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J. L. Horning

Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
Mr. J. L. Horning, from Muskegon, Michigan, has bought out the stock of groceries of Messrs. Walker Bros., and will stock up in the business and make a first-class store. He has a large experience in the business and comes highly recommended.
Winfield Courier, November 14, 1878.
                                                    DR. N. M. SCHOFIELD,
Physician, Surgeon and Obstetrician. Will give his entire attention to the practice of medicine in all its branches, both in city and country. Particular attention given to chronic diseases. Office No. 80 Main street, 2 doors south of Horning’s grocery store.
                                               [COURIER ADVERTISERS.]
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
The Courier feels proud of its list of advertisers. No county newspaper in the state can boast a larger list or one made up of better, more honorable or more enterprising men. Here they are in alphabetical order.
HORNING, 76. We do not know that 76 is his Christian name, but he goes by that name and sells groceries like more than 60. He has a fine stock and knows how to sell them and makes his custom­ers want to come again for more.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.
McGuire & Crippen are moving their stock of goods into Mr. B. P. Jillson’s building, south of Horning’s. Their customers will follow them.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.
Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson, of Pleasant Hill, Mo., have opened a new hardware store on Main street, south of the Williams House. They are live, enterprising men, and will undoubtedly do a good business.
                                                        Hendricks & Wilson,
                                                               -Dealers In-
                                         4TH DOOR SOUTH OF HORNING’S,
                                                           Winfield, Kansas.
We have opened a Large, New and Complete Stock of HARDWARE, which we intend to sell at the Lowest Reasonable Rates FOR CASH.
We have on hand a full line of Wagon Woodwork, Shelf, and Builder’s Hardware.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.
The following is a list of the principal business firms of Winfield.
J. L. Horning.
Wallis & Wallis.
J. A. Earnest.
Bahntge Bros.
Lofland & Gale.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.
76 Horning needs a cast-iron clerk. The boys around his store generally walk about 76 miles a day to wait on the crowd of customers who throng his counters, and don’t always get clear around either.
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.
76 Horning has on exhibition and for sale a large lot of sea shells, just in from the Atlantic. This is another novelty in the “grocery” line.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.
J. L. Horning has leased a half interest in the above mill, and it will hereafter be run under the firm name of Harter & Horning. Mr. Horning came here about one year ago and engaged in the grocery business. He had a heavy competition and a poor location and people slyly wagged their heads and prophesied “a bust” in the grocery line. But “76 Horning” didn’t come to bust, and he didn’t bust. Six months from that time Horning’s delivery wagon made daily visits to the houses of these same gentlemen who prophesied the “bust,” and Horning was doing the grocery business of the town. We don’t intend this as a “puff,” but as a plain statement of facts.
All that has been needed to make the Tunnel mill one of the best in the country is some good, practical hand at the helm. Mr. Horning’s twenty years experience in the milling business, and his characteristic “get up and get” mode of running things peculiarly adapts him for the business, and we expect to see the Tunnel mills flour quoted all over the State before a year.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.
At a meeting of the directors of the Walnut Valley Fair Association, at the office of Col. Alexander, last Thursday, it was decided to hold the fair October 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th. The following appointments were made:
General Supt.: J. L. Horning.
Chief of Police: J. C. Roberts.
Chief Marshal: P. M. Waite.
                                               CLASS SUPERINTENDENTS
A. R. B. Pratt.
B. P. B. Lee.
C. C. S. Smith.
D. Wm. Hodges.
E. J. F. Miller.
F. Jas. Berry.
G. J. Hoenscheidt.
H. J. Nixon.
I. S. S. Holloway.
J. A. J. Burrell.
K. Mrs. J. E. Platter.
L. Mrs. M. E. Davis.
M. T. H. McLaughlin.

N. J. H. Worden.
O. E. P. Hickok.
P. J. E. Platter.
Q. G. W. Prater.
R. W. P. Hackney.
S. S. M. Fall.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1879.
J. L. Horning returned Monday from an extended tour in the Territory, in the interest of the Tunnel Mills. He visited the Kaw, Ponca, and Osage Agencies, and relates some interesting stories about the home life of the reds. The Tunnel Mills furnishes the first of August two hundred barrels of flour toward keeping the poor savage in food and idleness.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.
Messrs. Horning & Harter have purchased the Hitchcock building next to McGuire’s store and will fit it up for a flour and feed store.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.
Messrs. Horning & Harter contemplate erecting a large building on the property recently owned by Mr. Hitchcock to be used as a flour and feed store.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.
76 Horning has been receiving lately a very large stock of groceries, and has changed the arrangement of his store to accommodate it.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
Mr. J. L. Horning has sold his store to R. M. Snyder, of St. Louis, who takes charge of the stock September 1. Mr. Snyder comes in possession of a good store and a splendid trade, built up by energy, perseverence, and strict attention to business. We hope he may attain the same popularity as a groceryman as has “76 Horning.”
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
Messrs. Horning & Harter have moved the building off their lot next to McGuire’s store and will immediately begin the erection of a stone and brick building thereon. They expect to complete it in October, when it will be occupied by a grocery store and the Tunnel Mills offices.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.
We were pleased to meet last week Mr. R. M. Snyder, who has purchased the grocery store of Mr. J. L. Horning. Mr. Snyder is a pleasant and intelligent young man, has had years of experience as a grocer, and we think will keep No. 76 in the front rank as a grocery house.
He has leased the new building to be erected by Horning & Harter and expects to occupy it in October.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1879.
Mr. R. M. Snyder, who purchased the Horning grocery store, arrived Monday and began taking an inventory of the stock prepa­ratory to taking possession.
Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.

Mr. Jochem’s building on Main Street is a brick 25 x 100, with a basement, and is built from the ground in the most sub­stantial manner. The front of the building is all door, having three entrances, one at the end of each counter, and one in the center. Half of each wall is owned by the parties holding the lots on either side, which insures the erection of two more substantial buildings in the near future. Mr. Jochems will occupy this building, with his hardware stock, next week.
Further down the street on the opposite side, Messrs. Horning & Harter, our enterprising millers, are erecting a brick and stone building, 25 x 60, 2 stories high, with a basement, which will be occupied some time in October; the lower story by R. M. Snyder’s grocery store, and the upper as offices for the mill. This lot they purchased some time since from Mr. Hitch­cock, for $600.
Winfield Courier, September 11, 1879.
Mr. Dever is removing the Star Bakery to the corner next to Horning’s old stand.
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.
J. L. Horning is now a disconsolate widower, his wife being absent on a visit to relatives
in Michigan.
Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.
J. L. Horning returned home from the east Sunday evening.
Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.
The new building of Harter & Horning, on south Main Street, is nearly completed.
Winfield Courier, November 6, 1879.
We learn that Mrs. Horning, the better half of our J. L. Horning, was on board the steamer “Amazon,” which was wrecked on a sand bar off Grand Haven, Michigan, October 28th. Mrs. Horning was rescued without injury except from fright.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.
Mr. Will Whitney is behind the counter at Horning & Robinson’s hardware store.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.
Last Sunday Mr. Ex. Saint. started for New Mexico in the interest of Harter & Horning, and will place Winfield flour and feed on the western market. Harter & Horning are enterprising men, and if the people of New Mexico must be fed by Kansas, they propose to have a hand in the matter.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.
The many friends and patrons of Mr. H. Jochems will regret to learn of his retirement from business. His health for some time past has been very poor, and as a last resort he resolved to retire from active business life and test the curative powers of rest and travel. His splendid business passes into the hands of Messrs. Horning & Robinson, and, we predict, will suffer none by the change.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.

Messrs. J. L. Horning and Ivan Robinson have purchased the hardware stock of H. Jochems and rented the building for a term of years. Mr. Horning is recognized as one of the live, energet­ic businessmen of our city, and his proprietorship will in no wise detract from the popularity which this store has enjoyed for the past five years. Ivan Robinson, the other member of the firm, has been engaged in the hardware business for several years, and is one of the most popular young men in the city. The fact of his being a brother of M.. L., Will, and George Robinson is a sufficient recommendation.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.
Last Saturday evening Mr. Ex Saint returned from his western trip, where he has been in the interest of Harter & Horning. While absent he sold over eighteen car loads of flour and refused orders for twenty cars which the mill was unable to furnish. He brings back glowing reports of Las Vegas and New Mexico in general.
Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.
A meeting was held at Manning’s Hall last Wednesday evening to consider a memorial to Congress asking that a right of way for a railroad be granted through the Indian Territory from Arkansas City to Fort Smith.
Mayor Lynn was called to chair and J. E. Conklin chosen secretary.
A committee, consisting of C. C. Black, C. Coldwell, W. R. Davis, J. L. Horning, and M. L. Robinson, was appointed to prepare a memorial.
Senator Hewson, of Memphis, addressed the meeting, stating the advantages and importance to this section of the country of such a road.
The committee reported a memorial as follows, which was adopted, and the committee instructed to procure signatures and forward.
“The undersigned citizens of Cowley County, in the state of Kansas, would respectfully represent, that this county and the adjacent counties of Kansas are producers of corn, wheat, oats, hay, hogs, and cattle; and that they have large quantities of the commodities named, over and above their own requirements for market; but on account of the present condition of things they are cut off and deprived of their proper and legitimate markets, which should be Memphis, Tennessee; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Little Rock, Arkansas; and the cities and country adjacent to said city. We would further show that our country is almost wholly destitute of timber, while in the state of Arkansas, only a short distance away, there is a superabundance wasting for want of transportation.
We would further show that by building a line of railroad from the line of Kansas at or near Arkansas City, to Fort Smith in the state of Arkansas, relief from all difficulties stated would be obviated.
We would further show that on the 17th day of Dec., 1879, the Hon. H. C. Young of Tennessee, introduced House bill 3032, in which the right of way and charter for said railroad is asked and provided for, and we respectfully request the said bill be enacted into a law and the company or body corporate thereby created be authorized to build a line of railroad and telegraph upon such terms and limitations as Congress may in its wisdom provide.
And we especially solicit and request the support and influence of the Representatives and Senators from the state of Kansas and our sister states, in perfecting and passing this bill.
All of which is most respectfully submitted.”
Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.
Harter & Horning have put a first-class elevator in their store room for the benefit of R. M. Snyder, the “south end” grocer.
Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.
‘76 Horning has purchased part of the Jim Hill Block on which to erect a residence.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.
Mr. G. W. Ellsberry, of Mason City, has purchased the building now occupied by Snyder’s grocery, from Harter & Horning, for $2,725, and the lot next to it for $1,000. The sale was made through Curns & Manser.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.
Tuesday passed off very quietly. There was considerable “scratching” on both tickets resulting in the election of a mixed ticket. The following are the official returns.
                                                         SECOND WARD.
                                                    Member of School Board.
                                                           G. W. Robinson:           105
                                                           J. L. Horning:                   94
Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.
                                       76 HORNING 76 ROBINSON & CO.’S.
Winfield Courier, May 27, 1880.
See 76 Horning 76 Robinson & Co.’s ad in this issue. Their specialty at present is a new pattern coal oil stove, the “Moni­tor.”   
AD: 76 HORNING, 76 ROBINSON & CO., -WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN- SHELF AND HEAVY HARDWARE. We are Sole Agents for the cele­brated Monitor Coal Oil Stove. Only 5 cents per day required for cooking. It will more than pay for itself in one season in the saving of fuel; is worth the price of it for ironing alone, and your rooms are always cool, and you are never sweating and stewing over a wood or coal fire. Call and examine the wonderful little cook stove, so clean, compact, durable, convenient, and cheap.
                                                76 Horning, 76 Robinson & Co.
Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.
Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, assisted by their niece, Miss Emma Heimbaugh, entertained their many friends last Tuesday evening at their beautiful new home. There were between seventy and eighty guests, who reluctantly left at a late hour, all expressing themselves as having spent a delightful evening.
Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.
Mrs. J. L. Horning accompanied Miss Himebaugh on her return to her home in Muskegon, Michigan. The latter will remain, but the former will return after a visit of a few weeks.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

J. L. Horning some weeks ago conceived the idea of heating his house by steam. Today he is warmed up by the realization that the whole business is an entire success, and at a very trifling expense compared to the amount of heat received and the fuel expense attached. In addition to heating his house, he has arranged a Turkish bath room for private use in which there is no trouble to run the heat up to 185 degrees. “76” is one of the men who believe in enjoying life with all its comforts and blessings, and never begrudges a dollar spent in that direction. Telegram.
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.
76 Horning now has his house heated with steam. He uses a low pressure engine at the expense of half a gallon of water and three hods full of coal per day. While the original outlay is considerable, yet when done, the cost of fuel is the least of any other plan.
Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.
On Wednesday night there was a meeting held at council rooms, embracing a number of our prominent citizens, to secure, if possible, one of the two roads that Gould proposes building. All the gentlemen present were in favor of doing what was possi­ble to secure this end. W. H. Smith, Col. Alexander, J. L. Horning, T. K. Johnson, Mayor Lynn, and M. L. Robinson were appointed as a committee to confer with the managers, and obtain from them, if possible, a proposition. Messrs. Myres, Read, and Seward were appointed a committee to defray expenses.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
Mr. and Mrs. Kretsinger, assisted by Miss Clara Brass, received a number of their friends last Tuesday evening, among whom were Mrs. Frank Williams, Mrs. Tresize, Mr. and Mrs. Horn­ing, Mr. and Mrs. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Sydal, and Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown. The supper was magnificent, and the evening passed in the most jovial and pleasant manner. The host and hostess, by their graceful and unassuming ways, made all feel in the happiest humor.
Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.
The school board met Monday evening and appointed J. L. Horning as a member of the school board to fill the vacancy caused by the removal of Frank Jennings out of the city.
Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.
The hardware stock of D. S. Rose was sold to Horning, Robinson & Co. last week for $2,350.
Winfield Courier, March 24, 1881.
The Second Ward Meeting was held at the opera house. G. H. Buckman called the meeting to order. James Kelly was chosen chairman and J. P. Short secretary. J. L. Horning was nominated for member of the school board. M. L. Read was nominated for council. James Kelly, T. H. Soward, and S. H. Myton were chosen a ward committee.
The following 12 gentlemen were elected delegates to the city convention: G. H. Buckman, N. A. Haight, H. E. Asp, T. M. McGuire, T. H. Soward, W. Bitting, J. L. Horning, C. M. Wood, M. L. Robinson, Archie Stewart, H. Brotherton, I. W. Randall.
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.
The Winfield Jewelry House has an ad in this paper. Mr. Geo. Schroeter, the manager, is one of the finest watchmakers in Kansas. He has fitted up his store in magnificent shape, and all would do well to call.

They have fitted up the rooms in Palatial Style and have the Largest Stock of Watches, Clocks & Jewelry, etc., etc., in City. Repairing & Engraving done promptly.
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.
On last Thursday evening was gathered in the magnificent salons of M. L. Robinson one of the largest parties which have assembled in Winfield this past season. The honors of the occasion were conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Robinson and Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood in the most graceful and pleasing manner, making each of the guests feel delighted and happy. A new departure was made in the hour for reception which we cannot too highly commend, that of substituting 7 o’clock for the late hours which usually prevail, but the habits of some were so confirmed that they could not get around until nine o’clock. The banquet was excellent beyond our power of description. Nothing was wanting to render it perfect in all its appointments. At a reasonable hour the guests retired, expressing the warmest thanks to their kind hostesses and hosts for the pleasures of the evening. The following are the names of the guests as we now remember them.
Miss Nettie McCoy, Mrs. Huston, Mrs. S. H. Myton, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Eastman, Mrs. Ticer, Mr. M. G. Hodges, Mr. C. A. Bliss, Mr. W. C. Robinson, Mr. W. A. Smith, Mr. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Loose, Mrs. Herrington, Mr. and Mrs. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Platter, Mr. and Mrs. J. Harden, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. Conklin, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. Dever, Mr. and Mrs. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. Barclay, Mrs. W. F. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. F. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, and Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.
Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.
The result of the city election of last Tuesday is given in the table below. Names of candidates on the Republican ticket are in Roman, Citizens ticket in small caps, and on both in caps.
            N. L. RIGBY WON: MAJORITY 3; AND
            E. P. KINNE WON: MAJORITY 4.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
                                                      Prohibition in Kansas.
                                How It Has Killed Winfield and Cowley County!
      Statements of Businessmen of Winfield and Leading Citizens of Cowley County,
                                          Kansas, in Relation to the Situation.

                                                     HARTER & HORNING,
Tunnel Water Mills: We are making 20,000 pounds of flour per day, which is about the same amount we were making a year ago. There are six flouring mills running in the county while only five were running a year ago. There is plenty of wheat in the county to keep the mills running until the next crop. There is much less wheat being shipped from this county than a year ago. I suppose about 1,200 bushels has been shipped within the last thirty days.
I don’t think prohibition effects this business in any way as yet. I do not think the wheat crop of this county the past year was over 300,000 bushels. An average crop would have been over 1,000,000 bushels. The present promise is a very good crop for this year. The acreage is greater than last year and we may reasonably expect a crop of 1,200,000 bushels. Prices are about the same as a year ago and have been very steady for a year. We have formerly shipped much of our flour to Colorado and New Mexico.
                                             HORNING, ROBINSON & CO.,
Hardware. Business larger than a year ago. It would doubtless be much larger had we full crops last year, but the prohibition law affects us favorably. Men who used to spend their money for liquor now buy a great many things in our line which they have heretofore done without. Our stock is much heavier than it was a year ago, and we expect a much larger trade than we have ever had before.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
There will be an ice cream social and parlor concert at the residence of J. L. Horning Thursday evening of next week. The proceeds to go to the Library Association. All are invited to attend.
Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.
Maxwell and Doty, of Seeley, got into a row between them­selves, and their differences were brought before Judge Gans, who appointed J. L. Horning receiver, and the goods were on Monday removed to Winfield, and will be disposed of there. It would pay parties to adjust their little differences between themselves.
Excerpt from long article...
Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881 - Front Page
                                                        RIVERSIDE PARK.

Winfield, behind the large cities of the State in nothing, has taken a step ahead of them by the establishment of a pleasure ground for her citizens, to be known as Riverside Park. The park grounds include forty acres, situated but a quarter of a mile from the depot of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, and is easy of access from all parts of the State, from the fact of two lines of railroads running into the town. A splendid flag­staff has been planted in the middle of the park, from which will float the national colors, while a fine fountain of unique design is also to be erected. The river here affords splendid opportu­nities for boating, and a steam pleasure boat is to be put upon the waters soon, in addition to which will be several small boats, which will be let out to parties for a reasonable consider­ation. Rustic seats will be placed all around and through the park, which, with the beautiful, shaded and winding walks, fine lawns, the pleasures of the river, the luxuriant velvet grass upon the finest camping ground in the State, will render it the most favored spot in all the West. The citizens of Winfield have taken hold of the matter in earnest, and what they undertake they never fail to put through. A fine flag pavement is now being put down between the city and the park, while the highway between the two constitutes as fine a drive as can be found in the State.
The ground comprising the park was purchased a short time ago by Captain Lowry, Captain S. C. Smith, Messrs. M. L. Robinson, J. L. Horning, A. Spotswood, and M. L. Read, who give it to the city free, for the purpose of holding public gatherings of all kinds, Sunday and public school picnics, camp-meetings, and other pleasure and business assemblage. These gentlemen have shown a public spirit that is commendable, and deserve, as they have received, the thanks of the people of the city, for whom they have done so much.
This park is, without doubt, the finest place in the State for the holding of camp-meetings, as there are high and dry places for the putting up of tents, and shaded by lordly monarchs of the forest, making it delightfully cool and pleasant in every way. Over three miles of winding drives are now being built, which will add materially to the beauties and pleasures of this place. The spot selected for this park is in every way a de­lightful and superior one, and it will prove a joy forever, to no not only the good people of the enterprising city of Winfield, but to the whole State as well.
Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881.
4. We appoint J. L. Horning, G. T. Manser, H. S. Silver, E. P. Hickok, D. L. Kretsinger, N. T. Snyder, and Albert Doane to obtain funds to defray the expenses of the celebration and have control of the fire works.
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.
A committee of ladies was appointed to canvass for clothing, bedding, etc., consisting of Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mrs. Earnest, Mrs. Jewell, Mrs. Van Doren, Mrs. Horning, Mrs. Albro, Mrs. Spotswood, Miss Nellie Cole, and Miss Mary Steward.
During the day the canvass of the city resulted in the following cash subscriptions.
                                                     Harter & Horning $10.00
                                                Horning, Robinson & Co. $5.00
Winfield Courier, August 4, 1881.
Mr. M. L. Robinson and family left on the Santa Fe train Monday for the west. They went first to Kansas City, and from there will start west, Mrs. Robinson and family for California, while M. L. will join J. L. Horning and Dr. Davis in a ramble over the mountains of Colorado and New Mexico.

Winfield Courier, August 25, 1881.
                               A Partial List of our People Who are not at Home.
M. L. Robinson, Dr. Davis, and 76 Horning are bracing up the wilds of New and Old Mexico.
Winfield Courier, September 22, 1881.
The McDougall building presents an elegant appearance. The clock tower sets it off to good advantage. The magnificent galvanized iron cornice was put on by Messrs. Horning, Robinson & Co.
Winfield Courier, October 13, 1881.
Horning, Robinson & Co. have in their show cases the finest lot of guns and hunting paraphernalia we have yet seen.
Cowley County Courant, November 24, 1881.
Since moving into my new quarters, have increased my stock, etc.
Winfield Courier, November 24, 1881.
We noticed two or three drays unloading barbed wire in front of Horning, Robinson & Co.’s hardware store Tuesday. They had just received a carload of wire alone. By the way, this exten­sive establishment is this fall laying in a stock of hardware and cutlery that is simply immense and is far ahead of anything we have seen in the state. They have jugs full of pocket knives and as much as twelve bushels of table knives, forks, butcher knives, and spoons of the most approved pattern. While investigating the knife business, we sat down to rest and happened to light on the edge of one of the “Old ‘76" axes; and if our endorsement will add any to their fame, we can safely say they are the keenest cutters we have ever come in contact with. We are glad to say that Messrs. Horning, Robinson & Co. are realizing their fondest expectations regarding brisk trade. If it keeps up much longer, we are afraid the boys will never live to enjoy the fruits of their labors. Men who work eighteen hours a day always die early. However, it is a pleasure to deal with them for a custom­er always receives prompt and courteous attention and the fairest treatment.
Cowley County Courant, December 15, 1881.
J. L. Horning has been quite sick, but we are glad to see he is now able to be out.
Winfield Courier, January 5, 1882.
The masquerade ball last Friday evening proved to be, as the boys said it would be, the biggest affair of the season. About a hundred maskers were on the floor and many unique and tasty costumes were worn. The hall was crowded with spectators. Judge Bard and J. L. Horning as floor managers kept everything running in splendid shape. Their task was a hazardous one, for if there is any place where four fellows want to occupy the same spot, it is at a masked ball; but Messrs. Bard and Horning knew just exactly how to fix it, and trotted King Henry or the Spanish Count around to their places without a murmur. Mrs. Horning and Mrs. Kretsinger took care of the ladies’ dressing-room, and ministered to the wants of the ladies as only they can. The company was perhaps the most select that has ever gathered together in Winfield.
Cowley County Courant, January 12, 1882.

We noticed on a rosebush in the yard at the residence of J. L. Horning, a genuine rose bud. It looked awful scared, and we think it was pretty sneaky to come out in mid-winter.
Winfield Courier, January 12, 1882.
The Courant says J. L. Horning has a rosebush in bloom in his front yard. We generally credit the statements of our contemporary, but this rose bud business taxes our credulity to the utmost. Might it not be that you have made some mistake, Fred? May-be you saw a tomato can on the stump in Mr. Horning’s front yard and thought it was a rosebush in bloom—or perhaps the hired girl had hung a parti-colored stocking on the veranda railing and you were hurriedly passing by and took it for the first blush of an opening rosebud. And to think of its being in the front yard. Now in fact, didn’t you catch the inspiration while streaking it down the alley and locate it in the front yard just for appearance’s sake?
Winfield Courier, January 12, 1882.
                                                   HARD ON THE D. B.’S.
                  The Businessmen Talk, Eat, and Prepare to Harvest Unpaid Bills.
Last Saturday evening a large number of the businessmen of Winfield met at the Brettun House and organized an association that will be of more practical benefit to businessmen and the trading public generally then anything that has yet been proposed. The matter has been talked of for some time, but recent events brought it to a focus, of which the “Merchants” and Business Men’s Protective Association” is the outcome. The following gentlemen were present and assisted in the organization.
A. H. Doane, R. E. Wallis, J. A. McGuire, Will Hudson, A. E. Baird, W. J. Hodges, H. Brotherton, J. M. Dever, J. P. Baden, J. L. Hodges, R. E. Sydall, Lou Harter, Ed. P. Greer, J. B. Lynn, A. B. Steinberger, C. A. Bliss, D. L. Kretsinger, A. T. Spotswood, S. W. Hughes, J. S. Mann, W. B. Pixley, W. R. McDonald, A. D. Hendricks, Col. Wm. Whiting, J. G. Shrieves, J. W. Batchelder, J. L. Horning, T. R. Timme, J. L. Rinker, J. P. Short, B. F. Wood, J. A. Cooper.
A committee consisting of the officers and a committee of eight or ten members were appointed to draft constitution and by-laws to be presented at the next meeting to be held at A. H. Doane & Co.’s office Thursday evening. The object of the organization is for mutual protection against the class of men who obtain credit at one place as long as possible, then change to another, and so on around, and for heading off dead-beats of every kind. A list of all those who are in arrears at the different stores will be made out by each merchant and filed with the secretary, who will furnish each member with a complete list of all who obtain credit and the amount. Then, when a person desires to buy goods on time, the merchant can go to his list, find out how many other firms in town he owes, and how long the account has been running. If he finds that the person desiring credit owes every other merchant in town, he can safely make up his mind that he is a D. B. On the other hand, if he finds that the person asking for credit has paid his bill and is reckoned good by the other merchants in establishing his credit, he will find no trouble in getting all the advances he desires. It will weed out the dishonest fellows and protect those who pay their debts and show a disposition to deal honestly.

The above, as near as we can state it, is the object of the association. Here alone, good, honest, straightforward men all over the county have failed to get credit because there was no way to establish their standing while others who were no good have run annual bills all over town and never make an effort to pay. This will stop all that business and place them in a very unenviable light until their bills are paid.
After the adjournment of the meeting all repaired to the dining room of the Brettun and ate oysters and celery, drank coffee and cream, told vigorous stories of dead-beats and bill-jumpers, and treated each other to little bits of business experience that furnished points for future action. The supper was nicely served and thirty-nine sat down to the long table and took two or more dishes of “Oysters-loony style,” with fruit and lighter refreshments thrown in. One of the most unfortunate features of the supper was that there were no toasts. Nothing is so delightful after a nice supper as to sit back in your chair and note the writhings of the poor mortal who has been selected to tell about “The great American eagle, who laves his bill in the Atlantic and dips his tail in the Pacific,” and to see him squirm when he finds that he has forgotten the piece and got the proud bird’s tail in the wrong pond. We were very anxious to see this duty performed and had about concluded to call out J. L. Horning or A. T. Spotswood, with W. J. Hodges and R. E. Wallis as possible substitutes, when the thought struck us that it might prove a boomerang and our desire for toasts immediately expired.
Among the ladies who graced the occasion were Mrs. W. R. McDonald, Mrs. J. L. Rinker, Mrs. J. B. Lynn, Miss Sadie French, Mrs. W. J. Hodges, Mrs. S. W. Hughes, Mrs. J. A. Cooper, and Mrs. W. B. Pixley.
Cowley County Courant, February 16, 1882.
J. L. Horning is adding a valuable improvement to his residence property, in the shape of a windmill, which will be completed before long. This is one of the best improvements a householder can make who does anything towards gardening.
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.
We call the attention of our citizens to the communication from Mr. Thorpe in this issue, and we are glad to see them investigating the matter. The prospect of such a manufactory is decidedly pleasant to us, and we would like to see the matter given full attention. We don’t think there is any danger of Winfield becoming a “way station,” but we would not lose an opportunity to build up this city or advance her interests. Winfield is flourishing now, and we want it to continue in so doing and we think all our businessmen are with us in that desire.
The following are some of the well known citizens who fully endorse my proposition and who also agree to take shares in the corporation.
[Thorpe wanted to manufacture his own leather and then manufacture boots and shoes.
J. L. Horning was one of those who were prepared to back him.]
Cowley County Courant, March 2, 1882.
                                     PROGRESS DUE TO FRANK BARCLAY.
For a long time it was Winfield’s proud boast that it was the best sidewalked town of its size in the West; and for the past year, she has claimed without dispute, to have more miles of flag stone sidewalk than any town in the state, regardless of size or age. And now we come forward with the claim that Winfield has more steam, water, gas pipe, and general plumbing than any town of equal population in the state, and back our claim with the following figures.

On the first of January, 1882, there were in the public and private buildings of the city in round numbers:
13,000 feet of steam pipe;
11,400 feet of water pipe;
 8,000 feet of gas; and
 1,600 feet of sewer pipe.
Of this amount the Brettun House has over 15,000 feet.
The principal business houses on Main Street and several private houses are lighted with gas, by machines with from fifteen to one hundred burners.
In addition to the public buildings, there are ten residences supplied with hot and cold water throughout, with copper or galvanized iron water tanks, stationary washbowls, bath tubs, waste pipes, etc.
Among these fixtures there are all told, nearly one hundred marble slab basins, costing from fifteen to thirty-five dollars each.
The Brettun House, COURANT office, and the residences of M. L. Read and J. L. Horning are heated by steam, the two former by high-pressure boilers and the latter by low-pressure boilers.
For such a large amount of plumbing for a town, without gas or water-works, Winfield is principally indebted to Mr. Frank Barclay, who came here about four years ago, and under whose supervision nine-tenths of all the above work has been done.
Winfield Courier, March 9, 1882.
The ladies are beginning to swap plants this spring-like weather, and may be seen laden with all sorts of floral beauties. One of the finest collections of house plants we have seen is that of Mrs. J. L. Horning. It consists of some very choice varieties of plants, most of which are in full bloom. Other beautiful collections are those of Mrs. Beeny, Mrs. Platter, and Mrs Hickok. Many others have excellent success in that line.
Cowley County Courant, March 9, 1882.
Messrs. Horning, Read, McMullen, Robinson, and perhaps others will erect windmills for the purpose of irrigating their grounds the coming season. Frank Barclay has a carload of piping on the road which he will use for that purpose. With plenty of water the question of growing trees, shrubbery, and blue grass is solved.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1882.
76 Horning Robinson & Co., have a carload and a half of barbed wire in stock and are selling immense quantities of it daily. If you intend building wire fence, do not fail to call on them.
Winfield Courier, March 23, 1882.
                                                       A Few Improvements.

One of Winfield’s crowning glories is her beautiful residences and snug, comfortable homes. Nothing is more indicative of permanency and prosperity than these and nothing shows more strongly the character of her people. This spring and summer many beautiful lawn improvements will be made, and Mr. Barclay has already on the road a car load of piping and several large fountains and windmills which will be put up in the yards of many of our best residences. Mr. Horning will put up a windmill, have water pipes laid over his grounds, and a beautiful fountain put up in the yard. M. L. Robinson intends putting in extensive improvements of the same sort, and many others will as soon as possible have appliances for watering their lawns and running fountains. Before many summers our city will be noted far and wide for its beautiful homes, as it now is for its sidewalks and brick blocks.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
The contract for the roofing of the Conklin building was awarded to Horning, Robinson & Co. This is going to be one of the best stores in the city, and will be occupied by Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson as a retail hardware store.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.
The contracts for the erection of the Conklin building were all let yesterday except the carpenter work and excavation. J. W. Connor does the masonry, J. W. Crane the plastering, J. M. Reid, the painting, and Horning Robinson & Co., the roofing, and J. B. Magill, the Iron work.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
The contracts for the Conklin building were let Thursday evening. Horning, Robinson & Co., were awarded the contract for roofing, Mr. Conner the stone work, and John Crane the plastering and front.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.
A claim of M. L. Read for $478.81 has been allowed by Judge Gans, against the estate of S. L. Brettun, deceased. Also, one of Horning, Robinson & Co., for $25 has been allowed. Also, one of J. W. Conner for $215.00, and one of J. M. Alexander for $180, and one of A. G. Wilson for $135.42.
Cowley County Courant, April 13, 1882.
Some of our citizens, among whom are Sam. Myton, M. L. Read, J. L. Horning, Robinson, and others, are not going to have their yards dried out anymore, nor take chances on being burned out by a fire. They are having windmills put up and making extensive private water works improvements around their premises. Frank Barclay has just received the piping for the completion of these works.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.
Pursuant to call, a number of gentlemen interested in the organization of a Cowley County Agricultural Society, met at the Court House Saturday, April 15th, 1882, and were called to order by T. A. Blanchard. Thereupon, J. W. Millspaugh, of Vernon Township, was elected Chairman and T. A. Blanchard, Secretary. F. H. Graham stated that the object of the meeting was to organize for the purpose of holding a county fair this fall. On motion of J. B. Jennings, the meeting unanimously resolved to hold a fair, and a committee of six gentlemen consisting of J. C. Roberts, W. P. Hackney, W. J. Hodges, J. W. Millspaugh, J. L. Horning, and W. A. Tipton was appointed to draft articles of incorporation and report at the next meeting. The meeting then adjourned to meet on Saturday, April 22, 1882, at 2 o’clock, at which time all feeling an interest in the fair are requested to attend.
Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Pursuant to call, a number of gentlemen interested in the organization of a Cowley County Agricultural Society met at the Courthouse Saturday, April 15th, 1882, and was called to order by T. A. Blanchard. Thereupon, J. W. Millspaugh, of Vernon town­ship, was elected Chairman and T. A. Blanchard, Secretary. F. H. Graham stated that the object of the meeting was to organize for the purpose of holding a county fair this fall. On motion of J. B. Jennings, the meeting unanimously resolved to hold a fair, and a committee of six gentlemen, consisting of J. C. Roberts, W. P. Hackney, W. J. Hodges, J. W. Millspaugh, J. H. Horning, and W. A. Tipton, was appointed to draft articles of incorpora­tion and report at the next meeting. The meeting then adjourned to meet on Saturday, April 22nd, 1882, at 2 o’clock, at which time all feeling an interest in the fair are requested to attend. All Cowley County papers requested to copy.
Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.
J. L. Horning has returned from his Missouri trip, bringing with him a drove of 353 herd of cattle. Mr. Horning will take them to his Kingman County ranch.
Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.
The board of directors of the Agricultural and Horticultural society met at the Courier office, in Winfield, May 6th, 1882, at two o’clock P. M.
Present: J. C. Roberts, R. B. Pratt, P. M. Waite, W. A. Tipton, W. J. Hodges, S. W. Phoenix, and J. W. Millspaugh.
The following officers were elected for the ensuing term: W. A. Tipton, President; Henry Harbaugh, Vice President; T. A. Blanchard, Secretary; J. W. Millspaugh, Treasurer; W. J. Hodges, Superintendent.
The Treasurer was required to enter into a bond of $2,000 and to have the same ready for approval at the next meeting.
The following committees were appointed.
Finance: W. J. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, James Vance, J. L. Horning, James Schofield.
Printing: T. A. Blanchard, E. P. Greer, W. A. Tipton.
Grounds: W. J. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, J. W. Millspaugh.
Bylaws: W. A. Tipton, F. S. Jennings, Henry Asp.
Committee on grounds were directed to meet May 8th, 1882.
Committee on premium list, the board.
The secretary was directed to procure a rubber stamp seal bearing the legend, “Cowley County Agricultural and Horticultural Society Seal.”
The Secretary was directed to publish the proceedings in all the county papers.
Adjourned to meet May 20th, 1882. T. A. BLANCHARD, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.
                                                             About the Fair!
The Board of Directors of the Cowley County Agricultural Association met at the COURIER editorial rooms Saturday afternoon for the purpose of organizing and getting into working order. The directors present were Messrs. J. C. Roberts. R. B. Pratt, P. M. Waite, W. A. Tipton, W. J. Hodges, S. W. Phoenix, and J. W. Millspaugh. The following officers were elected for the ensuing term.
W. A. Tipton, President.
Henry Harbaugh, Vice President.

T. A. Blanchard, Secretary.
J. W. Millspaugh, Treasurer.
W. J. Hodges, Superintendent.
The Treasurer was required to enter into a bond of $2,000 and to have the same ready for approval at the next meeting.
The following committee was appointed.
Finance: W. J. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, James Vance, J. L. Horning, James Schofield.
Printing: T. A. Blanchard, E. P. Greer, W. A. Tipton.
Grounds: W. S. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, J. W. Millspaugh.
By-Laws: W. A. Tipton, F. S. Jennings, Henry Asp.
Committee on grounds were directed to meet May 8th, 1882.
Committee on premium list, the board.
The Secretary was directed to procure a rubber stamp seal bearing the legend, “Cowley County Agricultural and Horticultural Society Seal.” The Secretary was directed to publish the proceedings in all the county papers. Adjourned to meet May 26th, 1882.
                                               T. A. BLANCHARD, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
Mrs. J. L. Horning and Miss Belle Roberts are spending a month at Geuda Springs.
Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.
MR. CHAIRMAN: We, your committee on credentials, report the following delegates and alternates from the various townships as entitled to seats in this convention.
Winfield City, 1st Ward, Delegates: J. E. Conklin, G. H. Buckman, D. A. Millington, Geo. F. Corwin, H. D. Gans. Alternates: A. H. Johnson, A. T. Shenneman, E. P. Greer, Henry Paris, James Kelly.
Winfield City, 2nd Ward, Delegates: A. B. Whiting, L. H. Webb, J. H. Finch, T. H. Soward, John Swain, W. E. Tansey. Alternates: A. H. Green, M. L. Robinson, Jas. H. Bullen, O. H. Herrington, J. L. Horning, M. B. Shields.
Cowley County Courant, June 15, 1882.
Everybody is pleased to see J. L. Horning around again, after being laid up so long.
Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.
                                                     FOURTH OF J. U. L. Y.
On Tuesday evening the citizens met at the Opera House to hear the report of the executive committee on 4th of July celebration. The committee reported as follows.
On Finance: M. L. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, J. P. Baden, S. H. Myton, J. C. McMullen.
On Speakers and Invitation: J. C. Fuller, D. A. Millington, A. B. Steinberger, M. G. Troup, and J. Wade McDonald.
On Grounds and seats: A. T. Spotswood, Jas. H. Bullen, A. Wilson, S. C. Smith, W. O. Johnson, and H. Brotherton.
On Police Regulations and personal comfort: D. L. Kretsinger, R. E. Wallis, H. S. Silver, J. H. Kinney, and A. T. Shenneman.
On Music: J. P. Short, E. H. Blair, G. H. Buckman, H. E. Silliman, and R. C. Bowles.

On Old Soldiers: Col. McMullen, Adjt. Wells, Judge Bard, Capt. Steuven, and Capt. Haight.
On Representation of 13 Original States: Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, Mrs. Caton, Mrs. Carruthers.
On Floral Decoration: Mrs. Kretsinger, Misses Jessie Millington, Amy Scothorn, Jennie Hane, Mrs. J. L. Horning, and Mrs. G. S. Manser.
Speeches were made by Judge J. Wade McDonald, Judge Soward, Mayor Troup, D. A. Millington, Capt. Hunt, and D. L. Kretsinger. The City is enthusiastic on the subject and are bound to make this a big Fourth. The committee on speakers will secure the attendance of some of our State’s best talent. Let everyone prepare to come, bring their lunch baskets, and enjoy themselves in the finest park in the State.
Winfield Courier, June 22, 1882.
Wool twine, wool sacks, and sheep shears at Horning, Robinson & Co.
The celebrated Brussels carpet sweeper at Horning, Robinson & Co.’s.
The season for baths is now at hand; the tubs can be found at Horning, Robinson & Co.
Winfield Courier, July 27, 1882.
J. L. Horning has purchased the Simpson & Fowler elevator and will go into the wheat market soon. J. L. will make things boom in the grain business.
Winfield Courier, August 3, 1882.
While riding in the park Thursday afternoon, we came unexpectedly upon one of the most pleasant little picnic parties imaginable. A number of ladies and gentlemen and twenty or thirty happy, rollicking young folks were just sitting down to a most inviting banquet spread out under the trees. Against our very feeble protest, we were made one of the group, and enjoyed the feast hugely. It was a home picnic, given by Mrs. J. L. Horning in honor of her nieces, Misses Ella and Miriam Pierce, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, who have been visiting with her for the past ten weeks.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
Buy your wife a Jewell Gasoline stove of Horning, Robinson & Co., before they are all gone.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
J. L. Horning has his elevator running and appeared on the wheat market Monday. It is said wheat immediately went up three points. However that may be, it is certain that Mr. Horning will pay a fair price, be satisfied with a reasonable margin, and will do no more or no less. He will do business on a reliable basis or he won’t do it at all.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
The hunting season has arrived and sportsmen who wish to replenish their paraphernalia should call on Horning, Robinson & Co., and look over their splendid stock of guns and ammunition. They have the finest and most complete stock in this line ever opened in Winfield. Ammunition at bottom figures.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
                                                           IT IS SETTLED.
                        We Are to Have a Creamery, the First and the Best in the State.

           The Stock Made up and the Work to Begin at Once. The Town is “Waking Up.”
Last Saturday the final subscription to the Creamery stock was made and the enterprise became an assured fact. We fully believe that it will prove one of the best investments made in the county and furnish a valuable market for the dairy products of Cowley.
Mr. M. W. Babb, the originator of the enterprise, came here about a year ago and, after visiting various creameries throughout Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri, came home with the necessary papers and information and went to work, aided by a few of our public-spirited citizens; among whom Mr. J. P. Baden was first and foremost, with the success before mentioned. The following is a list of the stockholders.
                                        Horning, Robinson & Co., 5 shares, $250.
The plans and specifications for the creamery engine and ice house are completed. The contracts will be let at once and the work pushed forward with unabated vigor. It is hoped that it may be running in three months. As the manner of operating these creameries is new to most of our readers, we will attempt to give an outline of it. In the first place, creamery butter commands everywhere from seven to ten cents more per pound than common country butter. On this margin the creamery works. They go out through the country and engage cream from every farmer, paying him as much as he can get for the butter after it is churned. The creamery furnishes the cans and sends a wagon to the farmer’s door every day to get the cream. They then, with their superior appliances, can make the cream into butter cheaply and get an excellent article, besides selling and feeding the buttermilk. When Winfield teams are scouring Cowley County from north to south gathering cream, and every farmer has an account at the creamery to draw against for his contingent expenses, we rather think the old days of “corn pone and bacon” will be entirely forgotten.
The stockholders met Tuesday evening, adopted articles of incorporation, and elected seven directors for the first year as follows: J. C. McMullen, M. L. Read, J. E. Platter, M. W. Babb, J. L. Horning, J. P. Baden, G. L. Holt. The Board of Directors are appointed a committee to act with Messrs. Holt and Hall in the selection of a site. Frank Barclay, A. H. Doane, and J. L. Horning were appointed a committee to superintend the erection of the creamery and accept or reject it when completed.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Many a man will walk a block out of his way to see Mr. Horning’s house and grounds.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
                                               THE CREAMERY LOCATED.
        Work Was Commenced Wednesday Morning and It Will Be Running in Ninety Days.
                                                        Keep the Ball Rolling.

Tuesday morning the Board of Directors of the Creamery Association met for the purpose of visiting and personally selecting a site for the Creamery. There were present four of the directors: Messrs. Read, Babb, Horning, and Platter. Two sites were proposed: one on the river just above Bliss’ Mill; and the other near the Santa Fe depot on the ground where the railroad windmill stands. The latter proposition included the refusal for a year of grounds adjacent for hog lots at a stipulated price. After visiting the grounds and thoroughly investigating the matter, the directors decided in favor of the last named location—that near the Santa Fe depot, and work was begun at once. The location is a very good one and is handy to water and railroads.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
Horning, Robinson & Co., have the largest and best selection of hard and soft coal burners in Southern Kansas.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
The Floral Franklin parlor stove at Horning, Robinson & Co.’s is a neat open front and something entirely new.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1882.
Those new Hecia hard coal burners for 1882 at Horning, Robinson & Co.’s are beauties. Don’t fail to call and see them before buying your parlor stove.
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1882.
Messrs. Horning, Robinson & Co., have on exhibition a grand display of stoves of all kinds. They take special pride in the New Hecia for 1882 and the Franklin. The New Hecia is a base burner heater and is one of the most beautiful parlor stoves we have seen. The Franklin is a coal heater of a very different pattern, but very fine. They have also the Denmark, a retort burner of soft coal, got up in the Queen Anne style. Those preparing to supply themselves with heaters this fall will do well to call and see them.
Winfield Courier, October 26, 1882.
The firm of Horning, Robinson & Co., has been dissolved, Mr. Ivan Robinson retiring. The firm will hereafter be Horning & Whitney.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1882.
J. L. Horning has put an addition on the elevated portion of his elevator.
Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.
Last Friday Messrs. Horning and Whitney had on exhibition in their store a beautiful marble grate for a fireplace. It was certainly a work of art as well as of comfort. The grate was of galvanized iron, mounted in highly polished and carved marbleized iron, together with mantle and side pieces of the same material. It is intended for the residence of Mr. H. E. Silliman.
Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.
The following bills were approved and recommended to the County Commissioners for payment:
Bill of Horning & Whitney for scythe, nails, and scythe stone, $1.15, was referred to the Finance Committee.
Winfield Courier, December 14, 1882.
The biggest stock of cutlery in Kansas at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
Messrs. Robinson, Horning, Kretsinger, Conklin, Wood, Myton, Lynn, Moore, and others went up to Topeka Tuesday afternoon.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1883.
Every piece of pocket cutlery sold by Horning and Whitney is warranted. They sell only the best.

Winfield Courier, January 25, 1883.
                                                        Council Proceedings.
Council met in regular session, Mayor Troup in chair. Roll called. Present: Councilmen Read, Wilson, McMullen, and Gary; City Attorney and Clerk.
Minutes of last meeting read and approved.
The finance committee reported on and found correct the statement of the Clerk for the quarter ending Dec. 15th, 1882; the report of the Police Judge for the months of August, September, October, and December, 1882, and the reports of the Treasurer for the months ending Oct. 15, Nov. 15, and Dec. 15, 1882, and the bill of Horning and Whitney for $1.15 for goods furnished the city, and recommended that the bill be paid. The report of the committee was adopted and the bill of Horning & Whitney was ordered paid.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
                                                      A Monumental Fraud,
                              With an Attempt to Make Anti-Prohibition Capital,
                                          And Establish Glickeries in Winfield.
                                                 A PETITION AND REPLY.
The following petition was circulated last week by Frank Manny, taken to Topeka, and presented by him to Senator Hackney.
                            Signing the petition: Horning & Whitney and J. L. Horning.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
Horning & Whitney have received a magnificent stock of cutlery. Will Whitney exhibited to us Monday the finest line of silver knives and forks we have seen anywhere.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1883.
SECTION 1. That the right of way along the streets and alleys, and the privilege to construct, operate, and maintain a system of Water Works within the corporate limits of the City of Winfield, for supplying the City and citizens with water for domestic, sanitary, and other purposes, as well as for the better protection of the City against disaster from fires, be and is hereby granted to Frank Barclay, J. L. Horning, J. Wade McDonald, W. C. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, W. P. Hackney, and M. L. Robinson, of the City of Winfield, Cowley County and State of Kansas, their successors and assigns for the term of ninety-nine (99) years from the passage of this ordinance.

SECTION 2. That the right of way as held by the City of Winfield be granted to said Frank Barclay, J. L. Horning, J. Wade McDonald, W. C. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, W. P. Hackney, and M. L. Robinson and their successors and assigns for the term of ninety-nine (99) years to lay pipes in any and all streets, lanes, alleys, roads, or other public places within the corporate limits of said City, and to extend the pipes, and to place, construct, and erect hydrants, fountains, conduits or such other useful and ornamental structures as may be necessary for the successful operation of the said water works.
Winfield Courier, February 8, 1883.
A splendid line of cook stoves at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
The account of Horning & Whitney for $1.75 for stove grate was referred to Finance Committee.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
J. L. Horning’s elevator broke down last week. A defective cog wheel went to pieces, the pieces flew in between other wheels, and a general smash-up followed. The elevator is being thoroughly overhauled this week and will be running again soon.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1883.
                                                                A Big Day.
Saturday was one of the biggest business days in the history of Winfield. From early morning till late at night the streets were jammed with teams and people. The amount of grain handled was simply wonderful. Allen Johnson’s elevator on the K. C. L. & S. Road received over two thousand bushels, while Messrs. Beck & Sipe filled all their cars and warehouses and stopped buying before the middle of the afternoon. Mr. Horning’s elevator was out of order and not running. The wagons waiting to be unloaded at Johnson’s elevator resembled a freight train and filled the street for a block. But perhaps the best illustration of the volume of business transacted that day is given us by the cashier of the Winfield Bank. He paid out during the day, in the regular course of business, fifty-six thousand dollars, and received in the way of deposits, fifty-five thousand five hundred dollars. This is a showing that does our city and county proud.
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1883.
M. L. Robinson and J. L. Horning start for St. Louis today on business connected with the M. W. & W. Railroad. Mrs. Robinson will accompany M. L. as far as Jacksonville, where she will meet her sister and go on to Chicago with her.
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
The finance committee made the following report: Reports of Treasurer and Police Judge referred, correct; bill of Horning & Whitney for $1.75, correct and payment recommended; bill of L. A. Belmont on county for care of poor, $5.00 found and paid and rejection recommended. The report was adopted and the bill of Horning & Whitney was ordered paid.
Winfield Courier, April 12, 1883.
Messrs. Robinson, Horning, and Barclay returned from the east Saturday. During their absence they purchased the pumps and pipe for the water-works and did some railroad work.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1883.
Miss Belle Roberts, who has been visiting with Mrs. Horning during the winter, returned to her home in Michigan.

Winfield Courier, April 19, 1883.
J. L. Horning had his lawn mower out for an exercising Friday evening. It stood the exercise much better than Mr. Horning.
Winfield, Courier, April 19, 1883.
Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning entertained a house full of friends at their fine residence in the southwest part of town last Friday evening. There were a merry set of guests, who enjoyed the occasion immensely and adjourned with the impression that their host and hostess were the nicest people in the world.
Winfield Courier, May 3, 1883.
Senator Hackney, J. B. Lynn, J. L. Horning, and A. T. Spotswood, committee on finance for the entertainment of our visitors on the 9th, interviewed our citizens Monday and secured over three hundred dollars.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
The famous “New Jewel” gasoline stoves at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
A large quantity of wool twine, wool sacks, and sheep shears, the best and cheapest, at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
We desire to specially notice the splendid day’s work put in by Messrs. W. P. Hackney, J. L. Horning, J. B. Lynn, and A. T. Spotswood in canvassing the city for money to pay the expenses of the affair. They raised the munificent sum of $265, a sum more than ample for all the expenses incurred. Each of them was enthusiastic and ready to help in any other way. Mr. Horning was situated so that he became an almost invaluable help in every way.
Those of our citizens mentioned elsewhere, who entertained guests at their houses, earned the high compliments which were lavished upon them by their guests, a great many of whom profusely thanked us for sending them to such good places. Each guest seemed to think that she or he had been specially favored by being sent to the best place. Many of these entertainers spent their time with their visitors, kept their teams ready, met them at the depot, drove them all about town whenever they would ride, and returned them to the depot when they wished to leave.
It is of course unfair to others to specially mention M. L. Read, J. S. Hunt, J. L. Horning, J. C. McMullen, in this connection, for others did the same thing, but these we happened to notice.
Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning entertained Prof. I. T. Goodenow and Mrs. Goodenow, of Manhattan; H. B. Kelly of the McPherson Freeman, and Mrs. Kelly.
Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.
                                                Where the Money Came From.
The following are the cash contributions to the general editorial entertainment fund. More was raised than was used and those who subscribed first took more than their share, so that others had to be somewhat limited in their contributions to give others a chance.
                                                           J. L. Horning, $5.

Winfield Courier, May 31, 1883.
A full stock of belting at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1883.
                                                    WE WILL CELEBRATE.
                                     An Enthusiastic Meeting and Gratifying Results.
By virtue of a previous call, the citizens met to devise ways and means for a 4th of July celebration at Winfield. Capt. J. S. Hunt was elected President, and O. M. Seward, Secretary.
Hon. C. C. Black stated the object of the meeting, and Col. Whiting moved to celebrate. Carried.
On motion Mayor Emerson was elected President of the day, and Col. Whiting, Marshal, with power to select his own aids, and have general charge of programme for the day.
On motion the following committees were appointed.
Finance: J. P. Baden, J. B. Lynn, M. L. Robinson.
Grounds: S. C. Smith, D. L. Kretsinger, E. P. Greer.
Programme: J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, H. D. Gans.
Committee on Indians: J. W. Hodges, N. C. Myers, Col. Whiting.
Special Trains: Kennedy, Branham, H. E. Asp.
Amusements: C. C. Black, T. M. McGuire, John Keck, Jas. Vance, A. T. Spotswood, and J. Wade McDonald.
Fire Works: Henry Goldsmith, J. P. Baden, M. O’Hara.
Music: Crippen, Buckman, Snow.
Military Display: Capt. Haight, Dr. Wells, Col. Whiting.
Speakers: Rembaugh, Millington, Hackney.
On motion the meeting adjourned to meet at call of president, or chairman of committees.
                                                      J. S. HUNT, President.
O. M. SEWARD, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 14, 1883.
Mrs. A. Eldred, of Muskegon, Michigan, is visiting with her sister, Mrs. J. L. Horning.
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1883.
Mr. Charles Clark, who has been buying grain here for Messrs. Horning & Co., has been called to take charge of the Company’s elevator in Winfield. Charley made many friends while here who part with him with regret. N.
Winfield Courier, August 2, 1883.
Get ready for sheep shearing by buying your twine, sacks, and sheep shears of Horning & Whitney.
Winfield Courier, September 6, 1883.
                                                    WINFIELD 2ND WARD.
H. Brotherton, M. L. Read, D. L. Kretsinger, I. W. Randall, Arthur Bangs, W. T. Madden.

Alternates: J. L. Horning, J. L. M. Hill, B. F. Wood, Will Hudson, W. J. Kennedy, E. C. Goodrich.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
The following superintendents of their respective departments will please meet with the secretary at his office as early as possible on the first day of the Fair, Sept. 25th. The duties of the superintendents will be to have charge, under the general superintendent, of the departments to which they are assigned, and to select judges to award the different premiums. Those who find it impossible to serve will notify the secretary as early as possible that others may be appointed in their stead.
                                          Flowers and shrubs, Mrs. J. L. Horning.
                                                     Speed ring, J. L. Horning.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
The hunting season has arrived and sportsmen who wish to replenish their outfit should call on Horning & Whitney and look over their splendid stock of guns and ammunition. They have the finest and most complete stock in this line ever opened in Winfield. All goods at bottom prices.
Winfield Courier, September 13, 1883.
The largest and best stock of shelf and heavy hardware in the city at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1883.
                                                         COWLEY’S FAIR.
              Magnificent Displays in Every Department and all Expectations Fully Realized.
The first place visited as nearest the entrance, was the general exhibition hall. On the right of the entrance are the Household fabrics, Kansas manufacture, in charge of Mr. W. R. McDonald. Every conceivable kind of “spread,” some of them elaborate, splendid rag carpets, and almost everything made in this line by the energy, taste, and deftness of Cowley’s ladies, are there to be seen. The different novelties here, as elsewhere, are deserving of special mention, but under the arrangement it was impossible to get the name of each exhibitor. The next thing encountered was the Flowers and Shrubs, presided over by Mrs. J. L. Horning. The display is very tastefully arranged, contains a good variety, and taken all in all, does Lady Flora full justice. Next to this is the Fine Art department, conducted by Miss Kate Millington, the most prominent among which are specimens of photography from the galleries of Winfield’s artists, Messrs. Rodocker, McIntire, and Beck Bros., and a finer display we challenge the state to produce.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
W. H. Whitney, of the hardware firm of Horning & Whitney, is spending this week in the East buying goods. Will has been sticking very closely to business for some time past, and this trip will be a benefit in the way of recreation as well as pecuniarily.
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1883.
                                                              THE FAIR.

                                             Cowley Covers Herself With Glory.
                 A Grand Exposition of her Agricultural, Horticultural, and Stock Interests.
                                               WE AGAIN TAKE THE LEAD.
The south main exhibition building was devoted to the ladies department supplemented by a grand organ and sewing machine show. The fancy work under Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, was a varied display of taste and industry such as we have never seen before in one collection. There were articles of every imaginable name, and Mrs. Kretsinger hid amid a wilderness of lace and embroideries, had her hands more than full. The fine arts under Miss Kate Millington attracted much attention. The beautiful collections of paintings of Mrs. Geo. W. Miller and Mrs. C. C. Black were greatly admired. There were several fine displays in the flower department, in charge of Mrs. J. L. Horning, and it made a very fine appearance.
                                                      GENERAL SUCCESS.
Speaking financially, the fair was as great a success as in exhibits. The total receipts were about $3,800, which will leave a handsome surplus over expenses, for further improvements. On Thursday there were over eight thousand people on the grounds, and on Friday about six thousand. The business throughout was conducted without a jar, and everything passed off smoothly. Notwithstanding the vast throng of people in attendance, there was not an arrest made on the grounds nor a serious misdemeanor committed. This was largely due to the active and efficient efforts of General Superintendent Kretsinger. President Martin was everywhere, superintending exhibits and arrangement, and overlooking and correcting errors. Directors Linn, Harbaugh, Millspaugh, Spotswood, and Phoenix also worked faithfully and efficiently throughout the whole fair. Mr. J. L. Horning had perhaps the most difficult part of all—that of superintendent of the race course, but he made a success of it, as of everything else he undertakes.
                                                 CLASS M. FANCY WORK.
                              Crocheted shawl, Mrs. J. L. Horning, city, 1st premium.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1883.
A social party were entertained at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. H. Buckman on Tuesday evening. The guests present were:
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Rembaugh, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Green, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Henry E. Asp, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup; Mrs. Schofield, Mrs. G. H. Allen; Misses Josie Bard, Jennie B. Hane, Nettie R. McCoy, Margie Wallis, Sadie French, Jessie Millington; Messrs. M. O’Meara, R. B. Rodelph, Louis B. Zenor, E. H. Nixon, W. H. Smith, H. Bahntge, L. H. Webb. The affair was delightful in every way, and the guests were profuse in their thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Buckman for their many and pleasant attentions which secured  them so much enjoyment.
Winfield Courier, December 27, 1883.
Mrs. J. L. Horning, assisted by Mrs. and Miss Whitney, and Mrs. Doane, will “receive” at Mrs. Horning’s residence New Years day.

Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
                                                           The Masquerade.
The members of the Pleasant Hour Club have made the winter thus far very pleasant in a social way. Their hops have been well attended, and the utmost good feeling and harmony has prevailed. Their masquerade ball last Thursday evening was the happiest hit of the season. The floor was crowded with maskers and the raised platforms filled with spectators. At nine o’clock the “grand march” was called, and the mixture of grotesque, historical, mythological, and fairy figures was most attractive and amusing. Then, when the quadrilles were called, the effect of the clown dancing with a grave and sedate nun, and Romeo swinging a pop-corn girl, was, as one of the ladies expressed it, “just too cute.”
The following is the list of names of those in masque, together with a brief description of costume or character represented.
                                                     Mrs. J. L. Horning, Nun.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1884.
                                                              OUR FAIR.
                                   The Stockholders Meet and Elect a New Board.
                                                         A Splendid Record.
On Monday afternoon the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association met in the Opera House for the purpose of re-organizing the Board of Directors for the year 1884, and receiving reports of the condition and doings of the Association for the year. About seventy-five stockholders, representing nearly all of the subscribed stock, were present.
After a thorough overhauling of the Constitution and By Laws in the way of amendments, the following Board of Directors was elected to transact the business of the Association for the year 1884.
Jas. F. Martin: Vernon Township.
Harvey Smith: Silver Creek Township.
S. P. Strong: Rock Township.
H. Harbaugh: Pleasant Valley Township.
J. B. Nipp: Creswell Township.
P. B. Lee: Vernon Township.
S. S. Linn: Pleasant Valley Township.
K. J. Wright: Beaver Township.
J. O. Taylor: Walnut Township.
H. C. McDorman: Dexter Township.
J. L. Horning: Winfield.
A. T. Spotswood: Winfield.
C. C. Black: Winfield.
D. L. Kretsinger: Winfield.
Ed. P. Greer: Winfield.
A. H. Doane: Winfield.
Jas. B. Schofield: Winfield.

This directory gives ten to the county and seven to Winfield, which places the full control of the Association in the hands of the live, energetic farmers of Cowley. Let us hope that every member of the Board will be on hand at every meeting of that body and bend their united energies toward making Cowley’s Fair a model institution from which every county in the state may “draw inspiration” for building up a similar one. With twelve members of the board in the city last year, it was sometimes impossible to get nine directors out to a meeting.
After adjournment of the stockholders’ meeting, the new Board of Directors met, were sworn in, and elected the officers of the Association as follows.
Jas. F. Martin: President.
J. L. Horning: Vice President.
Ed. P. Greer: Secretary.
A. H. Doane: Treasurer.
D. L. Kretsinger: General Superintendent.
Following is a list of Shareholders and Number of Shares Held.
                                                       J. L. Horning: 2 shares.
Winfield Courier, January 31, 1884.
                                        [Portion of City Council Meeting Minutes.]
The following resolution, accepting the Water-works system, was presented by J. Wade McDonald, attorney of the Water-works Company, and passed by the Council after considerable discussion.
Be it resolved, by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield, That the system of Water-works constructed in and adjacent to the city, by the Winfield Water Company, in pursuance with provisions of Ordinance No. 167, be, and the same are, hereby accepted; and the contract embodied in said Ordinance is hereby ratified and confirmed unto the said Winfield Water Company as the successor in interest and assignee of the rights of Frank Barclay, J. L. Horning, W. P. Hackney, J. B. Lynn, W. C. Robinson, J. Wade McDonald, and M. L. Robinson, the grantees named in and by said Ordinance No. 167 of the said city; and that the hydrant rentals mentioned and provided for in and by said Ordinance shall accrue from said city to said Water Company from and after the 17th day of December, A. D., 1883. This acceptance is subject to all the requirements on the part of said Water Company, in said Ordinance contained.
The city attorney was instructed to submit a written opinion as to the liability of the city under such acceptance, and the city clerk was instructed to spread the same upon the minutes of the meeting.
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1884.
                                           THE WATER WORKS DECISION.
Following is the full text of the decision of Judge Torrance in the water works case, in which Bliss & Wood are plaintiffs, and the Winfield Water Company is defendant.
                                                    STATEMENT OF CASE.


The decision of this case arises upon a general demurrer interposed by the plaintiffs to the defendant’s answer. The petition in the case, in substance, alleges that the plaintiffs are owners of a mill pond on the Walnut River, in this county, and of lands adjacent thereto, upon which they have constructed a valuable flouring and grist mill, which they are operating by means of the water power furnished by said mill pond; that the defendant is a private corporation created under the laws of this State, and that it has constructed and is operating a system of water works in the city of Winfield, for the purpose of supplying said city with water, and for that purpose is diverting large quantities of water from the plaintiffs’ said mill pond. The petition prays for a perpetual injunction. By way of defense to the cause of action stated in plaintiffs’ petition, the defendant in its answer, alleges that it is a private corporation, duly incorporated under the laws of this State, for the purpose of constructing and maintaining, adjacent to and within the city of Winfield, a system of water works for the purpose of supplying said city with water; that said city of Winfield is a city of the second class, duly incorporated as such under the laws of this State; that the Mayor and Councilmen of said city duly passed an ordinance granting to Frank Barclay, J. L. Horning, J. Wade McDonald, W. C. Robinson, J. B. Lynn, W. P. Hackney, and M. L. Robinson, and their assigns, the privilege of constructing, operating, and maintaining, for the period of ninety-nine years, a system of water works within the corporate limits of said city, for the purpose of supplying its inhabitants with water, and for the better protection of said city against disaster from fires. This ordinance invests the grantees named therein with full power, for the period of ninety-nine years, to lay pipes in the streets, alleys, and other public places within said city, and to extend such pipes, and to erect hydrants, fountains, conduits, or such other useful and ornamental structures as may be necessary for the successful operation of such works. The ordinance further provides that at the expiration of certain specified periods, after the completion of the works, the city shall have the right to purchase the works from the grantees named in the ordinance, or their assigns, upon terms and conditions expressed in the ordinance. The ordinance in terms provides that it shall constitute a contract between the city and the grantees named therein, and their assigns, and shall be binding on all parties upon the acceptance of its provisions by the grantees named therein, or their assigns. In section 14 of the ordinance, the city expressly agrees as a part of the franchise and contract embraced in the ordinance, that it will, upon the request in writing of the grantees named therein, or their assigns, proceed without delay to exercise its right of eminent domain in the condemnation of any lots, parcels, or pieces of ground, or of water or any water privilege, that may be necessary to the proper and convenient construction and maintenance of the system of water works provided for in the ordinance, provided the said grantees, or their assigns, shall pay all costs and expenses incident to such condemnation proceedings, including the cost of all property so condemned. This section also provides that the right to the free and exclusive use and enjoyment of all property so condemned shall vest and remain in said grantees, and their assigns, so long as the franchise and contract provided for in the ordinance shall remain in force and effect. The answer of the defendant further alleges that, after the passage, and due publication of said ordinance, the grantees therein named duly assigned to the defendant corporation all the right, title, and interest granted to and vested in them, under the provisions of said ordinance; that afterwards the defendant notified said city of the fact of such assignment, and that as such assignee it accepted the franchise and contract granted by and embodied in said ordinance, and that the city of Winfield thereupon assented to such assignment, and accepted the defendant in the place and stead of the original grantees named in the ordinance; that afterwards, and in pursuance of section 14 of said ordinance, the City Council of said city proceeded to condemn, and did condemn in its own name, the right to forever divert from the said mill pond of the plaintiffs, sufficient quantities of water to operate and maintain a system of water works, and to supply the inhabitants of the city of Winfield with water therefrom. These condemnation proceedings were had under the provisions of an act of the Legislature of the State entitled, “An act authorizing cities to construct water works,” approved February 27th, 1872, and a subsequent act of the Legislature, amendatory thereof, approved March 8, 1883, and the proceedings seem upon their face to be regular and valid. The answer further alleges that the defendant corporation afterwards constructed the system of water works provided for in said ordinance, and that it is now operating the same, and is diverting from the plaintiffs’ mill pond, by virtue of such condemnation proceedings, only such quantities of water as are necessary for the operation of its works in the supplying of the city of Winfield with water.
                                                 OPINION OF THE COURT.


The power of eminent domain, or the right of the public to appropriate private property to public uses, is one of the attributes of political sovereignty. This power remains dormant, and is unavailable even to the State itself, until legislative action is had, pointing out the occasions, the modes, and conditions under which it may be exercised. The Legislature may at once by direct legislative enactment, appropriate property; or it may delegate such authority to some public or private agency to be exercised by it upon the occasions, and in the mode and under the conditions specified in the act conferring the right. But no person nor corporation, either public or private, however pressing may be the public necessity therefor, is competent to employ the power of eminent domain unless such power has been expressly vested in said person or corporation by an act of the Legislature; and then only in the mode and under the conditions and for the uses expressed in the act. This legislative delegation of the right of eminent domain partakes of the nature of a personal appointment or trust, and the authority thus conferred cannot be delegated to another, or in any manner transferred or assigned, by the person or corporation clothed with the power by the act of the legislature. It seems to me that the principles of law thus far stated are clearly supported by the text writers upon the subject, and by the adjudged cases. The question now arises whether a city of the second class, empowered to exercise this right by the act of the legislature above referred to, for the purpose of supplying its inhabitants with water, has the power to contract with a private corporation, organized under the laws of this state for the purpose of supplying such city with water, to condemn the necessary lands and water privileges to enable such private corporation to construct and operate its waterworks, and in pursuance of such contract lawfully condemn the lands or water privileges of third persons for the benefit of such private corporation. It seems to me that this is a correct statement of the question of law raised by the demurrer to the defendant’s answer. It is true the city of Winfield may in one sense be benefitted by the use of the water proposed to be furnished by the defendant corporation. It is also true that when a private corporation is duly empowered by the legislature to take private property for the construction of works of public utility, the fact that it has a pecuniary interest in the construction of such works does not preclude it from being regarded as a proper agency in respect to the public good which is sought to be promoted. Under our statutes, however, a private water corporation has no authority delegated to it by the legislature to exercise the right of eminent domain. So it seems to me that the contract of the city of Winfield to secure the necessary condemnation proceedings was primarily, and in the just sense of the term, for the benefit of the defendant corporation. The ordinance itself provides that the exclusive use and enjoyment of the property condemned by the city shall vest and remain in the grantees therein named, and their assigns. The act of our legislature under which the condemnation proceedings were had in this case is entitled, “An act authorizing cities to construct waterworks.” This act grants to cities of the second class full power and authority, on behalf of such cities, to contract for and procure the construction of waterworks for the purpose of supplying the inhabitants of such cities with water for domestic use, the extinguishment of fires, and for manufacturing and other purposes. It provides that the city council shall have power and authority to condemn and appropriate, in the name and for the use of the city, any such lands or water privileges, located in or out of the corporate limits thereof, as may be necessary for the construction and operation of such waterworks. It further provides that when the council shall determine to condemn any land or water privilege for the purpose aforesaid, it shall cause a petition to be presented in the name of the city to the judge of the district court of the county in which said city is situated, setting forth the necessity of the appropriation of lands or water privileges for the erection and operation of waterworks, and requesting the appointment of three commissioners to lay off and condemn such lands or water privileges as may be necessary for such purpose, and to make an appraisement and assessment of damages. The act provides that the subsequent proceedings shall be governed by the provisions of the statute relative to the condemnation of lands by railroad corporations (with but one exception), so far as the same are applicable. It also provides that upon the completion of the condemnation proceedings the city shall be vested with the right to perpetually use the property condemned for the purpose of such water works. The act also empowers the council to issue the bonds of the city to defray the cost of such water works, after the question of their issue has been determined in the affirmative by a majority of the electors of such city. The act further empowers and makes it the duty of the council to fix the rate of water rents to be paid by consumers, and to ordain such rules and regulations, with appropriate penalties for the violation of the same, as the council may deem proper for the regulation and protection of such water works, and, lastly, the act authorizes the council to appoint such engineers and other officers to superintend and operate such water works, both during and after the construction of the same, as may be necessary, and to do all acts and things for the erection, operation, alteration, and repair of such water works as may from time to time, in the judgment of the council, be necessary. It is evident, both from the title and body of this act, that it was the intention of the legislature to empower cities of the second class to construct water works for their own benefit and at their own expense, and to have the exclusive control and management of the same. And to this end the act authorizes the city council to exercise the right of eminent domain in the condemnation and appropriation of such lands and water privileges as may be necessary for that purpose, in the name and for the perpetual use of the city in the maintenance and operation of such water works. The only warrant which the city has is to be found in this act; and the only authority conferred by the act is the appropriation of property for the benefit of the city alone. When the property of an individual is sought to be divested against his will by authority of law, courts should not permit the authority conferred to be extended by intendment beyond the fair import of the language used, and should require a strict compliance with the provisions of the law by which the authority is delegated. If the legislature had intended that the power of eminent domain should be invoked in aid of water works to be constructed by private water corporations, it would have delegated the right to exercise such power to such corporations themselves, or to some other agency empowered to act on their behalf. The fact that the legislature has omitted to do so is satisfactory evidence to my mind that it did not intend to delegate the power in such cases. I have had but little time to examine the law bearing upon the point involved in this demurrer, and I would be very loth to thus hastily decide this case if I thought there was any probability that my decision would finally determine the rights of the parties. I thought it proper however, as the matter to be determined was of some general interest to the citizens of this city, to reduce the reasons for my decision to writing. In my present view of the law I am of the opinion the demurrer should be sustained, and it is so ordered.
                                                    E. S. TORRANCE, Judge.
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1884.
A coal company has been formed for the purpose of prospecting for coal here. Quite a large sum has already been subscribed to prosecute the work and it is the intention of the company to begin work as soon as the necessary boring machinery can be secured. This enterprise is a most important one for our City. There is no doubt but that our town is underlaid by coal deposits and all it needs is enterprise to develop them. The following gentlemen are the incorporators: W. P. Hackney, M. L. Robinson, B. F. Cox, J. L. Horning, C. C. Black, J. M. Keck, O. M. Reynolds, C. L. Harter, S. C. Smith, and Geo. Emerson.
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1884.
S. S. Lyon & Co., a new firm of plumbers, have located here, under engagement with Horning & Whitney. They are first class workmen and make lively competition in the plumbing line.
Winfield Courier, February 14, 1884.
                                                              More Fires.

Again, on Sunday evening, an attempt was made to set fire to property in the city. A lot of hay was stuffed under the rear end of Hendricks & Wilson’s hardware store and ignited. It was done about half past seven o’clock in the evening. Mr. James McLain, who has been acting as night watchman, first discovered and put it out. Shortly before, when walking across Manning Street and Tenth Avenue, he passed a man who was walking hurriedly. As soon as he passed, the man broke into a run, and a moment after McLain discovered the fire. When he turned, the man had disappeared in the darkness. What the object of these incendiaries is cannot be defined. The fire in the Hodges barn could have injured but little business property if successful. The fire started in the Shenneman barn, immediately after, when the hose was handy and hundreds of people standing around to use it, could not have been set with a very villainous intent to destroy, as the destroyer might have known it would be put out in a minute. The setting of the Sunday evening fire early in the evening, when everyone was about, showed a lack of deep intent to do great injury. However, our people have resolved to put a stop to it, and to that end the following paper has been prepared and duly signed, and the total sum of $222.50 goes to the person who runs the fire-bugs in.
We, the undersigned, promise to pay the sum set against our respective names as a reward for the apprehension and conviction of any person or persons engaged in setting any incendiary fire in the city of Winfield, either heretofore or hereafter.
S. C. Smith, T. K. Johnston, Horning & Whitney, Wm. Newton, Hudson Bros., McGuire Bros., J. B. Lynn, Geo. Emerson, COURIER Co., Ella C. Shenneman, W. S. Mendenhall, Winfield Bank, M. L. Read’s Bank, Rinker & Cochran, Miller & Dawson, H. Beard, Whiting Bros., Hendricks & Wilson, A. E. Bard, Johnston & Hill, J. N. Harter, Farmers Bank, Wallis & Wallis, F. V. Rowland, J. S. Mann, Hughes & Cooper, A. B. Arment, Quincy A. Glass, W. L. Morehouse, McDonald & Miner, Curns & Manser, J. D. Pryor, M. Hahn & Co., O’Meara & Randolph, S. H. Myton, J. P. Baden, Telegram, Scofield & Keck, Henry Goldsmith.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1884.
Messrs. J. S. Lyon & Co. have opened out a complete stock of plumbing, steam, and gas-fitting goods at the store of Horning and Whitney. They are practical plumbers and gas fitters, having had long experience in that line, and with their large and excellent stock of goods, will be a very valuable acquisition to our city and citizens. We recommend that persons who want work or goods in the line to call and see them.
Winfield Courier, February 21, 1884.
On Tuesday evening of last week Mrs. M. L. Whitney threw her pleasant home open for the reception of invited friends. Among those present were Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Kirkwood, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. McCloud, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Beeny, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Randall, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mrs. Dr. Van Doren, Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, Mrs. ____ White, Miss Martin, and Miss Mary Hamill. Refreshments formed an interesting supplement at the proper hour and under the royal entertainment of the hostess and family, the company pronounced it one of the most pleasant social gatherings of the winter.
Winfield Courier, March 6, 1884.
J. S. Lyon & Co. keep a full assortment of wrought iron pipe, fittings, etc. Office and shop at Horning & Whitneys.
Winfield Courier, March 13, 1884.
                     Office and Shop at Horning & Whitney’s, WINFIELD, KANSAS.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.
M. L. Read has put in pipes, transferred his windmill to the Brick & Tile Works, and is now getting his water supply from the waterworks. M. L. Read and J. L. Horning have also taken down their windmills and are getting water from the same source.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1884.
Horning & Whitney have just received the finest assortment of bird cages ever brought to Winfield. Call and see them.
Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.
For the latest improved patterns in gasoline stoves, go to Horning and Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.
                                                         HOW WE BOOM!
                           Winfield the Prettiest and Most Substantial City in the West,
                                     And Still the Work of Improvement Goes On!
                      Three Hundred New Homes Going Up and More Contracted For.
The beautiful grounds of Capt. John Lowry, Col. J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, J. C. Fuller, Mrs. Platter, and many others are beginning to show themselves in all the glory which “Gentle Annie” can bring to bear and are still receiving some improvements. A man will walk a long piece out of his way to see such houses and grounds. Most of these grounds are completely irrigated by our system of waterworks. Such homes are as good examples as can be found in the state of what money and energy, when united with good taste, can do. The places are pictures and will grow more beautiful each year as the trees and shrubs increase in size. Such homes educate people and show the possibilities of Kansas soil.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1884.
J. S. Lyon & Co. wishes to inform the public they are ready to fit up stores and dwelling houses with gas pipes at reasonable rates. Office and shop at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1884.
As the summer approaches, Messrs. Horning & Whitney are having a big run on the lately improved “New Jewel” Gasoline stove. They do away with the worry, heat, and inconveniences of the common cook stove and are cheap, safe, and economical. Every housekeeper should call at the hardware establishment of Horning & Whitney and examine them.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1884.
J. S. Lynn & Co. will keep a complete stock of gas Chandeliers, gas Burners, Globes, etc. Office and shop at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
Garden Hose in lengths to suit, also Lawn Sprinklers, Hose Carts, etc. J. S. Lyon & Co., office at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1884.
                                        Proposed Change on the Southern Kansas.

Word was received last Friday of the intention of the Southern Kansas railroad officials to put on a night passenger train from Kansas City to Harper, passing here at about ten in the morning and returning in the afternoon, while the regular day train would be stopped at Independence. Our people were in favor of the new train, but heartily opposed to having the regular train stopped at Independence. A meeting of businessmen was held Friday evening at which Mayor Emerson and Messrs. Long, Black, and Horning were appointed a committee to interview the railroad officials, at Lawrence, to secure the continuance of the regular train to Winfield. The heaviest passenger traffic of any town on the line comes from this city, and the business is such as to demand both these trains. A train leaving for Kansas City at the same time as the Santa Fe, would greatly lessen our railroad accommodations.
LATER: We learn that the committee were successful in their efforts and that both trains will run through from Kansas City to Harper.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1884.
J. L. Horning and lady left yesterday afternoon for a two months visit in the east.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.
BIRTH. B. F. Darnell, J. L. Horning’s elevator man, has a new girl at his house, born Saturday.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
Refrigerators in all sizes at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
For the best Ice Cream Freezers, go to Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
No one can afford to be without one of those complete refrigerators at Horning & Whitney’s. Everything kept cool and fresh.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
For years people have been complaining of the hilarious air of Kansas, but some inventive genius, recognizing the great want of this country, has made something by which this surplus wind can be made a comfort and joy forever. It is a stove that burns air; no other  fuel whatever needed. This seems incredible, but by calling on Horning & Whitney, you can see the wonder. And it is an immense success. It is made like a gasoline stove, only the tank holds air instead of gasoline. A rubber tube is attached to the tank; you put it in your mouth, blow the tank full of air, light the burner, and your stove is in running order for the day. It is a curiosity and should be seen by everyone. Horning & Whitney have its exclusive sale.
Winfield Courier, June 26, 1884.
J. L. Horning has returned from his tour through Michigan and the north. Notwithstanding he has for weeks been rubbing against millionaires and lumber monopolists, he is still “Old 76” to his many friends at home.
Winfield Courier, July 3, 1884.
MARRIED. Mr. M. L. Garrigus and Miss Sarah Hudson were married Sunday afternoon at the home of the bride’s sister, Mrs. T. M. McGuire, by Dr. W. R. Kirkwood. The groom is one of the gentlemanly salesmen of the hardware establishment of Horning & Whitney, while the bride is well known to all our people and a favorite among the young folks. They have before them a future of much promise. Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Bruce, the latter a sister of the bride, came over from Cherryvale to attend the wedding.
Winfield Courier, July 10, 1884.

J. L. Horning sold his elevator Wednesday to Samuel Steel and F. L. Braniger. He will retire from grain and concentrate his energies on his many other business enterprises.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
Winfield has recently been troubled with burglars for the first time in several years. We mentioned last week the burglarizing of Hughes & Cooper’s grocery, and last Friday night the work was renewed in Horning & Whitney’s hardware establishment with efforts at a larger haul. The entrance was effected by prying open a back window. Tools were secured from the tin shop and an effort made to break open the safe. They succeeded in drilling almost through the door to the lock-bar, with the evident intention of getting into the safe by breaking this bar, when something seemed to upset their nerves and they dropped the tools and lit out. Appearances indicated that the parties weren’t schooled in safe cracking. Billy Whitney, being absent from the store, had not made the usual bank deposit on Thursday and the safe contained about five hundred dollars. Several hard looking strangers have been loafing around town lately whose means of livelihood seem very dark, but no conclusive evidence has yet been found. The mere fact of an able-bodied man being without visible means of support these busy times is sufficient to brand him as a bad character and his movements should be closely watched.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
                                                         OFFICERS, 1884.
JAS. F. MARTIN: President.
J. L. HORNING: Vice-President.
ED. P. GREER: Secretary.
A. H. DOANE: Treasurer.
D. L. KRETSINGER: General Superintendent.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Jas. F. Martin, Ed. P. Greer, J. L. Horning, A. H. Doane, D. L. Kretsinger.
FINANCE COMMITTEE. Chas. C. Black, P. B. Lee, A. T. Spotswood.
DIRECTORS. A. H. Doane, A. T. Spotswood, C. C. Black, J. B. Schofield, S. S. Linn, Ed. P. Greer, D. L. Kretsinger, H. Harbaugh, J. F. Martin, J. B. Nipp, J. L. Horning, Harvey Smith, S. P. Strong, P. B. Lee, K. J. Wright, J. O. Taylor, H. C. McDorman.
The following is a list of the stockholders of the Cowley County Fair and Driving Park
                                            One of those listed: J. L. Horning.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
The following special premiums are offered by the citizens of Cowley County. Parties wishing to compete for them must enter articles same as in other class, and must also comply with the instructions and requests named in the premium.

President J. F. Martin will have charge of this department, make assignment of articles, and appoint the necessary judges.
                                                        BY J. L. HORNING.
$5.00. For the largest Ear of Corn, by weight; must be entered on the first day of the Fair and weighed on the last day. Open to the world, and all corn entered to belong to J. L. Horning.
                            BY HORNING & WHITNEY’S HARDWARE HOUSE.
$5.00. For the best hand-made Sunbonnet, any style or material, by a girl under 16 years of age; $3.00 to 1st, $2.00 to 2nd.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1884.
J. S. Lyon & Co. will keep a complete stock of gas Chandeliers, gas Burners, Globes, etc. Office and shop at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, September 4, 1884.
Mr. J. L. Horning returned from his mountain trip last week, leaving Mrs. Horning at Silver Cliff, where she will remain for a time. From his refreshed and invigorated appearance, we should judge that he had subsisted largely on “mountain dew” while out west.
Winfield Courier, September 11, 1884.
Messrs. Horning & Whitney have the contract for tin roofing the Hasie block at Arkansas City and are now at work on it.
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
                                                     SPECIAL PREMIUMS.
By J. L. Horning, $5 for largest ear of corn by weight, T. H. Jackson, 1st.
By Horning & Whitney, $5 for best handmade sun bonnet by girl under 14, Dora B. Kimball, 1st.
Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.
Horning & Whitney have fixed up a splendid display of gas fixtures in their show windows. There are chandeliers and lamps of every imaginable kind, beautiful in design and novel in style.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.
                                                           City Government.
Following bills were ordered paid.
Horning & Whitney, supplies, $2.80.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.
Horning & Whitney’s display of gas fixtures is very fine and attracts much attention. They carry all the latest patterns.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
Mr. J. W. Johnston has commenced the erection of a handsome residence on the corner of 10th Avenue and Mansfield Street, opposite J. L. Horning’s residence.
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.

A very pleasant entertainment was given by Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, at their splendid residence in this city, on Thursday evening, December 10th. About sixty to seventy guests were present, among whom we remember by name the following.
Rev. and Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, Prof. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Ordway, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt, Dr. and Mrs. C. S. Van Doren, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mrs. Frank Williams of Wichita, Mrs. J. H. Bullen, Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. Arthur Bangs, Miss Nettie McCoy, Miss Anna McCoy, Mr. W. H. Smith, Mr. Lew Brown, and Mr. W. C. Robinson.
Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, made up of rain, mud, snow, and cold, the guests enjoyed themselves to the utmost, and after partaking of a magnificent supper, music, and mirth, the guests separated with warm thanks to their host and hostess, who had afforded them so much pleasure, and with the aid of Arthur Bangs, most of them, we presume, found their own domiciles in due time.
                                         Abstract of County Auditor’s Report.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 1, 1885.
                                               Horning & Whitney Co. Supplies.
                                   Horning & Whitney. Hardware, Tinware, etc.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 1, 1885.
Among our thoroughly reliable and enterprising firms, that of Messrs. Horning & Whitney are foremost. Their hardware house contains an elegant line of everything pertaining to a first-class establishment of the kind and through the energy and popularity of the proprietors has an enviable patronage. Connected with this firm is that of J. S. Lyon & Co., plumbers. This branch carries a complete stock of gas fixtures and steam heating apparatus. Few young men have the industry and business tack of Mr. W. R. Whitney. Mr. Horning is not only a through businessman, but is chuck full of enterprise and everything for the good of the city and county receives his hearty support.
                                               TELEPHONE DIRECTORY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 29, 1885.
                                                  No. 60. Horning & Whitney.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.
                                          Feminine Enterprise and Generosity.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.

Now that the ladies have formed a relief society, the poor of our city are being well cared for. The society held a meeting in the Presbyterian church on Wednesday of last week, and large piles of clothing, provisions, etc., were sent in to be distributed among the needy by the different committees. This organization has been made permanent, with Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, president; Mrs. J. L. Horning, Vice President; Mrs. W. G. Graham, Secretary, and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Treasurer. A committee of two has been appointed for each ward, as follows: First Ward, Mrs. W. R. McDonald and Mrs. E. D. Garlick; Second Ward, Mrs. J. S. Hunt and Miss Lizzie Graham; Third Ward, Mrs. J. L. Horning and Mrs. M. L. Robinson; Fourth Ward, Mrs. C. A. Bliss and Mrs. A. H. Doane. These ladies have sought out all destitute families in their respective wards, and are making them comfortable. And one who pursues the even tenor of his ways in every day walk would be astonished at the number of really needy families they found—those who have hands to do but can find nothing to profitably busy them with, the avenues of industry being almost closed. Many let pride carry them to the very verge of freezation and starvation, and only by the visits of these ladies did their real condition become known. The social and supper at the Presbyterian church Tuesday evening by the relief society was very liberally patronized by our citizens, and proved an excellent “weigh” of ascertaining the weight of the ladies, and putting about a hundred dollars into the relief fund. All honor to our generous-hearted, enterprising ladies!
                                                     THE MASQUERADE.
                                 Another of Winfield’s Charming Social Events.
                                  The Participants and Characters Represented.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 12, 1885.
The annual masquerade party of the Winfield Social Club has been the crowning social event of every winter for years past, and the one at the Opera House last Thursday evening was all that past successors could have spoken for it—in fact, many pronounce it superior to preceding ones in selectness and refinement of conduct. It was free from the promiscuous crowd and jam that usually characterize such gatherings, there being just maskers enough to fill the floor nicely and make dancing most enjoyable. The characters represented were varied and unique, elicited much admiration from the large number of spectators, and we regret our lack of space to mention each in detail. Following are the names of the maskers and the characters represented.
Ladies: Miss Nellie Cole, Cerus; Miss Mattie Harrison, Milk Maid; Miss Iowa Roberts, Water Nymph; Miss A. Marks, Wichita, Fancy Costume; Miss Leota Gary, Flower Girl; Mrs. J. L. Horning, Ghost; Miss Nina Anderson, Fancy Costume; Misses Emma and Mattie Emerson, Fancy Costumes; Miss Anna Hyde, Spanish Lady; Miss Sarah Kelly, Fancy Costume; Miss Carrie Anderson, Fancy Costume; Mrs. Ed. Cole, Folly; Mrs. Lovell Webb, Cards; Mrs. D. Rodocker, Daily News; Mrs. George Dresser, Sailor Girl; Miss Mattie Kinne, Frost; Miss Jennie Snow, Cotton Girl; Miss Hulda Goldsmith, Flower Girl; Miss Jennie Lowry, Butterfly; Miss Hattie Stolp, Fancy Costume; Miss Ida Johnston, Music; Miss Lou Clarke, Fancy Costume.

Gentlemen: B. W. Matlack, Jumping Jack; Dr. C. C. Green, Monkey and Dude; Everett Schuler, British Artilleryman; Eli Youngheim, Humpty Dumpty; Eugene Wallis, Noble Red Man; Ed. McMullen, Phillip’s Best; F. F. Leland, Double-action Pussy and Flying Dutchman; George Read, The Devil; Fred Ballein, Hamlet; D. A. Sickafoose, Page; Frank Weaverling, Mexican; A. B. Taylor, Indian War Chief; Charles Roberts, Old Uncle Joe; W. H. Hodges, Highlander; Jos. O’Hare, British Officer; Addison Brown, Highlander; J. E. Jones, Sailor; George Schuler, Page; Tom Eaton, O’Donovan Rossa; M. H. Ewart, Page; Jake Goldsmith, Clown; M. J. O’Meara, Humpty Dumpty; S. Kleeman, Black Dude; Laban Moore, Monkey; John Hudson, Clown; Frank K. Grosscup, Spanish Cavalier; A. Snowhill, Prince; A. Gogoll, King Henry; Frank H. Greer, Beggar’s Student.
The excellent music of the Winfield orchestra and the experienced prompting of Mr. Chas. Gray, captivated all, while the careful floor managing of Messrs. A. H. Doane and Lacey Tomlin made everything go off without a hitch.
                              THE WINFIELD ENTERPRISE ASSOCIATION.
                   A Third Enthusiastic Meeting and a Board of Directors Elected.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
The Winfield Enterprise Association is now thoroughly organized and is bringing its power to bear on various schemes whose success will set Winfield several rounds up the ladder of prosperity. Its third meeting was held on Thursday evening last, when the membership was found to have reached over two hundred of our prominent businessmen, most of whom were present and have since put two dollars each into a sinking fund. J. C. Long was chosen chairman and D. L. Kretsinger secretary. A committee consisting of G. H. Allen, T. H. Soward, Walter Denning, C. M. Leavitt, and Frank H. Greer was appointed to report a list of names for directors of the Association. The following were reported and unanimously elected: Wm. Whiting, J. B. Lynn, M. L. Robinson, J. C. Long. H. B. Schuler, J. L. Horning, D. A. Millington, T. H. Soward, A. H. Doane, W. P. Hackney, J. E. Conklin, J. P. Baden, and W. G. Graham. No better men could have been chosen as directors. They are all men of enterprise and energy: men who have the interests of our city and county at heart and the necessary nerve and ability to secure every enterprise possible for our advancement. The committee previously appointed to devise a plan for the establishment of a college in Winfield, composed of W. R. Kirkwood, J. H. Reider, A. H. Gridley, and A. H. Jennings, reported as follows.
Your committee, appointed to consider and report upon the subject of an educational institution of a higher grade, beg leave to present the following, viz:
1st. We believe it to be eminently desirable that such an institution should be located in Winfield, and at the same time entirely feasible.
2nd. We are informed that the South Western Kansas Conference, of the M. E. Church is about to locate a College in the southern central portion of the State.
3rd. We therefore recommend that a committee of businessmen be appointed who shall make a canvass of the city and county, soliciting subscriptions to a fund to be used for the purpose of securing the location of said College in Winfield; and we recommend that the work be done at once, inasmuch as the conference above named, meets on the 16th inst.
4th. Inasmuch as it is proposed at an early day to vote bonds to the amount of $15,000 for the purpose of erecting another school building, we beg to suggest whether it be possible legally to vote for the erection of such building—to build it on plans suitable for College purposes, and, if the College can be secured, to be turned over to the board of trustees of the College for their use, while the high school should be merged in the preparatory department of the College, it being understood that, in case the College is located here, it shall be properly endowed and equipped by the Conference.

The Directors held their first meeting on Friday evening last and permanently officered the Association as follows: President, H. B. Schuler; Vice-President, D. A. Millington; Secretary and Treasurer, T. H. Soward. Committees were appointed to sift and develop certain enterprises that have been sprung. This organization means much for Winfield and Cowley County. It is composed of the most harmonious and enterprising lot of businessmen that any city was ever blessed with—men who are determined to make Winfield the metropolis of Southern Kansas and Cowley the most populous, prosperous, and popular county in the State. With natural advantages unexcelled, citizens a unit for advancement, substantial immigration pouring in, and public and private improvements all around, the future of Cowley looks bright indeed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
The New Jewell gasoline stove cures domestic infelicity. Don’t fail to see it at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
The Adams & Westlake gasoline Stove will bury your wife in smiles and straighten the cross eyes of your mother-in-law. Anything under the sun can be cooked with rapidity and perfection. Get one of Horning & Whitney, before the heated season sets in.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
Have you seen the latest improvement New Jewell and Adams Westlake gasoline stove for sale by Horning & Whitney? They are perfection and your wife should never give the “bald head end of the broom” a minute’s rest till you get her one. “Absolutely indispensable in summer” is the verdict of all who have tried them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
The New Jewell gasoline stove, for sale by Horning & Whitney, never fail to captivate the gentle housewife. It is absolutely safe, convenient, and perfect. No unnecessary heat, and always ready for business. Don’t let your wife enter the summer without one.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
Save your wife the affliction of standing over the red hot stove, by buying her a new Jewell or A. & W. Monarch gasoline stove. Cheap, safe, and unexcelled in convenience. Horning & Whitney have them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
The New Jewell gasoline stove is the daisy. See it at Horning & Whitney’s.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.
Have you seen the latest improvement New Jewell and Adams Westlake gasoline stove for sale by Horning & Whitney? They are perfection and your wife should never give the “bald head end of the broom” a minute’s rest till you get her one. “Absolutely indispensable in summer” is the verdict of all who have tried them.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.
The Adams & Westlake gasoline Stove will bury your wife in smiles and straighten the cross eyes of your mother-in-law. Anything under the sun can be cooked with rapidity and perfection. Get one of Horning & Whitney, before the heated season sets in.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
Mrs. Pierce, sister of J. L. Horning, left for her home in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, last evening after an extended visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 16, 1885.
J. L. Horning is in clover. He has fitted up his office in the rear of the big hardware store—new carpet, new stove, new pictures, cat on the wall and fine chromo girl in the window. Aesthetic, isn’t it.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
The sterner sex will please not read this; its liable to hurt your pocket book. Ladies, do you want to save time, do your baking, cooking, and ironing with twice the perfection and ease? Then examine those wonderfully perfect, simple and safe Jewell Gasoline Ranges at Horning & Whitney’s, then get your “hubby’s” ear and pocket book and get one.
                                        A PROGRESSIVE EUCHRE PARTY.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.
A very pleasant progressive euchre party was given by Mrs. J. L. Horning last evening in honor of her friend, Miss Dawson, who has been spending the winter with her. The head prizes, consisting of a box of stationery and a dude cane, were received by Miss French and Mr. O’Meara, while Mr. Everett Schuler received a pair of one eyed spectacles and Miss Millington a pretty plush thimble case, for being the poorest players. Elegant refreshments were served and after an hour at dancing the company dispersed with many thanks for an evening so happily spent. Those present were: Misses Whitney, French, Hamill, Dawson, Cole, Millington, and Maggie and Lizzie Wallis, with Messrs. Whitney, O’Meara, Ewart, Eaton, Leland, Schuler, and Rudolf.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 28, 1885.
Recap Dissolution Notice: Firm of J. S. Lyon & Co., plumbers and gas fitters. Business will be continued by Horning & Whitney, to whom all accounts are payable and by whom accounts will be settled. Signed by J. S. LYON, J. L. HORNING, W. R. WHITNEY. Dated Winfield, Kansas, May23, 1885.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.
Miss Cora M. Dousman, after several months visit with her uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, left last evening for her home in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. She is a young lady of admirable social qualities, refined, vivacious, and sensible, and made many friends in our social circle who will heartily welcome her return at any time.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.
M. L. Robinson, R. S. Wilson, J. H. Horning, John Crane, and J. D. Lee returned from Leavenworth Sunday, where they had been in attendance upon the U. S. Circuit Court in the case of Frank Barclay against the Winfield Water Company. Barclay got judgment for nine hundred dollars. He claimed about nine thousand.
                                                           LAND SLIDES.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.
J L Horning el al to Samuel Steele et al, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, blk 12, Read’s Ad to Winfield: $4,500
                                                          WHERE IS HE?
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 25, 1885.

Gus Lucker, who came here several years ago and was employed in Horning & Whitney’s plumbing department, has turned up missing. He had a pretty young wife and child, whom he sent back home, Wheeling, West Virginia, last April. In May he left to join them, with several hundred dollars in his pocket. It now turns out that he never got home, and his wife is sending anxious letters of inquiry. The wife and husband lived happily together and he seemed very anxious, when he left, to return to her, and the wife and those who knew him think there must have been foul play somewhere on the way home. He was a young German of good, industrious habits.
                                                      COUNTY AUDITOR.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 30, 1885.
The following claims were allowed in July.
                                         Jail supplies, Horning & Whitney, $24.95



Cowley County Historical Society Museum