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Dr. W. G. Graham

Winfield 1873: W. G. Graham, 33; spouse, Fannie P., 24.
Winfield 1874: W. G. Graham, 33; spouse, Fannie P., 26.
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name                           age sex color                Place/birth Where from
Wm. G. Graham           33  m     w                  Ohio                       Ohio
Fannie P. Graham         27  f       w                  New York              Ohio
Alvah J. Graham             8  m      w                  Ohio                       Ohio
Ernest E. Graham           2  m      w                  Kansas
Winfield 1880: W. G. Graham, 39. Spouse not listed.
Note: Thus far I have been unable to determine just who was the brother of Dr. W. G. Graham. The 1874 and 1875 Census shows the following as living in Winfield Township.
Winfield 1874: J. F. Graham, 33; spouse, E. A., 26 [?].
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name                     age sex color                Place/birth        Where from
J. F. Graham          36  m     w                  Ohio                             Ohio
E. A. Graham         30  f       w                  Ohio                             Ohio
Winfield 1878: J. F. Graham, 36. Spouse not listed.
Winfield 1880: J. F. Graham, age not given. Spouse, E. A., 29.
Another brother of W. G. Graham appears in the 1875 Census also...
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name                     age sex color                Place/birth        Where from
A. B. Graham         28  m     w                  Ohio                             Illinois
Based on the above, I believe that J. F. Graham was an older brother of Dr. Graham and that A. B. Graham was a younger brother.
Winfield Directory 1880.
Court House, 10th avenue, corner Fuller.
County Clerk: F. C. Hunt.
Treasurer: T. R. Bryan. (James Hardin elect, will take position in October.)
Register of Deeds: Jacob Nixon.
County Attorney: E. S. Torrance.
Sheriff: A. T. Shenneman.
Surveyor: N. A. Haight.
Coroner: W. G. Graham.
Superintendent Public Instruction: R. C. Story.
Clerk District Court: E. S. Bedilion.
County Commissioners: R. F. Burden, Chairman; G. L. Gale, Henry Harbaugh.
Meets first Monday in January; first Monday after the first Tuesday in April; and first Monday in July and October.

WINFIELD CHAPTER NO. 13, R. A. M. Meets second and fourth Mondays of each month, at 7:00 p.m. Hall over S. H. Myton’s store. OFFICERS. H. P., M. L. Read; K., James McDermott; S., C. C. Black; Treasurer, W. C. Robinson; Secretary, W. G. Graham.
Conclaves the third Friday of each month, at 7:30 p.m. Hall over S. H. Myton’s store.
OFFICERS. E. C., W. G. Graham; Gen., J. L. Huey; Capt. Gen., R. D. Jillson; Prelate, Rev. J. Cairns, Treasurer, C. C. Black; Recorder, J. D. Pryor; S. W., J. E. Conklin; J. W., J. D. Pryor; S. B., J. M. Stafford; Sd. B., R. Allison; W., C. C. Black; S., J. M. Stafford.
Meets Masonic Hall first and third Monday of every month at 7:30 p.m.
OFFICERS: D., Wm. M. Allison; V. D., J. W. Curns; A. D., C. D. Austin; R., W. C. Root; T., E. P. Kinne; F. R., A. Howland; P. D., W. O. Johnson; G., G. S. Manser; S., Hiram Brotherton; G., W. G. Graham.
Winfield Directory 1885.
Mayor: W. G. Graham
Police Judge: W. H. Turner
City Treasurer: John D Pryor
Treasurer, Board of Education: G. W. Robinson.
Justices of the Peace: G. H. Buckman; J. E. Snow.
Councilmen 1st ward: Jas. W. Connor; W. R. McDonald.
Councilmen 2nd ward: A. H. Jennings; T. B. Myers.
Councilmen 3rd ward: W. J. Hodges; G. H. Crippen.
Councilmen 4th ward: J. P. Baden; J. N. Harter.
Board of Education, 1st ward: A. G. Wilson; W. O. Johnson.
Board of Education, 2nd ward: J. S. Mann; Geo. Ordway.
Board of Education, 3rd ward: Jas. H. Bullen; W. C. Robinson.
Board of Education, 4th ward: B. F. Wood; W. H. Smith.
Constables: H. H. Siverd; T. H. Herrod.
City Marshal: B. McFadden.
Assistant Marshal: A. H. Glandon.
KANSAS COUNCIL, NO. 510, ROYAL ARCANUM. Meets on the second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, at the N. U. Hall. S. H. Myton, Regent; W. G. Graham, Secretary.
WINFIELD LODGE, NO. 479, K OF H. Meets on the first and third Mondays of each month, at the Masonic Hall. H. D. Gans, Dictator; W. G. Graham, Reporter.
Graham A B, cattle dealer, res 404 e 8th
Graham W G, physician, 110 e 8th, res 416 e 5th
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Emporia News, November 19, 1869.

On Wednesday we had a call from Mr. W. W. Andrews, of Cowley County, from whom we have late intelligence from that new county. There is beginning to be some anxiety about threatened troubles with the Indians, and Mr. Andrews was on his way to Topeka to lay before the Governor a petition signed by almost every legal voter in that county, asking him to take measures for their safety. He also brought us the proceedings of a meeting lately held there, at which a “Citizens Protective Union” was organized, the constitution, by-laws, and resolutions of which we publish below. Mr. Andrews informs us that immigrants are pouring into that county at a rapid rate. Nine families arrived the morning he left, and dozens more are now on their way thither. It is becoming well known that Cowley is one of the best timbered, watered, and agricultural counties in the State, and between this and next summer the rush will be great. Mr. Andrews says there has been no outbreak with the Indians yet, but they are saucy, and are committing petty thefts among the settlers. Where the men are about home in considerable numbers, the Indians do not disturb anyone, but they watch, and when they find the men absent they visit the houses and compel the women to cook meals for them, after which they load their ponies with provisions and leave. When they can find two or three settlers out from other settlements, they make a regular business of robbing them. The Indians assert that they will not hurt anybody, but that settlers shall not open claims below the mouth of Dutch Creek. They have robbed and driven back all who have ventured below that point, and the settlers, knowing their treachery, fear trouble will break out. It must be recollected that these settlers are not on land where the Indians object to their going, further than that they want to save their hunting ground. We hope the Governor will make speedy and decided action in the matter, and do all in his power to relieve the demands of these enterprising people. They have gone on to these lands with the assurance from Superintendent Hoag that they should have peaceable possession of them. Notwithstanding the promises the store of C. M. Wood was burned by the Indians.
COWLEY COUNTY, KANSAS, November 7, 1869.
The citizens of Cowley County assembled at the  house of Dr. Graham for the purpose of organizing a Citizens’ Protective Union. N. J. Trusty was elected Chairman, and Dr. Graham, Secretary, after which the following constitution, by-laws, and resolutions were presented and adopted.
ARTICLE 1. This Association shall be called the Cowley County Citizens’ Protective Union.
ARTICLE 2. The object of the Association shall be the mutual protection of citizens, both in claims and property.
ARTICLE 3. The Association shall be composed of those citizens residing within Cowley County who subscribe to this Constitution.
ARTICLE 4. The officers of the Association shall be a President and Secretary.
ARTICLE 5. This Constitution may be altered or amended by a vote of two thirds of all the members present.
ARTICLE 1. This Association shall hold at least one session in each year, at such time and place as may be determined upon from time to time.
ARTICLE 2. The officers shall be elected at each annual session, by ballot, and shall remain in office until others are chosen.

ARTICLE 3. The President shall preside at the meetings of the Association, preserve order therein, put all questions, announce decisions, appoint committees, and call meetings at his discretion, or at the request of three members.
ARTICLE 4. The Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of meetings, answer all letters addressed to the Association, give proper notice of the meetings, and attend to such other business as generally pertains to this office.
Resolved, That the members of this Association use their influence to encourage immigration to the bounds of this county.
Resolved, That owing to the outrages having been perpetrated upon the property of citizens of this county by the Osage Indians, that we petition the Governor for protection.
Resolved, That each citizen be entitled to hold a claim of one hundred and sixty acres of land, provided he improves and resides upon the same within thirty days after making his claim, and that we recognize as improvements sufficient to entitle a man to protection that there be a house upon the claim, and at least five acres cultivated within twelve months from making his claim.
Resolved, That we recognize no man’s right to hold a claim of more than one hundred and sixty acres of land.
Resolved, That in the transaction of business this Association be governed by parliamentary rules.
Election of officers being next in order, Dr. W. G. Graham was elected President for the ensuing year, and C. M. Wood Secretary. Adjourned. N. J. TRUSTY, President.
W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary.
The Commonwealth, May 29, 1870.
                                        Correspondence of The Commonwealth.
                       WINFIELD, COWLEY COUNTY, KANSAS, May 16, 1870.
COWLEY COUNTY. You have probably heard ere this that Winfield was chosen permanent county seat of this county, at the late election, by a vote of two to one over its ambitious little competitor, Cresswell. On the 10th of June, Mr. L. Manley starts his steam saw mill here, the citizens delivering him two hundred saw logs to commence upon at that time. He comes for the further purpose of erecting a grist mill on one of the excellent water powers upon the Walnut river immediately adjoining this place. Messrs. Graham & Mentch will raise today the frame of their water power sawmill on Dutch creek, about one and a half miles from town. So that our mill prospects are good.
Walnut Valley Times, June 10, 1870.

COWLEY COUNTY. A correspondent of the Oswego Register, writing from Winfield, Cowley County, says the town site of Winfield is one of the handsomest locations he ever saw and is situated just below the junction of Dutch and Walnut Creeks. This town boasts of the most commodious courthouse in Southwestern Kansas. Messrs. Graham & Mentch are constructing a water-mill one mile from town. Fine openings are offered for dry goods stores, tin ships, boot and shoe store, and a harness and leather store, and extra inducements are offered to any one who will open a hotel. Baker and Manning are the principle movers in the town enterprise. This is supposed to be the point where the Southern Kansas Railroad will intersect the Preston, Salina and Denver road, for which latter road a bill to secure a grant of land is now before Congress. The last named road proposes to leave the Kansas Pacific at Salina, run through Walnut Valley, the Indian Territo­ry and on to Preston, Texas. Leaving Winfield on my return I came to the town of Dexter located on Grouse Creek, and found a town and country surrounding it which offered no less inducements to settlers than those already mentioned.
Emporia News, July 15, 1870.
A TRIP TO THE SOUTHWEST. [Report from Emporia News correspondent].
We are now on the road homeward bound. Between Arkansas City and Winfield, twelve miles north, you pass over some very fine prairie. The land is all rich, the grass tall and luxuriant. Winfield is on the Walnut, has a splendid location, plenty of timber in close proximity, and is the county seat of Cowley County. We remain overnight with an old friend of ours, Dr. Wm. Graham, in whose pleasant home we spend a happy evening, talking of the good old times. The next morning we are on the road bright and early, anxious to get back to Emporia. It is the glorious fourth. At Douglass the stars and stripes are flying to the breeze. They are making big preparations for a celebration. This is at present the best town south of El Dorado. We hurry on toward Augusta. Reach it at noon. We find several hundred people assembled in a pleasant grove celebrating our national anniversary in dead earnest.
Walnut Valley Times, December 9, 1870.
COWLEY COUNTY. From the Winfield Censor, we take the following.
Our energetic neighbors, the Graham brothers, have headed a subscription list for the M. E. Church by pledging to furnish the material and put up the frame of the building, if the citizens of the town and vicinity will raise enough funds to complete the building. In fact, one-half the required sum was raised the first day the project was started.
Winfield Messenger, July 26, 1872.
Dr. Graham’s office was shoved off of its foundation last Friday night.
Winfield Messenger, November 1, 1872. Front Page.
Opposite Winfield House.
Special attention given to Surgery and chronic diseases.
Office hours 8 to 9 A.M., 3 to 4 & 7 to 8 P.M.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 25, 1873.
New Store. Enoch Maris and Dr. Graham, two affable gentle­men, have formed a co-partnership for the purpose of engaging in the drug business. They have perfected arrangements with A. H. Green and secured his newly re-fitted building on Main street, where they will soon display their stock. Winfield already supports three retail drug houses; but if the addition of another will not seriously detract from them, we say welcome.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 27, 1873. Front Page.
ROCK, KANS., May 25th, 1873. I am pleased to chronicle the convalescence of Mr. Anderson Houser, who has been lying very ill of spotted, or spinal cerebro fever, but thanks to a strong constitution and the skillful treatment of his attending physician, Dr. Graham, his recovery is placed beyond a doubt. C. L. R.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 25, 1873.

Last Saturday an election was held in the several townships in the county to elect delegates to the Republican Nominating Convention, to be held at Tisdale next Saturday, the 27th inst. The following delegates from Winfield Township were elected: B. F. Baldwin, G. W. Prater, S. H. Myton, W. E. Bostwick, James Dever, Frank Weakley, and Dr. W. G. Graham. The whole number of votes polled was 182.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
RECEPTION COMMITTEE. Dr. Graham, M. L. Read, A. Howland, P. Hill, J. P. Short, Mrs. A. A. Jackson, Mrs. P. Hill, Mrs. Robin­son, Miss Ella Quarles, J. L. M. Hill.
TABLE COMMITTEE. A. T. Stewart, J. F. Paul, T. A. Rice, W. M. Boyer, J. E. Saint, J. D. Cochran, J. C. Fuller, John Swain, J. A. Simpson, A. T. Shenneman, A. S. Williams, J. P. Short, Mrs. J. P. Short, Miss Read, Miss Mary Stewart, Mrs. Geo. Oakes, Mrs. J. F. Paul, Mrs. E. Maris, Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mrs. W. M. Boyer, Mrs. L. R. Paul, Mrs. L. J. Webb, Mrs. J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Howland, Mrs. Hickok, Mrs. W. G. Graham, Mrs. J. D. Cochran, Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Miss Parmelee, Miss Lizzie Graham, Miss Yount.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1874.
A Peep Over the Shoulder. This number completes Volume 1st of the WINFIELD COURIER. One year ago it was started to supply a want long felt, not only in the Republican party, but among businessmen of all shades of opinion, who desired a good advertising medium. . . . The buildings erected during the year just closed have been of the most substantial kind, the most prominent of which we call to mind, the splendid brick Bank building of M. L. Read; the neat Drug house of Maris, Carson & Baldwin; the magnificent flowering mills of C. A. Bliss and Blandin & Covert; the jail and Court­house; the residences of Kirk, McMillen, and Dr. Graham. These are but a few of the many built during the last twelve months, and they are such as to do credit to any town in the state. Bridges of magnificent proportions span all main streams on the roads leading to town. . . .
Winfield Courier, February 20, 1874.
The Cowley County Medical Society met at the City Council Room in Winfield on Wednesday, Feb. 12th, 1874, according to adjournment. Present: Drs. Mansfield, Wagner, Cram, Andrews, Black, Graham, and Peyton. Dr. Mansfield presiding. The Secre­tary being absent, Dr. Peyton was appointed to fill the vacancy, pro tem. The minutes of the previous meeting were then read and ap­proved, after which Dr. Wagner moved for a permanent and immedi­ate organization, to be termed “The Cowley County Medical Soci­ety.” Motion carried. Society then proceeded to the elec­tion of officers, which resulted as follows: Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, President; Dr. Wagner, Vice President; Dr. D. N. Egbert, Secre­tary; Dr. T. G. Peyton, Assistant Secretary; Dr. W. G. Graham, Treasurer. Upon motion, Dr. Hughes of Arkansas City and Drs. Cram, Andrews, Black, and Mansfield, of Winfield, were elected Censors for the society for one year. President Mansfield then appointed Drs. Wagner, Graham, and Peyton as the committee to draft a Constitution and By-laws to be acted upon at the next meeting of the society. By vote of the society, the Secretary was instructed to furnish each of the County papers with a copy of the minutes of this meeting. There being no further business to transact, the society adjourned to meet at this place in two weeks (Wednesday, Feb. 25th, 1874) at 2 o’clock p.m. All physicians are requested to be present.

T. G. PEYTON, Assistant Secretary.
Winfield Courier, April 3, 1874.
David Parmelee, eldest son of Rev. J. B. Parmelee, while leading a colt to water last Friday evening, received a kick from the playful animal, knocking him senseless and breaking out six of his front teeth and a portion of the lower jaw. The wound was dressed by Dr. Graham, and at last accounts he was getting along as well as could be expected.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
Dr. Graham has moved into his new office next door to Lynn’s store.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
We take pleasure in calling the attention of our readers to the new advertisement of Kirk & Gordon. These gentlemen are first class workmen, and should be patronized by everybody who wants their blacksmithing done right, also to the card of Dr. Graham. The Doctor has a splendid reputation as a physician and surgeon. Give him a call.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
OFFICE OPPOSITE LAGONDA HOUSE. HOURS 10 to 11 A.M., 2 to 4, 7 to 9 P.M.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
Forty acres of land from the farm of W. W. Andrews and adjoining the town site on the north is being laid off into town lots preparatory to being made a part of the City of Winfield. The addition embraces the residences of M. L. Read, T. A. Wilkinson, E. B. Kager, Dr. Graham, N. C. McCulloch, and J. J. Ellis, and will be one of the prettiest portions of the City.
John F. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham???...
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.
GREAT FALL IN LUMBER! I Hereby announce to the public in general, that for the NEXT 30 DAYS I will sell LUMBER AT WICHITA PRICES without Freight. By the time this reaches you, I shall have in stock a Complete Assortment of the BEST GRADES and ask you to give me a Call and be Convinced. JOHN F. GRAHAM. WINFIELD, KANSAS.
Land purchased from Dr. Graham for cemetery...
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1874.
The subject of buying a cemetery, we understand, again agitates some of our citizens. Our city ought to have some good convenient place in which to bury her dead. The one now used, northeast of town, is owned by an association. That association purchased the ground from Dr. Graham, to whom it is still indebt­ed for part of the purchase money, and now they are anxious that the city purchase the grounds from them and assume the debt.

We have opposed the measure thus far merely as a matter of taste. The grounds is not the spot we would select as the last resting place of our departed friends. But it is true that the remains of nearly all who have died here since the location of the town, have been deposited there. It is a burying ground, and some argue from this that it ought to be continued as such, rather than go to the trouble and expense of removing those who are there to some other place which might be selected by the city. We do not know how much the association is asking for it, but we have been told the city can purchase ground that would be considered, at least by us, much more preferable, for less money. If that be the case, our city council should act with caution, bearing in mind that their action in this matter is not for a day, but reaches far into the future in its consequence; and as public opinion seems to be so nearly divided on this subject, we think it would be well to have an expression of the wishes of the taxpayers of the city in regard to the matter, and let them decide. Why can’t we have a meeting called at an early day and settle the matter of cemetery or no cemetery. Who will move first in the matter?
John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, May 22, 1874.
Road Viewers: A. J. Dawson, $2.00; A. J. Reeves, $2.00; W. W. Limbocker, $2.00; J. F. Graham, $2.00; John Worthington, $2.00.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1874.
Patrons of Husbandry. The following will be the programme for the grand social feast, August 22nd, 1874, to be held on the grounds of T. H. Johnson, C. M. Wood, and J. F. Graham, one-half mile north of the city of Winfield.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1874.
SEPTEMBER 10, 1874. Board met pursuant to adjournment, R. F. Burden and M. S. Roseberry, present. The contract made between A. H. Green and the Board for medicine for prisoners, is this day revoked, and it is agreed between Dr. W. G. Graham and this Board that Graham shall have the sanitary care of the prisoners of Cowley County, and Graham shall furnish his own medicines until further ordered.
John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, September 18, 1874.
CIVIL DOCKET. SECOND DAY. John F. Graham vs. Geo. W. Bailey et al.
Winfield Courier, November 26, 1874.
Paper by brother J. F. Graham and sister T. A. Wilkinson.
COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS: T. A. Wilkinson; J. F. Graham; R. H. Tucker; A. T. Stewart; N. C. McCulloch.
Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.
At a stated communication of Adelphi Lodge No. 110, held last Tuesday evening, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Leland J. Webb, W. M.; W. G. Graham, S. W.; J. E. Saint, J. W.; J. C. Fuller, Treas.; M. G. Troup, Sec.; J. Newman, Chaplain; Perry Hill, S. D.; J. D. Cochran, J. D.; I. L. Comfort, Tyler.
John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.

At a regular meeting of the Winfield Grange No. 866 P. of H., held at the Courthouse on the evening of December 22nd, A. D. 1874, the following officers were duly elected for the ensuing year: Brother A. T. Stewart, Worthy Master; brother A. N. Deming, Overseer; T. A. Wilkinson, Lecturer; H. N. Banner, Steward; J. F. Graham, Asst. Steward; W. R. Land, Chaplain; N. C. McCulloch, Treasurer; S. E. Burger, Secretary; Marshal Land, Gate keeper; Sister T. A. Wilkinson, Ceres; Mrs. McCulloch, Flora; Pearly Burger, Pomona; Bertha Land, Lady Asst. Steward. A. T. STEWART, W. M.
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.
CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY. No. 477. John F. Graham, vs. Geo. Black, et al.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.
477. John F. Graham, vs. Geo. Black, et al, judgment for plaintiff.
Both John F. Graham and Dr. W. G. Graham mentioned in next item...
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.
Notice. There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Cemetery Association on Wednesday, March 31, 1875, at W. H. H. Maris’ store. All persons owning a lot in the Winfield Cemetery are stockholders, and entitled to vote at the meeting. A full attendance is requested. The following is a list of the said stockholders.
JOHN B. FAIRBANK, Secretary.
John Lowry, C. A. Bliss, Mrs. Clara Flint, Robert Hudson, W. L. Fortner, W. H. Dunn,           Mallard, Dr. D. N. Egbert, J. H. Land, W. M. Boyer, A. Menor, S. J. Swanson, Mrs. Eliza Davis, M. L. Read. S. C. Smith,           Kenton,           Marshall, Henry Martin,  W. H. H. Maris, Mrs. K. Maris, E. Maris, J. Newman, L. J. Webb, J. W. Smiley, George W. Brown, John Rhoads, H. B. Lacy, L. T. Mitchener, George Gray, N. W. Holmes, John Mentch, M. Steward, J. J. Barrett, J. W. Johnson, J. Evans,           Cutting, W. G. Graham, S. W. Greer, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, J. D. Cochran, C. C. Stephens, W. H. South, J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Joseph Foos, G. S. Manser, Mrs. Southworth, A. A. Jackson, J. F. Graham, Mrs. H. McMasters, S. H. Myton, S. H. Darrah, M. L. Robinson, D. H. Rodocker, R. H. Tucker, James Kelly, W. Dibble, D. F. Best, Z. T. Swigart, R. Rogers.
Next item concerns John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.
The following is a list of the officers elected at the meeting of the District Grange, on Saturday the 17th inst. Bro. Williams. W. M.; Bro. White, Overseer; Bro. Van Orsdal, Steward; Bro. Parker, Asst. Steward; Bro. Sparks, Chaplain; Bro. Graham, Treasurer; Bro. Walton, Secretary; Bro. Mentch, Gate Keeper; Sister Hundy, Ceres; Sister Gay, Pomona; Sister Waite, Flora; Sister White, Lady Asst. Steward; Bro. T. A. Wilkinson, Business Agent.
Dr. W. Graham...
Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.
Adelphi Lodge Resolutions.
HALL OF ADELPHI LODGE, A. F. & A. M., August 13th, A. L. 5,875.
At a special Communication held on the 13th inst., the following was adopted.

WHEREAS, In the dispensation of an All-wise and Overruling Providence, the families of our worthy brothers, M. G. Troup and Perry Hill, have been afflicted by the death of each of their eldest children since our last Communication; and while we submit with becoming Christian resignation to the decree of an All-wise God; yet had it been agreeable to His Divine Will, we would that they could have been spared this great trial.
Resolved, That we tender to the bereaved brethren and their families our sincere, Christian and brotherly sympathy, and our humble and fervent prayers to God that they may be sustained in this, their hour of trial.
E. A. Graham, wife of John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
E. A. Graham vs. Sidney Belk.
E. A. Graham vs. Edward Millard.
E. A. Graham vs. Wm. P. Duncan.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
CIVIL DOCKET. SIXTH DAY. W. G. Graham vs. Andrew Dehn.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
                                   TO THE VOTERS OF COWLEY COUNTY.
This is to certify that we, whose names are hereto sub­scribed, do most heartily recommend for our next County Treasurer, FRANK GALLOTTI, who has for the last year and a half faithfully and satisfactorily performed the duties of said office while acting in the capacity of Deputy; and we do hereby further certify that his character during that time has been such as to fully entitle him to the recommendation.
Dr. W. G. Graham was one of those who signed recommendation.
Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.
Sandy Thompson, living near Tisdale, lost his arm in a threshing machine last Friday morning. He was in the act of oiling the cogs when his sleeve was caught and his arm torn off below the elbow. Dr. Graham was called and found amputation just below the shoulder necessary. This is the second accident of exactly the same kind in the same family, a brother of Sandy having lost an arm under similar circumstances a few years ago in Canada.
John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.
The newly elected officers of Winfield Grange are: J. H. Land, W. M.; R. H. Tucker, O.; Anna Wilkinson, L.; J. F. Graham, S.; W. R. Land, Chap.; Mary Bryant, Sec.; N. C. McCulloch, Treas.; Bertha J. Land, Ceres; Perley Burger, Pom.; Alice Land, Flo.; Virginia Stewart, L. A. S.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.    
The following are the recently elected officers of the Winfield Chapter of R. A. M.’s.

M. L. Read, H. P.; J. D. Pryor, K.; B. F. Baldwin, S.; W. C. Robinson, Capt. H.; A. Howland, P. S.; W. G. Graham, R. A. Capt.; J. W. Johnston, G. M. 3 y.; P. Hill, G. M. 2 y.; S. H. Myton, G. M. 1 y; J. A. Simpson, Sec.; F. Gallotti, Treas.; N. C. McCulloch, M. Cro.
This is one of the thirty Royal Arch Chapters of Masons in this State, and as a citizen of Winfield we are proud that she, only a five year old, supports it.
Note: The following item was written by Wirt W. Walton, who presented the first history of Cowley County, under his boss, E. C. Manning, then in charge of the Winfield Courier.  Manning did not like C. M. Wood, and seemed incapable of presenting the truth with respect to Wood and some of the other early arrivals. MAW
In the month of November, 1869, several families crept down along the valley and settled on claims in the vicinity of where Winfield now stands. These settlers each paid the Osage chief $5 for the privilege of remaining in peace. These early pioneers were W. G. Graham and family, who came the last of October, and whose wife was the first white woman that settled on Timber (then known as Dutch) Creek. During the next week P. Knowles, J. H. Land, J. C. Monforte, and C. M. Wood came with their families.
Another item from Centennial edition:
W. G. Graham of Winfield was elected as coroner on May 2, 1870.
Another item from Centennial edition:
The Winfield Town Company was organized Jan. 13th, 1872, with E. C. Manning, president; W. W. Andrews, vice president; C. M. Wood, treasurer; W. G. Graham, secretary; E. C. Manning, J. H. Land, A. A. Jackson, W. G. Graham, and J. C. Monforte, directors, and the foregoing named persons with T. H. Baker, S. S. Prouty, Thos. Moonlight, and H. C. Loomis, corporators; and that the object of this corporation was “to lay out a town site on the rolling prairie east of the Walnut River and south of Dutch Creek, the same being in Cowley County and embracing the particular forty acres of land on which the residence of E. C. Manning is situated, with the privilege of increasing the area of the town site as soon as practicable.”
Note: The above item differs from the following by two years...
Cowley County Democrat, Winfield, Kansas, Thursday, July 13, 1876.
HISTORY OF COWLEY COUNTY. Read at the Centennial Celebration, July 4th, 1876, at Winfield, Kansas, by Wirt W. Walton.
The Winfield Town Company was organized January 13, 1870, “with power to lay out a town site upon the open prairie, east of the Walnut River and south of Dutch Creek, in Cowley County, Kansas.” E. C. Manning was its President; W. W. Andrews, Vice President; C. M. Wood, Treasurer; W. G. Graham, Secretary; and E. C. Manning, J. H. Land, A. A. Jackson, W. G. Graham, and J. C. Monforte, Directors.
[It could be that the Democrat gave an incorrect date or that I copied it incorrectly. MAW]
Another item from Centennial edition:

The present population of the city of Winfield is about 800 on an area of 200 acres. It has 221 buildings among which the most prominent are the Courthouse, built in 1873 at a cost of $12,000, of brick with a showy belfry and cupola, probably the best courthouse in Kansas, costing no more than it did. The residence of J. E. Platter ranks next in value but first in beauty, built in 1874 of brick, ornamented cut stone, costing $8,000. The banking house of M. L. Read is a fine brick struc­ture costing $6,000, and the hardware store of S. H. Myton is larger and equally imposing of brick, costing $6,000. The schoolhouse is a substantial stone structure costing $6,000. The residence of Dr. Mansfield, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, D. A. Millington, J. P. McMillen, W. G. Graham, W. W. Andrews, S. H. Myton, and many others are good substantial structures and ornaments to the city.
Another item from Centennial edition:
On the 15th of March, 1875, a dispensation was granted M. L. Read, H. P.; M. C. Baker, K.; John D. Pryor, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, C. H.; A. Howland, P. S.; W. G. Graham, R. A. C.; J. W. Johnston, M. 3rd V.; P. Hill, M. 1st V.; A. A. Newman, member. October 19th, a charter was issued to them under the name Winfield Chapter, R. A. M., No. 31; and on the 26th of the same month the Chapter was instituted by J. C. Bennett, of Emporia. A list of the officers for this year was published last week. This branch of Masonry here is in good working order and in a healthy condition financially.
Winfield Courier, January 6, 1876.
Our “Courier” Patrons. GRAHAM & HARE, physician and dentist. Dr. Graham was the first M. D. in the county; came here in October, 1869, and has been identified with every public interest since. He was one of the few men who had the grit to stay here and see this country through its chrysalis state. He reaps the reward now. Dr. Hare is a young man of good business habits and is a professional dentist.
John F. Graham...
Winfield Courier, January 20, 1876.
Seward has bought Graham out of the Lumber business.
A. B. Graham...
Winfield Courier, February 24, 1876.
NOTICE. Poland China Hogs for sale or rent. Inquire of A. B. GRAHAM.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876. Front Page.
W. G. Graham, prisoner bill: $3.75.
Winfield Courier, May 11, 1876.
Dr. Graham and family have gone to the Centennial.
Question? Was the “Fin Graham” mentioned from time to time actually John F. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham? I think this is the way the paper began to describe him...MAW
Winfield Courier, May 11, 1876. Editorial Page.
Last Friday night the rain descended in floods in this region of country. Nearly all night and for some hours during Saturday morning the clouds poured a deluge of water upon the face of the earth. During the night light showers of hail accompanied the rain. The ravines and creeks were soon full. Then the larger streams began rising with unparalleled rapidity.
At noon of Saturday the stream north of town, known as Timber Creek, was over its banks and surging against the bridge. About noon the bridge left its moorings.

C. A. Bliss & Co. were damaged to the amount of $500; Fin Graham lost sixteen head of cattle, some wheat and corn in bin and grain in field, about $500. McBride & Green, in brick yard, about $200. These are the heaviest individual losses.
Winfield Courier, May 25, 1876.
FIN GRAHAM started to Wichita yesterday with several loads of prime wheat.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 6, 1876.
Dr. Graham and family have returned from the Centennial, and are heartily welcomed home. Dr. Graham has many interesting items to relate about the great show.
Cowley County Democrat, Winfield, Kansas, Thursday, July 13, 1876.
HISTORY OF COWLEY COUNTY. Read at the Centennial Celebration, July 4th, 1876, at Winfield, Kansas, by Wirt W. Walton.
Dr. W. G. Graham, and family, who came the last week in October and settled on the east bank of Dutch Creek, two miles above its mouth, were the first settlers on that stream.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.
Dr. Graham is putting up an office next south of Bliss’ store.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876.
The new building being erected just south of Bliss & Co.’s store is to be occupied by Drs. Graham and Hare. It will be completed this week.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
For delegates to the Republican convention of the 88th Representative district: N. C. McCulloch, J. H., G. S. Manser, J. S. Hunt, W. D. Roberts, Chas. Love, W. G. Graham,
J. M. Baer, G. W. Arnold, E. G. Sheridan. Alternates: I. W. Randall, W. E. Christie, Perry, J. H. Curfman, A. B. Lemmon, Z. B. Myers, A. Howland, J. J. Plank, E. P. Hickok, and Thos. Dunn.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
The City Hotel has a new register and blotter. The blotter contains the advertising cards of Messrs. Webb & Torrance, Wm. and Geo. Hudson, M. L. Read, J. D. Pryor, John Nichols, W. G. Graham, J. M. Reed, A. G. Wilson, B. F. Baldwin, Joe Likowski, Herman Jochems, J. B. Lynn, W. B. Gibbs, McGuire & Midkiff, and & Christie. It the neatest register in the valley. Mr. Hudson is starting off on the right foot this time.
Winfield Courier, September 21, 1876.
Dr. A. Howland, W. G. Graham, M. D., Dr. W. C. Hare,
GRAHAM, HOWLAND & HARE, SURGEON DENTISTS, Have removed to their new office first door south of C. A. Bliss & Co.’s Store, on Main street, Winfield, Kansas.
Teeth filled with all the approved materials, also the latest approved materials for plate work. All work warranted.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1876.
The committee on credentials reported the following dele­gates entitled to seats in the convention.
Winfield Township: N. C. McCulloch, J. H., Chas. Love, J. M. Bair, G. W. Arnold, E. G. Sheridan, J. S. Hunt, W. D. Roberts, G. S. Manser, W. G. Graham.

Note: Alex B. Graham might also have been a brother of Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1876.
MARRIED. GRAHAM - KEYS. At the residence of Dr. Graham, on Monday evening, Oct. 9th, 1876, by the Rev. C. Oliver, Mr. Alex B. Graham and Miss Carrie May Keys, all of Winfield, Kansas. No cards.
Alex thought he would kind o’ steal a march on the boys, so he got married at 6 p.m., but the boys were there, two hours afterwards “just the same.” They brought their girls and their pa’s and ma’s too. The bride and groom were the most congratu­lated pair we’ve seen in many a day. It so happened that the Doctor’s tin-wedding and Alex’s marriage came on the same night and the modest Alex got the benefit of the whole. The COURIER boys extend thanks for the nice cake, and wish the newly married and re-newly married happy and prosperous lives.
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1876.
Winfield is celebrated for her impromptu weddings, social gatherings, brave women, and fair men. No town in the state possesses a class of citizens who can be at “swords point,” so to speak, one day, and the next, meet together and enjoy themselves socially as does our little hamlet: Whatsoever may be their views concerning the administration of the Servian war or the “latest arrival,” all is forgotten when a wedding is announced and they meet together on neutral ground and vie with each other in making it the most pleasant affair of the season.
But we digress—the tin-wedding is what we started out on, and to start right, we first mention the prime movers. Dr. Howland, assisted by Frank Baldwin, Jno. Pryor, Will Robinson, Anna Newman, Kate Millington, and Jennie Stewart, seem to have been the original conspirators. A leading M. D., of this city and his estimable wife, it was whispered about, were to be the subjects of this secret conclave. All unknown to them, of course, were these arrangements made. Every man, woman, and child in the city, almost, was on the tip-toe of expectation for three days, awaiting the event that these ominous little square cut pieces of tin, bearing the words, “Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Graham, at home 8 p.m., Oct. 5th, 1866 and 1876,” had so mysteriously foretold. The Doctor, all unconscious of the “eyes” that fol­lowed him in his daily rounds, but conscious of ten years of upright and devoted life as a true Benedict, walked the streets, attended his business, and pursued the even tenor of his day, little dreaming that his sacred home would so soon be invaded, and he be jerked up to answer to charges preferred by the citi­zens of his adopted town.
Like the gentle dew those little pieces of tin had silently done their work, and on Monday evening at 8 o’clock, Dr. Graham’s beautiful residence was stormed in front and besieged in the rear by the largest party of tin-peddlers ever assembled under an October moon, all loudly clamorous for an immediate entrance.

The Doctor made unconditional surrender, before a gun was fired. What else could he do? The ladies of the party took charge of the kitchen, parlor, and dining-rooms, while the men hung round on the edges and in less than ten minutes the whole house was converted into a modern first-class tin shop. After this animated entree, quiet for a moment was restored, followed by the presents being brought out and subjected to a severe catechizing by Elder Platter and a running cross-fire by the remainder of the enemy, and who, finding that the charges against them were false, and only existing in the imaginations of certain hungry-looking young men that decorated the wall, concluded to release them on the condition that in the future as in the past, the Doctor should build the fires and cut the stove wood, provid­ed always that Mrs. Graham could not be prevailed upon to do it; that he, should promise to keep posted as regards the latest styled bonnet, the latest social “small-talk,” provided that Mrs. Graham did not want to perform that duty herself. These and similar promises were extracted by the inexorable judges, where­upon the minister dexterously encircled them with two glittering rings, pronounced them man and wife for ten years more, amidst a regular round of applause.
Mr. Baldwin then read a poem prepared for the occasion, after which came the presentation of the tin-ware. Capt. McDermott and Dr. Mansfield did the honors in the most amusing manner imaginable. The Doctor’s speech accompanying the presen­tation of a full set of tin dental tools was highly appreciated. In fact, the speeches of Messrs. Platter, McDermott, and Mansfield were funny, from beginning to end, and could only be appreciated rightly by being heard. We almost wish for space to publish the Elder’s entire marriage ritual used on the occasion. It was the best we ever heard. From this time on we can’t particularize. All we can remember is that about this time supper was announced and following that, in our memory, cold chicken, dust pans, sweet cakes, waiters, graters, egg-beaters, coffee, etc., are so terribly confused and mixed up that we have lived in constant dread, fearing that some hungry individual would mistake us for a lunch counter. Right here we’d like to give the name of every present with the name of the donor. We can’t do it; we are not equal to the task. It’s too big a contract. There were just one hundred and thirteen pieces of tin-ware presented (and more than that many suppers eaten), and that’s all we know about it. We enjoyed ourselves, and if it be found that there was a single person present who did not enjoy him or herself, we insist on having a committee raised to have that person, if it is a him, “shot without benefit of cler­gy.”
Winfield Courier, December 28, 1876.
ADELPHI Lodge, No. 110, of A. F. and A. M.’s of this city, elected the following officers for the ensuing year: Dr. Graham, W. M.; Ex Saint, S. W.; M. G. Troup, J. W.; Frank Baldwin, Treas.; and James Kelly, Secretary. The following appointments were then made: C. C. Black, S. D.; J. C. Roberts, J. D.; Jas. Simpson, S. S.; N. C. McCulloch, J. S.; Wirt W. Walton, Tyler.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 23, 1876. Our Christmas tree on Saturday evening, the 23rd, was a success; the most remarkable feature was the very large number of books distributed from it. At the last regular communication of Adelphi Lodge No. 110, A. F. and A. M., the following officers were chosen for the ensuing year: W. M., Wm. G. Graham; Sen. W., J. E. Saint; Jun. W., M. G. Troup; Sec., James Kelly; Treas., B. F. Baldwin; Sen. D., C. C. Black; Jun. D., J. C. Roberts; Sen. S., Jas. A. Simpson; Jun. S., N. C. McCulloch; Tyler, W. W. Walton. They were installed at the Courthouse on the eve of the 27th, St. John’s Day, by Past High Priest, M. L. Read; at the close of the installation ceremonies, the retiring Master Hunt was directed to face the “East” when Bro. McDonald requested “permission to address Bro. J. S. Hunt,” which being granted, he advanced, while he held in his hand a beautiful casket, and proceeded to deliver a presentation address and invest Bro. Hunt with one of the most elegant and modest P. M. jewels that it has ever been our fortune to behold, and the speech and response was in such beautiful harmony with the present and the occasion, it was a surprise token of regard from the Lodge. After this all were called from “labor to refreshments,” and we turned to the tables where we found that the power and beauty of the culinary art had been exhausted to please the appetite and refresh the inner man.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877.
Notice to Masons. The brethren of Adelphi Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M., are hereby notified and requested to be present and participate at the ceremony of laying the “cornerstone” of the new Methodist church in Winfield, at 1 o’clock, Wednesday, the 10th inst. Neighboring lodges are also invited to be present and assist on that occasion. Ample provision will be made for the comfort of guests from abroad. By order of the lodge.
W. G. GRAHAM, W. M.; JAMES KELLY, Secretary.
Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.
At the last meeting of the County Commissioners, the con­tract for County printing was let to the Courier at one-fourth the legal rates prescribed by law. Dr. Graham was awarded the contract to attend the paupers in case medical assistance was needed for $5 for six months, and the contract for keeping paupers was let at $3.50 per week, cash, washing and mending of clothes included.
Winfield Courier, January 11, 1877.
Dr. Graham has the contract to attend to the medical wants of the county paupers for the next six months.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1877.
The following were the officers of Winfield Chapter, No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, installed by P. H. P. Bennett, of Emporia, assisted by P. H. Hargis, of Wichita.
John D. Pryor, High Priest; M. L. Read, King; James A. Simpson, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts; A. Howland, Principle Sojourner; W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain; J. W. Johnston, Commander of the 3rd Vail; Perry Hill, Commander of the 2nd Vail; S. H. Myton, Commander of the 1st Vail; Frank Gallotti, Treasurer; N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.
After the installation P. H. P. Read was presented with a fine lambskin apron and collar and a jewel of office, after which the members, with their wives and ladies, repaired to the Central Hotel, and partook of supper and refreshments prepared especially for the occasion. The supper was gotten up in that good and tasteful style as only the cooks of a first-class house can get up. It was undoubtedly the grandest supper ever given in Winfield. The cakes were trimmed and mementoes with the differ­ent designs and emblems of the Masonic order. Quite a number of members of the order from Wichita, Arkansas City, and Lazette were present.
Fin Graham [John F. Graham?]...
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1877.
A party of Kaw Indians had a grand feast last Sunday. Fin. Graham was the loser of two ducks.

Dr. W. G. Graham...
Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.
WINFIELD, KAS. Jan. 23, 1877. This is a list of officers of Winfield Chapter No. 51, Royal Arch Masons, installed at their hall on Monday evening, January 22nd, 1877, for the ensuing year. John D. Pryor, High Priest; M. L. Read, King; Jas. A. Simpson, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts; A. Howland, Principal Sojourner; W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain; J. W. Johnson, Commander of the Second Vail; S. H. Myton, Commander of the First Vail; Frank Gallotti, Treasurer; C. C. Black, Secretary; N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.
Past High Priest Hargis, of Wichita, Acting Chief Marshal.
Rev. Rushbridge, though not a member, was Acting Chaplain, he being an invited guest.
The rites were witnessed by the wives and sweethearts of the members, also Prof. G. W. Robinson, Principal of the Winfield schools. The ladies saw those that are near and dear to them clothed in the beautiful robes of the Order, and assigned to stations that are alike responsible and honorable. The Chapter then called “off” to the Central Hotel, where we were all made happy by the commodious and comfortable rooms, and the bounteous repast which we found weary in waiting for those that hunger and thirst, and to which we did ample justice, and went away feeling that it was good for us to be there. JUST A LOCAL.
Winfield Courier, March 8, 1877.
Another Lodge. A new organization has sprung into life in our midst—a secret society called Knights of Honor, having for an object the promotion of the interests and welfare of the members, and to establish a widows’ and orphans’ benefit fund, out of which will be paid, on the death of a member, to his family or whom he may direct the sum of two thousand dollars. The first lodge in Kansas was organized at Winfield, Febru­ary 20th, 1877, by A. E. Keyes, Past Supreme Director of the Supreme Lodge, having twenty-three charter members. On the same evening the following offi­cers were elected and installed.
W. G. Graham, Past Director; Alonzo Howland, Director; W. C. Robinson, Vice Director; Frank Williams, Assistant Director; J. L. Rushbridge, Chaplain; T. R. Bryan, Guide; Geo. W. Robinson, Reporter; Henry E. Asp, Financial Reporter; B. F. Baldwin, Treasurer; A. E. Baird, Guardian; Charles E. Love, Sentinel.
Lodges have also been organized at Arkansas City, Oxford, and Wellington. The plan of this organization is a feasible one and we bespeak for it success.
Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.
On Wednesday W. G. Graham lost, in Winfield, a red morocco pocket book containing a $1,400 check, a barley shipping receipt, and other valuable papers. They are of no use to the finder and he can have ten dollars for leaving them at this office or returning them to the owner.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.
W. G. Graham, pauper bill: $25.00.
Could this be John Fin Graham, brother of Dr. Graham???...
Winfield Courier, May 3, 1877.

Fin Graham has built a new residence in the southeast part of town.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1877.
Master Frank, son of Alonzo Howland, has undertaken the study of medicine and dentistry with Dr. Graham, of this place. Success, Frank.
A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877. Editorial Page.
The Bridge Question. We, the undersigned, agree to pay the amounts set opposite our names for the purpose of completing an iron bridge across the Walnut, Cowley County, Kansas, and votes aid therefor in the sum of three thousand dollars ($3,000) at an election to be held July 17th, 1877. Said sums of money to be due and payable in consideration of the erection of said bridge, to the order of the party to whom the officers of the said township let the contract for the erection of the said bridge. WINFIELD, KAN., June 25th, 1877.
A. B. Graham agreed to pay $25.00.
Dr. Graham...
Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.
In another column can be seen the card of Drs. Graham & Strong, of Winfield, who will visit this place on Wednesday of each week, at the Central Avenue hotel.
Dr. Graham is the oldest resident physician in Cowley County, and has a reputation and practice that anyone might well be proud of. He was formerly of New York City, and is a graduate of the medical college of that place.
Dr. Strong, his partner, is a graduate of the Cleveland, Ohio, Homeopathic Hospital, and a young man of more than ordinary ability.
AD: Drs. GRAHAM & STRONG, Homeopathic Physicians of Winfield, Ks., will be at the Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City, on Wednesday of each week, where they will be pleased to wait upon any who may need medical aid. Office hours from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.  Arkansas City, July 6, 1877.
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877.
W. G. Graham, pauper bill, $25.00.
A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham, second marriage. Unknown what happened to first wife...
Winfield Courier, September 20, 1877.
MARRIED. GRAHAM - ROBERTS. Mr. A. B. Graham and Miss Emily Roberts entered the state of double blessedness last Monday evening, and started for the State of Ohio the next morning. Rev. J. L. Rushbridge arrived from the east just in time to tie the knot. We wish the happy couple much joy and a safe return.
Dr. W. G. Graham elected coroner...
Arkansas City Traveler, September 26, 1877.

Dr. Graham was elected Coroner, E. P. Kinne, Registrar of Deeds; Thomas Bryan, County Treasurer; Capt. Hunt, County Clerk; N. A. Haight, Surveyor; Geo. L. Gale, County Commissioner of the first district of Rock, Maple, Vernon, Beaver, and Winfield Townships; Major Wm. Sleeth, Commissioner of the second district, comprised of Creswell, Bolton, Pleasant Valley, Silverdale, Liberty, Spring Creek, Cedar, and Otter Townships; R. F. Burden, Commissioner of the third district of Tisdale, Windsor, Dexter, Silver Creek, and Sheridan Townships.
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.
Nominations for Coroner being next in order, Dr. J. Headrick and Dr. W. G. Graham were nominated. The ballot for Coroner resulted as follows: Dr. Graham, 38; Headrick, 13. Graham was declared nominated.
Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.
In Memoriam. HALL OF ADELPHI LODGE, NO. 110, A. F. & A. M.
WHEREAS, It has pleased the Supreme Architect of the universe to summon hence Mrs. E. M. Thomas, the wife of our beloved brother, David Thomas, and while we reverentially and humbly bow with submission to this dark and afflictive dispensation of our Supreme Grand Master who doeth all things well; we also feel more closely drawn toward our brother in his great affliction, therefore be it
Resolved, That we deeply share in the sorrow of Brother Thomas and the other relatives of the deceased, and hereby extend to them our heartfelt sympathy and condolence, and we beseech Him who is gracious, and merciful, to bind up their broken and bleeding hearts.
Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of this lodge and that the secretary furnish copies thereof to the city papers and request their publication.
By order of the Lodge. W. G. GRAHAM, W. M. JAMES KELLY, Secretary.
John F. Graham, brother of Dr. Graham, enters into partnership with John Moffitt in a lumber yard...
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.
J. F. GRAHAM. JOHN MOFFITT. Graham & Moffitt, Dealers in LUMBER, Windows, Doors, Blinds, Hair, Cement, PLASTER OF PARIS, -AND- Building Material Generally,
And will sell at Lowest Living Rates. YARD and Office Corner of 9th and Millington Streets, Winfield, Kansas.
Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.
W. G. Graham, M. D., C. H. Strong, M. D.
Office 1 door South of Bliss & Co.’s store. WINFIELD, KANSAS.
John F. Graham and John Moffitt...
Winfield Courier, October 11, 1877.
Ten large government wagons, drawn by sixty oxen, came down from Wichita last Saturday loaded with lumber for Graham & Moffitt. They loaded again, at the Tunnel Mills, with flour for the Indians.
Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1877. Editorial.

CORONER. In the nomination of Dr. W. G. Graham for Coroner, the late Republican convention made a wise selection. It is true that rarely a case of death occurs in this county that requires the intervention of a coroner, but there is other business and the office is an important one. Dr. Graham is a man of excellent judgment and is well read up in his profession. He will honor the office.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1877.
                          GRAND LODGE KNIGHTS OF HONOR OF KANSAS.
This grand body was organized in this city September 28th, by Past Supreme Dictator, A. E. Keyes, of Mansfield, Ohio, with the following officers.
Alonzo Howland, Past Grand Dictator; Dr. W. G. Graham, Grand Dictator, Winfield; C. W. Rambo, Elk Falls, Grand Vice Dictator; E. Maris, Eldorado, Grand Assistant Dictator; B. F. Smith, Oxford, Grand Chaplain; Henry J. Walker, Grand Reporter; S. P. Channell, Arkansas City, Grand Treasurer; R. W. Stephenson, Wellington, Grand Guide; H. O. Lystre, Cedar Vale, Grand Guardian; James Fogy, Douglass, Grand Sentinel.
The following were elected Trustees: H. O. Lystre, E. Maris, R. W. Stephenson, R. F. Smith, and L. F. Chandler.
The Grand Dictator appointed the following committees.
On Appeals: E. B. Kager, L. F. Chandler, and W. C. Robinson.
On Printing and Supplies: The Dictator, Vice Dictator, and Reporter.
On Laws and Supervision: A. Howland, R. F. Smith, and H. J. Walker.
On Finance: E. Maris, W. C. Robinson, and F. Sowers.
On Mileage and Per Diem: Thos. Osborn, H. O. Lystre, and A. E. Garrison.
On Returns: E. B. Kager, C. W. Rambo, and Dr. Lewis.
On State of the Order: H. J. Walker, A. Howland, B. F. Smith, J. W. McWilliams, and L. F. Chandler.
Upon motion the Grand Lodge adjourned to meet the second Wednesday in June, 1878, in the Knights of Honor Hall, in Eldorado, Kansas.
The first Lodge of the Order in this State was organized February 20, 1877, in this city. There are at present twelve subordinate Lodges working in the State, all in a good prosperous condition, having an aggregate membership of about 240 members.
Winfield Courier, October 18, 1877.
Hall of Winfield Chapter No. 31, R. A. Masons. WINFIELD, KAN., Oct. 8, 1877.
WHEREAS, Death, for the first time, has invaded our circle, and taken from among us our companion, N. C. McCulloch, and;
WHEREAS, In the dispensation of Divine Providence we recognize the ruling of the Supreme Grand High Priest of the universe and bow submissively to his will.
Resolved, That we most sincerely deplore his loss, and in the true spirit of charity which animates our Brotherhood, we pledge to his bereaved family our sympathy and benefactions.
Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of the Chapter, a copy of the same attested by the Secretary and with the seal of the Chapter attached, furnished the family of our deceased companion and the city papers requested to make publication hereof.
             W. G. GRAHAM, W. C. ROBINSON, JAMES McDERMOTT, Committee.
Winfield Courier, October 25, 1877.

Mr. John D. Pryor was appointed Grand Principal Sojourner of the Grand Chapter, and Dr. W. G. Graham, Grand Junior Deacon of the Grand Lodge of Masons, at the recent session of the fraternity at Topeka.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.
TISDALE, COWLEY CO., Oct. 21. Mr. C. G. Handy’s wife has been very low with fever. Her numerous friends will be glad she is improving and out of danger. Dr. Graham, of Winfield was her M. D.
Winfield Courier, November 8, 1877.
We have been unable to obtain before going to press the full returns of the election in this county last Tuesday, but we can give the result with sufficient certainty. Troup, Independent, is elected county clerk by about 150 majority; Harter, democrat, is elected sheriff by over 100 majority; the republican candidates, Kinne for register of deeds, Haight for surveyor, Graham for coroner, and Gale, Sleeth, and Burden for commissioners are elected by large majorities, and Bryan, republican, is elected treasurer without opposition.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.
Dr. Graham ranks among the best physicians of the county and will make a good Coroner.
Spelling varied on Alva or Alvah Graham, son of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1877.
M. E. SUNDAY SCHOOL. The M. E. Sunday school expect their “ship to come in” Christmas Eve. She will anchor at northeast corner of the M. E. Church. It is said that she will be well laden with beautiful and costly gifts for the children. The seats in front of the landing place will all be free and will no doubt be well filled with happy children expecting an interest in the cargo. The ship will be manned by W. O. Johnson, Joseph Porter, Charles Dever, Frank Robinson, Alvah Graham, Willie Lappin, and Geo. Black, sailors. All expecting friends or gifts on the ship are expected to be at the landing. S. S. COMMITTEE.
Winfield Courier, December 27, 1877.
Miss Emma Saint, teacher of the intermediate department of our city schools, is much pleased with the progress and deportment of her pupils the past term. She mentions Misses Edith Kennedy, Leota Gerry, and Minnie Stewart, and Masters Willie Bryan, Alva Graham, and Berkey Bartlett especially worthy of praise.
Dr. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 27, 1877.
At a stated communication of Adelphi Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M., held last week (Tuesday evening), the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: M. G. Troup, W. M.; C. C. Black, S. W.; James McDermott, J. W.; B. F. Baldwin, Treas.; L. J. Webb, Sec.; J. S. Hunt, S. D.; J. Wade McDonald, J. D.; W. G. Graham, Chaplain; Perry Hill, S. S.; J. H. Land, J. S.; S. E. Burger, Tyler.
Winfield Courier, January 17, 1878.

Royal Arch Masons. At the regular convocation of Winfield Chapter No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, held at Masonic Hall, Monday evening, January 14th, the following officers were installed for the ensuing year: W. G. Graham, H. P.; John D. Pryor, K.; S. C. Smith, S.; M. L. Read, Treasurer; C. C. Black, Secretary; W. C. Robinson, C. A. H.; James McDermott, P. S.;       S. H. Myton, R. A. C.; J. W. Johnston, M. 3rd V.; Perry Hill, M. 2nd V.; H. Brotherton, M. 1st V.; F. Gallotti, T. After the installation, an address was delivered by P. H. P. John D. Pryor (which will appear on our outside next week), and the companions repaired to the Central Hotel and sat down to the best spread of the season. The supper was good and the occasion enjoyed by all present.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. Claims allowed Jan. 10.
Pauper bills: J. V. Hines, $6.35; G. P. Wagner, $47.50; M. D. Stapleton, $8.87; S. E. Burger, $97.40; T. H. Thompson, $5; Boyer & Wallis, $18.50; Houghton & McLaughlin, $14.80; W. G. Graham, $28.70; K. Cline, $20.
Reference to J. F. Graham, Dr. Graham’s brother...
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1878.
DIED. Mr. Rutherford, who has been living on the farm of J. F. Graham, died last Thursday.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, February 28, 1878.
DIED. Charles White, living about fourteen miles north of this city, on the east side of the Walnut, left this place for his home on the evening of the 20th with a span of horses, wagon, and wood-rack. He did not arrive at home that night, and the next day search was made for him until evening, when he was found in the timber dead, with his neck broken, and hanging through the wood-rack of his wagon with one leg held fast in the rack. The wagon tongue was broken and plunged deep into the ground, and the horses were alive and fast to the wagon. Next day (Friday) Dr. W. G. Graham, coroner, held an inquest on the body, and the jury found that Charles White came to his death by falling from his wagon and breaking his neck, he being intoxicated at the time. He leaves a wife and six children. The oldest child is under eight years of age.
Reference to J. F. Graham and John Moffitt...
Winfield Courier, March 7, 1878.
COURIER office on Ninth Avenue, north side, between Hon. James McDermott’s law office and Graham & Moffitt’s lumber office. Call and see us.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, April 18, 1878.
W. G. Graham, coroner’s fees.
W. G. Graham, prisoner bill.
J. F. Graham and John Moffitt...
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
W. M. Boyer and wife to Graham & Moffitt, lot 14, block 127, Winfield.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, June 6, 1878.

Doctor Graham and family return home in good health after a pleasant visit with Ohio friends.
Winfield Courier, June 6, 1878.
Homicide. On last Saturday, June 1st, about four o’clock p.m., Jay Page, saloon keeper of this place, was shot and killed by L. J. Webb, attorney, and member of the House of Representatives of the State. Crowds of men immediately assembled around the scene of the transaction and great excitement prevailed. At the time of the shooting Mr. Page was standing against the counter of his saloon in conversation with Frank Manny, when Mr. Webb entered from the back room; and walking up to within about twelve feet of Mr. Page, drew a revolver from his pocket and fired—the ball entering Page’s left breast about five inches above the nipple. Page ran out the front door, blood gushing from his mouth and nostrils, crying that Webb had killed him. He ran along the sidewalk perhaps 100 feet and fell. He was taken up, bleeding from the mouth profusely. He expired immediately. No word was spoken in the saloon by either Webb or Page. After firing the shot Webb turned to the counter, where he handed his pistol to J. L. M. Hill, deputy sheriff, and went out in custody of Hill.
Coroner W. G. Graham caused to be summoned before him by J. H. Finch, deputy sheriff, a coroner’s jury, composed of W. Q. Mansfield, B. F. Baldwin, A. A. Jackson, H. Brotherton, A. E. Baird, and W. Gillelen. Frank Manny, Newton Ball, and Jesse Herndon, eye-witnesses to the transaction, were sworn and testified to the facts as above stated. The jury returned a verdict to the effect that Jay Page came to his death by a shot from a pistol fired in the hands of L. J. Webb.
J. F. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.
Winfield and vicinity was visited yesterday morning by one of the greatest storms ever known to this vicinity. It commenced raining about fifteen minutes after 12 o’clock a.m., and continued until about 4 o’clock—nearly four hours. The amount of water which fell during that time is unprecedented. Every vessel standing right side up out of doors which was not more than two feet deep filled with water. Several barrels standing alone received a depth of over 24 inches of water each. The total fall of water could not have been less than 25 inches. The wind blew very strongly from several different directions during the storm. Four small houses in this city were moved from their foundations and turned partly around, and many outbuildings were blown down. The rain seemed to come down in sheets, and the whole county around seemed one vast sheet of water.
As we write, 10 o’clock a.m., Wednesday, the whole bottom north of town on both sides of Timber Creek is one vast lake extending into the city limits. This sheet of water is the overflow of Timber Creek. An immense quantity of wheat sheaves are floating down the Walnut River, having been swept out of the Timber Creek Valley. Many farmers have lost their entire crop. J. F. Graham not only lost his wheat, but thinks 24 hogs have gone down the river. It is probable that much other damage is done in this valley; but we are now unable to learn the extent.
Winfield Courier, June 20, 1878.

On Timber: Thos. Youle lost 100 acres of wheat; Geo. Youle 10 acres; Daniel Knox 12 acres; Mrs. Rutherford 12 acres; J. F. Graham and M. V. Phillips 50 acres; Washburne 28 acres; Mentch 40 acres; Mrs. Cochran 30 acres; G. W. Yount 40 acres; John Parks 60 acres; S. A. Burger 14 acres; W. Cowan 40 acres. J. F. Graham lost 10 hogs; G. W. Yount 19 hogs; John Rhodes 1 horse and 10 acres of wheat; W. W. Limbocker 8 acres; J. W. Orr 20 acres; Mr. Keesey 10 acres; Bryant 10 acres.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.
Doctor Graham has begun an addition to his handsome and commodious brick dwelling.
Winfield Courier, July 11, 1878.
Archie Burger, a three-year-old son of John T. Burger, was severely wounded by being kicked with a colt over the right eye. Dr. Graham sewed the wound up in good style, but a small scar will always remain.
Winfield Courier, July 18, 1878.
Attention! All parties owning lots or having friends buried in the Winfield Cemetery, north of the city, are requested to meet at the Schoolhouse on Friday, July 19, 1878, at 3 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of electing officers and transacting other business of importance. By order of Board of Trustees. W. G. GRAHAM, Acting Secretary.
Winfield, Kansas, July 16, 1878.
John F. Graham and John Moffitt dissolve lumber firm partnership...
Winfield Courier, July 18, 1878.
Dissolution Notice. Notice is hereby given that the partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Graham & Moffitt, has been this day dissolved by mutual consent; Moffitt assuming control of the business. All persons knowing themselves indebted to this firm will please call and settle at once. J. F. GRAHAM, JOHN MOFFITT. Winfield, July 16, 1878.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 25, 1878.
WHEREAS, The grim tyrant, Death, has invaded the family circle of our brother, A. G. Wilson, and taken their little daughter, Olive May; therefore,
Resolved, That we tender our sympathies to our brother, his wife, and family in this their hour of affliction, hoping the Supreme Dictator of the Universe will bestow upon them the needed consolation in their bereavement.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, under the seal of the Lodge, be handed our brother, and that a copy be furnished the city papers with a request that they be published.
Committee: W. G. GRAHAM, W. M. ALLISON, T. B. BRYAN.
Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
W. G. Graham and wife to Winfield Cemetery Association, in 22-32-4; $400.
John F. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
John F. Graham to John Moffitt, lot 14, block 127, Winfield; $45.

Dr. W. G. Graham, residence on Elm Row...
Winfield Courier, August 29, 1878.
Dr. W. G. Graham has made an extension to his residence on Elm Row, making it quite an imposing structure.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, September 5, 1878.
The annual meeting of the Winfield Cemetery Association, to elect officers and transact other important business, will be held at the schoolhouse in Winfield, Saturday, September 7, 1878, at 2 o’clock p.m. All owners of lots are especially requested to be present and participate in the business of the meeting. By order of the Board of Directors.
W. H. H. MARIS, President; W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, December 19, 1878.
Doctor Graham is putting down around his residence a handsome stone walk.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 2, 1879.
The following is a list of new buildings erected in the city of Winfield since January 1, 1878, with the name of owner and cost of building.
Dr. Graham, residence, brick: $650.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
Judge 13th Judicial District.—Hon. W. Campbell.
Board of County Commissioners.—R. F. Burden, G. L. Gale, W. M. Sleeth.
County Clerk.—M. G. Troup.
County Treasurer.—T. R. Bryan.
Probate Judge.—H. D. Gans.
Register of Deeds.—E. P. Kinne.
Supt. Pub. Inst.—R. C. Story.
Sheriff.—C. L. Harter.
Coroner.—W. G. Graham.
County Attorney.—James McDermott.
Clerk District Court.—B. S. Bedilion.
County Surveyor.—N. A. Haight.
Deputy County Surveyor.—J. Hoenscheidt.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.
At a regular meeting of Winfield Lodge No. 479, K. of H., on Monday evening, January 6th, the following officers were in­stalled for the present term by W. G. Graham, G. D. of the State: G. W. Robinson, P. D.; T. R. Bryan, D.; W. O. Johnson, V. D.; David Berkey, A. D.; Hiram Brotherton, Guide; E. W. Holloway, R.; W. C. Robinson, Treas.; A. Howland, F. R.; H. D. Gans, Chaplain; J. F. Snyder, G.; S. H. Myton, S. This lodge is in a prosperous condition, having forty-two members, with many applications for membership.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.
W. G. Graham, coroner’s costs.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 6, 1879. Front Page.
ADDRESS Of Dr. W. G. Graham, Delivered at the Installation of the Officers of Winfield Chapter No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, Winfield, January 13, 1879, was given on the front page.... Signed: Your Past High Priest, W. G. GRAHAM.
Winfield Courier, February 6, 1879.
Proposal for Bids. Notice is hereby given that sealed bids will be received up to February 7, 1879, for the construction of a stone fence around the Winfield Cemetery. The plans and specifications for said fence can be seen at Dr. Graham’s office, where all bills are to be filed. W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary, W. C. Association. Winfield, Feb. 3, 1879.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.
Nearly a Tragedy. On last Saturday morning, James Kelly, ex-postmaster and once editor of the COURIER, was shot by Frank Manny, proprietor of the brewery northeast of town. The particulars are, as near as we can learn, as follows.

Mr. Kelly, it seems, attended the phantom ball Friday night to see that the lights, fire, etc., were all right (as he has been doing in the absence of Mr. Manning), and having a key to the back door, came in that way. The managers of the ball objected to his coming in without a ticket, and ordered him to leave; and upon his refusing, Frank Manny and Ed Nickerson dragged him upstairs from the dressing room, across the stage, and pushed him down the front steps. In the morning Mr. Kelly borrowed the delivery wagon of Baird Bros., and asking Charles Payson to “take a ride with him,” proceeded to the brewery northeast of town, where he found Frank Manny at work on his new stone building. On coming in sight of Manny, Kelly said, “There’s the man I want to see,” and handing the lines to Payson, jumped out of the wagon, upon which Manny started on a run for his house. Kelly called out to him to stop; that he wanted to see him. Manny ran on to the house, which is near the brewery building, and procured a shotgun, which he loaded, and returning to the scene of action, met Kelly coming from the ice house, northwest of the stone building, and commanded Kelly to leave his premises or he would shoot him. Kelly told him to lay down his gun, as they could settle their matter in a minute without it, at the same time advancing toward him. They were about forty feet apart when Manny appeared with his gun. Manny, in an excited manner, kept ordering Kelly off, threatening to shoot while Kelly kept advancing toward him, saying repeatedly that he (Manny) would not shoot anybody. This was continued until Manny pushed him (Kelly) off with the muzzle of the gun, again telling him to leave the place or he would shoot him. Kelly opened his coat and told him he “didn’t think he would shoot anybody.” Manny then stepped back about thirty feet, at the same time remarking that he “would see whether he would shoot or not,” and fired one barrel, which took effect in Kelly’s arm and thigh, and turned him partly around. Manny then fired the other barrel, hitting Kelly in the right leg, and then drew a pistol and walked up to Kelly, telling him that if he did not get off his premises, he would bore a hole through him. Kelly then got into the wagon and was brought to town. He was placed under the care of Dr. Graham, who pronounced him not dangerously hurt. Manny was arrested, and waiving examination, was held to bail in $2,000 to answer the charge of shooting with intent to kill, at the next term of the district court. We wish to state in connection with this that Charles Payson knew nothing of the affair of the previous evening, when asked by Kelly to go with him, and had no suspicions of anything wrong until they arrived at the brewery.
Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.
Last Thursday the preliminary examination of Francis Small for the murder of J. E. Starbuck, and of A. J. Thomas, A. L. Thomas, John Perry, and Wm. Morrow; charged as abettors and accessories to the murder, was commenced and continued the rest of the week.
Dr. Rising testified that death was caused by 79 shot or more, which, within a circle of three and a half inches, entered Starbuck’s left breast, and he thought the direction of the shot was a little downward. Dr. Wright’s testimony was similar. THE DEFENSE offered their own testimony. In rebuttal the State offered the following. Dr. Graham testified that a person when shot through the heart would grasp, not lose, anything then held in the hand. The court considered the evidence insufficient to hold the defendants, Al. and Ab. Thomas, Perry, and Morrow as accomplices, but bound Small over in $5,000 for his appearance at the next term of court. He was remanded to jail, to remain until the bail is furnished.
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.
Dr. W. G. Graham starts this morning for Boston, Mass., where he goes to attend a meeting of the Supreme Lodge of the Knights of Honor, of which society he is one of the most promi­nent members.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.
The Fair Association has secured grounds of Dr. Graham, which they intend to begin to improve at once, and will have the grounds in first-class condition for the next fair. They are paying off all outstanding premiums as soon as presented.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.
Messrs. Kinne, Baird, and Graham are attending the Grand Lodge of the Knights of Honor, which convenes at Emporia this week.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.
In another column will be found the card of Messrs. Smith Bros., dentists. These gentlemen came here from Carthage, Missouri, have bought property, and intend to stay.
AD: SMITH BROTHERS, DENTISTS. Have purchased property and permanently located in Winfield, Kansas. Office at present with Dr. Graham.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1879.
Mr. E. A. Smith has purchased Geo. Crippen’s house in the east part of town, and has located permanently with us. Mr. Smith is a first-class dentist and comes highly recommended. His office is with Dr. Graham.
Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.

A gentleman by the name of Crumstdfeldt, who has been working on the railroad, met with a serious accident last Satur­day. He was coming to town, and when near the head of the canyon on the road west of town, his team got frightened, and becoming unmanageable, commenced running away. He attempted to stop them by running up on the side of the hill, but the horses turned suddenly to the left and overturned the wagon, throwing Mr. Crumstdfeldt violently to the ground, the wagon box falling on him and cutting his head terribly besides mashing his hands and arms considerably. Some parties being near saw the occurrence and came to his assistance, when he was brought to town and placed in charge of Dr. Graham, and at last accounts was getting along well. His home is in Newton County, Missouri.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1879.
Mr. N. H. Rader, of Maple township, had his hand nearly taken off by a self-binder last week. He had put his hand into the wheels under the table to adjust some part which was out of order, and the driver, thinking he had removed it, started up, catching Mr. Rader’s hand between the wheels and lacerating it terribly. Dr. Graham dressed the wound, and at last accounts he was getting along well.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1879.
A little boy by the name of Johnnie Mills, aged about 7 years, was drowned in the whirlpool above the Tunnel Mills last Thursday afternoon. He had gone there with some boys, sons of R. B. Pratt, to swim, and getting beyond his depth, was swept into the whirlpool. The little boys immediately gave the alarm, but the body was not found for some time afterward. Coroner Graham held an inquest and a verdict of accidental drowning was re­turned. This the second case of drowning which has occurred at that place.
Reference made to A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.
RECAP: HE STATED THAT THE PEOPLE OF WALNUT TOWNSHIP ARE FOR SHENNEMAN....Mr. A. T. Shenneman at the age of sixteen entered the war of 1861, served till its close, and was honorably dis­charged from the service. Thus early in life he was inured in the trials and hardships of the fiercest war that has raged in modern times, and which have so effectually marked his career from that time to the present. Besides he has had the requisite experience in the line of duty pertaining to the office of Sheriff. We can say of a truth, as can a great many more, that he has performed duties without any compensation whatever and that too, when the proper officials refused to act at the time called upon to do so. For instance, when A. B. Graham’s horse was stolen, not one of the proper officials could be prevailed upon to perform their duty. Not so with Shenneman. He was willing to go and did go, although he was not the officer elected to perform that duty, neither was he the deputy. Had he been Sheriff at the time the Arkansas City bank was robbed, instead of lounging around town, he would have pursued those desperadoes in person, and the probabilities are that he would have succeeded in securing them. With A. T. as sheriff, cattle thieves, horse thieves, and desperadoes of all kinds will give Cowley County a wide berth, as they well know that they will have more than a mere pigmy to contend with.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1879.

A commandery of Knight Templars was instituted in this city, last evening, starting out with the following charter members, comprising some of the best citizens of this city, Oxford, and Arkansas City: John D. Pryor, W. G. Graham, Robt. Allison, Joseph Conklin, Chas. C. Black, S. P. Channell, K. F. Smith, Jas. L. Huey, Jas. Ridenour, A. J. Chapel, Benj. F. Smith, Ansel Gridley, Jas. M. Stafford, R. D. Jillson, A. A. Newman, J. Cairns.
The Commandery will work under dispensation, with the following officers.
E. Commander, W. G. Graham; Generalissimo, Jas. Huey; Captain General, R. D. Jillson; Prelate, Rev. J. Cairns.
Winfield Courier, September 11, 1879.
Vote for coroner. W. G. Graham, 49; W. S. Mendenhall, 26; D. P. Carter, 6. The nomination of Dr. Graham was made unanimous.
A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham, mentioned in the following affidavit concerning A. T. Shenneman...It was one of a series of affidavits. Note that A. B. Graham was the son-in-law of J. C. Roberts of Walnut township...
Winfield Courier, October 23, 1879.
J. C. ROBERT’S AFFIDAVIT. J. C. Roberts, after first being duly sworn, upon his oath, doth say that he is a resident of Walnut township, formerly Winfield, in said county and state, and has been for more than eight years last past. That in the month of November, 1878, my son-in-law had a horse stolen in said county, and my son-in-law, A. B. Graham, and myself went to the city of Winfield and endeavored to get Charles L. Harter, the Sheriff of said county to go with us after the thieves. Harter not being at home I went to Finch, the Deputy Sheriff, and asked him to go with us. This he refused to do then and wanted us to wait until the next day as he had ridden all the way from Wichita that day and was too tired. We then went to look for A. T. Shenneman to get him to go with us. He was absent with passengers brought from Wichita and taking them to east part of this county. Learning that he would be back that night, we waited until 12 o’clock, at which time Shenneman came home. We told him what we wanted, and notwithstanding he had the day before driven from Winfield to Wichita and that day from Wichita to Winfield and thence some 12 miles and back that night, he immediately got his shot-gun and borrowed a revolver from J. H. Finch, Harter’s deputy, and we went at once after the thieves, traveling all that night and all the next day and the day follow­ing and got home at 12 o’clock that night, and while we were unsuc­cessful in our search for the thieves, the facts show what the Republican candidate for Sheriff will do when he is elected, and what the conduct of our present officials has been and will continue to be if Mr. Harter is elected. J. C. ROBERTS. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 18th day of October, 1879. W. P. HACKNEY, Notary Public.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

Among the many enterprises being pushed forward in our thriving city, the one just commenced by Baird Bros. deserves no small mention. They have purchased from C. A. Bliss the lot on which Dr. Graham’s office now stands, and will soon begin the erection of a mammoth dry goods building. It is to be 25 x 100, two stories, with basement. The first floor will be used as a retail department, the second floor as a wholesale department, and the basement as ware rooms. This enterprise, considering the amount of capital that will be invested in the building and stock, will be one of the largest in the Southwest and is entirely in keeping with the enterprise of the firm that is pushing it forward. The wholesale business now being done by this firm is large, and with the increased facilities which the new build­ing will afford them, they will soon command most of the jobbing trade of our neighboring counties.
Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.
Dr. Graham has his office in the Maris building. We say this for the benefit of several parties whom we have heard inquiring for the doctor since his removal from Tenth avenue.
A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham, now living in Walnut township...
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.
Notice. A meeting of the citizens of Walnut will be held in the schoolhouse near the brewery on the evening of the 17th inst., at early candle-light, for the purpose of organizing a farmer’s stock protective association. Everybody interested in the matter are requested to be present. A. S. BLANCHARD, B. E. MURPHY, W. W. LIMBOCKER, WM. BARKER, J. L. KING, W. COWEN, S. CURE, A. B. GRAHAM, JOEL MACK. March 8, 1880.
Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.
Mr. A. B. Graham is building a fine residence. In due time we presume it will be dedicated to his services by a grand hop.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.
Dr. Graham is making arrangements to build an office on Ninth Avenue.
Winfield Courier, August 19, 1880.
Winfield is partly depopulated by the great exodus to the Knight Templars triennial reunion in Chicago. Last Saturday and Sunday the trains were loaded with excursionists, many of whom were taking this opportunity to visit friends in the east with the excursion rates for fares. A great many went from here whose names have not been given us, but the following are some that we know of: Dr. W. G. Graham and wife, Capt. S. C. Smith, E. P. Kinne, J. E. Conklin, Capt. James McDermott, Rev. J. Cairns and wife, Rev. J. A. Hyden and wife, J. D. Pryor, R. D. Jillson and daughter, Mrs. D. A. and Miss Jessie Millington. C. C. Black and wife, J. W. Johnson and daughter, J. P. M. Butler and wife, Miss Jennie Melville, G. H. Buckman, J. C. and Miss Ioa Roberts, Will Baird and wife, Mrs. N. L. Rigby, Jacob Nixon and wife, J. S. Hunt, and T. R. Bryan.
Winfield Courier, August 19, 1880.
Persons wishing to purchase lots in this cemetery or wishing to have graves dug, will please call on James H. Land, near Manny’s brewery. W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.
Dr. Graham and J. D. Pryor got left while returning from Chicago. We suggest that they reform the pernicious habit of smoking and stay among the civilized. In that way they can escape being switched off on the Fort Scott track where all smokers go.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.
Upon Examination of the county records we elicit the star­ling information that only thirty-two physicians have filed their certificates with the county clerk as required by law. Here they are.
Danl. E. Anderson, A. C. Barr, George Black, D. W. Cole, Jas. A. Chapman, F. M. Cooper, D. Cunningham, Judson A. Chapel, W. R. Davis, P. K. Dobyns, Geo. Emerson, W. G. Graham, Jas. P. Graham, Jas. A. Griffith, J. J. Harden, C. G. Holland, Geo. M. Hawkins, Jno. B. McDill, W. S. Mendenhall, M. E. Munger, A. G. Mudgett, Jas. H. Pleasants, J. W. P. Rothrock, J. W. Wright, H. B. Rude, Robert H. Reed, Jas. T. Shepard, W. M. Schofield, S. C. Tomlinson, Jas. Vawter, Sylvester Wilkins, J. J. Wolf, Wm. T. Wright, Geo. P. Wagner, Homer & Wells.
                          Thirty-five names were listed for doctors: not thirty-two.
Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.
Dr. Graham and his new partner, Dr. Parsons, have moved into their new office on the old Central Hotel grounds.
Mrs. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.
A meeting was held in the council rooms last Thursday evening to consider means for temporary assistance to those in want in our city. John B. Lynn was made chairman, and James Kelly, secretary. By a vote of the meeting the city was divided into four wards by Main street and Ninth avenue, and committees were constituted as follows.
Northeast ward:  Mesdames T. R. Bryan, Dr. Graham, and Rev. J. Cairns.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.
The Knights of Honor lodge met and elected officers Monday evening. The officers elected were Dictator: A. P. Johnson; Vice Dictator: W. J. Hodges; Assistant Dictator: S. S. Lynn; Chaplain: H. D. Gans; Reporter: W. C. Root; Financial Reporter: A. Howland; Treasurer: E. F. Kinne; Guide: J. W. Batchelder; Guard: W. C. Robinson; Medical Examiner: Dr. W. G. Graham. Dr. Graham was also elected as delegate to the state lodge, which meets soon.
Winfield Courier, January 13, 1881.
The new Board met on Monday, Messrs. Gale and Bullington present, and organized by electing G. L. Gale chairman for the coming year. The proprietors of the Telegram, Monitor, and COURIER, then presented propositions for the county printing. After some discussion the matter was laid over till the next morning, when, the commissioners failing to agree, action was postponed until the first Tuesday in February, when Commissioner Harbaugh will be present. The proposition of S. E. Burger for the keeping of the poor was accepted. Dr. Graham was appointed as county physician. The Board ordered that at the bond and township election the judges and clerks should be sworn in the second time; that two ballot-boxes be provided, and that all the judges and clerks sign the poll-books.

Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
MR. AND MRS. J. C. FULLER. Socially this has been one of the gayest winters in the history of our city. Almost every week has been made pleasant by a social gathering of some sort or other. One of the most pleasant of these was the reception by Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller last Friday evening. The guests were many and the arrangements for their entertainment were complete.
Among those present were: Mr. and Mrs. Loose, Mr. and Mrs. James Harden, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges. Dr. and Mrs. VanDoren, Mr. and Mrs. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. Eastman, Rev. and Mrs. T. F. Borcher, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Dr. and Mrs. Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Short, Dr. and Mrs. Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Boyer, Mr. and Mrs. Trimble, Mr. and Mrs. Moffitt, Mr. and Mrs. Speed, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. Kretsinger, Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Shreves, Mr. and Mrs. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. Scovill, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Carruthers, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Hamil­ton, Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Fuller, Rev. and Mrs. Hyden, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Williams, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Mullen, Miss Mary Stewart, Miss May Williams, Father Kelly, O. F. Boyle, and Charles Fuller.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.
Last Saturday was an unusually bad day for Winfield. Many men appeared to think it was the last day that a drink of whiskey could ever be procured; and in consequence, those drank who never drank before, and those who were in the habit of drinking, drank the more. The natural result was, lots of fellows got full. One would naturally, under such circumstances, have anticipated many accidents, but there was, as far as we know, but one serious one, and that was to George McIntire, who lives on the farm of his mother-in-law near Seeley.
George got blind drunk and started home about six o’clock Saturday evening: he started his horses on a dead run and instead of taking the road south, to cross the west bridge, the team made for what was the Bliss bridge, that being their old familiar road. In making the turn McIntire was thrown out without injuring himself. The team ran madly down the blind road and plunged down from the abutment fully twenty-five feet to the ice below; one horse fell on top of the other. The horse under­neath had his leg broken and laid on the ice and suffered for upwards of twenty hours before he was killed. The other horse loosened himself from the harness and went home. The wagon made a complete somersault. A man saw the team go over and he rushed uptown for Dr. Graham, taking it for granted there was a dead man down on the ice. The doctor came, the man was found, taken into the office of Bliss & Wood, and our worthy coroner reported the man dead-drunk. The horse, the nobler animal of the two, suf­fered and was killed, while the man still lives. The ways of Providence are indeed inscrutable and past finding out.
Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.
Doctor Graham is still improving his beautiful home. This time it is to be a pump driven by a wind mill. The reservoir is to supply his house and stable, and to feed a couple of fountains in his yard. Who will follow this worthy example.

Winfield Courier, August 25, 1881.
Several days ago Peter Larson, a Norwegian living in Rock township, died suddenly in spasms. The funeral services were held and he was buried in that township. He was an elderly man in general good health and had no relatives in this country. He had a well cultivated and excellent farm, some fifty head of cattle, a large number of hogs, a great variety of farming implements, and was supposed to have large sums of money about his premises. He had two houses on his farm, in one of which he lived alone; and in the other lived one Harmon and his family, who was a tenant of his farm and had charge of his property to a considerable extent. After Larson’s death Harmon took charge of the property and soon it was suspected that he was running it off and selling it. It was discovered that he had carried eight fat hogs up to Augusta in the night and sold them there. He was arrested for grand larceny and now languishes in the county jail.
A variety of suspicious circumstances put the idea into his neighbors that he had poisoned Larson with strychnine. County Attorney Jennings was consulted and he found where, a few days before Larson’s death, Harmon had bought ten grains of strychnine in Douglass, and brought two persons from the drug store there to the jail in Winfield, who both identified Harmon as the person who made the purchase. The symptoms of Larson just before death were those of strychnine poison. On Tuesday Mr. Jennings had the body exhumed and called in Drs. Emerson, Graham, and others to make an analysis of the stomach, heart, and liver for poison. They have not reported as we go to press.
Winfield Courier, September 1, 1881.
We noticed in last week’s issue the death of Peter Larson, supposed from poison administered by one Harmon, a tenant of Larson’s. Since that time County Attorney Jennings has been thoroughly investigating the matter and has succeeded in bringing to light evidence that is very strong against Harmon. The facts, as near as can be gathered, are as follows.
Larson was a Norwegian by birth, without friends or rela­tives in this country; but an honest, hardworking man, much given to saving his dimes, and had accumulated considerable property. He owned a splendid farm in Rock township, had cattle, hogs, horses, and no one knows how much ready money, and was worth in all seven or eight thousand dollars. He had on his place the man Harmon and family and lived in a house near them.
One day a neighbor happened to pass Harmon’s and saw Larson have a fit; and immediately went to his help, and had a physician brought. Larson soon recovered from it, and when the cause of his illness was questioned, Harmon suggested that perhaps it was hydrophobia, as the dog had died that morning. Larson stated that he hadn’t been bitten by any dog and he seemed all right, so the neighbor left.
During the night he was taken with other fits and died before a physician arrived. He was buried next day, at Douglass. On the second day following, George Williams, one of the best known and highly respected citizens of Rock township, was ap­pointed administrator by Judge Gans and instructed to immediately take possession of the property of the deceased.
George Williams soon discovered that some of the hogs were missing and found that during the previous night, Harmon had taken a load to Augusta and sold them. He immediately had Harmon arrested, stopped payment on the check, and recovered the hogs.

Harmon now lies in jail at this place. After the action on Harmon’s part led to suspicions of foul play, Mr. Williams and Attorney Jennings began a careful investigation of the circum­stances of Larson’s death. The symptoms of the fits were found to be those of strychnine poisoning. It was ascertained that during the morning meal Larson had fed his dog from the food he was eating and that the dog ran to a pool of water, drank, and then stiffened dead. Mr. Jennings then went to Douglass, inter­viewed the druggists, and found that several days before one of them had sold a man a bottle of strychnine. The druggist de­scribed the man and his description answered to that of Harmon to a dot. He was then brought to Winfield, taken to the jail, and asked to point out from among the prisoners, if possible, the man to whom he had sold the poison. He immediately pointed out Harmon as the one.
The next day, Monday, the Probate Judge, County Attorney, and Drs. Emerson and Graham, went to Douglass, exhumed the body of Larson, took from it the stomach, heart, and liver, and returned with them to Winfield. The Doctors then made a compara­tive analysis of these organs and discovered strychnine, and thus the matter stands at the present writing. The liver is so strongly poisoned that if a fly lights upon it, it tumbles off dead as a mackerel.
The impression seems to be that there was a scheme on foot to get the old man out of the way quietly and then get away with the property before anyone knew it. The preliminary trial will be held soon, the result of which will appear in next week’s paper.
Cowley County Courant, November 24, 1881.
A new lodge called the National Union, has been organized in Winfield, with the following officers: F. Barclay, ex-president, A. Howland, president, C. H. Bahntge, vice-president, Mrs. Mina Bliss, speaker, G. N. Searcy, Chaplain, Jacob Nixon, secretary, W. G. Graham, financial secretary, E. S. Bliss, usher, Mrs. E. S. Howland, sergeant-at-arms, A. H. Graham, door-keeper. There were twenty odd charter members. The objects of the society are similar to those of the Knights of Honor, and the members carry a life insurance of from $1,000 to $5,000.
Cowley County Courant, December 22, 1881.
Winfield Commandery No. 15, Knights Templar, held their annual installation of officers on Friday evening. The following are the officers: W. G. Graham, E. C.; J. C. McMullen, G.; James McDermott, C. G.; Chas. C. Clack, S. W.; J. W. Johnston, J. W.; S. H. Myton, Treas.; J. D. Pryor, Rec.; S. A. Cook, W.; Mr. Stafford, Std. B.; S. H. Myton, Std. B.
Cowley County Courant, December 29, 1881.
At a regular meeting the evening of the 20th, the Winfield Council No. 2, National Union, the following officers were elected: A. Howland, president; Frank Barclay, ex president; H. E. Noble, vice-president; Mrs. Mina Bliss, speaker; Jacob Nixon, secretary; J. E. Snow, treasurer; W. G. Graham, financial secretary; Mrs. Fanny Barclay, chaplain; E. S. Bliss, usher; E. I. Howland, sergeant-at-arms; G. W. Searcy, doorkeeper.
Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.

Mr. C. S. Prowell, Miss Scothorn, Dr. and Mrs. Graham, Judge and Mrs. Bard, J. W. Johnston, Miss Ida Johnston, Miss Be. Carruthers, and Mr. Millington and daughters attended the Knights Templars’ ball and banquet at Wichita last week. The party put up at the Occidental Hotel and were made comfortable by its courteous managers and their assistants. The entertainment was one of the finest ever given in Kansas. The ladies were beautifully and tastily dressed, many of the costumes being very elegant and expensive, while the gentlemen appeared in full dress. The Opera House was handsomely decorated with flags and emblems of the Knights Templar, and a dress parade by the Wichita degree was well executed and enjoyed by all. The Wichita people made a grand success of the entertainment, as is usual with them, and for the Winfield party we desire to thank them for the very pleasant evening afforded us.
[They had Prowell...? Could this be “Powell?” They also had Be. Carruthers???]
J. F. (Fin) Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, February 16, 1882.
Mr. John Isom sold his farm of 240 acres to Fin Graham for $3,800, Tuesday.
Alva or Alvah Graham, son of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, March 2, 1882.
Longfellow’s Birthday. The pupils of the high school have for a long time been preparing an exhibition to celebrate the anniversary of the birthday of the renowned poet, Henry W. Longfellow, and on Monday evening the 27th a large audience assembled at the Opera House to witness the result of their efforts. A fine entertainment was afforded. Those who were in attendance heard songs and recitations composed by Longfellow and several essays upon his life. Entertainment began with the song, “The Hemlock Tree,” by Miss Anna Hyde, which was well rendered. The greater part of the evening was given to the rendition of the Courtship of Miles Standish, recited by Miss Hattie Andrews, Mate Lynn, Bertie Stebbins, Anna Hyde, Josie Pixley, Ella Roberts, Minnie Stewart, Lizzie McDonald, and Rosa Rounds. “The Death of Minnehaha,” a duet, was sung by Misses Josie Bard and Lutie Newman and was highly appreciated. The recitation of “Hiawatha’s wooings,” was given by Carrie Cronk and was well rendered. James Cairns, Will Hodges, and Alvah Graham also gave recitations, which were excellent.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1882.
Mr. Isom, our popular stock man, has disposed of his farm to Finley Graham, Esq., of Winfield, and expects to embark still more fully in the stock business somewhere within the confines of the State. Both of the above are good farmers and we regret to see them depart from our midst.
Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.
Dr. W. Graham, of Winfield, Deputy Council of the Nation­al Union, came up today and will institute a lodge this evening at the Masonic hall. W. O. Johnston, of Winfield, whom we mentioned last week, has spent a week with us working up the organization. The prospects are that the lodge will start out at once in good working order. Douglas Index, 31st.
Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.
Dr. Graham has greatly improved the looks of his residence, by painting and laying off the brick work. W. P. Beaton did the work and it is a good job.
Winfield Courier, June 8, 1882.

Winfield Cemetery Association. The Annual meeting of the Winfield Cemetery Association was held in Winfield on Saturday evening, June 3rd. From the report read it appears that the Association is now for the first time out of debt and in a flourishing condition, so that all receipts hereafter will be employed in beautifying the grounds. There are about $200.00 due the association for lots sold, some of them four or five years ago, and not yet paid for. A resolution was passed to the effect that such of these lots as are not paid for in the next ninety days will be forfeited, and the bodies buried therein will be moved to the paupers’ grounds. The following named persons were elected a Board of Directors for the ensuing year: R. E. Wallis, W. G. Graham, H. S. Silver, H. Brotherton, C. A. Bliss, A. P. Johnson, J. H. Land, T. R. Bryan, and H. D. Gans. T. R. Bryan was elected President, H. Brotherton, Treasurer, and W. G. Graham, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 29, 1882.
Dr. Graham and his son Alvah returned Saturday night from a three week’s visit in the east.
Winfield Courier, July 20, 1882.
Mr. J. H. Pearce, living on Dr. Graham’s place, one mile north of town, was so unfortunate as to have a horse killed by the cars on Tuesday. The railroad men are becoming extremely careless; it has been but a few weeks since Mr. Alec Graham lost a valuable cow near the same place.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
On Friday morning last, Orlando Beaver, a brakeman on the K. C. L. & S. R. R., had his hand badly injured while engaged in coupling the cars at the depot here. He was immediately conveyed to Dr. Graham’s office where he had one finger amputated and his hand dressed. Mr. Snow seems to have been slighted this time. Heretofore he has furnished the hands ground up by the cars.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1882.
Last Saturday the final subscription to the Creamery stock was made and the enterprise became an assured fact. We fully believe that it will prove one of the best investments made in the county and furnish a valuable market for the dairy products of Cowley.
Mr. M. W. Babb, the originator of the enterprise, came here about a year ago and, after visiting various creameries throughout Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri, came home with the necessary papers and information and went to work, aided by a few of our public-spirited citizens; among whom Mr. J. P. Baden was first and foremost, with the success before mentioned. The following is a list of the stockholders.
M. W. Babb, 20 shares, $1,000; J. P. Baden, 20 shares, $1,000; Winfield Bank, 20 shares, $1,000; J. E. Platter, 10 shares, $500; M. L. Read’s bank, 10 shares, $500; Samuel Lowe, 4 shares, $200; J. P. Short, 2 shares, $100; Wallis & Wallis, 2 shares, $100; A. T. Spotswood & Co., 2 shares, $100; W. G. Graham, 1 share, $50.; A. H. Doane, 2 shares, $100; Frank Barclay, 2 shares, $100; Horning, Robinson & Co., 5 shares, $250; H. Harbaugh, 2 shares, $100; S. C. Smith, 2 shares, $100; Curns & Manser, 2 shares, $100; Jas. H. Bullene & Co., 2 shares, $100; A. E. Baird, 1 share, $50; J. S. Mann, 1 share, $50; G. H. Allen, 2 shares, $100; Geo. Emerson, 2 shares, $100; Bliss & Wood, 2 shares, $100.
TOTAL: 116 SHARES, $5,800.
T.  M. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.

Sam Gilbert has sold his eighty acre farm east of town to Mr. T. M. Graham, of Evansburg, Ohio, for $4,000. Mr. Graham is a brother of our Dr. Graham, and has been for years a reader of the COURIER. He will bring his family out this fall.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1882.
Dr. Graham is most happy when he is improving—he is now making a further addition to his dwelling. He has much improved the appearance of the dwelling by “pointing and tucking” the brick work. These grounds have a complete system of water works.
Fin Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, November 2, 1882.
MARRIED. Fin Graham and his bride arrived from Ohio Friday evening. This was rather an unexpected break for Fin to make, and his many friends congratulate him heartily upon it.
A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1882.
Petition of A. B. Graham and 10 others for sidewalk on west side of block 187 and on south side of block 186, was read. On motion of Mr. Gary, that part of the petition relating to sidewalk on west side of block 187 was granted and the Attorney was instructed to prepare an Ordinance in accordance therewith.
Winfield Courier, April 5, 1883.
The city election Tuesday passed off very quietly, but little interest being manifested. On Monday evening a number of citizens met at the Opera House and placed a ticket in the field. Another meeting was held the same evening, which made up a second ticket. Dr. George Emerson was the unanimous candidate for Mayor by both meetings. The two tickets represented no distinctive issue of any character, unless it might have been termed a “waterworks” issue. In the first ward John McGuire was elected to the council over H. Silver by three majority. In the second ward D. L. Kretsinger was elected over S. L. Gilbert by forty majority. Capt. H. H. Siverd and Frank W. Finch were re-elected constables. Votes shown.
MAYOR: George Emerson: 481.
POLICE JUDGE: J. E. Snow, 230; L. L. Beck, 255.
CITY ATTORNEY: Jos. O’Hare: 432.
TREASURER SCHOOL BOARD: George W. Robinson, 270; W. J. Wilson, 225.
CONSTABLES: H. H. Siverd, 299; Frank W. Finch, 251; David Long, 225; Jas. McLain, 222.
COUNCILMEN: 1st Ward, John A. McGuire, 132; H. Silver, 129.
COUNCILMEN: 2nd Ward, D. L. Kretsinger, 132; S. L. Gilbert, 92.
SCHOOL BOARD: 1st Ward, Dr. W. G. Graham, 259; 2nd ward, J. P. Short, 137; 2nd Ward, H. Brotherton, 89.

The new council is made up as follows. All including the Mayor are Republicans, three councilmen and the Mayor are “anti-water-works”; in other words, in favor of holding the company down to the strict letter of their contract. Three are prohibitionists, and one an anti-prohibitionist.
Winfield Courier, May 10, 1883.
The Board met at the office of the Winfield Bank Monday. Present: Emerson, president; Fuller, Doane, and Wood, members. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. Reports of all outstanding committees were accepted and the business of the old Board closed up as far as practicable. The new Board then proceeded to organize by electing Mr. Fuller, president; Mr. Wood, vice-president; and L. D. Zenor, clerk. The president then appointed the following committees.
Mr. Wood, committee on buildings and grounds.
Dr. Graham, common ways and means.
Mr. Short, committee on finance.
On motion the following order of business was adopted: First, reading of the minutes; second, reports of special committees; third, reports of standing committees; fourth, new business; fifth, old business; sixth, claims. The meeting then adjourned to meet next Monday night.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
WINFIELD COMMANDERY No. 15 K. T. Holds stated conclaves in their asylum on the third Friday evening of each month. W. G. GRAHAM, E. C., JNO. D. PRYOR, R.
Winfield Courier, July 26, 1883.
WINFIELD CHAPTER, R. A. M. Meets in Masonic hall on the 2nd Monday evening in each month. S. C. SMITH, H. P., W. G. GRAHAM, Secretary.
Fin Graham, Dr. W. G. Graham’s brother...
Winfield Courier, August 9, 1883.
There have been several land buyers in this part lately; all very anxious for Kansas lands. Mr. Fin Graham was offered almost three times the price he paid for his farm one year ago by an Illinois farmer. He was offered $8,000. Luck to Mr. Graham.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.
The annual meeting of the lot owners of the cemetery was held at Dr. Graham’s office Friday evening. The secretary’s report shows a balance of about five hundred dollars in the treasury. This state of the finances is very gratifying to all. For years the balance has always been the other way, and the public spirited citizens who formed the directory were forced to carry it. The following persons were elected as directors for the coming year: Messrs. R. E. Wallis, Dr. Perry, W. G. Graham, H. Brotherton, H. S. Silver, H. D. Gans, Mrs. J. E. Platter, Mrs. Robert Beeney, and Mrs. Ed. P. Greer.
The directory has gone actively to work formulating plans for the improvement and beautifying of the grounds. In this work they hope to receive the hearty cooperation of everyone interested. Our cemetery should be made an attractive place and no matter how hard the directory may work to this end, they cannot succeed unless each individual will take hold and assist by improving their lots.

The revenues of the cemetery arise from the sale of lots. These are twelve dollars each. There are 228 sold and 475 yet remaining. A regular sexton is employed and the charge for digging graves is fixed at two, three, and four dollars. The great need of the cemetery at present is water for irrigating purposes. They hope to get this in time.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.
Dr. Graham has been in attendance upon the supreme meeting of the National Union, at Mansfield, Ohio, this week.
A. B. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1884.
W. J. Orr, A. B. Graham, and J. C. Monforte were appointed viewers on the John H. Cox county road.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
There will be a meeting of the Directors of the Union Cemetery Association at Dr. Graham’s office on Friday evening next.
T. M. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, October 2, 1884.
Best fat cow, Bahntge, Kates & Co., 1st; T. M. Graham, 2nd.
Siberian crab jelly, Mrs. C. Ferguson, 1st; Mrs. T. M. Graham, 2nd.
Grape jelly, red, Mrs. Wesley McEwen, 1st; Mrs. T. M. Graham, 2nd.
Cherries, Mrs. Wesley McEwen, 1st; Mrs. T. M. Graham, 2nd.
Peaches, Mrs. T. M. Graham, 1st; Mrs. Wesley McEwen, 2nd.
Pears, Mrs. T. M. Graham, 1st; Mrs. S. S. Linn, 2nd.
Plums, Mrs. T. M. Graham, 1st; Mrs. Ira Holmes, 2nd.
Apricot, Mrs. T. M. Graham, 1st; Mrs. S. S. Linn, 2nd.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 18, 1884.
The Masonic order held an election of officers Tuesday evening. The following persons were elected for the ensuing year. A. P. Johnson, W. M.; F. C. Hunt, S. W.; S. L. Gilbert, J. W; W. G. Graham, Treasurer; L. D. Zenor, Secretary; E. P. Hickok, chaplain; John Arrowsmith, S. D.; J. S. Mann, J. D.; W. W. Limbocker, S. S.; W. A. Freeman, J. S.; H. H. Siverd, Tyler.
Alva or Alvah Graham, son of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 25, 1884.
Master Alva Graham, son of the Doctor, is at home from the State University for the holidays.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 8, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, who have just passed the twentieth mile stone in their married life, were enticed away from their home on the evening of the 2d inst., ostensibly to take tea with Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller. Before tea was announced, however, a messenger arrived and informed them that some parties had called to see them on very important business and that they must hasten home. Imagine to their surprise at being met at the door by Mrs. G. W. Miller, whom they had just left at her home, and being ushered in and greeted by about fifty of their friends. The raiders had captured the entire premises, even to the kitchen and dining room, and Mr. and Mrs. Bryan were made to understand that a china wedding was on hand and that they were the victims. Mrs. Bryan was spirited away to an upper chamber, where she was soon attired in her wedding dress of twenty years ago. The wedding pants were produced by Mr. Miller, but alas, the increased rotundity of the bridegroom forbade the thought. They were led to the parlor and a pleasant ceremony pronounced by Elder J. S. Myers. After congratulations the company was invited to the dining room, where a feast such as only the ladies can prepare, was greatly enjoyed. The table was spread in elegant style with a very handsome set of Haviland china, which was presented to the bride and groom by their many friends. Those present were: Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Buford, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Journey, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Sanderson, Mr. and Mrs. Franklin, Dr. and Mrs. W. G. Graham, Dr. D. Gans, Elder and Mrs. J. S. Myers, Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Smock; Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Stafford, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. French; Mrs. Dr. Capper, Mrs. Galbreth, Mrs. Judge Tipton, Mrs. Grinnell, Mrs. Iles, Miss Emma Fulton, Misses Ida and May McGhee, Miss Atha Suess, Miss Bessie Graves, Mr. C. G. McGhee, Mr. J. F. Miller, Mr. Frank Miller, Mr. J. T. Hackney, Mr. R. Hackney, Elder Hopkins, and others whose names we did not get. It was a very enjoyable evening and Mr. and Mrs. Bryan desire to express their sincere thanks to their friends for their kind remembrances and will ever cherish the memory of that occasion as one of the greenest spots in their lives.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.

Feminine Enterprise and Generosity. Now that the ladies have formed a relief society, the poor of our city are being well cared for. The society held a meeting in the Presbyterian church on Wednesday of last week, and large piles of clothing, provisions, etc., were sent in to be distributed among the needy by the different committees. This organization has been made permanent, with Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood, president; Mrs. J. L. Horning, Vice President; Mrs. W. G. Graham, Secretary, and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Treasurer. A committee of two has been appointed for each ward, as follows: First Ward, Mrs. W. R. McDonald and Mrs. E. D. Garlick; Second Ward, Mrs. J. S. Hunt and Miss Lizzie Graham; Third Ward, Mrs. J. L. Horning and Mrs. M. L. Robinson; Fourth Ward, Mrs. C. A. Bliss and Mrs. A. H. Doane. These ladies have sought out all destitute families in their respective wards, and are making them comfortable. And one who pursues the even tenor of his ways in every day walk would be astonished at the number of really needy families they found—those who have hands to do but can find nothing to profitably busy them with, the avenues of industry being almost closed. Many let pride carry them to the very verge of freezation and starvation, and only by the visits of these ladies did their real condition become known. The social and supper at the Presbyterian church Tuesday evening by the relief society was very liberally patronized by our citizens, and proved an excellent “weigh” of ascertaining the weight of the ladies, and putting about a hundred dollars into the relief fund. All honor to our generous-hearted, enterprising ladies!
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 26, 1885.
When such rustling, wide-awake businessmen as those of Winfield pull together for the advancement of any cause, it is bound to win. What has been needed in the past was unity of action, and no greater evidence could be given that this has been accomplished than was shown in the second rousing meeting of the Winfield Enterprise Association, Thursday evening last. A. H. Jennings, Prof. Gridley, County Superintendent Limerick, Dr. Graham, Rev. Reider, and Dr. Kirkwood were appointed a committee to devise plans for the establishment of this college. The committee has been wisely selected and we have no doubt that they will put this important matter on foot and that it will reach an early fruition.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
At the regular business meeting of the Ladies Library Association on Tuesday of last week, the following named ladies were elected as officers and directors for the ensuing year: President, Mr. D. A. Millington; Vice-President, Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood; Secretary, Mrs. N. J. Lundy; Treasurer, Mrs. C. M. Wood; Librarian, Mrs. W. L. Mullen. Directors: Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. F. W. Finch, Mrs. C. Taylor, Mrs. Dr. Graham, Mrs. Dr. Perry, Mrs. Dr. Tandy, Mrs. J. S. Myers, Mrs. C. Strong, and Miss E. Strong.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
The Winfield Enterprise Association is now thoroughly organized and is bringing its power to bear on various schemes whose success will set Winfield several rounds up the ladder of prosperity. Its third meeting was held on Thursday evening last, when the membership was found to have reached over two hundred of our prominent businessmen, most of whom were present and have since put two dollars each into a sinking fund. J. C. Long was chosen chairman and D. L. Kretsinger secretary. A committee consisting of G. H. Allen, T. H. Soward, Walter Denning, C. M. Leavitt, and Frank H. Greer was appointed to report a list of names for directors of the Association. The following were reported and unanimously elected: Wm. Whiting, J. B. Lynn, M. L. Robinson, J. C. Long. H. B. Schuler, J. L. Horning, D. A. Millington, T. H. Soward, A. H. Doane, W. P. Hackney, J. E. Conklin, J. P. Baden, and W. G. Graham. No better men could have been chosen as directors. They are all men of enterprise and energy: men who have the interests of our city and county at heart and the necessary nerve and ability to secure every enterprise possible for our advancement. The committee previously appointed to devise a plan for the establishment of a college in Winfield, composed of W. R. Kirkwood, J. H. Reider, A. H. Gridley, and A. H. Jennings, reported as follows.
Your committee, appointed to consider and report upon the subject of an educational institution of a higher grade, beg leave to present the following, viz:
1st. We believe it to be eminently desirable that such an institution should be located in Winfield, and at the same time entirely feasible.
2nd. We are informed that the South Western Kansas Conference, of the M. E. Church is about to locate a College in the southern central portion of the State.

3rd. We therefore recommend that a committee of businessmen be appointed who shall make a canvass of the city and county, soliciting subscriptions to a fund to be used for the purpose of securing the location of said College in Winfield; and we recommend that the work be done at once, inasmuch as the conference above named, meets on the 16th inst.
4th. Inasmuch as it is proposed at an early day to vote bonds to the amount of $15,000 for the purpose of erecting another school building, we beg to suggest whether it be possible legally to vote for the erection of such building—to build it on plans suitable for College purposes, and, if the College can be secured, to be turned over to the board of trustees of the College for their use, while the high school should be merged in the preparatory department of the College, it being understood that, in case the College is located here, it shall be properly endowed and equipped by the Conference.
The Directors held their first meeting on Friday evening last and permanently officered the Association as follows: President, H. B. Schuler; Vice-President, D. A. Millington; Secretary and Treasurer, T. H. Soward. Committees were appointed to sift and develop certain enterprises that have been sprung. This organization means much for Winfield and Cowley County. It is composed of the most harmonious and enterprising lot of businessmen that any city was ever blessed with—men who are determined to make Winfield the metropolis of Southern Kansas and Cowley the most populous, prosperous, and popular county in the State. With natural advantages unexcelled, citizens a unit for advancement, substantial immigration pouring in, and public and private improvements all around, the future of Cowley looks bright indeed.
Reference to A. B. Graham, Dr. W. G. Graham’s brother...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.
The home of K. A. Kelly, a tenant on A. B. Graham’s farm across Dutch creek just north of the city, was destroyed by fire Wednesday evening of last week and a babe of the family perished in the flames. The mother left her three children in the house, the oldest of which is but five years, while she went out to milk. During her absence the house took fire, supposedly through some action of the children around the stove. Two of the children were rescued alive, but the babe was taken out too late to save its life. All the household goods were lost, on which there was no insurance.
Dr. W. G. Graham and brother, A. B. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
The Highland Park Company. W. G. Graham, T. R. Bryan, S. H. Myton, A. B. Graham, H. D. Gans, H. B. Schuler, J. B. Lynn, and Wm. Newton have purchased the Vandeventer land lying in the northeastern part of the city, abutting the mounds and containing one hundred and forty-six acres, for the neat sum of $11,744. It is being platted this week for an addition to the city and the lots will be put in the market. It is all choice residence property and will very soon be covered with handsome houses. The gentlemen have formed themselves into the “Highland Park Company,” and intend to park a broad avenue through the property and make it the prettiest piece of land in the city, which can be easily done with its natural advantages.
Dr. W. G. Graham: name mentioned with respect to City election...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.

The City election will be held next Tuesday, and as yet no tickets are in the field. For mayor the names of D. L. Kretsinger, Dr. Graham, W. R. McDonald, and Mr. Ordway are prominently mentioned. Any one of these gentlemen are thoroughly competent, and would give the city an active and energetic administration. James Connor is mentioned for the council in the First ward. He is one of our best men, and should go in without opposition. Among others mentioned for the council in their respective wards are Arthur Bangs, Ed. Bedilion, A. H. Doane, J. B. Lynn, H. Brotherton, and W. A. Smith. All are good men, and would give us a clean and effective government. Let every citizen without regard to party or creed make himself a committee of one to go to any and all meetings or caucuses for the nomination of tickets, and see that first class men only are put on ground. There is much of weal or woe, depending on the class of persons selected to govern the city during the next two years.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 2, 1885.
Locating the Imbecile Asylum. A committee has been appointed by the Winfield Enterprise Association, composed of W. G. Graham, A. H. Doane, F. S. Jennings, and Ed. P. Greer, to receive bids and look up a location for the Imbecile Asylum. Persons owning land within two miles of the city to dispose of for this purpose, should interview this committee. Forty acres is required.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 9, 1885.
Winfield never experienced an election day like Tuesday. But one candidate had opposition—Capt. H. H. Siverd. Every man on the ticket was such as would honor the position for which he was nominated—representative men selected from the tried and trusted of the city by a non-partisan caucus—a caucus the like of which Winfield never had before and will probably never have again. There was nothing to draw out a full vote. Everything was as tranquil as a May morning. The only riffle was caused by the feeble attempt of a certain element to down the irrepressible Capt. H. H. Siverd. But the Captain didn’t down worth a cent. The colored voters of the city made a mistake in allowing the whiskey mugwumps to cajole them into running their candidate after this honest defeat in the people’s convention. Following is the vote of the several wards.
                                 [The Third Ward was shown first in newspaper.]
THIRD WARD. W. G. Graham, Mayor, 142; W. H. Turner, Police Judge, 151; John D. Pryor, City Treasurer, 153; G. W. Robinson, Treasurer, Board of Education, 152; H. H. Siverd, Constable, 112; T. H. Herrod, Constable, 129; Archie Brown, Constable, 55; G. H. Crippen, Councilman, 153; J. H. Bullen, Member, Board of Education, 153. TOTAL: 157.
FIRST WARD. Graham, 212; M. G. Troup, 1; W. H. Turner, 234; W. A. Tipton, 1; John D. Pryor, 223; Geo. W. Robinson, 226; H. H. Siverd, 176; T. H. Herrod, 199; Archie Brown, 51; James Connor, 224; A. G. Wilson, 224; W. O. Johnson, 218. TOTAL: 231.
FOURTH WARD. W. G. Graham, 93; W. H. Turner, 91; John D. Pryor, 93; Geo. W. Robinson, 94; H. H. Siverd, 74; T. H. Herrod, 84; Archie Brown, 23; J. P. Baden, 91; J. N. Harter, 92; B. F. Wood, 91; W. H. Smith, 90. TOTAL: 92.
SECOND WARD. W. G. Graham, 127; Mollie Burke, 1; W. H. Turner, 131; John D. Pryor, 128; H. H. Siverd, 105; T. H. Herrod, 103; Archie Brown, 35; A. H. Jennings, 130; T. B. Myers, 132; G. W. Robinson, 131; J. S. Mann, 128; H. E. Silliman, 25; Archie Brown, 5. TOTAL: 133.
Mayor: Dr. W. G. Graham...

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
Last evening the new city council met for the first time presided over by the new Mayor, Dr. W. G. Graham, who delivered an address to the members of the Council which had the ring of pure gold. He said that the members of the new city government had been elected practically unanimously without their solicitation, which was a high compliment as an expression of the confidence of the people of this city that they would attend to the interests of the city honestly, efficiently, energetically, and with watchful care. These offices were not lucrative, and none of those elected were compelled to accept, but the acceptance was the acceptance of a sacred trust, and a contract of honor with our city to do their whole duty with constant vigilance, and any neglect to do this would be dishonorable. That Winfield is in the most important era of its history as bearing upon its future greatness and prosperity which very largely depends upon the wisdom and efficiency of this city government. New enterprises are to be undertaken and encouraged, new institutions, new works of improvement, new railroads, new factories. The city government has to do with all these, to afford to all such reasonable assistance and encouragement as will secure them and render them successful. It has to reach out after and secure new benefits to the city and at the same time to keep down expenses to reasonable limits, and avoid all extravagance and prodigality. It has to husband its means with such economy as to make it do the greatest possible good. The health and good order of the city must be strictly attended to, and the city kept clean in more ways than one.
The above are not the words of the Mayor, but a condensation of their general effect, and we feel confident that they will be crystallized into actions under this administration. He is, to our mind, the right man in the right place. We have an able Council, too, which will second these views with energetic and judicious action.
The nominations made by the Mayor and confirmed by the Council show that they mean business. The selection of G. H. Buckman for City Clerk was no surprise for it was expected and approved by all as the right thing to do. But the appointment of W. P. Hackney for City Attorney and of Ben F. McFadden for Marshal were real surprises to most people for neither of their names seem to have been mentioned in relation thereto, while other names had been prominently mentioned and urged by their friends. But as the Mayor remarked, these officers were to be the trusted employees of the city, and the city should use business sagacity in selecting them by choosing those whose ability and energy would make them most valuable to the city and not because the appointee needed the office or had warm friends. These appointments are hailed with delight and show that the Mayor can practice as well as preach. With Graham for Mayor, Hackney for attorney, McFadden for marshal, and energetic businessmen for council, we have high anticipations for Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.

The Mayor and Council have been wrestling with the problem of the appointive officers for a week. The old Council met in secret session early in the week and recommended Joe O’Hare to the new Mayor for mercy. W. J. Hodges and others of the Council are working the wires for Joe’s retention as City Attorney. Their claim is based on the fact of his having won the old script case in the U. S. Court. This was a good strike on Mr. O’Hare’s part, but probably an accident, as any lawyer who has talent enough to win a case of that magnitude on its merits would certainly be a subscriber to THE DAILY COURIER. He will probably receive the appointment. There have been about a hundred candidates for Marshal. As Mayor elect Graham retired to his down couch after a severe strain upon his (patience) (patients)—take your choice, reader; his fitful dreams were broken by the supplicating voice of the vigilant candidate for Marshal. He finally hit upon a plan to escape them, and calling a “secret caucus” of the members elect to the new Council, put the matter before them and asked them to say who they wanted. While not exactly according to Hoyle, as the statute makes the Mayor responsible for these officers and gives him the only power of appointment subject simply to the approval of the Council, still it seemed to result all right. The meeting adjourned without final action, but with the general feeling that W. E. Tansey of Vernon township would receive the appointment unless something unforeseen should happen. The other officers were not discussed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
The old City Council met last night in regular session for the last time. Mayor Emerson reported having secured at $1.50 per week a home with Joseph Hassel for a pauper child named Slade.
The new mayor and councilmen were then sworn in, composing the Council as follows:
Mayor, W. G. Graham; Councilmen first ward, W. R. McDonald and James Connor; second ward, A. H. Jennings, T. B. Myers; third ward, W. J. Hodges, G. H. Crippen; fourth ward, J. P. Baden, J. N. Harter. Councilman Crippen was unanimously elected president.
The bonds of City Treasurer, Jno. D. Pryor, and Police Judge, W. H. Turner, were approved. Petition for extension of fire limits, and sidewalk petition of A. Herpich and fourteen others for walk on west side of blocks 191, 192, and 193 were referred.
W. E. Dockson’s petition for the privilege of numbering the houses of the city was laid over, leaving the matter open for bids.
Mayor Graham announced the following standing committees for the year.
Finance—McDonald, Jennings, and Baden.
Street and Alleys—Hodges, Connor, and Myers.
Public Health—Crippen, Harter, and Myers.
Fire Department—Myers, Harter, and Crippen.
The appointments of W. P. Hackney, City Attorney; G. H. Buckman, City Clerk, and B. McFadden, Marshal, were unanimously confirmed.
A committee of four, composed of the Mayor and Councilmen Hodges, Jennings, and Crippen, were appointed to receive the State Board of Charities on their arrival to locate the Imbecile Asylum.
T. M. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.

The George Barkalow [Barricklow] county road was ordered open. James Jackson’s road rejected owing to informality of petition. View and survey ordered in Elihu Kerns road, and Wm. Orr, J. W. Curfman, and Thomas Larimer appointed viewers. Samuel Wilson, J. M. Bowman, Wm. Bottomley, N. B. Robertson, W. A. Sowers, and Joseph Jackson county roads ordered open. View and survey ordered in the D. S. Haynes road, with S. P. Strong, Wm. Grew, and Andrew Dawson viewers. The petition being improper in J. C. Bennett road, it was rejected; also S. Bitiler road, there being no affidavit of householders. Road petition of J. M. Dawson granted and S. M. Fall, George Dwyer, and J. M. Tull appointed viewers. Road petitions of Thomas Cooley, W. H. Rathbun, E. E. Foley, W. E. Merydith, T. M. Graham, M. Scofield, A. Buzzi, Joseph Jackson, and R. H. Vermilye were granted and surveys ordered. The Henry Henderson county road petition was continued. Judgment of H. H. Siverd, $40, against the county, was ordered paid. Erroneous personal property tax of M. Y. Pratt was remitted. An election was called on May       to vote $20,000 for the erection of a new county jail. The contract for erecting a county poor house, at a cost of $3,107, was awarded to Connor & Son, a contractor of this city. A constitutional exemption was allowed J. F. Martin.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.
It Means Business. Have you seen the “clean up” proclamation of Mayor Graham? If you have, the quicker you heed it, the better. Don’t wait for Marshal McFadden to punch you up. Clear your alleys and back yards of their “excrementiousness” immediately. (We found this word wrapped up in an old coat left in the office two or three weeks ago by a tramp printer.) It will breed disease. Burn up the old boots, shoes, and socks. Gather up the old tin cans and rubbish and dump them somewhere out—out of sight. Disinfect the outhouses; clean up the corrals and stables, and strew the fragrant promoter of vegetation over the garden wall, where it will cause the perfumed and bald-headed onion and one-eyed pea to grow stronger and hearty. In other words, prepare for the cholera morbus and dysentery season.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.
MAYOR’S OFFICE, April 24, 1885. To all Whom it may Concern: Public notice is hereby given that persons must at once clean up their premises, repair and otherwise clean up vaults, privy closets, and other out-buildings, alleys, and streets on and adjacent to his or her premises; and special attention is called to ordinance No. 98 and of section No. 12 of ordinance No. 197, of the City of Winfield, and the several penalties therein contained; and all hotels, boarding houses, restaurants, and other caterers are requested to look over their premises and then read said ordinance to the end that they may protect themselves at once, and that on and after May 1st, 1885, the Marshal is instructed to enforce said ordinances against all violators thereof. W. G. GRAHAM, Mayor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 30, 1885.
The new City Council met in adjourned session Friday night, Mayor Graham in the chair. In the absence of City Clerk, Buckman, Councilman Myers was appointed clerk.
The petition of L. L. Beck for appointment as night watch was laid over.
Committee on fire limits given further time to report.
The pauper claim of Joseph Hassel, $45, board of woman and two children, was recommended to the County Commissioners.
The old Marshal was ordered to file his final report, and Marshal McFadden’s bond approved.

E. Dockson was granted the privilege of numbering the houses of the city, on the Decimal system.
The Marshal was directed to enforce the ordinance keeping every obstruction off the streets and sidewalks, leaving but three feet next to buildings for use of occupants. This is business and should have been done long ago.
Mayor’s proclamation ordered regarding sanitary condition of city, giving all ten days in which to clean up their premises and alleys. If not done at this expiration, the cold hand of the law to be laid upon them.
An ordinance was passed for the protection of trees and shrubbery in private grounds and public parks. This makes tenants liable for the destruction of any trees or shrubbery, and sanctions the arrest of anybody that may come along and mar your adornments.
The Telegram was made the official city paper for the coming year, the ordinances to be also inserted in THE DAILY COURIER without extra cost.
The City Attorney was instructed to look up all sidewalk ordinances not complied with and enforce them. This is a needed move. There are patches in this city on which the sidewalk was ordered a year ago or more which have never been touched, thereby doing a great injustice to those who have been prompt in this matter and to the general public.
The City Clerk was instructed to furnish the Marshal with a list of head tax.
Alex M. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.

Winfield has been infested for some time past with some lazy whelps who make their living by nocturnal visits to residences and business houses, without invitation, appropriating anything they could get. Our officials have tried every way to locate them, but failed until last night. Marshal McFadden had been shadowing two heavily built, burly and poorly dressed individuals for several days as they perambulated our famous sidewalks with an I-wonder-who-we’ll-tackle-next expression, and determined that they had taken rooms for the night in the First Ward school building, the lock of one window of which was broken. Sheriff McIntire and Marshal McFadden therefore shortened the idea castle about nine o’clock. The Sheriff entered the hall while the Marshal watched the eight windows of the north wing. But the Sheriff had no light and a “grope in the dark” was not very rapid. The festive burglars tried to exit through a window, but the Marshal stood them off with his gun. Dr. Park happened along, and, taking him to be one of the gang, the Marshal pulled down on him. The Doctor at once confessed his identity and was dispatched to the jail to get a little light to throw on the subject. The flash of a lantern in the building made the burglars desperate, and, watching an opportunity, piled headlong out of a window in the darkness. The Marshal immediately opened fire on them. The first shot brought one of the fellows to the earth, but he got to his feet and then ensued a race for life. The Marshal emptied his “gun”—six shots—but the darkness was too much of a shield, and the fleet burglar got away. Tom Herrod was all this time following up the other disciple of the jimmy. Starting a considerable distance behind, his two shots were ineffective. One of them went so “wild” as to go through the wall of Alex. Graham’s house, corner of Eighth avenue and Platter street, passed within a foot of Alex.’s head, and lodged in the stove. The chase had to be given up fruitlessly. But a very bloody trace was found this morning near M. L. Robinson’s residence, proving that some of Marshal McFadden’s shots hit the mark. The sidewalk was sprinkled with blood all along, and our officials are certain of yet running in the victims.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 14, 1885.
Tom H. Herrod objects to our making him the wild shootist in last Friday night’s pistol serenade. He says the ball that went through Alex. Graham’s house wasn’t shot by him: the direction and size indicating that it came from Marshal McFadden’s “gun.” The Marshal also declares that it wasn’t him, and other officials say it couldn’t have been them, for they were clear out of range. The only man left seems to be the burglar. As soon as our reporter can gain an interview with the disciple of the jimmy, THE DAILY COURIER will accurately and speedily inform its readers whose “gun” committed the bold break. Until then, be “azy.”
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 21, 1885.
Notice is hereby given that during decoration services on May 30th, 1885, no teams will be allowed on the grounds of the Winfield Cemetery Association except the ambulance wagon, and the public are respectfully requested to keep off the mound in the center of the grounds and the lots of private individuals.
H. S. Silver, Pres. of Board. Attest: W. G. Graham, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 21, 1885.
College Meeting. Pursuant to call the citizens met in mass meeting at the Court House Tuesday evening, with J. C. Long presiding and Ed. P. Greer as secretary, for the purpose of considering the question of securing the Methodist College. Senator Hackney, of the visiting committee, explained the situation. M. L. Robinson then proposed a plan whereby the twenty acres and fifteen thousand dollars necessary might be raised. He proposed to be one of eight to organize the College Hill Addition Company, secure land in some available location, set aside twenty acres thereof for the college site and guarantee ten thousand dollars to the fund. This suggestion was immediately adopted, and the following gentlemen subscribed to the shares at once: M. L. Robinson, W. P. Hackney, Chas. F. Bahntge, John W. Curns, W. R. McDonald, T. H. Soward, A. J. Thompson, and S. H. Myton. After some further discussion on the matter by Judge Gans, Mayor Graham, J. E. Conklin, and others, the meeting adjourned to meet again this evening. Messrs. Baden, Millington, Spotswood, Wallis, Conklin, F. S. Jennings, Bedilion, and Whiting were appointed as a committee to confer with the members of the College Hill and Highland Park Association and report proceedings. Mayor Graham, H. B. Schuler, and Senator Hackney were appointed to attend to the reception and entertainment of the College Commission. The railroad question was also discussed at some length, and a committee of seven consisting of Messrs. Farnsworth, Bowen, M. M. Scott, Siverd, Chas. Schmidt, and J. E. Conklin were appointed to see that the registration was fully made. An assessment of $1.00 was levied upon the members of the Enterprise Association to defray the expenses of the railroad canvass. The solution of the college problem seems to be at hand. If this association furnishes the twenty acres and ten thousand dollars, certainly our citizens will furnish the other five thousand. Now is the time to act in this matter, and when the committee calls, be ready to put down liberally.
Alvah Graham, son of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Master Alvin [Alvah] Graham, son of the Doctor, returned Monday from the winter’s term of the State University at Lawrence. He is advancing rapidly, and with keen natural tact, has a very promising future.
Drs. Emerson and Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.
Monday night between one and two o’clock, a tragedy was enacted almost the simile of the one in which Mrs. Anna Quarles was the victim, a few months ago. But its results are even more mysterious and horrible! In company with Dr. Emerson, a COURIER reporter visited the scene at eight o’clock this morning. On the bank of Timber creek, just north of Tom Johnson’s residence and near Frank Manny’s Brewery, is a little box house, 10 x 12, with pasteboard roof, papered cracks, and no windows. On entering this crude house a sickening sight met our gaze. Lying on a hay bed, and surrounded by circumstances indicating almost poverty, was the victim of this tragedy. The face, neck, hair, and bed clothing were covered, and the throat and lungs filled, with blood. The whole skull over her right eye was crushed in, exposing the brain and presenting a terrible sight. Mrs. R. H. White was only mechanically breathing, expected to pass unconsciously away at any moment. Just back of her lay the baby, a nice looking little girl of two years, calmly sleeping. The other child, a little girl of five, had been taken to Mrs. Tom Johnson’s. At the foot of the bed stood the husband, and around the house was a crowd, anxious to learn the particulars. . . .
From Mr. White’s testimony: “She was unconscious and her hair had fallen down over the awful gash covering it so that I didn’t know how bad she was hurt until somebody brought Doctors Emerson and Graham.”
“The furniture in the house is in harmony with the shell containing it. It is very meager, consisting of a small cooking stove, three wooden bottom chairs, a few dishes, mostly tin, a rude bedstead, with hay tick and pillows, and a small home-made table. No signs of a struggle were visible, excepting the print of a bloody hand on the round of chair that sat just under her head, as she was found. Sheriff McIntire and Marshal McFadden were early on the ground, and found suspicious footprints. They indicated a number nine boot or shoe and that the party had come up from the west and had looked through a large knot hole in the wall, supposedly to see who was in the room. This was the only trace that could be found. The blow was undoubtedly struck with a flat iron or an ax. The gap commences in the middle of the right forehead and runs diamond shape above the temple and into the hair. The skull bone was broken into splinters and taken out piece by piece by Drs. Graham and Emerson, who at once pronounced the injury fatal. The bones removed, a ghastly sight was revealed in the deep cavity: a mixture of blood and brain.”

Dr. Geo. Emerson said, “I was called for Tuesday morning about 5 o’clock, and on reaching there found Dr. Graham, J. R. Scott, T. J. Johnson, and others there. I made a post mortem examination of the body with Dr. S. R. Marsh. The wound must have been made by a heavy blunt instrument and with great force. The flat-iron was tried in the wound and presume the wound was given by it. We also examined and found human blood on the flat-iron. From our critical examination of the body, I do not think there could have been any sexual intercourse for at least twenty-four or thirty-six hours before death. I think the woman was probably lying down on her left side when the blow was given, though the blow might have been made when the woman was standing, but she must have been instantly placed on the bed to have spattered the wall above the head board with blood.”
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.
Dr. Graham left Sunday for Chicago to attend the annual meeting of the Senate of the National Union, of which he is a member. He will return on Friday or Saturday, next.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 2, 1885.
George Sanderson met with a very serious accident Saturday. He was loading stone from his wagon onto the cars, just east of the S. K. depot. His team started, he jumped from the car to the wagon, but grabbed the lines too late. The team started, throwing him from the wagon and dragging him some distance. The wheel struck him on the back and shoulders, giving him jars that may remain for all time. They thought at first his back was broken, but it is only a severe wrench. Dr. Graham has him in hand.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
The rulers of the city held their regular commune Monday night, with Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, McDonald, Myers, Crippen, Harter, and Baden present.
Citizens’ petition to drain streets in southeast part of the city was referred.
John A. Eaton’s building permit was granted. V. R. Bartlett was granted permission to move his office building to lot north of Sam Myton’s. Petition of John Lowry to bring certain lands into the city limits was received and an ordinance to that effect ordered. Sidewalk petition of P. H. Albright, et al., for extension of East 10th avenue walk was referred. An ordinance, in recognition of citizens’ petition, was ordered, allowing the fire department members a stated salary per month. Letter from the Attorney General regarding the Imbecile Asylum site was read. A resolution was adopted widening Fifth St., to include lots 4, 5, 6, and 7; and J. B. Lynn, S. H. Myton, and A. T. Spotswood were appointed to appraise the damages. An ordinance to attach certain territory to the limits of the city was rejected. An ordinance providing for the payment for site of the Imbecile Asylum was favored. An ordinance was ordered taking into the city all platted territory lying adjacent.
Thomas M. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 16, 1885.
Thos. M. Graham county road was rejected, and J. W. Hiatt road laid over to October.
Drs. Emerson and Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 16, 1885.

At first R. H. White, in the bastille charged with the brutal murder of his wife, Julia Ann, was undecided as to whether or not he would wave preliminary examination, and had the matter put off. When his brother came on, arrangements were made to get $600 for the defense. Then a preliminary hearing was instituted and began before Judge Snow yesterday, with County Attorney Asp prosecuting, and Jennings & Troup and McDermott & Johnson for the defense. No new facts have been introduced. The evidence is almost verbatim to that published from time to time in THE COURIER and which has become trite to the public. There was a difference in the testimony of Doctors Emerson and Graham, regarding the flat iron. Dr. Emerson thought the wound was undoubtedly produced by the iron, while Dr. Graham thought this very improbable. W. C. Allen, representative of Johnson County, who is visiting in this county, was introduced and testified as to the good character of White and his family when he knew them, a few years ago. The trial is still in progress and will not be decided before tomorrow. White waived the jury in his trial.
Drs. Emerson, Marsh, and Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 23, 1885.
What seems to be the last chapter in the deepest and most damnable murder that ever stained the history of any community closed Thursday. Robert H. White, charged with the awful crime of having crushed in the skull of his wife with a flat iron or other instrument, languished in the county jail until ten days ago, undecided as to whether he would waive preliminary examination or not. His brother came out from Illinois and proffered $250 or more to his brother’s defense. Jennings & Troup and McDermott & Johnson were secured as counsel and Tuesday afternoon the preliminary trial began. County Attorney Asp conducted the prosecution and Senator Jennings and A. P. Johnson the defense. The evidence presented was a repetition of that given at the coroner’s inquest, which appeared in full in THE COURIER, and is perfectly known to all. The only new witnesses of importance were W. C. Allen, legislative representative of Johnson County, Illinois, who has been visiting friends in this county. He knew White and his family in Illinois, and testified to their good character. The evidence of J. H. Rendleman, father of Mrs. White, corroborated the statements as to the perfect felicity always existing between White and wife, and that White always had a terror for storms. He said that, on his place in Illinois, White had a cave where he always went in times of storm. His wife seldom went with him. Doctors Graham, Emerson, and Marsh differed as to the flat iron being the instrument of murder. Dr. Graham claimed it very improbable that the iron made the wound, while Doctors Emerson and Marsh were positive that it was used. Witnesses were also introduced to show that the blood on the victim’s shoes was caused by one of the children’s straw hats being picked up from the pool of blood at the head of the bed and thrown back under the table, lodging on the shoes. But Sheriff McIntire, Dr. Marsh, and others who examined the shoes the morning of the murder still maintained that the blood on the heel of each shoe was the print of a hand. The evidence clear through was the same as before, when summed up, and so well known that a resume is unnecessary.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.

The College Funds. The following notice made to our local college committee has the true business ring and betokens progress. All should read it and comply with the request of the Board of Trustees as to putting all matters pertaining to the college in an acceptable business shape. The Trustees are working with zeal and ability and what started in hesitancy and doubt is now assuming shape that will gratify the most enthusiastic and sanguine. Now let all come up to their part of the work and our hopes of a great university on College Hill will be fully realized. The following is the notice: “Winfield, Kansas, July 30th, 1885. To W. G. Graham, T. H. Soward, W. P. Hackney, B. Kelly, and M. L. Robinson. Gentlemen: Having accepted the deeds from the College Hill Association and the Highland Park Association, and having made the necessary arrangements to begin at an early day the construction of our college building, we hereby give you notice that we desire the payment to the treasurer of the Southwest Kansas Conference College, M. L. Read, within sixty days, the one-third of the $40,000 as mentioned in your proposition to the committee of location. We also request that you put the remaining two-thirds of the $20,000 of subscription in the shape of acceptable obligations according to contract. B. C. SWARTS, Prs. Protem. J. D. BOTKIN, Sec’y, Board.”
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
MAYOR’S OFFICE, CITY OF WINFIELD, AUGUST 4th, 1885. In respect for the distinguished services of our late countryman, Gen. U. S. Grant, and in order that we may testify in some degree our sorrow for his loss, I hereby request that all places of business in this city be closed on Saturday, August 8th, 1885, from the hours of one to five o’clock, p.m., and that all our citizens unite in the observance of memorial services on that day. By order of W. G. GRAHAM, Mayor. G. H. BUCKMAN, City Clerk.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 6, 1885.
The rulers of the city met Monday in regular semi-monthly commune. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen McDonald, Connor, Myers, Crippen, and Harter. Absent: Councilmen Jennings, Baden, and Hodges.
A tax ordinance making a tax levy for 1886 was adopted. H. G. Fuller was refused a permit to move a frame building to lot 6, block 127. The sidewalk petition of G. W. Sanderson et al for walk on north side of 11th avenue was granted. Building permits were granted J. P. Short and H. B. Schuler. The petition of Samuel Steele et al for extension of water mains along Lowry street, from 11th avenue to Blandon street, was granted, and such ordinance ordered.
Following bills were ordered paid: Black & Rembaugh, printing, $51.50; T. H. Soward, copies plats, $3.76; Nick Hurley, blacksmith work, $4.00; Frank W. Finch, boarding city prisoners, $23.00; S. C. Smith, city engineer, $34.00; Winfield Water Company, water rent, full to July 15, 1885, $1,572.50; Winfield Gas Company, lamp rent to July 15, 1885, $688.08. A deduction of $211.82 was made from the amount allowed above to Gas Company, on account of an aggregate of 2,501 lamps not lit during the time specified.
G. H. Klaus, hauling stone, $7.35; J. C. McMullen, rent fire dept. building, $25.00; Salaries city officers, $179.98; Wm. Moore & Sons, stone, $108.77; H. L. Thomas, crossings, $63.21; B. McFadden, burying dogs, $1.50; Harrod & Paris, dirt on streets, $35.60.
W. A. Lee was refused permit to move frame building to lots 16, 17, and 18, block 100.
The fire department committee was instructed to notify W. H. H. Maris, New Salem, what Winfield’s old fire machinery could be bought for.

Councilmen McDonald and Crippen were appointed to receive bids for boarding city prisoners. An indemnity bond was required of John A. Eaton, making the city harmless from any damage that might occur from moving the Harter building into 9th avenue. The proper committee was instructed to receive bids for constructing all sidewalks and gutters now ordered and not put in. W. P. Hackney’s resignation as City attorney was accepted and Joseph O’Hare’s appointment to the vacancy was confirmed. Jno. Steward was appointed city engineer in place of D. A. Millington, resigned.
The Commissioners, A. T. Spotswood, J. B. Lynn, and S. H. Myton appointed to assess damages caused by widening 5th avenue, between Main and Andrews street, reported damages of $525, to out lots 4, 5, 6, and 7. The report was received and further action postponed. These lots belong to J. C. Fuller and Judge Torrance, who kick on the amount of damages, claiming three times what the commissioners allowed.
[Note: Amount in last paragraph hard to read. Could be $325. MAW]
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 20, 1885.
The rulers of the city met last night in regular semi-monthly session, Mayor Graham presiding and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, and Baden present; absent, Councilmen McDonald, Hodges, and Harter. An ordinance assessing cost of sidewalks put down by the city; an ordinance providing for the construction of certain walks; an ordinance providing for the annexation of certain territory in the city were passed. Petition of W. A. Lee to build stone building with shingle roof on lots 16, 17, and 18, block 109, was rejected. The resignation of W. J. Cochran as street commissioner to take effect on the 20th inst., was accepted. Councilman Jennings was appointed to contract for boarding city prisoners, and they decided on paying only thirty-five cents per day each for said prisoners, a day to include three meals and a night’s lodging. An ordinance, after some discussion, in which the property owners most interested took part, was ordered widening east Fifth avenue. W. J. Wilson, clerk of the school board, presented the tax levy made by the board for school purposes, as follows: For general school purposes, 10 mills; for bond fund, and to pay interest on one bond, 4½ mills, which levy was approved by the council. The street and alley committee was instructed to purchase dirt for street grading from the Eaton-Short cellar excavators, ten cents per load, delivered. The following bills were ordered paid: Wm. Moore & Sons, stone for crossings, $106.68; H. L. Thomas, crossings, $59.01; N. Hurley, blacksmithing, $4.35; John Roberts, work for city, $4.87; A. G. Glandon, salary assistant marshal to Aug. 4, $5.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.
Judge E. S. Torrance and family left on Friday for Manitou. The trip is taken on recommendation of the family physician, Dr. Graham, for the health of the three little children, who have just passed through a terrible stage of diphtheria, and will yet be in danger for several weeks. The Judge will not return until the little ones thoroughly recover. The September term of the District Court will likely be postponed until his return. The bar will hardly elect a judge pro tem.
J. F. (Fin) Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.

The County Commissioners have condemned and allowed damages on the right of way of the K. C. & S. W. to Winfield. The damages from the north line of Walnut township, the extent of our last publication, were allowed as follows: W. W. Limbocker, $62; Mrs. M. A. Mock, $78; W. W. Limbocker, $461; Joseph Parr, $2; R. Ehret, $542.40; H. G. Buss and C. A. Buss, $196; S. M. Deal, $847; G. W. Yount, $897; Mrs. Cochran, $37; John C. Burkey, $600.25; J. F. Graham, $300; Mrs. M. A. Andrews, $1,125; M. M. Wells, $325; B. B. Vandeventer, $530; D. F. Clark, $250; David C. Beach, $240.
J. F. Graham and Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
J. F. Graham, W. G. Graham, G. W. Yount, W. W. Limbocker, D. C. Beach, L. C. Clark, and R. Ehret have filed appeals in the District Court from the K. C. & S. W. damages allowed them for right of way.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 10, 1885.
The City Fathers met in regular session Monday night, Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, Harter, and Baden, and city clerk Buckman, present; absent, Councilmen McDonald, Myers, and Hodges.
An ordinance attaching territory to the city and one in relation to the public health were passed. The sidewalk petition of A. B. Taylor et al was referred. Petition of A. G. Wilson for reappointment as City Weigh master, was continued. Moore Tanner’s petition for a permit to build a frame building on 9th Avenue was refused. The petition of George S. Brown to be taken into the city limits was referred back for some more signatures. A sidewalk petition of Dr. Mendenhall et al was referred to the city attorney. The petition of J. J. Carson et al for a crossing to be built at expense of petitioners across Main street from Carson’s saloon over to Kleeman’s, to be on the street grade, was granted. An ordinance to widen Fifth Avenue was indefinitely postponed. The commissioners’ report condemning out lots 4, 5, 6, and 7 was reconsidered and rejected. It was determined that the city buy but eight more loads of dirt from the Eaton cellar. The city marshal was instructed to take charge of boarding the city prisoners and feed them on bread and water. The council recommended that the city board of education detach from the city for school purposes all the territory surrounded, or nearly surrounded by the city limits, the owners of which do not voluntarily come into the limits.
An ordinance was ordered cutting off the pay of the fire department members for monthly drill. The city attorney presented such an ordinance and it was defeated.
The street and alley committee were instructed to see that all ordinanced sidewalks unlaid, should be put in at once.
The following bills were ordered paid. L. E. Back, nozzle clamps, $1.50; Black & Rembaugh, printing, $25; Frank W. Finch, boarding city prisoners, $27.75; G. H. Klaus, hauling rock, $3.40; J. O. Stewart, city engineer, $8.50; J. C. McMullen, rent for fire department building, $25.00; City officers salaries and express, August, $151.48; S. H. Myton, supplies, $2.50. Frank W. Finch, $22.40, boarding tramps, was laid over, and a number of bills were referred to the finance committee.
The license of J. M. Coryell, a pauper, for running a “striking machine” on the street, was remitted.
A letter from the County Commissioners announcing the opening of the new poor house was read.
J. F. (Fin) Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.
J. F. Graham vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R., dismissed.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.
J. F. Graham left Thursday for Keene, Ohio, for a short visit.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 5, 1885.
Fin Graham is happy once more. Mrs. Graham returned from a visit to friends in Ohio Friday.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 5, 1885.
The rulers of the city met in regular commune Monday night: Mayor Graham in the chair and councilmen McDonald, Jennings, Hodges, Baden, and Harter present; absent councilmen Myers and Crippen.
An ordinance attaching certain territory to the city, was passed.
The Marshal was instructed to notify the Southern Kansas railroad company to fix its culverts and crossings within ten days or suit would be commenced against them.
Willis A. Ritchie was appointed and confirmed as city engineer.
$15, or whatever necessary, was appropriated to pay for deposition of Dr. Mills in the case of Werger vs. the city.
The city’s frame building located near the fire bell was sold to W. A. Lee for $50.
The following bills were ordered paid.
City officers salaries and expenses, $131.58.
J. C. McMullen, rent, fire department building, $25.00.
J. C. Fuller, rent, council chamber, $30.00.
J. O. Stewart, services city engineer, $4.25.
H. L. Thomas, crossings, $57.10
Bills of J. W. Thomas, stone for crossings, $30.75; H. L. Thomas, laying crossings, $30.30; Black & Rembaugh, printing, $52.50; were referred to finance committee.
Claims were referred to the County Commissioners for payment as follows: A. B. Arment, coffin for John Taroler, pauper, $10; B. McFadden, burial of Taroler, a pauper, $8.50.
J. F. Graham, brother of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 12, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
J F Graham to K C & S W railroad, tract in w hf ne qr 21-32-4e: $361.00.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

National Union. The members of the National Union had another of their pleasant social gatherings at their hall last evening. This Order, though not so familiarly known, is one of the best secret societies existing, for general fraternity and mutual insurance. As its name indicates, it is a typical American institution, governed on the plan of our general government. The local body is a Council, the state body an Assembly, and the National body the Senate. The Senate is the supreme law-enacting power and every state membership of 500 entitles one senator; 3,500, two senators; and an additional senator for each 6,000 thereafter. The insurance is on the mutual plan, graded assessments on from $1,000 to $5,000, embracing, heretofore, all persons of good moral character and sound body, male or female, between the ages of twenty and fifty. A recent enactment excludes the ladies on the ground of too great risk. The insurance is among the cheapest and surest. The Winfield Council has a membership of seventy-three of the city’s prominent gentlemen and ladies. It is offered by: Lewis Conrad, president; Mrs. C. D. Austin, vice-president; A. A. Howland, secretary; Dr. W. G. Graham, financial secretary and medical examiner; Wm. Newton, treasurer; Mrs. E. S. Bliss, speaker; Miss Emma Howland, chaplain. The gathering last night evidenced the success of the National Union as a Social Order. The hall was full—of people, and genuine social intercourse was mingled with a splendid supper, served in regular table style. These socials are indulged in often, including non-members as well as members.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.
CIVIL DOCKET. EIGHTH DAY. W G Graham vs Kansas City and Southwestern R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
The Rulers of the city met in regular semi-monthly conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, Hodges, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilman McDonald.
Petition to remove drays from Main street or raise license to $50 was postponed.
J. W. Randall granted building permit for lot 8, block 110.
Petition of the Winfield Water Company, J. B. Lynn, Bliss & Wood, L. W. Kimball, J. W. Sickles, Blanche M. Sickles, C. J. Moore, J. Stretch, and R. B. Waite to have certain territory brought into the city, was granted.
Dray license of G. W. Crowell, $7.50, was remitted.
Request of Henry Brown to allow merchants to keep gasoline in their cellars was postponed.
The following bills were ordered paid. H. L. Thomas, crossings, $46.25; J. W. Thomas, stone for crossings, $94.65; Horning & Whitney, supplies, $3.85;      Frank W. Finch, board city prisoners, $6.80;    City officers salaries, $129.08; J. C. McMullen, rent Fire Dept. buildings, $25.00; Wm. Moore & Sons, stone, $34.75.
The orders of H. L. Thomas and J. W. Thomas and Wm. Moore & Sons, $13.47, are not to be paid till February 1, 1886.
Pauper claims of A. B. Arment, $10, coffin for Grissom, and Hands & Gary, removing Albert Carlo to poor house, $2, were sent to County Commissioners for payment.

Messrs. H. H. Martin, trustee, J. M. Householder, clerk, and William Carter, treasurer, of Vernon township appeared before the Council to confer in relation to building the bridge across the Walnut at the west end of Ninth Avenue and at Bliss & Wood’s mill. After consideration and full discussion, the following resolution was passed.
“Resolved, That it is the sense of this council that the city of Winfield shall vote $7,500 in bonds and that Vernon township vote $4,000 in bonds, to build a bridge across the Walnut at the west end of 9th avenue, on the J. F. Martin county road, and that the city of Winfield vote $4,500 to building a bridge across the Walnut at Bliss & Wood’s mill, on the site of the old bridge.”
The city attorney was instructed to get up the petitions. It was declared to be the sense of the counsel that the 9th avenue bridge be kept in repair by Vernon township and Winfield in proportion to the yearly assessed valuation of each.
Councilmen Crippen, Connor, and Myers were appointed to examine the plans of the city building.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
The committees, appointed at the citizens’ meeting, to work up the submitting of propositions for the extension of the Florence El Dorado & Walnut railroad from Douglass to Winfield, met yesterday afternoon in McDougall’s hall to determine on the apportionment of the amount of aid asked. Judge T. H. Soward called the meeting to order. S. P. Strong was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary. M. L. Robinson then explained the object of the meeting, to get everything in readiness for aggressive work in submitting the propositions and securing this road.
On the following day: The meeting was called to order by M. L. Robinson. W. G. Graham was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary.
      Every movement must have money back of it to insure its success. This and other enterprises needing agitation take money. Contributions were called for to be placed in the hands of the Winfield Enterprise Association for use in submitting these railroad propositions and any other progressive enterprise for which the Association sees necessity. Over $500 was subscribed as follows. Dr. W. G. Graham subscribed $5.00.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.
Adelphia Lodge No. 110, A. F. & A. M., elected its officers for 1886, last night, as follows: W. M., James McDermott; S. W., Q. A. Glass; J. W., H. H. Siverd; Tr., W. G. Graham; Sec., B. W. Trout. The installation occurs Wednesday evening of next week.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
The installation of the officers of Winfield Commandery’s Knight Templars took place Friday night at their asylum. The following are the names of officers elected for the ensuing year: I. W. Johnston, E. C.; C. C. Black, G.; Ed P. Nelson, C. G.; W. G. Graham, P.; J. B. Nipp, Treasurer; J. D. Pryor, Rec.; P. P. Powell, S. W.;         Trout, I. W.; J. S. Mann, St. B.; S. A. Cook, S. B.; J. L. M. Hill, W.; J. M. Stafford, S.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The city rulers met in regular session Tuesday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, Harter, and Baden. Absent: Councilmen McDonald, Myers, and Hodges.
Petition of remonstrance against removal of draymen from Main street was filed. The draymen need fear no action. Less congregation of their wagons will be the only requirement.
Bill of A. A. Abbott, repairing grader, $3.25, was referred back, to collect of party who had it done.
Bill of Water Company, hydrant rental to January 1, 1885, $1,572.50, was referred.
Bill of C. C. Pierce, $1.50, team and carriage, ordered paid.
Pauper claims of J. W. Johnston, coffin, $10, and W. G. Graham, coal, $1.50, were referred to County Commissioners for payment.
Commissioner on streets and alleys reported that the west bridge, now the City’s property, needed a new floor and approach guards and the irons tightened, and such work was ordered.
The marshal reported having secured a person to remove paupers to poor house or grave yard at one dollar per trip.
The mayor was appointed to represent the city at the annual meeting of the stockholders of the K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., January 6, 1886.
The city attorney was instructed to dismiss proceedings of City vs. Henry Goldsmith.
A number of bids for the construction of the city building were presented, and Councilmen Crippen, Conner, and Harter appointed to examine them, with Architect Ritchie, and report at a special meeting tonight at 7 o’clock, to when the council adjourned.
Alva or Alvah Graham, son of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
Walter Tomlin returned to the State University Saturday. Alva Graham went back today.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.
The City Fathers held their regular conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilmen Jennings, McDonald, and Hodges. A petition to close general merchandise stores on Sunday was tabled. Petition to fix the road to west bridge, ditto. The following bills were ordered paid.

Q. A. Glass, coal, $3.25; J. C. Fuller, rent council room, January, February, and March, $30; J. C. McMullen, rent fire department building, Dec., $25; City Officers salaries Dec., $129.98. Bill of Water Company for $1,572.50, hydrant rental from July 5, 1885, to Jan. 15, 1886, was found correct and the clerk ordered to issue an order for the amount, bearing 7 per cent interest. Bills of Hose Co. No. 1, $40; Hose Co. No. 2, $33; W. H. Clark, chief fire marshal, $4.00; Black & Rembaugh, $23.50. Treasurer’s report for quarter ending Dec. 15th, 1885, was found correct. City Clerk was instructed to ascertain cost of lumber to re-floor west bridge. The finance committee was instructed to deduct, as usual, the moonlight nights from the Gas Company’s bill, and the city attorney was instructed to carry the case of Winfield vs. the Gas Company to the Supreme Court. The marshal was ordered to have the K. C. & S. W. railroad fix its crossing on North Main. The curb-stones around the gas posts, where they interfere with water hydrants, were ordered fixed. The City agreed to furnish rock for crossing to Bliss & Wood’s mill, that firm agreeing to lay the same. The Marshal was ordered to have Mr. Croco lay his walk according to ordinance.
Dr. W. G. Graham and family...
C. M. Wood’s Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Most confusing! Gather that late in June 1869 Wood built a log cabin which stood on the banks of a ravine northwest of the north depot in Winfield in 1886. Wood refers to cabin as his second house.
So I pressed on until I came up with my teams when I told them to go on as far as Douglass and remain there until they heard from me, which I thought would be nearly as soon as they could get there. In haste, I came on to Lagonda, and when I turned around the corner of the timber in sight of my store, I beheld that there was nothing left of that, to me, once grand building but the blackened and charred stockade. Desolation reigned supreme. No Indians to be seen, no white men to be seen; all was gone except an indomitable will. I then and there determined to build again at once, but on my individual claim, the burnt house being built to hold the town site. So I returned to Douglass, stored my goods, paid my teamsters, and commenced to haul the logs, and on about the last of June had raised to the square the log cabin now standing on the banks of the ravine northwest of the north depot.
By this time I was found by W. W. Andrews, from Leavenworth, who camped on the ground with me by the side of my second house. We slept well that night and early in the morning, while getting breakfast, we heard that unearthly noise made by 2,000 Indians crossing the Walnut river at the Kickapoo ford west of the Tunnel mill.
Wood did not clarify time element when Andrews came nor when Dr. Graham and family came to Winfield area...
Mr. Andrews said he was looking for a Dr. W. G. Graham, wife, and child; and said he was coming prepared to stay. He asked if we would give him shelter until he could provide for himself. We told him certainly, he could move right into our cabin, and the next day I went up the country a few miles to some squatters’ cabins to prepare for our trip, and who should I meet but a man with a fine yoke of oxen drawing a wagon loaded with a woman and child, a little boy. This was about three miles north of my cabin. I asked him at once who he was and where he was going. He said he was Dr. Graham from Leavenworth, and that he was hunting for Wood’s ranch. I told him I was Wood. He asked me if Mr. Andrews had spoken to me about shelter. I told him that he had; that it was all right, and that as he was heavy loaded and his team was tired, he should let his wife and child get in my wagon; also put in part of his load. I would go on to our cabin and prepare to make them comfortable, after which I pointed out the timber where he would find a ford, and told him to follow me. I arrived in good time, when our wives set to work to cook something for the inner man, on a camp fire.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

The council chamber was a hot scene Tuesday night. A special meeting of the city rulers was held to approve the bond of Uhl and Giel, the Cleveland, Ohio, contractors whose bid to construct the city building was the lowest one filed and the one accepted. There were present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Harter, McDonald, Crippen, Jennings, and Connor.
There has existed considerable dissatisfaction among home contractors ever since the awarding of this contract to foreign parties. The bid of Uhl, $8,500, was $400 lower than the next lowest, and these men were highly recommended, and signified their determination to locate in Winfield, and made this low bid to introduce themselves. The council could do nothing but accept. Things ran smoothly until last week, when the delay of Uhl and Giel to file their bond caused a little uneasiness, and a petition was circulated, asking the council to revoke their award and give the contract to the next lowest bidder, which was Chas. Schmidt. In the meantime, Uhl and Giel came on, had their bond of $16,000, to strictly fulfill their contract, well secured and ready to file. Last night the fact was brought out that Uhl’s initials were wrong in his contract, which made “K. T. Uhl” the bidder instead of Fred Uhl, whom he represented himself to be. Mr. Uhl, being present, then explained that he drew the original bid himself, but had a Cleveland stenographer copy it, and that it was in this way that the mistake must have occurred. Chas. Schmidt said it illegalized the bid, and if the council accepted Uhl’s bid, he would have him enjoined. Mr. Connor said that he didn’t propose that any foreigner should walk off with that job if he (Connor) had to do it for nothing. And here the war began, fraud being charged to the contractors all around. Connor moved that Uhl’s bid and others filed be rejected. Harter seconded the motion. Connor and Harter voted in favor, and the rest of the councilmen refused to vote, and the motion was declared carried. Mr. Connor tendered his resignation as councilman from the First Ward, to go into effect next Monday evening. His resignation is no doubt to enable him to bid on the city building. The council decided to again advertise for bids, to be opened on the 8th of February. The home contractors are determined, and Uhl is determined, and some very low bids will no doubt result. It was claimed by our home men that Uhl would lose a thousand dollars on his bid of $8,500, and they predicted that he would never file his bond. He stood the racket and thus this hotness. The council never had a livelier or louder discussion than that last night. Some of them got badly stirred up. The resignation of Councilman Connor is much to be regretted. He has made a very efficient member of the council, his services in public improvements being specially valuable. His practical knowledge as a contractor and builder peculiarly fit him as councilman. A member of the council, however, cannot take a contract from that body, under the law.
Dr. W. G. Graham involved in the following matter, the first article not appearing in the weekly Winfield Courier...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.

Our article Tuesday evening on “God pity the poor,” stirred up the whole town. That such barbarism could exist in Winfield was a marvel to all. The family alluded to is in abject circumstances, but through the efforts of Marshal McFadden and our generous hearted citizens, are now being well cared for. Dozens of people were ready today with substantial assistance. The Woman’s Relief Corps took the matter in hand this afternoon and under the sympathies of these noble ladies, with a host of others who stand willing, no more want will come to that household. The young lady with the pneumonia is very low and the one with the frozen limbs is improving. Her flesh is so tender that the mere pressure of the finger makes an indenture as in dough.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Mrs. Stewart, of the ladies relief corps, says she and Mrs. Finch visited Frankie Dorothy and found her in a lamentable condition, as bad as THE COURIER put it, and her story was the same. They also visited Mrs. Bartlett and found her in distress. She showed the bedding where the girl slept, which was enough to make her warm and comfortable; stated that a fire was kept burning all night in the room close by the girl, that she was out at the theater one night, and at home all night, three nights during the time. Mrs. Stewart considers Mrs. Bartlett a perfect lady and gives her statements full credence. She quotes Dr. Graham as stating that attaching blame to Mrs. Bartlett is too ridiculous to consider.
Dr. W. G. Graham and family, W. W. Andrews Manning & Baker...
C. M. Wood’s Story Continued.
[Note: There is some discrepancy concerning the place where the citizens of Cowley County assembled and organized a Citizens’ Protective Union. An article appearing in the November 19, 1869, issue of the Emporia News stated that this meeting took place at the house of Dr. W. G. Graham on November 7, 1869, when the citizens of Cowley County assembled and organized a Citizens’ Protective Union. N. J. Trusty was elected Chairman and Dr. W. G. Graham was elected Secretary. A constitution, by-laws, and resolutions were presented and adopted on November 7, 1869. Cliff Wood states that this meeting took place in his log cabin.]
Both Andrews and Graham arrived before November 1869.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.
Supper prepared, dark came, and the Doctor did not come. We thought that there must be something wrong; and as I was about to start out to look after him, he came up to the cabin laughing and in the best of spirits, and said, “I am stuck fast in the creek.” I told him to take my double trees and chain and I would go down into the timber, get my horses, harness them up, and be down soon to pull him out. All this was carried out in good time and all were landed at our ranch. We ate a hearty supper, talked over the prospects, went to bed, and slept well. Next morning bright and early my wife and I started for Cottonwood Falls, leaving the Doctor and family in charge of our cabin. We made the trip as quickly as possible and while on our journey back, between El Dorado and Augusta, we met Mr. Andrews, who stopped us for my signature to a petition to the Governor asking for arms for protection against the Indians. I signed the petition, remarking to him that it would do us no good as the governor would not protect us for we were trespassers on Indian lands, and the less noise we made about it, the better for us; that we must take care of ourselves. Suffice to say the Governor did not send us arms. Mr. Andrews also showed me the constitution and by-laws of an organization made at my house named the “Cowley County Citizens Protective Union.” Dr. Graham was elected president and I think I was elected secretary. Then there was an executive committee and a safety committee. This, he said, he was going to have published in the state paper, which would bring emigrants and settlers down the Walnut in one solid column. He went on to Topeka and Leavenworth, got publication in a state paper, and sure enough, either that or something else covered the country with claim hunters.

Upon our return home (we began to call this home), I found Dr. Graham getting out logs for his claim cabin, which he was erecting north of the present cemetery and near the creek and timber. Well, I went on finishing my house by daubing it inside and out, putting in doors, windows, a floor overhead, stairs to get up in the loft, etc.
By that time we had got some ways into November. Dr. Graham had moved into his cabin, and the Indians were camped all the way from the mouth of the Walnut river up to this place. They seemed to be better reconciled to the situation. The squatters who left had come back and were fixing up for the winter, except Mr. Patterson, who gave up the venture and settled at Emporia. I have since lost sight of him.
The Indians asked me to get them a trader. I wrote to Baker and Manning (the same E. C. Manning), who had previously located a store at Augusta, as I understood that they had a permit to trade with the Indians on the Walnut river, stating facts in the case, and telling them that they could depend upon me for any help I was able to give them. A few days after this Mr. Baker came down with one wagon load of goods to see what he could do. I went with him on the next day down the Walnut river about four miles where we traded off nearly everything he brought for buffalo robes. We returned the same night to our cabin, when Baker arranged with me to build at once a log house for a trading post and claim house for Manning to hold the town site. I at once went to work, built a neat log house 14 x 22 feet, 30 rods due south of our own cabin, with the understanding that for convenience we would make a temporary line 10 rods south of Baker and Manning’s house. Manning at this time was at Manhattan. Baker wrote to him what he was doing, telling him that I was holding his claim for him and that he must come on at once. Manning arrived some time about the middle of December, and at once took charge of his claim and store, which was at once filled with goods. Up to this time all the trading was done from our cabin. Often our house would be filled with Indians trading furs and robes for goods, which made it very inconvenient for Mrs. Wood.
Dr. W. G. Graham and W. W. Andrews mentioned...
C. M. Wood’s Story Continued.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Well, to resume my story. While Mr. W. W. Andrews was off to Leavenworth after his family, he having overstayed his 30 days (the time given a man to be absent, after taking his claim), some party came to me and asked me to go with my team and haul some logs for him, as he was going to jump Mr. Andrews’ claim. I told him I would have nothing to do with jumping Mr. Andrews’ claim as I knew he was coming back, and told him that Mr. Andrews was a well-meaning man and that his time should be extended until we could hear from him. I then turned and went down into my timber to work; but when I returned in the evening, I found that the party had taken my team and had hauled some of Mr. Andrews’ logs a short distance from his proposed building site and had commenced putting up a house. This movement aroused the friends of Mr. Andrews, such as Dr. W. G. Graham, James H. Land, Prettyman Knowles, and many others (whose names I have forgotten or have not space to mention). The claim jumper was informed that such a procedure would not do, whereupon he abandoned his action, apologizing to the settlers, and laying the blame on me, a thing that I must say that I was entirely innocent of, and was able afterwards to convince Mr. Andrews of the fact.

Mr. Andrews returned from Leavenworth about the first of January, 1870, with his family and household goods. He proceeded to erect a little log cabin on his claim about 35 or 40 rods north and a little east of where his fine, commodious brick house now stands, and where Mrs. Andrews and the children now live, Mr. Andrews being now absent in California.
Some strange things occurred here that winter, one of which is that Mr. Andrews killed a snake on the 21st day of January, 1870. He said that his snakeship was as lively as a cricket.
The first child born in the county was, I think, a son born to Mr. and Mrs. Abe Land soon after they arrived here. The child was born in a hut opposite and across the river from where Bliss & Wood’s mill now stands. This was quite a circumstance and elicited much interest among the settlers. I recollect calling one day and taking a look at the little “new comer.”
Miss Minnie Andrews was the first child born on the town site; so short a time since, it seems to me, that she has grown to be a beautiful and accomplished young lady, which fact I suppose our society people well know.
Master Fred Manning, son of Col. E. C. and Mrs. Manning (his first wife) was the first child born on the original town site. Fred is at the present time in Washington, D. C., with his father, and I understand, is a promising young man.
Dr. W. G. Graham is the first physician that came to the county. He has succeeded admirably, holds his original claim yet, enjoys a lucrative practice, and is the present Mayor of the city.
Upon the arrival of Col. Manning in December 1869, Mr. A. A. Jackson, who came with him, proceeded at once to claim the piece of ground known as the Fuller addition. He built a foundation and then secured some lumber with which to build a frame house (the second frame house in the county). While at work on his material in front of Baker & Manning’s store, being employed by them to look after the store, sell goods, etc., and not being at work directly on the ground claimed by him, some parties hailing from Topeka took it into their heads to jump Mr. Jackson’s claim, and proceeded at once to haul logs on the claim and put them up for a house. The settlers were apprized of the fact and rallied as one man, called the “Protection Union” together, and notified the claim jumpers that they should appear and show cause for such a proceeding. A sufficient length of time was given them to appear; but they came not, when the meeting went into executive session, discussed the matter to its fullest extent, listened to Mr. Jackson, and decided that the claim jumpers’ case had gone by default. Talked some of arraigning them for contempt, but upon motion, a committee of five, of which I was chairman, was appointed to notify said defendants that they would be allowed until the next morning at 9 o’clock to vacate said claim. We proceeded to their camp by the side of the house they were building. Though it was very dark and quite late in the evening, we could see their camp-fire, so we had no trouble in finding them. They had not gone to bed yet but were sitting around the camp-fire. As we came up I said, “Good evening, gentlemen.” They responded by saying, “Yes, this is a good evening.” I said, “Gentlemen, we were appointed as a committee by the Protection Union to inform you that you must leave this claim by 9 o’clock tomorrow morning and not return again with the intent to hold and improve the same. This order you must obey or take such consequence as the Protection Union may deem best for the purpose of enforcing its mandates.
One of the party replied that he would go when he d       d pleased, or not at all.

At this moment Em. Yeoman, one of the committee, whipped out his navy and said, “You will go now, and d      quick too, if I hear any more of your insolence.”
I told Yeoman to put up his gun, that I hoped that nothing of that kind would be necessary to enforce our order, that these men had the appearance of gentlemen, and that I was sure that nothing further was necessary. They gave us assurance that they wished to do right and would give us no more trouble, so we bid them good night and retired.
Next morning the claim jumpers moved on down the river and took some good claims in what is known as South Bend. They never came here to make permanent homes, but finally sold out to pretty good advantage and since that time I have lost sight of them.
Mr. A. A. Jackson went on with his building and finally sold his claim to J. C. Fuller for $1,000 and thought, at that time, it was a big sale. Mr. Jackson and Miss Geneva Kelsey were married sometime in the summer of 1870 and were the first to get married in the county. They came and boarded with me until Mr. Jackson could finish his house, which was the first frame house built in Winfield, and was on the northeast corner of 8th avenue and Andrews street. When finished they set up housekeeping in pretty good style for those days.
I will close this for the present, hoping to be able to say more of these prominent characters in the settling of this county, at some future time.
Reference to the residence of Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
P. G. Van Vleet, our new wholesale agricultural implement dealer, has bought the Tom Bryan property, next to Dr. Graham’s, where he will reside.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
Senator Hackney’s little boy is dangerously ill, with inflammation of the bowels. Dr. Graham called Dr. Parkins, the Arkansas City Homeopathist, in consultation yesterday.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
The City Building Contract Let for $300 More Than the Bid Formerly Accepted.

The rulers of the city met in adjourned session Monday night to look into the bridge building question and to let the contract for the city building—Mayor Graham and Councilmen Jennings, Harter, Myers, Baden, Connor, and Crippen, present; with city clerk, Buckman; city attorney, Jos. O’Hare, and city engineer, Willis A. Ritchie. The bridge committee and city engineer had conferred with various bridge builders and determined on prices and plans, but it was determined best to consult with the Vernon officials before taking final action, as that township was equally interested in the Ninth Avenue bridge. The meeting with Vernon was set for Wednesday next, the city clerk to notify the Vernon Board. There were four bids for the complete construction of the City Building: Chas. Schmidt: $10,765; Joe Reeves: $9,700; John Q. Ashton: $9,330; Uhl & Giel, Cleveland: $8,880. The bid of Fr. Uhl and John F. Giel being the lowest bid, with ample bondsmen and recommendations, the contract was awarded to them. This is the Cleveland, Ohio, firm whose bid, $380 lower than this one, was accepted by the council before. Owing to a slight technicality, which could easily have been lawfully remedied, and the assurance that home contractors would make lower bids if given another opportunity, the bids were all thrown out and bids re-advertised for. This little miscue cost the city $300. But the council is not altogether to blame. They did as their best judgment dictated, backed by a petition of 300 citizens who were dissatisfied with foreigners getting the contract, and with the declarations of home contractors. Messrs. Uhl & Giel will locate here permanently, at once, and begin the erection of the city building as soon as the weather will permit. They are contractors of experience and first-class standing in Cleveland. They enter into a bond of $8,880 to complete the work, strictly according to plans and specifications, by the first of August. The council ordered the Fire company to rent the old foundry building for its departments, until the city building is completed. The fire marshal was instructed to examine the various fire plugs and see that they are in working order. The street and alley committee is to have Dr. Mendenhall’s sidewalk, fronting his residence on Millington Street, raised above the high water mark.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
Our City Fathers met in regular session Monday night. Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, and Harter, and Clerk Buckman were present.
The committee on street railway and electric lights were granted longer time. The bill of Q. A. Glass of $6.50 for coal was allowed. The bill of W. A. Ritchie & Co., services as architects for $150, was referred to finance committee. The bill of T. S. Holbrook was referred back for correction. The pauper bill of G. B. Shaw and A. B. Arment was referred to County Commissioners for payment. The sidewalk petition of Mrs. Andrews and fourteen others was referred to committee on sidewalks. A petition to vacate the alley in block 106 was granted and the City Attorney directed to prepare ordinance. The petition to move hay scales from Main street was not granted. W. A. Lee was granted the privilege of raising the roof of his machine shed six feet higher. The committee on public health was ordered to investigate dry wells and sewers. Marshal McFadden was ordered to notify all parties to clear pig pens and back yards and to remove all garbage, filth, and tin cans from the allies.
Continuation of C. M. Wood Story: mentions Graham and Monforte family. Have given only a portion of article...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
Young people were quite scarce during the first winter of these settlements, there only being three young ladies in the whole neighborhood—Emma and Hattie Ross, daughters of Judge T. B. Ross, and Julia Monforte, daughter of Capt. J. C. Monforte, who came into the settlement some time in November, 1869. I think at least we found them here when my wife and I came back from Cottonwood Falls in November. Dr. W. G. Graham helped them to select and locate three good claims about three miles up Timber Creek. The family consisted of the Captain, his wife, two sons, and two daughters. The two sons being of age took claims adjoining that of their father and held onto them for some years, but hard times and disappointment drove them to part with them. The Captain held on to his claim, worked diligently in connection with his sons and from year to year improved it until it is now one of the most valuable farms in the county and is owned by Alvin and J. C. Monforte, Jr.
Dr. W. G. Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds yesterday.
Highland Park Town Company to W G Graham, lots 1 & 14, blk 5, and lots 10, 11 & 12, blk 29, H P ad to Winfield: $1,500.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 4, 1886.
The rulers of the city met in regular bi-weekly session Monday eve, with Mayor Graham presiding, and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter present; McDonald and Hodges absent.
The sidewalk petition of Marie A. Andrews et al was granted. The Public Health Committee sat down on dry wells for drains, and an ordinance was ordered prohibiting drain wells or privy vaults anywhere in the city, of greater depth than eight feet. Bills were ordered, paid as follows: B. McFadden, burying four canines, $4; city officers’ salaries for Feb., $129.98; Black & Rembaugh, printing, $145. Bills of J. P. Baden, $21.65, were referred to commissioners for payment. The Western Union Telegraph Company was given right of way for its line to the uptown office, with the privilege of establishing said office.
Councilmen Crippen, Connor, and Harter were appointed to ascertain the boundaries of territory necessary to take into the city limits.
It was determined to put on the market simultaneously the city building and bridge bonds, $23,000, soon.
There were two bids opened for privilege of city weigh master. Capt. Lyons offered the city $25 per month, and Van Vleet & Sage, the new wholesale implement men, offered one-half the gross receipts from the scales, with a guarantee of $640 a year; no other scales to be licensed to weigh for hire in the city limits. The scales are to be the size and kind directed by the council, and be erected at once in front of 614 North Main.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
The city council held an adjourned session Thursday, with Mayor Graham in the chair and councilmen Crippen, Myers, Connor, Jennings, Baden, and Harter, present; absent, McDonald and Hodges.
An ordinance prohibiting all unmuzzled dogs the freedom of the city; a public health ordinance, prohibiting a public health ordinance, prohibiting wells for drainage, over eight feet deep; wells for drainage, over eight feet deep; ordinance for sidewalk on Fourth and Millington streets; ordinance vacating the alley east and west in the Brettun block, were passed.
Bills ordered paid: Willis A. Ritchie, past services as city building architect, to be paid from amount received for bonds; Jos. O’Hare, telegraph message, $1, and F. L. Holbrook, work on fire department building, $6.
Bills of Willis A. Ritchie, city engineer, $21.50, and District Clerk Pate, $11.75, were referred.
Permit was given to S. E. Hunt to raise the front and back of the old Stump building, in the McDougall block.

For the purpose of consulting as to the Walnut river bridge contracts; the township board of Vernon, H. H. Martin, trustee; J. M. Householder, clerk, and Wm. Carter, treasurer, were present. The dozen bridge representatives were excluded from the chamber and the bids opened, and, after some consideration, the final consideration was set for April 12th.
The city weigh master’s bond was placed at $1,000; the city clerk was instructed to execute the proper contract, and the city attorney to draw an ordinance regulating the duties and privileges of the weigh master.
It was decided to sell the city building bonds at the next regular meeting of the council, the 15th inst.
Drs. Park and Graham...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.
Drs. Park and Graham amputated a finger Saturday for Miss Martha Thompson, of Rock, who has been here sometime under the care of Dr. Park.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 25, 1886.
Notice is hereby given to the public that the legal city scales of the city of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, is situated at 614 Main street, nearly opposite the Brettun House, and that Van Vleet & Sage are the duly appointed weigh masters of the same.
Signed, W. G. Graham, Mayor. Dated March 18, 1886.
Dr. W. G. Graham had a sister, Mrs. Musgrove, who lived at South Haven...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 1, 1886.
Mrs. Musgrove, a sister of Dr. Graham, went home Friday to South Haven.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 1, 1886.
Mayor Graham proclaims the necessity of observing Arbor Day, April 1st, in Winfield.
Dr. W. G. Graham and wife...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 8, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds.
Wm G Graham & wf to John G Kraft, 1 acre in 22-32-4e: $150.
Dr. W. G. Graham, Mayor...
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 15, 1886.
The city council met in adjourned session Monday, with Mayor Graham and Councilmen Crippen, Connor, Baden, Myers, Harter, Clerk Buckman and Attorney O’Hare present. Petitions for sidewalks fronting lots 10 and 11, block 130, Main street, and blocks 134, 154, 174, and 194 on Riverside Avenue were granted, and ordinances ordered. Bill of James Jordan, $25, rent fire dept. building, was allowed, and bill of W. A. Ritchie, city engineer, etc., $41.10, was referred. Willis A. Ritchie resigned the city engineership. This was made necessary by his commission as government architect and superintendent for the Wichita Government building. He couldn’t hold both positions. Col. H. Allen, of the K. C. Bridge Co.; George H. Bullene, of the Bullene Bridge Co., Leavenworth; H. C. Campbell, of the Toledo Bridge Co., and a representative of the Missouri Bridge & Iron Works were present with bids for the Ninth Avenue and Bliss & Wood Bridges as follows.

NINTH AVENUE. K. C. Bridge Co., $8,450; Leavenworth Bridge Co., $8,525; Missouri Bridge & Iron Works, $9,400; Smith Bridge Co., Toledo, Ohio, $9,500.
BLISS & WOOD BRIDGE. K. C. Bridge Co., $5,500; Leavenworth Bridge Co., $5,250; Toledo Bridge Co., $5,690.
The council went into secret session to consider the bids and after a late hour adjourned to finish up this morning.
The forenoon was put in with the bridge men, resulting in awarding the contract for both bridges to the Smith Bridge Company, of Toledo, Ohio, which company presented the only bids for steel bridges, with piers on bed rock. The others bid to erect wrought iron bridges, on piles. The Ninth Avenue bridge has a center span of 140 feet and two approaching spans of 60 feet each. It has an 18 feet wagon path and 2 foot path, one complete and the other ready for the planks whenever it is needed. The superstructure of this bridge costs $5,690, and the masonry $3,810, a total of $9,500 for the bridge complete. The Bliss & Wood bridge has two 100 feet spans, with bed-rock abutments. The superstructure costs $4,442 and the masonry $568. Charley Schmidt contracted with H. C. Campbell, agent of the Smith Bridge Co., this morning, for the entire mason work for both bridges. Messrs. H. H. Martin, J. M. Householder, and William Carter, Township Board of Vernon, met with the council in the awarding of the Ninth Avenue contract. The $11,000 in bonds voted by Winfield, and $4,000 by Vernon covers the contract with $500 left. The bridges are to be completed, ready for travel in August.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum