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David Porter Marshall

                                             Bolton Township, Arkansas City.
Bolton Township 1878: D. P. Marshall, 44; spouse, Martha, 45.
Bolton Township 1880: D. P. Marshall, 46; spouse, M. W., 47.
Bolton Township 1882: David P. Marshall, 48; spouse, Martha W., 49.
Arkansas City 1893: D. P. Marshall, 59; spouse, Malinda, 56.
Arkansas City Directory 1893.
No. 315 South First Street. D. H. Stewart, pastor.
Elders: D. P. Marshall, E. D. Eddy, W. H. Pottle, A. C. Gould, F. D. Waugh, J. W.
Martin, O. P. Houghton, C. W. Burt, and J. C. Topliff.
Deacons: W. H. Henderson and O. H. Lent.
Board of Trustees: G. F. Rohr, president; C. N. Post, secretary; A. A. Newman, J. L.
Huey, S. P. Gould. Church Treasurer: Miss Emma F. Theaker.
Sunday Services: Preaching at 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.m. Sunday school at 12 noon.
Y.P.S.C.E. at 6:30 p.m. Weekly prayer meeting Thursday evening at 7:30.
Marshall, D. P., r 117 s 4th st.
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.
Mr. Marshall, of Pennsylvania, has come out to see the land of milk and honey.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.
MR. D. P. MARSHALL, of Pennsylvania, had been viewing our county over for the last week or two and has about concluded to locate in this part of Cowley. We welcome him here, as he will make a first-class citizen.
Winfield Courier, April 18, 1878.
Cowley County Fair.
A public meeting will be held at the courthouse in Winfield on the 11th day of May, 1878, at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of organizing an agricultural society, and to take into consideration the propriety of holding a Fair during the coming fall. All are invited to attend, and it is hoped that all interests appropriately connected with the enterprise will be represented.
J. E. Platter, B. B. Vandeventer, J. B. Lynn, T. R. Bryan, C. A. Bliss, E. P. Kinne, H. D. Gans, E. E. Bacon, Winfield; J. B. Holmes, W. White, W. J. Funk, Rock; S. M. Fall, R. F. Burden, Windsor; N. J. Larkin, A. Kelly, Richland; Charles A. McClung, J. S. Wooley, Vernon; Dr. Holland, G. Teter, Beaver; W. B. Norman, Adam Walck, Maple; Dr. A. S. Capper, Ninnescah; Ira How, Liberty; Wm. J. Hodges, C. G. Handy, Tisdale; J. B. Callison, Spring Creek; D. W. Wiley, Cedar; E. Shriver, Sheridan; Jonas Messenger, Omnia; J. A. Bryan, Dexter; R. Stratton, Harvey; S. B. Adams, Creswell; J. M. Sample, D. P. Marshall, Bolton; G. W. Herbert, Silverdale; D. B. McCollum, S. Watt, Pleasant Valley.
Winfield Courier, April 25, 1878.
Mr. Strong Pepper, D. P. Marshall, and Mrs. Colwell, of West Bolton, were in town last week.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 20, 1879.

The delegates from Bolton Township to the county convention are D. P. Marshall, Frank Lorry, and S. J. Rice. They were instructed to support Mr. Bonsall for Register.
Winfield Courier, September 11, 1879.
Delegates from Bolton Township: Frank Lorry, S. J. Rice, D. P. Marshall.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880. Editorial Page.
DISTRICT 96, May 8, 1880.

The challenge debate, as per previous announcement, took place in the Guthrie schoolhouse in Bolton township, Friday evening, May 7, 1880, with J. D. Guthrie as chairman. The question for discussion was: “Resolved, That the existence of vigilance committees is morally wrong and should be abolished.” The affirmative was opened by J. W. Brown, assisted by Mr. Clark. The opposing orators were Messrs. D. P. Marshall and W. J. Conaway. The honorable judges, S. J. Gilbert and P. H. Somers, after patiently listening to the able arguments on both sides, and witnessing many gymnastic feats in the way of gestures—not to mention the fact of the speakers, which tied themselves into all imaginable knots—decided that the knights of the affirmative had wrestled and twisted rather neatly, and gave their verdict accordingly. It will be remembered that this same question was argued about four weeks ago by the same parties, at which time the judges, Messrs. Linton, Watts, and Berkey, decided in favor of the negative. The debate was replete with rich and racy incidents, and those who were not present missed a rare treat. J. R. C.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880.
From the vicinity of Dist. 96 comes the following with respect to crops and the general aspect of the country. The wheat crop will, in almost all cases, make from 1/3 to ½ of a crop, but some few pieces are totally destroyed. Corn is looking pretty good so far, but rain is beginning to be needed by that as well as everything else. Gardens are the exception, and not the rule. Miss Conaway is teaching a subscription summer school in this district. Sabbath school is held in the schoolhouse every Sunday at 4 p.m., and occasionally preaching is held there. Mr. D. P. Marshall is talking of building a new residence on his place this summer. Take everything into consideration, Bolton Township is a good place to live in, drouth or no drouth.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.
A public meeting of the citizens of Bolton Township was called to meet at the cemetery in West Bolton, August 2, 1880, at which the following motions were discussed and adopted.
1. That we request the township board to levy a special tax for the purpose of putting a fence around and otherwise improving our cemetery grounds, said fence to be constructed of iron posts and barbed wire.
2. That we also request said board to have the outside lines of the cemetery surveyed and a stone set at the corner of each lot on said lines as per original plat.
3. That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Arkansas City papers.
WM. TURNER, Chairman. D. P. MARSHALL, Secretary.
After the adjournment of the preceding meeting another meeting was organized to consider the subject of Sabbath desecra­tion, when the following preamble and resolutions were adopted.
WHEREAS, The Sabbath is an institution of divine appointment and the scriptural observance intimately associated with man’s temporal and spiritual well being; and
WHEREAS, The laws of our State, in harmony with the laws of God, prohibit the desecration of this day either by unnecessary manual labor lawful on other days or by seeking our own pleasure or amusement, therefore,

Be it resolved, By the citizens of Bolton Township in meeting assembled, (1) That we do hereby discountenance any tendency to this desecration ourselves, and will not suffer our teams or machinery to be used by others in desecrating this day, and we do hereby call upon all our citizens to keep this day according to the commandment. (2) That if any persons persist in violating the sanctity of this day, we remind our civil officers of their sworn duty to see that the law is properly enforced. Adjourned. WM. TURNER, President.
D. P. MARSHALL, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 18, 1880.
The following is the central committee for the 89th Repre­sentative district, elected at Dexter on the 7th, of which G. H. McIntire is chairman.
Creswell: George McIntire; Cedar: James Utt; Pleasant Valley: A. H. Broadwell; Bolton: D. P. Marshall; Spring Creek: James Gilleland; Beaver: G. W. Brown; Liberty: H. W. Stubblefield; Silverdale: W. T. Estus; Windsor: George Reynolds; Otter: A. A. Mills.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.
Mr. Marshall, of Bolton Township, and Rev. Nance met at Dexter, during the late convention, and compared heights. Each weighed over 250 pounds and measured over six feet.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.
Last Thursday night a Garfield and Arthur club was organized at the Bland schoolhouse with D. P. Marshall, chairman, and August Lorry, secretary. The club will meet at the same place tomorrow evening and complete the organization. Speakers will be in attendance, and all Republicans are expected to be on hand.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.
The Bolton Township temperance organization met, and in the absence of the president, Rev. Broadbent, was called to order by the secretary. Rev. Fleming delivered an eloquent address of an hour’s length, and commanded the very closest attention through­out. The pledge was passed around, and nearly all gave their names. A unanimous vote of thanks was given the speaker, and the meeting adjourned to Tuesday evening, September 14, at the Guthrie schoolhouse. D. P. MARSHALL, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.
BOLTON, September 11, 1880.
Editor Traveler: According to call, the Republicans of Bolton met at the Bland schoolhouse on Thursday evening, Septem­ber 9, and organized a rousing Garfield and Arthur club.
After the organization, in absence of expected speakers from abroad, the president, Mr. Buckner, asked some of the members to state their reasons for being Republicans. Mr. Marshall first responded, and concluded by quoting the forcible reasons given by Col. Ingersoll, which elicited great applause. Amos Walton, being present, was called on. He gave his reasons for having been such a consistent and life-long (?) Democrat, which was a weak argument, to say the least. Then followed Mr. John Brown, who gave us such a rousing speech as we seldom hear. He bled the gentleman (Mr. Walton) and the Democratic party at every thrust. In the course of his remarks he asked if anyone present ever knew a colored man to vote with the Democrats. Mr. Andrews being present said if any such had existed, they were dead.

Mr. Walton tried to reply, but his mind (or whatever he calls it) was so muddled that he could not say anything.
The next speaker was Mr. Clark, a Greenbacker, who scolded the Republicans and Democrats on the financial question about alike. Then referring to the Alabama election, and the manner in which they treated Messrs. Weaver and Randall down there, he came out in such bitter denunciation for the Democrats that those present—Walton, Turner, Gilbert, and Eaton—could not raise their heads “or sit low enough in their seats.” It was the most laughable sight I have witnessed for a long time. I venture they will not sign for a similar experience in this campaign.
We had a good meeting, and when we come to the polls you can count on Bolton for a good Republican majority. The club meets again at the same place on Thursday evening, September 23, when we will have able speakers from abroad. ONE OF THE CLUB.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880. Front Page.
By D. P. Marshall, Arkansas City, Kansas.
Editors Banner: It may be interesting to your readers to hear what is being done in this, to you, far off land, and a place no doubt many of your readers consider beyond the border of civilization—the Indian Territory; but the principal object of this letter is to tell you what God is doing for the Nez Perces. To understand the situation it will be necessary to go back a little and explain. Nearly three years ago the Government removed the Poncas and located them on a reservation thirty-five miles south of Arkansas City, Kansas, in the Indian Territory, where the river known as the Salt Fork empties into the Arkansas, and an Agency was established there. Col. Whiting, a very able and efficient officer, is now agent and is doing all in his power to advance civilization and instruction among those under him.
About one year ago a part of the Nez Perces under Chief Joseph in Idaho, becoming involved in a war with the United States, were captured and brought here as prisoners of war, placed on a reservation up the Salt Fork, with their headquarters fourteen miles distant but under the same agent. Archie Lawyer and James Rubens, both of the same tribe, who had received some education and been converted, it is thought by the teaching of Miss McBeth, came as missionaries among them. The former stayed but a short time. The latter was employed as interpreter and teacher by the Government. He has proved to be an excellent and most wonderful man. Although without a house for worship or school (and but very recently have they any dwelling houses); yet, by the help of God, he has accomplished wonderful things.
Some two months ago Col. Whiting requested Rev. S. B. Fleming, pastor of the Presbyterian church in Arkansas City, to try to do something for them spiritually. Requests came from James Rubens and other members of the tribe for a church organi­zation. Acting on these requests the Presbytery of Emporia, Synod of Kansas, at its late meeting appointed a committee to visit them and, if they were ready, to organize a church. For this purpose Rev. S. B. Fleming, Elder James Wilson, and your correspondent left this city Oct. 20th, and after a pleasant seven hours’ drive, arrived safely at Ponca Agency Oct. 21st, accompanied by Dr. Minthorn, the Agency physician, a Christian gentleman of the Friends persuasion and deeply interested in the welfare of the Indians.

Two hours’ drive took us to our destina­tion. We had on the previous day apprized them by letter of our coming, yet they were afraid our promise would be like so many others made to them and never fulfilled. Some of them shed tears of joy when they learned that we were surely there for the purpose stated. They sent out runners to notify the people, some of them living several miles distant. Scarcely an hour and a half elapsed when we found a congregation assembled at a new unoccupied dwelling house sixteen by twenty-four feet, one story, and not a seat except two chairs. At a given signal they began to enter, the children first, who went forward and squatted down in front of the chairs at one end of the building. The women came next and seated themselves in the same manner in rows beginning at the other end of the house. The men were seated on the right and left in the same manner, until by actual count there were one hundred and twenty-five Indians and five white men in that building, and many Indians outside.
Could you have seen the feeling of solemnity depicted on every countenance, from the oldest to the little children—could you have heard them sing, “Come, Holy Spirit, Heavenly Dove,” in their own tongue, and repeat the Lord’s prayer in concert, everyone uniting in both exercises—could you have heard the quick and intelligent answers to questions propounded both before admission to the church and before baptism, you would have been led to exclaim: “From whence hath this people all this knowl­edge? Surely they have been taught of God!”  “Lord, thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent and has revealed them unto babes.”
You would have felt as we did: that God had received them as his children, and that we must admit them as members of his church on earth. Fifty-nine came forward and made a profession of their faith in Christ and obedience to Him and were received and baptized, their parents being too anxious to wait until our next visit, which was set for the first Sabbath of November, when the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper is to be administered, chil­dren baptized, and no doubt there will be many more seeking admission to the church. Two young girls presented themselves near the close of the meeting; but the day was so far spent, and as we had fourteen miles of a drive, they were induced to wait until our next visit.
Everything had to be said through the interpreter, and nearly all those baptized wished to drop their Indian and receive English names, and it was left to us in nearly every case to give the name. Those admitted were of all ages, from four score or more down to the boy and girl of fifteen or sixteen years.
We can scarcely realize what wondrous things God has done for his people. Here is a tribe of Indians, who but a few years since were in the depths of savage darkness, now brought to the foot of the cross.
Our exercises were of necessity nearly three hours in length, yet there was not a whisper nor a single act of miscon­duct in the assemblage. Our meeting closed by an act of Chris­tian love and fellowship that might well be imitated by Christian people all over the country. After the benediction all placed themselves in position for shaking hands, showing that they were accustomed to it; the children first, beginning on the right side of the door, passed clear round and out; the women and then the men following. The whole exercise did not occupy five minutes, and yet everyone had taken every other one by the hand in an orderly way. One of our number was led to exclaim: “Behold how these brethren love each other!”

At 4 p.m. we started to return to Ponca where Rev. Fleming was to participate in the laying of the corner stone of the building intended for an industrial school for the two tribes.
Friday morning, Oct. 22nd, the sun rose clear and pleasant. Almost with the sun our friends of yesterday began to arrive in wagons and on horseback until by 9 a.m., the hour appointed, not less than two hundred were on the ground (the tribe numbers three hundred and forty-seven persons), showing the interest they had in the proceedings, while not half that number of Poncas were present, although it was just at their homes.
The ceremonies, having been delayed until 11 a.m., began with the singing of a hymn by the whites present, accompanied by an organ. Prayer was offered by S. B. Fleming; then came the filling and depositing of the box in the stone. Among other things it contained many trinkets and samples of Indian handi­work, deposited by themselves. The stone was laid by Col. Whiting. An address was delivered by Prof. Martin, who will take charge of the school. Here there were of necessity two inter­pret­ers. Then came singing of a hymn by the Nez Perces and an address by Tom Hill, one of their tribe, followed by an address by Standing Buffalo, a Ponca chief. The exercises were closed by singing “Come thou fount of every blessing,” by the Nez Perces in English, and the benediction by Rev. Fleming. At 4 p.m. we started on our drive of thirty-five miles, and at 10 p.m. were at Arkansas City.
Presbyterian Banner.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1881. Front Page.
According to the promise made on my former visit, we re­turned to the Nez Perce Agency on the first Sabbath of November; this time accompanied by Mrs. Fleming, Mrs. Marshall, and Mr. Gaily, formerly of Indiana County, Pennsylvania. We found a comfortable house erected, 20 x 40 feet, since our visit two weeks since, which has been accomplished by the exertions of the Agent, Col. Whiting, and the employees about the Agency.
None are members of the Presbyterian church, and a number are not members of any church, yet they are interested in this people on account of their evident sincerity and their general good conduct. The house was partly seated and furnished with a stove, and will be used for a church and schoolhouse for the present. When we remember that this is done for the Indians by these friends without aid or authority from the government, it gives us more enlarged views of their generosity. We trust they will be amply rewarded in the good they will receive to their own souls.
At the hour for services (10:30 a.m.), the house was filled to overflowing—the seats were occupied and a number squatted on the floor, as on the former occasion.
Let us look at them for a moment. Here on a front seat is Chief Joseph, the head chief of this band. He believes the great Spirit created him a chief. He is not yet converted, and at our former visit could not be induced to enter the church, but today he is here, and it is hoped that ere long he will be brought to the Cross. He has just donned citizens’ clothes—is not at ease in the suit, yet is proud of it.
Near the door stands Tom Hill, commissioned by the United States as Lieut. of police. He is the General Grant of the tribe, the chief warrior and statesman. In him is embodied firmness and honesty—a terror to all evil doers on the reserva­tion.

On the left are more of their prominent men: Bald Head, Three Eagles, Jim Horn, Yellow Bull, Yellow Bear, etc. Most of these have been converted and united with the church, the latter with his wife, son, and daughter.
Every convert has put on the white man’s clothes, and many of the others. Some few are still robed in the blanket. The women are dressed very much alike; about the only difference is in the color, but red predominates. Their dresses are neat and becoming, and all of the same style. Each one of them has a shawl which covers her from the shoulders to the feet, and their head dress in most cases is a silk handkerchief tied tightly over the head. Their style has some advantages over ours. They have neither flowers nor feathers on their heads to be soiled by the sun or rain, nor trains on their skirts to annoy their friends. Nearly all, male and female, wore moccasins, most of them orna­mented with bead work, a few with silk. The little boys and girls are dressed similar to their seniors, and are squatted on the floor close in front of the preacher’s stand. There were quite a number of infants in the congregation, some bound to a board, and could be passed around without any danger to their spines. When not pleased with their treatment, they all spoke in our own native tongue.
The singing was conducted by the Indians themselves in selections from the Gospel Hymns. Besides this everything was said to them through the interpreter, James Reuben.
After the sermon, twenty-two presented themselves for admission and baptism. Questions were asked and satisfactorily answered.
Rev. Mr. Fleming was about to administer the baptismal ordi­nance, when Tom Hill, who stood at the head of the line, stepped forward and signified that he wished to say something, and then made a wonderful confession of what he had been during his savage life. He said he thought then that the braver he was and the more he could do to overcome his enemies, the better he was, but now his heart was changed and he wanted to live at peace with all men. He hoped his sins were pardoned, and that he would be saved through Christ. This is but an outline of his words. He was then baptized.
The next was Jim Natt. When he first attempted to speak, he broke down and sobbed like a child, and there were tears in more eyes than his. His remarks were similar to Tom Hill’s.
Some of the others also made a public confession. Bald Head spoke of how ignorant and wicked he had been; of how he had worshiped spirits among the mountains of Idaho, and how he had been brought from darkness into the light of the Gospel. And now how he had learned of the true Spirit and of the Savior Jesus Christ.
At 1 p.m. services closed until 2:30 p.m., when the Lord’s Supper would be administered, and just at the close two others made known their desire to unite with the church. When we again assembled we were agreeably surprised to see twelve present themselves for admission instead of the two expected.
Jim Horn, Jim Natt, and Red Wolf, after being duly elected, were ordained Ruling Elders, and the Presbyterian church of Oakland, Indian Territory, regularly constituted with ninety-three members.

This communion was the most joyful, as well as the most solemn, occasion we have ever been permitted to have. Here was a tribe of Indians who but a few months since were wild savages among the mountains, worshiping they knew not what, following the in­stincts and habits of their savage life, and believing that goodness lay in bravery and self-inflicted punish­ment. Now nearly this whole tribe seems to be brought to Christ, and more than one-fourth of their number have publicly confessed Him, and a more earnest, sincere, devoted, humble, and happy people were, perhaps, never seen.
Here is an instance of their sincerity. Many of them, after they had taken the elements into their hands, and before partak­ing, would engage for a few moments in a silent prayer. Now recollect that this was all done by a people who had never seen such a scene, and who had received no instructions except that from their teacher and interpreter, James Reuben.
It was nearly sundown before the meeting could be brought to a close, and then there were two more who presented themselves for admission, and could we have held another service, no doubt a number more would have made a public profession.
Application has been made through the proper channel to the Board of Missions for assistance for this people. Will not God’s people everywhere pray that this may only be the beginning among the Indians, and that they shall soon all learn of the “meek and lowly Jesus?” This people are already letting their light shine. When visitors come from other tribes, instead of entertaining them with a dance as formerly, they entertain them with a prayer meeting, and when they return the visit, they take their prayer-meeting with them; and herein, no doubt, is the secret of the great blessing which has been poured out on this people.
During the summer and until now, they have had a prayer meeting every evening, and on Sabbath days two more. Last 4th of July they spent the whole day in prayer and exhortation. If all God’s people would do as this people are doing, no human being could foot up the results. Presbyterian Banner.
Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.
Mr. D. P. Marshall, of Bolton township, made us a call.
Winfield Courier, August 25, 1881.
The meeting at Manning’s hall on Saturday, August 20th, was well attended by the old soldiers. Capt. Haight with a section of his battery, put in a number of shots that sounded like old times to the boys. Messrs. Pixley, Requa, Woodruff, Roseberry, and others furnished old time martial music. At 11 a.m., the meeting was called to order with C. M. Wood in the chair, and Jake Nixon, secretary.
On motion a committee of seven was appointed as a permanent organization consisting of comrades Wells, Steuven, Stubblefield, Nixon, Waugh, Kretsinger, and Jennings. After some interesting remarks on the part of Capt. Stubblefield, J. W. Millspaugh, H. D. Catlin, and S. M. Jennings, the meeting adjourned until 2 p.m.
The afternoon meeting showed an increase of delegates and much more enthusiasm. The committee on permanent organization submitted the following report.
Your committee on permanent organization beg to submit the following.
For President: Col. J. C. McMullen, of Winfield; for Vice Presidents, we would recommend one from each township to be named by this meeting, and one from the city of Winfield. We submit the name of T. H. Soward. For recording secretary, Jake Nixon, of Vernon; corresponding secretary, A. H. Green, Winfield; treasur­er, J. B. Lynn, Winfield.
Executive Committee: Col. McMullen, Capt. Stubblefield, Capt. Hunt, Capt. Tansey, T. R. Bryan, D. L. Kretsinger, and C. M. Wood.

Finance Committee: J. B. Lynn, Capt. Siverd, Capt. Myers, James Kelly, and Judge Bard.
Encampment: Dr. Wells, Capt. Steuven, and Capt. Haight.
Printing: E. E. Blair and Jake Nixon.
Invitation and speakers: Hon. W. P. Hackney, Gen. A. H. Green, D. L. Kretsinger, M. G. Troup, Capt. Chenoweth, Capt. Nipp, Major D. P. Marshall, N. W. Dressie, and C. H. Bing.
The time for holding the reunion as published in the call for the 7th and 8th of October was then discussed. The sense of the meeting seemed to indicate that the farmers would not be through seeding at that time, and that a later date should be named. On motion the 21st and 22nd of October was fixed as the time for holding the reunion.
On motion all county papers were requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting. The meeting then adjourned. JACOB NIXON, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 12, 1881.
The position of teacher in the Pawnee Boarding School has been accepted by D. P. Marshall, of West Bolton, and that of assistant matron offered to Mrs. Marshall. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall are warmhearted Christians, and will doubtless have an elevating influence on the Pawnee children entrusted to their teaching and watchful superintendence.
Winfield Courier, November 10, 1881.
D. P. Marshall and wife, formerly of Arkansas City, have been engaged to run the schools at the Pawnee Agency.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.
Our friend, Cap. Nipp, has just returned from a trip to the Indian Territory, and while at Pawnee Agency he had the pleasure of visiting the schools at that agency, which are under the engagement of A. C. Williams, Superintendent; James Wilson, teacher; and D. P. Marshall, assistant teacher. His impression of the school are best given in his own language.
“There was as perfect order and quiet in the schoolroom as could be found anywhere, and at the tinkle of a small bell, so silent were the pupils that the fall of a pin would have been distinctly heard. The children sang several songs very pleasantly, keeping perfect time. I must say that the teachers are doing a grand work for the Pawnee children, many of whom are as bright and intelligent as could be found anywhere. May this work ever prosper under their skillful management.”
Cowley County Courant, January 5, 1882.
Capt. D. P. Marshall, formerly a resident of Bolton Town­ship, but who is now engaged in the schools at Pawnee Agency, is up from the Territory on a short furlough, and was in town today. Mr. Marshall reports the schools at the agency are in a flourish­ing condition, and that the young Pawnee ideal is shooting with a tolerably good shoot.
Winfield Courier, January 5, 1882.
Mr. D. P. Marshall, of Creswell, was up Sunday. He is teaching at Pawnee Agency at present. [Winfield paper should have stated “Bolton.” MAW]
Arkansas City Traveler, August 9, 1882.
Bolton’s Delegates. The delegates elected to attend the Nominating Convention of the 67th representative district to be held at Arkansas City, August 12, 1882, were: P. A. Lorry, A. C. Williams, and P. B. Andrews.

The following gentlemen were elected delegates to the County Convention held at Winfield last Saturday: D. P. Marshall, J. J. Broadbent, and Dr. Z. Carlisle.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
Rules and order of business Committee: H. E. Asp, D. P. Marshall, J. B. Nipp, James Utt, W. J. Wilson, P. T. Walton, Barney Shriver.
Bolton Township Delegates: J. J. Broadbent, D. P. Marshall, Z. Carlisle.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 23, 1882.
Among the Veterans of Bolton, the following names, with rank and Regiment, are on the muster roll to attend the reunion at Topeka, Sept. 11th to 16th, 1882.
On the muster roll: D. P. Marshall, Major, 155th Pennsylvania.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1882.
Mr. D. P. Marshall has just put the roof on his new stone residence in Bolton township. This is one of the best residences in the neighborhood, being of stone, 23 x 33 feet, two stories, and a basement.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1883.
District 96.
D. P. Marshall’s stone mansion is nearing completion and is a splendid structure.
Dug-outs, caves, and cyclone bom-proofs are the order of the day.
Four weeks more and the winter term of our school will close.
Our Lyceum is still in full blast, and, with our corps of able debaters, consisting of Messrs. Walton, Marshall, Conaway, Sumners, Wm. Clark, Andrews, A. H. Clark, Harkins, and a host of others, we feel able to compete with any Lyceum in the county and will accept a challenge to debate from any Lyceum in the county.
            Address Pres. Lyceum, District 96, Bolton Township. J. R. C., March 3, 1883.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 4, 1883.
Communicated. Ed. Traveler: During the past winter the enterprising citizens of Dist. 96, Bolton Township, have conducted a Lyceum, greatly to the instruction and amusement of young and old, under the leadership of J. B. Guthrie, supported by Messrs. Walton, Marshall, Conaway, Andrews, and others, not to mention the Clark brothers. The object has been to cultivate a taste for refining literature, as well as to develop the forensic art; and by way of parenthesis, let me say that this is one of the most profitable ways that the denizens of the rural districts can spend the long evenings of the winter months, as it furnishes not simply amusement and recreation, but is specially adapted to prepare the young people to acquit themselves with credit in after life.

On Tuesday evening, March 27th, the closing exercises were held in the Guthrie school-house, which was crowded to its utmost capacity. A special effort was made to entertain the public pleasantly and profitably, and great credit is due the managers for the success of the entertainment. Messrs. Dayton, Hahn, McGinnis, and Arnett furnished instrumental music, with violin, guitar, and organ, which was highly appreciated. Several pieces of vocal music by Mrs. Sheals and others was well rendered. Eph Mowry and W. Maxwell rendered “Carve that Possum” and another two other plantation melodies with good effect. It is not possible to enter into the merits of the literary part of the entertainment. The recitations and selections were in good taste, and well rendered, while the dialogues brought down the house. The reading of the Regulator displayed the usual amount of dry wit and local thrusts which amused all. Owing to the lateness of the hour, the debate, which has always been a prominent feature of the programme at the regular meetings, was set aside and doubtless Bolton Town-ship will never know what pent up bottles of eloquence Messrs. Conway and Clark will have for private use the coming summer. On the whole the entertainment was excellent and the zeal of these Boltonites is worthy of imitation in other places. OBSERVER.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1883.
Mr. D. P. Marshall, of Bolton, returned yesterday from attending the Presbytery of the First Presbyterian Church.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1883.
Old Soldiers of Bolton. The following list of our soldiers of Bolton Township were furnished us for publication by Gus Lorry, trustee of that township.
D. P. Marshall, Major, Co. K, 155th Pennsylvania Infantry.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, June 20, 1883.
BOLTON, JUNE 9, 1883.
Ed. Traveler: In the twilight of June 7th we saw a number of conveyances coming up the road and could not imagine what was up. The lateness of the hour with the music and merriment of the company forbade the idea of a funeral, and we had heard nothing of a convention or anything of that sort, so we could but wait and wonder, but we did not have long to wait. Soon the head of the procession reached us and turned into the yard and began to unload. We were called on to surrender, we had no alternative, there were so many old people, young people, and children, too. Many were loaded with mysterious looking boxes and baskets, and one wagon had some large object covered up which might be a masked battery, but happily it proved to be old father Conaway and his organ. And sometime after when the writer and his better half were ushered into the dining room, we found out what kind of ammunition those boxes, etc., contained. There was a table spread “fit for a king.”  The appetites of the crowd were all satisfied and still there was an abundance left. After supper the fun “grew fast and furious until the wee sma’ hours, and the days of “Auld Lang Syne” were vividly brought to mind. To simply say we enjoyed the evening is putting it lightly. Our friends then took up the homeward march, we regretting the night was so short. We called it a surprise party. Our friends called it a house warming. D. P. MARSHALL.
Winfield Courier, September 6, 1883.
Committee on credentials reported the following named delegates and alternates for their respective townships.
BOLTON: P. A. Lorry, D. P. Marshall, A. J. Kimmell, P. B. Andrews, J. D. Guthrie.
Alternates: Mr. Taft, C. R. Mitchell, Wm. Trimble, W. A. Robins, Dr. Carlisle.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 12, 1883.
The G. A. R. Arkansas City post, No. 158, gave a supper at the Perry house last Saturday night, after which the officers for the coming year were elected. The supper was a most bountiful one, and considering the great rush was very neatly managed. The exercises in McLaughlin’s hall were necessarily cut short, Mr. Walton giving a very appropriate speech to an audience composed of old soldiers and their wives. From this place they repaired to their regular meeting room and elected the following officers.
Commander: M. N. Sinnott.
Senior Vice Commander: P. A. Lorry.
Junior Vice Commander: Allen Mowry.
Officer of the Day: H. D. Kellogg.
Officer of the Guard: Perley Davis.
Quartermaster: A. A. Davis.
Chaplain: F. M. Peak.
Inside Guard: P. Jones.
Outside Guard: John Lewis.
D. P. Marshall was elected representative to the grand encampment. Four new members were mustered in, making something over eighty members now enrolled into this post.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
Delegates Bolton Township: J. D. Guthrie, W. M. Trimble, D. P. Marshall, Z. Carlisle, Allen Mowry.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1884.
The report of the committee on credentials was read and adopted.
The following is the report.
EAST BOLTON. Delegates: R. L. Balyeat, Allen Mowry. Alternates: None.
WEST BOLTON. Delegates: C. R. Mitchell, D. P. Marshall, C. G. Furry.
Alternates: John Annis, J. D. Guthrie.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1884.
Mr. Roberts, of Windsor, nominated Judge Gans for probate judge, and Hon. C. R. Mitchell presented D. P. Marshall. Mr. Gans was nominated on the first ballot by a vote of 88 to 11.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1884.
The central committee of this district organized last Saturday by electing D. P. Marshall chairman and T. S. Parvin secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1884.
The Representative Convention. The district convention met in Highland Hall last Saturday, August 30, at 2 p.m., and was called to order by Dr. H. W. Marsh, chairman of the district committee, who was also elected temporary chairman. L. J. Darnell and D. P. Marshall were elected secretaries.

On motion of J. D. Guthrie the following committee on credentials was appointed: J. D. Guthrie, J. N. Fleharty, and M. Croco.
The committee on credentials reported the following delegates or proxies present and entitled to seats.
Bolton: D. P. Marshall, J. D. Guthrie, P. B. Andrews, Al. Mowry, R. L. Balyeat.
The following district committee was elected.
Adjourned. H. W. MARSH, Chairman; L. J. DARNELL, D. P. MARSHALL, Secretaries.
Arkansas City Republican, October 4, 1884.
Rev. Fleming, and Elder Marshall attended the Presbyterian Synod of Kansas at Parsons this week.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1884.
See notice to hunters in another column.
NOTICE TO HUNTERS. We, the undersigned, hereby give notice that we will prosecute to the full extent of the law all persons who may be found hunting upon our premises.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 26, 1884.
Monday we saw our small friend, D. P. Marshall, meandering down street with his arms full of turnips which, upon closer inspection, proved to be two turnips. And a load they were. Staggering into Snyder & Hutchison’s real estate office, he deposited them with a vigorous thump, saying: “That’s my size.” They are curiosities.
Arkansas City Republican, February 14, 1885.
One week from tomorrow at the Presbyterian Church each member of the Sunday School will donate one cent for every pound they weigh for missionary purposes. There are several heavy weight scholars, D. P. Marshall being the largest. He weighs 290 pounds and will have to pay accordingly $2.90. The minister, Rev. Fleming, will come in with quite a neat sum. He weighs some 225 pounds. Persons with large families in this way donate quite a sum. Merchants have been busy weighing scholars this week.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, February 21, 1885.
D. P. Marshall came into our office and in conversation with us remarked that this cold weather was very severe on wheat and that it was injured some.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, February 21, 1885.

Farmers Co-operative Milling Exchange. The directors of the Farmers Co-operative Milling Exchange met at the Windsor Hotel Wednesday evening. The meeting was called to order by the temporary president, and D. P. Marshall was chosen temporary Secretary. The roll of Directors was called, and the following persons answered to their names: H. Harbaugh, T. W. Gant, D. W. Ramage, John Myrtle, D. P. Marshall, A. V. Alexander, C. W. Jones, F. H. Brown, G. Greene, and Ed Grady. After which the charter was read and approved. The constitution and by-laws were then read section by section and adopted as a whole.
On a motion the Secretary was instructed to have 500 copies of charter, constitution, and by-laws printed in pamphlet form. Also a copy of today’s proceedings published in the papers of this city, and in one of the papers at Winfield. The organization was then completed and the following officers elected: Henry Harbaugh, President; Ed. Grady, Vice President; D. P. Marshall, Secretary; John Myrtle, Treasurer; T. W. Gant, General Manager. It was decided to hold regular meetings the first Monday in each month. The meeting then adjourned to meet on February 25th. H. HARBAUGH, Pres.
D. P. MARSHALL, Secretary.
The following are the ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION.
FIRST. The name of the incorporation shall be “farmers co-operative milling exchange.”
SECOND. The purposes for which it is formed shall be the construction and operation of a flour mill for the purpose of doing an exchange and general milling business.
THIRD. The place of business of said corporation shall be at Arkansas City, and on the canal adjacent thereto in Cowley County, Kansas.
FOURTH. The term for which said corporation shall exist shall be ninety-nine years.
FIFTH. The number of directors of said corporation shall be thirteen and the names and residences are as follows: H. Harbaugh, Winfield; T. W. Gant, Arkansas City; D. W. Ramage, Arkansas City; John Myrtle, Arkansas City; C. F. Snyder, Arkansas City; D. P. Marshall, Arkansas City; A. V. Alexander, Arkansas City; C. W. Jones, Minneapolis, Minnesota; F. H. Brown, Constant; G. Greene, Silverdale; Ed. Grady, Arkansas City; J. L. Andrews, Maple City.
SIXTH. The amount of capital stock of said corporation shall be $75,000 and shall be divided into 2,000 shares.
We, the undersigned, hereby subscribe our names to within articles of incorporation.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 25, 1885.
Farmers’ Co-Operative Milling Exchange. The Directors of the Farmers’ Co-operative Milling Exchange met at the Windsor Hotel Wednesday evening. The meeting was called to order by the temporary president, and D. P. Marshall was chosen temporary secretary. The roll of directors was called, and the following persons answered to their names.
H. Harbaugh, T. W. Gant, D. W. Ramage, John Myrtle, D. P. Marshall, A. V. Alexander, C. W. Jones, F. H. Brown, G. Greene, and Ed. Grady. After which the charter was read and approved. The constitution and by-laws were then read section by section and adopted as a whole.
On motion, the secretary was instructed to have 500 copies of the charter, constitution, and by-laws printed in pamphlet form. Also a copy of today’s proceedings published in the papers here and at Winfield. The organization was then perfected and the following officers elected. Henry Harbaugh, President; Ed. Grady, Vice President; D. P. Marshall, Secretary; John Myrtle, Treasurer; T. W. Gant, General Manager.

It was decided to hold regular meetings the first Monday in each month. The meeting then adjourned to meet on February 25th. H. Harbaugh, President. D. P. Marshall, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 25, 1885.
I, E. B. Allen, Secretary of State of the State of Kansas, do hereby verify that the following and annexed is a true and correct copy of the original instrument of writing filed in my office February 14th, 1885.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed my official seal. Done at Topeka, Kansas, this 14th day of February, 1885.
E. B. ALLEN, Secretary of State.
First: The name of this corporation shall be “FARMERS’ CO-OPERATIVE MILLING EXCHANGE.”
Second: The purpose for which it is formed shall be the construction and operation of a flour mill for the purpose of doing an exchange and general milling business.
Third: The place of business of said corporation shall be at Arkansas City and on the canal adjacent thereto, in Cowley County, Kansas.
Fourth: The term for which said corporation shall exist shall be ninety-nine years.
Fifth: The number of directors of said corporation shall be thirteen and the names and residences as follows.
H. Harbaugh, Winfield; T. W. Gant, Arkansas City; D. W. Ramage, Arkansas City; John Myrtle, Arkansas City; C. F. Snyder, Arkansas City; D. P. Marshall, Arkansas City; Wm. Trimble, Arkansas City; A. V. Alexander, Arkansas City; C. W. Jones, Minneapolis, Minnesota; F. H. Brown, Constant; G. Greene, Silverdale; Ed. Grady, Arkansas City; J. L. Andrews, Maple City.
Sixth: The amount of capital stock of said corporation shall be 75,000 dollars and shall be divided into 3,000 shares.
We the undersigned hereby subscribe our names to the within articles of incorporation.
Personally appeared before me, a notary public in and for Cowley County, Kansas, Amos Walton, C. W. Jones, D. P. Marshall, A. V. Alexander, and T. W. Gant and duly acknowledged the foregoing instrument to be their voluntary act and deed.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed my notary seal, this 7th day of February, 1885. A. J. PYBURN, Notary Public.
(Seal.)  Commission expires November 18th, 1887.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 20, 1885.

New Milling Enterprise. We learn from Mr. D. P. Marshall, Secretary of the Farmers’ Co-operative Milling Exchange, that most of the capital stock ($75,000) has been subscribed for, and an assessment made to start operations. The company propose to construct and operate a flouring mill, in this city, on the co-operative system, thus making the farmer his own miller, and substituting identity of interest for the antagonism that generally divides the two classes. The directors are thirteen in number, the majority of them being chosen from the best known businessmen of our city and other portions of the county. A site for the mill will be selected on the canal, and work of erection shortly commenced. We commend the energy of the parties concerned in the enterprise, as it will secure to the farmers a better market for their grain, and will add another important industrial institution to the city. God helps them who help themselves.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, June 27, 1885.
The Farmers Evidently Mean Business and Are Determined to Build Their Mill.
The stockholders held a meeting at the office of the company on the 20th inst. Considering the weather and the press of farm work, the attendance was unexpectedly large, numbering nearly 200. D. P. Marshall, secretary, stated the object of the meeting to be to amend the charter and constitution. L. W. Gant, general manager, offered a resolution striking out the words, “and on the canal adjacent thereto,” as found in the third section of the charter and in the constitution. After some discussion the amendment was adopted by a unanimous vote.
A motion was then made that in view of the many contingencies attending the water power, we recommend to the board of directors the adoption of steam power, which was carried by a unanimous vote. Mr. Walton being called upon for a speech, said he had been in favor of water power; but after investigating the matter, he was of the opinion that steam was the best power to adopt. It would cost a little more, but the loss of time would more than compensate for the extra expense and would be more satisfactory to the farmers. He then discussed the division of profits of the mill. He was followed by Mr. Ramage, who favored the English system of dividing the dividends. Mr. Vooris said that there some years that the big fish would eat up the little ones. Mr. Fuller said the object now was to build the mill and divide the profits afterwards; that we should build the mill if it took two or three years to do it and we shouldn’t expect to get dividends for some time to come. He didn’t expect to get any on his stock for several years and he was not in favor of trying to cross the bridge before we got there. Build the mill and divide the profits afterwards was his policy. Mr. Gant said that he agreed with Mr. Fuller. He regarded the discussion on profits and dividends as premature. Those things would adjust themselves when there was anything to adjust. As to the little fish being in danger from the big ones, the danger was on the other side. That we had ten stockholders of $100 and under to one above that amount. And as long as the little fish had the same vote of the big fish and that they numbered ten to one, he failed to see that Mr. Vooris or anyone else was in danger of being eaten up.

There had been many idle rumors circulated by parties interested in the defeat of the enterprise by poisoning the minds of farmers and creating apprehension and distrust in the hope of ultimately defeating the enterprise by such underground work. They would influence some, but we would build the mill. No enterprise worth anything ever attained success unless it encountered difficulties and trials.      Determination and perseverance in a good cause will always overcome difficulties and succeed in the end. Every stockholder is morally bound to every other stockholder to do his duty to advance the interest of the enterprise and legally bound to perform his obligations instead of stopping to cavil about dividing the profits. We want to put our shoulders to the wheel and in our united strength push the work to a successful completion. In union there is strength. It is the purpose and intention of the board to build a mill that every stockholder will be proud to own and that will be a blessing to the country and that will mete out evenhanded justice to every stockholder whether he be a big or a little fish and deal fairly and justly with every man whether he be a stockholder or not. Let every man’s shoulder be to the wheel and before another twelve months roll round, you will be grinding your own wheat on your own mill, the best one that ever stood on Kansas soil.
The meeting then adjourned in high spirits of ultimate success.
Arkansas City Republican, August 29, 1885.
Director’s Meeting. The board of directors of the Farmers’ Co-operative Milling Exchange met in their rooms on Monday, and heard reports from the various committees.
It was decided on motion that the board does not need the services of Mr. Jones as superintendent of construction and that he be discontinued as such. The secretary was instructed to notify him to that effect.
On motion it was resolved that we will not consider any propositions to locate the mill at any point other than at Arkansas City, as provided in our charter.
The secretary’s bond was fixed at $5,000; and the treasurer’s bond at $10,000.
The committee on location was instructed to examine the several proposed locations and collect all the facts bearing on each, and to have everything ready as nearly as possible to close a contract at the next meeting of the board, or soon thereafter.
Owing to the failure of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railway to locate their track through the city, the board have not been able to determine the site of their mill; but it is hoped that the location of the road will be completed in a few days, and that there will be no further delay on that account. D. P. MARSHALL, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
D P Marshall et ux to C M Scott, lot 20, blk 28, A C, qc: $1
Arkansas City Republican, September 12, 1885.
D. P. Marshall is in Topeka this week serving as a petit juror.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
Delegates: Wm. Trimble, A. J. Kimmell, John Linton, P. A. Lorry.
Alternates: A. Hurst, D. P. Marshall, W. A. Clark, P. B. Anderson.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

GONE TO THE REUNION. A number of veterans, with the Border Brass band, and a good sprinkling of citizens, left the city on Monday to take part in the reunion of soldiers and sailors at Topeka. At Winfield the veterans were joined by comrades from that city, Dexter, Udall, and other neighboring towns, it being the endeavor to make up an aggregate of 100, which number would entitle the party to the free transportation of a band of 21 pieces. As all the tickets are required by the railroad company to be sold at one place, the G. A. R. boys and their wives bought tickets to Winfield merely, and on arriving there they would procure transportation through. The following are the names of the band who joined the excursion, and the Arkansas City post members and their wives.
BAND. E. J. Hoyt, leader; J. W. Kitchen, E flat cornet; H. Godehard, B flat clarionet; Chas. Grimes, 2nd B flat cornet; O. S. Finke, solo alto; Jack Thornton, 1st alto; Al Smith, 1st tenor; Eric Nordan, 2nd tenor; Frank Speers, baritone; E. O. Stevenson, tuba; Horace McConn, base drum.
G. A. R. VETERANS. G. W. Miller, P. A. Lorry, A. A. Davis and wife, John Cooke, Jacob Dunkle, J. B. Nelson, P. B. Marshall and wife, G. C. Brewer, W. S. Voris and wife, James Hedley, Henry Hughes, Joseph Post, Adam Neuman, D. P. Marshall and wife, Amos Walton. A. Jeanneret, the watchmaker, a soldier of the Franco-Prussian war, was also taken in.
The festive party went off in high spirits, and there is no doubt they will have a happy time.
Arkansas City Republican, October 3, 1885.
D. P. Marshall has investigated the mysteries of the reunion at Topeka this week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
David P Marshall et ux to Charles Galloway, lot 14, blk 4, A. C., q-c: $22.00
Arkansas City Traveler, October 28, 1885.
The Winfield Women’s Relief Corps Have a Pleasant Time in this City.
The ladies composing the Women’s Relief Corps of this city having spent a day with their sister corps in Winfield some weeks ago, and being royally entertained, have since been desirous to dispense similar hospitality; and on Saturday they had the pleasure of entertaining a score of their sister members, who on invitation came to spend the day with them. The little company arrived here shortly after noon, and were received in the G. A. R. Post room by a strong representation of the home corps, Mrs. President Ashman presiding. A welcoming address was made, which was followed by introductions around. The Winfield ladies had come to enjoy themselves, and their hosts were solely intent on contributing to their enjoyment, hence all formality was dispensed with, and cordiality prevailed. Nearly an hour was spent in informal talk, and mutual inquiries in regard to sundry business details, when a messenger from the Leland Hotel announced that dinner was ready, and the Arkansas City ladies and their visitors sat down to a bounteous repast. Mine host Perry, is an old soldier himself, and his patriotic impulses were aroused to treat this interesting party to his best.
After discussing the meal with keen enjoyment, the ladies returned to their post room, where initiations and other secret business took up their time, until 4 o’clock, when they opened their doors to receive a delegation from the Arkansas City post of veterans. The visiting brethren consisted of Senior Vice Commander P. A. Lorry, Quartermaster G. W. Miller, and Comrades M. N. Sinnott, D. P. Marshall, J. D. Guthrie, and F. Lockley. Comrade Conrad, of Winfield, also joined the delegation. . . .

Winfield visitors: Mrs. E. B. Dalton, secretary; Mrs. F. M. Pickens, treasurer; Mrs. J. H. Finch, chaplain; Mesdames W. B. Caton, Dr. Elder, L. Cure, F. Finch, C. Trump, A. H. Limerick, W. R. McDonald, J. Carmine, W. W. Tanner, L. Conrad, A. McClellan, J. A. Cooper, D. C. Beach, J. W. Holaday, J. G. McGregor, C. L. McRoberts, P. P. Powell.
Winfield was not chary of its sweetness in sending the score of patriotic ladies to visit this city. They weighed on the road hither, and pulled down 3,000 pounds with a thump—an average of 150 pounds for each fair one.
Comrade Lorry brought down the laugh on himself. In offering an excuse when called upon for a talk, he said he had been troubled with rheumatism for twenty years and that was one of his bad days. The affection occupied his entire mind, he said. Someone present suggested that if it took no hold of his body, he was not the worst off in the crowd.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 18, 1885.
We learn from D. P. Marshall, secretary of the Farmers’ Co-operative Milling Exchange, that a site has been purchased for the erection of their mill, and assessments will be collected to go to work this fall. The spot selected is west of Speers’ mill, and the mill, when completed, will be connected with the K. C. & S. W. Railroad by a branch. The purchase of the ground we are informed has been delayed until the railroad depot was located, as facility of transportation was a main consideration. This enterprise has long been talked of, but it seems now in a fair way to crystallize, and we hope to see it carried through successfully.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 18, 1885.
Lot Owners on Thirteenth Street Petition For Themselves [?]
The city council held a field day on Monday, their chamber being crowded with eager listeners before the hour for the regular address of that body had arrived. [STRING OF WORDS BLANKED OUT...VERY LIGHT PRINTING...VERY HARD TO READ] At 7 o’clock the roll was called by the clerk, the mayor and all the council being present to answer to their names. The first business introduced was a petition from the lot owners on Thirteenth Street, which sets forth as follows.
Memorial to the Mayor and City Council of Arkansas City, Kansas.
The undersigned, inhabitants of Arkansas City, and resident property owners on Thirteenth Street, having heard that your honorable body has under consideration a municipal franchise, granting the right of way to the Kansas City and Southwestern Railroad Company, along the street, above named, beg to protest against the passage and publication of the same, because of the serious injury it will work to the property abutting on that street. A railroad track passing within a few feet of a dwelling house renders it unfit for occupation by a family, and those of your petitioners who have families will be compelled to abandon their homes, and the property will be unsuitable to rent to others.

In conforming with the established grade, heavy cuts will have to be made; in front of W. P. Wolfe’s house there will be an excavation of [?] feet, and Mr. Alex. Wilson’s house will be isolated by a cutting 8 feet deep. Your honorable body can understand how seriously detrimental this will be for the homes and possessions of your petitioners, and for this reason they respectfully protest against the publication and enforcement of Ordinance No. 25.
W. P. Wolfe, D. R. Cooper, Daniel J. Kennedy, Charlotte Faberiz, Thomas Croft, A. H. Johnson, Eli Warren, Thomas Watts, J. F. Henderson, I. H. Bonsall, Isaac Eldridge, C. F. Snyder, Alex Wilson, G. W. Herbert, Geo. W. Whit, Edward Nail, C. Cooper, J. B. Crew, J. Logan, H. G. Bailey, J. T. Shepard, John Hand, Geo. W. Beane, D. P. Marshall and Others.
November 15th, 1885.
Mr. Bailey called upon Mr. Hill to explain how the petitioners were to be indemnified for the damage they were likely to sustain.
Mr. Hill said the present was an inexpedient time to determine the amount of damage that would be inflicted on the petitioners by the building of a railroad along their street. After the cutting and filling were done, the company would grade the street, on a gradient of one foot in 15, and the cross streets would be drained and leveled up to the rail. When this work was done, the appraisers would be able more accurately to assess damages. At the present time it was impossible to tell what would be the actual detriment to the street. At the proper time every lot owner will have a hearing and as the railroad company has covenanted and agreed to keep the city harmless, what damages are allowed must come from the funds of the company.
Judge Sumner, in behalf of the petitioners, said beside the actual damages to the street, there were the noise of the whistles, the smoke of the engines, and the continual danger to the lives of citizens. The track running along the center of the street was a hindrance to vehicles, wagons could not turn in front of a man’s door. The law provides in such cases that a railroad company shall appoint a commission to estimate the amount of damage done, and the benefits resulting are also to be taken into account. The balance is struck, and the award of damages made on that calculation. The speaker could not see the force of Mr. Hill’s argument. Before a road could be built, a profile must be made, and upon this the appraisers could estimate damages.
The petitioners appealed to the council to arrest the work now and see that they are properly indemnified for the damage done to their property. The city generally may be greatly benefitted by this road, but the residents on Thirteenth Street will be seriously injured. The spokesman for the petitioners, Judge Sumner, asked the council not to grant a franchise to this company, not to allow them to occupy this street, until the petitioners are secured against loss. What bond—what security do you hold that this party will pay when called upon? The recourse of these people is to the city, and if the city is not reimbursed by the railway company, then the loss falls upon taxpayers. An arrangement of the matter now would be likely to prevent costly and vexatious litigation. The only way the city can grant a franchise is by ordinance, duly signed and published. Ordinance No. 25 is not yet signed by the mayor, it has not acquired vitality. Judge Sumner recommended that the steps necessary to make it valid be not taken until the claims of these petitioners are adequately provided for.

Mr. Hill, in reply to this argument, said there was not a man in the directory of the railway company but was willing to satisfy every just claim for damage. But he begged his fellow councilmen and those citizens present in the chamber to have regard to what they were doing. “The bringing of the Kansas City & Southwestern railroad to this city was the result of two or three years of anxious labor. It is now at our doors, and we all believed we had acquired a good thing. Is this the time to interpose difficulties and stir up a hostile feeling? What time is there for delay? The company is required to have its road laid, its depot built, and trains running into the city within two weeks, or it forfeits its rights. Are the people of Arkansas City willing to see this useful enterprise thus foiled? It should be in the memory of all that during the last two or three weeks a complication arose which threatened the diversion of the road from our city boundaries, and it requires but a slight display of antagonism to resuscitate this same scheme. Winfield is watching the building of this road into our city with jealous eyes and not one of its population but would jump with delight if a state of things could be brought about whereby this city should be deprived of direct connection by means of this road.”
“You may take a prosperous and progressive city,” said the councilman, “that has been a century in attaining its proper growth. It represents the accumulated labors, and enterprise, and hopeful ambitions of three generations of men. Yet one man with so trifling an implement as a lucifer match can set fire to it, and in a few hours wipe out of existence the labor and the achievement of a hundred years.”
Mr. Hill continued, “The gentleman, Judge Somer (the councilman persisted in calling the attorney by that name) is employed by his clients to speak in their behalf as he has done.” Mr. Hill had no fault to find with that. “He is a lawyer, and it is his business to argue on either side. But the question is what weight shall this body attach to his sayings. The gentleman has no real property in this city, he is not bound to its destiny as some of us are. Citizens who are most deeply identified with this community have shown the most interest in getting this road, and surely their judgment is entitled to greater weight.”
Mr. Hill closed an able and impressive speech by saying, “The damage which is so magnified in our ears is largely imaginary. There will be ample room for vehicles to turn in front of every door, and there will be a continuous crossing.” Mr. Hill mentioned a number of cities in New York and other eastern states where a railroad track traverses the principal streets, yet business is not injured thereby, property is not depreciated.
Judge Sumner replied at some length.
The mayor explained why ordinance No. 25 was not now operative. He would take the blame upon himself for the delay. Movements were in progress at the time when the council re-adopted the ordinance which had a sinister aspect, and he thought it well to hold the advantage he had in his hands. The belief was fixed deeply in his mind that no grip could be too strong when one is grappling with a railroad company. But his apprehensions were now removed, and he was ready to approve the ordinance, provided the council at its present session should not revoke it.

The question was debated at some length by the council, and Alexander Wilson was heard on behalf of the petitioners. He said he and his fellow property owners had no objection to the road being built, if proper compensation was guaranteed. But they wanted a guaranty. With many others he had had personal experience with railroad companies and he knew whenever they got the upper hand, they held on to it with a tenacious grip. It was a folly for anybody to tell them their property would not be injured. The street was already damaged, and when the track was laid, the injury would be permanent.
The mayor asked the council what it would do with the memorial. On motion it was placed on file.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, December 5, 1885.
The Farmers’ Milling Exchange will commence work next week. Men have commenced to quarry the stone for the building, we are told by D. P. Marshall. In order that everything may move along smoothly, it is quite necessary that the stockholders should be prepared to meet all assessments levied.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, December 19, 1885.
D. P. Marshall came into our office yesterday morning and reported seeing for the first time in this section the occurrence of a mirage. Mr. Marshall resides on a farm in West Bolton Township. Several miles to the northwest of his home lies the town of Geuda, down in a valley. While standing in his doorway yesterday morning and looking in the direction of Geuda, he was astonished very much by beholding the entire town of Geuda Springs and Salt City. He could not believe his eyes at first, so he called his wife, who saw and proclaimed the same as he. He says the outline of the town, buildings, etc., was plainly visible.
Arkansas City Republican, March 13, 1886.
A Winfield man and responsible citizen, who is posted in the present railroad move at that place, informed D. P. Marshall that Winfield people do not expect to get the Independence & Southwestern railroad, for which they are working up bonds. He says their object is to prevent Arkansas City from getting the road for which they are working now or any other road. He calls the whole Winfield move a swindle.
D. P. Marshall and five others meet in Arkansas City. All came from Armstrong County, Pennsylvania...
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, May 22, 1886. From Friday’s Daily.
Yesterday there met upon the streets of Arkansas City, six persons, each of whom were born and raised until maturity in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, and then all removed to this vicinity except one. The group was composed of J. L. Armstrong, J. S. Craft, J. B. Guyer, D. P. Marshall, A. G. Keller, and C. W. Ellenbarger, who is visiting his friends here. Some lively and interesting talk was indulged in by the crowd. It is seldom so many persons meet upon a street so far away from their nativity.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, June 5, 1886. From Friday’s Daily.
Mrs. D. P. Marshall, of Bolton Township, has been quite ill for a few days, but is convalescing again.
Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1886.
Miss Blanche Marshall, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. P. Marshall, who has been two years from home, engaged as telegraph operator for the K. P. Railroad at Carson City, is at home on a visit to her parents. Mr. Thomas, brother of Mr. Marshall, from Gove County, Kansas, is also paying a visit to his relatives.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, October 9, 1886. From Tuesday’s Daily.

A Very Harmonious One. Hon. L. P. King Re-nominated Unanimously.
Yesterday afternoon the Republican Representative convention of the 60th district was held. Major L. E. Woodin called the delegates to order at 2 o’clock in Highland Opera House and on motion S. G. Castor, of Liberty Township, was made chairman of the convention and R. C. Howard of this city, secretary.
On motion the chair appointed five persons each on three committees as follows.
Credentials: M. H. Markcum, J. R. Sumpter, T. Fairclo, A. H. Miller, M. S. Truxal.
Permanent organization: M. S. Teter, U. Spray, J. W. Jones, N. Parisho, S. Johnson.
Resolutions: C. T. Atkinson, D. P. Marshall, A. E. Kirkpatrick, Jas. Gilkey, C. Roseberry.
The convention then adjourned for 20 minutes to allow the committees time to prepare their reports.
At the expiration of the allotted time, the convention was again called to order and the committees reported.
The committee on credentials reported the delegates elected in the respective townships, entitled to seats in convention. The first set of delegates elected in Creswell were recognized.
The committee on permanent organization reported that the temporary organization be made the permanent organization.
The committee on resolutions reported as follows.
Resolved, First, that we re-affirm our allegiance to the principles of the Republican party, as set forth by its honored statesmen, Lincoln, Grant, and Garfield.
Second, That we heartily censure the Democratic administration.
Resolved, That we are in favor of such legislation as will open to permanent settlement of the public lands within the Indian Territory.
Resolved, That we are in favor of, and demand, such legislation by our legislature that will equalize tariff on railroad freights. Also, that no county shall have the right to vote aid to more than two railroads, and no township to more than one.
Resolved, That we are in favor of such legislation as will forever close the liquor traffic, and
Resolved, That such business houses as are in the habit of selling intoxicants to one and all, should be closed up immediately.
Resolved, That for its partisanship in displacing Union with Confederate soldiers, and especially the action of the President in vetoing the pension claims of worthy Union veterans.
Resolved, That last we pledge our undivided support to the nominees of this convention.
The above reports were unanimously adopted followed by the nomination of candidates.
Chas. Roseberry, of Beaver, in a neat speech, placed the name of Hon. L. P. King before the convention and was loudly applauded.
C. T. Atkinson followed in an eloquent but short speech, placing the name of Rev. J. O. Campbell before the convention.

No other nominations being made, the convention proceeded to ballot. The first balloting resulted in Mr. King receiving 32 votes and Rev. Campbell 23. On motion Mr. King was made the unanimous choice of the convention. Mr. King was called for and greatly surprised his hearers in the neat speech of acceptance he made. He was lustily applauded. At the close of his remarks, Mr. Roseberry, of Beaver, introduced the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted.
WHEREAS, The Hon. L. P. King has shown himself an honest, capable legislator and eminently loyal to the best interests of his constituents, and
WHEREAS, We, the Republicans of the 60th District, State of Kansas, in convention assembled, deem it wise and prudent that he should be returned for the ensuing session of the State Legislature.
Therefore, be it resolved: That Hon. L. P. King be, and is hereby nominated for re-election by acclamation.
The following district committee was elected.
Bolton: D. P. Marshall.
Liberty: Jos. McCloy.
Arkansas City, 1st ward: G. L. Sudborough.
Arkansas City, 2nd ward: W. E. Moore.
Arkansas City, 3rd ward: A. Bates.
Arkansas City, 4th ward: C. T. Atkinson.
Cedar: J. J. Smith.
Grant: J. B. Callison.
Silverdale: Jeff Darnell.
Pleasant Valley: Z. B. Meyers.
Beaver: M. S. Teter.
Spring Creek: Dr. Cooper.
Creswell: A. H. Abrams.
On motion the convention adjourned, the district committee remaining and electing a chairman and a secretary. C. T. Atkinson was made former and Geo. Sudborough the latter.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, October 16, 1886. From Saturday’s Daily.
I. D. Doverspike and wife, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, are visiting friends in the city. He is a friend of D. P. Marshall.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, November 27, 1886. From Wednesday’s Daily.
G. B. Boreland and Wm. Burns are visiting friends in Bolton Township. They are from Pennsylvania and are the guests of D. P. Marshall.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, January 1, 1887. From Friday’s Daily.
The annual congregational meeting of the Presbyterian Society occurred last evening at the church. There was a good attendance and the utmost harmony prevailed. D. P. Marshall was re-elected elder; Mr. Martin was elected elder to fill the vacancy caused by the death of J. C. Duncan; G. MaGill, Gee Coonrod, and I. French were elected deacons. J. C. Topliff and J. W. Hutchison, were re-elected deacons. Mrs. Morse was continued as organist, and Mrs. E. D. Eddy was continued as chorister. The church has no indebtedness.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, January 22, 1887. From Saturday’s Daily.

D. P. Marshall, formerly a citizen of this township, celebrated as a Republican, but now of Arkansas City, Kansas, is visiting friends in this place. Porter is larger than ever, and the only trouble is for him to divide himself into so many parts that each friend may have a portion of his time. His wife accompanies him. Dayton, (Pennsylvania) News.
[The above item was the last one found on David Porter Marshall. MAW]


Cowley County Historical Society Museum