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Judge W. M. Boyer

[Note: Recreating file lost when hard drive failed. MAW]

Winfield 1873: W. M. Boyer, 36; spouse, M. C., 32.
Kansas 1875 Census, Winfield Township, Cowley County, March 1, 1875.
Name                     age sex color          Place/birth        Where from
W. M. Boyer          36  m     w            New York              Maryland
Mary C. Boyer 32    f      w            New York              Maryland
Richard S. Boyer    11  m     w            New York              Maryland
Fannie S. Boyer        4    f      w            Maryland                Maryland
Winfield 1878: W. M. Boyer, 41; spouse, M. C., 38.
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Cowley County Censor, March 18, 1871.
OFFICE: Main Street, opposite Court House, Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas.
Winfield Messenger, July 12, 1872.
Bill in favor of W. M. Boyer, as J. P. cost, in Criminal action, rejected.
Winfield Messenger, July 12, 1872.
A township convention was held at the courthouse last Saturday, and delegates were elected to the county convention. The delegates chosen were L. J. Webb, J. P. Short, and W. M. Boyer.
Winfield Messenger, August 16, 1872.
State vs. Doss, J. P. Court, W. M. Boyer, J. P., $8.35.
Winfield Messenger, Friday, October 4, 1872. Front Page.
Premium List of the National Horse Fair, to be Held on the Grounds of the Cowley County Agricultural Society, at Winfield, Kansas, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, October 16th, 17th, and 18th, 1872.
LOT 1 - BLOODED HORSES. W. M. Boyer, Superintendent.
Best blooded stallion any age, $20; best blooded mare any age, $20; best blooded colt under three years old, $10.
Winfield Messenger, October 4, 1872.
Lot 40. There were placed on exhibition, but no premiums awarded, a cane, a beautiful specimen of wood carving by Mr. Webb; two telescope rifles by Mr. Wigton, sewing machines by Mr. Boyer and Mr. Best, school desks by Mr. Boyer, Mr. Greer, Mr. Best, and Mr. Brower.
Winfield Messenger, October 4, 1872.

SCHOOL FURNITURE. Gothic desk and western Publishing and School Furnishing Co.’s school furniture for sale at Boyer’s News Room. Address W. M. Boyer, Winfield, Kansas. Agent for Cowley and Sumner Counties.
Winfield Messenger, November 1, 1872. Front Page.
W. M. BOYER, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, Winfield, Kansas.
Collections made and promptly remitted.
Deeds and Mortgages made out with accuracy and dispatch.
Office, two doors north of the Walnut Valley Billiard Hall, in the News Room.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 11, 1873.
The following bill was presented and rejected. Jackson & Myers, coffin for R. M. Boyer.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 18, 1873.
W. M. BOYER, Bookseller, Stationer, and News Dealer. Winfield.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 18, 1873.
Papers. Copies of this week’s issue can be had at this office on subscription, or at the News Store of W. M. Boyer, Esq., on Main street.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 18, 1873.
Furniture. In passing by the old stand of Jackson & Myers we noticed a large load of Household Furniture being unloaded. Upon inquiry we found that Capt. Greer, who has formerly been selling school furniture in company with Mr. Boyer, has connected with his former business household and kitchen furniture, under the firm name of Close & Greer; where will be found a large and well selected assortment of Household and School House Furniture. Charts, globes, maps, books, and stationery are always kept on hand.
He is the sole agent in this county for the publishers of the Text Books, recommended to be used in our schools by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. School boards and others interested will do well to give him a call.
Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 25, 1873.
                                                          Publication Notice.
RECAP: E. P. Hickok, PLAINTIFF, AGAINST MICHAEL SULLIVAN AND MINNIE E. JEWETT, FIRM NAME OF JEWETT AND SULLIVAN, DEFEN­DANTS. Justice Court before W. M. Boyer, Justice of the Peace in and for Cowley County, Kansas.
Jewett and Sullivan will hereby take notice that they have been sued by the Justice Court....The following personal property has been attached: One black horse and one set of double har­ness. Action brought to recover $29.75, for services of E. P. Hickok as clerk of the District Court.
Winfield Courier, February 1, 1873.
DISSOLUTION NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the co-partnership heretofore existing between the undersigned, in the school furniture, and other business, is this day dissolved by mutual consent. The business of this firm will be fixed up soon.
Winfield Courier, February 15, 1873.
Office at Boyer’s News Depot, Main St., Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 20, 1873.

W. M. Boyer, Esq., will build a commodious dwelling next month.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 6, 1873.
Upcoming city election. The first named is the “City Ticket:” For Mayor, J. B. Fairbanks; For Police Judge, Wallis M. Boyer; For Councilmen: Owen F. Boyle, Alonzo T. Stewart, Jas. P. Short, James D. Cochran, and James M. Dever. The other is as follows: For Mayor, W. H. H. Maris; For Police Judge, Add. A. Jackson; For Councilmen: Owen F. Boyle, Samuel C. Smith, Jas. D. Cochran, Hiram S. Silver, Chas. A. Bliss. It behooves the people of Winfield to examine into the standing of these opposing candidates, and weigh their qualifica­tions for the different offices judiciously before entrusting to their care the welfare of our town.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 6, 1873.
Notice of Election. In the matter of the application of the majority of the electors of the unincorporated town of Winfield, in the county of Cowley, and state of Kansas, to be incorporated into a city of the third class, under the laws in such case made and provided.
And it is by me further ordered that, the first election in said City, for City officers, shall be held at the LAW OFFICE OF SUITS & WOOD, in said City, on the 7th day of March, A. D., 1873. And I hereby designate W. M. Boyer, D. A. Millington, and J. P. Short, to act as judges of said election, and J. W. Curns and J. M. Dever to act as Clerks of said election, and also, A. A. Jackson, A. T. Stewart, and O. F. Boyle to act as a Board of Canvassers.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand at El Dorado, Kansas, in chambers this 22nd day of February, A. D. 1873. W. P. CAMPBELL, Judge.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 20, 1873.
An article appeared in the Telegram this morning reflecting not only on my official conduct but on my private character and business. I do not care for what may have been said of my official conduct, as I am not accountable to the Telegram, nor to any one person, but to the public. As for the statements con­cerning my allowing my brother’s funeral expenses to be charged to the county as expenses for burying a pauper, they are as false as they are malicious.
The public will excuse my making a statement of my private affairs when they consider the charge made against me. I did pay all the expenses attending my brother’s funeral except the coffin, and I stated to Messrs. Jackson and Myers that the bill would be paid by my father; that I would pay for it if he did not. They took his address and I believe they wrote him and sent the bill; not receiving an answer for some time, they presented their bill to the county for payment without my knowledge or consent. The bill was justly rejected. I have not asked the county to pay it, nor do I wish them to do so.
This is a true statement of the matter. I would not make it if the Telegram had not attempted to blacken and vilify my character by dragging before the public my private business. W. M. BOYER.
We have read the above statement and the same is true so far as our knowledge extends.
I sign the above to be correct as far as I know. A. A. JACKSON.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 10, 1873.

L. J. Webb, Esq., has purchased W. M. Boyer’s book store and news depot. Webb will make it a popular resort if anybody can. His enterprise and affability assure success.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 5, 1873.
A. H. Green appeared and asked to be released from W. M. Boyer’s official bond as the Justice of the Peace; granted. . . .
Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 7, 1873.
W. M. Boyer has bought the book store and news office formerly owned by L. J. Webb, and will continue the business in his name. Boyer is a thorough businessman and all that is needed to find it out is to patronize him.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 4, 1873.
The directors of the Agricultural Society will meet at the Fair Grounds, Saturday, Sept. 6th, 1873, at 2 o’clock P. M. They earnestly desire that the Superintendents of all the departments meet with them to acquaint themselves with their duties. The following are the names of the various Superintendents: Capt. E. Davis; A. Walton; J. H. Churchill; J. P. Short; John R. Smith; E. B. Johnson; W. K. Davis; A. S. Williams; Will S. Voris; S. H. Myton; Samuel Darrah; James Stewart; Jas. H. Land; T. B. Myers; Geo. W. Martin; W. M. Boyer; Max Shoeb; John Swain; S. C. Smith, Mrs. L. H. Howard; Mrs. J. D. Cochran; Mrs. E. Davis; Mrs. J. C. Fuller; Mrs. C. A. Bliss; Mrs. Fitch; Max Fawcett; J. O. Matthewson; H. B. Norton; D. A. Millington; E. B. Kager, C. M. Wood; T. A. Wilkinson.
The Superintendents are desired to study carefully the rules and regulations of the society so they may be able to render assistance to exhibitors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 2, 1873.
Soldiers Reunion. We, the undersigned, late Soldiers of the Union Army, take this method of calling a meeting of the Soldiers of Cowley and adjoining counties to meet at Winfield, October 18th, 1873, for the purpose of getting acquainted and having a good social time. W. M. Boyer, Co. G, 15 N. Y. Vol. Cav.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
W. M. Boyer has a big stock of Christmas toys.
Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.
GRAND MASONIC FESTIVAL! To be given for the benefit of Adelphi Lodge, A. F. & A. M., at the Courtroom, Winfield, Kansas, Dec. 25th, 1873.
PROGRAMME. There will be a public installation of officers of the Lodge at the Baptist church at one o’clock P.M. After the Installation there will be a few short addresses by members of the order. Dinner will take place at the courtroom at five o’clock P.M. A cordial invitation is extended to the public. After dinner a grand ball will be given at the courtroom. Good music will be in attendance. A cordial invitation is extended to the fraternity to be present. Special invitations will be given by the Committee to those not members of the order.
The following is the list of the committees appointed for the occasion.
COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS. A. A. Jackson, T. A. Rice, J. E. Saint, W. M. Boyer, L. J. Webb, J. C. Fuller.

TABLE COMMITTEE. A. T. Stewart, J. F. Paul, T. A. Rice, W. M. Boyer, J. E. Saint, J. D. Cochran, J. C. Fuller, John Swain, J. A. Simpson, A. T. Shenneman, A. S. Williams, J. P. Short, Mrs. J. P. Short, Miss Read, Miss Mary Stewart, Mrs. Geo. Oakes, Mrs. J. F. Paul, Mrs. E. Maris, Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mrs. W. M. Boyer, Mrs. L. R. Paul, Mrs. L. J. Webb, Mrs. J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Howland, Mrs. Hickok, Mrs. W. G. Graham, Mrs. J. D. Cochran, Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Miss Parmelee, Miss Lizzie Graham, Miss Yount.
COMMITTEE ON INVITATION. L. J. Webb, J. F. Paul, T. A. Rice, W. M. Boyer, J. C. Fuller.
Winfield Courier, January 30, 1874.
Nearly the entire population of Little Dutch was in town on Monday attending a lawsuit between Messrs. Hornemann and Lacey, which was tried before ’Squire Boyer. The former got judgment.
Winfield Courier, February 6, 1874.
Last Wednesday, Manning & Johnson sued James Jordan before Justice Boyer, for attorney fees for the amount of two hundred and fifty-four dollars. A jury awarded the plaintiffs forty dollars, whereupon they took an appeal, and the case will be carried to the District Court.
Winfield Courier, February 6, 1874.
Last Tuesday Sheriff Walker arrested, on Grouse Creek, Wm. Slater and a man named Bryant charged with assisting Thomas Rucker to break jail last week. Mr. Wm. Slater is an uncle of Rucker’s. Before leaving, Rucker gave Slater a deed to his land. Bryant owned up to his part of the transaction, which was the bringing of a horse from Slater’s to Rucker wherewith to make his escape. The men were up for a hearing before ’Squire Boyer yesterday, but the case was continued until Saturday, when if any charge is found against them, they will be taken to Emporia for safe keeping.
Winfield Courier, February 13, 1874.
David Slater and James W. Bryant, the two men who were arrested a short time ago on the charge of assisting Rucker to break jail, were up before Justices Millington and Boyer last Saturday, for a hearing. Judge T. H. Johnson appeared for Slater, and asked a continuance, which was denied. He then waived an examination for his client, and Slater accordingly gave bail in the amount of $1,500.00, to appear at the next term of the District Court. County Attorney E. S. Torrance dismissed the charge against Bryant, in order to make him a witness in the case. The bail for his appearance as a witness was fixed at $1,000.00, which he has so far been unable to give, and is yet in the custody of the sheriff.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1874.
Constable Burt Covert arrested Albert G. Headrick a few days ago in Howard County, on a charge of stealing a pair of horses from Judge Saffold sometime last Fall. He had a preliminary examination before ’Squire Boyer and in default of bail was lodged in jail to await his trial at the March term of the District Court.
Winfield Courier, February 27, 1874.
The prisoners now boarding at the Covert House were each treated to a new suit of clothes yesterday morning. Our “devil” declares himself in readiness to commit fornikaboogry, of some kind, in order to be sent to jail, and get a new suit. If anybody ever did need new clothes, our “devil” does.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1874.
W. M. BOYER, BOOKSELLER, STATIONER, AND NEWS DEALER. WALL PAPER. All late publications and Kansas dailies kept constantly on hand. Diaries for 1874 at cost. Kansas maps, albums, pocket wallets, and all goods in their line. Tobacco, Cigars, Smokers articles, etc. Winfield, Kansas.
Winfield Courier, March 20, 1874.
WALL PAPER lower than the lowest at W. M. Boyer’s.
Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.
A couple of the lads in this city overreached themselves slightly when they plundered the store of W. H. South, a few weeks ago. The boys were hunted so closely that they concluded the best thing they could do would be to bring the property back, which they did. They wrapped the watches and other jewelry (with the exception of a few rings and a pocket-knife or two) in a gum cloak (stolen at a dance at Little Dutch recently) and deposited them upon the salt barrels in front of the store where they were soon discovered by Mr. South. The walnut box which contained the watches when stolen, had been deposited in the Walnut River for safekeeping, and was not returned.
On the evening of the day upon which the goods were returned (Wednesday), Lucian McMasters turned states evidence, confessing that Tom Quarles and himself had stolen the jewelry and kept it hidden in Cliff Wood’s timber. The boys were immediately arrest­ed, and yesterday, after an examination before ’Squire Boyer, were committed to bail in the sum of $500; Quarles to appear before the District Court on charge of grand larceny, and McMasters to appear as a witness. It appears from the confession that there are some dozen boys in this town who have kept up a systematic thieving for the past two years, and it is hoped that this will be a lesson for them.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
As W. M. Boyer has made a good Justice of the Peace the last two years, we take the liberty to announce his name as a candi­date for re-election to that office.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
Winfield Township Officers. The following are the officers elected in this township last Tuesday. Trustee: H. S. Silver; Clerk: E. S. Bedilion; Treasurer: O. F. Boyle; Justices of the Peace: N. H. Wood and W. M. Boyer; Constables: A. T. Shenneman and Burt Covert. Road Overseers: 1st district, James Renfro; 2nd district, Hiram Silver; 3rd district, Charles Seward; 4th district, C. Cook; 5th district, J. C. Roberts.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.
The gentlemen elected last Monday and Tuesday for city and township officers are, we are satisfied, all good men. W. M. Boyer has held the office of Justice for some time, and given general satisfaction, and of course will be better qualified by experience to discharge the duties of that office for the next two years.
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1874.

“Quite a novel lawsuit is pending before ’Squire Boyer, between Geo. Miller and a prominent lawyer in this city. The case is as follows. Just before court adjourned at the last term, T. H. Suits, Esq., arose and addressed the Court in a little short facetious speech and informed his honor, Judge Campbell, that as it has been the custom from time immemorial for the members of the bar, on the occasion of the departure of anyone of their number from their midst, to meet and jollify in some way, pass resolutions of respect, etc. And now it was generally understood that one of them was about to depart a life of single cussedness, and submit his neck to the benedictine yoke. Therefore, the speaker moved that said candidate for matrimonial honors be notified that the Court and bar expected him to set up the oysters.
“The Court entering at once into the spirit of the joke, appointed T. H. Suits, R. B. Saffold, and E. S. Torrance to carry out the programme. This was faithfully attended to by the committee and about 9 o’clock p.m., of that day, the Court, members of the bar, clerks, and sheriff’s, sat down to a splendid supper at the St. Nicholas, kept by Geo. Miller, who is noted the country over for serving his guests with the best the market affords. A jollier time was never seen in Winfield. The lawyer seemed to enjoy the good things set before him as much as the worst gourmand there; perhaps in anticipation of the way he was going to fool that court and bar, or perhaps he liked the tone of the speeches, or the sentiment of the toasts, or the sparkle of the wine, or, perhaps it was because he was hungry, he, perhaps not having eaten a good square meal for some days previous, or it may have been all combined; certain it is that he seemed well pleased with the entertainment.
“After allowing a reasonable time to elapse, Mr. Miller sent his bill to the victim, who refused to come down with the scads, greenbacks, dingbats (or whatever those things are called which you swap for oyster suppers). The other members of the bar learning that the ‘little bill’ had gone to protest, magnanimous­ly agreed each to pay for his own. And now our friend is sued for the quantity of oysters and wine he was supposed to have stowed away under his vest, on that, to the other starvelings, very pleasant occasion, amounting in the aggregate to the sum of one dollar and seventy cents.
“And now the case is set for hearing next Monday. How it is likely to turn out, we, of course, don’t pretend to say, nor is this article written to bias public opinion, to suborn wit­nesses, or to assist the average Kansas juror to form an opinion; no, none of these; but it is written for the purpose of insisting that the public suspend their opinion and never condemn a man unheard, no matter how guilty or deserving of the gallows you may know the man to be. Let justice be done though the oysters be never paid for. George has retained all the lawyers in town, and if he don’t win, it will be because he has ‘too many cooks.’”
Winfield Courier, April 24, 1874.
Bills: W. M. Boyer, Stationery: $3.85.
Witness: W. M. Boyer, $6.35.
W. M. Boyer, Justice of the Peace: $10.75; $5.75; $2.20; $9.00.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1874.
Ye Editor went to Arkansas City last Monday. Here is what he says. “In company with W. M. Boyer, Esq., we borrowed one of Darrah & Doty’s splendid rigs and went on a flying trip to Arkansas City. Of course, we called on C. M. Scott of the Traveler, and found that gentleman in one of the finest furnished offices we have seen anywhere; we concluded that C. M. was making money, and that his patrons were that kind of men that make a city.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1874.
One of the boys of this city was arrested last Tuesday for bathing in the Little Dutch Creek where the road crosses, just north of town. He was brought before Justice Boyer, who fined him ten cents and costs, amounting in all to a little over five dollars. The boys must all watch out or some others may have to pay fines.
Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874.
Green has a new awning. So has Boyer; and the Ladies’ Bazar has a new awning and beautiful new sign.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.
City Treasurer’s Report. The City of Winfield in account with M. L. Robinson, Trea­surer, June 15th, 1874.
Receipts. June 5: W. M. Boyer, license stationer, $2.50; license dog tax, $1.00.
Winfield Courier, July 3, 1874.
Tickets may be had at W. M. Boyer’s, A. H. Green’s, Maris & Baldwin’s, and the Post Office. Only 25 cents.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1874.
Last Saturday three young men who had just returned home from Texas were arrested here on charge of horse stealing. They had been followed from the Indian Territory by the parties who owned the stock, and overtaken in this city just as they were trying to dispose of the stolen property. It being late Saturday evening the boys were lodged in jail to await examination Monday morning. However, late Saturday night, Brown, one of the number, with his attorney, L. J. Webb, Esq., appeared before Squire Boyer, waived examination, and in default of bail, was sent to jail to await the September term of the District Court.
The other two, Brocknell and Onstott, were brought up for examination on Monday morning. Squire Boyer, on the motion of the County attorney, and knowing that the U. S. Marshal was ready to re-arrest and take them before the Federal court at Arkansas City, discharged the prisoners. No sooner was this done and Hill, the U. S. Deputy Marshal, attempted to serve his warrant then revolvers were flashed in his face, by two or three deputy Sheriffs of the county. Of course, he was powerless, and the prisoners were immediately re-arrested by a warrant issued by Squire Wood. Again they were locked up for the night, and Tuesday morning brought before N. H. Wood, Esq., where they plead guilty, and in default of $1,500 bail, each, they were again sent to board at the expense of the county, where all three now await their trial at the next term of the District Court.

This case certainly presents many curious and anomalous features. It is the only case we have ever seen where the accused insisted upon their own guilt, and retained three promi­nent lawyers to help them plead guilty. The County attorney was willing and even anxious to have them turned over to the U. S. Courts, and thereby avoid expense to the county. But, not their attorneys, Messrs. Webb, Hackney, and Johnson, who insisted that their clients were undoubtedly guilty, and should be held for trial here. We have no wish to manufacture sentiment one way or the other—but of one thing we are sure, and that is, if the ends of Justice could be reached just as well (which in our opinion it could) by handing them over to the U. S. Commissioner Kellogg, at Arkansas City, and save this county considerable expense, that was just what should have been done. Cowley County has no desire to pay for anybody’s whistle but her own.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1874.
A Stampede. Reader, perhaps you have seen a herd of Texas cattle stam­pede; perhaps the rush of animals, the clatter of hoofs, the cracking of horns that give terror to the scene are familiar to you; perhaps the thunder of a million buffaloes shaking the earth and startling all living things in their rush from the hills down into the waters of the Arkansas may have wakened you from your nap by the camp-fire, and sent the blood leaping through its courses like an electric shock; perhaps the sight of the sudden retreat of five thousand men as they were hurled back over the reserves by an overwhelming force may have clenched your teeth in fear and anger some day. We have seen, and felt, all of these things, but the terror of men and stampede of animals was never more perfect than the occurrence that transpired last Monday in the building occupied by Curns & Manser at the time Justice Boyer discharged the prisoners, Brown, Onstott, and Brocknell. The house was full of spectators, at least one hundred and fifty in number. Some of the knowing ones had predicted “bloody work” that day and expectation was on tiptoe. Sheriff Walker had warrants for the re-arrest of the prison­ers in the event of their discharge, while deputy U. S. Marshal Hill, backed by two or three resolute men from the Territory, was determined to take the prisoners with a U. S. warrant. At the instant the word “dis­charged” escaped the mouth of the Justice, Sheriff Walker and deputies took possession of the prisoners and at the same instant Hill and his posse attempted to seize them. At this instant revolvers were drawn by some of the offi­cers, and a panic struck the spectators. A rush was made for the doors and windows. Small men were knocked down and run over, a board petition extending clear across the room was thrown flat down, a long railing was torn out, windows were smashed out and tables, chairs, and bookcases, upset. A man, who had boasted of having looked down the belching cannon’s throat, appeared sudden­ly from some aperture hatless, and with hair on end. A burley merchant escaped through a window, and was seen to cross the street at full speed with a window sash sticking midway upon his body. Two long legged lawyers, who have boasted of their exploits in bullying county justices into favorable decisions, escaped through the nearest window, hatless and breath­less. One took refuge in the nearest kitchen, while the other held his panting bowels against the unexposed side of a small “out house.” A fleeing spectator declared, “They were killing lots of men in there.” Two minis­ters of the gospel were thrown down and tramped upon by the rabble, and at least twenty laymen suffered the same treatment. Not a shot was fired!
Next week this blood-thirsty mob start for the front to clean out the redmen.
Winfield Courier, August 21, 1874.
George Walker brought T. O. Hill’s horse and the thief with him when he returned from Independence last Saturday. The thief, whose name is Bozark, asserted that a young chap named Bodwell, who lives a couple of miles from this city, stole the horse and brought it to him and he merely took it away. Bodwell was immediately arrested, but after a preliminary examination before Justice Boyer, was released. Bozark was placed in jail to await his trial at the next term of the district court.

Winfield Courier, August 21, 1874.
Last Tuesday was about as lively a day as we have seen since the fourth of July. We were first startled by seeing crowds of men and boys dashing up the street and disappearing in Curns & Manser’s office, and, not wishing to mourn alone, we soon found ourselves standing on a chair in the aforesaid office gazing at the struggle of two of our prominent lawyers, who were trying their wind and muscle in a scuffle, in which neither had an occasion to crow over the victory, they being about equally matched. The only one we felt sorry for was Justice Boyer, who adjourned court about a minute too soon to fine them for contempt.
The crowd next gathered at Darrah & Doty’s livery stable where a couple of our citizens were trying the effect of chairs and fists upon each other’s heads. They were separated before either was hurt. Before the crowd had yet dispersed from the scene of this mill, they were startled by the news that the prisoners were escaping from the jail, and off they hurried to see what could be seen. Bozark, the fellow who was caught with Hill’s horse in Independence, and put in quod the day before, had been at work at one of the windows, and had so far succeeded that it is acknowl­edged that if he had been allowed to work another hour, he would have been able to walk out without any trouble; he had taken off the casing of one of the windows by some means and pried the bars nearly out of it.
Excerpt from a lengthy article...
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874. [Editorial by James Kelly.]
As to the fourth charge, “war on the business prosperity of Winfield.”
The P. O. ring, and the Telegram, in order to divert atten­tion from their real designs, must abuse and malign someone, and these are generally the best men in town and county. A. T. Stewart, J. B. Fairbanks, C. M. Wood, Rev. Parmelee, C. A. Bliss, W. M. Boyer, and others, together with all the county officers it could not control, have suffered calumny at its hand. The people of the county are taught that the citizens of Winfield are thieves and cutthroats. This drives people away from the town. This divides our people among themselves. It prevents a coopera­tion among the citizens of the place in any laudable endeavor, either charitable, educational, religious, moral, or social, or for the general prosperity of the place. No one can deny this.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874. [Editorial by James Kelly.]
Astronomers tell us that the planet Jupiter has four satellites, whose apparent motion is oscillatory. That is, they weave first one way from Jupiter, and his attraction being so great as to force them to return, they fly back with such veloci­ty as to carry them beyond when they are compelled to return again, and so continue. All but one are represented as being larger than Jupiter. Singular as it may appear we have an imitation of this wonder in the animal kingdom. Jupiter and his satellites—Manning and his delegates: Walton, Boyer, Kelly, and Webb. Telegram of Sept. 18th.

The curious orthography of the word “satellites” in two places in the above extract and the remarkable discovery that three of Jupiter’s satellites are each larger than Jupiter, are earmarks of such ample proportions as to convince us that none other than the celebrated “God bless the Grangers” Alexander could be its author. As that would-be candidate for Congress and the State Senate has a hankering for the office of County Attorney, we suppose that Webb must be the smaller satellite referred to.
Winfield Plow and Anvil, November 19, 1874.
Advertisement of W. M. Boyer, dealer in books, stationery, etc., will be found elsewhere. He keeps eastern dailies and periodicals.
W. M. BOYER. DEALER IN—Books, Stationery, Maps, etc. Keeps all the principal eastern dailies and weeklies. Store on East side Main street.
Winfield Courier, December 17, 1874.
Wm. Bartlow has commenced excavating for a cellar on his lot on Main Street next to Boyer’s preparatory to erecting a building thereon. Grasshoppers and drouth cannot hold Winfield down.
Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.
A suit was tried before Justice Boyer, this week, in which the parties were from Arkansas City. Among those whom we noticed as being brought here by the case were I. H. Bonsall and Will and Hank Mowry, witnesses.
Winfield Courier, December 31, 1874.
T. H. Johnson and W. M. Boyer were placed in nomination for the office of Police Judge to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of N. H. Wood. A vote was taken which resulted as follows: For Johnson, R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, H. S. Silver, 3. For Boyer, J. D. Cochran. Mr. Johnson having received the highest number of votes cast, was declared duly elected Police Judge for the balance of the year.
Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.
T. H. Johnson started for Cleveland, Ohio, Monday morning last. W. M. Boyer will officiate as Police Judge during his absence.
Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.
A young man named Joe Straidler, formerly in the employ of J. G. Titus of this place, took it into his head to raise the “wind” slightly, on his own hook a day or two ago. So being fully aware of the stringency in the money market, especially in Cowley, devised a by no means original plan whereby to replenish his much depleted exchequer. He drew up a note, and unlawfully, and feloniously attached thereto, such “filthy lucre” raising names as J. G. Titus, and C. C. Black. The note, so well en­dorsed, was presented by this young man to the Arkansas City banks for “shave.” Luckily, however, the signatures of the drawers were well known there, and after a careful comparison with those on the note, they were found not to be identical. Whereupon word was dispatched to Messrs. Titus and Black, who struck right out in quest of Joe, and much to his discomfiture, found him, and brought him before Justice Boyer, where he waived examination and was sent to jail.
Joe certainly acted cutely in making the note. It was drawn for $114.69, the cents giving it the appearance of exactness. But Joe erred in offering to shave these gentlemen’s paper so ruinously, as their paper is not the kind which goes a begging for buyers. No doubt Joe is well enough satisfied as he is boarding at the expense of the county.
Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The city’s exchequer received a handsome donation by a fine of five dollars each, imposed upon a half dozen members of the gambling fraternity of this city, who were called to account by Judge Boyer on Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.
In the trial of Dr. Mansfield, on Tuesday, for selling liquor without license, Judge Boyer ruled that it was no viola­tion of the ordinance for a druggist to deal out intoxicating beverage to a customer when the receptacle was a spirit lamp instead of the nasal bottle.
Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.
See the new “ad” of Boyer & Co., in this paper. Boyer & Co. understand their business, and can give better bargains in their line than can be had anywhere. Give them a call.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.
The Council met at the usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor; H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, J. D. Cochran, R. B. Saffold, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.
The mayor recommended that the fine assessed against W. M. Boyer for violation of Ordinance No. 1 be remitted, on the grounds that the offense charged was not a violation of the spirit of said ordinance. On motion the fine was remitted.
W. M. Boyer appeared and remitted his fees in the case of the city of Winfield vs. A. H. Green, being $6.30.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.
R. C. Story, of Lazette, Amos Walton, of Arkansas City, and W. M. Boyer, of Winfield were this week admitted to the bar.
Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.
Notice. There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Cemetery Association on Wednesday, March 31, 1875, at W. H. H. Maris’ store. All persons owning a lot in the Winfield Cemetery are stockholders, and entitled to vote at the meeting. A full attendance is requested. JOHN B. FAIRBANKS, Secretary.
W. M. Boyer was one of the stockholders.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.
At the city election held here last Monday, the following city officers were elected.
Mayor: D. A. Millington; Police Judge: W. M. Boyer; Councilmen: Charles C. Black, James M. Dever, Jonathan Newman, N. H. Powers, and M. G. Troup. The contest was very close, there being a tie for Mayor, which was decided by lot for Millington.
Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.
Bar Meeting. At a meeting of the Cowley County Bar held at the office of J. E. Allen, in the city of Winfield, April 26th, 1875, Judge R. B. Saffold was called to the chair and J. E. Allen appointed Secretary. The following were appointed a committee on resolu­tions: L. J. Webb, A. J. Pyburn, Amos Walton, and W. M. Boyer, who reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted.

WHEREAS, The Hon. W. P. Hackney is about to remove from our midst, therefore be it Resolved, That we, the members of the bar of Cowley County, do most sincerely regret the loss we sustain in his removal.
Resolved, That in Mr. Hackney we recognize a true lawyer, and one who graces the profession to which he belongs.
Resolved, That we recommend him as one in whom the people wherever he may locate may repose implicit confidence, not only as a lawyer, but as a citizen and neighbor.
Resolved, That the Secretary furnish a copy of these resolu­tions to Mr. Hackney, and a copy to each of the county papers for publication. R. B. SAFFOLD, Chairman.
J. E. ALLEN, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.
Frank Gallotti wants another Indian war since he is Quarter­master Sergeant of company “G.” At the meeting held by Company “G,” last Saturday night, A. T. Shenneman was elected Captain, W. M. Boyer, 1st Lieut.; and J. E. Saint, 1st Sergeant. 2nd Lieut. Webb gave notice of his intention to resign, and Wirt W. Walton was recommended to fill the vacancy.
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.
Squire Boyer bought two of last summer’s colts for five year old ponies. Will you drive them through to the centennial, W. M.?
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.
Bills of W. M. Boyer, fees as Police Judge in two cases of City of Winfield vs. W. Q. Mansfield, and one City of Winfield vs. Seymour Tarrant, were referred to finance committee.
Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.
W. M. Boyer has some spicy novels and magazines now. They got wet crossing Bitter Creek.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
Bills of W. M. Boyer, Police Judge, referred to finance committee, were reported favorably on by said commit­tee, and on motion of N. M. Powers were ordered paid if approved by the City Attorney.
Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.
W. M. Boyer was one of those who signed petition to elect Gallotti.
Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.
Choice cigars at Boyer’s.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.
The case of the State vs. Sol. Becker and George Nauman came up before Justice Boyer last Friday. A jury of six was called. Defendants were discharged, the prosecuting witness paying the costs. County Attorney Pyburn for the State and T. H. Suits, assisted by E. C. Manning, for the defendants. On the first ballot, the jury stood three against three.
Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Witness Fee: W. M. Boyer.
W. M. Boyer, the first news dealer and book store.
MASONIC. On the 29th day of October, 1870, a dispensation was granted to J. S. Hunt, A. H. Green, Enoch Maris, and eight others for a lodge at Winfield. J. S. Hunt was appointed W. M.; A. H. Green, S. W.; and Enoch Maris, J. W. On the 17th day of October, 1872, the lodge obtained a charter under the name of Adelphi, No. 119, with the following charter members: J. S. Hunt, A. H. Green, Enoch Maris, C. A. Bliss, A. A. Jackson, W. M. Boyer, H. Shaughness, I. L. Comfort, E. Adams, Thomas Hart, W. S. Huff, S. H. Revis, T. A. Rice, and J. Traxler. The same officers were installed under the charter and held their offices until Jan. 1st, 1873, when Enoch Maris was elected W. M.; W. M. Boyer, S. W.; and T. A. Rice, J. W.
BOYER & Co.’s News Depot and headquarters for stationery, notions, etc., is the neatest room in the city. W. M. Boyer is one of the pioneers of the town, has held the office of J. P. continuously—is now Police Judge, attorney at law (does not practice), and one of the most popular businessmen in the city.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.
FRANK GALLOTTI will open a clothing store at Boyer’s old stand.
GREEN has purchased the news department and stationery of Boyer.
The tobaccos and cigars that Boyer used to keep can be found at Jim Hill’s. He purchased the whole stock, and will keep up the assortment.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.
The undersigned, residents of Cowley County, cordially unite in inviting the citizens of said county to meet in mass meeting at Winfield, on Saturday at 2 P. M., FEBRUARY 5TH,
to take such action as shall seem advisable upon consultation to secure the construction of a railroad into Cowley County. We desire each paper in said county to publish this call, and we hope that every township will be fully represented at said meeting.
WINFIELD: M. L. Read, S. D. Pryor, N. M. Powers, N. W. Holmes, N. L. Rigby, Thomas McMillen, L. J. Webb, Charles C. Black, J. S. Hunt, W. M. Boyer, John W. Curns, G. S. Manser, B. F. Baldwin, J. H. Land, A. H. Green, W. Q. Mansfield, E. C. Manning, S. H. Myton, J. C. Fuller, A. B. Lemmon, James Kelly, W. H. H. Maris, T. H. Henderson, A. N. Deming, H. S. Silver, J. M. Alexander, Amos Walton, D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, W. M. Allison, and one hundred others.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876. Editorial Page.
Sauntering around town we met Prof. Lemmon, fat and hearty, who was pleased to inform us he pulled up the beam at 200 pounds. We expressed our appreciation of his strength and afterward silently admired his ability. Passing Gallotti & Boyer’s new Clothing House, we were seized upon and endeavored to be persuad­ed to buy a coat “vhat fit us, choost like paper on a vall. One dat vas made for de President’s son, und de President’s son he died, and dat is vy ve have de coat.”

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1876.
New spring hats at Boyer & Gallotti’s.
Winfield Courier, March 9, 1876.
Read Robinson, that prince of “sheap cloding” fellows, has been in town again. We expect Boyer & Gallotti to tell us about him next week.
Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.
In a few days Boyer & Gallotti will have on hand the largest stock of Spring Clothing that has ever been brought south of Emporia. This is no humbug, but we invite everybody to call and examine their stock before buying elsewhere.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1876.
Fee bill of W. M. Boyer, Police Judge, was read, and, on motion of C. C. Black, was laid over.
Winfield Courier, April 20, 1876.
Bill of W. M. Boyer, six dollars and ten cents, Police Judge’s fees in case of city of Winfield vs. Wm. Hudson, was read, and on motion of M. G. Troup was approved for five dollars and sixty cents, being the amount of the bill except the witness fee of M. G. Troup, fifty cents.
Winfield Courier, April 27, 1876.
Notice is hereby given that George Hudson and James Brown, under the firm name of Hudson & Brown, have dissolved partner­ship—George Hudson continuing the business. Also that all parties indebted to the said firm will find their accounts at W. M. Boyer’s.
Winfield Courier, May 25, 1876.
Mrs. W. M. Boyer will start East on a visit to friends in New York State next Tuesday.
Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.
Quite a delegation from Winfield started this week for the Centennial. On Wednesday M. L. Read and wife, M. L. Robinson and wife, Frank Williams, Mrs. Maris and grand­daughter, Mrs. Powers, Mrs. Boyer, Mrs. Mullen, and J. C. Frank­lin lit out.
Winfield Courier, July 6, 1876.
A red, white, and green (with shield and crown) Italian flag surmounts one corner of Boyer & Gallotti’s clothing house, while the American stars and stripes adorns the other. Frank hasn’t forgotten little Italy yet, tho’ a resident of the States for the last nine years.
Winfield Courier, August 10, 1876.
Last Saturday the Republicans of Winfield Township met in caucus at the courthouse, at 4 o’clock p.m., and elected the following delegates to the county convention, to be held next Saturday in Winfield: R. L. Walker, A. B. Lemmon, News. Newell, T. B. Myers, C. C. Pierce, M. G. Troup, E. P. Kinne, James Kelly, E. S. Torrance, and John Mentch were elected delegates, and W. M. Boyer, T. L. King, John Weakly, S. D. Klingman, S. Johnson, H. L. Barker, G. W. Robertson, J. E. Saint, John C. Roberts, and A. Howland, alternates.
The vote stood 91 for the ticket elected and 9 for the ticket that was defeated. It is an able delegation and was very enthusiastically supported.

Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876. Editorial Page.
Winfield: Delegates, R. L. Walker, A. B. Lemmon, News. Newell, T. B. Myers, C. C. Pierce, M. G. Troup, E. P. Kinne, Jno. Mentch, James Kelly, and E. S. Torrance. Alternates, W. M. Boyer, T. L. King, Jno. Weakly, S. D. Klingman, S. Johnson, H. L. Barker, G. W. Robertson, J. E. Saint, John C. Roberts, and A. Howland. E. S. TORRANCE, Chairman.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.
MESSRS. JENNINGS & BUCKMAN yesterday had their first legal tilt since their location here. It was a trespass case before Esq. Boyer.
Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.
The many friends of Mrs. W. M. Boyer will be pained to learn that there is little hope of recovery. Her husband starts east in a few days to be with her in her affliction. It will be remembered that something like a year ago she ate some canned lobsters here in Winfield, by which she was poisoned, and from which she is not likely to recover.
Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876.
W. M. BOYER started east last Sunday morning, called suddenly to his wife’s sick-bed by a telegraph dispatch.
Arkansas City Traveler, August 23, 1876.
FRANK GALLOTTI, of the firm of Boyer and Gallotti, Winfield, called on us last week. Frank enjoys the reputation of being one of the jolliest and best fellows in Southern Kansas, and as the same can be said of Mr. Boyer, it is safe to infer that they are doing a thriving business in the clothing trade.
Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.
J. P. Short is “running” Boyer & Gallotti’s clothing store during the absence of the firm.
Winfield Courier, September 28, 1876.
Down with the collars: 20 cents will buy a box of stylish linen finished collars at Boyer & Gallotti’s.
Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.
The worst case of petit, or grand larceny, which ever it may be, that has ever been reported to us, comes from Esq. Boyer. Someone has been stealing his water. Run-water is valuable and scarce, hence he protests against having it spirited away under such aggravating circumstances.
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1876.
Three heavy merino under shirts for $1.00 at Boyer & Gallotti’s.
Winfield Courier, October 19, 1876.

E. S. C., Which means “Evening Star Club.” The above named social organization is just making its debut in Winfield’s fashionable “upper-ten” society. The need of a similar association has long been felt in this community. “Hoodlum dances” have become the rule instead of the exception and are growing very monotonous. Social lines are now to be drawn, and a new order of things will soon take the place of the old breeches-in-boots regime. “Hoe-downs” and their concomitant evils will pass into oblivion, and the big nosed “caller” who used to sing out, as he buckled on to the red-haired girl him­self, “Grab pardners for a quadrille!” will be a thing of the past. Kid gloves and waxed moustaches are not to take the place of all these old frontier familiarities, but a jolly, fun loving, respectable class of our citizens who have been reared in the higher walks of life, resume their position in the social scale, and propose to conduct these entertainments in a manner that will reflect credit upon the management and the city at large. The world moves and we must keep pace with the hour, socially, morally, and otherwise. The charter members, so to speak, of the Club are Messrs. Frank Gallotti, Esq. Boyer, E. W. Holloway, T. K. Johnston, R. L. Walker, J. B. Lynn, W. P. Hackney, C. C. Black, J. O. Houx, and A. E. Baird, as they were its organizers.
Winfield Courier, November 9, 1876.
The Republicans of Winfield Township met pursuant to call, at the Courthouse Saturday, the 4th instant, and proceeded to nominate the following township ticket:” For trustee, J. S. Hunt; for Clerk, Ed. S. Bedilion; for treasurer, B. F. Baldwin; for justice of the peace, W. M. Boyer; for constables, Ed. R. Evans and Burt Covert. After which the following township central committee was chosen: Wirt W. Walton, C. C. Pierce, and S. E. Burger.
J. M. ALEXANDER, Chairman. E. S. TORRANCE, Secretary.
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1876. Editorial Page.
Winfield Township: J. S. Hunt, Trustee; E. S. Bedilion, Clerk, B. F. Baldwin, Treasurer; W. M. Boyer, J. P.; E. R. Evans and Burt Covert, Constables.
Winfield Courier, November 16, 1876.
The case of the State versus Covert came up for trial before Justice Boyer last Tuesday. The prosecuting witness, Mr. Waite, charged the defendant with an assault with a deadly weapon, etc. A jury trial was demanded and had, resulting in a verdict of not guilty.
Winfield Courier, November 30, 1876.
OVER-COATS at greatly reduced prices at Boyer & Gallotti’s.
Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877.
ROBERT WALLIS and family, relatives of W. M. Boyer, have arrived and will stay. Robert and C. C. will open up a grocery store at Ford’s old stand. Robert bought Sheridan’s farm, west of town. Sheridan goes to Oregon.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1877.
Dissolution Notice. The copartnership heretofore existing between W. M. Boyer and F. Gallotti, under the firm of Boyer & Gallotti, is this day, by mutual consent, dissolved. The business will be carried on at the old stand under the name of Boyer & Wallis, who assume all liabilities of the late firm, and collect all accounts due said firm.
W. M. BOYER, F. GALLOTTI. Winfield, Kansas, Jan. 22, 1877.
Winfield Courier, January 25, 1877.
MR. M. B. WALLIS has purchased Frank Gallotti’s interest in the stock of clothing formerly carried by Boyer & Gallotti. The business will be managed by the firm of Boyer & Wallis.
Winfield Courier, February 15, 1877.

The suit of Seely vs. Kirk is compromised. It created considerable interest. Seely was the owner of a horse in Septem­ber last which Kirk shod. Shortly afterward the horse’s feet became useless. Seely claimed that the hoofs had been burned by Kirk’s shoeing and brought suit for damage. A jury trail was had before Squire Boyer. The jury were out thirty-six hours and failed to agree. The costs in the case ran up to over one hundred dollars, and then the parties compromised. Hackney & McDonald for plaintiff, and E. S. Torrance for defendant.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1877.
W. M. Boyer, of the firm of Boyer & Wallis, spent last week in Chicago purchasing a spring stock of clothing.
Winfield Courier, April 12, 1877.
M. B. Wallis, of the firm of Boyer and Wallis, has pur­chased the little sorrel running mare, known as the Burt Covert mare.
Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.
W. M. Boyer, drawing jury, $2.00.
Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.
The following attorneys were in attendance upon the present term of the District Court: Hon. Alfred L. Redden, of Eldorado; Mr. J. M. White, Howard City, Elk County; Judge M. S. Adams, Wichita; Mr. McBryan, Sedan, Chautauqua County; Hon. C. R. Mitchell, Amos Walton, Judge Christian, E. B. Kager and Col. McMullen, of Arkansas City; and Messrs. Hackney & McDonald, Pryor & Pryor, Jennings & Buckman, Pyburn & Seward, James McDermott, Henry E. Asp, E. S. Torrance, J. E. Allen, L. J. & Linus Webb, D. A. Millington, A. H. Green, W. M. Boyer, J. M. Alexander, of Winfield.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1877.
June is the best time to plant evergreens. Trissell, the tree man, will have two hundred on the lot next to Boyer’s in a few days. He sets them out and warrants them to grow.
Winfield Courier, May 31, 1877.
Since last issue we are happy to learn of the return of Mrs. W. M. Boyer, who has been absent from our city about a year, visiting friends and relatives in New York. She is accompanied by her children, Master Richie and “little” Fanny, and also by her sister, Miss Speed, of Slaterville, New York.
Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877.
W. M. Boyer, J. P. costs, $5.50; $4.50.
Drawing Jury, W. M. Boyer, $2.00.
Winfield Courier, August 30, 1877.
The District Court commenced its session on Monday with a light docket, and it is to be hoped that it will be cleared up this week. The following members of the bar present: Hon. W. P. Campbell, Judge; E. S. Bedilion, Clerk; R. L. Walker, Sheriff; M. S. Adams, of Wichita, C. R. Mitchell, E. B. Kager, and A. Walton, of Arkansas City; J. McDermott, County Attorney, J. E. Allen, A. J. Pyburn, O. M. Seward, W. M. Boyer, L. J. Webb, W. P. Hackney, J. W. McDonald, E. S. Torrance, H. E. Asp, D. A. Millington, S. D. Pryor, J. D. Pryor, F. S. Jennings, G. H. Buckman, and A. H. Green, of Winfield, attorneys.
Winfield Courier, August 30, 1877.


WHEREAS, on the 18th day of August, A. D. 1877 the board of county commissioners of Cowley county, in the State of Kansas, made and entered on record this following order, to-wit: NOW on this 8th day of August, A. D. 1877, comes W. M. Boyer, a resident taxpayer of the county of Cowley and State of Kansas, and with him comes 1,299 other resident tax-payers of said county of Cowley and State of Kansas and present their petition in writing to the board of county commissioners of said county of Cowley praying that a special election be called for the purpose of submitting to the qualified voters of said county a proposition for said county to subscribe to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company to the amount of one hundred and twenty thousand ($120,000) dollars in payment for said stock, upon the terms and upon the conditions, in said petition mentioned and described. And said board of county commissioners having duly heard, examined, and considered said petition doth find: That said petition is in writing; and that said petition is signed by more than two-fifths of the resident tax-payers of said county of Cowley in the State of Kansas, and is in all respects according to law. It is therefore ordered and declared by said board that the prayer of said petitioners be granted; and that a special election be held in said county of Cowley, at the usual place of holding elections therein, on Tuesday the 18th day of September A. D. 1877. And that thirty (30) days notice of said election be given by the Sheriff of said county by publication in the Winfield COURIER, a weekly newspaper published and printed in said county of Cowley, and of general circulation therein; and it is further ordered by said board of county commissioners that said subscription to the capital stock of said Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company be made, and bonds of said county of Cowley in payment for said stock be issued, upon the following conditions, to-wit: That the county Cowley, State of Kansas, by the county commissioners, subscribe for, and in behalf of said county, take the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad Company in the amount of $120,000.00; and in payment therefor, execute and deliver to said railroad company the bonds of said county to the amount of $120,000.00, payable both principal and interest at the Fiscal Agency of the State of Kansas, in the City of New York, in thirty years after the date thereof, with the privilege reserved said county of paying the whole or any part of said bonds at any time after five years from the date thereof, by giving notice thereof for twelve months, and the further privilege reserved to said county, of paying for and redeeming the whole, or any part of said bonds at the time of the delivery thereof, as herein provided: at the rate of eighty-five cents for each dollar of the face value of said bonds so paid and redeemed. Said bonds to be issued in denominations of $500.00 each, and to draw interest at the rate of eight percent per annum from the date of their delivery to said railroad company; payable semi-annually on the 15th day of January and July in each and every year, and all interest coupons matured or to mature within three months of said delivery of said bonds to be canceled and returned to the county commissioners. Said bonds to be issued in consideration of the construction, operation, and maintenance of the said railroad into and through said county, from the north line thereof in the direction of Douglass, in Butler county, to the south line of the State of Kansas, at or near Arkansas City, over the most practicable route between said points, and the erection and maintenance of suitable freight and passenger depot, and the necessary side tracks at the following points in said county, to-wit: At a point not exceeding one and ½ miles north of the point where said railroad shall cross Rock creek, at a point not exceeding one mile from the point where said railroad shall cross Little Dutch creek; at a point not exceeding one-half a mile from a point in the city of Winfield where Ninth street intersects Main street; at a point in Pleasant Valley township nearly equidistant from Winfield and Arkansas City; at a point not exceeding one eighth of a mile from the corporate limits of the city of Arkansas City; and at a point at or near the south line of the State in the township of Bolton. And upon the further condition that the said road shall be completed and trains running thereon from the City of Emporia to the south line of Lyon county, on or before February first, 1878, and to the City of Eureka on or before August first, 1878; and to the south line of Butler county on or before the first day of February, 1879; and to its depot at Winfield on or before the first day of April, 1879, and to its depot at Arkansas City on or before the first day of May, 1879, and to the south line of the State, in Bolton township, on or before the first day of August, 1879. And should said Railroad Company fail to construct said road to any of the points above mentioned, on or before the dates herein mentioned, said Railroad Company shall forfeit the bonds of said Cowley county. Immediately after the proposition is voted by the people of said county, and the result of the election duly ascertained to be in favor of said proposition, said subscription to the capital stock of said Railroad Company shall be made.

The said Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company or their assigns shall construct and equip as aforesaid, and have in operation a railroad of a gauge of three feet, so constructed as to form one continuous line from the east line of the State of Kansas, at or near Kansas City, Mo., by way of Emporia, in Lyon county, Kansas, and Eureka, Greenwood county, Kansas, to the points herein mentioned in said Cowley county, within two years from the first day of August, 1877. Said road to be constructed in a substantial manner, and the equipment thereof to be first class, and sufficient for the ordinary traffic of the road. And no part of said bonds shall be delivered to said Railroad Company, nor be of any binding force or validity upon said county until said railroad is completed to the points in said county, and at the times hereinafter specified. If, however, the said Railroad Company shall be restrained from prosecuting the work, of constructing said road by legal proceedings instituted by citizens of Cowley county, the length of time such restraint shall exist shall be added to the time herein specified for the construction of said road to the various points in said Cowley county, Provided, That when said road is completed and trains running thereon a distance of ten miles in said county, the bonds of said county to the amount of thirty thousand dollars shall be delivered to said Railroad or their assigns and the stock of said company in equal amount, dollar for dollar, shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county; and when said road shall be completed and trains running thereon a distance of twenty miles in said county, there shall be an additional amount of thirty thousand dollars of the bonds of said county delivered to said railroad company, and an equal amount of the stock of said company shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county, and when said road shall be completed and trains running thereon a distance of thirty (30) miles in said county, there shall be an additional instalment of the bonds of said county delivered to said railroad to the amount of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) and an equal amount of the stock of said company shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county; and when said road shall be completed and trains running thereon to the south line of the State, in the township of Bolton, there shall be delivered to said railroad company the bonds of said county to the amount of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), and an equal amount of the stock of said company shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county. And provided further, that if this proposition is adopted by a majority of the legal voters of Cowley county, and the subscription to the capital stock of the said railroad company shall be made, and the bonds of the county executed and delivered as herein provided, then the said railroad company hereby releases all claim to the subscription of stock, and delivery of bonds to said railroad company heretofore voted by the townships of Creswell and Bolton in said Cowley County. And that the form of ballots to be used at said election in voting upon said proposition be “For subscribing to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Rail Road Company and issuing bonds in payment therefore,” and “Against subscribing to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad Road Company and issuing bonds in payment therefor,” as prescribed in said petition.
STATE OF KANSAS,  COWLEY COUNTY. ss. I, M. G. Troup, Co. Clerk and clerk of the board of county commissioners, in and for the county and State aforesaid certify the foregoing to be a true and correct copy of the order of said board, concerning the matter therein set forth and contained. Witness my hand and seal this 9th day of August, A. D. 1877.
M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.
NOW, therefore, I, R. L. Walker, Sheriff of Cowley county, Kansas, do hereby proclaim and make known that on Tuesday, the 18th day of September, A. D. 1877, there will be held a special election at the usual places of voting in said county of Cowley for the proposition contained in the above order in the manner and form therein provided and set forth.
R. L. WALKER, Sheriff of Cowley County, Kansas.
Arkansas City Traveler, October 10, 1877.
A suit was brought before Esquire Boyer, of Winfield, today, wherein the State of Kansas and Miss Belle Cessna are plaintiffs, and John Thurman, defendant. The defendant is charged with the crime of bastardy. We have not learned the result yet, but will hear from our special reporter in the case tomorrow. We understand several parties from Grouse Creek made it convenient to go visiting. Some witnesses will be summoned from this place.
Winfield Courier, November 15, 1877.
Winfield—C. C. Pierce, Trustee; B. F. Baldwin, Treasurer; E. S. Bedilion, Clerk; W. M. Boyer, G. H. Buckman, Justices; J. H. Finch, Burt Covert, Constables.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 28, 1877.
The advertisement of Boyer & Wallis, of Winfield, appears this week. This is one of the best clothing firms in Southern Kansas, and always has a full stock on hand. When you go up to the county seat this winter, call in and examine their prices and the quality of their goods. They sell very reasonable.
Winfield Courier, November 29, 1877.
Attention! All persons knowing themselves indebted to Boyer & Wallis must call and settle on or before the 1st day of December, 1877. BOYER & WALLIS.
Winfield Courier, December 20, 1877.

Jay Page, a gentleman lately from Eldorado and Topeka, has purchased the lot between Wallis & Wallis’ grocery house and Boyer’s clothing store on Main street in this city, and will immediately go to work putting up a two-story brick business house thereon.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
The stone building beside Boyer & Wallis’ store is progressing rapidly.
Winfield Courier, January 24, 1878.
Claim allowed Jan. 10:Pauper bill, Boyer & Wallis, $18.50.
J. P. costs: W. M. Boyer, $7.80, $6,55.
Drawing Jurors: W. M. Boyer, $2.00.
Winfield Courier, February 7, 1878.
A man by the name of Coon was on trial Monday and Tuesday before Justice Boyer, charged with abstracting timber from the lands belonging to the Charles Johnson estate. The jury of twelve men hung out all night Tuesday and yesterday morning brought in a verdict of guilty. Defendant moved for a new trial. County attorney McDermott for prosecution; E. S. Torrance for the defense.
Arkansas City Traveler, February 27, 1878.
NICHOLAS HOSTETLER, an old man sixty years of age, living on the divide about four miles north of this place, was arrested last week on the complaint of his son for holding sexual inter­course with his two daughters, aged fifteen and nineteen years. The testimony proved he had been practicing his hellish designs for more than two years, and he was bound over to appear at the next term of court for trial, and is now confined in the county jail. His wife returned to Indiana, to the place of their former residence, several years ago, and he has been living with his family since then. His preliminary trial took place at Winfield, before Justice Boyer, by whom he was bound over. The matter has caused consid­erable excitement, and his neighbors are wonderfully indignant at the prolonged outrage in their midst. What the trial will develop remains to be seen.
Winfield Courier, February 28, 1878.
A man named Nicholas Hostetler, living about four miles north of Arkansas City, had a preliminary examination before Justice Boyer charged with incest. The victims are two young daughters, fine looking and appearing modest, timid, and frightened. It is charged that the crime commenced against each when about twelve years of age, and has continued with the elder the last four, and with the younger the last two years under threats of death in case of complaint. The defense, supported by many circumstances, claim that it is a job put up by his children and others to get rid of the old man (who is near sixty years old) and get his property. He was held to bail in $3,000, in default of which he is confined in the county jail to await the May session of the district court. Public sentiment is very strong against him and there has been talk of lynching, but better counsels seem to prevail. We do not desire to prejudice the case in any way, and we avoid expressing an opinion as to the truth of the charge, but, if true, we have no words adequate to express our abhorrence.
Winfield Courier, March 7, 1878.
New Hats, just received at Boyer & Wallis’s.
Winfield Courier, April 4, 1878.

City Election. The city election last Monday excited great interest. Two tickets were in the field. One was made by the Murphy temperance men and headed City ticket, the other by the workingmen, but the issues were not very definitely made up; in fact, the candidates on both sides professed to favor the same policy. But some opposed one or other of the tickets on account of prejudice against the source, or for choice of candidates, or for other reasons, and there was a very lively and excited canvass; but it was conducted in an orderly manner, without quarrels or other disturbance. The result was an overwhelming victory for the workingmen’s ticket. The following is the vote cast for each candidate.
WORKINGMEN’S TICKET. Mayor. J. B. Lynn, 224; Police Judge. W. M. Boyer, 219; Councilmen: C. M. Wood, 225; H. Jochems, 230; E. C. Manning, 227; T. C. Robinson, 220; G. W. Gully, 217.
CITY TICKET. Mayor. A. B. Green, 101; Police Judge. G. H. Buckman, 126; Councilmen: T. B. Myers, 122; H. Brotherton, 118; Lewis Stevens, 124; J. W. Curns, 117; Dan Maier, 116.
Winfield polled 356 votes at the city election on Monday. We estimate that at least 44 more would have voted were it not that many were dissatisfied with both tickets and refused to vote.
Winfield Courier, April 18, 1878.
W. M. Boyer, drawing jury.
Winfield Courier, May 2, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
W. M. Boyer and wife to Graham & Moffitt, lot 14, block 127, Winfield.
Winfield Courier, May 9, 1878.
Monday, May 6th, 10 o’clock a.m. His Honor, W. P. Campbell, on the bench. Present: C. L. Harter, sheriff; E. S. Bedilion, clerk; Jas. McDermott, prosecuting attorney; attorneys C. Coldwell, W. P. Hackney, Henry E. Asp, J. E. Allen, D. C. Beach, E. S. Torrance, J. M. Alexander, A. J. Pyburn, N. C. Coldwell, Jas. Christian, G. H. Buckman, S. D. Pryor, J. Wade McDonald, C. R. Mitchell, J. D. Pryor, C. C. Black, R. C. Story, L. J. Webb, W. M. Boyer, F. S. Jennings, and D. A. Millington.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.
                                            WINFIELD, KAS., June 3rd, 1878.

About a month ago the city council licensed three saloons for one year in this city. Jay Page at considerable cost had built a nice two story brick, and fitted up the lower room for a saloon, and furnished a suite of rooms above for gambling rooms. He opened four weeks ago last Saturday; and since then no two saloons in the county ever did such a rushing business. It was thronged from daylight to midnight, and frequently the gambling rooms were in full blast the entire night. It was the duty of the city council, when these facts were brought to their notice, to revoke the license; but they winked at it and allowed it to continue. Last Saturday about 4 p.m., Hon. L. J. Webb walked from the gambling room into the bar room where Page was standing, and shot him dead, and immediately gave himself into the hands of the Sheriff, James Hill. There is good evidence that Webb had been drugged and in a game of poker had been robbed of his money by Page. A coroner’s jury was empaneled and found in their verdict that Page came to his death by a pistol shot in the hands of lawyer Webb. The preliminary examination was set for trial today, before W. M. Boyer, but on account of the illness of Mr. Webb, it will be heard tomorrow, Tuesday, at 9 o’clock a.m.
There is a very strong feeling here in the matter, and there are some things in which all agree and that is that the city government should not have allowed such a hell hole to exist so long here, and that Jay Page was a notorious desperado and unsafe for any community, one who would not only gamble, but deliberate­ly picked men’s pockets.
Page’s funeral was preached Sunday by Rev. Rushbridge, and he was buried immediately afterwards.
Hon. L. J. Webb is in jail waiting until the preliminary examination. SILAS.
Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.
SHOOTING AFFRAY AT WINFIELD. One of the most unfortunate affairs that has occurred at Winfield for many years was the result of a quarrel between L. J. Webb, Representative of the 88th Legislative District of this county, and Page, the saloon man, who recently erected the new brick saloon on Main street at that place. It seems that the two had been gambling, and that Mr. Webb lost about $100 he had collected for his clients, and crazed with liquor, he walked into the saloon and shot Page dead, the ball passing through his heart. The affair caused terrible excitement and much regret. Mr. Webb is now in custody, and will be held to await his trial at the October term of the District Court.
Winfield Courier, June 6, 1878.
A number of citizens from district 114 were in town Friday last as witnesses in the case of Stewart vs. District 114, tried before his Honor, ’Squire Boyer.
                                                   The Page-Webb Tragedy.
Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.
The Page-Webb Tragedy. Various statements in relation to this affair have appeared in the newspapers or been told about the country which have no foundation in fact; but have grown out of the surmises of excited men. Much interest and a desire to learn the facts are manifested. At the preliminary examination of Webb, the courtroom was well filled, largely with men from the country, and we consider it due to our readers to give them the exact facts as far as possible, and endeavored to do so last week. The preliminary examination took place last week, June 5th and 6th. Capt. McDermott, for the state, evidently endeavored to do his whole duty in an honorable way. Judge Coldwell, E. S. Torrance, N. C. Coldwell, and Judge Webb, the prisoner’s father, were present in the interest of Webb. The hearing was before Justice Boyer in the courthouse. Four witnesses were examined on the part of the state.
Winfield Courier, June 13, 1878.
Bill of Boyer & Wallis, Drs. Strong, Emerson, and Mansfield, laid over.
Winfield Courier, July 11, 1878.

The case of L. J. Webb, committed on the charge of murder in the first degree and denied bail by Justice Boyer, has been reviewed by the supreme court on a writ of habeas corpus, which was first presented July 3rd, and decided the same day, to the effect that the testimony for the state on the preliminary examination does not make a prima facie case which justifies the denial of bail to the defendant, and that the defendant be admitted to bail in the sum of $12,000. The bail was readily obtained and the defendant was on last Saturday released from jail.
Winfield Courier, July 25, 1878.
Justice Boyer held a court all last week at the courthouse to try the four Lindley brothers for alleged disturbance of the peace. Large numbers of persons from Rock Township were in as witnesses, interested parties, and spectators; and with a strong array of attorneys on both sides, the courthouse was pretty well filled. The defendants were to be tried separately by juries of twelve men each. The first case occupied three days and was submitted to the jury Wednesday evening. The jury were locked in the courtroom all that night—where they made night hideous with their shouts, bell ringing, and other infernal noises. During the next day the jury were discharged, having failed to agree. The next case resulted in the same manner and the court adjourned until August 6th.
Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
WINFIELD, July 30th, 1878. ED. COURIER: Please allow me to make known through your paper that I am wronged. Last Saturday as I was sitting in the National Saloon, I was thrown upon the floor by one of the proprietors and struck several times, until Mr. Felix and John Beard rescued me from him. I had interfered to prevent a friend of mine from spending his money foolishly. The marshal was sent for, who came and took me to the calaboose. On Monday I had a hearing before Judge Boyer on the charge of being drunk and my fine and costs were fixed at $7.50. I objected to the payment and was taken back to the jail. I would be allowed 50 cents a day to work it out on the streets and that would take me fifteen days to work it out. I faired well enough for my dinner and supper, but was locked in a cell for the night. I had for my breakfast only two cuts of bread and a pint of water. I was told by Mr. Finch that he was doing as he was ordered by the city and that they intended to give me hell.
I did not know that I had so many enemies in the city. If I have wronged or insulted anyone in this town, I ask his pardon. I appoint Archie Stewart, Sheriff Harter, and Mr. Jackson to see Mr. Felix and his partner, and John Beard, and find out if I am right or wrong. If I am wrong, I will pay my fine; but if I am right, I will rot in jail before I will pay one cent.
Respectfully, DENNIS LYNCH.
We give room for Mr. Lynch’s complaint because it is respectful in tone and we know it is possible that some error may have been committed and that he may have suffered wrong. Of course, the judgment of the court is prima facie against him. We think if he is wronged, the city authorities will, when convinced of the fact, cause his release. We should advise him and his friends to keep out of the saloons, and then there will be little danger of suffering such wrongs or getting into the calaboose to be fed on bread and water. He is probably in error about what Mr. Finch said.
Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
C. L. Harter, sheriff, to W. M. Boyer, lots 11 and 12, block 135, Winfield; $48.
W. M. Boyer and wife and M. B. Wallis to Richard S. Boyer, lots 11 and 12, block 135, Winfield; $115.

Winfield Courier, August 1, 1878.
Some of the Wonders of Cowley. Shall we never get fully acquainted with the capabilities of Kansas and Cowley! J. O. Stuart, who is salesman for Boyer & Wallis, has a farm in Sheridan Township occupied by Wm. Ovington, on which is now being gathered the second crop of blackberries and raspberries for this year. The second crop grows on canes or branches, which were grown this year. On the same place are strawberries in bloom for a second crop and corn ten feet high and in silk, which was planted only six weeks ago. After viewing these outside wonders, you can go down into a spring house with a smooth rock bottom through which flows a stream of pure cold spring water about three feet wide and three inches deep in which are set pans and crocks of milk and butter. You can take a drink of cold milk or cold water, whichever you choose, and sit and rest in an atmosphere of 55 degrees, while outside the thermometer runs up to 100 degrees. It will not do to be surprised at anything in Kansas.
Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.
Primary Convention. Convention met at the courthouse in pursuance to call of County Central Committee. The meeting was called to order by W. Q. Mansfield, and D. A. Millington was elected as chairman and G. H. Buckman secretary. On motion the chair appointed a committee of three to report names of delegates and alternates. S. M. Jarvis, E. P. Kinne, and W. M. Boyer appointed on such committee.
Winfield Courier, August 22, 1878.
Dissolution of Partnership. The partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Boyer & Wallis is this 20th day of August, 1878, dissolved by mutual consent, J. O. Stuart taking the place of Boyer in said firm. All accounts due the late firm of Boyer & Wallis will be paid to their successors, Stuart & Wallis. Stuart & Wallis assume all liabilities of the late firm of Boyer & Wallis. W. M. BOYER. M. B. WALLIS. J. O. STUART.
All accounts due must be settled at once. STUART & WALLIS.
Winfield Courier, September 19, 1878.
Trial of L. J. Webb at Wichita. The case was called on Monday morning, September 9th, on the opening of the court. Defendant made application for a continuance because of the absence of Dr. Mendenhall, a material witness for the defense. The court held the showing sufficient, unless the State would admit the affidavit of defendant as the testimony of witness. The State consented and the case was set for trial next morning.

One of the most important witnesses for the defense was Jessie Herndon, the principal witness for the State. As is known, he was Page’s barkeeper and knew all about how the business of the house was conducted. The defense had endeavored to draw out this testimony on cross-examination but the court would not permit it, and he was put on as a witness for the defense. He testified as to all the occurrences of the night previous to the killing and made many important additions to his testimony. He said that Page deliberately robbed Webb that night by means of cold decks and drugged whiskey; that Webb drank often that night, and Page had instructed witness to give Webb liquor from a particular bottle he called “all sorts,” which witness did; that twice during the night Page went into the bar-room and put some liquid from a small vial which he took from his pocket into a tumbler of whiskey and instructed witness to give it to Webb the next time he called for drink, which witness did; that this bottle of “all sorts” was a villainous compound of whiskey and drugs, which Page kept for the express purpose of giving to men with whom he was gaming; that shortly before the conclusion of the game, and after Webb had drunk the whiskey prepared by Page, Page went into the bar-room and stacked a deck of cards, and instructed witness the next time drinks were called for to bring this pack under the water or server, and while Webb was engaged in drinking to leave them under the server on the table, which witness did, and then Page dealt from this cold deck, giving Webb a full hand and himself a better hand, on which he won all Webb’s money, and this concluded the game. Witness testified to some expressions of anger made by Webb to Page upon the conclusion of the game, saying he was robbed, but to no expressions of malice or threats of revenge. All the parties to the game remained an hour or more after its conclusion, Webb drinking frequently; then all left except Webb, who remained alone with witness. Webb never left the saloon from that time to the time of the shooting. Witness testified as to Webb’s condition and appearance during the day; said he looked very wild and had a jerking movement about his head, neck, and shoulders, was convulsive, and breathed hard. Witness testified that after the preliminary examination he went with By Terrill and Frank Manny to the saloon to make an examination for drugs. They washed out several empty bottles and one bottle that contained something that Page had used to put in liquor; what it was he did not know. When they emptied it out and washed the bottle, he told Terrill and Manny that it was not right. He testified that certain vials and small bottles shown him looked like those which Page had used to fix up liquors with.
This witness suffered considerably in the hands of W. E. Stanley, attorney for State, on cross-examination. His attention was called to statements he had made before Justice Boyer at the preliminary examination in direct contradiction to his present statements. These contra-dictions witness explained by saying he had been advised by certain friends of Page that if he told anything he knew about these transactions in the saloon they would let Webb go and send witness up; that from those threats and the general excitement he was afraid to tell all he knew about that saloon.
Winfield Courier, October 17, 1878.
We would call attention to the law card of Pyburn & Boyer in this paper. They are gentlemen of much experience in the law and can be relied upon for honor and strict attention to the interests of their clients.
AD: A. J. PYBURN. W. M. BOYER. PYBURN & BOYER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Winfield, Kansas. Office in Page building.
Winfield Courier, November 14, 1878.
Mrs. W. M. Boyer is seriously ill.
Arkansas City Traveler, November 20, 1878.
John Stuart takes the place of W. M. Boyer, of the firm of Boyer & Wallis, Winfield. The new firm propose to sell clothing cheap as the cheapest.
Winfield Courier, December 5, 1878.

District Court. Judge Campbell came down from Wichita on Monday and the session of court commenced. Present: His Honor Judge W. P. Campbell; C. L. Harter, sheriff; E. S. Bedilion, district clerk; J. McDermott, county attorney; and Messrs. J. E. Allen, C. C. Black, S. D. Pryor, A. J. Pyburn, J. M. Alexander, F. S. Jennings, C. R. Mitchell, L. J. Webb, E. S. Torrance, N. C. Coldwell, W. M. Boyer, W. P. Hackney, O. M. Seward, C. H. Payson, H. E. Asp, G. H. Buckman, J. D. Pryor, D. C. Beach, W. M. Boyer, C. Coldwell, M. G. Troup, S. M. Jarvis, A. H. Green, attorneys.
Winfield Courier, December 26, 1878.
Mr. and Miss Speed, from New York, mother and sister of Mrs. W. M. Boyer, are visiting in this city.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
Listed as a Courier Advertiser: PYBURN AND BOYER are a law firm of character and reliability. A. J. Pyburn is State Senator, and his election when his party was a one-third minority is a sufficient proof of his popularity. W. M. Boyer is a justice of the peace of long standing, and the people seem determined to keep him here for life unless they promote him to a higher position.
Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.
Mayor.—J. B. Lynn; Police Judge.—W. M. Boyer; Members of the Council.—T. C. Robinson, G. W. Gully, H. C. Manning, H. Jochems, C. M. Wood. Clerk.—J. P. Short; Treasurer.—J. C. McMullen; City Attorney.—N. C. Coldwell; Marshal.—C. C. Stevens.
Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.
Drawing Jury: W. M. Boyer.
Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.
DIED.—At her home in this city, Thursday, January 23rd, at 12 o’clock m., Mrs. Mary C. Boyer, wife of W. M. Boyer, Esq. She had been in ill health for about four years and was confined to her bed for two months previous to her death. She was born in New York [city/date unknown]. Met Mr. Boyer in Maryland. From thence they moved to this place in 1872, where she has resided since. She leaves a husband and two children, a bright boy of 13 years and a little girl 8 years old, besides a mother and several brothers and sisters. The funeral took place on Saturday last at 10 o’clock a.m. Rev. J. E. Platter officiated.
Winfield Courier, April 3, 1879.
W. M. Boyer, running for Police Judge, received 261 votes in the first ward and 219 in the second ward.
Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.
Mr. H. B. Lacy hopes to be soon “on the bench” as he has filed papers declaring Police Judge Boyer not eligible to the office, having served as judge at the election, and that he, having received the largest number of votes (5) was entitled to the office.
Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.
W. M. Boyer vs. County Commissioners. [4 different cases]
Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Some fellow from Arkansas City got on a spree Monday and was promptly consigned to the cooler till evening, when he walked up to Judge Boyer’s, paid $10 into the city treasury, and started for the “seaport” a sadder if not a wiser man.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.
Mr. J. S. Mann has refitted and refurnished the Boyer building on Main street, and has opened his stock of clothing, hats, caps, books, shoes, and gent’s outfitting goods. Mr. Mann has been in the clothing business for years and has the advantage of buying his goods at the very lowest wholesale prices, which advantage he proposes to give his customers by selling at the lowest reasonable rates and at ONE PRICE ONLY.
Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.
Last Friday afternoon a lively gent from the country was in Joe’s saloon, and not behaving to suit, Joe ordered him out, when he seized a cuss, and threatened vengeance. Someone called out “Police!” and the country gent ran away like an antelope, with Ed. Nicholson and several others after him, followed by an excited crowd of men, boys, bootblacks, loafers, and school was just out, and a crowd of school children followed in the wake, making a very exciting and amusing affair of it. The pursued was finally overtaken and captured and marched back into Main street followed by the crowd. Here two ladies fell upon the prisoner and cried and moaned as though he was their only stay and support and was going to his execution. The prisoner was taken before Judge Boyer and Joe was summoned to make his complaint. Joe appeared and said he had no complaint to make, and no one else having any, the prisoner was told he could go, but someone suggested that he should jump out of the window and let the crowd have another race, which he accordingly did, and someone sung out that the prisoner had escaped. Again, there was excitement and rushing to and fro and searching in every notch and room along the street to find him. When found he was marching proudly along the sidewalk with a lady on each arm, but was not further molested.
Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.
Squire Boyer has moved his office into the back part of the Page building.
Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.
In the case of the State vs. Hayne for petty larceny, tried before Judge Boyer on Tuesday, Hayne was found guilty and sen­tenced to pay a fine of $25 and 24 hours in the county jail.
Winfield Courier, June 19, 1879.
Last Saturday a young man residing in the south part of town transferred the household effects of a lady from one house to another, and was offered in payment for this and other services rendered, the sum of seventy-five cents. One of the numerous draymen about town made a complaint against the party for running a dray without license, and he was arrested, brought before Judge Boyer and fined $5 and costs, amounting in all to $12.50, which was paid by his wife from the money she had saved by taking in washing. The parties are respectable hard-working young people, and did not know that they were violating the law. The matter was brought before the city council, which promptly remitted the fine, and the lady will probably recover most of her hard earn­ings, unless the police court refuses to disgorge certain little “perquisites” contained in the bill of costs.
Winfield Courier, June 26, 1879.

Two of our leading hog men had a lively scuffle on Main street last Monday, resulting from a diversity of opinion in regard to swine, but Judge Boyer was of the opinion that $2.00 and costs would be about the right thing, which was paid.
Winfield Courier, July 17, 1879.
Justice Buckman is running the police court during the sickness of Judge Boyer.
Winfield Courier, July 24, 1879.
Two dusky maidens of African descent, living on opposite sides of Ninth avenue, last Saturday morning agreed to disagree, and a volley of high words and imprecations followed, with a fair chance for a rough-and-tumble fight, but a compromise was effect­ed by both agreeing to lay their grievances before Judge Boyer and abide by his decision.
Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.
One of the numerous draymen in town was arrested Tuesday for running three drays on two licenses and was fined by Judge Boyer.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.
The Paris Brothers have come to grief. They have been attempting for some time past to run three drays on two licenses, which didn’t suit Marshal Stevens, exactly, and last week he arrested one of the parties and brought him before Judge Boyer, where he was fined several dollars and costs, much to the disgust of the said Paris Bros. The affair culminated Monday evening by the Paris boys getting considerable liquor on board, and attempt­ing by sundry threats of whipping and killing, to run the Marshal off the streets. But they had “counted their chickens before they were hatched,” and while looking for their victim, they suddenly found themselves confronted with a double-barreled shotgun in the hands of Marshal Stevens, and by the determined look of his eyes, and the careless manner in which he handled the weapon, they concluded that “discretion was the better part of valor,” and one of them was marched off to the cooler without much resistance. So mote it be.
Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.
Mr. C. C. Adams, of Illinois, has lately visited this county and city, with a view of making investments. He is an energetic businessman, of large capital, and is highly esteemed by a wide circle of acquaintances, several of whom are residents of this county. Last Saturday he was in Winfield, and while conversing on the street, the handle of a small revolver was seen sticking out of a pocket in his pants. Marshal Stevens, whose eyes are always open, promptly arrested him and took him before Police Judge Boyer, where he was fined and mulcted in costs, which together amounted to about $13.00, for carrying concealed weap­ons. He refused to pay—appealed, and will test the case against him in the District Court. We do not know but the ordinance was meant for such cases; but if so, it ought to be repealed at once. These proceedings in such a case are an outrage that should never be allowed. A stranger comes here to settle and invest, and while traveling in sections reputed to be infested with roughs and robbers, takes the precaution to carry a small revolver as a protection against scoundrels, as is quite customary; and is met with the very acts which will disgust him most with the country and its people.
Winfield Courier, August 28, 1879.

Deputy Finch has been out again: this time after “moonshin­ers.” Last week he arrested Mr. Sol. Frazier, of Grouse Creek, for dealing in liquor without being able to show the requisite “parchment” from the government, and brought him before Judge Boyer, where he plead guilty and invoked the clemency of the court, and was fined $10 and costs, amounting to over $40, which was paid. Our worthy Deputy is death on crooked whiskey.
Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.
Perry Simcox and George Crabbs, of Pleasant Valley township, were arrested and brought before Judge Boyer last week, charged with burglarizing the house of C. C. Pierce. They were bound over in the sum of $1,000 to appear at the next term of the District Court. The evidence was purely circumstantial.
Winfield Courier, January 8, 1880.
Mrs. Hanson, whose arrest we spoke of last week, was tried before Judge Boyer last Friday. She plead guilty, begged the leniency of the court, and was fined $25 and costs. This should be a warning to several other parties who are suspected of a like offense, and who, if detected, may not escape so easily.
Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.
Old Mrs. Clarke, who lives on Posy creek in Pleasant Valley township, was arrested last Saturday on complaint of Chas. H. Payson, charged with having committed adultery with a man named McCrate. The case was tried before ’Squire Boyer, and was the most disgusting affair that ever encumbered the docket of a criminal court. If one-half the facts that come to our ears are true (and the neighbors seem to think they are), this Clarke outfit ought to be drummed out of the community.
Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.
Old Mrs. Clarke, who lives on Posey Creek, in Pleasant Valley township, was arrested last Saturday on complaint of Charles H. Payson, charged with having committed adultery with a man named McCrate. The case was tried before ’Squire Boyer, and was the most disgusting affair that ever encumbered the docket of a criminal court. If one-half the facts that come to our ears are true (and the neighbors seem to think they are), this Clarke outfit ought to be drummed out of the community. COURIER.
The above is a sample of the fairness of the COURIER. Here is a woman who trusted all the money she had to Payson, and he converted it to his own use, and because she prosecuted and had him disbarred for it, he got up this charge against her. She was tried before a jury of twelve men, good men, everyone of them, and they found her not guilty, and that the complaint was mali­cious. Why is it that the COURIER is ever defending such men as Payson, and assaulting poor, ignorant, and defenseless people like this unfortunate woman? It can only be accounted for upon the theory, that “birds of a feather flock together.” If this poor woman is to be drummed out of the community for merely being charged with the crime of adultery, what shall be done with the man who robs her? The COURIER is quick to assault Mrs. Clarke, but its columns are closed to anything reflecting upon Payson, who took advantage of her. Monitor.

The idea that the above item was calculated to “defend Payson,” is simply absurd, and will not receive a second thought at the hands of sensible men. If he has defrauded this woman out of her money, he is no less guilty than if he had stolen from respectable people. Of the Clarke outfit, we have but few words to say. From the admission of parties, this man McCrate was once the husband of Mrs. Clarke, and is the father of several of her children. He still lives with them, apparently master of the premises, although he is passed off as a brother-in-law. Mr. Clarke is a decrepit old man, nearly deaf, and easily imposed upon. These simple facts, even if they were not backed up by evidence of a nature too revolting to appear in print, would be enough to brand them as the lowest of the low. Numbers of the best citizens of Pleasant Valley township have, during the past three weeks, complained to us of the Clarke’s; but we have refrained from speaking of the matter until convinced that the community would be better off without them. Brother Conklin is in poor business when he puts this outfit up as a picture of “injured innocence,” and installs himself as their champion. If he needs must have some subject at which to direct the efferves­cence of a too fertile brain, we would humbly suggest that he give us a few “grammatical criticisms.” They would at most be harmless and equally as foolish.
Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.
Monday morning several of the “soiled doves” from the Mills residence, in the south part of town, appeared before Judge Boyer, charging one Michael Dwyer, a section boss on the
S. K. & W. road, with stealing $13.50 from one of the inmates. After an absence of several hours, the jury returned a verdict of not guilty and Michael went on his way rejoicing.
Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.
Married at the residence of the bride’s mother, in Walnut township, on March 14th, by W. M. Boyer, J. P., Mr. Harry Evans and Miss Pearlie Burger. Mr. Evans is a citizen of Sumner County, and his best recommendation is the good taste he displays in selecting a bride from Cowley. Miss Burger is a sister of ’Squire Burger, of Walnut township, and belongs to one of the oldest families in the county. The happy couple left for their home in Sumner County Monday morning.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.
Tuesday passed off very quietly. There was considerable “scratching” on both tickets resulting in the election of a mixed ticket. The following are the official returns.
FIRST WARD. Justice of the Peace. James Kelly, 89; G. H. Buckman, 82; W. M. Boyer, 57; W. E. Tansey, 55.
SECOND WARD. Justice of the Peace. James Kelly, 143; G. H. Buckman, 123; W. M. Boyer, 57; W. E. Tansey, 64.
Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.
Married at the residence of the bride’s father, Wednesday evening, March 24th, Rev. J. E. Platter officiating, Judge W. M. Boyer and Miss Jennie Coldwell. The judge went about this business rather slyly, and the announcement was entirely unexpected by his friends. The bride is the eldest daughter of Hon. Colbert Coldwell, and is one of our most accomplished young ladies.
Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

The law card of Boyer & Burlingame appears in this paper. Mr. Boyer is too well known in the community to need mention from us. Mr. Burlingame is a young man of ability and with Mr. Boyer will make a strong team.
Winfield Courier, June 17, 1880.
Judge Coldwell is now associated in the law business with Messrs. Boyer and Burlingame. This will make the strongest kind of a law firm.
Office in the Page Building. Collections a specialty.
Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.
Richie Boyer struck a snag while bathing in the Walnut last week, and now walks with a cane.
Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.
The letters submitted by Judge Gans are from S. Wilkins, J. H. Lee, Geo. Eaton, H. W. Stubblefield, and E. Shriver. Each says he has intimately known the Judge for fifteen or twenty years, and knows he has never been a rebel sympathizer or copper­head, but has ever been a strong union man. We deem it unneces­sary to publish the letters entire.

Winfield, July 26, 1880. EDITORS COURIER: I have seen an article in the last issue of the New Enterprise over the signature of Wright Martin, who assumes to be the spokesman in behalf of many Republicans. Now who these Republicans are does not appear from this article; and when I say to my friends that this same Martin with one or two other “congenial spirits,” have openly boasted that they were ready to do anything in order to compass my defeat, the animus of the man will be apparent. He starts out with the statement that “the Republicans of Windsor township, who first brought out H. D. Gans as a candidate for the office of Probate Judge, now protest against his being put forward again as a Republican.” Because, says this anything-to-beat Gans advocate: “He was a rebel sympathizer during the war, and lived here two years a blatant copperhead of the most venomous type.” He first says the Republicans brought me for­ward, and that I lived there two years (previous to my running of course) “a blatant copperhead;” now I wonder if he thinks the people would believe that the Republicans would take up a man such as he says I was, and endorse him. “Again: He first ran for the office he now holds on a mongrel Democratic ticket and was elected.” If I was “first put forward by the Republicans,” as he says I was, how could I have first run for the office as mongrel ticket, etc.” as he says I did, in the latter part of his article. Verily his article is its own refutation. I voted for Abraham Lincoln, I voted for President Hayes. I was postmaster during Mr. Lincoln’s administration, and Deputy U. S. Marshal during Gen. Grant’s first administration. I have been in Kansas since April 1856, I never was a rebel. I never was rebel sympathizer. I never was a copperhead, and was never a sympathizer with them; but, on the contrary, I have ever been a friend of the Union. Six years ago I was elected on the peoples ticket. Four years ago my administration of the office gave such satisfaction that I was nominated by the Republicans, and en­dorsed some ten days afterward by the Democrats. And two years ago I announced myself as an independent candidate for the office long before any convention was held, and was elected by the people in November. It seems to me that after nearly ten years’ citizenship in this county and my long years of public service, I ought to be free from the malicious assaults of designing schemers, who boast their “determination to defeat me at all hazzards.” But politics at this time has become such that no man, however exalted, can submit his chances to the people for an office without subjecting himself to the assaults of every man whom it may have been his misfortune to offend at some time in his life, whether intentional or not. Respectively, H. D. GANS.
Winfield, July 26, 1880. EDITORS COURIER: In answer to the question whether or not to abide the action of the convention, I will say that every man is in honor bound to abide by the action of a convention when coming before it, and I certainly will. I only objected to an answer for the reason that Mr. Boyer, the son-in-law and late partner of Mr. Coldwell, wrote this question and signed it “many Republi­cans,” and I thought as he was not my keeper, but the manager for another candidate, I would allow him to answer his own question, for I don’t believe he is the embodiment of “many Republicans.” Respectfully, H. D. GANS.
Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.
Last week Sheriff Shenneman took possession of the Roland stock of hardware and carried the key in his pocket. Last Monday Mr. Roland forced the lock, took possession, and put on a new lock. The Sheriff again took forcible possession and ejected Mr. Roland. Mr. Boyer than got in and the Sheriff ejected him; and in the tussle, tore his coat off. Boyer is too much like Hancock to enter into a rough and tumble. Mr. Boyer was in the hardware store as the attorney of Mr. Pugsley, the mortgagee, when he had the collision with the Sheriff.
Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 1, 1880. Front Page.
CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY. E. Martin & Co. vs. W. M. Boyer et al.
Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.
CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY. Edward Martin & Co. vs. W. M. Boyer et al.
CIVIL DOCKET. SIXTH DAY. Jas. Fahey vs. W. M. Boyer, Police Judge.
Winfield Courier, January 13, 1881.
Miss Mattie Coldwell, of McPherson, is visiting her sister, Mrs. Judge Boyer.
Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.
Messrs. Boyer, Hill, and Boyle will go west early next week on a prospecting tour. Judge Boyer expects to visit Durango, which is on the border of the San Juan country and is the Mecca toward which thousands of eyes are looking. We wish the gentle­men both pleasure and profit. Their stay will be indefinite.
Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

MR. AND MRS. J. C. FULLER. Socially this has been one of the gayest winters in the history of our city. Almost every week has been made pleasant by a social gathering of some sort or other. One of the most pleasant of these was the reception by Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller last Friday evening. The guests were many and the arrangements for their entertainment were complete. Among those present were: Mr. and Mrs. Loose, Mr. and Mrs. James Harden, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. Hodges. Dr. and Mrs. VanDoren, Mr. and Mrs. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. Eastman, Rev. and Mrs. T. F. Borcher, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Bryan, Dr. and Mrs. Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Short, Dr. and Mrs. Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Boyer, Mr. and Mrs. Trimble, Mr. and Mrs. Moffitt, Mr. and Mrs. Speed, Mr. and Mrs. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. Kretsinger, Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Shreves, Mr. and Mrs. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. Scoville, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Carruthers, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Hamil­ton, Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Fuller, Rev. and Mrs. Hyden, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Williams, Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Mullen, Miss Mary Stewart, Miss May Williams, Father Kelly, O. F. Boyle, and Charles Fuller.
Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.
Judge Boyer and O. F. Boyle left Wednesday afternoon for Durango, Colorado, where they can be addressed for the next thirty days.
Winfield Courier, March 31, 1881.
Judge Boyer returned from Durango Monday. We have not learned whether he brought any silver mines home with him or not, but it is probable that the $17 per week for board was too rich for his blood.
Winfield Courier, July 14, 1881.
Mrs. Boyer and Mrs. Root are visiting their father’s family at McPherson.
Winfield Courier, September 22, 1881.
Mrs. W. M. Boyer left for Durango last week.
Cowley County Courant, December 15, 1881.
O. F. Boyle came in from Durango, Colorado, Thursday, and will remain with us for a few days. He is looking hearty, and reports the Winfield folks all well and doing well, except Judge Boyer, who is not acting well, and is thinking of coming east to spend the winter. Judge Boyer has lost a part of his clear-cut rotundity, but is still “phat an’ jully.”H. C. Owens, who used to be with Jarvis, Conklin, & Co., has arrived there and is keeping books for a grocery house. There is plenty of snow in the mountains, but none in Durango.
Cowley County Courant, January 5, 1882.
Mrs. W. M. Boyer has arrived from Colorado and will spend the winter here. She is stopping with her sister, Mrs. W. C. Root, and will be welcomed by many old acquaintances.
Winfield Courier, January 5, 1882.
Mrs. Judge Boyer has returned and will spend the winter with her sister, Mrs. Root.
Cowley County Courant, January 12, 1882.
Curns & Manser have sold the W. M. Boyer property, in block 147, to M. Hahn, for $1,250. This sale was made in a very short time by a special advertisement in THE COURANT.
Winfield Courier, January 12, 1882.
M. Hahn has purchased the W. M. Boyer residence for $1,200, through Curns & Manser. Will Mr. Hahn please relieve the apprehension under which his friends will labor with an announcement.
Winfield Courier, January 26, 1882.

Mr. Ed Roland afforded a pleasant evening to the young people by inviting them to a phantom party at the residence of Mrs. Millington, on last Monday night. A gay and happy company responded to the invitation, and made most excellent ghosts, although hardly as silent as a specter is supposed to be. Those present were: Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. George Rembaugh, Mrs. Boyer; Misses Hane, Scothorn, Klingman, Beeny, Margie and Lizzie Wallis, Jackson and Carruthers; Messrs. W. H. and W. A. Smith, Roland, Harris, Fuller, Webb, Robinson, Connell, Crowell, Bahntge.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
Mrs. Judge Boyer left Tuesday for McPherson, where she will visit with her father a short time, when she will return to Durango.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.
W. M. Boyer, formerly of Winfield, has been at McPherson a week and is very low with Bright’s disease, and it is not expected that he will long survive.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 19, 1885.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Sallie P Speed to Wm Boyer ¼ lot 10 blk 128 Winfield: $400.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.
The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.
Wallis M Boyer et ux to Richard S Boyer, hf lot 10, blk 28, Winfield, q-c: $1.00.
Sallie P Speed and Richard S Boyer to Mary A Millington and Ed P Greer, lot 10, blk 128, Winfield: $5,000.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
Judge W. M. Boyer died Tuesday last, at the home of his father-in-law, Judge Coldwell, at McPherson, of Bright’s disease. The Judge had been a sufferer from this disease for years and a short time ago, realizing that his end was very near, came to McPherson, to die. The remains, accompanied by W. C. Root and Ritchie Boyer, son of the Judge, came in on the Santa Fe Friday and were met by twenty-five of the Masons of the city, of which fraternity the Judge was an old member. The procession moved directly from the depot to the Union Cemetery, the Masonic procession marching to the 8th and Millington street square, where conveyances were in waiting. The body was laid beside that of his first wife, who died here ten years ago. Judge Boyer was one of the first settlers and clothiers of Winfield, and prominent in its early struggles. When he left here for Durango, five years or more ago, he was the very picture of rotund, glowing health, though about that time this fatal disease began its work, and it was partially for his health that he changed residences. Of bright and jolly disposition and keen enterprise, he made many warm friends who receive the news of his death with sad regret. The Judge was less than fifty—cut off in the meridian of life.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
A. D. Speed came over from Wellington Thursday to attend the interment of the remains of Judge Boyer.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum