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, S. H. Rodgers, and James H. Bullen, all of Winfield, have spent most of the past week in the city. They all express themselves agreeably surprised at the rapid substantial growth of Ashland. Clipper.
Arkansas City Republican, July 25, 1885.
We have been informed that Capt. J. B. Nipp will be a candidate for re-election to the office of county treasurer. We do not propose to run a political paper, or to owe allegiance to any party, but the Eye will stand by Capt. Nipp until the sun sets on the election day. He worked hard for Dexter’s interests when he worked for the success of the D. M. & A., and the Eye will not forget him on that account. Nipp is our man for treasurer. The Dexter Eye.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.
The following claims were allowed in July.
                                      Salary county treasurer, J. B. Nipp, $990.00
Arkansas City Traveler, August 5, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, our popular and efficient county treasurer, took a trip over the rail on Monday to the Canal City, and during his brief stay was welcomed by hundreds of friends. He announces himself in another column as willing to handle the funds of the county during another term of office.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
Capt. Nipp and James Cooper got in Thursday from a month in the western counties. They have now taken another world to conquer—started a new town in the Bear Creek Valley, old Stanton County. The town is called “Veteran,” is a new-born babe, but yells lustily and will grow like blazes if enterprising men and good location count for anything.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
We are authorized to announce J. B. Nipp as a candidate for re-election to the office of County Treasurer, subject to the action of the Republican county convention.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
The announcement of Capt. J. B. Nipp as a candidate for re-election to the office of County Treasurer appears this week. His careful and efficient administration of the office has received and is receiving the hearty endorsement of the people. He will be returned almost unanimously—a compliment of which he is eminently worth.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
The faithful and productive labors of Rev. B. Kelly, as a minister and a citizen, met with a response Monday that left not a little additional sunshine in the Reverend’s pleasant home. Numerous citizens, from a spontaneous appreciation, had made up a purse of three hundred and thirty-one dollars to be presented to Rev. Kelly, as a token of their respect for him. Christian and sinner, prohibitionist and anti-prohibitionist, rich and poor, were among the donors showing the universal admiration of Mr. Kelly’s fearless and zealous advocacy of every good cause. To have so many interested, the matter had been kept remarkably still, and Rev. Kelly was completely in the dark. The committee of presentation, on the part of the donors, were Capt. J. B. Nipp, Judge T. H. Soward, Messrs. J. E. Conklin, John Arrowsmith, and R. S. Wilson, who, accompanied by our reporter, made the raid at 8:30 last evening. Mr. Kelly was found at home, and, with an astonished, though very genial manner, welcomed the party.
Mrs. Kelly was ill and unable to appear. The gift was accompanied by a list of the contributors.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, August 8, 1885.
Notice is hereby given that I will be a candidate for re-election to the office of County Treasurer this fall, subject to the will of the Republican nominating convention which will be held Sept. 19th, 1885. Respectfully, J. B. NIPP.
Arkansas City Republican, August 8, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp came in to see the REPUBLICAN Thursday. He was down on the Wichita excursion. As was also E. P. Greer, T. S. Soward, G. H. McIntire, and Jos. O’Hara.
Arkansas City Republican, August 8, 1885.
In this issue Capt. J. B. Nipp announces himself as a candidate for re-election to the office of County Treasurer. Capt. has already held the office one term and given satisfaction and we see no reason why he should not be returned to the office. It is useless for the REPUBLICAN to extol the merits of Capt. Nipp for everybody knows him and by their knowing him, they are acquainted with a good citizen and an honest man.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.

Arkansas City’s feminine population was well represented in Winfield today. Eighteen of her Woman’s Relief Corps were up for a picnic with the Corps of this city. The trains were inconvenient, and they drove up. Arkansas City has had no rain, and they started with big picnic expectations. The rain here made our beautiful Riverside Park too damp to receive the party. The visitors were taken to the Brettun, and dined, as the guests of our Corps. Capt. Nipp, always perfectly at home as a “ladies’ man,” decoyed our modest reporter into the Brettun parlors, before this array of ladies. The Captain’s encouraging whispers and the pleasant reception given, were big cards in our composure. We noted the following visitors: Mrs. J. Q. Ashton, president of Arkansas City’s Corps; Mrs. S. Mansfield, senior vice-president; Mrs. E. Taylor, junior vice; Mrs. J. Cooper, secretary; Mrs. R. J. Hubbard, treasurer; Mrs. May Daniels, conductor; Mesdames S. A. Smith, H. Bluebaugh, S. H. Davis, H. M. Guthrie, A. R. Randall, E. H. Bishop, L. H. Rarick, M. S. Jones, H. R. Hopps, A. E. Maidt, and Miss Sadie Pickering. They are all ladies of good appearance, intelligence, and zeal “just such as enter into every good cause. Our corps, led by its officers, Mrs. E. P. Hickok, president; Mrs. Samuel Dalton, secretary, Mrs. W. B. Caton, and others, were busy entertaining. A meeting at the G. A. R. Hall, this afternoon, was addressed by Judge Soward, and a source of much profit and pleasure. Such visits are most acceptable. The visitors returned this evening.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, August 15, 1885.
The ladies of the Woman’s Relief Corps, a short time ago, received an invitation to visit the Relief Corps of Winfield, which they accepted and made a raid on that city Aug. 12.
It was decided to go in carriages as the trains were inconvenient; eight o’clock found eighteen ladies with three teams ready for a start. They left dust but soon found mud, as the Centre had been blessed with a bountiful rain. For this reason the ladies of Winfield were not expecting them so they drove to the Brettun House, where they found the gentlemanly proprietor waiting to receive them, having been notified by telephone that they were on the way. After a sumptuous repast they were waited upon by our old townsman, Capt. Nipp, in company with the Courier reporter. The Winfield ladies having been notified of the arrival of the A. C. Ladies, soon had a committee ready to receive them and escort them to the G. A. R. Hall, where they were right royally entertained. Capt. Nipp again called around, and brought with him Judge Soward, Prof. Limerick, and others of the G. A. R. Boys, who favored the ladies with some able remarks, and last but not least, escorted both Corps to the ice cream parlors, where they were entertained with ice cream and cake. Both ladies and gentlemen accompanied them to the hotel and started them safely on their journey home, well pleased with their visit, and feeling assured that more such days of pleasure would make life happier.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, August 19, 1885.
I beg to announce myself as candidate for re-election to the office of county treasurer of Cowley County, subject to the choice of the republican county convention. J. B. NIPP.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 19, 1885.

ED. TRAVELER: The ladies of the Women’s [??? SOMETIMES THEY HAVE “WOMEN’S” AND SOMETIMES THEY HAVE “WOMAN’S”] Relief Corps, a short time ago, received an invitation to visit the Relief Corps of Winfield, which they accepted and accordingly they made a raid on that city last Wednesday. It was decided to go in carriages as the time of the trains was inconvenient. Eight o’clock found eighteen ladies with three teams ready for a start. They drove through dust, but soon found mud, as the Centre had been blessed with a bountiful rain. For this reason the ladies of Winfield were not expecting them, so they drove to the Brettun House, where they found the courteous proprietor ready to receive them, he having been notified by telephone that they were on the way. After a sumptuous repast they were waited upon by our old townsman, Capt. Nipp, in company with the Courier’s reporter. The Winfield ladies having been notified of the arrival of the A. C. Ladies, soon had a committee ready to receive them and escort them to the G. A. R. Hall, where they were right royally entertained. Capt. Nipp again called around and brought with him Judge Soward, Prof. Limerick, and others of the G. A. R. boys, who favored the ladies with pleasant and appropriate addresses. They then escorted both corps to the ice-cream parlors, where they were entertained with ice cream and cake. Both ladies and gentlemen accompanied them to the hotel and started them safely on their journey home, where they arrived at a late hour, well pleased with their visit, and feeling assured that more such days of pleasure would make life happier. The ladies of Arkansas City relief corps desire to return thanks to Major Soward and Captain Nipp for the polite attention they received at their hands; and also to the ladies of the Winfield corps for the hospitality extended to them. ONE OF THE CORPS. Arkansas City, August 14th.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
There has been another enterprise organized here during the week. It is for the purpose of laying out a town in old Stanton County, and is called the Veteran Town Company. The members are: J. A. Cooper, J. B. Nipp, M. L. Robinson, Geo. W. Robinson, Ivan Robinson, J. L. M. Hill, J. R. Taylor, S. H. Rodgers, Jas. H. Bullen, W. R. McDonald, T. H. Byers, F. L. Branniger, F. S. Jennings, E. P. Greer, John Arrowsmith, A. R. Nipp, J. C. Long, J. C. Vorheis, Wm. Camery, and T. H. Soward. The offices are: J. A. Cooper, president; J. B. Nipp, vice-president; W. R. McDonald, secretary and general agent; Geo. W. Robinson, treasurer. The company owns eleven hundred acres of land in Stanton County, one section of which is now being laid off as the town of “Veteran.” It is located in the beautiful Bear creek valley, and will be the county seat of that new county when organized. The company is a strong one and will proceed at once to build a city without further ado. A large number of lots have been already contracted for and buildings will go up on them at once. A newspaper is now on the way and the VETERAN COURIER will soon unfold its banner to the breeze. W. R. McDonald is the authoritative business head of the company and will remain on the ground.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
Joe Voorhees, a friend of Senator Long and Capt. Nipp, was in the city with his wife Tuesday, on his way to open a hardware and furniture store at Veteran. He was out to Veteran a few weeks ago with Capt. Nipp and is charmed with the prospect.
Arkansas City Republican, August 22, 1885.
Capt. Nipp was down repairing his political fences Tuesday.
Arkansas City Republican, August 22, 1885.
                                       Henry Mowry Shoots James P. Smith Dead.

Between 5 and 6 o’clock, just as the REPUBLICAN was making ready to go to press last evening, a firing of fire-arms was distinctly heard in the rear of O. P. Houghton’s dry goods store. Rushing from our office up on to the street, we saw a number of our citizens running very hurriedly for the alley and in pursuit of a man fleeing south, who carried a shot gun. The police were after him and the excited crowd was crying out “shoot him.” Several shots were fired, but none seemed to take effect. Going to the rear of O. P. Houghton’s store, where a knot of men were assembled, we saw a man lying upon the ground with the life blood gushing from a seeping wound in the left side of his neck. The blood flowed in an exceeding large stream and it was evident that the wounded man had not long to live. Physicians were summoned. Drs. Sparks, Westfall, and Geo. Wright were there in about three minutes of the shooting. They stanched the flow of blood as soon as possible and carried the wounded man into Mr. Houghton’s store, where he died at about 7:30 p.m. In the meantime the crowd and police followed the fugitive up the alley to 4th avenue and thence two squares west, where he was captured. During the chase west on 4th avenue several shots were exchanged between the pursued and pursuers, and one shot took effect in the former a short distance below the groin, passing through the fat part of his thigh. The bullet had struck his watch and glanced downward, thereby saving his life. The captured man proved to be Henry Mowry, known to all as “Hank” Mowry. The man whom he had shot was Jas. P. Smith, the proprietor of a brickyard in the vicinity of Harmon’s Ford.
The coroner’s jury after investigation rendered a verdict that James P. Smith came to his death by a gun in the hands of Henry Mowry being discharged by him feloniously to kill and murder. The investigation lasted until 3 a.m. The jury was composed of E. P. Greer, R. C. Howard, S. C. Lindsay, Chas. Bryant, Ira Barnett, and J. B. Nipp. County Attorney Asp, being away from home, Senator Hackney came down to attend the case.
                                    Trial Docket Cowley County District Court,
                                  September Term, 1885, Commencing Sept. 1st.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.
                                                          CIVIL DOCKET.
2096. Winfield Bank vs J B Nipp, Co. Treas. McDonald & Webb for plaintiff; Hackney & Asp, McDermott & Johnson for defendant.
Arkansas City Republican, August 29, 1885.
Capt. Nipp and T. S. Soward were down from Winfield Thursday feeling of the political pulse of the people.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.

Wednesday was a big day for Burden—in the sporting line. Two base ball games, glass ball shoot, foot races, and other things too numerous and diversified for mention. The leading event was the game of base ball between the Odd Fellows of Winfield and those of Burden. Winfield got there of course. She always does. The score was fourteen for Winfield and eleven for Burden. It was a very fine game, for amateurs, and drew a large crowd of spectators. Our nine was composed of James Vance, A. J. McClellan, A. B. Taylor, Frank L. Crampton, Israel Martin, Will Kirkwood, A. F. Hopkins, George Liermann, H. M. Zimmerman, and Mr. Wagner; one or two of whom were out of the I. O. O. F. fold: proxies. E. A. Henthorn and John Ledlie were the principals in the Burden nine. John sat on a chair and had a small boy run in his balls—yet very few balls got past his corpulency—a perfect “stop” anywhere. Enos took in all the flies—none too high. He was dressed in ornamental tights, high water pants, and female hose, and presented a very fine appearance. Like Banquo’s ghost, he wouldn’t down—always up seven feet two. Frank Crampton pitched and A. J. McClellan caught for our fellows. Our nine are elated over the splendid entertainment given them. Burden will return the game in two weeks. A second game followed yesterday between Burden’s Clippers and Grenola’s club, the former getting there with a score of twenty to ten. Capt. Nipp was champion on glass balls. It was a “circus day” all around and the town was full of amusement lovers: ladies and gentlemen.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
The new town of Veteran, in Stanton County, founded by Winfield men, is making magic strides. Capt. Nipp received a telegram this morning announcing plenty of water at a depth of from forty to eighty feet. New business buildings of all kinds are springing up and Veteran will soon be a full fledged city and be putting on metropolitan airs. It is in the heart of a beautiful, rich soiled country, and only twenty miles from the Santa Fe railroad, Syracuse being the supply point. M. L. Robinson, W. R. McDonald, J. A. Cooper, and others of the town company are now there.
Arkansas City Republican, September 12, 1885.
Capt. Nipp was down shaking hands with Republicans yesterday. From here, he went to Liberty Township.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 17, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, our county treasurer, was here Monday rustling about among his constituency. The Capt. Is a whole-souled, affable gentleman, and will doubtless be re-elected this fall. Udall Sentinel.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.
                                     REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION.
John C. Long next presented Capt. J. B. Nipp to the convention as candidate for treasurer. This gentleman was also accepted by acclamation.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
During our absence of about three weeks, a considerable number of letters came addressed to D. A. Millington, Winfield, Kansas, and were not opened until our return, of course, yet many of them related to business with THE COURIER. This accounts for the fact that these communications were not attended to promptly. Now, we wish to caution persons writing us in relation to anything connected with THE COURIER to append the word “Editor” to the address, or, what is better, address “WINFIELD COURIER, Winfield, Kansas.” We are still receiving letters addressed to us personally which should be addressed to “Postmaster, Winfield, Kansas.” You never need to know the name of a public officer whom you wish to address on business connected with his office. The incumbents of offices change, and if you address one simply by name, it is not sufficient, but if you address only his official title, you are all right. Letters continue to come to this post office addressed L. B. Stone, treasurer, though he has not been treasurer for a year. They should be addressed “Treasurer of Cowley County, Winfield, Kansas,” then Capt. Nipp or his deputy would get them promptly.
Excerpt from a lengthy article...
                                    REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
J. C. Long, in a few well chosen words, named Capt. J. B. Nipp for Treasurer, who was nominated by acclamation. The Capt. made a happy speech of thanks.

                        The Last Day of The Cowley Co. Fair—A Grand Success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
                                                   THE ROADSTER SHOW.
The show of roadsters was very fine. Jim Vance, Joe Harter, Capt. Nipp, Gene Wilbur, Billy Hands, Arthur Bangs, Joe Moore, and Judge McDonald were in the ring with their steeds. The driving was very fine and resulted in Joe Harter capturing the blue ribbon and Gene Wilbur the red. In double roadster teams, Billy Hands, Gene Wilbur, C. C. Pierce, and John Hahn competed. The teams were as fine as any one could wish to see. Billy Hands took first premium and Gene Wilbur second. The teams were very evenly matched and the decision hard to make. In the roadster stallion class, Capt. Lyon captured first premium for 4 year-olds. For 3 year-olds, Judge McDonald’s “Malcomb Spray” took first.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
Senator Hackney, Senator Long, Judge Soward, Rev. B. Kelly, Supt. A. H. Limerick, Capt. J. B. Nipp, A. B. Arment, John McGuire, J. E. Conklin, and many others are off to take in the Topeka Soldier’s reunion. About 130 from Winfield and surroundings took the train this afternoon for Topeka. Half of the Winfield Post went. The round trip fare is but $4.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 7, 1885.
                                                    SOLDIER’S REUNION.
                                A Few Hasty Sketches of the Gathering of Veterans.
Well, I am here, and so is the crowd, but the crowd got here first and crowded me out. The result was, a cot last night in a hall, somewhat after the hospital style during the war. But I slept, though some other fellow in the next ward slept harder than I did. He was a religious sleeper, and sang gospel hymns through his nose. But they don’t sound well that way. Most of them are not written as bass solos, and therefore cannot be sung as such without producing considerable discord in its effect upon the hearer. Topeka is in its gala dress, and everybody feels patriotic. Even the little urchins tie ribbons in their button holes and march along with as much spirit as though they were veterans, and this was their picnic. As I write the boys are passing in review and the air is filled with music, flags are flying, banners waving, handkerchiefs fluttering in fair hands that are directed by eyes bright with the enthusiasm of the hour. And the immense gathering of people seems to indicate a determination that the welcome to the brave boys shall be a general one. The Buckskin Band is one of the objects of the occasion, and can return to Arkansas City feeling that they have created a sensation; for their costume and playing were the subjects of much favorable comment. I met Corbin and Grosscup, both full—of the spirit of the day. Lorry, Nipp, Soward, and others from our section of the country, showed up bright and genial as usual. Shall leave for the far west in a few minutes and cannot therefore write as would like to. WANDERER.
Topeka, Kansas, October 1st.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Democrats of Cowley County met at the Courthouse Saturday to go through the same old farce of nominating a county ticket to be easily defeated by the Republicans: a sequel inevitable in grand old Republican Cowley. About fifty delegates were present, with a small audience of visitors. J. L. Andrews, of Maple City, was chosen chairman and Ed Gage secretary. Everything was as tranquil as a May morning. The office went round hunting its man, as usual in Democratic conventions in Cowley. Nobody could smell meat, and didn’t care to sacrifice themselves on the party altar. The convention was exceedingly tame—no opposition whatever. The following nominations were unanimously made.
                                             Treasurer, Rudolph Hite, of Dexter.
Ye Gods! Compare the two tickets!! The kid against the staunch old soldier; corpulency against the big hearted, eloquent, and public spirited Tom Soward; a man almost unknown against the popular and enterprising Capt. Nipp, an old soldier and a patriot—and so on clear through.
It was as tame and timid as a little lamb, but when the election is over the candidates will think it too darned easy to be “lammed.” “I didn’t know he was a Democrat,” is the expression regarding several of the nominees. ’Twas ever thus. When did a Democrat convention find timber enough in their own ranks.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
Capt. Nipp, Judge Soward, Samuel Smedley, John McGuire, and John Ledlie and others got home from the Topeka reunion Friday, badly worn out, but highly elated over the big time enjoyed.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 21, 1885.
A reunion of the war veterans was held in Dexter last week, which was well attended. Commander Stewart and his senior vice, Major Macartney, being present at the gathering. Arkansas City post was represented by Capt. C. G. Thompson and Amos Walton, and the Winfield veterans showed up in Major Soward, Capt. J. B. Nipp, S. J. Smock, and W. P. Hackney. The exercises lasted two days, and were enlivened with war reminiscences, some effective speaking by Commander Stewart, Macartney, Hackney, and others; and the boys filled in their time with harmless jollity such as was prompted by the revival of former camp days. These reunions are keenly enjoyed by the retired campaigners.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A number of turbulent spirits in Arkansas City have got up a great rumpus and are tearing their hair out because the Geuda Springs and Western railroad is to branch from the K. C. & S. W. half way between Winfield and Arkansas City instead of at the latter place, and in their frenzy they threaten to beat the Republican county ticket at the approaching election unless the propositions are withdrawn from the southern townships of Sumner County. It seems to be a case of “if I can’t lick you, I can make up mouths at your sister.” They say that the Republican candidates certainly have influence enough with the railroad company to prevail upon it to withdraw those propositions and if they do not do it, they shall be sacrificed. We can only inform them that the Republican candidates have no more influence on the railroad company than have these men who threaten them, probably not one tenth as much and businessmen are not in a habit of sacrificing their business projects for the interests of any political party or set of party candidates. There would be just as much sense in the Arkansas City Democrats refusing to vote the Democratic ticket for the same reason, or for Arkansas City Methodists bolting the Methodist Church unless the Church should influence the railroad company to withdraw the propositions. We imagine that the Methodists as a church and the Republicans as a party will have nothing to do with this railroad building, nor with the Arkansas City canal or Mills, nor with the navigation of the Arkansas river or any other business interest.
There are seven candidates on the Republican ticket. Of these, three, Nipp, McIntire, and Guthrie, are Arkansas City men, in sympathy with Arkansas City’s interests and doing all they can to secure the same ends which these A. C. Republicans who threaten them are working for. We fail to see what A. C. can gain by beating them and electing in their stead such men as Rudolph Hite of Dexter, whose railroad interests are opposed to those of A. C. and Thompson and Walton, whose only interests are for themselves. How much will they gain by electing John Ledlie, of Burden, instead of the broad gauged Soward, who has taken no part in this matter complained of but whose work for Arkansas City as well as the rest of the county is second to none in the county? How much will they gain by electing Fred Hunt, a Winfield man, instead of S. J. Smock, a Fairview man? How much will they gain by electing Weeks, of Udall, over Haight, a true and tried friend of Arkansas City? And how much will they gain by electing Tandy instead of Wells, both Winfield men? Would it not be cutting off their own noses to spite their faces? It is the silliest move we ever heard of and its movers will be heartily ashamed of themselves and kick themselves all over town when they get sober. We do not believe the Republicans of Arkansas City are such ninnies. They have shown too much good sense, energy, and business get-up heretofore to allow us to believe they can be guilty of such folly. We believe they will work sensibly as heretofore. If not, we can stand it as least as well as they can.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.
A COURIER reporter spent Friday at the Dexter reunion. Camp “Pap Thomas” was located in a beautiful grove on Grouse Creek with plenty of pure, sparkling water and more hearty, honest, good cheer than we have ever met at a gathering in Cowley County. Dexter never does things by halves: her people are harmonious on everything they undertake, are of a generous, hearty, and hospitable nature, and nowhere is a stranger made to feel so much at home as among them. This was specially remarked by Department Commander Stewart, of the G. A. R., and Gen. Tim McCartney, who were present. The attendance was very large, and we venture to say that those who were fortunate enough to be present enjoyed it more than any reunion they have attended. During the afternoon speeches were delivered by Commander Stewart, Geo. McCartney, Senator Hackney, Revs. Brady and Fortune, Judge Soward, Amos Walton, and Capt. Tansey. Altogether the reunion was a grand success and the Dexter boys may congratulate themselves on the outcome of their efforts.
NOTE. They do say that Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp sat up all night to help forage for a pig.
Arkansas City Republican, October 24, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp was down from Winfield the greater part of the week pouring oil on the K. C. & S. W. excitement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The county election Tuesday, Nov. 3rd, is close upon us and it is time that the voters of this county were considering seriously its importance. With Republicans the facts that their ticket is fairly and honestly made and expresses in each candidate the choice of a majority of the party and that their solid and hearty support of its candidate is necessary to the success of Republican principals, are, or ought to be, sufficient reasons why every one of them should be at the polls and vote the straight ticket. What if I do not like one of the candidates and think he is a bad man? Then of course I have opposed his nomination as I had a right to do, but I have submitted my choice to the decision of the Republican convention and it has decided that he is the proper person to nominate and have nominated him, and now, as a Republican, it is my duty to support their decision and not attempt to disrupt the party by opposing my individual opinion to its decision, thus insisting that I know more than the whole Republican party.
To those who care little or nothing for the success of the Republican party and principles, we can truly say that no better ticket than the Republicans have placed before you was ever made in this county by any party. Each and every candidate is a man of tried efficiency, honor, and ability, and is worthy of your support.
In the next place we have Capt. J. B. Nipp for county Treasurer. He too is limited to two terms by law, and his efficiency and fidelity entitle him to the recognition of a second election. He has now learned the details and duties of the office and has become more valuable to the county than could any new man in the office without a two years tuition. Besides he is one of the ablest workers for the interest of his county and has done noble work in many ways to benefit the county.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.
“The Arkansas City railroad imbroglio has had one good effect already. It is removing the super abundance of stomach from beneath Candidate Nipp’s vest. If the brilliant young man of THE COURIER could see it (the result), he would rejoice greatly thereat, and marvel much.”—Telegram.
Don’t expatiate on what you never had, or never will, Bro. Seaver. A man so thin as not to be able to tell whether he has the back ache or the stomach ache is no judge of such matters.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.
The reporter mounting a steed sallied forth early Friday morning to take an inventory of the improvements and new buildings which have gone up since the season opened, and the ones under construction at the present time. Being rushed, we are satisfied many have been overlooked. The valuation given is below the market value rather than above. The following list we know will surprise our own citizens.
                                                  Captain Nipp, barn: $500.00.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, October 31, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, Republican candidate for treasurer, is limited to two terms by law, and his efficiency and fidelity entitles him to the recognition of a second election. He has now learned the details and duties of the office and has become more valuable to the county than could a new man in the office without a two years tuition. It behooves us to vote for Capt. J. B. Nipp. He is an honest and capable man.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 4, 1885.

Synopsis of the Tax Law. Frank Hess has been busy on the tax list of this city, and has at length completed his transcript. The total assessment for all purposes, is $5.51 on the one hundred dollars. The following synopsis of the tax law will be of interest to taxpayers.
Taxes become due and attach as a lien on real estate on November 1st of each year.
Parties who own real estate on November 1st, are liable for tax on same for that year.
If one half tax is paid on or before December 20, the other half can remain unpaid until the 20th of June following, without penalty.
If the full amount of tax is paid on or before December 20, a rebate of 5 percent will be allowed on the last half.
If no part of tax is paid on or before December 20th, the whole amount becomes due and a penalty of five percent will be attached thereto on December 21st, and if still unpaid, an additional penalty of five percent will be attached on March 21st and June 21st following.
All real estate on which taxes remain delinquent on June 21st will be sold on the first Tuesday of September, after being advertised in the official paper of the county for four consecutive weeks prior to date of sale.
Interest accrues after sale at the rate of 24 percent per annum, and the county clerk will issue tax deeds to holders of certificates of purchase to all unredeemed lands and town lots after three years have expired from date of sale.
If one half personal property is paid on or before December 20th, the balance will run to June 20th following without penalty.
If no part of personal property tax is paid on or before January 10th, or the last half is not paid on or before July 10th, a warrant will be issued to the sheriff of the county, commanding him to collect the same.
Taxpayers must furnish the county treasurer with a correct description of their real estate; and if personal property, the township in which located.
Real estate is assessed each even year; personal property is assessed every year.
                                     J. B. NIPP, Treasurer of Cowley Co., Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 5, 1885.
Gen. Speed S. Fry, one of the most prominent leading Republicans in Kentucky, is visiting in this city. He was the general in the brigade in which Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp served in the war, and afterwards became a division commander. He is the man who killed Rebel Gen. Zollicoffer. He is a fine looking gentleman.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 5, 1885.
The following are returns of the election in this county as far as heard.
[Name of Candidates followed by their majority.]
Nipp, 40; Soward, 31; McIntire, 37; Smock, 40; Haight, 37; Wells, 37; Guthrie, 27.
East Cedar.
Nipp, 17; Soward, 15; McIntire, 17; Smock 15; Haight, 7; Wells, 14; Guthrie, 17.
Pleasant Valley.
Nipp, 12; Soward, 17; McIntire, 12; Smock, 5; Haight, 16; Wells, 7; Guthrie, 6.
Nipp, 29; Soward, 17; McIntire, 20; Smock, 5; Haight, 19; Wells, 18.

Nipp, 57; Soward, 58; McIntire, 55; Smock, 54, Haight, 53; Wells, 57.
Nipp, 43; Soward, 47; McIntire, 45; Smock, 48; Haight, 40; Wells, 43.
Nipp, 22; Soward, 22; McIntire, 21; Smock, 23; Haight, 28; Wells, 33.
Nipp, 29; Soward, 27; Smock, 29; McIntire, 31; Haight, 17; Wells, 27.
Nipp, 58; Soward, 73; McIntire, 69; Smock, 81; Haight, 44; Wells, 72.
Winfield, First Ward.
Nipp, 86; Soward, 74; McIntire, 77; Smock, 53; Haight, 76, Wells, 69.
Winfield, Second Ward.
Nipp, 94; Soward, 94; McIntire, 95; Smock, 87; Haight, 90; Wells, 73.
Winfield, Third Ward.
Nipp, 57; Soward, 58; McIntire, 5t; Smock, 54; Haight, 53; Wells, 53.
Winfield, Fourth Ward.
Nipp, 34; Soward, 26; McIntire, 21; Smock, 10; Haight, 21; Wells, 15.
Silver Creek.
Nipp, 66; Register, Dem, 20; McIntire, 60; Smock, 57; Haight, 41; Wells, 57.
Nipp, 3; McIntire, 7; Register Dem, 9; Clerk Dem, 5; Surveyor Dem, 20; Coroner Dem, 1.
Arkansas City. Total Vote 568.
Nipp, 231; Soward, 47; Smock, 55; McIntire, 55; Guthrie, 23.
Nipp, 40; Soward, 32; McIntire, 35; Smock, 33; Haight, 32; Wells, 32; Guthrie, 37.
East Bolton.
Nipp, 35; Soward, 9; McIntire, 19; Smock, 14; Haight, 3 against; Wells, 9; Guthrie, 22.
LATER. West Bolton sent the following Republican majorities: Nipp, 49; Soward, 41; McIntire, 52; Smock 44; Haight, 44; Wells, 42; Guthrie, 48.
Guthrie has 29 majority in Creswell, 30 in Silverdale, making 239 ahead with Spring Creek and West Cedar to hear from.
In the two cities of Winfield and Arkansas City, thirteen townships and three precincts, with six precincts to hear from, the Republican majorities are as follows: Nipp, 1,125; Soward, 781; McIntire, 915; Smock, 833; Haight, 707; Wells, 785.
                                                        THE LOVE FEAST.
At eleven o’clock the crowd, music and all, were banqueted at the Brettun by Capt. Nipp and Judge Soward. The spread was immense, embracing oysters and a full supper. Several hundred enjoyed the feast. The large Brettun dining room was chock full, and after the banquet, Senator Hackney called order and toasts began.
“The health of Capt. Nipp,” was responded to by Capt. Tansey; of Smock, by Prof. Limerick; of Soward, by Capt. Siverd; of Wells, by J. E. Conklin; of Haight, by G. H. Buckman—all good subjects and eulogized fittingly.

This banquet was one of the happiest occasions in the history of Cowley politics, and was a thorough exhibition of the big-hearted Kentucky generosity of Capt. Nipp and Judge Soward. Jim Hill also did himself proud in its preparation. Every participator was as sober as a judge and as happy as a clam. The order was perfect—as genteel and intelligent a  gathering as you could possibly ask for. Many of the participators were from the country. A number of staunch Democrats, in response to an invitation, also took part. This occasion is worthy of emulation and we hope to see it become a regular thing in celebrating our annual victories.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, November 7, 1885.
Here is the tickets an “ristocrat” of the third ward voted.
For sheriff: C. G. Thompson.
For treasurer: J. B. Nipp.
For equal rights.
For pure whiskey.
For cheap whiskey.
For pure religion.
For cheap religion.
It appears by the premeditated arrangement of names that this voter wanted Capt. Nipp to go in office on a platform of pure whiskey and pure religion.
Arkansas City Republican, November 7, 1885.
East Bolton. Cowley County Republicans did well on election day. And East Bolton Republicans have an average majority of 17. J. B. Nipp led the ticket in East Bolton.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 11, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp came to town yesterday to exchange greetings with his friends.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
The Kentucky part of the ticket engrafted itself into the appreciation of everybody by their big-hearted generosity. Nipp and Soward are jewels—count their warm friends by the thousands. Cowley will never have two better officers.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
Capt. Nipp’s majority, as shown by the official returns elsewhere, is the biggest Republican majority ever given for any officer in Cowley County. He ran way ahead of his ticket, and should feel proud of it. It is an endorsement calculated to make a fellow feel mighty good. All the majorities, however, are way up.
                                             OKLAHOMA HEARD FROM.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.

John Barnthouse, T. J. Barnthouse, George Dillon, William Schell, and Elmer Hartman shouldered their shooting irons Tuesday before the election and wended their way to the land of milk and honey. They returned Saturday highly elated with their trip and weighted down with game. From Mr. John Barnthouse we learn the following in regard to Oklahoma and the boomers. They were in the very heart of the promised land. The country was full of boomers, On Stillwater there were about eight hundred making hay and building fence; in fact, making all preparations for a winter of it. On “Wild Horse,” near Capt. Nipp’s ranch, there were about twenty-five hundred across the Cimarron, and between the North Fork and the Canadian about eight hundred. At Cottonwood City and vicinity, between five and six thousand. These men are engaged in building fences, others putting up houses, making hay and plowing, and a surveyor is busy surveying land for the boomers. Cottonwood City is between the two forks of the Canadian on the old trail from Caldwell, has two good stores, and does a booming business. The boomers have provisions sufficient to last six months and say they are there to stay and will stay dead or alive. Captain Couch is not there, but Blackburn and Couch’s brothers are there taking the lead. Mr. Barnthouse says the land is the finest he ever saw and there is plenty of water and timber. There are four companies of cavalry just arrived with orders to put the Boomers out that are in and prevent any more going in. At Ponca, Otoe, and Pawnee Agencies, Indian police are stationed to prevent any one going through, though any one come out. Mr. Barnthouse talked with the leaders and they say they have as much right there as the cattlemen, and that if the cattlemen come out, they will too, and they won’t budge an inch before the cattlemen do. The Indians are very much excited over the Boomers. They are in favor of the cattlemen staying for the reason that they can rent their lands to a good advantage.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, November 14, 1885.
                                                       The Official Majorities.
Appended is the official majorities of the county officers elected Nov. 3, 1885.
Sheriff: Geo. McIntire, 1,213.
Treasurer: J. B. Nipp, 1,468.
Clerk: S. J. Smock, 1,185.
Register: T. B. Soward, 1,089.
Coroner: H. S. Wells, 1,174.
Surveyor: N. A. Haight, 1,062.
Commissioner: J. D. Guthrie, 264.
The above returns show that Capt. Nipp was sent back to the treasurer’s office by the largest majority any candidate ever received in Cowley County. Capt. must feel vain over this handsome endorsement of the people. The majorities of all the candidates were increased very largely. What a big slap Democracy has received in the face! We should think that they never would venture to place another candidate in the political arena in Cowley County.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, November 14, 1885.

Several gentlemen, of Winfield, have just returned from a week’s hunt in the Oklahoma country; and to the Courier they impart some information, which, if true, and we have no cause to think otherwise, will give Uncle Sam an all winter’s job. They tell that the Oklahoma county is full of settlers. On Stillwater there were about eight hundred making hay and building fences; in fact, making all preparations for a winter of it. On “Wild Horse,” near Capt. Nipp’s ranch, there were about twenty-five hundred across the Cimarron, and between the North Fork and the Canadian about eight hundred. At Cottonwood City and vicinity between five and six thousand. These men are engaged in building fences, others putting up houses, making hay and plowing, and a surveyor is busy surveying land for the boomers. Cottonwood City is between the two forks of the Canadian on the old trail from Caldwell, has two good stores, and does a booming business. The boomers have provisions sufficient to last six months and say they are there to stay and will stay, dead or alive. Captain Couch is not there, but Blackburn and Couch’s brothers are there taking the lead. The land is the finest they ever saw and plenty of water and timber. There are four companies of cavalry just arrived with orders to put the boomers out that are in and prevent any more going in.
Arkansas City Republican, November 14, 1885.
J. B. Nipp was in the city Monday.
Arkansas City Republican, November 21, 1885.
The Telegram says the Republican majorities were cut down. It looks that way, don’t it? Geo. McIntire got a majority two years ago of between 600 and 700; this year only 1,200. Capt. Nipp doubled his majority of two years ago this year. We wish the Telegram would tell the truth just once before the Democratic party dies.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.
The annual hunt of the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club, yesterday, was all in a conglomerate mass on the floor of the Brettun House office last evening, where President Harter and Secretary Glass conducted the count of the terrible slaughter and gave the individual scores. It was a tired crowd of hunters, many of them looking very sad eyed. The unlucky ones swore on a stack of powder that Cowley County is just about gameless—some of them didn’t see a cotton tail all day; yes, some of them didn’t see anything, which is verified by the nonentity of their score; but hardly by the appearance of their ammunition, which seems to whisper, “wasted on the desert air.” But an honest consultation of hunters was unanimous in the verdict that they never did so much traveling for so little game. The game appeared to have been notified of its impending fate and crawled in its hole. Capt. Huffman’s division laid it over Capt. Hunt’s division by a good majority. The losing side sets up the banquet at the Brettun tonight, when a big time is anticipated. James McLain, as last year, bobbed up serenely with the champion score and raked in the gold medal. Dr. Riley, with a score of 20, raked in the tin medal.
                                                             THE SCORE.
                                                         Huffman’s Division.
P. A. Huffman, 1620; Jas. McLain, 1755; J. N. Harter, 410; Fred Whiting, 665; K. McClung, 765; Chas. Holmes, 730; F. Kessinger, 180; John Eaton, 235; J. R. Handy, 1130; Q. A. Glass, 115; Dr. J. G. Evans, 385; Dr. Emerson, 385; Dr. Riley, 20; J. B. Garvin, 215; T. J. Harris, 65; L. M. Williams, 170. Total: 8,845.
                                                            Hunt’s Division.
J. S. Hunt, 595; Jas. Vance, 705; F. Clark (didn’t hunt); Jap Cochran, 955; H. D. Gans, 910; J. B. Nipp, 805; J. Denning (didn’t hunt); Geo. Jennings, 805; M. L. Devore, 320; Geo. Headrick, 390; A. H. Doane (didn’t hunt); Geo. McIntire, 320; G. L. Rinker, 220; J. Barnthouse, 260; Hop Shivvers, 260; D. McCutcheon (didn’t hunt). Total: 6,445.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.

Thursday night was the occasion of the annual banquet of the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club. The annual hunt occurred the day before, the victors and defeated had received their scores, and now was another meeting, to eat, drink (water), and be merry; the “greenies,” or unfortunates, telling how they walked and walked, and fired and fired, and came out with only a few cotton-tails; and the victors were to explain how they managed it in getting so much salt on the tails of their game. The banquet, of course, was spread in the large dining hall of the Brettun, “set up” by the losing division, under Captain Hunt. Messrs. Harter & Hill did themselves proud in the preparation of the banquet, a magnificent array of about everything obtainable in the culinary art, with waiters most attentive. At nine o’clock the feast began, partaken of by the following.
Victors: P. A. Huffman, captain; Jas. McLain, J. N. Harter, Fred Whiting, K. McClung, Chas. Holmes, F. Kessinger, John Eaton, J. R. Handy, Q. A. Glass, Dr. J. G. Evans, Dr. Emerson, Dr. Riley, J. B. Garvin, T. J. Harris, L. M. Williams.
Defeated and had to set ’em up: J. S. Hunt, captain; Jas. Vance, F. Clark, Jap Cochran, H. D. Gans, J. B. Nipp, J. Denning, Geo. Jennings, M. L. Devore, Geo. Headrick, A. H. Doane, Geo. McIntire, G. L. Rinker, J. Barnthouse, Hop Shivvers, D. McCutcheon.
Judge Soward, an old member of the club, Ed. G. Gray, the scribe and a few others, were admitted to the feastorial court as guests.
The feast over, Judge Gans, in a happy speech characteristic of the Judge, presented James McLain, whose score of 1755 made him the champion “sport” of the club, with the gold medal, a beautiful solid shield, engraved: “Presented to James McLain by the Winfield Sportsmen’s Club, for the highest game score, in 1885.” Jim was all “broke up,” as he should be, and asked John A. Eaton to the rescue for a response. John is always equal to any occasion and set the crowd in a roar with his unique remarks. Then came the presentation of the tin medal to Dr. Riley, for his lowest score of 20. Judge Soward’s wit bubbled out in a speech very witty and sparkling, full of happy hits. The Doctor’s response was very appropriate. Lively toasts on the “pot-shot,” the “professional shot,” and various subjects were dissected by Huffman, Vance, Emerson, Nipp, and others. It was a very happy occasion throughout, one to be long remembered.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp left yesterday for a week at Ashland, Veteran, and Richfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.
Capt. J. B. Nipp, treasurer of Cowley County, came in Thursday evening on the coach from Dodge. He is here on a visit to his son-in-law, King Berry, and will remain with us a week or ten days. Ashland Herald.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
Capt. Nipp got in last night from a two weeks visit with his daughter, Mrs. I. K. Berry, at Ashland. The Captain says Ashland has made a wonderful growth and is now a sprightly little city of six hundred inhabitants, with three newspapers and a metropolitan air most creditable. Ashland has many formerly of Winfield folks, whom the Captain reports as prospering finely. The approaching winter has lessened the western influx, but great things are expected with the opening of spring. Veteran and Richfield, the latest results of Winfield enterprise in developing the new west, are also flourishing finely and have bright futures.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

When it comes to the advancement of Winfield and Cowley County, our people are a unit. Enterprise, energy, and grit have put our county and city far in advance of any others in all fair Kansas and will continue to do so. Winfield is destined to be the great metropolis of Southern Kansas, one of the big commercial and educational cities of the big west. With citizens of rare intelligence, progress, and vim, with natural surroundings and possibilities unexcelled, she can be nothing else. The enthusiasm of our businessmen in securing enterprises for the advancement of our city was forcibly exhibited last night in the rousing meeting for the consideration of the extension of the Florence, Eldorado & Walnut railroad, owned by the Santa Fe Co. The meeting was called to order by M. L. Robinson. W. G. Graham was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary. Mr. Robinson then explained the object of the meeting, and read letters from A. A. Robinson, General manager of the Santa Fe, agreeing to extend this road from Douglass to Winfield for $3,000 a mile, reserving only the necessity of erecting an independent depot here, the road to either connect with the Wichita & Southwestern at the junction just over the Walnut bridge and run into the Santa Fe depot, or cross the S. K. just east of, and using, that depot. The intention is a union depot here for the Southern Kansas, Wichita & Southwestern and Florence, Eldorado & Walnut railroads. The Santa Fe is determined to push through the Territory, which right of way it has already secured, at once. The extension will be made from Winfield, with the machine shops, roundhouse, etc., for this southern division and the roads of southern Kansas, at this place. An editorial elsewhere explains the requirements and advantages fully. Enthusiastic speeches were made last night in favor of this and other enterprises by Rev. B. Kelly, Henry E. Asp, T. H. Soward, Senator Jennings, John A. Eaton, and John McGuire. Committees were appointed as follows to see that this matter is properly worked up.
Winfield: Capt. Nipp, J. E. Conklin, D. L. Kretsinger, C. Schmidt, Col. Whiting, J. A. Eaton, and A. H. Doane.
Walnut: J. B. Corson, J. B. Short, J. C. Roberts, T. A. Blanchard, and W. D. Roberts.
Fairview: M. C. Headrick, J. C. Paige, A. H. Limerick, J. W. Douglas, and T. S. Covert.
Rock: G. L. Gale, G. H. Williams, H. F. Hornaday, E. J. Wilber, J. M. Harcourt, S. P. Strong, J. P. Holmes, and John Stalter.
Every movement must have money back of it to insure its success. This and other enterprises needing agitation take money. Contributions were called for to be placed in the hands of the Winfield Enterprise Association for use in submitting these railroad propositions and any other progressive enterprise for which the Association sees necessity. Over $500 was subscribed as follows.

Farmers Bank, $50; First National Bank, $50; Hackney & Asp, $50; T. H. Soward, $25; A. H. Doane, $15; Harris, Clark & Huffman, $15; F. S. Jennings, $15; Curns & Manser, $10; H. Brown & Son, $10; Jennings & Bedilion, $15; Thos. McDougall, $10; H. G. Fuller & Co., $10; Cash, $10; G. L. Gale, $5; Col. Whitney, $5; Ed. Weitzel, $5; C. Schmidt, $5; H. T. Shivvers, $5; J. G. Kraft, $5; G. H. Buckman, $5; W. J. Wilson, $5; W. G. Graham, $5; Dr. C. Perry, $5; W. L. Morehouse, $5; J. P. Baden, $5; G. B. Shaw & Co., $5; Sol. Burkhalter, $5; Hendricks & Wilson, $5; Dr. Pickens, $5; E. F. Blair, $5; Mrs. E. J. Huston, $5; W. S. Mendenhall, $5; John W. Dix, $5; Gregg & Rice, $5; E. P. Young, $5; J. B. Farnsworth, $5; J. E. Conklin, $5; A. F. Hopkins, $5; V. W. Baird, $5; John McGuire, $5; A. E. Baird, $5; W. C. Root, $5; A. C. Bangs, $5; H. E. Silliman, $5; Bertram & Bertram, $5; Daniel Taylor, $5; W. C. Robinson, $5; W. F. Bowen, $5; R. B. Waite, $5; T H Group, $5; Frank W. Finch, $2.50; Stafford & Hite, $2.50; A. Gridley, Jr., $2.50; Frank Manny, $2.50; W. H. Dawson, $2.50; A. DeTurk, $2.50; D. Gramm, $2.50; W. B. Cayton, $2.50; Geo. L. Gray, $2.50; I. W. Cook, $2.50; D. L. Kretsinger, $2.50; W. W. Limbocker, $2.50; Sol Frederick, $2.50; F. J. Barnes, $2.50; John Stretch, $2.50; W. L. Pridgeon, $1.00; E. I. Crary, $1.00; J. D. Appleby, $1.00; T. B. Ware, $1.00; R. B. Mitchell, $1.00; J. A. Barr, $1.00; R. Taggart, $1.00.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
The installation of the officers of Winfield Commandery’s Knight Templars took place Friday night at their asylum. The following are the names of officers elected for the ensuing year: I. W. Johnston, E. C.; C. C. Black, G.; Ed P. Nelson, C. G.; W. G. Graham, P.; J. B. Nipp, Treasurer; J. D. Pryor, Rec.; P. P. Powell, S. W.;         Trout, I. W.; J. S. Mann, St. B.; S. A. Cook, S. B.; J. L. M. Hill, W.; J. M. Stafford, S.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
Last week, the last one before the attaching of the first five per cent penalty to unpaid taxes, was a lively one in the County Treasurer’s office. Capt. Nipp and his rapid and accurate assistants, John W. Arrowsmith, Lewis Conrad, Frank Weaverling, and Bob Nipp, were kept on the jump from early morn till late at night, getting only one or two square dinners during the week. Sheckles were raked in, as follows:
Monday, $2,468.05; Tuesday, $4,075.15; Wednesday, $5,075.21; Thursday, $4,070.24; Friday, $4,112.64; Saturday, $20,773.10. Total: $40,574.30.
Saturday’s receipts were the largest for one day in the history of the county. On that day the taxes of the S. K. and S. F. were paid. The whole week averages with, and go ahead, of last year, in the total. This shows good prosperity. When you come to get the work of the treasurer’s office for last week down to a fine point, the amount is astonishing. The receipt stubs will average about twenty dollars apiece. Figure up your average and you’ll find that, outside of the railroad tax, over two hundred tax receipts were turned out daily. Imagine now how many men it takes for that many receipts and you’ve got a bee hive of no miniature consideration. And they were all waited on with neatness and dispatch. Nobody had to wait long. Receipts were flying out of four windows at once, backed up by the genial smile and accommodating manner of County Treasurer Nipp, who is certainly the fulfillment of that ancient saying, “the right man in the right place.” The 20th coming on Sunday, Treasurer Nipp extended grace over Monday, which was the biggest legitimate tax day of the year, $9,696.76. The office was a continual jam all day.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Captain J. B. Nipp is out west looking around and in a private letter dated at Veteran, says: “Veteran is located in the geographical center of Stanton County. It is beautifully located in a very rich, and beyond a doubt, the finest body of agricultural land in the world. No better soil is known. A rich, black, sandy loam that will produce anything planted. Stanton will have enough people to organize in a very short time. There are already three railroads pointing through Stanton County, and Veteran is a natural railroad center. The town company has put in a public well with a wind pump and tank which furnishes an abundance of water to all. Travelers call this the best water in the southwest. It is clear as crystal and absolutely free of alkali. One hundred teams are watered here daily and the supply is inexhaustible. There is also a splendid hotel 24 x 48, with additions, two stories high, which is well furnished and kept in the best of style. Choice business and resident lots can be had in this beautiful town. Homestead or Pre-emption claims can be had yet. Every man seeking a home or a place for business, will do well to come to Veteran. It is only a matter of time when she will be the metropolis of the southwest. The people who are settling in and around Veteran are men of energy and push and are making everything move along in the best of shape and in the near future will own fine farms and vast wealth in this rich and productive county of Stanton, which bids fair to be the finest county in the state. J. B. NIPP.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The court was grinding today on the case of the Winfield Bank vs. J. B. Nipp and G. H. McIntire, a tax injunction suit.
Winfield Bank vs. J. B. Nipp and G. H. McIntire, tax injunction suit. Case presented and taken under advisement.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.
Monday evening was the occasion of a very enjoyable time at the Post, it being the installation of the new officers elect. The boys have a very roomy and well furnished Post room and well fitted for entertaining a crowd. The Woman’s Relief Corps was out in full strength and quite a number of visitors. Everybody was sociable and jolly and the reporter felt just like a school boy on holiday. We like to mingle in such a crowd. We feel better for days afterward.
After the installation the ladies of the Relief Corps slyly brought out some mysterious looking packages and soon revealed a feast that every old “vet,” including the reporter, began to grin about and never let up until they reached home and had to send for the doctor. Cakes, oranges, candy, apples, and everything good was passed around in abundance. The reporter and John Arrowsmith were on the sick list and looked as blue as indigo because they couldn’t eat anything. Dr. Wells’ friends watched him closely and whenever the bald place on his head began to turn blue, they pounded him on the back, and took away his dish. Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp were cautioned by their friends several times to eat slower, but you might as well have told them, during the war, to fight slower. They are excusable as they confidently told the reporter they had been expecting this and had fasted since the day before. Earnest Reynolds never grunted after the cake began to go around. He looked down at the floor and lost no time. It is estimated that the Post lost $4.67 by his presence. As for Siverd, words will not express his troubles. Three times was he choked on an orange. His friends are very much worried about him, as he has been troubled for years with dyspepsia. After the feast it was noticed that the Captain’s pockets stuck out like an air balloon, and it is thought he is injured internally. Space will not allow us to speak of the other boys. They all did justice to everything. Their gastronomical propensities worked like a charm.
The following were the officers installed: A. B. Limerick, Post Commander; J. E. Snow, S. V. P.; J. J. Carson, J. V. P.; T. H. Soward, Q. M.; H. L. Wells, Surgeon; H. H. Siverd, O. B.; J. H. Snyder, C.; C. L. McRoberts, O. G.; Lewis Conrad, A.; D. C. Beach, S. M.
The following are the officers of the Woman’s Relief Corps: Mrs. Elma Dalton, P.; Mrs. Julia Caton, S. V. P.; Mrs. H. L. Wells, J. V. P.; Mrs. Dr. Pickens, Treasurer; Mrs. D. C. Beach, Secretary; Mrs. Lewis Conrad, C.; Mrs. A. J. Thompson, C.; Mrs. C. Trump, G.
The installation ceremonies were beautiful. We don’t believe there is any city in Kansas that can boast of a better Post than Winfield.
Arkansas City Republican, January 16, 1886.

Capt. J. B. Nipp was down from Winfield Thursday. Capt. has just returned from a trip out west and is completely fascinated with the prospect of the new towns in which he is interested.
                                                  VALUE OF RAILROADS.
                                                          In Paying Taxes.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
If those persons who are afraid to vote the bonds of their township next Tuesday for fear of increase of taxes will study the following table of statistics of Cowley County taken from the public records, they will vote the bonds merely as a speculation, simply on the ground of the taxes they will pay on their property and the reduction of taxation on individual property.
                                                      JUST TO THE POINT.
Total average value per mile of Southern Kansas railroad in Cowley County for 1885, $6,203.24.
Walnut township was taxed to pay interest on bonds of same, $181.95.
The railroad valuation in Walnut township for 1885 was $41,020.
[Note: At this point it was impossible to read small figures correctly and set up the data given as paper did. Will try to give breakdown. Paper proceeded to give very confusing statistical data.]
Breakdown of tax [road tax, state tax, county tax, railroad bond, township, and Districts (1, 45, 127): $1,315.02.
Total tax on all railroads in county for all purposes, $17,424.12.
Total amount levied to pay interest on railroad bonds on all property in county other than railroad property: $3,986.04.
[The above statement was certified by J. S. Hunt.]
[More statistical data followed showing tax paid by Southern Kansas railroad in Cowley County for the year 1885 by townships; also interest paid by townships on railroad bonds. Number of miles of track in the county: 40.26. Assessed value per mile: $6,203.62. Total valuation in county: $260,137.96.]
[This was followed by tax paid by railroad in Windsor township, Silver Creek township, Richland township, Walnut township, and Vernon township.] Statement then made that the total tax paid to Southern Kansas railroad in excess in the five townships: $4,271.72.]
In addition to above tax, the railroad company pays the 10 mill Co. levy on $260,140, amounting to $260,140 and 1 mill on same for railroad bond fund; $260.14, making a total of $2,861.54, which is applied exclusively to the payment of interest on railroad bonds. The above statement was certified by J. B. Nipp, Treasurer. John C. Roberts certified that he had examined the above records in relation to Walnut township and found them correct.

In the above statement for Walnut township are included $124.86 road tax paid by the S. K. railroad company. The road tax levy in Walnut township was three mills. This tax is paid by the citizen taxpayers of the township mostly, in labor on the public roads, but that which is not paid in, labor is returned to the county clerk, put on the tax rolls of the county, and collected by the treasurer in cash. The railroad pays in cash and the cash is used in the township for buying tools and bridge timber, and to pay for such labor as is not supplied by the citizens on their taxes. Thus Walnut township receives directly in cash from the S. K. railroad $124.86 as road tax, which alone will go far toward paying the interest on the bonds.
Fairview township having but very little of the S. K. railroad, gets much less of this road tax money from that railroad, but she has the same three mill tax.
Rock township has a 2 mill road tax, but gets no money from any railroad on account of it, for she has no track within her limits. When she has a railroad in her limits assessed at $40,000, she will levy a 3 mill road tax and receive from that railroad $120 a year thereon.
Fairview, if she gets this road, though the D., M. & A. should not be built, will have an assessed value of railroads amounting to $70,000 and receive from them $210 a year in cash.
Walnut will receive, if these bonds carry, $150 more a year from railroads on this road tax, raising the amount to $276 a year.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
Capt. J. B. Nipp went to Topeka Wednesday, Legislature scheme, you know.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.
J. B. Nipp, of Winfield, one of the most wide awake and stirring men of this western country, paid us a visit Monday. The Captain holds large interests in this section of the State and a bank account sufficient to see him through. Syracuse Journal.
That’s the way to talk about our county men. If the Captain is fixed that way, he can probably hold his “nip.” Udall Sentinel.
[Note: Nipp had much to do with the founding of “Ashland” by Winfield people. The following tells about the original owner of Ashland. MAW]
Arkansas City Traveler, January 27, 1886.
On January 21, Chas. H. Robey, the original owner of the town site of Ashland, was shot and killed at that place. Several persons were congregated in Wade’s restaurant, when some of the parties stepped outside, and with six-shooters opened a fusillade, during which a pistol in the hands of W. E. Foster, who stood in the doorway, was accidentally discharged, the ball striking Mr. Robey in the chest, causing almost instant death. An inquest was held and Foster held for manslaughter. Winfield Tribune.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Notice is hereby given that I will offer for sale to the highest bidder at my office in Winfield, Kansas, on Tuesday, March 2nd, 1886, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. the following described School Lands.
The southeast quarter of northeast quarter section sixteen township thirty-two range six, appraised at $4.75 per acre.
The southwest quarter of northeast quarter section sixteen township thirty-two range six, appraised at $3.25 per acre; improvements $48.
The northeast quarter of northeast quarter, section sixteen, township thirty-two, range six, appraised at $3.50 per acres; improvements $232.00.
The northwest quarter of northeast quarter, section sixteen, township thirty-two, range six, appraised at $3.00 per acre.
                                    J. B. NIPP, Treasurer, Cowley County, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

Capt. Nipp returned from Topeka Friday, having endured twenty-four hours on the Santa Fe snow-bound train between Florence and Peabody. The Santa Fe is open now east from Newton; west it will not be open for two days yet. The Captain says things look very favorable for the D., M. & A. legalizing bills.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Frank J. Hess was up from the Terminus Tuesday eve and paid County Treasurer Nipp about ten thousand dollars taxes, paid to him by various individuals whom he convenienced by saving them a tax-paying trip. It was the December half in full and a big wad to be turned in at once.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
D. L. Kretsinger got home from Topeka today, having spent a week there in western county line manipulation. He says the D. M. & A. bill is on top, will pass Friday; the county line and other matters are on top and it is a very cold day when Cowley County gets left. He reports our delegation well and busy and standing right up with any of them. He left Capt. Nipp there to hold the fort till he returns next week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
Capt. Nipp’s little 3-year-old boy came near dying Tuesday with spasms, but is much better today.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Capt. Nipp, Sen. Long, Judge Snow, John Ledlie and wife, and Mrs. Samuel Dalton came down from Wichita Friday, where they have been attending the encampment and Woman’s Relief Corps of the Kansas district.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
For Sale. A span of four-year-old mules, wagon and harness. Call on J. B. Nipp.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Winfield men are to the front again with another railroad scheme. It is one of considerable magnitude, the Kansas City, Colorado & Texas railroad, with a total length of 1,500 miles and a capital stock of $30,000,000. The directors named in the charter are Capt. J. B. Nipp, Senator J. C. Long, J. L. Horning, H. D. Gans, J. H. Fazel, N. M. Powers, Jas. H. Irwin, Edwin Beeney, John Kuddiman, of Winfield, and others from abroad. Among the foreigners: L. S. Olmstead, builder of the Chicago & Alton, B. F. Beesley, J. L. Morrison, and D. H. Mitchell, old railroad men from Jacksonville, Illinois. Already capitalists and other old railroad men are seeking interest in the scheme. The capital stock is limited to $20,000 a mile. The proposed route is from Kansas City to and through the counties of Wyandotte, Johnson, Franklin, Douglass, Osage, Lyon, Morris, Chase, Marion, Dickinson, Saline, McPherson, Ellsworth, Rice, Barton, Rush, Ness, Lane, Scott, Wichita, and Greeley, to the western line of the state; thence through Colorado to Denver. A line will diverge in Osage County, and pass southwesterly through Osage, Lyon, Coffee, Greenwood, Chase, Butler, Cowley, and Sumner; thence through Indian Territory and Texas to San Antonio. Another line will branch off in Morris County and pass through Chase, Marion, Butler, Harvey, Sedgwick, and Sumner, going through Indian Territory and Texas to San Antonio.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Capt. Nipp went to Burden Sunday eve.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Capt. Nipp and Ed P. Greer are off for two weeks, looking after things in the “wild west.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 25, 1886.
Laben Moore was presented Friday with a beautiful silver table castor from Hudson Brothers by Robert Nipp, I. Martin, J. M. Connor, E. Youngheim, M. V. Andre, Jack Hudson, and Frank Eastman. This was given as a gift of the appreciation in which Laben is held by the boys, and a memorial of his departure from single blessedness.
Arkansas City Republican, April 10, 1886.
Among those who purchased lots down at Cale on the state line are Judge Torrance, A. H. Doane, J. B. Nipp, Curns & Manser, F. J. Hess, R. R. Phelps, D. A. Millington, F. L. Branninger, Alexander, Lamport & Co. All of these contract to erect business buildings at once. Alexander, Lamport & Co., begin the erection of their sheds and buildings, etc., for their lumber yard at the new town today. Their stock of lumber will be in by next week. The Santa Fe does not touch the townsite of Cale nor does it come within three miles of it. The Winfield Courier misrepresents the matter when it says the Santa Fe goes through it.
Arkansas City Republican, May 15, 1886.
                                                  The Land Slides of the Week.
                               James B. Nipp to F. J. Hess, house and 3 lots, $4,000.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, June 19, 1886. From Tuesday’s Daily.
Cowley County’s delegation, composed of J. G. Crawford, E. Shriver, and S. H. Wells, of the 61st district; W. M. Jenkins, H. W. Marsh, and Jos. Cleary, of the 60th district, and W. G. Graham, Capt. Nipp, and P. B. Lee, of the 59th district, went to Cherryvale yesterday to attend the congressional convention. Hon. B. W. Perkins, for whom the delegations are unanimously instructed, is the only candidate and will of course be nominated.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, June 19, 1886. From Thursday’s Daily.
At the congressional convention held at Cherryvale on the 15th, Wm. Jenkins, of this city, was made a member of the committee on permanent organization and order of business. Capt. J. B. Nipp was elected as Cowley’s congressional committeeman.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, July 24, 1886. From Saturday’s Daily.
Many of the readers of the REPUBLICAN will remember some pictures upon Winfield’s Fourth of July bill of a railroad marked the M. B. & W. This road was to have been the Missouri, Burden & Winfield. Hackney was to have been president of the company; E. A. Henthorn, secretary; John Eaton, treasurer; Capt. Nipp, Soward, and other Winfield parties, directors. This road was gotten up at first—before the C. K. & W. scheme was invented—to defeat the Kansas City & Pan Handle. Winfield begged Burden to join them, but the latter refused. The road was to have run from Eureka to Burden, thence to Winfield, and on to Geuda, and was to be a Santa Fe road, according to Hackney. Finding the M. B. & W. wouldn’t work, the C. K. & W. was invented. One by one the mighty schemes of the county seat take a tumble.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, September 11, 1886. From Thursday’s Daily.
Capt. J. B. Nipp was down from Winfield today investigating the reality of Arkansas City’s boom. He found it just as the REPUBLICAN has been telling him it was for two years or more.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1886.

The Winfield Visitor tells of an active effort being made by home capitalists to build up the city and infuse some life into business. The first move made in this direction was the purchase last week of the Mendenhall property, on the corner of Ninth Avenue and Millington Street, for $15,000. The gentlemen composing the syndicate who made the purchase are: W. P. Hackney, A. J. Thompson, John A. Eaton, H. D. Gans, J. B. Nipp, M. L. Robinson, J. L. Horning, James B. Mabry, W. L. Hands, P. H. Albright, M. L. Reed, T. H. Soward, Curns & Manser, and J. L. M. Hill. They buy the lots, we are assured, with the intention of erecting a large stone building thereon. There is also talk of another syndicate being formed to make another purchase of real estate on West Ninth Avenue, where another stone block is to be erected. Some more loose talk is thrown in of Messrs. Ferguson, Hackney, Albright, Fuller, and Smith making arrangements to build on their lots on Ninth Avenue, and Mr. James Fahey agrees, if the last named work is done, to carry up the post office building so as to make it correspond with the Farmers’ bank and the Short block. We are glad to learn that our Winfield neighbors are waking up to the necessity of the times, but they have aroused themselves so late in the season that we do not expect to see much stone and mortar laid before bad weather sets in. It is well to make a stir, however, and encourage the townspeople with great things to be accomplished, though the consummation is never arrived at. It will never do to give up best.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, November 10, 1886.
WINFIELD VISITOR: Capt. J. B. Nipp left on the Santa Fe last night for Ashland, Kentucky, to visit his mother, whom he has seen but once in 17 years. That’s a long time to be away from the dear old mother and the Captain will enjoy his visit.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, November 13, 1886. From Saturday’s Daily.
Capt. J. B. Nipp has gone to Kentucky to visit his relatives.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, March 26, 1887. From Monday’s Daily.
Capt. J. B. Nipp came down from Winfield to the Canal city today to witness the only genuine boom in the Arkansas Valley south of Wichita.
Daily Calamity Howler, Saturday, October 3, 1891.
There are some amusing things that take place in this world, but they usually happen behind the scenes and the busy world knows nothing of them, unless the newspaper reporter happens to learn of it. The editor of the Courier has been on an extended visit of late, and as the affairs of the Courier, as well as the republican campaign were in a desperate shape, the fellows who have been trying to edit the paper sent out a telegram for their chief to return immediately as business of great importance required his presence. When the chief returned, there was a meeting of the three liars in a private room of the Courier building in which, substantially, the following conversation took place.
Ed: Well, boys, how are things going?
Joe: Bad enough, I assure you. Business has been very dull with us, the receipts of the office not being sufficient to furnish two men in the necessary elixir of life since you went away. The candidates refuse to put up any boodle and if I had my way about it I’d give them h__l, so I would.

Ed: Oh, no, that wouldn’t do; for if we do that the party would repudiate the Courier again, and we are not able to stand more than one more repudiation [TWO LINES ALL MESSED UP] makes me tired yet to think how the party sat on me. I went to Guthrie on purpose to see Hackney and see if he couldn’t make the state committee put up, but Hackney says that the committee absolutely refuse to give him a cent since he was deposed two years ago. But say, if you need money, why don’t you work some of the merchants by having an interview with some of them with whom we stand in, and get him to blow about the great Courier as an advertising medium?
Joe: I did that last night [Thursday] with a certain drug store here, but I haven’t got a single new ad today and it seemed to fall on the community like a wet blanket; and I believe that the merchants and the people are on to the scheme, for I over­heard a crowd of those dodgasted calamity yelpers laughing and talking about it today. They seemed to be making fun of it.
Ed: I was of the opinion that you fellows would be running low on the subject of heavy editorial and so I have written out some three or four for Friday’s daily and I will read them for you.
“Fishback has a dead sure thing on the clerk’s office and Salem Fouts is getting ready to surrender.
“Wilkin will come in with both hands down and you may mark that.
“Strother will get there and you may mark that down.
“Nipp will be elected. Mark that down.”
Ed: What do you think of them for a bracer, Jack?
Jack: Those are regular heavy weight corkers, and I am afraid if it gets out who wrote them, my reputation will suffer for in my happiest vein I could never get off such whoppers as that.
Ed: Now, Joe. I want you to charge up these editorials to each of the candidates at the rate of $50 each, and we can pass it in as assets when we fail, as it seems we are bound to do so soon. Also announce this evening that we will get out a lot of extra papers for Saturday evening, and that the matter of edito­rials will be kept up to the usual standard and say also, that the Courier is the only daily paper in town and if you think best you might say it is the only one in the county and state. Our readers are of a peculiar build and will not know any better, so make it strong. Be on the alert for the main chance and I think we will be able to tide thro’. Good night, boys, and be sure to keep up your lick. Be sure and clip all the democratic stuff that you see lying around loose, especially when you know it will reach our readers.
Daily Calamity Howler, Monday, October 19, 1891.
J. B. Nipp is said to be almost invincible as a campaigner and a diligent study of his methods is recommended to all aspi­rants for political honors. It has leaked out that he has promised the salvation army of this city, that in case he is elected Sheriff, he will either guard the salvation barrack from the encroachments of toughs himself, or furnish a deputy for that purpose. The spectacle of Capt. Nipp standing guard over the salvation army is one that will cause people who are acquainted with Cap. to smile a smile. It is quite the rage for parties who have been guilty of crime, to join the army and the Captain seems to be drifting that way.
When the devil is sick,

The devil a saint would be;
But when the devil is well,
The devil a saint is he.
Daily Calamity Howler, Tuesday, October 20, 1891.
We present today the record as taken from the books in the district clerk’s office of the case of Winklemey vs. J. B. Nipp. We refrain from any comment at this time.
Daily Calamity Howler, Tuesday, October 20, 1891.
                                                               J. B. NIPP.
                                             HE SUES ON THE ACCOUNT,
    And Alleges that Nipp is a Partner of the Jointest, J. H. Saunders, A Stem-Winder.
When the Dispatch first made a note of the suit pending against J. B. Nipp, and stated some of the allegations contained in the petition, it was a great surprise to the county. Yet there were a great many of the Captain’s faithful friends who stood up on their hind legs and said the whole thing was a fraud and a blackmailing scheme. Such assertions have become more and more numerous until it is tiresome to hear some of the foolish talk that is offered as defense for the doughty candidate.
The plaintiffs petition is given in full below and so far as we know remains unanswered. If the allegations which the Dis­patch published in an off-hand manner had not been denied, there would have been no cause to print the petition in full, but under the circumstances, it is unavoidable. If all the allegations cannot be sustained, Mr. Nipp will have excellent grounds upon which to sue a wealthy company for libel.
In the District Court of Cowley County: Petition. The Julius Winkelmeyer Brewing Association, Plaintiff, vs. J. B. Nipp, Defendant.
The plaintiff, for its cause of action against the defen­dant, says: That it is, and was at the time and times hereafter mentioned, a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws of the state of Missouri. That on or about the 9th day of May, 1888, plaintiff and one J. H. Saunders entered into a contract in writing of that date wherein the said plaintiff agreed to furnish to the said J. H. Saunders keg and bottled beer and Young’s Extract of Malt in original packages and carload lots at prices therein stipulated; and the said J. H. Saunders agreed to pay for the same within sixty days after shipment.
Said contract contained at the bottom thereof and as a part thereof the following guaranty, viz: We and each of us hereby guarantee that said vender will strictly and promptly perform all of the conditions and obliga­tions of the above contract. J. B. NIPP. May 9th, 1888.

A copy of said contract with the guaranty thereon is hereby attached, marked Exhibit “A” and is made a part of this petition. Plaintiff says that pursuant to the terms of said contract and under the same and relying on said guaranty, it sold and shipped to said J. H. Saunders six car loads of beer and extract of malt in original packages between the said 9th day of May, 1888, and the first day of October, 1887, aggregating in value the sum of five thou­sand, five hundred and forty-seven and 72-100ths dollars [$5,547.72] and received on account of said sale and shipment of bottles, boxes, and kegs returned and in cash the aggregate sum or amount of three thousand, nine hundred and fifty-seven and 79-100ths dollars [$3,957.79], leaving a balance due and unpaid of fifteen hundred and eighty-nine and 93-100ths dollars [$1,589.93], which sum has ever since remained and still is due, owing and unpaid from the said J. H. Saunders to this plaintiff, together with interests thereon at the rate of 7 percent from the 20th day of July, 1888.
                             (Here follows a copy of the account marked Exhibit “B.”)
That by reason of the failure to pay the said sum of $1,589.93 and interest as aforesaid, the conditions of said contract have been broken, the conditions and obligations of the same have not been strictly and promptly performed, and the said defendant, J. B. Nipp, has become liable to this plaintiff on said contract in the sum of $1,589.93 and interest from July 20, 1881, at the rate of 7 percent per annum. That said J. H. Saunders, whose name is signed to said contract as a party thereto and as vendee, is insolvent, and that the said Saunders has no property from which the said debt nor any part thereof can be made and that plaintiff, after the exercise of due diligence has been and is unable to recover the said debt or any part thereof from him, the said Saunders. That the said J. B. Nipp, defendant, was duly notified and advised of the insolvency of the said J. H. Saunders and of his failure to comply with the conditions of said contract and payment of said claim was demanded of him. And for a second cause of action against the said defendant, J. B. Nipp, this plaintiff, incorporating all the allegations and averments of the first count of this petition and making the same a part thereof, alleges: That at the time of executing said contract as guarantor and for a long period prior thereto and for some time after the last sale of liquors mentioned in Exhibit “B” aforesaid, the said defendant, J. B. Nipp, was a silent partner of the said J. H. Saunders and was a participant in the profits in the sale of said beer and malt extract; that said partnership has since been dissolved and there is no partnership property on which to levy and the other partner, J. H. Saunders, is insolvent and a non-resident of the state of Kansas, by reason whereof the said defendant is indebted to plaintiff for the aforesaid sum of $1,589.93 and interest from July 20, 188, at the rate of seven percent per annum.
                                                            EXHIBIT “A.”
This agreement made and entered into this 9th day of May, 1888, between the Julius Winkelmeyer Brewing Association of St. Louis, state of Missouri, vender, and J. H. Saunders doing business under the firm name and style of J. H. Saunders, of the city of Wichita, state of Kansas, herein called vendee;
Witness­eth, that said parties have agreed and hereby do agree as fol­lows:
1st. Said brewing association is to sell to said vendee its products in car load lots, keg and bottle beer, mixed or sepa­rate, at the following: Keg beer, at $8.40 per barrel; bottle beer at $9.90 per cask of six dozen quarts, and $10 per cask of ten dozen pints; $3.90 per case of two dozen quarts; Young’s extract of malt, at $10.47 per cask of six dozen quart or ten dozen pints; allowing for empty bottles returned 40 cents per dozen for quarts, and 20 cents per dozen for pints, and for empty bottled beer cases 70 cents each; all free on board at Wichita, Kansas, and said vendee shall be credited with such a number of empties as said brewing association may receive at St. Louis, in sound condition.
2nd. All freight charges on beer and malt extract are to be paid to the carriers by said vendee and are then, if they do not exceed the present rates of freight to be by said vendee charged to said brewing association. Should the present rates of freight be advanced, then such advance shall fall on said vendee.

3rd. All cooperate which may be sent by said brewing association to said vendee is to be returned by said vendee to St. Louis, to said brewing association, as son as the same is empty, and in no event later than _____ months after its ship­ment to said vendee and if not so returned within said time, then and in that event, said brewing association may at its option, declare the value thereof, a debt against said vendee at the following prices: $1.25 for each quarter, eight, or half barrel. The freight on all such empty cooperage as may be returned, is to be paid by said brewing association.
4th. All goods shall be paid for within sixty days after shipment, and should more than three cars be shipped within said time, then and in that event, said vendee shall pay for the first car load when ordering said fourth car load, and so on throughout the duration of this contract. This paragraph is to be so construed as not to allow said vendee organizing arrears in payments beyond the price of three car loads of goods at any one time.
5th. This contract to be in force for one year from date during which time said vendee agrees to sell no other beer than that manufactured by said brewing association and said brewing association agrees during said period, to sell no beer at all in the following territory: (none stipulated).
6th. All wagons and other property not expressly sold and which may be furnished by said brewing association to said vendee, shall remain its property and the same is to be returned to it at the expiration of this agreement, in the same condition in which said property was received, usual wear and tear excepted.
7th. Any failure on the part of said vendee to strictly adhere to and comply with the terms and conditions of this agreement shall at the option of said brewing association, work a forfeiture of the expired portion of this contract.
Witness our hands in duplicate, this 9th day of May, 1888,
                                                per John Gecks, traveling agent.
                                                  [Signed:]  J. H. SAUNDERS.
We and each of us hereby guarantee that said vendee will strictly and promptly perform all the conditions and obligations of the above contract. May 9th, 188. [Signed:]  J. B. NIPP.
Plaintiff says that on or about the 1st day of January, 1890, it sent the original contract with guaranty attached signed by said J. H. Saunders and the defendant J. B. Nipp to one W. D. Halfhill, an attorney of Winfield in said county of Cowley in the state aforesaid; that the same was duly re-acknowledged by the said Halfhill, who duly presented the said claim to the said defendant, J. B. Nipp, and demanded payment thereof which was refused. That said Halfhill duly notified said Nipp of the insolvency of said Saunders and of his failure to pay plaintiff’s claim and that plaintiff looked to the defendant for the payment thereof; that no other or further steps were taken by the said Halfhill, as plaintiff is informed and believes, toward the collection of the same while in his hands and that when plaintiff demanded a return of said papers the same was, by the said Halfhill, reported lost and plaintiff has ever since said date been unable to recover the same from the said Halfhill, who now appears to be and represents himself as the attorney of the said defendant, J. B. Nipp.

Plaintiff says that the said copy of contract attached hereto as Exhibit “A” is a correct copy of the original, lost as afore­said. Therefore, plaintiff prays a judgment against the said defendant, J. B. Nipp, for the said sum of $1,589.93, with interest at the rate of 7 percent from the 20th day of July, 1888, and the cost of this action.
                                   BEACH & TORRANCE, Attorneys for Plaintiff.
                             (Filed in district court Cowley County, August 15, 1891.)
Daily Calamity Howler, Wednesday, October 21, 1891.
A gentleman of this city received a letter from one H. G. Norton, a former resident of Winfield, and deputy sheriff under McIntire, stating that he had heard that J. B. Nipp was likely to be elected to the office of sheriff, and asking that the recipi­ent of the letter use his influence in getting Norton appointed as deputy sheriff in case Nipp was elected. Norton will be remembered as an individual who figured in the justice’s court of this city for certain disreputable actions, while acting as under sheriff. His performances while acting as under sheriff is a part of the republican record of which the Courier is so proud. It seems that in order for the republican party to be proud of its members, they must have been guilty of some unlawful act. One of the contingencies that may be confidently looked for, in the event of Nipp’s election, is to find H. G. Norton appointed to his old position because of the fact that he possesses a reputation for promiscuous cussedness that is the envy of all good republicans and one that required years of diligence and zeal, and strict attention to the business in hand to build up. Are you ready for the program?
[J. B. NIPP.]
Daily Calamity Howler, Thursday, October 22, 1891.
Our great moral prohibition morning contemporary is so busy lying about the county clerk that it cannot take time to explain how J. B. Nipp happened to be in the joint business or why he failed to pay for the beer. Dispatch.
Daily Calamity Howler, Thursday, October 22, 1891.
The “great prohibition,” and you might add, religious daily, characterized the whole thing as a political canard of the rottenest kind several weeks ago and that is all there is to it, except that a brewer would like to bleed Captain Nipp for a few hundred dollars while he is running for sheriff. If our poo poo patriots will take the trouble to look at the petition or affida­vit which they published a few days ago, they will readily see that some vigorous lying was done by the parties who prepared and signed that document. If, as they say, they exhausted every means in trying to get the money out of Saunders, and having failed now come on to Nipp whom they allege was a partner, it shows they were either great fools or liars, because if Nipp was a partner of Saunders, they would certainly have brought suit against him and Saunders jointly. The alleged bill is now nearly four years old. During all of that time Captain Nipp has been a resident of this county and within easy reach of Mr. Winkelmeyer, or his agents. The fact is, it is a damnable scheme, hatched up to assist old Calamity Jane in securing a position for Cochran, the wrecker of the alliance store. Traveler.
Daily Calamity Howler, Thursday, October 22, 1891.
We had an idea all along that the old Traveler man would undertake to lie out of in that way and were prepared for him. Please read the following and see if the thing was a trumped up affair to bleed the great-and-only-goody-good J. B. Nipp, just on the eve of election.

I, T. G. Risley, Clerk District Court, Logan County, Oklahoma Territory, do hereby certify that the suit of Julius Winkelmeyer vs. J. H. Saunders & J. B. Nipp was filed in my office in the city of Guthrie, on the 28th day of August, 1890, and was dismissed by plaintiff’s attorney on the 5th day of October, 1891, and that all pleadings in said case were withdrawn by plaintiff by permission of court and are no longer on file in this office.
Witness my hand and the seal of said court this 21st day of Oct., 1891.
[SEAL]                                           T. G. RISLEY,
                                           by S. K. VAN VOORHEES, Deputy.
This shows that it was filed more than a year ago and was finally brought here in order to get service on defendant, J. B. Nipp.
Daily Calamity Howler, Monday, October 26, 1891.
                                                              A LETTER.
A gentleman of this city, who has always stood high in republican circles, has written out a statement, or a sort of confession as it were, of the methods employed by politicians in carrying out their designs. He says that the matter of both old parties putting a full ticket in the field for the present campaign in Cowley County, was discussed in a joint caucus composed of leading democrats and republicans as early as Febru­ary, 1891. That at this caucus a democratic politician lawyer and banker was present and made the following remarkable state­ment.
“We have got to do something to break the necks of these d____d People’s party fellows; and I, as a democrat, would rather see the republicans win than to see the People’s party get a smell. I dislike the republicans but I dislike the People’s party more than I do the republicans.”
In March following, another joint caucus was held and a ticket agreed upon, except in the matter of small details. In the matter of the republican ticket, the democratic contingent was consulted and a satisfactory agreement arrived at.
The letter goes on to state that a certain bank of this city was instrumental in bringing out J. B. Nipp as a candidate for sheriff for the same reason that it championed the cause of J. S. Hunt and S. J. Smock in former years, namely—that these individ­uals had all been largely indebted to said bank and they used this method to get their money. The writer further states that the bank in question never openly advocates the cause of their candidate, but leaves the work to paid emissaries who stand high in republican councils.
This is the substance of the statement and we give it for what it is worth. It may furnish a few pointers for such fellows as Swain, Maurer, Castor, and others who were before the conven­tion and to show how impossible it is to receive a nomination when there is a power behind the throne to work the wires. The letter is in the possession of the recipient and can be seen by doubting Thomases.
Daily Calamity Howler, Tuesday, October 27, 1891.

Monday night at the Salvation Army barracks a stranger got up in the crowd and seemed to be laboring under the influence of something that caused him to think he was a physical giant. He talked a little and said he weighed 150 pounds, and when he got mad, he weighed 5 pounds more than any other man in town; this called up an argument, and a man in the rear of the house said he was just a little the heaviest and if the Herculean stranger wanted anything he could be accommodated at once. Quiet was at last restored and salvation dispensed as usual in unbroken doses. We have heard quite a number ask where Nipp was, as he had pledged to keep order at the barracks if the good people of that institution will support him for sheriff.
Daily Calamity Howler, Wednesday, October 28, 1891.
R. S. Strother and J. B. Nipp were in Harvey township last week trading for votes. They proposed to the democrats that if the democrats would put out a township ticket, the republicans would support it if the democrats would support the republican county ticket. They interviewed Jas. Near, Geo. Savage, and Henry McCrabb. McCrabb tried to get Mr. Moor, the democratic committeeman, to call a township convention, but he refused. Now, gentlemen, this is the aim of these men to ride into office, not on their good looks but by trickery. I ask all who read this to consider that at one time democrats were rebels and a sworn enemy of the g. o. p. party. Today anything will do to beat the People’s party. Vote for reformation, which means for your homes and your families. A VOTER.
Daily Calamity Howler, Thursday, October 29, 1891.
The Courier man can’t help showing its love for the old soldier. It is considerably grieved over the fact that J. D. Salmon gets a pension of $45 per month and never misses an opportunity to remind its readers of that fact, but it never says anything of the fact that J. B. Nipp with all his members per­fect, a very picture of health and strength, draws $36 per month pension, and R. S. Strother, another robust, clean limbed fellow draws $12 per month. Now if these men, who have no visible disability, draw such pensions, how much should a man receive who has a visible physical disability such as Salmon? The Courier man weeps some more big weeps because a soldier’s daughter and widow is not at work in the county clerk’s office. Do you remember, Mr. Courier, that this same soldier’s daughter and widow was an applicant for the Winfield post office along with yourself and that the signers to her petition were as to yours as two hundred is to one? This soldier’s daughter had a father who once was a candidate for probate judge and the Courier man did all in his power to defeat him. An old soldier was an applicant for the position of post master of Winfield, with about seventeen hundred names signed to his petition, but the Courier man, backed by the great and only B. W. Perkins secured the prize. Mr. Courier, ring off on your hypo­critical pretensions of love for the old soldier. It’s getting most all fired thin.
Daily Calamity Howler, Monday, November 2, 1891.
That was a very feeble defense the Courier made for J. B. Nipp on the beer business. Beer and prohibition are not the men to vote for.
Daily Calamity Howler, Monday, November 2, 1891.
Every condemnation the Courier has made on the People’s candidates has fallen with a dull thud on the ears of Greer and his dirty cohorts. They reviled Salmon because he was a one-armed soldier drawing $45 per month. How about Nipp? He gets $36 per month from Uncle Sam and by the court docket of Cowley is a partner to the crime of disobeying the mandates of the prohibi­tory law. Who dare deny this?
Daily Calamity Howler, Monday, November 2, 1891.
                                                             Strange Things.

Ed. Dispatch:—We see many things in life that are to the practical, thinking, and consistent man strange and hard to reconcile with honesty and integrity of purpose; but the strangest thing we see and the hardest to reconcile with consistency and common honesty is the action of some of our law and order prohibition church members.
Some of these good people have for the last six years at every city election sent up a terrible howl for law and order and for downing the joints and the enforcement of prohibition and today they are foremost in the ranks of prosecution of C. T. Atkinson for not enforcing the law against joints and at the same time that they howl with one breath against Atkinson and the joints, they howl with next breath for Capt. Nipp and John Wilkin, when they know that these two men have been for the last three months the heaviest supporters and the staunchest stand-bys of these joints of any men in the whole country. They can be seen any evening that they are in town going in and out of these dens followed by a train of the men that hang around these places and these howlers whose sense of propriety and decency is so shocked at the very thought of a joint, can’t help but see and know that these things are true and what it means when they see a candidate going into one of these dens followed by a dozen half-drunk men. I have no disposition to shield C. T. Atkinson in any shape or form but I do say what they charge against him is not half so contemptible to the honest, consistent man of principle as these hypocritical howlers. I am glad to know that many of the law and order and prohibition folks are honest and true to their principles and will carry them out so far as their votes are concerned in the present campaign as they have done in the previous ones. These folks have the confidence and respect of all good citizens regardless of party for they are honest and consistent.
                                                 —OBSERVER IN Dispatch.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum