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Newman, A.A. and Others

Article compiled for the Arkansas City Historical Society by Richard Kay and Mary Ann Wortman in 1996.
Emporia News, August 21, 1868.
Two gentlemen were here this week from Maine, looking up a business location. They were much pleased with the town and country and will probably locate.
[We believe these gentlemen were A. A. Newman & Houghton. MAW & RKW.]
Emporia News, September 4, 1868.
NEW DRY GOODS FIRM. As will be seen by their advertisement in today’s paper, Messrs. Newman & Houghton have purchased the store formerly owned by Mr. Pyle, in Jones’ new building. These gentlemen are lately from Maine, and have had a long experience in the mercantile business. They advertise what they can and will do. All they ask is a fair trial. We hope they may meet with encouragement and have a fair share of the patronage of the public. They go to work as though they understood their business, and as though they intend to do a fair legitimate trade with those who may favor them with their custom. We wish them abundant success.
Emporia News, September 25, 1868.
We are glad to know the new firm of Newman & Houghton are doing a lively business. One of the firm is now absent after new goods. They intend to bring on a stock that will not be excelled in quantity or quality.
Emporia News, June 4, 1869.
NEW BUSINESS HOUSE. Messrs. Newman & Houghton have secured a lot on the corner of Mechanics street and Sixth avenue, just east of Gilmore & Hirth’s furniture rooms, and will put up immediately a business house, 26 x 70 feet, two stories high, to be built of brick with iron and glass front, and to be in all respects a first class business house. Business has heretofore been confined almost exclusively to Commercial street, but lots are held at such high figures that men are forced to branch off on the avenues where property is cheaper. We learn that another firm contemplates putting up a business house in the vicinity of this contemplated building.
Emporia News, August 20, 1869. STARTLING NEWS. Various rumors of bank failures, suspension of work on the railroad, and other exciting stories have been afloat in our community for some days past; but the most startling intelligence has just reached us. It has just been ascertained, for a certainty, that Newman & Houghton’s new goods, direct from New York, have reached Topeka, and next week there will be offered at the old stand of Newman & Houghton the largest and finest stock of dry goods, carpets, hats and caps, boots and shoes, etc., ever seen or heard of in Southern Kansas, which will be sold so low as to astonish all the world and the rest of mankind. Come and see for yourselves.
Emporia News, September 10, 1869.
                                                       McMillan & Houghton,
                                     DEALERS IN Wool, Woolen Goods, -AND-

New Store, below Wright’s, near the Court House, EMPORIA, KANSAS.
The motto of this firm shall be “Small profits and quick returns.” We are paying the highest market price for WOOL, either in cash or goods.
Our stock of woolen goods is complete. It Cannot be Equaled West of the JACKSONVILLE (ILL.) FACTORIES. To our stock of Woolen Goods we have added a LARGE & COMPLETE STOCK -OF- GROCERIES.
[This is the new store O. P. Houghton tied himself to. Weird!]
Emporia News, December 24, 1869.
J. S. McMillan, of the firm of McMillan & Houghton, returned from the East a few days ago, where he had been spending some weeks, during which time he purchased a heavy stock of groceries, provisions, and woolen goods, for this market. Look in upon them. They always have a good stock, always sell cheap, and always try to give satisfaction.
Emporia News, September 24, 1869.
MARRIED. At the residence of W. R. Bradford, Esq., corner of State street and Fifth avenue, September 18th, by Rev. M. L. S. Noyes, Mr. ORRIN P. HOUGHTON, of this city, to Miss MARIA BISBEE, of Sumner, Maine.
MARRIED. At the residence of the bride’s father, in Weld, Maine, September 6th, 1869, by Rev. A. Maxwell, A. A. NEWMAN, of Emporia, and MARY M. HOUGHTON, of Weld.
Emporia News, October 8, 1869.
Messrs. Newman & McLaughlin have commenced the construction of a new business house, 26 x 70, 35 feet high, on the corner of Mechanics Street and Sixth Avenue. The building is to be of stone, with brick front supported by cut stone columns. It is to be finished and ready for occupancy by next May.
Emporia News, May 12, 1871.
BEEDY & NEWMAN’S MILL. Without any noise or ostentation, a great work is going on in our midst. Mr. Beedy, with a strong force, is steadily pushing ahead. The dam is almost completed; the machinery for the sawmill has been ordered; the whole establishment will be in running order by October 1st.
A careful estimate gives, at the lowest stage of water, an available force of 270 horse power. Three powerful turbines will at once be put in position; a grist mill, having three run of stones, a sawmill, a lath and shingle mill, will all be speedily running at this point.
The sawmill is about ready to raise. It is thirty-five by fifty-five feet. The flouring mill is 35 x 40 feet, four stories high.
The water power is amply sufficient to run the above mentioned machinery, leaving a large power available for other purposes; of which, more anon.
We cannot too strongly thank, or highly compliment, the business energy which has thus dared to push out into the wilderness, and rear such costly buildings in advance of all productive industry. It will bring its own reward. The people of Cowley county will certainly owe much to Messrs. Beedy and Newman for the good work in which they are engaged.
Arkansas City Traveler.



ALBERT AUGUSTUS NEWMAN.  Arkansas City, the largest municipality in Cowley County, was laid out in the spring of 1870, a few weeks after the county government was organized, and the town was incorporated in 1872.The Santa Fe Railroad reached the town in 1879, and with the development of water power and other facilities the place enjoyed a steady and consecutive growth. These facts are briefly stated at the beginning of the sketch of Albert Augustus Newman because he was, after the initial event of the layout out of the townsite, the most dominant figure in the growing destiny of the city for a period of half a century.
Mr. Newman, who was attracted to Arkansas City in 1870, was born at Weld, Maine, January 19, 1843, and died July 31, 1922, when in his eightieth year. He was of English and New England Colonial ancestry. His grandfather, Ebenezer Newman, was born at Billerica, Massachusetts, in 1791, son of a Revolutionary soldier, and spent the greater part of his life on his farm in Maine. He died in 1857. His wife, Judith Dowse, was born at Billerica, and also died at Weld. Augustus G. Newman, father of Albert Augustus, was born at Weld in 1821, was a merchant, and died in 1893. Several times he came to Kansas as a visitor. He was a Republican and held local offices in Maine, and was an active member of the Free Will Baptist Church. He married Caroline Beedy, who was born in Maine in 1821 and died in 1895. All three of their sons became prominent in Kansas: Albert A.; George W. Newman, who developed a large dry goods house at Emporia; and Fred C. Newman, who became president of the Citizens National Bank of Emporia.
Albert Augustus Newman was educated in common schools and high school in Maine, attended the Maine State Seminary at Lewiston, and at the age of nineteen enlisted, in 1862, in the Tenth Maine Infantry. He was transferred to the Twenty-ninth Maine Infantry and served in many battles of the war, including Antietam and Chancellorsville, and was with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley campaign. After the war he was a dry goods merchant at Fayetteville, Tennessee, three years, and in 1868 came to Kansas, locating in the new town of Emporia, where he was a general merchant until he moved to Arkansas City, where he established a pioneer mercantile business. This business from a small beginning developed with the growth of the town to one of the largest department stores in the Southwest. For many years it has been known as the Newman Dry Goods Company, and his two sons succeeded him in its management and control.

Giving Arkansas City a store consistent with the importance of the town as a gateway to the Southwest was only one of Mr. Newman’s many enterprises fraught with public interest. He helped organize the Cowley County Bank, the second bank in Arkansas City, and the first organized under state laws, and was its president from 1874 for a number of years. He was one of the founders of the Home National Bank. He and associates developed the water power of the Arkansas River by means of a canal into the Walnut River. He and associates built the first flour mill in southern Kansas on Walnut River, and the mill furnished all the flour used by the Indians in Indian Territory. Mr. Newman was engaged in freighting flour to Fort Sill and to other army posts during 1876-77. He sold his mill in 1879. Later he was director and president of the Arkansas City Milling Company. He was one of the founders of the Arkansas City Water Company and the Arkansas City Gas & Electric Light Company, and was president of both corporations for a number of years. These public utilities were sold to the Kansas Gas & Electric Light Company in 1915. Mr. Newman was president of the Newman Investment Company, president of the Land & Power Company of Arkansas City, and was president of the Three K Cattle Company, owning and operating an extensive cattle business in old Indian Territory. He was for two terms mayor of Arkansas City. The capital for the building of a great many homes and business structures in Arkansas City came from him. He was a trustee of the Presbyterian Church, and in Masonry was affiliated with Crescent Lodge No. 133, A. F. And A. M.; Bennett Chapter No. 41, Royal Arch Masons; Arkansas City Commandery No. 30, Knights Templar, Wichita Consistory of the Scottish Rite, and Salina Temple of the Mystic Shrine.
He married at Weld, Maine, in 1869, Miss Mary M. Houghton, and on September 6, 1919, they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. Mrs. Newman, was 81 years of age in 1919 and at that time occupied the old home at 301 North B Street, a substantial house which Mr. Newman built in 1873. She was the mother of three children.
The son, Earl Granville Newman, was born in Arkansas City, October 23, 1879, and exemplified many of the able business qualities of his father. He was educated in public schools and at the age of sixteen went into his father’s store, growing up in the business, and the credit for its later expansion and development is largely due to this young business man. He became manager of the store and vice president, and after his father’s death was made president of the company. The Newman Dry Goods Company in 1917 occupied its new home, one of the best equipped department store buildings in the entire state. Earl G. Newman was president of the company at the time of his death on October 31, 1926, at the age of forty-seven. He was a Knight Templar and thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, member of Midian Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Wichita, a member of the Arkansas City Rotary Club, Country Club, Chamber of Commerce, Retailers Association, and was also president of the Newman Investment Company and vice president of the Land & Power Company.
Earl G. Newman married June 16, 1908, Miss Gertrude T. Waterhouse, of Quincy, Massachusetts. She occupied a beautiful home at 303 North B Street, adjoining the old Newman homestead, and took a prominent part in the social life of the city, being a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Christian Science Church. In 1926 Mrs. Earl G. Newman had five children living with her: Adeline, born April 21, 1909, and Katherine, born January 25, 1911, both students in the Senior High School of Arkansas City; Earl Granville, Jr., born October 14, 1913, attending the Junior High School; Caroline, born October 6, 1915; and Alice Gertrude, born February 9, 1918.

In 1926 the executive head of the Newman Dry Goods Company and of a number of other interests created and developed by the late Albert Augustus Newman was his second son, Albert L. Newman, who was born in Arkansas City, September 9, 1881. He graduated from high school in 1900 and for two and a half years was a student in Kansas University. He then became associated with his father’s dry goods business for two years, but afterwards was made manager of the Land & Power Company, the holding company which owned and operated the electric light and water power until the utilities were sold to the Kansas Gas & Electric Company in 1915, and the Land & Power Company then retained the real estate. Albert L. Newman had executive charge of the Kansas Gas & Electric Company at Arkansas City from 1915 to 1921. For two years following he was in the automobile business, and in 1923 he returned to enact his part in the management of the Newman Dry Goods Company and became its president after his brother died in October, 1926. In addition he was secretary-treasurer of the Newman Investment Company and treasurer of the Land & Power Company. Albert L. Newman was a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, member of Midian Temple of the Mystic Shrine and the Masonic Grotto, and was a member of the Rotary Club, Arkansas City County Club, Chamber of Commerce, and during World War I chairman of several committees having in charge the patriotic program. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church. On February 19, 1908, he married Miss Mate McMillen, who was born in Arkansas City, where she attended school. She later graduated from high school at Logansport, Indiana, and from the State Teachers College at Pittsburg, Kansas. Mrs. Albert L. Newman was a member of the Shakespeare Club and active in the social life of Arkansas City. They had four children: Albert W., born in Arkansas City, December 2, 1908, a graduate of the local high school, spent two years in Kansas University, and was a member of the Phi Delta Theta college fraternity, of which his father was also a member; George Frederick, born May 20, 1911, attending high school; Harry E., born July 8, 1912, a student in Junior High School; and Rodney Lee, born June 28, 1923.
The daughter of the late A. A. Newman was Pearl N., now the wife of Col. William F. Hase, an officer of the United States Army, formerly chief-of-staff under General Summerall in the Hawaiian Islands and now in command of Fort Winfield Scott at San Francisco. Colonel and Mrs. Hase had two children: Mary Elizabeth and Hilda Houghton.
Emporia News, September 23, 1870.

MAGNIFICENT. It was our pleasure to spend a few minutes in the handsome millinery establishment of Mrs. Newman the other day, examining the wonderful works of art in that line. The perfection to which the manufacturer of artificial flowers has been brought is one of the wonders of the age. The delicate tints, brilliancy, and harmonious blending of colors, the imitation of nature in all the minutiae that attached to the natural growth and even accident in the lives of the tender ornaments of the natural world, are so skillfully and tastefully portrayed as to surpass in beauty and form even the flowers they were made to represent. Only the fragrance and microscopic peculiarities of the natural are wanting in the artificial to render them equal in value and attractiveness. The skill of human hands, as demonstrated by the exhibitions of Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Kidder, is not confined to their flowers. We were shown a “perfect love of a bonnet,” which our knowledge of terms peculiar to the world of women and fashion is too limited to attempt to describe. Suffice it to say that it cost sixty dollars, and is the prettiest object of the kind we ever beheld. The point lace collars, gorgeous sashes, etc., with which the fair sex adorn their persons, shown to us on this occasion, excited alike our wonder and admiration. The more substantial necessities of domestic economy are to be found in profusion in the store below. A visit to this establishment, reader, will recompense you for coming miles to see.
Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1876.
“Channell & Haywood’s new building will be formally opened next Friday night, and a jolly good time will be had. Come one, come all.”
 The Traveler July 10, 1878, had an ad saying: “A. A. Newman wants 50,000 bushels of wheat at the Newman Mill. No wheat bought unless in good condition.”
The store. Soon after the mill was in operation, Mr. Newman saw the need for another store and opened one. Then he brought his wife and infant daughter, who had been living in Emporia. Original store carried merchandise, groceries, harness, and even was a bank for awhile. Store grew and expanded...moved 7 times...and each time to larger and better quarters. In 1917 the building at 400 South Summit was erected.
The Canal. With a group of interested men, Newman built the five mile canal, and with water power possible, they organized The Electric Light Company, and the City Water Company.
Newman was mayor two times. He was one of the founders of the Home National Bank. He stumped the surrounding district to bring the Santa Fe Railroad this far, much as a political candidate works on his constituents before election, contacting every farmer and citizen to bring his influence to bear.
Newman Heights. Goes into him spending a year planning his home, securing a German architect, and the house burning down.


“Major Sleeth was born in Cambridge, Ohio, and served four years in the Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major in the Seventeenth Army Corps of the 78th Ohio Volunteers. After the war he taught school for four years, then spent three years in the lumber business in Fayetteville, Tennessee. It was there that he met A. A. Newman and T. H. McLaughlin, who were in business there. In the year 1869 he came to Emporia, Kansas, later locating in El Dorado. He came to Arkansas City in March 1870. He was a member of the Arkansas City Town Company and was its secretary. (He made the first plat of the town.)”  
Maine Colony.
In the early 1870s there was a group of citizens in A. C. known as the “Franklin County Maine Colony,” all of whom came from the same town, Phillips, in that state.
The pioneers of the Maine group cast their lot in southern Kansas and saw a future in Arkansas City, investing heavily in real estate and business ventures.

The “Maine Colony” threw a party at the home of Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Farrar. Attending this affair was a group of 25 or 30 persons, all former residents of Maine, accompanied by their children. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Worthley were the last to survive. They were the parents of Mrs. Edna Worthley Underwood.
H. P. Farrar, early day banker, came to Arkansas City in 1870. His brother, Fred, came a few years later.
Someone tried to recall group who attended the Farrar party. They came up with the following:
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Farrar.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Farrar.
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Worthley.
Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman.
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gooch.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Howard.
Mr. and Mrs. George Howard.
Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Prescott.
Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Lambert.
Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Haywood.
Mr. and Mrs. Brad Beal.
Mr. and Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin.
Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton.
Mr. and Mrs. T. K. Houghton.
Some of the descendants:
A. A. Newman: Albert and Earl Newman.
T. K. Houghton: Mrs. Charles Sills.
Charles Howard: Mrs. Frank Vogel.
George B. Howard: Harry V. Howard.
Harry Farrar: Mrs. Lester Mitchel and Foss Farrar.
          Granddaughter: Frances Farrar Guyot.
Also, Between The Rivers, states H. P. Farrar came to Kansas in 1871 from Maine. He prevailed upon his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Byron Farrar, to come out here in 1889. Both are buried in Riverview Cemetery. [RESEARCH OF CENSUS FOR CRESWELL TOWNSHIP REVEALS THAT FARRAR CAME LATER THAN 1871.]

ENTRIES BELOW ARE FOR NEWMAN, HAYWOOD, CHANNELL, McLAUGHLINS, AND HOUGHTONS, all early settlers in Arkansas City. Also, Schiffbauer Bros., who were not early settlers.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

“Ad. Dry Goods! A. A. NEWMAN & CO., Arkansas City, Kansas.
“Our Fall Purchase of Dry Goods, Clothing, etc., has arrived, and we now offer, at challenging prices, the best line of Dry Goods, Clothing, Carpets, Silks, Hats, Caps, Boots, and Shoes ever put on the market in Southern Kansas.
“Our trade is not confined to Arkansas City alone: We are willing to compete with or duplicate the prices of Wichita, Leavenworth, or Kansas City. If you don’t believe it, come and see. Our stock of Dry Goods embraces all the latest patterns in prints, and the very best Dress Goods. We have a fine assortment of Farmers’, Boys’, and Girls’ Boots, Shoes, and Rubbers. Also, Ladies’ and Gents’ Sewed Boots and Slippers. In Hats and Caps we have every variety, from the Cheapest to the Finest and Most Fashionable Styles. Buck Gloves, Mittens, Muffs, and Comforts. White and Colored Shirts and Underwear. Flannels, Muslins, Sheetings, Jeans, etc. Prints Seven Cents per Yard. Every variety of Gents’ and Boys’ Clothing, with prices to suit any. We can give you a full suit from $5 to $50.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.
“Ad. Channell & Haywood’s. More goods given away for less money than at any store in Cowley Co. Groceries, Stoneware, and Woodenware, Shelf and Heavy Hardware, Grainite Water. Agricultural implements of every kind!
“A carload of Studebaker Wagons just received. 150 Gang and Sulky Plows, and Common Breaking and Stirring Plows, will be in by January 1st, 1876.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.
“Ad. HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN. Have the largest stock of Dry Goods, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Clothing! And Notions, in the Walnut Valley, which they will sell for the next Sixty Days! Cheaper than any House in the Falley for Ready Pay. We will trade for Cash, Wheat, Oats, Corn, Furs, and Hides, Cattle, Horses, or Mules. We are going to sell!
“Our stock of groceries, as usual, is complete, fresh, and cheap!”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.
C. M. Scott, editor of the Traveler, reported that Newman & Co. were building a fine brick store room 25 by 100 feet. “The fine weather or some other cause struck S. P. Channell & Co. with the same fever, so that they are now at work digging out the basement, to erect a new brick store room alongside of Newman’s, 25 by 100 feet, same style and finish; and from the way that Houghton & McLaughlin look across the street and see those two splendid brick stores going up, it would not be astonishing if they caught the fever also, and by spring another new brick store will go up on the opposite corner.
“On the first day of the new year, Channell & Co. broke ground for a new stone house and every day since except Sunday the men are at work with plows and scrapers cleaning out the cellars; even the water laying in pools from the late rain is not frozen over, the prairies all around covered with wheat fields looking as fresh and green as in early spring.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

A report was given by T. H. McLaughlin, District Clerk, Arkansas City Schools, outlining three terms of school. The first term began September 6, 1875, was held sixteen weeks, and closed December 24, 1875. The second term began January 8, 1876, and would continue for twelve weeks, closing March 25, 1876. The third term would begin April 4, 1876, continue twelve weeks, and close June 24, 1876. The Board announced tuition fees for persons residing outside the district would be $1.00 per montth, in advance, unless other arrangements were made with the Board.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.
“Mr. Newman and J. L. Stubbs returned from the Pawnee Agency last Monday, well pleased with their visit.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.
“For Sale or Trade at a Bargain: The livery stable, known as the Woolsey Barn, on Sixth Avenue. Water at the door. Barn in good repair. Anyone wishing to engage in the livery business cannot find a better location. Inquire of S. P. CHANNELL.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.
“For Sale: 221 acres of land 2-1/2 miles southeast of Arkansas City, well watered; twenty acres in wheat. Also 8 good residence lots, fenced, and trees set out, just south of Col. McMullen’s brick residence; one house and lot on Sixth Street, and my large stock of furniture, which will be sold cheap. Inquire of L. McLAUGHLIN.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.
“Our Mayor, O. P. Houghton, James Benedict, and R. F. Smith make regular trips to Winfield, once a week, now.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.
“Scales. Houghton & McLaughlin have purchased C. R. Sipes’ hay scales, and moved them on the corner near their store.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.
“Sold Out. R. A. Houghton has sold his half-interest in the dry goods store to A. A. Newman. Rube says it don’t pay to sell goods on close figures, and then have a man run off every now and then owing him a hundred dollars.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876.
“Cowley County Bank. A. A. Newman, President, W. M.Sleeth, Vice President; H. P. Farrar, Cashier and Secretary. Stockholders Meeting: W. M. Sleeth, T. H. McLaughlin, R. C. Haywood, H. O. Meigs, and A. A. Newman elected Directors for the year.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1876.
“Houghton & McLaughlin are sending vast quantities of wheat to Wichita every week. The firm does an immense trade for the border, and deal largely in grain.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1876.
“Work continues on Newman’s and Channell & Haywood’s block; it will cost near $7,000 when completed.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.
A correspondent for the Traveler, known as “Observer,” made the following comments concerning some local firms.
“Some 2,000 bushels of wheat were shipped from our town in one day by Houghton & McLaughlin.

“One firm in this city--Channell & Haywood (and they are not Grange agents, either)--sold during the past summer and fall 25 wagons, 85 plows, 42 reapers and mowers, 45 cultivators, 3 threshing machines, 10 wheat drills, 6 seeders, 15 sulky rakes, 2 sorghum mills, 10 fanning mills, besides a large number of small farming implements. It is no uncommon sight to see 40 or 50 farm wagons in our town in a day.
“And every once in awhile, our merchants send large amounts of flour into the Indian Nation to feed the noble red man and his interesting family. In one week, Channell & Haywood, the firm above alluded to, sent over 20,000 pounds of flour to the Sac & Foxes. Newman & Co., the same week sent 25,000 pounds on an 800,000 pound contract with the Osages.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.
“A. A. Newman purchased the entire stock of Sherburne & Stubbs last week, and moved all but the groceries to his store room. We learn that R. A. Houghton purchased the groceries of Mr. Newman and intends keeping a grocery store. He has engaged Mr. S. J. Mantor to take charge of the groceries.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 15, 1876.
“Mr. Newman and Silas Parker visited the noble nomads of the far West, at the Kaw Agency this week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.
“We noticed two wagon loads of new furniture coming in last Saturday for L. McLaughlin. He can furnish a full outfit of parlor and kitchen furniture.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.
“New Houses. More new houses are under construction in this place now than we have seen since the second year of its settlement. Newman and Channell & Haywood are building two two-story store rooms, with 50 feet front by 100 feet deep, of brick.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.
“O. P. Houghton is building a two-story brick.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.
“Ad. Steamboat is Coming! And R. A. Houghton & Co. are on hand with the largest stock of staple and fancy groceries, provisions, stoneware, etc., you have seen in the city. Tobaccos and Teas a Specialty! Our stock of Teas is the largest ever brought to this market, and will be sold lower than ever before, and cheaper than any house in the Valley. Drop in and see us. Store at J. R. Sherburne’s old stand, one door south of City Hotel, and opposite the Cowley County Bank.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.
“The store room of A. A. Newman is crowded to overflowing with his new stock of goods, and the tongues and heels of the proprietor and three clerks are almost constantly in motion. They have everything in the dry goods line, at prices lower than ever, new hats, new shoes, new dress patterns, new clothing, and all the new spring and summer goods are piled up to the ceiling. Call in before the goods are put on the shelves or stowed under the counter if you want to see a model stock.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 24, 1876.
“Newman & Co. Sold $500 worth of goods last Saturday.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.
“Mr. Newman has charge of the Water Mills on the Walnut once more, and will see that all who come with grists are accommodated.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.

“S. P. Channell left last Monday for Philadelphia to take in the Centennial Exhibition, in charge of his wife and baby, two ladies, one child, four Saratoga trunks, three bandboxes and baskets, besides parasols, shawls, etc. We sympathize with him at the times of changing cars, and when the demands for cold tea, hot coffee, and the numerous little wants are made known.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1876.
“Channell & Haywood were awarded the contract to supply ten plows, ten sets of harness, and other articles to the Kaw Indians.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1876.
“Channell & Haywood’s new store room will be completed, and the goods moved in within the next two weeks. Mr. Newman expects to move in his new room this fall.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1876.
“40 Head of two-year-old cattle for sale by Houghton & McLaughlin.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 12, 1876.
An announcement was made in the paper that C. R. Mitchell and O. P. Houghton had started a real estate agency. [Story in C. R. Mitchell article.]
Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1876.
“O. P. Houghton is building a granary, 20 by 30 feet, with a capacity for over 3,000 bushels of wheat.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1876.
“Houghton & McLaughlin intend putting 335 acres in wheat this fall.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1876.
“As is generally known by this time, a harvest dance will be given in Channell & Haywood’s new building next Friday evening, July 28. All persons who take pleasure in tripping the light fantastic toe should avail themselves of this opportunity to enjoy the good social times guaranteed. Numers can be purchased of Billy Gray for only seventy-five cents each.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1876.
“Notice. At last! The Arkansas City Water Mills are now prepared to do custom grinding. All work done in short order, and satisfaction guaranteed. Bring in your grists. A. A. Newman.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 9, 1876.
“We are informed that Mr. A. A. Newman has offered to build the piers of the old bridge four or five feet higher if the township will bear the expense of putting a new bridge across. This is an offer our people cannot afford to ignore, as the expense on their part will be slight--a mere song, in fact--compared with that of building a new one entire. Considerable of the iron and other material of the former structure can be utilized with little work, thus throwing a large portion of the cost on Mr. Newman. Our businessmen should not remain blind to their interests any longer, but see to it that the bridge is built, either through the voting of bonds or private subscriptions, as its absence only serves to drive trade to Winfield. It can hardly be called policy to save at the spigot and lose at the bung.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 16, 1876.
“Newman received thirty ponies from the Territory last week.”

Arkansas City Traveler, August 30, 1876.
“The store room of Channell & Haywood is now completed and the goods will be moved in this week. It is one of the neatest stores and comprises one of the largest stocks of hardware to be found in the Southwest.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1876.
“Flour Contract. Mr. A. A. Newman has been awarded another contract to supply the Pawnee Indians with 30,000 pounds of flour. The contract is not so large this time, but more are expected.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 13, 1876.
“A Happy Day for Arkansas City. Indian Contracts Awarded to Newman, Channell & Haywood, to the amount of $40,000 and over.
“We learn by letter that the bids of A. A. Newman, Haywood (of Channell & Haywood), and McLaughlin (of Houghton & McLaughlin), for flour and transportation to the different Agencies south of us have been accepted as follows.
“For Sac and Fox Agency, delivered there in indefinite quantities, at $2.48 per 100 lbs., and the following quantities to be delivered at the respective agencies:
“For the Kiowa, 220,000 lbs. at $3.29.
 For the Wichita, 80,000 lbs. at $3.29.
 For the Pawnees, 200,000 lbs. at $2.23.
 For the Cheyennes and Arapahoes, 260,000 lbs. at $2.97.
 For the Osages, indefinite quantity, at $2.19 per 100 lbs.
“This will give a cash market for wheat at our very doors, freighting for a number of teams, and employment to many men, and build up for the town a busi-ness greater than known before.
“Mr. Thomas Lannigan, of Fort Smith, Arkansas, has the contract for beef, and will purchase largely in Cowley and Sumner counties. His contract is for beef on the hoof, at $3.73-1/2 for 3,000,000 lbs.; Wichita, 550,000 lbs.; Osage, 500,000 lbs.; Pawnee, 1,500,000 lbs., at $3.56.”
“With the prospect of the Walnut Valley Railroad, the steamboat that is now on its way, and the general prospects for good crops, we look forward to a bright dawn of the future.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.
“Cash for Wheat. Newman, Haywood, and McLaughlin want 20,000 bushels of No. 3 and 4 wheat at once, for which they will pay the cash.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.
“Fort Sill. J. M. Jordon started for Fort Sill last Friday with a load of flour to deliver on Newman’s contract. Silas Ward went with him. He expects to remain in the Territory to work.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 18, 1876.
“Newman has blocked the sidewalks and half the streets with his new goods.
“Houghton & McLaughlin have goods, trunks, groceries, and everything piled sky high in and about their store.

“Freighting. Newman, McLaughlin, and Haywood have fifty teams freighting between this place and the Indian Agencies in the Territory. Two or three trips pays for a new Kansas wagon.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.
“S. P. Channell sold his interest in the hardware store to R. C. Haywood last Monday.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.
“O. P. Houghton started to Cheyenne Agency, Monday morning, in a light wagon. Rev. Fleming accompanied him.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.
“Persons with teams, wanting employment, can find it by calling on Newman, Haywood, and McLaughlin at this place.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.
“The crowd at Newman’s store is astonishing. They have worn a hole through the floor where they go in and out, and it is so crowded that goods have to be handed out to customers.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.
“The largest sale of merchandise ever made in this place was on last Saturday. Newman, and Houghton & McLaughlin retailed $500 worth each, and in the evening Mr. Newman sold $1,000 worth at wholesale.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 1, 1876.
“A yoke of oxen were driven in town last Saturday and offered for sale. As the owner was leading them along, E. B. Kager asked S. P. Channell: “What will you give for those oxen?” “Sixty-five dollars.” Kager stepped over to where they were and bought them for $60.00; and then turned them over to Mr. Channell, making $5.00 on the sale. Mr. Channell then traded them to Al Woolsey for a mule team, giving some boot, and Woolsey sold them to Mr. Logan for $70.00. The trades all took place in a few hours. Beesness!”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 1, 1876.
“The firm of Channell & Haywood is this day dissolved by mutual consent. R. C. Haywood will in the future conduct the hardware business, and collect all accounts and pay all indebtedness of the late firm.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 8, 1876.
“The Indians are making sad havoc on the pecan trees in the Territory. They cut the trees to get the nuts. Pecans sell from $2 to $3 per bushel, when offered by the Indians. R. C. Haywood has sixty bushels.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 8, 1876.
“A. A. Newman bought 1,700 bushels of wheat last Friday, and paid the cash for it. He purchased 1,500 bushels of J. G. Titus, who is to haul it from Winfield.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 8, 1876.
“A gentleman asked A. A. Newman what he would take for his house the other day. He said $800. ‘Make out your deed,’ the gentleman remarked. ‘Well, but, ah, are you in a hurry?’ ‘Yes.’ Newman responded, ‘I guess I don’t want to sell.’”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.
“Skates. R. C. Haywood has a large number of different patterns of skates, ready for this winter. Buy a pair and join the party that is to skate from this place to Winfield, the first freeze up.”

Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.
“Dressmaking. Mrs. R. A. Houghton begs to inform the public that she is prepared to do dressmaking and all kinds of plain and fancy sewing. Work-room at Mrs. Godehard’s millinery store.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.
“J. K. ‘Polk’ Stevens traded his farm of 150 acres to S. P. Channell for about $1,800. Polk contemplates moving into the Indian Territory and starting a ranch.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.
“Mr. Newman started for Cheyenne Agency and Fort Sill this morning, in a carriage. He will be absent about two weeks.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.
“The average market price of wheat at this place is from 55 to 75 cents per bushel; Newman, Haywood, and McLaughlin are buying.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1876.
“Born, to Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Channell, Sunday, December 17th, a daughter. Weight nine pounds. Dr. Hughes was the attending physician.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1876.
“The Bridge Proposition. Next Saturday the people of Creswell Township will be called on to determine whether the Township shall issue $2,000 in bonds to rebuild the bridge across the Walnut River, at or near Newman’s Mill. The petition presented to the Township officers shows one hundred and fifty-four voters in favor of the project, and anxious for the bridge.
“There is no doubt but that the bridge is almost an actual necessity, and would not only benefit the farmers both east and west of us, but would add materially to the interests of the town, and the only question to be decided is whether the people of the Township are willing to pay for it. We have experience; the drawbacks of a toll bridge, and those who denounced the ferry. The majority seem to oppose both, more especially since responsible parties have agreed to replace it, in a substantial manner, for $2,000.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1876.
“Festival to be held at Newman’s new building, on Christmas night, Monday, December 25, 1876. Everybody and his wife are expected, and cordially invited to come. Besides the Christmas tree, there will be a charade acted by the ladies and gentlemen of Arkansas City; a Yankee kitchen in ‘ye olden style’ with pumpkin pies and baked beans one hundred years old, fresh and nice, and a supper of modern times, with all the luxuries of the order, and oysters from the Walnut. Now, young ladies, remember leap year is drawing to a close, and only a few days are left, and you should not lose the last chance you may have for four years to come. Who knows what fate may have in store for you, or what the fish pond may produce? And everybody should remember that but few of us will be on hand to attend the next Centennial festival, and make the most of this opportunity.”
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, January 3, 1877.
“Another grocery is to be opened in Pearson’s building soon after R. A. Houghton & Co. move to their new quarters.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

“Sold Out. A. A. Newman sold his entire stock of dry goods to the old reliable firm of Houghton & McLaughlin last week, and the goods are being moved to the latter’s store until Newman’s building is completed, when Houghton & McLaughlin will occupy the new room and continue as before (in spite of Indian raids, grasshoppers, or Nick himself), to be the “Old Reliable” green front store, known all over Southern Kansas as the cheapest place to buy any and all kinds of dress goods, dry goods, clothing, groceries, queensware, notions, furs, carpets, etc. They have been here from the first, and will remain to the last. Mr. Newman will now devote his whole time to his mill and Indian contracts.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.
“Bridge. We learn that Mr. Newman gave a bond agreeing to complete the Walnut River Bridge for $2,000. He expects it to cost him $2,500, but is willing to pay the additional $500 rather than not have a bridge.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.
“R. A. Houghton will remove his grocery store to the room formerly occupied by A. A. Newman, and open up another fresh lot of the best brands of sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco, flour, and all kinds of eatables.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.
“After the entertainment at Newman’s building, on last Wednesday evening, several persons lost some knives and forks. If they are found by any to whom they do not belong, please return them to the post office.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.
“R. A. Houghton made cash sales last Monday to the amount of over $100. He is now occupying the room one door north of the post office.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.
“The large stock of goods of A. A. Newman & Co., some $10,000 worth, recently purchased by Houghton & McLaughlin, is now being removed to the Green Front, until the new brick store is ready for them on the opposite corner.
“This, with their own stock of goods, has so crowded their store as to make it almost impossible to get around, and in order to dispose of them before spring, they offer better bargains than any other house this side of Emporia. This firm was well named ‘Old Reliable,’ having commenced here at the first settlement of the town six years ago, occupying a small room in the building now owned by L. C. Wood, and doing mostly their own hauling.
“Business began to increase on their hands so rapidly that they were obliged to have an addition to the building, in all 50 feet long. This store was occupied three years, when, their business still further increasing, they were obliged to build the present large business house, known as the ‘Green Front,’ with several storehouses to hold their immense stock of goods, and now for the fourth time they are compelled to look for larger quarters.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.
“The supremacy and power of mind over matter were strikingly illustrated during last Sunday’s services by the undivided attention which A. A. Newman’s dog, ‘Bob,’ paid to Mr. Fleming’s remarks. He has evidently been the object of much careful training at home, and knows how to listen respectfully, though his exploring propensities will sooner or later lead him into difficulty.”

Arkansas City Traveler, January 17, 1877.
“The store house of Houghton & McLaughlin, south of the ‘Green Front,’ has been turned into a meat shop. Henry Endicott, proprietor.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 17, 1877.
“A. A. Newman has the entire contract for furnishing flour to the Pawnees, Cheyennes, etc., having purchased Houghton & McLaughlin’s, and R. C. Haywood’s interests.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 17, 1877.
“Business was quite lively in town last Saturday, notwithstanding the day was very unpleasant. Houghton & McLaughlin’s store was crowded all day, making it almost impossible to get in or out.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.
“Notice to Bridge Builders. Sealed proposals will be received by the Board of Township Officers at the office of T. McIntire until Thursday, March 1st, 1877, at 12 o’clock m., for the purpose of building the superstructure of a bridge, of either iron or wood, across the Walnut River, at or near Newman’s mill: the bridge consisting of two spans, one ninety-four feet and six inches; and the other forty-five feet and six inches in length. Plans and specifications, with bonds for the completion of the bridge, must accompany each and every bid. The Board reserving the privilege of rejecting any and all bids.
                   “T. McIntire, Trustee; W. D. Mowry, Clerk, Wyard E. Gooch, Treas.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 31, 1877.
“R. C. Haywood has purchased the blacksmith shop formerly owned by A. O. Porter, and later by T. C. Bird. We believe Haywood will endeavor to give satisfaction.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 31, 1877.
“C. M. Scott, while idly experimenting with a loaded shot gun, on last Wednesday morning, blew a hole through the partition between the post office and R. A. Houghton’s grocery, resulting in no further damage, however, than a general scare for a minute or two.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.
“Houghton & McLaughlin will continue the grocery trade in their old store building after they remove to Newman’s brick.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.
“Some thief or thieves stole a rope from Theo. Houghton’s oxen, and appropriated two of A. A. Newman’s poorest ponies last week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.
“Look Out. Last week two ponies were stolen from A. A. Newman’s pasture, and a bridle taken from E. B. Kager. Monday evening Charles Roseberry’s mules were loosened rather suspiciously, and a saddle and bridle was found near the rock ford of the Arkansas. Parties have been seen loitering about, with no apparent business, and a few evenings since, someone tried to break into Journey (J. J. or Johnny) Breene’s house. Dr. Jones took up a pony that was wandering about his place, lately, which had evidently escaped from the rider as the bridle and saddle found near the ford indicate. It is rather early for horse stealing yet, but as soon as the grass is sufficient to afford feed, it will be well enough to keep a look out.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

“Mr. A. W. Berkey traded his farm to Houghton & McLaughlin for $2,200 worth of dry goods and will open a store in Salt City this week. His stock will be about a $3,000 one, and will be a great benefit to the residents of Salt City.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.
“Walnut River Bridge. A contract was made last Friday by T. McIntire, Trustee; Wyard Gooch, Treasurer; and W. D. Mowry, Clerk of Creswell Township, with Mr. J. A. Bullene, agent of the Missouri Valley Bridge Co., of Leavenworth, for a wrought iron arch span of 100 feet, and a combination Queen Truss span of 50 feet, over the Walnut River at Newman’s mill, to be completed on or before the second day of June, 1877. The bridge is to be 150 feet long, built in two spans, and have one roadway twelve feet wide in the clear, to be constructed on the Arch and Queen Truss bridge plan, for which the Township Trustee, for and on behalf of Creswell Township, agrees to pay $2,000 in ten years, ten percent, township bonds, and $200 in township warrants payable; one-half on February 1st, 1878, and one-half February 1st, 1879; binding themselves in the penal sum of $1,000 for the faithful performance of every article of agreement.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.
“Five carpenters all busy finishing Newman’s store room.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.
“S. P. Channell has been appointed a Notary Public for Cowley County.”
Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.
“A good team, harness, and wagon for sale for cash, on time, on first mortgage security. R. A. Houghton.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.
“Notice is hereby given that the Board of Creswell Township will issue to the Missouri Valley Bridge Co. on the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, bonds to the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000), for the purpose of building a bridge over the Walnut River near Newman’s Mill.” T. McIntire, Trustee; Wyard E. Gooch, Treasurer; W. D. Mowry, Clerk.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.
“O. P. Houghton had about eighty rods of fence destroyed by the prairie fire east of the Walnut, last Thursday.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.
“T. H. McLaughlin returned from his Eastern trip last Saturday, having found the market to suit him in New York and Boston. He made a large purchase just in the nick of time, before the late advance caused by the European war, and promises to sell lower than ever. The goods will be here by next week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.
“Those wishing the chains for the Marsh Harvesters can get the same by calling on me. And anyone wishing repairs for Harvesting Machines, must give their orders now, in order to be sure of them by harvest time. R. C. HAYWOOD.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.
“Cash for Groceries. On and after April 30th, we will give no credit for groceries. Will take all kinds of country produce in exchange.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

“Haywood sold three mowing machines to the Osage Agent this week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.
“Houghton & McLaughlin. Almost from the beginning of Arkansas City, the firm of Houghton & McLaughlin has been a familiar household word with the people of Cowley and Sumner counties. Other firms have started, changed hands, and finally gave way to the grasshopper and Indian panics, yet the ‘Old Reliable Green Front’ has pursued its onward course, until now we find them occupying a building one hundred feet long, on one side of the street, filled with dry goods, clothing, and every conceivable article of apparel, while on the opposite side is their grocery and queensware department, almost as large. Their trade is by no means confined to this county alone, but reaches far to the western border and almost to Texas. During the year 1874, their trade with the Osage Indians alone, for four months, amounted to $30,000; and since then, they have been parties to a contract with the Kaws, Osages, Pawnees, Cheyenne & Arapahos, Wichitas, Caddos and affiliated bands, Kiowas, and Comanches. Having the advantage of buying largely, they buy cheap; and selling a large quantity of goods, they can afford to sell at a smaller margin. Last week their spring stock arrived, and it is now displayed on their avenue shelves. To all who have not seen them, or made a visit to the new store, it will pay to go.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.
“Worth Remembering. We have divided our stock of goods, moving all but the groceries, queens, and glassware to the new brick store, and hereafter no groceries leave the old green front until settled for with cash or ready pay.
‘Please make a personal application.’ Respectfully, HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.
“The bridge across the Walnut is to be completed by June 2nd. Work on the piers has begun and the material for the iron span is at Wichita. Mr. Bullene, of Leavenworth, has the contract.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.
“Born, to Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton, a daughter, on Thursday, May 27th.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 30, 1877.
“Mr. Bullene, of Leavenworth, contractor for the Walnut River Bridge, came down last Thursday. June 2nd is the day specified that it shall be completed, but the recent high waters will detain them.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.
“O. P. Houghton was taken suddenly ill last Friday with a severe cramp and chill, and was considered dangerously sick for awhile.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.
“Houghton & McLaughlin are going to put a grocery over the Arkansas. A feed stable would pay there now.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.
“Contract for Freight. Houghton & McLaughlin have been awarded the contract for transporting Indian goods from Wichita to the Pawnee and Kaw Agencies. Edward Fenlow received the contract for hauling the goods for the Osages, and those for the Sac and Fox and their stations was awarded to D. C. Blossom, of Muscogee, Indian Territory.”

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.
“Houghton & McLaughlin have a branch store on the south side of the Arkan-sas River.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.
“Work upon the bridge piers at Newman’s Mill has been resumed and will be pushed forward to completion as rapidly as possible. If everything progresses favorably, we may expect to have the bridge in position by the middle of July.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.
“Rough. Theoron Houghton had quite a time getting back to town from the Pawnee Agency, where he had been breaking. It took him ten days to make the trip, and he had to leave his team at that. M. T. Bonar started a little ahead of him, and reached and forded the Red Rock; but when Theoron arrived, an hour later, the waters had risen so that he could not ford. The serious part was that Bonar had no provisions with him and after sticking it out five days in sight of each other waiting for the waters to subside, Theoron returned to the agency and Bonar started west for the cattle trail. Nothing has since been heard of him. A party of men went in search of him on Monday and have not yet returned.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.
“The bridge has gone, but Houghton & McLaughlin have a full line of groceries and a full assortment of staple dry goods in their new store, near the old bridge on the south side of the river. Farmers, you can get your Harvest Supplies without crossing the river.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.
“The Eldorado Times says: ‘Tom Bonar, of Grouse Creek, is lost in the Indian Territory, and a party of men are hunting for him.’ Can’t be. Tom’s feet are so large that he could be trailed to California. The Times must mean that the Territory is lost to Tom Bonar.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.
“Newman paid $1.57 cash for 86 bushels of old wheat lately.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.
“The work on the bridge across the Walnut is delayed for want of lime.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.
“New firm. Houghton & McLaughlin sold their entire stock of groceries to L. McLaughlin yesterday, who will continue business at the Green Front.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.
“Mr. Haywood desires to thank his friends for the patronage he has received, and retires from business with the best of feelings towards all.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.
“Mr. Channell invites all his former patrons to try him again, and assures all he will sell as cheap as anyone in Southern Kansas. S. P. Channell purchased the hardware store of R. C. Haywood yesterday, and is now ready to serve all in need of anything in his line. Mr. Haywood will devote his time to collecting accounts due him, for awhile.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“The bridge pier on the Walnut washed out last week. It will be rebuilt by Mr. Newman.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“The chandelier of Houghton & McLaughlin’s store fell to the floor and was demolished yesterday.”

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“Ad. Having bought Houghton & McLaughlin’s store south of the old bridge, will keep on hand a general stock of staple dry goods, boots, shoes, and groceries, which we will sell at the lowest possible price for cash. Call and see me. Frank Waldo.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“Houghton & McLaughlin At The New Brick Corner. Have a large stock of dry goods, notions, ribbons, hats, caps, boots, shoes, clothing, and carpets than any other two houses in Cowley County.
“Our facilities for buying are equal to any concern in the State. We bought our entire spring stock on a market from 10 to 25 percent, lower than any other house in this county, and we propose to give our customers the benefit of our great bargains. Each line of goods in our stock is more complete than the same line of goods in any other house in the county, and we guarantee better prices. Come and see, and satisfy yourselves. Houghton & McLaughlin.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“A. Chamberlain has purchased the furniture store of L. McLaughlin, and will conduct the business hereafter. Mr. Chamberlain is a licensed auctioneer, and in connection with his store, will have an auction every Saturday afternoon. Bring in what you have to sell.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“During the high water last Wednesday, the west pier of the Walnut River Bridge was washed away.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“Mr. Bullene, representing the Missouri Valley Bridge Company of Leaven-worth, was at this place last week, and wanted part payment on the Walnut River Bridge. The township officers refused to deliver any part of the bonds until the bridge was completed according to contract. Mr. Bullene has been delayed from building the bridge on account of the piers not being ready and has sustained some loss, but the bonds will not be transferred until the bridge is completed.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.
“Mr. Channell has engaged a large space in the paper this week to tell the people what he has in the hardware line. He will go north soon to replenish his stock, and when it arrives, he will have one of the largest supplies of wagons, machines, and farming implements to be found anywhere in the Southwest. Mr. Channell always bore the reputation of selling the best hardware for the least money, and his many friends will be glad to learn that he is again in business.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.
“Work on the pier of the Walnut River Bridge has been going steadily on for the past week. Mr. Buzzi has the contract and is doing good work. Stones two feet wide by four feet long and one foot thick are frequently put in the pier. The abutment on the east bank is also being rebuilt, and both piers being rip-rapped and built four feet higher. Mr. Gooch is overseeing the work during Mr. Newman’s absence.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

“Messrs. Newman and Haywood have been at Lawrence, looking after the letting of Indian contracts. We have not yet learned if they secured the award, but hope it will be let to someone that will buy the wheat in Cowley County. This year will be a risky one for wheat speculators. If the war continues in Europe, wheat will be high priced; if the war lags or ceases, it will be moderate. Parties bidding should figure on large margins.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.
“Bids for supplies for the Indians were opened at the Central Superintendency at Lawrence Monday and contracts awarded.
“Berry Bros. & Finney, Arkansas City, 2,700 bushels corn, 58 cents.
“A. A. Newman, of Arkansas City, 130,000 pounds of flour at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, $3.15; 440,000 pounds at Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, $2.40.”
Lawrence Journal.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.
“Lamp Burst. Early Monday evening, Mr. Gates went to the door of Channell’s Hardware Store for the purpose of buying something, and found the door locked and the inside of the store in flames. While it was being talked over how they could get in, T. H. McLaughlin came to the rescue, and planting himself back on his patent leg, gave such a kick that would shame a mule, and sent the whole pane of glass in the door in a thousand and one pieces. This made an opening large enough to get in and out of very easily, and in a few minutes the lamps were lowered and carried out, and the flames smothered. The cause of the disas-ter was from a lamp bursting. The only damage done was the breaking of the lamp and scorching of a plow handle and the floor. The oil from the lamp had spread over the floor, and had it not been discovered soon after, the building would have been endangered. Only a few persons were present at the time, but among them we noticed two or three candidates.”
On August 29, 1877, C. M. Scott, editor of the Traveler, commented that seven years ago last Wednesday, the first edition of the newspaper was sent from the roofless shanty on the corner where Newman’s two story brick now stands.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.
“The following is the score of the game of base ball played August 23rd, between the east and west sides of Summit Street, one of the players being A. A. Newman. [Note: Baseball was made into two words at that time.]
“East Side: R. Houghton, C. Cline, J. Sherburne, A. A. Newman, Geo. Allen, J. Leonard, F. Swarts, J. Clark, and A. M. Johnson.
“West Side: J. Kroenert, A. Davis, Will Mowry, H. Ward, H. Bacon, W. Alexander, Ed. Horn, Will Peed, and P. Woodyard.
“Umpire: R. C. Haywood. The East Side won: 25 to 20.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.
“While the men engaged in building the middle pier of the Walnut River Bridge were hoisting stone last week, one of the guy ropes broke and let the derrick fall. As it struck the pier, the wheel caught the arm of Richard Work, a colored man generally known as ‘Tobe,’ and cut it severely. Tobe was knocked off the pier into the river, and did not come to the surface for some time.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

“R. A. Houghton sold his interest in the grocery store to M. E. Welsh last week. The firm wil be Mantor & Welsh, who will continue to give bargains in groceries, queensware, etc. R. A. Houghton will open a clothing store in the two-story building recently moved to Summit Street opposite the Traveler office in the spring.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.
“250 head of stock hogs for sale, or will trade for wheat. A. A. Newman.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.
“S. P. Channell has returned from Kansas City, where he went to witness the different tests of farming implements and machinery.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.
“The piers for the Walnut River Bridge are completed. The next thing now to be built will be the approaches.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.
“Haywood has the contract for Government freighting to Pawnee Agency.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1877.
“Rube Houghton paid Caldwell a visit last week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.
“One of the most comfortable and convenient carriages to be seen is Channell’s phaeton that arrived last week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.
“The men to erect the Walnut River Bridge will be here in about a week. One of the members of the Missouri Valley Bridge Company was here last week, to see about the erection of the bridge across the Walnut. It will be made to span the river in two weeks.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.
“The new goods of Houghton & McLaughlin have began to come in, and will be received during the week. They have the greatest variety of prints of the best quality to be seen in any store in the Southwest—Wichita not excepted. For comfort and warmth, they have heavy quilts for $1.75, and winter clothing cheaper than ever.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.
“Rube Houghton offers the use of his new building, situated between Al. Horn’s and E. R. Kager’s place of business, for any entertainment the young folks want. Especially for a hop.”
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, October 31, 1877.
“Born, to Mrs. And Mrs. A. A. Newman, on Tuesday morning, a son, which accounts for the unusual happiness of Mr. Newman.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.
“Pine Lumber. I have added pine lumber to my stock of Hardware, lately purchased at Wichita, and will be pleased to furnish the same to anyone wishing to build at Wichita prices—freight added. Call and see me before purchasing elsewhere. S. P. Channell.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.
“Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin, who has been visiting relatives in Texas for several weeks, returned Friday evening, accompanied by Miss Mattie Newman, sister of Mrs. Haywood, and A. A. Newman, of this place.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

“Off For A Hunt. O. P. Houghton and several others are going down on the Salt Fork to hunt antelope and turkeys. Both are reported very numerous. O. P. is one of the happiest men living when he is poking a double-barreled shot gun behind the gills of a turkey gobbler, or making fifteen feet leaps after a wounded antelope. He is said to be a good marksman, but we can’t help thinking of the 14 shots it took to bring down a squirrel while on a trip to Osage Agency some time ago.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.
“The contractors of the Walnut River Bridge now want a guarantee from a number of our prominent citizens that the bonds will be issued to them before they will erect the bridge.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 7, 1877.
“Mr. F. P. Schiffbauer, of Wichita Agency, came up last week to spend a few days with us. He has been with the Indians at the Agency about six years, and converses freely in many Indian tongues, besides German and English. He may locate with us, and we hope he will, for he is an exemplary young man of excellent business qualifications.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.
“Married. On Tuesday, November 13, 1877, at the First Presbyterian Church, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, Mr. F. P. Schiffbauer, late of Wichita Agency, Indian Territory, to Miss Mollie Williams, of this place. Notwithstanding the night was dark and stormy, with the probabilities of a heavy rain, the church was filled with ladies and gentlemen, many being compelled to remain standing during the ceremony. After the congratulations were extended to the happy couple, a few in-vited friends repaired to Mr. Godehard’s restaurant, where a bountiful feast of good things awaited them, and time sped swiftly and pleasantly until the ‘wee sina hours beyant the twa.’ The many friends of the newly wedded couple join in wishing them a prosperous and happy journey ‘up the dusty slopes of life,’ with no clouds to mar the serenity of their matrimonial sky.”
Wichita Beacon, November 14, 1877.
“Frank Schiffbauer and Miss Mary Williams, both of Wichita Agency, Indian Territory, were married yesterday in Arkansas City. Miss Williams is the daughter of the Agent at Anadarko, and Frank was the Agent’s clerk. Frank is a fine specimen of the Kansas boy who has finished his education among the Indians. He is free hearted and energetic; has fine business qualities; and successfully aided in carrying on the Agent’s business. He will go into business in Arkansas City. Mr. and Mrs. Schiffbauer have our best wishes as they paddle their canoe down the stream of time, whose banks we hope will always be lined with flowers for them.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.
“Fred. Newman, brother of A. A. Newman, is visiting his relatives at this place.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.
“Messrs. C. And F. P. Schiffbauer bought the entire stock of groceries owned by L. McLaughlin at the Green Front yesterday, and will continue the business at the old stand. On account of taking an inventory of stock, the store will be closed today and tomorrow. The boys come to us highly recommended, are energetic, thorough-going businessmen, and will doubtless be favored with a large share of the public patronage.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

“C. & F. B. Schiffbauer would respectfully call the attention of the public to the fact that we have bought out the stock and stand of L. McLaughlin, at the ‘Green Front,’ consisting of groceries and queensware, and will be pleased to form the acquaintance and patronage of all good customers of that stand, and as many new ones as we can get. Having dealt extensively in goods at Wichita Agency, our facilities for buying are good, as we have always bought from first hands and first-class houses. All we ask is a trial to please our customers, and we will risk selling to them again. Come and see us, one and all. Business transacted in Caddo, Comanche, Wichita, Pawnee, German, and English languages; or, if you are deaf, we will make signs, which we understand perfectly. Don’t forget the place--the ‘Green Front,’ on Summit Street, opposite Houghton & McLaughlin.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.
“A heavy grist was turned out at Newman’s Mill this week.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.
“The eastern approach to the Walnut River Bridge is nearly completed.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.
“Twenty-six Buildings Under Way. A Building Association was formed a few weeks ago, and entered into by twelve parties, agreeing to build a house each. Since then fourteen more have declared their intention to build. The original twelve were: S. P. Channell, W. M. Sleeth, A. A. Newman, L. H. Gardner, O. P. Houghton, Gardner Mott, H. P. Farrar, Silas Parker, J. L. Huey, R. C. Haywood, James Wilson, and C. R. Sipes. The additional fourteen are: J. C. McMullen, Thomas Baird, J. Dodwell, Mrs. Dean, C. C. Wolf, E. J. Fitch, Mr. Ray, Wm. Speers, T. A. Gaskill, D. Logan, J. T. Shepard, Kendall Smith, Jas. Benedict, and David Finney. Mr. Gaskill has his house almost enclosed, and the foundations and preparations are being made for several others.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.
“Channell’s new house goes up this week. He has the lumber on the ground.”
Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.
“The eastern approach to the Walnut River Bridge is nearly completed.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 12, 1877.
“Houghton & McLaughlin shipped yesterday to the Pawnee Agency six loads of bacon, which will make Mr. Pawnee full and happy for a time.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 19, 1877.
“Theoron Houghton is the last happy father of a twelve pound boy.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 19, 1877.
“One of the pleasantest affairs ever witnessed in Arkansas City was the mask party given by Mrs. Haywood last Friday evening in honor of her sister, Miss Mattie Newman. The house was filled with gentlemen and ladies dressed in every conceivable manner, some wearing the most ridiculous and mirth-provoking costumes imaginable, and with one or two exceptions, they were so completely disguised as to be utterly unrecognizable by their most intimate friends. After unmasking, which was an occasion for considerable merriment, the company amused themselves with music, parlor croquet, and other games for an hour or two, when they were served with an excellent supper.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 26, 1877.

Houghton & McLaughlin announced a grand clearing sale at the New Brick Corner. Goods to be sold at actual cost, for cost only, for the next sixty days. A list of goods was given: $4,000 worth of elegantly made and latest style cloth-ing; 200 men’s caps; 1,000 yards Cassimeres and Jeans; 500 yards waterproofs; 2,000 yards wool flannels; 4,000 yards dress goods; 400 yards of carpet; 100 suits of underwear; 75 shawls; ladies’ cloaks; felt skirts; 20 Honey Comb and Marseilles Quilts; white blankets; and an endless variety of notions; Alpacas 18 to 85 cents per yard, gray twill all wool flannel, 30 cents per yard; white flannel, 16 cents per yard; bed ticks, 8 cents per yard and upward; men’s suspen-ders, 15 cents per pair; hats, 40 cents; caps, 30 cents; two-button Kid Gloves, 65 cents per pair; trunks and leather bags.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 2, 1878.
“The father and mother of A. A. Newman came all the way from Maine to visit their children.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 2, 1878.
“Work began on the bridge across the Walnut last week, and it will be ready to cross on in a few days.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 2, 1878.
“If England does take a hand in the Eastern war, what a time there will be. Wheat will go up, corn will be more in demand, pork will advance, but Houghton & McLaughlin will continue to sell dry goods at the same low rate.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.
“We have quite a number of good improved farms which we will sell at a bargain. Call soon. Houghton & McLaughlin.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.
“Anyone wanting a $90.00 sewing machine for $35.00, nearly new, on time, with good security, discount for cash. Inquire at O. P. Houghton.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.
“There were 27 persons on Speers’ and Walton’s steamboat, ‘Arkansas Traveler,’ last Tuesday week. They were conveyed to the river in a wagon, and from the ford at Harmon’s went to the large island about three miles below the mouth of the Walnut. The trip was enjoyed by all. A. A. Newman and R. A. Houghton unfortunately were tipped from the small row boat into the river while attempting to get on the boat.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 12, 1878.
“Having purchased the entire stock of hardware, etc., from S. P. Channell, we would respectfully call the attention of our friends to the fact that they can buy farming implements, hardware, etc., at the old stand. Schiffbauer Bros. & Co.” [Note: Schiffbauer Bros. moved their stock into the room formerly occupied by S. P. Channell. Further activities of this firm will be given in next book.]
Arkansas City Traveler, June 19, 1878.
“Small Pox. O. P. Houghton received word from his wife in Sumner, Maine, this week, that their youngest daughter, Cora, was down with small pox, contracted on the train while traveling East.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 19, 1878.

“At the recent opening of bids for Indian supplies, in New York City, Mr. A. A. Newman obtained the contract for 1,000,000 pounds of flour, and R. C. Haywood has the contract for furnishing wheat and corn, to be delivered at the several agencies. This will make a good market for wheat and corn at home.”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 26, 1878.
“Newman’s Mill is grinding again and running on full time. They have been held back by back-water from the Arkansas.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 3, 1878.
“The floor of the bridge over the Walnut River is becoming exceedingly shaky, and should be attended to immediately. It will soon be unsafe for teams to cross, as many of the boards are loose or nearly worn through.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.
“Ad. 50,000 bushels of wheat wanted at Newman’s Mill. No wheat bought unless in good condition.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.
“H. P. Farrar and S. P. Channell started for the East last Saturday morning: Mr. Farrar for the State of Maine; Mr. Channell for the province of Canada. They expect to return in a couple of months, with their families.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.
“Mr. A. A. Newman returned from the East last Friday night, where he has been for the past six weeks looking after his flour contracts for the several agencies in the Territory. He reports that times are not much better there than here, and complaints of the stringency of the money market are as loud and frequent there as in the West. Mr. Newman’s contracts call for 1,216,500 pounds of flour, as follows: Cheyenne & Arapaho Agency, 600,000 lbs.; Wichita Agency, 100,000 lbs.; Kiowa & Comanche Agency, 300,000 lbs.; Ponca Agency, 150,000 lbs., Sac & Fox Agency, 66,500 lbs. He also has the contract for freighting Indian supplies from Wichita to the Ponca Agency, a distance, probably, of 85 or 90 miles. The awarding of the above contracts to Mr. Newman will create a good home market for a large portion of the wheat raised in Cowley and Sumner counties, and he says he will pay cash for what he buys and for the freighting also. This is business, and we guarantee our farmers a better market here than they can get by hauling their grain 60 or 70 miles to Wichita, or by paying 20 or 25 cents per bushel to have it hauled.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.
“O. P. Houghton arrived at Revere, Massachusetts, on Sunday, 31st of last month, and wrote that though his child was yet alive, there were little hopes of her recovery. In addition to this affliction, his wife has been taken with the same dreadful disease—small pox—and is lying very low. This is sad news, and our friend has the heartfelt sympathy of our entire community in this trial. That his wife may be spared to him and her family, is the wish of their many friends here.”
Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1878.
“We are glad to state that the wife and child of O. P. Houghton are almost recovered, and that if no more of his family are taken sick, they may be expected home in the course of a week or ten days.”

Arkansas City Traveler, August 7, 1878.
“R. C. Haywood went to Osage Agency last Sunday, and will return the latter part of this week, when he will commence buying wheat.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 7, 1878.
“R. C. Haywood went to Osage Agency last Sunday, and will return the latter part of this week, when he will commence buying wheat.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 7, 1878.
“Mr. C. E. Udell, of St. Louis, has been in town for the past week. He is sent by the Government to inspect the flour furnished by Mr. Newman to the agencies below. The flour is to be delivered in monthly installments, and Mr. Udell, or some other gentlemen, will make monthly trips to inspect the flour.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
“A. A. Newman has been confined to his home with fever for several days past.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
“The string from Newman’s block to Benedict’s upper story is the conductor of the telephone. You can put your ear at one end and your mouth at the other and hear everything that is said.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 21, 1878.
“No custom grinding. Owing to the fact that Mr. Newman has a very large Indian contract to fill, and already has every available space filled with grain, no custom grinding will be done for a few days. Notice will be given when they begin to grind again. Grimes & Woodyard will have their steam mill ready before many days, and can accommodate a great many customers.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 28, 1878.
“N. J. Dixon has purchased the interest of R. A. Houghton in the pioneer store at Caldwell, and becomes successor to the late firm of Dixon & Houghton.”
Arkansas City Traveler, August 28, 1878.
“Haywood has been paying 60 cents per bushel for wheat delivered at Osage or Pawnee Agency.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 11, 1878.
“As Lippmann’s log team with six yoke of oxen attached was crossing the log bridge near Newman’s Mill, yesterday, the bridge gave way, and upset the wagon in the creek, and pulled one steer in with it. The boys cut the bow of the one that was hanging by the neck, and saved the rest from being pulled in. Mr. Lippmann thinks he will sue the township for damages.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 25, 1878.
“The small bridge near Newman’s Mill has been repaired so that teams can cross with safety.”
Arkansas City Traveler, September 25, 1878.

“An accident of quite a serious nature happened to Mr. A. A. Newman last Monday morning, at his flouring mill on the Walnut. It would appear that Mr. Newman was superintending the loading of some teams. While standing with his back to the pile of 100 lb. sacks of flour from which the loads were being taken, the stack toppled over upon him, crushing him to the ground. He was quickly rescued from his perilous position and was laid upon the mill floor. An examination was made and very luckily nothing more serious was discovered than several bad bruises and a severely sprained ankle. He was, however, so badly shaken as to be unable to stand for several hours and could not be brought to his home until late in the afternoon. At this writing he is progressing favorably.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 2, 1878.
“O. P. Houghton and S. P. Channell returned from the East last Friday afternoon, with their families.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 9, 1878.
“Dissolution of Co-Partnership. Notice is hereby given that the partnership heretofore existing between O. P. Houghton and T. H. McLaughlin, is this day dissolved by mutual consent, O. P. Houghton continuing the business of said firm; and T. H. McLaughlin has the collecting of all notes and accounts due the firm.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 9, 1878.
“Notice. L. McLaughlin, having purchased J. H. Pierce’s interest in the late firm of Pierce & McLaughlin, together with the accounts, would respectfully call the attention of his friends to the fact that they can buy groceries, boots, shoes, earthenware, etc., at the old stand, one door north of the Post Office. As I have bought the accounts of Mantor & Welch and Pierce & Welch, they can be settled with me before the 1st of November; after that date they will be left with an attorney for collection.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 16, 1878.
“Al. Newman gets about on crutches since his ankle was strained by the flour sacks falling on him.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 16, 1878.
“Mrs. Newman, with her two children, Pearl and Earl, returned from a protracted visit to Maine last week, accompanied by her sister, Miss Hattie Houghton, who is gladly welcomed back by the many friends she made on her former visit to this place.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1878.
“Those flour sacks fell over again last week at Newman’s Mill, and broke a man’s ribs. They are now piled up for another local.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1878.
“Rube Houghton made $1,000 Monday night, or at least he thought he had, when he was made aware that he was the father of another boy.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1878.
“In a few weeks, the TRAVELER office will be moved to the basement of Newman’s brick on the corner.”
[Note: C. M. Scott resigns as editor and manager of the TRAVELER; and Dr. Nathan B. Hughes becomes publisher on November 6, 1878.]
The December 4, 1878, issue of the Arkansas City Traveler, now published by Dr. Nathan Hughes, had an ad for S. P. Channell and T. H. McLaughlin, showing they were handling a real estate, loan, and collection agency. This issue also reported that M. E. Welch was now clerking for L. McLaughlin. O. P. Houghton also ran an ad stating he would pay the highest market price for all kinds of furs at the Brick Corner.

The July 30, 1879, issue of the Arkansas City Traveler stated: “Charles H. Searing purchased A. A. Newman’s Mill last Saturday, and will hereafter run the same. He will supply the flour necessary to complete Mr. Newman’s contract for the Indian Agencies.”
[This concludes coverage of the activities of A. A. Newman, relatives, and friends in this book.]






Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.
“The public are invited to notice the great bargains which O. P. Houghton’s closing-out sale offers to all, either by paying cash or trading stock, produce, etc. Mr. Houghton has been one of our best businessmen for the past ten years and is well known by all. While we regret that his health necessitates a change of occupation, we trust he will remain in our midst, and his many patrons can in no way better serve their own interests than by calling at the Green Front as soon as possible.”
Arkansas City Traveler, October 27, 1880.
“On Tuesday evening of last week, a gathering of old settlers was held at the residence of T. H. McLaughlin, in honor of Mrs. Meigs and Mrs. Bowen, who have been visiting their friends in this vicinity. They returned to their homes in Harper County last Saturday.”

Arkansas City Traveler, January 18, 1882.
“The well known and popular grocery firm of McLaughlin Brothers has dis-solved, Mr. Lafe McLaughlin retiring. The business will henceforth be conducted by T. H. McLaughlin at the old stand, and on the same general principles which secured the firm’s successes in the past and will, we doubt not, bear a like result in the future. Mr. McLaughlin has been one of the prominent businessmen of Arkansas City from the very first and is far too well known to need any commendation at our hands.”

Arkansas City Traveler, January 25, 1882. “We had the pleasure of meeting Mr. Bisbee, father-in-law of O. P. Houghton, last week. Mr. Bisbee is a typical New England farmer, and our Western life is a revelation to him, but the country he expresses himself charmed with.”


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1882.
R. C. Haywood put up household furniture, stoves, carpets, etc., for auction sale.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 27, 1881.

Article re Water Works in Arkansas City.
“Messrs. O. P. Houghton, W. E. Gooch, and Maj. Sleeth have already laid the water into their residences. . . .”
Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.
“O. P. Houghton traded the one-half of the Cowley County bank site to Messrs. Farrar and Sleeth for a house and two lots in the northwest part of town.”

Arkansas City Traveler, June 22, 1881.
“R. A. Houghton returned from the Territory last Thursday, where he had been for some time attending to the rounding up of his stock. [He failed to recover 40 head.]”

Arkansas City Traveler, June 29, 1881. “Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin is visiting her old-time friend, Mrs. H. O. Meigs, at Anthony, Harper County, Kansas.”

Arkansas City Traveler, September 7, 1881.
“Mr. Bowen, an old-time resident of this city, is in town with his family upon a visit to Mr. and Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin.”

Arkansas City Traveler, December 21, 1881.
“Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Newman, of Weld, Maine, arrived in the city, last Friday, to pay a visit to their son, A. A. Newman, and other relatives and friends in this vicinity. They were accompanied by Miss Annie Haywood, of Fredonia, New York, a sister of our townsman, R. C. Haywood.”
Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.
“A little social gathering was held at the residence of Wyard E. Gooch, Saturday evening, Dec. 24th, the prominent feature of course being a Christmas tree, which was generously loaded with costly and elegant, as well as worthless, yet comical, presents for the assembled guests. Wyard E. Gooch received a hand-some gold watch, as also did Tom Mantor. Miss Alma Dixon packed an elegant celluloid toilet set home, while Sara Reed rejoiced in a beautiful Atlas, and John Gooch in an unabridged Webster’s dictionary, all of which were the Christmas gifts of A. A. Newman, by his agent, Santa Claus, Esq.
“Through the same medium, Mrs. R. C. Haywood received a very elegant pair of diamond set earrings, and Mrs. A. A. Newman a beautifully set diamond ring and brooch. Mr. A. A. Newman was jubilant in the acquisition of a neatly packed parcel, which, upon examination, revealed the well picked backbone of a turkey, an evident recognition of his love for the bird. His exuberant joy, however, was somewhat modified upon Santa Claus handling him an elegant walnut paper and magazine stand. Many other choice presents were donated by Santa Claus, who being present, had the pleasure of presiding at one of the most eminently social gatherings of the Holiday season.”
Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1882.
“The consideration in the deed of Haywood’s Arkansas City lots is $8,100. There are 19 lots conveyed to Menage, of Minneapolis, Minnesota.”
Winfield Courier, April 12, 1882.

“R. C. Haywood made the city a short call last week. He left Saturday, for Minneapolis.”
Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1882.
“R. C. Haywood, well known in Winfield and Arkansas City, has lately, says the Commonwealth, made quite a fortune out of real estate in Minneapolis, Minnesota.”
Only covered a few of the Maine group!
Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.
“Miss Delia Newman, of East Wilton, Maine, arrived in this city yesterday, and proposes making an extended visit with her relatives, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman.”
Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.
“Mr. Pratt and wife, of Minneapolis, are visiting the family of A. A. Newman. They contemplate remaining throughout the winter months, Mr. Pratt’s health necessitating a change from the cold climate of Minneapolis.”
Arkansas City Traveler, February 8, 1882.
“A. A. Newman is slightly under the weather with a cold.
“W. E. Gooch has been invalided for several days with a bad cold.”
Arkansas City Republican, February 20, 1886. Saturday last a dispatch was received by R. A. Houghton, apprizing him of the death of his mother, who resides in Maine. A few days previous a message had been received stating that Mrs. Houghton was very sick, and her daughter, Mrs. Wyatt Gooch, and son T. R. Houghton, had immediately started for her bedside. The deceased was the mother of Mrs. A. A. Newman, Mrs. Wyatt Gooch, R.A. Houghton, and T. B. Houghton. The death was unexpected and is a sad blow to the children. (Note Evidently O. P. Houghton was an uncle of the above.)


Cowley County Historical Society Museum