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T. F. Axtell

                                                Winfield and Pleasant Valley.
Pleasant Valley Township 1879: T. F. Axtell, 42; spouse, Eliza M. Axtell, 42.
Winfield 1880: T. F. Axtell, 43; spouse, Etti, 40.
1880 AXTELL, T. F., & CO. (T. F. Axtell, Gilson Albert, & T. J. Steele), English Kitchen,
Main, e. s. between 8th and 9th avenues.
1885 Clark W H, proprietor English Kitchen, 808 Main, res same
1885 English Kitchen, Burnett & Clark, proprietors, 808 Main
                                               FROM THE NEWSPAPERS.
Winfield Courier, March 14, 1878.
Real Estate Transfers.
Lucy J. Brady and husband to Thos. F. Axtell, n.w. 26 33 4, 160 acres, $1,500.
Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.
The advertisement of T. F. Axtell & Co., our new restaurant firm, appears in this paper. They start off under very favorable auspices, with a good business, and a good stand, and are live, energetic men.
Messrs. T. F. Axtell & Co., purchased the English Kitchen of Mrs. Rogers, and took possession Tuesday. Mr. T. J. Steele, one of the firm, is a baker of long experience, and has worked in all the large eastern towns. The firm are live energetic men and build up a good business.
The best Baker in the City. Bread delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Tobacco & Cigars a specialty. MAIN STREET.
Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.
Below are statements of businessmen and leading citizens of this city and county.
AXTELL & CO., RESTAURANT. Business in this line is about as good as it was a year ago, less country and more town trade. Don’t think prohibition will make our business any less.
Winfield Courier, June 16, 1881.
A considerable number of the citizens of Winfield met on Monday evening on the steps of the Winfield Bank to provide for raising funds for the immediate relief of the sufferers caused by the cyclone Sunday evening. Mr. Crippen called the people together by music from the band.
T. F. Axtell & Co. gave $5.00.
Winfield Courier, September 15, 1881.
Mr. Albert has retired from the firm of Axtell & Co. Mr. Axtell will continue the business.
Cowley County Courant, November 17, 1881.

At the Wellington fire fifteen business houses were de­stroyed together with a large amount of merchandise, etc. The total loss foots $57,000, insurance $44,650. The Fred Markwort, in whose bakery the Wellington fire first caught, ran the bakery in Winfield, now occupied by Axtell, six or seven years ago.
Cowley County Courant, November 24, 1881.
[Address not given.]
Cowley County Courant, March 9, 1882.
T. F. Axtell, of the popular English Kitchen Restaurant and Bakery, purchased the largest lot of old papers this morning of THE COURANT we presume ever purchased at one time. He said he wanted all we had at so much per pound and he received a dray load amounting to something over $20.00.
Cowley County Courant, March 16, 1882.
Winfield Courier, April 13, 1882.
Mr. S. H. Jennings has purchased the property now being occupied by Axtell’s restaurant for $2,200.
Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.
T. R. Timme has removed his merchant tailoring establishment to the room next south of Axtell’s Restaurant.
Winfield Courier, May 25, 1882.
Axtell’ Restaurant is becoming one of the most popular institutions in the city. There are few more hospitable, whole-souled landlords than Axtell.
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1882.
Messrs. Bacastow & Fashing have purchased Axtell’s restaurant and will run it hereafter as a first-class bakery and eating house. Mr. Bacastow is a young man of much business ability, while Mr. Fashing is the best baker that has ever set up business in the West. They will make a good team.
Winfield Courier, October 12, 1882.
T. F. Axtell has disposed of the English Kitchen Restaurant to Messrs. Bacastow & Fashing, and will settle on his farm on Posey Creek. Since Mr. Axtell took hold of the restaurant, it has grown steadily in favor until today it stands in the front rank as regards business. We are sorry to part with Mr. and Mrs. Axtell, and should they at some future time return to Winfield and engage in the same business we venture the assertion that the house will be “packed to overflowing.” May their rural life be a pleasant one.
Winfield Courier, March 22, 1883.
Burnett & Clark are making the old Axtell restaurant boom. They have fitted it up neatly and furnish good, wholesome meals. We look for a renewal of its old prosperity in the hands of its present proprietors.
Winfield, Courier, April 19, 1883.
E. A. Axtell, of Kansas City, brother of T. F., is here on a short visit.
Winfield Courier, September 6, 1883.
PLEASANT VALLEY: M. H. Markcum, Robt. Vermilye, S. J. Johnson, A. B. Meyer.
Alternates: T. E. Axtell, A. H. Broadwell, Daniel Greene, Sol. Becker.

Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.
SPECIAL VENIRE. Joseph Abrams, C. G. Bradberry, George Easterly, J. M. Jarvis, Warren Wood, R. N. Huff, D. S. Beadle, E. B. Gault, J. F. Carter, Z. B. Myer, J. M. Midkiff, 
A. DeTurk, T. F. Axtell, Adin Post, J. S. Pickering, I. H. Bonsall.
Winfield Courier, August 7, 1884.
T. F. Axtell has leased his Pleasant Valley farm to L. Holcomb and gone to New York for an extensive visit.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.
J. F. Axtell purchased, last week, through Harris & Clark, the Central Hotel of this city, and after a few weeks vacation in the east, will take possession of the same.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.
James McCormick, who purchased some time ago, through Harris & Clark, the T. F. Axtell farm in Pleasant Valley, will arrive next week from Clinton, Indiana, with his family.
Winfield Courier, September 25, 1884.
CIVIL DOCKET. SIXTH DAY. 86. T. F. Axtell vs. J. D. McCormick.
Winfield Courier, November 20, 1884.
Mr. T. F. Axtell and family returned Tuesday from an extensive visit in York State. Though unable to cast his vote for the Plumed Knight, Mr. Axtell took an active part in the New York excitement. He is satisfied that everything was done on the square in that State. The excitement was so intense there, he says, that the least knowledge of fraud on either side would have produced an insurrection.
Winfield Courier, December 4, 1884.
Mr. T. F. Axtell took charge of the Central Hotel Monday. He is an old hotel man and will have no trouble in making the Central popular among all lovers of good meals and comfortable rooms.
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
E. C. Seward is now one of the landlords at the Central. The business card of Axtell & Seward says: “Come and see the skeleton and the fat man.”
Winfield Courier, December 11, 1884.
J. B. Lynn took in the western counties recently and came home with the fever. He has organized the Fowler Town Co., composed of himself, J. B. Fowler, John Keck, Sol. Burkhalter, T. F. Axtell, and others. The town is located in western Ford County. Winfield men agree with the idea that the star of empire shall continue to westward take its way and are doing much for the development of that new country.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1885.

The Winfield Bakery. T. F. Axtell has bought the restaurant and bakery of Frank L. Crampton. Mr. Axtell achieved fame as a baker and restaurant man during his reign over the “English Kitchen,” and we predict for him even greater success in this new location. People who want first-class, fresh bread delivered to their doors will always find the article at the Winfield Bakery and the farmer who wants an unexcelled meal for a quarter will patronize Mr. Axtell’s restaurant. Excellent board will be furnished for three dollars per week. This restaurant will be run as an adjunct to the Central Hotel, of which Mr. Axtell is one of the proprietors.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 5, 1885.
Frank L. Crampton and George Backastow [Bacastow] have purchased the interest of Axtell & Seward in the Central hotel and took charge Tuesday. Frank and his sister will have charge, George still remaining on the farm. Frank has been in the restaurant business in Winfield for years and has a golden reputation as a caterer. He is one of the brightest and most thoroughgoing young businessmen in the city, and though this is a big enterprise, he will make a splendid success of it. The Central will have no superior while under Frank’s management.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
The Winfield Restaurant, under management of T. F. Axtell, the veteran caterer, is gaining a deserved reputation as the champion place to obtain a twenty-five cent meal or reasonable weekly board.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 16, 1885.
Mr. Axtell’s bakery fell in Sunday night, and consequently his customers are breadless today. It’s a bad bakery that will fall in on Sunday.
T. F. Axtell’s restaurant is indulging in the luxury of a splendid new hard pine floor.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 23, 1885.
The Winfield Restaurant and Bakery.
T. F. Axtell, the veteran caterer, is bringing this establishment to the front and its popularity is daily increasing.
THE BEST BAKER IN THE STATE and everything in the bakery line delivered fresh and good at your door every day. Farmers will find a meal unexceeded for 25 cents.
Confectionery, Cigars, etc., in variety, and quality the best.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 9, 1885.
W. H. Whitford, who has been with T. F. Axtell for some time, left Tuesday for his home in New York. We are sorry to lose Will. He has made many friends here. We hope he may conclude to return.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 3, 1885.

Sheriff McIntire brought Ben Bartlow in from Hazelton last Sunday evening and lodged him in the bastille on charge of sending an obscene letter through the U. S. mails to Miss Katie Hixon, one of the dining room girls at Axtell’s restaurant, who made the complaint. The circumstances seem to evidence that Katie went with Ben at one time and after he went to Hazelton, received several letters from him. They were rather unsophisticated and she showed them to some of the boarders, and brought out the laugh. Soon after she received this letter, indicating that he had hear of her exhibition of his letters—yes, it shows more, the most intense hatred. It is the most obscene letter ever penned, going into the lowest sum of the English language. The letter has no signature, and Ben will plead not guilty. The Hazelton post mark is on the letter, and Katie says she knew no one else there. The case hangs on the identification of the writing and surrounding circumstances, and draws a big crowd of band heads. The examination is set for Wednesday at 10 o’clock. The prosecution will be conducted by Hon. W. C. Perry, of Fort Scott, U. S. District Attorney, and the defense by Will T. Madden. The penalty, on conviction, is a fine of $100 to $5,000 or 1 to 15 years imprisonment, or both.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
                                           WINFIELD, 1ST AND 2ND WARDS.
Delegates: H. H. Siverd, Frank Finch, C. E. Steuven, John Nichols, T. J. Harris, A. H. Jennings, W. B. Caton, Henry E. Asp, W. T. Madden, T. F. Axtell, A. J. Lyon.
Alternates: Greene Wooden, C. M. Leavitt, Hank Paris, Archie Brown, B. McFadden, James McLain, Walter Denning, W. R. McDonald, J. H. Taylor, A. B. Taylor, Ben Harrod.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.
AXTELL’S. The Best and Most Popular Restaurant.
Meals served at all hours, neat and substantial for 25 CENTS.
A first-class Bakery. Fresh Bread delivered daily, and always on hand.
ICE CREAM made to order in quantities for picnics, festivals, and private parties at AXTELL’S.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.
The case of Uncle Sam against Ben Bartlow came up before U. S. Commissioner Webb Wednesday. Ben was charged with sending an obscene letter from Hazelton to Katie Hixon, a girl employed in the dining room at Axtell’s restaurant. Hon. W. C. Perry, of Ft. Scott, U. S. District Attorney, conducted the prosecution and Will T. Madden the defense. Ben swore that he never wrote or caused to be written this letter and that he knew nothing whatever of the letter until his arrest. He had been corresponding with the girl and was aware that she had shown his letters to the boarders, but he never resented it. No evidence could be deduced from the half dozen witnesses that showed probable cause for holding him over, and he was discharged.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 26, 1885.

Last night was a big occasion for our G. A. R. Post. Col. Stewart, Department Commander; Col. Woodcock, colonel of the 2nd Regiment, K. N. G., and Major Ask, of the same regiment, were here. From 6:30 to 8:30 Col. Stewart exemplified the Grand Army work, after which the Woman’s Relief Corps were admitted, with friends at large, and social chatter began. But the Lodge room was soon a jam, and all repaired to the Rink, where Company C, under its Captain, C. E. Steuven, was having its regular drill. The Rink proved amply commodious, and general commingling among old soldiers and their wives and friends was enjoyed. The Courier Cornet Band came in from the Court House, where it was having its regular practice, and went through the drill with Company C, discoursing splendid music. After the drill and music, the stand was mounted by the distinguished visitors and the commanders of the county, among whom were S. Cure, commander of Winfield Post; Al Mowry, commander of the Arkansas City Post; S. Gould, of the Mulvane Post; H. C. McDorman, of the Dexter Post; John Ledlie, of the Burden Post, and Mr. Roberts, commander of Udall Post. Col. Stewart, happily introduced by Judge Soward, delivered a well prepared address on the origin, object, and fraternity of the Grand Army of the Republic. Col. Woodcock, Major Ask, and others followed. The speeches were sandwiched by “The Old Army Bean,” sung by Major Ask, Judge Snow, Judge Buckman, et al, loudly applauded. The seats were then squared around, the room darkened, and Major Ask exhibited a variety of stereopticon views, embracing army scenes of vividly life-like reality. They were all very fine and made a most pleasant end to a very enjoyable reunion of old soldiers, their wives, and friends generally. Members were present from all the county Posts. After the close at the Rink, the Post had an oyster banquet at Axtell’s, with various toasts and a big time. It was a splendid reception, throughout, to the Posts distinguished guests.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.
Go to Axtell’s for some of that fine home-made candy made by Hamilton & Pentecost.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 28, 1886.
Never did Winfield have a more successful and thoroughly pleasurable social event than last Thursday night at the Opera House, the fifth annual Bal Masque of the Pleasant Hour Club. It was the talk of the town from the issuing of the invitations and fully met the fondest expectations. The enthusiasm of the city’s young society people has been warm all winter—keener than for years, which insures supreme enjoyment of their every social gathering. But of course this was the eclat affair, as to arrangements and anticipation. By 9 o’clock the maskers, under the expeditious carriage accommodation of Arthur Bangs, were about all present, and the hall represented a novel and romantically interesting scene. The devil and the heavenly angel, wings and all, pooled issues and consorted as though the millennium was indeed at hand. The peasant and the lord clasped arms and drowned all distinction, while Uncle Sam watched the antics of the clown, the Castle Garden twins, and pussy kids with a satisfaction banishing all weights of state. At a little past nine, the grand promenade was formed and then the fun for the large audience of spectators, as well as for the weird and ghostly maskers, began in earnest.
At twelve o’clock an excellent supper was served by T. F. Axtell, for which the dancers were amply ready, and which was served in good style. Not till after two o’clock did the merry participants take the carriages for home, in the full realization of having spent one of the most enjoyable evenings of the city’s history. It was certainly a very satisfactory ball throughout, fully bearing out the splendid reputation of the Pleasant Hour Club.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 4, 1886.

When the written proposition was received by M. L. Robinson from the general manager of the Santa Fe railroad, offering to build from Douglass to Winfield, if sixty thousand dollars in bonds were voted as aid, a meeting was called at McDougall Hall, of a number of the prominent citizens of the townships of Rock, Fairview, Walnut, and the city of Winfield. The sentiment at that time was well nigh unanimous that the townships would not vote such an amount of aid, but a promise was obtained from those present that the effort should be made, by hard work, to enlist a sufficient number of electors. The opposition then commenced their work and two weeks ago the prospect for carrying the bonds was dark indeed. Then those who saw the grand possibilities and appreciated how tremendous was the stake for which we were striving, got down to their work. Local committees were organized, every voter was seen, meetings were held in every district, which were addressed by speakers who thoroughly believed what they advocated, and the result was that the bonds began to gain friends hourly; the opposition weakened, and in the last two days preceding the election, the revolution in the sentiment of the electors was something marvelous. Good men who believed that the practice of voting bonds was both wrong and dangerous, went to the polls undecided; but, when they saw how life-long friends and neighbors were talking and how they felt, the pressure was greater than they could stand, and they joined the procession and voted the aid asked. All glory to the noble citizens of these townships; they will never regret their action, and the opposition as well as those who were friends and advocates of the proposition will have cause to rejoice that Wednesday’s vote was the best day’s work ever done in this county.
Wednesday night, with the bonds for the Santa Fe extension carried beyond a doubt, by splendid majorities, was the time for jollification. Representative men from Rock, Fairview, and Walnut congregated at THE COURIER office, where they were received by prominent Winfield men and taken to Axtell’s for banquet and toasts—a general lively time in celebration of one of the weightiest victories Cowley has ever scored. All filled with oysters, etc., the toasts began. J. E. Conklin proposed a toast on “Rock,” to be answered by Judge Soward. The Judge was in his element and paid an eloquent and glowing tribute to Rock township and her enterprising citizens. He explained his spider map with Winfield as the spider’s body and her system of railroads as the legs, sprawling in every direction. “Fairview” was responded to by Capt. McDermott, who finely complimented the handsome majority this township rolled up in favor of the bonds. The Captain made a number of telling points. Judge McDonald was assigned “Walnut.” The Judge, in his keen, smooth way, did the fine victory scored in this township full justice—the big licks put in by the old war horses, and the gratifying results, with the benefits thus secured for Walnut. M. L. Robinson proposed “Winfield and Cowley County,” to be responded to by J. E. Conklin. Mr. Conklin pictured our city with its splendid net-work of railroads, ends of divisions, round houses, and machine shops, with thirty thousand inhabitants in five years; with our rich coal beds opened, a woolen factory, a canning factory, and many other manufactories that cheap fuel and transportation will draw—the manufacturing, railroad, commercial, and educational metropolis of the great southwest. Mr. Conklin called on Rev. Kelly, who has done as much for Winfield, since his residence here, as any man within her borders, to respond to “Cowley County.” And the Reverend did it nobly, with his most enthusiastic vim. He cited our beautiful and fertile valleys, with their vast developed and undeveloped resources; the energetic, intelligent, moral, and enterprising people of both city and country; the wonderful and magic achievements of the past and the bright and now assured promises for the future. This gathering was composed of most of the leading workers in this important movement: men who fully felt the great benefits secured by this victory; the roseate future it clinched for Winfield; and the great advantage it gives our city and county over any others of all fair Kansas.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 11, 1886.
T. F. Axtell was wearing a broad smile Tuesday, and so was his head cook, when we were invited to take a peep into his kitchen. We expected to see something that weighed about ten pounds, but found something better, in the shape of fine bran new range, which shone like a new silver dollar. It is a daisy, direct from St. Louis, and can’t be beaten.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1886.

Chevalier Lodge No. 70, Knights of Pythias, installed its officers Tuesday for the ensuing six months, as follows: C. C., P. H. Albright; P. C., J. E. Snow; V. C., Bert Crapster; P. M., M. G. Troup; K. R. S., Frank H. Greer; M. A., C. C. Green; I. G., Geo. H. Dresser; O. G., S. Kleeman. After the installation, according to the semi-annual custom, the new Chancellor Commander “set ’em up,” in good shape, all raiding Axtell’s for oysters. This Lodge has a very clean membership of about fifty and is one of the most flourishing orders in the city.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
Ed. Burnett and Will Clark have gone back to their old business, buying T. F. Axtell’s restaurant Friday. Mr. Axtell by square dealing and pleasant treatment of customers, has built up a large trade, which Ed. and Will will keep, and add still more to it, having been in the business here before and having a host of warm friends. Mr. Axtell will probably not be idle very long, though he has no definite plans as yet.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 25, 1886.
Take Notice. We have purchased the restaurant of T. F. Axtell and will be pleased to meet all old customers of Mr. Axtell’s as well as our own old ones. Our efforts will be to please all. Come and see us. Burnett & Clark.
Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1886.
T. F. Axtell and John Crane have completed arrangements to occupy the building on the corner of Main and 8th, to be vacated by Dixon, about the first of May, with a large undertaking stock, with entire equipment. They propose to conduct it on the regular metropolitan plan.
The Winfield Courier Supplemental Edition
March 14, 1901.
By D. A. Millington up to 1882 and brought down to January 1, 1901, by E. P. Greer.
Pages 61 and 62.

T. F. AXTELL. T. F. Axtell was born in Hammonsport, New York, September 8, 1836, and was married to Miss Eliza Andrews of Brooklyn, New York, in 1871. He came to Winfield twenty-two years ago and for the past sixteen years has been engaged in the undertaking business. His undertaking establishment is a large two-story building covering 1,950 square feet of ground and was designed especially for this business. It is arranged with an office in front, fitted up with suitable office furniture and a profusion of beautiful flowers and palms. Back of this is a store room where coffins and caskets ranging in all sizes and qualities, also metallic cases in all sizes, are arranged so as to be quickly and easily shown. Traveling men say that Mr. Axtell carries the largest stock of funeral supplies of any firm in the state. The second floor is fitted as a repository for coffins and is reached by the largest and most perfect elevator in the city. The delivery wagon shown us is as complete and handsome a vehicle as can be found anywhere, while his two hearses are models of beauty and elegance, the black one costing $1,500, while the white one is superior, if possible, in style and finish. He has a span of black horses, kept especially for his black hearse, that cost him over $500, and is the pride of the city. One of the great inventions of the age and one that saves a great deal of annoyance, embarrassment, and inconvenience is found in this establishment. It is what is known as the steel extension church truck, rubber tired, which entirely dispenses with the bungling and crowding of pall bearers carrying the remains through doors and small hall ways: it also answers more fully the purpose of a bier at home or in front of the church altar. Another invention which Mr. Axtell has added to his business, and one which goes a long way toward dispelling the idea that many persons are buried alive, is the automatic lowering device by which the coffin is lowered into the grave without the possibility of the remains being disarranged or turned to one side. This machine dispenses entirely with the old time use of ropes and straps. Mr. Axtell is a graduate of the Kansas City Embalming College, class of 1888, and of the Champion College of Embalming, Kansas City, class of 1887. He is also a licensed embalmer by the Kansas State Board of Health. He is a consistent member of the First Baptist church and is a member in good standing in each of the following lodges: A. F. & A. M., Adelphi No. 110, A. O. U. W., and the Red Men. His residence is at 1017 Church Street and his undertaking establishment at the rear of the Opera House.


Cowley County Historical Society Museum