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Mansfield Family

                                                   Dr. William Q. Mansfield.

The Kansas State census of 1875 lists W. Q. Mansfield, age 55; Wife Hattie P., age 48; Harold, age 18; and Richilieu, age 11.
The March 15, 1871, Censor mentions Dr. Mansfield.
William Q. Mansfield, M. D., of Winfield, Kans., was born in England in 1818, where he was educated as an apothecary and druggist.
In the year 1851 he emigrated to America and located in Buffalo, N. Y. Here he attended three courses of lectures and graduated in 1857. For several years previous to this he had practiced medicine to a considerable extent and with fair measure of success.
Homeopathy he had always considered as one of the greatest delusions of the age. However, his prejudices were removed by a circumstance which happened soon after he graduated and in connection with his practice, which served to convince him that the delusion existed in a very different quarter from that which he had been taught to believe. He could not give much attention to the matter at this time, as the war broke out, and he immediately decided to participate.
Submitting to an examination before the medical board organized by the surgeon general at Albany, he received a certif­icate as full surgeon.
Not waiting to employ means to secure a commission, he enlisted as a private in the 92nd Regiment New York Volunteers, then organizing at Potsdam, New York. A few weeks later he was elected captain of the company of which he was a member, but was induced by the earnest solicitation of Col. Sanford, commanding, to accept the position of assistant surgeon.
On account of the age and infirmity of the chief surgeon, Dr. Mansfield was the only medical officer with the regiment during the first year of its service in the field. Having served with the regi­ment to the end of its term. in 1864, he was promoted to chief surgeon and assigned to the 118th Regiment, New York Volunteers.
This was followed by the appoint­ment to brigade sur­geon, which was con­ferred upon him while serving in the trenches before Petersburg. In this capacity he remained, until the organization of the Army of the James, when he was detailed as the surgeon in charge at the celebrated Dutch Gap. On the memorable 3rd of April, 1865, his regiment was among the first troops entering Richmond.
At the close of the war Dr. Mansfield resumed the practice of medicine, but not the old system. Locating in Richmond, he became, unintentionally, identified with the moving incidents of that time. He was elected delegate to the Philadel­phia convention of 1886. He was also appointed by the commanding officer of the district, General Scholfield, as collector of taxes and registering officer of the city of Richmond, and at the first United States District court held in that city after the war by Judge Underwood, Dr. Mansfield was on the first grand jury ever organized in the United States, composed of both white and colored men.
He was subsequently nominated for senator on the Republican ticket, but was defeated by a small majority. This closed the political career of the Doctor, who, to free himself from poli­tics entirely, and from politicians, emigrated West in the fall of 1869.

He located at Emporia, Kansas. Here he published a small work entitled, “Homeopathy, its History and Tendency.” This was designed to explain the law of simillia and draw public attention to the subject. The year following (1870) Dr. Mansfield moved to Winfield, Kansas, situated near the Walnut river, and within a few miles of the Indian Territory. He engaged in a flourishing and lucrative practice, which brought him in contact with a large portion of the community, with whom he was popular, and among whom he made many warm friends.
W. O. Mansfield died of apoplexy at his resi­dence in Winfield on Friday, August 15, 1878, at 6 o’clock p.m. He had been apparently well and in usual health until a quarter past 1 o’clock p.m. of that day, when he was sitting with his family at the dinner table and Mrs. Mansfield, noticing that something ailed him, immediately sprang to his support. He was unconscious and apparently painless from that moment until his death.
The funeral took place on Sunday, August 11th, at 10 o’clock a.m., amid a large concourse of friends and citizens who assembled at his residence.
His had been a life of singu­lar purity and moral worth. He had no faults, no bad habits, was the very soul of honor, just to all and generous to those in need. In his simple unpreten­tious way he has been to many an “angel of mercy.”
He was a staunch friend of the poor and the oppressed, believed in education and culture as the great social safeguard to society, read much and thought deeply, and had spent much time and thought in relation to a free library for Winfield. He had accumulated a large private library which he intended to donate as a nucleus of a public library.
He had other schemes to advance the cause of morality and education in our midst, in which he endeavored to interest his friends, in his quiet way without display. He was one of Nature’s nobleman, a large-hearted lover of his race.
      He had thought much in relation to scientific subjects and of man’s relation to nature. He had formulated very beautiful theories in relation to spiritual existence beyond this life, which, though we do not accept, we know influenced his life for good and believe would make the world much better than it now is if more widely adopted. He did not obtrude his views upon others, but held the views of others in respect.
Dr. Mansfield had one son, J. W. Mansfield, who married, and had a daughter, Ethel. After the death, May of 1889, of Mrs. J. W. Mansfield, the family moved to High­land Lake, Colora­do. Ethel Mansfield died in Colorado and was buried in Riverview cemetery in Winfield Novem­ber 24, 1899.
Emporia News, October 15, 1869.
We call the attention of our readers to the card of Dr. Mansfield, who comes among us an entire stranger. The Dr. is an old school physician by education, but like thousands of others has examined and embraced the doctrines and practice of the new. He is directly from the city of Richmond, Virginia, where he has been practicing his profession since the end of the late war. During the war the Dr. was a regularly commissioned Surgeon of the Union Army, and served in that capacity with the 92nd and 118th New York State Regiments, from the beginning to the end of the rebellion. He is a Licentiate of Apothecaries Hall, London, England, graduate of the University of Buffalo, State of New York, and member of the American Institute of Homoeopathy.

Offers his professional services to the citizens of Emporia in all the branches of medical practice. OFFICE—Front room, over Emporia Bank.
Can be found any hour of the night at the Madison House, Room 9.
Emporia News, March 4, 1870.
                                                    THE BREATH OF LIFE.
The above is the title to a pamphlet just issued from this office and prepared by Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, of Emporia. Its object is to throw light upon that department of medicine known as Homoeopathy. . . .
                       Father of Mrs. W. Q. Mansfield Dies at Bristol, New York.
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1873.
                                                     A Soldier of 1812 Gone.
From the Syracuse (New York) Standard, we learn that Mr. John Crocker, the father of Mrs. W. Q. Mansfield, died on the 29th ult., at Bristol, New York. He was an old man and his vigorous days were spent in our nation’s morn. He was born in 1789. In 1807 he drove a team, carrying merchandise from Albany to the then “far west,” in Genessee Valley and the Holland Purchase. Canals and railroads were not then dreamed of. In 1807 he first visited Syracuse with a large potash kettle to exchange for salt, and after transporting the salt to Augusta, he sold it for five dollars per barrel. When war was declared in 1812, he volun­teered in a rifle company and marched to Sackets Harbor, and peformed military duty there at Ogdensburg. He was engaged on board the schooner Julia in the engagement with the British vessels Earl Morta and Duke of Gloucester. In 1812, he married Miss Typhena Butler, of Paris, Oneida county, who bore him eight children, four of whom are still living. In 1831, deceased went to Albany and became a contractor on the Mohawk and Hudson railroad, and with his men laid the first rail that was ever laid in the state of New York, in June, 1831. He remained there until the road was completed in 1833, and was afterwards engaged under Governor Bouck as a contractor on important portions of the Chenango canal. He died universally esteemed. Mrs. Mansfield has the sympathy of many friends in this affliction.
Cowley County Censor, June 1, 1871.
DR. W. Q. MANSFIELD, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. DEALER IN Drugs and Medicines, Perfumery, Books, Stationery, Musical Merchandise, Rubber Goods, Toilet and Fancy Articles, etc. Office at the “Winfield Drug Store.”
      Winfield Messenger, June 29, 1872.
                                         AN OCTOGENARIAN’S BIRTHDAY.

We have had the pleasure of reading a very interesting notice of a birthday party of Mrs. Mansfield’s father, Mr. John Crocker, of Syracuse, New York, who is eighty-three years of age, and in good health. He is a veteran of the war of 1812, and several of his old comrades were present on the occasion. What changes and what marvelous prog­ress has he seen during all these years. Not a railroad, canal, steamboat or telegraph was brought to any perfection, and little known in the early part of his life. Mr. Crocker and his men laid the first rail ever laid in the state of New York, in June, 1831. This was the Mohawk & Hudson River Railroad, and for many years the only road in the State. He had charge of important works in constructing the Chenango canal, and remained in busi­ness for the State several years following. The daughter with whom he lives is evidently desirous to cheer his declining years, and as a token of her faithfulness, she has sumptuously enter­tained a large company for his pleasure. The united age of twelve persons who sat at the first table was 921 years.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1873.
We notice from our Washington exchanges the appointment of the following persons to first class clerkships under the Government.
In the Second Auditor’s Office: James W. Brady, John H. B. Beck, and Edward W. Newman, Md., True L. Norris, Mass., Prof. George B. Vashon, D. C. Captain R. E. Mansfield, of Rich­mond, Virginia, has been promoted from clerk to head clerk of the Washington and Weldon railway post-office, he having passed one of the best examinations, under the civil service rules, on record in the Post Office Department.
Capt. R. E. Mansfield is a son of our fellow citizen, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, and by the compliment paid him in the above notice it is to be inferred that he is a collegiate scholar and a worthy government official.
Courier, December 26, 1873.
The agony of the individual who has become worried about the money raised two years ago for a school bell will now be over, since its deep tones are heard from the belfry of the Courthouse, where it will remain until a suitable place is prepared on the school house. For further particulars, inquire of the school directors. S/ MRS. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, January 16, 1874.
At a meeting of medical men held at the office of Dr. Egbert, Winfield, on Tuesday, January 8th, 1874, it was unani­mously resolved to organize a County Medical Society, and the following temporary organization was effected to carry out the necessary arrangements: Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, President; Dr. D. N. Egbert, Secretary; Dr. T. G. Peyton, Treasurer.
                                                 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Dr. Nathan Hughes, of Arkansas City, and Drs. D. C. Cram and W. A. Andrews, of Winfield.
It was resolved that the society meet at 2 p.m. on the 2nd Wednesday in February, at Dr. Egbert’s office, to form a perma­nent organization. Also resolved that the members of the medical fraternity of the county be respectfully invited to be present.
                                            Dr. W. Q. MANSFIELD, President.
D. N. EGBERT, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, January 30, 1874.
                                                    County Medical Society.
At a meeting of medical men held at the office of Dr. Egbert, Winfield, on Tuesday, January 8th, 1874, it was unani­mously resolved to organize a County Medical Society, and the following temporary organization was effected to carry out the necessary arrangements: Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, President; Dr. D. N. Egbert, Secretary; Dr. T. G. Peyton, Treasurer. Dr. Nathan Hughes, of Arkansas City, and Dr.’s D. C. Cram, and W. A. Andrews, of Winfield Executive Committee.

It was resolved that the society meet at 2 p.m. on the 2nd Wednesday in February, at Dr. Egbert’s office, to form a perma­nent organization. Also resolved that the members of the medical fraternity of the county be respectfully invited to be present.
                                            DR. W. Q. MANSFIELD, President.
DR. D. N. EGBERT, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, February 6, 1874.
At a meeting of medical men held at the office of Dr. Egbert, Winfield, on Tuesday, January 8th, 1874, it was unani­mously resolved to organize a County Medical Society, and the following temporary organization was effected to carry out the necessary arrangements: Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, President; Dr. D. N. Egbert, Secretary; Dr. T. G. Peyton, Treasurer. Dr. Nathan Hughes, of Arkansas City, and Dr.’s D. C. Cram and W. A. Andrews, of Winfield, Executive Committee.
It was resolved that the society meet at 2 p.m. on the 2nd Wednesday in February, at Dr. Egbert’s office, to form a perma­nent organization. Also resolved that the members of the medical fraternity of the county be respectfully invited to be present.
                                            DR. W. Q. MANSFIELD, President.
DR. D. N. EGBERT, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, February 20, 1874.
The Cowley County Medical Society met at the City Council Room in Winfield on Wednesday, Feb. 12th, 1874, according to adjournment. Present: Drs. Mansfield, Wagner, Cram, Andrews, Black, Graham, and Peyton. Dr. Mansfield presiding. The Secre­tary being absent, Dr. Peyton was appointed to fill the vacancy, pro tem.
The minutes of the previous meeting were then read and ap­proved, after which Dr. Wagner moved for a permanent and immedi­ate organization, to be termed “The Cowley County Medical Soci­ety.” Motion carried.
Society then proceeded to the elec­tion of officers, which resulted as follows: Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, President; Dr. Wagner, Vice President; Dr. D. N. Egbert, Secre­tary; Dr. T. G. Peyton, Assistant Secretary; Dr. W. G. Graham, Treasurer. Upon motion, Dr. Hughes of Arkansas City and Drs. Cram, Andrews, Black, and Mansfield, of Winfield, were elected Censors for the society for one year. President Mansfield then appointed Drs. Wagner, Graham, and Peyton as the committee to draft a Constitution and By-laws to be acted upon at the next meeting of the society. By vote of the society, the Secretary was instructed to furnish each of the County papers with a copy of the minutes of this meeting.
There being no further business to transact, the society adjourned to meet at this place in two weeks (Wednesday, Feb. 25th, 1874) at 2 o’clock p.m. All physicians are requested to be present. T. G. PEYTON, Assistant Secretary.
Winfield Courier, April 17, 1874.
The editor-in-chief of this paper made the best race for councilman that was made at the late city election. He beat Dr. Mansfield, S. H. Myton, James Kirk, Jones, Williams, Gray, Austin, Jack-of-clubs, and Tom Wright’s dog.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.

Capt. Cook, of Virginia, was in the city the fore part of the week visiting Dr. Mansfield, and looking at the country.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
Citizens met Monday evening, June 15th, at Curns & Manser’s office, pursuant to adjournment.
Finance committee reported that the committee had received subscriptions to the amount of $180.50.
Committee on invitations reported that they have extended invitations to the several granges of the county and to the soldier’s society, and that the latter had accepted the invitation.
Committee to procure speakers reported progress.
Same report from committees on grounds and music. Prof. Wilkinson, of the latter, requested to be excused from serving on the committee on account of a previous engagement, and was excused.
L. J. Webb, L. T. Michener, J. B. Fairbank, W. M. Allison, and J. E. Allen were appointed committee on Toasts.
G. S. Manser, C. M. Wood, and J. P. McMillen were appointed committee on programme.
Mayor Smith, Dr. Mansfield, and D. A. Millington were appointed reception committee.
T. K. Johnson, H. S. Silver, and W. W. Andrews were appoint­ed committee on fireworks.
On motion of H. B. Lacy, resolved that the ladies be invited to attend the next meeting.
Adjourned to meet Monday evening, June 22, at 8 o’clock p.m.
                                                   G. S. MANSER, Chairman.
L. J. Webb, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874. Front Page.
Note: Skipped details re exhibition September 1, 2, 3, 1874.
Officers of Cowley County Agricultural Society: A. T. Stewart, President; C. M. Wood, Vice President; J. D. Cochran, Treasurer; J. B. Fairbank, Secretary.
Directors: A. T. Stewart, W. Q. Mansfield, H. S. Silver, J. P. Short, F. W. Schwantes,
W. H. Grow, D. A. Millington, Amos Walton, W. K. Davis, C. M. Wood. J. D. Cochran, J. R. Smith, J. B. Fairbank.
Chief Marshal: H. S. Silver.
Chief of Police: R. L. Walker.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1874.
We, the undersigned citizens of Winfield, agree to attend a public meeting to be held in this city, to take into consider­ation the desirability of organizing a Literary and Scientific Association, having in view the establishment of a Library and Reading-Room, the employment of public lecturers, the encouragement of literature, and otherwise promoting moral and intellectual improvement. Said meeting to be held at the Court­house, at 7 o’clock p.m., on Tuesday, September 22, 1874.

(Signed) D. A. Millington, W. Q. Mansfield, E. S. Torrance, V. B. Beckett, M. L. Robinson, John E. Allen, James E. Platter, E. C. Manning, T. H. Johnson, A. H. Green, Wm. Bartlow, A. H. Hane, J. B. Fairbanks, J. W. Curns, G. S. Manser, and M. L. Read.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874.
       Proceedings of the Meeting of the Winfield Literary and Scientific Association.
A meeting of the citizens of Winfield was held at the Courthouse September 22, 1874, for the purpose of organizing a Literary Society.
W. Q. Mansfield, M. L. Robinson, J. C. Fuller, Rev. Mr. Platter, Rev. Mr. Rigby, W. W. Walton, and E. B. Kager were appointed a committee to prepare a plan of organization to present at a future meeting to be called by a committee.
We hope all the citizens will take an interest in this society for such an institution, well sustained, can be made a source of much pleasure during the winter, of great and lasting profit.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.
Quite a large number of friends gathered at Dr. Mansfield’s last Monday night to welcome Mrs. Mansfield home, after her long visit to the East.
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.
                                                          MORE RELIEF.
                                                      The Ladies Organize.
A large meeting of ladies was held at the residence of Mr. C. A. Bliss today to organize a society for the relief of the poor. Mrs. Huston presided and Mrs. Rigby acted as secretary. The society was permanently organized with Mrs. C. A. Bliss as President and Mrs. N. L. Rigby, Secretary. They called it the “Winfield Ladies Aid Society.”
The city was divided into four wards, thus, all the territo­ry lying east of Main street and south of 9th Avenue, to consti­tute the 1st ward; East of Main street and north of 9th Avenue, the 2nd; west of Main street and north of 9th Avenue, the 3rd; and the remainder, the 4th ward. Committees to solicit aid, and hunt up the needy, were appointed as follows: for the first ward, Mrs. Dever, Mrs. Ferguson, Mrs. Platter, and Mrs. Robinson. For the second: Mrs. McCleland, Mrs. McMasters, and Mrs. Magraw. For the third, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Kelly, and Mrs. Mullen. For the fourth, Mrs. Dr. Black, Mrs. Williams, and Mrs. Flint. The Society meets every Friday afternoon, at the house of Mr. Bliss.
Winfield Courier, December 17, 1874.
                                                     The Winfield Institute.
The members of the Winfield Institute met at the courthouse last Monday evening and elected a board of directors, consisting of W. Q. Mansfield, T. E. Johnston, D. A. Millington, Rev. J. E. Platter, J. C. Fuller, Rev. N. L. Rigby, J. B. Fairbank, Chas. C. Black, and E. B. Kager. According to arrangement they met last evening and elected from the number a president, secretary, and treasurer, to-wit: D. A. Millington, president; W. Q. Mansfield, secretary, and T. K. Johnston, treasurer.

Among the objects sought to be accomplished by this movement is the establishment of a public library and reading room, and it is the intention of the directors to make all necessary effort to insure success. To this end, therefore, donations of books are solicited from all who are friendly to the enterprise, and of those desirous of becoming members of the Institute. Books will be taken in payment of dues, if desired. Standard works in good condition, on history, theology, science, travel, fiction, and miscellaneous literature will constitute the library; and it is intended to furnish the reading room with a selection of the leading publications, periodicals, and magazines of the day.
Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.
                                                            A Free Supper.
The citizens of Winfield are invited to partake of a free supper given by the brethren, sisters, and friends of the Chris­tian church at their new meeting house Thursday evening, Dec. 31st, 1874.
Committee of Arrangements: Mr. and Mrs. J. Newman, Mr. and Mrs. W. Maris, Mr. and Mrs. Meanor, Mr. and Mrs. McClelland.
Committee on Tables: Mesdames South, McKaw, Miller, Wilkinson, Sr. Barnes, W. L. Mullen, C. A. Bliss, Cochran, and Mansfield.
Committee on Reception: Miss Jennie Hawkins, J. Lipscomb, Annie Newman, J. Cochran, Charlie McClellan.
Committee on Music: Misses Stewart, Bryant, Hawkins, Newman, Mrs. Swain, Mrs. W. Maris, Messrs. Swain, W. Maris, and Cochran.
                                       ELDER HENRY HAWKINS, Moderator.
Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.
                                                         Winfield Institute.
Dr. W. Q. Mansfield will lecture before this Institute at the courthouse on next Wednesday evening, Feb. 3rd, at 7 o’clock. Subject: Physiology.
Exercises will open and close with vocal and instrumental music.
As is well known the science of Physiology is a specialty with the Doctor, in which he is fully posted up in all the latest discoveries, and in which he has ideas. Therefore, this lecture cannot fail to be of great practical value to his hearers. All are invited to attend.
Tickets of admission for sale at the Post Office, and at Mansfield’s drug store.
Single tickets 15 cents, 2 for 25 cents, 10 for $1.00, admitting to any of the regular exercises of the Institute. D. A. MILLINGTON, Pres.
Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.
A report was given relative to pupils attending grammar and intermediate departments of Winfield schools by W. C. Robinson. “The efficiency of our schools is much hindered by tardiness and irregular attendance. Parents will oblige us by aiding in overcoming this difficulty.” Students in different departments were listed.
                                                  Intermediate Department.
Richie Mansfield
                                                     Grammar Department.
Harold Mansfield
Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.
In the trial of Dr. Mansfield, on Tuesday, for selling liquor without license, Judge Boyer ruled that it was no viola­tion of the ordinance for a druggist to deal out intoxicating beverage to a customer when the receptacle was a spirit lamp instead of the nasal bottle.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.
We did Dr. Mansfield injustice last week, in a short local, which was to the effect that the Dr. evaded the liquor license ordinance by selling alcohol in a spirit lamp, etc. The fact is that Dr. Mansfield sold liquor to one of our barbers in a lamp and was arrested therefor. Upon the trial, however, the city attorney dismissed the case, stating that he was well satisfied the Dr. had not violated the ordinance. We are always willing to make the amende honorable.
Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.
The lecture of Dr. Mansfield last Monday evening before the Winfield Institute was highly interesting but was not so well attended as it should have been.
Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.
                                                         Winfield Institute.
The fourth lecture of the winter course will be delivered at the courthouse on Monday evening next, March 1st, by Prof. E. P. Hickok. Subject: Ocean Currents. Tickets 15 cents, 2 for 25 cents, 10 for $1. W. Q. MANSFIELD, Sec.
Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.
Mrs. Dr. Mansfield has again gone to New York, called thither by the illness of her sister.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.
The Public Schools give an exhibition at the Courthouse Friday evening, the 12th of March, and the following is the programme.
Opening song: “Come join our Choral Number.”
Salutatory: Miss Ella Manly.
Song: Primary School.
Essay: “The American Indian”—Fred Hunt.
Violin Duet: Willie Leffingwell and Harold Mansfield.
Recitation: “Paul Revere’s Ride”—Miss Ella Freeland.
Song and Conversation: “The Bell kept Ringing for Sarah”—Miss Mattie Minnihan.
Dialogue: “How they kept a Secret.”—Misses Laura and Ida McMillen, Nellie Powers, Eugenie Holmes, Jennie Hane, Maggie Dever, Mary Cochran and Harold Mansfield. . . .
Other participants:
Mattie Minnihan, Inez Griswold, Harvey Thomas, Eugenie Holmes, Cora Andrews, Jessie Millington, Lillie Ford, Nettie Quarles, I. E. Johnson, Raleigh Millspaugh, and Frank Howland.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.
                                                Flower and Vegetable Plants.
I shall have for sale, at my garden, early in the planting season, Flower, Tomato, Sweet-potato, and Cabbage plants of the earliest and best varieties, having constructed a large hot bed for the purpose of raising them in quantities.
                                                       W. Q. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Cemetery Association on Wednesday, March 31, 1875, at W. H. H. Maris’ store. All persons owning a lot in the Winfield Cemetery are stockholders, and entitled to vote at the meeting. A full attendance is requested. The following is a list of the said stockholders.
                                            JOHN B. FAIRBANKS, Secretary.
John Lowrey, C. A. Bliss, Mrs. Clara Flint, Robert Hudson, W. L. Fortner, W. H. Dunn,           Mallard, Dr. D. N. Egbert, J. H. Land, W. M. Boyer, A. Menor, S. J. Swanson, Mrs. Eliza Davis, M. L. Read. S. C. Smith,           Kenton,           Marshall, Henry Martin,  W. H. H. Maris, Mrs. K. Maris, E. Maris, J. Newman, L. J. Webb, J. W. Smiley, George W. Brown, John Rhoads, H. H. Lacy, L. T. Michner, George Gray, N. H. Holmes, John Mentch, M. Steward, J. J. Barrett, J. W. Johnson, J. Evans,           Cutting, W. G. Graham, S. W. Greer, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, J. D. Cochran, C. C. Stephens, W. H. South, J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Joseph Foos, G. S. Manser, Mrs. Southworth, A. A. Jackson, J. F. Graham, Mrs. H. McMasters, S. H. Myton, S. H. Darrah, M. L. Robinson, D. H. Rodocker, R. H. Tucker, James Kelly, W. Dibble, D. F. Best, Z. T. Swigart, R. Rogers.
Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.
                                                         Winfield Institute.
The public is informed that an entertainment of unusual interest, for the benefit of the above Institute, will take place at the Courthouse on Friday evening, May 7th. The most notable feature of the exercises will consist of a Big Spelling Match—a mighty wrestle with Webster and Worcester, by volunteers of both sexes. This projected raid on the “unabridged” will be governed by rules similar to those adopted at all spelling matches now so popular throughout the country.
At a meeting of the directors of the Institute, held on Wednesday evening last, Prof. W. C. Robinson and Prof. A. B. Lemmon were appointed captains, Mr. J. B. Fairbank, pronouncer, Mr. E. S. Bedilion and Mr. B. F. Baldwin, referees.
In this war of words, Worcester’s comprehensive speller will be used. It is hoped that everyone friendly to the movement, regardless of age or sex, whether living in the city or out of it, will take a lively interest in this contemplated frolic with the vowels and consonants, and promptly enter the list in this intellectual and friendly contest. The exercises of the evening will be interspersed with vocal and instrumental music.
Tickets 15 cents, admitting two 25 cents, 10 for one dollar.
                                               W. Q. MANSFIELD, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.
Harold Mansfield, at the Post Office, has a very choice selection of stationery, newspapers, mottoes, etc.
Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.
                                                  Winfield Institute Library.

Members of the above Institute and the public are informed that the Library is now open to all readers who desire to avail themselves of its advantages. Terms and rules, relating to the loaning of books to members and others, may be had of the Secre­tary. The Library will be open every Wednesday from 2 to 5 p.m., and for the present, located at the law office of Mr. Millington, the President of the Institute, who will act as the Librarian.
                                                   W. Q. MANSFIELD, Sec.
Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.
Capt. R. E. Mansfield, head clerk of U. S. mail route from Louisville to Nashville, Tennessee, has been spending a week in our midst on a visit to his father, Dr. Mansfield, of our city. He is well pleased with our beautiful country. He returned to his home last Wednesday.
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.
                                       City Council Proceedings, July 19, 1875.
Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; N. M. Powers, M. G. Troup, and C. C. Black, Councilmen; B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.
The following bills were presented, referred to the finance Committee, and reported favorably on by them, and duly approved and ordered paid.
Bill of Z. T. Swigart, services as Marshal, 7 days, ending June 7th: $5.90.
Bill of E. R. Evans, services as Marshal, 23 days, ending July 1st: $19.10.
Bill of S. H. Myton, fixtures for public well: $2.70.
Bill of Ge. Gray; removing dead dogs: $1.00.
Bill of Bert Covert, boarding prisoners, referred to the finance committee at a previous meeting, reported favorably and ordered paid: $5.55.
Bills of W. M. Boyer, fees as Police Judge in two cases of City of Winfield vs. W. Q. Mansfield, and one City of Winfield vs. Seymour Tarrant, were referred to finance committee.
Bond of E. R. Evans, as Marshal of the City of Winfield, was duly approved by the Council.
On motion Council adjourned. B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.
Dr. Mansfield has the most beautiful flower garden in the city.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
                                                       Musical Association.
                                       TUESDAY EVENING, Sept. 14th, 1875.
Present: J. D. Pryor, Prof. Hoffman, Prof. Robinson, Prof. Lemmon, Frank Gallotti, John Roberts, Dr. Mansfield, and John Swain.
Moved and seconded that J. D. Pryor act as Chairman of the meeting, which was called for the purpose of forming a Musical Association. John Swain, Secretary.
Moved and seconded that we organize a Musical Association. Carried.
Moved and seconded that a committee of three be appointed to draw up constitution and by laws, and report at next meeting. Committee to consist of Dr. Mansfield, Frank Gallotti, and Prof. Hoffman.
Moved and seconded to adjourn, and to meet again at the Methodist Church next Saturday evening, and that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the city papers.

                                                        JOHN SWAIN, Sec.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
DIED. At the residence of Dr. Mansfield in this city, on Thursday, Sept. 9th, 1875, after a painful and protracted ill­ness, and in the 62nd year of her age, Mrs. E. P. Nellis, of Syracuse, New York.
The deceased was a sister of Mrs. Dr. Mansfield, who brought her to Winfield from New York, early last spring, in the hope that a change of air and circumstances would improve, if not restore her health. But a malignant disease, peculiar to the sex, defied alike, all measures and medicines, and with an unfaltering faith in the religion of her life, she departed for the brighter and better land. Hers was an active, useful, and beautiful life. She was a woman of untiring industry, boundless energy, and enterprise.
Her literary attainments were above mediocrity. She pos­sessed a sense of the beautiful in an unusual degree. As an artist in all kinds of fancy work for domestic ornamentation, she had few equals. Everything was done for the poor invalid, that warm hearts and loving hands could do. Constantly cared for by her sister, a kind and experienced nurse, and by the Doctor, himself a skillful physician, surrounded by everything that love could suggest, her last hours were made as comfortable as gener­ally falls to the lot of man when called upon to cross the dark river. She died trusting implicitly in the promise of Him who doeth all things well.
Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.
                                               Winfield Musical Association.
On last Saturday evening the proposed Winfield Musical Association met and received report of committee on constitution, which was adopted and the society fully organized.
Twenty names were enrolled for membership, after which the following officers were elected.
President: Dr. Mansfield.
Vice President: Prof. Lemmon.
Treasurer: Frank Gallotti.
Secretary: Prof. Robinson.
Chorister: Prof. Hoffman.
Executive Committee: J. D. Pryor, Dr. Houx, Amos Walton.
The Society adjourned to meet on next Saturday evening, at the Methodist Church, for the practice of music.
It is hoped that all interested in music will attend and support the society by becoming members. J. SWAIN, Secretary pro tem.
Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.
Mrs. Mansfield has returned from New York, where she has been to attend the last sad rites of her sister who died here recently.
Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.
                                                         Railroad Meeting.
Railroad meeting at the Courthouse Tuesday night, Oct. 26th, 1875.

Meeting called to order for the purpose of discussing the railroad question; organized by electing Dr. Mansfield chairman, and Amos Walton secretary. Col. Alexander stated the object of the meeting to be to work up correspondence with different parties on the railroad question.
Mayor Millington spoke at some length of the necessity of such an enterprise and that action should be taken immediately in order to cooperate with the counties north of us at once. On motion D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, M. L. Robinson, and J. C. Fuller were appointed as a committee to carry out the intention of said meeting. On motion, adjourned.
                                               W. Q. MANSFIELD, Chairman.
A. WALTON, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.
A diagram of reserved seats for tomorrow night’s concert can be found at Doctor Mansfield’s drug store. Buy your tickets now.
Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.
                                                             The Concert.
The concert given last Friday evening by the Winfield Musical Association for the benefit of their leader, Prof. Hoffman was a very creditable entertainment as well as a financial success. The Courthouse was crowded with a good humored audience. The performers did their “level best” to give satisfaction, and we believe they succeeded.
The choruses, songs, duets, and instrumental pieces were mostly from the best masters and well rendered. Several members of the association are very fine singers, but make no pretension to musical proficiency beyond what is met with in similar amateur organizations.
The initiatory performance of an “overture” by our Cornet Band was played by them in their usual clever manner. Prof. Hoffman’s execution of the “Victoria March” made other than English hearts beat with delight.
To little Ida McMillen much praise is due for her rendition of “Carnival of Vienna.” She performs sweetly on the piano. For the beautiful song, “No Tidings from over the Sea,” we have to thank Miss Maggie Dever. A severe cold prevented the usual wide range of voice peculiar to her. Miss Ella Manly sang with much taste, “O, dear, the men are so Stupid,” winning a rapturous encore from the elderly maids, men who have met their “fate,” and mother-in-law in prospectus.
The “Passaic Waltz,” a duet on the piano by Masters Richie and Harold Mansfield, was well done. For boys so young we think they perform excellently well.
OTHERS MENTIONED: T. J. Jones, Mr. Black, Gallotti, Dr. Mansfield, Mr. Swain,  Jeanne and Edwin Holloway, Misses Stewart and Bryant, Jennie Holloway.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.
See in another column Dr. Mansfield’s new “ad.” The Dr. is determined to keep goods on hand that will please his customers. Call and examine his “Holiday Books.”
AD: HEADQUARTERS FOR GENUINE DRUGS, CHEMICALS, MEDICINES, AND PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. ALSO, School Books, Geographies, Arithmetics, Grammars, Histories, Spellers, Readers, Pens, Inks, Slates, Pencils, Envelopes, Copy Books, Writing Papers, Standard Literary Works, Combs, Diaries, Trusses, Toilet Soaps, Fancy Goods, Playing Cards, Violin Strings, Brushes, Spectacles, Perfumery, Blank Books, Pocket Books, Shoulder Braces, Notions, etc.

                                            COMPLEXION PREPARATIONS.
Surgical instruments, Elegant Lamps, Wicks, Chimneys, Globes, Burners, and No. 1 Coal Oil,   IS AT DR. MANSFIELD’S
                                                       OLD ESTABLISHED
                                                       Drug and Book Store,
                                                         WINFIELD, KAS.
Winfield Courier, January 6, 1876.
July 6th, 1870, W. Q. Mansfield was appointed Deputy County Clerk; John Devore appointed J. P. Short Deputy Treasurer, and at the fall election Geo. B. Green was elected County Treasurer, but failed to give bond and qualify; consequently, John Devore held the office until July 2nd, 1872.
Oct. 8th, a call for a “People’s Convention” was issued, signed by W. Q. Mansfield, T. H. Johnson, T. A. Blanchard, James Renfro, James Land, D. A. Millington, Wm. Craig, F. A. Hunt, A. Menor, J. Mentch, T. B. Ross, and H. Wolf.
The Winfield Town Company was organized Jan. 13th, 1872, with E. C. Manning, president; W. W. Andrews, vice president; C. M. Wood, treasurer; W. G. Graham, secretary; E. C. Manning, J. H. Land, A. A. Jackson, W. G. Graham, and J. C. Monforte, directors, and the foregoing named persons with T. H. Baker, S. S. Prouty, Thos. Moonlight, and H. C. Loomis, corporators; and that the object of this corporation was “to lay out a town site on the rolling prairie east of the Walnut River and south of Dutch Creek, the same being in Cowley County and embracing the particular forty acres of land on which the residence of E. C. Manning is situated, with the privilege of increasing the area of the town site as soon as practicable.”
In the organization the question of name was discussed, and finally the Christian name of Winfield Scott was honored. He was at that time the minister in charge of the Baptist church in Leavenworth.
In the course of the next four months after the organiza­tion, Manning, with the aid of the town company, had surveyed 20 acres of “the particular 40 acres” of his claim into the six blocks along Main street from 5th to 9th streets, and had built the old log store, now occu-pied by the Post Office and COURIER office, and had moved his stock of goods into it. Dr. Mansfield opened a small drug store in one corner of the Log Store May 1st, and shortly after erected a small drug store where the present store stands.
Max Shoeb was the first blacksmith; Frank A. Hunt, the first hardware dealer; W. Q. Mansfield, the first physician; J. P. Short, the first hotel keeper; A. J. Thompson, the first feed store keeper; Manning the first merchant and P. M.; T. H. Johnson was the first lawyer; B. H. Dunlap, the first livery stable keeper; Judge T. B. Ross preached the first sermon; Rev. A. Tousey, the first resident preacher; Miss A. Marks, of Silver Creek, taught the first school; J. C. Fuller, the first banker; M. L. Palmer, the first tinner and schoolmaster; the first birth was Fred Manning; W. M. Boyer, the first news dealer and book store. C. A. Bliss & Co. bought out the small stock of Baker & Manning in September of 1870, and were the first regular mercan­tile firm in town and brought in a large stock of goods.

The present population of the city of Winfield is about 800 on an area of 200 acres. It has 221 buildings among which the most prominent are the Courthouse, built in 1873 at a cost of $12,000, of brick with a showy belfry and cupola, probably the best courthouse in Kansas, costing no more than it did. The residence of J. E. Platter ranks next in value but first in beauty, built in 1874 of brick, ornamented cut stone, costing $8,000. The banking house of M. L. Read is a fine brick struc­ture costing $6,000, and the hardware store of S. H. Myton is larger and equally imposing of brick, costing $6,000. The schoolhouse is a substantial stone structure costing $6,000. The residence of Dr. Mansfield, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, D. A. Millington, J. P. McMillen, W. G. Graham, W. W. Andrews, S. H. Myton, and many others are good substantial structures and ornaments to the city.
MANSFIELD, DR. W. Q., the oldest druggist and physician in the city, sold drugs to the aborigines; is one of Winfield’s best citizens and warmest friends. Nothing that will materially aid in the prosperity of the town or country escapes his notice. Long live the Doctor!
Next entry quite puzzling. Paper states “V. S. Mansfield.” This brings up the question: Was there another Mansfield family in Winfield? MAW 1/24/2000
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.
Showing the amount of monies collected by the City of Winfield from May 6th to December 31st, 1875, and the disbursement of the same by the city.
Received from liquor license $600.00; dog tax $24.00; fines $27.00; billiard license, $10.00; auctioneer license, $40.00; show license, $1.00; E. B. Kager, $348.00. Total receipts: $1,050.00.
Paid out on city warrants as follows:
Clerk of election $2.00; Printing $19.47; Recording deed $1.25; Building sidewalk $90.60; City Marshal $319.15; Removing nuisances from the city $5.20; Clerk District Court (costs) $14.50; Repairing public well $15.88; City clerk $106.65; Police judge (costs) $27.70; Stationery $3.50; Padlock $.60; Guarding fire $4.00; City Attorney fees $74.00; Costs city, V. S. Mansfield & others $5.25; Boarding prisoners $5.55; Witness fees $2.50; Blankets for calaboose $3.00; M. L. Robinson, ex-city treasurer $28.85; Amount in city treasure to balance $320.35.
Total paid out: $1,050.00
I, B. F. Baldwin, clerk in and for the city of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, do hereby certify the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the financial transactions of the city for the time aforesaid, as shown by the report of the city treasurer and his receipts and vouchers now in my office.
Witness my hand and seal in the city of Winfield this 21st day of January, A. D. 1876.
                                                 B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.
The undersigned, residents of Cowley County, cordially unite in inviting the citizens of said county to meet in mass meeting at Winfield, on Saturday at 2 P. M.,
                                                          FEBRUARY 5TH,

to take such action as shall seem advisable upon consultation to secure the construction of a railroad into Cowley County. We desire each paper in said county to publish this call, and we hope that every township will be fully represented at said meeting.
Dated January 25, 1876.
ROCK TOWNSHIP: John M. Harcourt, Robert F. Bailey, Andrew Dawson, John Foster, J. L. Foster, Jess. J. Tribby, H. D. Lee, W. B. Wimer.
BEAVER TOWNSHIP: William D. Lester, B. W. Jenkins, John A. McCulloch, W. A. Freeman.
VERNON TOWNSHIP: Wm. Martin, C. M. Denkin, R. L. Walker.
SPRING CREEK TOWNSHIP: R. P. Goodrich, Cyrus Wilson, F. W. Vance.
TISDALE TOWNSHIP: E. P. Young, D. H. Southworth.
LIBERTY TOWNSHIP: Chas. W. Frith, J. L. H. Darnall.
OTTER TOWNSHIP: H. C. Fisher, R. R. Turner.
OMNIA TOWNSHIP: Elisha Harned.
DEXTER TOWNSHIP: T. W. Coats, J. D. Maurer, Mark Kenton Hull, Levi Quier, J. A. Bryan, George Bryan.
WINFIELD: M. L. Read, S. D. Pryor, N. M. Powers, N. W. Holmes, N. L. Rigby, Thomas McMillen, L. J. Webb, Charles C. Black, J. S. Hunt, W. M. Boyer, John W. Curns, G. S. Manser, B. F. Baldwin, J. H. Land, A. H. Green, W. Q. Mansfield, E. C. Manning, S. H. Myton, J. C. Fuller, A. B. Lemmon, James Kelly, W. H. H. Maris, T. H. Henderson, A. N. Deming, H. S. Silver, J. M. Alexander, Amos Walton, D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, W. M. Allison, And one hundred others.
Winfield Courier, February 17, 1876.
                    VISIT TO THE HOME OF DR. AND MRS. W. Q. MANSFIELD.
Although not able to be present, on account of other engage­ments, at Dr. and Mrs. Mansfield’s party, which took place at their spacious residence last Monday evening, we learn that it was a very fine affair and one of the most agreeable gatherings that has ever assembled in Winfield. The day was the eighteenth anniversary of their wedding, and was a formal opening of their finely furnished home to their friends.
We had the pleasure of looking through the house a day or two since and were much gratified with the taste and judgment dis­played in its arrange­ment and finish. The plastering and moulding was done by Messrs. Simpson and Stewart, the painting and paper hanging by Capt. J. C. Monforte. The work is the finest we have seen in our town. Everywhere in the selection, arrange­ment, and mounting of pic­tures, works of art, embellish­ments, and decorations of the rooms, could be seen the cultivated taste of Mrs. Mansfield. The furniture is new and of the most modern style, and we believe the finest in Winfield.
We noticed some very handsome and historical pictures suspended on the walls. “The Authors of the United States,” and “President Lincoln’s First Reading of his Emancipa­tion Proclama­tion to his Cabinet,” are among the most conspicuous of the large steel engravings.
There are also some smaller pictures of historical interest. “The first steam train in America” shows the first train of cars that ran from Albany to Schenectady, on the Mohawk & Hudson railroad, in 1831. The passengers are all in view, and among the number are Thurlow Weed and Mrs. Mansfield’s father.

Another historical picture is “Collect Pond and its vicini­ty,” as it was in 1795, when Robert Fulton and John Fitch first tried their experiments in steamboat navigation. Their little yawl is holding two men, and a steam engine that one could carry off under his arm is in full view. Collect Pond was at that time where the center of New York City now stands. Center street and the Tombs now occupy the histori­cal navigable lake.
There is another unique picture that cannot be omitted: a photograph of the first Grand Jury that was ever empanelled on this continent, composed of white and colored men. It was organized to indict traitors, Jeff. Davis among others, at Richmond, Virginia, shortly after the war. Dr. W. Q. Mansfield was one of that jury.
That comfort and simple elegance which the true American craves in a home are combined in the Doctor’s residence and make it the typical homestead of the Yankee heart. In common, with all their friends, we congratulate the Dr. and his wife, in again getting where the shadow of the “wolf at the door” is not seen, and the question of bread and butter does not chase them through dream-land. The Dr. and wife are proud of Winfield. No one will arise earlier or remain up later for its interests than they.     
When they came here in 1870, they came to stay. In those days the Dr. crossed his feet and arms in sleep under a single blanket, and slept upon the floor of the “Old Log Store,” to dream of a better home than a stranger’s table and a stranger’s roof. And his dream is realized. A few months later saw Mrs. Mansfield, the boys, and the little broken horned cow taking up their abode in little “additions” to the rear of the drug store. Through sunshine and storm, through famine and plenty, “through evil report and good report” the Dr. and wife have stuck to the faith until day is breaking. When the Dr. gets his three-story brick, one hundred feet deep, in the place of his present unpretentious business establishment, then will the acme of ambition in worldly possessions be realized. May they live to see that day, and many, many days thereafter.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.
Dr. Mansfield, accompanied by his son, Harold, intends to start for England on a visit in May. He will call at the Centen­nial grounds on his return.
Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.
Judge 13th Judicial District: W. P. Campbell.
Board of County Commissioners: R. F. Burden, Robert White, Wm. Sleeth.
County Clerk: M. G. Troup.
County Treasurer: E. B. Kager.
Deputy Treasurer: Jas. L. Huey.
Probate Judge: H. D. Gans.
Registrar of Deeds: E. P. Kinne.
Supt. Pub. Inst.: T. A. Wilkinson.
Sheriff: R. L. Walker.
Coroner: Sim. Moore.
County Attorney: A. J. Pyburn.
Clerk District Court: E. S. Bedilion.
County Surveyor: W. W. Walton.

Examining Surgeon U. S. Pensioners: W. Q. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, May 4, 1876.
Dr. Mansfield starts for England next week.
Winfield Courier, May 11, 1876.
Dr. Mansfield’s drug store will be kept running during the season by Mrs. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, May 11, 1876.
Some of the Winfield Institute Fathers send their regards by Dr. Mansfield to Tyndal, Huxley, and the other boys over on the little Island that claims to be the original shell of the Great American Eagle.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.
Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, of the Winfield drug store, desires the papers to say that he and his son, Harold have gone to Europe.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.
Last Saturday, pursuant to call, the citizens of Winfield met at the Courthouse and organized a meeting by calling D. A. Millington to the chair and electing C. M. McIntire secretary.
After deliberation as to what steps should be taken to appropriately celebrate the 4th of July of the Centennial year, the following committee was appointed to draft a plan of proce­dure and report to a meeting of citizens last night: James Kelly, J. P. Short, C. M. McIntire, W. B. Gibbs, and W. C. Robinson.
At the appointed hour, Wednesday evening, the meeting assembled at the Courthouse and organized by selecting C. A. Bliss, chairman, and J. E. Allen as secretary. The committee made a report which, after some amendments made by the meeting, was finally adopted.
Gen’l Supt.: Prof. A. B. Lemmon.
County Historian: W. W. Walton.
Committee of Arrangements: C. M. Wood, M. L. Bangs, W. B. Vandeventer, John Lowry, J. D. Cochran.
Committee on Programme: H. D. Gans, E. P. Kinne, James Kelly, B. F. Baldwin, W. M. Allison.
Committee on Speakers: E. C. Manning, L. J. Webb, Chas. McIntire.
Committee on Finance: W. C. Robinson, W. P. Hackney, O. F. Boyle, M. G. Troup, J. C. Fuller.
Committee on Music: J. D. Pryor, Mrs. W. D. Roberts, Miss Mollie Bryant.
Committee on Toasts: A. J. Pyburn, J. E. Allen, J. P. Short, Dr. J. Hedrick.
Committee on Stand: W. E. Tansey, T. B. Myers, W. B. Gibbs.
Committee on Decoration: Frank Gallotti, John Swain, I. Randall, Mary Stewart, Jennie Greenlee, Ada Millington, Mrs. Rigby, Mrs. Mansfield.
Committee on Invitation: D. A. Millington, L. C. Harter, J. B. Lynn, C. A. Bliss, J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, A. H. Green, S. S. Majors, C. M. Scott, T. B. McIntire, R. C. Haywood, J. L. Abbott, John Blevins, T. R. Bryan, H. C. McDorman, Mc. D. Stapleton, S. M. Fall, J. Stalter, Wm. White, S. S. Moore, Jno. McGuire, H. P. Heath, J. O. Van Orsdol, G. B. Green, W. B. Skinner, J. W. Millspaw.

Committee on Fireworks: G. S. Manser, T. K. Johnson, C. C. Haskins.
Meeting adjourned to meet at the call of the General Superintendent.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1876.
Agreeable to our suggestion that the States should be represented by ladies on horse-back at the coming blow-out, Mrs. Dr. Mansfield has been appointed Major-General, or something of that kind, to make the necessary arrangements. She is out every day, almost, hunting girls to represent Columbia and her brood. She is working up considerable interest in the matter. The girls all think it a capital idea. Mrs. Mansfield will make it a success.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1876.
A tastefully arranged bouquet of beautiful and fragrant flowers, cut from the garden of Dr. Mansfield, and presented by Master Richie, the present “Lord of the Manor,” is before us. Richie keeps the flower garden in fine style during the absence of his father and elder brother. It is the most attractive one in the city, and the hour spent listening to Richie’s performance on the piano or following him through the walks and paths of this beautiful garden was indeed a pleasant one.
Several prairie flowers were shown us that were blooming in spite of their forced imprisonment in gravel-lined beds. They are much more thrifty and continue longer in bloom when cultivat­ed. The handsomest specimen of this kind is the well known Yucca, a native of the Kansas prairies. The English florist would sacrifice ‘is c’aracteri(h)istic “h” for one of these charming plants.
Winfield Courier, July 6, 1876.
                                                   A Proud Day for Winfield.
                                                       3000 People present.
                                  A Procession reaching from Town to Country,
                                       in which “Brave Women and Fair Men”
                                                   and everybody else joins.
                                        Music, Speeches, Dinner, Toasts and a
                                           Grand Hallelujah by 3,000 Citizens.
                                    What they did, said, and how it was all done.
                                           THE SISTERHOOD OF STATES,
agreeable to a suggestion of ours made a few weeks ago, was represented by about fifty ladies on horse-back. This, without doubt, was the most interesting and attractive part of the procession. The ladies, be it said to their credit, without a single exception, rode well, although several of them had not been in a saddle more than once or twice for years. They managed their steeds with an easy grace, entirely surprising to that male portion of the lookers on, who, so vainly imagine that they alone can sit and guide a horse correctly.

The States and Territories appeared in the order of their admission into the Union. The “original thirteen” led off, with New Hampshire represented by Mrs. Hickock; Massa-chusetts, Miss Thompson; Connecticut, Mrs. Bliss; Rhode Island,         ; New York, Mrs. Mansfield; New Jersey, Mrs. Dever; Pennsylvania, Mrs. McClelland; Delaware, Mrs. Hunt; Maryland,          ; Virginia, Mrs. Klingman; North Carolina,          ; South Carolina, Mrs. W. D. Roberts; Georgia,       ; Vermont, Miss Jennie Greenlee; Kentucky, Mrs. Maris; Tennessee, Miss Mary Greenlee; Ohio, Mrs. Bedilion; Louisiana, Mrs. A. J. Thompson; Indiana,         ; Mississippi, Miss Sophia Loubner; Illinois, Mrs. Godard; Alabama,           ;  Maine, Mrs. Bates; Missouri, Miss Lizzie Thompson; Michigan, Miss Clark; Arkansas, Mrs. Ireton; Florida, Miss Ella Pierce; Texas, Miss Florence Prater; Iowa, Mrs. G. W. Martin; Wisconsin, Miss Mary Stewart; California, Miss Marks; Minnesota, Miss Mollie Bryant; Oregon, Mrs. Simpson; Kansas, Miss Allie Klingman, West Virginia, Mrs. T. B. Myers; Nevada, Miss Kate Millington; Nebras­ka, Mrs. Lemmon; Colorado, Miss Etta Johnson; New Mexico (Terri­tory), by Miss Seely; Arizona, Miss Sue Hunt; Dakota, Mrs. Stansberry; Wyoming, Miss Robertson; Montana, Miss Snow; Washing­ton, Miss Norman, Indian Territory, by an Indian Squaw; Utah, by “Brigham Young and family,” and Alaska, by Miss Hess.
Among the ladies who represented their respective States or Territories by costume suggestive of the wealth, products, or peculiar characteristics of the people, we find, taking them in the “order of their admission” (we don’t want to get into any trouble) that Miss Jennie Greenlee rode a horse completely enveloped in a green cover, to indicate her preference for Vermont.
Mrs. Maris, for Kentucky, wore a blue riding habit, hat trimmed in blue grass and bound in hemp, and carried a banner with the words, “Daniel Boone, Henry Clay, Zach Taylor, Crittenden, and Breckenridge” on one side and upon the other, the motto, “United we stand, divided we fall.”
For Tennessee, Miss Mary Greenlee bore a banner with the “Home of Jackson, Polk, and Johnson” printed in large letters upon it.
Miss Highbarger, for Indiana, had printed in bold letters upon her saddle skirt this suggestive sentence, “Divorces granted in five minutes.”
Another beautiful banner was the one carried by Mrs. Goddard, for Illinois, which bore the words, “The home of our martyred President.”
The nine months’ winter of old Maine was suggested by Mrs. Bates, riding enveloped in a heavy set of furs.
For Florida, Miss Pierce held aloft a branch with a dozen live, genuine luscious oranges.
Miss Florence Prater, mounted on a wild looking colt without a saddle, carried an ugly looking revolver in one hand and swung a lasso with the other, just as they do down in Texas.
California, the “field of gold,” was well characterized in the rich costume and bright trappings of Miss Marks. Everything about her seemed to glisten with the precious metal.
Our Kansas, by Miss Allie Klingman, could scarce have been better. Her costume, “lined and bound” with a bristling row of golden wheat heads, readily suggested the wheat growing state of the Union. Hat, habit, and horse were all arrayed in wheat. She did well by Kansas.
Miss Kate Millington rode a fine black horse richly capari­soned with both gold and silver. Her black riding suit was also trimmed in the same manner, and the name of her state printed in gold letters on her hat. It was not difficult to recognize in this brilliant costume, the leading mining State, Nevada.

Arizona, the silver district, was honored by Miss Sue Hunt’s attractive habit trimmed in that metal alone. It was very pretty.
The Colorado transformation, from a territory to a state, while the procession was in motion, deserves special mention. Miss Ettie Johnson, a little girl, represented her in her chrysa­lis state by standing in the midst of “Congress” on the platform. Her pony followed close to the wagon all saddled, ready for the word. It was given just as the procession moved up Main street, and Miss Ettie was lifted into the saddle and escorted back to the line to her place in the sisterhood of States. It was certainly a rare piece of public legislation and the originator of the programme should be presented with a chromo.
The Indian Territory, by Samuel Davis, was a complete success. The angle described between his feet was just ninety degrees with a good-sized pony between them. That is the way Mrs. “Lo” rides; hence it was that there were no bidders for this character among the ladies. Sammie made a good squaw, and was lots of fun.
Utah, the home of “Brigham,” was the last in the train. A little runt of a mule walked along between the legs of Charlie Floyd, Will Finch, and Allen Bates. The latter two, dressed in female harness, occupied the after deck of the brute, while Brigham sat in front and steered the craft. It was the most comical representation in the “sisterhood,” and was properly placed in the rear.
The MASONS, ODD FELLOWS, GRANGERS, CITIZENS, etc., without regalia or any particular position, brought up the other end of the lengthy procession.
Cowley County Democrat, Winfield, Kansas, Thursday, July 13, 1876.
                                                         [VOL. 2, NO. 34.]
                                                      COWLEY COUNTY.
                  Read at the Centennial Celebration, July 4th, 1876, at Winfield, Kansas.
                                                    BY WIRT W. WALTON

Their first official acts were the division of the county into three townships, viz, Rock, Winfield, and Creswell, and their issuing a call for an election to be held on the second day of May, 1870. This election was held for the purpose of choosing a permanent county seat and to elect a complete set of county officers. The result of that election was as follows: For county seat Winfield 108 and Arkansas City 55 votes. The officers elected were commissioners T. A. Blanchard, Morgan Willett, and G. H. Norton; county clerk, H. C. Loomis; Treasurer, John Devore; district clerk, E. P. Hickok; probate judge, T. B. Ross; register of deeds, W. E. Cook; sheriff, Frank Hunt; coroner, W. G. Graham; and surveyor, F. S. Graham. This ticket was elected without any opposition. Such a millennium for office seekers never occurred before, nor is likely to occur in this county again. On the 5th of September, W. R. Brown, Judge of the 9th judicial district (of which Cowley was a part), appointed T. H. Johnson county attorney. On July 6th Loomis appointed W. Q. Mansfield his deputy county clerk, and John Devore appointed J. P. Short deputy treasurer. At the fall election G. B. Green was elected treasurer, but failing to give bond, Devore held the office till 1872. The officers succeeding them will be given in the order of their respective terms, some of whom have been appointed, but the greater majority have been elected.
County commissioners have been T. A. Blanchard, G. H. Norton, and E. Simpson, Frank Cox, O. C. Smith, and J. D. Maurer; R. F. Burden, M. S. Roseberry, and John Manly, and the present incumbents, R. F. Burden, Wm. White, and W. M. Sleeth.
County Clerks—A. A. Jackson and M. G. Troup; Treasurers—G. B. Green, E. B. Kager, and T. R. Bryan; Probate Judge—T. B. Ross, L. H. Coon, T. H. Johnson, and H. D. Gans; Sheriff—J. M. Patison, James Parker, and R. L. Walker; Register of Deeds—W. B. Smith, J. F. Paul, N. C. McCulloch, and E. P. Kinne; District Clerk, E. P. Hickok, James Kelly, E. S. Bedilion; Surveyor—H. L. Barker, D. A. Millington, M. Hemenway, and Wirt W. Walton; Coroners—H. B. Kellogg, G. P. Wagner, S. S. Moore, and J. Hedricks; Supt. of Pub. Inst.; L. B. Walmsly, A. S. Blanchard, E. P. Hickok, and T. A. Wilkinson. Our representatives in the state legislature have been in 1871, Col. E. C. Manning; in 1872, Judge T. McIntire; in 1873, Capt. Jas. McDermott; in 1874, Rev. Wm. Martin; in 1875, Hon. Thos. R. Bryan; and in 1876, Hon. W. P. Hackney.
The first political gathering in the county took place at the raising of the “old log store” (now the Winfield Courier and Post Office) on the 1st day of April, 1870. This was a citizen’s meeting and was held to nominate candidates to be voted for on the 2nd day of May.
On the 13th day of June, 1870, the first coach arrived with the United States mail at Winfield. Previous to that time all mail matter was brought by private hands from Douglass and distributed among the settlers. There were no mail routes, roads, nor bridges up to this time. The people in the various localities amused themselves by taking sides with Winfield and Arkansas City in their county seat, and “Manning and Norton war.” They had nothing else to do but brag about the county, eat beans and dried apples, and draw on their friends in the east for more money. The land was not surveyed, hence they did not know where to make their improvements. The bitter local feeling that was engendered in those days has long since been a theme of the past.
With the exception of a few would-be-leaders in the various towns of the county, who are continually kicking up strife in their own immediate neighborhood (simply because they are not able to kick up anything else), the citizens of Cowley County are to-day a unit on any measure or proposition that tends toward the general advancement of their interests as a people.

During the summer, fall, and winter of 1870, the tide of immigration kept flowing into the county. The valleys of the large streams were all settled upon and still they continued coming, until the settlement extended across the rich prairie into the smaller valleys beyond. There was a certain social, or equality, feeling that existed in those good old days among the settlers that would be termed improper and imprudent by the people here to-day. Away from home and friends, out on the verge of civilization almost within sound of the bloody war whoop, and always within hearing of the prowling coyote, it is no wonder that at times they overstepped the bounds of eastern etiquette. By the flickering light of some settler’s dip lamp, many fleeing hours were chased into merry morn, by the flying feet of Cowley’s pioneers. People would go miles and miles to join in such festivities. The violin always precedes the evidence of a better civilization. This era did not continue long; it soon gave way to school and church exercises, and the more refined and christian like enjoyments.
In January, 1871, a surveying party under O. F. Short, began the survey of the county. They were followed industriously by claim-hunters, who hoped the survey would develop unoccupied tracts. The settlers were on the alert, and many lines were run just in front of the deputy surveyor by them. Fifty dollars, and often a less sum, would so influence the magnetic needle of this United States official, that a line would be run cutting the original settler off his particular claim, and leaving it for these unscrupulous land banditti following him. In consequence, the lines of the original survey are very crooked.
On July 12th Congress passed a law allowing actual settlers to enter from 40 to 160 acres of these Osage lands at $1.25 per acre. On March 2, 1871, the town site laws of the U. S. were extended to these lands, and on May 11, 1872, Congress passed a law allowing actual settlers to enter the Cherokee lands. The terms were similar to those of the Osage lands, except that all lands east of the Arkansas River were sold at $1.50 per acre, and all west at $2.00 per acre.
The question of a name for the new town puzzled its fathers for several days. A minority wanted it called “Lagonda,” but the majority decided to honor Winfield Scott’s christened name. He was at that time the minister in charge of the Baptist church, in Leavenworth. Within the next four months, following the organization, forty acres of Manning’s claim was converted into lots, blocks, streets, and alleys. The old log store was built by Manning, which was occupied, in part, by Dr. Mansfield as a drug store, and by Baker and Manning with their goods. Soon Max Shoeb arrived, built a log cabin where Read’s bank now stands, and opened a blacksmith shop. On August 20th J. C. Fuller and D. A. Millington bought A. A. Jackson’s claim and proceeded, with Manning, to lay out that part of the town lying east of Main street. July 4, 1870, was a glorious day for Winfield. The first celebration in the county was held on that day, under an arbor in the rear of the old log store. Prof. E. P. Hickok was the orator of the occasion. From that time up to the present, Winfield has so rapidly increased in population that it is impossible, in this short sketch, to give even a synopsis of her growth; but I will endeavor, however, to name the first who engaged in the different branches of business.
E. C. Manning was the first settler and merchant; Max Shoeb, the first blacksmith; Frank Hunt, the first hardware dealer; W. Q. Mansfield, the first druggist and physician; J. P. Short, the first hotel keeper; A. J. Thompson, the first feed store keeper; B. H. Dunlap, the first livery man; T. H. Johnson, the first lawyer; D. A. Millington, the first engineer and surveyor; J. C. Fuller, the first banker; M. L. Palmer, the first tinner; C. A. Bliss & Co., the first mercantile firm; J. C. Monforte, the first painter.
Winfield Courier, July 20, 1876.
                                                             From London.
                                   412 ESSEX ROAD, ISLINGTON, LONDON,
                                                           June 25th, 1876.

DEAR FRIEND COURIER: This is one of England’s most beauti­ful mornings. The sun is shining bright, the sky is blue, and the birds are warbling their notes in the trees opposite my window. The great bell in the church—also opposite my window—is just proclaiming the hour of seven, while all in the house are still sleeping. Everything is quiet in London this (Sunday) morning, and all that I can hear is the voice of the distant milk man, calling out, “milk below.”
The reason of this quiet is that the people here turn night into day. On Saturday night, however, precisely at 12:30 every public house and gin place is closed, every omnibus and every street car is stopped, so that peace reigns in the street of this mighty Babylon from 12:30 to 8 this a.m.
In one hour from now the rush begins. It almost seems that by a mutual understanding every Londoner sleeps up to the latest minute on a Sunday morning. The omnibuses and street cars, on Sundays, commence running at 8, and the public houses and gin places open at 1 o’clock.
Last Monday my father started off to visit the scenes of his childhood, and returned last evening. In all his journey he could not find one person who recollected his family. So it appears that the Englishman too is imbued with the same spirit that is so prominent with Americans—that of wandering. Although every face was strange, he found the surroundings pretty much as it had lived in his memory for the last fifty-two years. He sat in the house in which he was born, looked at the place where his mother was accidentally drowned, drank from the spring which quenched his thirst when a child, and saw the many places where he played with his playmates.
There is a fine bridge built across the river Dart, and he distinctly remembers his father taking him, about the year 1822, to see some men go down in a diving bell, while it was being built.
Notwithstanding his being an American stranger, the clergy­man was very kind—invited him to lunch, which consisted of bread, cheese, meat, vegetables, port, and claret. After lunch he showed him his beautiful lawn, hot-houses, garden, etc.; in short, all England is one vast garden. The people take great delight in decorating with flowers, trees, shrubs, and tasty lawns.

And now I will tell you what they did with me during my father’s absence. To begin with, I had no idea of what London was until I saw it, and as yet I have seen but an iota, but expect to before I leave. First, I was taken to Madame Tusaud’s extraordinary waxwork exhibition. There were kings, queens, princes, old and young, ancient and modern, thieves, robbers, and murderers, George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, and General Grant, all dressed in their proper clothing and looking as natural as life. I sat in Napoleon’s carriage and Voltaire’s chair, and handled the guillotine of the French revolu­tion, with which Robespierre cut off the heads of 24,000 persons in a few weeks. Next day I went to the Londoner’s resort, the celebrated Alexandra Palace, and saw all sorts of wonderful things; sent some sheet music, book-marks, etc., which were printed and embroidered before my eyes, home to Winfield. On Thursday a.m. (for we are obliged to start early), we visited the houses of Parliament, Buckingham Palace, walked through the parks, Westminster Abbey, and sailed up the Thames to Chelsea, Battersea Park, and in the evening rounded up by going to a minstrel exhibition. Next day I went to the South Kensington Museum, where I saw the first steam engine that ever ran in Old England, the “Puffing Billy,” also saw models of all kinds of steam engines, steam ships, sailing vessels, gun boats, etc. All this was very interesting and instructing to me, as you can imagine. Upon the walls were magnificent pictures, portraits, and landscapes of every variety. Adjoining was a lovely park, in which was a memorial to Prince Albert—the most beautiful sight I have seen.
Saturday a.m. went through Billingsgate Market and the “Sub-way” under the Thames for a half-penny, or, as the Englishman says, a “hapenny.” Today I went the rounds alone, and so this ends my sight seeing.
Next Monday a week father and I start for Paris.
Please send me the dear old COURIER, from the dearest place in the world.
                                        Yours truly, HAROLD H. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, July 27, 1876.
DR. MANSFIELD and his son, Harold, leave Paris for home about the 5th of August. A letter received yesterday was only fourteen days coming over.
Winfield Courier, August 3, 1876.
                                                Our London Correspondence.
                                                  LONDON, JULY 12, 1876.
DEAR COURIER: The day after I last wrote you, I went alone to the Crystal Palace, and saw the great American circus man, Myers, drive a team of 40 horses before his monster chariot.
The man who had the elephants in the ring the last time I was there, went in a cage with seven lions, and played with them, just as he would with so many kittens, and another man acted on three turning poles in the air thirty feet from the ground (better than us boys do in Winfield).
On Tuesday we went to Hyde Park again, to see the Albert Memorial (the most magnificent thing in all London), went through Albert Hall; this time saw all that was to be seen. The hall is enormous; will seat 20,000 persons. In the evening heard Adelina Patti sing. Truly wonderful is her control of voice.
Tuesday my father and myself started for Paris at 6:45 p.m., and arrived at Dover at 11 o’clock at night, where we took a steamer for Calais, being two hours sail. The train for Paris did not leave until 7 o’clock next a.m., so we went into the waiting room and stretched ourselves out on the seats and went to sleep. While there we fell in with a Mr. McCarty from Iowa, who was importing horses from Paris to Iowa. There are horses in England and France that are three times as large, and can pull three times as much as the horses in Kansas.
After going into a coffee house for breakfast, we took the train and arrived in Paris at 5 o’clock Friday evening; went to the British and American Hotel, and hired a room to sleep in, as is the custom here. When we asked the girl for soap to wash (she could not understand a word of English), she made a great fuss, and we soon ascertained that everybody furnished their own soap.
Mr. McCarty was our guide and took us first through a lovely street, called “Champs Elysse,” with several rows of trees on either side, and a little back are beds of the most beautiful flowers I ever saw, fountains playing, and everything to make people enjoy life. We enjoyed it, I tell you.

Here too is Cleopatra’s needle—a stone 74 feet high, and carved with Egyptian figures and signs. It was taken from the Egyptians and brought there by Napoleon III, and is one solid stone.
Pretty soon we came to where a lot of chairs were set around, and we heard someone speak English, so we asked what it was, and were told that a band was going to play; we took a seat and paid three cents each.
On Saturday we took an early start and after strolling around awhile, ran upon a panorama of the siege of Paris. This is the most perfect painting I ever saw (and I have seen a good many). It was so natural that you could not tell a real cannon from one that was painted. It is all life size, and one is supposed to be looking from the center of the city, which over­looks the entire city; one can see all the earth-works, fortifi­cations, ruins of houses that have been set on fire or battered down, the shells of the Prussian cannon, the men at the cannon ready to fire them off, some going off, some being dismounted by the shells of the enemy, and some soldiers dragging another up to replace the killed, others carrying dirt to pile up where works have been knocked down, some carrying a wounded comrade to a place of shelter, and hundreds of other things beyond descrip­tion. Of course, none of the men moved, although I almost expected them to every minute. Then far in the distance can be seen the smoke of the Prussian guns as they send their shells into the city. Every inch of it looks just as natural as though you were right there—so natural that when you come out of the building, you feel foolish to see what a small place you have been looking at.
We then went to the Triumphal Arch and ascended to the very top where we could overlook the city. This is a grand construc­tion, being about 150 by 75 feet.
From there we jumped into a street car and rode to the tomb of Napoleon, but it rained so hard that we could not tarry.
In the evening we attended a concert in the open air, under trees, with bushes growing around so people can’t see in. Inside is a stage, with a dressing-room at one end, and the orchestra in front, like a theatre. The singing was good, yet I could not understand a word; but two boys about my size, and exactly like rubber, done some of the best performing I have seen yet. We all sat with our hats off, which shows what kind of evenings we have in Paris.
Saturday morning we started out with Mr. Hearsh (a resident of Paris and to whom Mr. McCarty had a letter of introduction), went to the vegetable market, which is enormous, and from thence to the Notre Dame Cathedral. Here was another piece of gold nearly as large as the one I saw in the Tower of London. When we went in the old Priests were chanting prayers and nobody to listen to them; we asked why there was no audience, and Mr. Hearsh said there was no one went to church in Paris but a few old women.
The zoological gardens are nothing to what they are in London.
We then took a steamer and went up the Seine to Leuren and Tuleries. The largest, best, and most in quantity of pictures that we have seen anywhere, we saw here. Indeed, it would take two days to look them over hastily. In another room was all kinds of statuary—all ancient, and some broken—all kinds of old dishes, relics from somewhere. In the evening we went to another concert, which was better, because it was spoken partly in English.

Monday morning we took our breakfast, paid our hotel bill, bid our friends good-bye, and started out to make our purchases for folks at home previous to leaving for London. At 4 o’clock we were on our way, and intended to leave the cars at Bologne and take the steamer for Calais, but we both went to sleep and were landed at the latter place at midnight, and gave our last two francs for two cups of the best coffee I ever drank, and arrived in London for breakfast.
From Calais to Dover, one and one half hour’s sail, I was more sea-sick then I was in crossing the ocean. HAROLD H. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.
Miss E. Jennie Gowen, music teacher from Chicago, Illinois, will be in Winfield on or about August 21st, prepared to give instructions in vocal and instrumental music. Those desiring to make engagements with her will please leave their names at Mrs. Dr. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876.
DR. MANSFIELD will return home this week and resume the practice of his profession.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876.
A very pleasant little party was given by Mrs. Dr. Mansfield at her residence last evening. It was attended by the elite of our city. Music, dancing, and agreeable “small talk,” we sup­pose, was largely engaged in.
Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.
We were pleased a few days ago to see the familiar face of our neighbor, Dr. Mansfield, again on our streets. The Dr. and his son returned home from their European trip looking healthy and well and much gratified with the result of their travels. It will be seen by noticing the Doctor’s card in another column that he proposes to resume the practice of his profession, and we have no doubt but that he will be welcomed in many a household where medical aid is needed, as he is no stranger among us and is well known to be a physician of considerable experience.
                                                       Professional Notice.
Having returned from my European tour, in compliance with the wishes of many of my old patrons, I propose to resume the practice of my profession in all its branches, both in town and country. Special attention given to surgical and obstetrical cases, day and night.
                                                  W. Q. MANSFIELD, M. D.,
Examining Surgeon for the U. S. Pension Department, and late Surgeon U. S. Army.
Winfield, Kan., Sept. 6, 1876.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
Dr. Mansfield keeps the “Truly Good” cigar. As the name implies, it is good.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
Masters Walter Johnson, Frank Robinson, Dine Johnson, and Ritchie Mansfield each have a three-wheeled velocipede.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1876.
HAROLD MANSFIELD and Walter Lewis have constructed a kite 9 feet high and 6 feet wide, which they name “Samuel Tilden.” It will go up.
Winfield Courier, December 7, 1876.

This day was quite generally observed by our citizens. There was union service at the Courthouse in the morning which was quite generally attended. In the evening, service was conducted by Rev. Platter at the courthouse and Rev. Rusbridge at the stone church. Several dinners were gotten up for the purpose of entertaining special friends, and we believe nearly everybody in town tasted turkey during the day. The tables of Messrs. Mansfield, Millington, Greenlee, Bedilion, Black, Manning, and many others were spread for many more than the total number, while excellent dinners were served at the hotels and restaurants for regular boarders and their invited guests. There was but little business done in town and our streets wore a sunday-like appearance.
Winfield Courier, December 7, 1876.
Dr. Mansfield offers beautiful Chromos, framed and ready for hanging, for less money than the frames alone can be purchased elsewhere in this city.
Winfield Courier, December 14, 1876.
A CENTENNIAL tea party was given to a few intimate friends by our esteemed neighbors, Dr. and Mrs. Mansfield, Tuesday evening. Ye editor was not forgotten.
Winfield Courier, January 18, 1877.
                                                        From the Black Hills.
We are permitted to make the following extracts from private letters—the first from J. T. Richmond, of Oxford, to Wm. Rodgers of this place; the second, from W. W. Andrews to Dr. Mansfield, both of this place.
                                           DEADWOOD CITY, Dec. 25, 1876.
Dear Sir: . . . . Bed rock dirt on our claim prospected twenty-five cents to the pan. Tidings have been looming up big since you left. One interest in No. 2, above ours, sold a few days since for $800, and a one-third interest in No. 6 sold for $1,200. There are a good many buyers in the Camp and I am confident that we could take $4,000 for our ground if we wanted to. So, you see, Saw Pit is looking up. Claims on Deadwood are held very high. Lardners and McKays have both struck it rich. They have been sluicing on Deadwood up to the last few days. Everything now is froze up. It has been thirty degrees below zero for three days but warmer now.
The quartz mills are doing big business. There are two running day and night and another ten stamp mill is nearly ready and five more on the road. There has been some good leads struck since you left. The new town, Central City, reaches from Gayville to Golden Gate and runs up Saw Pit one block. We managed to get three lots by running for them. They were all taken in less than two hours after the survey. It is now about half built up with log cabins, and next summer will see a solid town from Gayville to Golden Gate. Menors are still living where they did.
Winfield Courier, January 18, 1877.
                                                     Deadwood, Jan. 4, 1877.
Dr. W. Q. Mansfield:
. . . . I hope to realize something the coming season in the shape of lucre. I have ground which prospects fully equal to any in the Hills. I judge from the papers that the outside world is wonderfully insane on the Black Hills question. My observations and chances to know are perhaps fully equal to those of any man in the Hills, and I sum them up as follows.

About one thousand claims have been taken and worked from one to five months by from one to six hands without paying one farthing. In all the Hills about three hundred claims have paid from one to four dollars per day for all work done on them. About one hundred claims have paid from four to six dollars per day to the hand. About twenty-five claims have paid from six to twelve dollars per day to the hand. Five claims have paid from twenty to thirty-five dollars per day to the hand. No claim ever reached the highest figure for a whole week’s run except claim No. 2, which took out on the summer’s work $170,000. It is the general opinion, in which I concur, that there will be about three times as much money taken out next season as there was last, as the deep diggings are only fairly opened, and there will be from six to ten quartz leads worked, that will pay handsomely, and four or five silver leads bid fair to become the pride of the Hills. . . .
I read with deep interest everything from Cowley. After seeing much of the world, it is the land of my choice—the land of flowers, fruits, and grains.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1877.
The cellar and foundation of a house for Dr. Mansfield has just been completed, on Ninth Avenue, west of Main street.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877. Editorial Page.
                                                WHO ARE DISAPPOINTED.
The taxpayers and farmers of Winfield Township are grievously disappointed at the action of Saturday’s meeting. They are no more so than the same class of men all over the county. It is a common cause. That our readers may see that our conclusions are justified, we give the names of the following heaviest taxpayers in town, who were in favor of a change of the law, and who have so expressed themselves: C. A. Bliss, C. C. Black, Dr. W. R. Davis, Col. J. M. Alexander, J. C. Fuller, J. B. Lynn, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, B. F. Baldwin, D. A. Millington, Rev. J. E. Platter, J. P. Short, S. H. Myton, E. C. Manning, R. Hudson, W. L. Mullen, Wm. Rodgers, Max Shoeb, Ira Moore, J. P. McMillen, J. M. Bair, J. S. Hunt.
Besides these gentlemen there is a large class of smaller taxpayers in town of the same mind. Outside of the city limits four-fifths of the farmers are in favor of a change in the law.
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.
James Kelly has sold his residence to Mrs. W. Q. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1877.
Of the Philomathic Society for Friday evening, March 23rd, 1877.
 1. Music, String Band.
 2. Reading Minutes.
 3. Music, Vocal.
 4. Miscellaneous business.
 5. Song by Geo. H. Buckman.
 6. Select reading by Miss Jessie Millington.
 7. Music, Vocal.
 8. Answers to scientific and historic questions.
 9. Weekly paper. Mrs. Dr. Mansfield and J. M. Bair.
10. Proposals of questions to be answered at the next meeting.

11. Music, String Band.
12. Discussion: Resolved, that “Incipient incertitude is the climatical culmination of moral excellence.” Affirmative: Messrs. R. C. Story and Jno. Allen. Negative: Rev. J. L. Rushbridge and Jas. McDermott.
13. Report of Committee on Programme.
14. Adjournment.
Music by Prof. Easton’s String Band.
All are invited. C. M. WOOD, President.
EMMA SAINT, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1877.
                                                                 For Sale.
The oldest drug store in Winfield. Stock for sale below cost, and store for rent. An excellent opportunity for a practi­cal druggist.
                                                       W. Q. MANSFIELD.
Winfield, March 15, 1877.
Winfield Courier, March 29, 1877. Editorial Page.
                                                      CLEAR THE DECKS!
                                           NAIL DOWN THE HATCHWAYS!!
                                                        Prepare for Action!!!
A crisis is upon Cowley County. Danger threatens. Action is necessary. There is no more time for parley. For a long time Cowley has needed a railroad. It is now in condition to secure one or more. But these conditions must not be destroyed.
About two weeks ago gentlemen came to this county from Emporia representing a corporation known as the Kansas City, Emporia & Southwestern railroad company. They said that the company proposed to build a narrow gauge railroad from Emporia to the south line of the State at or near Arkansas City, within eighteen months. That the line would come through Greenwood County and thence west to Augusta, in Butler County, thence south down the Walnut Valley; that Greenwood County would aid the road to the extent of $4,000 county bonds per mile; that the townships in Butler County would do the same; that Cowley would be required to also vote $4,000 in county bonds per mile, and issue the same and deposit them with an agent at New York City before work would commence, and that the amount of bonds to be issued should be governed by the number of miles in the line of survey as made by the company; and further, that in case any lawsuits against the company should delay the progress of the work, the time of the delay should not be counted as part of the time in which the road should be completed. These and many other arbitrary provisions were embraced in the proposition.
The citizens of Winfield and vicinity were consulted by these gentlemen on the question of aiding the road according to the terms, the desire being to submit the proposition at once to a vote of the people. The gentlemen making the proposition were informed that Cowley County did not want to vote aid to their road until it has secured its local aid up to the north line of the county; and further that the county could not afford to give more than $100,000 to a north and south road, because it wanted to stand ready to help an east and west road; and further that the escrow, and other objectionable clauses should be stricken out.

Without coming to any agreement, the gentlemen went to Arkansas City and soon thereafter we find men in every township in the county, from Arkansas City, circulating petitions calling an election on the Emporia proposition without any modifications. All day on Saturday men from the country came to Winfield pro­testing against the action of the people of Arkansas City in this precipitating such an infamous proposition upon the county.
On Saturday evening the people of Winfield held a public meeting to consider the situation. At that meeting a committee consisting of J. E. Platter, S. C. Smith, W. Q. Mansfield, R. L. Walker, Frank Williams, J. E. Allen. , and E. C. Manning was appointed to pay special attention to the railroad question. That committee held a meeting on Monday and chose S. C. Smith as chairman and J. E. Allen as secretary. After discussing the situation fully and advising with many of our citizens, and also citizens from different parts of the county, and hold several sessions, finally a subcommittee of three—Messrs. Platter, Williams, and Manning—was appointed to go to Arkansas City and endeavor to effect some change in the railroad programme.
On Tuesday that subcommittee, accompanied by other citi­zens, went to Arkansas City and held a conference with the people there. The committee requested the people of Arkansas City to postpone calling a railroad bond election until the Emporia line, or some other line should secure local aid up to the county line of Cowley. This suggestion was rejected by the Arkansas City people. Then they were asked to agree to a double proposition, voting $100,000 bonds to the north and south road and a like amount to an east and west road, bonds to be delivered when the roads were built, the roads to be constructed within eighteen months. This was rejected. Several other terms, plans, and methods of adjustment and harmony were talked of, but no satisfactory plan could be arrived upon.
It was suggested that the interests of all parts of the county should be considered and that this Emporia proposition had bad clauses in it and that the petitions were being signed without a full understanding of the terms thereof. But no method presented itself whereby the present emergency could be passed without a struggle, and the committee returned home between two and three o’clock in the morning.
Yesterday the committee conversed very generally with the citizens of Winfield and several people from the different parts of the county and in the afternoon held a session and resolved that as the county was likely to be forced into a vote on the question of aiding a railroad at once, hence the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railroad, Western Branch, company should be called upon to at once present its proposition for the consideration of the voters of Cowley County.
The proper officers of that company will be here this week and submit their plans and resources and purposes to our people and petitions will be put in circulation at once if satisfactory terms can be agreed upon. They are expected on Friday or Satur­day. We hope they will be here on Saturday and that as many people as possible from different parts of the county will find it convenient to be here on that day in the hope of seeing and learning all about the east and west road.



Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.
A committee composed of Wm. Allison, Cliff. Wood, Frank Williams, Rev. Platter, E. C. Manning, and Dr. Mansfield from Winfield visited this place Tuesday, March 27, for the purpose of combining an east and west railroad proposition with the Walnut Valley project. A meeting was held in Pearson’s Hall in the afternoon, and a committee of seven elected to meet and confer with them, composed of Amos Walton, James Benedict, Frank Lorry, S. P. Channell, C. R. Mitchell, J. C. McMullen, and C. M. Scott.
The committee from this place agreed to unite the two propositions if they could be voted on at the same time on the same ballot, and if it was not legal to vote for both on the same ballot, then they wanted the Winfield people to vote for the Walnut Valley project first, and our people would give them every reasonable assurance and pledges that they would support the proposition offered, or any definite project from the east.
No positive agreement could be made and the matter was adjourned.
Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.
                                                         Railroad Meeting.
A meeting was held at Pearson’s Hall on Tuesday, March 27th, to consult with a delegation from Winfield on railroad matters. S. P. Channell was elected chairman and I. H. Bonsall, secretary.
Rev. Platter requested Col. Manning to address the meeting, and explain a proposition he had with him for an east and west road; also to inform our citizens of the actions of meetings held at Winfield on railroad matters. He said that Winfield wished to avoid a clash, if possible, and to come to some understanding with this part of the county in regard to railroads. Mr. Millington and himself were sent by the people of Winfield to the eastern part of the State, to see what the prospects were for an east and west line. They went to Fredonia first, and found things too uncertain there to make it worthwhile to wait on the uncertainty; from thence to Parsons, where they found the people holding a conference with Eastern contractors; from there they proceeded to Oswego, and found the situation such as to give no hope of help from that quarter. They then returned to Parsons, and had a full conference with the Parsons men, and found as good prospects for a road from that point as from Emporia.
Col. Manning admitted that a proposition he read for the Parsons road had not been accepted by the railroad company, but that he would make the company accept it.
They returned by the Parsons route proposed, and in their estimation found a good route. The franchise is being worked up as far as the east line of Elk County.
In Elk County the peti­tion had been signed by a sufficient number, but they preferred to change the proposition from town­ship bonds to county bonds, as the recent change in the railroad law made it possible to carry county bonds.
Winfield feels that an election for railroad bonds at this time would be premature, and prefers to wait until the other counties have voted and secured a line to Cowley County.

Rev. Platter thought Col. Manning had given a true version of the case as it now stood, and said that Mr. Hamilton, a civil engineer, wanted Winfield to call an election for the Parsons road. He believed that the present proposition of the Emporia road was such as would not be sustained at all, there being clauses which, in his estimation, could not be changed to suit at all.
He said Winfield wanted an east and west proposition submit­ted at the same time that the north and south proposition was submitted, and that if Arkansas City wanted a north and south road, she must consent to an east and west road to secure the support of Winfield.
C. M. Scott moved to appoint a committee of seven to confer with the Winfield delega-tion, and see if a compromise could not be agreed upon. After considerable discussion, the motion was seconded, and the following committee appointed: Frank Lorry, of Bolton, Amos Walton, C. R. Mitchell, S. P. Channell, James Benedict, C. M. Scott, and Col. McMullen.
On motion meeting adjourned, to give the committees time to confer.
                                                 S. P. CHANNELL, Chairman.
I. H. BONSALL, Secretary.
[Note: The paragraph wherein Winfield would not back a north/south road unless Arkansas City went along at the same time with an east/west road to Winfield. Other papers picked up on this movement by the Winfield people and objected!]
Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.
Mayor, D. A. Millington.
Police Judge, J. W. Curns.
Members of the Council: M. G. Troup, C. A. Bliss, H. Brotherton, T. B. Myers.
Clerk, B. F. Baldwin.
City Attorney, J. E. Allen.
Marshal, Walter Dening.
Examining Surgeon U. S. Pensioners: W. Q. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, April 26, 1877. Editorial Page.
                                     STATEMENT OF THE R. R. COMMITTEE.
The undersigned, a railroad committee chosen by the citizens of Winfield, having learned that certain persons opposed to the projected road from Parsons to Winfield and advocates of a road from Emporia to Arkansas City, via Nennescah, have circulated reports that Messrs. Eskridge and Young, at a conference with the committee holden a few weeks since, offered to so modify their proposition, that county bonds voted in aid of the Emporia road via Winfield should not be issued until a certain part of the road should be built in Cowley County, we positively deny that any such offer has ever been made to us by Messrs. Eskridge, Young, or any other person authorized by them.
They insisted that bonds should be issued and placed in escrow.
We further affirm that this committee never refused to entertain a proposition from the Emporia road, but on the contrary at the very first conference with the representatives of this company, we offered to support $100,000 in county bonds for their road (allowing townships chiefly interested to make up the $20,000 additional), providing the objectionable conditions were withdrawn.
We made this offer in good faith and in no way contingent upon any east and west proposition.

This is much better than the terms they are now pretending to accept from the townships to which they are now making propositions and shows that if bad faith exists anywhere, it is on the part of this company and indicates a deliberate purpose to discriminate against Winfield.
The committee never have withdrawn this offer and the only difference between this committee and the representatives of this road is that we would not give the $20,000 additional and they would not consent to the withdrawal of the escrow and litigation clauses.
Messrs. Eskridge and Young never asked for a public meeting to be held in the interest of this road.
D. A. MILLINGTON, acting for E. C. MANNING.
M. L. ROBINSON, acting for J. E. PLATTER.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1877.
Dr. Mansfield’s drug store is being thoroughly renovated and remodeled, and when finished will present a decidedly improved appearance.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1877.
We understand that the entertainment given last Friday evening by the L. M. I. S. (Hen Society) was a grand affair. We were not in attendance, hence cannot do it justice. We are told that Mrs. Mansfield’s display of wax work was grand, and the “hen” solo and chorus was good, while the entertainment as a whole is not to be excelled. The music, dramas, etc., were all new and original and were performed with that skill which was evidence that no time, pains, or expense had been spared to make the entertainment as it was a grand one.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1877.
                                                              Tardy Justice.
EDITOR COURIER: On the evening of May 4th the Ladies’ Mutual Improvement Society, of Winfield, gave a public entertainment, but which, through some combination of circumstances the town papers have failed to notice. Of course the editors are too gallant to neglect, intentionally, such a treat as was on that evening given to the fine audience assembled in the Courthouse. Is it too late to do even tardy justice to this event? Really it was an event that deserves more than a passing notice, for it proved the existance of a society in our city whose aim is the cultivation of the social and intellectual faculties of its members. Can any society have a higher or a nobler purpose?

The salutatory, by Mrs. John D. Pryor, was pronounced admirable and sensible by all who have spoken of it. The quotation of poems from female poets was a brilliant selection of choice thoughts. The essay of Mrs. Tony Boyle, “Waiting,” was most excellent in style and brim full of fine ideas. The reading by Miss Wickersham, Misses Alice and Nellie Aldrich, were quite creditable in manner as well as matter. In the dialogue, “The Country Cousin,” Miss Kate Millington demonstrated her ability to “shine” in the kitchen not less than in the parlor. Mrs. Doctor Mansfield’s wax works formed a collection of beauty, grace, wit, worth, and genius rarely found in one assemblage, and to be justly appreciated, ought to be seen. The hen song was original, unique, mysterious. Only the most cultivated taste and the most refined ear could appreciate its beauties. The baby song, a quotation from Bitter Sweet, was lovely in conception and as lovely in execution. The exercises were interspersed with solos, duets, and quartettes, beautiful in thought and expression. The closing solo, by Miss Gowen, was one of the finest songs of the evening.
Truly may our citizens feel proud of this society, and may we all rejoice when again it will open its doors to a similar entertainment.
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877.
                                            MEDICINES FOR THE MILLION!
                                                         EQUAL TO ANY!
                                     Better than Many, & More For Your Money!!
The undersigned respectfully informs
that he prepares the following medicines and guarantees them to be equal, and in many cases greatly superior to many similar preparations found on the shelves of the drug stores in the United States. It has been my study during the last year or two to compound a reliable TONIC MEDICINE that should be pleasant and agreeable to take and be within the reach of every person without the expenditure of a large sum of money. Hence I offer to the public an
                                          AROMATICATED WINE OF IRON,
which I believe will accomplish the objects I have in view.
                                      THE THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF IRON
are preeminently tonic and peculiarly adapted for improving the quality of the blood and giving TONE, STRENGTH, and SOLIDITY to the system generally.
During the hot dry weather of summer Infants and Young Children are very liable to
                                                         Sumner Complaints
and a suitable medicine should be within reach. In such cases offer the widely known
                                                NEUTRALIZING CORDIAL,
a medicine that I have found from experience to be very efficacious in controlling Diarrhea, Dysentery, Cholera-morbus, Cholera-Infantum and other forms of Bowel Complaints affecting children. I prepare also a reliable
                                                       Diarrhoea Compound,
adapted for the use of adults. It is very popular in the eastern states under the name of “Dr. Squibb’s Cholera Mixture.” There is no better medicine made for Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Cholera, Colic, and all deranged conditions of the bowels. I recommend also the
                                          Universal Liniment for Man and Animal,
An improved preparation for external use in all cases of Rheumatism, Sprains, Bruises, Burns, Lame Back, Painful Swelling, Neuralgia, Sweeny, Splints, Cracked Heels, and all other cases where a liniment is likely to do good.
                                    Sold at my Store at 25 and 50 cents per Bottle.
                                           DR. MANSFIELD, Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, August 2, 1877.
Miss Josephine E. Mansfield, of New York, is visiting her father, Dr. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, August 16, 1877.

Dr. Mansfield has sold his drug store and business. Ira McCommon, clerk at B. F. Baldwin’s, takes charge of the establishment.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
Dr. Mansfield, at his drug store, has just received a large lot of school books.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
Miss Josephine E. Mansfield has bought out Mrs. M. M. Goddard and intends to open a first class millinery establishment.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
Mrs. Mansfield and son, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. C. S. Thomas, W. D. Roberts, Wm. Hudson, and T. M. McGuire are attending the Kansas City exposition.
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
The Republican primary meeting held in this city last Saturday was attended with unusual interest and excitement. W. Q. Mansfield was chairman and J. M. Bear secretary. The principal battle was between the candidates for sheriff. Two sets of delegates were voted for, the one ticket being put in the field by the friends of Walker, the other by the friends of Shenneman, and the township was scoured for votes. The result was the election of the Walker ticket by a majority of one in a total vote of 355.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.
Mrs. Mansfield has returned from the Kansas City Exposition, and says that in works in art and ornament the display was rather meager, but the displays of goods from different mercantile houses, and of machinery, were large and excellent. She did not notice the blooded stock, but believes this display to have been the superior attraction to others. She much admired the trotting of Goldsmith Maid, and is not willing to believe the great show was Barnum’s at all, it was so feeble.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.
An important meeting was held at Doctor Mansfield’s drug store Tuesday morning, to take steps toward organizing a lecture and library association. Committees were appointed and directed to report on Friday morning next, at the courthouse, when a permanent organization will be effected. Let all interested parties attend.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1877.
                                                       The Philomatic Society
Met last Friday evening with a very respectable attendance. The society elected M. G. Troup, President; J. E. Allen, Vice President; Kate Millington, Secretary; Fred Hunt, Treasurer. The music was excellent, and the debate was ably conducted by Messrs. Seward, Rushbridge, and Jennings.
Next meeting Friday evening, Oct. 19. Music, Paper by F. C. Hunt and Kate Millington; Select Reading, Will Stivers; Discussion, J. E. Allen, W. Q. Mansfield, and others, with sundry exercises.
Winfield Courier, October 25, 1877.
                                                         J. E. MANSFIELD.
                                                       FROM NEW YORK,
                                  Corner of Main Street and 10th Avenue, Winfield.

Keeps constantly on hand a most stylish assortment of
                                 LADIES’, MISSES’, AND CHILDREN’S HATS,
Orders filled on the shortest notice, and on the most reasonable terms.
Winfield Courier, October 25, 1877.
A meeting of the L. M. I. S. will be held at the residence of Mrs. Mansfield, Monday evening, Oct. 28th, promptly at 7 o’clock. MRS. A. C. WILKINSON, President.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1877.
                                                          Winfield Socially.
The coming winter bids fair to be the most pleasant, socially, that Winfieldians have ever experienced. Many changes have taken place in the circle of young folks since the good old frontier days. New and attractive young ladies and gentlemen have settled amongst us, giving to Winfield an air of city life and gaiety when they meet “in convention assembled.” The recent Thanksgiving ball was followed so closely by Miss Kate Millington’s “dancing party,” and both so largely attended, that the indications are that those “who look for pleasure can hope to find it here” this winter. The last mentioned party, to use a stereotyped expression, was a “brilliant success.” Probably of all the gay and charming gatherings that have “tripped the fantastic,” etc., in our city, this was the most pleasant. The music was excellent, the refreshments good, and the polite and attentive demeanor of the fair hostess most agreeable.
The following persons were fortunate enough to be present at this party: Judge W. P. Campbell, of Wichita; W. W. Walton, of Topeka; Herman Kiper, of Atchison; Fred C. Hunt, W. C. Walker, Bert Crapster, Ed. P. Greer, Charley Harter, J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. J. Holloway, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Green, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Harter, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Earnest, Mr. and Mrs. James Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Thompson, Miss Ina Daniels, S. Suss, Josephine E. Mansfield, G. E. Walker, Mary McGaughy, M. B. Wallis, Fannie Wallis, Wilbur Dever, Maggie J. Dever, W. C. Root, Jennie Hahn, W. Gillellen, Mattie Coldwell, J. N. Harter, Carrie Olds, T. C. Copeland, Katie McGaughy, O. M. Seward, Nora Coldwell, Dr. Strong, Amie Bartlett.
Of course, they one and all enjoyed themselves; wished the occasion might be often repeated, and voted (in their minds at least) Miss Kate to be the most “social campaign organizer” in the city.
Winfield Courier, December 13, 1877.
                                                          Prof. C. Farringer,
Teacher of vocal and instrumental music, director of choirs and singing societies, has now permanently located in Winfield and is ready to teach singing schools, societies, and give lessons on the Piano, Organ, Violin, Guitar, Flute, and in vocal culture, in Winfield, Oxford, and Arkansas City, and on the roads leading to these places. Pianos and organs tuned and repaired at reasonable rates. Orders left at his residence (house formerly occupied by Dr. Andrews), or Dr. Mansfield’s drug store, will be promptly attended to. Call on Mrs. Farringer for pianos, organs, instruction books, etc. A good assortment constantly on hand.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1877.

Dr. Mansfield is building an addition to the south side of his drug store.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 2, 1878.
                                              WINFIELD, December 22, 1877.
On last evening, although dark and rainy, a very respectable audience met in the new Methodist church to hear Noble L. Prentiss’ very interesting lecture on the “Old Country.” I say very respectable with a perfect understanding of the term, and because I mean it. I am well acquainted with the citizens of Winfield, and I know that her best men and women were present at this literary feast—for it was a feast of good things, and Prentiss knew how to carve and distribute the pieces. I will not say, as some Jenkinsonian reporters, that the beauty and fashion of the city were present, nor will I deny it; but I will say that the wealth, refinement, and intelligence of Winfield were out in force. If the evening had been pleasant, the house would have been crowded. As it was, I noticed among the audience the leading bankers, merchants, lawyers, preachers, printers, and their wives and sweethearts.
While waiting for the hour to arrive, and the assembly to gather, I took a slight survey of the splendid edifice in which I sat, with its beautiful stained glass windows, four on each side,  rising almost from the floor to the ceiling, lit up with its thirteen patent gas burners arranged from front to rear over the middle aisle, making a flood of light all through the auditory.
Before the arrival of Mr. Prentiss, the audience was favored with a well executed piece of music, “Life on the Ocean Wave,” by Mr. and Mrs. Buckman and Will Holloway; then a violin duet by Dr. Mansfield’s sons. At close of this Prentiss walked down the aisle to the pulpit, where he was introduced by D. A. Millington.
After a few preliminary remarks in his inimitable style, by way of introduction, he then commenced his lecture on board the steamer as she glided down the bay of New York and out of the Narrows into the ocean; giving his observations on what he saw and heard among his fellow passengers—their joys and sorrows, ups and downs, and how soon they took to the imitation of the throng around them. When the ocean heaved, the ship heaved; then the passengers heaved.
He even described the characteristics of the various nation­alities on board and at the landing in the Mersey at Liverpool, humorously describing the Englishman with his silk umbrella and two hats, with only one head, and that sometimes a very indiffer­ent one. He faithfully described the great cities of London and Liverpool, with their peculiarities, curiosities, antiquities, and reminiscences. Then he takes you with him on a trip to the North, passing through Leeds, Manchester, and other places until he lands you in the capital of bonny Scot-land, in two senses—the home of the Scotch, and the land of Sir Walter Scott, the gentleman poet, and Robby Burns, the Ayreshire plowman poet and exciseman, a name that will live and be heard among the masses when that of Scott will be forgotten. I don’t mean you, of course. The TRAVELER shall and must live forever.
After giving a glowing description of Edinburg; its houses ten stories high; its churches, castles, and magnificent sur­roundings—showing you the chamber where Mary Queen of Scots witnessed the assassination of her favorite music teacher, while clinging to her skirts for protection, by the hand of her after­wards husband, Darnley; also the place of her imprisonment.

After describing the beauty and grandeur of an English gentleman’s private residence and estate, and how he traveled over England on a railroad van as a male, he suddenly leaves us for the company of Mr. O’Neal, an Irish gentleman who chaperoned him to the land of “Sweet Erin,” shows him Belfast, Derry, and the great Giant’s Causeway, where he discovers five or six thousand basaltic columns piled up on top of each other, remind­ing him of a lot of Kansas politicians apparently straight up, but not perfectly “square,” and no two of them agreeing.
Taking the back track on an Irish jaunting car, he visited Bush Mill and Port Rush, a small seaport town described by his traveling companion, Mr. O’Neal, as an elegant little place where the gentry from Ballymence, Strabane, Dublin, and beyant come to bathe, wash, and “oil their hair in its pure salt water.”
But there is no use in me trying to give you a description of his lecture. It cannot be done. It must be heard to be appreciated. In a word, it is Prentiss-onian all over. Iowa has her Hawkeye man, Detroit her Free Press man, but Kansas has her Prentiss boy, that can discount any of them in the lecture line as a humorist, satirist, and graphic scene painter.
Your people ought to make arrangements to have him deliver his lecture in your city. Fifty cents’ worth of his mirth provoking anecdotes will cure more chills than $2.50 worth of doctors’ stuff or log cabin bitters. C.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
The Wichita Eagle says: “Cowley County started a long ways ahead of Sedgwick, which was a howling wilderness when Cowley was boasting of an advanced civilization.” We recollect that in 1876 we first visited Sedgwick and Cowley. We found Wichita a city of 75 houses and the country about dotted with claim houses. Such was the “howling wilderness.” From there we went to Cowley. Saw only five claim houses in the latter county until we got to Winfield, which city consisted of Col. Manning’s old log store and claim house, Max Shoeb’s log blacksmith shop, and Dr. Mansfield’s slab drug store. Such was the “boasted civilization.” Neighbor M. M. M, we fear you depend too much on Canon Farrar and Henry Ward B.
Winfield Courier, January 31, 1878.
Strictly Pure White Lead and linseed oils at Reduced Prices at Dr. Mansfield’s.
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1878.
A China wedding at Dr. Mansfield’s tonight.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1878.
                                                       CHINA WEDDING.

Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, the twentieth anniversary of the marriage of Dr. and Mrs. Mansfield given at their residence last Thursday evening, was largely attended. Everything that met the eye gave evidence of a desire on the part of the host and hostess to render the affair as cheerful and pleasant as possible to their guests. As the guests were ushered from the dressing room to the parlor, they were at the east end of the room first introduced to a bride and groom manufactured for the occasion, and well done, with masks, wax eyes, and teeth, the wedding veil, hands joined and natural appearance, which caused much merriment. Directly over their heads was suspended a wreath of evergreens with 1858 in the center and above it the legend in large letters, “Looking toward Kansas.” Turning toward the west, the eyes of the guests rested upon a device arched over the opening of the folding doors, in letters of bright green moss and autumn leaves, “Looking toward sunset,” beneath which was another wreath encircling “1878.” On the west wall beyond sparkled a large star of gilt and diamond dust. All comprehended the design which was admirably arranged, at a glance. Prof. Farringer had charge of the music, presiding alternately at organ, piano, and violin, showing his talent and ability at each. He rendered Mendelsohns wedding march while the Dr. and lady were led to the altar by Mr. and Mrs. Read, who acted as groomsman and bridesmaid. Revs. Rushbridge and Platter performed the ceremony in the most humorous manner and to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. Supper was elaborately spread under a tent, where all repaired to revel in a superabundance of good things. Supper was followed by an original song and music entitled “Twenty years married,” sung by the Prof., Mrs. Kelly, and Mr. and Mrs. Buckman. Music by Prof. Farringer, words by           , Mrs. Buckman’s sweet voice entered into the air and spirit of the words while Mrs. Kelly rendered the alto and the piano accompaniment and Prof. Farringer and Mrs. Buckman supplied the other important parts. The other music given from time to time was very fine. The Dr.’s two boys are pupils of Prof. Farringer, the one on the piano, the other on the violin. The dining table in another room was filled to overflowing with China presents. A most exquisite dinner and tea set in moss rose decoration was the principal feature. Presents were received not only from citizens but from Richmond, Virginia; Brooklyn, New York; Buffalo, New York; and Cleveland, Ohio. All pronounced the affair as most enjoyable and Mr. and Mrs. Mansfield highly appreciated the kind wishes and interest shown in their behalf.
Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.
                                                    MISS J. E. MANSFIELD
                                                has just received a large stock of
                                                FASHIONABLE MILLINERY
And she invites the ladies of Winfield to call and examine.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
Miss J. E. Mansfield is attracting considerable attention to her fine stock of millinery goods.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
Mrs. Mansfield boasts that last Sunday her family feasted on new ripe potatoes of goodly size, raised this spring in her open garden without any of the forcing processes such as hot beds, straw, etc. She says they will have plenty for the family from this time forward.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
We should call especial attention to the card of Dr. Mansfield in this issue. He now resumes practice in his profession and solicits calls. He was once the only physician in the city and his eminent success in that line is still fresh in the minds of the earlier settlers who will hail with pleasure the announcement. He is an army surgeon of four years experience during the war.
AD:                                           W. Q. MANSFIELD, M. D.,
                                               PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,

Resumes the practice of his profession and offers his services to citizens both in town and country, either day or night.
Surgery and diseases of women and children a specialty.
Office at his residence and at his Drug Store.
Winfield Courier, May 16, 1878.
Some three weeks ago Mr. Lilburn Smith, of Harvey Township, accidentally cut his left hand with a knife, the blade cutting the arch of the arteries, cutting it to the palm of the hand. The bleeding was stopped at the time and it was supposed that the cut had healed. On Wednesday night, however, the wound began to bleed, compelling Mr. Smith to come to Winfield for treatment. On Friday, in Dr. Emerson’s office, Dr. Mendenhall, assisted by Drs. Black and Mansfield, opened the forearm in two places taking out the arteries and tying them. The operation was a severe and a delicate one. At this time the patient seems as well as could be expected. He is at A. A. Jackson’s.
Winfield Courier, June 6, 1878.
On last Saturday, June 1st, about four o’clock p.m., Jay Page, saloon keeper of this place, was shot and killed by L. J. Webb, attorney, and member of the House of Representatives of the State. Crowds of men immediately assembled around the scene of the transaction and great excitement prevailed. At the time of the shooting Mr. Page was standing against the counter of his saloon in conversation with Frank Manny, when Mr. Webb entered from the back room; and walking up to within about twelve feet of Mr. Page, drew a revolver from his pocket and fired—the ball entering Page’s left breast about five inches above the nipple. Page ran out the front door, blood gushing from his mouth and nostrils, crying that Webb had killed him. He ran along the sidewalk perhaps 100 feet and fell. He was taken up, bleeding from the mouth profusely. He expired immediately. No word was spoken in the saloon by either Webb or Page. After firing the shot Webb turned to the counter, where he handed his pistol to J. L. M. Hill, deputy sheriff, and went out in custody of Hill.
Coroner W. G. Graham caused to be summoned before him by J. H. Finch, deputy sheriff, a coroner’s jury, composed of W. Q. Mansfield, B. F. Baldwin, A. A. Jackson, H. Brotherton, A. E. Baird, and W. Gillelen. Frank Manny, Newton Ball, and Jesse Herndon, eye-witnesses to the transaction, were sworn and testified to the facts as above stated.
The jury returned a verdict to the effect that Jay Page came to his death by a shot from a pistol fired in the hands of L. J. Webb.
Jay Page came to this city from El Dorado in January last. He had formerly been in Topeka and cities further east. He was a young man of about thirty years of age, well formed, active, wiry, of good address and prepossessing appearance. He was a professional gambler, and is represented as having been not only skillful as a gambler but unprincipled, daring, and reckless, one of the kind who are quick and handy with the pistol and have plenty of nerve to use it.

When Page came to this place, he set himself to building a large stone two-story building with brick open front. The building was completed about six weeks ago, and is one of the large, substantial, and showy business houses of the city. It stands on the east side of Main Street, the fourth building north of Ninth Avenue. The lower story front room, about 25 by 50 feet, was occupied by Page as a billiard saloon, in which were a pool table and a counter and bar at the back end, where liquors were sold by the glass. Back of this was another room where card tables were kept. The upper story was divided into several rooms, some of which are supposed to have been occupied for gambling purposes. There have been rumors and surmises for several days past that green ones who have thought they were smart have been enticed into these rooms, where they lost their money; and now there are many dark hints being thrown out of drugged liquor, cold decks, pistols, roping in, etc., which in the present excitement it is impossible either to verify or refute. We are told that others have attempted to shoot Page but have been prevented by friends. Page leaves a wife, who was in a delicate situation, approaching confinement, and the effect of this blow may prove especially serious to her.
L. J. Webb is a young man about thirty years old, a bright lawyer, having a large practice and many friends. He had a few years ago habits of drinking and gambling, amounting to almost uncontrollable passion. Within the last three years he has made efforts to reform, joining the church and the temperance society, and has abstained from these vices so far that he regained the confidence of the people; and was in 1876 elected to the State Legislature, and has received of our citizens other marks of esteem and confidence. Since the Jay Page saloon as been opened, it seems that by some means he has been lured from his good resolutions and habits into drinking in this saloon and into gambling again, and has been taking opium to steady his nerves. It is said that he was in one of the rooms of that building all the night previous, where Page got away with his money by unfair dealing, and silenced him by a show of two pistols; that Webb left in a half demented condition, and under the influence of whiskey, drugs, and frenzy has perpetrated the homicide as above stated.
Webb has a wife and two children, to whom this tragedy will be the most terrible catastrophe.
The funeral of Page took place from the M. E. Church Sunday, June 2nd.
Webb was held over in jail to Monday for his preliminary examination. On Monday he was very low and weak; too ill to be moved, and his examination was postponed until his condition will permit of it. Dr. Davis, who is attending him, expresses the opinion that his mind was in a shattered condition.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 12, 1878.
                                                   [From the Winfield Courier.]
On last Saturday, June 1st, about four o’clock p.m., Jay Page, saloon keeper of this place, was shot and killed by L. J. Webb, attorney, and member of the House of Representatives of the State. Crowds of men immediately assembled around the scene of the transaction and great excitement prevailed. At the time of the shooting Mr. Page was standing against the counter of his saloon in conversation with Frank Manny, when Webb entered from the back room and walking up to within about twelve feet of Mr. Page, drew a revolver from his pocket and fired, the ball enter­ing Page’s left breast about five inches above the nipple.

Page ran out the front door, blood gushing from his mouth and nos­trils, crying that Webb had killed him. He ran along the side­walk perhaps 100 feet and fell. He was taken up, bleeding from the mouth profusely. He expired immediately. No word was spoken in the saloon by either Webb or Page. After firing the shot Webb turned to the counter, where he handed his pistol to J. L. M. Hill, deputy sheriff, and went out in custody of Hill.
Coroner W. G. Graham caused to be summoned before him by J. H. Finch, deputy sheriff, a coroner’s jury, composed of W. Q. Mansfield, B. F. Baldwin, A. A. Jackson, H. Brotherton, A. E. Baird, and W. Gillelen.
Frank Manny, Newton Ball, and Jesse Herndon, eye witnesses to the transaction, were sworn and testified to the facts as above stated.
The jury returned a verdict to the effect that Jay Page came to his death by a shot from a pistol fired in the hands of J. L. Webb.
Jay Page came to this city from El Dorado in January last. He had formerly been in Topeka and cities further east. He was a young man of about thirty years of age, well formed, active, wiry, of good address and prepossessing appearance. He was a professional gambler, and is represented as having been not only skillful as a gambler but unprincipled, daring and reckless, one of the kind who are quick and handy with the pistol and have plenty of nerve to use it.
When Page came to this place he set himself to building a large stone two-story building with brick open front. The building was completed about six weeks ago, and is one of the large, substantial, and showy business houses of the city. It stands on the east side of Main street, the fourth building north of Ninth Avenue. The lower story front room, about 25 by 50 feet, was occupied by Page as a billiard saloon, in which were a pool table and a counter and bar at the back end where liquors were sold by the glass. Back of this was another room where card tables were kept.
The upper story was divided into several rooms, some of which are supposed to have been occupied for gambling purposes. There have been rumors and surmises for several days past that green ones who thought they were smart have been enticed into these rooms, where they lost their money; and now there are many dark hints being thrown out of drugged liquors, cold decks, pistols, roping in, etc., which in the present excitement it is impossible either to verify or refute. We are told that others have attempted to shoot Page, but have been prevented by friends. Page leaves a wife, who is in a delicate situation, approaching confinement, and the effect of this blow may prove especially serious to her.
L. J. Webb is a young man about thirty years old, a bright lawyer, having a large practice and many friends. He had, a few years ago, habits of drinking and gambling amounting to almost an uncontrollable passion. Within the last three years he has made efforts to reform, joining the church and the temperance society, and has abstained from these vices so far that he regained the confidence of the people; was in 1876 elected to the State Legislature, and has received from our citizens other marks of esteem and confidence.
Since the Jay Page saloon has been opened, it seems that by some means he has been lured from his good resolutions and habits into drinking in this saloon and into gambling again, and has been taking opium to steady his nerves. It is said that he was in one of the rooms of that building all the night previous, where Page got away with his money by unfair dealing, and si­lenced him by a show of two pistols; that Webb left in a half demented condition; and under the influence of whiskey, drugs, and frenzy, has perpetrated the homicide as above stated.

Webb has a wife and two children, to whom this tragedy will be the most terrible catastrophe.
The funeral of Page took place from the M. E. church Sunday, June 2nd.
Webb was held over in jail to Monday for his preliminary examination. On Monday he was very low and weak; too ill to be moved, and his examination was postponed until his condition will permit of it. Dr. Davis, who is attending him, expresses the opinion that his mind was in a shattered condition.
about 4 o’clock p.m., Saturday, June 1, 1878.
I have been in Page’s employ about two months. Mr. Page sold whiskey and wine and allowed gambling in his place of business. The room I have described was the retail room. The gambling was carried on in the back room on the same floor. There were other rooms for gambling upstairs, but they did not gamble there. There might have been one or two gambling games up there. The building was well constructed for gambling purposes.
I have known Webb nearly all the time I have been here; had seen him about the building before. He was there the Friday evening before; came after supper and remained all night and next day until the shooting took place. He did not leave the house to my knowledge until the shooting. Had he left I think I would have known it. He was in the back room where they were playing poker most of the time he was in the house. Page was engaged in the game. Page would frequently go from the gambling room to the bar room and help his customers to some of the good things he had there. Mr. Webb drank during the night and during the day. I think he took the last drink about thirty minutes before the shooting. During the time Webb was there he might have drunk more than thirty times. He was drinking all the time. I waited on them during the time he was there. The game broke up about daylight. Page did not play any after that. They all drank the same kind of liquor, not mixed liquor but whiskey; they call it bean whiskey. I took some peppermint to Webb once. I prepared all the liquor they drank that night except one round. Page gave them one round about midnight. I was most of the time in the gaming room. Webb was playing all the time until 4 o’clock. Page then quit the game because there was no more money in it. He had got it all. Webb continued drinking all day. I did not observe anything peculiar about Webb when he came out at the time of the shooting. Do not know whether Page had been in the gambling room that afternoon. If he was in there, I do not know it. I had passed a drink through a hole in the wall into the gambling room to Webb about twenty minutes before the shooting.
Frank Manny testified to the circumstances of the shooting substantially as did Herndon, and said he saw Webb in the gambling room about ten minutes before the shooting playing cards with two other men; said Webb when he came into the room looked as though he was mad; had his eyes wide open and looked toward Page with a hard stare. Webb leveled his pistol so long at Page before firing that witness thought it was a joke intended to scare somebody.
Newton Ball and H. A. Adams testified to the facts of the shooting substantially as Herndon had, and Dr. Mansfield testified to the surgical results. No witnesses were produced on behalf of the prisoner. His counsel evidently preferred not to disclose their line of defense.

The Justice ordered that Webb be committed to jail to await his trial at the September term of the district court. An application that he be admitted to bail was refused and the prisoner was returned to jail.
There is a wide difference of opinion in this community as to the merits or demerits of this case and some feeling is exhibited. We do not propose to state our opinions, but only to state the facts as they are developed. It is probable that much other evidence will be adduced at the trial, and until then we think all should avoid forming fixed opinions.
Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.
                                         WINFIELD, KANSAS, June 3rd, 1878.
Council met in council chamber. J. B. Lynn, mayor, and G. W. Gully, E. C. Manning, and C. M. Wood, councilmen, present.
Petition of J. M. Alexander, et al., for sidewalk on north side of 9th Avenue, from Main to Millington Streets, reported from committee on streets and sidewalks favorably and ordinance ordered drawn; ditto, petition of M. L. Robinson, et al.
Committee on streets and alleys reported on Majors & Vance petition in regard to the Lacy nuisance; that they did not consider the same to be a nuisance. On motion, petition was laid on the table.
Action was taken on the following bills.
Max Shoeb, repairing hook & ladder truck: $18.50.
James Lobdell, laying sidewalks: $7.13.
G. W. Cass, laying sidewalks: $22.56.
Frazee Brothers, laying sidewalks: $12.00.
W. D. Anderson, laying sidewalks: $13.92.
H. H. Caywood, laying sidewalks: $5.00.
H. H. Caywood, rock for pest house: $1.00.
J. E. Allen office rent: $6.50.
J. P. Short, City Clerk for May: $5.00.
The following claims were allowed:
Allen Brown, digging grave for Brooks: $1.00.
G. W. Beal, digging grave for Brooks: $1.00.
Thos. Clark, digging grave for Brooks: $1.00.
Collum & Constant, work on pest house: $5.00.
Stewart & Epler, work on pest house: $5.00.
M. J. Miller, work on pest house: $2.50.
L. L. Beck, rock for pest house: $1.00.
J. W. Smiley, burying Brooks, etc.: $10.00.
T. Wright, small pox nurse, etc.: $25.00.
F. C. Lowery, small pox nurse for Brooks: $50.00.
E. C. Manning, lumber, etc., for pest house: $66.94.
The following bills, claimed by various people, were referred to finance committee.
Boyer & Wallis, clothing for pest house: $15.10.
J. E. Allen, City Attorney, services: $6.50.
J. H. Finch, boarding prisoners: $11.25.
Dr. Emerson, small pox services: $15.00.
Dr. Strong, small pox services: $140.00.

Dr. Mansfield, small pox services: $66.50.
On motion, the City Attorney was directed to take steps to recover from Miller and Brook’s estate the amount paid for them by the city.
Adjourned. J. P. SHORT, City Clerk.
                                        Special Meeting Winfield City Council.
Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.
                                              WINFIELD, KANSAS, May 4th.
J. B. Lynn, mayor, and all councilmen present.
Contract with W. D. Anderson for laying sidewalk in front of lots 5 and 6, in block 87. Approved. Ordinance No. 80 read by sections and unanimously passed.
Millington & Lemmon, and W. M. Allison, presented bids for the City printing. On motion the contract was ordered to the former and the Winfield COURIER made the official paper for the coming year. On motion the clerk was ordered to furnish official paper with proceedings of council.
The following action was taken on bills.
J. E. Allen, City Attorney’s services: $4.17.
N. C. Coldwell, City Attorney’s services: $4.17.
J. H. Finch, boarding prisoners: $11.25.
Lynn & Gillelen, merchandise for pest house: $26.65.
Bill, W. H. H. Maris, lumber for pest house: $47.43.
The following bills were referred to finance committee:
Bill of Boyer & Wallis, Drs. Strong, Emerson, and Mansfield, laid over.
Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.
                                                Walnut Valley Fair Association.
                                         WINFIELD, KANSAS, June 24, 1878.
Board met pursuant to adjournment at the office of Col. J. M. Alexander. Present: J. W. Millspaugh, President; Col. Alexander, Treasurer; E. E. Bacon, Secretary; and Messrs. E. P. Kinne and E. C. Manning, Directors.
Reading of the proceedings of last meeting was dispensed with.
The committee to prepare premium list submitted for consideration a printed list and recommended its adoption. It was then read, corrected, and adopted, whereupon the following named ladies and gentlemen were appointed superintendents of the various classes, to wit:
Class A - Horses - R. B. Pratt.
Class B - Cattle - L. Finley.
Class C - Sheep - John Statler.
Class D - Swine - W. L. Mullen.
Class E - Poultry -           Bull.
Class F - Agricultural Implements - S. H. Myton.
Class G - Mechanical Arts - J. Hoenscheidt.
Class H - Farm Products - R. F. Burden.
Class I - Horticulture - S. S. Holloway.

Class J - Pomology - I. H. Bonsall.
Class K - Floral - Mrs. W. Q. Mansfield.
Class L - Fine Arts - Mrs. M. E. Davis.
Class M - Textile Fabrics - T. H. McLaughlin.
Class N - Plowing Matches - J. H. Worden.
Class O - Honey - E. P. Hickok.
Class P - Boys and Girls - J. E. Platter.
Class Q - Riding and Driving - W. H. Walker.
Class R - Speed - B. M. Terrill.
Class S - Fruits, etc. - Mrs. S. M. Fall.
On motion, A. J. Pyburn was appointed Chief Marshal.
On motion, R. L. Walker was appointed Chief of Police.
By motion the committee on grounds were instructed to close contract for the same that the committee on track might commence work.
The board then adjourned until called by the president. E. E. BACON, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, July 11, 1878.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
                                           WINFIELD, KANSAS, July 3, 1878.
Council met in council chamber. All present except H. Jochems.
In the matter of the physicians employed to attend small-pox patients.
Action was taken on the following bills: [SHOWING AMOUNT ALLOWED ONLY]
Dr. Strong, attendance on Miller: $40.00
Dr. Strong, attendance on Brooks: $50.00
Dr. Mansfield, attendance and supplies for Brooks: $14.00
Dr. Mansfield, attendance and supplies for Miller: $ 5.20
Dr. Emmerson, attendance on Miller: $2.50
Dr. Emmerson, attendance on Brooks: $5.00
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
Candid thoughts are always valuable; so is Uncle Sam’s Condition Powder for all animals. Sold by W. Q. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
                                                         Primary Convention.
                                                  WINFIELD, August 3, 1878.
Convention met at the courthouse in pursuance to call of County Central Committee.
The meeting was called to order by W. Q. Mansfield, and D. A. Millington was elected as chairman and G. H. Buckman secretary.
On motion the chair appointed a committee of three to report names of delegates and alternates. S. M. Jarvis, E. P. Kinne, and W. M. Boyer appointed on such committee.
The committee reported the following named persons as delegates and alternates.
Delegates: R. L. Walker, W. P. Hackney, E. S. Torrance, F. S. Jennings, L. W. Spack, O. M. Seward, James Kelley, E. C. Manning, D. A. Millington.
Alternates: E. P. Kinne, W. M. Boyer, W. Q. Mansfield, G. H. Buckman, S. M. Jarvis, John Mentch, Sampson Johnson, Henry E. Asp, T. B. Myers.

On motion the report of the committee was adopted by the convention. Thereupon the convention adjourned. D. A. MILLINGTON, President. G. H. BUCKMAN, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.
DIED. DR. MANSFIELD, one of the oldest residents of Winfield, and U. S. Examining Surgeon for this district, died at Winfield last Friday from a stroke of apoplexy while eating dinner.
Winfield Courier, August 15, 1878.
                                             Death of a Distinguished Citizen.
DIED. W. Q. Mansfield died of apoplexy at his residence in Winfield on Friday, August 9th, at 8 o’clock p.m. He had been apparently well and in usual health until a quarter past 1 o’clock p.m., of that day, when he was sitting with his family at the dinner table and Mrs. Mansfield observed that something ailed him and immediately sprang to his support. He was unconscious and apparently painless from that moment until his death.
In this event this community has lost an esteemed friend, a valued citizen, and an accomplished physician and surgeon.
His has been a life of singular purity and moral worth. He had no faults, no bad habits, was the very soul of honor, just to all, and generous to those in need. In his simple unostentatious way, he has been to many an “angel of mercy.” He was a staunch friend of the poor and the oppressed, believed in education and culture as the great moral safeguard to society, read much and thought deeply, and had spent much time and thought in relation to a free library for this community. He had accumulated a large private library, which he intended to donate as a nucleus of a public library. He had other schemes to advance the cause of morality and education in our midst in which he endeavored to interest his friends in his quiet way without display. He was one of Nature’s noblemen, a large-hearted lover of his race.
He had thought much in relation to scientific subjects and of man’s relations to nature. He had formulated very beautiful theories in relation to spiritual existence beyond this life, which, though we do not accept, we know influenced his life for good and believe would make the world much better than it now is if more widely adopted. He did not obtrude his views upon others, but held the views of others in respect.
The following is a sketch of his life from Cleave’s Biographical Cyclopedia of Homeo-pathic Physicians and Surgeons.

“Mansfield, William Q., M. D., of Winfield, Kansas, was born in England in 1818, where he was educated as an apothecary and druggist. In the year 1851 he emigrated to America and located in Buffalo, New York. Here he attended three courses of lectures and graduated in 1857. For several years previous to this he had practiced medicine to a considerable extent and with fair measure of success. Homeopathy he had always considered as one of the greatest delusions of the age. However, his prejudices were removed by a circumstance which happened soon after he graduated and in connection with his practice, which served to convince him that the delusion existed in a very different quarter from that which he had been taught to believe. He could not give much attention to the matter at this time, as the war broke out, and he immediately decided to participate. Submitting to an examination before the medical board organized by the surgeon general at Albany, he received a certificate as full surgeon. Not waiting to employ means to secure a commission, he enlisted as a private in the 92nd Regiment New York Volunteers, then organizing at Potsdam. A few weeks after he was elected captain of the company of which he was a member, but was induced, by the earnest solicitation of Col. Sanford commanding, to accept the position of assistant surgeon. On account of the age and infirmity of the surgeon, Dr. Mansfield was the only medical officer with the regiment during the first year of its service in the field. Having served with the regiment to the end of its term, in 1864, he was promoted surgeon and assigned to the 118th Regiment New York Volunteers. This was followed by the appointment of brigade surgeon, which was conferred upon him while serving in the trenches before Petersburg. In this capacity he remained until the organization of the Army of the James, when he was detailed as the surgeon in charge at the celebrated Dutch Gap. On the memorable 3rd of April, 1865, his regiment was among the first troops entering Richmond. At the close of the war Dr. Mansfield resumed the practice of medicine, but not the old system. Locating in Richmond, he became, unintentionally, identified with the moving incidents of that time. He was elected delegate to the Philadelphia convention of 1866. He was also appointed by the commanding officer of the district, General Schofield, collector of taxes and registering officer of the city of Richmond, and at the first United States district court held in that city after the war by Judge Underwood, Dr. Mansfield was on the first grand jury ever organized in the United States composed of both white and colored men. He was subsequently nominated for senator on the Republican ticket, but was defeated by a small majority. This closed the political career of the Doctor, who, to free himself from politics entirely, and from politicians, emigrated West in the fall of 1869. He located at Emporia, State of Kansas. Here he published a small work entitled ‘Homeopathy, Its History and Tendency.’ This was designed to explain the law of simillia and draw public attention to the subject. The year following Dr. Mansfield moved to Winfield, Kansas, situated near the Arkansas River, and within a few miles of the Indian Territory. He is now engaged in a flourishing and lucrative practice, which brings him in contact with a large portion of the community, with whom he is popular, and among whom he has made many warm friends.”
The funeral took place on Sunday, August 11th, at 10 o’clock a.m., amid a large concourse of friends and citizens who assembled at his residence. The casket was profusely adorned with flowers and the choir sang exquisitely “Sweet bye and bye.” An address was delivered by Mr. J. L. Rusbridge, intended as a short eulogy of the deceased and a sketch of his life. The remains were deposited in their resting place and the grave strewn with flowers.
Winfield Courier, August 22, 1878.
Persons having claims against the estate of W. Q. Mansfield will confer a favor by presenting their claims properly authenticated at once.
Winfield Courier, September 5, 1878.
Miss J. E. Mansfield has just received a new and beautiful lot of millinery goods which she is offering at most favorable prices. Ladies should call and see.
Winfield Courier, September 12, 1878.
Miss J. E. Mansfield has just received a new and beautiful lot of millinery goods which she is offering at most favorable prices. Ladies should call and see.
Winfield Courier, September 19, 1878.

Capt. R. C. Cook, of Richmond, Va., U. S. Internal Revenue collector, arrived in this city last Saturday evening. He is an old acquaintance of the late Dr. Mansfield, and was a gallant Union soldier in the late war, in which he suffered much. Of course, he is a staunch Republican. He has some real estate in this county, having bought the east half of the Dr. Egbert land some three years ago, and when he closes his term of collectorship, he proposes to become a resident of this county. We are always ready to receive such gentlemen with open arms.
Winfield Courier, October 10, 1878.
Plants, roots, and bulbs for sale by Mrs. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, October 10, 1878.
Dr. D. V. Cole & Sons, of this place, have purchased the entire stock of drugs, medicines, etc. of the administrator of the estate of the late Dr. Mansfield, at Winfield, at a great reduction from the original cost, and will keep a complete stock of pure goods to sell to the trade at low prices.
One of the sons will remain at Oxford, where the public will always find a complete stock of pure goods.
The doctor will hereafter devote his entire time to the practice of his profession. With the conceded ability of the doctor and his long experience in the practice, he will be a valuable accession to the profession at our neighboring city. Our people much regret his departure just at this time, but may console themselves with the thought that the distance is not great; and his interests here are such that he will, in any event, make frequent visits, and be always ready to respond to calls from this place. Oxford Independent.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1878.
                                             MANNING’S OPERA HOUSE.
                                                          Opening Benefit.
The citizens of Winfield and vicinity purpose giving an entertainment benefit on
                                         TUESDAY EVENING, DEC. 17, 1878
at Manning’s Opera House, to show their appreciation of the enterprise of a citizen who has erected a magnificent hall in our city.

Winfield—J. B. Lynn and O. M. Seward.
Arkansas City—C. M. Scott.
Dexter—Dr. Wagner.
Lazette—Mc. D. Stapleton.
Douglas—Neil Wilkie.
Oxford—Dr. Maggard.
Doors thrown open at 7 o’clock.
Opening overture (orchestra) 7:30.
Social intercourse and vocal and instrumental music from 7:30 to 8:30.
Address (welcome and congratulatory), J. W. McDonald, 8:30.
Banquet and Toasts, 9 o’clock.
Dancing to commence promptly at 10:30.
Tickets to social entertainment and supper, per couple, $1.50.
Dance, per couple, $1.50.
Tickets sold separately, so that only those who wish to remain and take part in the dancing need purchase dancing tickets.
A general invitation is extended to the public to participate in this entertainment.
                        E. P. KINNE, Chairman, Committee of General Arrangements.
Winfield Courier, December 19, 1878.
Ed. G. Cole, in Dr. Mansfield’s old stand, has added largely to his stock of drugs and medicines, and will sell as low as the lowest. Ed. is a competent man to do business. Do not forget to call and see him.
Winfield Courier, January 9, 1879.
Mrs. Mansfield’s parrot died last Monday. This is a histor­ic bird, having been immortalized by Wirt Walton when he was localizing for the Courier.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
The following is a list of the principal business firms of Winfield.
Mme. Roland.
Mrs. Stump.
Mrs. Kretsinger.
Mrs. Anne Harris.
Miss J. E. Mansfield.
Mrs. Whitehead.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield returned from Michigan last Friday. She has been roaming in the rural districts and eating maple sugar some weeks and returns fair, healthy, and happy and reports a joyous visit.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.
The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May, A. D. 1879, term of the District Court of Cowley County, beginning on the first Monday in May, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.
                                            CIVIL DOCKET. EIGHTH DAY.
H. P. Mansfield vs. Estate of W. Q. Mansfield.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.
Mrs. Mansfield’s maple sugar party last Thurday evening was a very pleasant affair, and we hope to meet the same very enter­taining hostess and guests many times more before maple sugar goes out of fashion.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.
Our table was graced with a beautiful bouquet of roses, the gift of Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, last Monday. Mrs. M. has the choicest flowers, and the gift is more acceptable from the fact that it is the first full-fledged bouquet of the season.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.
All parties interested will hereby take notice that D. A. Millington, administrator of the estate of W. Q. Mansfield, deceased, on the 4th day of June, A. D., 1879, filed his petition in the Probate Court within and for the County of Cowley, and State of Kansas, alleging that the personal estate of said decedent is insufficient to pay his debts and the charges of administering his estate; that he died seized in fee simple of the following described real estate situated in aid county, to-wit: The S. W. 1/4 of Section 33, in Township 32, south of Range 4 East.
The prayer of said petition is for a sale of said premises for the payment of the debts and charges aforesaid.
The said Court has set for the hearing of said petition, Monday, the 7th day of July, 1879, at 10 o’clock a.m., at his office in the Courthouse at Winfield in said county.
                                             D. A. MILLINGTON, ETC., ETC.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
                                          (Commencing Monday, Aug. 25, 1879.)
                                           CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY.
H. P. Mansfield            Torrance & Asp
Est. W. Q. Mansfield    McDermott, Alexander.
[CORRESPONDENT “H. P. M” - (Believe this was Mrs. Mansfield of Winfield.)]
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.
                                SNOW HILL, SALT CITY, KS., Sept. 12th, 1879.

ED. COURIER: After a dusty drive of three hours, we arrived at this Saratoga of the “Great American Desert,” without meeting any hair-breadth escapes, or observing anything wonderful on the way. Having pitched our tent and pegged it down strong, we proceeded to unpack our provision-chest, to find “refreshments for the inner (wo-)man.” A sheet-iron stove, which we found in the garden at home, answered our purpose well, and we were soon provided with a splendid cup of coffee; in fact, a good dinner altogether.
Finally our teamster left us for Winfield, and we (two women) turned to and settled—put down our carpet, made our bed, fixed up a shelf for dishes, and lots of little nothings which only a woman knows how to do, for comfort and convenience. Then we began to wonder how we should ever kill the time, as there were so few places of interest, or objects for society.
Alto­gether there were five families on this snowy-eminence, made white by the salt at the north of us, and at first sight looked like frozen water; so I christened it “Snow Hill.” Nothing disturbed our quiet, care-free slumbers, not even the snakes, which the people at home declared would be our nightly visitants.
Next day we spent the morning in watching for our Oxford friends, and just at noon they “hove” in sight, bag and baggage. Now Richie had a companion, and he saw his way through two weeks.
This day we explored the immense salt-works, and found that some shiftless parties had control of it, for more than half of the vats were empty and dried up for want of proper care—the hose rotten and the windmill falling to pieces.
Mrs. Foster, an old resident of Salt City, spent the day with me, and in her true kindness, offered us anything we needed to add to our comfort; afterwards sending us vegetables, jellies, milk, etc., which were acceptable.
The boys borrowed a gun and brought down a fine duck for our dinner Wednesday, and since then we have had all the game we wanted. Varieties of birds, both webbed and non-webbed, are shot here, but the strangest one was a pelican, measuring five feet or more from the tips of its wings, and could swallow a fish weigh­ing four or five pounds. What with wandering about, three meals a day, and all the gossip of three cities—Salt City, Oxford, and Winfield—besides letter writing and knitting, we manage to get through the days in a hurry.
Yesterday Mitchell and Newman came up with shovels, forks, rods, and pipes, to play in the springs, and upon drawing an auger attached to a rod 20 feet long from a spring which had the old pipe, stones were thrown out as large as a goose-egg, which had every appearance of having been melted by extreme heat. What these gentlemen will accomplish they themselves do not know, but it will take a small fortune to employ competent men to put things in order, to make a paying investment. Then look out for a nickle a glass for this medicinal water. Better all come this year, while you can pitch your tent anywhere, wear calico dress­es, dispense with cosmetics, shoot birds, and romp to your heart’s content.
We are waiting and watching for Sunday and that Winfield party: Read’s, Robinson’s, and Spotswood’s, besides Mrs. Best and Mrs. Roberts, with their tent and goodies, which we may be able to borrow, as they are freshly cooked.
Yesterday afternoon a black cloud in the west admonished us to gather up our wetables, as we should probably have an opportu­nity to see whether our tent, which had never been wet, would turn water; and I assure you, I not only shall turn agent for the manufacturer, but shall always speak a good word for the lender.
That, like the rest of the world, you and your readers may be envious, I will say that we are to have green peas, fresh from the field, for dinner today. Respectfully, H. P. M.
Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.

The Mansfield lot, on Main street, was sold at public auction last Monday for $1,001.
Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.
Mrs. Mansfield is getting the material on the ground for her new building. She has already had several offers for the lower story as soon as completed.
Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.
Mr. W. H. Smith has secured the new brick store building to be built by Mrs. Mansfield, at $720 per year in advance. The building is to be completed by April 1st, 1880. Good for the boot and shoe man.
Winfield Courier, February 26, 1880.
Excavating for Mrs. Mansfield’s new building is about completed. Mrs. Mansfield has the requisite amount of energy to make things “boom” and she’s doing it.
Winfield Courier, March 4, 1880.
Mrs. Mansfield has the sleepers down for her new brick building.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.
Smith Bros. will occupy the Mansfield building about the 1st of April, when you may look out for a big boot and shoe boom.
Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.
The card of Dr. S. C. Fitzgerald appears in this paper. The doctor has his office in Mrs. Mansfield’s new building.
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.
                                             BROOKLYN, L. I., July 10, 1880.
EDS. COURIER. I had hoped to have a little leisure ere this to give my friends informa-tion of my whereabouts, and the passing events since I left them.
The four weeks in Michigan is memorable mostly by the downright solid visiting with dear old-time friends, and the effort they made to keep us all summer.

From there we took a night train and sleeper to Niagara Falls, where we stopped over to “take them in.” To many, the anticipation of their wonderful grandeur comes far from answering the contract, inasmuch as they are induced by the rabble of hackmen to take a carriage and ride over the bridge to the Canada side, a view from which is absolutely necessary to comprehend the immense body of water falling. The grandeur is only seen by going on foot and keeping below the banks, looking up the cata­ract instead of down. At every turn there is a fee, so that visitors truly say “they are bled.” Efforts are being made to remove all these fees, and make it free to all, even to an international bridge. We met the Royal party on the Canada side, composed of the Marquis of Lorne and Prince Louise, her brother, and three others. The Marquis was dressed in a plain black suit and black gloves, and the princess in a navy blue suit, with knife pleating, I should think, twenty inches deep on the skirt, a short overskirt and basque trimmed with the material, the same colored turban, with drab veil and gloves. One would not have noticed any dissimilarity to Americans, only from the florid countenance and robust figure.
From there we proceeded to Syracuse and Oswego County, where we passed three weeks with dear friends, and luxuriated on strawberries, morning, noon, and night; thence to Cape Vincent, and down the St. Lawrence river to Ogdensburg. Of all our journey no scenery compared with that of the Thousand Islands. (The government survey makes the number over 2,000 upon which vegetation grows.)
To attempt a description of the innumerable summer residenc­es, reaching from Cape Vincent to Alexandria Bay, the fairy little yachts, and delicate row boats, in short, everything to make the time pass pleasantly and gaily, during the hot months of summer, would take too much space in your columns. A party on board, familiar with the river, explained everything and the names of the principle islands. The two which most attracted my fancy, were those of Geo. Pullman, of the palace car renown, and J. G. Holland, whose residence is known as Bonniecastle.
On the 24th of June we arrived at Governeur, and were met at the depot by a kind friend, whose wife was keeping her dinner waiting for us. Words are too feeble to express the agreeable and enjoyable visit of ten days, dining with one and supping with another, feeling I was a thousand times repaid for coming all the way from Kansas, and was sad at the necessity of separation.
Upon arrival, Albany friends gave me a hearty welcome, and took me all around to view the improvements during the years of my absence. The state capitol is foremost, and presents an appearance which surpasses most structures of American architec­ture. This is the eleventh year since its commencement, and it has already cost $12,000,000. It is believed that when complet­ed, its real cost will reach $17,000,000. At the present time there are thirteen hundred men at work on it.
We have this day (Tuesday), visited the Bureau of Military Statistics, where are deposited all the regimental flags of our late war, discolored by use, and riddled by bullets, freshly suggesting the day of their presentation, when the stars and stripes were bright, and their bearers swore to them to the last. As Richie was looking over the photographs upon the walls, his eyes fell upon a large one of his father, which was placed there many years ago; to see this likeness so far from home, was a shock to him. The park, the cemetery, etc., gives evidence of the great desire of the people to beautify the grounds.
From here I go to Saratoga, and then to Brooklyn, from whence I will mail this.
                                                        H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 5, 1880. Front Page.
The day we passed in Saratoga was too hot and the night too intensely brilliant to be passed without comment.

The height of the fasionable season has arrived, and it would seem that all the wealth and show of the world was there. Since the fire which destroyed the U. S. Hotel, another of more huge dimensions has been erected, as well as the Grand Central, the latter being an item of the estate of A. T. Stewart, and fur­nished in the most elegant manner, costing 1-1/2 millions. The grounds and building use the electric light, which is certainly a marvel of improvement, and reduces gas light to that of a tallow candle; its rays being very similar to the sun. The only strange thing, and to some people, unpleasant, is the peculiar blue cast it gives to surrounding objects.
The court is filled with fountains and lovely flowers, green lawns, trees, and fine music, so you see one can spend a day very pleasantly.
Aside from these two hotels, and the springs and lake, there is little to interest one.
Coney Island at the present day must not be left out to the tourist, as it is the fashionable New Yorker’s resort. The briny surf has been familiar to me in years gone by, but to renew the acquaintance now is not as agreeable as it is with the good friends living near.
The hotels at Manhattan beach, Coney Island, etc., are not to be compared with Saratoga, yet the guests are far more numer­ous.
An elevator 300 feet high gives me an extensive view of New York harbor, Rockway, and its hotels, 1/4 of a mile long, Long Branch (where I go tomorrow), Staten Island with its forts, etc.
Among the 1,000 curiosities was an automatic machine for hatching eggs, the first successful one ever invented, showing chickens in all stages of hatching, and was very interesting.
Perhaps no band in the world can compete with those at these hotels. Levy, now playing at the Manhattan Beach hotel, is said to be the finest cornet performer; his instrument is solid gold, a present of course. Arbuckle plays at Coney Island Hotel, and lest “familiarity breeds contempt,” he gives only two or three pieces.
Electric lights here too add greatly to the beauty of the evening promenades and the sandy beach, with its white surf rolling up to your very path.
Display, excitement, bewilderment, from weeks end to weeks end, almost seeming to crowd years into days, until life itself is hurried through, cutting off the hours at either end, which makes it short enough. Even the forced quiet of city life here finds you up at 12 at night, and breakfasting at 10 in the morning.
I have just returned from Hempstead Island, where I have had a delightful visit with friends, in the quiet of a charming household, whose head (the mother), I knew as a beautiful girl of 16, long years ago. Time has set her seal; lovely children have grown to be a blessing, but the mother is beautiful still.
Garden City, built by A. T. Stewart in his life time, for the purpose it is said of lessening rents for the men of moderate means, is a handsome place; most of the buildings corresponding to the same architecture, that of two-stories and basement, with French roof, lawns with fountains playing on the commons, orna­mental trees, shrubs, and flowers. Since his death his wife is erecting an Episcopal Cathedral to his memory, and believes that the remains of her stolen husband have been recovered and depos­ited in the vault built for the purpose within the church. The Crypt is of the finest Italian marble, and the most elaborate carving in America. A lover of art could pass a week admiring the columns and caps of the building.
Notwithstanding the hundreds of times I have passed Trinity Church in New York, until now I have never been inside the iron railing. Of course, I was anxious to see the noted stones of which I had heard so much. Charlotte Temple was carved on a slab, which lies flat over the grave.

[Note: Reference is made in next paragraph to Clinton and canal. She was writing about De Witt Clinton (1769-1828), an American lawyer and politician. His great service was the promotion of the Erie Canal project. A locomotive was named for him.]
Greenwood cemetery is too extensive to enter into detail. The tombs of Clinton, with carving of the canal being dug through the wilderness, and its completion; the lot where were deposited the remains of those who were burned at the destruction of the Brooklyn theater; Matthews, the soda fountain man; Horace Greeley; Soldier’s Monument; Daner, the noted N. Y. gambler, etc., are all calculated to throw the expensive tomb of Charlotte Candee, which has been so much admired, into the shade.
The elevated railroads, the tunnel under the North river, etc., I have not time to discuss.
I have met Mrs. Waldron, and R. B. Saffold, who join a party for Long Branch.
From there I go to Newport and Boston and then commence my home trip.
                                                        H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.
                                   CLINTON, NEW YORK, AUGUST 22, 1880.
EDITOR COURIER: After passing a very delightful time with friends in and around New York City, and receiving a visit from my son, Rupert, who came from Charleston, South Carolina, I determined to proceed up the Sound, notwithstanding the recent collision between the Narragansett and Stonington and the burning of the Seawanbaca, whose hull and smokepipe were still above water. Every steamer leaving her dock in all directions is loaded with passengers, and every train bears its burden of human freight, as the whole world was on the move. The night was bright, and the sail to Boston charming, which we reached about 7 o’clock next morning. From the top of Bunker Hill monument, I wrote you a postal. The places of interest are numerous, and among them we visited the commons, public garden, public library, art museum, and others of notoriety, a description of which would be tedious on paper. I bought views from all places which I have seen to take home with me. At Watertown, about six miles from Boston, we visited a cousin, who took us to Mount Auburn, a cemetery of great interest, and one which I have for many years longed to see. In it reposes the last of Charles Sumner, Edward Everett, Hosea Ballou, Louis Agassiz Bowelitch, Chas. Turner Torrey, Margaret Fuller Ossoli, Charlotte Cushman. N. P. Willis, Fanny Fern, Harnden, the first expressman, Francis S. Osgood, and others who we all know by reputation. This cemetery is by far the most beautiful flower garden of any I have seen, its beds being of the most original designs and finest contrast of foliage and flowers.
Greenwood excells in its monuments. Rural, of Albany, in its romantic scenery, and Mount Aubure for its flower gardens.

But the grandest of all is known as Payson’s farm of 120 acres, kept in the most perfect order and free to the public. Here are vast lawns, a deer park, with fawns that are so tame they will lick your hand, nicely trimmed hedges, a world of flowers and vegetables, greenhouses filled with every imaginable variety of tropical plants too beautiful to describe, peaches, nectarines, black Hamburg and Muscat Alexander grapes, under glass, bananas and pineapples, all in the most luscious state of ripeness, and yet untouchable. In short, the whole place surpasses descrip­tion, so scrupulously tasty and neat was every inch of it. A carpenter was employed by the year, and I was told that the expense of running it is $25,000 a year. It is not a market garden, but simply for his own pleasure and for the public.
At Cambridge we visited Agassiz’s museum, which consisted of stuffed animals of all countries, birds in endless variety, fishes, reptiles, etc., in alcohol, skeletons of everything, mastodons, etc.
In all my tour, no scenery compared with the Hoosac tunnel route to Albany. The day was cloudy, with a slight rain, which caused a fog to fall in clouds below the peaks of the mountains, giving them a weird appearance, ever and anon winding and twist­ing like smoke around their very base. The short curves in the railroad, which kept the train following closely the bank of a winding stream, with its pebbly bottom and clear water, swayed us here and there as the cars rushed along, until it seemed as though we were certainly going to upset, but finally found ourselves safely in Albany, and onward until we reached this place, a haven of rest, which I shall call “The Welcome,” in commemoration of the same which my cousins gave me upon my arrival, and ever since. Every hour has been one of enjoyment. Here I was reared, and here I have met friends who knew me as a child, and in my riper years, who have rejoiced in my joy and soothed me in my early bereavement. Our visit here is nearly ended, from which we proceed to Ohio and so on home, where our arrival may be looked for about the 11th of October. Respectfully, H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.
NEW FIRM. Miss Mansfield has taken into partnership Miss Smith, an accomplished milliner, and the purchaser of the Yankee Notion store. They keep no old stock. Their goods are all new and fresh.
Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield and her son, Ritchie, returned Tuesday from the long wanderings in the east.
Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.
Master Richie Mansfield entertained a number of young friends at his home Monday evening.
Winfield Courier, January 13, 1881.
Harold Mansfield is preparing to start a drug store at Hunnewell.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
MR. AND MRS. J. C. FULLER. Socially this has been one of the gayest winters in the history of our city. Almost every week has been made pleasant by a social gathering of some sort or other. One of the most pleasant of these was the reception by Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller last Friday evening. The guests were many and the arrangments for their entertainment were complete.

Among those present were: Mr. and Mrs. Loose, Mr. and Mrs. James Harden, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges. Dr. and Mrs. VanDoren, Mr. and Mrs. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. Eastman, Rev. and Mrs. T. F. Borcher, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Dr. and Mrs. Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Short, Dr. and Mrs. Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Boyer, Mr. and Mrs. Trimble, Mr. and Mrs. Moffitt, Mr. and Mrs. Speed, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. Kretsinger, Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Shrieves, Mr. and Mrs. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. Scovill, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Carruthers, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Hamil­ton, Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Fuller, Rev. and Mrs. Hyden, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Williams, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Mullen, Miss Mary Stewart, Miss May Williams, Father Kelly, O. F. Boyle, and Charles Fuller.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.
CRYSTAL WEDDING. Mr. and Mrs. Shrieves celebrated the 15th anniversary of their marriage by inviting their friends to attend their crystal wedding on Tuesday evening, February 8th. Accord­ingly a merry party filled the omnibuses and proceeded to their residence, one mile east of town, and spent an evening of unal­loyed pleasure. Mrs. Shrieves, assisted by her sisters, Mrs. Cummings and Mrs. Wm. Shrieves, entertained theirr guests in a graceful and pleasant manner. Although invitation cards announced no presents, a few of the most intimate friends pre­sented some choice little articles in remembrance of the occa­sion. The following were present: Mrs. Hickok, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Butler, Miss Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Kinne, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robin­son, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Dr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. Earnest, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Rev. and Mrs. Hyden, Rev. and Mrs. Platter, Mrs. Houston, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Wilson, Rev. and Mrs. Borchers, Mr. and Mrs. Meech, Mr. and Mrs. Mill-house, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Roberts, Mr. Hendricks, and John Roberts.
Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.
Mrs. Mansfield received through the mails Tuesday a box containing green peas and strawberries from her son, R. E. Mansfield, of the postal mail service, who is at present sta­tioned in Florida. The peas were perfectly preserved, but the strawberries were somewhat decayed. The sight of such delicacies at this season of the year makes one long for the “orange groves of Florida.”
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.
On last Thursday evening was gathered in the magnificent salons of M. L. Robinson one of the largest parties which have assembled in Winfield this past season. The honors of the occasion were conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Robinson and Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood in the most graceful and pleasing manner, making each of the guests feel delighted and happy. A new departure was made in the hour for reception which we cannot too highly commend, that of substituting 7 o’clock for the late hours which usually prevail, but the habits of some were so confirmed that they could not get around until nine o’clock. The banquet was excellent beyond our power of description. Nothing was wanting to render it perfect in all its appointments. At a reasonable hour the guests retired, expressing the warmest thanks to their kind hostesses and hosts for the pleasures of the evening. The following are the names of the guests as we now remember them.

Miss Nettie McCoy, Mrs. Huston, Mrs. S. H. Myton, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Eastman, Mrs. Ticer, Mr. M. G. Hodges, Mr. C. A. Bliss, Mr. W. C. Robinson, Mr. W. A. Smith, Mr. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Loose, Mrs. Herrington, Mr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Platter, Mr. and Mrs. J. Harden, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. Conklin, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. Dever, Mr. and Mrs. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. Barclay, Mrs. W. F. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. F. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, and Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881.
Mr. Harold Mansfield has sold his drug business in Hunnewell and is again a resident of Winfield.
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.
Rev. J. E. Platter was chosen chairman and made one of his neat and impressive speeches followed by Messrs. Hackney, Troup, Beach, and others.
A committee of ten gentlemen was appointed by the chair to canvass for subscriptions, consisting of Messrs. C. C. Black, J. S. Hunt, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, D. A. Millington, D. L. Kretsinger, J. P. Short, R. E. Wallis, W. H. Smith, and H. D. Gans.
A committee of ladies was appointed to canvass for clothing, bedding, etc., consisting of Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mrs. Earnest, Mrs. Jewell, Mrs. Van Doren, Mrs. Horning, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Spotswood, Miss Nellie Cole, and Miss Mary Steward.
The committee of gentlemen organized with C. C. Beach, chairman, J. P. Short, secretary, and R. E. Wallis, treasurer.
Early on Tuesday morning a wagon load of provisions was sent to Floral under charge of Messrs. Black and Short.
During the day the canvass of the city resulted in the following cash subscriptions.
COURIER Co. $25.00
Winfield Bank $25.00
Read’s Bank $25.00
Lynn & Loose $20.00
W. P. Hackney $15.00
J. E. Platter $15.00
Telegram $15.00
A. T. Shenneman $15.00
J. S. Hunt $15.00
Bliss & Wood $15.00
Spotswood & Co. $12.00
A. P. Johnson $10.00
M. G. Troup $10.00
Jacob Nixon $10.00

D. C. Stevens $10.00
H. D. Gans $10.00
H. J. Sandfort $10.00
Curns & Manser $10.00
S. H. Myton $10.00
Smith Bros. $10.00
Harter & Horning $10.00
W. J. Hodges $10.00
W. C. Root & Co. $10.00
James Hardin $10.00
J. H. Bullen $10.00
N. L. Rigby $10.00
S. C. Smith $10.00
Frank Williams $10.00
Wallis & Wallis $10.00
Baird Bros. $10.00
H. Goldsmith $5.00
J. S. Mann $5.00
Geo. W. Gully $5.00
D. C. Beach $5.00
Bradt & Gibson $5.00
Major & Vance $5.00
Cole Bros. $5.00
W. E. Davis $5.00
T. M. McGuire $5.00
J. P. Short $5.00
T. R. Bryan $5.00
M. Hahn & Co. $5.00
J. A. Earnest $5.00
Horning R. & Co. $5.00
J. D. Pryor $5.00
T. F. Axtel & Co. $5.00
Robt. Hudson $5.00
G. E. Raymond $5.00
Appleby & Ehler $5.00
S. Billings $5.00
J. Fleming $5.00
W. B. Pixley $5.00
Hoosier Grocery $5.00
J. F. Burroughs $5.00
Brown & Son $5.00
H. G. Fuller $5.00
Jennings & Buckman $5.00

J. A. Douglass $5.00
Speed & Schofield $5.00
J. L. M. Hill $5.00
J. E. Conklin $5.00
H. C. Loomis $5.00
Harter Bros. $5.00
N. C. Myers $5.00
Henry E. Asp $5.00
J. M. Alexander $5.00
Silver & True $5.00
W. Newton $5.00
J. W. Johnston $5.00
Quincy A. Glass $5.00
McDonald & Walton $5.00
Lee & McKnight $5.00
Simmons & Ott $5.00
Chicago L Co. $5.00
W. T. Ekel $5.00
Ed. Bedilion $5.00
Eli Youngheim $5.00
I. Levi $3.00
F. Barclay & Son $2.50
S. W. Pugsley $2.50
Ed. Weitzell $2.50
A. J. Frazee $2.50
E. Dever $2.50
S. D. Pryor $2.00
John Lee $2.00
Port Smith $2.00
E. W. Hovey $2.00
W. C. Carruthers $2.00
Mrs. De Falk $2.00
W. O. Johnson $2.00
A. H. Green $2.00
S. I. Gilbert $2.00
M. J. Wilson $2.00
J. O’Hare $2.00
C. C. Harris $2.00
A. W. Davis $2.00
Jas. Lorton $2.00
F. M. Friend $2.00
A. J. Pyburn $2.00
J. M. Keck $2.00

Connor & Beaton $2.00
J. M. Henry $2.00
John Lowry $2.00
D. F. Long $1.50
I. W. Randall $1.50
J. W. McRorey $1.50
C. G. Oliver $1.00
S. G. Gary $1.00
J. B. McGill $1.00
Geo. Mann $1.00
S. A. Cook $1.00
D. Mater $1.00
F. Brown $1.00
D. W. Stevens $1.00
A. Stewart $1.00
J. B. Sipes $1.00
J. P. Stevens $1.00
Chas. Kelly $1.00
C. D. Austin $1.00
B. A. Beard $1.00
D. A. Carr $1.00
M. B. Shields $1.00
J. W. Batchelder $1.00
W. P. Tucker $1.00
H. Jochems $1.00
J. E. Allen $1.00
W. Woding $1.00
E. Soferien $1.00
E. A. Appling $1.00
W. McClellan $1.00
F. P. Silver $1.00
J. S. Beaton $1.00
J. W. Seckles $1.00
W. Woodell $1.00
W. McEwen $1.00
Max Shoeb $1.00
F. V. Rowland $1.00
Roy Millington $1.00
S. Smedley $1.00
G. H. Allen $1.00
E. P. Harlan $1.00
Geo. Klaus $1.00
A. W. Berkey $1.00

G. W. Maxfield $1.00
Geo. Osterhaus $1.00
Nomnsen & Steuven $1.00
John Price $1.00
Jas. Connor $1.00
Ed. Mount $1.00
M. West $1.00
T. B. Myers $1.00
P. Sipe $1.00
Jas. Burns $1.00
Dr. Green $1.00
H. Lewis $1.00
W. F. Dorley $1.00
N. Moore $1.00
B. Herbert $1.00
M. Smedley [?Smedler?] $1.00
W. A. Freeman $1.00
W. Dodson $1.00
Dr. Bull $1.00
Mrs. T. K. Johnson $1.00
John Powell $1.00
M. Buckhalter $1.00
John Eaton $1.00
M. Klingman $1.00
E. Cutler $1.00
Wilber Dever $1.00
F. C. Woodruff $1.00
F. M. Woodruff $1.00
John Wilson $1.00
D. F. Best $1.00
Ed. Cochran $1.00
Dr. Wells $1.00
Geo. W. Martin $1.00
R. W. Parks $1.00
F. Barclay, Jr. $1.00
Jos. Likowski $1.00
A. B. Graham $1.00
D. S. Beadell $1.00
H. Pails $1.00
J. Rowland $1.00
_____ Dorley $1.00
Ed. Likowski $1.00
Frank Finch $1.00

A. S. Tucker $1.00
Smaller collections $57.20
Sent from Arkansas City $46.50
The above is not a perfect list, but is as near correct as possible in our hurry in going to press. The committee have raised in cash $801.00.
Besides the cash contributions the committee of ladies secured a large amount of clothing and bedding from families all over the city. A full load of these was sent up to the sufferers on Wednesday morning and more to follow during the day. Some merchants gave groceries and other goods from their stores. The committee are distributing the property and cash as judiciously as possible, so as to do the most good.
Winfield Courier, September 29, 1881.
The old Winfield drug store building at last found a resting place on Ninth Avenue next to Dr. Mendenhall’s office, where it will do its duty as a grocery store. It is one of the oldest build­ings in town, and was built by Dr. Mansfield in the summer of 1870.
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
We notice the arrival of Harold Mansfield, from Texas. Harold says Texas isn’t just exactly a cheerful state to live in, and that a young man who cares anything about the preservation of his anatomy shouldn’t float around in that state to any great extent.
Cowley County Courant, January 5, 1882.
The much expected and long           [part of article miss­ing] of masquerade came off Friday evening and was a grand and perfect          . There were at least one hundred            on the floor and the rear seats of the hall were crowded with visitors         jollier and happier crowd has never assembled in Winfield since the first country hoe-down in the “old log store.” The beauty and chivalry of the city were there, the lights were good, the music was excellent, everybody was good natured, the ushers were obliging, the door-keepers were careful, the floor managers were watchful and active, and the whole hall was conducted without clash or discord, and fully met the expec­tations of those who had anticipated a first-class ball, and a lively, happy time. There were many rich and beautiful costumes, and many ludicrous representations that kept the visitors contin­ually interested and overflowing with laughter.
The general march commenced at 8:30 o’clock with 41 couples on the floor, and formed a brilliant procession striking in its comic effect. Beautiful and rich costumes glittering with gold and silver trimmings, dukes and kings, knights and ladies, Indians, negroes, harlequins, grotesque figures, all commingled in one strange and startling crowd.
At 11 o’clock the command was given to form in procession for a march, a grand circle was formed in the hall, the order to face in was given, followed by the order to unmask, and for the first time the parties knew each other, face to face. The ejaculations of surprise, the mutual exclamations of “Well, I declare! Is that you?” attested the excellent manner in which the disguises were gotten up.

At twelve o’clock the hall was deserted for supper, after which tthe dancing was resumed until the—well, that is—the wee—or rather—oh, what’s the difference?—”until the wee sma’ hours,” according to Hoyle, when everybody went home, rather broke up for the next day, but having had a glorious, happy time. The names and characters of those participating we give as follows as near as we could find out, with running comments.
Miss Libby Mansfield, pink and blue domino, very pretty.
Mrs. Frank Sydal, Mary Stuart.
Mrs. Fred D. Whitney, domino.
Mrs. I. W. Randall, flower girl; neat and pretty.
Miss May Benedict, Maud Muller, rake and all, kept a sharp eye out, no doubt wished the Judge would come again.
Miss Jennie Lowry, highland lass, very neat and pretty costume.
John McGuire, Texas Bill.
John Hudson, Texas Jack.
Miss S. French, as Spanish girl, was very attractive, and tastily costumed.
Miss Florence Beeny, daughter of the regiment, one of the most brilliant costumes on the floor.
Miss Carrie Garvey, of Topeka, as Undine, a most beautiful costume of pale green, and unexcelled.
Miss Jessie Millington, queen of hearts, very pretty.
Mrs. J. E. Saint, Mother Hubbard, unique and a perfect disguise.
Miss Weitzel, sailor girl, pretty.
Miss May Roland, frost, a beautiful costume.
Miss Cora Berkey, Winfield Daily COURANT, dark red paper dress, trimmed with COURANT heads. Very unique, neat, and pretty, of course, and takes our individual cake.
Miss Jennie Hane, snow, clear white canton flannel, very pretty.
Miss Margie Wallis, flower girl, very pretty, indeed.
Miss Jessie Butler, fancy costume.
Miss Lizzy Wallis, skating girl, pretty.
Miss Mamie Tipton, country maiden, surprised her friends.
Mrs. Geo. A. Rhodes, butterfly, one of the daintiest and prettiest costumes on the floor.
Mr. G. H. Allen, country girl.
Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, country girl.
Mrs. A. H. Doane, country girl.
Miss Amanda Scothorn, “My pretty red rose,” very pretty.
Miss L. Bank, of Oxford, as light [?], looked very nice.
Miss Alice Herring                [SOME OF THIS MISSING/MESSED UP]
Beatrice Carruth              REST ALL GARBLED.
James Lorton, C. E. Fuller, Fred Whitney, Sam. E. Davis.
Chas. Black, as a slant eyed heathen (John Chinaman) was one of the best characters, and was well acted out, few penetrating his disguise.
Jos. O’Hare, Robinson Crusoe.
Henry Noble and H. N. Jones, as Uncle Josh and Aunt Polly on stilts, brought down the house (these two characters were first rate).

T. R. Timme, as a merry boy, got the drop on the boys by padding himself.
W. P. Griffith, gentleman.
Lou Zenor, Spaniard.
Geo. Rhodes, as a rooster, was cock of the walk, and pre­sented a grotesque appearance.
James Vance, base ballist.
Eli Youngheim, dandy, first rate.
Dave Harter, as a Dutch boy, with top, in our estimation, took the prize cake among the male masks. Dave stood them all off until he danced, when some of the boys caught on.
Abe Steinberger threw a gloom over the occasion as a huge, over-fed Dutch boy.
Frank Finch, as the “choice flour of the family,” was evidently kneaded at the ball.
Though these are not all the maskers, the list is as com­plete as we could make it. A good many did not give in their names and characters and among them several visitors from adjoin­ing cities, whose names we would like to have published.
Cowley County Courant, January 12, 1882.
Harold Mansfield is running Quincy Glass’ drug store during his absence to Chicago.
Cowley County Courant, February 9, 1882.
Miss Mansfield has moved her millinery stock one door south of her old stand and is fitted up in excellent shape.
Winfield Courier, February 9, 1882.
Miss Josie Mansfield left on Tuesday afternoon for Charleston, South Carolina, to attend at the bedside of her brother, Rupert Mansfield, who was so severely hurt in the recent railroad accident. It is thought that he is now out of danger, but Miss Mansfield cannot remain away from this, her only brother.
Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.
Dever’s Star Bakery has been moved to Miss Mansfield’s old stand three doors north of Whiting’s Meat Market.
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.
We are in receipt of a communication from Miss Josie Mansfield requesting us to inform her friends that she will be in St. Louis and Chicago the first week in March to select her spring stock of millinery goods.
Cowley County Courant, March 9, 1882.
Miss Mansfield returned from Charleston, South Carolina, yesterday, having been nearly a week on the road. Her brother, though severely cut and bruised, fortunately had no bones broken, and by careful nursing, was recovering rapidly. He was able to accompany her on her return as far as Nashville, Tennessee, where he was taken in charge by the railroad authorities.
Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.
Letters from Miss Josie Mansfield state that she will be in Chicago and St. Louis this week purchasing goods for the spring trade.
Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.
                                                       Library Association.
At a late meeting of the Library Association, the following officers were elected for the year ending January 31, 1883.

President: Mrs. M. J. Wood.
Vice President: Mrs. T. B. Myers.
Secretary: Mrs. E. T. Trimble.
Treasurer: Mrs. A. H. Doane.
Librarian: Mrs. W. L. Mullen.
Directors: Mrs. H. B. Mansfield, Mrs. J. B. Schofield, Mrs. J. A. Earnest, Mrs. J. G. Shrieves, Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. Elbert Bliss, Mrs. James A. Bullen, and Mrs. J. Swain.
It is hoped that the citizens of Winfield will feel that, as this association cannot flourish without money, it is the duty of each and everyone to purchase a yearly ticket. It will only cost three dollars for each gentleman in Winfield to have the opportunity of supplying himself with interesting as well as instructive reading matter for one year; and if he does not desire to do it for himself, he will have the satisfaction of knowing he is doing it for the benefit of his fellow men.
Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.
An entertainment for the benefit of the Ladies Library Association will be given on Thursday, March 165h, at Manning’s Opera House. It will consist of the Drama of “Esmaralda,” by home talent, and some fine orchestra music. The cast is as follows.
“Old Man” Rogers ................... C. F. Bahntge.
Lydia Ann Rogers .................... Miss Jessie Millington.
Esmaralda ................................. Miss Florence Beeny.
Dave Hardy ............................... D. L. Kretzinger.
Eslabrook .................................. C. H. Connel.
Jack Desmond .......................... W. C. Robinson.
Nora Desmond ......................... Miss Kate Millington.
Kate Desmond ......................... Miss May Roland.
Marquis De Montessino .......... Henry E. Lewis.
George Drew ........................... R. P. Boles.
This play is founded upon the story by that name written by Mrs. Francis H. Burnett, and is something new in its style, presenting a charming picture of American life.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
At a late meeting of the Library Association, the following officers were elected for the year ending January 31, 1883: President, Mrs. M. J. Wood; Vice President, Mrs. T. B. Myers; Secretary, Mrs. A. H. Doane; Treasurer, Mrs. W. L. Mullen; Directors, Mrs. H. H. Mansfield, Mrs. Elbert Bliss, Mrs. James A. Bullen, Mrs. J. Swain, Mrs. J. B. Schofield, Mrs. J. A. Earnest, Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mrs. J. G. Shreeves, and Mrs. G. W. Miller.

It would be a great encouragement to the ladies to have the gentlemen come manfully to the front and buy a yearly ticket. Three dollars for one year is a small sum when the benefits to be derived from the investment are considered, still if every family in Winfield would pur-chase a ticket, it would place the ladies in a position where they would feel justified in not only sustaining a Library but would open an attractive reading room. Many entertaining and instructive volumes have been added to the library during the winter. Let all see to it that they have a personal interest in this association.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
Miss Mansfield will have an opening of her Spring Millinery Goods Thursday and Friday. All the ladies should be out, as the display will be exceptionally fine.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
On last Friday evening the residence of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller was the scene of one of the merriest as well as the “toniest” parties ever given in Winfield. Mrs. Fuller has entertained her friends several times this winter without any of the young folks being present, but this time she honored them by giving this party, which was duly appreciated. Everyone invited, with but two exceptions, was present and never were guests more hospitably entertained. The evening was spent in dancing and other amusements, while an elegant collation consisting of cakes and ice cream was served at eleven o’clock. At a late hour the guests dispersed, all thanking their kind host and hostess for the pleasant evening so happily spent. The costumes of the guests were elegant and worthy of mention. We give below a list which we hope will be satisfactory to the ladies mentioned.
Mrs. Fred C. Hunt wore a pale steel blue silk and brocaded satin dress with fine Spanish lace trimmings, white flowers.
Mrs. Colgate, white nuns veiling en train, white satin trimmings.
Mrs. George Robinson, pink brocade satin, underskirt of black silk velvet, point lace.
Mrs. Joe Harter, black silk velvet skirt, pink bunting over dress.
Mrs. W. C. Garvey, of Topeka, white Swiss muslin, red sash and natural flowers.
Mrs. Rhodes, silver gray silk, pink ribbons.
Mrs. Thorpe, very handsome costume of heliotrope silk and silk tissue.
Mrs. Steinberger, black brocade and gros grain silk, red flowers.
Mrs. Dr. Emerson, black satin dress, cashmere bead passementerie, diamond jewelry.
Miss Jennie Hane, fine white polka dot mull trimmed in Spanish lace, pink flowers.
Miss Clara Andrews, pink bunting polonaise, black skirt.
Miss Kelly, handsome black silk.
Miss McCoy, blue silk velvet skirt and blue and old gold brocaded polonaise, Honiton lace and flowers.
Miss Jackson, navy blue silk dress, lace sleeves and fichu.
The Misses Wallis were prettily attired in cream colored mull, Miss Lizzie with pale blue sash and Miss Margie in lavender.
Miss Ama Scothorn, cream colored cheese cloth, Spanish lace trimming.
Miss Alice Dunham, dainty dress of cream bunting.
Miss Julia Smith, beautifully flowered white silk polonaise, black silk velvet skirt, diamond jewelry.
Miss Ellis, elegant gray silk.
Miss Klingman, fine white Swiss, and wine colored silk.
Miss Bryant, brown silk dress, pink ribbons.
Miss Beeny, blue and gold changeable silk fine thread lace fichu, natural flowers.
Miss Cora Berkey, black silk skirt, pink satin pointed bodice.
Miss French, black gros grain silk, very elegant.

Miss Josie Mansfield, black silk and velvet, Spanish lace.
Mrs. Bullock, black silk trimmed in Spanish lace.
Miss Belle Roberts, light silk, with red flowers.
Miss Curry, striped silk, beautifully trimmed.
Miss Bee Carruthers, cream nuns veiling, aesthetic style.
Miss Kate Millington, peacock blue silk, Spanish lace sleeves and fichu.
Miss Jessie Millington, black silk velvet and gros grain.
The following gentlemen were in attendance. Their “costumes” were remarkable for subdued elegance and the absence of aesthetic adornment.
Messrs. Steinberger; J. N. Harter; G. A. Rhodes; E. E. Thorpe; George, Will, and Ivan Robinson; Fred and Will Whiting; Mr. Colgate; F. C. Hunt; C. E. Fuller; C. C. Harris; W. H. Smith; Will Smith; W. J. Wilson; Jos. O’Hare; Jas. Lorton; Frank and E. P. Greer; Eugene Wallis; Saml. E. Davis; L. H. Webb; Harry and Chas. F. Bahntge; Chas. Campbell; Ezra Nixon; L. D. Zenor; E. G. Cole; C. H. Connell; Mr. Ed. M. Clark of McPherson; and W. C. Garvey of Topeka.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.
Mrs. Mansfield will spend the summer and part of next winter traveling in California.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.
Mrs. W. Q. Mansfield showed us a sample bunch of wheat Tuesday morning which was fully made, and the field from which it was taken was being harvested Monday. The heads were well filled and the grains as plump and nice as any we have yet seen. The sample was sent to Kansas City.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.
                                                     FOURTH OF J. U. L. Y.
On Tuesday evening the citizens met at the Opera House to hear the report of the executive committee on 4th of July celebration. The committee reported as follows.
On Finance: M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, J. P. Baden, S. H. Myton, J. C. McMullen.
On Speakers and Invitation: J. C. Fuller, D. A. Millington, A. B. Steinberger, M. G. Troup, and J. Wade McDonald.
On Grounds and seats: A. T. Spotswood, Jas. H. Bullen, A. Wilson, S. C. Smith, W. O. Johnson, and H. Brotherton.
On Police Regulations and personal comfort: D. L. Kretsinger, R. E. Wallis, H. S. Silver, J. H. Kinney, and A. T. Shenneman.
On Music: J. P. Short, E. H. Blair, G. H. Buckman, H. E. Silliman, and R. C. Bowles.
On Old Soldiers: Col. McMullen, Adjt. Wells, Judge Bard, Capt. Steuven, and Capt. Haight.
On Representation of 13 Original States: Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, Mrs. Caton, Mrs. Carruthers.
On Floral Decoration: Mrs. Kretsinger, Misses Jessie Millington, Amy Scothorn, Jennie Hane, Mrs. J. L. Horning, and Mrs. G. S. Manser.

Speeches were made by Judge J. Wade McDonald, Judge Soward, Mayor Troup, D. A. Millington, Capt. Hunt, and D. L. Kretsinger. The City is enthusiastic on the subject and are bound to make this a big Fourth. The committee on speakers will secure the attendance of some of our State’s best talent. Let everyone prepare to come, bring their lunch baskets, and enjoy themselves in the finest park in the State.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.
The ladies of the W. C. T. U. tender a vote of thanks to each and everyone who so faith-fully assisted the cause of temperance by giving their time and talent to assure the success of the entertainment given by them on the evening of June 2nd. Especially do they tender thanks to Mrs. Dr. Mansfield for the loan of her piano, and to the COURIER and Courant for special favors. LADIES OF THE W. C. T. U.
Cowley County Courant, June 29, 1882.
Winfield is going to have a band. Wednesday evening a number of young men met at THE COURANT office, and organized a cornet band, with the following members: Ed. Farringer, R. I. Mansfield, Frank Barclay, Ed. McMullen, Will Farringer, Will Hodges, Ad. Brown, Chas. Dever, and Will Ferguson. The boys are all young, active, and composed of the right kind of material to make an excellent band. All they need to do is to practice diligently, and we have no fears that the day is not far hence when Winfield can boast of one of the best bands in the state. In order to make the organization strong, it will be necessary for the businessmen of Winfield to do all in their power to help the boys along. By unani-mous vote of the members, it was decided to christen it THE COURANT BAND.
Winfield Courier, July 13, 1882.
We, the undersigned milliners of Winfield agree to close our stores at 6:30 p.m., until Sept. 1st.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
An exceedingly pleasant party of ladies, numbering about thirty, dropped in upon Mrs. Mansfield on Tuesday at 4 o’clock p.m., each bearing an unsuspicious parcel, which proved at a later hour to be all sorts of edibles, prepared only as refined tastes and educated hands could produce. Mrs. Mansfield appreciated and enjoyed the honor of such a good bye visit previous to her leave-taking for a California trip, as few can. We, too, wish her a joyable ramble and a safe return.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield started for a summer tour through California, Monday. She expects to have a grand time, and of course she will. She promises the COURIER an account of her travels, which, we can assure our subscribers, will be most readable and interesting.
Winfield Courier, September 7, 1882.
                                                    CALIFORNIA LETTER.

EDS. COURIER: At this altitude of 6204 feet above the level of the sea, with the mer-cury at 90 degrees, I will attempt to tell my friends something of the wonders of this mountainous region. I hardly know where to commence, and shall know less where to end. The wild scenery which commences in Colorado has not grown less, nor will it, until I reach the Sacramento Valley. The peaks covered with patches of snow, visible for two days, are too familiar to most of your readers, to dwell upon, nor did the scenery strike the eye pleasantly, all through Wyoming and Nevada. Dog towns, jack rabbits, and sage brush com-prised the variety until we neared the terminus of the Union Pacific and found ourselves across the boundary line of Utah, when the perpendicular rocks on either side arose to the height of a thousand feet, and looked like barriers to civilization from all quarters. In imagi-nation I saw forts and castles perched upon the very tops, guarded by sentinels of Indians wrapped in blankets and armed with spears, so real that one could hardly believe that nature only had formed the sculpture, and there they would stand forever. In all the original gran-deur of nature, bereft of verdure, of animal life, there is much to admire and much to regret, and produces a subject for deep thought, mingled with speculation as to the strange formation.
Leaving the U. P. at Ogden, a distance of thirty-eight miles brought me to the much railed at Salt Lake City, and as my mission was sight-seeing, I shall chronicle my opinions and observations, “nothing extenuating, or set down, aught in malice,” against the country or its people. Two days and nights were illy sufficient to form opponent parts to either, hence I was determined to make the most of my vision, and see all I could. One day was spent in visiting the wives of Brigham Young, who live in the house where he died (called the Lion House, from there being a carved lion over the door). I was most cordially received by Mrs. Margaret, Mrs. Zina, and Mrs. Julia, also by Mrs. Eliza Snow Smith (poetess) and wife of Joseph Smith, Amelia, who lives in a house by herself, and handsomely furnished. And right here I will say that I have never spent two hours with more interestingly informed, or more agreeable ladies, than those spoken of. President John Taylor was absent. I had the opportun-ity of entering his residence, which is a very handsome one, and was built for Amelia, and called by the Gentiles, “Amelia’s Palace.” I was introduced and very pleasantly received by Apostle Franklin D. Richards, Councellor Geo. Q. Cannon, and many others. I speak of this because I was repeatedly informed that I could not obtain an interview.
The exterior beauty and loveliness with which the City is filled and surrounded is wonderful. On either side of a sixteen foot asphaltum sidewalk is a row of locust trees whose branches meet and intertwine above, and at the roots an irrigating brook gives life and mois-ture and strength to the foliage. From the general appearance one would never know that it was a Mormon city, or that vegetation was kept alive by artificial appliances. The great Salt Lake is 20 miles from the city and is reached by steam cars, the round trip costing only 50 cents. A bathing house and suit is furnished for 25 cents and results in lots of fun to the hundreds of people who go there every afternoon. But more than the bath in the lake did I enjoy one in the warm sulphur plunge bath reached by the street cars. A house covering a large box 20 feet square, and filled with water to the depth of five feet, as warm as it would naturally be, after a journey of 1-1/2 miles, from its boiling fountain head, with rooms arranged around, and a shower bath of pure mountain water to end up with is, I believe, the greatest luxury I ever bought for 25 cents.
The fine hotel, called the Continental, is well kept, well patronized, and well sustained, if enormous charges can do it. The Temple which was begun years ago, has only reached the height of forty feet, and probably will never be finished. Its walls are 8 feet thick, and the model is grand. The Tabernacle is peculiarly shaped outside, but the inside is comely, immense, and artistic. The organ is said to be second in size in America.

I have view of all, which can be seen when I return. Time is not long enough to detail all I saw. From there I proceeded without detention to the eastern boundary of California, and was met at the station Truckee by Miss Sue Hunt, to whom I had telegraphed at Woodland. I cannot refrain from speaking of the aforesaid Truckee as containing the most loafers carry-ing bloated faces and besotted bodies, of any place I ever saw. Men and boys were constantly at the billiard tables, while “Saloon” was over every second door. When will prohibition rule and crush out such destructive practices?
At 7 o’clock this a.m., a four horse open vehicle left the hotel for this wonderful lake, with a load of tourists, myself and Sue counting two, and paying $1.50 or $.50  [NOT SURE OF AMOUNT??] each for the round trip, a distance of fifteen miles. We were a jolly party, and the originality of one man, named Fuller, made the tour short and sweet. Mountains on either side, covered with a variety of pine, which is constantly being cut by lumbermen, rose from 600 to 1,000 feet above us, and the Truckee river kept us company in the valley. As the driver made it a part of his business to give us information, we were permitted to see several logs sent down a chute from the top into the river, a sight new and novel to all. Also he pointed out a mound by the roadside where were buried 1,500 Indians who fell in battle with themselves—the Omaha and Chichaus.
This lake is said to be twelve miles each way, with settlements dotting around it, and when calm, trouting in the bottom, in 50 feet of water, can easily be seen. I think it is very probable as the tint is a sea green and very clear. Snow near by could be plainly seen, with timber at the very top, and one peculiarity of the lake is that it is snow water and very agreeable. This lake has been sounded 1800 ft. and no bottom. The day was spent more jovially and agreeably than I can describe; but the best of all was a dinner served at the Grand Central, composed of those fine speckled trout, venison, and bear steak, all fresh from the morning hunt. I am safe in affirming that in five years I have not relished a meal as well. We are about leaving for the station, and proceed to Mount Shasta direct. It is very warm in the valleys.
Thursday, 25th. At the terminus of the Oregon division, bound for Mount Shasta.
                                                       MRS. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, September 21, 1882.
Mrs. Mansfield gives our readers a further description of her western rambles in another letter on first page. She is a very interesting writer, and from her letters one can get an excellent idea of that mountainous and romantic country. Her trip seems to be proving very enjoyable.
Winfield Courier, September 21, 1882.
                                                OUR CALIFORNIA LETTER.

A sight of Mount Shasta in the distance satisfied us, after having tasted twenty miles of stage ride over rough, dangerous roads, mounted upon the very tops, which were reserved seats for ladies, the inside of the coach being filled with Chinamen and express matter. A night passed upon the top of a stage coach, behind six spirited horses, even with a careful driver, was not to be thought of; besides, those who were supposed to know, told us there was nothing to see but the same mountains which had been our companions for days; hence, in consideration of fifteen cents a mile penalty, we decided to retrace our steps and seek the coast as soon as possible, to escape the extreme heat.
Only for this attempted trip, we might have returned to our home, reiterating the asser-tions of tongue and pen, which for years have been so busy in landing this land of gold and paradisal climate. This is the first place I have seen where it seemed feasible for white folks to live. The eastern and northern part of the State, although having been settled over thirty years, gives no evidence of thrift, taste, or refinement; and how can it when “saloon” is over every other door, and boys are waiting with a pack of cards in their hands, and a cigar in their mouth, at a billiard table, for their fellows to join them. The thought of irrigating even a flower-bed, or a patch of grass in front of their houses, which look ready to fall down over their heads, has apparently never occurred to them.
We think Kansas is drouthy, but if you could see the only trees which can be made to grow here, viz., the locust and the native live oak, so covered with dust and parched with thirst, you would thank your stars that your lot had been cast in a pleasant place. I believe we have seen the worst part of California, and at the most unfavorable time of the year; but I am told that no rain falls for seven months.
One redeeming feature is the immensity of the wheat crop. All along the line of railroad thousands of sacks of wheat, each holding about two bushels (or as many hundred as may be, for they don’t talk about bushels here), are piled up ready for shipment. No fear of rain; and it is a curiosity indeed. General Bidwell, of this place, has a wheat ranch of 30,000 acres. Another has 17,000, and so on. Mr. Stanford has a 14,000 acre alfalfa ranch; another man has an old vineyard of 400 acres, a new one of 600 acres, and is going to plant 400 acres more this fall, making twice as large a vineyard as any in the world. This pretty place claims 7,000 inhabitants; has water-works, public spirit, and a wilderness of tall trees; and on Sunday morning last a fire burned the Chico Hotel, two dwellings, and Armory Hall to the ground.
Yesterday I had the honor of being invited to dine at General Bidwells, and passed three hours most agreeably in general conversation with host and hostess. This morning, at eight o’clock, Mrs. Bidwell came to give me a drive around their grounds. It is impossible to give your readers any just conception of the vastness of his productions. His mansion is most magnificent, curtained around by stately trees, underneath which is an endless variety of shrubs and flowers. Within sight and hearing is a natural creek, along whose banks English walnuts, almonds, chestnuts, and native varieties grow luxuriantly. For miles we rode past apple, peach, plum, prune, fig, and pear orchards, besides all sorts of small fruit and varieties of grapes without end. The General is too conscientious to make wine, so he disposes of them fresh, for home consumption and shipping. He fattens cattle, hogs, and sheep, has a canning factory, owns a flouring mill and a church; in short, he has at one time and another, owned all Chico during his thirty-two years of residence. We were three hours constant driving, without going over the same road twice.
If all California people are as generous, unselfish, and hospitable as the General and his wife, my trip will be dotted with many a bright spot to refer to in years to come, when I sit alone in any quiet home, and weave memory and hope together. From here we go to Sacra-mento, and from there somewhere else. We float with the tide.
                                              Respectfully, H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1882.

Irving Mansfield received this week from his mother, Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, who is visiting in California, a box of choice California figs. The writer sampled them and pro-nounces them the finest of this season.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
Miss Mansfield’s fall stock of millinery is constantly arriving.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
New and elegant shades in plumes and ribbons at Miss Mansfield’s.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
New York pattern bonnets will be received in a few days at Miss Mansfield’s.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
                                                    CALIFORNIA LETTER.
                               239, 5th St., San Francisco, California, Oct. 23, 1882.
To the Ladies of Winfield:
That I am strongly attached to the friends in Kansas, has never been more fully realized than at the present moment. Here at this distance of more than two thousand miles, a stranger in a strange country, I very naturally recall the many tokens of kindness and love tendered me in genuine good feeling, the thought of which affords me much pleasure in the retrospect, and furnishes the basis of thoughts and fancies as I sit alone and weave memory and hope together. In appreciation of past friendship, I dedicate this hour to those who may read and be interested in my journeyings across the continent.
My last letter to the COURIER left me at a small city on the Oregon division, called Chico. From there we staged it (Miss Sue Hunt and myself) twenty-two miles to Cherokee, a mining town in the foot hills of the Sierra Nevada’s. These are said to be the largest hydraulic mines in the world. Hundreds of acres are worked to the depth of 1,000 feet, or until they strike bed rock. The process of washing out the dust is very interesting, for there is very little gold except in dust, which cannot be seen until separated by the process of washing and carrying through tunnels and flumes, and finally being lodged against quick-silver strewn on the bottom for the purpose. Water brought from the mountains in twenty-two inch pipes, and tributaries leading from them in all directions, in fifteen inch pipes with a nozzle attached to each, seven inches in diameter, throws a stream with such force that rocks weighing a ton are rolled around like marbles. First the immense rocks are blasted and swung off with derricks, then two streams are turned on, which wash all the dirt into the tunnels, then into the flumes, and finally over the land, the result of which is ruinous to agriculture, and farmers force the Company to buy thousands of acres which are made worthless by the overflow of debris.
I was greatly interested in the workings by sunlight, and electric light, and all was explained in a manner which I cannot put upon paper. Suffice it that I was loth to leave the spot, nor did I until I had permission to pick out some specimens of the shining metal which cropped out only occasionally from continual washing.

It was in Butte County that I found fruit the cheapest and finest, and I was continually wishing that the folks at home could have some. Pears, plums, prunes, grapes, peaches, etc., for twenty cents a box, 12 lbs. in each, and oh! How luscious. It is not quite as cheap here; grapes of all kinds, the Muscat, Flaming Troquet, Mission, etc., are two and a half cents per pound. So you see I am finally in this much talked of Babel of the Pacific coast. To begin  with, it is an awfully wicked city. Salt Lake can’t beat it in polygamy, the only difference is the occasional ignorance of the wife. Suicides are of daily occurrence, murders and robberies are winked at. Two lunatic asylums, one at Napa, the other at Stockton, are full to over-flowing, the capacity of both being about nineteen hundred. State prisons and houses of correction are all full.
There is a great deal said in praise of the climate here, but as it is about what I have been used to for years, it doesn’t strike me as wonderful. They say that the Calla Lily and fuchias live out doors altogether; in a protected place the former will bloom from this on till December. The latter will soon lose their leaves and beauty, not to return until they are watered in spring. Neither are they as handsome as when grown in the house, nor do the roses appear as lovely as they do with us, for they are covered with dust.
There are some fine residences and a few nice yards, but the sidewalks are horrible, except on the few principal streets. Inch boards, sixteen feet long, laid crosswise, are well enough when new, but, when they warp and draw the nails out, and stick up one above the other, it is death to dresses and shoes; besides endangering the life of the wearer.
Ladies here have little idea of comfort, or appearance, for with the thermometer at 80 you will see them promenading at mid day, enveloped in a long cloak lined with fur. If you would follow the style in millinery, hunt up your accumulation of years in feathers, regard-less of color or size, and after washing your hat in mucilage, throw them on, and you have it. The more conspicuous you can make yourself, the better, and I am told that it is a common thing for young girls to wink at strange men on the street or at the theatre. Certain it is that the people turn night into day, for the evening until twelve o’clock is spent in carousing. I have been familiar with New York life, and other larger cities than this, but never heard of so much dissipation; but some grow bad and some good by the association, I suppose. For instance, R. B. Saffold has a class in the Sunday school of I. S. Kallock; and one of the Congregational preachers has gone on the stage in the character of Othello. More than once I have been disgusted by the contents of the morning papers, and felt willing to retire to the seclusion of a quiet life; and, low be it spoken, if it was not for the name of it, I should be tempted to abandon sight-seeing and retrace my steps, yet I know that would be a rash act. Since as I am here, my better judgment tells me to see it through.
I have felt two perceptible shocks of earthquake, and not a day passes but the house I am in trembles, as by the effect of a heavy wind, although there is none, nor is there a vehicle in hearing near by. I am told that the east side of Market St. was all bog, and within the last twelve years has been filled in and drained; moreover there appeared to be no bottom to the bog. Probably this part of the city is a floating mass, and some day will sink. Should not be surprised.

There are many interesting places to visit around the suburbs, so the citizens tell me. Those I have seen come far short of my expectations, comparing rather shabbily with the productions of the Atlantic states. The U. S. Mint is a massive structure, erected with an eye to safety more than beauty, and has the capacity of coining $30,000,000 per month. The vaults contain about $25,000,000 in gold and silver coin, besides $5,000,000 in bullion. It was some satisfaction to see that it was perfectly safe from burglars, though I should have been delighted to cast my eyes on such an amount; however, I saw bushels of $20 gold pieces, and as many silver dollars. The process of refining, melting, and running into blocks, each worth $7,000, was of some value. The morning of the formal opening of his new mint, Oct. 17, 1874, Mr. John M. Eckfeldt, the builder of the engine, hung himself. For a few days previous, he fancied that the machinery would be a failure; so overwrought was his brain, that it resulted in delirium.
Woodward’s Garden is something like Central Park, on a very small scale.
On Saturday we took a trip to San Jose, but as two or three acquaintances were absent, it reduced its interest.
The Normal school building is fine, but not as fine as the one at Emporia which was burned, and of which L. C. Norton was also Professor. The Courthouse is pretty, and the streets well shaded, but everything looks neglected. In short, my opinion is expressed in four words: California is a fraud. More anon.
                                     Very truly yours, [MRS.] H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.
                                                    Our San Francisco Letter.
To the Ministers of Winfield:
I have always heard it said that this cosmopolitan city was the wickedest one in America, but never until my eyes saw, and my ears heard, could I comprehend the boundless extent of the assertion. New York and Chicago have their dens of vice, but I cannot think they have sunk so low in the scale of immorality as San Francisco. Sunday is observed scarcely less than any other day; and only for some of the business houses being closed, you could but observe the same see-saw the other six days. I am not surprised that those who are compelled to work all the week should seek recreation in various directions; but there is a becoming manner to do it, becoming at least to civilization.
The theaters are open at night and Woodward’s Garden hold forth every Sunday as per the accompanying PROGRAMME.
WOODWARD’S GARDENS. Performance, rain or shine, Sunday Nov. 12th. First appearance of  Professor Henry Tyler’s Mastodon Dog circus, Canine wonders, etc., Messrs. Seigrist and Duray. In a brilliant display on the Double Aerial Bars and Acrobatic Feats. The Moore Family, the Arnold Bros., Mlle. Bertha, Miss Rose Julian, Miss Vergie, Kate Moore, and full company of variety Artists.
Imagine the shock it gives the stranger from civilized lands to behold an audience of 2,000 people who enjoy the performance to its fullest extent. Men sitting with their hats on, women in ermine lined cloaks pronouncing the thing fine. Shame! Shame! Every park has its band of music, and inside, whiskey and beer is as popular as water. Under ground dance houses are a Sunday institution. Billiard tables and bars are made as attractive as possible, and a young man must be under good self-control, who can resist the wiles of the electric light, and the company of his mates; for there are few men here, old or young, who do not indulge. An advertisement is daily seen in the papers like this: “WANTED. A good looking young lady to sing and play the piano in the back parlor of a saloon at No_____ Street.”

The extent to which children are smoking opium, is alarming. A druggist told me that it was first given them by Chinamen, the effect being so agreeable that all sorts of deception was used to obtain it.
By the way, I wish to state the hatred which is springing up between the Citizens and the Chinese, although their labor is every time accepted where it is a question of cheapness. Say what they may abroad, there is no effort being made to encourage white help, by a fair remuneration.
I have the promise of going with a party, under the guidance of the chief of police, through Chinatown at night, there we shall see it all.
Last Sunday evening I went to hear I. S. Kalloch (I cannot say Rev., and I cannot say preach) for his utterances were too disgusting and disgraceful to be associated with either.
His prelude, which always occupies just enough time to denounce everything he wishes, is worded in the most abusive, low language you might expect from a being which had well earned a term in the jail. The occasion of which I speak was to vent his anger on Mr. Joseph Cook; on the Boston Clergy for allowing him to speak against San Francisco and its people; and especially against the Y. M. C. A., their president, and the clergy here, for receiving him again last week; and giving him an ovation at their rooms. I was too shocked to remember the epithets which flowed from his coarse mouth, but they were all his vocabulary could pro-duce, and when I looked upon the 3,000 people, intelligent, well dressed people, who cheered him lustily, I said: “Is that the taste of the men and women whom he is vindicating?” Evidently it was, for that audience listens week after week to just such a harangue.
My observation and information proves that this is an awfully wicked city, and “if the bottom falls out some day, it will be all right.”
                                  Very Respectfully,    (MRS.) H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.
                             A BAD PLACE FOR REPUBLICANS [EDITORIAL].
After reading the letter of Mrs. H. P. Mansfield on first page of this paper, showing what a “hell upon earth” is the city of San Francisco, we do not wonder that Republicans are scarce in that city.
Winfield Courier, November 30, 1882.
From the San Francisco letter on first page it appears that the Chinese are contaminating the Young America of that city by leading them to smoke opium. There is one vice more destructive to the intellect, more filthy, disgusting, and beastly, than alcohol drunkenness, and that is, opium eating and smoking. And even this is only one of the evils which are ruining the Pacific slope caused by the immigration of the vicious and ignorant hordes from China. Civilize them at home if you can, but don’t let them come here to drag America down to their beastly level. This illustrates the evils of inviting the vicious and ignorant of foreign countries to settle in our midst.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
Rich I. Mansfield came over from Burdenville for the holidays.
Winfield Courier, January 11, 1883. California Letter. [Front Page.]
                               SANTA BARBARA, CALIFORNIA, Dec. 26, 1882.

Christmas has come and gone with nothing to mark the day but the date—and this world-renowned, unsurpassed, rejuvenating climate. This place like all California is greatly overrated, except in the climate, which today is too warm for comfort, if sitting in the sun. It is claimed to contain five thousand actual inhabitants, but from the top of a high hill which overlooks the place, one would scarcely believe there were more than five hundred. The location is very pretty, being surrounded by the coast range, and the channel, from the beach of which is perpetually heard the roaring of the surf and the occasional whistle of an ocean ship as she puts into this port for freight and passengers; for either bound to places along the coast travel in this way, partly for economy and partly to save the tediousness of a two horse Concord coach, over a sandy, mountainous road.
From Santa Cruz (which by the way is a delightful sea port and fashionable resort, if there is any fashion here) we took the little ship Los Angeles, which rocked with the little waves like a big log, and landed at this place, thirty-six hours later, having interviewed six different ports in the trip.
Since leaving home, I have not halted where I felt so completely shut out from the world as here in this quiet town by the sea, and distance most emphatically will lend enchantment to the view as I sit in my own home and take a retrospect of the past, in days to come.
On Sunday the 31st inst., we sail for San Pedro and thence by rail for Los Angeles. Before leaving here, we shall visit the Old Mission, and other places of note, and if possible climb the rocks, which look almost perpendicular, to the top of the coast range, which gives a fine view of the ocean and valley around.
Great need of rain has dried and shriveled the oranges in this region until they are almost worthless, and every yard presents a most barren appearance, while Calla lilies persist in forcing themselves from among its dirty foliage in search of moisture. The people are in mortal fear of another dry year as they say, and everyone is wishing for their annual rain.
The Marquis and Mrs. Lorne, or Mrs. Louise, as the Chicago Times calls her, arrived here last Sunday night for a quiet two weeks’ rest at the Arlington. Last night the party (17 in number) went to the “nigger show,” and of course all Santa Barbara went too.
Hoping to leave on the through train in a month from now for home, I bid you an adieu.
                                                  [MRS.] H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, January 11, 1883.
Dick Mansfield was over from Burden Monday night. He intends to make Winfield his home again after his mother’s return from California in February.
Winfield Courier, January 11, 1883.
Accompanying the very interesting letter from California by Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, we received from her a full blown rose fresh and fragrant, only somewhat flattened by the enclosure.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield returned last Thursday from a four months tour in California, in good health and spirits. She has had a very enjoyable time, seen all the lions and learned all about California. That country she thinks has been overrated; the plains are dependent for fertility upon irrigation, the mountains are grand but barren, the flowers large but of little fragrance, the fruits magnificent to the eye but almost tasteless, and the people are largely vicious and shiftless.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.

                                                      More About California.
                                               WINFIELD, February 14, 1883.
Upon reviewing the communications I have sent from time to time for the perusal of the readers of the COURIER, I find that very many interesting occurrences and observation have been omitted. In fact, I forgot what I had told and what I had not.
Before I proceed, I cannot fail to remark that this lovely spring morning, with its breath of balmy sweetness, produces an exhilarating sensation, such as can never be felt in Cali-fornia, from the fact that they never have such mornings. I mean in the part of the State where they boast of a fine climate. Indeed, it would have been worth a mint of gold if this rainfall could have descended upon their wheat fields and orange orchards. Up to the time I left Los Angeles Johnston, there was a general expression of fear lest the rain, so long expected, would fall upon more devoted heads. Grape vineyards and orange groves depend entirely upon irrigation, and when the supply is short from want of their annual rains, every ranch is put on an allowance of a certain number of inches, according to his acres, that all may fare equally; so, you see, art supplies as grudgingly as nature, and is quite as unrelish-able. Many streams and rivers have been drained of every drop of water through irrigating ditches, and the probability is very reasonable that unless some method is adopted to bring water from the earth in shape of Artesian wells, it will not be many years before the products of such huge dimensions will wither and die under the arid rays of the perpetual sunlight. This is their orange harvest, and, without doubt, it is the handsomest sight that the eye ever rested upon. Riding, as I did, for seventy-five miles over smooth roads, either side of which was lined with trees loaded with the golden fruit—in many cases bowed with the heaviness until they lay upon the ground, and almost hiding the dark, glossy, rich foliage—more beau-tiful than words can explain, and one must be indeed most unappreciative if they failed to admire and exclaim, “When this golden fruit is turned into golden dollars, then will my acme of hope be realized, and I can take a trip to the land and home of my birth, where the loved ones await me, and where I can die under the reign (rain) of a happy childhood!”

The immensity of the vineyards all through Los Angeles Johnston, and it is over 200 miles from north to south, impresses a prohibitionist of the enormity of the traffic in wine alone; and a visit to the cellar of Wm. Konig at Anaheim, where 36,000 gallons stare you in the face, at all ages, from ten years to the juice of the last yield in 1882, makes you feel that to diminish his stock by bringing away even a half pint of his best, was one less drink—to the wine-bibber. I am no judge of wine. I don’t know, by the taste, California wine from Winfield wine. The former, I am told, is made of the Mission grape; the latter is supposed to be the dregs of everything. California can never carry a temperance face, and it is no wonder saloons prosper by the millions, so long as the agricultural pursuit tends so strongly to raising the Mission grape. A vineyard of hundreds of acres, with the fruit spread upon boards three feet square, already assuming the color of raisins, is a handsome sight. The most extensive production, however, of this grape (Muscat Alexandria) is in the Napa and Sonoma valleys. So far as my likes and dislikes were considered, Los Angeles Johnston is the garden of California, although there had not been sufficient rain up to the 20th of January to grow a blade of grass; but the people generally took more pride in beautifying their homes, and altogether were more like the citizens of the East. The flowers, which “bud and bloom” the year around, afford very little satisfaction, as they are so covered with dust that both beauty and odor are a libel on God’s works, and not half as attractive as when seen through the window of a conservatory. If we could be transported instantaneously from here to there and back at our will, it would be very agreeable, but as a fixture, from choice I prefer Southern Kansas, with all her cyclones and grasshoppers—for such is her reputation in California.
I enjoyed to the fullest extent every inch of my tour, from the day I left Winfield until I stepped into it again. My journey of a night from Santa Barbary to Ventura by stage, a distance of fourteen miles, which took seven and a half hours to perform, this on washed out roads, now on the ocean beach, now on a side hill, now the driver off hunting the road, shut up with a Chinaman and Spaniard, you may think was something but enjoyable. When we at last arrived at that end of the route, chilled and tired at 1:30 at night, with no fire but in the billiard-room, around which, later, sat two stage drivers, one stage agent, the Spaniard (drunk), who had taken two drinks at the bar to prevent taking cold; the bar-tender, and the landlord. All but the Spaniard could talk straight, although the entire atmosphere was impregnated with the perfume of whiskey—drank and not drank. Miss Sue Hunt and myself, I assure you, thought it was something to remember in our travels, especially as when we left at four in the morning, Wagner, the landlord at the Palace Hotel, wrapped us up well in a double blanket, with instructions to the driver to bring it back the next day. At 6 p.m., we struck the S. P. R. R., just in time to see the express train pull out. So there was no hope for us but to put up for the night, and take the morning train for Los Angeles—pronounced in Spanish Lo-san-ka-les.
The many funny adventures we had in different places would be more laughable if told verbally than if put upon paper, so when opportunity presents, I will tell you. And right here let me say, that everybody is invited to come and see the variety of specimens and the stereo-scopic views I have from nearly every place I visited.
Probably no State in America is represented by people from everywhere as is California. Whichever way I turned I met someone who knew those whom I did. If on land or water, the first question was, “Where are you from?” Travelers generally have a good time; all are sociable and strive to make the best of their journey, while steamboat captains and hotel proprietors are too polite for anything. At San Francisco alone, the men are extremely uncivil—unless they are going to make a few dollars.

There are several pleasantly located little towns from San Francisco in all directions, but the want of heavenly moisture prevents displaying them to good advantage. A stay of two months in the Golden Gate City gave me ample time to visit all places of interest, and see the sights. One day we would take a street car to the North Beach, where warm salt-water baths were served up for twenty-five cents; another, out to the Precedio, at the fort; and beer gardens, inside of which they gave a clam chowder for ten cents, in hopes you would buy lots of beer and whiskey. Then, there was the Cliff House, a fashionable drive for Sunday; fine roads, through Golden Gate Park, at both ends of which it was the custom to liquor up and drive fast. The Cliff House is a modest structure, with balconies all around, overlooking the ocean, and but a few yards out are the Famous Rocks, where the sea lions can always be seen in large quantities sunning themselves and roaring above the tumult of the breakers. The Farallone Islands are forty miles out in the sea, and in summer time parties go in search of Gull’s eggs, which are laid in crevices of the rocks in quantities. They are shipped by the cargo, being so large, and are quite as palatable as a goose egg. Here the sea lions are so huge in dimensions, and in such vast numbers, that they often show fight, and it is never safe to go bathing around the Island. At Prescadero Beach, south of the city about 53 miles, are found very handsome pebbles—as handsome as many which are set in jewelry. The Geysers is of too strange a formation to be passed by; no route would bring you in its way. The trip there is one on purpose to see a canon altogether not larger than one block, as laid out in a city, with boiling water hissing like a locomotive from every crack and crevice of the rocks. Springs seem to boil up under your feet, and you feel as though you dare not stand still a second for fear of sinking into a seething cauldron. No tourist should miss the Geysers. It is a mystery what ever left such a place.
Lone Mountain Cemetery, the Industrial School, House of Correction, Alms House, prison at San Quintin, Oakland, Berkeley, Alameda, all are interesting. The Yosemite alone remained unvisited. Not until June will the snow be thawed to admit of running the stages again, which were hauled off in October. Another trip to accomplish that omission will be imperative at some future time. MRS. H. P. MANSFIELD.
Winfield Courier, February 22, 1883.
                                         CORRECTIONS: H. P. MANSFIELD.
1. Los Angeles Johnston is 124 miles long.
2. Mr. Wm. Konig had 360,000 gallons of wine.
3. Distance from Santa Barbara to San Buenaventura is 24 miles.
4. Precedio instead of Precedia. [Already corrected. MAW]
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield left Wednesday for a trip among the Ponca, Otoe, and Pawnee Indians.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield and Mrs. McMasters have gone on an excursion to the Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1883.
Mrs. Mansfield has resurrected from among her papers a slip which she penciled some thirty years ago. It is a memorandum of prices paid at that time. Beef was worth three cents per pound, eggs, twenty for 12-1/2 cents, and wine one dollar per gallon. The paper is old and faded and the writing almost illegible.
Winfield Courier, June 21, 1883.
J. Wade McDonald was appointed guardian adlitem of R. F. Mansfield in the case of Josephine E. Mansfield against Hattie P. Mansfield and others. Another short term will be held on July 12th.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
Mrs. E. Gaston, from Welaka, Florida, will spend the summer here, as the guest of Mrs. H. P. Mansfield. She is very much pleased with Winfield, and compliments Kansas highly. This is highly appreciated from one whose home is among the orange groves of Florida.
Winfield Courier, August 9, 1883.
Miss Josie Mansfield left Saturday morning to visit friends in Montrose, Missouri.

Winfield Courier, August 30, 1883.
Miss Josie Mansfield has just received her new stock of fall goods, and invites the ladies to call and examine them.
Winfield Courier, August 30, 1883.
Richie Mansfield came down from Peabody last week and spent a few days visiting his mother. He is doing well and satisfied with his location.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 3, 1883.
                                        Trial Docket for the October Term, 1883.
                                            CIVIL DOCKET—FOURTH DAY.
J. E. Mansfield vs. H. P. Mansfield et al.
Winfield Courier, October 11, 1883.
Miss Josie Mansfield will, on Thursday and Friday, October 18th and 19th, show an elegant line of New York pattern hats and bonnets.
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1883.
The most delightful entertainment of the season was given by Dr. & Mrs. Geo. Emerson on Tuesday evening of this week. The guests present were: Mr. & Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. & Mrs. J. Wade McDonald, Mr. & Mrs. E. A. Baird, Mr. & Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. & Mrs.
M. L. Robinson, Mr. & Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. & Mrs. G. H. Allen, Mr. & Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. & Mrs. C. F. Bahntge, Mr. & Mrs. W. J. Wilson, Mr. & Mrs. D. A. Millington; Mrs. F. Mendell of Texas, Mrs. H. P. Mansfield of Burden, Mrs. Perkins, late of Australia, Mrs. Frank Barclay, Mrs. C. L. Harter; Misses Lizzie Wallis, Margie Wallis, Jennie Hane, Florence Beeney, Nettie R. McCoy, Huldah Goldsmith, Cloyd Brass, Sadie French, Julia Smith, Jessie Meech, Caro Meech, Jesse Millington; Messrs. M. J. O’Meara, D. L. Kret-singer, W. H. Smith, W. A. Smith of Wichita, E. H. Nixon, L. D. Zenor, W. C. Robinson, Geo. W. Robinson, E. Wallis, G. Headrick, F. F. Leland, H. Bahntge, E. Meech, Jr. It was an exceedingly lively party and the host and hostess had omitted nothing which could add to the general enjoyment. Mr. and Mrs. Emerson stand at the head of the list of those in Winfield who know how to entertain their friends.
Winfield Courier, January 3, 1884.
R. I. Mansfield came in from Carbondale to spend the holidays with his mother and brother here.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1884.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield will leave for Washington on Friday of this week, as a representa-tive to the National Woman Suffrage Convention, which meets on the 4th of March. She will visit in St. Louis, Cincinnati, Baltimore, Richmond, Charleston, and take a run up the St. John River, during her absence.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield returned this week from Washington, where she attended the National Woman’s Suffrage Association. She visited, during her absence, many of the principal places in the South and East, and had a very enjoyable trip.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Harold Mansfield, for some time past in charge of the railroad station at Burden, has taken a position as operator in one of the Kansas City offices.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1884.
Miss Mansfield will have her annual spring millinery opening on Friday and Saturday, May 2nd and 3rd, when she will show an elegant line of pattern hats and bonnets.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield visited Burden Tuesday in the interests of the County Woman’s Suffrage Convention to be held at Winfield June 7th and 8th and addressed the people of that place in the evening. Mrs. Mansfield is very zealous in this work and her labors and ability are effective.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield has purchased a number of lots in the new Harper County town, Attica, and went out Saturday to superintend the erection of a building to be used by her sons, Harold and Richie, for a drug store. Attica is only two or three weeks old, but is going up like a rocket, with prospects of permanent advancement.
Arkansas City Republican, Saturday, August 15, 1885.
The following are the names of the ladies composing the W. R. C., who visited Winfield Wednesday: Mrs. J. Q. Ashton, president; Mrs. S. Mansfield, senior vice president; Mrs. E. Taylor, junior vice president; Mrs. J. Cooper, secretary; Mrs. R. J. Hubbard, treasurer; Mrs. May Daniels, conductor; Mesdames S. A. Smith, H. Blubaugh, S. H. Davis, H. M. Guthrie, A. R. Randall, E. H. Bishop, L. H. Rarick, M. S. Jones, H. R. Hopps, A. E. Maidt, and Miss Sadie Pickering. The Courier says of them: “They are all ladies of good appearance, intelligence, and zeal—just such as enter into every good cause.”
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1884.
Richie Mansfield came in Monday. He and Harold will start a drug store at the new town of Attica, in Harper County.
Winfield Courier, October 30, 1884.
Miss J. E. Mansfield will have her fall Millinery opening on Thursday and Friday of this week, when she will make an elegant display of New York Pattern Bonnets.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.
Miss Josie Mansfield closed out her business here this week and will locate in the millinery business at Kinsley, Edwards County. Miss Mansfield is one of our oldest residents and has won the esteem of all. Intelligent, independent, and energetic, we bespeak for her merited success in her new location. Her departure is much regretted.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
Mrs. H. P. Mansfield came in from Attica, Harper County, Saturday, and reports that new town advancing like magic. Harold and Richie are running a drug store there and doing well. Attica promises to be the terminus of the Southern Kansas for some time.
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.
New Location. Miss J. E. Mansfield has moved her Millinery stock into Best’s music stand, where she would be pleased to meet all her old friends and customers.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum